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Robert Sah

TitleAdjunct Professor
InstitutionUniversity of California San Diego
DepartmentOrthopedic Surgery
Address9500 Gilman Drive #0412
La Jolla CA 92093
Phone858-534-0821
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Predoctoral Training in Translational Musculoskeletal Research
    NIH/NIAMS T32AR060712May 1, 2012 - Apr 30, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    TERMIS-NA 2008 Annual Conference &Exposition
    NIH/NIBIB U13EB009284Sep 30, 2008 - Aug 31, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Mechanisms of Articular Cartilage Lubrication
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR051565May 10, 2006 - Sep 17, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cartilage Integration: in Vitro to In Vivo Translation
    NIH/NIBIB R21EB004905Sep 15, 2005 - Aug 31, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    GRC on Musculoskeletal Biology &Bioengineering
    NIH/NIAMS R13AR050987Jul 2, 2004 - Sep 30, 2004
    Role: Principal Investigator
    GRC on Musculoskeletal Biology and Bioengineering
    NIH/NIAMS R13AR048550Jul 28, 2002 - Dec 31, 2002
    Role: Principal Investigator
    MECHANISMS &ENHANCEMENT OF INTEGRATIVE CARTILAGE REPAIR
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR046555Mar 10, 2000 - Jan 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Bioengineering the Maturation, Size and Shape of Articular Cartilage Grafts
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR044058Apr 1, 1996 - Aug 31, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator
    ARTICULAR CARTILAGE REPAIR
    NIH/NIAMS R29AR044058Apr 1, 1996 - Mar 31, 2001
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Biomechanics of the Heart, Vessels, and Blood Cells
    NIH/NHLBI P01HL043026Jul 1, 1990 - May 31, 2007
    Role: Co-Investigator
    IVEM and Image Analysis Resource
    NIH/NCRR P41RR004050Dec 12, 1988 - Mar 31, 2014
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Studies of Joint Aging and Osteoarthritis
    NIH P01AG007996Dec 1, 1988 - Apr 30, 2017
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Ramdani G, Schall N, Kalyanaraman H, Wahwah N, Moheize S, Lee JJ, Sah R, Pfeifer A, Casteel DE, Pilz RB. cGMP-dependent protein kinase-2 regulates bone mass and prevents diabetic bone loss. J Endocrinol. 2018 Jun 18. PMID: 29914933.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Su AW, Chen Y, Dong Y, Wailes DH, Wong VW, Chen AC, Cai S, Bugbee WD, Sah R. Biomechanics of osteochondral impact with cushioning and graft Insertion: Cartilage damage is correlated with delivered energy. J Biomech. 2018 May 17; 73:127-136. PMID: 29628132.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Miyazaki S, Diwan AD, Kato K, Cheng K, Bae WC, Sun Y, Yamada J, Muehleman C, Lenz ME, Inoue N, Sah R, Kawakami M, Masuda K. ISSLS PRIZE IN BASIC SCIENCE 2018: Growth differentiation factor-6 attenuated pro-inflammatory molecular changes in the rabbit anular-puncture model and degenerated disc-induced pain generation in the rat xenograft radiculopathy model. Eur Spine J. 2018 Apr; 27(4):739-751. PMID: 29460012.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Sheng W, Seare WJ, DiBernardo B, Alhasan AH, Cory E, Chasan P, Sah R, Almutairi KM, Almutairi A. A Single-Blind Study Evaluating the Efficacy of Gold Nanoparticle Photothermal-Assisted Liposuction in an Ex Vivo Human Tissue Model. Aesthet Surg J. 2018 Feb 03. PMID: 29415242.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Caffrey JP, Alonso E, Masuda K, Hunt JP, Carmody CN, Ganey TM, Sah R. Strains in trussed spine interbody fusion implants are modulated by load and design. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2018 Apr; 80:203-208. PMID: 29433006.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Kalyanaraman H, Schwaerzer G, Ramdani G, Castillo F, Scott BT, Dillmann W, Sah R, Casteel DE, Pilz RB. Protein Kinase G Activation Reverses Oxidative Stress and Restores Osteoblast Function and Bone Formation in Male Mice With Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes. 2018 04; 67(4):607-623. PMID: 29301852.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Chan EF, Farnsworth CL, Klisch SM, Hosalkar HS, Sah R. 3-dimensional metrics of proximal femoral shape deformities in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease and slipped capital femoral epiphysis. J Orthop Res. 2017 Oct 31. PMID: 29087625.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Su AW, Chen Y, Wailes DH, Wong VW, Cai S, Chen AC, Bugbee WD, Sah R. Impact insertion of osteochondral grafts: Interference fit and central graft reduction affect biomechanics and cartilage damage. J Orthop Res. 2018 Jan; 36(1):377-386. PMID: 28682003.
      View in: PubMed
    9. He S, Johnson NJJ, Nguyen Huu VA, Cory E, Huang Y, Sah R, Jokerst JV, Almutairi A. Simultaneous Enhancement of Photoluminescence, MRI Relaxivity, and CT Contrast by Tuning the Interfacial Layer of Lanthanide Heteroepitaxial Nanoparticles. Nano Lett. 2017 Aug 09; 17(8):4873-4880. PMID: 28657755.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Sun Y, Jiang W, Cory E, Caffrey JP, Hsu FH, Chen AC, Wang J, Sah R, Bugbee WD. Pulsed lavage cleansing of osteochondral grafts depends on lavage duration, flow intensity, and graft storage condition. PLoS One. 2017; 12(5):e0176934. PMID: 28464040.
      View in: PubMed
    11. deVries MS, Webb SJ, Tu J, Cory E, Morgan V, Sah R, Deheyn DD, Taylor JR. Stress physiology and weapon integrity of intertidal mantis shrimp under future ocean conditions. Sci Rep. 2016 Dec 15; 6:38637. PMID: 27974830.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Garfin SR, Sah R. In memoriam: Wayne Akeson, MD (1928-2016). J Orthop Res. 2016 12; 34(12):2046-2047. PMID: 28005287.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Caffrey JP, Cory E, Wong VW, Masuda K, Chen AC, Hunt JP, Ganey TM, Sah R. Ex vivo loading of trussed implants for spine fusion induces heterogeneous strains consistent with homeostatic bone mechanobiology. J Biomech. 2016 12 08; 49(16):4090-4097. PMID: 27836500.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Meinert C, Schrobback K, Levett PA, Lutton C, Sah R, Klein TJ. Tailoring hydrogel surface properties to modulate cellular response to shear loading. Acta Biomater. 2017 04 01; 52:105-117. PMID: 27729233.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Hirata T, Park SC, Muldong MT, Wu CN, Yamaguchi T, Strasner A, Raheem O, Kumon H, Sah R, Cacalano NA, Jamieson CHM, Kane CJ, Masuda K, Kulidjian AA, Jamieson CAM. Specific bone region localization of osteolytic versus osteoblastic lesions in a patient-derived xenograft model of bone metastatic prostate cancer. Asian J Urol. 2016 Oct; 3(4):229-239. PMID: 29264191.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Kalyanaraman H, Ramdani G, Joshua J, Schall N, Boss GR, Cory E, Sah R, Casteel DE, Pilz RB. A Novel, Direct NO Donor Regulates Osteoblast and Osteoclast Functions and Increases Bone Mass in Ovariectomized Mice. J Bone Miner Res. 2017 Jan; 32(1):46-59. PMID: 27391172.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Watson D, Reuther MS, Wong VW, Sah R, Masuda K, Briggs KK. Effect of hyaluronidase on tissue-engineered human septal cartilage. Laryngoscope. 2016 Sep; 126(9):1984-9. PMID: 27297023.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Yadav MC, Bottini M, Cory E, Bhattacharya K, Kuss P, Narisawa S, Sah R, Beck L, Fadeel B, Farquharson C, Millán JL. Skeletal Mineralization Deficits and Impaired Biogenesis and Function of Chondrocyte-Derived Matrix Vesicles in Phospho1(-/-) and Phospho1/Pi t1 Double-Knockout Mice. J Bone Miner Res. 2016 Jun; 31(6):1275-86. PMID: 26773408; PMCID: PMC4891278 [Available on 06/01/17].
    19. Temple-Wong MM, Ren S, Quach P, Hansen BC, Chen AC, Hasegawa A, D'Lima DD, Koziol J, Masuda K, Lotz MK, Sah R. Hyaluronan concentration and size distribution in human knee synovial fluid: variations with age and cartilage degeneration. Arthritis Res Ther. 2016 Jan 21; 18:18. PMID: 26792492; PMCID: PMC4721052.
    20. Goodrich LR, Chen AC, Werpy NM, Williams AA, Kisiday JD, Su AW, Cory E, Morley PS, McIlwraith CW, Sah R, Chu CR. Addition of Mesenchymal Stem Cells to Autologous Platelet-Enhanced Fibrin Scaffolds in Chondral Defects: Does It Enhance Repair? J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2016 Jan 06; 98(1):23-34. PMID: 26738900; PMCID: PMC4697360 [Available on 01/06/17].
    21. Bugbee WD, Pallante-Kichura AL, Görtz S, Amiel D, Sah R. Osteochondral allograft transplantation in cartilage repair: Graft storage paradigm, translational models, and clinical applications. J Orthop Res. 2016 Jan; 34(1):31-8. PMID: 26234194; PMCID: PMC4732516 [Available on 01/01/17].
    22. Doody KM, Stanford SM, Sacchetti C, Svensson MN, Coles CH, Mitakidis N, Kiosses WB, Bartok B, Fos C, Cory E, Sah R, Liu-Bryan R, Boyle DL, Arnett HA, Mustelin T, Corr M, Esko JD, Tremblay ML, Firestein GS, Aricescu AR, Bottini N. Targeting phosphatase-dependent proteoglycan switch for rheumatoid arthritis therapy. Sci Transl Med. 2015 May 20; 7(288):288ra76. PMID: 25995222.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Wei SC, Fattet L, Tsai JH, Guo Y, Pai VH, Majeski HE, Chen AC, Sah R, Taylor SS, Engler AJ, Yang J. Matrix stiffness drives epithelial-mesenchymal transition and tumour metastasis through a TWIST1-G3BP2 mechanotransduction pathway. Nat Cell Biol. 2015 May; 17(5):678-88. PMID: 25893917; PMCID: PMC4452027.
    24. Joshua J, Schwaerzer GK, Kalyanaraman H, Cory E, Sah R, Li M, Vaida F, Boss GR, Pilz RB. Soluble guanylate cyclase as a novel treatment target for osteoporosis. Endocrinology. 2014 Dec; 155(12):4720-30. PMID: 25188528; PMCID: PMC4239425.
    25. Kushnaryov A, Yamaguchi T, Briggs KK, Wong VW, Reuther M, Neuman M, Lin V, Sah R, Masuda K, Watson D. Evaluation of Autogenous Engineered Septal Cartilage Grafts in Rabbits- A Minimally Invasive Preclinical Model. Adv Otolaryngol. 2014 Jul 23; 2014:415821. PMID: 25221786.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Mologne TS, Cory E, Hansen BC, Naso AN, Chang N, Murphy MM, Provencher MT, Bugbee WD, Sah R. Osteochondral allograft transplant to the medial femoral condyle using a medial or lateral femoral condyle allograft: is there a difference in graft sources? Am J Sports Med. 2014 Sep; 42(9):2205-13. PMID: 25035174; PMCID: PMC4151880.
    27. Grissom MJ, Temple-Wong MM, Adams MS, Tom M, Schumacher BL, McIlwraith CW, Goodrich LR, Chu CR, Sah R. Synovial Fluid Lubricant Properties are Transiently Deficient after Arthroscopic Articular Cartilage Defect Repair with Platelet-Enriched Fibrin Alone and with Mesenchymal Stem Cells. Orthop J Sports Med. 2014 Jul; 2(7). PMID: 25530978.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Bae WC, Biswas R, Statum S, Sah R, Chung CB. Sensitivity of quantitative UTE MRI to the biomechanical property of the temporomandibular joint disc. Skeletal Radiol. 2014 Sep; 43(9):1217-23. PMID: 24878837; PMCID: PMC4349555.
    29. Novitskaya E, Zin C, Chang N, Cory E, Chen P, D'Lima D, Sah R, McKittrick J. Creep of trabecular bone from the human proximal tibia. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2014 Jul 01; 40:219-27. PMID: 24857486; PMCID: PMC4071770.
    30. Gregory DE, Bae WC, Sah R, Masuda K. Disc degeneration reduces the delamination strength of the annulus fibrosus in the rabbit annular disc puncture model. Spine J. 2014 Jul 01; 14(7):1265-71. PMID: 24594442; PMCID: PMC4063999.
    31. Yamaguchi T, Inoue N, Sah R, Lee YP, Taborek AP, Williams GM, Moseley TA, Bae WC, Masuda K. Micro-computed tomography-based three-dimensional kinematic analysis during lateral bending for spinal fusion assessment in a rat posterolateral lumbar fusion model. Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2014 Jul; 20(7):578-87. PMID: 24199634; PMCID: PMC4074752.
    32. Twu CW, Reuther MS, Briggs KK, Sah R, Masuda K, Watson D. Effect of oxygen tension on tissue-engineered human nasal septal chondrocytes. Allergy Rhinol (Providence). 2014 Jan; 5(3):125-31. PMID: 25565047; PMCID: PMC4275457.
    33. Chang EY, Pallante-Kichura AL, Bae WC, Du J, Statum S, Wolfson T, Gamst AC, Cory E, Amiel D, Bugbee WD, Sah R, Chung CB. Development of a Comprehensive Osteochondral Allograft MRI Scoring System (OCAMRISS) with Histopathologic, Micro-Computed Tomography, and Biomechanical Validation. Cartilage. 2014 Jan 01; 5(1):16-27. PMID: 24489999.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Reuther MS, Briggs KK, Neuman MK, Masuda K, Sah R, Watson D. Volume Expansion of Tissue Engineered Human Nasal Septal Cartilage. J Otol Rhinol. 2014; 3(4). PMID: 25554747.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Pallante-Kichura AL, Cory E, Bugbee WD, Sah R. Bone cysts after osteochondral allograft repair of cartilage defects in goats suggest abnormal interaction between subchondral bone and overlying synovial joint tissues. Bone. 2013 Nov; 57(1):259-68. PMID: 23958821; PMCID: PMC3817208.
    36. Neuman MK, Briggs KK, Masuda K, Sah R, Watson D. A compositional analysis of cadaveric human nasal septal cartilage. Laryngoscope. 2013 Sep; 123(9):2120-4. PMID: 23821477; PMCID: PMC3775909.
    37. Zhang B, Cory E, Bhattacharya R, Sah R, Hargens AR. Fifteen days of microgravity causes growth in calvaria of mice. Bone. 2013 Oct; 56(2):290-5. PMID: 23791778; PMCID: PMC4110898.
    38. Hollenstein J, Terrier A, Cory E, Chen AC, Sah R, Pioletti DP. Mechanical evaluation of a tissue-engineered zone of calcification in a bone-hydrogel osteochondral construct. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2015; 18(3):332-7. PMID: 23706035; PMCID: PMC4732526.
    39. Reuther MS, Briggs KK, Neuman MK, Masuda K, Sah R, Watson D. Shape fidelity of native and engineered human nasal septal cartilage. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013 May; 148(5):753-7. PMID: 23426709; PMCID: PMC4061292.
    40. Pallante-Kichura AL, Chen AC, Temple-Wong MM, Bugbee WD, Sah R. In vivo efficacy of fresh versus frozen osteochondral allografts in the goat at 6 months is associated with PRG4 secretion. J Orthop Res. 2013 Jun; 31(6):880-6. PMID: 23362152; PMCID: PMC4076778.
    41. Caffrey JP, Kushnaryov AM, Reuther MS, Wong VW, Briggs KK, Masuda K, Sah R, Watson D. Flexural properties of native and tissue-engineered human septal cartilage. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013 Apr; 148(4):576-81. PMID: 23322630; PMCID: PMC4038656.
    42. Stender ME, Raub CB, Yamauchi KA, Shirazi R, Vena P, Sah R, Hazelwood SJ, Klisch SM. Integrating qPLM and biomechanical test data with an anisotropic fiber distribution model and predictions of TGF-ß1 and IGF-1 regulation of articular cartilage fiber modulus. Biomech Model Mechanobiol. 2013 Nov; 12(6):1073-88. PMID: 23266906; PMCID: PMC3637957.
    43. McCarty WJ, Cheng JC, Hansen BC, Yamaguchi T, Firestein GS, Masuda K, Sah R. The biophysical mechanisms of altered hyaluronan concentration in synovial fluid after anterior cruciate ligament transection. Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Dec; 64(12):3993-4003. PMID: 22933328; PMCID: PMC3510334.
    44. Gokhin DS, Nowak RB, Kim NE, Arnett EE, Chen AC, Sah R, Clark JI, Fowler VM. Tmod1 and CP49 synergize to control the fiber cell geometry, transparency, and mechanical stiffness of the mouse lens. PLoS One. 2012; 7(11):e48734. PMID: 23144950; PMCID: PMC3492431.
    45. Pallante AL, Görtz S, Chen AC, Healey RM, Chase DC, Ball ST, Amiel D, Sah R, Bugbee WD. Treatment of articular cartilage defects in the goat with frozen versus fresh osteochondral allografts: effects on cartilage stiffness, zonal composition, and structure at six months. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 Nov 07; 94(21):1984-95. PMID: 23138239; PMCID: PMC3489067.
    46. Antonacci JM, Schmidt TA, Serventi LA, Cai MZ, Shu YL, Schumacher BL, McIlwraith CW, Sah R. Effects of equine joint injury on boundary lubrication of articular cartilage by synovial fluid: role of hyaluronan. Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Sep; 64(9):2917-26. PMID: 22605527; PMCID: PMC3424370.
    47. Yadav MC, de Oliveira RC, Foster BL, Fong H, Cory E, Narisawa S, Sah R, Somerman M, Whyte MP, Millán JL. Enzyme replacement prevents enamel defects in hypophosphatasia mice. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Aug; 27(8):1722-34. PMID: 22461224; PMCID: PMC3395779.
    48. Chan EF, Liu IL, Semler EJ, Aberman HM, Simon TM, Chen AC, Truncale KG, Sah R. Association of 3-Dimensional Cartilage and Bone Structure with Articular Cartilage Properties in and Adjacent to Autologous Osteochondral Grafts after 6 and 12 months in a Goat Model. Cartilage. 2012 Jul 01; 3(3). PMID: 24224069.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Nguyen QT, Hwang Y, Chen AC, Varghese S, Sah R. Cartilage-like mechanical properties of poly (ethylene glycol)-diacrylate hydrogels. Biomaterials. 2012 Oct; 33(28):6682-90. PMID: 22749448; PMCID: PMC3572364.
    50. Reuther MS, Briggs KK, Schumacher BL, Masuda K, Sah R, Watson D. In vivo oxygen tension in human septal cartilage increases with age. Laryngoscope. 2012 Nov; 122(11):2407-10. PMID: 22740061; PMCID: PMC4037531.
    51. Pallante AL, Chen AC, Ball ST, Amiel D, Masuda K, Sah R, Bugbee WD. The in vivo performance of osteochondral allografts in the goat is diminished with extended storage and decreased cartilage cellularity. Am J Sports Med. 2012 Aug; 40(8):1814-23. PMID: 22707746; PMCID: PMC4041579.
    52. Reuther MS, Wong VW, Briggs KK, Chang AA, Nguyen QT, Schumacher BL, Masuda K, Sah R, Watson D. Culture of human septal chondrocytes in a rotary bioreactor. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012 Oct; 147(4):661-7. PMID: 22597575; PMCID: PMC4082692.
    53. Ballard BL, Antonacci JM, Temple-Wong MM, Hui AY, Schumacher BL, Bugbee WD, Schwartz AK, Girard PJ, Sah R. Effect of tibial plateau fracture on lubrication function and composition of synovial fluid. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 May 16; 94(10):e64. PMID: 22617930; PMCID: PMC3349914.
    54. Gregory DE, Bae WC, Sah R, Masuda K. Anular delamination strength of human lumbar intervertebral disc. Eur Spine J. 2012 Sep; 21(9):1716-23. PMID: 22547212; PMCID: PMC3459123.
    55. Han EH, Ge C, Chen AC, Schumacher BL, Sah R. Compaction enhances extracellular matrix content and mechanical properties of tissue-engineered cartilaginous constructs. Tissue Eng Part A. 2012 Jun; 18(11-12):1151-60. PMID: 22372815; PMCID: PMC3360506.
    56. Hammaker D, Topolewski K, Edgar M, Yoshizawa T, Fukushima A, Boyle DL, Burak EC, Sah R, Firestein GS. Decreased collagen-induced arthritis severity and adaptive immunity in MKK-6-deficient mice. Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Mar; 64(3):678-87. PMID: 21953132; PMCID: PMC3267851.
    57. Balcom NT, Berg-Johansen B, Dills KJ, Van Donk JR, Williams GM, Chen AC, Hazelwood SJ, Sah R, Klisch SM. In vitro articular cartilage growth with sequential application of IGF-1 and TGF-ß1 enhances volumetric growth and maintains compressive properties. J Biomech Eng. 2012 Mar; 134(3):031001. PMID: 22482681; PMCID: PMC3689422.
    58. Chan EF, Harjanto R, Asahara H, Inoue N, Masuda K, Bugbee WD, Firestein GS, Hosalkar HS, Lotz MK, Sah R. Structural and functional maturation of distal femoral cartilage and bone during postnatal development and growth in humans and mice. Orthop Clin North Am. 2012 Apr; 43(2):173-85, v. PMID: 22480467; PMCID: PMC3321216.
    59. Anderson WA, Amasino RM, Ares M, Banerjee U, Bartel B, Corces VG, Drennan CL, Elgin SC, Epstein IR, Fanning E, Guillette LJ, Handelsman J, Hatfull GF, Hoy RR, Kelley D, Leinwand LA, Losick R, Lu Y, Lynn DG, Neuhauser C, O'Dowd DK, Olivera T, Pevzner P, Richards-Kortum RR, Rine J, Sah R, Strobel SA, Walker GC, Walt DR, Warner IM, Wessler S, Willard HF, Zare RN. Competencies: a cure for pre-med curriculum. Science. 2011 Nov 11; 334(6057):760-1. PMID: 22076362.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Chang AA, Reuther MS, Briggs KK, Schumacher BL, Williams GM, Corr M, Sah R, Watson D. In vivo implantation of tissue-engineered human nasal septal neocartilage constructs: a pilot study. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012 Jan; 146(1):46-52. PMID: 22031592; PMCID: PMC4352411.
    61. McCarty WJ, Masuda K, Sah R. Fluid movement and joint capsule strains due to flexion in rabbit knees. J Biomech. 2011 Nov 10; 44(16):2761-7. PMID: 21945567; PMCID: PMC3241937.
    62. Shirazi R, Vena P, Sah R, Klisch SM. Modeling the collagen fibril network of biological tissues as a nonlinearly elastic material using a continuous volume fraction distribution function. Math Mech Solids. 2011 Sep 14; 16(7):706-715. PMID: 23390357.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Talukdar S, Nguyen QT, Chen AC, Sah R, Kundu SC. Effect of initial cell seeding density on 3D-engineered silk fibroin scaffolds for articular cartilage tissue engineering. Biomaterials. 2011 Dec; 32(34):8927-37. PMID: 21906805; PMCID: PMC3183393.
    64. Han EH, Chen SS, Klisch SM, Sah R. Contribution of proteoglycan osmotic swelling pressure to the compressive properties of articular cartilage. Biophys J. 2011 Aug 17; 101(4):916-24. PMID: 21843483; PMCID: PMC3175069.
    65. Hui AY, McCarty WJ, Masuda K, Firestein GS, Sah R. A systems biology approach to synovial joint lubrication in health, injury, and disease. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Syst Biol Med. 2012 Jan-Feb; 4(1):15-37. PMID: 21826801; PMCID: PMC3593048.
    66. Upasani VV, Farnsworth CL, Chambers RC, Bastrom TP, Williams GM, Sah R, Masuda K, Newton PO. Intervertebral disc health preservation after six months of spinal growth modulation. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Aug 03; 93(15):1408-16. PMID: 21915546; PMCID: PMC3143582.
    67. Bhardwaj N, Nguyen QT, Chen AC, Kaplan DL, Sah R, Kundu SC. Potential of 3-D tissue constructs engineered from bovine chondrocytes/silk fibroin-chitosan for in vitro cartilage tissue engineering. Biomaterials. 2011 Sep; 32(25):5773-81. PMID: 21601277; PMCID: PMC3110545.
    68. Hurtig MB, Buschmann MD, Fortier LA, Hoemann CD, Hunziker EB, Jurvelin JS, Mainil-Varlet P, McIlwraith CW, Sah R, Whiteside RA. Preclinical Studies for Cartilage Repair: Recommendations from the International Cartilage Repair Society. Cartilage. 2011 Apr; 2(2):137-52. PMID: 26069576; PMCID: PMC4300779.
    69. Yadav MC, Lemire I, Leonard P, Boileau G, Blond L, Beliveau M, Cory E, Sah R, Whyte MP, Crine P, Millán JL. Dose response of bone-targeted enzyme replacement for murine hypophosphatasia. Bone. 2011 Aug; 49(2):250-6. PMID: 21458605; PMCID: PMC3117961.
    70. Li L, Patil S, Steklov N, Bae W, Temple-Wong M, D'Lima DD, Sah R, Fregly BJ. Computational wear simulation of patellofemoral articular cartilage during in vitro testing. J Biomech. 2011 May 17; 44(8):1507-13. PMID: 21453922; PMCID: PMC3119794.
    71. McCarty WJ, Luan A, Siddiqui M, Hansen BC, Masuda K, Sah R. Biomechanical properties of mixtures of blood and synovial fluid. J Orthop Res. 2011 Feb; 29(2):240-6. PMID: 21226237; PMCID: PMC3057681.
    72. Sanal HT, Bae WC, Pauli C, Du J, Statum S, Znamirowski R, Sah R, Chung CB. Magnetic resonance imaging of the temporomandibular joint disc: feasibility of novel quantitative magnetic resonance evaluation using histologic and biomechanical reference standards. J Orofac Pain. 2011; 25(4):345-53. PMID: 22247930; PMCID: PMC4048068.
    73. Wong BL, Sah R. Effect of a focal articular defect on cartilage deformation during patello-femoral articulation. J Orthop Res. 2010 Dec; 28(12):1554-61. PMID: 20602462; PMCID: PMC3401191.
    74. McCarty WJ, Luan A, Sundaramurthy P, Urbanczyk C, Patel A, Hahr J, Sotoudeh M, Ratcliffe A, Sah R. An arthroscopic device to assess articular cartilage defects and treatment with a hydrogel. Ann Biomed Eng. 2011 Apr; 39(4):1306-12. PMID: 21107696; PMCID: PMC3069304.
    75. Williams GM, Sah R. In vitro modulation of cartilage shape plasticity by biochemical regulation of matrix remodeling. Tissue Eng Part A. 2011 Jan; 17(1-2):17-23. PMID: 20649477; PMCID: PMC3011909.
    76. Alexander TH, Sage AB, Chen AC, Schumacher BL, Shelton E, Masuda K, Sah R, Watson D. Insulin-like growth factor-I and growth differentiation factor-5 promote the formation of tissue-engineered human nasal septal cartilage. Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2010 Oct; 16(5):1213-21. PMID: 20178406; PMCID: PMC2943402.
    77. Lotz MK, Otsuki S, Grogan SP, Sah R, Terkeltaub R, D'Lima D. Cartilage cell clusters. Arthritis Rheum. 2010 Aug; 62(8):2206-18. PMID: 20506158.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Han EH, Wilensky LM, Schumacher BL, Chen AC, Masuda K, Sah R. Tissue engineering by molecular disassembly and reassembly: biomimetic retention of mechanically functional aggrecan in hydrogel. Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2010 Dec; 16(6):1471-9. PMID: 20486781; PMCID: PMC2988632.
    79. Williams GM, Dills KJ, Flores CR, Stender ME, Stewart KM, Nelson LM, Chen AC, Masuda K, Hazelwood SJ, Klisch SM, Sah R. Differential regulation of immature articular cartilage compressive moduli and Poisson's ratios by in vitro stimulation with IGF-1 and TGF-beta1. J Biomech. 2010 Sep 17; 43(13):2501-7. PMID: 20570267; PMCID: PMC2937078.
    80. Hwang J, Kyubwa EM, Bae WC, Bugbee WD, Masuda K, Sah R. In Vitro Calcification of Immature Bovine Articular Cartilage: Formation of a Functional Zone of Calcified Cartilage. Cartilage. 2010 Oct 01; 1(4):287-297. PMID: 22745850.
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    81. Blewis ME, Lao BJ, Jadin KD, McCarty WJ, Bugbee WD, Firestein GS, Sah R. Semi-permeable membrane retention of synovial fluid lubricants hyaluronan and proteoglycan 4 for a biomimetic bioreactor. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2010 May 01; 106(1):149-60. PMID: 20014439; PMCID: PMC2913685.
    82. McCarty WJ, Pallante AL, Rone RJ, Bugbee WD, Sah R. The proteoglycan metabolism of articular cartilage in joint-scale culture. Tissue Eng Part A. 2010 May; 16(5):1717-27. PMID: 20038199; PMCID: PMC2952130.
    83. Lane JG, Healey RM, Chen AC, Sah R, Amiel D. Can osteochondral grafting be augmented with microfracture in an extended-size lesion of articular cartilage? Am J Sports Med. 2010 Jul; 38(7):1316-23. PMID: 20400750; PMCID: PMC4111625.
    84. Wong BL, Sah R. Mechanical asymmetry during articulation of tibial and femoral cartilages: local and overall compressive and shear deformation and properties. J Biomech. 2010 Jun 18; 43(9):1689-95. PMID: 20394929; PMCID: PMC2882527.
    85. Blewis ME, Lao BJ, Schumacher BL, Bugbee WD, Sah R, Firestein GS. Interactive cytokine regulation of synoviocyte lubricant secretion. Tissue Eng Part A. 2010 Apr; 16(4):1329-37. PMID: 19908966; PMCID: PMC2862605.
    86. Chawla K, Masuda K, Sah R. Tracking chondrocytes and assessing their proliferation with carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester: effects on cell functions. Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2010 Apr; 16(2):301-10. PMID: 19558220; PMCID: PMC2946884.
    87. Bae WC, Dwek JR, Znamirowski R, Statum SM, Hermida JC, D'Lima DD, Sah R, Du J, Chung CB. Ultrashort echo time MR imaging of osteochondral junction of the knee at 3 T: identification of anatomic structures contributing to signal intensity. Radiology. 2010 Mar; 254(3):837-45. PMID: 20177096; PMCID: PMC2826697.
    88. Nguyen QT, Wong BL, Chun J, Yoon YC, Talke FE, Sah R. Macroscopic assessment of cartilage shear: effects of counter-surface roughness, synovial fluid lubricant, and compression offset. J Biomech. 2010 Jun 18; 43(9):1787-93. PMID: 20189572; PMCID: PMC2882508.
    89. Sah R, Ratcliffe A. Translational models for musculoskeletal tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Tissue Eng Part B Rev. 2010 Feb; 16(1):1-3. PMID: 19905871; PMCID: PMC2865991.
    90. Bae WC, Payanal MM, Chen AC, Hsieh-Bonassera ND, Ballard BL, Lotz MK, Coutts RD, Bugbee WD, Sah R. Topographic Patterns of Cartilage Lesions in Knee Osteoarthritis. Cartilage. 2010 Jan; 1(1):10-19. PMID: 20664706.
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    91. Watson D, Sage A, Chang AA, Schumacher BL, Sah R. Growth of human septal chondrocytes in fibrin scaffolds. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2010 Jan-Feb; 24(1):e19-22. PMID: 20109313.
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    92. Butler DL, Goldstein SA, Guldberg RE, Guo XE, Kamm R, Laurencin CT, McIntire LV, Mow VC, Nerem RM, Sah R, Soslowsky LJ, Spilker RL, Tranquillo RT. The impact of biomechanics in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Tissue Eng Part B Rev. 2009 Dec; 15(4):477-84. PMID: 19583462; PMCID: PMC3192183.
    93. Hsieh-Bonassera ND, Wu I, Lin JK, Schumacher BL, Chen AC, Masuda K, Bugbee WD, Sah R. Expansion and redifferentiation of chondrocytes from osteoarthritic cartilage: cells for human cartilage tissue engineering. Tissue Eng Part A. 2009 Nov; 15(11):3513-23. PMID: 19456239; PMCID: PMC2792054.
    94. Pallante AL, Bae WC, Chen AC, Görtz S, Bugbee WD, Sah R. Chondrocyte viability is higher after prolonged storage at 37 degrees C than at 4 degrees C for osteochondral grafts. Am J Sports Med. 2009 Nov; 37 Suppl 1:24S-32S. PMID: 19861697; PMCID: PMC2858049.
    95. Williams GM, Chan EF, Temple-Wong MM, Bae WC, Masuda K, Bugbee WD, Sah R. Shape, loading, and motion in the bioengineering design, fabrication, and testing of personalized synovial joints. J Biomech. 2010 Jan 05; 43(1):156-65. PMID: 19815214; PMCID: PMC2813363.
    96. Thomas GC, Asanbaeva A, Vena P, Sah R, Klisch SM. A nonlinear constituent based viscoelastic model for articular cartilage and analysis of tissue remodeling due to altered glycosaminoglycan-collagen interactions. J Biomech Eng. 2009 Oct; 131(10):101002. PMID: 19831472; PMCID: PMC2966345.
    97. Sage A, Chang AA, Schumacher BL, Sah R, Watson D. Cartilage outgrowth in fibrin scaffolds. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2009 Sep-Oct; 23(5):486-91. PMID: 19807980.
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    98. Klein TJ, Malda J, Sah R, Hutmacher DW. Tissue engineering of articular cartilage with biomimetic zones. Tissue Eng Part B Rev. 2009 Jun; 15(2):143-57. PMID: 19203206; PMCID: PMC3121783.
    99. Gratz KR, Wong BL, Bae WC, Sah R. The effects of focal articular defects on cartilage contact mechanics. J Orthop Res. 2009 May; 27(5):584-92. PMID: 18979528; PMCID: PMC2862585.
    100. Muehleman C, Li J, Abe Y, Pfister B, Sah R, Phipps R, Masuda K. Effect of risedronate in a minipig cartilage defect model with allograft. J Orthop Res. 2009 Mar; 27(3):360-5. PMID: 18925648; PMCID: PMC2941977.
    101. Williams GM, Gratz KR, Sah R. Asymmetrical strain distributions and neutral axis location of cartilage in flexure. J Biomech. 2009 Feb 09; 42(3):325-30. PMID: 19117571; PMCID: PMC2673500.
    102. Hwang J, Bae WC, Shieu W, Lewis CW, Bugbee WD, Sah R. Increased hydraulic conductance of human articular cartilage and subchondral bone plate with progression of osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2008 Dec; 58(12):3831-42. PMID: 19035476; PMCID: PMC2603273.
    103. Kitahara S, Nakagawa K, Sah R, Wada Y, Ogawa T, Moriya H, Masuda K. In vivo maturation of scaffold-free engineered articular cartilage on hydroxyapatite. Tissue Eng Part A. 2008 Nov; 14(11):1905-13. PMID: 18620479.
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    104. Wong BL, Bae WC, Gratz KR, Sah R. Shear deformation kinematics during cartilage articulation: effect of lubrication, degeneration, and stress relaxation. Mol Cell Biomech. 2008 Sep; 5(3):197-206. PMID: 18751528; PMCID: PMC2847289.
    105. Wong BL, Bae WC, Chun J, Gratz KR, Lotz M, Sah R. Biomechanics of cartilage articulation: effects of lubrication and degeneration on shear deformation. Arthritis Rheum. 2008 Jul; 58(7):2065-74. PMID: 18576324.
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    106. Klisch SM, Asanbaeva A, Oungoulian SR, Masuda K, Thonar EJ, Davol A, Sah R. A cartilage growth mixture model with collagen remodeling: validation protocols. J Biomech Eng. 2008 Jun; 130(3):031006. PMID: 18532855; PMCID: PMC2692927.
    107. Han EH, Bae WC, Hsieh-Bonassera ND, Wong VW, Schumacher BL, Görtz S, Masuda K, Bugbee WD, Sah R. Shaped, stratified, scaffold-free grafts for articular cartilage defects. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2008 Aug; 466(8):1912-20. PMID: 18506565; PMCID: PMC2584257.
    108. Williams GM, Klisch SM, Sah R. Bioengineering cartilage growth, maturation, and form. Pediatr Res. 2008 May; 63(5):527-34. PMID: 18427298.
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    109. Otsuki S, Brinson DC, Creighton L, Kinoshita M, Sah R, D'Lima D, Lotz M. The effect of glycosaminoglycan loss on chondrocyte viability: a study on porcine cartilage explants. Arthritis Rheum. 2008 Apr; 58(4):1076-85. PMID: 18383360.
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    110. Asanbaeva A, Tam J, Schumacher BL, Klisch SM, Masuda K, Sah R. Articular cartilage tensile integrity: modulation by matrix depletion is maturation-dependent. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2008 Jun 01; 474(1):175-82. PMID: 18394422; PMCID: PMC2440786.
    111. Gratz KR, Sah R. Experimental measurement and quantification of frictional contact between biological surfaces experiencing large deformation and slip. J Biomech. 2008; 41(6):1333-40. PMID: 18329650; PMCID: PMC2422876.
    112. Gratz KR, Wong BL, Bae WC, Sah R. The effects of focal articular defects on intra-tissue strains in the surrounding and opposing cartilage. Biorheology. 2008; 45(3-4):193-207. PMID: 18836224.
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    113. Williams GM, Lin JW, Sah R. Cartilage reshaping via in vitro mechanical loading. Tissue Eng. 2007 Dec; 13(12):2903-11. PMID: 17716002.
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    114. Asanbaeva A, Masuda K, Thonar EJ, Klisch SM, Sah R. Regulation of immature cartilage growth by IGF-I, TGF-beta1, BMP-7, and PDGF-AB: role of metabolic balance between fixed charge and collagen network. Biomech Model Mechanobiol. 2008 Aug; 7(4):263-76. PMID: 17762943; PMCID: PMC2704288.
    115. Davol A, Bingham MS, Sah R, Klisch SM. A nonlinear finite element model of cartilage growth. Biomech Model Mechanobiol. 2008 Aug; 7(4):295-307. PMID: 17701433.
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    116. Ficklin T, Thomas G, Barthel JC, Asanbaeva A, Thonar EJ, Masuda K, Chen AC, Sah R, Davol A, Klisch SM. Articular cartilage mechanical and biochemical property relations before and after in vitro growth. J Biomech. 2007; 40(16):3607-14. PMID: 17628568; PMCID: PMC2175072.
    117. Chawla K, Klein TJ, Schumacher BL, Jadin KD, Shah BH, Nakagawa K, Wong VW, Chen AC, Masuda K, Sah R. Short-term retention of labeled chondrocyte subpopulations in stratified tissue-engineered cartilaginous constructs implanted in vivo in mini-pigs. Tissue Eng. 2007 Jul; 13(7):1525-37. PMID: 17532744.
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    118. Ball ST, Jadin K, Allen RT, Schwartz AK, Sah R, Brage ME. Chondrocyte viability after intra-articular calcaneal fractures in humans. Foot Ankle Int. 2007 Jun; 28(6):665-8. PMID: 17592695.
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    119. Blewis ME, Schumacher BL, Klein TJ, Schmidt TA, Voegtline MS, Sah R. Microenvironment regulation of PRG4 phenotype of chondrocytes. J Orthop Res. 2007 May; 25(5):685-95. PMID: 17262831.
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    120. Schmidt TA, Gastelum NS, Nguyen QT, Schumacher BL, Sah R. Boundary lubrication of articular cartilage: role of synovial fluid constituents. Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Mar; 56(3):882-91. PMID: 17328061.
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    121. Hicks DL, Sage AB, Shelton E, Schumacher BL, Sah R, Watson D. Effect of bone morphogenetic proteins 2 and 7 on septal chondrocytes in alginate. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007 Mar; 136(3):373-9. PMID: 17321862.
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    122. Asanbaeva A, Masuda K, Thonar EJ, Klisch SM, Sah R. Mechanisms of cartilage growth: modulation of balance between proteoglycan and collagen in vitro using chondroitinase ABC. Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Jan; 56(1):188-98. PMID: 17195221.
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    123. Liu Tsang V, Chen AA, Cho LM, Jadin KD, Sah R, DeLong S, West JL, Bhatia SN. Fabrication of 3D hepatic tissues by additive photopatterning of cellular hydrogels. FASEB J. 2007 Mar; 21(3):790-801. PMID: 17197384.
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    124. Hicks DL, Sage AB, Schumacher BL, Jadin KD, Agustin RM, Sah R, Watson D. Stored human septal chondrocyte viability analyzed by confocal microscopy. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006 Oct; 132(10):1137-42. PMID: 17043266.
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    125. Temple MM, Xue Y, Chen MQ, Sah R. Interleukin-1alpha induction of tensile weakening associated with collagen degradation in bovine articular cartilage. Arthritis Rheum. 2006 Oct; 54(10):3267-76. PMID: 17009261.
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    126. Jadin KD, Bae WC, Schumacher BL, Sah R. Three-dimensional (3-D) imaging of chondrocytes in articular cartilage: growth-associated changes in cell organization. Biomaterials. 2007 Jan; 28(2):230-9. PMID: 16999994; PMCID: PMC2464614.
    127. Richmon JD, Sage A, Wong WV, Chen AC, Sah R, Watson D, Watston D. Compressive biomechanical properties of human nasal septal cartilage. Am J Rhinol. 2006 Sep-Oct; 20(5):496-501. PMID: 17063745.
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    128. Alexander TH, Sage AB, Schumacher BL, Sah R, Watson D. Human serum for tissue engineering of human nasal septal cartilage. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006 Sep; 135(3):397-403. PMID: 16949971.
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    129. Borazjani BH, Chen AC, Bae WC, Patil S, Sah R, Firestein GS, Bugbee WD. Effect of impact on chondrocyte viability during insertion of human osteochondral grafts. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006 Sep; 88(9):1934-43. PMID: 16951108.
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    130. Chawla K, Klein TJ, Schumacher BL, Schmidt TA, Voegtline MS, Thonar EJ, Masuda K, Sah R. Tracking chondrocytes and assessing their proliferation with PKH26: effects on secretion of proteoglycan 4 (PRG4). J Orthop Res. 2006 Jul; 24(7):1499-508. PMID: 16715532.
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    131. Klein TJ, Schumacher BL, Blewis ME, Schmidt TA, Voegtline MS, Thonar EJ, Masuda K, Sah R. Tailoring secretion of proteoglycan 4 (PRG4) in tissue-engineered cartilage. Tissue Eng. 2006 Jun; 12(6):1429-39. PMID: 16846341.
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    132. Nugent GE, Aneloski NM, Schmidt TA, Schumacher BL, Voegtline MS, Sah R. Dynamic shear stimulation of bovine cartilage biosynthesis of proteoglycan 4. Arthritis Rheum. 2006 Jun; 54(6):1888-96. PMID: 16729294.
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    133. Albrecht DR, Underhill GH, Wassermann TB, Sah R, Bhatia SN. Probing the role of multicellular organization in three-dimensional microenvironments. Nat Methods. 2006 May; 3(5):369-75. PMID: 16628207.
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    134. Li J, Jadin K, Masuda K, Sah R, Muehleman C. Characterization of lesions of the talus and description of tram-track lesions. Foot Ankle Int. 2006 May; 27(5):344-55. PMID: 16701055.
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    135. Klein TJ, Chaudhry M, Bae WC, Sah R. Depth-dependent biomechanical and biochemical properties of fetal, newborn, and tissue-engineered articular cartilage. J Biomech. 2007; 40(1):182-90. PMID: 16387310.
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    136. Miyamoto K, An HS, Sah R, Akeda K, Okuma M, Otten L, Thonar EJ, Masuda K. Exposure to pulsed low intensity ultrasound stimulates extracellular matrix metabolism of bovine intervertebral disc cells cultured in alginate beads. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Nov 01; 30(21):2398-405. PMID: 16261116.
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    137. Richmon JD, Sage AB, Wong VW, Chen AC, Pan C, Sah R, Watson D. Tensile biomechanical properties of human nasal septal cartilage. Am J Rhinol. 2005 Nov-Dec; 19(6):617-22. PMID: 16402652.
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    138. Lewis CW, Williamson AK, Chen AC, Bae WC, Temple MM, Wong WV, Nugent GE, James SP, Wheeler DL, Sah R, Kawcak CE. Evaluation of subchondral bone mineral density associated with articular cartilage structure and integrity in healthy equine joints with different functional demands. Am J Vet Res. 2005 Oct; 66(10):1823-9. PMID: 16273917.
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    139. Williams GM, Klein TJ, Sah R. Cell density alters matrix accumulation in two distinct fractions and the mechanical integrity of alginate-chondrocyte constructs. Acta Biomater. 2005 Nov; 1(6):625-33. PMID: 16701843.
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    140. Richmon JD, Sage AB, Shelton E, Schumacher BL, Sah R, Watson D. Effect of growth factors on cell proliferation, matrix deposition, and morphology of human nasal septal chondrocytes cultured in monolayer. Laryngoscope. 2005 Sep; 115(9):1553-60. PMID: 16148694.
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    141. Hicks DL, Sage AB, Schumacher BL, Sah R, Watson D. Growth and phenotype of low-density nasal septal chondrocyte monolayers. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 Sep; 133(3):417-22. PMID: 16143193.
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    142. Allen RT, Robertson CM, Pennock AT, Bugbee WD, Harwood FL, Wong VW, Chen AC, Sah R, Amiel D. Analysis of stored osteochondral allografts at the time of surgical implantation. Am J Sports Med. 2005 Oct; 33(10):1479-84. PMID: 16009984.
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    143. Jadin KD, Wong BL, Bae WC, Li KW, Williamson AK, Schumacher BL, Price JH, Sah R. Depth-varying density and organization of chondrocytes in immature and mature bovine articular cartilage assessed by 3d imaging and analysis. J Histochem Cytochem. 2005 Sep; 53(9):1109-19. PMID: 15879579.
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    144. Chia SH, Homicz MR, Schumacher BL, Thonar EJ, Masuda K, Sah R, Watson D. Characterization of human nasal septal chondrocytes cultured in alginate. J Am Coll Surg. 2005 May; 200(5):691-704. PMID: 15848359.
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    145. Bae WC, Lewis CW, Levenston ME, Sah R. Indentation testing of human articular cartilage: effects of probe tip geometry and indentation depth on intra-tissue strain. J Biomech. 2006; 39(6):1039-47. PMID: 16549094.
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    146. Klisch SM, Sah R, Hoger A. A cartilage growth mixture model for infinitesimal strains: solutions of boundary-value problems related to in vitro growth experiments. Biomech Model Mechanobiol. 2005 Jun; 3(4):209-23. PMID: 15834595.
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    147. Englert C, McGowan KB, Klein TJ, Giurea A, Schumacher BL, Sah R. Inhibition of integrative cartilage repair by proteoglycan 4 in synovial fluid. Arthritis Rheum. 2005 Apr; 52(4):1091-9. PMID: 15818696.
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    148. Akeson WH, Massie JB, Huang B, Giurea A, Sah R, Garfin SR, Kim CW. Topical high-molecular-weight hyaluronan and a roofing barrier sheet equally inhibit postlaminectomy fibrosis. Spine J. 2005 Mar-Apr; 5(2):180-90. PMID: 15749618.
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    149. McGowan KB, Sah R. Treatment of cartilage with beta-aminopropionitrile accelerates subsequent collagen maturation and modulates integrative repair. J Orthop Res. 2005 May; 23(3):594-601. PMID: 15885480.
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    150. Schumacher BL, Schmidt TA, Voegtline MS, Chen AC, Sah R. Proteoglycan 4 (PRG4) synthesis and immunolocalization in bovine meniscus. J Orthop Res. 2005 May; 23(3):562-8. PMID: 15885476.
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    151. Gratz KR, Wong VW, Chen AC, Fortier LA, Nixon AJ, Sah R. Biomechanical assessment of tissue retrieved after in vivo cartilage defect repair: tensile modulus of repair tissue and integration with host cartilage. J Biomech. 2006; 39(1):138-46. PMID: 16271598.
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    152. Sah R. Interface and bulk regions in the repair, regeneration, and replacement of articular cartilage. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2004 Dec; 4(4):393-5. PMID: 15758275.
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    153. Albrecht DR, Tsang VL, Sah R, Bhatia SN. Photo- and electropatterning of hydrogel-encapsulated living cell arrays. Lab Chip. 2005 Jan; 5(1):111-8. PMID: 15616749.
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    154. Albrecht DR, Sah R, Bhatia SN. Geometric and material determinants of patterning efficiency by dielectrophoresis. Biophys J. 2004 Oct; 87(4):2131-47. PMID: 15454417; PMCID: PMC1304640.
    155. Nugent GE, Law AW, Wong EG, Temple MM, Bae WC, Chen AC, Kawcak CE, Sah R. Site- and exercise-related variation in structure and function of cartilage from equine distal metacarpal condyle. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2004 Oct; 12(10):826-33. PMID: 15450533.
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    156. Schmidt TA, Schumacher BL, Klein TJ, Voegtline MS, Sah R. Synthesis of proteoglycan 4 by chondrocyte subpopulations in cartilage explants, monolayer cultures, and resurfaced cartilage cultures. Arthritis Rheum. 2004 Sep; 50(9):2849-57. PMID: 15457453.
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    157. Lane JG, Massie JB, Ball ST, Amiel ME, Chen AC, Bae WC, Sah R, Amiel D. Follow-up of osteochondral plug transfers in a goat model: a 6-month study. Am J Sports Med. 2004 Sep; 32(6):1440-50. PMID: 15310569.
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    158. Bae WC, Law AW, Amiel D, Sah R. Sensitivity of indentation testing to step-off edges and interface integrity in cartilage repair. Ann Biomed Eng. 2004 Mar; 32(3):360-9. PMID: 15095810.
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    159. Chen AC, Klisch SM, Bae WC, Temple MM, McGowan KB, Gratz KR, Schumacher BL, Sah R. Mechanical characterization of native and tissue-engineered cartilage. Methods Mol Med. 2004; 101:157-90. PMID: 15299215.
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    160. Harmel JL, Lewis CW, Sah R, Kawcak CE, Wheeler DL. An assessment of equine cartilage degeneration. Biomed Sci Instrum. 2004; 40:261-5. PMID: 15133968.
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    161. Ball ST, Amiel D, Williams SK, Tontz W, Chen AC, Sah R, Bugbee WD. The effects of storage on fresh human osteochondral allografts. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2004 Jan; (418):246-52. PMID: 15043126.
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    162. Li KW, Klein TJ, Chawla K, Nugent GE, Bae WC, Sah R. In vitro physical stimulation of tissue-engineered and native cartilage. Methods Mol Med. 2004; 100:325-52. PMID: 15280604.
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    163. Chia SH, Schumacher BL, Klein TJ, Thonar EJ, Masuda K, Sah R, Watson D. Tissue-engineered human nasal septal cartilage using the alginate-recovered-chondrocyte method. Laryngoscope. 2004 Jan; 114(1):38-45. PMID: 14709992.
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    164. Bae WC, Temple MM, Amiel D, Coutts RD, Niederauer GG, Sah R. Indentation testing of human cartilage: sensitivity to articular surface degeneration. Arthritis Rheum. 2003 Dec; 48(12):3382-94. PMID: 14673990.
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    165. Williams SK, Amiel D, Ball ST, Allen RT, Wong VW, Chen AC, Sah R, Bugbee WD. Prolonged storage effects on the articular cartilage of fresh human osteochondral allografts. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2003 Nov; 85-A(11):2111-20. PMID: 14630839.
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    166. Williamson AK, Chen AC, Masuda K, Thonar EJ, Sah R. Tensile mechanical properties of bovine articular cartilage: variations with growth and relationships to collagen network components. J Orthop Res. 2003 Sep; 21(5):872-80. PMID: 12919876.
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    167. Williamson AK, Masuda K, Thonar EJ, Sah R. Growth of immature articular cartilage in vitro: correlated variation in tensile biomechanical and collagen network properties. Tissue Eng. 2003 Aug; 9(4):625-34. PMID: 13678441.
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    168. Giurea A, Klein TJ, Chen AC, Goomer RS, Coutts RD, Akeson WH, Amiel D, Sah R. Adhesion of perichondrial cells to a polylactic acid scaffold. J Orthop Res. 2003 Jul; 21(4):584-9. PMID: 12798055.
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    169. Klisch SM, Chen SS, Sah R, Hoger A. A growth mixture theory for cartilage with application to growth-related experiments on cartilage explants. J Biomech Eng. 2003 Apr; 125(2):169-79. PMID: 12751278.
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    170. Li KW, Wang AS, Sah R. Microenvironment regulation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase activity in chondrocytes: effects of culture configuration, interleukin-1, and compressive stress. Arthritis Rheum. 2003 Mar; 48(3):689-99. PMID: 12632422.
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    171. Homicz MR, McGowan KB, Lottman LM, Beh G, Sah R, Watson D. A compositional analysis of human nasal septal cartilage. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2003 Jan-Feb; 5(1):53-8. PMID: 12533140.
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    172. Masuda K, Sah R, Hejna MJ, Thonar EJ. A novel two-step method for the formation of tissue-engineered cartilage by mature bovine chondrocytes: the alginate-recovered-chondrocyte (ARC) method. J Orthop Res. 2003 Jan; 21(1):139-48. PMID: 12507591.
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    173. Homicz MR, Chia SH, Schumacher BL, Masuda K, Thonar EJ, Sah R, Watson D. Human septal chondrocyte redifferentiation in alginate, polyglycolic acid scaffold, and monolayer culture. Laryngoscope. 2003 Jan; 113(1):25-32. PMID: 12514377.
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    174. Kurtis MS, Schmidt TA, Bugbee WD, Loeser RF, Sah R. Integrin-mediated adhesion of human articular chondrocytes to cartilage. Arthritis Rheum. 2003 Jan; 48(1):110-8. PMID: 12528111.
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    175. Chen AC, Temple MM, Ng DM, Verzijl N, DeGroot J, TeKoppele JM, Sah R. Induction of advanced glycation end products and alterations of the tensile properties of articular cartilage. Arthritis Rheum. 2002 Dec; 46(12):3212-7. PMID: 12483725.
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    176. Homicz MR, Schumacher BL, Sah R, Watson D. Effects of serial expansion of septal chondrocytes on tissue-engineered neocartilage composition. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2002 Nov; 127(5):398-408. PMID: 12447233.
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    177. Giurea A, DiMicco MA, Akeson WH, Sah R. Development-associated differences in integrative cartilage repair: roles of biosynthesis and matrix. J Orthop Res. 2002 Nov; 20(6):1274-81. PMID: 12472240.
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    178. Davisson T, Sah R, Ratcliffe A. Perfusion increases cell content and matrix synthesis in chondrocyte three-dimensional cultures. Tissue Eng. 2002 Oct; 8(5):807-16. PMID: 12459059.
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    179. Davisson T, Kunig S, Chen A, Sah R, Ratcliffe A. Static and dynamic compression modulate matrix metabolism in tissue engineered cartilage. J Orthop Res. 2002 Jul; 20(4):842-8. PMID: 12168676.
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    180. Hsieh AH, Sah R, Paul Sung KL. Biomechanical regulation of type I collagen gene expression in ACLs in organ culture. J Orthop Res. 2002 Mar; 20(2):325-31. PMID: 11924646.
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