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Steven Garfin

Title(s)Professor, Orthopedic Surgery
SchoolHealth Sciences
Phone858-534-1783
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Orthopaedic Rehabiliation Research Training Program
    NIH/NIAMS T32AR007484Jul 1, 1984 - Jun 30, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Khalil JG, Smuck M, Koreckij T, Keel J, Beall D, Goodman B, Kalapos P, Nguyen D, Garfin S. A prospective, randomized, multicenter study of intraosseous basivertebral nerve ablation for the treatment of chronic low back pain. Spine J. 2019 Oct; 19(10):1620-1632. PMID: 31229663.
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    2. Gannon J, Atkinson JH, Chircop-Rollick T, D'Andrea J, Garfin S, Patel S, Penzien DB, Wallace M, Weickgenant AL, Slater M, Holloway R, Rutledge T. Telehealth Therapy Effects of Nurses and Mental Health Professionals From 2 Randomized Controlled Trials for Chronic Back Pain. Clin J Pain. 2019 Apr; 35(4):295-303. PMID: 30664550.
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    3. Pourtaheri S, Luo W, Cui C, Garfin S. Vertebral Augmentation is Superior to Nonoperative Care at Reducing Lower Back Pain for Symptomatic Osteoporotic Compression Fractures: A Meta-Analysis. Clin Spine Surg. 2018 10; 31(8):339-344. PMID: 29901504.
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    4. Rutledge T, Atkinson JH, Holloway R, Chircop-Rollick T, D'Andrea J, Garfin SR, Patel S, Penzien DB, Wallace M, Weickgenant AL, Slater M. Randomized Controlled Trial of Nurse-Delivered Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Versus Supportive Psychotherapy Telehealth Interventions for Chronic Back Pain. J Pain. 2018 09; 19(9):1033-1039. PMID: 29673974.
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    5. Luo W, Cui C, Pourtaheri S, Garfin S. Efficacy of Vertebral Augmentation for Vertebral Compression Fractures: A Review of Meta-Analyses. Spine Surg Relat Res. 2018; 2(3):163-168. PMID: 31440664.
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    6. Rutledge T, Atkinson JH, Chircop-Rollick T, D'Andrea J, Garfin S, Patel S, Penzien DB, Wallace M, Weickgenant AL, Slater M. Randomized Controlled Trial of Telephone-delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Versus Supportive Care for Chronic Back Pain. Clin J Pain. 2018 04; 34(4):322-327. PMID: 28877139.
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    7. Attenello J, Chang C, Lee YP, Zlomislic V, Garfin SR, Allen RT. Comparison of lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) with open versus percutaneous screw fixation for adult degenerative scoliosis. J Orthop. 2018 Jun; 15(2):486-489. PMID: 29881182.
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    8. Miller LE, McGirt MJ, Garfin SR, Bono CM. Association of Annular Defect Width After Lumbar Discectomy With Risk of Symptom Recurrence and Reoperation: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Comparative Studies. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2018 03 01; 43(5):E308-E315. PMID: 29176471.
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    9. Dengler J, Duhon B, Whang P, Frank C, Glaser J, Sturesson B, Garfin S, Cher D, Rendahl A, Polly D. Predictors of Outcome in Conservative and Minimally Invasive Surgical Management of Pain Originating From the Sacroiliac Joint: A Pooled Analysis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Nov 01; 42(21):1664-1673. PMID: 28350586.
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    10. Phillips D, Egol KA, Maculatis MC, Roloff KS, Friedman AM, Levine B, Garfin S, Schwartz A, Sterling R, Kuivila T, Paragioudakis SJ, Zuckerman JD. Personality Factors Associated With Resident Performance: Results From 12 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Accredited Orthopaedic Surgery Programs. J Surg Educ. 2018 Jan - Feb; 75(1):122-131. PMID: 28688967.
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    11. Shahidi B, Hubbard JC, Gibbons MC, Ruoss S, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Garfin SR, Ward SR. Lumbar multifidus muscle degenerates in individuals with chronic degenerative lumbar spine pathology. J Orthop Res. 2017 12; 35(12):2700-2706. PMID: 28480978.
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    12. Shahidi B, Parra CL, Berry DB, Hubbard JC, Gombatto S, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Hughes-Austin J, Garfin S, Ward SR. Contribution of Lumbar Spine Pathology and Age to Paraspinal Muscle Size and Fatty Infiltration. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Apr 15; 42(8):616-623. PMID: 27517512.
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    13. Capoor MN, Ruzicka F, Schmitz JE, James GA, Machackova T, Jancalek R, Smrcka M, Lipina R, Ahmed FS, Alamin TF, Anand N, Baird JC, Bhatia N, Demir-Deviren S, Eastlack RK, Fisher S, Garfin SR, Gogia JS, Gokaslan ZL, Kuo CC, Lee YP, Mavrommatis K, Michu E, Noskova H, Raz A, Sana J, Shamie AN, Stewart PS, Stonemetz JL, Wang JC, Witham TF, Coscia MF, Birkenmaier C, Fischetti VA, Slaby O. Propionibacterium acnes biofilm is present in intervertebral discs of patients undergoing microdiscectomy. PLoS One. 2017; 12(4):e0174518. PMID: 28369127.
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    14. Patel VV, Andersson GB, Garfin SR, Resnick DL, Block JE. Utilization of CT scanning associated with complex spine surgery. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2017 01 31; 18(1):52. PMID: 28143506.
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    15. Garfin SR, Sah RL. In memoriam: Wayne Akeson, MD (1928-2016). J Orthop Res. 2016 12; 34(12):2046-2047. PMID: 28005287.
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    16. Atkinson JH, Slater MA, Capparelli EV, Patel SM, Wolfson T, Gamst A, Abramson IS, Wallace MS, Funk SD, Rutledge TR, Wetherell JL, Matthews SC, Zisook S, Garfin SR. A randomized controlled trial of gabapentin for chronic low back pain with and without a radiating component. Pain. 2016 07; 157(7):1499-507. PMID: 26963844.
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    17. Rana SH, Farjoodi P, Haloman S, Dutton P, Hariri A, Ward SR, Garfin SR, Chang DG. Anatomic Evaluation of the Sacroiliac Joint: A Radiographic Study with Implications for Procedures. Pain Physician. 2015 Nov; 18(6):583-92. PMID: 26606010.
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    18. Tutton SM, Pflugmacher R, Davidian M, Beall DP, Facchini FR, Garfin SR. KAST Study: The Kiva System As a Vertebral Augmentation Treatment-A Safety and Effectiveness Trial: A Randomized, Noninferiority Trial Comparing the Kiva System With Balloon Kyphoplasty in Treatment of Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Jun 15; 40(12):865-75. PMID: 25822543.
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    19. Daniels AH, Ames CP, Garfin SR, Shaffrey CI, Riew KD, Smith JS, Anderson PA, Hart RA. Spine surgery training: is it time to consider categorical spine surgery residency? Spine J. 2015 Jul 01; 15(7):1513-8. PMID: 25442094.
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    20. Eastlack RK, Garfin SR, Brown CR, Meyer SC. Osteocel Plus cellular allograft in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion: evaluation of clinical and radiographic outcomes from a prospective multicenter study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Oct 15; 39(22):E1331-7. PMID: 25188591.
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    21. Nassr A, Currier BL, Garfin SR. Editorial comment: Minimally invasive spine surgery. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2014 Jun; 472(6):1709-10. PMID: 24711133.
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    22. Press J, Liem B, Walega D, Garfin S. Survey of inspection and palpation rates among spine providers: evaluation of physician performance of the physical examination for patients with low back pain. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Sep 15; 38(20):1779-84. PMID: 23778374.
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    23. Lee YP, Regev GJ, Chan J, Zhang B, Taylor W, Kim CW, Garfin SR. Evaluation of hip flexion strength following lateral lumbar interbody fusion. Spine J. 2013 Oct; 13(10):1259-62. PMID: 23856656.
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    24. Badlani N, Foran JR, Phillips FM, Pelton M, Singh K, Garfin SR, Allen RT. Patient perceptions of physician reimbursement for spine surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Jul 01; 38(15):1288-93. PMID: 23532118.
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    25. Grimes CL, Tan-Kim J, Garfin SR, Nager CW. Sacral colpopexy followed by refractory Candida albicans osteomyelitis and discitis requiring extensive spinal surgery. Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Aug; 120(2 Pt 2):464-8. PMID: 22825267.
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    26. Regev GJ, Kim CW, Tomiya A, Lee YP, Ghofrani H, Garfin SR, Lieber RL, Ward SR. Psoas muscle architectural design, in vivo sarcomere length range, and passive tensile properties support its role as a lumbar spine stabilizer. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Dec 15; 36(26):E1666-74. PMID: 21415810.
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    27. McAfee PC, Garfin SR, Rodgers WB, Allen RT, Phillips F, Kim C. An attempt at clinically defining and assessing minimally invasive surgery compared with traditional "open" spinal surgery. SAS J. 2011; 5(4):125-30. PMID: 25802679.
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    28. Dang AB, Garfin SR. Can statistics alone add clinical meaning to non-specific billing databases? Commentary on an article by Richard A. Deyo, MD, MPH, et al.: "Revision surgery following operations for lumbar stenosis". J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Nov 02; 93(21):e1281-2. PMID: 22048107.
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    29. Faizan A, Goel VK, Biyani A, Garfin SR, Bono CM. Adjacent level effects of bi level disc replacement, bi level fusion and disc replacement plus fusion in cervical spine--a finite element based study. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2012 Mar; 27(3):226-33. PMID: 22019300.
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    30. Sclafani JA, Regev GJ, Webb J, Garfin SR, Kim CW. Use of a quantitative pedicle screw accuracy system to assess new technology: Initial studies on O-arm navigation and its effect on the learning curve of percutaneous pedicle screw insertion. SAS J. 2011; 5(3):57-62. PMID: 25802669.
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    31. Phillips FM, Garfin SR. Minimally invasive sacroiliac joint fusion. Orthopedics. 2011 Aug; 34(8):600-1. PMID: 21800813.
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    32. Lee YP, Robertson C, Mahar A, Kuper M, Lee DS, Regev GJ, Garfin SR. Biomechanical evaluation of transfacet screw fixation for stabilization of multilevel cervical corpectomies. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2011 Jun; 24(4):258-63. PMID: 20844449.
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    33. Lee YP, Ghofrani H, Regev GJ, Garfin SR. A retrospective review of long anterior fusions to the sacrum. Spine J. 2011 Apr; 11(4):290-4. PMID: 21474079.
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    34. Allen RT, Garfin SR. The economics of minimally invasive spine surgery: the value perspective. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Dec 15; 35(26 Suppl):S375-82. PMID: 21160403.
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    35. McAfee PC, Phillips FM, Andersson G, Buvenenadran A, Kim CW, Lauryssen C, Isaacs RE, Youssef JA, Brodke DS, Cappuccino A, Akbarnia BA, Mundis GM, Smith WD, Uribe JS, Garfin S, Allen RT, Rodgers WB, Pimenta L, Taylor W. Minimally invasive spine surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Dec 15; 35(26 Suppl):S271-3. PMID: 21160389.
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    36. Webb JE, Regev GJ, Garfin SR, Kim CW. Navigation-assisted fluoroscopy in minimally invasive direct lateral interbody fusion: a cadaveric study. SAS J. 2010; 4(4):115-21. PMID: 25802659.
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    37. Shaw WS, Means-Christensen AJ, Slater MA, Webster JS, Patterson TL, Grant I, Garfin SR, Wahlgren DR, Patel S, Atkinson JH. Psychiatric disorders and risk of transition to chronicity in men with first onset low back pain. Pain Med. 2010 Sep; 11(9):1391-400. PMID: 20735749.
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    38. Ghofrani H, Nunn T, Robertson C, Mahar A, Lee Y, Garfin S. An evaluation of fracture stabilization comparing kyphoplasty and titanium mesh repair techniques for vertebral compression fractures: is bone cement necessary? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Jul 15; 35(16):E768-73. PMID: 20634659.
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    39. Regev GJ, Haloman S, Chen L, Dhawan M, Lee YP, Garfin SR, Kim CW. Incidence and prevention of intervertebral cage overhang with minimally invasive lateral approach fusions. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Jun 15; 35(14):1406-11. PMID: 20505573.
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    40. Regev GJ, Kim CW, Thacker BE, Tomiya A, Garfin SR, Ward SR, Lieber RL. Regional Myosin heavy chain distribution in selected paraspinal muscles. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Jun 01; 35(13):1265-70. PMID: 20461040.
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    41. Faizan A, Goel VK, Garfin SR, Bono CM, Serhan H, Biyani A, Elgafy H, Krishna M, Friesem T. Do design variations in the artificial disc influence cervical spine biomechanics? A finite element investigation. Eur Spine J. 2012 Jun; 21 Suppl 5:S653-62. PMID: 19936805.
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    42. Yeh LR, Urrutia J, Sartoris D, Garfin S, Lektrakul N, Resnick D. Postoperative lumbar spine: modified radiographic projections for detection of bone defects in cadavers. Diagn Interv Radiol. 2009 Sep; 15(3):193-9. PMID: 19728266.
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    43. Allen RT, Lee YP, Garfin SR. Spine surgeons survey on attitudes regarding osteoporosis and osteomalacia screening and treatment for fractures, fusion surgery, and pseudoarthrosis. Spine J. 2009 Jul; 9(7):602-4. PMID: 19560054.
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    44. Allen RT, Kum JB, Weidner N, Hulst JB, Garfin SR. Biopsy of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures during kyphoplasty: unsuspected histologic findings of chronic osteitis without clinical evidence of osteomyelitis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Jun 15; 34(14):1486-91. PMID: 19483668.
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    45. Regev GJ, Chen L, Dhawan M, Lee YP, Garfin SR, Kim CW. Morphometric analysis of the ventral nerve roots and retroperitoneal vessels with respect to the minimally invasive lateral approach in normal and deformed spines. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 May 20; 34(12):1330-5. PMID: 19455010.
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    46. Regev GJ, Lee YP, Taylor WR, Garfin SR, Kim CW. Nerve injury to the posterior rami medial branch during the insertion of pedicle screws: comparison of mini-open versus percutaneous pedicle screw insertion techniques. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 May 15; 34(11):1239-42. PMID: 19444073.
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    47. Slater MA, Weickgenant AL, Greenberg MA, Wahlgren DR, Williams RA, Carter C, Patterson TL, Grant I, Garfin SR, Webster JS, Atkinson JH. Preventing progression to chronicity in first onset, subacute low back pain: an exploratory study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2009 Apr; 90(4):545-52. PMID: 19345767.
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    48. Ward SR, Kim CW, Eng CM, Gottschalk LJ, Tomiya A, Garfin SR, Lieber RL. Architectural analysis and intraoperative measurements demonstrate the unique design of the multifidus muscle for lumbar spine stability. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Jan; 91(1):176-85. PMID: 19122093.
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    49. Choo AD, Regev G, Garfin SR, Kim CW. Surgeons' perceptions of spinal navigation: analysis of key factors affecting the lack of adoption of spinal navigation technology. SAS J. 2008; 2(4):189-94. PMID: 25802621.
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    50. Webb J, Gottschalk L, Lee YP, Garfin S, Kim C. Surgeon Perceptions of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. SAS J. 2008 Sep 01; 2(3):145. PMID: 20148184.
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    51. Bono CM, Bawa M, White KK, Mahar A, Vives M, Kauffman C, Garfin SR. Residual motion on flexion-extension radiographs after simulated lumbar arthrodesis in human cadavers. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2008 Jul; 21(5):364-71. PMID: 18600148.
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    52. Burdi M, Bono CM, Kauffman CP, Hoyt D, Garfin SR. Delayed diagnosis of a flexion-distraction (seat belt) injury in a patient with multiple abdominal injuries: a case report. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2008 Jan; 37(1):44-6. PMID: 18309384.
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    53. Allen RT, Lee YP, Stimson E, Garfin SR. Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) in the treatment of pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Dec 15; 32(26):2996-3006. PMID: 18091493.
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    54. Mahar A, Kim C, Wedemeyer M, Mitsunaga L, Odell T, Johnson B, Garfin S. Short-segment fixation of lumbar burst fractures using pedicle fixation at the level of the fracture. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Jun 15; 32(14):1503-7. PMID: 17572619.
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    55. Wang ML, Massie J, Perry A, Garfin SR, Kim CW. A rat osteoporotic spine model for the evaluation of bioresorbable bone cements. Spine J. 2007 Jul-Aug; 7(4):466-74. PMID: 17630145.
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    56. Atkinson JH, Slater MA, Capparelli EV, Wallace MS, Zisook S, Abramson I, Matthews SC, Garfin SR. Efficacy of noradrenergic and serotonergic antidepressants in chronic back pain: a preliminary concentration-controlled trial. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2007 Apr; 27(2):135-42. PMID: 17414235.
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    57. Bono CM, Khandha A, Vadapalli S, Holekamp S, Goel VK, Garfin SR. Residual sagittal motion after lumbar fusion: a finite element analysis with implications on radiographic flexion-extension criteria. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Feb 15; 32(4):417-22. PMID: 17304131.
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    58. Mahar A, Kim C, Oka R, Odell T, Perry A, Mirkovic S, Garfin S. Biomechanical comparison of a novel percutaneous transfacet device and a traditional posterior system for single level fusion. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2006 Dec; 19(8):591-4. PMID: 17146303.
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    59. Garfin SR, Buckley RA, Ledlie J. Balloon kyphoplasty for symptomatic vertebral body compression fractures results in rapid, significant, and sustained improvements in back pain, function, and quality of life for elderly patients. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Sep 01; 31(19):2213-20. PMID: 16946656.
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    60. Schimizzi AL, Massie JB, Murphy M, Perry A, Kim CW, Garfin SR, Akeson WH. High-molecular-weight hyaluronan inhibits macrophage proliferation and cytokine release in the early wound of a preclinical postlaminectomy rat model. Spine J. 2006 Sep-Oct; 6(5):550-6. PMID: 16934726.
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    61. White KK, Oka R, Mahar AT, Lowry A, Garfin SR. Pullout strength of thoracic pedicle screw instrumentation: comparison of the transpedicular and extrapedicular techniques. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 May 20; 31(12):E355-8. PMID: 16721279.
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    62. Bawa M, Schimizzi AL, Leek B, Bono CM, Massie JB, Macias B, Chung CB, Hargens AR, Garfin SR, Kim CW. Paraspinal muscle vasculature contributes to posterolateral spinal fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Apr 15; 31(8):891-6. PMID: 16622377.
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    63. Kim CW, Perry A, Currier B, Yaszemski M, Garfin SR. Fungal infections of the spine. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2006 Mar; 444:92-9. PMID: 16523132.
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    64. Massie JB, Schimizzi AL, Huang B, Kim CW, Garfin SR, Akeson WH. Topical high molecular weight hyaluronan reduces radicular pain post laminectomy in a rat model. Spine J. 2005 Sep-Oct; 5(5):494-502. PMID: 16153575.
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    65. Perry A, Mahar A, Massie J, Arrieta N, Garfin S, Kim C. Biomechanical evaluation of kyphoplasty with calcium sulfate cement in a cadaveric osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture model. Spine J. 2005 Sep-Oct; 5(5):489-93. PMID: 16153574.
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    66. Phillips FM, Garfin SR. Cervical disc replacement. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Sep 01; 30(17 Suppl):S27-33. PMID: 16138062.
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    67. White KK, Bawa M, Ahn JS, Farnsworth CL, Faro FD, Mahar AT, Wedemeyer M, Garfin SR, Newton PO. Strut allograft union and remodeling using rhBMP-2 in a spinal corpectomy model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Jun 15; 30(12):1386-95. PMID: 15959367.
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    68. Kim CW, Perry A, Garfin SR. Spinal instability: the orthopedic approach. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2005 Mar; 9(1):77-87. PMID: 15812714.
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    69. Akeson WH, Massie JB, Huang B, Giurea A, Sah R, Garfin SR, Kim CW. Topical high-molecular-weight hyaluronan and a roofing barrier sheet equally inhibit postlaminectomy fibrosis. Spine J. 2005 Mar-Apr; 5(2):180-90. PMID: 15749618.
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    70. Kimura S, Hesselink JR, Garfin SR, Kawaji Y, Hasegawa K, Hargens AR. Axial load-dependent cervical spinal alterations during simulated upright posture: a comparison of healthy controls and patients with cervical degenerative disease. J Neurosurg Spine. 2005 Feb; 2(2):137-44. PMID: 15739524.
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    71. Kim CW, Minocha J, Wahl CE, Garfin SR. Response of fractured osteoporotic bone to polymethylacrylate after vertebroplasty: case report. Spine J. 2004 Nov-Dec; 4(6):709-12. PMID: 15597484.
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    72. Bono CM, Garfin SR. History and evolution of disc replacement. Spine J. 2004 Nov-Dec; 4(6 Suppl):145S-150S. PMID: 15541659.
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    73. Massie JB, Huang B, Malkmus S, Yaksh TL, Kim CW, Garfin SR, Akeson WH. A preclinical post laminectomy rat model mimics the human post laminectomy syndrome. J Neurosci Methods. 2004 Aug 30; 137(2):283-9. PMID: 15262072.
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    74. Kaw LL, Coimbra R, Potenza BM, Garfin SR, Hoyt DB. The use of recombinant factor VIIa for severe intractable bleeding during spine surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Jun 15; 29(12):1384-7; discussion 1388. PMID: 15187645.
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    75. Bono CM, Iki K, Jalota A, Dawson K, Garfin SR. Temperatures within the lumbar disc and endplates during intradiscal electrothermal therapy: formulation of a predictive temperature map in relation to distance from the catheter. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 May 15; 29(10):1124-9; discussion 1130-1. PMID: 15131441.
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    76. Learch TJ, Massie JB, Pathria MN, Ahlgren BA, Garfin SR. Assessment of pedicle screw placement utilizing conventional radiography and computed tomography: a proposed systematic approach to improve accuracy of interpretation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Apr 01; 29(7):767-73. PMID: 15087800.
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    77. Cammisa FP, Lowery G, Garfin SR, Geisler FH, Klara PM, McGuire RA, Sassard WR, Stubbs H, Block JE. Two-year fusion rate equivalency between Grafton DBM gel and autograft in posterolateral spine fusion: a prospective controlled trial employing a side-by-side comparison in the same patient. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Mar 15; 29(6):660-6. PMID: 15014276.
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    78. Faro FD, White KK, Ahn JS, Oka RS, Mahar AT, Bawa M, Farnsworth CL, Garfin SR, Newton PO. Biomechanical analysis of anterior instrumentation for lumbar corpectomy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2003 Nov 15; 28(22):E468-71. PMID: 14624096.
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    79. Vaccaro AR, Singh K, Haid R, Kitchel S, Wuisman P, Taylor W, Branch C, Garfin S. The use of bioabsorbable implants in the spine. Spine J. 2003 May-Jun; 3(3):227-37. PMID: 14589204.
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    80. Lane JM, Garfin SR, Sherman PJ, Poynton AR. Medical management of osteoporosis. Instr Course Lect. 2003; 52:785-9. PMID: 12690902.
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    81. Anderson G, Boden S, Bridwell K, Ciol M, Deyo R, Dickman C, Dvorak J, Fehlings M, Garfin S, Katz J, Pope M, Rydevik B, Spratt K. Breaking down the barriers to restore public confidence: disclosure. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2002 Jan 01; 27(1):6-10. PMID: 11805627.
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    82. Garfin SR, Fardon DF. Emerging technologies in spine surgery. Spine J. 2002 Jan-Feb; 2(1):1-4. PMID: 14588282.
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    83. Garfin SR, Reilley MA. Minimally invasive treatment of osteoporotic vertebral body compression fractures. Spine J. 2002 Jan-Feb; 2(1):76-80. PMID: 14588292.
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    84. Theodorou DJ, Theodorou SJ, Duncan TD, Garfin SR, Wong WH. Percutaneous balloon kyphoplasty for the correction of spinal deformity in painful vertebral body compression fractures. Clin Imaging. 2002 Jan-Feb; 26(1):1-5. PMID: 11814744.
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    85. Kim CW, Abrams R, Lee G, Hoyt D, Garfin SR. Use of vascularized fibular grafts as a salvage procedure for previously failed spinal arthrodesis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2001 Oct 01; 26(19):2171-5. PMID: 11698900.
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    86. Garfin SR, Yuan HA, Reiley MA. New technologies in spine: kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty for the treatment of painful osteoporotic compression fractures. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2001 Jul 15; 26(14):1511-5. PMID: 11462078.
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    87. Benz RJ, Ibrahim ZG, Afshar P, Garfin SR. Predicting complications in elderly patients undergoing lumbar decompression. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2001 Mar; (384):116-21. PMID: 11249156.
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    88. Benz RJ, Garfin SR. Current techniques of decompression of the lumbar spine. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2001 Mar; (384):75-81. PMID: 11249182.
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    89. Vaccaro AR, Nachwalter RS, Klein GR, Sewards JM, Albert TJ, Garfin SR. The significance of thoracolumbar spinal canal size in spinal cord injury patients. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2001 Feb 15; 26(4):371-6. PMID: 11224884.
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    90. Garfin SR, Rauschning W. Spinal stenosis. Instr Course Lect. 2001; 50:145-52. PMID: 11372309.
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    91. Gerling MC, Davis DP, Hamilton RS, Morris GF, Vilke GM, Garfin SR, Hayden SR. Effect of surgical cricothyrotomy on the unstable cervical spine in a cadaver model of intubation. J Emerg Med. 2001 Jan; 20(1):1-5. PMID: 11165829.
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    92. Garfin SR. Editorial on residencies and fellowships. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000 Oct 15; 25(20):2700-2. PMID: 11034659.
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    93. Gerling MC, Davis DP, Hamilton RS, Morris GF, Vilke GM, Garfin SR, Hayden SR. Effects of cervical spine immobilization technique and laryngoscope blade selection on an unstable cervical spine in a cadaver model of intubation. Ann Emerg Med. 2000 Oct; 36(4):293-300. PMID: 11020675.
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    94. Grimes PF, Massie JB, Garfin SR. Anatomic and biomechanical analysis of the lower lumbar foraminal ligaments. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000 Aug 15; 25(16):2009-14. PMID: 10954629.
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    95. McCullen GM, Garfin SR. Spine update: cervical spine internal fixation using screw and screw-plate constructs. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000 Mar 01; 25(5):643-52. PMID: 10749646.
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    96. Garfin SR. Cervical degenerative disorders: etiology, presentation, and imaging studies. Instr Course Lect. 2000; 49:335-8. PMID: 10829187.
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    97. Garfin SR, Herkowitz HN, Mirkovic S. Spinal stenosis. Instr Course Lect. 2000; 49:361-74. PMID: 10829189.
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    98. Vaccaro AR, Lehman AP, Ahlgren BD, Garfin SR. Anterior C1-C2 screw fixation and bony fusion through an anterior retropharyngeal approach. Orthopedics. 1999 Dec; 22(12):1165-70. PMID: 10604810.
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    99. Atkinson JH, Slater MA, Wahlgren DR, Williams RA, Zisook S, Pruitt SD, Epping-Jordan JE, Patterson TL, Grant I, Abramson I, Garfin SR. Effects of noradrenergic and serotonergic antidepressants on chronic low back pain intensity. Pain. 1999 Nov; 83(2):137-45. PMID: 10534584.
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    100. Isomi T, Panjabi MM, Wang JL, Vaccaro AR, Garfin SR, Patel T. Stabilizing potential of anterior cervical plates in multilevel corpectomies. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1999 Nov 01; 24(21):2219-23. PMID: 10562987.
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    101. Garfin SR. North American Spine Society Presidential Speech, 1998. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1999 Oct 15; 24(20):2120-6. PMID: 10543010.
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    102. Garfin SR, Andersson G, Gronblad M, Rydevik B. The Bone and Joint Decade, 2000-2010, for Prevention and Treatment of Musculoskeletal Disorders. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1999 Jun 01; 24(11):1055-7. PMID: 10361652.
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    103. Dounchis JS, Pedowitz RA, Garfin SR. Symptomatic pseudarthrosis of the acromion: report of a case and review of the literature. J Orthop Trauma. 1999 Jan; 13(1):63-6. PMID: 9892131.
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    104. Garfin SR. Spine focus--cervical spine. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1998 Dec 15; 23(24):2661-2. PMID: 9879092.
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    105. Vaccaro AR, Falatyn SP, Scuderi GJ, Eismont FJ, McGuire RA, Singh K, Garfin SR. Early failure of long segment anterior cervical plate fixation. J Spinal Disord. 1998 Oct; 11(5):410-5. PMID: 9811102.
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    106. McCullen G, Vaccaro AR, Garfin SR. Thoracic and lumbar trauma: rationale for selecting the appropriate fusion technnique. Orthop Clin North Am. 1998 Oct; 29(4):813-28. PMID: 9756974.
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    107. Vaccaro AR, Cook CM, McCullen G, Garfin SR. Cervical trauma: rationale for selecting the appropriate fusion technique. Orthop Clin North Am. 1998 Oct; 29(4):745-54. PMID: 9756969.
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    108. Atkinson JH, Slater MA, Williams RA, Zisook S, Patterson TL, Grant I, Wahlgren DR, Abramson I, Garfin SR. A placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial of nortriptyline for chronic low back pain. Pain. 1998 Jun; 76(3):287-96. PMID: 9718247.
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    109. Garfin SR. Degenerative conditions of the spine. Current diagnostic procedures and treatment modalities. Acta Orthop Scand Suppl. 1998 Jun; 281:38-46. PMID: 9771540.
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    110. Weiss LE, Vaccaro AR, Scuderi G, McGuire M, Garfin SR. Pseudarthrosis after postoperative wound infection in the lumbar spine. J Spinal Disord. 1997 Dec; 10(6):482-7. PMID: 9438812.
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    111. Garfin SR. Cervical Spine Research Society Presidential Address: a 25-year correlation with history. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1997 Nov 15; 22(22):2589-97. PMID: 9399442.
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    112. Vaccaro AR, Ring D, Scuderi G, Cohen DS, Garfin SR. Predictors of outcome in patients with chronic back pain and low-grade spondylolisthesis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1997 Sep 01; 22(17):2030-4; discussion 2035. PMID: 9306535.
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    113. Jacobson JA, Starok M, Pathria MN, Garfin SR. Pseudarthrosis: US evaluation after posterolateral spinal fusion: work in progress. Radiology. 1997 Sep; 204(3):853-8. PMID: 9280271.
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    114. Vaccaro AR, Ring D, Lee RS, Scuderi G, Garfin SR. Salvage anterior C1-C2 screw fixation and arthrodesis through the lateral approach in a patient with a symptomatic pseudoarthrosis. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 1997 May; 26(5):349-53. PMID: 9181194.
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    115. Ring D, Vaccaro AR, Scuderi G, Klein G, Green D, Garfin SR. An association between the flat back and postpolio syndromes: a report of three cases. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1997 Mar; 78(3):324-6. PMID: 9084358.
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    116. Vaccaro AR, Garfin SR. Degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis with spinal stenosis, a prospective study comparing decompression with decompression and intertransverse process arthrodesis: a critical analysis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1997 Feb 15; 22(4):368-9. PMID: 9055361.
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    117. Garfin SR, Yuan HA. Food and Drug Administration regulation of spinal implant fixation devices. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1997 Feb; (335):32-8. PMID: 9020204.
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    118. Klein JD, Hey LA, Yu CS, Klein BB, Coufal FJ, Young EP, Marshall LF, Garfin SR. Perioperative nutrition and postoperative complications in patients undergoing spinal surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1996 Nov 15; 21(22):2676-82. PMID: 8961455.
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    119. Lang EW, Beutler AS, Chesnut RM, Patel PM, Kennelly NA, Kalkman CJ, Drummond JC, Garfin SR. Myogenic motor-evoked potential monitoring using partial neuromuscular blockade in surgery of the spine. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1996 Jul 15; 21(14):1676-86. PMID: 8839472.
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    120. Krueger MA, Green DA, Hoyt D, Garfin SR. Overlooked spine injuries associated with lumbar transverse process fractures. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1996 Jun; (327):191-5. PMID: 8641063.
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    121. Ahlgren BD, Garfin SR. Cervical Radiculopathy. Orthop Clin North Am. 1996 Apr; 27(2):253-63. PMID: 8614578.
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    122. Hurley ME, Vaccaro AR, Scuderi GJ, Garfin SR. External fixation in patients with panvertebral osteomyelitis and paraplegia. Paraplegia. 1996 Feb; 34(2):113-5. PMID: 8835037.
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    123. Klein JD, Garfin SR. Nutritional status in the patient with spinal infection. Orthop Clin North Am. 1996 Jan; 27(1):33-6. PMID: 8539050.
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    124. Garfin SR. A 50-year-old woman with disabling spinal stenosis. JAMA. 1995 Dec 27; 274(24):1949-54. PMID: 8568991.
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    125. Garfin SR, Spratt KF, Andersson GB, Boden SD, Fraser RD, Goel VK, Hanley EN, Katz JN, Pope MH, Sonntag VK. Use of internal fixation instrumentation. Introduction. 1995 Focus Issue Meeting on Fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1995 Dec 15; 20(24 Suppl):154S-156S. PMID: 8747270.
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    126. Vaccaro AR, Garfin SR. Internal fixation (pedicle screw fixation) for fusions of the lumbar spine. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1995 Dec 15; 20(24 Suppl):157S-165S. PMID: 8747271.
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    127. Pope MH, Goel VK, Sumner DR, Andersson GB, Boden SD, Fraser RD, Garfin SR, Hanley EN, Katz JN, Sonntag VK. Biomechanics introduction. 1995 Focus Issue Meeting on Fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1995 Dec 15; 20(24 Suppl):84S. PMID: 8747261.
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    128. Boden SD, Sumner DR, Andersson GB, Fraser RD, Garfin SR, Goel VK, Hanley EN, Katz JN, Pope MH, Sonntag VK. Biologic issues in lumbar spinal fusion. Introduction. 1995 Focus Issue Meeting on Fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1995 Dec 15; 20(24 Suppl):100S-101S. PMID: 8747263.
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    129. Katz JN, Spratt KF, Andersson GB, Boden SD, Fraser RD, Garfin SR, Goel VK, Hanley EN, Pope MH, Sonntag VK. Epidemiology introduction. 1995 Focus Issue Meeting on Fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1995 Dec 15; 20(24 Suppl):76S-77S. PMID: 8747259.
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    130. Zdeblick TA, Hanley EN, Sonntag VK, Andersson GB, Boden SD, Fraser RD, Garfin SR, Goel VK, Katz JN, Pope MH. Indications for lumbar spinal fusion. Introduction. 1995 Focus Issue Meeting on Fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1995 Dec 15; 20(24 Suppl):124S-125S. PMID: 8747266.
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    131. Boden SD, Andersson GB, Fraser RD, Garfin SR, Goel VK, Hanley EN, Katz JN, Pope MH, Sonntag VK, Spratt KF. Selection of the optimal procedure to achieve lumbar spinal fusion. Introduction. 1995 Focus Issue Meeting on Fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1995 Dec 15; 20(24 Suppl):166S. PMID: 8747272.
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    132. Garfin SR. Surgical indications for spinal instrumentation in degenerative diseases. West J Med. 1995 Dec; 163(6):571. PMID: 8553649.
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    133. Klapow JC, Slater MA, Patterson TL, Atkinson JH, Weickgenant AL, Grant I, Garfin SR. Psychosocial factors discriminate multidimensional clinical groups of chronic low back pain patients. Pain. 1995 Sep; 62(3):349-55. PMID: 8657435.
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    134. Garfin SR, Rydevik B, Lind B, Massie J. Spinal nerve root compression. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1995 Aug 15; 20(16):1810-20. PMID: 7502139.
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    135. Vaccaro AR, Rizzolo SJ, Balderston RA, Allardyce TJ, Garfin SR, Dolinskas C, An HS. Placement of pedicle screws in the thoracic spine. Part II: An anatomical and radiographic assessment. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1995 Aug; 77(8):1200-6. PMID: 7642665.
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    136. Botte MJ, Byrne TP, Abrams RA, Garfin SR. The halo skeletal fixator: current concepts of application and maintenance. Orthopedics. 1995 May; 18(5):463-71. PMID: 7610094.
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    137. Garfin SR, Ahlgren BD. Current management of cervical spine instability. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 1995 Mar; 7(2):114-9. PMID: 7766491.
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    138. Vaccaro AR, Ring D, Scuderi G, Garfin SR. Vertebral artery location in relation to the vertebral body as determined by two-dimensional computed tomography evaluation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1994 Dec 01; 19(23):2637-41. PMID: 7899957.
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    139. Edwards CC, Garfin SR, Melkerson MN, Mishra NK, Winter RB, Yuan HA. Symposium: lumbar spine fixation--the pedicle screw controversy. Contemp Orthop. 1994 Dec; 29(6):439-54. PMID: 10150255.
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    140. Ring D, Vaccaro AR, Scuderi G, Pathria MN, Garfin SR. Acute calcific retropharyngeal tendinitis. Clinical presentation and pathological characterization. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1994 Nov; 76(11):1636-42. PMID: 7962023.
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    141. Garfin SR. "Historical cohort study of pedicle screw fixation in thoracic, lumbar, and sacral spine fusions". Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1994 Oct 15; 19(20 Suppl):2254S-2255S. PMID: 7817239.
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    142. Yuan HA, Garfin SR, Dickman CA, Mardjetko SM. A Historical Cohort Study of Pedicle Screw Fixation in Thoracic, Lumbar, and Sacral Spinal Fusions. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1994 Oct 15; 19(20 Suppl):2279S-2296S. PMID: 7817243.
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    143. Garfin SR. Spinal fusion: The use of bone screws in the vertebral pedicles. Summation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1994 Oct 15; 19(20 Suppl):2300S-305S. PMID: 7817245.
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    144. Abitbol JJ, Lincoln TL, Lind BI, Amiel D, Akeson WH, Garfin SR. Preventing postlaminectomy adhesion. A new experimental model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1994 Aug 15; 19(16):1809-14. PMID: 7973979.
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    145. Vaccaro AR, Chesnut RM, Scuderi G, Healy JF, Massie JB, Garfin SR. Metallic spinal artifacts in magnetic resonance imaging. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1994 Jun 01; 19(11):1237-42. PMID: 8073315.
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    146. Bacon NM, Bacon SF, Atkinson JH, Slater MA, Patterson TL, Grant I, Garfin SR. Somatization symptoms in chronic low back pain patients. Psychosom Med. 1994 Mar-Apr; 56(2):118-27. PMID: 8008798.
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    147. Mirkovic S, Garfin SR. Spinal stenosis: history and physical examination. Instr Course Lect. 1994; 43:435-40. PMID: 9097173.
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    148. Garfin SR, Mirkovic S, Herkowitz HN. Spinal stenosis: indications for laminectomy. Instr Course Lect. 1994; 43:411-4. PMID: 9097170.
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    149. Brown R, Pedowitz R, Rydevik B, Woo S, Hargens A, Massie J, Kwan M, Garfin SR. Effects of acute graded strain on efferent conduction properties in the rabbit tibial nerve. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1993 Nov; (296):288-94. PMID: 8222440.
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    150. Garfin SR, Cohen MS. Scapulothoracic pain. JAMA. 1993 Oct 20; 270(15):1867. PMID: 8411532.
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    151. Jauregui N, Lincoln T, Mubarak S, Garfin S. Surgically related upper cervical spine canal anatomy in children. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1993 Oct 15; 18(14):1939-44. PMID: 8272939.
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    152. Zdeblick TA, Abitbol JJ, Kunz DN, McCabe RP, Garfin S. Cervical stability after sequential capsule resection. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1993 Oct 15; 18(14):2005-8. PMID: 8272950.
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    153. Klapow JC, Slater MA, Patterson TL, Doctor JN, Atkinson JH, Garfin SR. An empirical evaluation of multidimensional clinical outcome in chronic low back pain patients. Pain. 1993 Oct; 55(1):107-18. PMID: 8278203.
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    154. Lind B, Massie JB, Lincoln T, Myers RR, Swenson MR, Garfin SR. The effects of induced hypertension and acute graded compression on impulse propagation in the spinal nerve roots of the pig. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1993 Sep 01; 18(11):1550-5. PMID: 8235828.
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    155. Albert TJ, Balderston RA, Heller JG, Herkowitz HN, Garfin SR, Tomany K, An HS, Simeone FA. Upper lumbar disc herniations. J Spinal Disord. 1993 Aug; 6(4):351-9. PMID: 8219549.
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    156. Smith SA, Massie JB, Chesnut R, Garfin SR. Straight leg raising. Anatomical effects on the spinal nerve root without and with fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1993 Jun 15; 18(8):992-9. PMID: 8367787.
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    157. Smith SA, Abitbol JJ, Carlson GD, Anderson DR, Taggart KW, Garfin SR. The effects of depth of penetration, screw orientation, and bone density on sacral screw fixation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1993 Jun 15; 18(8):1006-10. PMID: 8367767.
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    158. Weickgenant AL, Slater MA, Patterson TL, Atkinson JH, Grant I, Garfin SR. Coping activities in chronic low back pain: relationship with depression. Pain. 1993 Apr; 53(1):95-103. PMID: 8316396.
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    159. Triggs KJ, Ballock RT, Byrne T, Garfin SR. Length dependence of a halo orthosis on cervical immobilization. J Spinal Disord. 1993 Feb; 6(1):34-7. PMID: 8439714.
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    160. Fardon D, Pinkerton S, Balderston R, Garfin S, Nasca R, Salib R. Terms used for diagnosis by English speaking spine surgeons. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1993 Feb; 18(2):274-7. PMID: 8441944.
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    161. Berchuck M, Garfin SR, Bauman T, Abitbol JJ. Complications of anterior intervertebral grafting. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1992 Nov; (284):54-62. PMID: 1395314.
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    162. Massie JB, Heller JG, Abitbol JJ, McPherson D, Garfin SR. Postoperative posterior spinal wound infections. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1992 Nov; (284):99-108. PMID: 1395319.
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    163. Heller JG, Garfin SR, Abitbol JJ. Disk herniations associated with compression instrumentation of lumbar flexion-distraction injuries. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1992 Nov; (284):91-8. PMID: 1395318.
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    164. Heller JG, Alson MD, Schaffler MB, Garfin SR. Quantitative internal dens morphology. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1992 Aug; 17(8):861-6. PMID: 1523487.
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    165. Schaffler MB, Alson MD, Heller JG, Garfin SR. Morphology of the dens. A quantitative study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1992 Jul; 17(7):738-43. PMID: 1502635.
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    166. Chesnut RM, Abitbol JJ, Garfin SR. Surgical management of cervical radiculopathy. Indication, techniques, and results. Orthop Clin North Am. 1992 Jul; 23(3):461-74. PMID: 1620538.
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    167. Carlson GD, Abitbol JJ, Anderson DR, Krag MH, Kostuik JP, Woo SL, Garfin SR. Screw fixation in the human sacrum. An in vitro study of the biomechanics of fixation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1992 Jun; 17(6 Suppl):S196-203. PMID: 1631718.
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    168. Kwan MK, Wall EJ, Massie J, Garfin SR. Strain, stress and stretch of peripheral nerve. Rabbit experiments in vitro and in vivo. Acta Orthop Scand. 1992 Jun; 63(3):267-72. PMID: 1609588.
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    169. Pedowitz RA, Gershuni DH, Fridén J, Garfin SR, Rydevik BL, Hargens AR. Effects of reperfusion intervals on skeletal muscle injury beneath and distal to a pneumatic tourniquet. J Hand Surg Am. 1992 Mar; 17(2):245-55. PMID: 1532972.
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    170. Pedowitz RA, Garfin SR, Massie JB, Hargens AR, Swenson MR, Myers RR, Rydevik BL. Effects of magnitude and duration of compression on spinal nerve root conduction. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1992 Feb; 17(2):194-9. PMID: 1553590.
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    171. Ballock RT, Mackersie R, Abitbol JJ, Cervilla V, Resnick D, Garfin SR. Can burst fractures be predicted from plain radiographs? J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1992 Jan; 74(1):147-50. PMID: 1732246.
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    172. Wall EJ, Massie JB, Kwan MK, Rydevik BL, Myers RR, Garfin SR. Experimental stretch neuropathy. Changes in nerve conduction under tension. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1992 Jan; 74(1):126-9. PMID: 1732240.
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    173. Mirkovic S, Garfin SR, Rydevik B, Lipson SJ. Pathophysiology of spinal stenosis. Instr Course Lect. 1992; 41:165-77. PMID: 1588061.
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    174. Heller JG, Carlson GD, Abitbol JJ, Garfin SR. Anatomic comparison of the Roy-Camille and Magerl techniques for screw placement in the lower cervical spine. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1991 Oct; 16(10 Suppl):S552-7. PMID: 1801271.
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    175. Cornacchia LG, Abitbol JJ, Heller J, Schneiderman G, Garfin S, Marshall LF. Blunt injuries to the extracranial cerebral vessels associated with spine fractures. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1991 Oct; 16(10 Suppl):S506-10. PMID: 1801262.
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    176. Wall EJ, Kwan MK, Rydevik BL, Woo SL, Garfin SR. Stress relaxation of a peripheral nerve. J Hand Surg Am. 1991 Sep; 16(5):859-63. PMID: 1940164.
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    177. Mirkovic S, Abitbol JJ, Steinman J, Edwards CC, Schaffler M, Massie J, Garfin SR. Anatomic consideration for sacral screw placement. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1991 Jun; 16(6 Suppl):S289-94. PMID: 1862427.
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    178. Atkinson JH, Slater MA, Patterson TL, Grant I, Garfin SR. Prevalence, onset, and risk of psychiatric disorders in men with chronic low back pain: a controlled study. Pain. 1991 May; 45(2):111-21. PMID: 1831555.
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    179. Rydevik BL, Pedowitz RA, Hargens AR, Swenson MR, Myers RR, Garfin SR. Effects of acute, graded compression on spinal nerve root function and structure. An experimental study of the pig cauda equina. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1991 May; 16(5):487-93. PMID: 2052989.
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    180. Cohen MS, Wall EJ, Kerber CW, Abitbol JJ, Garfin SR. The anatomy of the cauda equina on CT scans and MRI. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1991 May; 73(3):381-4. PMID: 1670432.
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    181. Carlson G, Abitbol JJ, Garfin SR. Prevention of complications in surgical management of back pain and sciatica. Orthop Clin North Am. 1991 Apr; 22(2):345-51. PMID: 1826555.
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    182. Drummond JC, Abitbol JJ, Sanford TJ, Garfin SR. Transient paraplegia during posterior cervical osteotomy. Anesthesiology. 1991 Mar; 74(3):628-30. PMID: 2001043.
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    183. Garfin SR, Nachemson A, Onik G, Spengler DM. Current concepts in the management of herniated disc. Contemp Orthop. 1991 Mar; 22(3):339-64. PMID: 10147557.
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    184. Cohen MS, Garfin SR, Hargens AR, Mubarak SJ. Acute compartment syndrome. Effect of dermotomy on fascial decompression in the leg. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1991 Mar; 73(2):287-90. PMID: 2005157.
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    185. Garfin SR, Rydevik BL, Brown RA. Compressive neuropathy of spinal nerve roots. A mechanical or biological problem? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1991 Feb; 16(2):162-6. PMID: 1826376.
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    186. Slater MA, Hall HF, Atkinson JH, Garfin SR. Pain and impairment beliefs in chronic low back pain: validation of the Pain and Impairment Relationship Scale (PAIRS). Pain. 1991 Jan; 44(1):51-6. PMID: 1828111.
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    187. Glover MG, Hargens AR, Mahmood MM, Gott S, Brown MD, Garfin SR. A new technique for the in vitro measurement of nucleus pulposus swelling pressure. J Orthop Res. 1991 Jan; 9(1):61-7. PMID: 1824570.
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    188. Wall EJ, Cohen MS, Massie JB, Rydevik B, Garfin SR. Cauda equina anatomy. I: Intrathecal nerve root organization. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1990 Dec; 15(12):1244-7. PMID: 2281366.
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    189. Cohen MS, Wall EJ, Brown RA, Rydevik B, Garfin SR. 1990 AcroMed Award in basic science. Cauda equina anatomy. II: Extrathecal nerve roots and dorsal root ganglia. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1990 Dec; 15(12):1248-51. PMID: 2281367.
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    190. Wall EJ, Cohen MS, Abitbol JJ, Garfin SR. Organization of intrathecal nerve roots at the level of the conus medullaris. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1990 Dec; 72(10):1495-9. PMID: 2254357.
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    191. Steinmann JC, Mirkovic S, Abitbol JJ, Massie J, Subbaiah P, Garfin SR. Radiographic assessment of sacral screw placement. J Spinal Disord. 1990 Sep; 3(3):232-7. PMID: 2134434.
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    192. Garfin SR, Cohen MS, Massie JB, Abitbol JJ, Swenson MR, Myers RR, Rydevik BL. Nerve-roots of the cauda equina. The effect of hypotension and acute graded compression on function. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1990 Sep; 72(8):1185-92. PMID: 2398089.
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    193. Rydevik BL, Kwan MK, Myers RR, Brown RA, Triggs KJ, Woo SL, Garfin SR. An in vitro mechanical and histological study of acute stretching on rabbit tibial nerve. J Orthop Res. 1990 Sep; 8(5):694-701. PMID: 2388109.
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    194. Ballock RT, Lee TQ, Triggs KJ, Woo SL, Garfin SR. The effect of pin location on the rigidity of the halo pin-bone interface. Neurosurgery. 1990 Feb; 26(2):238-41. PMID: 2308671.
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    195. Ingram RE, Atkinson JH, Slater MA, Saccuzzo DP, Garfin SR. Negative and positive cognition in depressed and nondepressed chronic-pain patients. Health Psychol. 1990; 9(3):300-14. PMID: 2140322.
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    196. Abitbol JJ, Botte MJ, Garfin SR, Akeson WH. The treatment of multiple myeloma of the cervical spine with a halo vest. J Spinal Disord. 1989 Dec; 2(4):263-7. PMID: 2520084.
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    197. Kurz LT, Garfin SR, Booth RE. Harvesting autogenous iliac bone grafts. A review of complications and techniques. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1989 Dec; 14(12):1324-31. PMID: 2617362.
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    198. Botte MJ, Byrne TP, Garfin SR. Use of skin incisions in the application of halo skeletal fixator pins. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1989 Sep; (246):100-1. PMID: 2766596.
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    199. Mubarak SJ, Camp JF, Vuletich W, Wenger DR, Garfin SR. Halo application in the infant. J Pediatr Orthop. 1989 Sep-Oct; 9(5):612-4. PMID: 2794039.
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    200. Triggs KJ, Ballock RT, Lee TQ, Woo SL, Garfin SR. The effect of angled insertion on halo pin fixation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1989 Aug; 14(8):781-3. PMID: 2781390.
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    201. Akeson WH, Garfin S, Amiel D, Woo SL. Para-articular connective tissue in osteoarthritis. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 1989 May; 18(4 Suppl 2):41-50. PMID: 2658074.
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    202. Ballock RT, Hajek PC, Byrne TP, Garfin SR. The quality of magnetic resonance imaging, as affected by the composition of the halo orthosis. A brief note. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1989 Mar; 71(3):431-4. PMID: 2925719.
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    203. Garfin SR, Shackford SR, Marshall LF, Drummond JC. Care of the multiply injured patient with cervical spine injury. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1989 Feb; (239):19-29. PMID: 2912620.
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    204. Garfin SR, Fielding JW. The treatment of cervical spine disorders. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1989 Feb; (239):2-3. PMID: 2912623.
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    205. Botte MJ, Garfin SR, Byrne TP, Woo SL, Nickel VL. The halo skeletal fixator. Principles of application and maintenance. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1989 Feb; (239):12-8. PMID: 2912611.
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    206. Hargens AR, Akeson WH, Mubarak SJ, Owen CA, Gershuni DH, Garfin SR, Lieber RL, Danzig LA, Botte MJ, Gelberman RH. Kappa Delta Award paper. Tissue fluid pressures: from basic research tools to clinical applications. J Orthop Res. 1989; 7(6):902-9. PMID: 2677287.
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    207. Atkinson JH, Slater MA, Grant I, Patterson TL, Garfin SR. Depressed mood in chronic low back pain: relationship with stressful life events. Pain. 1988 Oct; 35(1):47-55. PMID: 2974131.
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    208. Garfin SR, Botte MJ, Triggs KJ, Nickel VL. Subdural abscess associated with halo-pin traction. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1988 Oct; 70(9):1338-40. PMID: 2903165.
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    209. Mackersie RC, Shackford SR, Garfin SR, Hoyt DB. Major skeletal injuries in the obtunded blunt trauma patient: a case for routine radiologic survey. J Trauma. 1988 Oct; 28(10):1450-4. PMID: 3172304.
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    210. Garfin SR, Moore MR, Marshall LF. A modified technique for cervical facet fusions. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1988 May; (230):149-53. PMID: 3365887.
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    211. Bracker MD, Garfin SR, Singer SA. Low Back Pain in a Tennis Player. Phys Sportsmed. 1988 Apr; 16(4):75-80. PMID: 27457169.
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    212. Garfin SR, Glover M, Booth RE, Simeone FA, Rothman RH. Laminectomy: a review of the Pennsylvania hospital experience. J Spinal Disord. 1988; 1(2):116-33. PMID: 2485157.
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    213. Garfin SR, Leach J, Mubarak SJ, Schultz P. Experimental approach--and literature review--of spinal care in adults with a neuromuscular disorder. J Spinal Disord. 1988; 1(3):202-5. PMID: 2980138.
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    214. Garfin SR, Kurz LT, Harlow SJ, Katz MM, Weisman M. The effectiveness of a nurse practitioner in screening patients in a spinal disorders clinic. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1988 Jan; 13(1):121-3. PMID: 3132742.
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    215. Schubert A, Drummond JC, Garfin SR. The influence of stimulus presentation rate on the cortical amplitude and latency of intraoperative somatosensory-evoked potential recordings in patients with varying degrees of spinal cord injury. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1987 Dec; 12(10):969-73. PMID: 3441823.
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    216. Moore MR, Garfin SR, Hargens AR. Wide tourniquets eliminate blood flow at low inflation pressures. J Hand Surg Am. 1987 Nov; 12(6):1006-11. PMID: 2961797.
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    217. Bjorkengren AG, Kurz LT, Resnick D, Sartoris DJ, Garfin SR. Symptomatic intraspinal synovial cysts: opacification and treatment by percutaneous injection. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1987 Jul; 149(1):105-7. PMID: 3495967.
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    218. Garfin SR, Botte MJ, Nickel VL. Complications in the use of the halo fixation device. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1987 Jul; 69(6):954. PMID: 3597518.
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    219. Fronek J, Mubarak SJ, Hargens AR, Lee YF, Gershuni DH, Garfin SR, Akeson WH. Management of chronic exertional anterior compartment syndrome of the lower extremity. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1987 Jul; (220):217-27. PMID: 3594993.
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    220. Akeson WH, Amiel D, Abel MF, Garfin SR, Woo SL. Effects of immobilization on joints. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1987 Jun; (219):28-37. PMID: 3581580.
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    221. Botte MJ, Byrne TP, Garfin SR. Application of the halo device for immobilization of the cervical spine utilizing an increased torque pressure. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1987 Jun; 69(5):750-2. PMID: 3597475.
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    222. Marshall LF, Knowlton S, Garfin SR, Klauber MR, Eisenberg HM, Kopaniky D, Miner ME, Tabbador K, Clifton GL. Deterioration following spinal cord injury. A multicenter study. J Neurosurg. 1987 Mar; 66(3):400-4. PMID: 3819834.
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    223. Herkowitz HN, Garfin SR, Bell GR, Bumphrey F, Rothman RH. The use of computerized tomography in evaluating non-visualized vertebral levels caudad to a complete block on a lumbar myelogram. A review of thirty-two cases. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1987 Feb; 69(2):218-24. PMID: 3805082.
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    224. Moore MR, Garfin SR, Hargens AR. Compartment syndrome of the thigh complicating surgical treatment of ipsilateral femur and ankle fractures. J Orthop Trauma. 1987; 1(1):71-3. PMID: 3147324.
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    225. Garfin SR, Lee TQ, Roux RD, Silva FW, Ballock RT, Botte MJ, Katz MM, Woo SL. Structural behavior of the halo orthosis pin-bone interface: biomechanical evaluation of standard and newly designed stainless steel halo fixation pins. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1986 Dec; 11(10):977-81. PMID: 3576346.
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    226. Katz MM, Hargens AR, Garfin SR. Intervertebral disc nutrition. Diffusion versus convection. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1986 Sep; (210):243-5. PMID: 3757370.
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    227. Centeno RS, Sovak M, Hackney DB, Garfin SR. Brain changes on computed tomography following metrizamide myelography. Significance and therapeutic implications. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1986 Jul-Aug; 11(6):509-12. PMID: 3787318.
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    228. Garfin SR, Roux R, Botte MJ, Centeno R, Woo SL. Skull osteology as it affects halo pin placement in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 1986 Jul-Aug; 6(4):434-6. PMID: 3734066.
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    229. Garfin SR, Botte MJ, Waters RL, Nickel VL. Complications in the use of the halo fixation device. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1986 Mar; 68(3):320-5. PMID: 3949826.
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    230. Garfin SR, Rothman RH. Case report 346. Fibrous dysplasia (polyostotic). Skeletal Radiol. 1986; 15(1):72-6. PMID: 3941928.
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    231. Weise MD, Garfin SR, Gelberman RH, Katz MM, Thorne RP. Lower-extremity sensibility testing in patients with herniated lumbar intervertebral discs. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1985 Oct; 67(8):1219-24. PMID: 2997232.
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    232. Garfin SR, Botte MJ, Centeno RS, Nickel VL. Osteology of the skull as it affects halo pin placement. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1985 Oct; 10(8):696-8. PMID: 4081875.
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    233. Kurz LT, Garfin SR, Unger AS, Thorne RP, Rothman RH. Intraspinal synovial cyst causing sciatica. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1985 Jul; 67(6):865-71. PMID: 4019534.
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    234. Mowery CA, Garfin SR, Booth RE, Rothman RH. Recurrent posterior dislocation of the shoulder: treatment using a bone block. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1985 Jun; 67(5):777-81. PMID: 3889003.
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    235. Mortensen WW, Hargens AR, Gershuni DH, Crenshaw AG, Garfin SR, Akeson WH. Long-term myoneural function after an induced compartment syndrome in the canine hindlimb. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1985 May; (195):289-93. PMID: 3978962.
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    236. Garfin SR, Mowery CA, Guerra J, Marshall LF. Confirmation of the posterolateral technique to decompress and fuse thoracolumbar spine burst fractures. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1985 Apr; 10(3):218-23. PMID: 3992340.
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    237. Atkinson JH, Kremer EF, Garfin SR. Psychopharmacological agents in the treatment of pain. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1985 Feb; 67(2):337-42. PMID: 2857180.
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    238. Garfin SR, Botte MJ, Woo SL, Nickel VL. Reliability after repeated use of a torque screwdriver employed for halo pin fixation. J Orthop Res. 1985; 3(1):121-3. PMID: 3981291.
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    239. Garfin SR, Castilonia RR, Mubarak SJ, Hargens AR, Akeson WH, Russell FE. The effect of antivenin on intramuscular pressure elevations induced by rattlesnake venom. Toxicon. 1985; 23(4):677-80. PMID: 4060178.
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    240. Guerra J, Garfin SR, Resnick D. Vertebral burst fractures: CT analysis of the retropulsed fragment. Radiology. 1984 Dec; 153(3):769-72. PMID: 6494475.
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    241. Bell GR, Rothman RH, Booth RE, Cuckler JM, Garfin S, Herkowitz H, Simeone FA, Dolinskas C, Han SS. A study of computer-assisted tomography. II. Comparison of metrizamide myelography and computed tomography in the diagnosis of herniated lumbar disc and spinal stenosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1984 Sep; 9(6):552-6. PMID: 6495025.
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    242. Yu EC, Garfin SR. Closed dorsal dislocation of the metatarsophalangeal joint of the great toe. A surgical approach and case report. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1984 May; (185):237-40. PMID: 6705386.
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    243. Garfin SR, Castilonia RR, Mubarak SJ, Hargens AR, Russell FE, Akeson WH. Rattlesnake bites and surgical decompression: results using a laboratory model. Toxicon. 1984; 22(2):177-82. PMID: 6729838.
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    244. Gelberman RH, Garfin SR, Hergenroeder PT, Mubarak SJ, Menon J. Compartment syndromes of the forearm: diagnosis and treatment. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1981 Nov-Dec; (161):252-61. PMID: 7307388.
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    245. Mubarak S, Garfin S, Vance R, McKinnon B, Sutherland D. Pitfalls in the use of the Pavlik harness for treatment of congenital dysplasia, subluxation, and dislocation of the hip. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1981 Oct; 63(8):1239-48. PMID: 7287794.
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    246. Garfin SR, Tipton CM, Mubarak SJ, Woo SL, Hargens AR, Akeson WH. Role of fascia in maintenance of muscle tension and pressure. J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol. 1981 Aug; 51(2):317-20. PMID: 7263438.
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    247. Bauman TD, Gelberman RH, Mubarak SJ, Garfin SR. The acute carpal tunnel syndrome. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1981 May; (156):151-6. PMID: 7226645.
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    248. Hargens AR, Schmidt DA, Evans KL, Gonsalves MR, Cologne JB, Garfin SR, Mubarak SJ, Hagan PL, Akeson WH. Quantitation of skeletal-muscle necrosis in a model compartment syndrome. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1981 Apr; 63(4):631-6. PMID: 7217130.
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    249. Garfin SR, Mubarak SJ, Evans KL, Hargens AR, Akeson WH. Quantification of intracompartmental pressure and volume under plaster casts. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1981 Mar; 63(3):449-53. PMID: 7204445.
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    250. Garfin SR, Pye SA. Bed design and its effect on chronic low back pain--a limited controlled trial. Pain. 1981 Feb; 10(1):87-91. PMID: 6453325.
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    251. Garfin SR, Mubarak SJ. Treatment of rattlesnake bites. J Hand Surg Am. 1980 Nov; 5(6):619-21. PMID: 7430612.
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    252. Garfin SR, Pye SA, Hargens AR, Akeson WH. Surface pressure distribution of the human body in the recumbent position. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1980 Sep; 61(9):409-13. PMID: 7416930.
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    253. Woo SL, Ritter MA, Amiel D, Sanders TM, Gomez MA, Kuei SC, Garfin SR, Akeson WH. The biomechanical and biochemical properties of swine tendons--long term effects of exercise on the digital extensors. Connect Tissue Res. 1980; 7(3):177-83. PMID: 6447050.
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    254. Garfin SR, Mubarak SJ, Davidson TM. Rattlesnake bites: current concepts. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1979 May; (140):50-7. PMID: 477087.
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    255. Garfin SR, Castilonia RR, Mubarak SJ, Hargens AR, Akeson WH, Russell FE. Role of surgical decompression in treatment of rattlesnake bites. Surg Forum. 1979; 30:502-4. PMID: 538678.
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    256. Mubarak SJ, Owen CA, Garfin S, Hargens AR. Acute exertional superficial posterior compartment syndrome. Am J Sports Med. 1978 Sep-Oct; 6(5):287-90. PMID: 707688.
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    257. Garfin S, Mubarak SJ, Owen CA. Exertional anterolateral-compartment syndrome. Case report with fascial defect, muscle herniation, and superficial peroneal-nerve entrapment. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1977 Apr; 59(3):404-5. PMID: 849953.
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