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    Steven Garfin

    TitleDepartment Chair
    SchoolUniversity of California, San Diego
    DepartmentOrthopedic Surgery
    Address200 W. Arbor Drive #8894
    CA San Diego 92103
    Phone619-543-2644
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      Collapse Research 
      Collapse Research Activities and Funding
      Orthopaedic Rehabiliation Research Training Program
      NIH/NIAMS T32AR007484Jul 1, 1984 - Jun 30, 2010
      Role: Principal Investigator

      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Rutledge T, Atkinson JH, Chircop-Rollick T, D'Andrea J, Garfin S, Patel S, Penzien DB, Wallace M, Weickgenant AL, Slater M. Randomized Controlled Trial of Telephone-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy versus Supportive Care for Chronic Back Pain. Clin J Pain. 2017 Sep 01. PMID: 28877139.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Dengler J, Duhon B, Whang P, Frank C, Glaser J, Sturesson B, Garfin S, Cher D, Rendahl A, Polly D. Predictors of Outcome in Conservative and Minimally Invasive Surgical Management of Pain Originating from the Sacroiliac Joint: A Pooled Analysis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Mar 27. PMID: 28350586.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Shahidi B, Parra CL, Berry DB, Hubbard JC, Gombatto S, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Hughes-Austin J, Garfin S, Ward SR. Contribution of Lumbar Spine Pathology and age to Paraspinal Muscle Size and fatty Infiltration. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Aug 11. PMID: 27517512.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Atkinson JH, Slater MA, Capparelli EV, Patel SM, Wolfson T, Gamst A, Abramson IS, Wallace MS, Funk SD, Rutledge TR, Wetherell JL, Matthews SC, Zisook S, Garfin S. A randomized controlled trial of gabapentin for chronic low back pain with and without a radiating component. Pain. 2016 Jul; 157(7):1499-507. PMID: 26963844.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Rana SH, Farjoodi P, Haloman S, Dutton P, Hariri A, Ward SR, Garfin S, Chang DG. Anatomic Evaluation of the Sacroiliac Joint: A Radiographic Study with Implications for Procedures. Pain Physician. 2015 Nov; 18(6):583-92. PMID: 26606010.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Tutton SM, Pflugmacher R, Davidian M, Beall DP, Facchini FR, Garfin S. KAST Study: The Kiva System As a Vertebral Augmentation Treatment-A Safety and Effectiveness Trial: A Randomized, Noninferiority Trial Comparing the Kiva System With Balloon Kyphoplasty in Treatment of Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Jun 15; 40(12):865-75. PMID: 25822543.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Daniels AH, Ames CP, Garfin S, Shaffrey CI, Riew KD, Smith JS, Anderson PA, Hart RA. Spine surgery training: is it time to consider categorical spine surgery residency? Spine J. 2015 Jul 1; 15(7):1513-8. PMID: 25442094.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Eastlack RK, Garfin S, Brown CR, Meyer SC. Osteocel plus cellular allograft in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion: evaluation of clinical and radiographic outcomes from a prospective multicenter study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Oct 15; 39(22):E1331-7. PMID: 25188591.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Press J, Liem B, Walega D, Garfin S. Survey of inspection and palpation rates among spine providers: evaluation of physician performance of the physical examination for patients with low back pain. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Sep 15; 38(20):1779-84. PMID: 23778374.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Lee YP, Regev GJ, Chan J, Zhang B, Taylor W, Kim CW, Garfin S. Evaluation of hip flexion strength following lateral lumbar interbody fusion. Spine J. 2013 Oct; 13(10):1259-62. PMID: 23856656.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Badlani N, Foran JR, Phillips FM, Pelton M, Singh K, Garfin S, Allen RT. Patient perceptions of physician reimbursement for spine surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Jul 1; 38(15):1288-93. PMID: 23532118.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Grimes CL, Tan-Kim J, Garfin S, Nager CW. Sacral colpopexy followed by refractory Candida albicans osteomyelitis and discitis requiring extensive spinal surgery. Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Aug; 120(2 Pt 2):464-8. PMID: 22825267.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Regev GJ, Kim CW, Tomiya A, Lee YP, Ghofrani H, Garfin S, Lieber RL, Ward SR. Psoas muscle architectural design, in vivo sarcomere length range, and passive tensile properties support its role as a lumbar spine stabilizer. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Dec 15; 36(26):E1666-74. PMID: 21415810.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Dang AB, Garfin S. Can statistics alone add clinical meaning to non-specific billing databases? Commentary on an article by Richard A. Deyo, MD, MPH, et al.: "Revision surgery following operations for lumbar stenosis". J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Nov 2; 93(21):e1281-2. PMID: 22048107.
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      15. Sclafani JA, Regev GJ, Webb J, Garfin S, Kim CW. Use of a quantitative pedicle screw accuracy system to assess new technology: Initial studies on O-arm navigation and its effect on the learning curve of percutaneous pedicle screw insertion. SAS J. 2011; 5(3):57-62. PMID: 25802669.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Lee YP, Robertson C, Mahar A, Kuper M, Lee DS, Regev GJ, Garfin S. Biomechanical evaluation of transfacet screw fixation for stabilization of multilevel cervical corpectomies. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2011 Jun; 24(4):258-63. PMID: 20844449.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Lee YP, Ghofrani H, Regev GJ, Garfin S. A retrospective review of long anterior fusions to the sacrum. Spine J. 2011 Apr; 11(4):290-4. PMID: 21474079.
        View in: PubMed
      18. McAfee PC, Phillips FM, Andersson G, Buvenenadran A, Kim CW, Lauryssen C, Isaacs RE, Youssef JA, Brodke DS, Cappuccino A, Akbarnia BA, Mundis GM, Smith WD, Uribe JS, Garfin S, Allen RT, Rodgers WB, Pimenta L, Taylor W. Minimally invasive spine surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Dec 15; 35(26 Suppl):S271-3. PMID: 21160389.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Allen RT, Garfin S. The economics of minimally invasive spine surgery: the value perspective. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Dec 15; 35(26 Suppl):S375-82. PMID: 21160403.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Webb JE, Regev GJ, Garfin S, Kim CW. Navigation-assisted fluoroscopy in minimally invasive direct lateral interbody fusion: a cadaveric study. SAS J. 2010; 4(4):115-21. PMID: 25802659.
        View in: PubMed
      21. Ghofrani H, Nunn T, Robertson C, Mahar A, Lee Y, Garfin S. An evaluation of fracture stabilization comparing kyphoplasty and titanium mesh repair techniques for vertebral compression fractures: is bone cement necessary? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Jul 15; 35(16):E768-73. PMID: 20634659.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Regev GJ, Haloman S, Chen L, Dhawan M, Lee YP, Garfin S, Kim CW. Incidence and prevention of intervertebral cage overhang with minimally invasive lateral approach fusions. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Jun 15; 35(14):1406-11. PMID: 20505573.
        View in: PubMed
      23. Regev GJ, Kim CW, Thacker BE, Tomiya A, Garfin S, Ward SR, Lieber RL. Regional Myosin heavy chain distribution in selected paraspinal muscles. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Jun 1; 35(13):1265-70. PMID: 20461040.
        View in: PubMed
      24. Yeh LR, Urrutia J, Sartoris D, Garfin S, Lektrakul N, Resnick D. Postoperative lumbar spine: modified radiographic projections for detection of bone defects in cadavers. Diagn Interv Radiol. 2009 Sep; 15(3):193-9. PMID: 19728266.
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      25. Allen RT, Lee YP, Garfin S. Spine surgeons survey on attitudes regarding osteoporosis and osteomalacia screening and treatment for fractures, fusion surgery, and pseudoarthrosis. Spine J. 2009 Jul; 9(7):602-4. PMID: 19560054.
        View in: PubMed
      26. Allen RT, Kum JB, Weidner N, Hulst JB, Garfin S. Biopsy of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures during kyphoplasty: unsuspected histologic findings of chronic osteitis without clinical evidence of osteomyelitis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Jun 15; 34(14):1486-91. PMID: 19483668.
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      27. Regev GJ, Chen L, Dhawan M, Lee YP, Garfin S, Kim CW. Morphometric analysis of the ventral nerve roots and retroperitoneal vessels with respect to the minimally invasive lateral approach in normal and deformed spines. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 May 20; 34(12):1330-5. PMID: 19455010.
        View in: PubMed
      28. Regev GJ, Lee YP, Taylor WR, Garfin S, Kim CW. Nerve injury to the posterior rami medial branch during the insertion of pedicle screws: comparison of mini-open versus percutaneous pedicle screw insertion techniques. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 May 15; 34(11):1239-42. PMID: 19444073.
        View in: PubMed
      29. Ward SR, Kim CW, Eng CM, Gottschalk LJ, Tomiya A, Garfin S, Lieber RL. Architectural analysis and intraoperative measurements demonstrate the unique design of the multifidus muscle for lumbar spine stability. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Jan; 91(1):176-85. PMID: 19122093.
        View in: PubMed
      30. Choo AD, Regev G, Garfin S, Kim CW. Surgeons' perceptions of spinal navigation: analysis of key factors affecting the lack of adoption of spinal navigation technology. SAS J. 2008; 2(4):189-94. PMID: 25802621.
        View in: PubMed
      31. Webb J, Gottschalk L, Lee YP, Garfin S, Kim C. Surgeon Perceptions of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. SAS J. 2008 Sep 1; 2(3):145. PMID: 20148184.
        View in: PubMed
      32. Burdi M, Bono CM, Kauffman CP, Hoyt D, Garfin S. Delayed diagnosis of a flexion-distraction (seat belt) injury in a patient with multiple abdominal injuries: a case report. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2008 Jan; 37(1):44-6. PMID: 18309384.
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      33. Allen RT, Lee YP, Stimson E, Garfin S. Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) in the treatment of pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Dec 15; 32(26):2996-3006. PMID: 18091493.
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      34. Mahar A, Kim C, Wedemeyer M, Mitsunaga L, Odell T, Johnson B, Garfin S. Short-segment fixation of lumbar burst fractures using pedicle fixation at the level of the fracture. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Jun 15; 32(14):1503-7. PMID: 17572619.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Wang ML, Massie J, Perry A, Garfin S, Kim CW. A rat osteoporotic spine model for the evaluation of bioresorbable bone cements. Spine J. 2007 Jul-Aug; 7(4):466-74. PMID: 17630145.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Atkinson JH, Slater MA, Capparelli EV, Wallace MS, Zisook S, Abramson I, Matthews SC, Garfin S. Efficacy of noradrenergic and serotonergic antidepressants in chronic back pain: a preliminary concentration-controlled trial. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2007 Apr; 27(2):135-42. PMID: 17414235.
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      37. Bono CM, Khandha A, Vadapalli S, Holekamp S, Goel VK, Garfin S. Residual sagittal motion after lumbar fusion: a finite element analysis with implications on radiographic flexion-extension criteria. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Feb 15; 32(4):417-22. PMID: 17304131.
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      38. Mahar A, Kim C, Oka R, Odell T, Perry A, Mirkovic S, Garfin S. Biomechanical comparison of a novel percutaneous transfacet device and a traditional posterior system for single level fusion. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2006 Dec; 19(8):591-4. PMID: 17146303.
        View in: PubMed
      39. Garfin S, Buckley RA, Ledlie J. Balloon kyphoplasty for symptomatic vertebral body compression fractures results in rapid, significant, and sustained improvements in back pain, function, and quality of life for elderly patients. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Sep 1; 31(19):2213-20. PMID: 16946656.
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      40. Schimizzi AL, Massie JB, Murphy M, Perry A, Kim CW, Garfin S, Akeson WH. High-molecular-weight hyaluronan inhibits macrophage proliferation and cytokine release in the early wound of a preclinical postlaminectomy rat model. Spine J. 2006 Sep-Oct; 6(5):550-6. PMID: 16934726.
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      41. White KK, Oka R, Mahar AT, Lowry A, Garfin S. Pullout strength of thoracic pedicle screw instrumentation: comparison of the transpedicular and extrapedicular techniques. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 May 20; 31(12):E355-8. PMID: 16721279.
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      42. Bawa M, Schimizzi AL, Leek B, Bono CM, Massie JB, Macias B, Chung CB, Hargens AR, Garfin S, Kim CW. Paraspinal muscle vasculature contributes to posterolateral spinal fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Apr 15; 31(8):891-6. PMID: 16622377.
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      43. Kim CW, Perry A, Currier B, Yaszemski M, Garfin S. Fungal infections of the spine. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2006 Mar; 444:92-9. PMID: 16523132.
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      44. Phillips FM, Garfin S. Cervical disc replacement. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Sep 1; 30(17 Suppl):S27-33. PMID: 16138062.
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      45. Perry A, Mahar A, Massie J, Arrieta N, Garfin S, Kim C. Biomechanical evaluation of kyphoplasty with calcium sulfate cement in a cadaveric osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture model. Spine J. 2005 Sep-Oct; 5(5):489-93. PMID: 16153574.
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      46. Massie JB, Schimizzi AL, Huang B, Kim CW, Garfin S, Akeson WH. Topical high molecular weight hyaluronan reduces radicular pain post laminectomy in a rat model. Spine J. 2005 Sep-Oct; 5(5):494-502. PMID: 16153575.
        View in: PubMed
      47. White KK, Bawa M, Ahn JS, Farnsworth CL, Faro FD, Mahar AT, Wedemeyer M, Garfin S, Newton PO. Strut allograft union and remodeling using rhBMP-2 in a spinal corpectomy model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Jun 15; 30(12):1386-95. PMID: 15959367.
        View in: PubMed
      48. Akeson WH, Massie JB, Huang B, Giurea A, Sah R, Garfin S, Kim CW. Topical high-molecular-weight hyaluronan and a roofing barrier sheet equally inhibit postlaminectomy fibrosis. Spine J. 2005 Mar-Apr; 5(2):180-90. PMID: 15749618.
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      49. Kim CW, Perry A, Garfin S. Spinal instability: the orthopedic approach. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2005 Mar; 9(1):77-87. PMID: 15812714.
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      50. Kimura S, Hesselink JR, Garfin S, Kawaji Y, Hasegawa K, Hargens AR. Axial load-dependent cervical spinal alterations during simulated upright posture: a comparison of healthy controls and patients with cervical degenerative disease. J Neurosurg Spine. 2005 Feb; 2(2):137-44. PMID: 15739524.
        View in: PubMed
      51. Bono CM, Garfin S. History and evolution of disc replacement. Spine J. 2004 Nov-Dec; 4(6 Suppl):145S-150S. PMID: 15541659.
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      52. Kim CW, Minocha J, Wahl CE, Garfin S. Response of fractured osteoporotic bone to polymethylacrylate after vertebroplasty: case report. Spine J. 2004 Nov-Dec; 4(6):709-12. PMID: 15597484.
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      53. Massie JB, Huang B, Malkmus S, Yaksh TL, Kim CW, Garfin S, Akeson WH. A preclinical post laminectomy rat model mimics the human post laminectomy syndrome. J Neurosci Methods. 2004 Aug 30; 137(2):283-9. PMID: 15262072.
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      54. Kaw LL, Coimbra R, Potenza BM, Garfin S, Hoyt DB. The use of recombinant factor VIIa for severe intractable bleeding during spine surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Jun 15; 29(12):1384-7; discussion 1388. PMID: 15187645.
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      55. Bono CM, Iki K, Jalota A, Dawson K, Garfin S. Temperatures within the lumbar disc and endplates during intradiscal electrothermal therapy: formulation of a predictive temperature map in relation to distance from the catheter. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 May 15; 29(10):1124-9; discussion 1130-1. PMID: 15131441.
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      56. Learch TJ, Massie JB, Pathria MN, Ahlgren BA, Garfin S. Assessment of pedicle screw placement utilizing conventional radiography and computed tomography: a proposed systematic approach to improve accuracy of interpretation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Apr 1; 29(7):767-73. PMID: 15087800.
        View in: PubMed
      57. Cammisa FP, Lowery G, Garfin S, Geisler FH, Klara PM, McGuire RA, Sassard WR, Stubbs H, Block JE. Two-year fusion rate equivalency between Grafton DBM gel and autograft in posterolateral spine fusion: a prospective controlled trial employing a side-by-side comparison in the same patient. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Mar 15; 29(6):660-6. PMID: 15014276.
        View in: PubMed
      58. Faro FD, White KK, Ahn JS, Oka RS, Mahar AT, Bawa M, Farnsworth CL, Garfin S, Newton PO. Biomechanical analysis of anterior instrumentation for lumbar corpectomy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2003 Nov 15; 28(22):E468-71. PMID: 14624096.
        View in: PubMed
      59. Vaccaro AR, Singh K, Haid R, Kitchel S, Wuisman P, Taylor W, Branch C, Garfin S. The use of bioabsorbable implants in the spine. Spine J. 2003 May-Jun; 3(3):227-37. PMID: 14589204.
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      60. Theodorou DJ, Theodorou SJ, Duncan TD, Garfin S, Wong WH. Percutaneous balloon kyphoplasty for the correction of spinal deformity in painful vertebral body compression fractures. Clin Imaging. 2002 Jan-Feb; 26(1):1-5. PMID: 11814744.
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      61. Garfin S, Fardon DF. Emerging technologies in spine surgery. Spine J. 2002 Jan-Feb; 2(1):1-4. PMID: 14588282.
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      62. Garfin S, Reilley MA. Minimally invasive treatment of osteoporotic vertebral body compression fractures. Spine J. 2002 Jan-Feb; 2(1):76-80. PMID: 14588292.
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      63. Garfin S, Yuan HA, Reiley MA. New technologies in spine: kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty for the treatment of painful osteoporotic compression fractures. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2001 Jul 15; 26(14):1511-5. PMID: 11462078.
        View in: PubMed