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Ravinder Mittal

Title(s)Professor, Medicine
SchoolVc-health Sciences-schools
Address9500 Gilman Drive #
La Jolla CA 92093
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Delhi UniversityMedical DegreeMaulana Azad Medical College
    Delhi University HospitalInternship
    New York Medical CollegeResidencyLincoln Hospital
    Yale UniversityFellowshipSchool of Medicine

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Novel Electrical Impedance Methodology to Understand Functional Dysphagia
    NIH/NIDDK R01DK109376Sep 15, 2016 - Aug 31, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Anal Sphincter Morphology &Function Assessed with Novel MR Imaging Techniques
    NIH/NIDDK R01DK091348Sep 15, 2011 - Aug 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Novel Applications of Sarcomere Length to Improve Anal Continence
    VA I01RX000124Jul 1, 2009 - Sep 30, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Molecular basis for mechanosensitivity of esophageal enteric neurons (EMN)
    VA I01BX000149Apr 1, 2009 - Mar 31, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    ROLE OF PUBORECTALIS MUSCLE IN FECAL CONTINENCE
    NIH/NIDDK R01DK065846Sep 15, 2004 - Jul 31, 2008
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Genesis of Esophageal Pain: Longitudinal Muscle Spasm and Wall Ischemia
    NIH/NIDDK R01DK060733Dec 1, 2001 - Mar 31, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PHARYNGEAL RECEPTORS AND REFLUX DISEASE
    NIH/NIDDK R01DK051604Jun 1, 1997 - Apr 30, 2003
    Role: Principal Investigator
    ANTICHOLINERGICS IN THE TREATMENT OF REFLUX DISEASE
    NIH/NIDDK R03DK052094Jan 10, 1997 - Dec 31, 2000
    Role: Principal Investigator
    BIENNIAL AMERICAN MOTILITY SYMPOSIUM
    NIH/NIDDK R13DK048248Sep 30, 1994 - Sep 29, 1995
    Role: Principal Investigator
    THE DIAPHRAGM--AN EXTERNAL LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER
    NIH/NIDDK R29DK040027Jan 1, 1989 - Dec 31, 1994
    Role: Principal Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH M01RR000847Dec 1, 1977 - Feb 28, 2013
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
    Newest   |   Oldest   |   Most Cited   |   Most Discussed   |   Timeline   |   Field Summary   |   Plain Text
    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Esophageal motility disorders on high-resolution manometry: Chicago classification version 4.0©. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2021 Jan; 33(1):e14058. Yadlapati R, Kahrilas PJ, Fox MR, Bredenoord AJ, Prakash Gyawali C, Roman S, Babaei A, Mittal RK, Rommel N, Savarino E, Sifrim D, Smout A, Vaezi MF, Zerbib F, Akiyama J, Bhatia S, Bor S, Carlson DA, Chen JW, Cisternas D, Cock C, Coss-Adame E, de Bortoli N, Defilippi C, Fass R, Ghoshal UC, Gonlachanvit S, Hani A, Hebbard GS, Wook Jung K, Katz P, Katzka DA, Khan A, Kohn GP, Lazarescu A, Lengliner J, Mittal SK, Omari T, Park MI, Penagini R, Pohl D, Richter JE, Serra J, Sweis R, Tack J, Tatum RP, Tutuian R, Vela MF, Wong RK, Wu JC, Xiao Y, Pandolfino JE. PMID: 33373111.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Novel gel bolus to improve impedance-based measurements of esophageal cross-sectional area during primary peristalsis. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2020 Dec 29; e14071. Ledgerwood M, Zifan A, Lin W, de Alva J, Chen H, Mittal RK. PMID: 33373474.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. Abnormal Esophageal Distension Profiles in Patients with "Functional Dysphagia": A Possible Mechanism of Dysphagia. Gastroenterology. 2020 Dec 08. Mittal RK, Muta K, Ledgerwood M, Gandu V, Zifan A. PMID: 33307025.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    4. Esophageal Motility Disorders and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. N Engl J Med. 2020 11 12; 383(20):1961-1972. Mittal R, Vaezi MF. PMID: 33176086.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Relationship between distension-contraction waveforms during esophageal peristalsis: effect of bolus volume, viscosity, and posture. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2020 10 01; 319(4):G454-G461. Mittal RK, Muta K, Ledgerwood-Lee M, Zifan A. PMID: 32755311.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Three-Dimensional Pressure Profile of the Lower Esophageal Sphincter and Crural Diaphragm in Patients with Achalasia Esophagus. Gastroenterology. 2020 Sep; 159(3):864-872.e1. Mittal RK, Kumar D, Kligerman SJ, Zifan A. PMID: 32437748.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    7. Morphology of the Esophageal Hiatus: Is It Different in 3 Types of Hiatus Hernias? J Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2020 Jan 30; 26(1):51-60. Kumar D, Zifan A, Ghahremani G, Kunkel DC, Horgan S, Mittal RK. PMID: 31677612.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    8. Loop analysis of the anal sphincter complex in fecal incontinent patients using functional luminal imaging probe. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2020 01 01; 318(1):G66-G76. Zifan A, Mittal RK, Kunkel DC, Swartz J, Barr G, Tuttle LJ. PMID: 31736339.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Botox injection into the lower esophageal sphincter induces hiatal paralysis and gastroesophageal reflux. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2020 01 01; 318(1):G77-G83. Kumar D, Zifan A, Mittal RK. PMID: 31589467.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. The international anorectal physiology working group (IAPWG) recommendations: Standardized testing protocol and the London classification for disorders of anorectal function. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2020 01; 32(1):e13679. Carrington EV, Heinrich H, Knowles CH, Fox M, Rao S, Altomare DF, Bharucha AE, Burgell R, Chey WD, Chiarioni G, Dinning P, Emmanuel A, Farouk R, Felt-Bersma RJF, Jung KW, Lembo A, Malcolm A, Mittal RK, Mion F, Myung SJ, O'Connell PR, Pehl C, Remes-Troche JM, Reveille RM, Vaizey CJ, Vitton V, Whitehead WE, Wong RK, Scott SM. PMID: 31407463.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    
    11. High-frequency ultrasound imaging of the anal sphincter muscles in normal subjects and patients with fecal incontinence. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2019 04; 31(4):e13537. Ledgerwood-Lee M, Zifan A, Kunkel DC, Sah R, Mittal RK. PMID: 30680849.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Topographical plots of esophageal distension and contraction: effects of posture on esophageal peristalsis and bolus transport. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2019 04 01; 316(4):G519-G526. Zifan A, Song HJ, Youn YH, Qiu X, Ledgerwood-Lee M, Mittal RK. PMID: 30676774.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Na+ /Ca2+ exchanger 1 is a key mechanosensitive molecule of the esophageal myenteric neurons. Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2019 04; 225(4):e13223. Dong H, Tang B, Jiang Y, Mittal RK. PMID: 30466198.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    14. Connectivity of the Superficial Muscles of the Human Perineum: A Diffusion Tensor Imaging-Based Global Tractography Study. Sci Rep. 2018 12 14; 8(1):17867. Zifan A, Reisert M, Sinha S, Ledgerwood-Lee M, Cory E, Sah R, Mittal RK. PMID: 30552351.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Comparison of F18-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography and Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging as Markers of Graft Viability in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. Am J Sports Med. 2019 01; 47(1):88-95. Garika SS, Sharma A, Razik A, Sharma A, Pandey RM, Gamanagatti S, Kumar R, Mittal R. PMID: 30481047.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Endoflip vs high-definition manometry in the assessment of fecal incontinence: A data-driven unsupervised comparison. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2018 12; 30(12):e13462. Zifan A, Sun C, Gourcerol G, Leroi AM, Mittal RK. PMID: 30216661.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    17. Measuring length-tension function of the anal sphincters and puborectalis muscle using the functional luminal imaging probe. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2018 11 01; 315(5):G781-G787. Tuttle LJ, Zifan A, Sun C, Swartz J, Roalkvam S, Mittal RK. PMID: 30160982.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Cholecystokinin induces esophageal longitudinal muscle contraction and transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation in healthy humans. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2018 11 01; 315(5):G734-G742. Babaei A, Mittal R. PMID: 29902066.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Genesis of Esophageal Pressurization and Bolus Flow Patterns in Patients With Achalasia Esophagus. Gastroenterology. 2018 08; 155(2):327-336. Park S, Zifan A, Kumar D, Mittal RK. PMID: 29733830.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Is the Lower Esophageal Sphincter Tone Related to a Gas? Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2018 Mar; 5(3):239-240. Mittal RK. PMID: 29675449.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    21. Three-Dimensional Myoarchitecture of the Lower Esophageal Sphincter and Esophageal Hiatus Using Optical Sectioning Microscopy. Sci Rep. 2017 10 13; 7(1):13188. Zifan A, Kumar D, Cheng LK, Mittal RK. PMID: 29030643.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Age-related external anal sphincter muscle dysfunction and fibrosis: possible role of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathways. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2017 Dec 01; 313(6):G581-G588. Rajasekaran MR, Kanoo S, Fu J, Nguyen ML, Bhargava V, Mittal RK. PMID: 28838987.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    23. Functional morphology of the lower esophageal sphincter and crural diaphragm determined by three-dimensional high-resolution esophago-gastric junction pressure profile and CT imaging. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2017 Sep 01; 313(3):G212-G219. Mittal RK, Zifan A, Kumar D, Ledgerwood-Lee M, Ruppert E, Ghahremani G. PMID: 28572086.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Wnt-ß Catenin Signaling Pathway: A Major Player in the Injury Induced Fibrosis and Dysfunction of the External Anal Sphincter. Sci Rep. 2017 04 19; 7(1):963. Rajasekaran MR, Kanoo S, Fu J, Bhargava V, Mittal RK. PMID: 28424479.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    25. Visualizing the enteric nervous system using genetically engineered double reporter mice: Comparison with immunofluorescence. PLoS One. 2017; 12(2):e0171239. Jiang Y, Dong H, Eckmann L, Hanson EM, Ihn KC, Mittal RK. PMID: 28158225.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    26. Esophageal Submucosal Injection of Capsaicin but Not Acid Induces Symptoms in Normal Subjects. J Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2016 Jul 30; 22(3):436-43. Lee RH, Korsapati H, Bhalla V, Varki N, Mittal RK. PMID: 26932896.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    27. A Predictive Model to Identify Patients With Fecal Incontinence Based on High-Definition Anorectal Manometry. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016 12; 14(12):1788-1796.e2. Zifan A, Ledgerwood-Lee M, Mittal RK. PMID: 27464594.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Regulation and dysregulation of esophageal peristalsis by the integrated function of circular and longitudinal muscle layers in health and disease. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2016 09 01; 311(3):G431-43. Mittal RK. PMID: 27445346.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    29. Esophageal contractions in type 3 achalasia esophagus: simultaneous or peristaltic? Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2016 05 01; 310(9):G689-95. Kim TH, Patel N, Ledgerwood-Lee M, Mittal RK. PMID: 26950858.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Low esophageal mucosal blood flow in patients with nutcracker esophagus. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2016 Mar 15; 310(6):G410-6. Jiang Y, Mittal RK. PMID: 26702139.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Circular and longitudinal muscles shortening indicates sliding patterns during peristalsis and transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2015 Sep 01; 309(5):G360-7. Patel N, Jiang Y, Mittal RK, Kim TH, Ledgerwood M, Bhargava V. PMID: 26045610.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    32. Inhibitory motor neurons of the esophageal myenteric plexus are mechanosensitive. . 2015 Mar 01; 308(5):C405-13. Dong H, Jiang Y, Dong J, Mittal RK. PMID: 25540174.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    33. Length tension function of puborectalis muscle: implications for the treatment of fecal incontinence and pelvic floor disorders. J Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2014 Oct 30; 20(4):539-46. Mittal RK, Sheean G, Padda BS, Rajasekaran MR. PMID: 25273124.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    34. Esophageal function testing: beyond manometry and impedance. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2014 Oct; 24(4):667-85. Mittal RK. PMID: 25216911.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Myoarchitectural and functional alterations in rabbit external anal sphincter muscle following experimental surgical trauma. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2014 Aug 15; 307(4):G445-51. Rajasekaran MR, Sinha S, Seo Y, Salehi M, Bhargava V, Mittal RK. PMID: 24994856.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    36. Purse-string morphology of external anal sphincter revealed by novel imaging techniques. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2014 Mar; 306(6):G505-14. Mittal RK, Bhargava V, Sheean G, Ledgerwood M, Sinha S. PMID: 24458022.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Anatomical disruption and length-tension dysfunction of anal sphincter complex muscles in women with fecal incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum. 2013 Nov; 56(11):1282-9. Kim YS, Weinstein M, Raizada V, Jiang Y, Bhargava V, Rajasekaran MR, Mittal RK. PMID: 24105004.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Architecture of vagal motor units controlling striated muscle of esophagus: peripheral elements patterning peristalsis? Auton Neurosci. 2013 Dec; 179(1-2):90-8. Powley TL, Mittal RK, Baronowsky EA, Hudson CN, Martin FN, McAdams JL, Mason JK, Phillips RJ. PMID: 24044976.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    39. Esophageal sphincter device/antireflux surgery: who needs it? Gastroenterology. 2013 Sep; 145(3):679-81. Mittal RK. PMID: 23891608.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Longitudinal muscle of the esophagus: its role in esophageal health and disease. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2013 Jul; 29(4):421-30. Mittal RK. PMID: 23739655.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Morphological, immunocytochemical, and functional characterization of esophageal enteric neurons in primary culture. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2013 Jul 15; 305(2):G129-38. Dong H, Jiang Y, Srinivasan S, Mittal RK. PMID: 23660501.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    42. Longitudinal muscle dysfunction in achalasia esophagus and its relevance. J Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2013 Apr; 19(2):126-36. Mittal RK, Hong SJ, Bhargava V. PMID: 23667744.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    43. Role of puborectalis muscle in the genesis of urethral pressure. J Urol. 2012 Oct; 188(4):1382-8. Rajasekaran MR, Sohn D, Salehi M, Bhargava V, Fritsch H, Mittal RK. PMID: 22906663.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    44. Esophageal wall blood perfusion during contraction and transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation in humans. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2012 Sep 01; 303(5):G529-35. Jiang Y, Bhargava V, Kim YS, Mittal RK. PMID: 22790599.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. A novel pattern of longitudinal muscle contraction with subthreshold pharyngeal stimulus: a possible mechanism of lower esophageal sphincter relaxation. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2012 Mar 01; 302(5):G542-7. Leslie E, Bhargava V, Mittal RK. PMID: 22173917.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    46. Ambulatory high-resolution manometry, lower esophageal sphincter lift and transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2012 Jan; 24(1):40-6, e2. Mittal RK, Karstens A, Leslie E, Babaei A, Bhargava V. PMID: 22074595.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Sustained improvement in the anal sphincter function following surgical plication of rabbit external anal sphincter muscle. Dis Colon Rectum. 2011 Nov; 54(11):1373-80. Rajasekaran MR, Jiang Y, Bhargava V, Ramamoorthy S, Lieber RL, Mittal RK. PMID: 21979181.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    48. Effect of esophageal contraction on esophageal wall blood perfusion. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2011 Dec; 301(6):G1093-8. Mittal RK, Bhargava V, Lal H, Jiang Y. PMID: 21903762.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    49. Variability in the muscle composition of rat esophagus and neural pathway of lower esophageal sphincter relaxation. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2011 Dec; 301(6):G1014-9. Jiang Y, Bhargava V, Lal HA, Mittal RK. PMID: 21885684.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    50. Anal sphincter complex muscles defects and dysfunction in asymptomatic parous women. Int Urogynecol J. 2011 Sep; 22(9):1143-50. Weinstein MM, Pretorius DH, Jung SA, Wan JJ, Nager CW, Mittal RK. PMID: 21604060.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. The external anal sphincter operates at short sarcomere length in humans. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2011 Jul; 23(7):643-e258. Mittal RK, Sheean G, Padda BS, Lieber R, Raj Rajasekaran M. PMID: 21418426.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    52. Antireflux action of Nissen fundoplication and stretch-sensitive mechanism of lower esophageal sphincter relaxation. Gastroenterology. 2011 Feb; 140(2):442-9. Jiang Y, Sandler B, Bhargava V, Mittal RK. PMID: 20955702.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    53. Granulocytic sarcoma of the colon. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2011 Jan; 9(1):A26. Park FD, Bain AJ, Mittal RK. PMID: 20692367.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Achalasia, alcohol-stasis, and acute necrotizing esophagitis: connecting the dots. Dig Dis Sci. 2011 Feb; 56(2):612-4. Lee JK, Bhargava V, Mittal RK, Ghosh P. PMID: 20552400.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Dynamic assessment of the vaginal high-pressure zone using high-definition manometery, 3-dimensional ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvic floor muscles. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Aug; 203(2):172.e1-8. Raizada V, Bhargava V, Jung SA, Karstens A, Pretorius D, Krysl P, Mittal RK. PMID: 20462564.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. A unique esophageal motor pattern that involves longitudinal muscles is responsible for emptying in achalasia esophagus. Gastroenterology. 2010 Jul; 139(1):102-11. Hong SJ, Bhargava V, Jiang Y, Denboer D, Mittal RK. PMID: 20381493.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Genesis of multipeaked waves of the esophagus: repetitive contractions or motion artifact? Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2010 Jun; 298(6):G927-33. Sampath NJ, Bhargava V, Mittal RK. PMID: 20360132.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Upper esophageal sphincter during transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation: effects of reflux content and posture. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2010 May; 298(5):G601-7. Babaei A, Bhargava V, Mittal RK. PMID: 20167874.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. The impact of proton-pump inhibitors on intraperitoneal sepsis: a word of caution for transgastric NOTES procedures. Surg Endosc. 2010 Jan; 24(1):16-20. Ramamoorthy SL, Lee JK, Mintz Y, Cullen J, Savu MK, Easter DW, Chock A, Mittal R, Horgan S, Talamini MA. PMID: 19551440.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    60. Mechanism of stretch-activated excitatory and inhibitory responses in the lower esophageal sphincter. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2009 Aug; 297(2):G397-405. Jiang Y, Bhargava V, Mittal RK. PMID: 19520741.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    61. Pelvic floor anatomy and applied physiology. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2008 Sep; 37(3):493-509, vii. Raizada V, Mittal RK. PMID: 18793993.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. Transperineal three-dimensional ultrasound imaging for detection of anatomic defects in the anal sphincter complex muscles. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2009 Feb; 7(2):205-11. Weinstein MM, Pretorius DH, Jung SA, Nager CW, Mittal RK. PMID: 18996750.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Length-tension relationship of the external anal sphincter muscle: implications for the anal canal function. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2008 Aug; 295(2):G367-73. Rajasekaran MR, Jiang Y, Bhargava V, Littlefield R, Lee A, Lieber RL, Mittal RK. PMID: 18599590.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    64. Reversal of asynchrony between circular and longitudinal muscle contraction in nutcracker esophagus by atropine. Gastroenterology. 2008 Sep; 135(3):796-802. Korsapati H, Bhargava V, Mittal RK. PMID: 18675815.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. Arthroscopic and magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of meniscus lesions in the chronic anterior cruciate ligament-deficient knee. Arthroscopy. 2008 Sep; 24(9):1045-51. Naranje S, Mittal R, Nag H, Sharma R. PMID: 18760213.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    66. Closure mechanism of the anal canal in women: assessed by three-dimensional ultrasound imaging. Dis Colon Rectum. 2008 Jun; 51(6):932-9. Jung SA, Pretorius DH, Weinstein M, Nager CW, Den-Boer D, Mittal RK. PMID: 18330648.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    67. A unique longitudinal muscle contraction pattern associated with transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation. Gastroenterology. 2008 May; 134(5):1322-31. Babaei A, Bhargava V, Korsapati H, Zheng WH, Mittal RK. PMID: 18384786.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    68. Cholinergic stimulation induces asynchrony between the circular and longitudinal muscle contraction during esophageal peristalsis. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2008 Mar; 294(3):G694-8. Korsapati H, Babaei A, Bhargava V, Mittal RK. PMID: 18187516.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    69. The reliability of puborectalis muscle measurements with 3-dimensional ultrasound imaging. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Jul; 197(1):68.e1-6. Weinstein MM, Jung SA, Pretorius DH, Nager CW, den Boer DJ, Mittal RK. PMID: 17618762.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    70. Vaginal high-pressure zone assessed by dynamic 3-dimensional ultrasound images of the pelvic floor. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Jul; 197(1):52.e1-7. Jung SA, Pretorius DH, Padda BS, Weinstein MM, Nager CW, den Boer DJ, Mittal RK. PMID: 17618755.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    71. Distension during gastroesophageal reflux: effects of acid inhibition and correlation with symptoms. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2007 Aug; 293(2):G469-74. Tipnis NA, Rhee PL, Mittal RK. PMID: 17556589.
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    72. Prevalence of increased esophageal muscle thickness in patients with esophageal symptoms. Am J Gastroenterol. 2007 Jan; 102(1):137-45. Dogan I, Puckett JL, Padda BS, Mittal RK. PMID: 17266691.
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    73. Axial stretch: A novel mechanism of the lower esophageal sphincter relaxation. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2007 Jan; 292(1):G329-34. Dogan I, Bhargava V, Liu J, Mittal RK. PMID: 17023549.
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    74. Effects of pelvic floor muscle contraction on anal canal pressure. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2007 Feb; 292(2):G565-71. Padda BS, Jung SA, Pretorius D, Nager CW, Den-Boer D, Mittal RK. PMID: 17023551.
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    75. Esophageal motor disorders: recent advances. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2006 Jul; 22(4):417-22. Dogan I, Mittal RK. PMID: 16760760.
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    76. Functional correlates of anal canal anatomy: puborectalis muscle and anal canal pressure. Am J Gastroenterol. 2006 May; 101(5):1092-7. Liu J, Guaderrama N, Nager CW, Pretorius DH, Master S, Mittal RK. PMID: 16606349.
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    77. Common cavity pressure during gastroesophageal reflux: reassessment using simultaneous pressure, impedance, and ultrasound imaging. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2006 Jun; 290(6):G1149-56. Tipnis NA, Liu J, Puckett JL, Mittal RK. PMID: 16439471.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    78. Synchrony between circular and longitudinal muscle contractions during peristalsis in normal subjects. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2006 Mar; 290(3):G431-8. Mittal RK, Padda B, Bhalla V, Bhargava V, Liu J. PMID: 16210472.
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    79. Evidence for the innervation of pelvic floor muscles by the pudendal nerve. Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Oct; 106(4):774-81. Guaderrama NM, Liu J, Nager CW, Pretorius DH, Sheean G, Kassab G, Mittal RK. PMID: 16199635.
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    80. Asynchrony between the circular and the longitudinal muscle contraction in patients with nutcracker esophagus. Gastroenterology. 2005 May; 128(5):1179-86. Jung HY, Puckett JL, Bhalla V, Rojas-Feria M, Bhargava V, Liu J, Mittal RK. PMID: 15887102.
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    81. Flow across the gastro-esophageal junction: lessons from the sleeve sensor on the nature of anti-reflux barrier. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2005 Apr; 17(2):187-90. Mittal RK, Liu J. PMID: 15787938.
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    82. Motor and sensory function of the esophagus: revelations through ultrasound imaging. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2005 Apr; 39(4 Suppl 2):S42-8. Mittal RK. PMID: 15758658.
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    83. Sensory and motor function of the esophagus: lessons from ultrasound imaging. Gastroenterology. 2005 Feb; 128(2):487-97. Mittal RK, Liu J, Puckett JL, Bhalla V, Bhargava V, Tipnis N, Kassab G. PMID: 15685559.
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    84. The vaginal pressure profile. Neurourol Urodyn. 2005; 24(3):243-7. Guaderrama NM, Nager CW, Liu J, Pretorius DH, Mittal RK. PMID: 15714439.
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    85. Ultrasound system to measure esophageal varix pressure: an in vitro validation study. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2005 May; 288(5):G914-9. Puckett JL, Liu J, Bhalla V, Kravetz D, Krinsky ML, Hassanein T, Mittal RK. PMID: 15626729.
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    86. Crural diaphragm inhibition during esophageal distension correlates with contraction of the esophageal longitudinal muscle in cats. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2005 May; 288(5):G927-32. Liu J, Puckett JL, Takeda T, Jung HY, Mittal RK. PMID: 15626730.
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    87. Oesophageal motor functions and its disorders. Gut. 2004 Oct; 53(10):1536-42. Mittal RK, Bhalla V. PMID: 15361508.
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    88. Lack of association between esophageal acid sensitivity detected by prolonged pH monitoring and Bernstein testing. Am J Gastroenterol. 2004 Mar; 99(3):410-5. Jung B, Steinbach J, Beaumont C, Mittal RK. PMID: 15056077.
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    89. Symptom hypersensitivity to acid infusion is associated with hypersensitivity of esophageal contractility. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2004 Jul; 287(1):G65-71. Bhalla V, Liu J, Puckett JL, Mittal RK. PMID: 14977636.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    90. Esophagogastric junction opening: does it explain the difference between normal subjects and patients with reflux disease? Gastroenterology. 2003 Oct; 125(4):1258-60. Mittal RK, Kassab GS. PMID: 14517807.
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    91. Measuring esophageal distention by high-frequency intraluminal ultrasound probe. Am J Med. 2003 Aug 18; 115 Suppl 3A:130S-136S. Mittal RK. PMID: 12928089.
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    92. Hypertrophy of the muscularis propria of the lower esophageal sphincter and the body of the esophagus in patients with primary motility disorders of the esophagus. Am J Gastroenterol. 2003 Aug; 98(8):1705-12. Mittal RK, Kassab G, Puckett JL, Liu J. PMID: 12907322.
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    93. Pathophysiology of gastroesophageal reflux: motility factors. J Gastroenterol. 2003 Mar; 38 Suppl 15:7-12. Mittal RK. PMID: 12698864.
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    94. Effect of atropine on the biomechanical properties of the oesophageal wall in humans. J Physiol. 2003 Mar 01; 547(Pt 2):621-8. Takeda T, Kassab G, Liu J, Nabae T, Mittal RK. PMID: 12562937.
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    95. Assessment of relationship between acid reflux and heartburn using receiver operating characteristic curves. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2002 Dec; 31(4 Suppl):S45-58. Steinbach J, Fass R, Mittal RK. PMID: 12489470.
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    96. Measuring esophageal distension by high-frequency intraluminal ultrasound probe. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2002 Oct; 283(4):G886-92. Rhee PL, Liu J, Puckett JL, Mittal RK. PMID: 12223348.
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    97. Relationship between esophageal muscle thickness and intraluminal pressure in patients with esophageal spasm. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2002 Jun; 282(6):G1016-23. Pehlivanov N, Liu J, Kassab GS, Beaumont C, Mittal RK. PMID: 12016127.
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    98. A novel ultrasound technique to study the biomechanics of the human esophagus in vivo. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2002 May; 282(5):G785-93. Takeda T, Kassab G, Liu J, Puckett JL, Mittal RR, Mittal RK. PMID: 11960775.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    99. Baclofen blocks LES relaxation and crural diaphragm inhibition by esophageal and gastric distension in cats. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2002 Dec; 283(6):G1276-81. Liu J, Pehlivanov N, Mittal RK. PMID: 12388201.
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