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Martin Paulus

Title(s)Adjunct Professor, Psychiatry
SchoolHealth Sciences
Phone858-822-3685
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    Biography

    Dr. Paulus studied Medicine at the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz from 1979-1985. He received a postdoctoral fellowship from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation) in 1986 to study the effects of calcium antagonists on animal models of mania at the University of California San Diego (UCSD). In 1993, Dr. Paulus left UCSD to resume his medical training and completed his internship at the Long Island Jewish Medical Center / Zucker Hillside Hospital on Long Island, NY. In 1994, he rejoined the Department of Psychiatry at UCSD as a psychiatric resident. Dr. Paulus completed his residency in psychiatry in 1997. At that time, he joined the Department of Psychiatry at UCSD as an Assistant Professor. He also became a staff psychiatrist at the Veterans Affairs San Diego Health Care System (VASDHS). Dr. Paulus is currently a Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at UCSD and Director of Telemental Health at the VASDHS, which focuses on delivering evidence based psychotherapy to Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. In May 2014, Dr. Paulus joined the Laureate Institute For Brain Research (LIBR) in Tulsa, OK, as the Scientific Director and President.

    Research Interests

    Dr. Paulus’ research focuses on three main areas:
    (1) Understanding the neurobiology of anxiety disorders and addictive disorders using decision-making and interoception with brain imaging technology.
    (2) Developing tools using neuroscience to make clinically useful predictions for mood, anxiety, and addictive disorders.
    (3) Integrating subjective measurements with neurobiological approaches to understand how psychiatric symptoms emerge from brain dysfunction.

    Dr. Paulus has published over 250 scientific papers, has been funded continuously by federal grants since 1997, and is currently the Principal Investigator on a NIMH R01 aimed at determining the biological basis for positive and negative valence domains in anxiety and depression. He has served on numerous research panels, study sections, and advisory committees. Currently, Dr. Paulus is initiating a large-scale study in Tulsa, termed the T-1000, to determine whether biological measures can be developed to help a clinician predict patient outcomes.

    Clinical Focus

    At the San Diego Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Dr. Paulus, in collaboration with Alby Quinlan, RN, MSN, developed a manualized, structured, multi-modal anger management manual. He regularly teaches an anger management class with Alby Quinlan and has given several clinical presentations on the physical and psychological consequences of anger.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    The Center for Neuroscience-based Mental Health Assessment and Prediction (NEUROMAP)
    NIH/NIGMS P20GM121312Sep 15, 2017 - Jun 30, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    ABCD-USA Consortium: Research Project
    NIH/NIDA U01DA041089Sep 30, 2015 - May 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Latent Constructs: Negative-Positive Valence Domains in Anxiety and Depression
    NIH/NIMH R01MH101453Sep 9, 2013 - May 31, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Does amphetamine use impair brain systems in OEF/OIF veterans with PTSD?
    VA I01CX000273Oct 1, 2011 - Sep 30, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Center on Interoceptive Dysregulation in Addiction (CIDIA)
    NIH/NIDA P20DA027843Mar 15, 2010 - Feb 28, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Negative reinforcement and interoceptive dysfunction in stimulant dependence.
    NIH/NIDA R01DA027797Sep 1, 2009 - Jul 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Time processing in stimulant users: Impulsivity and temporal discounting
    NIH/NIDA R03DA020687Jul 20, 2007 - Jun 30, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    STIMULANT DEPENDENCE: NEURAL MECHANISMS OF RELAPSE
    NIH/NIDA R01DA018307Sep 30, 2004 - Jun 30, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Neurobiology Of Transition To Stimulant Dependence
    NIH/NIDA R01DA016663Jul 1, 2003 - Jul 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NEUROIMAGING OF DECISION MAKING IN STIMULANT ADDICTION
    NIH/NIDA R21DA013186Apr 10, 2001 - Mar 31, 2005
    Role: Principal Investigator
    MDMA &Amphetamine--Behavioral Organization in Mice
    NIH/NIDA R21DA014200Apr 1, 2001 - Mar 31, 2005
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NON LINEAR DYSREGULATION IN SCHIZOPHRENIA
    NIH/NIMH R03MH058358May 1, 1998 - Apr 30, 2001
    Role: Principal Investigator
    DRUGS OF ABUSE EFFECTS ON BEHAVIORAL ORGANIZATION
    NIH/NIDA R01DA011277Sep 30, 1997 - Jul 31, 2001
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Fellowship on Biological Psychiatry and Neuroscience
    NIH/NIMH T32MH018399Jul 15, 1986 - Jun 30, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH/NCRR M01RR000827Mar 1, 1974 - Nov 30, 2010
    Role: Co-Investigator

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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Akeman E, Kirlic N, Clausen AN, Cosgrove KT, McDermott TJ, Cromer LD, Paulus MP, Yeh HW, Aupperle RL. A pragmatic clinical trial examining the impact of a resilience program on college student mental health. Depress Anxiety. 2019 Nov 04. PMID: 31682327.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Mayeli A, Misaki M, Zotev V, Tsuchiyagaito A, Al Zoubi O, Phillips R, Smith J, Stewart JL, Refai H, Paulus MP, Bodurka J. Self-regulation of ventromedial prefrontal cortex activation using real-time fMRI neurofeedback-Influence of default mode network. Hum Brain Mapp. 2019 Oct 21. PMID: 31633257.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Stewart JL, Khalsa SS, Kuplicki R, Puhl M, Paulus MP. Interoceptive attention in opioid and stimulant use disorder. Addict Biol. 2019 Oct 16; e12831. PMID: 31617639.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Ball TM, Squeglia LM, Tapert SF, Paulus MP. Double Dipping in Machine Learning: Problems and Solutions. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2019 Sep 16. PMID: 31678119.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Paulus MP. Driven by Pain, Not Gain: Computational Approaches to Aversion-Related Decision Making in Psychiatry. Biol Psychiatry. 2019 Sep 09. PMID: 31653478.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Hagler DJ, Hatton S, Cornejo MD, Makowski C, Fair DA, Dick AS, Sutherland MT, Casey BJ, Barch DM, Harms MP, Watts R, Bjork JM, Garavan HP, Hilmer L, Pung CJ, Sicat CS, Kuperman J, Bartsch H, Xue F, Heitzeg MM, Laird AR, Trinh TT, Gonzalez R, Tapert SF, Riedel MC, Squeglia LM, Hyde LW, Rosenberg MD, Earl EA, Howlett KD, Baker FC, Soules M, Diaz J, de Leon OR, Thompson WK, Neale MC, Herting M, Sowell ER, Alvarez RP, Hawes SW, Sanchez M, Bodurka J, Breslin FJ, Morris AS, Paulus MP, Simmons WK, Polimeni JR, van der Kouwe A, Nencka AS, Gray KM, Pierpaoli C, Matochik JA, Noronha A, Aklin WM, Conway K, Glantz M, Hoffman E, Little R, Lopez M, Pariyadath V, Weiss SR, Wolff-Hughes DL, DelCarmen-Wiggins R, Feldstein Ewing SW, Miranda-Dominguez O, Nagel BJ, Perrone AJ, Sturgeon DT, Goldstone A, Pfefferbaum A, Pohl KM, Prouty D, Uban K, Bookheimer SY, Dapretto M, Galvan A, Bagot K, Giedd J, Infante MA, Jacobus J, Patrick K, Shilling PD, Desikan R, Li Y, Sugrue L, Banich MT, Friedman N, Hewitt JK, Hopfer C, Sakai J, Tanabe J, Cottler LB, Nixon SJ, Chang L, Cloak C, Ernst T, Reeves G, Kennedy DN, Heeringa S, Peltier S, Schulenberg J, Sripada C, Zucker RA, Iacono WG, Luciana M, Calabro FJ, Clark DB, Lewis DA, Luna B, Schirda C, Brima T, Foxe JJ, Freedman EG, Mruzek DW, Mason MJ, Huber R, McGlade E, Prescot A, Renshaw PF, Yurgelun-Todd DA, Allgaier NA, Dumas JA, Ivanova M, Potter A, Florsheim P, Larson C, Lisdahl K, Charness ME, Fuemmeler B, Hettema JM, Maes HH, Steinberg J, Anokhin AP, Glaser P, Heath AC, Madden PA, Baskin-Sommers A, Constable RT, Grant SJ, Dowling GJ, Brown SA, Jernigan TL, Dale AM. Image processing and analysis methods for the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study. Neuroimage. 2019 Aug 12; 202:116091. PMID: 31415884.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Paulus MP, Kuplicki R, Yeh HW. Machine Learning and Brain Imaging: Opportunities and Challenges. Trends Neurosci. 2019 Oct; 42(10):659-661. PMID: 31376925.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Kruschwitz JD, Kausch A, Brovkin A, Keshmirian A, Paulus MP, Goschke T, Walter H. Self-control is linked to interoceptive inference: Craving regulation and the prediction of aversive interoceptive states induced with inspiratory breathing load. Cognition. 2019 Jul 19; 193:104028. PMID: 31330380.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Flagel SB, Gordon JA, Paulus MP. Editorial: bridging the gap with computational and translational psychopharmacology. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2019 Aug; 236(8):2291-2294. PMID: 31289883.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Ekhtiari H, Tavakoli H, Addolorato G, Baeken C, Bonci A, Campanella S, Castelo-Branco L, Challet-Bouju G, Clark VP, Claus E, Dannon PN, Del Felice A, den Uyl T, Diana M, di Giannantonio M, Fedota JR, Fitzgerald P, Gallimberti L, Grall-Bronnec M, Herremans SC, Herrmann MJ, Jamil A, Khedr E, Kouimtsidis C, Kozak K, Krupitsky E, Lamm C, Lechner WV, Madeo G, Malmir N, Martinotti G, McDonald WM, Montemitro C, Nakamura-Palacios EM, Nasehi M, Noël X, Nosratabadi M, Paulus M, Pettorruso M, Pradhan B, Praharaj SK, Rafferty H, Sahlem G, Salmeron BJ, Sauvaget A, Schluter RS, Sergiou C, Shahbabaie A, Sheffer C, Spagnolo PA, Steele VR, Yuan TF, van Dongen JDM, Van Waes V, Venkatasubramanian G, Verdejo-García A, Verveer I, Welsh JW, Wesley MJ, Witkiewitz K, Yavari F, Zarrindast MR, Zawertailo L, Zhang X, Cha YH, George TP, Frohlich F, Goudriaan AE, Fecteau S, Daughters SB, Stein EA, Fregni F, Nitsche MA, Zangen A, Bikson M, Hanlon CA. Transcranial electrical and magnetic stimulation (tES and TMS) for addiction medicine: A consensus paper on the present state of the science and the road ahead. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2019 09; 104:118-140. PMID: 31271802.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Paulus MP, Thompson WK. Computational approaches and machine learning for individual-level treatment predictions. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2019 May 27. PMID: 31134293.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Paulus MP, Feinstein JS, Khalsa SS. An Active Inference Approach to Interoceptive Psychopathology. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2019 May 07; 15:97-122. PMID: 31067416.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Ford BN, Yolken RH, Aupperle RL, Teague TK, Irwin MR, Paulus MP, Savitz J. Association of Early-Life Stress With Cytomegalovirus Infection in Adults With Major Depressive Disorder. JAMA Psychiatry. 2019 May 01; 76(5):545-547. PMID: 30840037.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Steele JD, Paulus MP. Pragmatic neuroscience for clinical psychiatry. Br J Psychiatry. 2019 Jul; 215(1):404-408. PMID: 31006396.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Paulus MP, Thompson WK. The Challenges and Opportunities of Small Effects: The New Normal in Academic Psychiatry. JAMA Psychiatry. 2019 Apr 01; 76(4):353-354. PMID: 30810720.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Harlé KM, Yu AJ, Paulus MP. Bayesian computational markers of relapse in methamphetamine dependence. Neuroimage Clin. 2019; 22:101794. PMID: 30928810.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Clausen AN, Aupperle RL, Yeh HW, Waller D, Payne J, Kuplicki R, Akeman E, Paulus M. Machine Learning Analysis of the Relationships Between Gray Matter Volume and Childhood Trauma in a Transdiagnostic Community-Based Sample. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2019 Aug; 4(8):734-742. PMID: 31053534.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Berner LA, Simmons AN, Wierenga CE, Bischoff-Grethe A, Paulus MP, Bailer UF, Kaye WH. Altered anticipation and processing of aversive interoceptive experience among women remitted from bulimia nervosa. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2019 06; 44(7):1265-1273. PMID: 30840983.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Feng C, Forthman KL, Kuplicki R, Yeh HW, Stewart JL, Paulus MP. Neighborhood affluence is not associated with positive and negative valence processing in adults with mood and anxiety disorders: A Bayesian inference approach. Neuroimage Clin. 2019; 22:101738. PMID: 30870735.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Al Zoubi O, Mayeli A, Tsuchiyagaito A, Misaki M, Zotev V, Refai H, Paulus M, Bodurka J. EEG Microstates Temporal Dynamics Differentiate Individuals with Mood and Anxiety Disorders From Healthy Subjects. Front Hum Neurosci. 2019; 13:56. PMID: 30863294.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Ekhtiari H, Kuplicki R, Yeh HW, Paulus MP. Physical characteristics not psychological state or trait characteristics predict motion during resting state fMRI. Sci Rep. 2019 Jan 23; 9(1):419. PMID: 30674933.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Gowin JL, Ernst M, Ball T, May AC, Sloan ME, Tapert SF, Paulus MP. Using neuroimaging to predict relapse in stimulant dependence: A comparison of linear and machine learning models. Neuroimage Clin. 2019; 21:101676. PMID: 30665102.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Le TT, Kuplicki RT, McKinney BA, Yeh HW, Thompson WK, Paulus MP. A Nonlinear Simulation Framework Supports Adjusting for Age When Analyzing BrainAGE. Front Aging Neurosci. 2018; 10:317. PMID: 30405393.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Mackey S, Allgaier N, Chaarani B, Spechler P, Orr C, Bunn J, Allen NB, Alia-Klein N, Batalla A, Blaine S, Brooks S, Caparelli E, Chye YY, Cousijn J, Dagher A, Desrivieres S, Feldstein-Ewing S, Foxe JJ, Goldstein RZ, Goudriaan AE, Heitzeg MM, Hester R, Hutchison K, Korucuoglu O, Li CR, London E, Lorenzetti V, Luijten M, Martin-Santos R, May A, Momenan R, Morales A, Paulus MP, Pearlson G, Rousseau ME, Salmeron BJ, Schluter R, Schmaal L, Schumann G, Sjoerds Z, Stein DJ, Stein EA, Sinha R, Solowij N, Tapert S, Uhlmann A, Veltman D, van Holst R, Whittle S, Wright MJ, Yücel M, Zhang S, Yurgelun-Todd D, Hibar DP, Jahanshad N, Evans A, Thompson PM, Glahn DC, Conrod P, Garavan H. Mega-Analysis of Gray Matter Volume in Substance Dependence: General and Substance-Specific Regional Effects. Am J Psychiatry. 2019 Feb 01; 176(2):119-128. PMID: 30336705.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Paulus MP, Squeglia LM, Bagot K, Jacobus J, Kuplicki R, Breslin FJ, Bodurka J, Morris AS, Thompson WK, Bartsch H, Tapert SF. Screen media activity and brain structure in youth: Evidence for diverse structural correlation networks from the ABCD study. Neuroimage. 2019 01 15; 185:140-153. PMID: 30339913.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Obradovich N, Migliorini R, Paulus MP, Rahwan I. Empirical evidence of mental health risks posed by climate change. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 10 23; 115(43):10953-10958. PMID: 30297424.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Chekroud SR, Gueorguieva R, Zheutlin AB, Paulus M, Krumholz HM, Krystal JH, Chekroud AM. Physical activity and mental health - Author's reply. Lancet Psychiatry. 2018 11; 5(11):874. PMID: 30245184.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Bischoff-Grethe A, Wierenga CE, Berner LA, Simmons AN, Bailer U, Paulus MP, Kaye WH. Neural hypersensitivity to pleasant touch in women remitted from anorexia nervosa. Transl Psychiatry. 2018 08 16; 8(1):161. PMID: 30115929.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Chekroud SR, Gueorguieva R, Zheutlin AB, Paulus M, Krumholz HM, Krystal JH, Chekroud AM. Association between physical exercise and mental health in 1·2 million individuals in the USA between 2011 and 2015: a cross-sectional study. Lancet Psychiatry. 2018 09; 5(9):739-746. PMID: 30099000.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Chekroud AM, Foster D, Zheutlin AB, Gerhard DM, Roy B, Koutsouleris N, Chandra A, Esposti MD, Subramanyan G, Gueorguieva R, Paulus M, Krystal JH. Predicting Barriers to Treatment for Depression in a U.S. National Sample: A Cross-Sectional, Proof-of-Concept Study. Psychiatr Serv. 2018 08 01; 69(8):927-934. PMID: 29962307.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Al Zoubi O, Ki Wong C, Kuplicki RT, Yeh HW, Mayeli A, Refai H, Paulus M, Bodurka J. Predicting Age From Brain EEG Signals-A Machine Learning Approach. Front Aging Neurosci. 2018; 10:184. PMID: 30013472.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Le TT, Kuplicki R, Yeh HW, Aupperle RL, Khalsa SS, Simmons WK, Paulus MP. Effect of Ibuprofen on BrainAGE: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Dose-Response Exploratory Study. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2018 10; 3(10):836-843. PMID: 29941380.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Khalsa SS, Feinstein JS, Simmons WK, Paulus MP. Taking Aim at Interoception's Role in Mental Health. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2018 06; 3(6):496-498. PMID: 29884279.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Galinsky VL, Martinez A, Paulus MP, Frank LR. Joint Estimation of Effective Brain Wave Activation Modes Using EEG/MEG Sensor Arrays and Multimodal MRI Volumes. Neural Comput. 2018 07; 30(7):1725-1749. PMID: 29652588.
      View in: PubMed
    35. DeVille DC, Kerr KL, Avery JA, Burrows K, Bodurka J, Feinstein JS, Khalsa SS, Paulus MP, Simmons WK. The Neural Bases of Interoceptive Encoding and Recall in Healthy Adults and Adults With Depression. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2018 06; 3(6):546-554. PMID: 29724684.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Blair MA, Stewart JL, May AC, Reske M, Tapert SF, Paulus MP. Blunted Frontostriatal Blood Oxygen Level-Dependent Signals Predict Stimulant and Marijuana Use. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2018 11; 3(11):947-958. PMID: 29681519.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Ford BN, Yolken RH, Dickerson FB, Teague TK, Irwin MR, Paulus MP, Savitz J. Reduced immunity to measles in adults with major depressive disorder. Psychol Med. 2019 Jan; 49(2):243-249. PMID: 29552990.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Zucker RA, Gonzalez R, Feldstein Ewing SW, Paulus MP, Arroyo J, Fuligni A, Morris AS, Sanchez M, Wills T. Assessment of culture and environment in the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development Study: Rationale, description of measures, and early data. Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2018 08; 32:107-120. PMID: 29627333.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Feinstein JS, Khalsa SS, Yeh H, Al Zoubi O, Arevian AC, Wohlrab C, Pantino MK, Cartmell LJ, Simmons WK, Stein MB, Paulus MP. The Elicitation of Relaxation and Interoceptive Awareness Using Floatation Therapy in Individuals With High Anxiety Sensitivity. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2018 06; 3(6):555-562. PMID: 29656950.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Dukart J, Holiga Š, Chatham C, Hawkins P, Forsyth A, McMillan R, Myers J, Lingford-Hughes AR, Nutt DJ, Merlo-Pich E, Risterucci C, Boak L, Umbricht D, Schobel S, Liu T, Mehta MA, Zelaya FO, Williams SC, Brown G, Paulus M, Honey GD, Muthukumaraswamy S, Hipp J, Bertolino A, Sambataro F. Cerebral blood flow predicts differential neurotransmitter activity. Sci Rep. 2018 03 06; 8(1):4074. PMID: 29511260.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Ball TM, Stein MB, Ramsawh HJ, Campbell-Sills L, Paulus MP. Single-Subject Anxiety Treatment Outcome Prediction using Functional Neuroimaging. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2018 03; 43(4):926. PMID: 29422499.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Hassanpour MS, Luo Q, Simmons WK, Feinstein JS, Paulus MP, Luh WM, Bodurka J, Khalsa SS. Cardiorespiratory noise correction improves the ASL signal. Hum Brain Mapp. 2018 06; 39(6):2353-2367. PMID: 29450932.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Feinstein JS, Khalsa SS, Yeh HW, Wohlrab C, Simmons WK, Stein MB, Paulus MP. Examining the short-term anxiolytic and antidepressant effect of Floatation-REST. PLoS One. 2018; 13(2):e0190292. PMID: 29394251.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Victor TA, Khalsa SS, Simmons WK, Feinstein JS, Savitz J, Aupperle RL, Yeh HW, Bodurka J, Paulus MP. Tulsa 1000: a naturalistic study protocol for multilevel assessment and outcome prediction in a large psychiatric sample. BMJ Open. 2018 01 24; 8(1):e016620. PMID: 29371263.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Khalsa SS, Adolphs R, Cameron OG, Critchley HD, Davenport PW, Feinstein JS, Feusner JD, Garfinkel SN, Lane RD, Mehling WE, Meuret AE, Nemeroff CB, Oppenheimer S, Petzschner FH, Pollatos O, Rhudy JL, Schramm LP, Simmons WK, Stein MB, Stephan KE, Van den Bergh O, Van Diest I, von Leupoldt A, Paulus MP. Interoception and Mental Health: A Roadmap. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2018 06; 3(6):501-513. PMID: 29884281.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Paulus MP. Evidence-Based Pragmatic Psychiatry-A Call to Action. JAMA Psychiatry. 2017 12 01; 74(12):1185-1186. PMID: 29094142.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Barch DM, Albaugh MD, Avenevoli S, Chang L, Clark DB, Glantz MD, Hudziak JJ, Jernigan TL, Tapert SF, Yurgelun-Todd D, Alia-Klein N, Potter AS, Paulus MP, Prouty D, Zucker RA, Sher KJ. Demographic, physical and mental health assessments in the adolescent brain and cognitive development study: Rationale and description. Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2018 08; 32:55-66. PMID: 29113758.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Harlé KM, Guo D, Zhang S, Paulus MP, Yu AJ. Anhedonia and anxiety underlying depressive symptomatology have distinct effects on reward-based decision-making. PLoS One. 2017; 12(10):e0186473. PMID: 29059254.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Paulus MP. The Effect of Acute Stress on the Calculus of Reward and Punishment. Biol Psychiatry. 2017 10 15; 82(8):544-546. PMID: 28935096.
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    50. Ekhtiari H, Rezapour T, Aupperle RL, Paulus MP. Neuroscience-informed psychoeducation for addiction medicine: A neurocognitive perspective. Prog Brain Res. 2017; 235:239-264. PMID: 29054291.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Gowin JL, Sloan ME, Ramchandani VA, Paulus MP, Lane SD. Differences in decision-making as a function of drug of choice. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2018 01; 164:118-124. PMID: 28927583.
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    52. Howlett JR, Huang H, Hysek CM, Paulus MP. The effect of single-dose methylphenidate on the rate of error-driven learning in healthy males: a randomized controlled trial. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2017 Nov; 234(22):3353-3360. PMID: 28864865.
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    53. Hassanpour MS, Simmons WK, Feinstein JS, Luo Q, Lapidus RC, Bodurka J, Paulus MP, Khalsa SS. The Insular Cortex Dynamically Maps Changes in Cardiorespiratory Interoception. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2018 Jan; 43(2):426-434. PMID: 28726799.
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    54. Huang H, Thompson W, Paulus MP. Computational Dysfunctions in Anxiety: Failure to Differentiate Signal From Noise. Biol Psychiatry. 2017 09 15; 82(6):440-446. PMID: 28838468.
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    55. Berner LA, Simmons AN, Wierenga CE, Bischoff-Grethe A, Paulus MP, Bailer UF, Ely AV, Kaye WH. Altered interoceptive activation before, during, and after aversive breathing load in women remitted from anorexia nervosa. Psychol Med. 2018 Jan; 48(1):142-154. PMID: 28714434.
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    56. Wesch C, Elert AM, Wörner M, Braun U, Klein R, Paulus M. Assuring quality in microplastic monitoring: About the value of clean-air devices as essentials for verified data. Sci Rep. 2017 07 14; 7(1):5424. PMID: 28710404.
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    57. Ely AV, Wierenga CE, Bischoff-Grethe A, Bailer UF, Berner LA, Fudge JL, Paulus MP, Kaye WH. Response in taste circuitry is not modulated by hunger and satiety in women remitted from bulimia nervosa. J Abnorm Psychol. 2017 Jul; 126(5):519-530. PMID: 28691842.
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    58. Bergamino M, Kuplicki R, Victor TA, Cha YH, Paulus MP. Comparison of two different analysis approaches for DTI free-water corrected and uncorrected maps in the study of white matter microstructural integrity in individuals with depression. Hum Brain Mapp. 2017 09; 38(9):4690-4702. PMID: 28631276.
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    59. Ho TC, Sacchet MD, Connolly CG, Margulies DS, Tymofiyeva O, Paulus MP, Simmons AN, Gotlib IH, Yang TT. Inflexible Functional Connectivity of the Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Cortex in Adolescent Major Depressive Disorder. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2017 Nov; 42(12):2434-2445. PMID: 28553837.
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    60. Howlett JR, Paulus MP. Individual Differences in Subjective Utility and Risk Preferences: The Influence of Hedonic Capacity and Trait Anxiety. Front Psychiatry. 2017; 8:88. PMID: 28588508.
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    61. Stewart JL, Butt M, May AC, Tapert SF, Paulus MP. Insular and cingulate attenuation during decision making is associated with future transition to stimulant use disorder. Addiction. 2017 Sep; 112(9):1567-1577. PMID: 28387975.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Gowin JL, Ball TM, Wittmann M, Tapert SF, Paulus MP. Corrigendum to "Individualized relapse prediction: Personality measures and striatal and insular activity during reward-processing robustly predict relapse" [Drug and Alcohol Dependence 152 (2015) 93-101]. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 06 01; 175:255. PMID: 28431752.
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    63. Taylor CT, Knapp SE, Bomyea JA, Ramsawh HJ, Paulus MP, Stein MB. What good are positive emotions for treatment? Trait positive emotionality predicts response to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for anxiety. Behav Res Ther. 2017 Jun; 93:6-12. PMID: 28342947.
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    64. Moeller SJ, Paulus MP. Toward biomarkers of the addicted human brain: Using neuroimaging to predict relapse and sustained abstinence in substance use disorder. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2018 Jan 03; 80(Pt B):143-154. PMID: 28322982.
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    66. Gowin JL, May AC, Wittmann M, Tapert SF, Paulus MP. Doubling down: increased risk-taking behavior following a loss by individuals with cocaine use disorder is associated with striatal and anterior cingulate dysfunction. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2017 Jan; 2(1):94-103. PMID: 28164168.
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    67. Huang H, Harlé K, Movellan J, Paulus M. Using Optimal Control to Disambiguate the Effect of Depression on Sensorimotor, Motivational and Goal-Setting Functions. PLoS One. 2016; 11(12):e0167960. PMID: 27973592.
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    68. Ball TM, Knapp SE, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Brain activation during fear extinction predicts exposure success. Depress Anxiety. 2017 03; 34(3):257-266. PMID: 27921340.
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    69. Bischoff-Grethe A, Connolly CG, Jordan SJ, Brown GG, Paulus MP, Tapert SF, Heaton RK, Woods SP, Grant I. Altered reward expectancy in individuals with recent methamphetamine dependence. J Psychopharmacol. 2017 01; 31(1):17-30. PMID: 27649775.
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    70. Croy I, Geide H, Paulus M, Weidner K, Olausson H. Affective touch awareness in mental health and disease relates to autistic traits - An explorative neurophysiological investigation. Psychiatry Res. 2016 Nov 30; 245:491-496. PMID: 27639880.
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    71. Mackey S, Olafsson V, Aupperle RL, Lu K, Fonzo GA, Parnass J, Liu T, Paulus MP. Greater preference consistency during the Willingness-to-Pay task is related to higher resting state connectivity between the ventromedial prefrontal cortex and the ventral striatum. Brain Imaging Behav. 2016 09; 10(3):730-8. PMID: 26271206.
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    72. Paulus MP, Huys QJ, Maia TV. A Roadmap for the Development of Applied Computational Psychiatry. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2016 Sep; 1(5):386-392. PMID: 28018986.
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    73. Harlé KM, Zhang S, Ma N, Yu AJ, Paulus MP. Reduced Neural Recruitment for Bayesian Adjustment of Inhibitory Control in Methamphetamine Dependence. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2016 Sep; 1(5):448-459. PMID: 28966988.
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    74. Huys QJM, Maia TV, Paulus MP. Computational Psychiatry: From Mechanistic Insights to the Development of New Treatments. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2016 Sep; 1(5):382-385. PMID: 29560868.
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    75. Squeglia LM, Ball TM, Jacobus J, Brumback T, McKenna BS, Nguyen-Louie TT, Sorg SF, Paulus MP, Tapert SF. Neural Predictors of Initiating Alcohol Use During Adolescence. Am J Psychiatry. 2017 Feb 01; 174(2):172-185. PMID: 27539487.
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    76. Avery JA, Burrows K, Kerr KL, Bodurka J, Khalsa SS, Paulus MP, Simmons WK. How the Brain Wants What the Body Needs: The Neural Basis of Positive Alliesthesia. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2017 Mar; 42(4):822-830. PMID: 27427215.
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    77. Krystal JH, Abi-Dargham A, Akbarian S, Arnsten AFT, Barch DM, Bearden CE, Braff DL, Brown ES, Bullmore ET, Carlezon WA, Carter CS, Cook EH, Daskalakis ZJ, DiLeone RJ, Duman RS, Grace AA, Hariri AR, Harrison PJ, Hiroi N, Kenny PJ, Kleinman JE, Krystal AD, Lewis DA, Lipska BK, Marder SR, Mason GF, Mathalon DH, McClung CA, McDougle CJ, McIntosh AM, McMahon FJ, Mirnics K, Monteggia LM, Narendran R, Nestler EJ, Neumeister A, O'Donovan MC, Öngür D, Pariante CM, Paulus MP, Pearlson G, Phillips ML, Pine DS, Pizzagalli DA, Pletnikov MV, Ragland JD, Rapoport JL, Ressler KJ, Russo SJ, Sanacora G, Sawa A, Schatzberg AF, Shaham Y, Shamay-Tsoory SG, Sklar P, State MW, Stein MB, Strakowski SM, Taylor SF, Turecki G, Turetsky BI, Weissman MM, Zachariou V, Zarate CA, Zubieta JK. Constance E. Lieber, Theodore R. Stanley, and the Enduring Impact of Philanthropy on Psychiatry Research. Biol Psychiatry. 2016 07 15; 80(2):84-86. PMID: 27346079.
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    78. Sacchet MD, Ho TC, Connolly CG, Tymofiyeva O, Lewinn KZ, Han LK, Blom EH, Tapert SF, Max JE, Frank GK, Paulus MP, Simmons AN, Gotlib IH, Yang TT. Large-Scale Hypoconnectivity Between Resting-State Functional Networks in Unmedicated Adolescent Major Depressive Disorder. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2016 11; 41(12):2951-2960. PMID: 27238621.
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    79. Melrose AJ, Bailer U, Wierenga CE, Bischoff-Grethe A, Paulus MP, Kaye WH. Amphetamine alters neural response to sucrose in healthy women. Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging. 2016 Jun 30; 252:19-25. PMID: 27179312.
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    80. Aupperle RL, Stillman AN, Simmons AN, Flagan T, Allard CB, Thorp SR, Norman SB, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Intimate Partner Violence PTSD and Neural Correlates of Inhibition. J Trauma Stress. 2016 Feb; 29(1):33-40. PMID: 26748991.
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    81. Paulus MP. Neural Basis of Mindfulness Interventions that Moderate the Impact of Stress on the Brain. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2016 Jan; 41(1):373. PMID: 26657952.
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    82. Ekhtiari H, Paulus M. Preface: Neuroscience for Addiction Medicine: From Prevention to Rehabilitation. Prog Brain Res. 2016; 224:xxv-xxvi. PMID: 26822370.
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    84. Schuckit MA, Smith TL, Paulus MP, Tapert SF, Simmons AN, Tolentino NJ, Shafir A. The Ability of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Predict Heavy Drinking and Alcohol Problems 5 Years Later. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2016 Jan; 40(1):206-13. PMID: 26727535.
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    85. Harlé KM, Zhang S, Schiff M, Mackey S, Paulus MP, Yu AJ. Altered Statistical Learning and Decision-Making in Methamphetamine Dependence: Evidence from a Two-Armed Bandit Task. Front Psychol. 2015; 6:1910. PMID: 26733906.
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    86. Fonzo GA, Ramsawh HJ, Flagan TM, Simmons AN, Sullivan SG, Allard CB, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Early life stress and the anxious brain: evidence for a neural mechanism linking childhood emotional maltreatment to anxiety in adulthood. Psychol Med. 2016 Apr; 46(5):1037-54. PMID: 26670947.
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    87. Galli G, Santarnecchi E, Feurra M, Bonifazi M, Rossi S, Paulus MP, Rossi A. Individual and sex-related differences in pain and relief responsiveness are associated with differences in resting-state functional networks in healthy volunteers. Eur J Neurosci. 2016 Feb; 43(4):486-93. PMID: 26547276.
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    88. Paulus MP, Aupperle R. Finding the Balance Between Safety and Threat May Hold the Key to Success When Treating PTSD. Am J Psychiatry. 2015 Dec; 172(12):1173-5. PMID: 26619769.
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    89. Haase L, Stewart JL, Youssef B, May AC, Isakovic S, Simmons AN, Johnson DC, Potterat EG, Paulus MP. When the brain does not adequately feel the body: Links between low resilience and interoception. Biol Psychol. 2016 Jan; 113:37-45. PMID: 26607442.
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    90. Huang H, Movellan J, Paulus MP, Harlé KM. The Influence of Depression on Cognitive Control: Disambiguating Approach and Avoidance Tendencies. PLoS One. 2015; 10(11):e0143714. PMID: 26605795.
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    91. Ekhtiari H, Faghiri A, Oghabian MA, Paulus MP. Functional neuroimaging for addiction medicine: From mechanisms to practical considerations. Prog Brain Res. 2016; 224:129-53. PMID: 26822357.
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    92. Wagner A, Simmons AN, Oberndorfer TA, Frank GK, McCurdy-McKinnon D, Fudge JL, Yang TT, Paulus MP, Kaye WH. Altered sensitization patterns to sweet food stimuli in patients recovered from anorexia and bulimia nervosa. Psychiatry Res. 2015 Dec 30; 234(3):305-13. PMID: 26596520.
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    93. Henje Blom E, Han LK, Connolly CG, Ho TC, Lin J, LeWinn KZ, Simmons AN, Sacchet MD, Mobayed N, Luna ME, Paulus M, Epel ES, Blackburn EH, Wolkowitz OM, Yang TT. Peripheral telomere length and hippocampal volume in adolescents with major depressive disorder. Transl Psychiatry. 2015 Nov 10; 5:e676. PMID: 26556285.
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    94. Mackey S, Kan KJ, Chaarani B, Alia-Klein N, Batalla A, Brooks S, Cousijn J, Dagher A, de Ruiter M, Desrivieres S, Feldstein Ewing SW, Goldstein RZ, Goudriaan AE, Heitzeg MM, Hutchison K, Li CS, London ED, Lorenzetti V, Luijten M, Martin-Santos R, Morales AM, Paulus MP, Paus T, Pearlson G, Schluter R, Momenan R, Schmaal L, Schumann G, Sinha R, Sjoerds Z, Stein DJ, Stein EA, Solowij N, Tapert S, Uhlmann A, Veltman D, van Holst R, Walter H, Wright MJ, Yucel M, Yurgelun-Todd D, Hibar DP, Jahanshad N, Thompson PM, Glahn DC, Garavan H, Conrod P. Genetic imaging consortium for addiction medicine: From neuroimaging to genes. Prog Brain Res. 2016; 224:203-23. PMID: 26822360.
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    95. Berk L, Stewart JL, May AC, Wiers RW, Davenport PW, Paulus MP, Tapert SF. Under pressure: adolescent substance users show exaggerated neural processing of aversive interoceptive stimuli. Addiction. 2015 Dec; 110(12):2025-36. PMID: 26234745.
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    96. McAllister TW, Zafonte R, Jain S, Flashman LA, George MS, Grant GA, He F, Lohr JB, Andaluz N, Summerall L, Paulus MP, Raman R, Stein MB. Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of Methylphenidate or Galantamine for Persistent Emotional and Cognitive Symptoms Associated with PTSD and/or Traumatic Brain Injury. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2016 Apr; 41(5):1191-8. PMID: 26361060.
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    98. Haase L, May AC, Falahpour M, Isakovic S, Simmons AN, Hickman SD, Liu TT, Paulus MP. A pilot study investigating changes in neural processing after mindfulness training in elite athletes. Front Behav Neurosci. 2015; 9:229. PMID: 26379521.
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    100. Bischoff-Grethe A, Buxton RB, Paulus MP, Fleisher AS, Yang TT, Brown GG. Striatal and Pallidal Activation during Reward Modulated Movement Using a Translational Paradigm. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2015 Jul; 21(6):399-411. PMID: 26156687.
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    101. Paulus MP. Pragmatism Instead of Mechanism: A Call for Impactful Biological Psychiatry. JAMA Psychiatry. 2015 Jul; 72(7):631-2. PMID: 25992540.
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    102. Williams K, Kern S, Thorp SR, Paulus M, Shah N, Morland L, Hauser P. VISN 22 Evidenced-Based Psychotherapy Telemental Health Center and Regional Pilot. Fed Pract. 2015 Jul; 32(7):32-39. PMID: 30766076.
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    103. Brown GG, Ostrowitzki S, Stein MB, von Kienlin M, Liu TT, Simmons A, Wierenga C, Stein OY, Bruns A, Bischoff-Grethe A, Paulus M. Temporal profile of brain response to alprazolam in patients with generalized anxiety disorder. Psychiatry Res. 2015 Sep 30; 233(3):394-401. PMID: 26211623.
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    104. Alvarez RP, Kirlic N, Misaki M, Bodurka J, Rhudy JL, Paulus MP, Drevets WC. Increased anterior insula activity in anxious individuals is linked to diminished perceived control. Transl Psychiatry. 2015 Jun 30; 5:e591. PMID: 26125154.
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    105. Reske M, Stewart JL, Flagan TM, Paulus MP. Attenuated Neural Processing of Risk in Young Adults at Risk for Stimulant Dependence. PLoS One. 2015; 10(6):e0127010. PMID: 26076493.
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    106. Farb N, Daubenmier J, Price CJ, Gard T, Kerr C, Dunn BD, Klein AC, Paulus MP, Mehling WE. Interoception, contemplative practice, and health. Front Psychol. 2015; 6:763. PMID: 26106345.
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    107. Bomyea J, Ramsawh H, Ball TM, Taylor CT, Paulus MP, Lang AJ, Stein MB. Intolerance of uncertainty as a mediator of reductions in worry in a cognitive behavioral treatment program for generalized anxiety disorder. J Anxiety Disord. 2015 Jun; 33:90-4. PMID: 26037493.
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    108. Howlett JR, Paulus MP. The neural basis of testable and non-testable beliefs. PLoS One. 2015; 10(5):e0124596. PMID: 25942019.
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    109. Gowin JL, Ball TM, Wittmann M, Tapert SF, Paulus MP. Individualized relapse prediction: Personality measures and striatal and insular activity during reward-processing robustly predict relapse. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Jul 01; 152:93-101. PMID: 25977206.
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    110. Kühn-Popp N, Kristen S, Paulus M, Meinhardt J, Sodian B. Left hemisphere EEG coherence in infancy predicts infant declarative pointing and preschool epistemic language. Soc Neurosci. 2016; 11(1):49-59. PMID: 25833090.
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    111. Henje Blom E, Connolly CG, Ho TC, LeWinn KZ, Mobayed N, Han L, Paulus MP, Wu J, Simmons AN, Yang TT. Altered insular activation and increased insular functional connectivity during sad and happy face processing in adolescent major depressive disorder. J Affect Disord. 2015 Jun 01; 178:215-23. PMID: 25827506.
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    112. Oosterwijk S, Mackey S, Wilson-Mendenhall C, Winkielman P, Paulus MP. Concepts in context: Processing mental state concepts with internal or external focus involves different neural systems. Soc Neurosci. 2015; 10(3):294-307. PMID: 25748274.
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    113. Verschoor SA, Paulus M, Spapé M, Biro S, Hommel B. The developing cognitive substrate of sequential action control in 9- to 12-month-olds: evidence for concurrent activation models. Cognition. 2015 May; 138:64-78. PMID: 25704583.
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    114. Fonzo GA, Ramsawh HJ, Flagan TM, Sullivan SG, Letamendi A, Simmons AN, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Common and disorder-specific neural responses to emotional faces in generalised anxiety, social anxiety and panic disorders. Br J Psychiatry. 2015 Mar; 206(3):206-15. PMID: 25573399.
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    115. Boutelle KN, Wierenga CE, Bischoff-Grethe A, Melrose AJ, Grenesko-Stevens E, Paulus MP, Kaye WH. Increased brain response to appetitive tastes in the insula and amygdala in obese compared with healthy weight children when sated. Int J Obes (Lond). 2015 Apr; 39(4):620-8. PMID: 25582522.
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    116. Ball TM, Stein MB, Paulus MP. Toward the application of functional neuroimaging to individualized treatment for anxiety and depression. Depress Anxiety. 2014 Nov; 31(11):920-33. PMID: 25407582.
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    117. Connolly CG, Bischoff-Grethe A, Jordan SJ, Woods SP, Ellis RJ, Paulus MP, Grant I. Altered functional response to risky choice in HIV infection. PLoS One. 2014; 9(10):e111583. PMID: 25347679.
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    118. Ho TC, Connolly CG, Henje Blom E, LeWinn KZ, Strigo IA, Paulus MP, Frank G, Max JE, Wu J, Chan M, Tapert SF, Simmons AN, Yang TT. Emotion-Dependent Functional Connectivity of the Default Mode Network in Adolescent Depression. Biol Psychiatry. 2015 Nov 01; 78(9):635-46. PMID: 25483399.
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    119. Aupperle RL, Melrose AJ, Francisco A, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Neural substrates of approach-avoidance conflict decision-making. Hum Brain Mapp. 2015 Feb; 36(2):449-62. PMID: 25224633.
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    121. Kruschwitz JD, Lueken U, Wold A, Walter H, Paulus MP. High Thrill and adventure seeking is associated with reduced interoceptive sensitivity: evidence for an altered sex-specific homeostatic processing in high sensation seekers. Eur J Pers. 2014 Sep; 28(5):472-481. PMID: 25484490.
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    122. Fonzo GA, Ramsawh HJ, Flagan TM, Sullivan SG, Simmons AN, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for generalized anxiety disorder is associated with attenuation of limbic activation to threat-related facial emotions. J Affect Disord. 2014 Dec; 169:76-85. PMID: 25171782.
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    123. Johnson DC, Thom NJ, Stanley EA, Haase L, Simmons AN, Shih PA, Thompson WK, Potterat EG, Minor TR, Paulus MP. Modifying resilience mechanisms in at-risk individuals: a controlled study of mindfulness training in Marines preparing for deployment. Am J Psychiatry. 2014 Aug; 171(8):844-53. PMID: 24832476.
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    124. Stewart JL, May AC, Poppa T, Davenport PW, Tapert SF, Paulus MP. You are the danger: attenuated insula response in methamphetamine users during aversive interoceptive decision-making. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Sep 01; 142:110-9. PMID: 24993186.
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    125. Stewart JL, Connolly CG, May AC, Tapert SF, Wittmann M, Paulus MP. Cocaine dependent individuals with attenuated striatal activation during reinforcement learning are more susceptible to relapse. Psychiatry Res. 2014 Aug 30; 223(2):129-39. PMID: 24862388.
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    126. Haase L, Thom NJ, Shukla A, Davenport PW, Simmons AN, Stanley EA, Paulus MP, Johnson DC. Mindfulness-based training attenuates insula response to an aversive interoceptive challenge. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2016 Jan; 11(1):182-90. PMID: 24714209.
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    128. May AC, Stewart JL, Tapert SF, Paulus MP. The effect of age on neural processing of pleasant soft touch stimuli. Front Behav Neurosci. 2014; 8:52. PMID: 24600366.
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    129. Galli G, Shukla A, Simmons AN, Davenport PW, Paulus MP. Sex differences in the neural processing of aversive interoceptive events: the benefit of relief. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e84044. PMID: 24386327.
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    130. Stewart JL, Connolly CG, May AC, Tapert SF, Wittmann M, Paulus MP. Striatum and insula dysfunction during reinforcement learning differentiates abstinent and relapsed methamphetamine-dependent individuals. Addiction. 2014 Mar; 109(3):460-71. PMID: 24329936.
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    131. Gowin JL, Harlé KM, Stewart JL, Wittmann M, Tapert SF, Paulus MP. Attenuated insular processing during risk predicts relapse in early abstinent methamphetamine-dependent individuals. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2014 May; 39(6):1379-87. PMID: 24317375.
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    132. Mackey S, Stewart JL, Connolly CG, Tapert SF, Paulus MP. A voxel-based morphometry study of young occasional users of amphetamine-type stimulants and cocaine. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Feb 01; 135:104-11. PMID: 24342420.
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    133. Ball TM, Stein MB, Ramsawh HJ, Campbell-Sills L, Paulus MP. Single-subject anxiety treatment outcome prediction using functional neuroimaging. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2014 Apr; 39(5):1254-61. PMID: 24270731.
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    135. Howlett JR, Paulus MP. Decision-Making Dysfunctions of Counterfactuals in Depression: Who Might I have Been? Front Psychiatry. 2013; 4:143. PMID: 24265620.
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    136. Ho TC, Yang G, Wu J, Cassey P, Brown SD, Hoang N, Chan M, Connolly CG, Henje-Blom E, Duncan LG, Chesney MA, Paulus MP, Max JE, Patel R, Simmons AN, Yang TT. Functional connectivity of negative emotional processing in adolescent depression. J Affect Disord. 2014 Feb; 155:65-74. PMID: 24268546.
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    137. Gowin JL, Stewart JL, May AC, Ball TM, Wittmann M, Tapert SF, Paulus MP. Altered cingulate and insular cortex activation during risk-taking in methamphetamine dependence: losses lose impact. Addiction. 2014 Feb; 109(2):237-47. PMID: 24033715.
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    139. Engelmann JB, Maciuba B, Vaughan C, Paulus MP, Dunlop BW. Posttraumatic stress disorder increases sensitivity to long term losses among patients with major depressive disorder. PLoS One. 2013; 8(10):e78292. PMID: 24116235.
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    140. Oberndorfer TA, Frank GK, Simmons AN, Wagner A, McCurdy D, Fudge JL, Yang TT, Paulus MP, Kaye WH. Altered insula response to sweet taste processing after recovery from anorexia and bulimia nervosa. Am J Psychiatry. 2013 Oct; 170(10):1143-51. PMID: 23732817.
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    141. Harlé KM, Shenoy P, Paulus MP. The influence of emotions on cognitive control: feelings and beliefs-where do they meet? Front Hum Neurosci. 2013 Sep 19; 7:508. PMID: 24065901.
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    142. Aupperle RL, Connolly CG, Stillman AN, May AC, Paulus MP. Deployment and post-deployment experiences in OEF/OIF veterans: relationship to gray matter volume. PLoS One. 2013; 8(9):e75880. PMID: 24058706.
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    143. Migliorini R, Stewart JL, May AC, Tapert SF, Paulus MP. What do you feel? Adolescent drug and alcohol users show altered brain response to pleasant interoceptive stimuli. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Dec 01; 133(2):661-8. PMID: 24071571.
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    144. Taylor CT, Aupperle RL, Flagan T, Simmons AN, Amir N, Stein MB, Paulus MP. Neural correlates of a computerized attention modification program in anxious subjects. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2014 Sep; 9(9):1379-87. PMID: 23934417.
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    145. Aupperle RL, Allard CB, Simmons AN, Flagan T, Thorp SR, Norman SB, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Neural responses during emotional processing before and after cognitive trauma therapy for battered women. Psychiatry Res. 2013 Oct 30; 214(1):48-55. PMID: 23916537.
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    146. Connolly CG, Wu J, Ho TC, Hoeft F, Wolkowitz O, Eisendrath S, Frank G, Hendren R, Max JE, Paulus MP, Tapert SF, Banerjee D, Simmons AN, Yang TT. Resting-state functional connectivity of subgenual anterior cingulate cortex in depressed adolescents. Biol Psychiatry. 2013 Dec 15; 74(12):898-907. PMID: 23910949.
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    147. Ho TC, Wu J, Shin DD, Liu TT, Tapert SF, Yang G, Connolly CG, Frank GK, Max JE, Wolkowitz O, Eisendrath S, Hoeft F, Banerjee D, Hood K, Hendren RL, Paulus MP, Simmons AN, Yang TT. Altered cerebral perfusion in executive, affective, and motor networks during adolescent depression. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2013 Oct; 52(10):1076-1091.e2. PMID: 24074474.
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    149. May AC, Stewart JL, Migliorini R, Tapert SF, Paulus MP. Methamphetamine dependent individuals show attenuated brain response to pleasant interoceptive stimuli. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Aug 01; 131(3):238-46. PMID: 23806873.
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    150. Gowin JL, Mackey S, Paulus MP. Altered risk-related processing in substance users: imbalance of pain and gain. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Sep 01; 132(1-2):13-21. PMID: 23623507.
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    151. Mednick SC, McDevitt EA, Walsh JK, Wamsley E, Paulus M, Kanady JC, Drummond SP. The critical role of sleep spindles in hippocampal-dependent memory: a pharmacology study. J Neurosci. 2013 Mar 06; 33(10):4494-504. PMID: 23467365.
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    152. Paulus MP. The breathing conundrum-interoceptive sensitivity and anxiety. Depress Anxiety. 2013 Apr; 30(4):315-20. PMID: 23468141.
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    153. Schreiber D, Fonzo G, Simmons AN, Dawes CT, Flagan T, Fowler JH, Paulus MP. Red brain, blue brain: evaluative processes differ in Democrats and Republicans. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e52970. PMID: 23418419.
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    154. Mackey S, Paulus M. Are there volumetric brain differences associated with the use of cocaine and amphetamine-type stimulants? Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2013 Mar; 37(3):300-16. PMID: 23253945.
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    155. Thom NJ, Johnson DC, Flagan T, Simmons AN, Kotturi SA, Van Orden KF, Potterat EG, Swain JL, Paulus MP. Detecting emotion in others: increased insula and decreased medial prefrontal cortex activation during emotion processing in elite adventure racers. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2014 Feb; 9(2):225-31. PMID: 23171614.
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    156. Fonzo GA, Flagan TM, Sullivan S, Allard CB, Grimes EM, Simmons AN, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Neural functional and structural correlates of childhood maltreatment in women with intimate-partner violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychiatry Res. 2013 Feb 28; 211(2):93-103. PMID: 23154098.
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    157. Ball TM, Ramsawh HJ, Campbell-Sills L, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Prefrontal dysfunction during emotion regulation in generalized anxiety and panic disorders. Psychol Med. 2013 Jul; 43(7):1475-86. PMID: 23111120.
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    158. O'Brien JW, Norman AL, Fryer SL, Tapert SF, Paulus MP, Jones KL, Riley EP, Mattson SN. Effect of predictive cuing on response inhibition in children with heavy prenatal alcohol exposure. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2013 Apr; 37(4):644-54. PMID: 23094678.
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    159. Stewart JL, Flagan TM, May AC, Reske M, Simmons AN, Paulus MP. Young adults at risk for stimulant dependence show reward dysfunction during reinforcement-based decision making. Biol Psychiatry. 2013 Feb 01; 73(3):235-41. PMID: 23021534.
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    160. Mano QR, Brown GG, Bolden K, Aupperle R, Sullivan S, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Curvilinear relationship between phonological working memory load and social-emotional modulation. Cogn Emot. 2013; 27(2):283-304. PMID: 22928750.
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    161. Simmons AN, Flagan TM, Wittmann M, Strigo IA, Matthews SC, Donovan H, Lohr JB, Paulus MP. The effects of temporal unpredictability in anticipation of negative events in combat veterans with PTSD. J Affect Disord. 2013 Apr 25; 146(3):426-32. PMID: 22910447.
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    162. Paulus MP, Yu AJ. Emotion and decision-making: affect-driven belief systems in anxiety and depression. Trends Cogn Sci. 2012 Sep; 16(9):476-83. PMID: 22898207.
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    163. Acheson DT, Stein MB, Paulus MP, Ravindran L, Simmons AN, Lohr JB, Risbrough VB. Effects of anxiolytic treatment on potentiated startle during aversive image anticipation. Hum Psychopharmacol. 2012 Jul; 27(4):419-27. PMID: 22782542.
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    164. Paulus MP, Schuckit MA, Tapert SF, Tolentino NJ, Matthews SC, Smith TL, Trim RS, Hall SA, Simmons AN. High versus low level of response to alcohol: evidence of differential reactivity to emotional stimuli. Biol Psychiatry. 2012 Nov 15; 72(10):848-55. PMID: 22608014.
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    165. Acheson DT, Stein MB, Paulus MP, Geyer MA, Risbrough VB. The effect of pregabalin on sensorimotor gating in 'low' gating humans and mice. Neuropharmacology. 2012 Sep; 63(3):480-5. PMID: 22575075.
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    166. Dawes CT, Loewen PJ, Schreiber D, Simmons AN, Flagan T, McElreath R, Bokemper SE, Fowler JH, Paulus MP. Neural basis of egalitarian behavior. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Apr 24; 109(17):6479-83. PMID: 22493264.
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    167. Aupperle RL, Allard CB, Grimes EM, Simmons AN, Flagan T, Behrooznia M, Cissell SH, Twamley EW, Thorp SR, Norman SB, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex activation during emotional anticipation and neuropsychological performance in posttraumatic stress disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2012 Apr; 69(4):360-71. PMID: 22474105.
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    168. Aupperle RL, Tankersley D, Ravindran LN, Flagan T, Stein NR, Stein MB, Paulus MP. Pregabalin effects on neural response to emotional faces. Front Hum Neurosci. 2012; 6:42. PMID: 22470326.
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    169. Perlman G, Simmons AN, Wu J, Hahn KS, Tapert SF, Max JE, Paulus MP, Brown GG, Frank GK, Campbell-Sills L, Yang TT. Amygdala response and functional connectivity during emotion regulation: a study of 14 depressed adolescents. J Affect Disord. 2012 Jun; 139(1):75-84. PMID: 22401827.
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    170. Simmons AN, Fitzpatrick S, Strigo IA, Potterat EG, Johnson DC, Matthews SC, Orden KF, Swain JL, Paulus MP. Altered insula activation in anticipation of changing emotional states: neural mechanisms underlying cognitive flexibility in Special Operations Forces personnel. Neuroreport. 2012 Mar 07; 23(4):234-9. PMID: 22222502.
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    171. Paulus MP, Flagan T, Simmons AN, Gillis K, Kotturi S, Thom N, Johnson DC, Van Orden KF, Davenport PW, Swain JL. Subjecting elite athletes to inspiratory breathing load reveals behavioral and neural signatures of optimal performers in extreme environments. PLoS One. 2012; 7(1):e29394. PMID: 22276111.
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    172. van Elk M, Paulus M, Pfeiffer C, van Schie HT, Bekkering H. Learning to use novel objects: a training study on the acquisition of novel action representations. Conscious Cogn. 2011 Dec; 20(4):1304-14. PMID: 21641236.
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    173. Schuckit MA, Tapert S, Matthews SC, Paulus MP, Tolentino NJ, Smith TL, Trim RS, Hall S, Simmons A. fMRI differences between subjects with low and high responses to alcohol during a stop signal task. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2012 01; 36(1):130-40. PMID: 22003983.
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    174. Simmons AN, Matthews SC, Strigo IA, Baker DG, Donovan HK, Motezadi A, Stein MB, Paulus MP. Altered amygdala activation during face processing in Iraqi and Afghanistani war veterans. Biol Mood Anxiety Disord. 2011 Oct 12; 1(1):6. PMID: 22738183.
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    175. Kruschwitz JD, Simmons AN, Flagan T, Paulus MP. Nothing to lose: processing blindness to potential losses drives thrill and adventure seekers. Neuroimage. 2012 Feb 01; 59(3):2850-9. PMID: 21982930.
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    176. Ball TM, Sullivan S, Flagan T, Hitchcock CA, Simmons A, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Selective effects of social anxiety, anxiety sensitivity, and negative affectivity on the neural bases of emotional face processing. Neuroimage. 2012 Jan 16; 59(2):1879-87. PMID: 21920442.
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    177. Aupperle RL, Sullivan S, Melrose AJ, Paulus MP, Stein MB. A reverse translational approach to quantify approach-avoidance conflict in humans. Behav Brain Res. 2011 Dec 01; 225(2):455-63. PMID: 21843556.
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    178. Norman AL, Pulido C, Squeglia LM, Spadoni AD, Paulus MP, Tapert SF. Neural activation during inhibition predicts initiation of substance use in adolescence. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2011 Dec 15; 119(3):216-23. PMID: 21782354.
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    179. Wittmann M, Simmons AN, Flagan T, Lane SD, Wackermann J, Paulus MP. Neural substrates of time perception and impulsivity. Brain Res. 2011 Aug 11; 1406:43-58. PMID: 21763642.
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    180. Padula CB, Simmons AN, Matthews SC, Robinson SK, Tapert SF, Schuckit MA, Paulus MP. Alcohol attenuates activation in the bilateral anterior insula during an emotional processing task: a pilot study. Alcohol Alcohol. 2011 Sep-Oct; 46(5):547-52. PMID: 21665869.
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    181. van Wassenhove V, Wittmann M, Craig AD, Paulus MP. Psychological and neural mechanisms of subjective time dilation. Front Neurosci. 2011; 5:56. PMID: 21559346.
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    182. Aupperle RL, Ravindran L, Tankersley D, Flagan T, Stein NR, Simmons AN, Stein MB, Paulus MP. Pregabalin influences insula and amygdala activation during anticipation of emotional images. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2011 Jun; 36(7):1466-77. PMID: 21430645.
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    183. Aupperle RL, Melrose AJ, Stein MB, Paulus MP. Executive function and PTSD: disengaging from trauma. Neuropharmacology. 2012 Feb; 62(2):686-94. PMID: 21349277.
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    184. Tolentino NJ, Wierenga CE, Hall S, Tapert SF, Paulus MP, Liu TT, Smith TL, Schuckit MA. Alcohol effects on cerebral blood flow in subjects with low and high responses to alcohol. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2011 Jun; 35(6):1034-40. PMID: 21332525.
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    185. Paulus MP. Imaging the anxious brain--promise or hubris? Depress Anxiety. 2011 Mar; 28(3):183-5. PMID: 21394850.
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    186. Keuken MC, Hardie A, Dorn BT, Dev S, Paulus MP, Jonas KJ, Den Wildenberg WP, Pineda JA. The role of the left inferior frontal gyrus in social perception: an rTMS study. Brain Res. 2011 Apr 06; 1383:196-205. PMID: 21281612.
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    187. Han E, Paulus MP, Wittmann M, Chung H, Song JM. Hair analysis and self-report of methamphetamine use by methamphetamine dependent individuals. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2011 Mar 01; 879(7-8):541-7. PMID: 21296038.
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    188. Kaye WH, Wagner A, Fudge JL, Paulus M. Neurocircuity of eating disorders. Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2011; 6:37-57. PMID: 21243469.
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    189. Simmons AN, Stein MB, Strigo IA, Arce E, Hitchcock C, Paulus MP. Anxiety positive subjects show altered processing in the anterior insula during anticipation of negative stimuli. Hum Brain Mapp. 2011 Nov; 32(11):1836-46. PMID: 21181800.
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    190. Reske M, Delis DC, Paulus MP. Evidence for subtle verbal fluency deficits in occasional stimulant users: quick to play loose with verbal rules. J Psychiatr Res. 2011 Mar; 45(3):361-8. PMID: 20673916.
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    191. Campbell-Sills L, Simmons AN, Lovero KL, Rochlin AA, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Functioning of neural systems supporting emotion regulation in anxiety-prone individuals. Neuroimage. 2011 Jan 01; 54(1):689-96. PMID: 20673804.
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    192. Fonzo GA, Simmons AN, Thorp SR, Norman SB, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Exaggerated and disconnected insular-amygdalar blood oxygenation level-dependent response to threat-related emotional faces in women with intimate-partner violence posttraumatic stress disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Sep 01; 68(5):433-41. PMID: 20573339.
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    193. Wittmann M, Simmons AN, Aron JL, Paulus MP. Accumulation of neural activity in the posterior insula encodes the passage of time. Neuropsychologia. 2010 Aug; 48(10):3110-20. PMID: 20600186.
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    194. Reske M, Eidt CA, Delis DC, Paulus MP. Nondependent stimulant users of cocaine and prescription amphetamines show verbal learning and memory deficits. Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Oct 15; 68(8):762-9. PMID: 20605137.
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    195. Strigo IA, Simmons AN, Matthews SC, Grimes EM, Allard CB, Reinhardt LE, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Neural correlates of altered pain response in women with posttraumatic stress disorder from intimate partner violence. Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Sep 01; 68(5):442-50. PMID: 20553750.
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    196. Paulus MP, Stein MB. Interoception in anxiety and depression. Brain Struct Funct. 2010 Jun; 214(5-6):451-63. PMID: 20490545.
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    197. Trim RS, Simmons AN, Tolentino NJ, Hall SA, Matthews SC, Robinson SK, Smith TL, Padula CB, Paulus MP, Tapert SF, Schuckit MA. Acute ethanol effects on brain activation in low- and high-level responders to alcohol. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2010 Jul; 34(7):1162-70. PMID: 20477775.
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    198. Wittmann M, Lovero KL, Lane SD, Paulus MP. Now or later? Striatum and insula activation to immediate versus delayed rewards. J Neurosci Psychol Econ. 2010 May 01; 3(1):15-26. PMID: 20657814.
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    199. Matthews SC, Simmons AN, Strigo IA, Arce E, Stein MB, Paulus MP. Escitalopram attenuates posterior cingulate activity during self-evaluation in healthy volunteers. Psychiatry Res. 2010 May 30; 182(2):81-7. PMID: 20418072.
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    200. Henry BL, Minassian A, Young JW, Paulus MP, Geyer MA, Perry W. Cross-species assessments of motor and exploratory behavior related to bipolar disorder. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2010 Jul; 34(8):1296-306. PMID: 20398694.
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    201. Paulus MP, Simmons AN, Fitzpatrick SN, Potterat EG, Van Orden KF, Bauman J, Swain JL. Differential brain activation to angry faces by elite warfighters: neural processing evidence for enhanced threat detection. PLoS One. 2010 Apr 14; 5(4):e10096. PMID: 20418943.
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    202. Young JW, Goey AK, Minassian A, Perry W, Paulus MP, Geyer MA. The mania-like exploratory profile in genetic dopamine transporter mouse models is diminished in a familiar environment and reinstated by subthreshold psychostimulant administration. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2010 Jul; 96(1):7-15. PMID: 20363246.
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    203. Wittmann M, van Wassenhove V, Craig AD, Paulus MP. The neural substrates of subjective time dilation. Front Hum Neurosci. 2010; 4:2. PMID: 20161994.
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    204. Yang TT, Simmons AN, Matthews SC, Tapert SF, Frank GK, Max JE, Bischoff-Grethe A, Lansing AE, Brown G, Strigo IA, Wu J, Paulus MP. Adolescents with major depression demonstrate increased amygdala activation. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2010 Jan; 49(1):42-51. PMID: 20215925.
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    205. Aupperle RL, Paulus MP. Neural systems underlying approach and avoidance in anxiety disorders. Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2010; 12(4):517-31. PMID: 21319496.
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    206. Minassian A, Henry BL, Geyer MA, Paulus MP, Young JW, Perry W. The quantitative assessment of motor activity in mania and schizophrenia. J Affect Disord. 2010 Jan; 120(1-3):200-6. PMID: 19435640.
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    207. Wittmann M, Paulus M, Roenneberg T. Decreased psychological well-being in late 'chronotypes' is mediated by smoking and alcohol consumption. Subst Use Misuse. 2010; 45(1-2):15-30. PMID: 20025436.
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    208. Young JW, Goey AK, Minassian A, Perry W, Paulus MP, Geyer MA. GBR 12909 administration as a mouse model of bipolar disorder mania: mimicking quantitative assessment of manic behavior. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2010 Feb; 208(3):443-54. PMID: 20020109.
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    209. Stein MB, Paulus MP. Imbalance of approach and avoidance: the yin and yang of anxiety disorders. Biol Psychiatry. 2009 Dec 15; 66(12):1072-4. PMID: 19944792.
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    210. Perry W, Minassian A, Paulus MP, Young JW, Kincaid MJ, Ferguson EJ, Henry BL, Zhuang X, Masten VL, Sharp RF, Geyer MA. A reverse-translational study of dysfunctional exploration in psychiatric disorders: from mice to men. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2009 Oct; 66(10):1072-80. PMID: 19805697.
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    211. Pulido C, Brown SA, Cummins K, Paulus MP, Tapert SF. Alcohol cue reactivity task development. Addict Behav. 2010 Feb; 35(2):84-90. PMID: 19800172.
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    212. Goldstein RZ, Craig AD, Bechara A, Garavan H, Childress AR, Paulus MP, Volkow ND. The neurocircuitry of impaired insight in drug addiction. Trends Cogn Sci. 2009 Sep; 13(9):372-80. PMID: 19716751.
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    213. Henry BL, Minassian A, Paulus MP, Geyer MA, Perry W. Heart rate variability in bipolar mania and schizophrenia. J Psychiatr Res. 2010 Feb; 44(3):168-76. PMID: 19700172.
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    214. Paulus MP, Tapert SF, Schulteis G. The role of interoception and alliesthesia in addiction. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2009 Nov; 94(1):1-7. PMID: 19698739.
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    215. Kaye WH, Fudge JL, Paulus M. New insights into symptoms and neurocircuit function of anorexia nervosa. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2009 Aug; 10(8):573-84. PMID: 19603056.
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    216. Simmons AN, Arce E, Lovero KL, Stein MB, Paulus MP. Subchronic SSRI administration reduces insula response during affective anticipation in healthy volunteers. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2009 Sep; 12(8):1009-20. PMID: 19545475.
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    217. Paulus MP, Potterat EG, Taylor MK, Van Orden KF, Bauman J, Momen N, Padilla GA, Swain JL. A neuroscience approach to optimizing brain resources for human performance in extreme environments. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2009 Jul; 33(7):1080-8. PMID: 19447132.
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    218. Simmons A, Strigo IA, Matthews SC, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Initial evidence of a failure to activate right anterior insula during affective set shifting in posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychosom Med. 2009 May; 71(4):373-7. PMID: 19398499.
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    219. Lovero KL, Simmons AN, Aron JL, Paulus MP. Anterior insular cortex anticipates impending stimulus significance. Neuroimage. 2009 Apr 15; 45(3):976-83. PMID: 19280711.
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    220. Yang TT, Simmons AN, Matthews SC, Tapert SF, Frank GK, Bischoff-Grethe A, Lansing AE, Wu J, Brown GG, Paulus MP. Depressed adolescents demonstrate greater subgenual anterior cingulate activity. Neuroreport. 2009 Mar 04; 20(4):440-4. PMID: 19218875.
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    221. Matthews S, Simmons A, Strigo I, Gianaros P, Yang T, Paulus M. Inhibition-related activity in subgenual cingulate is associated with symptom severity in major depression. Psychiatry Res. 2009 Apr 30; 172(1):1-6. PMID: 19239982.
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    222. Yang TT, Simmons AN, Matthews SC, Tapert SF, Frank GK, Bischoff-Grethe A, Lansing AE, Wu J, Paulus MP. Adolescent subgenual anterior cingulate activity is related to harm avoidance. Neuroreport. 2009 Jan 07; 20(1):19-23. PMID: 19034055.
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    223. Campbell DW, Sareen J, Stein MB, Kravetsky LB, Paulus MP, Hassard ST, Reiss JP. Happy but not so approachable: the social judgments of individuals with generalized social phobia. Depress Anxiety. 2009; 26(5):419-24. PMID: 19242987.
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    224. Strigo IA, Simmons AN, Matthews SC, Craig AD, Paulus MP. Association of major depressive disorder with altered functional brain response during anticipation and processing of heat pain. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2008 Nov; 65(11):1275-84. PMID: 18981339.
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    225. Arce E, Simmons AN, Stein MB, Winkielman P, Hitchcock C, Paulus MP. Association between individual differences in self-reported emotional resilience and the affective perception of neutral faces. J Affect Disord. 2009 Apr; 114(1-3):286-93. PMID: 18957273.
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    226. Reske M, Paulus MP. Predicting treatment outcome in stimulant dependence. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008 Oct; 1141:270-83. PMID: 18991963.
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    227. Simmons AN, Paulus MP, Thorp SR, Matthews SC, Norman SB, Stein MB. Functional activation and neural networks in women with posttraumatic stress disorder related to intimate partner violence. Biol Psychiatry. 2008 Oct 15; 64(8):681-90. PMID: 18639236.
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    228. Matthews SC, Strigo IA, Simmons AN, Yang TT, Paulus MP. Decreased functional coupling of the amygdala and supragenual cingulate is related to increased depression in unmedicated individuals with current major depressive disorder. J Affect Disord. 2008 Nov; 111(1):13-20. PMID: 18603301.
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    229. Simmons A, Matthews SC, Feinstein JS, Hitchcock C, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Anxiety vulnerability is associated with altered anterior cingulate response to an affective appraisal task. Neuroreport. 2008 Jul 02; 19(10):1033-7. PMID: 18580574.
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    230. Strigo IA, Simmons AN, Matthews SC, Craig AD, Paulus MP. Increased affective bias revealed using experimental graded heat stimuli in young depressed adults: evidence of "emotional allodynia". Psychosom Med. 2008 Apr; 70(3):338-44. PMID: 18378870.
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    231. Le-Niculescu H, McFarland MJ, Ogden CA, Balaraman Y, Patel S, Tan J, Rodd ZA, Paulus M, Geyer MA, Edenberg HJ, Glatt SJ, Faraone SV, Nurnberger JI, Kuczenski R, Tsuang MT, Niculescu AB. Phenomic, convergent functional genomic, and biomarker studies in a stress-reactive genetic animal model of bipolar disorder and co-morbid alcoholism. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2008 Mar 05; 147B(2):134-66. PMID: 18247375.
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    232. Smoller JW, Paulus MP, Fagerness JA, Purcell S, Yamaki LH, Hirshfeld-Becker D, Biederman J, Rosenbaum JF, Gelernter J, Stein MB. Influence of RGS2 on anxiety-related temperament, personality, and brain function. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2008 Mar; 65(3):298-308. PMID: 18316676.
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    233. Cattapan-Ludewig K, Ludewig S, Messerli N, Vollenweider FX, Seitz A, Feldon J, Paulus MP. Decision-making dysregulation in first-episode schizophrenia. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2008 Feb; 196(2):157-60. PMID: 18277225.
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    234. Paulus MP. The role of neuroimaging for the diagnosis and treatment of anxiety disorders. Depress Anxiety. 2008; 25(4):348-56. PMID: 18412061.
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    235. Arce E, Simmons AN, Lovero KL, Stein MB, Paulus MP. Escitalopram effects on insula and amygdala BOLD activation during emotional processing. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2008 Mar; 196(4):661-72. PMID: 18058090.
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    236. Yang TT, Simmons AN, Matthews SC, Tapert SF, Bischoff-Grethe A, Frank GK, Arce E, Paulus MP. Increased amygdala activation is related to heart rate during emotion processing in adolescent subjects. Neurosci Lett. 2007 Nov 27; 428(2-3):109-14. PMID: 18029095.
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    237. Wittmann M, Paulus MP. Decision making, impulsivity and time perception. Trends Cogn Sci. 2008 Jan; 12(1):7-12. PMID: 18042423.
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    238. Frank GK, Oberndorfer TA, Simmons AN, Paulus MP, Fudge JL, Yang TT, Kaye WH. Sucrose activates human taste pathways differently from artificial sweetener. Neuroimage. 2008 Feb 15; 39(4):1559-69. PMID: 18096409.
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    239. Simmons A, Matthews SC, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Intolerance of uncertainty correlates with insula activation during affective ambiguity. Neurosci Lett. 2008 Jan 10; 430(2):92-7. PMID: 18079060.
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    240. Paulus MP. Decision-making dysfunctions in psychiatry--altered homeostatic processing? Science. 2007 Oct 26; 318(5850):602-6. PMID: 17962553.
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    241. Paulus MP, Lovero KL, Wittmann M, Leland DS. Reduced behavioral and neural activation in stimulant users to different error rates during decision making. Biol Psychiatry. 2008 Jun 01; 63(11):1054-60. PMID: 17949691.
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    242. Leland DS, Arce E, Miller DA, Paulus MP. Anterior cingulate cortex and benefit of predictive cueing on response inhibition in stimulant dependent individuals. Biol Psychiatry. 2008 Jan 15; 63(2):184-90. PMID: 17707348.
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    243. Matthews SC, Simmons AN, Strigo I, Jang K, Stein MB, Paulus MP. Heritability of anterior cingulate response to conflict: an fMRI study in female twins. Neuroimage. 2007 Oct 15; 38(1):223-7. PMID: 17707125.
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    244. Tapert SF, Schweinsburg AD, Drummond SP, Paulus MP, Brown SA, Yang TT, Frank LR. Functional MRI of inhibitory processing in abstinent adolescent marijuana users. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2007 Oct; 194(2):173-83. PMID: 17558500.
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    245. Fryer SL, Tapert SF, Mattson SN, Paulus MP, Spadoni AD, Riley EP. Prenatal alcohol exposure affects frontal-striatal BOLD response during inhibitory control. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2007 Aug; 31(8):1415-24. PMID: 17559542.
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    246. Young JW, Minassian A, Paulus MP, Geyer MA, Perry W. A reverse-translational approach to bipolar disorder: rodent and human studies in the Behavioral Pattern Monitor. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2007; 31(6):882-96. PMID: 17706782.
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    247. Wittmann M, Leland DS, Churan J, Paulus MP. Impaired time perception and motor timing in stimulant-dependent subjects. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Oct 08; 90(2-3):183-92. PMID: 17434690.
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    248. Paulus MP, Stein MB. Role of functional magnetic resonance imaging in drug discovery. Neuropsychol Rev. 2007 Jun; 17(2):179-88. PMID: 17436113.
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    249. Aron JL, Paulus MP. Location, location: using functional magnetic resonance imaging to pinpoint brain differences relevant to stimulant use. Addiction. 2007 Apr; 102 Suppl 1:33-43. PMID: 17493051.
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    250. Stein MB, Simmons AN, Feinstein JS, Paulus MP. Increased amygdala and insula activation during emotion processing in anxiety-prone subjects. Am J Psychiatry. 2007 Feb; 164(2):318-27. PMID: 17267796.
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    251. Wittmann M, Leland DS, Paulus MP. Time and decision making: differential contribution of the posterior insular cortex and the striatum during a delay discounting task. Exp Brain Res. 2007 Jun; 179(4):643-53. PMID: 17216152.
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    252. Paulus MP. Neural basis of reward and craving--a homeostatic point of view. Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2007; 9(4):379-87. PMID: 18286798.
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    253. Campbell DW, Sareen J, Paulus MP, Goldin PR, Stein MB, Reiss JP. Time-varying amygdala response to emotional faces in generalized social phobia. Biol Psychiatry. 2007 Sep 01; 62(5):455-63. PMID: 17188251.
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    254. Sareen J, Campbell DW, Leslie WD, Malisza KL, Stein MB, Paulus MP, Kravetsky LB, Kjernisted KD, Walker JR, Reiss JP. Striatal function in generalized social phobia: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Biol Psychiatry. 2007 Feb 01; 61(3):396-404. PMID: 17097072.
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    255. Minassian A, Paulus M, Lincoln A, Perry W. Adults with autism show increased sensitivity to outcomes at low error rates during decision-making. J Autism Dev Disord. 2007 Aug; 37(7):1279-88. PMID: 17080271.
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    256. Arce E, Miller DA, Feinstein JS, Stein MB, Paulus MP. Lorazepam dose-dependently decreases risk-taking related activation in limbic areas. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2006 Nov; 189(1):105-16. PMID: 17016713.
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    257. Leland DS, Arce E, Feinstein JS, Paulus MP. Young adult stimulant users' increased striatal activation during uncertainty is related to impulsivity. Neuroimage. 2006 Nov 01; 33(2):725-31. PMID: 16959497.
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    258. Drummond SP, Paulus MP, Tapert SF. Effects of two nights sleep deprivation and two nights recovery sleep on response inhibition. J Sleep Res. 2006 Sep; 15(3):261-5. PMID: 16911028.
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    259. Feinstein JS, Stein MB, Paulus MP. Anterior insula reactivity during certain decisions is associated with neuroticism. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2006 Sep; 1(2):136-42. PMID: 18985124.
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    260. Simmons A, Strigo I, Matthews SC, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Anticipation of aversive visual stimuli is associated with increased insula activation in anxiety-prone subjects. Biol Psychiatry. 2006 Aug 15; 60(4):402-9. PMID: 16919527.
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    261. Arce E, Leland DS, Miller DA, Simmons AN, Winternheimer KC, Paulus MP. Individuals with schizophrenia present hypo- and hyperactivation during implicit cueing in an inhibitory task. Neuroimage. 2006 Aug 15; 32(2):704-13. PMID: 16766210.
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    262. Paulus MP, Tapert SF, Pulido C, Schuckit MA. Alcohol attenuates load-related activation during a working memory task: relation to level of response to alcohol. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2006 Aug; 30(8):1363-71. PMID: 16899039.
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    263. Risbrough VB, Masten VL, Caldwell S, Paulus MP, Low MJ, Geyer MA. Differential contributions of dopamine D1, D2, and D3 receptors to MDMA-induced effects on locomotor behavior patterns in mice. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2006 Nov; 31(11):2349-58. PMID: 16855533.
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    264. Reiss JP, Campbell DW, Leslie WD, Paulus MP, Ryner LN, Polimeni JO, Foot BJ, Sareen J. Deficit in schizophrenia to recruit the striatum in implicit learning: a functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation. Schizophr Res. 2006 Oct; 87(1-3):127-37. PMID: 16814986.
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    265. Paulus MP, Stein MB. An insular view of anxiety. Biol Psychiatry. 2006 Aug 15; 60(4):383-7. PMID: 16780813.
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    266. Sareen J, Chartier M, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Illicit drug use and anxiety disorders: findings from two community surveys. Psychiatry Res. 2006 May 30; 142(1):11-7. PMID: 16712953.
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    267. Paulus MP, Frank LR. Anterior cingulate activity modulates nonlinear decision weight function of uncertain prospects. Neuroimage. 2006 Apr 01; 30(2):668-77. PMID: 16321546.
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    268. Simmons A, Stein MB, Matthews SC, Feinstein JS, Paulus MP. Affective ambiguity for a group recruits ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Neuroimage. 2006 Jan 15; 29(2):655-61. PMID: 16125977.
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    269. Reiss JP, Campbell DW, Leslie WD, Paulus MP, Stroman PW, Polimeni JO, Malcolmson KA, Sareen J. The role of the striatum in implicit learning: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Neuroreport. 2005 Aug 22; 16(12):1291-5. PMID: 16056127.
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    270. Ernst M, Paulus MP. Neurobiology of decision making: a selective review from a neurocognitive and clinical perspective. Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Oct 15; 58(8):597-604. PMID: 16095567.
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    271. Simmons A, Miller D, Feinstein JS, Goldberg TE, Paulus MP. Left inferior prefrontal cortex activation during a semantic decision-making task predicts the degree of semantic organization. Neuroimage. 2005 Oct 15; 28(1):30-8. PMID: 16009569.
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    272. Paulus MP, Tapert SF, Schuckit MA. Neural activation patterns of methamphetamine-dependent subjects during decision making predict relapse. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005 Jul; 62(7):761-8. PMID: 15997017.
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    273. Vollenweider FX, Liechti ME, Paulus MP. MDMA affects both error-rate dependent and independent aspects of decision-making in a two-choice prediction task. J Psychopharmacol. 2005 Jul; 19(4):366-74. PMID: 15982991.
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    274. Matthews SC, Simmons AN, Arce E, Paulus MP. Dissociation of inhibition from error processing using a parametric inhibitory task during functional magnetic resonance imaging. Neuroreport. 2005 May 12; 16(7):755-60. PMID: 15858420.
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    275. Anderson KG, Schweinsburg A, Paulus MP, Brown SA, Tapert S. Examining personality and alcohol expectancies using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with adolescents. J Stud Alcohol. 2005 May; 66(3):323-31. PMID: 16047521.
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    276. Paulus MP, Feinstein JS, Leland D, Simmons AN. Superior temporal gyrus and insula provide response and outcome-dependent information during assessment and action selection in a decision-making situation. Neuroimage. 2005 Apr 01; 25(2):607-15. PMID: 15784440.
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    277. Paulus MP. Neurobiology of decision-making: quo vadis? Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2005 Apr; 23(1):2-10. PMID: 15795129.
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    278. Paulus MP, Feinstein JS, Castillo G, Simmons AN, Stein MB. Dose-dependent decrease of activation in bilateral amygdala and insula by lorazepam during emotion processing. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005 Mar; 62(3):282-8. PMID: 15753241.
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    279. Filoteo JV, Maddox WT, Simmons AN, Ing AD, Cagigas XE, Matthews S, Paulus MP. Cortical and subcortical brain regions involved in rule-based category learning. Neuroreport. 2005 Feb 08; 16(2):111-5. PMID: 15671857.
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    280. Leland DS, Paulus MP. Increased risk-taking decision-making but not altered response to punishment in stimulant-using young adults. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2005 Apr 04; 78(1):83-90. PMID: 15769561.
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    281. Tapert SF, Pulido C, Paulus MP, Schuckit MA, Burke C. Level of response to alcohol and brain response during visual working memory. J Stud Alcohol. 2004 Nov; 65(6):692-700. PMID: 15700505.
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    282. Ogden CA, Rich ME, Schork NJ, Paulus MP, Geyer MA, Lohr JB, Kuczenski R, Niculescu AB. Candidate genes, pathways and mechanisms for bipolar (manic-depressive) and related disorders: an expanded convergent functional genomics approach. Mol Psychiatry. 2004 Nov; 9(11):1007-29. PMID: 15314610.
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    283. Minassian A, Paulus MP, Perry W. Increased sensitivity to error during decision-making in bipolar disorder patients with acute mania. J Affect Disord. 2004 Oct 15; 82(2):203-8. PMID: 15488248.
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    284. Simmons A, Matthews SC, Stein MB, Paulus MP. Anticipation of emotionally aversive visual stimuli activates right insula. Neuroreport. 2004 Oct 05; 15(14):2261-5. PMID: 15371746.
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    285. Matthews SC, Simmons AN, Lane SD, Paulus MP. Selective activation of the nucleus accumbens during risk-taking decision making. Neuroreport. 2004 Sep 15; 15(13):2123-7. PMID: 15486494.
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    286. Powell SB, Geyer MA, Gallagher D, Paulus MP. The balance between approach and avoidance behaviors in a novel object exploration paradigm in mice. Behav Brain Res. 2004 Jul 09; 152(2):341-9. PMID: 15196802.
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    287. Matthews SC, Paulus MP, Simmons AN, Nelesen RA, Dimsdale JE. Functional subdivisions within anterior cingulate cortex and their relationship to autonomic nervous system function. Neuroimage. 2004 Jul; 22(3):1151-6. PMID: 15219587.
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    288. Matthews SC, Paulus MP, Dimsdale JE. Contribution of functional neuroimaging to understanding neuropsychiatric side effects of interferon in hepatitis C. Psychosomatics. 2004 Jul-Aug; 45(4):281-6. PMID: 15232040.
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    289. Paulus MP, Feinstein JS, Simmons A, Stein MB. Anterior cingulate activation in high trait anxious subjects is related to altered error processing during decision making. Biol Psychiatry. 2004 Jun 15; 55(12):1179-87. PMID: 15184037.
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    290. Feinstein JS, Stein MB, Castillo GN, Paulus MP. From sensory processes to conscious perception. Conscious Cogn. 2004 Jun; 13(2):323-35. PMID: 15134763.
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    291. Schweinsburg AD, Paulus MP, Barlett VC, Killeen LA, Caldwell LC, Pulido C, Brown SA, Tapert SF. An FMRI study of response inhibition in youths with a family history of alcoholism. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004 Jun; 1021:391-4. PMID: 15251915.
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    292. Paulus MP, Feinstein JS, Tapert SF, Liu TT. Trend detection via temporal difference model predicts inferior prefrontal cortex activation during acquisition of advantageous action selection. Neuroimage. 2004 Feb; 21(2):733-43. PMID: 14980576.
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    293. Barr AM, Lehmann-Masten V, Paulus M, Gainetdinov RR, Caron MG, Geyer MA. The selective serotonin-2A receptor antagonist M100907 reverses behavioral deficits in dopamine transporter knockout mice. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2004 Feb; 29(2):221-8. PMID: 14603268.
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    294. Powell SB, Lehmann-Masten VD, Paulus MP, Gainetdinov RR, Caron MG, Geyer MA. MDMA "ecstasy" alters hyperactive and perseverative behaviors in dopamine transporter knockout mice. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2004 May; 173(3-4):310-7. PMID: 14747902.
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    295. Ludewig S, Paulus MP, Ludewig K, Vollenweider FX. Decision-making strategies by panic disorder subjects are more sensitive to errors. J Affect Disord. 2003 Sep; 76(1-3):183-9. PMID: 12943948.
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    296. Ludewig K, Paulus MP, Vollenweider FX. Behavioural dysregulation of decision-making in deficit but not nondeficit schizophrenia patients. Psychiatry Res. 2003 Aug 01; 119(3):293-306. PMID: 12914900.
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    297. Paulus MP, Rogalsky C, Simmons A, Feinstein JS, Stein MB. Increased activation in the right insula during risk-taking decision making is related to harm avoidance and neuroticism. Neuroimage. 2003 Aug; 19(4):1439-48. PMID: 12948701.
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    298. Paulus MP, Frank LR. Ventromedial prefrontal cortex activation is critical for preference judgments. Neuroreport. 2003 Jul 18; 14(10):1311-5. PMID: 12876463.
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    299. Tapert SF, Cheung EH, Brown GG, Frank LR, Paulus MP, Schweinsburg AD, Meloy MJ, Brown SA. Neural response to alcohol stimuli in adolescents with alcohol use disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2003 Jul; 60(7):727-35. PMID: 12860777.
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    300. Verney SP, Brown GG, Frank L, Paulus MP. Error-rate-related caudate and parietal cortex activation during decision making. Neuroreport. 2003 May 23; 14(7):923-8. PMID: 12802176.
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    301. Powell SB, Paulus MP, Hartman DS, Godel T, Geyer MA. RO-10-5824 is a selective dopamine D4 receptor agonist that increases novel object exploration in C57 mice. Neuropharmacology. 2003 Mar; 44(4):473-81. PMID: 12646284.
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    302. Ralph-Williams RJ, Paulus MP, Zhuang X, Hen R, Geyer MA. Valproate attenuates hyperactive and perseverative behaviors in mutant mice with a dysregulated dopamine system. Biol Psychiatry. 2003 Feb 15; 53(4):352-9. PMID: 12586455.
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    303. Eyler Zorrilla LT, Jeste DV, Paulus M, Brown GG. Functional abnormalities of medial temporal cortex during novel picture learning among patients with chronic schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2003 Feb 01; 59(2-3):187-98. PMID: 12414075.
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    304. Paulus MP, Hozack N, Frank L, Brown GG, Schuckit MA. Decision making by methamphetamine-dependent subjects is associated with error-rate-independent decrease in prefrontal and parietal activation. Biol Psychiatry. 2003 Jan 01; 53(1):65-74. PMID: 12513946.
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    305. Paulus MP, Braff DL. Chaos and schizophrenia: does the method fit the madness? Biol Psychiatry. 2003 Jan 01; 53(1):3-11. PMID: 12513940.
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    306. Paulus MP, Frank L, Brown GG, Braff DL. Schizophrenia subjects show intact success-related neural activation but impaired uncertainty processing during decision-making. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2003 Apr; 28(4):795-806. PMID: 12655327.
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    307. Feinstein JS, Goldin PR, Stein MB, Brown GG, Paulus MP. Habituation of attentional networks during emotion processing. Neuroreport. 2002 Jul 19; 13(10):1255-8. PMID: 12151781.
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    308. Paulus MP, Hozack NE, Zauscher BE, Frank L, Brown GG, McDowell J, Braff DL. Parietal dysfunction is associated with increased outcome-related decision-making in schizophrenia patients. Biol Psychiatry. 2002 Jun 15; 51(12):995-1004. PMID: 12062884.
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    309. Paulus MP, Hozack N, Frank L, Brown GG. Error rate and outcome predictability affect neural activation in prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate during decision-making. Neuroimage. 2002 Apr; 15(4):836-46. PMID: 11906224.
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    310. McDowell JE, Brown GG, Paulus M, Martinez A, Stewart SE, Dubowitz DJ, Braff DL. Neural correlates of refixation saccades and antisaccades in normal and schizophrenia subjects. Biol Psychiatry. 2002 Feb 01; 51(3):216-23. PMID: 11839364.
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    311. Paulus MP, Hozack NE, Zauscher BE, Frank L, Brown GG, Braff DL, Schuckit MA. Behavioral and functional neuroimaging evidence for prefrontal dysfunction in methamphetamine-dependent subjects. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2002 Jan; 26(1):53-63. PMID: 11751032.
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    312. Ralph RJ, Paulus MP, Geyer MA. Strain-specific effects of amphetamine on prepulse inhibition and patterns of locomotor behavior in mice. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2001 Jul; 298(1):148-55. PMID: 11408536.
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    313. Paulus MP, Hozack N, Zauscher B, McDowell JE, Frank L, Brown GG, Braff DL. Prefrontal, parietal, and temporal cortex networks underlie decision-making in the presence of uncertainty. Neuroimage. 2001 Jan; 13(1):91-100. PMID: 11133312.
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    314. Ralph RJ, Paulus MP, Fumagalli F, Caron MG, Geyer MA. Prepulse inhibition deficits and perseverative motor patterns in dopamine transporter knock-out mice: differential effects of D1 and D2 receptor antagonists. J Neurosci. 2001 Jan 01; 21(1):305-13. PMID: 11150348.
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    315. Paulus MP, Rapaport MH, Braff DL. Trait contributions of complex dysregulated behavioral organization in schizophrenic patients. Biol Psychiatry. 2001 Jan 01; 49(1):71-7. PMID: 11163782.
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    316. Reidy JJ, Paulus MP, Gona S. Recurrent erosions of the cornea: epidemiology and treatment. Cornea. 2000 Nov; 19(6):767-71. PMID: 11095047.
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    317. Varty GB, Paulus MP, Braff DL, Geyer MA. Environmental enrichment and isolation rearing in the rat: effects on locomotor behavior and startle response plasticity. Biol Psychiatry. 2000 May 15; 47(10):864-73. PMID: 10807959.
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    318. Judd LL, Akiskal HS, Zeller PJ, Paulus M, Leon AC, Maser JD, Endicott J, Coryell W, Kunovac JL, Mueller TI, Rice JP, Keller MB. Psychosocial disability during the long-term course of unipolar major depressive disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2000 Apr; 57(4):375-80. PMID: 10768699.
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    319. Paulus MP, Varty GB, Geyer MA. The genetic liability to stress and postweaning isolation have a competitive influence on behavioral organization in rats. Physiol Behav. 2000 Jan; 68(3):389-94. PMID: 10716550.
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    320. Dulawa SC, Grandy DK, Low MJ, Paulus MP, Geyer MA. Dopamine D4 receptor-knock-out mice exhibit reduced exploration of novel stimuli. J Neurosci. 1999 Nov 01; 19(21):9550-6. PMID: 10531457.
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    321. Paulus MP, Perry W, Braff DL. The nonlinear, complex sequential organization of behavior in schizophrenic patients: neurocognitive strategies and clinical correlations. Biol Psychiatry. 1999 Sep 01; 46(5):662-70. PMID: 10472418.
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    322. Judd LL, Paulus MP, Zeller P. The role of residual subthreshold depressive symptoms in early episode relapse in unipolar major depressive disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1999 Aug; 56(8):764-5. PMID: 10435613.
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    323. Paulus MP, Dulawa SC, Ralph RJ. Behavioral organization is independent of locomotor activity in 129 and C57 mouse strains. Brain Res. 1999 Jul 17; 835(1):27-36. PMID: 10448193.
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    324. Paulus MP, Geyer MA, Braff DL. Long-range correlations in choice sequences of schizophrenic patients. Schizophr Res. 1999 Jan 04; 35(1):69-75. PMID: 9988842.
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    325. Paulus MP, Geyer MA, Sternberg E. Differential movement patterns but not amount of activity in unconditioned motor behavior of Fischer, Lewis, and Sprague-Dawley rats. Physiol Behav. 1998 Dec 01; 65(3):601-6. PMID: 9877429.
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    326. Judd LL, Akiskal HS, Maser JD, Zeller PJ, Endicott J, Coryell W, Paulus MP, Kunovac JL, Leon AC, Mueller TI, Rice JA, Keller MB. Major depressive disorder: a prospective study of residual subthreshold depressive symptoms as predictor of rapid relapse. J Affect Disord. 1998 Sep; 50(2-3):97-108. PMID: 9858069.
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    327. Paulus MP, Bakshi VP, Geyer MA. Isolation rearing affects sequential organization of motor behavior in post-pubertal but not pre-pubertal Lister and Sprague-Dawley rats. Behav Brain Res. 1998 Aug; 94(2):271-80. PMID: 9722278.
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    328. Judd LL, Akiskal HS, Maser JD, Zeller PJ, Endicott J, Coryell W, Paulus MP, Kunovac JL, Leon AC, Mueller TI, Rice JA, Keller MB. A prospective 12-year study of subsyndromal and syndromal depressive symptoms in unipolar major depressive disorders. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1998 Aug; 55(8):694-700. PMID: 9707379.
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    329. Krebs-Thomson K, Paulus MP, Geyer MA. Effects of hallucinogens on locomotor and investigatory activity and patterns: influence of 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors. Neuropsychopharmacology. 1998 May; 18(5):339-51. PMID: 9536447.
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    330. Krebs-Thomson K, Lehmann-Masten V, Naiem S, Paulus MP, Geyer MA. Modulation of phencyclidine-induced changes in locomotor activity and patterns in rats by serotonin. Eur J Pharmacol. 1998 Feb 19; 343(2-3):135-43. PMID: 9570460.
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    331. Judd LL, Kessler RC, Paulus MP, Zeller PV, Wittchen HU, Kunovac JL. Comorbidity as a fundamental feature of generalized anxiety disorders: results from the National Comorbidity Study (NCS). Acta Psychiatr Scand Suppl. 1998; 393:6-11. PMID: 9777041.
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    332. Judd LL, Akiskal HS, Paulus MP. The role and clinical significance of subsyndromal depressive symptoms (SSD) in unipolar major depressive disorder. J Affect Disord. 1997 Aug; 45(1-2):5-17; discussion 17-8. PMID: 9268771.
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    333. Zisook S, Paulus M, Shuchter SR, Judd LL. The many faces of depression following spousal bereavement. J Affect Disord. 1997 Aug; 45(1-2):85-94; discussion 94-5. PMID: 9268778.
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    334. Judd LL, Paulus MP, Wells KB, Rapaport MH. Socioeconomic burden of subsyndromal depressive symptoms and major depression in a sample of the general population. Am J Psychiatry. 1996 Nov; 153(11):1411-7. PMID: 8890673.
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    335. Paulus MP, Geyer MA, Braff DL. Use of methods from chaos theory to quantify a fundamental dysfunction in the behavioral organization of schizophrenic patients. Am J Psychiatry. 1996 May; 153(5):714-7. PMID: 8615422.
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    336. Paulus MP, Geyer MA, Braff DL. The assessment of sequential response organization in schizophrenic and control subjects. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 1994 Nov; 18(7):1169-85. PMID: 7846287.
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    337. Zisook S, Shuchter SR, Sledge PA, Paulus M, Judd LL. The spectrum of depressive phenomena after spousal bereavement. J Clin Psychiatry. 1994 Apr; 55 Suppl:29-36. PMID: 8077167.
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    338. Judd LL, Rapaport MH, Paulus MP, Brown JL. Subsyndromal symptomatic depression: a new mood disorder? J Clin Psychiatry. 1994 Apr; 55 Suppl:18-28. PMID: 8077164.
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    339. Weinger MB, Herndon OW, Zornow MH, Paulus MP, Gaba DM, Dallen LT. An objective methodology for task analysis and workload assessment in anesthesia providers. Anesthesiology. 1994 Jan; 80(1):77-92. PMID: 8291734.
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    340. Paulus MP, Geyer MA. Three independent factors characterize spontaneous rat motor activity. Behav Brain Res. 1993 Feb 26; 53(1-2):11-20. PMID: 8466655.
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    341. Paulus MP, Geyer MA. Quantitative assessment of the microstructure of rat behavior: I, f(d), the extension of the scaling hypothesis. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1993; 113(2):177-86. PMID: 7855179.
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    342. Paulus MP, Callaway CW, Geyer MA. Quantitative assessment of the microstructure of rat behavior: II. Distinctive effects of dopamine releasers and uptake inhibitors. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1993; 113(2):187-98. PMID: 7855180.
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    343. Weiss F, Paulus MP, Lorang MT, Koob GF. Increases in extracellular dopamine in the nucleus accumbens by cocaine are inversely related to basal levels: effects of acute and repeated administration. J Neurosci. 1992 Nov; 12(11):4372-80. PMID: 1432099.
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    344. Paulus MP, Geyer MA. The effects of MDMA and other methylenedioxy-substituted phenylalkylamines on the structure of rat locomotor activity. Neuropsychopharmacology. 1992 Aug; 7(1):15-31. PMID: 1355968.
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    345. Geyer MA, Paulus MP. Multivariate and nonlinear approaches to characterizing drug effects on the locomotor and investigatory behavior of rats. NIDA Res Monogr. 1992; 124:203-35. PMID: 1470213.
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    346. Paulus MP, Geyer MA. A temporal and spatial scaling hypothesis for the behavioral effects of psychostimulants. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1991; 104(1):6-16. PMID: 1679242.
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    347. Paulus MP, Geyer MA. A scaling approach to find order parameters quantifying the effects of dopaminergic agents on unconditioned motor activity in rats. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 1991; 15(6):903-19. PMID: 1684875.
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    348. Paulus MP, Geyer MA, Gold LH, Mandell AJ. Application of entropy measures derived from the ergodic theory of dynamical systems to rat locomotor behavior. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1990 Jan; 87(2):723-7. PMID: 1967830.
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