William Pelham

Title(s)Assistant Adjunct Professor, Psychiatry
SchoolVc-health Sciences-schools
Address9500 Gilman Drive #
La Jolla CA 92093
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0003-1480-570X Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Arizona State University, Tempe, AZPhD06/2020Clinical Psychology
    University of Washington, Seattle, WA06/2020Clinical Internship
    Dartmouth College, Hanover, NHBA06/2014Psychology
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    American Psychological Association, Division 53 2020Student Achievement Award in Research
    University of Washington, School of Medicine2020Joseph Becker Research Award
    Federation of Associations in Behavioral & Brain Sciences (FABBS) 2019Doctoral Dissertation Research Excellence Award
    Arizona State University2019Robert B. Cialdini Dissertation Project Prize in Psychology

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    I research externalizing spectrum psychopathology and substance use among children and adolescents. I am especially interested in the role of parenting and in strengthening our understanding of causal processes through theory development, quasi-experimental designs, and statistical analysis.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Development of practical screening tools to support targeted prevention of early, high-risk drinking substance use
    NIH/NIDA R21 DA058314Sep 30, 2023 - Aug 31, 2025
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Longitudinal associations of cannabis use and mental health among adolescents
    California Department of Cannabis Control Jun 15, 2023 - Jun 14, 2025
    Role: Co-PI
    Family processes underlying adolescent substance use and conduct problems: disentangling correlation and causation
    NIH/NIDA K08 DA055935Mar 1, 2022 - Feb 28, 2027
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adolescent drinking in a longitudinal cohort spanning 21 U.S. cities
    NIH/NIAAA R21 AA030197Mar 1, 2022 - Feb 29, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Identifying children and teens at risk for early onset alcohol use: an innovative application of machine learning algorithms to prevention
    NIH/NIAAA F31 AA026768Jul 30, 2018 - Jul 12, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Family Well-Being During the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Risks of Financial Insecurity and Coping. J Res Adolesc. 2023 03; 33(1):43-58. Gonzalez MR, Brown SA, Pelham WE, Bodison SC, McCabe C, Baker FC, Baskin-Sommers A, Dick AS, Dowling GJ, Gebreselassie S, Guillaume M, Marshall AT, Sheth C, Sowell ER, Van Rinsveld A, Tapert SF. PMID: 35748113; PMCID: PMC9349420.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    2. The effect of stimulant medication on the learning of academic curricula in children with ADHD: A randomized crossover study. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2022 May; 90(5):367-380. Pelham WE, Altszuler AR, Merrill BM, Raiker JS, Macphee FL, Ramos M, Gnagy EM, Greiner AR, Coles EK, Connor CM, Lonigan CJ, Burger L, Morrow AS, Zhao X, Swanson JM, Waxmonsky JG, Pelham WE. PMID: 35604744; PMCID: PMC9443328.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Did the acute impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on drinking or nicotine use persist? Evidence from a cohort of emerging adults followed for up to nine years. Addict Behav. 2022 08; 131:107313. Pelham WE, Yuksel D, Tapert SF, Baker FC, Pohl KM, Thompson WK, Podhajsky S, Reuter C, Zhao Q, Eberson-Shumate SC, Clark DB, Goldston DB, Nooner KB, Brown SA. PMID: 35413486; PMCID: PMC8949842.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    4. Resilience to COVID-19: Socioeconomic Disadvantage Associated With Positive Caregiver-Youth Communication and Youth Preventative Actions. Front Public Health. 2022; 10:734308. Marshall AT, Hackman DA, Baker FC, Breslin FJ, Brown SA, Dick AS, Gonzalez MR, Guillaume M, Kiss O, Lisdahl KM, McCabe CJ, Pelham WE, Sheth C, Tapert SF, Rinsveld AV, Wade NE, Sowell ER. PMID: 35223717; PMCID: PMC8865385.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    5. Validating a brief screening measure for early-onset substance use during adolescence in a diverse, nationwide birth cohort. Addict Behav. 2022 06; 129:107277. Pelham WE, Corbin WR, Meier MH. PMID: 35219034; PMCID: PMC9850803.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. The Pandemic's Toll on Young Adolescents: Prevention and Intervention Targets to Preserve Their Mental Health. J Adolesc Health. 2022 Mar; 70(3):387-395. Kiss O, Alzueta E, Yuksel D, Pohl KM, de Zambotti M, Muller-Oehring EM, Prouty D, Durley I, Pelham WE, McCabe CJ, Gonzalez MR, Brown SA, Wade NE, Marshall AT, Sowell ER, Breslin FJ, Lisdahl KM, Dick AS, Sheth CS, McCandliss BD, Guillaume M, Van Rinsveld AM, Dowling GJ, Tapert SF, Baker FC. PMID: 35090817; PMCID: PMC8789404.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    7. Parental Knowledge/Monitoring and Depressive Symptoms During Adolescence: Protective Factor or Spurious Association? Res Child Adolesc Psychopathol. 2022 07; 50(7):919-931. Pelham WE, Tapert SF, Gonzalez MR, Guillaume M, Dick AS, Sheth CS, Baker FC, Baskin-Sommers A, Marshall AT, Lisdahl KM, Breslin FJ, Van Rinsveld A, Brown SA. PMID: 35061153; PMCID: PMC8777180.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    8. Adolescent civic engagement: Lessons from Black Lives Matter. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2021 10 12; 118(41). Baskin-Sommers A, Simmons C, Conley M, Chang SA, Estrada S, Collins M, Pelham W, Beckford E, Mitchell-Adams H, Berrian N, Tapert SF, Gee DG, Casey BJ. PMID: 34607958; PMCID: PMC8521674.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Longitudinal Impact of Childhood Adversity on Early Adolescent Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the ABCD Study Cohort: Does Race or Ethnicity Moderate Findings? Biol Psychiatry Glob Open Sci. 2021 Dec; 1(4):324-335. Stinson EA, Sullivan RM, Peteet BJ, Tapert SF, Baker FC, Breslin FJ, Dick AS, Gonzalez MR, Guillaume M, Marshall AT, McCabe CJ, Pelham WE, Van Rinsveld A, Sheth CS, Sowell ER, Wade NE, Wallace AL, Lisdahl KM. PMID: 34608463; PMCID: PMC8479935.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20  
    10. Predictors of Changes in Height, Weight, and Body Mass Index After Initiation of Central Nervous System Stimulants in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. J Pediatr. 2022 02; 241:115-125.e2. Waxmonsky JG, Pelham WE, Baweja R, Hale D, Pelham WE. PMID: 34571023; PMCID: PMC8792191.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Early Adolescent Substance Use Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Survey in the ABCD Study Cohort. J Adolesc Health. 2021 09; 69(3):390-397. Pelham WE, Tapert SF, Gonzalez MR, McCabe CJ, Lisdahl KM, Alzueta E, Baker FC, Breslin FJ, Dick AS, Dowling GJ, Guillaume M, Hoffman EA, Marshall AT, McCandliss BD, Sheth CS, Sowell ER, Thompson WK, Van Rinsveld AM, Wade NE, Brown SA. PMID: 34452728; PMCID: PMC8768966.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    12. The Impact of Persistent Irritability on the Medication Treatment of Paediatric Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Front Psychiatry. 2021; 12:699687. Baweja R, Waschbusch DA, Pelham WE, Pelham WE, Waxmonsky JG. PMID: 34366928; PMCID: PMC8333707.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3  
    13. Baseline brain function in the preadolescents of the ABCD Study. Nat Neurosci. 2021 08; 24(8):1176-1186. Chaarani B, Hahn S, Allgaier N, Adise S, Owens MM, Juliano AC, Yuan DK, Loso H, Ivanciu A, Albaugh MD, Dumas J, Mackey S, Laurent J, Ivanova M, Hagler DJ, Cornejo MD, Hatton S, Agrawal A, Aguinaldo L, Ahonen L, Aklin W, Anokhin AP, Arroyo J, Avenevoli S, Babcock D, Bagot K, Baker FC, Banich MT, Barch DM, Bartsch H, Baskin-Sommers A, Bjork JM, Blachman-Demner D, Bloch M, Bogdan R, Bookheimer SY, Breslin F, Brown S, Calabro FJ, Calhoun V, Casey BJ, Chang L, Clark DB, Cloak C, Constable RT, Constable K, Corley R, Cottler LB, Coxe S, Dagher RK, Dale AM, Dapretto M, Delcarmen-Wiggins R, Dick AS, Do EK, Dosenbach NUF, Dowling GJ, Edwards S, Ernst TM, Fair DA, Fan CC, Feczko E, Feldstein-Ewing SW, Florsheim P, Foxe JJ, Freedman EG, Friedman NP, Friedman-Hill S, Fuemmeler BF, Galvan A, Gee DG, Giedd J, Glantz M, Glaser P, Godino J, Gonzalez M, Gonzalez R, Grant S, Gray KM, Haist F, Harms MP, Hawes S, Heath AC, Heeringa S, Heitzeg MM, Hermosillo R, Herting MM, Hettema JM, Hewitt JK, Heyser C, Hoffman E, Howlett K, Huber RS, Huestis MA, Hyde LW, Iacono WG, Infante MA, Irfanoglu O, Isaiah A, Iyengar S, Jacobus J, James R, Jean-Francois B, Jernigan T, Karcher NR, Kaufman A, Kelley B, Kit B, Ksinan A, Kuperman J, Laird AR, Larson C, LeBlanc K, Lessov-Schlagger C, Lever N, Lewis DA, Lisdahl K, Little AR, Lopez M, Luciana M, Luna B, Madden PA, Maes HH, Makowski C, Marshall AT, Mason MJ, Matochik J, McCandliss BD, McGlade E, Montoya I, Morgan G, Morris A, Mulford C, Murray P, Nagel BJ, Neale MC, Neigh G, Nencka A, Noronha A, Nixon SJ, Palmer CE, Pariyadath V, Paulus MP, Pelham WE, Pfefferbaum D, Pierpaoli C, Prescot A, Prouty D, Puttler LI, Rajapaske N, Rapuano KM, Reeves G, Renshaw PF, Riedel MC, Rojas P, de la Rosa M, Rosenberg MD, Ross MJ, Sanchez M, Schirda C, Schloesser D, Schulenberg J, Sher KJ, Sheth C, Shilling PD, Simmons WK, Sowell ER, Speer N, Spittel M, Squeglia LM, Sripada C, Steinberg J, Striley C, Sutherland MT, Tanabe J, Tapert SF, Thompson W, Tomko RL, Uban KA, Vrieze S, Wade NE, Watts R, Weiss S, Wiens BA, Williams OD, Wilbur A, Wing D, Wolff-Hughes D, Yang R, Yurgelun-Todd DA, Zucker RA, Potter A, Garavan HP, ABCD Consortium. PMID: 34099922; PMCID: PMC8947197.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Estimating classification consistency of screening measures and quantifying the impact of measurement bias. Psychol Assess. 2021 Jul; 33(7):596-609. Gonzalez O, Georgeson AR, Pelham WE, Fouladi RT. PMID: 33998821; PMCID: PMC8412438.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    15. Resilience to COVID-19: Socioeconomic Disadvantage Associated With Higher Positive Parent-youth Communication and Youth Disease-prevention Behavior. Res Sq. 2021 Apr 23. Marshall A, Hackman D, Baker F, Breslin F, Brown S, Dick A, Gonzalez M, Guillaume M, Kiss O, Lisdahl K, McCabe C, Pelham W, Sheth C, Tapert S, Van Rinsveld A, Wade N, Sowell E. PMID: 34013256; PMCID: PMC8132250.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    16. Depression in mothers and the externalizing and internalizing behavior of children: An attempt to go beyond association. J Abnorm Psychol. 2021 Jan; 130(1):60-77. Pelham WE, West SG, Lemery-Chalfant K, Goodman SH, Wilson MN, Dishion TJ, Shaw DS. PMID: 33211504.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. When Does Differential Item Functioning Matter for Screening? A Method for Empirical Evaluation. Assessment. 2021 03; 28(2):446-456. Gonzalez O, Pelham WE. PMID: 32248701; PMCID: PMC9705193.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    18. Correlation Database of 60 Cross-Disciplinary Surveys and Cognitive Tasks Assessing Self-Regulation. J Pers Assess. 2021 Mar-Apr; 103(2):238-245. Mazza GL, Smyth HL, Bissett PG, Canning JR, Eisenberg IW, Enkavi AZ, Gonzalez O, Kim SJ, Metcalf SA, Muniz F, Pelham WE, Scherer EA, Valente MJ, Xie H, Poldrack RA, Marsch LA, MacKinnon DP. PMID: 32148088; PMCID: PMC7483539.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Can Machine Learning Improve Screening for Targeted Delinquency Prevention Programs? Prev Sci. 2020 02; 21(2):158-170. Pelham WE, Petras H, Pardini DA. PMID: 31696355; PMCID: PMC7041896.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    20. Supporting Strategic Investment in Social Programs: a Cost Analysis of the Family Check-Up. Prev Sci. 2020 02; 21(2):256-267. Kuklinski MR, Crowley DM, Dishion TJ, Wilson MN, Pelham WE, Shaw DS. PMID: 31902038.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. The long-term financial outcome of children diagnosed with ADHD. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2020 Feb; 88(2):160-171. Pelham WE, Page TF, Altszuler AR, Gnagy EM, Molina BSG, Pelham WE. PMID: 31789549; PMCID: PMC6940517.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Evaluating the Factor Structure of Each Facet of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire. Mindfulness (N Y). 2019 Dec; 10(12):2629-2646. Pelham WE, Gonzalez O, Metcalf SA, Whicker CL, Witkiewitz K, Marsch LA, Mackinnon DP. PMID: 32099585; PMCID: PMC7041801.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    23. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Interventions for Growth Suppression in Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Treated With Central Nervous System Stimulants. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2020 12; 59(12):1330-1341. Waxmonsky JG, Pelham WE, Campa A, Waschbusch DA, Li T, Marshall R, Babocsai L, Humphery H, Gnagy E, Swanson J, Hanc T, Fallahazad N, Pelham WE. PMID: 31473291; PMCID: PMC7048642.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Randomized Trial of First-Line Behavioral Intervention to Reduce Need for Medication in Children with ADHD. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2020 Sep-Oct; 49(5):673-687. Coles EK, Pelham WE, Fabiano GA, Gnagy EM, Burrows-MacLean L, Wymbs BT, Chacko A, Walker KS, Wymbs F, Robb Mazzant J, Garefino A, Hoffman MT, Massetti GM, Page TF, Waschbusch DA, Waxmonsky JG, Pelham WE. PMID: 31411903; PMCID: PMC7018583.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Family Burden of Raising a Child with ADHD. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2019 08; 47(8):1327-1338. Zhao X, Page TF, Altszuler AR, Pelham WE, Kipp H, Gnagy EM, Coxe S, Schatz NK, Merrill BM, Macphee FL, Pelham WE. PMID: 30796648.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 52     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Item Response Theory Analysis of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire and its Short Forms. Mindfulness (N Y). 2019 Aug; 10(8):1615-1628. Pelham WE, Gonzalez O, Metcalf SA, Whicker CL, Scherer EA, Witkiewitz K, Marsch LA, Mackinnon DP. PMID: 31681450; PMCID: PMC6823990.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6  
    27. What Doesn't Work for Whom? Exploring Heterogeneity in Responsiveness to the Family Check-Up in Early Childhood Using a Mixture Model Approach. Prev Sci. 2017 Nov; 18(8):911-922. Pelham WE, Dishion TJ, Tein JY, Shaw DS, Wilson MN. PMID: 28550456; PMCID: PMC5693624.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Confounding in statistical mediation analysis: What it is and how to address it. J Couns Psychol. 2017 Nov; 64(6):659-671. Valente MJ, Pelham WE, Smyth H, MacKinnon DP. PMID: 29154577; PMCID: PMC5726285.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Prospective prediction of arrests for driving under the influence from relationship patterns with family and friends in adolescence. Addict Behav. 2018 03; 78:36-42. Pelham WE, Dishion TJ. PMID: 29125975; PMCID: PMC5783739.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Treatment Sequencing for Childhood ADHD: A Multiple-Randomization Study of Adaptive Medication and Behavioral Interventions. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2016 Jul-Aug; 45(4):396-415. Pelham WE, Fabiano GA, Waxmonsky JG, Greiner AR, Gnagy EM, Pelham WE, Coxe S, Verley J, Bhatia I, Hart K, Karch K, Konijnendijk E, Tresco K, Nahum-Shani I, Murphy SA. PMID: 26882332; PMCID: PMC4930381.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 78     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. The Oregon Model of Behavior Family Therapy: From Intervention Design to Promoting Large-Scale System Change. Behav Ther. 2016 11; 47(6):812-837. Dishion T, Forgatch M, Chamberlain P, Pelham WE. PMID: 27993335; PMCID: PMC5389456.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Comparative Cost Analysis of Sequential, Adaptive, Behavioral, Pharmacological, and Combined Treatments for Childhood ADHD. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2016 Jul-Aug; 45(4):416-27. Page TF, Pelham WE, Fabiano GA, Greiner AR, Gnagy EM, Hart KC, Coxe S, Waxmonsky JG, Foster EM, Pelham WE. PMID: 26808137; PMCID: PMC4930413.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans