Richard Buxton

Title(s)Emeritus Professor, Radiology
SchoolVc-health Sciences-schools
Address9500 Gilman Drive #
La Jolla CA 92093
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyPh.D.1981Physics
    Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyB.S.1976Physics
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine2010Elected a Fellow
    Gordon Research Conference on In Vivo Magnetic Resonance2006Chair
    Oxford University 2005Litchfield Lecturer

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Buxton is a physicist working in the field of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). His primary work focuses on understanding the connections between neural activity, blood flow and energy metabolism in the human brain. Experimental work combines arterial spin labeling (ASL) methods with blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) methods to estimate changes in brain oxygen metabolism in response to a stimulus or a drug. More theoretical work involves mathematical modeling of the imaging methods, the BOLD effect, and oxygen transport from blood to tissue. In addition to his research on the brain, he collaborates with pulmonary researchers in the Pulmonary Imaging Lab, working on the application of ASL methods to measure dynamic blood flow changes in the lung. Dr. Buxton is based at the Center for Functional MRI, and served as the Center’s founding Director (2000-2007). He has written a textbook on fMRI, now in its second edition, published by Cambridge University Press (2009).

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Defining Neurovascular Coupling Variability Using Quantitative Functional MRI
    NIH R21MH112969Jul 24, 2018 - May 31, 2021
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Dynamics of oxygen metabolism in the human brain
    NIH R21NS085478Jun 1, 2014 - May 31, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    A New Approach for Quantitative fMRI
    NIH R21NS081405Sep 1, 2012 - Aug 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Spatial-Temporal Dynamics of Blood Flow in the Normal Human Lung
    NIH R01HL104118Apr 1, 2011 - Mar 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The Hemodynamic Response to Brain Activation
    NIH R01NS042069Sep 30, 2002 - Aug 31, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The Physiological Basis of Functional MRI
    NIH R01NS036722Feb 20, 1998 - Apr 30, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Thermodynamic limitations on brain oxygen metabolism: physiological implications. J Physiol. 2024 Feb; 602(4):683-712. Buxton RB. PMID: 38349000.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Metabolic energetics underlying attractors in neural models. J Neurophysiol. 2024 Jan 01; 131(1):88-105. Buxton RB, Wong EC. PMID: 38056422.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    3. Baseline oxygen consumption decreases with cortical depth. PLoS Biol. 2022 10; 20(10):e3001440. Mächler P, Fomin-Thunemann N, Thunemann M, Sætra MJ, Desjardins M, Kiliç K, Amra LN, Martin EA, Chen IA, Sencan-Egilmez I, Li B, Saisan P, Jiang JX, Cheng Q, Weldy KL, Boas DA, Buxton RB, Einevoll GT, Dale AM, Sakadžic S, Devor A. PMID: 36301995; PMCID: PMC9642908.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    4. A novel nonlinear analysis of blood flow dynamics applied to the human lung. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2022 06 01; 132(6):1546-1559. Buxton RB, Prisk GK, Hopkins SR. PMID: 35421317; PMCID: PMC9190737.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. A Suite of Neurophotonic Tools to Underpin the Contribution of Internal Brain States in fMRI. Curr Opin Biomed Eng. 2021 Jun; 18. Mächler P, Broggini T, Mateo C, Thunemann M, Fomin-Thunemann N, Doran PR, Sencan I, Kilic K, Desjardins M, Uhlirova H, Yaseen MA, Boas DA, Linninger AA, Vergassola M, Yu X, Lewis LD, Polimeni JR, Rosen BR, Sakadžic S, Buxton RB, Lauritzen M, Kleinfeld D, Devor A. PMID: 33959688; PMCID: PMC8095678.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3  
    6. The thermodynamics of thinking: connections between neural activity, energy metabolism and blood flow. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2021 01 04; 376(1815):20190624. Buxton RB. PMID: 33190604; PMCID: PMC7741033.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    7. Hemodynamic latency is associated with reduced intelligence across the lifespan: an fMRI DCM study of aging, cerebrovascular integrity, and cognitive ability. Brain Struct Funct. 2020 Jul; 225(6):1705-1717. Anderson AE, Diaz-Santos M, Frei S, Dang BH, Kaur P, Lyden P, Buxton R, Douglas PK, Bilder RM, Esfandiari M, Friston KJ, Nookala U, Bookheimer SY. PMID: 32474754; PMCID: PMC9254437.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. The potential for gas-free measurements of absolute oxygen metabolism during both baseline and activation states in the human brain. Neuroimage. 2020 02 15; 207:116342. Liu EY, Guo J, Simon AB, Haist F, Dubowitz DJ, Buxton RB. PMID: 31722231; PMCID: PMC6995433.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Regional pulmonary perfusion patterns in humans are not significantly altered by inspiratory hypercapnia. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2019 08 01; 127(2):365-375. Asadi AK, Sá RC, Arai TJ, Theilmann RJ, Hopkins SR, Buxton RB, Prisk GK. PMID: 31169470; PMCID: PMC6732437.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Dependence of the MR signal on the magnetic susceptibility of blood studied with models based on real microvascular networks. Magn Reson Med. 2019 06; 81(6):3865-3874. Cheng X, Berman AJL, Polimeni JR, Buxton RB, Gagnon L, Devor A, Sakadžic S, Boas DA. PMID: 30659643; PMCID: PMC6435380.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    11. Awake Mouse Imaging: From Two-Photon Microscopy to Blood Oxygen Level-Dependent Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2019 06; 4(6):533-542. Desjardins M, Kiliç K, Thunemann M, Mateo C, Holland D, Ferri CGL, Cremonesi JA, Li B, Cheng Q, Weldy KL, Saisan PA, Kleinfeld D, Komiyama T, Liu TT, Bussell R, Wong EC, Scadeng M, Dunn AK, Boas DA, Sakadžic S, Mandeville JB, Buxton RB, Dale AM, Devor A. PMID: 30691968; PMCID: PMC6556427.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    12. Cerebral blood volume changes during the BOLD post-stimulus undershoot measured with a combined normoxia/hyperoxia method. Neuroimage. 2019 01 15; 185:154-163. Liu EY, Haist F, Dubowitz DJ, Buxton RB. PMID: 30315908; PMCID: PMC6292691.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    
    13. Post-stimulus fMRI and EEG responses: Evidence for a neuronal origin hypothesised to be inhibitory. Neuroimage. 2017 08 15; 157:388-399. Mullinger KJ, Cherukara MT, Buxton RB, Francis ST, Mayhew SD. PMID: 28610902; PMCID: PMC6475192.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Two-photon microscopy measurement of cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen using periarteriolar oxygen concentration gradients. Neurophotonics. 2016 Oct; 3(4):045005. Sakadžic S, Yaseen MA, Jaswal R, Roussakis E, Dale AM, Buxton RB, Vinogradov SA, Boas DA, Devor A. PMID: 27774493; PMCID: PMC5066455.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24  
    15. Validation and optimization of hypercapnic-calibrated fMRI from oxygen-sensitive two-photon microscopy. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2016 10 05; 371(1705). Gagnon L, Sakadžic S, Lesage F, Pouliot P, Dale AM, Devor A, Buxton RB, Boas DA. PMID: 27574311; PMCID: PMC5003859.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    16. The roadmap for estimation of cell-type-specific neuronal activity from non-invasive measurements. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2016 10 05; 371(1705). Uhlirova H, Kiliç K, Tian P, Sakadžic S, Gagnon L, Thunemann M, Desjardins M, Saisan PA, Nizar K, Yaseen MA, Hagler DJ, Vandenberghe M, Djurovic S, Andreassen OA, Silva GA, Masliah E, Kleinfeld D, Vinogradov S, Buxton RB, Einevoll GT, Boas DA, Dale AM, Devor A. PMID: 27574309; PMCID: PMC5003857.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    17. Cell type specificity of neurovascular coupling in cerebral cortex. Elife. 2016 05 31; 5. Uhlirova H, Kiliç K, Tian P, Thunemann M, Desjardins M, Saisan PA, Sakadžic S, Ness TV, Mateo C, Cheng Q, Weldy KL, Razoux F, Vandenberghe M, Cremonesi JA, Ferri CG, Nizar K, Sridhar VB, Steed TC, Abashin M, Fainman Y, Masliah E, Djurovic S, Andreassen OA, Silva GA, Boas DA, Kleinfeld D, Buxton RB, Einevoll GT, Dale AM, Devor A. PMID: 27244241; PMCID: PMC4933561.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 110     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    18. Measurement of oxygen extraction fraction (OEF): An optimized BOLD signal model for use with hypercapnic and hyperoxic calibration. Neuroimage. 2016 Apr 01; 129:159-174. Merola A, Murphy K, Stone AJ, Germuska MA, Griffeth VEM, Blockley NP, Buxton RB, Wise RG. PMID: 26801605.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. A novel Bayesian approach to accounting for uncertainty in fMRI-derived estimates of cerebral oxygen metabolism fluctuations. Neuroimage. 2016 Apr 01; 129:198-213. Simon AB, Dubowitz DJ, Blockley NP, Buxton RB. PMID: 26790354; PMCID: PMC4830424.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Beyond BOLD correlations: A more quantitative approach for investigating brain networks. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2016 Mar; 36(3):461-2. Buxton RB. PMID: 26661228; PMCID: PMC4794101.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Acetazolamide during acute hypoxia improves tissue oxygenation in the human brain. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2015 Dec 15; 119(12):1494-500. Wang K, Smith ZM, Buxton RB, Swenson ER, Dubowitz DJ. PMID: 26472861; PMCID: PMC4683345.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Wedge-shaped slice-selective adiabatic inversion pulse for controlling temporal width of bolus in pulsed arterial spin labeling. Magn Reson Med. 2016 09; 76(3):838-47. Guo J, Buxton RB, Wong EC. PMID: 26451521; PMCID: PMC4826647.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. A statistical clustering approach to discriminating perfusion from conduit vessel signal contributions in a pulmonary ASL MR image. NMR Biomed. 2015 Sep; 28(9):1117-24. Walker SC, Asadi AK, Hopkins SR, Buxton RB, Prisk GK. PMID: 26182890; PMCID: PMC4537803.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Striatal and Pallidal Activation during Reward Modulated Movement Using a Translational Paradigm. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2015 Jul; 21(6):399-411. Bischoff-Grethe A, Buxton RB, Paulus MP, Fleisher AS, Yang TT, Brown GG. PMID: 26156687; PMCID: PMC4668805.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    25. Understanding the dynamic relationship between cerebral blood flow and the BOLD signal: Implications for quantitative functional MRI. Neuroimage. 2015 Aug 01; 116:158-67. Simon AB, Buxton RB. PMID: 25862267; PMCID: PMC4468003.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Quantifying the microvascular origin of BOLD-fMRI from first principles with two-photon microscopy and an oxygen-sensitive nanoprobe. J Neurosci. 2015 Feb 25; 35(8):3663-75. Gagnon L, Sakadžic S, Lesage F, Musacchia JJ, Lefebvre J, Fang Q, Yücel MA, Evans KC, Mandeville ET, Cohen-Adad J, Polimeni JR, Yaseen MA, Lo EH, Greve DN, Buxton RB, Dale AM, Devor A, Boas DA. PMID: 25716864; PMCID: PMC4339366.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 105     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    27. Inhaled nitric oxide alters the distribution of blood flow in the healthy human lung, suggesting active hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction in normoxia. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2015 Feb 01; 118(3):331-43. Asadi AK, Sá RC, Kim NH, Theilmann RJ, Hopkins SR, Buxton RB, Prisk GK. PMID: 25429099; PMCID: PMC4312852.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Calibrating the BOLD response without administering gases: comparison of hypercapnia calibration with calibration using an asymmetric spin echo. Neuroimage. 2015 Jan 01; 104:423-9. Blockley NP, Griffeth VE, Simon AB, Dubowitz DJ, Buxton RB. PMID: 25451475; PMCID: PMC4803316.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. The coupling of cerebral blood flow and oxygen metabolism with brain activation is similar for simple and complex stimuli in human primary visual cortex. Neuroimage. 2015 Jan 01; 104:156-62. Griffeth VE, Simon AB, Buxton RB. PMID: 25312771; PMCID: PMC4361075.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. 3-Nitropropionic acid-induced ischemia tolerance in the rat brain is mediated by reduced metabolic activity and cerebral blood flow. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2014 Sep; 34(9):1522-30. Bracko O, Di Pietro V, Lazzarino G, Amorini AM, Tavazzi B, Artmann J, Wong EC, Buxton RB, Weller M, Luft AR, Wegener S. PMID: 24938399; PMCID: PMC4158668.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    31. Variability of the coupling of blood flow and oxygen metabolism responses in the brain: a problem for interpreting BOLD studies but potentially a new window on the underlying neural activity. Front Neurosci. 2014; 8:139. Buxton RB, Griffeth VE, Simon AB, Moradi F, Shmuel A. PMID: 24966808; PMCID: PMC4052822.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37  
    32. The challenge of connecting the dots in the B.R.A.I.N. Neuron. 2013 Oct 16; 80(2):270-4. Devor A, Bandettini PA, Boas DA, Bower JM, Buxton RB, Cohen LB, Dale AM, Einevoll GT, Fox PT, Franceschini MA, Friston KJ, Fujimoto JG, Geyer MA, Greenberg JH, Halgren E, Hämäläinen MS, Helmchen F, Hyman BT, Jasanoff A, Jernigan TL, Judd LL, Kim SG, Kleinfeld D, Kopell NJ, Kutas M, Kwong KK, Larkum ME, Lo EH, Magistretti PJ, Mandeville JB, Masliah E, Mitra PP, Mobley WC, Moskowitz MA, Nimmerjahn A, Reynolds JH, Rosen BR, Salzberg BM, Schaffer CB, Silva GA, So PT, Spitzer NC, Tootell RB, Van Essen DC, Vanduffel W, Vinogradov SA, Wald LL, Wang LV, Weber B, Yodh AG. PMID: 24139032; PMCID: PMC3864648.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 33     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    33. The physics of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Rep Prog Phys. 2013 Sep; 76(9):096601. Buxton RB. PMID: 24006360; PMCID: PMC4376284.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 86     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    34. A New Functional MRI Approach for Investigating Modulations of Brain Oxygen Metabolism. PLoS One. 2013; 8(6):e68122. Griffeth VE, Blockley NP, Simon AB, Buxton RB. PMID: 23826367; PMCID: PMC3694916.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. The time of maximum post-ischemic hyperperfusion indicates infarct growth following transient experimental ischemia. PLoS One. 2013; 8(5):e65322. Wegener S, Artmann J, Luft AR, Buxton RB, Weller M, Wong EC. PMID: 23741488; PMCID: PMC3669346.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    36. Adaptation of cerebral oxygen metabolism and blood flow and modulation of neurovascular coupling with prolonged stimulation in human visual cortex. Neuroimage. 2013 Nov 15; 82:182-9. Moradi F, Buxton RB. PMID: 23732885; PMCID: PMC3786332.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. The gravitational distribution of ventilation-perfusion ratio is more uniform in prone than supine posture in the normal human lung. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2013 Aug 01; 115(3):313-24. Henderson AC, Sá RC, Theilmann RJ, Buxton RB, Prisk GK, Hopkins SR. PMID: 23620488; PMCID: PMC3743008.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 55     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. A novel method of combining blood oxygenation and blood flow sensitive magnetic resonance imaging techniques to measure the cerebral blood flow and oxygen metabolism responses to an unknown neural stimulus. PLoS One. 2013; 8(1):e54816. Simon AB, Griffeth VE, Wong EC, Buxton RB. PMID: 23382977; PMCID: PMC3561406.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. An analysis of the use of hyperoxia for measuring venous cerebral blood volume: comparison of the existing method with a new analysis approach. Neuroimage. 2013 May 15; 72:33-40. Blockley NP, Griffeth VE, Germuska MA, Bulte DP, Buxton RB. PMID: 23370053; PMCID: PMC4012834.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Coupling of cerebral blood flow and oxygen metabolism is conserved for chromatic and luminance stimuli in human visual cortex. Neuroimage. 2013 Mar; 68:221-8. Leontiev O, Buracas GT, Liang C, Ances BM, Perthen JE, Shmuel A, Buxton RB. PMID: 23238435; PMCID: PMC3558279.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Spatial-temporal dynamics of pulmonary blood flow in the healthy human lung in response to altered FI(O2). J Appl Physiol (1985). 2013 Jan 01; 114(1):107-18. Asadi AK, Cronin MV, Sá RC, Theilmann RJ, Holverda S, Hopkins SR, Buxton RB, Prisk GK. PMID: 23104691; PMCID: PMC3544514.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. A review of calibrated blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) methods for the measurement of task-induced changes in brain oxygen metabolism. NMR Biomed. 2013 Aug; 26(8):987-1003. Blockley NP, Griffeth VE, Simon AB, Buxton RB. PMID: 22945365; PMCID: PMC3639302.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 69     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Luminance contrast of a visual stimulus modulates the BOLD response more than the cerebral blood flow response in the human brain. Neuroimage. 2013 Jan 01; 64:104-11. Liang CL, Ances BM, Perthen JE, Moradi F, Liau J, Buracas GT, Hopkins SR, Buxton RB. PMID: 22963855; PMCID: PMC3545642.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Imaging for lung physiology: what do we wish we could measure? J Appl Physiol (1985). 2012 Jul; 113(2):317-27. Robertson HT, Buxton RB. PMID: 22582217; PMCID: PMC5504391.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    45. Assessing potential errors of MRI-based measurements of pulmonary blood flow using a detailed network flow model. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2012 Jul; 113(1):130-41. Burrowes KS, Buxton RB, Prisk GK. PMID: 22539167; PMCID: PMC3404828.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Dynamic models of BOLD contrast. Neuroimage. 2012 Aug 15; 62(2):953-61. Buxton RB. PMID: 22245339; PMCID: PMC3545646.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 83     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Rapid intravenous infusion of 20 mL/kg saline alters the distribution of perfusion in healthy supine humans. Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2012 Mar 15; 180(2-3):331-41. Henderson AC, Sá RC, Barash IA, Holverda S, Buxton RB, Hopkins SR, Prisk GK. PMID: 22227320; PMCID: PMC3273583.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. A general analysis of calibrated BOLD methodology for measuring CMRO2 responses: comparison of a new approach with existing methods. Neuroimage. 2012 Mar; 60(1):279-89. Blockley NP, Griffeth VE, Buxton RB. PMID: 22155329; PMCID: PMC3288960.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    
    49. "Overshoot" of O₂ is required to maintain baseline tissue oxygenation at locations distal to blood vessels. J Neurosci. 2011 Sep 21; 31(38):13676-81. Devor A, Sakadzic S, Saisan PA, Yaseen MA, Roussakis E, Srinivasan VJ, Vinogradov SA, Rosen BR, Buxton RB, Dale AM, Boas DA. PMID: 21940458; PMCID: PMC3188944.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 99     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    50. A pathophysiological framework of hippocampal dysfunction in ageing and disease. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2011 Sep 07; 12(10):585-601. Small SA, Schobel SA, Buxton RB, Witter MP, Barnes CA. PMID: 21897434; PMCID: PMC3312472.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 442     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    51. On multiple alternating steady states induced by periodic spin phase perturbation waveforms. Magn Reson Med. 2012 May; 67(5):1412-8. Buracas GT, Jung Y, Lee J, Buxton RB, Wong EC, Liu TT. PMID: 21826730; PMCID: PMC3278556.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Attention strongly increases oxygen metabolic response to stimulus in primary visual cortex. Neuroimage. 2012 Jan 02; 59(1):601-7. Moradi F, Buracas GT, Buxton RB. PMID: 21839179; PMCID: PMC3195991.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. A theoretical framework for estimating cerebral oxygen metabolism changes using the calibrated-BOLD method: modeling the effects of blood volume distribution, hematocrit, oxygen extraction fraction, and tissue signal properties on the BOLD signal. Neuroimage. 2011 Sep 01; 58(1):198-212. Griffeth VE, Buxton RB. PMID: 21669292; PMCID: PMC3187858.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 86     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Magnetic resonance imaging quantification of pulmonary perfusion using calibrated arterial spin labeling. J Vis Exp. 2011 May 30; (51). Arai TJ, Prisk GK, Holverda S, Sá RC, Theilmann RJ, Henderson AC, Cronin MV, Buxton RB, Hopkins SR. PMID: 21673635; PMCID: PMC3197117.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Prospects for quantitative fMRI: investigating the effects of caffeine on baseline oxygen metabolism and the response to a visual stimulus in humans. Neuroimage. 2011 Aug 01; 57(3):809-16. Griffeth VE, Perthen JE, Buxton RB. PMID: 21586328; PMCID: PMC3172084.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 47     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. Depression of cortical activity in humans by mild hypercapnia. Hum Brain Mapp. 2012 Mar; 33(3):715-26. Thesen T, Leontiev O, Song T, Dehghani N, Hagler DJ, Huang M, Buxton R, Halgren E. PMID: 21500313; PMCID: PMC3558280.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. HIV and chronic methamphetamine dependence affect cerebral blood flow. J Neuroimmune Pharmacol. 2011 Sep; 6(3):409-19. Ances BM, Vaida F, Cherner M, Yeh MJ, Liang CL, Gardner C, Grant I, Ellis RJ, Buxton RB, HIV Neurobehavioral Research Center (HNRC) Group. PMID: 21431471; PMCID: PMC3251315.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Test-retest stability of calibrated BOLD-fMRI in HIV- and HIV+ subjects. Neuroimage. 2011 Feb 01; 54(3):2156-62. Ances B, Vaida F, Ellis R, Buxton R. PMID: 20932922; PMCID: PMC3229916.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Vertical distribution of specific ventilation in normal supine humans measured by oxygen-enhanced proton MRI. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2010 Dec; 109(6):1950-9. Sá RC, Cronin MV, Henderson AC, Holverda S, Theilmann RJ, Arai TJ, Dubowitz DJ, Hopkins SR, Buxton RB, Prisk GK. PMID: 20930129; PMCID: PMC3006418.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 49     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Lung volume does not alter the distribution of pulmonary perfusion in dependent lung in supine humans. J Physiol. 2010 Dec 01; 588(Pt 23):4759-68. Hopkins SR, Arai TJ, Henderson AC, Levin DL, Buxton RB, Kim Prisk G. PMID: 20921195; PMCID: PMC3010144.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    61. Perfusion imaging and stroke: A more sensitive measure of the brain bases of cognitive deficits. Aphasiology. 2002; 16(9):873-883. Love T, Swinney D, Wong E, Buxton R. PMID: 30906100; PMCID: PMC6428076.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24  
    62. Cortical depth-specific microvascular dilation underlies laminar differences in blood oxygenation level-dependent functional MRI signal. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Aug 24; 107(34):15246-51. Tian P, Teng IC, May LD, Kurz R, Lu K, Scadeng M, Hillman EM, De Crespigny AJ, D'Arceuil HE, Mandeville JB, Marota JJ, Rosen BR, Liu TT, Boas DA, Buxton RB, Dale AM, Devor A. PMID: 20696904; PMCID: PMC2930564.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 163     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    63. Interpreting oxygenation-based neuroimaging signals: the importance and the challenge of understanding brain oxygen metabolism. Front Neuroenergetics. 2010; 2:8. Buxton RB. PMID: 20616882; PMCID: PMC2899519.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 111  
    64. HIV infection and aging independently affect brain function as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging. J Infect Dis. 2010 Feb 01; 201(3):336-40. Ances BM, Vaida F, Yeh MJ, Liang CL, Buxton RB, Letendre S, McCutchan JA, Ellis RJ. PMID: 20047503; PMCID: PMC2804778.
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    65. Characterizing pulmonary blood flow distribution measured using arterial spin labeling. NMR Biomed. 2009 Dec; 22(10):1025-35. Henderson AC, Prisk GK, Levin DL, Hopkins SR, Buxton RB. PMID: 19492332; PMCID: PMC2836845.
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    66. Pulmonary perfusion heterogeneity is increased by sustained, heavy exercise in humans. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2009 Nov; 107(5):1559-68. Burnham KJ, Arai TJ, Dubowitz DJ, Henderson AC, Holverda S, Buxton RB, Prisk GK, Hopkins SR. PMID: 19745192; PMCID: PMC2777793.
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    67. Quantitative MRI measurement of lung density must account for the change in T(2) (*) with lung inflation. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2009 Sep; 30(3):527-34. Theilmann RJ, Arai TJ, Samiee A, Dubowitz DJ, Hopkins SR, Buxton RB, Prisk GK. PMID: 19630079; PMCID: PMC3354915.
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    68. Resting cerebral blood flow: a potential biomarker of the effects of HIV in the brain. Neurology. 2009 Sep 01; 73(9):702-8. Ances BM, Sisti D, Vaida F, Liang CL, Leontiev O, Perthen JE, Buxton RB, Benson D, Smith DM, Little SJ, Richman DD, Moore DJ, Ellis RJ, HNRC group. PMID: 19720977; PMCID: PMC2734291.
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    69. Resting-state BOLD networks versus task-associated functional MRI for distinguishing Alzheimer's disease risk groups. Neuroimage. 2009 Oct 01; 47(4):1678-90. Fleisher AS, Sherzai A, Taylor C, Langbaum JB, Chen K, Buxton RB. PMID: 19539034; PMCID: PMC2722694.
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    70. Early brain swelling in acute hypoxia. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2009 Jul; 107(1):244-52. Dubowitz DJ, Dyer EA, Theilmann RJ, Buxton RB, Hopkins SR. PMID: 19423837; PMCID: PMC2711789.
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    71. Effects of aging on cerebral blood flow, oxygen metabolism, and blood oxygenation level dependent responses to visual stimulation. Hum Brain Mapp. 2009 Apr; 30(4):1120-32. Ances BM, Liang CL, Leontiev O, Perthen JE, Fleisher AS, Lansing AE, Buxton RB. PMID: 18465743; PMCID: PMC2810490.
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    72. Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction does not contribute to pulmonary blood flow heterogeneity in normoxia in normal supine humans. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2009 Apr; 106(4):1057-64. Arai TJ, Henderson AC, Dubowitz DJ, Levin DL, Friedman PJ, Buxton RB, Prisk GK, Hopkins SR. PMID: 19057006; PMCID: PMC2698636.
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    73. Cerebral perfusion and oxygenation differences in Alzheimer's disease risk. Neurobiol Aging. 2009 Nov; 30(11):1737-48. Fleisher AS, Podraza KM, Bangen KJ, Taylor C, Sherzai A, Sidhar K, Liu TT, Dale AM, Buxton RB. PMID: 18325636; PMCID: PMC2746874.
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    74. Imaging periodic currents using alternating balanced steady-state free precession. Magn Reson Med. 2008 Jan; 59(1):140-8. Buracas GT, Liu TT, Buxton RB, Frank LR, Wong EC. PMID: 18050317.
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    75. Regional differences in the coupling of cerebral blood flow and oxygen metabolism changes in response to activation: implications for BOLD-fMRI. Neuroimage. 2008 Feb 15; 39(4):1510-21. Ances BM, Leontiev O, Perthen JE, Liang C, Lansing AE, Buxton RB. PMID: 18164629; PMCID: PMC2819080.
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    76. Caffeine-induced uncoupling of cerebral blood flow and oxygen metabolism: a calibrated BOLD fMRI study. Neuroimage. 2008 Mar 01; 40(1):237-47. Perthen JE, Lansing AE, Liau J, Liu TT, Buxton RB. PMID: 18191583; PMCID: PMC2716699.
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    77. Regional cerebral blood flow during acute hypoxia in individuals susceptible to acute mountain sickness. Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2008 Feb 29; 160(3):267-76. Dyer EA, Hopkins SR, Perthen JE, Buxton RB, Dubowitz DJ. PMID: 18088570; PMCID: PMC2387187.
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    78. Vascular space occupancy weighted imaging with control of residual blood signal and higher contrast-to-noise ratio. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2007 Oct; 26(10):1319-27. Wu WC, Buxton RB, Wong EC. PMID: 17948723.
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    79. Pulmonary perfusion in the prone and supine postures in the normal human lung. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2007 Sep; 103(3):883-94. Prisk GK, Yamada K, Henderson AC, Arai TJ, Levin DL, Buxton RB, Hopkins SR. PMID: 17569767; PMCID: PMC2399900.
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    80. A primer on functional magnetic resonance imaging. Neuropsychol Rev. 2007 Jun; 17(2):107-25. Brown GG, Perthen JE, Liu TT, Buxton RB. PMID: 17468956.
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    81. Vertical gradients in regional lung density and perfusion in the supine human lung: the Slinky effect. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2007 Jul; 103(1):240-8. Hopkins SR, Henderson AC, Levin DL, Yamada K, Arai T, Buxton RB, Prisk GK. PMID: 17395757; PMCID: PMC2399899.
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    82. CBF/CMRO2 coupling measured with calibrated BOLD fMRI: sources of bias. Neuroimage. 2007 Jul 15; 36(4):1110-22. Leontiev O, Dubowitz DJ, Buxton RB. PMID: 17524665; PMCID: PMC2038985.
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    83. Effects of age on pulmonary perfusion heterogeneity measured by magnetic resonance imaging. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2007 May; 102(5):2064-70. Levin DL, Buxton RB, Spiess JP, Arai T, Balouch J, Hopkins SR. PMID: 17303711.
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    84. Reproducibility of BOLD, perfusion, and CMRO2 measurements with calibrated-BOLD fMRI. Neuroimage. 2007 Mar; 35(1):175-84. Leontiev O, Buxton RB. PMID: 17208013; PMCID: PMC2038869.
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    85. Quantification of regional pulmonary blood flow using ASL-FAIRER. Magn Reson Med. 2006 Jun; 55(6):1308-17. Bolar DS, Levin DL, Hopkins SR, Frank LF, Liu TT, Wong EC, Buxton RB. PMID: 16680681.
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    86. The clinical potential of functional magnetic resonance imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2006 Jun; 23(6):787-93. Jezzard P, Buxton RB. PMID: 16649209.
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    87. Steep head-down tilt has persisting effects on the distribution of pulmonary blood flow. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2006 Aug; 101(2):583-9. Henderson AC, Levin DL, Hopkins SR, Olfert IM, Buxton RB, Prisk GK. PMID: 16601308; PMCID: PMC3373314.
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    88. Quantifying CBF with arterial spin labeling. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2005 Dec; 22(6):723-6. Buxton RB. PMID: 16261574.
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    89. Gadolinium-DTPA-dextran: a macromolecular MR blood pool contrast agent. Acad Radiol. 2004 Dec; 11(12):1361-9. Sirlin CB, Vera DR, Corbeil JA, Caballero MB, Buxton RB, Mattrey RF. PMID: 15596374.
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    90. Caffeine alters the temporal dynamics of the visual BOLD response. Neuroimage. 2004 Dec; 23(4):1402-13. Liu TT, Behzadi Y, Restom K, Uludag K, Lu K, Buracas GT, Dubowitz DJ, Buxton RB. PMID: 15589104.
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    91. Coupling of cerebral blood flow and oxygen consumption during physiological activation and deactivation measured with fMRI. Neuroimage. 2004 Sep; 23(1):148-55. Uludag K, Dubowitz DJ, Yoder EJ, Restom K, Liu TT, Buxton RB. PMID: 15325361.
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    92. Measuring the effects of indomethacin on changes in cerebral oxidative metabolism and cerebral blood flow during sensorimotor activation. Magn Reson Med. 2004 May; 51(5):1088-9; author reply 1090. Uludag K, Buxton RB. PMID: 15122696.
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    93. Modeling the hemodynamic response to brain activation. Neuroimage. 2004; 23 Suppl 1:S220-33. Buxton RB, Uludag K, Dubowitz DJ, Liu TT. PMID: 15501093.
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    94. Discrepancies between BOLD and flow dynamics in primary and supplementary motor areas: application of the balloon model to the interpretation of BOLD transients. Neuroimage. 2004 Jan; 21(1):144-53. Obata T, Liu TT, Miller KL, Luh WM, Wong EC, Frank LR, Buxton RB. PMID: 14741651.
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    95. BOLD and perfusion response to finger-thumb apposition after acetazolamide administration: differential relationship to global perfusion. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2003 Jul; 23(7):829-37. Brown GG, Eyler Zorrilla LT, Georgy B, Kindermann SS, Wong EC, Buxton RB. PMID: 12843786.
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    96. Increased diffusion sensitivity with hyperechos. Magn Reson Med. 2003 Jun; 49(6):1098-105. Frank LR, Wong EC, Liu TT, Buxton RB. PMID: 12768588.
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    97. Alternative brain organization after prenatal cerebral injury: convergent fMRI and cognitive data. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2003 May; 9(4):604-22. Stiles J, Moses P, Roe K, Akshoomoff NA, Trauner D, Hesselink J, Wong EC, Frank LR, Buxton RB. PMID: 12755173.
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    98. Exploring developmental change in the neural bases of higher cognitive functions: the promise of functional magnetic resonance imaging. Dev Neuropsychol. 2003; 24(2-3):641-68. Stiles J, Moses P, Passarotti A, Dick FK, Buxton R. PMID: 14561565.
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    99. Functional MRI of global and local processing in children. Neuroimage. 2002 Jun; 16(2):415-24. Moses P, Roe K, Buxton RB, Wong EC, Frank LR, Stiles J. PMID: 12030826.
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    100. Encoding activity in the medial temporal lobe examined with anatomically constrained fMRI analysis. Hippocampus. 2002; 12(3):363-76. Reber PJ, Wong EC, Buxton RB. PMID: 12099487.
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    101. The elusive initial dip. Neuroimage. 2001 Jun; 13(6 Pt 1):953-8. Buxton RB. PMID: 11352601.
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    102. Nonlinear temporal dynamics of the cerebral blood flow response. Hum Brain Mapp. 2001 May; 13(1):1-12. Miller KL, Luh WM, Liu TT, Martinez A, Obata T, Wong EC, Frank LR, Buxton RB. PMID: 11284042; PMCID: PMC6871988.
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    103. Estimation of respiration-induced noise fluctuations from undersampled multislice fMRI data. Magn Reson Med. 2001 Apr; 45(4):635-44. Frank LR, Buxton RB, Wong EC. PMID: 11283992.
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    104. Detection power, estimation efficiency, and predictability in event-related fMRI. Neuroimage. 2001 Apr; 13(4):759-73. Liu TT, Frank LR, Wong EC, Buxton RB. PMID: 11305903.
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    105. T(1) and T(2) selective method for improved SNR in CSF-attenuated imaging: T(2)-FLAIR. Magn Reson Med. 2001 Mar; 45(3):529-32. Wong EC, Liu TT, Luh WM, Frank LR, Buxton RB. PMID: 11241715.
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    106. Putting spatial attention on the map: timing and localization of stimulus selection processes in striate and extrastriate visual areas. Vision Res. 2001; 41(10-11):1437-57. Martínez A, Di Russo F, Anllo-Vento L, Sereno MI, Buxton RB, Hillyard SA. PMID: 11322985.
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    107. Noninvasive pulmonary perfusion imaging by STAR-HASTE sequence. Magn Reson Med. 2000 Nov; 44(5):808-12. Hatabu H, Tadamura E, Prasad PV, Chen Q, Buxton R, Edelman RR. PMID: 11064417.
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    108. Altered brain response to verbal learning following sleep deprivation. Nature. 2000 Feb 10; 403(6770):655-7. Drummond SP, Brown GG, Gillin JC, Stricker JL, Wong EC, Buxton RB. PMID: 10688201.
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    109. Sleep deprivation-induced reduction in cortical functional response to serial subtraction. Neuroreport. 1999 Dec 16; 10(18):3745-8. Drummond SP, Brown GG, Stricker JL, Buxton RB, Wong EC, Gillin JC. PMID: 10716202.
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    110. Dynamic imaging of perfusion in human skeletal muscle during exercise with arterial spin labeling. Magn Reson Med. 1999 Aug; 42(2):258-67. Frank LR, Wong EC, Haseler LJ, Buxton RB. PMID: 10440950.
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    111. Mapping the physiological parameters of articular cartilage with magnetic resonance imaging. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 1999 Jun; 10(3):153-79. Frank LR, Wong EC, Buxton RB, Resnick D. PMID: 10565709.
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    112. Quantitative perfusion imaging using arterial spin labeling. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 1999 May; 9(2):333-42. Wong EC, Buxton RB, Frank LR. PMID: 10318718.
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    113. Brain activation and pupil response during covert performance of the Stroop Color Word task. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 1999 May; 5(4):308-19. Brown GG, Kindermann SS, Siegle GJ, Granholm E, Wong EC, Buxton RB. PMID: 10349294.
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    114. Involvement of striate and extrastriate visual cortical areas in spatial attention. Nat Neurosci. 1999 Apr; 2(4):364-9. Martínez A, Anllo-Vento L, Sereno MI, Frank LR, Buxton RB, Dubowitz DJ, Wong EC, Hinrichs H, Heinze HJ, Hillyard SA. PMID: 10204544.
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    115. A theoretical and experimental comparison of continuous and pulsed arterial spin labeling techniques for quantitative perfusion imaging. Magn Reson Med. 1998 Sep; 40(3):348-55. Wong EC, Buxton RB, Frank LR. PMID: 9727936.
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    116. A general kinetic model for quantitative perfusion imaging with arterial spin labeling. Magn Reson Med. 1998 Sep; 40(3):383-96. Buxton RB, Frank LR, Wong EC, Siewert B, Warach S, Edelman RR. PMID: 9727941.
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    117. Dynamics of blood flow and oxygenation changes during brain activation: the balloon model. Magn Reson Med. 1998 Jun; 39(6):855-64. Buxton RB, Wong EC, Frank LR. PMID: 9621908.
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    118. fMRI of monkey visual cortex. Neuron. 1998 Jun; 20(6):1051-7. Stefanacci L, Reber P, Costanza J, Wong E, Buxton R, Zola S, Squire L, Albright T. PMID: 9655492.
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    119. Quantitative imaging of perfusion using a single subtraction (QUIPSS and QUIPSS II). Magn Reson Med. 1998 May; 39(5):702-8. Wong EC, Buxton RB, Frank LR. PMID: 9581600.
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    120. Correction of off resonance-related distortion in echo-planar imaging using EPI-based field maps. Magn Reson Med. 1998 Feb; 39(2):328-30. Reber PJ, Wong EC, Buxton RB, Frank LR. PMID: 9469719.
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    121. Probabilistic analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging data. Magn Reson Med. 1998 Jan; 39(1):132-48. Frank LR, Buxton RB, Wong EC. PMID: 9438447.
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    122. Noninvasive comprehensive characterization of renal artery stenosis by combination of STAR angiography and EPISTAR perfusion imaging. Magn Reson Med. 1997 Nov; 38(5):776-87. Prasad PV, Kim D, Kaiser AM, Chavez D, Gladstone S, Li W, Buxton RB, Edelman RR. PMID: 9358452.
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    123. Slice profile effects in adiabatic inversion: application to multislice perfusion imaging. Magn Reson Med. 1997 Oct; 38(4):558-64. Frank LR, Wong EC, Buxton RB. PMID: 9324322.
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    124. Functional MR imaging during auditory word perception: a single-trial presentation paradigm. Brain Lang. 1997 Jun 01; 58(1):197-201. Hickok G, Love T, Swinney D, Wong EC, Buxton RB. PMID: 9184103.
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    125. Implementation of quantitative perfusion imaging techniques for functional brain mapping using pulsed arterial spin labeling. NMR Biomed. 1997 Jun-Aug; 10(4-5):237-49. Wong EC, Buxton RB, Frank LR. PMID: 9430354.
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    126. Hemispheric asymmetries in global and local processing: evidence from fMRI. Neuroreport. 1997 May 06; 8(7):1685-9. Martinez A, Moses P, Frank L, Buxton R, Wong E, Stiles J. PMID: 9189915.
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    127. Attentional activation of the cerebellum independent of motor involvement. Science. 1997 Mar 28; 275(5308):1940-3. Allen G, Buxton RB, Wong EC, Courchesne E. PMID: 9072973.
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    128. MR imaging truncation artifacts can create a false laminar appearance in cartilage. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1997 Feb; 168(2):547-54. Frank LR, Brossmann J, Buxton RB, Resnick D. PMID: 9016245.
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    129. A model for the coupling between cerebral blood flow and oxygen metabolism during neural stimulation. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1997 Jan; 17(1):64-72. Buxton RB, Frank LR. PMID: 8978388.
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    130. Sensory mapping in a congenitally deaf subject: MEG and fRMI studies of cross-modal non-plasticity. Hum Brain Mapp. 1997; 5(6):437-44. Hickok G, Poeppel D, Clark K, Buxton RB, Rowley HA, Roberts TP. PMID: 20408246.
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    131. Magnetic resonance detection of acute pulmonary emboli in a canine model with pathologic correlation. Acad Radiol. 1996 Dec; 3(12):1019-24. Huynh TV, Bergin CJ, Hauschildt J, Konopka RG, Bloor C, Buxton R. PMID: 9017017.
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    132. Flow dynamics in a fatal aneurysm of the basilar artery. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1996 Sep; 17(8):1417-21. Kerber CW, Hecht ST, Knox K, Buxton RB, Meltzer HS. PMID: 8883635; PMCID: PMC8338729.
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    133. 19F chemical shift imaging technique to measure intracellular pO2 in vivo using perflubron. Acad Radiol. 1995 Sep; 2(9):756-61. Tran HT, Guo Q, Schumacher DJ, Buxton RB, Mattrey RF. PMID: 9419636.
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    134. Blood flow dynamics in the vertebrobasilar system: correlation of a transparent elastic model and MR angiography. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1994 Apr; 15(4):733-45. Chong BW, Kerber CW, Buxton RB, Frank LR, Hesselink JR. PMID: 8010277; PMCID: PMC8334205.
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    135. Myocardial extraction of 1-[11C] betamethylheptadecanoic acid. J Nucl Med. 1994 Mar; 35(3):496-503. Elmaleh DR, Livni E, Alpert NM, Strauss HW, Buxton R, Fischman AJ. PMID: 8113905.
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    136. Monitoring of pO2 by spin-spin relaxation rate 1/T2 of 19F in a rabbit abscess model. Artif Cells Blood Substit Immobil Biotechnol. 1994; 22(4):1449-54. Guo Q, Mattrey RF, Guclu C, Buxton RB, Nalcioglu O. PMID: 7849956.
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    137. Contrast induced myocardial signal reduction: effect of lanthanide chelates on ultra high speed MR images. Magn Reson Imaging. 1994; 12(1):51-9. Kantor HL, Rzedzian RR, Buxton R, Berliner E, Beaulieu P, Rosen B, Brady TJ, Pykett IL. PMID: 8295508.
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    138. Pulsatile flow artifacts in 3D magnetic resonance imaging. Magn Reson Med. 1993 Sep; 30(3):296-304. Frank LR, Buxton RB, Kerber CW. PMID: 8412600.
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    139. Pulsatile flow artifacts in two-dimensional time-of-flight MR angiography: initial studies in elastic models of human carotid arteries. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1993 Jul-Aug; 3(4):625-36. Buxton RB, Kerber CW, Frank LR. PMID: 8347956.
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    140. The diffusion sensitivity of fast steady-state free precession imaging. Magn Reson Med. 1993 Feb; 29(2):235-43. Buxton RB. PMID: 8429788.
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    141. Distortions from curved flow in magnetic resonance imaging. Magn Reson Med. 1993 Jan; 29(1):84-93. Frank LR, Buxton RB. PMID: 8419746.
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    142. MR diffusion imaging of cerebral infarction in humans. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1992 Jul-Aug; 13(4):1097-102; discussion 1103-5. Chien D, Kwong KK, Gress DR, Buonanno FS, Buxton RB, Rosen BR. PMID: 1636519; PMCID: PMC8333580.
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    143. Elimination of oblique flow artifacts in magnetic resonance imaging. Magn Reson Med. 1992 Jun; 25(2):299-307. Frank LR, Crawley AP, Buxton RB. PMID: 1614313.
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    144. Correction of chemical-shift artifacts in 19F imaging of PFOB: a robust signed magnitude method. Magn Reson Med. 1992 Feb; 23(2):254-63. Lee HK, Nalcioglu O, Buxton RB. PMID: 1549040.
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    145. The use of Imagent BP in diagnostic imaging research and 19F magnetic resonance for PO2 measurements. Biomater Artif Cells Immobilization Biotechnol. 1992; 20(2-4):917-20. Mattrey RF, Schumacher DJ, Tran HT, Guo Q, Buxton RB. PMID: 1391533.
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    146. Quantitation of structural distortion of the cervical neural foramina in gradient-echo MR imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1991 Nov-Dec; 1(6):683-7. Tien RD, Buxton RB, Schwaighofer BW, Chu PK. PMID: 1823173.
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    147. Correction for chemical-shift artifacts in 19F imaging of PFOB: simultaneous multislice imaging. Magn Reson Med. 1991 Sep; 21(1):21-9. Lee HK, Nalcioglu O, Buxton RB. PMID: 1943676.
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    148. Target-point combination of MR images. Magn Reson Med. 1991 Mar; 18(1):102-15. Buxton RB, Greensite F. PMID: 2062223.
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    149. MR contrast due to microscopically heterogeneous magnetic susceptibility: numerical simulations and applications to cerebral physiology. Magn Reson Med. 1991 Feb; 17(2):336-47. Fisel CR, Ackerman JL, Buxton RB, Garrido L, Belliveau JW, Rosen BR, Brady TJ. PMID: 2062208.
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    150. Fatty infiltration of the liver: quantification with phase-contrast MR imaging at 1.5 T vs biopsy. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1991 Feb; 156(2):307-12. Levenson H, Greensite F, Hoefs J, Friloux L, Applegate G, Silva E, Kanel G, Buxton R. PMID: 1898804.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    151. MR diffusion imaging of the human brain. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1990 Jul-Aug; 14(4):514-20. Chien D, Buxton RB, Kwong KK, Brady TJ, Rosen BR. PMID: 2370348.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    152. Evaluation of the 11CO2 positron emission tomographic method for measuring brain pH. II. Quantitative pH mapping in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular diseases. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1989 Dec; 9(6):859-73. Senda M, Alpert NM, Mackay BC, Buxton RB, Correia JA, Weise SB, Ackerman RH, Dorer D, Buonanno FS. PMID: 2511212.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    153. Preliminary clinical results with low flip angle spin-echo MR imaging of the head and neck. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1989 Jul-Aug; 10(4):719-24. Chisin R, Buxton RB, Ragozzino MW, Beaulieu PA, Fabian RL, Brady TJ. PMID: 2505500; PMCID: PMC8332606.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    154. Phase-contrast imaging of the parotid region. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1989 Jan-Feb; 10(1):157-64. Mikulis DJ, Chisin R, Wismer GL, Buxton RB, Weber AL, Davis KR, Rosen B. PMID: 2492717; PMCID: PMC8335062.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    155. Hematologic bone marrow disorders: quantitative chemical shift MR imaging. Radiology. 1988 Dec; 169(3):799-804. Rosen BR, Fleming DM, Kushner DC, Zaner KS, Buxton RB, Bennet WP, Wismer GL, Brady TJ. PMID: 3187003.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    156. The 15O steady-state method: correction for variation in arterial concentration. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1988 Oct; 8(5):681-90. Senda M, Buxton RB, Alpert NM, Correia JA, Mackay BC, Weise SB, Ackerman RH. PMID: 3417795.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    157. Measurement of end-capillary PO2 with positron emission tomography. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1988 Jun; 8(3):403-10. Alpert NM, Buxton RB, Correia JA, Katz PM, Ackerman RH. PMID: 3130382.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    158. Susceptibility induced MR line broadening: applications to brain iron mapping. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1988 Mar-Apr; 12(2):259-65. Wismer GL, Buxton RB, Rosen BR, Fisel CR, Oot RF, Brady TJ, Davis KR. PMID: 3351040.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    159. Dynamic imaging with lanthanide chelates in normal brain: contrast due to magnetic susceptibility effects. Magn Reson Med. 1988 Feb; 6(2):164-74. Villringer A, Rosen BR, Belliveau JW, Ackerman JL, Lauffer RB, Buxton RB, Chao YS, Wedeen VJ, Brady TJ. PMID: 3367774.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 107     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    160. Rapid MR imaging. Magn Reson Annu. 1988; 189-216. Edelman RR, Buxton RB, Brady TJ. PMID: 3079296.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    161. Evaluation of the 11CO2 positron emission tomographic method for measuring brain pH. I. pH changes measured in states of altered PCO2. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1987 Dec; 7(6):709-19. Buxton RB, Alpert NM, Babikian V, Weise S, Correia JA, Ackerman RH. PMID: 3121647.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    162. Contrast in rapid MR imaging: T1- and T2-weighted imaging. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1987 Jan-Feb; 11(1):7-16. Buxton RB, Edelman RR, Rosen BR, Wismer GL, Brady TJ. PMID: 3805431.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    163. Quantitative proton chemical-shift imaging. Magn Reson Med. 1986 Dec; 3(6):881-900. Buxton RB, Wismer GL, Brady TJ, Rosen BR. PMID: 3821465.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    
    164. Rapid MR imaging with suspended respiration: clinical application in the liver. Radiology. 1986 Oct; 161(1):125-31. Edelman RR, Hahn PF, Buxton R, Wittenberg J, Ferrucci JT, Saini S, Brady TJ. PMID: 3763854.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    165. MR of hemorrhage: a new approach. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1986 Sep-Oct; 7(5):751-6. Edelman RR, Johnson K, Buxton R, Shoukimas G, Rosen BR, Davis KR, Brady TJ. PMID: 3096097; PMCID: PMC8331981.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    166. Projective MRI angiography and quantitative flow-volume densitometry. Magn Reson Med. 1986 Apr; 3(2):226-41. Wedeen VJ, Rosen BR, Buxton R, Brady TJ. PMID: 3713488.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    167. Magnetic resonance chemical shift imaging. Magn Reson Annu. 1986; 55-80. Brady TJ, Wismer GL, Buxton R, Stark DD, Rosen BR. PMID: 3079345.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    168. Analysis of some errors in the measurement of oxygen extraction and oxygen consumption by the equilibrium inhalation method. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1985 Dec; 5(4):591-9. Correia JA, Alpert NM, Buxton RB, Ackerman RH. PMID: 3877066.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    169. Chemical shift imaging of bone marrow: preliminary experience. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1985 Nov; 145(5):1031-7. Wismer GL, Rosen BR, Buxton R, Stark DD, Brady TJ. PMID: 3876734.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    170. Pulse sequence optimization for MR imaging using a paramagnetic hepatobiliary contrast agent. Radiology. 1985 Nov; 157(2):461-6. Greif WL, Buxton RB, Lauffer RB, Saini S, Stark DD, Wedeen VJ, Rosen BR, Brady TJ. PMID: 4048456.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    171. Measurement of brain pH using 11CO2 and positron emission tomography. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1984 Mar; 4(1):8-16. Buxton RB, Wechsler LR, Alpert NM, Ackerman RH, Elmaleh DR, Correia JA. PMID: 6420427.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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