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Sonya Norman

TitleProfessor Of Clinical
InstitutionUniversity of California San Diego
DepartmentPsychiatry
Address9500 Gilman Drive #9116B
La Jolla CA 92093
Phone858-642-3885
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    Biography

    Dr. Norman received her B.A. from Vassar College and her Ph.D. from Stanford University. She completed her pre-doctoral internship at the University of California, San Diego/V.A. San Diego Healthcare System. After receiving her Ph.D., Dr. Norman completed a postdoctoral fellowship at UCSD focusing on neurobiology of trauma in women. She completed an NIAAA-funded career development award on concurrent treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder.

    Research Interests

    Dr. Norman’s research primarily involves etiology, assessment, and treatment of PTSD. She is particularly interested in co-occurring PTSD and alcohol/substance use disorders as well as in developing and evaluating psychotherapy treatments for guilt and PTSD in recently deployed combat Veterans. She is co-chair of the VA's workgroup on PTSD-SUD implementation research through the HSR&D QUERI.

    Clinical Focus

    Dr. Norman is the director of the PTSD Consultation Program through the Executive Branch of the National Center for PTSD. She previously directed for the VA San Diego OEF/OIF PTSD clinic which treats PTSD in recently deployed Veterans who served in Iraq or Afghanistan.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Combining Topiramate and Prolonged Exposure for PTSD and Alcohol Use Disorder
    VA I01RX002412Nov 1, 2017 - Oct 31, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Integrated Alcohol Disorder and PTSD Treatment
    VA I01CX000756Oct 1, 2012 - Sep 30, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    AUDs and PTSD Treatment for Victims of Partner Violence
    NIH/NIAAA K23AA015707Sep 25, 2005 - Aug 31, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials
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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Vujanovic AA, Farris SG, Bartlett BA, Lyons RC, Haller M, Colvonen PJ, Norman S. Anxiety sensitivity in the association between posttraumatic stress and substance use disorders: A systematic review. Clin Psychol Rev. 2018 Jun; 62:37-55. PMID: 29778929.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Norman S, Haller M, Hamblen JL, Southwick SM, Pietrzak RH. The burden of co-occurring alcohol use disorder and PTSD in U.S. Military veterans: Comorbidities, functioning, and suicidality. Psychol Addict Behav. 2018 Mar; 32(2):224-229. PMID: 29553778.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Norman S, Haller M, Kim HM, Allard CB, Porter KE, Stein MB, Venners MR, Authier CC, Rauch SAM. Trauma related guilt cognitions partially mediate the relationship between PTSD symptom severity and functioning among returning combat veterans. J Psychiatr Res. 2018 May; 100:56-62. PMID: 29486403.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Colvonen PJ, Ellison J, Haller M, Norman S. Examining Insomnia and PTSD Over Time in Veterans in Residential Treatment for Substance Use Disorders and PTSD. Behav Sleep Med. 2018 Jan 24; 1-12. PMID: 29364693.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Rauch SAM, Simon NM, Kim HM, Acierno R, King AP, Norman S, Venners MR, Porter K, Phan KL, Tuerk PW, Allard C, Liberzon I, Rothbaum BO, Martis B, Stein MB, Hoge CW. Integrating biological treatment mechanisms into randomized clinical trials: Design of PROGrESS (PROlonGed ExpoSure and Sertraline Trial). Contemp Clin Trials. 2018 Jan; 64:128-138. PMID: 29081351.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Straus LD, Drummond SPA, Risbrough VB, Norman S. Sleep Disruption, Safety Learning, and Fear Extinction in Humans: Implications for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2017 Sep 24. PMID: 28942597.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Colvonen PJ, Glassman LH, Crocker LD, Buttner MM, Orff H, Schiehser DM, Norman S, Afari N. Corrigendum to "Pretreatment biomarkers predicting PTSD psychotherapy outcomes: A systematic review" [Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 75 (2017) 140-156]. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2018 Jan; 84:495. PMID: 28951017.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Siegel EY, Haller M, Cui R, Trim RS, Tate SR, Norman S. Examining changes in negative mood regulation expectancies, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and substance use following integrated cognitive-behavioral therapy. Subst Abus. 2017 Oct-Dec; 38(4):468-472. PMID: 28632462.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Norman S, Hamblen JL. Promising Directions for Treating Comorbid PTSD and Substance Use Disorder. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2017 04; 41(4):708-710. PMID: 28181264.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Colvonen PJ, Glassman LH, Crocker LD, Buttner MM, Orff H, Schiehser DM, Norman S, Afari N. Pretreatment biomarkers predicting PTSD psychotherapy outcomes: A systematic review. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2017 Apr; 75:140-156. PMID: 28143760.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Haller M, Myers US, McKnight A, Angkaw AC, Norman S. Predicting engagement in psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, or both psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy among returning veterans seeking PTSD treatment. Psychol Serv. 2016 Nov; 13(4):341-348. PMID: 27428257.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Crocker LD, Haller M, Norman S, Angkaw AC. Shame versus trauma-related guilt as mediators of the relationship between PTSD symptoms and aggression among returning veterans. Psychol Trauma. 2016 Jul; 8(4):520-7. PMID: 27348068.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Haller M, Colvonen PJ, Davis BC, Trim RS, Bogner R, Sevcik J, Norman S. Examining Pretreatment Differences Between Veterans in Residential Versus Outpatient Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder and Comorbid Combat-Related PTSD. J Dual Diagn. 2016 Jul-Dec; 12(3-4):282-289. PMID: 27808661.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Lang AJ, Schnurr PP, Jain S, He F, Walser RD, Bolton E, Benedek DM, Norman S, Sylvers P, Flashman L, Strauss J, Raman R, Chard KM. Randomized controlled trial of acceptance and commitment therapy for distress and impairment in OEF/OIF/OND veterans. Psychol Trauma. 2017 Aug; 9(Suppl 1):74-84. PMID: 27322609.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Harik JM, Hundt NE, Bernardy NC, Norman S, Hamblen JL. Desired Involvement in Treatment Decisions Among Adults with PTSD Symptoms. J Trauma Stress. 2016 06; 29(3):221-8. PMID: 27171567.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Allard CB, Norman S, Thorp SR, Browne KC, Stein MB. Mid-Treatment Reduction in Trauma-Related Guilt Predicts PTSD and Functioning Following Cognitive Trauma Therapy for Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence. J Interpers Violence. 2016 Mar 10. PMID: 26969690.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Aupperle RL, Stillman AN, Simmons AN, Flagan T, Allard CB, Thorp SR, Norman S, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Intimate Partner Violence PTSD and Neural Correlates of Inhibition. J Trauma Stress. 2016 Feb; 29(1):33-40. PMID: 26748991.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Cui R, Haller M, Skidmore JR, Goldsteinholm K, Norman S, Tate SR. Treatment Attendance Among Veterans With Depression, Substance Use Disorder, and Trauma. J Dual Diagn. 2016; 12(1):15-26. PMID: 26828770; PMCID: PMC4837955 [Available on 01/01/17].
    19. Haller M, Norman S, Cummins K, Trim RS, Xu X, Cui R, Allard CB, Brown SA, Tate SR. Integrated Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Versus Cognitive Processing Therapy for Adults With Depression, Substance Use Disorder, and Trauma. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2016 Mar; 62:38-48. PMID: 26718130.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Jak AJ, Aupperle R, Rodgers CS, Lang AJ, Schiehser DM, Norman S, Twamley EW. Evaluation of a hybrid treatment for Veterans with comorbid traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress disorder: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Contemp Clin Trials. 2015 Nov; 45(Pt B):210-216. PMID: 26500169.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Jenkins MM, Colvonen PJ, Norman S, Afari N, Allard CB, Drummond SP. Prevalence and Mental Health Correlates of Insomnia in First-Encounter Veterans with and without Military Sexual Trauma. Sleep. 2015 Oct 01; 38(10):1547-54. PMID: 26085301.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Haller M, Angkaw AC, Hendricks BA, Norman S. Does Reintegration Stress Contribute to Suicidal Ideation Among Returning Veterans Seeking PTSD Treatment? Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2016 Apr; 46(2):160-71. PMID: 26235282.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Linke SE, Noble M, Hurst S, Strong DR, Redwine L, Norman S, Lindamer LA. An Exercise-Based Program for Veterans with Substance Use Disorders: Formative Research. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2015 Jul-Aug; 47(3):248-57. PMID: 26098629.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Angkaw AC, Haller M, Pittman JO, Nunnink SE, Norman S, Lemmer JA, McLay RN, Baker DG. Alcohol-Related Consequences Mediating PTSD Symptoms and Mental Health-Related Quality of Life in OEF/OIF Combat Veterans. Mil Med. 2015 Jun; 180(6):670-5. PMID: 26032382.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Norman S, Haller M, Spadoni AD, Drummond SP, Risbrough V, Hamblen JL, Trim RS, Blanes EX. Maximizing the utility of a single site randomized controlled psychotherapy trial. Contemp Clin Trials. 2015 May; 42:244-51. PMID: 25933919.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Colvonen PJ, Masino T, Drummond SP, Myers US, Angkaw AC, Norman S. Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among OEF/OIF/OND Veterans. J Clin Sleep Med. 2015 Apr 15; 11(5):513-8. PMID: 25665698; PMCID: PMC4410924.
    27. Browne KC, Trim RS, Myers US, Norman S. Trauma-related guilt: conceptual development and relationship with posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms. J Trauma Stress. 2015 Apr; 28(2):134-41. PMID: 25864504.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Straus LD, Drummond SP, Nappi CM, Jenkins MM, Norman S. Sleep variability in military-related PTSD: a comparison to primary insomnia and healthy controls. J Trauma Stress. 2015 Feb; 28(1):8-16. PMID: 25630526.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Myers US, Browne KC, Norman S. Treatment Engagement: Female Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence in Treatment for PTSD and Alcohol Use Disorder. J Dual Diagn. 2015; 11(3-4):238-47. PMID: 26515712; PMCID: PMC4915366.
    30. Norman S, Rosen J, Himmerich S, Myers US, Davis B, Browne KC, Piland N. Student Veteran perceptions of facilitators and barriers to achieving academic goals. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2015; 52(6):701-12. PMID: 26561791.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Kuckertz JM, Amir N, Boffa JW, Warren CK, Rindt SE, Norman S, Ram V, Ziajko L, Webb-Murphy J, McLay R. The effectiveness of an attention bias modification program as an adjunctive treatment for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Behav Res Ther. 2014 Dec; 63:25-35. PMID: 25277496; PMCID: PMC4258474.
    32. Ito M, Oe Y, Kato N, Nakajima S, Fujisato H, Miyamae M, Kanie A, Horikoshi M, Norman S. Validity and clinical interpretability of Overall Anxiety Severity And Impairment Scale (OASIS). J Affect Disord. 2015 Jan 01; 170:217-24. PMID: 25259673.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Norman S, Schmied E, Larson GE. Predictors of continued problem drinking and substance use following military discharge. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2014 Jul; 75(4):557-66. PMID: 24988254.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Pedersen ER, Myers US, Browne KC, Norman S. The role of alcohol expectancies in drinking behavior among women with alcohol use disorder and comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2014 Jul-Aug; 46(3):178-87. PMID: 25052876; PMCID: PMC4111157.
    35. Norman S, Wilkins KC, Myers US, Allard CB. Trauma Informed Guilt Reduction Therapy With Combat Veterans. Cogn Behav Pract. 2014 Feb 01; 21(1):78-88. PMID: 25404850.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Larson GE, Norman S. Prospective prediction of functional difficulties among recently separated veterans. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2014; 51(3):415-27. PMID: 25019664.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Taylor MK, Larson GE, Norman S. Depression and pain: independent and additive relationships to anger expression. Mil Med. 2013 Oct; 178(10):1065-70. PMID: 24083919.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Simmons AN, Norman S, Spadoni AD, Strigo IA. Neurosubstrates of remission following prolonged exposure therapy in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychother Psychosom. 2013; 82(6):382-9. PMID: 24061484.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Aupperle RL, Allard CB, Simmons AN, Flagan T, Thorp SR, Norman S, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Neural responses during emotional processing before and after cognitive trauma therapy for battered women. Psychiatry Res. 2013 Oct 30; 214(1):48-55. PMID: 23916537.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Heltemes KJ, Clouser MC, MacGregor AJ, Norman S, Galarneau MR. Co-occurring mental health and alcohol misuse: dual disorder symptoms in combat injured veterans. Addict Behav. 2014 Feb; 39(2):392-8. PMID: 23830527.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Norman S, Allard CB, Trim RS, Thorp SR, Behrooznia M, Masino TT, Stein MB. Psychometrics of the Overall Anxiety Severity and Impairment Scale (OASIS) in a sample of women with and without trauma histories. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2013 Apr; 16(2):123-9. PMID: 23296334.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Twamley EW, Baker DG, Norman S, Pittman JO, Lohr JB, Resnick SG. Veterans Health Administration vocational services for Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom Veterans with mental health conditions. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2013; 50(5):663-70. PMID: 24013914.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Aupperle RL, Allard CB, Grimes EM, Simmons AN, Flagan T, Behrooznia M, Cissell SH, Twamley EW, Thorp SR, Norman S, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex activation during emotional anticipation and neuropsychological performance in posttraumatic stress disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2012 Apr; 69(4):360-71. PMID: 22474105.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Chesher NJ, Bousman CA, Gale M, Norman S, Twamley EW, Heaton RK, Everall IP, Judd PA. Chronic illness histories of adults entering treatment for co-occurring substance abuse and other mental health disorders. Am J Addict. 2012 Jan-Feb; 21(1):1-4. PMID: 22211340; PMCID: PMC3629909.
    45. Norman S, Trim RS, Goldsmith AA, Dimsdale JE, Hoyt DB, Norman GJ, Stein MB. Role of risk factors proximate to time of trauma in the course of PTSD and MDD symptoms following traumatic injury. J Trauma Stress. 2011 Aug; 24(4):390-8. PMID: 21834085.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Wilkins KC, Lang AJ, Norman S. Synthesis of the psychometric properties of the PTSD checklist (PCL) military, civilian, and specific versions. Depress Anxiety. 2011 Jul; 28(7):596-606. PMID: 21681864; PMCID: PMC3128669.
    47. Norman S, Myers US, Wilkins KC, Goldsmith AA, Hristova V, Huang Z, McCullough KC, Robinson SK. Review of biological mechanisms and pharmacological treatments of comorbid PTSD and substance use disorder. Neuropharmacology. 2012 Feb; 62(2):542-51. PMID: 21600225; PMCID: PMC3166556.
    48. Bousman CA, Twamley EW, Vella L, Gale M, Norman S, Judd P, Everall IP, Heaton RK. Homelessness and neuropsychological impairment: preliminary analysis of adults entering outpatient psychiatric treatment. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2010 Nov; 198(11):790-4. PMID: 21048468.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Norman S, Campbell-Sills L, Hitchcock CA, Sullivan S, Rochlin A, Wilkins KC, Stein MB. Psychometrics of a brief measure of anxiety to detect severity and impairment: the Overall Anxiety Severity and Impairment Scale (OASIS). J Psychiatr Res. 2011 Feb; 45(2):262-8. PMID: 20609450; PMCID: PMC2970755.
    50. Fonzo GA, Simmons AN, Thorp SR, Norman S, Paulus MP, Stein MB. Exaggerated and disconnected insular-amygdalar blood oxygenation level-dependent response to threat-related emotional faces in women with intimate-partner violence posttraumatic stress disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Sep 01; 68(5):433-41. PMID: 20573339; PMCID: PMC2921473.
    51. Najavits LM, Norman S, Kivlahan D, Kosten TR. Improving PTSD/substance abuse treatment in the VA: a survey of providers. Am J Addict. 2010 May-Jun; 19(3):257-63. PMID: 20525033.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Norman S, Tate SR, Wilkins KC, Cummins K, Brown SA. Posttraumatic stress disorder's role in integrated substance dependence and depression treatment outcomes. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2010 Jun; 38(4):346-55. PMID: 20363091.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Norman S, Wilkins KC, Tapert SF, Lang AJ, Najavits LM. A pilot study of seeking safety therapy with OEF/OIF veterans. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2010 Mar; 42(1):83-7. PMID: 20464809; PMCID: PMC2962932.
    54. Twamley EW, Allard CB, Thorp SR, Norman S, Hami Cissell S, Hughes Berardi K, Grimes EM, Stein MB. Cognitive impairment and functioning in PTSD related to intimate partner violence. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2009 Nov; 15(6):879-87. PMID: 19703324.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Lang AJ, Norman S, Means-Christensen A, Stein MB. Abbreviated brief symptom inventory for use as an anxiety and depression screening instrument in primary care. Depress Anxiety. 2009; 26(6):537-43. PMID: 19016462.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Simmons AN, Paulus MP, Thorp SR, Matthews SC, Norman S, Stein MB. Functional activation and neural networks in women with posttraumatic stress disorder related to intimate partner violence. Biol Psychiatry. 2008 Oct 15; 64(8):681-90. PMID: 18639236; PMCID: PMC2634744.
    57. Campbell-Sills L, Norman S, Craske MG, Sullivan G, Lang AJ, Chavira DA, Bystritsky A, Sherbourne C, Roy-Byrne P, Stein MB. Validation of a brief measure of anxiety-related severity and impairment: the Overall Anxiety Severity and Impairment Scale (OASIS). J Affect Disord. 2009 Jan; 112(1-3):92-101. PMID: 18486238; PMCID: PMC2629402.
    58. Norman S, Inaba RK, Smith TL, Brown SA. Development of the PTSD-alcohol expectancy questionnaire. Addict Behav. 2008 Jun; 33(6):841-7. PMID: 18261858.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Norman S, Stein MB, Dimsdale JE, Hoyt DB. Pain in the aftermath of trauma is a risk factor for post-traumatic stress disorder. Psychol Med. 2008 Apr; 38(4):533-42. PMID: 17825121.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Norman S, Tate SR, Anderson KG, Brown SA. Do trauma history and PTSD symptoms influence addiction relapse context? Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Sep 06; 90(1):89-96. PMID: 17459611.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Tate SR, Norman S, McQuaid JR, Brown SA. Health problems of substance-dependent veterans with and those without trauma history. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2007 Jul; 33(1):25-32. PMID: 17588486.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Norman S, Stein MB, Davidson JR. Profiling posttraumatic functional impairment. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2007 Jan; 195(1):48-53. PMID: 17220739.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Norman S, Means-Christensen AJ, Craske MG, Sherbourne CD, Roy-Byrne PP, Stein MB. Associations between psychological trauma and physical illness in primary care. J Trauma Stress. 2006 Aug; 19(4):461-70. PMID: 16929502.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Harris AH, Luskin F, Norman S, Standard S, Bruning J, Evans S, Thoresen CE. Effects of a group forgiveness intervention on forgiveness, perceived stress, and trait-anger. J Clin Psychol. 2006 Jun; 62(6):715-33. PMID: 16538652.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Norman S, Cissell SH, Means-Christensen AJ, Stein MB. Development and validation of an Overall Anxiety Severity And Impairment Scale (OASIS). Depress Anxiety. 2006; 23(4):245-9. PMID: 16688739.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Norman S, Norman GJ, Rossi JS, Prochaska JO. Identifying high- and low-success smoking cessation subgroups using signal detection analysis. Addict Behav. 2006 Jan; 31(1):31-41. PMID: 15936153.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Norman S, Lang AJ. The functional impact of anxiety sensitivity in the chronically physically ill. Depress Anxiety. 2005; 21(4):154-60. PMID: 16035054.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Norman S, Castro C, Albright C, King A. Comparing acculturation models in evaluating dietary habits among low-income Hispanic women. Ethn Dis. 2004; 14(3):399-404. PMID: 15328942.
      View in: PubMed