Robert Owens

TitleAssociate Professor In Residence
InstitutionUniversity of California San Diego
Address9300 Campus Point Drive #7381
La Jolla CA 92037
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    Obstructive Sleep Apnea Endotypes and Impact on Phenotypes of People Living with HIV
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL142114May 1, 2018 - Apr 30, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The Role of Lung Volumes in Nocturnal Asthma
    NIH/NHLBI K23HL105542Sep 15, 2011 - Jul 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The Role of Lung Volumes in Asthma
    NIH/NHLBI F32HL097578Aug 5, 2009 - Aug 4, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Girard TD, Exline MC, Carson SS, Hough CL, Rock P, Gong MN, Douglas IS, Malhotra A, Owens RL, Feinstein DJ, Khan B, Pisani MA, Hyzy RC, Schmidt GA, Schweickert WD, Hite RD, Bowton DL, Masica AL, Thompson JL, Chandrasekhar R, Pun BT, Strength C, Boehm LM, Jackson JC, Pandharipande PP, Brummel NE, Hughes CG, Patel MB, Stollings JL, Bernard GR, Dittus RS, Ely EW. Haloperidol and Ziprasidone for Treatment of Delirium in Critical Illness. N Engl J Med. 2018 Oct 22. PMID: 30346242.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Meier A, Yang J, Liu J, Beitler JR, Tu XM, Owens RL, Sundararajan RL, Malhotra A, Sell RE. Female Physician Leadership During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Is Associated With Improved Patient Outcomes. Crit Care Med. 2018 Oct 09. PMID: 30303843.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Hudgel DW, Patel SR, Ahasic AM, Bartlett SJ, Bessesen DH, Coaker MA, Fiander PM, Grunstein RR, Gurubhagavatula I, Kapur VK, Lettieri CJ, Naughton MT, Owens RL, Pepin JD, Tuomilehto H, Wilson KC. The Role of Weight Management in the Treatment of Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea. An Official American Thoracic Society Clinical Practice Guideline. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018 Sep 15; 198(6):e70-e87. PMID: 30215551.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Sands SA, Edwards BA, Terrill PI, Butler JP, Owens RL, Taranto-Montemurro L, Azarbarzin A, Marques M, Hess LB, Smales ET, de Melo CM, White DP, Malhotra A, Wellman A. Identifying obstructive sleep apnea patients responsive to supplemental oxygen therapy. Eur Respir J. 2018 Aug 23. PMID: 30139771.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Light M, Orr JE, Malhotra A, Owens RL. Continuous positive airway pressure device detects atrial fibrillation induced central sleep apnoea. Lancet. 2018 Jul 14; 392(10142):160. PMID: 30017134.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Orr JE, Sands SA, Edwards BA, Deyoung PN, Deacon N, Jen R, Li Y, Owens RL, Malhotra A. Measuring Loop Gain via Home Sleep Testing in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018 May 15; 197(10):1353-1355. PMID: 29190428.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Owens RL, Hicks CB. A Wake-up Call for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Providers: Obstructive Sleep Apnea in People Living With HIV. Clin Infect Dis. 2018 May 09. PMID: 29746617.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Jaiswal SJ, McCarthy TJ, Wineinger NE, Kang DY, Song J, Garcia S, van Niekerk CJ, Lu CY, Loeks M, Owens RL. Melatonin and sleep in preventing hospitalized delirium: A randomized clinical trial,,???,????,?????. Am J Med. 2018 May 02. PMID: 29729237.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Orr JE, DeYoung PN, Owens RL. The Future of the Sleep Lab: It's Complicated. J Clin Sleep Med. 2018 Apr 15; 14(4):499-500. PMID: 29609726.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Bakker JP, Tavakkoli A, Rueschman M, Wang W, Andrews R, Malhotra A, Owens RL, Anand A, Dudley KA, Patel SR. Gastric Banding Surgery versus Continuous Positive Airway Pressure for Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018 Apr 15; 197(8):1080-1083. PMID: 29035093.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Malhotra A, Schwartz AR, Schneider H, Owens RL, DeYoung P, Han MK, Wedzicha JA, Hansel NN, Zeidler MR, Wilson KC, Badr MS. Research Priorities in Pathophysiology for Sleep-disordered Breathing in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. An Official American Thoracic Society Research Statement. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018 Feb 01; 197(3):289-299. PMID: 29388824.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Putman RK, Owens RL. Can a Floppy Upper Airway Lead to Stiff Lungs? Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2017 Dec; 14(12):1759-1760. PMID: 29192817.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Li Y, Ye J, Han D, Cao X, Ding X, Zhang Y, Xu W, Orr J, Jen R, Sands S, Malhotra A, Owens R. Physiology-Based Modeling May Predict Surgical Treatment Outcome for Obstructive Sleep Apnea. J Clin Sleep Med. 2017 Sep 15; 13(9):1029-1037. PMID: 28818154.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Tainter CR, Nguyen AP, Pollock KA, O'Brien EO, Lee J, Schmidt U, Jahanasouz F, Owens RL, Meier A. The impact of a daily "medication time out" in the Intensive Care Unit. J Crit Care. 2018 Feb; 43:366-369. PMID: 28939276.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Jaiswal SJ, Garcia S, Owens RL. Sound and Light Levels Are Similarly Disruptive in ICU and non-ICU Wards. J Hosp Med. 2017 10; 12(10):798-804. PMID: 28991944.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Owens RL, Macrea MM, Teodorescu M. The overlaps of asthma or COPD with OSA: A focused review. Respirology. 2017 08; 22(6):1073-1083. PMID: 28677827.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Soler X, Liao SY, Marin JM, Lorenzi-Filho G, Jen R, DeYoung P, Owens RL, Ries AL, Malhotra A. Age, gender, neck circumference, and Epworth sleepiness scale do not predict obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): The challenge to predict OSA in advanced COPD. PLoS One. 2017; 12(5):e0177289. PMID: 28510598.
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    18. Kang DY, DeYoung PN, Malhotra A, Owens RL, Coleman TP. A State Space and Density Estimation Framework for Sleep Staging in Obstructive Sleep Apnea. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2017 May 08. PMID: 28499990.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Jaiswal SJ, Owens RL, Malhotra A. Raising awareness about sleep disorders. Lung India. 2017 May-Jun; 34(3):262-268. PMID: 28474653.
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    20. Lamas DJ, Owens RL, Nace RN, Massaro AF, Pertsch NJ, Gass J, Bernacki RE, Block SD. Opening the Door: The Experience of Chronic Critical Illness in a Long-Term Acute Care Hospital. Crit Care Med. 2017 Apr; 45(4):e357-e362. PMID: 27632675.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Luskin MR, Cronin AM, Owens RL, DeAngelo DJ, Stone RM, Wadleigh M, Steensma DP, Abel GA. Self-reported sleep disturbance and survival in myelodysplastic syndromes. Br J Haematol. 2017 05; 177(4):562-566. PMID: 28272741.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Lamas DJ, Owens RL, Nace RN, Massaro AF, Pertsch NJ, Moore ST, Bernacki RE, Block SD. Conversations About Goals and Values Are Feasible and Acceptable in Long-Term Acute Care Hospitals: A Pilot Study. J Palliat Med. 2017 Jul; 20(7):710-715. PMID: 28437209.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Owens RL, Huynh TG, Netzer G. Sleep in the Intensive Care Unit in a Model of Family-Centered Care. AACN Adv Crit Care. 2017; 28(2):171-178. PMID: 28592477.
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    24. Laghi F, Owens RL. COPD+OSA: can two bad things be good for you? Thorax. 2017 03; 72(3):204-205. PMID: 28011858.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Edwards BA, Andara C, Landry S, Sands SA, Joosten SA, Owens RL, White DP, Hamilton GS, Wellman A. Upper-Airway Collapsibility and Loop Gain Predict the Response to Oral Appliance Therapy in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2016 Dec 01; 194(11):1413-1422. PMID: 27181367.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Owens RL. Better Sleep in the Intensive Care Unit: Blue Pill or Red Pill… or No Pill? Anesthesiology. 2016 11; 125(5):835-837. PMID: 27571258.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Edwards BA, Sands SA, Owens RL, Eckert DJ, Landry S, White DP, Malhotra A, Wellman A. The Combination of Supplemental Oxygen and a Hypnotic Markedly Improves Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Patients with a Mild to Moderate Upper Airway Collapsibility. Sleep. 2016 11 01; 39(11):1973-1983. PMID: 27634790.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Li Y, Owens RL, Sands S, Orr J, Moraes W, DeYoung P, Smales E, Jen R, Malhotra A. The Effect of Donepezil on Arousal Threshold and Apnea-Hypopnea Index. A Randomized, Double-Blind, Cross-Over Study. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2016 Nov; 13(11):2012-2018. PMID: 27442715.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Owens RL, Gold KA, Gozal D, Peppard PE, Jun JC, Lippman SM, Malhotra A. Sleep and Breathing … and Cancer? Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2016 Nov; 9(11):821-827. PMID: 27604751.
      View in: PubMed
    30. McCarra MB, Owens RL. Obstructive sleep apnea: can the downward spiral be reversed-a summary of John Stradling's ATS keynote speech. J Thorac Dis. 2016 Jul; 8(Suppl 7):S539-41. PMID: 27606087; PMCID: PMC4990690.
    31. Jaiswal SJ, Malhotra A, Owens RL. Sleep and critical illness: bridging the two pillars at the ATS 2016. J Thorac Dis. 2016 Jul; 8(Suppl 7):S536-8. PMID: 27606086; PMCID: PMC4990683.
    32. Li Y, Deacon N, Jen R, Owens R. Non positive airway pressure therapies for sleep disordered breathing from the ATS 2016. J Thorac Dis. 2016 Jul; 8(Suppl 7):S547-9. PMID: 27606090; PMCID: PMC4990676.
    33. Hepokoski M, Owens RL, Malhotra A, Beitler JR. Mechanical ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome at ATS 2016: the search for a patient-specific strategy. J Thorac Dis. 2016 Jul; 8(Suppl 7):S550-2. PMID: 27606091; PMCID: PMC4990680.
    34. Beitler JR, Sands SA, Loring SH, Owens RL, Malhotra A, Spragg RG, Matthay MA, Thompson BT, Talmor D. Quantifying unintended exposure to high tidal volumes from breath stacking dyssynchrony in ARDS: the BREATHE criteria. Intensive Care Med. 2016 Sep; 42(9):1427-36. PMID: 27342819; PMCID: PMC4992404 [Available on 09/01/17].
    35. Beitler JR, Owens RL, Malhotra A. Unmasking a Role for Noninvasive Ventilation in Early Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. JAMA. 2016 Jun 14; 315(22):2401-3. PMID: 27179463.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Jen R, Li Y, Owens RL, Malhotra A. Sleep in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Evidence Gaps and Challenges. Can Respir J. 2016; 2016:7947198. PMID: 27445564; PMCID: PMC4916278.
    37. Sands SA, Owens RL, Malhotra A. New Approaches to Diagnosing Sleep-Disordered Breathing. Sleep Med Clin. 2016 Jun; 11(2):143-52. PMID: 27236052.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Sands SA, Owens RL. Congestive Heart Failure and Central Sleep Apnea. Sleep Med Clin. 2016 Mar; 11(1):127-42. PMID: 26972039.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Genta PR, Edwards BA, Sands SA, Owens RL, Butler JP, Loring SH, White DP, Wellman A. Tube Law of the Pharyngeal Airway in Sleeping Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Sleep. 2016 Feb 01; 39(2):337-43. PMID: 26446124; PMCID: PMC4712389.
    40. Beitler JR, Majumdar R, Hubmayr RD, Malhotra A, Thompson BT, Owens RL, Loring SH, Talmor D. Volume Delivered During Recruitment Maneuver Predicts Lung Stress in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Crit Care Med. 2016 Jan; 44(1):91-9. PMID: 26474111.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Orr JE, Auger WR, DeYoung PN, Kim NH, Malhotra A, Owens RL. Usefulness of Low Cardiac Index to Predict Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension. Am J Cardiol. 2016 Mar 15; 117(6):1001-5. PMID: 26805659; PMCID: PMC4775368 [Available on 03/15/17].
    42. Balachandran JS, Wang T, Ko PR, Billings ME, Chow M, Panossian LA, Orr JE, Owens RL, Kassutto SM, Sunwoo BY, Moussa A, Edinger JD, Uppalapati SV, Drake CL, Schmitt M, Weir I, Pien GW. ATS Core Curriculum 2015: Part II. Adult Sleep Medicine. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2015 Oct; 12(10):1542-50. PMID: 26448351.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Ayas NT, Owens RL, Kheirandish-Gozal L. Update in Sleep Medicine 2014. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2015 Aug 15; 192(4):415-20. PMID: 26278795.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Sands SA, Owens RL. Congestive heart failure and central sleep apnea. Crit Care Clin. 2015 Jul; 31(3):473-95. PMID: 26118916; PMCID: PMC4486008.
    45. Owens RL, Edwards BA, Eckert DJ, Jordan AS, Sands SA, Malhotra A, White DP, Loring SH, Butler JP, Wellman A. An Integrative Model of Physiological Traits Can be Used to Predict Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Response to Non Positive Airway Pressure Therapy. Sleep. 2015 Jun 01; 38(6):961-70. PMID: 25515107; PMCID: PMC4434563.
    46. Smales ET, Edwards BA, Deyoung PN, McSharry DG, Wellman A, Velasquez A, Owens R, Orr JE, Malhotra A. Trazodone Effects on Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Non-REM Arousal Threshold. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2015 May; 12(5):758-64. PMID: 25719754; PMCID: PMC4418332.
    47. Malhotra A, Orr JE, Owens RL. On the cutting edge of obstructive sleep apnoea: where next? Lancet Respir Med. 2015 May; 3(5):397-403. PMID: 25887980; PMCID: PMC4431916.
    48. Owens RL, Shafazand S. Effects of CPAP and weight loss on OSA outcomes. J Clin Sleep Med. 2014 Dec 15; 10(12):1365-7. PMID: 25405486; PMCID: PMC4237535.
    49. Edwards BA, Eckert DJ, McSharry DG, Sands SA, Desai A, Kehlmann G, Bakker JP, Genta PR, Owens RL, White DP, Wellman A, Malhotra A. Clinical predictors of the respiratory arousal threshold in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014 Dec 01; 190(11):1293-300. PMID: 25321848; PMCID: PMC4315811.
    50. Wellman A, Genta PR, Owens RL, Edwards BA, Sands SA, Loring SH, White DP, Jackson AC, Pedersen OF, Butler JP. Test of the Starling resistor model in the human upper airway during sleep. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2014 Dec 15; 117(12):1478-85. PMID: 25324514; PMCID: PMC4269684.
    51. Terrill PI, Edwards BA, Nemati S, Butler JP, Owens RL, Eckert DJ, White DP, Malhotra A, Wellman A, Sands SA. Quantifying the ventilatory control contribution to sleep apnoea using polysomnography. Eur Respir J. 2015 Feb; 45(2):408-18. PMID: 25323235; PMCID: PMC4348093.
    52. Owens RL. A big problem in the ICU. Initiation of CPAP/bilevel PAP therapy. J Clin Sleep Med. 2014 Oct 15; 10(10):1161-2. PMID: 25317100; PMCID: PMC4173097.
    53. Sands SA, Eckert DJ, Jordan AS, Edwards BA, Owens RL, Butler JP, Schwab RJ, Loring SH, Malhotra A, White DP, Wellman A. Enhanced upper-airway muscle responsiveness is a distinct feature of overweight/obese individuals without sleep apnea. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014 Oct 15; 190(8):930-7. PMID: 25191791; PMCID: PMC4299579.
    54. Dudley KA, Malhotra A, Owens RL. Pulmonary Overlap Syndromes, with a focus on COPD and ILD. Sleep Med Clin. 2014 Sep; 9(3):365-379. PMID: 26664352.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Neilan TG, Bakker JP, Sharma B, Owens RL, Farhad H, Shah RV, Abbasi SA, Kohli P, Wilson J, DeMaria A, Jerosch-Herold M, Kwong RY, Malhotra A. T1 measurements for detection of expansion of the myocardial extracellular volume in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Can J Cardiol. 2014 Dec; 30(12):1668-75. PMID: 25442461.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Gillis CM, Poyant JO, Degrado JR, Ye L, Anger KE, Owens RL. Inpatient pharmacological sleep aid utilization is common at a tertiary medical center. J Hosp Med. 2014 Oct; 9(10):652-7. PMID: 25130534.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Edwards BA, Sands SA, Owens RL, White DP, Genta PR, Butler JP, Malhotra A, Wellman A. Effects of hyperoxia and hypoxia on the physiological traits responsible for obstructive sleep apnoea. J Physiol. 2014 Oct 15; 592(20):4523-35. PMID: 25085887; PMCID: PMC4287742.
    58. Genta PR, Owens RL, Edwards BA, Sands SA, Eckert DJ, Butler JP, Loring SH, Malhotra A, Jackson AC, White DP, Wellman A. Influence of pharyngeal muscle activity on inspiratory negative effort dependence in the human upper airway. Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2014 Sep 15; 201:55-9. PMID: 25020212; PMCID: PMC4131868.
    59. Edwards BA, Wellman A, Sands SA, Owens RL, Eckert DJ, White DP, Malhotra A. Obstructive sleep apnea in older adults is a distinctly different physiological phenotype. Sleep. 2014 Jul 01; 37(7):1227-36. PMID: 25061251; PMCID: PMC4098808.
    60. Lamas DJ, Owens RL, Bernacki RE, Block SD. Palliative care: a core competency for intensive care unit doctors. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014 Jun 15; 189(12):1569. PMID: 24930536.
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    61. Owens RL, Edwards BA, Sands SA, Butler JP, Eckert DJ, White DP, Malhotra A, Wellman A. The classical Starling resistor model often does not predict inspiratory airflow patterns in the human upper airway. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2014 Apr 15; 116(8):1105-12. PMID: 24458746; PMCID: PMC4035785.
    62. Sands SA, Owens RL. Does my bed partner have OSA? There's an app for that! J Clin Sleep Med. 2014 Jan 15; 10(1):79-80. PMID: 24426824; PMCID: PMC3869074.
    63. Edwards BA, Wellman A, Owens RL. PSGs: more than just the AHI. J Clin Sleep Med. 2013 Jun 15; 9(6):527-8. PMID: 23772183; PMCID: PMC3659370.
    64. Butler JP, Owens RL, Malhotra A, Wellman A. Rebuttal from James P. Butler, Robert L. Owens, Atul Malhotra and Andrew Wellman. J Physiol. 2013 May 01; 591(9):2237. PMID: 23740882.
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    65. Butler JP, Owens RL, Malhotra A, Wellman A. CrossTalk opposing view: the human upper airway during sleep does not behave like a Starling resistor. J Physiol. 2013 May 01; 591(9):2233-4. PMID: 23740880; PMCID: PMC3650686.
    66. Wellman A, Edwards BA, Sands SA, Owens RL, Nemati S, Butler J, Passaglia CL, Jackson AC, Malhotra A, White DP. A simplified method for determining phenotypic traits in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2013 Apr; 114(7):911-22. PMID: 23349453.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Owens RL. Supplemental oxygen needs during sleep. Who benefits? Respir Care. 2013 Jan; 58(1):32-47. PMID: 23271818.
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    68. Sharma B, Neilan TG, Kwong RY, Mandry D, Owens RL, McSharry D, Bakker JP, Malhotra A. Evaluation of right ventricular remodeling using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in co-existent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and obstructive sleep apnea. COPD. 2013 Feb; 10(1):4-10. PMID: 23272670; PMCID: PMC3679499.
    69. Owens RL, Edwards BA, Sands SA, Butler JP, Eckert DJ, White DP, Malhotra A, Wellman A. Upper airway collapsibility and patterns of flow limitation at constant end-expiratory lung volume. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2012 Sep 01; 113(5):691-9. PMID: 22628372; PMCID: PMC3472473.
    70. Owens RL, Campana LM, Hess L, Eckert DJ, Loring SH, Malhotra A. Sitting and supine esophageal pressures in overweight and obese subjects. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012 Dec; 20(12):2354-60. PMID: 22695479; PMCID: PMC3443522.
    71. Owens RL, Edwards BA, Malhotra A, Wellman A. Expiratory resistance increases end-expiratory lung volume during sleep. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2012 Apr 15; 185(8):e10-1. PMID: 22505761; PMCID: PMC3360575.
    72. Edwards BA, Sands SA, Eckert DJ, White DP, Butler JP, Owens RL, Malhotra A, Wellman A. Acetazolamide improves loop gain but not the other physiological traits causing obstructive sleep apnoea. J Physiol. 2012 Mar 01; 590(5):1199-211. PMID: 22219335; PMCID: PMC3381825.
    73. Eckert DJ, Owens RL, Kehlmann GB, Wellman A, Rahangdale S, Yim-Yeh S, White DP, Malhotra A. Eszopiclone increases the respiratory arousal threshold and lowers the apnoea/hypopnoea index in obstructive sleep apnoea patients with a low arousal threshold. Clin Sci (Lond). 2011 Jun; 120(12):505-14. PMID: 21269278; PMCID: PMC3415379.
    74. Wellman A, Eckert DJ, Jordan AS, Edwards BA, Passaglia CL, Jackson AC, Gautam S, Owens RL, Malhotra A, White DP. A method for measuring and modeling the physiological traits causing obstructive sleep apnea. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2011 Jun; 110(6):1627-37. PMID: 21436459; PMCID: PMC3119134.
    75. Owens RL, Wellman A, Malhotra A. Which OSA Patients Might Respond to Nasal Valves? J Clin Sleep Med. 2011 Feb 15; 7(1):23-4. PMID: 21344055; PMCID: PMC3041631.
    76. Sharma B, Feinsilver S, Owens RL, Malhotra A, McSharry D, Karbowitz S. Obstructive airway disease and obstructive sleep apnea: effect of pulmonary function. Lung. 2011 Feb; 189(1):37-41. PMID: 21132554; PMCID: PMC3417329.
    77. Owens RL, Malhotra A. Sleep-disordered breathing and COPD: the overlap syndrome. Respir Care. 2010 Oct; 55(10):1333-44; discussion 1344-6. PMID: 20875160; PMCID: PMC3387564.
    78. Malhotra A, Owens RL. What is central sleep apnea? Respir Care. 2010 Sep; 55(9):1168-78. PMID: 20799999; PMCID: PMC3417331.
    79. Gladysheva ES, Malhotra A, Owens RL. Influencing the decline of lung function in COPD: use of pharmacotherapy. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2010 Jun 03; 5:153-64. PMID: 20631815; PMCID: PMC2898088.
    80. Jordan AS, White DP, Owens RL, Eckert DJ, Rahangdale S, Yim-Yeh S, Malhotra A. The effect of increased genioglossus activity and end-expiratory lung volume on pharyngeal collapse. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2010 Aug; 109(2):469-75. PMID: 20507968; PMCID: PMC2928593.
    81. Sharma B, Owens R, Malhotra A. Sleep in congestive heart failure. Med Clin North Am. 2010 May; 94(3):447-64. PMID: 20451026; PMCID: PMC3424608.
    82. Owens RL, Malhotra A, Eckert DJ, White DP, Jordan AS. The influence of end-expiratory lung volume on measurements of pharyngeal collapsibility. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2010 Feb; 108(2):445-51. PMID: 19940097; PMCID: PMC3774250.
    83. Owens RL, Harris RS, Malhotra A. Is the way to man's heart (and lung) through the abdomen? Crit Care. 2009; 13(6):199. PMID: 19909491; PMCID: PMC2811916.
    84. Owens R, Wellman A, Malhotra A. The chicken-or-egg debate in OSA pathogenesis. Sleep. 2009 Oct; 32(10):1255-6. PMID: 19848354; PMCID: PMC2753803.
    85. Owens RL, Eckert DJ, Yeh SY, Malhotra A. Upper airway function in the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea: a review of the current literature. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2008 Nov; 14(6):519-24. PMID: 18812828; PMCID: PMC2697390.
    86. Owens RL, Hess DR, Malhotra A, Venegas JG, Harris RS. Effect of the chest wall on pressure-volume curve analysis of acute respiratory distress syndrome lungs. Crit Care Med. 2008 Nov; 36(11):2980-5. PMID: 18824918.
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    87. Owens RL, Yim-Yeh S, Malhotra A. Carbon monoxide poisoning, or carbon monoxide protection? Chest. 2008 Nov; 134(5):895-896. PMID: 18988771; PMCID: PMC3888884.
    88. Owens RL, Stigler WS, Hess DR. Do newer monitors of exhaled gases, mechanics, and esophageal pressure add value? Clin Chest Med. 2008 Jun; 29(2):297-312, vi-vii. PMID: 18440438.
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