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    Ulrich Schmidt

    TitleClinical Professor
    SchoolUniversity of California, San Diego
    DepartmentAnesthesiology
    Address200 W. Arbor Drive #8770
    CA San Diego 92103
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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Tainter CR, Nguyen AP, Pollock KA, O'Brien EO, Lee J, Schmidt U, Jahanasouz F, Owens RL, Meier A. The impact of a daily "medication time out" in the Intensive Care Unit. J Crit Care. 2017 Sep 12. PMID: 28939276.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Walker JB, Nguyen PL, Schmidt U, Gabriel RA. Postoperative Outcomes Associated With Neuraxial vs General Anesthesia Following Bilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2017 Jun 23. PMID: 28709756.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Gabriel RA, Burton BN, Nguyen AP, Schmidt U. Preoperative Functional Status Is Associated With Unplanned Intubations Following Thyroidectomies. Respir Care. 2017 Oct; 62(10):1277-1283. PMID: 28634171.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Sanchez RA, Kim B, Berumen J, Schmidt U. Transesophageal Echocardiography-Guided Thrombus Extraction and Catheter-Directed Thrombolytic Therapy During Orthotropic Liver Transplantation. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2017 Apr 26. PMID: 28939324.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Nguyen AP, Gabriel RA, Golts E, Kistler EB, Schmidt U. Severity of Acute Kidney Injury in the Post-Lung Transplant Patient Is Associated With Higher Healthcare Resources and Cost. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2017 Aug; 31(4):1361-1369. PMID: 28455097.
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      6. O'Brien EO, Newhouse BJ, Cronin B, Robbins K, Nguyen AP, Khoche S, Schmidt U. Hemodynamic Consequence of Hand Ventilation Versus Machine Ventilation During Transport After Cardiac Surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2017 Aug; 31(4):1246-1249. PMID: 28087235.
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      7. O'Brien EO, Schmidt U. Cellular Hypoxia in a Brand New Light. Anesthesiology. 2016 Jul; 125(1):20-1. PMID: 27176214.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Nguyen AP, Hyder JA, Wanta BT, Stelfox HT, Schmidt U. Measuring intensive care unit performance after sustainable growth rate reform: An example with the National Quality Forum metrics. J Crit Care. 2016 Dec; 36:81-84. PMID: 27546752.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Nguyen AP, Schmidt U, MacIntyre NR. Should High-Frequency Ventilation in the Adult Be Abandoned? Respir Care. 2016 Jun; 61(6):791-800. PMID: 27235314.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Schmidt U, Knecht L, MacIntyre NR. Should Early Mobilization Be Routine in Mechanically Ventilated Patients? Respir Care. 2016 Jun; 61(6):867-75. PMID: 27235319.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Piriyapatsom A, Lin H, Pirrone M, De Pascale G, Corona De Lapuerta J, Bittner EA, Schmidt U, De Moya M, Berra L. Evaluation of the Infection-Related Ventilator-Associated Events Algorithm for Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Surveillance in a Trauma Population. Respir Care. 2016 Mar; 61(3):269-76. PMID: 26556896.
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      12. Piriyapatsom A, Williams EC, Waak K, Ladha KS, Eikermann M, Schmidt U. Prospective Observational Study of Predictors of Re-Intubation Following Extubation in the Surgical ICU. Respir Care. 2016 Mar; 61(3):306-15. PMID: 26556899.
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      13. Lin H, Bukovskaya Y, De Moya M, Lee J, Schmidt U. Vancomycin continuous infusion versus intermittent infusion during continuous venovenous hemofiltration: slow and steady may win the race. Ann Intensive Care. 2015; 5:10. PMID: 25995967; PMCID: PMC4434240.
      14. O'Brien EO, Schmidt U. Monday morning quarterback: the story of extubation failure. Crit Care Med. 2015 Mar; 43(3):711-2. PMID: 25700061.
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      15. Mauri T, Coppadoro A, Bombino M, Bellani G, Zambelli V, Fornari C, Berra L, Bittner EA, Schmidt U, Sironi M, Bottazzi B, Brambilla P, Mantovani A, Pesenti A. Alveolar pentraxin 3 as an early marker of microbiologically confirmed pneumonia: a threshold-finding prospective observational study. Crit Care. 2014 Oct 15; 18(5):562. PMID: 25314919; PMCID: PMC4219103.
      16. Dhillon A, Tardini F, Bittner E, Schmidt U, Allain R, Bigatello L. Benefit of using a "bundled" consent for intensive care unit procedures as part of an early family meeting. J Crit Care. 2014 Dec; 29(6):919-22. PMID: 25168636.
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      17. Bittner EA, Schmidt U. Duration of delirium and postintensive care functional outcome: over the hill? Crit Care Med. 2014 Feb; 42(2):466-7. PMID: 24434453.
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      18. Adams MC, Schmidt U, Hess DR, Stelfox HT, Bittner EA. Examination of patterns in intubation by an emergency airway team at a large academic center: higher frequency during daytime hours. Respir Care. 2014 May; 59(5):743-8. PMID: 24129335.
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      19. Meyer MJ, Stanislaus AB, Lee J, Waak K, Ryan C, Saxena R, Ball S, Schmidt U, Poon T, Piva S, Walz M, Talmor DS, Blobner M, Latronico N, Eikermann M. Surgical Intensive Care Unit Optimal Mobilisation Score (SOMS) trial: a protocol for an international, multicentre, randomised controlled trial focused on goal-directed early mobilisation of surgical ICU patients. BMJ Open. 2013 Aug 19; 3(8):e003262. PMID: 23959756; PMCID: PMC3753523.
      20. Mirzakhani H, Williams JN, Mello J, Joseph S, Meyer MJ, Waak K, Schmidt U, Kelly E, Eikermann M. Muscle weakness predicts pharyngeal dysfunction and symptomatic aspiration in long-term ventilated patients. Anesthesiology. 2013 Aug; 119(2):389-97. PMID: 23584384.
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      21. Johnson DW, Schmidt U, Bittner EA, Christensen B, Levi R, Pino RM. Delay of transfer from the intensive care unit: a prospective observational study of incidence, causes, and financial impact. Crit Care. 2013 Jul 04; 17(4):R128. PMID: 23826830; PMCID: PMC4057477.
      22. Piriyapatsom A, Bittner EA, Hines J, Schmidt U. Sedation and paralysis. Respir Care. 2013 Jun; 58(6):1024-37. PMID: 23709198.
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      23. Coppadoro A, Berra L, Kumar A, Pinciroli R, Yamada M, Schmidt U, Bittner EA, Kaneki M. Critical illness is associated with decreased plasma levels of coenzyme Q10: a cross-sectional study. J Crit Care. 2013 Oct; 28(5):571-6. PMID: 23618779; PMCID: PMC4073588.
      24. Bigatello LM, Amirfarzan H, Haghighi AK, Newhouse B, Del Rio JM, Allen K, Chang A, Schmidt U, Razavi M. Effects of routine monitoring of delirium in a surgical/trauma intensive care unit. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013 Mar; 74(3):876-83. PMID: 23425751.
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      25. Fisher DF, Kondili D, Williams J, Hess DR, Bittner EA, Schmidt U. Tracheostomy tube change before day 7 is associated with earlier use of speaking valve and earlier oral intake. Respir Care. 2013 Feb; 58(2):257-63. PMID: 22782273.
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      26. van der Wilden GM, Schmidt U, Chang Y, Bittner EA, Cobb JP, Velmahos GC, Alam HB, de Moya MA, King DR. Implementation of 24/7 intensivist presence in the SICU: effect on processes of care. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013 Feb; 74(2):563-7. PMID: 23354251.
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      27. Hess DR, Kondili D, Burns E, Bittner EA, Schmidt U. A 5-year observational study of lung-protective ventilation in the operating room: a single-center experience. J Crit Care. 2013 Aug; 28(4):533.e9-15. PMID: 23369521.
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      28. Bittner EA, Schmidt U. The ventilator liberation process: update on technique, timing, and termination of tracheostomy. Respir Care. 2012 Oct; 57(10):1626-34. PMID: 23013900.
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      29. Bittner EA, Schmidt U. Tracheal reintubation: caused by "too much of a good thing"? Respir Care. 2012 Oct; 57(10):1687-91. PMID: 23013905.
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      30. Lee JJ, Waak K, Grosse-Sundrup M, Xue F, Lee J, Chipman D, Ryan C, Bittner EA, Schmidt U, Eikermann M. Global muscle strength but not grip strength predicts mortality and length of stay in a general population in a surgical intensive care unit. Phys Ther. 2012 Dec; 92(12):1546-55. PMID: 22976446.
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      31. Wilcox SR, Bittner EA, Elmer J, Seigel TA, Nguyen NT, Dhillon A, Eikermann M, Schmidt U. Neuromuscular blocking agent administration for emergent tracheal intubation is associated with decreased prevalence of procedure-related complications. Crit Care Med. 2012 Jun; 40(6):1808-13. PMID: 22610185.
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      32. Schmidt U, Coppadoro A, Hess DR. To breathe or not to breathe? Crit Care Med. 2012 May; 40(5):1680-1. PMID: 22511162.
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      33. Kasotakis G, Schmidt U, Perry D, Grosse-Sundrup M, Benjamin J, Ryan C, Tully S, Hirschberg R, Waak K, Velmahos G, Bittner EA, Zafonte R, Cobb JP, Eikermann M. The surgical intensive care unit optimal mobility score predicts mortality and length of stay. Crit Care Med. 2012 Apr; 40(4):1122-8. PMID: 22067629.
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      34. Dunne PJ, Macintyre NR, Schmidt U, Haas CF, Jones-Boggs Rye K, Kauffman GW, Hess DR. Respiratory care year in review 2011: long-term oxygen therapy, pulmonary rehabilitation, airway management, acute lung injury, education, and management. Respir Care. 2012 Apr; 57(4):590-606. PMID: 22472499.
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      35. Schmidt U, Hess D, Bittner E. To decannulate or not to decannulate: a combination of readiness for the floor and floor readiness? Crit Care Med. 2011 Oct; 39(10):2360-1. PMID: 21926492.
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      36. Eikermann M, Schmidt U. Does adrenal size matter? Anesthesiology. 2011 Aug; 115(2):223-5. PMID: 21694575.
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      37. Díaz-Gómez JL, Seigel T, Schmidt U, Pino RM, Bittner EA. Acute hypopituitarism in a pregnant patient after cardiac gunshot injury. J Clin Anesth. 2011 Aug; 23(5):414-7. PMID: 21741812.
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      38. Duan M, Berra L, Kumar A, Wilcox S, Safford S, Goulet R, Lander M, Schmidt U. Use of hypothermia to allow low-tidal-volume ventilation in a patient with ARDS. Respir Care. 2011 Dec; 56(12):1956-8. PMID: 21682985.
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      39. Goldfarb JW, Bittner EA, George E, Welch C, Schmidt U. Successful management of a morbidly obese patient for electroconvulsive therapy with elective tracheostomy. J Clin Anesth. 2011 May; 23(3):241-3. PMID: 21507618.
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      40. Garzon-Serrano J, Ryan C, Waak K, Hirschberg R, Tully S, Bittner EA, Chipman DW, Schmidt U, Kasotakis G, Benjamin J, Zafonte R, Eikermann M. Early mobilization in critically ill patients: patients' mobilization level depends on health care provider's profession. PM R. 2011 Apr; 3(4):307-13. PMID: 21497316.
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      41. Schmidt U, Eikermann M. Organizational aspects of difficult airway management: think globally, act locally. Anesthesiology. 2011 Jan; 114(1):3-6. PMID: 21139498.
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      42. Butterly A, Schmidt U, Wiener-Kronish J. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization, its relationship to nosocomial infection, and efficacy of control methods. Anesthesiology. 2010 Dec; 113(6):1453-9. PMID: 21068653.
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      43. Hess DR, Tokarczyk A, O'Malley M, Gavaghan S, Sullivan J, Schmidt U. The value of adding a verbal report to written handoffs on early readmission following prolonged respiratory failure. Chest. 2010 Dec; 138(6):1475-9. PMID: 21138883.
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      44. Gudzenko V, Bittner EA, Schmidt U. Emergency airway management. Respir Care. 2010 Aug; 55(8):1026-35. PMID: 20667150.
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      45. Wilcox SR, Bittner E, George E, Buckley VF, Schmidt U. Improvement in emergency airway equipment transport. Respir Care. 2010 Jul; 55(7):852-7. PMID: 20587096.
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      46. Eikermann M, Garzon-Serrano J, Kwo J, Grosse-Sundrup M, Schmidt U, Bigatello L. Do Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea have an Increased Risk of Desaturation During Induction of Anesthesia for Weight Loss Surgery? Open Respir Med J. 2010 Jun 25; 4:58-62. PMID: 20802806; PMCID: PMC2928890.
      47. Schmidt U, Hess DR. Does spontaneous breathing produce harm in patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome? Respir Care. 2010 Jun; 55(6):784-6. PMID: 20507667.
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      48. George E, Becerra L, Upadhyay J, Schmidt U, Borsook D. Evaluation of novel drugs using fMRI in early-phase clinical trials: safety monitoring. Drug Discov Today. 2010 Aug; 15(15-16):684-9. PMID: 20553959; PMCID: PMC2921954.
      49. Bateman BT, Schmidt U, Berman MF, Bittner EA. Temporal trends in the epidemiology of severe postoperative sepsis after elective surgery: a large, nationwide sample. Anesthesiology. 2010 Apr; 112(4):917-25. PMID: 20357565.
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      50. Schmidt U, Bittner E, Pivi S, Marota JJ. Hemodynamic management and outcome of patients treated for cerebral vasospasm with intraarterial nicardipine and/or milrinone. Anesth Analg. 2010 Mar 01; 110(3):895-902. PMID: 20185665.
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      51. Zhang X, Schmidt U, Wain JC, Bigatello L. Bradycardia leading to asystole during dexmedetomidine infusion in an 18 year-old double-lung transplant recipient. J Clin Anesth. 2010 Feb; 22(1):45-9. PMID: 20206851.
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      52. Stelfox HT, Hess DR, Schmidt U. A North American survey of respiratory therapist and physician tracheostomy decannulation practices. Respir Care. 2009 Dec; 54(12):1658-64. PMID: 19961631.
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      53. Wilcox SR, Schmidt U. Are tracheostomized patients safe on regular hospital wards? Respir Care. 2009 Dec; 54(12):1632-4. PMID: 19961626.
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      54. Berthiaume LR, Peets AD, Schmidt U, Shahpori R, Doig CJ, Boiteau PJ, Stelfox HT. Time series analysis of use patterns for common invasive technologies in critically ill patients. J Crit Care. 2009 Sep; 24(3):471.e9-14. PMID: 19327306.
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      55. Schmidt U, Kumwilaisak K, Bittner E, George E, Hess D. Effects of supervision by attending anesthesiologists on complications of emergency tracheal intubation. Anesthesiology. 2008 Dec; 109(6):973-7. PMID: 19034093.
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      56. Kumwilaisak K, Noto A, Schmidt U, Beck CI, Crimi C, Lewandrowski K, Bigatello LM. Effect of laboratory testing guidelines on the utilization of tests and order entries in a surgical intensive care unit. Crit Care Med. 2008 Nov; 36(11):2993-9. PMID: 18824907.
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      57. Feng Y, Zhao H, Xu X, Buys ES, Raher MJ, Bopassa JC, Thibault H, Scherrer-Crosbie M, Schmidt U, Chao W. Innate immune adaptor MyD88 mediates neutrophil recruitment and myocardial injury after ischemia-reperfusion in mice. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2008 Sep; 295(3):H1311-H1318. PMID: 18660455; PMCID: PMC2544501.
      58. Schmidt U, Hess D, Kwo J, Lagambina S, Gettings E, Khandwala F, Bigatello LM, Stelfox HT. Tracheostomy tube malposition in patients admitted to a respiratory acute care unit following prolonged ventilation. Chest. 2008 Aug; 134(2):288-294. PMID: 18403659.
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      59. Stelfox HT, Crimi C, Berra L, Noto A, Schmidt U, Bigatello LM, Hess D. Determinants of tracheostomy decannulation: an international survey. Crit Care. 2008; 12(1):R26. PMID: 18302759; PMCID: PMC2374629.
      60. Hess DR, Stelfox HT, Schmidt U. Noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation: a silver bullet for extubation failure? Respir Care. 2007 Nov; 52(11):1454-6. PMID: 17971246.
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      61. Bigatello LM, Stelfox HT, Berra L, Schmidt U, Gettings EM. Outcome of patients undergoing prolonged mechanical ventilation after critical illness. Crit Care Med. 2007 Nov; 35(11):2491-7. PMID: 17901840.
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      62. Stelfox HT, Velmahos GC, Gettings E, Bigatello LM, Schmidt U. Computed tomography for early and safe discontinuation of cervical spine immobilization in obtunded multiply injured patients. J Trauma. 2007 Sep; 63(3):630-6. PMID: 18073612.
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      63. Zhu X, Bagchi A, Zhao H, Kirschning CJ, Hajjar RJ, Chao W, Hellman J, Schmidt U. Toll-like receptor 2 activation by bacterial peptidoglycan-associated lipoprotein activates cardiomyocyte inflammation and contractile dysfunction. Crit Care Med. 2007 Mar; 35(3):886-92. PMID: 17255871.
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      64. Benedetto WJ, Hess DR, Gettings E, Bigatello LM, Toon H, Hurford WE, Schmidt U. Urgent tracheal intubation in general hospital units: an observational study. J Clin Anesth. 2007 Feb; 19(1):20-4. PMID: 17321922.
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      65. Zhu X, Zhao H, Graveline AR, Buys ES, Schmidt U, Bloch KD, Rosenzweig A, Chao W. MyD88 and NOS2 are essential for toll-like receptor 4-mediated survival effect in cardiomyocytes. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2006 Oct; 291(4):H1900-9. PMID: 16648192.
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      66. Stelfox HT, Ahmed SB, Ribeiro RA, Gettings EM, Pomerantsev E, Schmidt U. Hemodynamic monitoring in obese patients: the impact of body mass index on cardiac output and stroke volume. Crit Care Med. 2006 Apr; 34(4):1243-6. PMID: 16484893.
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      67. Schmidt U, Zhu X, Lebeche D, Huq F, Guerrero JL, Hajjar RJ. In vivo gene transfer of parvalbumin improves diastolic function in aged rat hearts. Cardiovasc Res. 2005 May 01; 66(2):318-23. PMID: 15820200.
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      68. Zhu X, Altschafl BA, Hajjar RJ, Valdivia HH, Schmidt U. Altered Ca2+ sparks and gating properties of ryanodine receptors in aging cardiomyocytes. Cell Calcium. 2005 Jun; 37(6):583-91. PMID: 15862349.
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      69. Chao W, Shen Y, Zhu X, Zhao H, Novikov M, Schmidt U, Rosenzweig A. Lipopolysaccharide improves cardiomyocyte survival and function after serum deprivation. J Biol Chem. 2005 Jun 10; 280(23):21997-2005. PMID: 15793310.
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      70. Zhu X, Bernecker OY, Manohar NS, Hajjar RJ, Hellman J, Ichinose F, Valdivia HH, Schmidt U. Increased leakage of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ contributes to abnormal myocyte Ca2+ handling and shortening in sepsis. Crit Care Med. 2005 Mar; 33(3):598-604. PMID: 15753753.
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      71. Shank E, Manohar N, Schmidt U. Anesthetic management for thoracopagus twins with complex cyanotic heart disease in the magnetic resonance imaging suite. Anesth Analg. 2005 Feb; 100(2):361-4. PMID: 15673857.
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      72. Beutler S, Schmidt U, Michard F. Hemodynamic monitoring in obese patients: a big issue. Crit Care Med. 2004 Sep; 32(9):1981. PMID: 15343044.
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