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Stephen Spector

Title(s)Professor, Pediatrics
SchoolVc-health Sciences-schools
Address9500 Gilman Drive #
La Jolla CA 92093
Emailsaspector@ucsd.edu
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MAMD05/1975Medicine
    University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA06/1977Pediatric Residency
    University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA06/1978Fellow, Neonatogy and Pediatric Infectious Diseases
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA06/1979NIH Fellow, Pediatric Infectious Diseases
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Tufts University School of Medicine1972NIH Research Fellow in Immunology
    UCSD1978  - 1979NIH Fellow in Infectious Diseases
    NIAID1995  - 2006Chair, Executive Committe Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group
    2000  - presBest Doctors in America
    Soth Africa Embassy2006Honored by South African Embassy to U.S. for contributions to halting HIV/AIDS epidemic
    NIAID2006Honored by PACTG for exceptional contributions and leadership
    American Association of Physicians 2009Elected to American Association of Physicians
    UCSD.Rady Children's Hospital2010Recipient of Rady Children’s Hospital San Diego Research Award
    Children's Hospital of Philadelphia2010Gertrude and Herman Silver Award in Recognition of work on behalf of children, adolescents and famil

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Spector, a world leader in HIV research for more than 25 years, is Distinguished Professor of Pediatrics, the Chief of the Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases and Director of the UCSD Mother-Child-Adolescent HIV Program. His research has used molecular and Immunologic approaches to study host-virus interactions of human cytomegalovirus (CMV) and human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) with a particular emphasis developing novel approaches for the detection, treatment and eradication of persistent viruses. Current CMV related research is examining the role of CMV in endothelial cell inflammation and the development of cardiovascular diseases. The laboratory has been involved with HIV/AIDS research since the beginning of the epidemic. Current research examines HIV pathogenesis with a particular emphasis on host-virus interactions, and the associations of host genetic variants on HIV diseases progression and HIV-related diseases including CNS impairment in children and adults. The laboratory’s interest in the identification of host factors that affect HIV pathogenesis led us to the novel finding that during permissive infection, HIV down-regulates autophagy to promote its own replication, and the induction of autophagy (using mTOR inhibitors as well as vitamin D3) inhibits HIV replication. The laboratory has also identified specific host genetic variants that are associated with mother-to-child transmission, HIV disease progression, and antiretroviral pharmacokinetics and adverse effects. This research has led to our examining the association of host factors that control HIV replication with the goal of identifying novel strategies to eradicate HIV from those infected.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Nanopeptide Targeting of HIV-CNS Reservoirs without Reactivation
    NIH R01NS104015May 1, 2017 - Feb 28, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Role of CMV in Heart Disease of HIV-Infected Women and Perinatally Infected Youth
    NIH R56HL125028Sep 12, 2014 - Feb 28, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Modulating Autophagy to Eradicate HIV-1 from CNS Reservoirs
    NIH R01NS084912May 1, 2013 - Apr 30, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Host Genetic Factors Associated with CNS Disease of HIV-Infected Children
    NIH R01NS077874Aug 1, 2011 - Mar 31, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Vitamin D Inhibition of HIV and M. Tuberculosis Coinfection in Macrophages
    NIH R21AI084573Jul 21, 2009 - Jun 30, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator
    HIV Centers for Underrepresented Populations in Research Clinical Trials Unit (CURE CTU)
    NIH UM1AI069536Jan 1, 2007 - Nov 30, 2027
    Role: Principal Investigator
    University of California, San Diego Clinical Trial Unit
    NIH U01AI069536Jan 1, 2007 - Nov 30, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    San Diego EXPORT Comprehensive NCMHD Research Center
    NIH P60MD000220Sep 30, 2002 - Apr 30, 2013
    Role: Co-Investigator
    San Diego Export: An University Community Partnership E*
    NIH P60MD000263Sep 30, 2002 - Aug 31, 2008
    Role: Co-Investigator
    ADOLESCENT MEDICINE TRIALS UNIT (AMTU)
    NIH U01HD040464Apr 16, 2001 - Feb 28, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Pediatric ACTG Coordinating and Operations Center
    NIH U01AI041089Mar 1, 1997 - Feb 28, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH M01RR000827Jan 27, 1997 - Nov 30, 2010
    Role: Co-Investigator
    FACTORS IN PEDIATRIC AIDS TRANSMISSION AND PATHOGENESIS
    NIH R01AI039004Sep 30, 1995 - Aug 31, 2000
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Center for AIDS Research
    NIH P30AI036214Apr 1, 1994 - Aug 31, 1998
    Role: Co-Investigator
    MOLECULAR INTERACTION OF HIV HCMV
    NIH R01AI028270Apr 1, 1989 - Aug 31, 1996
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group
    NIH U01AI027563Sep 30, 1988 - Aug 31, 1997
    Role: Principal Investigator
    SAN DIEGO AIDS CLINICAL TRIAL UNIT
    NIH U01AI027670Jun 30, 1986 - Dec 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Featured Publications

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Longitudinal changes in epigenetic age in youth with perinatally-acquired HIV and youth who are perinatally HIV-exposed uninfected. AIDS. 2021 Feb 09. PMID: 33587437.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy (4th edition). Autophagy. 2021 Feb 08; 1-382. Klionsky DJ, Abdel-Aziz AK, Abdelfatah S, Abdellatif M, Abdoli A, Abel S, Abeliovich H, Abildgaard MH, Abudu YP, Acevedo-Arozena A, Adamopoulos IE, Adeli K, Adolph TE, Adornetto A, Aflaki E, Agam G, Agarwal A, Aggarwal BB, Agnello M, Agostinis P, Agrewala JN, Agrotis A, Aguilar PV, Ahmad ST, Ahmed ZM, Ahumada-Castro U, Aits S, Aizawa S, Akkoc Y, Akoumianaki T, Akpinar HA, Al-Abd AM, Al-Akra L, Al-Gharaibeh A, Alaoui-Jamali MA, Alberti S, Alcocer-Gómez E, Alessandri C, Ali M, Alim Al-Bari MA, Aliwaini S, Alizadeh J, Almacellas E, Almasan A, Alonso A, Alonso GD, Altan-Bonnet N, Altieri DC, Álvarez ÉMC, Alves S, Alves da Costa C, Alzaharna MM, Amadio M, Amantini C, Amaral C, Ambrosio S, Amer AO, Ammanathan V, An Z, Andersen SU, Andrabi SA, Andrade-Silva M, Andres AM, Angelini S, Ann D, Anozie UC, Ansari MY, Antas P, Antebi A, Antón Z, Anwar T, Apetoh L, Apostolova N, Araki T, Araki Y, Arasaki K, Araújo WL, Araya J, Arden C, Arévalo MA, Arguelles S, Arias E, Arikkath J, Arimoto H, Ariosa AR, Armstrong-James D, Arnauné-Pelloquin L, Aroca A, Arroyo DS, Arsov I, Artero R, Asaro DML, Aschner M, Ashrafizadeh M, Ashur-Fabian O, Atanasov AG, Au AK, Auberger P, Auner HW, Aurelian L, Autelli R, Avagliano L, Ávalos Y, Aveic S, Aveleira CA, Avin-Wittenberg T, Aydin Y, Ayton S, Ayyadevara S, Azzopardi M, Baba M, Backer JM, Backues SK, Bae DH, Bae ON, Bae SH, Baehrecke EH, Baek A, Baek SH, Baek SH, Bagetta G, Bagniewska-Zadworna A, Bai H, Bai J, Bai X, Bai Y, Bairagi N, Baksi S, Balbi T, Baldari CT, Balduini W, Ballabio A, Ballester M, Balazadeh S, Balzan R, Bandopadhyay R, Banerjee S, Banerjee S, Bánréti Á, Bao Y, Baptista MS, Baracca A, Barbati C, Bargiela A, Barilà D, Barlow PG, Barmada SJ, Barreiro E, Barreto GE, Bartek J, Bartel B, Bartolome A, Barve GR, Basagoudanavar SH, Bassham DC, Bast RC, Basu A, Batoko H, Batten I, Baulieu EE, Baumgarner BL, Bayry J, Beale R, Beau I, Beaumatin F, Bechara LRG, Beck GR, Beers MF, Begun J, Behrends C, Behrens GMN, Bei R, Bejarano E, Bel S, Behl C, Belaid A, Belgareh-Touzé N, Bellarosa C, Belleudi F, Belló Pérez M, Bello-Morales R, Beltran JSO, Beltran S, Benbrook DM, Bendorius M, Benitez BA, Benito-Cuesta I, Bensalem J, Berchtold MW, Berezowska S, Bergamaschi D, Bergami M, Bergmann A, Berliocchi L, Berlioz-Torrent C, Bernard A, Berthoux L, Besirli CG, Besteiro S, Betin VM, Beyaert R, Bezbradica JS, Bhaskar K, Bhatia-Kissova I, Bhattacharya R, Bhattacharya S, Bhattacharyya S, Bhuiyan MS, Bhutia SK, Bi L, Bi X, Biden TJ, Bijian K, Billes VA, Binart N, Bincoletto C, Birgisdottir AB, Bjorkoy G, Blanco G, Blas-Garcia A, Blasiak J, Blomgran R, Blomgren K, Blum JS, Boada-Romero E, Boban M, Boesze-Battaglia K, Boeuf P, Boland B, Bomont P, Bonaldo P, Bonam SR, Bonfili L, Bonifacino JS, Boone BA, Bootman MD, Bordi M, Borner C, Bornhauser BC, Borthakur G, Bosch J, Bose S, Botana LM, Botas J, Boulanger CM, Boulton ME, Bourdenx M, Bourgeois B, Bourke NM, Bousquet G, Boya P, Bozhkov PV, Bozi LHM, Bozkurt TO, Brackney DE, Brandts CH, Braun RJ, Braus GH, Bravo-Sagua R, Bravo-San Pedro JM, Brest P, Bringer MA, Briones-Herrera A, Broaddus VC, Brodersen P, Brodsky JL, Brody SL, Bronson PG, Bronstein JM, Brown CN, Brown RE, Brum PC, Brumell JH, Brunetti-Pierri N, Bruno D, Bryson-Richardson RJ, Bucci C, Buchrieser C, Bueno M, Buitrago-Molina LE, Buraschi S, Buch S, Buchan JR, Buckingham EM, Budak H, Budini M, Bultynck G, Burada F, Burgoyne JR, Burón MI, Bustos V, Büttner S, Butturini E, Byrd A, Cabas I, Cabrera-Benitez S, Cadwell K, Cai J, Cai L, Cai Q, Cairó M, Calbet JA, Caldwell GA, Caldwell KA, Call JA, Calvani R, Calvo AC, Calvo-Rubio Barrera M, Camara NO, Camonis JH, Camougrand N, Campanella M, Campbell EM, Campbell-Valois FX, Campello S, Campesi I, Campos JC, Camuzard O, Cancino J, Candido de Almeida D, Canesi L, Caniggia I, Canonico B, Cantí C, Cao B, Caraglia M, Caramés B, Carchman EH, Cardenal-Muñoz E, Cardenas C, Cardenas L, Cardoso SM, Carew JS, Carle GF, Carleton G, Carloni S, Carmona-Gutierrez D, et al. PMID: 33634751.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. Efficacy and Safety of the mRNA-1273 SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine. N Engl J Med. 2020 Dec 30. Baden LR, El Sahly HM, Essink B, Kotloff K, Frey S, Novak R, Diemert D, Spector SA, Rouphael N, Creech CB, McGettigan J, Kehtan S, Segall N, Solis J, Brosz A, Fierro C, Schwartz H, Neuzil K, Corey L, Gilbert P, Janes H, Follmann D, Marovich M, Mascola J, Polakowski L, Ledgerwood J, Graham BS, Bennett H, Pajon R, Knightly C, Leav B, Deng W, Zhou H, Han S, Ivarsson M, Miller J, Zaks T. PMID: 33378609.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    4. Genomics Links Inflammation with Neurocognitive Impairment in Children Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus type-1. J Infect Dis. 2020 Dec 29. Rawat P, Brummel SS, Singh KK, Kim J, Frazer KA, Nichols S, Seage Iii GR, Williams PL, Van Dyke RB, Harismendy O, Trout RN, Spector SA. PMID: 33373444.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    5. Impact of Low Birth Weight and Prematurity on Neonatal Raltegravir Pharmacokinetics: Impaact P1097. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2020 Dec 15; 85(5):626-634. Clarke DF, Lommerse J, Acosta EP, Cababasay MP, Wang J, Spector SA, Chain A, Smith E, Teppler H, Hazra R, Calabrese K, Graham B, Popson S, Bryson Y, Mirochnick M. PMID: 32925360.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    6. Pharmacokinetics and safety of early nevirapine-based antiretroviral therapy for neonates at high risk for perinatal HIV infection: a phase 1/2 proof of concept study. Lancet HIV. 2020 Nov 23. Ruel TD, Capparelli EV, Tierney C, Nelson BS, Coletti A, Bryson Y, Cotton MF, Spector SA, Mirochnick M, LeBlanc R, Reding C, Zimmer B, Persaud D, Bwakura-Dangarembizi M, Naidoo KL, Hazra R, Jean-Philippe P, Chadwick EG. PMID: 33242457.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    7. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 and Methamphetamine-Mediated Mitochondrial Damage and Neuronal Degeneration in Human Neurons. J Virol. 2020 09 29; 94(20). PMID: 32796068.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    8. CD4+ T Cell-Mimicking Nanoparticles Broadly Neutralize HIV-1 and Suppress Viral Replication through Autophagy. mBio. 2020 09 15; 11(5). Zhang G, Campbell GR, Zhang Q, Maule E, Hanna J, Gao W, Zhang L, Spector SA. PMID: 32934078.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    9. Live-attenuated Vaccines Prevent Respiratory Syncytial Virus-associated Illness in Young Children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2020 Sep 01. Karron RA, Atwell JE, McFarland EJ, Cunningham CK, Muresan P, Perlowski C, Libous J, Spector SA, Yogev R, Aziz M, Woods S, Wanionek K, Collins PL, Buchholz UJ. PMID: 32871092.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    10. Trehalose Inhibits Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection in Primary Human Macrophages and CD4+ T Lymphocytes through Two Distinct Mechanisms. J Virol. 2020 08 17; 94(17). Rawat P, Hon S, Teodorof-Diedrich C, Spector SA. PMID: 32554696.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    11. SMAC mimetics induce autophagy-dependent apoptosis of HIV-1-infected macrophages. Cell Death Dis. 2020 07 27; 11(7):590. Campbell GR, To RK, Zhang G, Spector SA. PMID: 32719312.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    12. Raltegravir (RAL) in Neonates: Dosing, Pharmacokinetics (PK), and Safety in HIV-1-Exposed Neonates at Risk of Infection (IMPAACT P1110). J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2020 05 01; 84(1):70-77. Clarke DF, Acosta EP, Cababasay M, Wang J, Chain A, Teppler H, Popson S, Graham B, Smith B, Hazra R, Calabrese K, Bryson Y, Spector SA, Lommerse J, Mirochnick M. PMID: 31913995.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    13. Live Respiratory Syncytial Virus Attenuated by M2-2 Deletion and Stabilized Temperature Sensitivity Mutation 1030s Is a Promising Vaccine Candidate in Children. J Infect Dis. 2020 02 03; 221(4):534-543. McFarland EJ, Karron RA, Muresan P, Cunningham CK, Libous J, Perlowski C, Thumar B, Gnanashanmugam D, Moye J, Schappell E, Barr E, Rexroad V, Fearn L, Spector SA, Aziz M, Cielo M, Beneri C, Wiznia A, Luongo C, Collins P, Buchholz UJ. PMID: 31758177.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    14. TREM-1 Protects HIV-1-Infected Macrophages from Apoptosis through Maintenance of Mitochondrial Function. mBio. 2019 11 12; 10(6). Campbell GR, To RK, Spector SA. PMID: 31719184.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    15. Birth Prevalence of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection in HIV-Exposed Uninfected Children in the Era of Combination Antiretroviral Therapy. J Pediatr. 2020 01; 216:82-87.e2. Purswani MU, Russell JS, Dietrich M, Malee K, Spector SA, Williams PL, Frederick T, Burchett S, Redmond S, Hoffman HJ, Torre P, Lee S, Rice ML, Yao TJ. PMID: 31668479.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    16. Vitamin D status and risk of incident tuberculosis disease: A nested case-control study, systematic review, and individual-participant data meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 2019 09; 16(9):e1002907. Aibana O, Huang CC, Aboud S, Arnedo-Pena A, Becerra MC, Bellido-Blasco JB, Bhosale R, Calderon R, Chiang S, Contreras C, Davaasambuu G, Fawzi WW, Franke MF, Galea JT, Garcia-Ferrer D, Gil-Fortuño M, Gomila-Sard B, Gupta A, Gupte N, Hussain R, Iborra-Millet J, Iqbal NT, Juan-Cerdán JV, Kinikar A, Lecca L, Mave V, Meseguer-Ferrer N, Montepiedra G, Mugusi FM, Owolabi OA, Parsonnet J, Roach-Poblete F, Romeu-García MA, Spector SA, Sudfeld CR, Tenforde MW, Togun TO, Yataco R, Zhang Z, Murray MB. PMID: 31509529.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Establishing Dosing Recommendations for Efavirenz in HIV/TB-Coinfected Children Younger Than 3 Years. . 2019 08 01; 81(4):473-480. Bwakura Dangarembizi M, Samson P, Capparelli EV, Moore CB, Jean-Philippe P, Spector SA, Chakhtoura N, Benns A, Zimmer B, Purdue L, Jackson C, Wallis C, Libous JL, Chadwick EG. PMID: 31241542.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    18. Markers of Bone Mineral Metabolism and Cardiac Structure and Function in Perinatally HIV-Infected and HIV-Exposed but Uninfected Children and Adolescents. . 2019 06 01; 81(2):238-246. Margossian R, Williams PL, Yu W, Jacobson DL, Geffner ME, DiMeglio LA, Van Dyke RB, Spector SA, Schuster GU, Stephensen CB, Miller TL, Lipshultz SE. PMID: 30865170.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    19. Selective cell death of latently HIV-infected CD4+ T cells mediated by autosis inducing nanopeptides. Cell Death Dis. 2019 05 29; 10(6):419. Zhang G, Luk BT, Wei X, Campbell GR, Fang RH, Zhang L, Spector SA. PMID: 31142734.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    20. Vaccine Strain Varicella Infection in an Infant With Previously Undiagnosed Perinatal Human Immunodeficiency Type-1 Infection. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2019 04; 38(4):413-415. Farnaes L, Coufal NG, Spector SA. PMID: 30882735.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    21. Association of Cytomegalovirus DNA and Immunologic Markers of Cardiovascular Disease. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2019 May; 6(5):ofz113. Garg A, Gianella S, Nakazawa M, Trout R, Spector SA. PMID: 31139667.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    22. DIABLO/SMAC mimetics selectively kill HIV-1-infected resting memory CD4+ T cells: a potential role in a cure strategy for HIV-1 infection. Autophagy. 2019 04; 15(4):744-746. Campbell GR, Spector SA. PMID: 30653393.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    23. Human immunodeficiency virus Type-1 single-stranded RNA activates the NLRP3 inflammasome and impairs autophagic clearance of damaged mitochondria in human microglia. Glia. 2019 05; 67(5):802-824. Rawat P, Teodorof-Diedrich C, Spector SA. PMID: 30582668.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    24. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 and Tat Induce Mitochondrial Fragmentation and Incomplete Mitophagy in Human Neurons. J Virol. 2018 11 15; 92(22). Teodorof-Diedrich C, Spector SA. PMID: 30158296.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    25. SMAC Mimetics Induce Autophagy-Dependent Apoptosis of HIV-1-Infected Resting Memory CD4+ T Cells. . 2018 11 14; 24(5):689-702.e7. Campbell GR, Bruckman RS, Chu YL, Trout RN, Spector SA. PMID: 30344003.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    26. T-Cell-Mimicking Nanoparticles Can Neutralize HIV Infectivity. . 2018 Nov; 30(45):e1802233. Wei X, Zhang G, Ran D, Krishnan N, Fang RH, Gao W, Spector SA, Zhang L. PMID: 30252965.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    27. Induction of a Na+/K+-ATPase-dependent form of autophagy triggers preferential cell death of human immunodeficiency virus type-1-infected macrophages. Autophagy. 2018; 14(8):1359-1375. Zhang G, Luk BT, Hamidy M, Zhang L, Spector SA. PMID: 29962265.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    28. Live-Attenuated Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine Candidate With Deletion of RNA Synthesis Regulatory Protein M2-2 is Highly Immunogenic in Children. J Infect Dis. 2018 04 11; 217(9):1347-1355. PMID: 29509911.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    29. Live Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Vaccine Candidate Containing Stabilized Temperature-Sensitivity Mutations Is Highly Attenuated in RSV-Seronegative Infants and Children. J Infect Dis. 2018 04 11; 217(9):1338-1346. PMID: 29509929.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    30. Induction of autophagy by PI3K/MTOR and PI3K/MTOR/BRD4 inhibitors suppresses HIV-1 replication. J Biol Chem. 2018 04 20; 293(16):5808-5820. Campbell GR, Bruckman RS, Herns SD, Joshi S, Durden DL, Spector SA. PMID: 29475942.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    31. A Phase II/III Trial of Lopinavir/Ritonavir Dosed According to the WHO Pediatric Weight Band Dosing Guidelines. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018 02; 37(2):e29-e35. Pinto JA, Capparelli EV, Warshaw M, Zimmer B, Cressey TR, Spector SA, Qin M, Smith B, Siberry GK, Mirochnick M. PMID: 29088027.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    32. Comparison of the QuantiFERON TB Gold In-tube Assay With Tuberculin Skin Test for the Diagnosis of Latent Tuberculosis Infection Among HIV-infected and Uninfected Children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2017 Dec; 36(12):e317-e321. Dehority W, Viani RM, Araneta MRG, Lopez G, Spector SA. PMID: 29140946.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Associations of Low Vitamin D and Elevated Parathyroid Hormone Concentrations With Bone Mineral Density in Perinatally HIV-Infected Children. . 2017 09 01; 76(1):33-42. PMID: 28797019.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    34. Changes in Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors With Immediate Versus Deferred Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation Among HIV-Positive Participants in the START (Strategic Timing of Antiretroviral Treatment) Trial. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 May 22; 6(5). PMID: 28533305.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    35. CYP2B6 genotype-directed dosing is required for optimal efavirenz exposure in children 3-36 months with HIV infection. AIDS. 2017 05 15; 31(8):1129-1136. PMID: 28323755.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type-1 Myeloid Derived Suppressor Cells Inhibit Cytomegalovirus Inflammation through Interleukin-27 and B7-H4. Sci Rep. 2017 03 24; 7:44485. PMID: 28338007.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    37. HIV cure strategists: ignore the central nervous system at your patients' peril. AIDS. 2017 01 02; 31(1):167-168. PMID: 27898594.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Newborn Hearing Screenings in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Exposed Uninfected Infants. J AIDS Immune Res. 2016; 1(1). PMID: 28459118.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    39. Brief Report: APOL1 Renal Risk Variants Are Associated With Chronic Kidney Disease in Children and Youth With Perinatal HIV Infection. . 2016 09 01; 73(1):63-8. PMID: 27035887.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    40. Genetically determined ancestry is more informative than self-reported race in HIV-infected and -exposed children. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Sep; 95(36):e4733. PMID: 27603370.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Development and characterization of a human microglia cell model of HIV-1 infection. J Neurovirol. 2017 02; 23(1):33-46. PMID: 27538994.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    42. Associations of Genetically Determined Continental Ancestry With CD4+ Count and Plasma HIV-1 RNA Beyond Self-Reported Race and Ethnicity. . 2016 Apr 15; 71(5):544-50. PMID: 26536313.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    43. Antiretroviral Drug Resistance Among Children and Youth in the United States With Perinatal HIV. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 07 01; 63(1):133-137. PMID: 27056398.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    44. Killer Cell Immunoglobulin-Like Receptor Alleles Alter HIV Disease in Children. PLoS One. 2016; 11(3):e0151364. PMID: 26983081.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    45. Low Vitamin-D Levels Combined with PKP3-SIGIRR-TMEM16J Host Variants Is Associated with Tuberculosis and Death in HIV-Infected and -Exposed Infants. PLoS One. 2016; 11(2):e0148649. PMID: 26872154.
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    133. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype C Tat fails to induce intracellular calcium flux and induces reduced tumor necrosis factor production from monocytes. J Virol. 2007 Jun; 81(11):5919-28. Campbell GR, Watkins JD, Singh KK, Loret EP, Spector SA. PMID: 17376903.
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    134. Performance of rapid HIV testing using Determine HIV-1/2 for the diagnosis of HIV infection during pregnancy in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico. Int J STD AIDS. 2007 Feb; 18(2):101-4. Viani RM, Hubbard P, Ruiz-Calderon J, Araneta MR, Lopez G, Chacón-Cruz E, Spector SA. PMID: 17331281.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    135. Prevalence of primary HIV-1 drug resistance among recently infected adolescents: a multicenter adolescent medicine trials network for HIV/AIDS interventions study. J Infect Dis. 2006 Dec 01; 194(11):1505-9. Viani RM, Peralta L, Aldrovandi G, Kapogiannis BG, Mitchell R, Spector SA, Lie YS, Weidler JM, Bates MP, Liu N, Wilson CM. PMID: 17083034.
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    136. Mitochondrial dysfunction: prevention of HIV-1 mother-to-infant transmission outweighs fear. AIDS. 2006 Aug 22; 20(13):1777-8. Spector SA, Saitoh A. PMID: 16931943.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    137. Human bocavirus: prevalence and clinical spectrum at a children's hospital. Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Aug 01; 43(3):283-8. Arnold JC, Singh KK, Spector SA, Sawyer MH. PMID: 16804840.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 50     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    138. Association of CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts and new thymic emigrants in HIV-infected children during successful highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006 Apr; 117(4):909-15. Saitoh A, Singh KK, Sandall S, Powell CA, Fenton T, Fletcher CV, Hsia K, Spector SA. PMID: 16630951.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    139. Impact of pregnancy on abacavir pharmacokinetics. AIDS. 2006 Feb 28; 20(4):553-60. Best BM, Mirochnick M, Capparelli EV, Stek A, Burchett SK, Holland DT, Read JS, Smith E, Hu C, Spector SA, Connor JD. PMID: 16470119.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    140. Impact of MCP-1-2518-G allele on the HIV-1 disease of children in the United States. AIDS. 2006 Feb 14; 20(3):475-8. Singh KK, Hughes MD, Chen J, Spector SA. PMID: 16439891.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    141. Perinatal HIV counseling and rapid testing in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico: seroprevalence and correlates of HIV infection. . 2006 Jan 01; 41(1):87-92. Viani RM, Araneta MR, Ruiz-Calderon J, Hubbard P, Lopez G, Chacón-Cruz E, Spector SA. PMID: 16340479.
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    142. The C terminus of HIV-1 Tat modulates the extent of CD178-mediated apoptosis of T cells. J Biol Chem. 2005 Nov 18; 280(46):38376-82. Campbell GR, Watkins JD, Esquieu D, Pasquier E, Loret EP, Spector SA. PMID: 16155003.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    143. Immunologic function and virologic suppression among children with perinatally acquired HIV Infection on highly active antiretroviral therapy. Med Care. 2005 Sep; 43(9 Suppl):III15-22. Rutstein RM, Gebo KA, Flynn PM, Fleishman JA, Sharp VL, Siberry GK, Spector SA. PMID: 16116305.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    144. Hospital and outpatient health services utilization among HIV-infected children in care 2000-2001. Med Care. 2005 Sep; 43(9 Suppl):III31-9. Rutstein RM, Gebo KA, Siberry GK, Flynn PM, Spector SA, Sharp VL, Fleishman JA. PMID: 16116307.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    145. Myelomeningocele in an infant with intrauterine exposure to efavirenz. J Perinatol. 2005 Aug; 25(8):555-6. Saitoh A, Hull AD, Franklin P, Spector SA. PMID: 16047034.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    146. Migration and risk factors for HIV acquisition in pregnant women in Baja California, Mexico. MedGenMed. 2005 Jun 22; 7(2):69. Viani RM, Araneta MR, Ruiz-Calderon J, Hubbard P, Lopez G, Chacón-Cruz E, Spector SA. PMID: 16369447.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    147. The safety of discontinuation of maintenance therapy for cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis and incidence of immune recovery uveitis following potent antiretroviral therapy. HIV Clin Trials. 2005 May-Jun; 6(3):136-46. Wohl DA, Kendall MA, Owens S, Holland G, Nokta M, Spector SA, Schrier R, Fiscus S, Davis M, Jacobson MA, Currier JS, Squires K, Alston-Smith B, Andersen J, Freeman WR, Higgins M, Torriani FJ. PMID: 16192248.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    148. Genetic polymorphisms in CX3CR1 predict HIV-1 disease progression in children independently of CD4+ lymphocyte count and HIV-1 RNA load. J Infect Dis. 2005 Jun 01; 191(11):1971-80. Singh KK, Hughes MD, Chen J, Spector SA. PMID: 15871132.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    149. An MDR1-3435 variant is associated with higher plasma nelfinavir levels and more rapid virologic response in HIV-1 infected children. AIDS. 2005 Mar 04; 19(4):371-80. Saitoh A, Singh KK, Powell CA, Fenton T, Fletcher CV, Brundage R, Starr S, Spector SA. PMID: 15750390.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    150. Human cytomegalovirus-specific CD4+-T-cell cytokine response induces fractalkine in endothelial cells. J Virol. 2004 Dec; 78(23):13173-81. Bolovan-Fritts CA, Trout RN, Spector SA. PMID: 15542669.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    151. CCR2 polymorphisms affect neuropsychological impairment in HIV-1-infected adults. J Neuroimmunol. 2004 Dec; 157(1-2):185-92. Singh KK, Ellis RJ, Marquie-Beck J, Letendre S, Heaton RK, Grant I, Spector SA. PMID: 15579296.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    152. The monocyte chemotactic protein-1 -2578G allele is associated with elevated MCP-1 concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid. J Neuroimmunol. 2004 Dec; 157(1-2):193-6. Letendre S, Marquie-Beck J, Singh KK, de Almeida S, Zimmerman J, Spector SA, Grant I, Ellis R. PMID: 15579297.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    153. Treatment of infants coinfected with HIV-1 and cytomegalovirus with combination antiretrovirals and ganciclovir. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Oct; 114(4):983-5. Saitoh A, Viani RM, Schrier RD, Spector SA. PMID: 15480350.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    154. Decrease in hospitalization and mortality rates among children with perinatally acquired HIV type 1 infection receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Sep 01; 39(5):725-31. Viani RM, Araneta MR, Deville JG, Spector SA. PMID: 15356789.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    155. Virologic and immunologic outcomes after 24 weeks in HIV type 1-infected adolescents receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Infect Dis. 2004 Jul 15; 190(2):271-9. Flynn PM, Rudy BJ, Douglas SD, Lathey J, Spector SA, Martinez J, Silio M, Belzer M, Friedman L, D'Angelo L, McNamara J, Hodge J, Hughes MD, Lindsey JC. PMID: 15216461.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 46     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    156. Omalizumab: efficacy in allergic disease. Panminerva Med. 2004 Jun; 46(2):141-8. Spector S. PMID: 15507883.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    157. Longitudinal analysis of lymphocyte ratios and HIV-1 intracellular DNA levels in children. J Infect Dis. 2004 Apr 01; 189(7):1216-20. Saitoh A, Powell CA, Fenton T, Douglas SD, Starr SE, Fletcher CV, Spector SA. PMID: 15031790.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    158. Intrapatient variability of efavirenz concentrations as a predictor of virologic response to antiretroviral therapy. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2004 Mar; 48(3):979-84. Brundage RC, Yong FH, Fenton T, Spector SA, Starr SE, Fletcher CV. PMID: 14982792.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    159. Impaired lymphoid chemokine-mediated migration due to a block on the chemokine receptor switch in human cytomegalovirus-infected dendritic cells. J Virol. 2004 Mar; 78(6):3046-54. Moutaftsi M, Brennan P, Spector SA, Tabi Z. PMID: 14990723.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    160. Prevalence of chemokine and chemokine receptor polymorphisms in seroprevalent children with symptomatic HIV-1 infection in the United States. . 2004 Mar 01; 35(3):309-13. Singh KK, Barroga CF, Hughes MD, Chen J, Raskino C, McKinney RE, Spector SA. PMID: 15076247.
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    161. Lack of protective effects of interleukin-4 -589-C/T polymorphism against HIV-1-related disease progression and central nervous system impairment, in children. J Infect Dis. 2004 Feb 15; 189(4):587-92. Singh KK, Hughes MD, Chen J, Spector SA. PMID: 14767810.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    162. Relationship of plasma HIV-1 RNA dynamics to baseline factors and virological responses to highly active antiretroviral therapy in adolescents (aged 12-22 years) infected through high-risk behavior. J Infect Dis. 2004 Feb 15; 189(4):593-601. Wu H, Lathey J, Ruan P, Douglas SD, Spector SA, Lindsey J, Hughes MD, Rudy BJ, Flynn PM. PMID: 14767811.
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    163. Long-term effects of protease-inhibitor-based combination therapy on CD4 T-cell recovery in HIV-1-infected children and adolescents. Lancet. 2003 Dec 20; 362(9401):2045-51. Soh CH, Oleske JM, Brady MT, Spector SA, Borkowsky W, Burchett SK, Foca MD, Handelsman E, Jiménez E, Dankner WM, Hughes MD. PMID: 14697803.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    164. Genetic influence of CCR5, CCR2, and SDF1 variants on human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1)-related disease progression and neurological impairment, in children with symptomatic HIV-1 infection. J Infect Dis. 2003 Nov 15; 188(10):1461-72. Singh KK, Barroga CF, Hughes MD, Chen J, Raskino C, McKinney RE, Spector SA. PMID: 14624371.
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    165. Lymphocyte subsets in healthy children from birth through 18 years of age: the Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group P1009 study. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003 Nov; 112(5):973-80. Shearer WT, Rosenblatt HM, Gelman RS, Oyomopito R, Plaeger S, Stiehm ER, Wara DW, Douglas SD, Luzuriaga K, McFarland EJ, Yogev R, Rathore MH, Levy W, Graham BL, Spector SA. PMID: 14610491.
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    166. Comparison of molecular tests for detection and quantification of cell-associated cytomegalovirus DNA. J Clin Microbiol. 2003 Aug; 41(8):3509-13. Caliendo AM, Yen-Lieberman B, Baptista J, Andersen J, Crumpacker C, Schuurman R, Spector SA, Bremer J, Lurain NS. PMID: 12904347.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    167. HIV prevalence during pregnancy in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico. AIDS. 2003 May 02; 17(7):1113-4. Viani RM, Calderon JR, Van Pratt C, Lopez G, Spector SA. PMID: 12700474.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    168. Population pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of zidovudine in HIV-infected infants and children. J Clin Pharmacol. 2003 Feb; 43(2):133-40. Capparelli EV, Englund JA, Connor JD, Spector SA, McKinney RE, Palumbo P, Baker CJ. PMID: 12616665.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    169. HIV-1 gp120 modulates the immunological function and expression of accessory and co-stimulatory molecules of monocyte-derived dendritic cells. J Hematother Stem Cell Res. 2002 Oct; 11(5):829-47. Williams MA, Trout R, Spector SA. PMID: 12427289.
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    170. Efavirenz liquid formulation in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2002 Jul; 21(7):659-63. Starr SE, Fletcher CV, Spector SA, Brundage RC, Yong FH, Douglas SD, Flynn PM, Kline MW. PMID: 12237599.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    171. Protease inhibitors and decreased birth weight in HIV-infected pregnant women with impaired glucose tolerance. J Perinatol. 2002 Jul-Aug; 22(5):370-3. Chmait R, Franklin P, Spector SA, Hull AD. PMID: 12082471.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    172. Detection of replication-competent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in cultures from patients with levels of HIV-1 RNA in plasma suppressed to less than 500 or 50 copies per milliliter. J Clin Microbiol. 2002 Jun; 40(6):2089-94. Demeter LM, Bosch RJ, Coombs RW, Fiscus S, Bremer J, Johnson VA, Erice A, Jackson JB, Spector SA, Squires KM, Fischl MA, Hughes MD, Hammer SM. PMID: 12037070.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    173. Progression to neuropsychological impairment in human immunodeficiency virus infection predicted by elevated cerebrospinal fluid levels of human immunodeficiency virus RNA. Arch Neurol. 2002 Jun; 59(6):923-8. Ellis RJ, Moore DJ, Childers ME, Letendre S, McCutchan JA, Wolfson T, Spector SA, Hsia K, Heaton RK, Grant I. PMID: 12056927.
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    174. Persistence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 DNA in peripheral blood despite prolonged suppression of plasma HIV-1 RNA in children. J Infect Dis. 2002 May 15; 185(10):1409-16. Saitoh A, Hsia K, Fenton T, Powell CA, Christopherson C, Fletcher CV, Starr SE, Spector SA. PMID: 11992275.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    175. Predictors of virologic and clinical outcomes in HIV-1-infected patients receiving concurrent treatment with indinavir, zidovudine, and lamivudine. AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 320. Ann Intern Med. 2001 Dec 04; 135(11):954-64. Demeter LM, Hughes MD, Coombs RW, Jackson JB, Grimes JM, Bosch RJ, Fiscus SA, Spector SA, Squires KE, Fischl MA, Hammer SM. PMID: 11730396.
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    176. Associations of CCR5, CCR2, and stromal cell-derived factor 1 genotypes with human immunodeficiency virus disease progression in patients receiving nucleoside therapy. J Infect Dis. 2001 Dec 01; 184(11):1402-11. Lathey JL, Tierney C, Chang SY, D'Aquila RT, Bettendorf DM, Alexander HC, Santini CD, Hughes AM, Barroga CF, Spector SA, Landes JE, Hammer SM, Katzenstein DA. PMID: 11709782.
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    177. Endogenous morphine and codeine. Possible role as endogenous anticonvulsants. Brain Res. 2001 Oct 12; 915(2):155-60. Spector S, Munjal I, Schmidt DE. PMID: 11595204.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    178. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp120-specific antibodies in neonates receiving an HIV-1 recombinant gp120 vaccine. J Infect Dis. 2001 Nov 15; 184(10):1331-5. McFarland EJ, Borkowsky W, Fenton T, Wara D, McNamara J, Samson P, Kang M, Mofenson L, Cunningham C, Duliege AM, Sinangil F, Spector SA, Jimenez E, Bryson Y, Burchett S, Frenkel LM, Yogev R, Gigliotti F, Luzuriaga K, Livingston RA. PMID: 11679925.
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    179. Effects of zafirlukast upon clinical, physiologic, and inflammatory responses to natural cat allergen exposure. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2001 Sep; 87(3):211-7. Corren J, Spector S, Fuller L, Minkwitz M, Mezzanotte W. PMID: 11570617.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCTClinical Trials
    180. Population pharmacokinetics of dapsone in children with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2001 Jul; 70(1):24-32. Mirochnick M, Cooper E, Capparelli E, McIntosh K, Lindsey J, Xu J, Jacobus D, Mofenson L, Bonagura VR, Nachman S, Yogev R, Sullivan JL, Spector SA. PMID: 11452241.
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    181. Chest tube removal: end-inspiration or end-expiration? J Trauma. 2001 Apr; 50(4):674-7. Bell RL, Ovadia P, Abdullah F, Spector S, Rabinovici R. PMID: 11303163.
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    182. Comparison of quantitative and qualitative PCR assays for cytomegalovirus DNA in plasma. J Clin Microbiol. 2001 Apr; 39(4):1334-8. Caliendo AM, Schuurman R, Yen-Lieberman B, Spector SA, Andersen J, Manjiry R, Crumpacker C, Lurain NS, Erice A. PMID: 11283052.
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    183. Impaired hepatocyte glucose transport protein (GLUT2) internalization in chronic pancreatitis. Pancreas. 2001 Mar; 22(2):172-8. Nathan JD, Zdankiewicz PD, Wang J, Spector SA, Aspelund G, Jena BP, Seymour NE, Geibel JP, Andersen DK. PMID: 11249072.
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    184. A controlled study of intravenous immunoglobulin combined with prednisone in the treatment of IBM. Neurology. 2001 Feb 13; 56(3):323-7. Dalakas MC, Koffman B, Fujii M, Spector S, Sivakumar K, Cupler E. PMID: 11171896.
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    185. Mother-to-infant transmission of HIV-1: the placenta fights back. J Clin Invest. 2001 Feb; 107(3):267-9. Spector SA. PMID: 11160148.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    186. Surgical treatment of hypothalamic hamartoma and refractory seizures: a case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2001 Jan; 34(1):40-2. Kramer U, Spector S, Nasser W, Siomin V, Fried I, Constantini S. PMID: 11275785.
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    187. Oral ganciclovir in children: pharmacokinetics, safety, tolerance, and antiviral effects. The Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group. J Infect Dis. 2000 Dec; 182(6):1616-24. Frenkel LM, Capparelli EV, Dankner WM, Xu J, Smith IL, Ballow A, Culnane M, Read JS, Thompson M, Mohan KM, Shaver A, Robinson CA, Stempien MJ, Burchett SK, Melvin AJ, Borkowsky W, Petru A, Kovacs A, Yogev R, Goldsmith J, McFarland EJ, Spector SA. PMID: 11069232.
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    188. Factors impacting on drug choices. Issues for developing countries. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2000 Nov; 918:346-50. Spector SA. PMID: 11131721.
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    189. Illumination for coherent soft X-ray applications: the new X1A beamline at the NSLS. J Synchrotron Radiat. 2000 Nov 01; 7(Pt 6):395-404. Winn B, Ade H, Buckley C, Feser M, Howells M, Hulbert S, Jacobsen C, Kaznacheyev K, Kirz J, Osanna A, Maser J, McNulty I, Miao J, Oversluizen T, Spector S, Sullivan B, Wang Y, Wirick S, Zhang H. PMID: 16609227.
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    190. Patterns of plasma human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA response to highly active antiretroviral therapy in infected children. J Infect Dis. 2000 Dec; 182(6):1769-73. Spector SA, Hsia K, Yong FH, Cabral S, Fenton T, Fletcher CV, McNamara J, Mofenson LM, Starr SE. PMID: 11069252.
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    191. Cotransduction of nondividing cells using lentiviral vectors. Gene Ther. 2000 Sep; 7(18):1562-9. Frimpong K, Spector SA. PMID: 11021594.
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    192. Noncompliance with asthma therapy--are there solutions? J Asthma. 2000 Aug; 37(5):381-8. Spector S. PMID: 10983615.
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    193. The CCR5Delta32 allele slows disease progression of human immunodeficiency virus-1-infected children receiving antiretroviral treatment. J Infect Dis. 2000 Aug; 182(2):413-9. Barroga CF, Raskino C, Fangon MC, Palumbo PE, Baker CJ, Englund JA, Spector SA. PMID: 10915070.
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    194. Tumor selective G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of epithelial and hematological malignancies by BBL22, a benzazepine. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Jun 20; 97(13):7494-9. Xia W, Spector S, Hardy L, Zhao S, Saluk A, Alemane L, Spector NL. PMID: 10861014.
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    195. Gastrostomy tube insertion for improvement of adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy in pediatric patients with human immunodeficiency virus. Pediatrics. 2000 Jun; 105(6):E80. Shingadia D, Viani RM, Yogev R, Binns H, Dankner WM, Spector SA, Chadwick EG. PMID: 10835093.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    196. A standardized plaque reduction assay for determination of drug susceptibilities of cytomegalovirus clinical isolates. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2000 Mar; 44(3):688-92. Landry ML, Stanat S, Biron K, Brambilla D, Britt W, Jokela J, Chou S, Drew WL, Erice A, Gilliam B, Lurain N, Manischewitz J, Miner R, Nokta M, Reichelderfer P, Spector S, Weinberg A, Yen-Lieberman B, Crumpacker C. PMID: 10681339.
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    197. Lymphoproliferative responses to recombinant HIV-1 envelope antigens in neonates and infants receiving gp120 vaccines. AIDS Clinical Trial Group 230 Collaborators. J Infect Dis. 2000 Mar; 181(3):890-6. Borkowsky W, Wara D, Fenton T, McNamara J, Kang M, Mofenson L, McFarland E, Cunningham C, Duliege AM, Francis D, Bryson Y, Burchett S, Spector SA, Frenkel LM, Starr S, Van Dyke R, Jimenez E. PMID: 10720509.
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    198. Cerebrospinal fluid HIV RNA originates from both local CNS and systemic sources. Neurology. 2000 Feb 22; 54(4):927-36. Ellis RJ, Gamst AC, Capparelli E, Spector SA, Hsia K, Wolfson T, Abramson I, Grant I, McCutchan JA. PMID: 10690988.
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    199. Rational modification of protein stability by the mutation of charged surface residues. Biochemistry. 2000 Feb 08; 39(5):872-9. Spector S, Wang M, Carp SA, Robblee J, Hendsch ZS, Fairman R, Tidor B, Raleigh DP. PMID: 10653630.
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    200. Randomized trials of dichlorphenamide in the periodic paralyses. Working Group on Periodic Paralysis. Ann Neurol. 2000 Jan; 47(1):46-53. Tawil R, McDermott MP, Brown R, Shapiro BC, Ptacek LJ, McManis PG, Dalakas MC, Spector SA, Mendell JR, Hahn AF, Griggs RC. PMID: 10632100.
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    201. Soft X-ray microscopy with a cryo scanning transmission X-ray microscope: I. Instrumentation, imaging and spectroscopy. J Microsc. 2000 Jan; 197(Pt 1):68-79. Maser J, Osanna A, Wang Y, Jacobsen C, Kirz J, Spector S, Winn B, Tennant D. PMID: 10620150.
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    202. Combination therapy with efavirenz, nelfinavir, and nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1. Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group 382 Team. N Engl J Med. 1999 Dec 16; 341(25):1874-81. Starr SE, Fletcher CV, Spector SA, Yong FH, Fenton T, Brundage RC, Manion D, Ruiz N, Gersten M, Becker M, McNamara J, Mofenson LM, Purdue L, Siminski S, Graham B, Kornhauser DM, Fiske W, Vincent C, Lischner HW, Dankner WM, Flynn PM. PMID: 10601506.
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    203. Resolution of HIV-associated nephrotic syndrome with highly active antiretroviral therapy delivered by gastrostomy tube. Pediatrics. 1999 Dec; 104(6):1394-6. Viani RM, Dankner WM, Muelenaer PA, Spector SA. PMID: 10585995.
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    204. Submillisecond folding of the peripheral subunit-binding domain. J Mol Biol. 1999 Nov 05; 293(4):763-8. Spector S, Raleigh DP. PMID: 10543965.
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    205. Pharmacological characterization of morphine-6-sulfate and codeine-6-sulfate. Brain Res. 1999 Sep 18; 842(1):1-5. Zuckerman A, Bolan E, de Paulis T, Schmidt D, Spector S, Pasternak GW. PMID: 10526089.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    206. Lack of autologous neutralizing antibody to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and macrophage tropism are associated with mother-to-infant transmission. J Infect Dis. 1999 Aug; 180(2):344-50. Lathey JL, Tsou J, Brinker K, Hsia K, Meyer WA, Spector SA. PMID: 10395848.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    207. Numerous length polymorphisms at short tandem repeats in human cytomegalovirus. J Virol. 1999 Aug; 73(8):6265-70. Davis CL, Field D, Metzgar D, Saiz R, Morin PA, Smith IL, Spector SA, Wills C. PMID: 10400717.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    208. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA load is an independent predictor of CMV disease and survival in advanced AIDS. J Virol. 1999 Aug; 73(8):7027-30. Spector SA, Hsia K, Crager M, Pilcher M, Cabral S, Stempien MJ. PMID: 10400803.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    209. Reduction in seizure frequency following a short-term group intervention for adults with epilepsy. Seizure. 1999 Aug; 8(5):297-303. Spector S, Tranah A, Cull C, Goldstein LH. PMID: 10486295.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    210. Lactoferrin inhibits HIV-1 replication in vitro and exhibits synergy when combined with zidovudine. AIDS. 1999 Jul 09; 13(10):1273-4. Viani RM, Gutteberg TJ, Lathey JL, Spector SA. PMID: 10416533.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    211. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis activity is accurately reflected by the presence and level of CMV DNA in aqueous humor and vitreous. J Infect Dis. 1999 May; 179(5):1249-53. Smith IL, Macdonald JC, Freeman WR, Shapiro AM, Spector SA. PMID: 10191231.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    212. Toxicity and efficacy of daily vs. weekly dapsone for prevention of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus. ACTG 179 Study Team. AIDS Clinical Trials Group. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999 May; 18(5):432-9. McIntosh K, Cooper E, Xu J, Mirochnick M, Lindsey J, Jacobus D, Mofenson L, Yogev R, Spector SA, Sullivan JL, Sacks H, Kovacs A, Nachman S, Sleasman J, Bonagura V, McNamara J. PMID: 10353516.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    213. Treatment of human immunodeficiency virus 1-infected infants and children with the protease inhibitor nelfinavir mesylate. Clin Infect Dis. 1999 May; 28(5):1109-18. Krogstad P, Wiznia A, Luzuriaga K, Dankner W, Nielsen K, Gersten M, Kerr B, Hendricks A, Boczany B, Rosenberg M, Jung D, Spector SA, Bryson Y. PMID: 10452644.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    214. Onset and duration of action of levocabastine nasal spray in atopic patients under nasal challenge conditions. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1999 Apr; 103(4):574-80. Corren J, Rachelefsky G, Spector S, Schanker H, Siegel S, Holton D, Karcher K, Travers S. PMID: 10200003.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCTClinical Trials
    215. Nativelike structure and stability in a truncation mutant of a protein minidomain: the peripheral subunit-binding domain. Biochemistry. 1999 Mar 30; 38(13):4128-36. Spector S, Young P, Raleigh DP. PMID: 10194328.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    216. Virologic and immunologic response to nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor therapy among human immunodeficiency virus-infected infants and children. J Infect Dis. 1999 Mar; 179(3):576-83. Palumbo PE, Raskino C, Fiscus S, Pahwa S, Schutzbank T, Spector SA, Baker CJ, Englund JA. PMID: 9952363.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    217. Pathophysiology and pharmacotherapy of allergic rhinitis. Foreword. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1999 Mar; 103(3 Pt 2):S377. Spector S. PMID: 10069895.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    218. Ideal pharmacotherapy for allergic rhinitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1999 Mar; 103(3 Pt 2):S386-7. Spector S. PMID: 10069898.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    219. Conformational analysis of peptide fragments derived from the peripheral subunit-binding domain from the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex of Bacillus stearothermophilus: evidence for nonrandom structure in the unfolded state. Biopolymers. 1999 Jan; 49(1):29-40. Spector S, Rosconi M, Raleigh DP. PMID: 10070261.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    220. Oral ganciclovir. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1999; 458:121-7. Spector SA. PMID: 10549384.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    221. Effects of the immunostimulant, levamisole, on opiate withdrawal and levels of endogenous opiate alkaloids and monoamine neurotransmitters in rat brain. Neuropsychopharmacology. 1998 Nov; 19(5):417-27. Spector S, Munjal I, Schmidt DE. PMID: 9778663.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    222. Joint Task Force Algorithm and Annotations for Diagnosis and Management of Rhinitis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1998 Nov; 81(5 Pt 2):469-73. Dykewicz MS, Fineman S, Nicklas R, Lee R, Blessing-Moore J, Li JT, Bernstein IL, Berger W, Spector S, Schuller D. PMID: 9860025.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    223. Diagnosis and management of rhinitis: complete guidelines of the Joint Task Force on Practice Parameters in Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1998 Nov; 81(5 Pt 2):478-518. Dykewicz MS, Fineman S, Skoner DP, Nicklas R, Lee R, Blessing-Moore J, Li JT, Bernstein IL, Berger W, Spector S, Schuller D. PMID: 9860027.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 83     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    224. Ipratropium bromide nasal spray 0.03% provides additional relief from rhinorrhea when combined with terfenadine in perennial rhinitis patients; a randomized, double-blind, active-controlled trial. Am J Rhinol. 1998 Nov-Dec; 12(6):441-9. Finn AF, Aaronson D, Korenblat P, Lumry W, Settipane G, Spector S, Woehler T, Drda K, Wood CC. PMID: 9883302.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    225. Summary of the II International Symposium on Cytomegalovirus. Antiviral Res. 1998 Oct; 39(3):141-62. de Jong MD, Galasso GJ, Gazzard B, Griffiths PD, Jabs DA, Kern ER, Spector SA. PMID: 9833956.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    226. A randomized study of combined zidovudine-lamivudine versus didanosine monotherapy in children with symptomatic therapy-naive HIV-1 infection. The Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 300 Study Team. J Pediatr. 1998 Oct; 133(4):500-8. McKinney RE, Johnson GM, Stanley K, Yong FH, Keller A, O'Donnell KJ, Brouwers P, Mitchell WG, Yogev R, Wara DW, Wiznia A, Mofenson L, McNamara J, Spector SA. PMID: 9787687.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    227. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 induction mediated by genistein is linked to cell cycle arrest in G2. J Virol. 1998 Oct; 72(10):8174-80. Gozlan J, Lathey JL, Spector SA. PMID: 9733859.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    228. Pharmacokinetics of nevirapine in human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected pregnant women and their neonates. Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 250 Team. J Infect Dis. 1998 Aug; 178(2):368-74. Mirochnick M, Fenton T, Gagnier P, Pav J, Gwynne M, Siminski S, Sperling RS, Beckerman K, Jimenez E, Yogev R, Spector SA, Sullivan JL. PMID: 9697716.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 48     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    229. Guidelines for the treatment of cytomegalovirus diseases in patients with AIDS in the era of potent antiretroviral therapy: recommendations of an international panel. International AIDS Society-USA. Arch Intern Med. 1998 May 11; 158(9):957-69. Whitley RJ, Jacobson MA, Friedberg DN, Holland GN, Jabs DA, Dieterich DT, Hardy WD, Polis MA, Deutsch TA, Feinberg J, Spector SA, Walmsley S, Drew WL, Powderly WG, Griffiths PD, Benson CA, Kessler HA. PMID: 9588429.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    230. Antileukotrienes in chronic urticaria. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1998 Apr; 101(4 Pt 1):572. Spector S, Tan RA. PMID: 9564821.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    231. Zidovudine pharmacokinetics in premature infants exposed to human immunodeficiency virus. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1998 Apr; 42(4):808-12. Mirochnick M, Capparelli E, Dankner W, Sperling RS, van Dyke R, Spector SA. PMID: 9559787.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    232. Predictive value of quantitative plasma HIV RNA and CD4+ lymphocyte count in HIV-infected infants and children. JAMA. 1998 Mar 11; 279(10):756-61. Palumbo PE, Raskino C, Fiscus S, Pahwa S, Fowler MG, Spector SA, Englund JA, Baker CJ. PMID: 9508151.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 52     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    233. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 phenotypes in children with advanced disease treated with long-term zalcitabine. J Infect Dis. 1998 Mar; 177(3):565-70. Viani RM, Smith IL, Spector SA. PMID: 9498433.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    234. Cooperative folding of a protein mini domain: the peripheral subunit-binding domain of the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex. J Mol Biol. 1998 Feb 20; 276(2):479-89. Spector S, Kuhlman B, Fairman R, Wong E, Boice JA, Raleigh DP. PMID: 9512717.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    235. Clinical failure of CMV retinitis with intravitreal cidofovir is associated with antiviral resistance. Arch Ophthalmol. 1998 Feb; 116(2):178-85. Smith IL, Taskintuna I, Rahhal FM, Powell HC, Ai E, Mueller AJ, Spector SA, Freeman WR. PMID: 9488269.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    236. Gene therapy targeting cord blood-derived CD34+ cells from HIV-exposed infants: preclinical studies. Gene Ther. 1998 Feb; 5(2):233-9. Li X, Gervaix A, Kang D, Law P, Spector SA, Ho AD, Wong-Staal F. PMID: 9578843.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    237. Plasma cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA load predicts CMV disease and survival in AIDS patients. J Clin Invest. 1998 Jan 15; 101(2):497-502. Spector SA, Wong R, Hsia K, Pilcher M, Stempien MJ. PMID: 9435323.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 55     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    238. Use of changes in plasma levels of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA to assess the clinical benefit of antiretroviral therapy. J Infect Dis. 1998 Jan; 177(1):40-7. Marschner IC, Collier AC, Coombs RW, D'Aquila RT, DeGruttola V, Fischl MA, Hammer SM, Hughes MD, Johnson VA, Katzenstein DA, Richman DD, Smeaton LM, Spector SA, Saag MS. PMID: 9419168.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    239. Molecular analysis of the differential restriction of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 replication in neuronal cell lines. J Gen Virol. 1997 Dec; 78 ( Pt 12):3255-64. Hsia K, Spector DH, Spector SA. PMID: 9400976.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    240. Detection and quantification of human cytomegalovirus (CMV) as a marker for development of CMV disease and survival in patients with AIDS. Antivir Ther. 1997 Dec; 2(4):200-5. Spector SA. PMID: 11327439.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    241. HIV-induced apoptosis of activated primary CD4+ T lymphocytes is not mediated by Fas-Fas ligand. AIDS. 1997 Nov 15; 11(14):1671-80. Noraz N, Gozlan J, Corbeil J, Brunner T, Spector SA. PMID: 9386801.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    242. HIV-1 neurocognitive disorders and chemokine receptors. AIDS. 1997 Nov; 11(13):1651-2. Barroga CF, Ellis R, Nelson J, Heaton RK, Atkinson JH, McCutchan JA, Grant I, Spector SA. PMID: 9365772.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    243. Cerebrospinal fluid human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA levels are elevated in neurocognitively impaired individuals with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV Neurobehavioral Research Center Group. Ann Neurol. 1997 Nov; 42(5):679-88. Ellis RJ, Hsia K, Spector SA, Nelson JA, Heaton RK, Wallace MR, Abramson I, Atkinson JH, Grant I, McCutchan JA. PMID: 9392566.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 106     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    244. Safety and efficacy of strength training in patients with sporadic inclusion body myositis. Muscle Nerve. 1997 Oct; 20(10):1242-8. Spector SA, Lemmer JT, Koffman BM, Fleisher TA, Feuerstein IM, Hurley BF, Dalakas MC. PMID: 9324080.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    245. High-level resistance of cytomegalovirus to ganciclovir is associated with alterations in both the UL97 and DNA polymerase genes. J Infect Dis. 1997 Jul; 176(1):69-77. Smith IL, Cherrington JM, Jiles RE, Fuller MD, Freeman WR, Spector SA. PMID: 9207351.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 59     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    246. Monitoring plasma HIV-1 RNA levels in addition to CD4+ lymphocyte count improves assessment of antiretroviral therapeutic response. ACTG 241 Protocol Virology Substudy Team. Ann Intern Med. 1997 Jun 15; 126(12):929-38. Hughes MD, Johnson VA, Hirsch MS, Bremer JW, Elbeik T, Erice A, Kuritzkes DR, Scott WA, Spector SA, Basgoz N, Fischl MA, D'Aquila RT. PMID: 9182469.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    247. Comparative trial of two dosages of zalcitabine in zidovudine-experienced children with advanced human immunodeficiency virus disease. Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1997 Jun; 16(6):623-6. Spector SA, Blanchard S, Wara DW, Oleske JM, McIntosh K, Hodes D, Dankner WM, Salgo M, McNamara J. PMID: 9194115.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    248. Ganciclovir treatment of symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infection: results of a phase II study. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Collaborative Antiviral Study Group. J Infect Dis. 1997 May; 175(5):1080-6. Whitley RJ, Cloud G, Gruber W, Storch GA, Demmler GJ, Jacobs RF, Dankner W, Spector SA, Starr S, Pass RF, Stagno S, Britt WJ, Alford C, Soong S, Zhou XJ, Sherrill L, FitzGerald JM, Sommadossi JP. PMID: 9129069.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    249. A model system for human cytomegalovirus-mediated modulation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 long terminal repeat activity in brain cells. J Virol. 1997 May; 71(5):3693-701. Moreno TN, Fortunato EA, Hsia K, Spector SA, Spector DH. PMID: 9094643.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    250. Human cytomegalovirus-associated immunosuppression is mediated through interferon-alpha. Blood. 1997 Apr 01; 89(7):2443-52. Noraz N, Lathey JL, Spector SA. PMID: 9116288.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    251. Deterioration of detectable human immunodeficiency virus serum p24 antigen in samples stored for batch testing. J Clin Microbiol. 1997 Mar; 35(3):631-5. Lathey JL, Marschner IC, Kabat B, Spector SA. PMID: 9041402.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    252. Utility of urine and leukocyte cultures and plasma DNA polymerase chain reaction for identification of AIDS patients at risk for developing human cytomegalovirus disease. J Infect Dis. 1997 Feb; 175(2):302-8. Shinkai M, Bozzette SA, Powderly W, Frame P, Spector SA. PMID: 9203650.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    253. Appearance of autologous neutralizing antibody correlates with reduction in virus load and phenotype switch during primary infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J Infect Dis. 1997 Jan; 175(1):231-2. Lathey JL, Pratt RD, Spector SA. PMID: 8985228.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    254. Current therapeutic challenges in the treatment of cytomegalovirus retinitis. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1997; 14 Suppl 1:S32-5. Spector SA. PMID: 9058616.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    255. Electrophysiologic and histologic studies in clinically unaffected muscles of patients with prior paralytic poliomyelitis. Muscle Nerve. 1996 Nov; 19(11):1413-20. Luciano CA, Sivakumar K, Spector SA, Dalakas MC. PMID: 8874398.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    256. Summary of the International Consensus Symposium on Advances in the Diagnosis, Treatment and Prophylaxis and Cytomegalovirus Infection. Antiviral Res. 1996 Nov; 32(3):119-40. van der Meer JT, Drew WL, Bowden RA, Galasso GJ, Griffiths PD, Jabs DA, Katlama C, Spector SA, Whitley RJ. PMID: 8955508.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    257. Strength gains without muscle injury after strength training in patients with postpolio muscular atrophy. Muscle Nerve. 1996 Oct; 19(10):1282-90. Spector SA, Gordon PL, Feuerstein IM, Sivakumar K, Hurley BF, Dalakas MC. PMID: 8808654.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    258. Prevalence of tremor and Parkinson's disease. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 1996 Oct; 2(4):205-8. Khatter AS, Kurth MC, Brewer MA, Crinnian CT, Drazkowski JF, Flitman SS, Imke S, Spector SA, Wood KL, Lieberman AN. PMID: 18591041.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    
    259. Virologic markers of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in cerebrospinal fluid of infected children. J Infect Dis. 1996 Aug; 174(2):288-93. Pratt RD, Nichols S, McKinney N, Kwok S, Dankner WM, Spector SA. PMID: 8699057.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    260. Oral ganciclovir for the prevention of cytomegalovirus disease in persons with AIDS. Roche Cooperative Oral Ganciclovir Study Group. N Engl J Med. 1996 Jun 06; 334(23):1491-7. Spector SA, McKinley GF, Lalezari JP, Samo T, Andruczk R, Follansbee S, Sparti PD, Havlir DV, Simpson G, Buhles W, Wong R, Stempien M. PMID: 8618603.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 42     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    261. Polyradiculopathy associated with ganciclovir-resistant cytomegalovirus in an AIDS patient: phenotypic and genotypic characterization of sequential virus isolates. J Infect Dis. 1996 Jun; 173(6):1481-4. Smith IL, Shinkai M, Freeman WR, Spector SA. PMID: 8648225.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    262. Spectrum and treatment of cytomegalovirus disease in persons with AIDS. J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care. 1996 May; 2(5):9-12, 15-22. Spector SA. PMID: 11363539.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    263. Disease patterns and survival after acquired immunodeficiency syndrome diagnosis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1996 Apr; 15(4):321-8. Morris CR, Araba-Owoyele L, Spector SA, Maldonado YA. PMID: 8866801.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    264. Detection of human cytomegalovirus mutations associated with ganciclovir resistance in cerebrospinal fluid of AIDS patients with central nervous system disease. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1995 Nov; 39(11):2552-4. Wolf DG, Lee DJ, Spector SA. PMID: 8585743.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    265. A randomized trial of the activity and safety of Ro 24-7429 (Tat antagonist) versus nucleoside for human immunodeficiency virus infection. The AIDS Clinical Trials Group 213 Team. J Infect Dis. 1995 Nov; 172(5):1246-52. Haubrich RH, Flexner C, Lederman MM, Hirsch M, Pettinelli CP, Ginsberg R, Lietman P, Hamzeh FM, Spector SA, Richman DD. PMID: 7594660.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    266. Esmarch closure of laparotomy incisions in unstable trauma patients. J Trauma. 1995 Nov; 39(5):978-9. Cohn SM, Burns GA, Sawyer MD, Tolomeo C, Milner KA, Spector S. PMID: 7474018.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    267. Molecular detection of human cytomegalovirus and determination of genotypic ganciclovir resistance in clinical specimens. Clin Infect Dis. 1995 Oct; 21 Suppl 2:S170-3. Spector SA, Hsia K, Wolf D, Shinkai M, Smith I. PMID: 8845447.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    268. Oral ganciclovir as maintenance treatment for cytomegalovirus retinitis in patients with AIDS. Syntex Cooperative Oral Ganciclovir Study Group. N Engl J Med. 1995 Sep 07; 333(10):615-20. Drew WL, Ives D, Lalezari JP, Crumpacker C, Follansbee SE, Spector SA, Benson CA, Friedberg DN, Hubbard L, Stempien MJ. PMID: 7637721.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    269. Virologic characterization of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection in a health care worker following needlestick injury. J Infect Dis. 1995 Sep; 172(3):851-4. Pratt RD, Shapiro JF, McKinney N, Kwok S, Spector SA. PMID: 7658081.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    270. Volume changes of the molten globule transitions of horse heart ferricytochrome c: a thermodynamic cycle. Protein Sci. 1995 Jul; 4(7):1426-9. Foygel K, Spector S, Chatterjee S, Kahn PC. PMID: 7670384.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    271. Pharmacokinetic, safety, and antiviral profiles of oral ganciclovir in persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus: a phase I/II study. AIDS Clinical Trials Group, and Cytomegalovirus Cooperative Study Group. J Infect Dis. 1995 Jun; 171(6):1431-7. Spector SA, Busch DF, Follansbee S, Squires K, Lalezari JP, Jacobson MA, Connor JD, Jung D, Shadman A, Mastre B. PMID: 7769276.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    272. Reinnervation in clinically unaffected muscles of patients with prior paralytic poliomyelitis. Correlation between macroelectromyography and histology. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1995 May 25; 753:394-6. Luciano CA, Sivakumar K, Spector SA, Dalakas MC. PMID: 7611654.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    273. Effect of strength training in patients with post-polio syndrome. A preliminary report. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1995 May 25; 753:402-4. Spector SA, Gordon PL, Yildiz E, Sivakumar K, Hurley BF, Dalakas MC. PMID: 7611656.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    274. Low prevalence of HIV-1 proviral DNA in peripheral blood monocytes and dendritic cells from HIV-1-infected individuals. AIDS. 1995 Apr; 9(4):398-9. Hsia K, Tsai V, Zvaifler NJ, Spector SA. PMID: 7794548.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    275. Assays for antiviral drug resistance. Antiviral Res. 1995 Apr; 26(4):403-13. Kimberlin DW, Spector SA, Hill EL, Biron KK, Hay AJ, Mayers DL, Whitley RJ. PMID: 7574542.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    276. Replication of macrophage-tropic and T-cell-tropic strains of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is augmented by macrophage-endothelial cell contact. J Virol. 1995 Apr; 69(4):2133-9. Gilles PN, Lathey JL, Spector SA. PMID: 7884860.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    277. Absence of infectious retinitis after injection of human cytomegalovirus into rabbit eyes. J Infect Dis. 1995 Apr; 171(4):782-7. Tatebayashi M, Neyts J, Besen G, Flores-Aguilar M, Smith IL, Wiley CA, Spector SA, Bergeron-Lynn G, Maudgal PC, De Clercq E. PMID: 7706803.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    278. A randomized trial of three antipneumocystis agents in patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection. NIAID AIDS Clinical Trials Group. N Engl J Med. 1995 Mar 16; 332(11):693-9. Bozzette SA, Finkelstein DM, Spector SA, Frame P, Powderly WG, He W, Phillips L, Craven D, van der Horst C, Feinberg J. PMID: 7854375.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 48     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    279. Differential effects of human cytomegalovirus on integrated and unintegrated human immunodeficiency virus sequences. J Virol. 1995 Mar; 69(3):1645-51. Koval V, Jault FM, Pal PG, Moreno TN, Aiken C, Trono D, Spector SA, Spector DH. PMID: 7853500.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    280. High-dose nevirapine: safety, pharmacokinetics, and antiviral effect in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Infect Dis. 1995 Mar; 171(3):537-45. Havlir D, Cheeseman SH, McLaughlin M, Murphy R, Erice A, Spector SA, Greenough TC, Sullivan JL, Hall D, Myers M. PMID: 7533197.
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    281. Combination therapy with recombinant human soluble CD4-immunoglobulin G and zidovudine in patients with HIV infection: a phase I study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1995 Feb 01; 8(2):152-60. Meng TC, Fischl MA, Cheeseman SH, Spector SA, Resnick L, Boota A, Petrakis T, Wright B, Richman DD. PMID: 7834398.
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    282. Phase I/II evaluation of nevirapine alone and in combination with zidovudine for infection with human immunodeficiency virus. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1995 Feb 01; 8(2):141-51. Cheeseman SH, Havlir D, McLaughlin MM, Greenough TC, Sullivan JL, Hall D, Hattox SE, Spector SA, Stein DS, Myers M. PMID: 7530585.
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    283. Human cord blood mononuclear cells are preferentially infected by non-syncytium-inducing, macrophage-tropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates. J Clin Microbiol. 1995 Feb; 33(2):292-7. Reinhardt PP, Reinhardt B, Lathey JL, Spector SA. PMID: 7714181.
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    284. Mutations in human cytomegalovirus UL97 gene confer clinical resistance to ganciclovir and can be detected directly in patient plasma. J Clin Invest. 1995 Jan; 95(1):257-63. Wolf DG, Smith IL, Lee DJ, Freeman WR, Flores-Aguilar M, Spector SA. PMID: 7814623.
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    285. Quantitation of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) DNA in cerebrospinal fluid by competitive PCR in AIDS patients with different HCMV central nervous system diseases. Scand J Infect Dis. 1995; 27(6):559-61. Shinkai M, Spector SA. PMID: 8685633.
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    286. Possible role of endogenous morphine and codeine on growth regulation of lung tissue. Life Sci. 1995; 57(5):517-21. Munjal ID, Minna JD, Manneckjee R, Bieck P, Spector S. PMID: 7623618.
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    287. Length of incubation time for human immunodeficiency virus cultures. J Clin Microbiol. 1995 Jan; 33(1):246-7. Fiscus SA, Welles SL, Spector SA, Lathey JL. PMID: 7699053.
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    288. Multicenter trial of Towne strain attenuated virus vaccine in seronegative renal transplant recipients. Transplantation. 1994 Dec 15; 58(11):1176-8. Plotkin SA, Higgins R, Kurtz JB, Morris PJ, Campbell DA, Shope TC, Spector SA, Dankner WM. PMID: 7992358.
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    289. Optimization of quantitative culture assay for human immunodeficiency virus from plasma. Plasma Viremia Group Laboratories of the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases). J Clin Microbiol. 1994 Dec; 32(12):3064-7. Lathey JL, Fiscus SA, Rasheed S, Kappes JC, Griffith BP, Elbeik T, Spector SA, Reichelderfer PS. PMID: 7883903.
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    290. A controlled trial of intravenous immune globulin for the prevention of serious bacterial infections in children receiving zidovudine for advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection. Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group. N Engl J Med. 1994 Nov 03; 331(18):1181-7. Spector SA, Gelber RD, McGrath N, Wara D, Barzilai A, Abrams E, Bryson YJ, Dankner WM, Livingston RA, Connor EM. PMID: 7935655.
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    291. Dysregulation of cytokine expression in monocytes from HIV-positive individuals. J Leukoc Biol. 1994 Sep; 56(3):347-52. Lathey JL, Kanangat S, Rouse BT, Agosti JM, Spector SA. PMID: 8083606.
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    292. HIV therapy advances. Pediatric antiretroviral choices. AIDS. 1994 Sep; 8 Suppl 3:S15-8. Spector SA. PMID: 7840911.
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    293. Anabolic effect of human growth hormone: management of inherited disorders of catabolic pathways. Biochem Med Metab Biol. 1994 Aug; 52(2):145-54. Marsden D, Barshop BA, Capistrano-Estrada S, Rice M, Prodanos C, Sartoris D, Wolff J, Jones KL, Spector S, Nyhan WL. PMID: 7993663.
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    294. Clinical significance of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 phenotypes in infected children. J Infect Dis. 1994 Mar; 169(3):491-5. Spencer LT, Ogino MT, Dankner WM, Spector SA. PMID: 7908924.
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    295. Nevirapine resistance mutations of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 selected during therapy. J Virol. 1994 Mar; 68(3):1660-6. Richman DD, Havlir D, Corbeil J, Looney D, Ignacio C, Spector SA, Sullivan J, Cheeseman S, Barringer K, Pauletti D. PMID: 7509000.
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    296. Human cytomegalovirus-mediated enhancement of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 production in monocyte-derived macrophages. Virology. 1994 Feb 15; 199(1):98-104. Lathey JL, Spector DH, Spector SA. PMID: 8116259.
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    297. The effects of cytomegalovirus on human immunodeficiency virus replication in brain-derived cells correlate with permissiveness of the cells for each virus. J Virol. 1994 Feb; 68(2):959-73. Jault FM, Spector SA, Spector DH. PMID: 8289398.
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    298. Resistance to AZT and ddC during long-term combination therapy in patients with advanced infection with human immunodeficiency virus. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (1988). 1994 Feb; 7(2):135-8. Richman DD, Meng TC, Spector SA, Fischl MA, Resnick L, Lai S. PMID: 7905522.
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    299. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection of neonatal severe combined immunodeficient mice xenografted with human cord blood cells. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1994 Feb; 10(2):131-41. Reinhardt B, Torbett BE, Gulizia RJ, Reinhardt PP, Spector SA, Mosier DE. PMID: 8198867.
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    300. Combination of ganciclovir and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in the treatment of cytomegalovirus retinitis in AIDS patients. The ACTG 073 Team. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1994; 13 Suppl 2:S34-40. Hardy D, Spector S, Polsky B, Crumpacker C, van der Horst C, Holland G, Freeman W, Heinemann MH, Sharuk G, Klystra J. PMID: 7875151.
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    301. A cross-sectional comparison of persons with syncytium- and non-syncytium-inducing human immunodeficiency virus. J Infect Dis. 1993 Dec; 168(6):1374-9. Bozzette SA, McCutchan JA, Spector SA, Wright B, Richman DD. PMID: 7902382.
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    302. Opiate-like substances in an invertebrate, an opiate receptor on invertebrate and human immunocytes, and a role in immunosuppression. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 Dec 01; 90(23):11099-103. Stefano GB, Digenis A, Spector S, Leung MK, Bilfinger TV, Makman MH, Scharrer B, Abumrad NN. PMID: 8248214.
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    303. A randomized, controlled study of intravenous ganciclovir therapy for cytomegalovirus peripheral retinitis in patients with AIDS. AIDS Clinical Trials Group and Cytomegalovirus Cooperative Study Group. J Infect Dis. 1993 Sep; 168(3):557-63. Spector SA, Weingeist T, Pollard RB, Dieterich DT, Samo T, Benson CA, Busch DF, Freeman WR, Montague P, Kaplan HJ. PMID: 8394858.
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    304. Early diagnosis of human cytomegalovirus disease in transplant recipients by DNA amplification in plasma. Transplantation. 1993 Aug; 56(2):330-4. Wolf DG, Spector SA. PMID: 8395098.
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    305. Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia and rheumatoid arthritis. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 1993 Aug; 23(1):70-8. Ippolito JA, Palmer L, Spector S, Kane PB, Gorevic PD. PMID: 8235666.
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    306. Development and significance of zidovudine resistance in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus. J Pediatr. 1993 Jul; 123(1):1-8. Ogino MT, Dankner WM, Spector SA. PMID: 8100579.
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    307. Virologic markers of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in cerebrospinal fluid. The HIV Neurobehavioral Research Center Group. J Infect Dis. 1993 Jul; 168(1):68-74. Spector SA, Hsia K, Pratt D, Lathey J, McCutchan JA, Alcaraz JE, Atkinson JH, Gulevich S, Wallace M, Grant I. PMID: 8515134.
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    308. Functional status and well-being in a placebo-controlled trial of zidovudine in early symptomatic HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (1988). 1993 May; 6(5):452-8. Wu AW, Rubin HR, Mathews WC, Brysk LM, Bozzette SA, Hardy WD, Atkinson JH, Grant I, Spector SA, McCutchan JA. PMID: 8483109.
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    309. Pediatric human immunodeficiency virus infection in a low seroprevalence area. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1993 Apr; 12(4):304-10. Pratt RD, Hatch R, Dankner WM, Spector SA. PMID: 8483625.
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    310. Alternating and intermittent regimens of zidovudine and dideoxycytidine in patients with AIDS or AIDS-related complex. Ann Intern Med. 1993 Mar 01; 118(5):321-30. Skowron G, Bozzette SA, Lim L, Pettinelli CB, Schaumburg HH, Arezzo J, Fischl MA, Powderly WG, Gocke DJ, Richman DD, Pottage JC, Antoniskis D, McKinley GF, Hyslop NE, Ray G, Simon G, Reed N, LoFaro ML, Uttamchandani RB, Gelb LD, Sperber SJ, Murphy RL, Leedom JM, Grieco MH, Zachary J, Hirsch MS, Spector SA, Bigley J, Soo W, Merigan TC. PMID: 8094279.
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    311. Diagnosis of human cytomegalovirus central nervous system disease in AIDS patients by DNA amplification from cerebrospinal fluid. J Infect Dis. 1992 Dec; 166(6):1412-5. Wolf DG, Spector SA. PMID: 1331254.
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    312. Corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis: effects of a treatment with slow-release sodium fluoride. Osteoporos Int. 1992 Nov; 2(6):303-4. Greenwald M, Brandli D, Spector S, Silverman S, Golde G. PMID: 1421799.
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    313. Detection of human cytomegalovirus in plasma of AIDS patients during acute visceral disease by DNA amplification. J Clin Microbiol. 1992 Sep; 30(9):2359-65. Spector SA, Merrill R, Wolf D, Dankner WM. PMID: 1328287.
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    314. The effect of zidovudine treatment on serum neopterin and beta 2-microglobulin levels in mildly symptomatic, HIV type 1 seropositive individuals. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (1988). 1992; 5(3):215-21. Bass HZ, Hardy WD, Mitsuyasu RT, Taylor JM, Wang YX, Fischl MA, Spector SA, Richman DD, Fahey JL. PMID: 1346807.
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    315. Incidence of AIDS dementia in a two-year follow-up of AIDS and ARC patients on an initial phase II AZT placebo-controlled study: San Diego cohort. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1992; 4(1):15-20. Day JJ, Grant I, Atkinson JH, Brysk LT, McCutchan JA, Hesselink JR, Heaton RK, Weinrich JD, Spector SA, Richman DD. PMID: 1627957.
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    316. Impact of Pneumocystis carinii and cytomegalovirus on the course and outcome of atypical pneumonia in advanced human immunodeficiency virus disease. J Infect Dis. 1992 Jan; 165(1):93-8. Bozzette SA, Arcia J, Bartok AE, McGlynn LM, McCutchan JA, Richman DD, Spector SA. PMID: 1309375.
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    317. Search for cytomegalovirus in the postmortem brains of schizophrenic patients using the polymerase chain reaction. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1992 Jan; 49(1):47-53. Alexander RC, Spector SA, Casanova M, Kleinman J, Wyatt RJ, Kirch DG. PMID: 1309417.
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    318. Combination therapy with zidovudine and dideoxycytidine in patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection. A phase I/II study. Ann Intern Med. 1992 Jan 01; 116(1):13-20. Meng TC, Fischl MA, Boota AM, Spector SA, Bennett D, Bassiakos Y, Lai SH, Wright B, Richman DD. PMID: 1345755.
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    319. Human cytomegalovirus inhibits human immunodeficiency virus replication in cells productively infected by both viruses. J Virol. 1991 Dec; 65(12):6969-78. Koval V, Clark C, Vaishnav M, Spector SA, Spector DH. PMID: 1658386.
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    320. The impact of concomitant viral pathogens on the course of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. J Protozool. 1991 Nov-Dec; 38(6):183S-184S. Bozzette SA, Arcia J, Bartok AE, McGlynn LM, McCutchan JA, Richman DD, Spragg R, Spector SA. PMID: 1667929.
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    321. Unrestricted replication of human cytomegalovirus in hydrocortisone-treated macrophages. J Virol. 1991 Nov; 65(11):6371-5. Lathey JL, Spector SA. PMID: 1656103.
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    322. Human immunodeficiency virus DNA is present in a high percentage of CD4+ lymphocytes of seropositive individuals. J Infect Dis. 1991 Sep; 164(3):470-5. Hsia K, Spector SA. PMID: 1678399.
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    323. A health status questionnaire using 30 items from the Medical Outcomes Study. Preliminary validation in persons with early HIV infection. Med Care. 1991 Aug; 29(8):786-98. Wu AW, Rubin HR, Mathews WC, Ware JE, Brysk LT, Hardy WD, Bozzette SA, Spector SA, Richman DD. PMID: 1875745.
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    324. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection of human placenta: potential route for fetal infection. J Virol. 1991 May; 65(5):2231-6. Amirhessami-Aghili N, Spector SA. PMID: 2016757.
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    325. Changes of endogenous morphine and codeine contents in the fasting rat. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1991 May; 257(2):647-50. Lee CS, Spector S. PMID: 2033511.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    326. Human immunodeficiency virus infection of human-PBL-SCID mice. Science. 1991 Feb 15; 251(4995):791-4. Mosier DE, Gulizia RJ, Baird SM, Wilson DB, Spector DH, Spector SA. PMID: 1990441.
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    327. The evolution of lymphadenopathy and hypergammaglobulinemia are evidence for early and sustained polyclonal B lymphocyte activation during human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Infect Dis. 1991 Feb; 163(2):240-6. Jacobson DL, McCutchan JA, Spechko PL, Abramson I, Smith RS, Bartok A, Boss GR, Durand D, Bozzette SA, Spector SA. PMID: 1671053.
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    328. Peripheral nerve function in persons with asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic HIV disease: absence of zidovudine neurotoxicity. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (1988). 1991; 4(9):851-5. Bozzette SA, Santangelo J, Villasana D, Fraser A, Wright B, Jacobsen C, Hayden E, Schnack J, Spector SA, Richman DD. PMID: 1654410.
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    329. A pilot study of low-dose zidovudine in human immunodeficiency virus infection. N Engl J Med. 1990 Oct 11; 323(15):1015-21. Collier AC, Bozzette S, Coombs RW, Causey DM, Schoenfeld DA, Spector SA, Pettinelli CB, Davies G, Richman DD, Leedom JM. PMID: 1977080.
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    330. Toxicity of combined ganciclovir and zidovudine for cytomegalovirus disease associated with AIDS. An AIDS Clinical Trials Group Study. Ann Intern Med. 1990 Jul 15; 113(2):111-7. Hochster H, Dieterich D, Bozzette S, Reichman RC, Connor JD, Liebes L, Sonke RL, Spector SA, Valentine F, Pettinelli C. PMID: 2163228.
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    331. Rapid antiviral DNA-DNA hybridization assay for human cytomegalovirus. J Virol Methods. 1990 Jun; 28(3):293-8. Dankner WM, Scholl D, Stanat SC, Martin M, Sonke RL, Spector SA. PMID: 2166749.
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    332. Peripheral-acting benzodiazepines inhibit the growth of human melanoma cells and potentiate the antiproliferative activity of recombinant human interferons. J Interferon Res. 1990 Jun; 10(3):269-80. Solowey WE, Pestka S, Spector S, Fryer RI, Fisher PB. PMID: 1696606.
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    333. Longitudinal study of cytomegalovirus retinitis in acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Ophthalmology. 1990 May; 97(5):681-6. Gross JG, Bozzette SA, Mathews WC, Spector SA, Abramson IS, McCutchan JA, Mendez T, Munguia D, Freeman WR. PMID: 2160634.
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    334. Human immunodeficiency virus pseudotypes with expanded cellular and species tropism. J Virol. 1990 May; 64(5):2298-308. Spector DH, Wade E, Wright DA, Koval V, Clark C, Jaquish D, Spector SA. PMID: 1691314.
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    335. Diagnosis of cytomegalovirus infection. Semin Hematol. 1990 Apr; 27(2 Suppl 1):11-6; discussion 28-9. Spector SA. PMID: 2160126.
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    336. Quality of life in a placebo-controlled trial of zidovudine in patients with AIDS and AIDS-related complex. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (1988). 1990; 3(7):683-90. Wu AW, Mathews WC, Brysk LT, Atkinson JH, Grant I, Abramson I, Kennedy CJ, McCutchan JA, Spector SA, Richman DD. PMID: 2191113.
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    337. Localization of human cytomegalovirus in peripheral blood leukocytes by in situ hybridization. J Infect Dis. 1990 Jan; 161(1):31-6. Dankner WM, McCutchan JA, Richman DD, Hirata K, Spector SA. PMID: 2153186.
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    338. Use of molecular probes to detect human cytomegalovirus and human immunodeficiency virus. Clin Chem. 1989 Aug; 35(8):1581-7. Spector SA, Hsia K, Denaro F, Spector DH. PMID: 2547533.
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    339. Enzymatic amplification of human cytomegalovirus sequences by polymerase chain reaction. J Clin Microbiol. 1989 Aug; 27(8):1802-9. Hsia K, Spector DH, Lawrie J, Spector SA. PMID: 2549097.
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    340. Applications of immunogold-silver enhancement: testing of monoclonal antibodies and detection of human cytomegalovirus in histologic specimens. Am J Anat. 1989 Jun-Jul; 185(2-3):310-3. Dankner WM, Spector SA. PMID: 2549777.
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    341. Human immunodeficiency virus inhibition is prolonged by 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine alternating with 2',3'-dideoxycytidine compared with 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine alone. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1989 Jun; 33(6):920-3. Spector SA, Ripley D, Hsia K. PMID: 2548440.
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    342. The antiviral effect of zidovudine and ribavirin in clinical trials and the use of p24 antigen levels as a virologic marker. J Infect Dis. 1989 May; 159(5):822-8. Spector SA, Kennedy C, McCutchan JA, Bozzette SA, Straube RG, Connor JD, Richman DD. PMID: 2496173.
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    343. Impairment in T-lymphocyte responses during early infection with the human immunodeficiency virus. J Clin Immunol. 1989 Mar; 9(2):159-68. Bentin J, Tsoukas CD, McCutchan JA, Spector SA, Richman DD, Vaughan JH. PMID: 2785531.
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    344. Studies of HIV infection and the development of Epstein-Barr virus-related B cell lymphomas following transfer of human lymphocytes to mice with severe combined immunodeficiency. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 1989; 152:195-9. Mosier DE, Gulizia RJ, Baird SM, Spector S, Spector D, Kipps TJ, Fox RI, Carson DA, Cooper N, Richman DD. PMID: 2553338.
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    345. Plesiomonas shigelloides septicemia and meningitis in a newborn. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1988 Dec; 7(12):877-9. Waecker NJ, Davis CE, Bernstein G, Spector SA. PMID: 3211630.
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    346. Prevalence of psychiatric disorders among men infected with human immunodeficiency virus. A controlled study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1988 Sep; 45(9):859-64. Atkinson JH, Grant I, Kennedy CJ, Richman DD, Spector SA, McCutchan JA. PMID: 3415427.
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    347. Human immunodeficiency virus-associated neurobehavioural disorder. J R Coll Physicians Lond. 1988 Jul; 22(3):149-57. Grant I, Atkinson JH, Hesselink JR, Kennedy CJ, Richman DD, Spector SA, McCutchan JA. PMID: 3411542.
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    348. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Magnetic resonance patterns of brain involvement with pathologic correlation. Arch Neurol. 1988 Jul; 45(7):731-6. Jarvik JG, Hesselink JR, Kennedy C, Teschke R, Wiley C, Spector S, Richman D, McCutchan JA. PMID: 3390027.
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    349. One-year follow-up of cardiac and coronary artery disease in infants and children with Kawasaki disease. Am Heart J. 1988 Jun; 115(6):1263-7. Chung KJ, Fulton DR, Lapp R, Spector S, Sahn DJ. PMID: 3376845.
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    350. Generation of human cytomegalovirus-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes in a short-term culture. J Immunol Methods. 1988 May 25; 110(1):69-77. Laubscher A, Bluestein HG, Spector SA, Zvaifler NJ. PMID: 2836515.
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    351. Treatment of bacterial meningitis with once daily ceftriaxone therapy. J Antimicrob Chemother. 1988 May; 21(5):637-45. Dankner WM, Connor JD, Sawyer M, Straube R, Spector SA. PMID: 3391863.
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    352. A multicenter evaluation of the clinical benefits of cromolyn sodium aerosol by metered-dose inhaler in the treatment of asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1988 Apr; 81(4):681-7. Blumenthal MN, Selcow J, Spector S, Zeiger RS, Mellon M. PMID: 3128589.
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    353. Human immunodeficiency virus, coxsackievirus, and cardiomyopathy. Ann Intern Med. 1988 Feb; 108(2):308-9. Dittrich H, Chow L, Denaro F, Spector S. PMID: 2829676.
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    354. Evidence for early central nervous system involvement in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and other human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections. Studies with neuropsychologic testing and magnetic resonance imaging. Ann Intern Med. 1987 Dec; 107(6):828-36. Grant I, Atkinson JH, Hesselink JR, Kennedy CJ, Richman DD, Spector SA, McCutchan JA. PMID: 3688675.
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    355. Detecting human immunodeficiency virus RNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells by nucleic acid hybridization. J Infect Dis. 1987 Nov; 156(5):823-7. Richman DD, McCutchan JA, Spector SA. PMID: 2821128.
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    356. Ganciclovir for the treatment and suppression of serious infections caused by cytomegalovirus. Am J Med. 1987 Aug; 83(2):201-7. Laskin OL, Cederberg DM, Mills J, Eron LJ, Mildvan D, Spector SA. PMID: 3039841.
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    357. Antibody to a synthetic oligopeptide in subjects at risk for human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Clin Microbiol. 1987 Aug; 25(8):1498-504. Smith RS, Naso RB, Rosen J, Whalley A, Hom YL, Hoey K, Kennedy CJ, McCutchan JA, Spector SA, Richman DD. PMID: 3476491.
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    358. Nosocomial cytomegalovirus infections within two hospitals caring for infants and children. J Infect Dis. 1987 Jul; 156(1):9-16. Demmler GJ, Yow MD, Spector SA, Reis SG, Brady MT, Anderson DC, Taber LH. PMID: 3036963.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    359. Malassezia fungemia in neonates and adults: complication of hyperalimentation. Rev Infect Dis. 1987 Jul-Aug; 9(4):743-53. Dankner WM, Spector SA, Fierer J, Davis CE. PMID: 3125578.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    360. Cytomegalovirus infection and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature infants. Am J Dis Child. 1987 Mar; 141(3):303-5. Sawyer MH, Edwards DK, Spector SA. PMID: 3028127.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    361. Morphine and codeine are endogenous components of human cerebrospinal fluid. Life Sci. 1987 Jan 19; 40(3):301-6. Cardinale GJ, Donnerer J, Finck AD, Kantrowitz JD, Oka K, Spector S. PMID: 3796227.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    362. Vitamin D3 derivatives inhibit the differentiation of Friend erythroleukemia cells. Mol Pharmacol. 1986 Dec; 30(6):639-42. Wang JK, Johnson MD, Morgan JI, Spector S. PMID: 3023814.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    363. Transmission of cytomegalovirus from husband to wife. J Infect Dis. 1986 Sep; 154(3):545-6. Demmler GJ, O'Neil GW, O'Neil JH, Spector SA, Brady MT, Yow MD. PMID: 3016116.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    364. Recurrent herpes simplex in a neonate. Pediatr Infect Dis. 1986 Sep-Oct; 5(5):582-6. Dankner WM, Spector SA. PMID: 3020520.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    365. Downregulation of [3H]Ro5-4864 binding sites after exposure to peripheral-type benzodiazepines in vitro. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1986 Sep; 238(3):855-9. Johnson MD, Wang JK, Morgan JI, Spector S. PMID: 3018224.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    366. Intussusception. West J Med. 1986 Jun; 144(6):722-7. Nyhan WL, Wilson N, Powers NG, Zwass M, Hilton S, Spector S, Albert D, Juarez P, Kaufman IA. PMID: 3727531.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    367. Sustained-release theophylline preparations in asthmatic children. A short-term comparison of two products and the relationship of serum theophylline levels and pulmonary function changes. Am J Dis Child. 1986 Apr; 140(4):336-40. Rachelefsky G, Rohr A, Katz R, Wo J, Gracey V, Spector S, Siegel S, Mickey MR. PMID: 3513540.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    368. Rapid viral diagnostic techniques. Adv Pediatr Infect Dis. 1986; 1:37-59. Spector SA, Dankner WM. PMID: 3331277.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    369. Rapid determination of molecular relatedness of isolates of human cytomegalovirus. J Infect Dis. 1985 Oct; 152(4):755-9. Spector SA, Neuman TR, Hirata KK. PMID: 2995501.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    370. Malasezzia furfur sepsis in neonates. J Pediatr. 1985 Oct; 107(4):643-4. Dankner WM, Spector SA. PMID: 4045616.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    371. The use of DNA probes in studies of human cytomegalovirus. Clin Chem. 1985 Sep; 31(9):1514-20. Spector SA, Spector DH. PMID: 2992841.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    372. Lead intoxication in children. West J Med. 1985 Sep; 143(3):357-64. Nyhan WL, Sawyer M, Kearney T, Spector S, Hilton S. PMID: 3931357.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    373. Peripheral-type benzodiazepines influence ornithine decarboxylase levels and neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1985 Aug; 82(15):5223-6. Morgan JI, Johnson MD, Wang JK, Sonnenfeld KH, Spector S. PMID: 2991912.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    374. Inhibition of human cytomegalovirus by combined acyclovir and vidarabine. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1985 Apr; 27(4):600-4. Spector SA, Kelley E. PMID: 2988432.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    375. Impaired in vitro interferon, blastogenic, and natural killer cell responses to viral stimulation in acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Cancer Res. 1985 Jan; 45(1):406-10. Hersh EM, Gutterman JU, Spector S, Friedman H, Greenberg SB, Reuben JM, LaPushin R, Matza M, Mansell PW. PMID: 2578099.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    376. Identification of multiple cytomegalovirus strains in homosexual men with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. J Infect Dis. 1984 Dec; 150(6):953-6. Spector SA, Hirata KK, Newman TR. PMID: 6094679.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    377. Detection of human cytomegalovirus in clinical specimens by DNA-DNA hybridization. J Infect Dis. 1984 Jul; 150(1):121-6. Spector SA, Rua JA, Spector DH, McMillan R. PMID: 6086767.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 41     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    378. Differentiation of Friend erythroleukemia cells induced by benzodiazepines. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1984 Jun; 81(12):3770-2. Wang JK, Morgan JI, Spector S. PMID: 6587392.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    379. Structural requirements for the binding of benzodiazepines to their peripheral-type sites. Mol Pharmacol. 1984 May; 25(3):349-51. Wang JK, Taniguchi T, Spector S. PMID: 6328261.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    380. Transmission of herpes simplex virus type 1 to a newborn infant during endotracheal suctioning for meconium aspiration. Pediatr Infect Dis. 1984 Mar-Apr; 3(2):153-6. Van Dyke RB, Spector SA. PMID: 6328457.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    381. Benzodiazepines that bind at peripheral sites inhibit cell proliferation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1984 Feb; 81(3):753-6. Wang JK, Morgan JI, Spector S. PMID: 6322168.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    382. The oncogenic potential of human cytomegalovirus. Prog Med Virol. 1984; 29:45-89. Spector DH, Spector SA. PMID: 6322235.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    383. Protean manifestations of perinatal enterovirus infections. West J Med. 1983 Jun; 138(6):847-51. Spector SA, Straube RC. PMID: 6613112.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    384. Adenovirus type 7b in a children's hospital. J Infect Dis. 1983 May; 147(5):814-9. Straube RC, Thompson MA, Van Dyke RB, Wadell G, Connor JD, Wingard D, Spector SA. PMID: 6302176.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    385. Transmission of cytomegalovirus among infants in hospital documented by restriction-endonuclease-digestion analyses. Lancet. 1983 Feb 19; 1(8321):378-81. Spector SA. PMID: 6185807.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    386. The binding of [3H]-diazepam to guinea-pig ileal longitudinal muscle and the in vitro inhibition of contraction by benzodiazepines. Br J Pharmacol. 1983 Feb; 78(2):321-7. Hullihan JP, Spector S, Taniguchi T, Wang JK. PMID: 6131717.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    387. Inhibition of human cytomegalovirus by trifluorothymidine. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1983 Jan; 23(1):113-8. Spector SA, Tyndall M, Kelley E. PMID: 6299179.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    388. Molecular epidemiology of cytomegalovirus infections in premature twin infants and their mother. Pediatr Infect Dis. 1982 Nov-Dec; 1(6):405-9. Spector SA, Spector DH. PMID: 6298754.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    389. Neonatal acyclovir pharmacokinetics in patients with herpes virus infections. Am J Med. 1982 Jul 20; 73(1A):210-4. Hintz M, Connor JD, Spector SA, Blum MR, Keeney RE, Yeager AS. PMID: 6285713.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    390. Treatment of herpes virus infections in immunocompromised patients with acyclovir by continuous intravenous infusion. Am J Med. 1982 Jul 20; 73(1A):275-80. Spector SA, Hintz M, Wyborny C, Connor JD, Keeney RE, Liao S. PMID: 6285719.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    391. Effects of acyclovir combined with other antiviral agents on human cytomegalovirus. Am J Med. 1982 Jul 20; 73(1A):36-9. Spector SA, Tyndall M, Kelley E. PMID: 6179416.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    392. [3H]Diazepam binding sites on rat heart and kidney. Biochem Pharmacol. 1982 Feb 15; 31(4):589-90. Taniguchi T, Wang JK, Spector S. PMID: 6279112.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    393. Placental theophylline transfer in pregnant asthmatics. JAMA. 1982 Feb 12; 247(6):786-8. Labovitz E, Spector S. PMID: 7057554.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    394. Lead study questioned. Pediatrics. 1982 Jan; 69(1):134-5. Spector S, Brown KE. PMID: 7054754.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    395. Tolerance to beta-adrenergics and results of rising dose studies of albuterol, isoproterenol and placebo. Ann Allergy. 1981 Nov; 47(5 Pt 2):394-401. Spector S. PMID: 7030154.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    396. Fatal echovirus type 11 infections. Am J Dis Child. 1981 Nov; 135(11):1017-20. Halfon N, Spector SA. PMID: 7294006.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    397. Changes in platelet and renal benzodiazepine binding in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Eur J Pharmacol. 1981 Apr 09; 70(4):587-8. Taniguchi T, Wang JK, Spector S. PMID: 6263642.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    398. Single-dose pharmacokinetics of acyclovir. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1981 Apr; 19(4):608-12. Spector SA, Connor JD, Hintz M, Quinn RP, Blum MR, Keeney RE. PMID: 7247383.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    399. Mothers' reports of their low birth weight infants' subsequent development on the Minnesota Child Development Inventory. J Pediatr Psychol. 1980 Dec; 5(4):353-64. Eisert DC, Spector S, Shankaran S, Faigenbaum D, Szego E. PMID: 7463264.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    400. Properties of [3H]diazepam binding sites on rat blood platelets. Life Sci. 1980 Nov 17; 27(20):1881-8. Wang JK, Taniguchi T, Spector S. PMID: 6257998.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    401. A screening test for influenza immunity: preimmunization antibody titers to influenza virus antigens in atopic patients. Ann Allergy. 1980 Sep; 45(3):163-6. Girsh LS, Spector S, Patel C, Friedman H. PMID: 6251738.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    402. Properties of [3H] diazepam binding to rat peritoneal mast cells. Life Sci. 1980 Jul 14; 27(2):171-8. Taniguchi T, Wang JK, Spector S. PMID: 6157072.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    403. Is resistance of a muscle to fatigue controlled by its motoneurones? Nature. 1980 Jun 19; 285(5766):589-90. Edgerton VR, Goslow GE, Rasmussen SA, Spector SA. PMID: 6447252.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    404. Nurse training and staffing in the neonatal intensive care unit. Clin Perinatol. 1980 Mar; 7(1):173-86. Strickland M, Spector S, Hamlin-Cook P, Hanna C, Moore C, Bellig L, Fiorato A. PMID: 7398178.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    405. Analgesic action and pharmacokinetics of morphine and diazepam in man: an evaluation by sensory decision theory. Anesthesiology. 1979 Dec; 51(6):495-502. Yang JC, Clark WC, Ngai SH, Berkowitz BA, Spector S. PMID: 517776.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    406. Bronchial inhalation challenge with antigens. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1979 Dec; 64(6 pt 2):580-6. Spector S, Farr R. PMID: 512249.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    407. Cytomegaloviruria in older infants in intensive care nurseries. J Pediatr. 1979 Sep; 95(3):444-6. Spector SA, Schmidt K, Ticknor W, Grossman M. PMID: 224161.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    408. Infection with Chlamydia trachomatis: involvement of multiple anatomic sites in neonates. J Infect Dis. 1979 Feb; 139(2):232-4. Schachter J, Grossman M, Holt J, Sweet R, Spector S. PMID: 438536.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    409. Monocyte cellular function in asthmatic patients on alternate-day steroid therapy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1978 Apr; 61(4):255-60. Norris DA, Fine R, Weston WL, Spector S. PMID: 632474.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    410. Cerebrospinal fluid levels of d-tubocurarine in man. Anesthesiology. 1977 Jun; 46(6):396-9. Matteo RS, Pua EK, Khambatta HJ, Spector S. PMID: 860842.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    411. Inhibition of theophylline clearance by troleandomycin. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1977 Mar; 59(3):228-31. Weinberger M, Hudgel D, Spector S, Chidsey C. PMID: 300083.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    412. Obervations on subjective symptomatology, coping behavior, and medical decisions is asthma. Psychosom Med. 1977 Mar-Apr; 39(2):102-19. Kinsman RA, Dahlem NW, Spector S, Staudenmayer H. PMID: 403566.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    413. Correlation between plasma and cerebrospinal levels of imipramine. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1976 Sep; 33(9):1109-10. Sathananthan GL, Gershon S, Almeida M, Spector N, Spector S. PMID: 962493.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    414. Antibodies as a means of isolating and characterizing biologically active substances: presence of a non-peptide, morphine-like compound in the central nervous system. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1976 Jun; 73(6):2132-6. Gintzler AR, Levy A, Spector S. PMID: 1064881.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    415. Pharmacokinetics of naloxone in rats and in man: basis for its potency and short duration of action. Anesthesiology. 1976 May; 44(5):398-401. Ngai SH, Berkowitz BA, Yang JC, Hempstead J, Spector S. PMID: 1267205.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 45     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    416. Relation of catecholamines to collagen synthesis. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1976; 275:114-6. Spector S, Lai FM, Ooshima A, Cardinale G, Udenfriend S. PMID: 1070267.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    417. Increased formation of collagen in the blood vessels of hypertensive rats. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1976; 275:101-3. Udenfriend S, Ooshima A, Cardinale G, Fuller GC, Spector S. PMID: 1070265.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    418. The diposi tion of morphine in surgical patients. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1975 Jun; 17(6):629-35. Berkowitz BA, Ngai SH, Yang JC, Hempstead J, Spector S. PMID: 1139854.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    419. Release of norepinephrine in the central nervous system by theophylline and caffeine. Eur J Pharmacol. 1970 Apr; 10(1):64-71. Berkowitz BA, Tarver JH, Spector S. PMID: 5458986.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    420. Evaluation of jet-type and ultrasonic nebulizers in mist tent therapy for cystic fibrosis. Pediatrics. 1968 Apr; 41(4):723-32. Doershuk CF, Matthews LW, Gillespie CT, Lough MD, Spector S. PMID: 5643980.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    421. Effect of growth hormone on carbohydrate metabolism in hypopituitary dwarfs. Metabolism. 1968 Jan; 17(1):74-83. Gold H, Spector S, Samaan NA, Pearson OH. PMID: 5638680.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    422. Acute pharmacology of melatonin. Nature. 1967 May 27; 214(5091):919-20. Barchas J, DaCosta F, Spector S. PMID: 6054984.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    423. Mist tent therapy of the obstructive pulmonary lesion of cystic fibrosis. Pediatrics. 1967 Feb; 39(2):176-85. Matthews LW, Doershuk CF, Spector S. PMID: 6017955.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    424. Treatment of lead encephalopathy in children. J Pediatr. 1966 Aug; 69(2):198-206. Coffin R, Phillips JL, Staples WI, Spector S. PMID: 4957770.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    425. Evaluation of a prophylactic and therapeutic program for patients with cystic fibrosis. Pediatrics. 1965 Nov; 36(5):675-88. Doershuk CF, Matthews LW, Tucker AS, Spector S. PMID: 5844001.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    426. Complex formation between basic antibiotics and deoxyribonucleic acid in human pulmonary secretions. Pediatrics. 1965 Nov; 36(5):714-20. Potter JL, Matthews LW, Spector S, Lemm J. PMID: 5844004.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    427. A 5 YEAR CLINICAL EVALUATION OF A THERAPEUTIC PROGRAM FOR PATIENTS WITH CYSTIC FIBROSIS. J Pediatr. 1964 Nov; 65:677-93. DOERSHUK CF, MATTHEWS LW, TUCKER AS, NUDLEMAN H, EDDY G, WISE M, SPECTOR S. PMID: 14221168.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    428. A THERAPEUTIC REGIMEN FOR PATIENTS WITH CYSTIC FIBROSIS. J Pediatr. 1964 Oct; 65:558-75. MATTHEWS LW, DOERSHUK CF, WISE M, EDDY G, NUDELMAN H, SPECTOR S. PMID: 14216644.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    429. ENHANCEMENT BY METHYLDOPA OF TYRAMINE SENSITIVITY IN MAN. Nature. 1963 Dec 14; 200:1107-8. PETTINGER W, HORWITZ D, SPECTOR S, SJOERDSMA A. PMID: 14098446.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    
    430. Monoamine oxidase in control of brain serotonin and norepinephrine content. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1963 Jul 08; 107:856-64. SPECTOR S. PMID: 13989974.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    
    431. Human pulmonary secretions in health and disease. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1963 Mar 30; 106:692-7. POTTER JL, MATTHEWS LW, LEMM J, SPECTOR S. PMID: 13985747.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    432. The carbohydrate composition of pulmonary secretions. J Pediatr. 1962 Aug; 61:297-8. POTTER JL, MATTHEWS LW, LEMM J, SPECTOR S. PMID: 14488293.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    433. "Break-through in cystic fibrosis". Pediatrics. 1961 Mar; 27:351-3. MATTHEWS LW, SPECTOR S. PMID: 13768289.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    434. Interaction of monoamine oxidase inhibitors with physiological and biochemical mechanisms in brain. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1959 Sep 17; 80:609-16. BRODIE BB, SPECTOR S, SHORE PA. PMID: 13804624.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    
    435. Study of fat absorption utilizing I 131-labeled corn oil in infants and children with and without steatorrhea. Pediatrics. 1958 Sep; 22(3):515-24. SPECTOR S, MATTHEWS LW, LEMM FJ, VAN ERP Y, CLINE J. PMID: 13578543.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    436. Use of I131 - labeled protein in the study of protein digestion and absorption in children with and without cystic fibrosis of the pancreas. Pediatrics. 1952 Dec; 10(6):667-76. LAVIK PS, MATTHEWS LW, BUCKALOO GW, LEMM FJ, SPECTOR S, FRIEDELL HL. PMID: 13003415.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    437. The effect of pituitary adrenocorticotrophic hormone on experimental tetanus in mice. J Infect Dis. 1951 Nov-Dec; 89(3):224-5. SPECTOR S, MERCER RD. PMID: 14888946.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    438. Aureomycin in the treatment of acute bronchiolitis of infants. J Pediatr. 1949 Nov; 35(5):546-56. THOMPSON BF, SPECTOR S. PMID: 15393433.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    439. Respiratory acidosis and alkalosis in children. J Pediatr. 1948 Mar; 32(3):227-45. SPECTOR S, MC KHANN CF. PMID: 18907142.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
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