Christopher Wills

Title(s)Emeritus Professor, Ecology, Behavior, and Evolution
SchoolVc-academic Affairs
Address9500 Gilman Drive #
La Jolla CA 92093
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    NIH/NIAID R03AI041370Jun 1, 1997 - May 31, 2000
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NIH/NIGMS R01GM031962Jul 1, 1983 - Mar 31, 1987
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Interactions between all pairs of neighboring trees in 16 forests worldwide reveal details of unique ecological processes in each forest, and provide windows into their evolutionary histories. PLoS Comput Biol. 2021 04; 17(4):e1008853. Wills C, Wang B, Fang S, Wang Y, Jin Y, Lutz J, Thompson J, Harms KE, Pulla S, Pasion B, Germain S, Liu H, Smokey J, Su SH, Butt N, Chu C, Chuyong G, Chang-Yang CH, Dattaraja HS, Davies S, Ediriweera S, Esufali S, Fletcher CD, Gunatilleke N, Gunatilleke S, Hsieh CF, He F, Hubbell S, Hao Z, Itoh A, Kenfack D, Li B, Li X, Ma K, Morecroft M, Mi X, Malhi Y, Ong P, Rodriguez LJ, Suresh HS, Sun IF, Sukumar R, Tan S, Thomas D, Uriarte M, Wang X, Wang X, Yao TL, Zimmermann J. PMID: 33914731; PMCID: PMC8084225.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    2. Persistence of Neighborhood Demographic Influences over Long Phylogenetic Distances May Help Drive Post-Speciation Adaptation in Tropical Forests. PLoS One. 2016; 11(6):e0156913. Wills C, Harms KE, Wiegand T, Punchi-Manage R, Gilbert GS, Erickson D, Kress WJ, Hubbell SP, Gunatilleke CV, Gunatilleke IA. PMID: 27305092; PMCID: PMC4909291.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    3. Genetic and phenotypic consequences of introgression between humans and Neanderthals. Adv Genet. 2011; 76:27-54. Wills C. PMID: 22099691.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    4. Rapid recent human evolution and the accumulation of balanced genetic polymorphisms. High Alt Med Biol. 2011; 12(2):149-55. Wills C. PMID: 21718163.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Sm/Lsm genes provide a glimpse into the early evolution of the spliceosome. PLoS Comput Biol. 2009 Mar; 5(3):e1000315. Veretnik S, Wills C, Youkharibache P, Valas RE, Bourne PE. PMID: 19282982; PMCID: PMC2650416.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    6. Nonrandom processes maintain diversity in tropical forests. Science. 2006 Jan 27; 311(5760):527-31. Wills C, Harms KE, Condit R, King D, Thompson J, He F, Muller-Landau HC, Ashton P, Losos E, Comita L, Hubbell S, Lafrankie J, Bunyavejchewin S, Dattaraja HS, Davies S, Esufali S, Foster R, Gunatilleke N, Gunatilleke S, Hall P, Itoh A, John R, Kiratiprayoon S, de Lao SL, Massa M, Nath C, Noor MN, Kassim AR, Sukumar R, Suresh HS, Sun IF, Tan S, Yamakura T, Zimmerman J. PMID: 16439661.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    7. Fatal Saccharomyces cerevisiae aortic graft infection. J Clin Microbiol. 2002 Jul; 40(7):2691-2. Smith D, Metzgar D, Wills C, Fierer J. PMID: 12089311; PMCID: PMC120603.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    8. Domain-level differences in microsatellite distribution and content result from different relative rates of insertion and deletion mutations. Genome Res. 2002 Mar; 12(3):408-13. Metzgar D, Liu L, Hansen C, Dybvig K, Wills C. PMID: 11875028; PMCID: PMC155286.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    9. Microsatellites in the eukaryotic DNA mismatch repair genes as modulators of evolutionary mutation rate. Genome Res. 2001 Jul; 11(7):1145-6. Chang DK, Metzgar D, Wills C, Boland CR. PMID: 11435395.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    10. The microsatellites of Escherichia coli: rapidly evolving repetitive DNAs in a non-pathogenic prokaryote. Mol Microbiol. 2001 Jan; 39(1):183-90. Metzgar D, Thomas E, Davis C, Field D, Wills C. PMID: 11123700.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    11. Evolutionary changes in mutation rates and spectra and their influence on the adaptation of pathogens. Microbes Infect. 2000 Oct; 2(12):1513-22. Metzgar D, Wills C. PMID: 11099938.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    12. Evidence for the adaptive evolution of mutation rates. Cell. 2000 Jun 09; 101(6):581-4. Metzgar D, Wills C. PMID: 10892644.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    13. Selection against frameshift mutations limits microsatellite expansion in coding DNA. Genome Res. 2000 Jan; 10(1):72-80. Metzgar D, Bytof J, Wills C. PMID: 10645952; PMCID: PMC310501.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 183     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    14. Numerous length polymorphisms at short tandem repeats in human cytomegalovirus. J Virol. 1999 Aug; 73(8):6265-70. Davis CL, Field D, Metzgar D, Saiz R, Morin PA, Smith IL, Spector SA, Wills C. PMID: 10400717; PMCID: PMC112704.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    15. Similar non-random processes maintain diversity in two tropical rainforests. Proc Biol Sci. 1999 Jul 22; 266(1427):1445-52. Wills C, Condit R. PMID: 10457617; PMCID: PMC1690088.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    16. Contingency loci, mutator alleles, and their interactions. Synergistic strategies for microbial evolution and adaptation in pathogenesis. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1999 May 18; 870:378-82. Field D, Magnasco MO, Moxon ER, Metzgar D, Tanaka MM, Wills C, Thaler DS. PMID: 10415502.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    17. Mitochondrial sequences show diverse evolutionary histories of African hominoids. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Apr 27; 96(9):5077-82. Gagneux P, Wills C, Gerloff U, Tautz D, Morin PA, Boesch C, Fruth B, Hohmann G, Ryder OA, Woodruff DS. PMID: 10220421; PMCID: PMC21819.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 58     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    18. Random amplification of polymorphic DNA and microsatellite genotyping of pre- and posttreatment isolates of Candida spp. from human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients on different fluconazole regimens. J Clin Microbiol. 1998 Aug; 36(8):2308-13. Metzgar D, van Belkum A, Field D, Haubrich R, Wills C. PMID: 9666011; PMCID: PMC105037.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCellsCTClinical Trials
    19. Abundant microsatellite polymorphism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and the different distributions of microsatellites in eight prokaryotes and S. cerevisiae, result from strong mutation pressures and a variety of selective forces. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Feb 17; 95(4):1647-52. Field D, Wills C. PMID: 9465070; PMCID: PMC19132.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 65     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    20. Sequence analysis of a compound coding-region microsatellite in Candida albicans resolves homoplasies and provides a high-resolution tool for genotyping. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 1998 Feb; 20(2):103-9. Metzgar D, Field D, Haubrich R, Wills C. PMID: 9544777.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    21. Mismatch repair and the accumulation of deleterious mutations influence the competitive advantage of MAT (mating type) heterozygosity in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genet Res. 1998 Feb; 71(1):1-10. Selk E, Wills C. PMID: 9674378.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    22. Strong density- and diversity-related effects help to maintain tree species diversity in a neotropical forest. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 Feb 18; 94(4):1252-7. Wills C, Condit R, Foster RB, Hubbell SP. PMID: 11038601; PMCID: PMC19777.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 41     Fields:    
    23. Another nail in the coffin of the multiple-origins theory? Bioessays. 1996 Dec; 18(12):1017-20. Wills C. PMID: 8976159.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    24. Rapid sequon evolution in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 relative to human immunodeficiency virus type 2. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1996 Sep 20; 12(14):1383-4. Wills C, Farmer A, Myers G. PMID: 8891118.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    25. Use of polymorphic short and clustered coding-region microsatellites to distinguish strains of Candida albicans. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 1996 Sep; 15(2-3):73-9. Field D, Eggert L, Metzgar D, Rose R, Wills C. PMID: 8880131.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    26. Some puzzles about carbon catabolite repression in yeast. Res Microbiol. 1996 Jul-Sep; 147(6-7):566-72. Wills C. PMID: 9084771.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    28. Improving the analysis of phylogenetic data. Comput Chem. 1996 Mar; 20(1):61-6. Wills C. PMID: 8867842.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Long, polymorphic microsatellites in simple organisms. Proc Biol Sci. 1996 Feb 22; 263(1367):209-15. Field D, Wills C. PMID: 8728984.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 47     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    30. Significant competitive advantage conferred by meiosis and syngamy in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Jan 23; 93(2):908-12. Birdsell J, Wills C. PMID: 8570658; PMCID: PMC40157.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    31. Topiary pruning of the HIV and SIV phylogenetic tree. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1995 Nov; 11(11):1417-9. Wills C. PMID: 8573401.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    32. WHEN DID EVE LIVE? AN EVOLUTIONARY DETECTIVE STORY. Evolution. 1995 Aug; 49(4):593-607. Wills C. PMID: 28565132.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    
    33. A genetic herd-immunity model for the maintenance of MHC polymorphism. Immunol Rev. 1995 Feb; 143:263-92. Wills C, Green DR. PMID: 7558080.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    34. Use of denaturing gradient electrophoresis to determine the distributions of polymorphisms in entire genes in natural populations. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1995 Jan 25; 1260(2):123-31. Mickey G, Sim J, Durand J, Wills C. PMID: 7841188.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    35. Similarity landscapes: a way to detect many structural and sequence motifs in both introns and exons. J Mol Evol. 1994 Feb; 38(2):188-203. Hultner M, Smith DW, Wills C. PMID: 8169961.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    36. Pleiotropic effects of heterozygosity at the mating-type locus of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae on repair, recombination and transformation. Mutat Res. 1993 Dec; 290(2):239-47. Durand J, Birdsell J, Wills C. PMID: 7694115.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    37. Maintenance of multiallelic polymorphism at the MHC region. Immunol Rev. 1991 Dec; 124:165-220. Wills C. PMID: 1804778.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. The role of molecular biology in human evolutionary studies: current status and future prospects. Mol Genet Med. 1991; 1:169-232. Wills C. PMID: 1842572.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    39. Regulation of sugar and ethanol metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Crit Rev Biochem Mol Biol. 1990; 25(4):245-80. Wills C. PMID: 2171877.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    41. An efficient selection producing structural gene mutants of yeast alcohol dehydrogenase resistant to pyrazole. Genetics. 1988 Aug; 119(4):791-5. Wills C, Hom D. PMID: 3044924; PMCID: PMC1203465.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    42. Conditional overdominance at an alcohol dehydrogenase locus in yeast. Genetics. 1987 Nov; 117(3):421-7. Hall JG, Wills C. PMID: 3319769; PMCID: PMC1203218.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    43. ANALYSIS OF MITOCHONDRIAL DNA POLYMORPHISMS AMONG CHANNEL ISLAND DEER MICE. Evolution. 1987 Jul; 41(4):854-863. Ashley M, Wills C. PMID: 28564361.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    
    44. Rank-order selection is capable of maintaining all genetic polymorphisms. Genetics. 1978 Jun; 89(2):403-17. Wills C. PMID: 17248841; PMCID: PMC1213845.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
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