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Edward Castillo

TitleAssociate Adjunct Professor
InstitutionUniversity of California San Diego
DepartmentEmergency Medical Services
Address200 W. Arbor Drive #8676
San Diego CA 92103
Phone619-543-6231
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Vinogradskiy Y, Faught A, Castillo R, Castillo E, Guerrero T, Miften M, Liu AK. Using 4DCT-ventilation to characterize lung function changes for pediatric patients getting thoracic radiotherapy. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2018 Jun 26. PMID: 29943892.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Guittard JA, Wardi G, Castillo E, Stock BJ, Heuberger S, Tomaszewski CA. Grow the Pie: Interdepartmental Cooperation as a Method for Achieving Operational Efficiency in an Emergency Department. J Emerg Med. 2018 Jun 06. PMID: 29885735.
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    3. Coffey C, Serra J, Goebel M, Espinoza S, Castillo E, Dunford J. Prehospital Acute ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Identification in San Diego: A Retrospective Analysis of the Effect of a New Software Algorithm. J Emerg Med. 2018 May 03. PMID: 29731285.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Kreshak AA, Neath SX, Tolia VM, Castillo E, Chan TC. A Multidisciplinary Bootcamp as an Educational Launch to a Geriatric Emergency Department. J Emerg Med. 2018 Apr 21. PMID: 29691069.
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    5. Faught AM, Olsen L, Schubert L, Rusthoven C, Castillo E, Castillo R, Zhang J, Guerrero T, Miften M, Vinogradskiy Y. Functional-guided radiotherapy using knowledge-based planning. Radiother Oncol. 2018 Apr 05. PMID: 29628292.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Glober N, Tainter CR, Brennan J, Darocki M, Klingfus M, Choi M, Derksen B, Rudolf F, Wardi G, Castillo E, Chan T. Use of the d-dimer for Detecting Pulmonary Embolism in the Emergency Department. J Emerg Med. 2018 May; 54(5):585-592. PMID: 29502865.
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    7. Wilson MP, Nordstrom K, Hopper A, Porter A, Castillo E, Vilke GM. Risperidone in the Emergency Setting is Associated with More Hypotension in Elderly Patients. J Emerg Med. 2017 Nov; 53(5):735-739. PMID: 28987309.
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    8. Stuck AR, Crowley C, Killeen J, Castillo E. National Survey of Emergency Physicians Concerning Home-Based Care Options as Alternatives to Emergency Department-Based Hospital Admissions. J Emerg Med. 2017 Nov; 53(5):623-628.e2. PMID: 28939397.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Stuck A, Crowley C, Martinez T, Wittgrove A, Brennan JJ, Chan TC, Castillo E. Perspectives on Home-based Healthcare as an Alternative to Hospital Admission After Emergency Treatment. West J Emerg Med. 2017 Jun; 18(4):761-769. PMID: 28611899.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Waxweiler T, Schubert L, Diot Q, Faught A, Stuhr K, Castillo R, Castillo E, Guerrero T, Rusthoven C, Gaspar L, Kavanagh B, Miften M, Vinogradskiy Y. A complete 4DCT-ventilation functional avoidance virtual trial: Developing strategies for prospective clinical trials. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2017 May; 18(3):144-152. PMID: 28436107.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Knepper MM, Castillo E, Chan TC, Guss DA. The Effect of Access to Electronic Health Records on Throughput Efficiency and Imaging Utilization in the Emergency Department. Health Serv Res. 2018 Apr; 53(2):787-802. PMID: 28376563.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Li M, Castillo SJ, Castillo R, Castillo E, Guerrero T, Xiao L, Zheng X. Automated identification and reduction of artifacts in cine four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) images using respiratory motion model. Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg. 2017 Sep; 12(9):1521-1532. PMID: 28197760.
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    13. Castillo E, Castillo R, Vinogradskiy Y, Guerrero T. The numerical stability of transformation-based CT ventilation. Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg. 2017 Apr; 12(4):569-580. PMID: 28058533.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Vinogradskiy Y, Jackson M, Schubert L, Jones B, Castillo R, Castillo E, Guerrero T, Mitchell J, Rusthoven C, Miften M, Kavanagh B. Assessing the use of 4DCT-ventilation in pre-operative surgical lung cancer evaluation. Med Phys. 2017 Jan; 44(1):200-208. PMID: 28102961.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Coyne CJ, Le V, Brennan JJ, Castillo E, Shatsky RA, Ferran K, Brodine S, Vilke GM. Application of the MASCC and CISNE Risk-Stratification Scores to Identify Low-Risk Febrile Neutropenic Patients in the Emergency Department. Ann Emerg Med. 2017 Jun; 69(6):755-764. PMID: 28041827.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Granata RT, Castillo E, Vilke GM. Safety of deferred CT imaging of intoxicated patients presenting with possible traumatic brain injury. Am J Emerg Med. 2017 Jan; 35(1):51-54. PMID: 27743625.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Crowley C, Stuck AR, Martinez T, Wittgrove AC, Zeng F, Brennan JJ, Chan TC, Killeen JP, Castillo E. Survey and Chart Review to Estimate Medicare Cost Savings for Home Health as an Alternative to Hospital Admission Following Emergency Department Treatment. J Emerg Med. 2016 Dec; 51(6):643-647. PMID: 27692839.
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    18. Vinogradskiy Y, Schubert L, Diot Q, Waxweiller T, Koo P, Castillo R, Castillo E, Guerrero T, Rusthoven C, Gaspar L, Kavanagh B, Miften M. Regional Lung Function Profiles of Stage I and III Lung Cancer Patients: An Evaluation for Functional Avoidance Radiation Therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2016 07 15; 95(4):1273-80. PMID: 27354134; PMCID: PMC4929409 [Available on 07/15/17].
    19. Woodruff SI, McCabe CT, Hohman M, Clapp JD, Shillington AM, Eisenberg K, Sise CB, Castillo E, Chan TC, Sise MJ. Characteristics of Cannabis-Only and Other Drug Users Who Visit the Emergency Department. Cannabis Cannabinoid Res. 2016; 1(1):149-153. PMID: 27689138.
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    20. Li M, Xiang Z, Xiao L, Castillo E, Castillo R, Guerrero T. GPU-accelerated Block Matching Algorithm for Deformable Registration of Lung CT Images. Proc IEEE Int Conf Prog Inform Comput. 2015 Dec; 2015:292-295. PMID: 28042622.
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    21. Lev R, Petro S, Lee O, Lucas J, Stuck A, Vilke GM, Castillo E. A description of Medical Examiner prescription-related deaths and prescription drug monitoring program data. Am J Emerg Med. 2016 Mar; 34(3):510-4. PMID: 26778639.
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    22. Campillo A, Castillo E, Vilke GM, Hopper A, Ryan V, Wilson MP. First-generation Antipsychotics Are Often Prescribed in the Emergency Department but Are Often Not Administered with Adjunctive Medications. J Emerg Med. 2015 Dec; 49(6):901-6. PMID: 26433424.
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    23. Brennan JJ, Chan TC, Killeen JP, Castillo E. Inpatient Readmissions and Emergency Department Visits within 30 Days of a Hospital Admission. West J Emerg Med. 2015 Dec; 16(7):1025-9. PMID: 26759647; PMCID: PMC4703150.
    24. Villarreal J, Kahn CA, Dunford JV, Castillo E, Clark RF. Prehospital activated charcoal use in antipsychotic overdose. Am J Emerg Med. 2016 Feb; 34(2):316-7. PMID: 26612705.
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    25. Lev R, Petro S, Lee A, Lee O, Lucas J, Castillo E, Egnatios J, Vilke GM. Methadone related deaths compared to all prescription related deaths. Forensic Sci Int. 2015 Dec; 257:347-352. PMID: 26513639.
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    26. Hayden SR, Buford KC, Castillo E. Accuracy of a SET of Screening Parameters Developed for the Diagnosis of Arterial Gas Embolism: The SANDHOG Criteria. J Emerg Med. 2015 Nov; 49(5):792-8. PMID: 26371977.
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    27. Lev R, Lee O, Petro S, Lucas J, Castillo E, Vilke GM, Coyne CJ. Who is prescribing controlled medications to patients who die of prescription drug abuse? Am J Emerg Med. 2016 Jan; 34(1):30-5. PMID: 26476578.
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    28. Bhat R, Takenaka K, Levine B, Goyal N, Garg M, Visconti A, Oyama L, Castillo E, Broder J, Omron R, Hayden S. Predictors of a Top Performer During Emergency Medicine Residency. J Emerg Med. 2015 Oct; 49(4):505-12. PMID: 26242925.
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    29. Castillo E, Coyne CJ, Chan TC, Hall CA, Vilke GM. Review of the medical and legal literature on restraint chairs. J Forensic Leg Med. 2015 Jul; 33:91-7. PMID: 26048505.
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    30. Vilke GM, DeMers G, Patel N, Castillo E. Safety and efficacy of milk and molasses enemas in the emergency department. J Emerg Med. 2015 Jun; 48(6):667-70. PMID: 25850633.
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    31. Hopper AB, Vilke GM, Castillo E, Campillo A, Davie T, Wilson MP. Ketamine use for acute agitation in the emergency department. J Emerg Med. 2015 Jun; 48(6):712-9. PMID: 25843924.
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    32. Brennan D, Schubert L, Diot Q, Castillo R, Castillo E, Guerrero T, Martel MK, Linderman D, Gaspar LE, Miften M, Kavanagh BD, Vinogradskiy Y. Clinical validation of 4-dimensional computed tomography ventilation with pulmonary function test data. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2015 Jun 01; 92(2):423-9. PMID: 25817531; PMCID: PMC4431937.
    33. Shi E, Vilke GM, Coyne CJ, Oyama LC, Castillo E. Clinical outcomes of ED patients with bandemia. Am J Emerg Med. 2015 Jul; 33(7):876-81. PMID: 25937377.
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    34. Castillo SJ, Castillo R, Castillo E, Pan T, Ibbott G, Balter P, Hobbs B, Guerrero T. Evaluation of 4D CT acquisition methods designed to reduce artifacts. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2015 Mar 08; 16(2):4949. PMID: 26103169; PMCID: PMC4504190.
    35. Wilson MP, Brennan JJ, Modesti L, Deen J, Anderson L, Vilke GM, Castillo E. Lengths of stay for involuntarily held psychiatric patients in the ED are affected by both patient characteristics and medication use. Am J Emerg Med. 2015 Apr; 33(4):527-30. PMID: 25708970.
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    36. Castillo R, Pham N, Castillo E, Aso-Gonzalez S, Ansari S, Hobbs B, Palacio D, Skinner H, Guerrero TM. Pre-Radiation Therapy Fluorine 18 Fluorodeoxyglucose PET Helps Identify Patients with Esophageal Cancer at High Risk for Radiation Pneumonitis. Radiology. 2015 Jun; 275(3):822-31. PMID: 25584706; PMCID: PMC4450911.
    37. Mohamed AS, Ruangskul MN, Awan MJ, Baron CA, Kalpathy-Cramer J, Castillo R, Castillo E, Guerrero TM, Kocak-Uzel E, Yang J, Court LE, Kantor ME, Gunn GB, Colen RR, Frank SJ, Garden AS, Rosenthal DI, Fuller CD. Quality assurance assessment of diagnostic and radiation therapy-simulation CT image registration for head and neck radiation therapy: anatomic region of interest-based comparison of rigid and deformable algorithms. Radiology. 2015 Mar; 274(3):752-63. PMID: 25380454; PMCID: PMC4358813.
    38. Brennan JJ, Chan TC, Hsia RY, Wilson MP, Castillo E. Emergency department utilization among frequent users with psychiatric visits. Acad Emerg Med. 2014 Sep; 21(9):1015-22. PMID: 25269582.
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    39. Chao C, Tan J, Castillo E, Zawaideh M, Roberts AC, Kinney TB. Comparative efficacy of new interfaces for intra-procedural imaging review: the Microsoft Kinect, Hillcrest Labs Loop Pointer, and the Apple iPad. J Digit Imaging. 2014 Aug; 27(4):463-9. PMID: 24706159; PMCID: PMC4090412.
    40. Li M, Castillo E, Luo HY, Zheng XL, Castillo R, Meshkov D, Guerrero T. Deformable image registration for temporal subtraction of chest radiographs. Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg. 2014 Jul; 9(4):513-22. PMID: 24078349.
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    41. Woodruff SI, Clapp JD, Eisenberg K, McCabe C, Hohman M, Shillington AM, Sise CB, Castillo E, Chan TC, Sise MJ, Gareri J. Randomized clinical trial of the effects of screening and brief intervention for illicit drug use: the Life Shift/Shift Gears study. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2014 May 22; 9:8. PMID: 24886786; PMCID: PMC4046000.
    42. Castillo E, Brennan JJ, Killeen JP, Chan TC. Identifying frequent users of emergency department resources. J Emerg Med. 2014 Sep; 47(3):343-7. PMID: 24813059.
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    43. Vinogradskiy Y, Koo PJ, Castillo R, Castillo E, Guerrero T, Gaspar LE, Miften M, Kavanagh BD. Comparison of 4-dimensional computed tomography ventilation with nuclear medicine ventilation-perfusion imaging: a clinical validation study. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2014 May 01; 89(1):199-205. PMID: 24725702; PMCID: PMC4121964.
    44. Castillo E, Castillo R, Fuentes D, Guerrero T. Computing global minimizers to a constrained B-spline image registration problem from optimal l1 perturbations to block match data. Med Phys. 2014 Apr; 41(4):041904. PMID: 24694135; PMCID: PMC3978330.
    45. Castillo R, Pham N, Ansari S, Meshkov D, Castillo S, Li M, Olanrewaju A, Hobbs B, Castillo E, Guerrero T. Pre-radiotherapy FDG PET predicts radiation pneumonitis in lung cancer. Radiat Oncol. 2014 Mar 13; 9:74. PMID: 24625207; PMCID: PMC3995607.
    46. Sloane C, Chan TC, Kolkhorst F, Neuman T, Castillo E, Vilke GM. Evaluation of the ventilatory effects of the prone maximum restraint (PMR) position on obese human subjects. Forensic Sci Int. 2014 Apr; 237:86-9. PMID: 24607708.
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    47. Guss DA, Gray S, Castillo E. The impact of patient telephone call after discharge on likelihood to recommend in an academic emergency department. J Emerg Med. 2014 Apr; 46(4):560-6. PMID: 24484625.
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    48. Jalali N, Vilke GM, Korenevsky M, Castillo E, Wilson MP. The tooth, the whole tooth, and nothing but the tooth: can dental pain ever be the sole presenting symptom of a myocardial infarction? A systematic review. J Emerg Med. 2014 Jun; 46(6):865-72. PMID: 24472352.
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    49. Savaser DJ, Campbell C, Castillo E, Vilke GM, Sloane C, Neuman T, Hansen AV, Shah V, Chan TC. The effect of the prone maximal restraint position with and without weight force on cardiac output and other hemodynamic measures. J Forensic Leg Med. 2013 Nov; 20(8):991-5. PMID: 24237806.
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    50. Li M, Castillo E, Zheng XL, Luo HY, Castillo R, Wu Y, Guerrero T. Modeling lung deformation: a combined deformable image registration method with spatially varying Young's modulus estimates. Med Phys. 2013 Aug; 40(8):081902. PMID: 23927316; PMCID: PMC3716779.
    51. Aguilar SA, Lee J, Dunford JV, Castillo E, Lam B, Choy J, Patel E, Pringle J, Serra J. Assessment of the addition of prehospital continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to an urban emergency medical services (EMS) system in persons with severe respiratory distress. J Emerg Med. 2013 Aug; 45(2):210-9. PMID: 23756329.
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    52. McCurdy M, Bergsma DP, Hyun E, Kim T, Choi E, Castillo R, Castillo E, Guerrero T. The Role of Lung Lobes in Radiation Pneumonitis and Radiation-Induced Inflammation in the Lung: A Retrospective Study. J Radiat Oncol. 2013 Jun 01; 2(2):203-208. PMID: 23828730.
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    53. Castillo R, Castillo E, Fuentes D, Ahmad M, Wood AM, Ludwig MS, Guerrero T. A reference dataset for deformable image registration spatial accuracy evaluation using the COPDgene study archive. Phys Med Biol. 2013 May 07; 58(9):2861-77. PMID: 23571679; PMCID: PMC3677192.
    54. Vinogradskiy Y, Castillo R, Castillo E, Tucker SL, Liao Z, Guerrero T, Martel MK. Use of 4-dimensional computed tomography-based ventilation imaging to correlate lung dose and function with clinical outcomes. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2013 Jun 01; 86(2):366-71. PMID: 23474113; PMCID: PMC3875308.
    55. Ali SS, Wilson MP, Castillo E, Witucki P, Simmons TT, Vilke GM. Common hand sanitizer may distort readings of breathalyzer tests in the absence of acute intoxication. Acad Emerg Med. 2013 Feb; 20(2):212-5. PMID: 23406081.
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    56. Echeverria AE, McCurdy M, Castillo R, Bernard V, Ramos NV, Buckley W, Castillo E, Liu P, Martinez J, Guerrero T. Proton therapy radiation pneumonitis local dose-response in esophagus cancer patients. Radiother Oncol. 2013 Jan; 106(1):124-9. PMID: 23127772.
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    57. Guss DA, Leland H, Castillo E. The impact of post-discharge patient call back on patient satisfaction in two academic emergency departments. J Emerg Med. 2013 Jan; 44(1):236-41. PMID: 23089204.
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    58. Nordt SP, Vilke GM, Clark RF, Lee Cantrell F, Chan TC, Galinato M, Nguyen V, Castillo E. Energy drink use and adverse effects among emergency department patients. J Community Health. 2012 Oct; 37(5):976-81. PMID: 22367607.
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    59. Mathew L, Wheatley A, Castillo R, Castillo E, Rodrigues G, Guerrero T, Parraga G. Hyperpolarized (3)He magnetic resonance imaging: comparison with four-dimensional x-ray computed tomography imaging in lung cancer. Acad Radiol. 2012 Dec; 19(12):1546-53. PMID: 22999648.
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    60. Davis DP, Sell RE, Wilkes N, Sarno R, Husa RD, Castillo E, Lawrence B, Fisher R, Brainard C, Dunford JV. Electrical and mechanical recovery of cardiac function following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation. 2013 Jan; 84(1):25-30. PMID: 22982154.
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    61. Patel M, Dunford JV, Aguilar S, Castillo E, Patel E, Fisher R, Ochs G, Mahmud E. Pre-hospital electrocardiography by emergency medical personnel: effects on scene and transport times for chest pain and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Aug 28; 60(9):806-11. PMID: 22840530.
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    62. Castillo E, Castillo R, White B, Rojo J, Guerrero T. Least median of squares filtering of locally optimal point matches for compressible flow image registration. Phys Med Biol. 2012 Aug 07; 57(15):4827-33. PMID: 22797602; PMCID: PMC3448271.
    63. Thornton SL, Nguyen KT, Shenn SK, Castillo E, Clark RF, Cantrell FL. A retrospective review of early gastrointestinal symptoms in the prediction of crotaline envenomation severity. Wilderness Environ Med. 2012 Dec; 23(4):360-2. PMID: 22727676.
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    64. Tadros AS, Castillo E, Chan TC, Jensen AM, Patel E, Watts K, Dunford JV. Effects of an emergency medical services-based resource access program on frequent users of health services. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2012 Oct-Dec; 16(4):541-7. PMID: 22712694.
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    65. Wilson MP, Chen N, Vilke GM, Castillo E, MacDonald KS, Minassian A. Olanzapine in ED patients: differential effects on oxygenation in patients with alcohol intoxication. Am J Emerg Med. 2012 Sep; 30(7):1196-201. PMID: 22633728.
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    66. Castillo R, Castillo E, McCurdy M, Gomez DR, Block AM, Bergsma D, Joy S, Guerrero T. Spatial correspondence of 4D CT ventilation and SPECT pulmonary perfusion defects in patients with malignant airway stenosis. Phys Med Biol. 2012 Apr 07; 57(7):1855-71. PMID: 22411124.
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    67. Johnson MB, Castillo E, Harley J, Guss DA. Impact of patient and family communication in a pediatric emergency department on likelihood to recommend. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2012 Mar; 28(3):243-6. PMID: 22344212.
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    68. Kroening-Roche JC, Soroudi A, Castillo E, Vilke GM. Antibiotic and bronchodilator prescribing for acute bronchitis in the emergency department. J Emerg Med. 2012 Aug; 43(2):221-7. PMID: 22341759.
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    69. Aguilar SA, Patel M, Castillo E, Patel E, Fisher R, Ochs G, Pringle J, Mahmud E, Dunford JV. Gender differences in scene time, transport time, and total scene to hospital arrival time determined by the use of a prehospital electrocardiogram in patients with complaint of chest pain. J Emerg Med. 2012 Aug; 43(2):291-7. PMID: 22325551.
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    70. Doshi A, Bernard-Stover L, Kuelbs C, Castillo E, Stucky E. Apparent life-threatening event admissions and gastroesophageal reflux disease: the value of hospitalization. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2012 Jan; 28(1):17-21. PMID: 22193696.
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    71. Vinogradskiy YY, Castillo R, Castillo E, Chandler A, Martel MK, Guerrero T. Use of weekly 4DCT-based ventilation maps to quantify changes in lung function for patients undergoing radiation therapy. Med Phys. 2012 Jan; 39(1):289-98. PMID: 22225299.
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    72. Nordt SP, Clark RF, Castillo E, Guss DA. Comparison of three aspirin formulations in human volunteers. West J Emerg Med. 2011 Nov; 12(4):381-5. PMID: 22224124; PMCID: PMC3236147.
    73. Chan TC, Griswold WG, Buono C, Kirsh D, Lyon J, Killeen JP, Castillo E, Lenert L. Impact of wireless electronic medical record system on the quality of patient documentation by emergency field responders during a disaster mass-casualty exercise. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2011 Aug; 26(4):268-75. PMID: 21993045.
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    74. Castillo E, Prabhakar N, Luu B. Factors associated with law enforcement-related use-of-force injury. Am J Emerg Med. 2012 May; 30(4):526-31. PMID: 21406323.
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    75. Vilke GM, Douglas DJ, Shipp H, Stepanski B, Smith A, Ray LU, Castillo E. Pediatric poisonings in children younger than five years responded to by paramedics. J Emerg Med. 2011 Sep; 41(3):265-9. PMID: 21215556.
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    76. Chadwick DL, Castillo E, Kuelbs C, Cox SA, Lindsay SP. Missed and missing cases of abusive injuries: the magnitude and the measurement of the problem. Child Abuse Negl. 2010 Dec; 34(12):943-50. PMID: 21047687.
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    77. Minns AB, McFarland C, Strachan M, Austin W, Castillo E, Ben-Yehuda O, Clark RF. Electrocardiogram and echocardiogram findings in runners completing a half marathon. Am J Emerg Med. 2011 Nov; 29(9):1182-7. PMID: 20934826.
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    78. Oyama LC, Kwon M, Fernandez JA, Fern√°ndez-Frackelton M, Campagne DD, Castillo E, Lin M. Inaccuracy of the global assessment score in the emergency medicine standard letter of recommendation. Acad Emerg Med. 2010 Oct; 17 Suppl 2:S38-41. PMID: 21199082.
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    79. Schranz CI, Castillo E, Vilke GM. The 2007 San Diego Wildfire impact on the Emergency Department of the University of California, San Diego Hospital System. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2010 Sep-Oct; 25(5):472-6. PMID: 21053198.
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    80. Castillo R, Castillo E, Martinez J, Guerrero T. Ventilation from four-dimensional computed tomography: density versus Jacobian methods. Phys Med Biol. 2010 Aug 21; 55(16):4661-85. PMID: 20671351.
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    81. Guss DA, Koenig M, Castillo E. Severe iron deficiency anemia and lice infestation. J Emerg Med. 2011 Oct; 41(4):362-5. PMID: 20656443.
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    82. Chan TC, Killeen JP, Vilke GM, Marshall JB, Castillo E. Effect of mandated nurse-patient ratios on patient wait time and care time in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2010 May; 17(5):545-52. PMID: 20536811.
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    83. Sell RE, Sarno R, Lawrence B, Castillo E, Fisher R, Brainard C, Dunford JV, Davis DP. Minimizing pre- and post-defibrillation pauses increases the likelihood of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Resuscitation. 2010 Jul; 81(7):822-5. PMID: 20398991.
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    84. Castillo E, Vilke GM, Williams M, Turner P, Boyle J, Chan TC. Collaborative to decrease ambulance diversion: the California Emergency Department Diversion Project. J Emerg Med. 2011 Mar; 40(3):300-7. PMID: 20385460.
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    85. Frye RE, Butler I, Strickland D, Castillo E, Papanicolaou A. Electroencephalogram discharges in atypical cognitive development. J Child Neurol. 2010 May; 25(5):556-66. PMID: 20299700; PMCID: PMC2896832.
    86. Vilke GM, Sloane C, Castillo E, Kolkhorst FW, Neuman TS, Chan TC. Evaluation of the ventilatory effects of a restraint chair on human subjects. J Emerg Med. 2011 Jun; 40(6):714-8. PMID: 20079597.
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    87. Gu X, Pan H, Liang Y, Castillo R, Yang D, Choi D, Castillo E, Majumdar A, Guerrero T, Jiang SB. Implementation and evaluation of various demons deformable image registration algorithms on a GPU. Phys Med Biol. 2010 Jan 07; 55(1):207-19. PMID: 20009197.
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    88. Castillo E, Castillo R, Martinez J, Shenoy M, Guerrero T. Four-dimensional deformable image registration using trajectory modeling. Phys Med Biol. 2010 Jan 07; 55(1):305-27. PMID: 20009196; PMCID: PMC3696886.
    89. Wilson MP, Castillo E, Batey AM, Sapyta J, Aronson S. Hepatitis C and depressive symptoms: psychological and social factors matter more than liver injury. Int J Psychiatry Med. 2010; 40(2):199-215. PMID: 20848876.
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    90. Vilke GM, Sloane CM, Suffecool A, Kolkhorst FW, Neuman TS, Castillo E, Chan TC. Physiologic effects of the TASER after exercise. Acad Emerg Med. 2009 Aug; 16(8):704-10. PMID: 19594461.
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    91. Firestone DN, Band RA, Hollander JE, Castillo E, Vilke GM. Use of a urine dipstick and brief clinical questionnaire to predict an abnormal serum creatinine in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2009 Aug; 16(8):699-703. PMID: 19500077.
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    92. Castillo R, Castillo E, Guerra R, Johnson VE, McPhail T, Garg AK, Guerrero T. A framework for evaluation of deformable image registration spatial accuracy using large landmark point sets. Phys Med Biol. 2009 Apr 07; 54(7):1849-70. PMID: 19265208.
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    93. Vilke GM, Johnson WD, Castillo E, Sloane C, Chan TC. Tactical and subject considerations of in-custody deaths proximal to use of conductive energy devices. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2009 Mar; 30(1):23-5. PMID: 19237848.
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    94. Buckley BJ, Castillo E, Killeen JP, Guss DA, Chan TC. Impact of an express admit unit on emergency department length of stay. J Emerg Med. 2010 Nov; 39(5):669-73. PMID: 19237258.
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    95. Chan TC, Killeen JP, Castillo E, Vilke GM, Guss DA, Feinberg R, Friedman L. Impact of an internet-based emergency department appointment system to access primary care at safety net community clinics. Ann Emerg Med. 2009 Aug; 54(2):279-84. PMID: 19070939.
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    96. Guss D, Barash IA, Castillo E. Characteristics of spacer device use by patients with asthma and COPD. J Emerg Med. 2008 Nov; 35(4):357-61. PMID: 18757157.
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    97. Ramanujam P, Castillo E, Patel E, Vilke G, Wilson MP, Dunford JV. Prehospital transport time intervals for acute stroke patients. J Emerg Med. 2009 Jul; 37(1):40-5. PMID: 18722734.
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    99. Chadwick DL, Bertocci G, Castillo E, Frasier L, Guenther E, Hansen K, Herman B, Krous HF. Annual risk of death resulting from short falls among young children: less than 1 in 1 million. Pediatrics. 2008 Jun; 121(6):1213-24. PMID: 18519492.
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    100. Vilke GM, Sloane C, Levine S, Neuman T, Castillo E, Chan TC. Twelve-lead electrocardiogram monitoring of subjects before and after voluntary exposure to the Taser X26. Am J Emerg Med. 2008 Jan; 26(1):1-4. PMID: 18082773.
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    101. Vilke GM, Sloane CM, Bouton KD, Kolkhorst FW, Levine SD, Neuman TS, Castillo E, Chan TC. Physiological effects of a conducted electrical weapon on human subjects. Ann Emerg Med. 2007 Nov; 50(5):569-75. PMID: 17719689.
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    102. Castillo E, Comstock RD. Prevalence of use of performance-enhancing substances among United States adolescents. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2007 Aug; 54(4):663-75, ix-x. PMID: 17723869.
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    103. Clarke DF, Wheless JW, Chacon MM, Breier J, Koenig MK, McManis M, Castillo E, Baumgartner JE. Corpus callosotomy: a palliative therapeutic technique may help identify resectable epileptogenic foci. Seizure. 2007 Sep; 16(6):545-53. PMID: 17521926.
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    104. Guerrero T, Sanders K, Castillo E, Zhang Y, Bidaut L, Pan T, Komaki R. Dynamic ventilation imaging from four-dimensional computed tomography. Phys Med Biol. 2006 Feb 21; 51(4):777-91. PMID: 16467578.
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    105. Dunford JV, Castillo E, Chan TC, Vilke GM, Jenson P, Lindsay SP. Impact of the San Diego Serial Inebriate Program on use of emergency medical resources. Ann Emerg Med. 2006 Apr; 47(4):328-36. PMID: 16546617.
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    106. Guerrero T, Sanders K, Noyola-Martinez J, Castillo E, Zhang Y, Tapia R, Guerra R, Borghero Y, Komaki R. Quantification of regional ventilation from treatment planning CT. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2005 Jul 01; 62(3):630-4. PMID: 15936537.
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    107. Breier JI, Castillo E, Simos PG, Billingsley-Marshall RL, Pataraia E, Sarkari S, Wheless JW, Papanicolaou AC. Atypical language representation in patients with chronic seizure disorder and achievement deficits with magnetoencephalography. Epilepsia. 2005 Apr; 46(4):540-8. PMID: 15816948.
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    108. Vilke GM, Castillo E, Ray LU, Murrin PA, Chan TC. Evaluation of pediatric glucose monitoring and hypoglycemic therapy in the field. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2005 Jan; 21(1):1-5. PMID: 15643315.
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    109. Vilke GM, Castillo E, Metz MA, Ray LU, Murrin PA, Lev R, Chan TC. Community trial to decrease ambulance diversion hours: the San Diego county patient destination trial. Ann Emerg Med. 2004 Oct; 44(4):295-303. PMID: 15459611.
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    110. Poste JC, Davis DP, Ochs M, Vilke GM, Castillo E, Stern J, Hoyt DB. Air medical transport of severely head-injured patients undergoing paramedic rapid sequence intubation. Air Med J. 2004 Jul-Aug; 23(4):36-40. PMID: 15224081.
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    111. Comstock RD, Castillo E, Lindsay SP. Four-year review of the use of race and ethnicity in epidemiologic and public health research. Am J Epidemiol. 2004 Mar 15; 159(6):611-9. PMID: 15003966.
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