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Richard Clark

Title(s)Professor Of Clinical, Emergency Medical Services
SchoolHealth Sciences
Phone619-543-6463
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    Originally from Virginia, Dr. Richard Clark joined the faculty in July 1991, and created the UCSD Division of Medical Toxicology in 1994 and began the Medical Toxicology Fellowship program in 1997. Dr. Clark is also the Medical Director of the San Diego Division of the California Poison Control System and oversees the Medical Toxicology Consult and Admitting Services at UCSD Medical Centers in Hillcrest and La Jolla. He is Medical Director of Pharmacy and Chairman of the Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee at UCSD, and is Vice-Chair of the UCSD Department of Emergency Medicine. Dr. Clark is co-editor of the "Toxicology" section of the Journal of Emergency Medicine. Dr Clark’s research interests include drugs pf abuse, analgesics, and envenomations.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Minns AB, Kreshak A, Dunlay R, Castillo E, Clark RF, Killeen J, Tolia V. Prevalence of Benzodiazepine and Benzodiazepine-Receptor Agonist Use in a Geriatric Emergency Department Population. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2019 Feb 25. PMID: 30802936.
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    2. O'Connell C, Myatt T, Clark RF, Coffey C, Nguyen BJ. Stingray Envenomation. J Emerg Med. 2019 02; 56(2):230-231. PMID: 30738566.
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    3. Clark RF, Coffey C, Myatt T, Nguyen BJ, O'Connell C. Reply. J Emerg Med. 2019 02; 56(2):231-232. PMID: 30473403.
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    4. Koch RA, Clark RF. Euglycemic Ketoacidosis With Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitor. Am J Ther. 2018 Sep/Oct; 25(5):e590-e591. PMID: 28452848.
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    5. Correia MS, Clark RF. Recurrent Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Presenting with Pancoast Syndrome: A Rare Cause of Radicular Neck Pain in the Emergency Department. J Emerg Med. 2018 09; 55(3):399-401. PMID: 30049430.
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    6. Myatt T, Nguyen BJ, Clark RF, Coffey CH, O'Connell CW. A Prospective Study of Stingray Injury and Envenomation Outcomes. J Emerg Med. 2018 08; 55(2):213-217. PMID: 29803633.
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    7. Ni A, Lee Cantrell F, Clark RF. Ketamine exposure demographics and outcomes over 16?years as reported to US poison centers. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Aug; 36(8):1459-1462. PMID: 29754964.
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    8. Sun C, Brice JA, Clark RF. Brugada-Type Pattern on Electrocardiogram Associated with High-Dose Loperamide Abuse. J Emerg Med. 2018 04; 54(4):484-486. PMID: 29439890.
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    9. Korepanova A, Longenecker KL, Pratt SD, Panchal SC, Clark RF, Lake M, Gopalakrishnan SM, Raich D, Sun C, Petros AM. Fragment-based discovery of a potent NAMPT inhibitor. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2017 Dec 12. PMID: 29287958.
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    10. Curtin ML, Heyman HR, Clark RF, Sorensen BK, Doherty GA, Hansen TM, Frey RR, Sarris KA, Aguirre AL, Shrestha A, Tu N, Woller K, Pliushchev MA, Sweis RF, Cheng M, Wilsbacher JL, Kovar PJ, Guo J, Cheng D, Longenecker KL, Raich D, Korepanova AV, Soni NB, Algire MA, Richardson PL, Marin VL, Badagnani I, Vasudevan A, Buchanan FG, Maag D, Chiang GG, Tse C, Michaelides MR. SAR and characterization of non-substrate isoindoline urea inhibitors of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT). Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2017 08 01; 27(15):3317-3325. PMID: 28610984.
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    11. Wilsbacher JL, Cheng M, Cheng D, Trammell SAJ, Shi Y, Guo J, Koeniger SL, Kovar PJ, He Y, Selvaraju S, Heyman HR, Sorensen BK, Clark RF, Hansen TM, Longenecker KL, Raich D, Korepanova AV, Cepa S, Towne DL, Abraham VC, Tang H, Richardson PL, McLoughlin SM, Badagnani I, Curtin ML, Michaelides MR, Maag D, Buchanan FG, Chiang GG, Gao W, Rosenberg SH, Brenner C, Tse C. Discovery and Characterization of Novel Nonsubstrate and Substrate NAMPT Inhibitors. Mol Cancer Ther. 2017 07; 16(7):1236-1245. PMID: 28468779.
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    12. Corbett B, Clark RF. North American Snake Envenomation. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2017 May; 35(2):339-354. PMID: 28411931.
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    13. Clark AT, Clark RF, Cantrell FL. A Retrospective Review of the Presentation and Treatment of Stingray Stings Reported to a Poison Control System. Am J Ther. 2017 Mar/Apr; 24(2):e177-e180. PMID: 26866435.
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    14. Curtin ML, Pliushchev MA, Li HQ, Torrent M, Dietrich JD, Jakob CG, Zhu H, Zhao H, Wang Y, Ji Z, Clark RF, Sarris KA, Selvaraju S, Shaw B, Algire MA, He Y, Richardson PL, Sweis RF, Sun C, Chiang GG, Michaelides MR. SAR of amino pyrrolidines as potent and novel protein-protein interaction inhibitors of the PRC2 complex through EED binding. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2017 04 01; 27(7):1576-1583. PMID: 28254486.
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    15. Carstairs SD, Minns AB, Clark RF, Tomaszewski CA. In Reply: "Single Versus Multiple Hyperbaric Sessions for Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in a Murine Model". J Med Toxicol. 2017 03; 13(1):129. PMID: 27699639.
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    16. Lasoff DR, Ruha AM, Curry SC, Koh C, Clark RF. A new F(ab')2 antivenom for the treatment of crotaline envenomation in children. Am J Emerg Med. 2016 Oct; 34(10):2003-2006. PMID: 27567423.
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    17. Carstairs SD, Miller AD, Minns AB, Duchnick J, Riffenburgh RH, Clark RF, Tomaszewski CA. Single Versus Multiple Hyperbaric Sessions for Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in a Murine Model. J Med Toxicol. 2016 12; 12(4):386-390. PMID: 27456263.
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    18. Thornton SL, Liu J, Soleymani K, Romasco RL, Farid H, Clark RF, Cantrell FL. Review of Experience of a Statewide Poison Control Center With Pediatric Exposures to Oral Antineoplastic Drugs in the Nonmedical Setting. Am J Ther. 2016 Mar-Apr; 23(2):e377-81. PMID: 23884076.
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    19. Nordt SP, Clark RF, Machado C, Cantrell FL. Assessment of Digoxin-Specific Fab Fragment Dosages in Digoxin Poisoning. Am J Ther. 2016 Jan-Feb; 23(1):e63-7. PMID: 25379735.
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    20. Villarreal J, Kahn CA, Dunford JV, Castillo EM, Clark RF. Prehospital activated charcoal use in antipsychotic overdose. Am J Emerg Med. 2016 Feb; 34(2):316-7. PMID: 26612705.
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    21. Villano JH, O'Connell CW, Clark RF. Prolonged, reversible neurologic symptoms after carpet sea anemone envenomation in a pet store worker. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2015 Feb; 53(2):137. PMID: 25608794.
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    22. Clark RF, O'Connell CW, Villano JH, Kim A, Ly BT, Minns AB. Severe recurrent coagulopathy following crotaline envenomation refractory to maintenance dosing of antivenom. Am J Emerg Med. 2015 Jun; 33(6):856.e3-5. PMID: 25524360.
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    23. Bush SP, Ruha AM, Seifert SA, Morgan DL, Lewis BJ, Arnold TC, Clark RF, Meggs WJ, Toschlog EA, Borron SW, Figge GR, Sollee DR, Shirazi FM, Wolk R, de Chazal I, Quan D, García-Ubbelohde W, Alagón A, Gerkin RD, Boyer LV. Comparison of F(ab')2 versus Fab antivenom for pit viper envenomation: a prospective, blinded, multicenter, randomized clinical trial. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2015 Jan; 53(1):37-45. PMID: 25361165.
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    24. Villarreal J, Kahn CA, Dunford JV, Patel E, Clark RF. A retrospective review of the prehospital use of activated charcoal. Am J Emerg Med. 2015 Jan; 33(1):56-9. PMID: 25455049.
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    25. Thornton SL, Clark RF. Encephalopathy from unintentional donepezil and memantine ingestion. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2014 Sep; 30(9):649-50. PMID: 25186510.
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    26. Cantrell FL, Clark RF. More on nicotine poisoning in infants. N Engl J Med. 2014 08 28; 371(9):880. PMID: 25162905.
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    27. Nordt SP, Rangan C, Hardmaslani M, Clark RF, Wendler C, Valente M. Pediatric chloral hydrate poisonings and death following outpatient procedural sedation. J Med Toxicol. 2014 Jun; 10(2):219-22. PMID: 24532346; PMCID: PMC4057536.
    28. Heard K, Bui A, Mlynarchek SL, Green JL, Bond GR, Clark RF, Kozer E, Koff RS, Dart RC. Toxicity from repeated doses of acetaminophen in children: assessment of causality and dose in reported cases. Am J Ther. 2014 May-Jun; 21(3):174-83. PMID: 22407198; PMCID: PMC3374904.
    29. Stevenson JW, Minns AB, Smollin C, Albertson TE, Cantrell FL, Tomaszewski C, Clark RF. An observational case series of dabigatran and rivaroxaban exposures reported to a poison control system. Am J Emerg Med. 2014 Sep; 32(9):1077-84. PMID: 24908445.
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    30. Darracq MA, Clark RF, Jacoby I, Vilke GM, DeMers G, Cantrell FL. Disaster preparedness of poison control centers in the USA: a 15-year follow-up study. J Med Toxicol. 2014 Mar; 10(1):19-25. PMID: 23842905; PMCID: PMC3951635.
    31. Lo JC, Darracq MA, Clark RF. A review of methylene blue treatment for cardiovascular collapse. J Emerg Med. 2014 May; 46(5):670-9. PMID: 24508113.
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    32. Clark RF, Hayden SR. The emergence of concierge emergency medicine. J Emerg Med. 2013 Dec; 45(6):915-6. PMID: 24055282.
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    33. Hawley LA, Auten JD, Matteucci MJ, Decker L, Hurst N, Beer W, Clark RF. Cardiac complications of adult methamphetamine exposures. J Emerg Med. 2013 Dec; 45(6):821-7. PMID: 24054881.
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    34. Darracq MA, Thornton SL, Do HM, Bok D, Clark RF, Cantrell FL. Utilization of hyperinsulinemia euglycemia and intravenous fat emulsion following poison center recommendations. J Med Toxicol. 2013 Sep; 9(3):226-30. PMID: 23412936; PMCID: PMC3770986.
    35. Schneir AB, Rentmeester L, Clark RF, Cantrell FL. Toxicity following laundry detergent pod ingestion. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2013 Jun; 29(6):741-2. PMID: 23736068.
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    36. Schneir AB, Clark RF. Death caused by ingestion of an ethanol-based hand sanitizer. J Emerg Med. 2013 Sep; 45(3):358-60. PMID: 23706595.
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    37. Minns AB, McIlvoy A, Clark A, Clark RF, Cantrell FL. Examining the risk of methanol poisoning from methyl acetate-containing products. Am J Emerg Med. 2013 Jun; 31(6):964-6. PMID: 23602747.
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    38. Darracq MA, Ward NT, Tomaszewski C, Clark RF. In reply. Ann Emerg Med. 2013 Feb; 61(2):254-5. PMID: 23331653.
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    39. Darracq MA, Rentmeester LL, Clark RF, Tomaszewski CA, Schneir AB, Cantrell FL. Cost of hemodialysis versus fomepizole-only for treatment of ethylene glycol intoxication. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2013 Mar; 51(3):188. PMID: 23356815.
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    40. Thornton SL, Lo J, Clark RF, Wu AH, Gerona RR. Simultaneous detection of multiple designer drugs in serum, urine, and CSF in a patient with prolonged psychosis. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2012 Dec; 50(10):1165-8. PMID: 23163617.
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    41. Nordt SP, Vilke GM, Clark RF, Lee Cantrell F, Chan TC, Galinato M, Nguyen V, Castillo EM. Energy drink use and adverse effects among emergency department patients. J Community Health. 2012 Oct; 37(5):976-81. PMID: 22367607.
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    42. Kreshak AA, Cantrell FL, Clark RF, Tomaszewski CA. A poison center's ten-year experience with flumazenil administration to acutely poisoned adults. J Emerg Med. 2012 Oct; 43(4):677-82. PMID: 22766408.
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    43. Thornton SL, Nguyen KT, Shenn SK, Castillo EM, Clark RF, Cantrell FL. A retrospective review of early gastrointestinal symptoms in the prediction of crotaline envenomation severity. Wilderness Environ Med. 2012 Dec; 23(4):360-2. PMID: 22727676.
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    44. Ward NT, Darracq MA, Tomaszewski C, Clark RF. Evidence-based treatment of jellyfish stings in North America and Hawaii. Ann Emerg Med. 2012 Oct; 60(4):399-414. PMID: 22677532.
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    45. Kreshak AA, Tomaszewski CA, Clark RF, Cantrell FL. Flumazenil administration in poisoned pediatric patients. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2012 May; 28(5):448-50. PMID: 22531190.
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    46. Minns AB, Clark RF. Toxicology and overdose of atypical antipsychotics. J Emerg Med. 2012 Nov; 43(5):906-13. PMID: 22555052.
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    47. Auten JD, Matteucci MJ, Gaspary MJ, Combs DJ, Clark RF. Psychiatric implications of adolescent methamphetamine exposures. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2012 Jan; 28(1):26-9. PMID: 22193694.
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    48. Nordt SP, Clark RF, Lee A, Berk K, Lee Cantrell F. Examination of adverse events following black widow antivenom use in California. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2012 Jan; 50(1):70-3. PMID: 22175789.
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    49. Nordt SP, Clark RF, Castillo EM, Guss DA. Comparison of three aspirin formulations in human volunteers. West J Emerg Med. 2011 Nov; 12(4):381-5. PMID: 22224124; PMCID: PMC3236147.
    50. Nordt SP, Chen J, Clark RF. Severe hypermagnesemia after enteral administration of Epsom salts. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2011 Aug 01; 68(15):1384-5. PMID: 21785020.
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    51. Nordt SP, Minns A, Carstairs S, Kreshak A, Campbell C, Tomaszweski C, Hayden SR, Clark RF, Joshua A, Ly BT. Mass sociogenic illness initially reported as carbon monoxide poisoning. J Emerg Med. 2012 Feb; 42(2):159-61. PMID: 21658882.
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    52. Nordt SP, Campbell C, Medak A, Tomaszweski C, Clark RF. Ultrasound visualization of ingested tablets: a pilot study. Pharmacotherapy. 2011 Mar; 31(3):273-6. PMID: 21361737.
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    53. Offerman SR, Daubert GP, Clark RF. The treatment of black widow spider envenomation with antivenin latrodectus mactans: a case series. Perm J. 2011; 15(3):76-81. PMID: 22058673; PMCID: PMC3200105.
    54. Minns AB, McFarland C, Strachan M, Austin W, Castillo E, Ben-Yehuda O, Clark RF. Electrocardiogram and echocardiogram findings in runners completing a half marathon. Am J Emerg Med. 2011 Nov; 29(9):1182-7. PMID: 20934826.
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    55. Nordt SP, Scaduto L, Clark RF, Cantrell FL. Retrospective review of acute acamprosate exposures to a poison control system. Am J Addict. 2010 Sep-Oct; 19(5):462-3. PMID: 20716311.
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    56. Carstairs SD, Urquhart A, Hoffman J, Clark RF, Cantrell FL. A retrospective review of supratherapeutic modafinil exposures. J Med Toxicol. 2010 Sep; 6(3):307-10. PMID: 20358418; PMCID: PMC2929436.
    57. Miller AD, Young MC, DeMott MC, Ly BT, Clark RF. Recurrent coagulopathy and thrombocytopenia in children treated with crotalidae polyvalent immune fab: a case series. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2010 Aug; 26(8):576-82. PMID: 20693856.
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    58. Kreshak AA, Clark RF. Transient vision loss in a patient with metformin-associated lactic acidosis. Am J Emerg Med. 2010 Nov; 28(9):1059.e5-7. PMID: 20627210.
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    59. Bebarta VS, Kao L, Froberg B, Clark RF, Lavonas E, Qi M, Delgado J, McDonagh J, Arnold T, Odujebe O, O'Malley G, Lares C, Aguilera E, Dart R, Heard K, Stanford C, Kokko J, Bogdan G, Mendoza C, Mlynarchek S, Rhyee S, Hoppe J, Haur W, Tan HH, Tran NN, Varney S, Zosel A, Buchanan J, Al-Helial M. A multicenter comparison of the safety of oral versus intravenous acetylcysteine for treatment of acetaminophen overdose. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2010 Jun; 48(5):424-30. PMID: 20524832; PMCID: PMC2894984.
    60. Minns AB, Ghafouri N, Clark RF. Isoniazid-induced status epilepticus in a pediatric patient after inadequate pyridoxine therapy. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2010 May; 26(5):380-1. PMID: 20453796.
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    61. Minns AB, Carstairs SD, Clark RF. "Caustic cocktail": closed-circuit diving apparatus contamination leading to corrosive injury. Am J Emerg Med. 2010 Sep; 28(7):843.e3-5. PMID: 20837270.
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    62. Soroudi A, Clark RF. Worsening gait abnormalities in a 12-year-old child. J Emerg Med. 2012 Mar; 42(3):304-5. PMID: 20363579.
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    63. Minns AB, Cantrell FL, Clark RF. Death due to acute salicylate intoxication despite dialysis. J Emerg Med. 2011 May; 40(5):515-7. PMID: 20347249.
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    64. Fidanze SD, Erickson SA, Wang GT, Mantei R, Clark RF, Sorensen BK, Bamaung NY, Kovar P, Johnson EF, Swinger KK, Stewart KD, Zhang Q, Tucker LA, Pappano WN, Wilsbacher JL, Wang J, Sheppard GS, Bell RL, Davidsen SK, Hubbard RD. Imidazo[2,1-b]thiazoles: multitargeted inhibitors of both the insulin-like growth factor receptor and members of the epidermal growth factor family of receptor tyrosine kinases. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2010 Apr 15; 20(8):2452-5. PMID: 20346655.
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    65. Vohra R, Salazar A, Cantrell FL, Fernando R, Clark RF. The poison pen: bedside diagnosis of urinary diquat. J Med Toxicol. 2010 Mar; 6(1):35-6. PMID: 20229151; PMCID: PMC2861174.
    66. Minns AB, Clark RF, Schneir A. Guanfacine overdose resulting in initial hypertension and subsequent delayed, persistent orthostatic hypotension. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2010 Feb; 48(2):146-8. PMID: 20136479.
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    67. Nordt SP, Minns A, Tomaszewski C, Cantrell FL, Clark RF. Retrospective review of digoxin exposures to a poison control system following recall of Digitek® tablets. Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2010; 10(4):261-3. PMID: 20653332.
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    68. Betten DP, Burner EE, Thomas SC, Tomaszewski C, Clark RF. A retrospective evaluation of shortened-duration oral N-acetylcysteine for the treatment of acetaminophen poisoning. J Med Toxicol. 2009 Dec; 5(4):183-90. PMID: 19876849; PMCID: PMC3550405.
    69. Kreshak AA, Clark AK, Clark RF, Ly BT, Cantrell FL. A retrospective poison center review of varenicline-exposed patients. Ann Pharmacother. 2009 Dec; 43(12):1986-91. PMID: 19934384.
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    70. Carstairs SD, Clark RF. Atrioventricular block due to acute ethanol intoxication. J Emerg Med. 2011 Sep; 41(3):298-300. PMID: 19879087.
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    71. Vohra R, Seefeld A, Cantrell FL, Clark RF. Salvia divinorum: exposures reported to a statewide poison control system over 10 years. J Emerg Med. 2011 Jun; 40(6):643-50. PMID: 19765944.
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    72. Minns AB, Ebrahimi S, Te L, Ly B, Clark RF, Cantrell FL. A retrospective review of California poison control system data of sibutramine exposures. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2009 Sep; 47(8):814-7. PMID: 19778191.
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    73. Clark RF, Ly B, Schneir A, Cantrell FL, Tomaszewski C, Tanen DA. More discussion of over the counter cough and cold preparations. Ann Emerg Med. 2009 Aug; 54(2):309-10. PMID: 19616731.
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    74. Scott CI, Koenig M, Carstairs SD, Clark RF. Caustic injury due to unintentional ingestion of a cooking adjunct. J Emerg Med. 2011 Jun; 40(6):e119-20. PMID: 19596178.
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    75. Nordt SP, Wu J, Zahller S, Clark RF, Cantrell FL. Palytoxin poisoning after dermal contact with zoanthid coral. J Emerg Med. 2011 Apr; 40(4):397-9. PMID: 19545971.
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    76. O'Brien NF, DeMott MC, Suchard JR, Clark RF, Peterson BM. Recurrent coagulopathy with delayed significant bleeding after crotaline envenomation. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2009 Jul; 25(7):457-9. PMID: 19606002.
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    77. Young MC, Shah N, Cantrell FL, Clark RF. Risk assessment of isolated aripiprazole exposures and toxicities: a retrospective study. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2009 Jul; 47(6):580-3. PMID: 19586356.
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    78. Vohra R, Kelner M, Clark RF. Preparation of crotaline F-ab antivenom (CroFab) with automated mixing methods: in vitro observations. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2009 Jan; 47(1):69-71. PMID: 19153853.
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    79. Offerman SR, Barry JD, Richardson WH, Tong T, Tanen D, Bush SP, Clark RF. Subcutaneous Crotaline Fab antivenom for the treatment of rattlesnake envenomation in a porcine model. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2009 Jan; 47(1):61-8. PMID: 19153852.
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    80. Minns AB, Clark RF. Electrocardiogram (ECG) changes and cardiac biomarker abnormalities among two marathon runners. J Emerg Med. 2010 Feb; 38(2):159-61. PMID: 19081703.
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    81. Hayes BD, Klein-Schwartz W, Clark RF, Muller AA, Miloradovich JE. Comparison of toxicity of acute overdoses with citalopram and escitalopram. J Emerg Med. 2010 Jul; 39(1):44-8. PMID: 19081700.
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    82. Schneir A, Clark RF, Kene M, Betten D. Systemic fluoride poisoning and death from inhalational exposure to sulfuryl fluoride. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2008 Nov; 46(9):850-4. PMID: 18608259.
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    83. Clark RF, Cantrell FL, Pacal A, Chen W, Betten DP. Subcutaneous silicone injection leading to multi-system organ failure. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2008 Nov; 46(9):834-7. PMID: 18608261.
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    84. Dunford JV, Lucas J, Vent N, Clark RF, Cantrell FL. Asphyxiation due to dry ice in a walk-in freezer. J Emerg Med. 2009 May; 36(4):353-6. PMID: 18814998.
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    85. Matteucci MJ, Auten JD, Crowley B, Combs D, Clark RF. Methamphetamine exposures in young children. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2007 Sep; 23(9):638-40. PMID: 17876253.
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    86. Matteucci MJ, Hannum JE, Riffenburgh RH, Clark RF. Pediatric sex group differences in location of snakebite injuries requiring antivenom therapy. J Med Toxicol. 2007 Sep; 3(3):103-6. PMID: 18072145; PMCID: PMC3550059.
    87. Schwarz KA, Cantrell FL, Vohra RB, Clark RF. Suboxone (buprenorphine/naloxone) toxicity in pediatric patients: a case report. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2007 Sep; 23(9):651-2. PMID: 17876257.
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    88. de Guzman GC, Khaleghi M, Riffenberg RH, Clark RF. A survey of the use of foreign-purchased medications in a border community emergency department patient population. J Emerg Med. 2007 Aug; 33(2):213-21. PMID: 17692779.
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    89. Cook MD, Clark RF. Creatinine elevation associated with nitromethane exposure: a marker of potential methanol toxicity. J Emerg Med. 2007 Oct; 33(3):249-53. PMID: 17976551.
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    90. Tong TC, Hernandez M, Richardson WH, Betten DP, Favata M, Riffenburgh RH, Clark RF, Tanen DA. Comparative treatment of alpha-amanitin poisoning with N-acetylcysteine, benzylpenicillin, cimetidine, thioctic acid, and silybin in a murine model. Ann Emerg Med. 2007 Sep; 50(3):282-8. PMID: 17559970.
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    91. Richardson WH, Goto CS, Gutglass DJ, Williams SR, Clark RF. Rattlesnake envenomation with neurotoxicity refractory to treatment with crotaline Fab antivenom. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2007 Jun-Aug; 45(5):472-5. PMID: 17503249.
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    92. Lerner CG, Hajduk PJ, Wagner R, Wagenaar FL, Woodall C, Gu YG, Searle XB, Florjancic AS, Zhang T, Clark RF, Cooper CS, Mack JC, Yu L, Cai M, Betz SF, Chovan LE, McCall JO, Black-Schaefer CL, Kakavas SJ, Schurdak ME, Comess KM, Walter KA, Edalji R, Dorwin SA, Smith RA, Hebert EJ, Harlan JE, Metzger RE, Merta PJ, Baranowski JL, Coen ML, Thornewell SJ, Shivakumar AG, Saiki AY, Soni N, Bui M, Balli DJ, Sanders WJ, Nilius AM, Holzman TF, Fesik SW, Beutel BA. From bacterial genomes to novel antibacterial agents: discovery, characterization, and antibacterial activity of compounds that bind to HI0065 (YjeE) from Haemophilus influenzae. Chem Biol Drug Des. 2007 Jun; 69(6):395-404. PMID: 17581233.
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    93. Cantrell FL, Clark RF. Supratherapeutic doses of sulfonylureas in diabetic patients: how much is too much? Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2007 Jun-Aug; 45(5):482-4. PMID: 17503251.
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    94. Clark RF, Girard RH, Rao D, Ly BT, Davis DP. Stingray envenomation: a retrospective review of clinical presentation and treatment in 119 cases. J Emerg Med. 2007 Jul; 33(1):33-7. PMID: 17630073.
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    95. Gu YG, Weitzberg M, Clark RF, Xu X, Li Q, Lubbers NL, Yang Y, Beno DW, Widomski DL, Zhang T, Hansen TM, Keyes RF, Waring JF, Carroll SL, Wang X, Wang R, Healan-Greenberg CH, Blomme EA, Beutel BA, Sham HL, Camp HS. N-{3-[2-(4-alkoxyphenoxy)thiazol-5-yl]-1-methylprop-2-ynyl}carboxy derivatives as acetyl-coA carboxylase inhibitors--improvement of cardiovascular and neurological liabilities via structural modifications. J Med Chem. 2007 Mar 08; 50(5):1078-82. PMID: 17298049.
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    96. Clark RF, Zhang T, Wang X, Wang R, Zhang X, Camp HS, Beutel BA, Sham HL, Gu YG. Phenoxy thiazole derivatives as potent and selective acetyl-CoA carboxylase 2 inhibitors: Modulation of isozyme selectivity by incorporation of phenyl ring substituents. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2007 Apr 01; 17(7):1961-5. PMID: 17267221.
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    97. Betten DP, Cantrell FL, Thomas SC, Williams SR, Clark RF. A prospective evaluation of shortened course oral N-acetylcysteine for the treatment of acute acetaminophen poisoning. Ann Emerg Med. 2007 Sep; 50(3):272-9. PMID: 17210206.
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    98. Cook MD, Williams SR, Clark RF. Phenytoin-potentiated hepatotoxicity following acetaminophen overdose? A closer look. Dig Dis Sci. 2007 Jan; 52(1):208-9. PMID: 17151811.
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    99. Fung F, Cantrell FL, Clark RF. Neurotoxicity of mercury in dental amalgam. JAMA. 2006 Sep 27; 296(12):1462; author reply 1462-3. PMID: 17003391.
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    100. Clark RF, Zhang T, Xin Z, Liu G, Wang Y, Hansen TM, Wang X, Wang R, Zhang X, Frevert EU, Camp HS, Beutel BA, Sham HL, Gu YG. Structure-activity relationships for a novel series of thiazolyl phenyl ether derivatives exhibiting potent and selective acetyl-CoA carboxylase 2 inhibitory activity. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2006 Dec 01; 16(23):6078-81. PMID: 16973360.
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    101. Betten DP, Vohra RB, Cook MD, Matteucci MJ, Clark RF. Antidote use in the critically ill poisoned patient. J Intensive Care Med. 2006 Sep-Oct; 21(5):255-77. PMID: 16946442.
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    102. Gu YG, Weitzberg M, Clark RF, Xu X, Li Q, Zhang T, Hansen TM, Liu G, Xin Z, Wang X, Wang R, McNally T, Zinker BA, Frevert EU, Camp HS, Camp H, Beutel BA, Sham HL. Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of N-{3-[2-(4-alkoxyphenoxy)thiazol-5-yl]-1- methylprop-2-ynyl}carboxy derivatives as selective acetyl-CoA carboxylase 2 inhibitors. J Med Chem. 2006 Jun 29; 49(13):3770-3. PMID: 16789734.
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    103. Vohra R, Clark RF. Chlorine-related inhalation injury from a swimming pool disinfectant in a 9-year-old girl. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2006 Apr; 22(4):254-7. PMID: 16651917.
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    104. Richardson WH, Tanen DA, Tong TC, Betten DP, Carstairs SD, Williams SR, Cantrell FL, Clark RF. North American coral snake antivenin for the neutralization of non-native elapid venoms in a murine model. Acad Emerg Med. 2006 Feb; 13(2):121-6. PMID: 16436788.
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    105. Stamper GF, Longenecker KL, Fry EH, Jakob CG, Florjancic AS, Gu YG, Anderson DD, Cooper CS, Zhang T, Clark RF, Cia Y, Black-Schaefer CL, Owen McCall J, Lerner CG, Hajduk PJ, Beutel BA, Stoll VS. Structure-based optimization of MurF inhibitors. Chem Biol Drug Des. 2006 Jan; 67(1):58-65. PMID: 16492149.
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    106. Betten DP, Richardson WH, Tong TC, Clark RF. Massive honey bee envenomation-induced rhabdomyolysis in an adolescent. Pediatrics. 2006 Jan; 117(1):231-5. PMID: 16396886.
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    107. Barry JD, Durkovich D, Cantrell L, Richardson W, Tong T, Offerman S, Clark RF, Tanen DA, Williams S. Vasopressin treatment of verapamil toxicity in the porcine model. J Med Toxicol. 2005 Dec; 1(1):3-10. PMID: 18072096; PMCID: PMC3550012.
    108. Matteucci MJ, Clark RF. GSH poisoning. J Emerg Med. 2005 Oct; 29(3):344-5. PMID: 16183460.
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    109. Cook MD, Clark RF. Acetaminophen toxicity. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2005 Oct; 21(10):703-4. PMID: 16215480.
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    110. Richardson WH, Tanen DA, Tong TC, Betten DP, Carstairs SD, Williams SR, Cantrell FL, Clark RF. Crotalidae polyvalent immune Fab (ovine) antivenom is effective in the neutralization of South American viperidae venoms in a murine model. Ann Emerg Med. 2005 Jun; 45(6):595-602. PMID: 15940091.
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    111. Matteucci MJ, Williams SR, Clark RF. Response to Latrodectus-associated compartment syndrome. Ann Emerg Med. 2005 Jun; 45(6):679-80; author reply 680-1. PMID: 15940109.
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    112. Yong H, Gu YG, Clark RF, Marron T, Ma Z, Soni N, Stone GG, Nilius AM, Marsh K, Djuric SW. Design, synthesis and structure-activity relationships of 6-O-arylpropargyl diazalides with potent activity against multidrug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2005 May 16; 15(10):2653-8. PMID: 15863336.
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    113. Richardson WH, Barry JD, Tong TC, Williams SR, Clark RF. Rattlesnake envenomation to the face of an infant. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2005 Mar; 21(3):173-6. PMID: 15744196.
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    114. Cantrell FL, Clark RF, Manoguerra AS. Determining triage guidelines for unintentional overdoses with calcium channel antagonists. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2005; 43(7):849-53. PMID: 16440512.
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    115. Tanen DA, Danish DC, Grice GA, Riffenburgh RH, Clark RF. Fasciotomy worsens the amount of myonecrosis in a porcine model of crotaline envenomation. Ann Emerg Med. 2004 Aug; 44(2):99-104. PMID: 15278079.
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    116. Clark RF, Wang S, Ma Z, Weitzberg M, Motter C, Tufano M, Wagner R, Gu YG, Dandliker PJ, Lerner CG, Chovan LE, Cai Y, Black-Schaefer CL, Lynch L, Kalvin D, Nilius AM, Pratt SD, Soni N, Zhang T, Zhang X, Beutel BA. Novel inhibitors of bacterial protein synthesis: structure-activity relationships for 1,8-naphthyridine derivatives incorporating position 3 and 4 variants. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2004 Jun 21; 14(12):3299-302. PMID: 15149694.
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    117. Saffran AJ, Clark RF. Torus mandibularis: an unusual cause of obstructive sleep apnea. Ear Nose Throat J. 2004 May; 83(5):324. PMID: 15195878.
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    118. Ly BT, Schneir AB, Clark RF. Effect of whole bowel irrigation on the pharmacokinetics of an acetaminophen formulation and progression of radiopaque markers through the gastrointestinal tract. Ann Emerg Med. 2004 Feb; 43(2):189-95. PMID: 14747807.
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    119. Gu YG, Florjancic AS, Clark RF, Zhang T, Cooper CS, Anderson DD, Lerner CG, McCall JO, Cai Y, Black-Schaefer CL, Stamper GF, Hajduk PJ, Beutel BA. Structure-activity relationships of novel potent MurF inhibitors. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2004 Jan 05; 14(1):267-70. PMID: 14684340.
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    120. Patel RJ, Saylor T, Williams SR, Clark RF. Prevalence of autonomic signs and symptoms in antimuscarinic drug poisonings. J Emerg Med. 2004 Jan; 26(1):89-94. PMID: 14751484.
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    121. Fung F, Clark RF. Health effects of mycotoxins: a toxicological overview. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2004; 42(2):217-34. PMID: 15214629.
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    122. Clark RF, Williams SR, Fung F, Schneir AB, Ly BT, Tanen DA, Munday SW. A reassessment of topical organic phosphorus insecticide exposures and permanent paralysis. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2004; 42(7):991-2. PMID: 15641646.
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    123. Dandliker PJ, Pratt SD, Nilius AM, Black-Schaefer C, Ruan X, Towne DL, Clark RF, Englund EE, Wagner R, Weitzberg M, Chovan LE, Hickman RK, Daly MM, Kakavas S, Zhong P, Cao Z, David CA, Xuei X, Lerner CG, Soni NB, Bui M, Shen LL, Cai Y, Merta PJ, Saiki AY, Beutel BA. Novel antibacterial class. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2003 Dec; 47(12):3831-9. PMID: 14638491; PMCID: PMC296205.
    124. Calkins T, Chan TC, Clark RF, Stepanski B, Vilke GM. Review of prehospital sodium bicarbonate use for cyclic antidepressant overdose. Emerg Med J. 2003 Sep; 20(5):483-6. PMID: 12954700.
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    125. Schneir AB, Offerman SR, Ly BT, Davis JM, Baldwin RT, Williams SR, Clark RF. Complications of diagnostic physostigmine administration to emergency department patients. Ann Emerg Med. 2003 Jul; 42(1):14-9. PMID: 12827117.
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    126. Richardson WH, Clark RF, Gerard WC. Another hazard of college drinking: the black light concoction. Ann Emerg Med. 2003 Jun; 41(6):890-91. PMID: 12790127.
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    127. Offerman SR, Barry JD, Schneir A, Clark RF. Biphasic rattlesnake venom-induced thrombocytopenia. J Emerg Med. 2003 Apr; 24(3):289-93. PMID: 12676300.
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    128. Tanen DA, Danish DC, Clark RF. Crotalidae polyvalent immune Fab antivenom limits the decrease in perfusion pressure of the anterior leg compartment in a porcine crotaline envenomation model. Ann Emerg Med. 2003 Mar; 41(3):384-90. PMID: 12605206.
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    129. Munday SW, Williams SR, Clark RF. Dendrotoxin poisoning in a neurobiochemist. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2003; 41(2):163-5. PMID: 12733854.
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    130. Ingels M, Marks D, Clark RF. A survey of medical toxicology training in psychiatry residency programs. Acad Psychiatry. 2003; 27(1):50-3. PMID: 12824122.
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    131. Offerman SR, Bush SP, Moynihan JA, Clark RF. Crotaline Fab antivenom for the treatment of children with rattlesnake envenomation. Pediatrics. 2002 Nov; 110(5):968-71. PMID: 12415038.
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    132. Schneir AB, Vadeboncoeur TF, Offerman SR, Barry JD, Ly BT, Williams SR, Clark RF. Massive OxyContin ingestion refractory to naloxone therapy. Ann Emerg Med. 2002 Oct; 40(4):425-8. PMID: 12239500.
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    133. Schneir AB, Clark RF. Coin rubbing and camphor intoxication. JAMA. 2002 Sep 25; 288(12):1471; author reply 1471. PMID: 12243631.
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    134. Ingels M, Lai C, Tai W, Manning BH, Rangan C, Williams SR, Manoguerra AS, Albertson T, Clark RF. A prospective study of acute, unintentional, pediatric superwarfarin ingestions managed without decontamination. Ann Emerg Med. 2002 Jul; 40(1):73-8. PMID: 12085076.
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    135. Clark RF, McKinney PE, Chase PB, Walter FG. Immediate and delayed allergic reactions to Crotalidae polyvalent immune Fab (ovine) antivenom. Ann Emerg Med. 2002 Jun; 39(6):671-6. PMID: 12023714.
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    136. Ingels M, Beauchamp J, Clark RF, Williams SR. Delayed valproic acid toxicity: a retrospective case series. Ann Emerg Med. 2002 Jun; 39(6):616-21. PMID: 12023704.
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    137. Nordt SP, Williams SR, Clark RF. Pharmacologic misadventure resulting in hypercalcemia from vitamin D intoxication. J Emerg Med. 2002 Apr; 22(3):302-3. PMID: 11932103.
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    138. Ly BT, Williams SR, Clark RF. Mercuric oxide poisoning treated with whole-bowel irrigation and chelation therapy. Ann Emerg Med. 2002 Mar; 39(3):312-5. PMID: 11867987.
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    139. Chan TC, Vilke GM, Clausen J, Clark RF, Schmidt P, Snowden T, Neuman T. The effect of oleoresin capsicum "pepper" spray inhalation on respiratory function. J Forensic Sci. 2002 Mar; 47(2):299-304. PMID: 11908598.
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    140. Deitch S, Williams SR, Clark RF. Blebs associated with rattlesnake envenomation followed by serum sickness. J Emerg Med. 2002 Feb; 22(2):207-8. PMID: 11858930.
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    141. Clark RF, Phillips M, Manoguerra AS, Chan TC. Evaluating the utilization of a regional poison center by Latino communities. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2002; 40(7):855-60. PMID: 12507054.
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    142. Ma Z, Clark RF, Brazzale A, Wang S, Rupp MJ, Li L, Griesgraber G, Zhang S, Yong H, Phan LT, Nemoto PA, Chu DT, Plattner JJ, Zhang X, Zhong P, Cao Z, Nilius AM, Shortridge VD, Flamm R, Mitten M, Meulbroek J, Ewing P, Alder J, Or YS. Novel erythromycin derivatives with aryl groups tethered to the C-6 position are potent protein synthesis inhibitors and active against multidrug-resistant respiratory pathogens. J Med Chem. 2001 Nov 22; 44(24):4137-56. PMID: 11708916.
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    143. Dart RC, Seifert SA, Boyer LV, Clark RF, Hall E, McKinney P, McNally J, Kitchens CS, Curry SC, Bogdan GM, Ward SB, Porter RS. A randomized multicenter trial of crotalinae polyvalent immune Fab (ovine) antivenom for the treatment for crotaline snakebite in the United States. Arch Intern Med. 2001 Sep 10; 161(16):2030-6. PMID: 11525706.
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    144. Schneir AB, Ly BT, Clark RF. A case of withdrawal from the GHB precursors gamma-butyrolactone and 1,4-butanediol. J Emerg Med. 2001 Jul; 21(1):31-3. PMID: 11399385.
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    145. Ingels M, Kelner MJ, Clark RF. The effect of gamma hydroxybutyrate on serum osmolality. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2001; 39(4):417-8. PMID: 11527239.
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    146. Rangan C, Nordt SP, Hamilton R, Ingels M, Clark RF. Treatment of acetaminophen ingestion with a superactivated charcoal-cola mixture. Ann Emerg Med. 2001 Jan; 37(1):55-8. PMID: 11145772.
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    147. Clark RF. The safety and efficacy of antivenin Latrodectus mactans. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2001; 39(2):125-7. PMID: 11407497.
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    148. Nordt SP, Manoguerra A, Clark RF. 5-Year analysis of mushroom exposures in California. West J Med. 2000 Nov; 173(5):314-7. PMID: 11069864; PMCID: PMC1071149.
    149. Anderson BD, Turchen SG, Manoguerra AS, Clark RF. Retrospective analysis of ingestions of iron containing products in the united states: are there differences between chewable vitamins and adult preparations? J Emerg Med. 2000 Oct; 19(3):255-8. PMID: 11033271.
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    150. Phan LT, Clark RF, Rupp M, Or YS, Chu DT, Ma Z. Synthesis of 2-fluoro-6-O-propargyl-11,12-carbamate ketolides. A novel class of antibiotics. Org Lett. 2000 Sep 21; 2(19):2951-4. PMID: 10986080.
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    151. Ingels M, Rangan C, Bellezzo J, Clark RF. Coma and respiratory depression following the ingestion of GHB and its precursors: three cases. J Emerg Med. 2000 Jul; 19(1):47-50. PMID: 10863118.
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    152. Clark RF, Ma Z, Wang S, Griesgraber G, Tufano M, Yong H, Li L, Zhang X, Nilius AM, Chu DT, Or YS. Synthesis and antibacterial activity of novel 6-O-substituted erythromycin A derivatives. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2000 Apr 17; 10(8):815-9. PMID: 10782693.
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    153. Or YS, Clark RF, Wang S, Chu DT, Nilius AM, Flamm RK, Mitten M, Ewing P, Alder J, Ma Z. Design, synthesis, and antimicrobial activity of 6-O-substituted ketolides active against resistant respiratory tract pathogens. J Med Chem. 2000 Mar 23; 43(6):1045-9. PMID: 10737737.
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    154. Mohler CR, Nordt SP, Williams SR, Manoguerra AS, Clark RF. Prospective evaluation of mild to moderate pediatric acetaminophen exposures. Ann Emerg Med. 2000 Mar; 35(3):239-44. PMID: 10692190.
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    155. Guss DA, Clark RF, Peitz T, Taub M. Pantomography vs mandibular series for the detection of mandibular fractures. Acad Emerg Med. 2000 Feb; 7(2):141-5. PMID: 10691072.
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    156. Ingels M, Rangan C, Morfin JP, Williams SR, Clark RF. Falsely elevated digoxin level of 45.9 ng/mL due to interference from human antimouse antibody. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2000; 38(3):343-5. PMID: 10866338.
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    157. Nordt SP, Williams SR, Behling C, Richter P, Manoguerra AS, Clark RF. Comparison of the toxicities of two iron formulations in a swine model. Acad Emerg Med. 1999 Nov; 6(11):1104-8. PMID: 10569381.
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    158. Clark RF. A midlife crisis in academic emergency medicine. Ann Emerg Med. 1999 Oct; 34(4 Pt 1):562-4. PMID: 10499962.
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    159. Chan TC, Neuman T, Vilke GM, Clausen J, Clark RF. Metabolic acidosis in restraint-associated cardiac arrest. Acad Emerg Med. 1999 Oct; 6(10):1075-6; author reply 1076-7. PMID: 10530673.
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    160. Nordt SP, Manoguerra A, Williams SR, Clark RF. The availability of activated charcoal and ipecac for home use. Vet Hum Toxicol. 1999 Aug; 41(4):247-8. PMID: 10434382.
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    161. Boyer LV, Seifert SA, Clark RF, McNally JT, Williams SR, Nordt SP, Walter FG, Dart RC. Recurrent and persistent coagulopathy following pit viper envenomation. Arch Intern Med. 1999 Apr 12; 159(7):706-10. PMID: 10218750.
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    162. Snyder BK, Clark RF. Effect of magnesium hydroxide administration on iron absorption after a supratherapeutic dose of ferrous sulfate in human volunteers: a randomized controlled trial. Ann Emerg Med. 1999 Apr; 33(4):400-5. PMID: 10092717.
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    163. Nordt SP, Williams SR, Manoguerra AS, Clark RF. Ethanol analysis following consumption of "alcohol-free" beer. Vet Hum Toxicol. 1999 Apr; 41(2):94-6. PMID: 10192139.
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    164. Nordt SP, Manoguerra A, Williams S, Clark RF. Crotalid antivenin availability during shortage. Am J Emerg Med. 1999 Mar; 17(2):220. PMID: 10102342.
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    165. Clark RF, Williams SR, Nordt SP, Manoguerra AS. A review of selected seafood poisonings. Undersea Hyperb Med. 1999; 26(3):175-84. PMID: 10485519.
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    166. Fung F, Clark RF. Styrene-induced peripheral neuropathy. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1999; 37(1):91-7. PMID: 10078165.
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    167. Mollison KW, Fey TA, Gauvin DM, Sheets MP, Smith ML, Pong M, Krause R, Miller L, Or YS, Kawai M, Wagner R, Wiedeman PE, Clark RF, Gunawardana IW, Rhoades TA, Henry CL, Tu NP, BaMaung NY, Kopecka H, Liu L, Xie Q, Lane BC, Trevillyan JM, Marsh K, Luly JR. Discovery of ascomycin analogs with potent topical but weak systemic activity for treatment of inflammatory skin diseases. Curr Pharm Des. 1998 Oct; 4(5):367-79. PMID: 10197049.
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    168. Clark RF, Williams SR, Nordt SP, Pearigen PD, Deutsch R. Resource-use analysis of a medical toxicology consultation service. Ann Emerg Med. 1998 Jun; 31(6):705-9. PMID: 9624309.
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    169. Nordt SP, Williams SR, Manoguerra AS, Clark RF. Clarithromycin induced digoxin toxicity. J Accid Emerg Med. 1998 May; 15(3):194-5. PMID: 9639187; PMCID: PMC1343067.
    170. Krishel S, SaFranek D, Clark RF. Intravenous vitamins for alcoholics in the emergency department: a review. J Emerg Med. 1998 May-Jun; 16(3):419-24. PMID: 9610970.
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    171. Vivero LE, Anderson PO, Clark RF. A close look at fenfluramine and dexfenfluramine. J Emerg Med. 1998 Mar-Apr; 16(2):197-205. PMID: 9543401.
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    172. Nordt SP, Kelly K, Williams SR, Clark RF. "Black plaque" on the Internet. J Emerg Med. 1998 Mar-Apr; 16(2):223-4. PMID: 9543406.
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    173. Nordt SP, Clark RF. Acute blindness after severe quinine poisoning. Am J Emerg Med. 1998 Mar; 16(2):214-5. PMID: 9517707.
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    174. Nordt SP, Kelly K, Williams SR, Clark RF. Attempted suicide in a 24-year-old male who obtained information on methods to commit suicide from the worldwide web. J Emerg Med. 1998 Jan-Feb; 16(1):119-20. PMID: 9472772.
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    175. Moss ST, Bogdan G, Nordt SP, Williams SR, Dart RC, Clark RF. An examination of serial urinalyses in patients with North American crotalid envenomation. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1998; 36(4):329-35. PMID: 9711199.
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    176. Kundu S, Williams SR, Nordt SP, Clark RF. Clarithromycin-induced ventricular tachycardia. Ann Emerg Med. 1997 Oct; 30(4):542-4. PMID: 9326871.
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    177. Chan TC, Evans SD, Clark RF. Drug-induced hyperthermia. Crit Care Clin. 1997 Oct; 13(4):785-808. PMID: 9330841.
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    178. Chan TC, Hayden SR, Schwartz B, Fletcher T, Clark RF. Patients' satisfaction when denied authorization for emergency department care by their managed care plan. J Emerg Med. 1997 Sep-Oct; 15(5):611-6. PMID: 9348046.
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    179. Clark RF, Williams SR, Nordt SP, Boyer-Hassen LV. Successful treatment of crotalid-induced neurotoxicity with a new polyspecific crotalid Fab antivenom. Ann Emerg Med. 1997 Jul; 30(1):54-7. PMID: 9209226.
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    180. Moss ST, Bogdan G, Dart RC, Nordt SP, Williams SR, Clark RF. Association of rattlesnake bite location with severity of clinical manifestations. Ann Emerg Med. 1997 Jul; 30(1):58-61. PMID: 9209227.
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    181. Dart RC, Seifert SA, Carroll L, Clark RF, Hall E, Boyer-Hassen LV, Curry SC, Kitchens CS, Garcia RA. Affinity-purified, mixed monospecific crotalid antivenom ovine Fab for the treatment of crotalid venom poisoning. Ann Emerg Med. 1997 Jul; 30(1):33-9. PMID: 9209222.
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    182. Clark RF, Davidson TM. Intraarticular envenomation by Trimeresurus flavomaculatus mcgregori resulting in joint destruction. Toxicon. 1997 Jun; 35(6):837-42. PMID: 9241778.
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    183. Nordt SP, Clark RF. Midazolam: a review of therapeutic uses and toxicity. J Emerg Med. 1997 May-Jun; 15(3):357-65. PMID: 9258787.
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    184. Brandwene EL, Williams SR, Tunget-Johnson C, Turchen SG, Manoguerra AS, Clark RF. Refining the level for anticipated hepatotoxicity in acetaminophen poisoning. J Emerg Med. 1996 Nov-Dec; 14(6):691-5. PMID: 8969987.
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    185. Crockett R, Krishel SJ, Manoguerra A, Williams SR, Clark RF. Prehospital use of activated charcoal: a pilot study. J Emerg Med. 1996 May-Jun; 14(3):335-8. PMID: 8782030.
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    186. Clark RF, Strukle E, Williams SR, Manoguerra AS. Selenium poisoning from a nutritional supplement. JAMA. 1996 Apr 10; 275(14):1087-8. PMID: 8601925.
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    187. Chan TC, Krishel SJ, Bramwell KJ, Clark RF. Survey of illegal immigrants seen in an emergency department. West J Med. 1996 Mar; 164(3):212-6. PMID: 8775931.
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    188. Curry SC, Connor DA, Clark RF, Holland D, Carrol L, Raschke R. The effect of hypertonic sodium bicarbonate on QRS duration in rats poisoned with chloroquine. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1996; 34(1):73-6. PMID: 8632516.
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    189. Clark RF, Chen R, Williams SR, Johnson CL, Harchelroad F. The use of ondansetron in the treatment of nausea and vomiting associated with acetaminophen poisoning. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1996; 34(2):163-7. PMID: 8618249.
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    190. Nordt SP, Williams SR, Turchen S, Manoguerra A, Smith D, Clark RF. Hypermagnesemia following an acute ingestion of Epsom salt in a patient with normal renal function. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1996; 34(6):735-9. PMID: 8941206.
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    191. Clark RF, Wei EM, Anderson PO. Meperidine: therapeutic use and toxicity. J Emerg Med. 1995 Nov-Dec; 13(6):797-802. PMID: 8747629.
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    192. Chan TC, Williams SR, Clark RF. Formic acid skin burns resulting in systemic toxicity. Ann Emerg Med. 1995 Sep; 26(3):383-6. PMID: 7661434.
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    193. Lev R, Clark RF. Visine overdose: case report of an adult with hemodynamic compromise. J Emerg Med. 1995 Sep-Oct; 13(5):649-52. PMID: 8530784.
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    194. Tunget CL, Clark RF, Manoguerra AS, Turchen SG. Iron overdose and detection of gastrointestinal bleeding with the hemoccult and gastroccult assays. Ann Emerg Med. 1995 Jul; 26(1):54-7. PMID: 7793721.
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    195. Barton ED, Tanner P, Turchen SG, Tunget CL, Manoguerra A, Clark RF. Ciguatera fish poisoning. A southern California epidemic. West J Med. 1995 Jul; 163(1):31-5. PMID: 7667980; PMCID: PMC1302913.
    196. Williams SR, Clark RF, Dunford JV. Contact dermatitis associated with capsaicin: Hunan hand syndrome. Ann Emerg Med. 1995 May; 25(5):713-5. PMID: 7741356.
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    197. Clark RF, Sage TA, Tunget C, Manoguerra AS. Delayed onset lorazepam poisoning successfully reversed by flumazenil in a child. Case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Emerg Care. 1995 Feb; 11(1):32-4. PMID: 7739960.
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    198. Manoguerra A, Whitney C, Clark RF, Anderson B, Turchen S. Cholinergic toxicity resulting from ocular instillation of echothiophate iodide eye drops. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1995; 33(5):463-5. PMID: 7650771.
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    199. Richards CF, Clark RF, Holbrook T, Hoyt DB. The effect of cocaine and amphetamines on vital signs in trauma patients. J Emerg Med. 1995 Jan-Feb; 13(1):59-63. PMID: 7782627.
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    200. Tunget CL, Clark RF, Turchen SG, Manoguerra AS. Raising the decontamination level for thyroid hormone ingestions. Am J Emerg Med. 1995 Jan; 13(1):9-13. PMID: 7832964.
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    201. Tunget CL, Turchen SG, Manoguerra AS, Clark RF, Pudoff DE. Sunlight and the plant: a toxic combination: severe phytophotodermatitis from Cneoridium dumosum. Cutis. 1994 Dec; 54(6):400-2. PMID: 7867382.
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    202. Moss ST, Clark RF, Guss DA, Rosen P. The management of sharps in the emergency department: is it safe? J Emerg Med. 1994 Nov-Dec; 12(6):745-52. PMID: 7884192.
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    203. Callaway CW, Clark RF. Hyperthermia in psychostimulant overdose. Ann Emerg Med. 1994 Jul; 24(1):68-76. PMID: 8010552.
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    204. Clark RF, Barton ED. Pitfalls in the administration of digoxin-specific Fab fragments. J Emerg Med. 1994 Mar-Apr; 12(2):233-4. PMID: 8207162.
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    205. Lev R, Clark RF. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome presenting without fever: case report and review of the literature. J Emerg Med. 1994 Jan-Feb; 12(1):49-55. PMID: 8163805.
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    206. Clark RF, Selden BS, Furbee B. The incidence of wound infection following crotalid envenomation. J Emerg Med. 1993 Sep-Oct; 11(5):583-6. PMID: 8308237.
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    207. Tunget CL, Clark RF. Invasion of the 'killer' bees. Separating fact from fiction. Postgrad Med. 1993 Aug; 94(2):92-4, 97-8, 101-2. PMID: 8341628.
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    208. Tunget CL, Clark RF. Invasion of the 'killer' bees. Postgrad Med. 1993 Aug; 94(2):92-102. PMID: 29206617.
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    209. Clark RF. Theophylline toxicity. J Emerg Med. 1993 Jul-Aug; 11(4):480-2. PMID: 8228113.
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    210. Sage TA, Jones WN, Clark RF. Ondansetron in the treatment of intractable nausea associated with theophylline toxicity. Ann Pharmacother. 1993 May; 27(5):584-5. PMID: 8347909.
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    211. Clark RF. Orphenadrine poisoning and review of physostigmine. J Emerg Med. 1993 Jan-Feb; 11(1):97. PMID: 8445195.
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    212. Clark RF, Wethern-Kestner S, Vance MV, Gerkin R. Clinical presentation and treatment of black widow spider envenomation: a review of 163 cases. Ann Emerg Med. 1992 Jul; 21(7):782-7. PMID: 1351707.
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    213. Clark RF. Crystalluria following cephalexin overdose. Pediatrics. 1992 Apr; 89(4 Pt 1):672-4. PMID: 1557251.
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    214. Clark RF, Vance MV. Massive diphenhydramine poisoning resulting in a wide-complex tachycardia: successful treatment with sodium bicarbonate. Ann Emerg Med. 1992 Mar; 21(3):318-21. PMID: 1311158.
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    215. Vance MV, Selden BS, Clark RF. Optimal patient position for transport and initial management of toxic ingestions. Ann Emerg Med. 1992 Mar; 21(3):243-6. PMID: 1536482.
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    216. Or YS, Clark RF, Lane B, Mollison KW, Carter GW, Luly JR. Improvements in the minimum binding sequence of C5a: examination of His-67. J Med Chem. 1992 Jan 24; 35(2):402-6. PMID: 1732557.
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    217. Selden BS, Curry SC, Clark RF, Johnson BC, Meinhart R, Pizziconi VB. Transplacental transport of N-acetylcysteine in an ovine model. Ann Emerg Med. 1991 Oct; 20(10):1069-72. PMID: 1928876.
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    218. Clark RF, Selden BS, Curry SC. Digoxin-specific Fab fragments in the treatment of oleander toxicity in a canine model. Ann Emerg Med. 1991 Oct; 20(10):1073-7. PMID: 1928877.
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    219. Clark RF, Harchelroad F. Toxicology screening of the trauma patient: a changing profile. Ann Emerg Med. 1991 Feb; 20(2):151-3. PMID: 1996797.
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    220. Selden BS, Clark RF, Curry SC. Marijuana. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 1990 Aug; 8(3):527-39. PMID: 2167201.
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    221. Harchelroad F, Clark RF, Dean B, Krenzelok EP. Treated vs reported toxic exposures: discrepancies between a poison control center and a member hospital. Vet Hum Toxicol. 1990 Apr; 32(2):156-9. PMID: 2327066.
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    222. Clark RF, Curry SC. Pseudoephedrine dangers. Pediatrics. 1990 Mar; 85(3):389-90. PMID: 2304798.
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    223. Clark RF, Popky LM, Evans TC. Spontaneous four-extremity extensor tendon rupture in a renal dialysis patient. Ann Emerg Med. 1989 Jul; 18(7):783-4. PMID: 2735601.
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    224. Ornato JP, Hallagan LF, Reese WA, Clark RF, Tayal VS, Garnett AR, Gonzalez ER. Treatment of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia in the emergency department by clinical decision analysis. Am J Emerg Med. 1988 Nov; 6(6):555-60. PMID: 3052483.
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    225. Cameron JL, Reese WA, Tayal VS, Clark RF, Kelso D, Gonzalez ER, Garnett AR, Ornato JP. Bacterial contamination of ambulance oxygen humidifier water reservoirs: a potential source of pulmonary infection. Ann Emerg Med. 1986 Nov; 15(11):1300-2. PMID: 3535586.
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    226. Nusynowitz ML, Clark RF, Strader WJ, Estrin HM, Seal US. Thyroxine-binding globulin deficiency in three families, and total deficiency in a normal woman. Am J Med. 1971 Apr; 50(4):458-64. PMID: 4102085.
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