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Susan Little

TitleProfessor In Residence
InstitutionUniversity of California San Diego
DepartmentMedicine
Address200 W. Arbor Drive #8208
San Diego CA 92103
Phone619-543-8080
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Characterizing Privacy Perceptions and Risks in HIV Molecular Epidemiology
    NIH/NIAID R21AI108351Jun 1, 2014 - May 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Efficacy of ART to Interrupt HIV Transmission Networks
    NIH/NIMH R01MH100974May 12, 2014 - Feb 28, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Primary Infection Resource Consortium (PIRC)
    NIH/NIAID R24AI106039Aug 20, 2013 - Mar 31, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Determinants of HIV Transmission
    NIH/NIAID P01AI074621Mar 15, 2008 - Feb 28, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH/NCRR M01RR000827Mar 1, 1974 - Nov 30, 2010
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Lofano G, Gorman MJ, Yousif AS, Yu WH, Fox JM, Dugast AS, Ackerman ME, Suscovich TJ, Weiner J, Barouch D, Streeck H, Little S, Smith D, Richman D, Lauffenburger D, Walker BD, Diamond MS, Alter G. Antigen-specific antibody Fc glycosylation enhances humoral immunity via the recruitment of complement. Sci Immunol. 2018 Aug 17; 3(26). PMID: 30120121.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Namazi G, Fajnzylber JM, Aga E, Bosch R, Acosta EP, Sharaf R, Hartogensis W, Jacobson JM, Connick E, Volberding P, Skiest D, Margolis D, Sneller MC, Little SJ, Gianella S, Smith D, Kuritzkes DR, Gulick RM, Mellors JW, Mehraj V, Gandhi RT, Mitsuyasu R, Schooley RT, Henry K, Tebas P, Deeks S, Chun TW, Collier AC, Routy JP, Hecht FM, Walker BD, Li JZ. The Control of HIV after Antiretroviral Medication Pause (CHAMP) study: post-treatment controllers identified from 14 clinical studies. J Infect Dis. 2018 Aug 06. PMID: 30085241.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Smith D, Huynh C, Moore AJ, Frick A, Anderson C, Porrachia M, Scott B, Stous S, Schooley R, Little S, Santos A. Herd Immunity Likely Protected the Men who have Sex with Men in Recent Hepatitis A Outbreak in San Diego CA. Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Jul 25. PMID: 30052941.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Sadanand S, Das J, Chung AW, Schoen MK, Lane S, Suscovich TJ, Streeck H, Smith DM, Little SJ, Lauffenburger DA, Richman DD, Alter G. Temporal variation in HIV-specific IgG subclass antibodies during acute infection differentiates spontaneous controllers from chronic progressors. AIDS. 2018 Feb 20; 32(4):443-450. PMID: 29239894.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Chaillon A, Gianella S, Lada SM, Perez-Santiago J, Jordan P, Ignacio C, Karris M, Richman DD, Mehta SR, Little SJ, Wertheim JO, Smith DM. Size, Composition, and Evolution of HIV DNA Populations during Early Antiretroviral Therapy and Intensification with Maraviroc. J Virol. 2018 Feb 01; 92(3). PMID: 29142136.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Lin TC, Gianella S, Tenenbaum T, Little SJ, Hoenigl M. A Simple Symptom Score for Acute HIV Infection in a San Diego Community Based Screening Program. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Dec 25. PMID: 29293891.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Grebe E, Welte A, Hall J, Keating SM, Facente SN, Marson K, Martin JN, Little SJ, Price MA, Kallas EG, Busch MP, Pilcher CD, Murphy G. Infection Staging and Incidence Surveillance Applications of High Dynamic Range Diagnostic Immuno-Assay Platforms. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 12 15; 76(5):547-555. PMID: 28914669.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Schairer C, Mehta SR, Vinterbo SA, Hoenigl M, Kalichman M, Little S. Perceptions of molecular epidemiology studies of HIV among stakeholders. J Public Health Res. 2017 Dec 13; 6(3):992. PMID: 29291190.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Chaillon A, Nakazawa M, Wertheim JO, Little SJ, Smith DM, Mehta SR, Gianella S. No Substantial Evidence for Sexual Transmission of Minority HIV Drug Resistance Mutations in Men Who Have Sex with Men. J Virol. 2017 11 01; 91(21). PMID: 28794047.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Pines HA, Karris MY, Little SJ. Sexual Partner Concurrency Among Partners Reported by MSM with Recent HIV Infection. AIDS Behav. 2017 Oct; 21(10):3026-3034. PMID: 28702851.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Wagner GA, Landais E, Caballero G, Phung P, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Poignard P, Richman DD, Little SJ, Smith DM. Intrasubtype B HIV-1 Superinfection Correlates with Delayed Neutralizing Antibody Response. J Virol. 2017 09 01; 91(17). PMID: 28615205.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Vesa J, Chaillon A, Wagner GA, Anderson CM, Richman DD, Smith DM, Little SJ. Increased HIV-1 superinfection risk in carriers of specific human leukocyte antigen alleles. AIDS. 2017 May 15; 31(8):1149-1158. PMID: 28244954.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Jones J, Hoenigl M, Siegler AJ, Sullivan PS, Little S, Rosenberg E. Assessing the Performance of 3 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Incidence Risk Scores in a Cohort of Black and White Men Who Have Sex With Men in the South. Sex Transm Dis. 2017 05; 44(5):297-302. PMID: 28407646.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Macatangay BJ, Yang M, Sun X, Morton J, De Gruttola V, Little S, Hogan C, Rinaldo CR. Brief Report: Changes in Levels of Inflammation After Antiretroviral Treatment During Early HIV Infection in AIDS Clinical Trials Group Study A5217. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 05 01; 75(1):137-141. PMID: 28198712.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Hoenigl M, Braun DL, Kouyos R, Günthard HF, Little SJ. Evaluation of the Predictive Potential of the Short Acute Retroviral Syndrome Severity Score for HIV-1 Disease Progression in Individuals With Acute HIV Infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 04 01; 74(4):e114-e117. PMID: 28225720.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Morris SR, Zhao M, Smith DM, Vargas MV, Little SJ, Gianella S. Longitudinal Viral Dynamics in Semen During Early HIV Infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 02 15; 64(4):428-434. PMID: 28174909.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Graves SK, Little SJ, Hoenigl M. Risk profile and HIV testing outcomes of women undergoing community-based testing in San Diego 2008-2014. Sci Rep. 2017 Feb 06; 7:42183. PMID: 28165056.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Osorio G, Hoenigl M, Quartarolo J, Barger K, Morris SR, Reed SL, Lee J, Little SJ. Evaluation of opt-out inpatient HIV screening at an urban teaching hospital. AIDS Care. 2017 08; 29(8):1014-1018. PMID: 28114789.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Green N, Hoenigl M, Chaillon A, Anderson CM, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Smith DM, Little SJ. Partner services in adults with acute and early HIV infection. AIDS. 2017 Jan 14; 31(2):287-293. PMID: 27831950.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Oliveira MF, Chaillon A, Nakazawa M, Vargas M, Letendre SL, Strain MC, Ellis RJ, Morris S, Little SJ, Smith DM, Gianella S. Early Antiretroviral Therapy Is Associated with Lower HIV DNA Molecular Diversity and Lower Inflammation in Cerebrospinal Fluid but Does Not Prevent the Establishment of Compartmentalized HIV DNA Populations. PLoS Pathog. 2017 Jan; 13(1):e1006112. PMID: 28046096.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Gianella S, Taylor J, Brown TR, Kaytes A, Achim CL, Moore DJ, Little SJ, Ellis RJ, Smith DM. Can research at the end of life be a useful tool to advance HIV cure? AIDS. 2017 Jan 02; 31(1):1-4. PMID: 27755112.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Keating SM, Kassanjee R, Lebedeva M, Facente SN, MacArthur JC, Grebe E, Murphy G, Welte A, Martin JN, Little S, Price MA, Kallas EG, Busch MP, Pilcher CD. Performance of the Bio-Rad Geenius HIV1/2 Supplemental Assay in Detecting "Recent" HIV Infection and Calculating Population Incidence. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Dec 15; 73(5):581-588. PMID: 27509247.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Little SJ. Treatment of Acute HIV Infection and the Potential Role of Acutely HIV-Infected Persons in Cure Studies. Top Antivir Med. 2016 Dec-2017 Jan; 23(5):156-60. PMID: 27398768.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Pines HA, Wertheim JO, Liu L, Garfein RS, Little SJ, Karris MY. Concurrency and HIV transmission network characteristics among MSM with recent HIV infection. AIDS. 2016 Nov 28; 30(18):2875-2883. PMID: 27662550.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Karris MY, Umlauf A, Vaida F, Richman D, Little S, Smith D. A randomized controlled clinical trial on the impact of CCR5 blockade with maraviroc in early infection on T-cell dynamics. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Nov; 95(44):e5315. PMID: 27858912.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Kassanjee R, Pilcher CD, Busch MP, Murphy G, Facente SN, Keating SM, Mckinney E, Marson K, Price MA, Martin JN, Little SJ, Hecht FM, Kallas EG, Welte A. Viral load criteria and threshold optimization to improve HIV incidence assay characteristics. AIDS. 2016 Sep 24; 30(15):2361-71. PMID: 27454561; PMCID: PMC5024345 [Available on 09/24/17].
    27. Hoenigl M, Chaillon A, Moore DJ, Morris SR, Mehta SR, Gianella S, Amico KR, Little SJ. Rapid HIV Viral Load Suppression in those Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy at First Visit after HIV Diagnosis. Sci Rep. 2016 Sep 06; 6:32947. PMID: 27597312; PMCID: PMC5011704.
    28. Smith DM, Nakazawa M, Freeman ML, Anderson CM, Oliveira MF, Little SJ, Gianella S. Asymptomatic CMV Replication During Early Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection Is Associated With Lower CD4/CD8 Ratio During HIV Treatment. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Dec 01; 63(11):1517-1524. PMID: 27601222.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Hoenigl M, Little SJ. How can we detect HIV during the acute or primary stage of infection? Expert Rev Mol Diagn. 2016 10; 16(10):1049-1051. PMID: 27541993.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Hoenigl M, Chaillon A, Mehta SR, Smith DM, Graff-Zivin J, Little SJ. Screening for acute HIV infection in community-based settings: Cost-effectiveness and impact on transmissions. J Infect. 2016 Nov; 73(5):476-484. PMID: 27521468.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Chaillon A, Hoenigl M, Mehta SR, Weibel N, Little SJ, Smith DM. A practical online tool to estimate antiretroviral coverage for HIV infected and susceptible populations needed to reduce local HIV epidemics. Sci Rep. 2016 06 24; 6:28707. PMID: 27337983.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Chaillon A, Gianella S, Little SJ, Caballero G, Barin F, Kosakovsky Pond S, Richman DD, Smith DM, Mehta SR. Characterizing the multiplicity of HIV founder variants during sexual transmission among MSM. Virus Evol. 2016 Jan; 2(1):vew012. PMID: 30186625.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Hoenigl M, Chaillon A, Morris SR, Little SJ. HIV Infection Rates and Risk Behavior among Young Men undergoing community-based Testing in San Diego. Sci Rep. 2016 05 16; 6:25927. PMID: 27181715.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Mehta SR, Murrell B, Anderson CM, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Wertheim JO, Young JA, Freitas L, Richman DD, Mathews WC, Scheffler K, Little SJ, Smith DM. Using HIV Sequence and Epidemiologic Data to Assess the Effect of Self-referral Testing for Acute HIV Infection on Incident Diagnoses in San Diego, California. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Jul 01; 63(1):101-107. PMID: 27174704; PMCID: PMC4901863 [Available on 07/01/17].
    35. Hoenigl M, Chaillon A, Little SJ. CD4/CD8 Cell Ratio in Acute HIV Infection and the Impact of Early Antiretroviral Therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 08 01; 63(3):425-6. PMID: 27143670; PMCID: PMC4946020 [Available on 08/01/17].
    36. Hoenigl M, Chaillon A, Moore DJ, Morris SR, Smith DM, Little SJ. Clear Links Between Starting Methamphetamine and Increasing Sexual Risk Behavior: A Cohort Study Among Men Who Have Sex With Men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Apr 15; 71(5):551-7. PMID: 26536321; PMCID: PMC4788567 [Available on 04/15/17].
    37. Gianella S, Anderson CM, Var SR, Oliveira MF, Lada SM, Vargas MV, Massanella M, Little SJ, Richman DD, Strain MC, Pérez-Santiago J, Smith DM. Replication of Human Herpesviruses Is Associated with Higher HIV DNA Levels during Antiretroviral Therapy Started at Early Phases of HIV Infection. J Virol. 2016 Apr; 90(8):3944-3952. PMID: 26842469.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Hoenigl M, Chaillon A, Kessler HH, Haas B, Stelzl E, Weninger K, Little SJ, Mehta SR. Characterization of HIV Transmission in South-East Austria. PLoS One. 2016; 11(3):e0151478. PMID: 26967154; PMCID: PMC4788428.
    39. Kamat R, Doyle KL, Iudicello JE, Morgan EE, Morris S, Smith DM, Little SJ, Grant I, Woods SP. Neurobehavioral Disturbances During Acute and Early HIV Infection. Cogn Behav Neurol. 2016 Mar; 29(1):1-10. PMID: 27008244; PMCID: PMC4806542 [Available on 03/01/17].
    40. Hoenigl M, Green N, Camacho M, Gianella S, Mehta SR, Smith DM, Little SJ. Signs or Symptoms of Acute HIV Infection in a Cohort Undergoing Community-Based Screening. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016 Mar; 22(3):532-4. PMID: 26890854; PMCID: PMC4766914.
    41. Panichsillapakit T, Smith DM, Wertheim JO, Richman DD, Little SJ, Mehta SR. Prevalence of Transmitted HIV Drug Resistance Among Recently Infected Persons in San Diego, CA 1996-2013. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Feb 01; 71(2):228-36. PMID: 26413846; PMCID: PMC4712087 [Available on 02/01/17].
    42. Panichsillapakit T, Patel D, Santangelo J, Richman DD, Little SJ, Smith DM. Colorectal Disorders in Acute Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection: A Case Series. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2016 Jan; 3(1):ofw014. PMID: 26925432; PMCID: PMC4766383.
    43. Vanpouille C, Introini A, Morris SR, Margolis L, Daar ES, Dube MP, Little SJ, Smith DM, Lisco A, Gianella S. Distinct cytokine/chemokine network in semen and blood characterize different stages of HIV infection. AIDS. 2016 Jan; 30(2):193-201. PMID: 26558730; PMCID: PMC4862605 [Available on 01/01/17].
    44. Geiger R, Smith DM, Little SJ, Mehta SR. RETRACTED: Investigation of the GeneXpert® CT/NG assay for use with male pharyngeal and rectal swabs. Int J STD AIDS. 2016 Jan 01; 956462416665059. PMID: 27510643.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Hoenigl M, Graff-Zivin J, Little SJ. Costs per Diagnosis of Acute HIV Infection in Community-based Screening Strategies: A Comparative Analysis of Four Screening Algorithms. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Feb 15; 62(4):501-511. PMID: 26508512; PMCID: PMC4725382 [Available on 02/15/17].
    46. Gianella S, Anderson CM, Richman DD, Smith DM, Little SJ. No evidence of posttreatment control after early initiation of antiretroviral therapy. AIDS. 2015 Oct 23; 29(16):2093-7. PMID: 26544575; PMCID: PMC4638137 [Available on 10/23/16].
    47. Green N, Hoenigl M, Morris S, Little SJ. Risk Behavior and Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Transgender Women and Men Undergoing Community-Based Screening for Acute and Early HIV Infection in San Diego. Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Oct; 94(41):e1830. PMID: 26469928; PMCID: PMC4616789.
    48. Hoenigl M, Anderson CM, Green N, Mehta SR, Smith DM, Little SJ. Repeat HIV-testing is associated with an increase in behavioral risk among men who have sex with men: a cohort study. BMC Med. 2015 Sep 11; 13:218. PMID: 26444673; PMCID: PMC4596465.
    49. Massanella M, Gianella S, Schrier R, Dan JM, Pérez-Santiago J, Oliveira MF, Richman DD, Little SJ, Benson CA, Daar ES, Dube MP, Haubrich RH, Smith DM, Morris SR. Methamphetamine Use in HIV-infected Individuals Affects T-cell Function and Viral Outcome during Suppressive Antiretroviral Therapy. Sci Rep. 2015 Aug 24; 5:13179. PMID: 26299251; PMCID: PMC4547398.
    50. Mehta SR, Wertheim JO, Brouwer KC, Wagner KD, Chaillon A, Strathdee S, Patterson TL, Rangel MG, Vargas M, Murrell B, Garfein R, Little SJ, Smith DM. HIV Transmission Networks in the San Diego-Tijuana Border Region. EBioMedicine. 2015 Oct; 2(10):1456-63. PMID: 26629540; PMCID: PMC4634195.
    51. Gianella S, Scheffler K, Mehta SR, Little SJ, Freitas L, Morris SR, Smith DM. Seminal Shedding of CMV and HIV Transmission among Men Who Have Sex with Men. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 Jul 07; 12(7):7585-92. PMID: 26198239; PMCID: PMC4515676.
    52. Hoenigl M, Green N, Mehta SR, Little SJ. Risk Factors for Acute and Early HIV Infection Among Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM) in San Diego, 2008 to 2014: A Cohort Study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Jul; 94(30):e1242. PMID: 26222863; PMCID: PMC4554110.
    53. Hoenigl M, Weibel N, Mehta SR, Anderson CM, Jenks J, Green N, Gianella S, Smith DM, Little SJ. Development and validation of the San Diego Early Test Score to predict acute and early HIV infection risk in men who have sex with men. Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Aug 01; 61(3):468-75. PMID: 25904374; PMCID: PMC4542926.
    54. Okulicz JF, Le TD, Agan BK, Camargo JF, Landrum ML, Wright E, Dolan MJ, Ganesan A, Ferguson TM, Smith DM, Richman DD, Little SJ, Clark RA, He W, Ahuja SK. Influence of the timing of antiretroviral therapy on the potential for normalization of immune status in human immunodeficiency virus 1-infected individuals. JAMA Intern Med. 2015 Jan; 175(1):88-99. PMID: 25419650; PMCID: PMC4286496.
    55. Kassanjee R, Pilcher CD, Keating SM, Facente SN, McKinney E, Price MA, Martin JN, Little S, Hecht FM, Kallas EG, Welte A, Busch MP, Murphy G. Independent assessment of candidate HIV incidence assays on specimens in the CEPHIA repository. AIDS. 2014 Oct 23; 28(16):2439-49. PMID: 25144218; PMCID: PMC4210690.
    56. Khanna A, Goodreau SM, Wohlfeiler D, Daar E, Little S, Gorbach PM. Individualized diagnosis interventions can add significant effectiveness in reducing human immunodeficiency virus incidence among men who have sex with men: insights from Southern California. Ann Epidemiol. 2015 Jan; 25(1):1-6. PMID: 25453725.
      View in: PubMed
    57. King HL, Keller SB, Giancola MA, Rodriguez DA, Chau JJ, Young JA, Little SJ, Smith DM. Pre-exposure prophylaxis accessibility research and evaluation (PrEPARE Study). AIDS Behav. 2014 Sep; 18(9):1722-5. PMID: 25017425; PMCID: PMC4127131.
    58. Streeck H, Lu R, Beckwith N, Milazzo M, Liu M, Routy JP, Little S, Jessen H, Kelleher AD, Hecht F, Sekaly RP, Alter G, Heckerman D, Carrington M, Rosenberg ES, Altfeld M. Emergence of individual HIV-specific CD8 T cell responses during primary HIV-1 infection can determine long-term disease outcome. J Virol. 2014 Nov; 88(21):12793-801. PMID: 25165102; PMCID: PMC4248916.
    59. Khanna AS, Goodreau SM, Gorbach PM, Daar E, Little SJ. Modeling the impact of post-diagnosis behavior change on HIV prevalence in Southern California men who have sex with men (MSM). AIDS Behav. 2014 Aug; 18(8):1523-31. PMID: 24165985; PMCID: PMC4004722.
    60. Kim EY, Lorenzo-Redondo R, Little SJ, Chung YS, Phalora PK, Maljkovic Berry I, Archer J, Penugonda S, Fischer W, Richman DD, Bhattacharya T, Malim MH, Wolinsky SM. Human APOBEC3 induced mutation of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 contributes to adaptation and evolution in natural infection. PLoS Pathog. 2014 Jul; 10(7):e1004281. PMID: 25080100; PMCID: PMC4117599.
    61. Kuang XT, Li X, Anmole G, Mwimanzi P, Shahid A, Le AQ, Chong L, Qian H, Miura T, Markle T, Baraki B, Connick E, Daar ES, Jessen H, Kelleher AD, Little S, Markowitz M, Pereyra F, Rosenberg ES, Walker BD, Ueno T, Brumme ZL, Brockman MA. Impaired Nef function is associated with early control of HIV-1 viremia. J Virol. 2014 Sep 01; 88(17):10200-13. PMID: 24965469; PMCID: PMC4136354.
    62. Little SJ, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Anderson CM, Young JA, Wertheim JO, Mehta SR, May S, Smith DM. Using HIV networks to inform real time prevention interventions. PLoS One. 2014; 9(6):e98443. PMID: 24901437; PMCID: PMC4047027.
    63. Nunn A, Yolken A, Cutler B, Trooskin S, Wilson P, Little S, Mayer K. Geography should not be destiny: focusing HIV/AIDS implementation research and programs on microepidemics in US neighborhoods. Am J Public Health. 2014 May; 104(5):775-80. PMID: 24716570; PMCID: PMC3987607.
    64. Gianella S, Massanella M, Richman DD, Little SJ, Spina CA, Vargas MV, Lada SM, Daar ES, Dube MP, Haubrich RH, Morris SR, Smith DM. Cytomegalovirus replication in semen is associated with higher levels of proviral HIV DNA and CD4+ T cell activation during antiretroviral treatment. J Virol. 2014 Jul; 88(14):7818-27. PMID: 24789781; PMCID: PMC4097769.
    65. Mehta SR, Vinterbo SA, Little SJ. Ensuring privacy in the study of pathogen genetics. Lancet Infect Dis. 2014 Aug; 14(8):773-777. PMID: 24721230; PMCID: PMC4111774.
    66. Karris MY, Kao YT, Patel D, Dawson M, Woods SP, Vaida F, Spina C, Richman D, Little S, Smith DM. Predictors of virologic response in persons who start antiretroviral therapy during recent HIV infection. AIDS. 2014 Mar 27; 28(6):841-9. PMID: 24401640; PMCID: PMC4049563.
    67. Perry SB, Woollard J, Little S, Shroyer K. Relationships among measures of balance, gait, and community integration in people with brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2014 Mar-Apr; 29(2):117-24. PMID: 23474884.
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    68. Doyle KL, Morgan EE, Morris S, Smith DM, Little S, Iudicello JE, Blackstone K, Moore DJ, Grant I, Letendre SL, Woods SP. Real-world impact of neurocognitive deficits in acute and early HIV infection. J Neurovirol. 2013 Dec; 19(6):565-73. PMID: 24277439; PMCID: PMC3865175.
    69. Wagner GA, Pacold ME, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Caballero G, Chaillon A, Rudolph AE, Morris SR, Little SJ, Richman DD, Smith DM. Incidence and prevalence of intrasubtype HIV-1 dual infection in at-risk men in the United States. J Infect Dis. 2014 Apr 01; 209(7):1032-8. PMID: 24273040; PMCID: PMC3952674.
    70. Morris SR, Woods SP, Deutsch R, Little SJ, Wagner G, Morgan EE, Heaton RK, Letendre SL, Grant I, Smith DM. Dual-mixed HIV-1 coreceptor tropism and HIV-associated neurocognitive deficits. J Neurovirol. 2013 Oct; 19(5):488-94. PMID: 24078557; PMCID: PMC3921071.
    71. Chaillon A, Wagner GA, Hepler NL, Little SJ, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Caballero G, Pacold ME, Phung P, Wrin T, Richman DD, Wertheim JO, Smith DM. Dynamics of viral evolution and neutralizing antibody response after HIV-1 superinfection. J Virol. 2013 Dec; 87(23):12737-44. PMID: 24049166; PMCID: PMC3838120.
    72. Gianella S, Morris SR, Tatro E, Vargas MV, Haubrich RH, Daar ES, Dube MP, Richman DD, Little SJ, Smith DM. Virologic correlates of anti-CMV IgG levels in HIV-1-infected men. J Infect Dis. 2014 Feb 01; 209(3):452-6. PMID: 23964106; PMCID: PMC3883163.
    73. Massanella M, Singhania A, Beliakova-Bethell N, Pier R, Lada SM, White CH, Pérez-Santiago J, Blanco J, Richman DD, Little SJ, Woelk CH. Differential gene expression in HIV-infected individuals following ART. Antiviral Res. 2013 Nov; 100(2):420-8. PMID: 23933117; PMCID: PMC3899918.
    74. Pérez-Santiago J, Gianella S, Massanella M, Spina CA, Karris MY, Var SR, Patel D, Jordan PS, Young JA, Little SJ, Richman DD, Smith DM. Gut Lactobacillales are associated with higher CD4 and less microbial translocation during HIV infection. AIDS. 2013 Jul 31; 27(12):1921-31. PMID: 24180001; PMCID: PMC3816380.
    75. Hightower GK, May SJ, Pérez-Santiago J, Pacold ME, Wagner GA, Little SJ, Richman DD, Mehta SR, Smith DM, Pond SL. HIV-1 clade B pol evolution following primary infection. PLoS One. 2013; 8(6):e68188. PMID: 23840830; PMCID: PMC3695957.
    76. Morris SR, Smith DM, Little SJ, Gianella S. Reply to Mounzer and DiNubile. J Infect Dis. 2013 Aug 15; 208(4):711-2. PMID: 23667136; PMCID: PMC3719903.
    77. Wagner GA, Pacold ME, Vigil E, Caballero G, Morris SR, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Little SJ, Richman DD, Gianella S, Smith DM. Using ultradeep pyrosequencing to study HIV-1 coreceptor usage in primary and dual infection. J Infect Dis. 2013 Jul 15; 208(2):271-4. PMID: 23599311; PMCID: PMC3685231.
    78. Gianella S, Smith DM, Vargas MV, Little SJ, Richman DD, Daar ES, Dube MP, Zhang F, Ginocchio CC, Haubrich RH, Morris SR. Shedding of HIV and human herpesviruses in the semen of effectively treated HIV-1-infected men who have sex with men. Clin Infect Dis. 2013 Aug; 57(3):441-7. PMID: 23595831; PMCID: PMC3703105.
    79. Le T, Wright EJ, Smith DM, He W, Catano G, Okulicz JF, Young JA, Clark RA, Richman DD, Little SJ, Ahuja SK. Enhanced CD4+ T-cell recovery with earlier HIV-1 antiretroviral therapy. N Engl J Med. 2013 Jan 17; 368(3):218-30. PMID: 23323898; PMCID: PMC3657555.
    80. Gianella S, Morris SR, Anderson C, Spina CA, Vargas MV, Young JA, Richman DD, Little SJ, Smith DM. Herpes viruses and HIV-1 drug resistance mutations influence the virologic and immunologic milieu of the male genital tract. AIDS. 2013 Jan 02; 27(1):39-47. PMID: 22739399; PMCID: PMC3769229.
    81. Gianella S, Anderson CM, Vargas MV, Richman DD, Little SJ, Morris SR, Smith DM. Cytomegalovirus DNA in semen and blood is associated with higher levels of proviral HIV DNA. J Infect Dis. 2013 Mar 15; 207(6):898-902. PMID: 23275608; PMCID: PMC3571441.
    82. Weber E, Morgan EE, Iudicello JE, Blackstone K, Grant I, Ellis RJ, Letendre SL, Little S, Morris S, Smith DM, Moore DJ, Woods SP. Substance use is a risk factor for neurocognitive deficits and neuropsychiatric distress in acute and early HIV infection. J Neurovirol. 2013 Feb; 19(1):65-74. PMID: 23250704; PMCID: PMC3568179.
    83. Gianella S, Morris SR, Vargas MV, Young JA, Callahan B, Richman DD, Little SJ, Smith DM. Role of seminal shedding of herpesviruses in HIV Type 1 Transmission. J Infect Dis. 2013 Jan 15; 207(2):257-61. PMID: 23148284; PMCID: PMC3532824.
    84. Gianella S, Mehta SR, Strain MC, Young JA, Vargas MV, Little SJ, Richman DD, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Smith DM. Impact of seminal cytomegalovirus replication on HIV-1 dynamics between blood and semen. J Med Virol. 2012 Nov; 84(11):1703-9. PMID: 22997072; PMCID: PMC3472447.
    85. Gianella S, Mehta SR, Young JA, Vargas MV, Little SJ, Richman DD, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Smith DM. Sexual transmission of predicted CXCR4-tropic HIV-1 likely originating from the source partner's seminal cells. Virology. 2012 Dec 05; 434(1):2-4. PMID: 23040890; PMCID: PMC3485073.
    86. Hightower GK, Wong JK, Letendre SL, Umlauf AA, Ellis RJ, Ignacio CC, Heaton RK, Collier AC, Marra CM, Clifford DB, Gelman BB, McArthur JC, Morgello S, Simpson DM, McCutchan JA, Grant I, Little SJ, Richman DD, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Smith DM. Higher HIV-1 genetic diversity is associated with AIDS and neuropsychological impairment. Virology. 2012 Nov 25; 433(2):498-505. PMID: 22999095; PMCID: PMC3466337.
    87. Tukulula M, Little S, Gut J, Rosenthal PJ, Wan B, Franzblau SG, Chibale K. The design, synthesis, in silico ADME profiling, antiplasmodial and antimycobacterial evaluation of new arylamino quinoline derivatives. Eur J Med Chem. 2012 Nov; 57:259-67. PMID: 23064162.
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    88. Tilghman MW, May S, Pérez-Santiago J, Ignacio CC, Little SJ, Richman DD, Smith DM. A combined screening platform for HIV treatment failure and resistance. PLoS One. 2012; 7(4):e35401. PMID: 22563383; PMCID: PMC3338506.
    89. Mehta SR, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Young JA, Richman D, Little S, Smith DM. Associations between phylogenetic clustering and HLA profile among HIV-infected individuals in San Diego, California. J Infect Dis. 2012 May 15; 205(10):1529-33. PMID: 22448013; PMCID: PMC3415817.
    90. Karris MY, Anderson CM, Morris SR, Smith DM, Little SJ. Cost savings associated with testing of antibodies, antigens, and nucleic acids for diagnosis of acute HIV infection. J Clin Microbiol. 2012 Jun; 50(6):1874-8. PMID: 22442319; PMCID: PMC3372146.
    91. Pacold ME, Pond SL, Wagner GA, Delport W, Bourque DL, Richman DD, Little SJ, Smith DM. Clinical, virologic, and immunologic correlates of HIV-1 intraclade B dual infection among men who have sex with men. AIDS. 2012 Jan 14; 26(2):157-65. PMID: 22045341; PMCID: PMC3807679.
    92. Hogan CM, Degruttola V, Sun X, Fiscus SA, Del Rio C, Hare CB, Markowitz M, Connick E, Macatangay B, Tashima KT, Kallungal B, Camp R, Morton T, Daar ES, Little S. The setpoint study (ACTG A5217): effect of immediate versus deferred antiretroviral therapy on virologic set point in recently HIV-1-infected individuals. J Infect Dis. 2012 Jan 01; 205(1):87-96. PMID: 22180621; PMCID: PMC3242744.
    93. Gianella S, Strain MC, Rought SE, Vargas MV, Little SJ, Richman DD, Spina CA, Smith DM. Associations between virologic and immunologic dynamics in blood and in the male genital tract. J Virol. 2012 Feb; 86(3):1307-15. PMID: 22114342; PMCID: PMC3264378.
    94. Wertheim JO, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Little SJ, De Gruttola V. Using HIV transmission networks to investigate community effects in HIV prevention trials. PLoS One. 2011; 6(11):e27775. PMID: 22114692; PMCID: PMC3218056.
    95. Ghanem A, Little SJ, Drumright L, Liu L, Morris S, Garfein RS. High-risk behaviors associated with injection drug use among recently HIV-infected men who have sex with men in San Diego, CA. AIDS Behav. 2011 Oct; 15(7):1561-9. PMID: 21607643; PMCID: PMC4394837.
    96. Homann S, Smith D, Little S, Richman D, Guatelli J. Upregulation of BST-2/Tetherin by HIV infection in vivo. J Virol. 2011 Oct; 85(20):10659-68. PMID: 21849457; PMCID: PMC3187519.
    97. Hecht FM, Wellman R, Busch MP, Pilcher CD, Norris PJ, Margolick JB, Collier AC, Little SJ, Markowitz M, Routy JP, Holte S. Identifying the early post-HIV antibody seroconversion period. J Infect Dis. 2011 Aug 15; 204(4):526-33. PMID: 21791654; PMCID: PMC3144168.
    98. Morris SR, Little SJ. MSM: resurgent epidemics. Curr Opin HIV AIDS. 2011 Jul; 6(4):326-32. PMID: 21537172.
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    99. Gianella S, Delport W, Pacold ME, Young JA, Choi JY, Little SJ, Richman DD, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Smith DM. Detection of minority resistance during early HIV-1 infection: natural variation and spurious detection rather than transmission and evolution of multiple viral variants. J Virol. 2011 Aug; 85(16):8359-67. PMID: 21632754; PMCID: PMC3147985.
    100. Mehta SR, Nguyen VT, Osorio G, Little S, Smith DM. Evaluation of pooled rapid HIV antibody screening of patients admitted to a San Diego Hospital. J Virol Methods. 2011 Jun; 174(1-2):94-8. PMID: 21513744; PMCID: PMC3095723.
    101. Gorbach PM, Weiss RE, Jeffries R, Javanbakht M, Drumright LN, Daar ES, Little SJ. Behaviors of recently HIV-infected men who have sex with men in the year postdiagnosis: effects of drug use and partner types. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 Feb 01; 56(2):176-82. PMID: 21119524; PMCID: PMC3023009.
    102. Meditz AL, MaWhinney S, Allshouse A, Feser W, Markowitz M, Little S, Hecht R, Daar ES, Collier AC, Margolick J, Kilby JM, Routy JP, Conway B, Kaldor J, Levy J, Schooley R, Cooper DA, Altfeld M, Richman D, Connick E. Sex, race, and geographic region influence clinical outcomes following primary HIV-1 infection. J Infect Dis. 2011 Feb 15; 203(4):442-51. PMID: 21245157; PMCID: PMC3071223.
    103. Moore DJ, Letendre SL, Morris S, Umlauf A, Deutsch R, Smith DM, Little S, Rooney A, Franklin DR, Gouaux B, Leblanc S, Rosario D, Fennema-Notestine C, Heaton RK, Ellis RJ, Atkinson JH, Grant I. Neurocognitive functioning in acute or early HIV infection. J Neurovirol. 2011 Feb; 17(1):50-7. PMID: 21165782; PMCID: PMC3032208.
    104. The major genetic determinants of HIV-1 control affect HLA class I peptide presentation. Science. 2010 Dec 10; 330(6010):1551-7. PMID: 21051598; PMCID: PMC3235490.
    105. Pacold M, Smith D, Little S, Cheng PM, Jordan P, Ignacio C, Richman D, Pond SK. Comparison of methods to detect HIV dual infection. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2010 Dec; 26(12):1291-8. PMID: 20954840; PMCID: PMC3011997.
    106. Bell SK, Little SJ, Rosenberg ES. Clinical management of acute HIV infection: best practice remains unknown. J Infect Dis. 2010 Oct 15; 202 Suppl 2:S278-88. PMID: 20846034.
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    107. Smith D, Delport W, Butler D, Little S, Richman D, Pond SK. Response to Comment on "The Origins of Sexually Transmitted HIV Among Men Who Have Sex with Men" Sci Transl Med. 2010 Sep; 2(50):501r1. PMID: 21532938.
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    108. Morris SR, Little SJ, Cunningham T, Garfein RS, Richman DD, Smith DM. Evaluation of an HIV nucleic acid testing program with automated Internet and voicemail systems to deliver results. Ann Intern Med. 2010 Jun 15; 152(12):778-85. PMID: 20547906; PMCID: PMC2922925.
    109. Miura T, Brumme ZL, Brockman MA, Rosato P, Sela J, Brumme CJ, Pereyra F, Kaufmann DE, Trocha A, Block BL, Daar ES, Connick E, Jessen H, Kelleher AD, Rosenberg E, Markowitz M, Schafer K, Vaida F, Iwamoto A, Little S, Walker BD. Impaired replication capacity of acute/early viruses in persons who become HIV controllers. J Virol. 2010 Aug; 84(15):7581-91. PMID: 20504921; PMCID: PMC2897600.
    110. DeGruttola V, Smith DM, Little SJ, Miller V. Developing and evaluating comprehensive HIV infection control strategies: issues and challenges. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 May 15; 50 Suppl 3:S102-7. PMID: 20397937; PMCID: PMC2913596.
    111. Rosenberg ES, Graham BS, Chan ES, Bosch RJ, Stocker V, Maenza J, Markowitz M, Little S, Sax PE, Collier AC, Nabel G, Saindon S, Flynn T, Kuritzkes D, Barouch DH. Safety and immunogenicity of therapeutic DNA vaccination in individuals treated with antiretroviral therapy during acute/early HIV-1 infection. PLoS One. 2010 May 10; 5(5):e10555. PMID: 20479938; PMCID: PMC2866663.
    112. Markowitz M, Vaida F, Hare CB, Boden D, Mohri H, Hecht FM, Kalayjian RC, Conrad A, Mildvan D, Aberg J, Hogan C, Kilby JM, Balfour HH, Schafer K, Richman D, Little S. The virologic and immunologic effects of cyclosporine as an adjunct to antiretroviral therapy in patients treated during acute and early HIV-1 infection. J Infect Dis. 2010 May 01; 201(9):1298-302. PMID: 20235838; PMCID: PMC2851487.
    113. Butler DM, Delport W, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Lakdawala MK, Cheng PM, Little SJ, Richman DD, Smith DM. The origins of sexually transmitted HIV among men who have sex with men. Sci Transl Med. 2010 Feb 10; 2(18):18re1. PMID: 20371483; PMCID: PMC2945226.
    114. Woelk CH, Beliakova-Bethell N, Goicoechea M, Zhao Y, Du P, Rought SE, Lozach J, Pérez-Santiago J, Richman DD, Smith DM, Little SJ. Gene expression before HAART initiation predicts HIV-infected individuals at risk of poor CD4+ T-cell recovery. AIDS. 2010 Jan 16; 24(2):217-22. PMID: 19952713; PMCID: PMC2915828.
    115. Smith DM, May SJ, Pérez-Santiago J, Strain MC, Ignacio CC, Haubrich RH, Richman DD, Benson CA, Little SJ. The use of pooled viral load testing to identify antiretroviral treatment failure. AIDS. 2009 Oct 23; 23(16):2151-8. PMID: 19730348; PMCID: PMC2915784.
    116. Volberding P, Demeter L, Bosch RJ, Aga E, Pettinelli C, Hirsch M, Vogler M, Martinez A, Little S, Connick E. Antiretroviral therapy in acute and recent HIV infection: a prospective multicenter stratified trial of intentionally interrupted treatment. AIDS. 2009 Sep 24; 23(15):1987-95. PMID: 19696651; PMCID: PMC2888600.
    117. Little S, Sears W, Lachtara J, Bienzle D. Seroprevalence of feline leukemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus infection among cats in Canada. Can Vet J. 2009 Jun; 50(6):644-8. PMID: 19721785; PMCID: PMC2684053.
    118. Streeck H, Jolin JS, Qi Y, Yassine-Diab B, Johnson RC, Kwon DS, Addo MM, Brumme C, Routy JP, Little S, Jessen HK, Kelleher AD, Hecht FM, Sekaly RP, Rosenberg ES, Walker BD, Carrington M, Altfeld M. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1-specific CD8+ T-cell responses during primary infection are major determinants of the viral set point and loss of CD4+ T cells. J Virol. 2009 Aug; 83(15):7641-8. PMID: 19458000; PMCID: PMC2708622.
    119. Yukl S, Pillai S, Li P, Chang K, Pasutti W, Ahlgren C, Havlir D, Strain M, Günthard H, Richman D, Rice AP, Daar E, Little S, Wong JK. Latently-infected CD4+ T cells are enriched for HIV-1 Tat variants with impaired transactivation activity. Virology. 2009 Apr 25; 387(1):98-108. PMID: 19268337; PMCID: PMC4474533.
    120. Apuzzo LG, Vaida F, Gallant JE, Ernstrom KB, Little SJ, Routy JP, Collier AC, Conway B, Markowitz MH, Hecht FM, Walker BD, Connick E, Margolick JB. Tolerability and efficacy of PI versus NNRTI-based regimens in subjects receiving HAART during acute or early HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009 Mar 01; 50(3):267-75. PMID: 19194317; PMCID: PMC3115738.
    121. Smith DM, May SJ, Tweeten S, Drumright L, Pacold ME, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Pesano RL, Lie YS, Richman DD, Frost SD, Woelk CH, Little SJ. A public health model for the molecular surveillance of HIV transmission in San Diego, California. AIDS. 2009 Jan 14; 23(2):225-32. PMID: 19098493; PMCID: PMC2644048.
    122. DeGruttola V, Little S, Schooley R. Controlling the HIV epidemic, without a vaccine! AIDS. 2008 Nov 30; 22(18):2554-5. PMID: 19005285.
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    123. Precopio ML, Butterfield TR, Casazza JP, Little SJ, Richman DD, Koup RA, Roederer M. Optimizing peptide matrices for identifying T-cell antigens. Cytometry A. 2008 Nov; 73(11):1071-8. PMID: 18781655.
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    124. Butler DM, Smith DM, Cachay ER, Hightower GK, Nugent CT, Richman DD, Little SJ. Herpes simplex virus 2 serostatus and viral loads of HIV-1 in blood and semen as risk factors for HIV transmission among men who have sex with men. AIDS. 2008 Aug 20; 22(13):1667-71. PMID: 18670228; PMCID: PMC2653089.
    125. Liu L, May S, Richman DD, Hecht FM, Markowitz M, Daar ES, Routy JP, Margolick JB, Collier AC, Woelk CH, Little SJ, Smith DM. Comparison of algorithms that interpret genotypic HIV-1 drug resistance to determine the prevalence of transmitted drug resistance. AIDS. 2008 Apr 23; 22(7):835-9. PMID: 18427201; PMCID: PMC2716722.
    126. Gorbach PM, Drumright LN, Javanbakht M, Pond SL, Woelk CH, Daar ES, Little SJ. Antiretroviral drug resistance and risk behavior among recently HIV-infected men who have sex with men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008 Apr 15; 47(5):639-43. PMID: 18285715; PMCID: PMC4153748.
    127. Cachay ER, Frost SD, Poon AF, Looney D, Rostami SM, Pacold ME, Richman DD, Little SJ, Smith DM. Herpes simplex virus type 2 acquisition during recent HIV infection does not influence plasma HIV levels. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008 Apr 15; 47(5):592-6. PMID: 18197122; PMCID: PMC2630881.
    128. Ahuja SK, Kulkarni H, Catano G, Agan BK, Camargo JF, He W, O'Connell RJ, Marconi VC, Delmar J, Eron J, Clark RA, Frost S, Martin J, Ahuja SS, Deeks SG, Little S, Richman D, Hecht FM, Dolan MJ. CCL3L1-CCR5 genotype influences durability of immune recovery during antiretroviral therapy of HIV-1-infected individuals. Nat Med. 2008 Apr; 14(4):413-20. PMID: 18376407; PMCID: PMC2630879.
    129. Little SJ, Frost SD, Wong JK, Smith DM, Pond SL, Ignacio CC, Parkin NT, Petropoulos CJ, Richman DD. Persistence of transmitted drug resistance among subjects with primary human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Virol. 2008 Jun; 82(11):5510-8. PMID: 18353964; PMCID: PMC2395184.
    130. Koelsch KK, Liu L, Haubrich R, May S, Havlir D, Günthard HF, Ignacio CC, Campos-Soto P, Little SJ, Shafer R, Robbins GK, D'Aquila RT, Kawano Y, Young K, Dao P, Spina CA, Richman DD, Wong JK. Dynamics of total, linear nonintegrated, and integrated HIV-1 DNA in vivo and in vitro. J Infect Dis. 2008 Feb 01; 197(3):411-9. PMID: 18248304.
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    131. Cellerai C, Little SJ, Loes SK. Treatment of acute HIV-1 infection: are we getting there? Curr Opin HIV AIDS. 2008 Jan; 3(1):67-74. PMID: 19372946.
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    132. Drumright LN, Gorbach PM, Little SJ, Strathdee SA. Associations between substance use, erectile dysfunction medication and recent HIV infection among men who have sex with men. AIDS Behav. 2009 Apr; 13(2):328-36. PMID: 18064558.
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    133. Musonda CC, Little S, Yardley V, Chibale K. Application of multicomponent reactions to antimalarial drug discovery. Part 3: discovery of aminoxazole 4-aminoquinolines with potent antiplasmodial activity in vitro. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2007 Sep 01; 17(17):4733-6. PMID: 17644333.
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    134. Smith DM, Wong JK, Shao H, Hightower GK, Mai SH, Moreno JM, Ignacio CC, Frost SD, Richman DD, Little SJ. Long-term persistence of transmitted HIV drug resistance in male genital tract secretions: implications for secondary transmission. J Infect Dis. 2007 Aug 01; 196(3):356-60. PMID: 17597449.
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    135. Drumright LN, Strathdee SA, Little SJ, Araneta MR, Slymen DJ, Malcarne VL, Daar ES, Gorbach PM. Unprotected anal intercourse and substance use before and after HIV diagnosis among recently HIV-infected men who have sex with men. Sex Transm Dis. 2007 Jun; 34(6):401-7. PMID: 17091117.
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    136. Streeck H, Lichterfeld M, Alter G, Meier A, Teigen N, Yassine-Diab B, Sidhu HK, Little S, Kelleher A, Routy JP, Rosenberg ES, Sekaly RP, Walker BD, Altfeld M. Recognition of a defined region within p24 gag by CD8+ T cells during primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection in individuals expressing protective HLA class I alleles. J Virol. 2007 Jul; 81(14):7725-31. PMID: 17494064; PMCID: PMC1933382.
    137. Cachay ER, Frost SD, Richman DD, Smith DM, Little SJ. Herpes simplex virus type 2 infection does not influence viral dynamics during early HIV-1 infection. J Infect Dis. 2007 May 01; 195(9):1270-7. PMID: 17396995.
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    138. Smith D, Moini N, Pesano R, Cachay E, Aiem H, Lie Y, Richman D, Little S. Clinical utility of HIV standard genotyping among antiretroviral-naive individuals with unknown duration of infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Feb 01; 44(3):456-8. PMID: 17205459.
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    139. Smith DM, Drumright LN, Frost SD, Cheng WS, Espitia S, Daar ES, Little SJ, Gorbach PM. Characteristics of recently HIV-infected men who use the Internet to find male sex partners and sexual practices with those partners. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Dec 15; 43(5):582-7. PMID: 17019370.
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    140. Drumright LN, Little SJ, Strathdee SA, Slymen DJ, Araneta MR, Malcarne VL, Daar ES, Gorbach PM. Unprotected anal intercourse and substance use among men who have sex with men with recent HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Nov 01; 43(3):344-50. PMID: 16980913.
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    141. Barbour JD, Hecht FM, Little SJ, Markowitz M, Daar ES, Kelleher AD, Routy JP, Campbell TB, Rosenberg ES, Segal MR, Weidler J, Grant RM. Greater CD4 T-cell gains after one year of antiretroviral therapy are associated with lower HIV-1 pol replication capacity. AIDS. 2006 Oct 24; 20(16):2123-5. PMID: 17053362.
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    142. Smith DM, Strain MC, Frost SD, Pillai SK, Wong JK, Wrin T, Liu Y, Petropolous CJ, Daar ES, Little SJ, Richman DD. Lack of neutralizing antibody response to HIV-1 predisposes to superinfection. Virology. 2006 Nov 10; 355(1):1-5. PMID: 16962152.
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    143. Hecht FM, Wang L, Collier A, Little S, Markowitz M, Margolick J, Kilby JM, Daar E, Conway B, Holte S. A multicenter observational study of the potential benefits of initiating combination antiretroviral therapy during acute HIV infection. J Infect Dis. 2006 Sep 15; 194(6):725-33. PMID: 16941337.
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    144. Gorbach PM, Drumright LN, Daar ES, Little SJ. Transmission behaviors of recently HIV-infected men who have sex with men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 May; 42(1):80-5. PMID: 16763494.
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    145. Yuste E, Sanford HB, Carmody J, Bixby J, Little S, Zwick MB, Greenough T, Burton DR, Richman DD, Desrosiers RC, Johnson WE. Simian immunodeficiency virus engrafted with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-specific epitopes: replication, neutralization, and survey of HIV-1-positive plasma. J Virol. 2006 Mar; 80(6):3030-41. PMID: 16501112; PMCID: PMC1395451.
    146. Frost SD, Wrin T, Smith DM, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Liu Y, Paxinos E, Chappey C, Galovich J, Beauchaine J, Petropoulos CJ, Little SJ, Richman DD. Neutralizing antibody responses drive the evolution of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope during recent HIV infection. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Dec 20; 102(51):18514-9. PMID: 16339909; PMCID: PMC1310509.
    147. Smith DM, Wong JK, Hightower GK, Ignacio CC, Koelsch KK, Petropoulos CJ, Richman DD, Little SJ. HIV drug resistance acquired through superinfection. AIDS. 2005 Aug 12; 19(12):1251-6. PMID: 16052079.
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    148. Little SJ, Smith DM. HIV treatment decisions and transmitted drug resistance. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Jul 15; 41(2):233-5. PMID: 15983921.
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    149. Smith DM, Richman DD, Little SJ. HIV superinfection. J Infect Dis. 2005 Aug 01; 192(3):438-44. PMID: 15995957.
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    150. Frost SD, Liu Y, Pond SL, Chappey C, Wrin T, Petropoulos CJ, Little SJ, Richman DD. Characterization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope variation and neutralizing antibody responses during transmission of HIV-1 subtype B. J Virol. 2005 May; 79(10):6523-7. PMID: 15858036; PMCID: PMC1091710.
    151. Strain MC, Little SJ, Daar ES, Havlir DV, Gunthard HF, Lam RY, Daly OA, Nguyen J, Ignacio CC, Spina CA, Richman DD, Wong JK. Effect of treatment, during primary infection, on establishment and clearance of cellular reservoirs of HIV-1. J Infect Dis. 2005 May 01; 191(9):1410-8. PMID: 15809898.
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    152. Yang OO, Daar ES, Jamieson BD, Balamurugan A, Smith DM, Pitt JA, Petropoulos CJ, Richman DD, Little SJ, Brown AJ. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 clade B superinfection: evidence for differential immune containment of distinct clade B strains. J Virol. 2005 Jan; 79(2):860-8. PMID: 15613314; PMCID: PMC538553.
    153. Dong T, Stewart-Jones G, Chen N, Easterbrook P, Xu X, Papagno L, Appay V, Weekes M, Conlon C, Spina C, Little S, Screaton G, van der Merwe A, Richman DD, McMichael AJ, Jones EY, Rowland-Jones SL. HIV-specific cytotoxic T cells from long-term survivors select a unique T cell receptor. J Exp Med. 2004 Dec 20; 200(12):1547-57. PMID: 15596521; PMCID: PMC2212004.
    154. Smith DM, Wong JK, Hightower GK, Ignacio CC, Koelsch KK, Daar ES, Richman DD, Little SJ. Incidence of HIV superinfection following primary infection. JAMA. 2004 Sep 08; 292(10):1177-8. PMID: 15353529.
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    155. Smith DM, Kingery JD, Wong JK, Ignacio CC, Richman DD, Little SJ. The prostate as a reservoir for HIV-1. AIDS. 2004 Jul 23; 18(11):1600-2. PMID: 15238781.
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    156. Leigh Brown AJ, Frost SD, Good B, Daar ES, Simon V, Markowitz M, Collier AC, Connick E, Conway B, Margolick JB, Routy JP, Corbeil J, Hellmann NS, Richman DD, Little SJ. Genetic basis of hypersusceptibility to protease inhibitors and low replicative capacity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 strains in primary infection. J Virol. 2004 Mar; 78(5):2242-6. PMID: 14963120; PMCID: PMC369210.
    157. Papagno L, Spina CA, Marchant A, Salio M, Rufer N, Little S, Dong T, Chesney G, Waters A, Easterbrook P, Dunbar PR, Shepherd D, Cerundolo V, Emery V, Griffiths P, Conlon C, McMichael AJ, Richman DD, Rowland-Jones SL, Appay V. Immune activation and CD8+ T-cell differentiation towards senescence in HIV-1 infection. PLoS Biol. 2004 Feb; 2(2):E20. PMID: 14966528; PMCID: PMC340937.
    158. Richman DD, Little SJ, Smith DM, Wrin T, Petropoulos C, Wong JK. HIV evolution and escape. Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc. 2004; 115:289-303. PMID: 17060974; PMCID: PMC2263778.
    159. Zaunders JJ, Moutouh-de Parseval L, Kitada S, Reed JC, Rought S, Genini D, Leoni L, Kelleher A, Cooper DA, Smith DE, Grey P, Estaquier J, Little S, Richman DD, Corbeil J. Polyclonal proliferation and apoptosis of CCR5+ T lymphocytes during primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection: regulation by interleukin (IL)-2, IL-15, and Bcl-2. J Infect Dis. 2003 Jun 01; 187(11):1735-47. PMID: 12751031.
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    160. Koelsch KK, Smith DM, Little SJ, Ignacio CC, Macaranas TR, Brown AJ, Petropoulos CJ, Richman DD, Wong JK. Clade B HIV-1 superinfection with wild-type virus after primary infection with drug-resistant clade B virus. AIDS. 2003 May 02; 17(7):F11-6. PMID: 12700477.
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    161. Richman DD, Wrin T, Little SJ, Petropoulos CJ. Rapid evolution of the neutralizing antibody response to HIV type 1 infection. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Apr 01; 100(7):4144-9. PMID: 12644702; PMCID: PMC153062.
    162. Leigh Brown AJ, Frost SD, Mathews WC, Dawson K, Hellmann NS, Daar ES, Richman DD, Little SJ. Transmission fitness of drug-resistant human immunodeficiency virus and the prevalence of resistance in the antiretroviral-treated population. J Infect Dis. 2003 Feb 15; 187(4):683-6. PMID: 12599087.
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    163. Little SJ, Holte S, Routy JP, Daar ES, Markowitz M, Collier AC, Koup RA, Mellors JW, Connick E, Conway B, Kilby M, Wang L, Whitcomb JM, Hellmann NS, Richman DD. Antiretroviral-drug resistance among patients recently infected with HIV. N Engl J Med. 2002 Aug 08; 347(6):385-94. PMID: 12167680.
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    164. Appay V, Dunbar PR, Callan M, Klenerman P, Gillespie GM, Papagno L, Ogg GS, King A, Lechner F, Spina CA, Little S, Havlir DV, Richman DD, Gruener N, Pape G, Waters A, Easterbrook P, Salio M, Cerundolo V, McMichael AJ, Rowland-Jones SL. Memory CD8+ T cells vary in differentiation phenotype in different persistent virus infections. Nat Med. 2002 Apr; 8(4):379-85. PMID: 11927944.
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    165. Appay V, Papagno L, Spina CA, Hansasuta P, King A, Jones L, Ogg GS, Little S, McMichael AJ, Richman DD, Rowland-Jones SL. Dynamics of T cell responses in HIV infection. J Immunol. 2002 Apr 01; 168(7):3660-6. PMID: 11907132.
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    166. Little SJ. Transmission and prevalence of HIV resistance among treatment-naive subjects. Antivir Ther. 2000 Mar; 5(1):33-40. PMID: 10846591.
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    167. Little SJ, McLean AR, Spina CA, Richman DD, Havlir DV. Viral dynamics of acute HIV-1 infection. J Exp Med. 1999 Sep 20; 190(6):841-50. PMID: 10499922; PMCID: PMC2195636.
    168. Little SJ, Daar ES, D'Aquila RT, Keiser PH, Connick E, Whitcomb JM, Hellmann NS, Petropoulos CJ, Sutton L, Pitt JA, Rosenberg ES, Koup RA, Walker BD, Richman DD. Reduced antiretroviral drug susceptibility among patients with primary HIV infection. JAMA. 1999 Sep 22-29; 282(12):1142-9. PMID: 10501117.
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