Michael Levy

Title(s)Professor Of Clinical, Neurological Surgery
SchoolVc-health Sciences-schools
Address9500 Gilman Drive #
La Jolla CA 92093
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    Dr. Michael L. Levy, Professor and Head of the Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, is a pioneer in minimally invasive intracranial surgery. A highly respected surgeon, researcher, and teacher, he is recognized as one of the leading authorities on endoscopic, image-guided, and 3D assisted surgery in the United States. In his clinics and surgeries at RCHSD, he specializes in the care of children with tumors and vascular malformations of the brain, with a particular emphasis on intraventricular lesions and the use of minimally invasive technology to minimize pain and scarring. He is certified by the American Board of Neurological Surgery as well as the American Board of Pediatric Neurological Surgery. Dr. Levy has extensive experience in performing complex surgical approaches for brain tumors, congenital malformations, and vascular abnormalities of the brain. Dr. Levy was a tenured professor at the University of Southern California, Children’s Hospital of Los Angeles from 1993 until 2003. There, he pioneered in a number of minimally invasive surgical techniques for intracranial surgery including the use of virtual endoscopes and the use of head-mounted-displays to allow for 3D imaging during endoscopic procedures. He was the first surgeon at CHLA to use these techniques for general neurosurgical procedures. In his research at USC, Dr. Levy investigated the development of tumor vaccines for the treatment of metastatic tumors to the brain via toxin mediation of inhibitory G-proteins. He studies the surgical results and costs of traditional versus novel minimally invasive surgical procedures, assesses the effects of minimally invasive procedures on the patient, and develops new techniques for virtual, robotic, and endoscopic surgery. The development of Charitable relationships with neurosurgical Departments throughout the world is another of Dr. Levy’s special interests. He has developed exchange programs in Lima, Peru, Kiev, Ukraine, Managua, Nicaragua, and Mbarara, Uganda. This has allowed for the provision and integration of new medical technology at these institutions, bringing the latest medical expertise to corners of the world where it was not available before.

    Specialties: Minimally invasive surgery, 3D and Robotic endoscopic surgery, pediatric brain tumors, pediatric vascular malformations, and pediatric developmental anomalies.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Prognostic factors in diffuse leptomeningeal glioneuronal tumor (DLGNT): a systematic review. Childs Nerv Syst. 2022 09; 38(9):1663-1673. Wisniewski K, Brandel MG, Gonda DD, Crawford JR, Levy ML. PMID: 35867118.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Maturation of the internal auditory canal and posterior petrous bone with relevance to lateral and posterolateral skull base approaches. Sci Rep. 2022 03 03; 12(1):3489. Rennert RC, Brandel MG, Steinberg JA, Friedman RA, Couldwell WT, Fukushima T, Day JD, Khalessi AA, Levy ML. PMID: 35241717; PMCID: PMC8894491.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Maturation of the sella turcica and parasellar region: Surgical relevance for anterior skull base approaches in pediatric patients. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2022 04; 215:107168. Rennert RC, Brandel MG, Steinberg JA, Nation J, Couldwell WT, Fukushima T, Day JD, Khalessi AA, Levy ML. PMID: 35247690.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Retraction Note: Tumor necrosis factor overcomes immune evasion in p53-mutant medulloblastoma. Nat Neurosci. 2022 01; 25(1):127. Garancher A, Suzuki H, Haricharan S, Chau LQ, Masihi MB, Rusert JM, Norris PS, Carrette F, Romero MM, Morrissy SA, Skowron P, Cavalli FMG, Farooq H, Ramaswamy V, Jones SJM, Moore RA, Mungall AJ, Ma Y, Thiessen N, Li Y, Morcavallo A, Qi L, Kogiso M, Du Y, Baxter P, Henderson JJ, Crawford JR, Levy ML, Olson JM, Cho YJ, Deshpande AJ, Li XN, Chesler L, Marra MA, Wajant H, Becher OJ, Bradley LM, Ware CF, Taylor MD, Wechsler-Reya RJ. PMID: 34907396; PMCID: PMC8787865.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    5. Brachial Plexus Injuries. StatPearls. 2022. Luo TD, Levy ML, Li Z. View Publication.
    6. Pediatric Cerebral Aneurysm. StatPearls. 2022. Levy ML, Levy DM, Manna B. View Publication.
    7. Microsurgical Resection of a Giant Posterior Fossa Aneurysmal Malformation in a 21-Month-Old. World Neurosurg. 2022 02; 158:165. Rennert RC, Kang KM, Santiago-Dieppa DR, Steinberg JA, Pannell JS, Olson SE, Levy ML. PMID: 34844006.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    8. Atypical Giant Suprasellar Prolactinoma Presenting With Visual Field Changes in the Absence of Symptoms of Hyperprolactinemia. Cureus. 2021 Nov; 13(11):e19632. Sun S, Mo JQ, Levy ML, Crawford J. PMID: 34926083; PMCID: PMC8673687.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    9. Just Stick a Scope in: Laparoscopic Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Placement in the Pediatric Reoperative Abdomen. J Surg Res. 2022 01; 269:212-217. Sykes AG, Sisson WB, Gonda DD, Kling KM, Ignacio RC, Thangarajah H, Bickler SW, Levy ML, Lazar DA. PMID: 34600330.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Maturation of the anterior petrous apex: surgical relevance for performance of the middle fossa transpetrosal approach in pediatric patients. J Neurosurg. 2021 Sep 17; 1-7. Rennert RC, Brandel MG, Steinberg JA, Gonda DD, Friedman RA, Fukushima T, Day JD, Khalessi AA, Levy ML. PMID: 34534955.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    11. Optimizing international neurosurgical outreach missions: 15-year appraisal of operative skill transfer in Lima, Peru. Surg Neurol Int. 2021; 12:425. Jandial R, Narang P, Brun JD, Levy ML. PMID: 34513188; PMCID: PMC8422466.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    12. Palliative endoscopic third ventriculostomy for pediatric primary brain tumors: a single-institution case series. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2021 Aug 06; 28(4):387-394. Rennert RC, Brandel MG, Srinivas S, Prajapati D, Al Jammal OM, Brown NJ, Diaz-Aguilar LD, Elster J, Gonda DD, Crawford JR, Levy ML. PMID: 34359046.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Three-Dimensional Modeling of Complex Pediatric Intracranial Aneurysmal Malformations With a Virtual Reality System. Simul Healthc. 2021 Aug 01; 16(4):295-300. Yan EG, Rennert RC, Levy DM, Levy ML. PMID: 32890320.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Influence of Pediatric Endoscopic Endonasal Skull Base Resections on Midface and Skull Base Development. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2021; 56(4):345-356. Oviedo P, Zamora S, Vinocur D, Levy ML, Nation J. PMID: 34010830.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Clinical and Neuroimaging Features of Magnetic Resonance-Guided Stereotactic Laser Ablation for Newly Diagnosed and Recurrent Pediatric Brain Tumors: A Single Institutional Series. World Neurosurg. 2021 06; 150:e378-e387. Pehlivan KC, Khanna PC, Elster JD, Paul MR, Levy ML, Crawford JR, Gonda DD. PMID: 33722713.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Rare case of BRAF V600E mutant anaplastic pleomorphic xanthroastrocytoma in a 5-year survivor of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. BMJ Case Rep. 2021 Feb 26; 14(2). Yang JH, Tucker SM, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 33637515; PMCID: PMC7919580.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Surgical Relevance of Pediatric Anterior Clinoid Process Maturation for Anterior Skull Base Approaches. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2021 02 16; 20(3):E200-E207. Rennert RC, Brandel MG, Steinberg JA, Martin JR, Gonda DD, Fukushima T, Day JD, Khalessi AA, Levy ML. PMID: 33372959.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Pediatric Nasal Chondromesenchymal Tumors: Case Report and Review of the Literature. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2021; 56(1):61-66. Schaerer D, Nation J, Rennert RC, DeConde A, Levy ML. PMID: 33571989; PMCID: PMC7969402.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Unusual case of occipital lobe dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumour with GNAi1-BRAF fusion. BMJ Case Rep. 2021 Jan 27; 14(1). Yang JH, Malicki DM, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 33504544; PMCID: PMC7843307.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Arteriovenous malformation surgery in children: the Rady Children's Hospital experience (2002-2019). Childs Nerv Syst. 2021 04; 37(4):1267-1277. Steinberg JA, Brandel MG, Kang KM, Rennert RC, Pannell JS, Olson SE, Gonda DD, Khalessi AA, Levy ML. PMID: 33404725.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Robot-assisted stereotactic biopsy of pediatric brainstem and thalamic lesions. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2020 Dec 25; 27(3):317-324. Gupta M, Chan TM, Santiago-Dieppa DR, Yekula A, Sanchez CE, Elster JD, Crawford JR, Levy ML, Gonda DD. PMID: 33361479.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Improving Pediatric Neuro-Oncology Survival Disparities in the United States-Mexico Border Region: A Cross-Border Initiative Between San Diego, California, and Tijuana, Mexico. JCO Glob Oncol. 2020 11; 6:1791-1802. Aristizabal P, Burns LP, Kumar NV, Perdomo BP, Rivera-Gomez R, Ornelas MA, Gonda D, Malicki D, Thornburg CD, Roberts W, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 33216645; PMCID: PMC7713516.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Functional Precision Medicine Identifies New Therapeutic Candidates for Medulloblastoma. Cancer Res. 2020 12 01; 80(23):5393-5407. Rusert JM, Juarez EF, Brabetz S, Jensen J, Garancher A, Chau LQ, Tacheva-Grigorova SK, Wahab S, Udaka YT, Finlay D, Seker-Cin H, Reardon B, Gröbner S, Serrano J, Ecker J, Qi L, Kogiso M, Du Y, Baxter PA, Henderson JJ, Berens ME, Vuori K, Milde T, Cho YJ, Li XN, Olson JM, Reyes I, Snuderl M, Wong TC, Dimmock DP, Nahas SA, Malicki D, Crawford JR, Levy ML, Van Allen EM, Pfister SM, Tamayo P, Kool M, Mesirov JP, Wechsler-Reya RJ. PMID: 33046443; PMCID: PMC7718387.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    24. Commentary: What Variables Correlate With Different Clinical Outcomes of Abusive Head Injury? Neurosurgery. 2020 09 15; 87(4):E497. Rennert RC, Levy ML. PMID: 32374846.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Low-grade glioneuronal tumour with novel molecular features associated with unusual partial epilepsy in a child. BMJ Case Rep. 2020 Sep 07; 13(9). Lo YY, Malicki DM, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 32900747; PMCID: PMC7478008.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Middle fossa approach for a pediatric facial nerve meningioma. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2020 Aug 28; 26(5):578-582. Rennert RC, Levy DM, Plonsker J, Steinberg JA, Friedman RA, Crawford JR, Levy ML. PMID: 32858509.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    27. A Paramedian Supracerebellar, Infratentorial Approach for Resection of Midbrain Tumor. World Neurosurg. 2020 11; 143:83. Steinberg JA, Rennert RC, Brandel MG, Levy ML. PMID: 32652277.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Atypical central neurocytoma with aggressive features in a child. BMJ Case Rep. 2020 Jun 21; 13(6). Sun S, Malicki DM, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 32565441; PMCID: PMC7307550.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Commentary: Microsurgical Resection of Brain Stem Ependymoma: 2-Dimensional Operative Video. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2020 06 01; 18(6):E242. Rennert RC, Levy ML. PMID: 31690933.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Tumor necrosis factor overcomes immune evasion in p53-mutant medulloblastoma. Nat Neurosci. 2020 07; 23(7):842-853. Garancher A, Suzuki H, Haricharan S, Chau LQ, Masihi MB, Rusert JM, Norris PS, Carrette F, Romero MM, Morrissy SA, Skowron P, Cavalli FMG, Farooq H, Ramaswamy V, Jones SJM, Moore RA, Mungall AJ, Ma Y, Thiessen N, Li Y, Morcavallo A, Qi L, Kogiso M, Du Y, Baxter P, Henderson JJ, Crawford JR, Levy ML, Olson JM, Cho YJ, Deshpande AJ, Li XN, Chesler L, Marra MA, Wajant H, Becher OJ, Bradley LM, Ware CF, Taylor MD, Wechsler-Reya RJ. PMID: 32424282; PMCID: PMC7456619.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    31. Unusual extradural chordoma in an adolescent presenting with lumbar radiculopathy. BMJ Case Rep. 2020 Apr 06; 13(4). Chau L, Malicki DM, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 32265215; PMCID: PMC7244276.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Magnetic resonance-guided stereotactic laser ablation therapy for the treatment of pediatric brain tumors: a multiinstitutional retrospective study. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2020 Mar 27; 26(1):13-21. Arocho-Quinones EV, Lew SM, Handler MH, Tovar-Spinoza Z, Smyth M, Bollo R, Donahue D, Perry MS, Levy ML, Gonda D, Mangano FT, Storm PB, Price AV, Couture DE, Oluigbo C, Duhaime AC, Barnett GH, Muh CR, Sather MD, Fallah A, Wang AC, Bhatia S, Patel K, Tarima S, Graber S, Huckins S, Hafez DM, Rumalla K, Bailey L, Shandley S, Roach A, Alexander E, Jenkins W, Tsering D, Price G, Meola A, Evanoff W, Thompson EM, Brandmeir N, Pediatric Stereotactic Laser Ablation Workgroup. PMID: 32217793; PMCID: PMC7885863.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    33. Novel cavernous sinus TSC2/JAK3 mutant hemangioendothelioma in a teenager. BMJ Case Rep. 2020 Mar 18; 13(3). Sun S, Shayan K, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 32193183; PMCID: PMC7101000.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Rare gain of chromosome 5 in a supratentorial hemispheric paediatric pilomyxoid astrocytoma. BMJ Case Rep. 2020 Mar 17; 13(3). Pehlivan KC, Malicki DM, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 32188622; PMCID: PMC7078678.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    35. TPM3-NTRK1 fusion in a pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma presenting with haemorrhage in a child. BMJ Case Rep. 2020 Mar 12; 13(3). Pehlivan KC, Malicki DM, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 32169993; PMCID: PMC7069298.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Keyhole Microsurgical Middle Fossa Arachnoid Cyst Fenestration: 2-Dimensional Operative Video. World Neurosurg. 2020 05; 137:93. Rennert RC, Levy DM, Steinberg JA, Levy ML. PMID: 32035207.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Histology of the vertebral artery-dural junction: relevance to posterolateral approaches to the skull base. J Neurosurg. 2019 Nov 22; 1-6. Rennert RC, Powers MP, Steinberg JA, Fukushima T, Day JD, Khalessi AA, Levy ML. PMID: 31756706.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    38. Brain cell type-specific enhancer-promoter interactome maps and disease-risk association. Science. 2019 11 29; 366(6469):1134-1139. Nott A, Holtman IR, Coufal NG, Schlachetzki JCM, Yu M, Hu R, Han CZ, Pena M, Xiao J, Wu Y, Keulen Z, Pasillas MP, O'Connor C, Nickl CK, Schafer ST, Shen Z, Rissman RA, Brewer JB, Gosselin D, Gonda DD, Levy ML, Rosenfeld MG, McVicker G, Gage FH, Ren B, Glass CK. PMID: 31727856; PMCID: PMC7028213.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 140     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    39. Biallelic loss of GNAS in a patient with pediatric medulloblastoma. Cold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud. 2019 10; 5(5). Tokita MJ, Nahas S, Briggs B, Malicki DM, Mesirov JP, Reyes IAC, Farnaes L, Levy ML, Kingsmore SF, Dimmock D, Crawford JR, Wechsler-Reya RJ. PMID: 31624069; PMCID: PMC6824258.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Pediatric Intracavernous Sinus Lesions: A Single Institutional Surgical Case Series and Review of the Literature. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2019 10 01; 17(4):354-364. Hoshide R, Rennert RC, Calayag M, Gonda D, Meltzer H, Crawford JR, Levy ML. PMID: 30924500.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Phase I/II Study of Safety and Preliminary Efficacy of Intravenous Allogeneic Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Chronic Stroke. Stroke. 2019 10; 50(10):2835-2841. Levy ML, Crawford JR, Dib N, Verkh L, Tankovich N, Cramer SC. PMID: 31495331.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 54     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    42. Obstructive Hydrocephalus. N Engl J Med. 2019 Aug 01; 381(5):e10. Santiago-Dieppa DR, Levy ML. PMID: 31365804.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Delayed Radiation-Induced Stroke Mimics Recurrent Tumor in an Adolescent With Remote History of Low-Grade Brainstem Glioma. Pediatr Neurol. 2019 09; 98:87-88. Chau LQ, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 31300179.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    44. Surgical relevance of pediatric skull base maturation for the far-lateral and extreme-lateral infrajugular transcondylar-transtubercular exposure approaches. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2019 04 26; 24(1):85-91. Rennert RC, Hoshide R, Brandel MG, Steinberg JA, Martin JR, Meltzer HS, Gonda DD, Fukushima T, Khalessi AA, Levy ML. PMID: 31026824.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. BB Gunshot Wound to the Head. J Pediatr. 2019 Jul; 210:237. Santiago-Dieppa DR, Brandel MG, Levy ML, Gonda DD. PMID: 30857772.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Unusual KRAS missense mutation (p.E63K) in patient with juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma of the tectum. BMJ Case Rep. 2019 Feb 22; 12(2). Chau LQ, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 30798277; PMCID: PMC6441274.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Approaching the Sella through the Nonpneumatized Sphenoid in Pediatric Patients. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2020 Feb; 81(1):56-61. Oviedo P, Levy ML, Nation J. PMID: 32021750; PMCID: PMC6996996.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    48. Atypical anaplastic astrocytoma with unique molecular features and diffuse leptomeningeal spread in a child with long-term survival. BMJ Case Rep. 2019 Feb 13; 12(2). Aghajan Y, Malicki DM, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 30765449; PMCID: PMC6381959.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Unusual high-grade and low-grade glioma in an infant with PPP1CB-ALK gene fusion. BMJ Case Rep. 2019 Feb 01; 12(2). Ng A, Levy ML, Malicki DM, Crawford JR. PMID: 30709888; PMCID: PMC6366798.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Atypical central neurocytoma with novel EWSR1-ATF1 fusion and MUTYH mutation detected by next-generation sequencing. BMJ Case Rep. 2019 Jan 14; 12(1). Aghajan Y, Malicki DM, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 30642852; PMCID: PMC6340561.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Levator palpebrae superioris nuclear palsy in a child with artery of Percheron infarction. BMJ Case Rep. 2018 Dec 17; 11(1). Chau LQ, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 30567285; PMCID: PMC6301444.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. A novel KIF5B-ALK fusion in a child with an atypical central nervous system inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour. BMJ Case Rep. 2018 Oct 21; 2018. Maruggi M, Malicki DM, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 30344149; PMCID: PMC6202968.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    53. Extended middle fossa approach to lateralized pontine cavernomas in children. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2018 04; 21(4):384-388. Rennert RC, Hoshide R, Calayag M, Kemp J, Gonda DD, Meltzer HS, Fukushima T, Day JD, Levy ML. PMID: 29393814.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Robot-assisted endoscopic third ventriculostomy: institutional experience in 9 patients. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2017 Aug; 20(2):125-133. Hoshide R, Calayag M, Meltzer H, Levy ML, Gonda D. PMID: 28598265.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. An environment-dependent transcriptional network specifies human microglia identity. Science. 2017 06 23; 356(6344). Gosselin D, Skola D, Coufal NG, Holtman IR, Schlachetzki JCM, Sajti E, Jaeger BN, O'Connor C, Fitzpatrick C, Pasillas MP, Pena M, Adair A, Gonda DD, Levy ML, Ransohoff RM, Gage FH, Glass CK. PMID: 28546318; PMCID: PMC5858585.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 353     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    56. Medulloblastoma With Extensive Nodularity: Tailored Therapy in a Low-resource Setting. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2017 05; 39(4):299-301. Aristizabal P, Burns L, Rivera-Gomez R, Levy ML, Roberts W, Crawford JR. PMID: 28267079.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Spontaneous aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage in a child with multiply recurrent posterior fossa juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma. BMJ Case Rep. 2016 Dec 07; 2016. Chen DY, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 27927709; PMCID: PMC5174828.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Disseminated pilomyxoid astrocytoma in infancy with novel MUTYH mutation. BMJ Case Rep. 2016 Oct 26; 2016. Aghajan Y, Levy ML, Newbury RO, Crawford JR. PMID: 27797849; PMCID: PMC5093343.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Intraspinal Pathology Associated With Pediatric Scoliosis: A Ten-year Review Analyzing the Effect of Neurosurgery on Scoliosis Curve Progression. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Oct 15; 41(20):1600-1605. Jankowski PP, Bastrom T, Ciacci JD, Yaszay B, Levy ML, Newton PO. PMID: 26967125.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Acute brainstem haemorrhage as a presenting feature of high-grade glioma. BMJ Case Rep. 2016 Sep 22; 2016. Aghajan Y, Levy ML, Mo JQ, Crawford JR. PMID: 27659914; PMCID: PMC5051393.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    61. Novel PPP1CB-ALK fusion protein in a high-grade glioma of infancy. BMJ Case Rep. 2016 Aug 16; 2016. Aghajan Y, Levy ML, Malicki DM, Crawford JR. PMID: 27530886; PMCID: PMC5015163.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. Sphenoid wing dysplasia and plexiform neurofibroma in neurofibromatosis type 1. ANZ J Surg. 2018 07; 88(7-8):E615-E616. Rennert RC, Scott Pannell J, Levy ML, Khalessi AA. PMID: 27061833.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. HDAC and PI3K Antagonists Cooperate to Inhibit Growth of MYC-Driven Medulloblastoma. Cancer Cell. 2016 Mar 14; 29(3):311-323. Pei Y, Liu KW, Wang J, Garancher A, Tao R, Esparza LA, Maier DL, Udaka YT, Murad N, Morrissy S, Seker-Cin H, Brabetz S, Qi L, Kogiso M, Schubert S, Olson JM, Cho YJ, Li XN, Crawford JR, Levy ML, Kool M, Pfister SM, Taylor MD, Wechsler-Reya RJ. PMID: 26977882; PMCID: PMC4794752.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 111     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    64. PI-3K Inhibitors Preferentially Target CD15+ Cancer Stem Cell Population in SHH Driven Medulloblastoma. PLoS One. 2016; 11(3):e0150836. Singh AR, Joshi S, Zulcic M, Alcaraz M, Garlich JR, Morales GA, Cho YJ, Bao L, Levy ML, Newbury R, Malicki D, Messer K, Crawford J, Durden DL. PMID: 26938241; PMCID: PMC4777592.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    65. Benign pineal cyst lined with normal choroid plexus mimicking tumour in a young girl with exotropia. BMJ Case Rep. 2016 Jan 25; 2016. Yang Y, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 26811416; PMCID: PMC4735152.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    66. Medulloblastoma with myogenic differentiation: a rare medulloblastoma variant in a young child. BMJ Case Rep. 2015 Aug 21; 2015. Crawford JR, Levy ML. PMID: 26297773; PMCID: PMC4550922.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    67. Atypical Teratoid Rhabdoid Tumor in a Teenager with Unusual Infiltration Into the Jugular Foramen. World Neurosurg. 2015 Dec; 84(6):2075.e13-6. Udaka YT, Yoon JM, Malicki DM, Khanna PC, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 26187115.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    68. Delayed Diagnosis of Enhancing Posterior Fossa Tumors Mimicking the Tela Choroidea of the Fourth Ventricle. World Neurosurg. 2015 Sep; 84(3):865.e1-5. Gabel BC, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 25839397.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    69. Pituitary tumor apoplexy in adolescents. World Neurosurg. 2015 Apr; 83(4):644-51. Jankowski PP, Crawford JR, Khanna P, Malicki DM, Ciacci JD, Levy ML. PMID: 25527883.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    70. Giant pericallosal lipoma associated with intractable epilepsy in a child. BMJ Case Rep. 2014 Oct 27; 2014. Rao K, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 25349185; PMCID: PMC4212198.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    71. Thermal properties of contemporary bipolar systems using infrared imaging. World Neurosurg. 2015 Mar; 83(3):376-81. Keshavarzi S, Bolour A, Yarbrough C, Mendez K, Behrouzi B, Kasasbeh AS, Levy ML. PMID: 25463420.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    72. Giant suprasellar arachnoid cyst presenting with precocious puberty. BMJ Case Rep. 2014 Aug 19; 2014. Rao K, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 25139925; PMCID: PMC4139543.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    73. A diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma in a neonate diagnosed by MRI. BMJ Case Rep. 2014 Jan 21; 2014. Gabel BC, Yoon J, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 24448472; PMCID: PMC3902521.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    74. Targeting sonic hedgehog-associated medulloblastoma through inhibition of Aurora and Polo-like kinases. Cancer Res. 2013 Oct 15; 73(20):6310-22. Markant SL, Esparza LA, Sun J, Barton KL, McCoig LM, Grant GA, Crawford JR, Levy ML, Northcott PA, Shih D, Remke M, Taylor MD, Wechsler-Reya RJ. PMID: 24067506; PMCID: PMC3800039.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    75. Ring-enhancing pontine lesion in a young boy. BMJ Case Rep. 2013 Sep 13; 2013. Gabel BC, Levy ML, Yoon J, Crawford JR. PMID: 24038297; PMCID: PMC3794280.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    76. Giant cerebellopontine angle schwannoma in a child. BMJ Case Rep. 2013 Sep 10; 2013. Gabel BC, Newbury RO, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 24022908; PMCID: PMC3794284.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    77. Giant intracranial calcification associated with new onset focal seizure. BMJ Case Rep. 2013 Sep 07; 2013. Jankowski PP, Malicki DM, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 24014584; PMCID: PMC3794114.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    78. Spontaneous subdural haemorrhage in a child with bilateral middle cranial fossa arachnoid cysts. BMJ Case Rep. 2013 Aug 28; 2013. Patel RA, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 23986129; PMCID: PMC3762428.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    79. Lobar haemorrhagic mass in a young girl with neurofibromatosis type 1. BMJ Case Rep. 2013 Aug 23; 2013. Ceponiene R, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 23975924; PMCID: PMC3762434.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    80. Post-traumatic basal ganglia haemorrhage in a child with primary central nervous system lymphoma. BMJ Case Rep. 2013 Jul 31; 2013. Jankowski PP, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 23904430; PMCID: PMC3736561.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    81. Complications associated with prolonged hypertonic saline therapy in children with elevated intracranial pressure. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2013 Jul; 14(6):610-20. Gonda DD, Meltzer HS, Crawford JR, Hilfiker ML, Shellington DK, Peterson BM, Levy ML. PMID: 23823197.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    82. An unusual posterior fossa tumour in a young child. BMJ Case Rep. 2013 Jun 26; 2013. Crawford JR, Newbury RO, Levy ML. PMID: 23814125; PMCID: PMC3702922.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    83. Delayed presentation of diencephalic syndrome associated with leptomeningeal dissemination in a child. BMJ Case Rep. 2013 Jun 16; 2013. Crawford JR, Shayan K, Levy ML. PMID: 23774711; PMCID: PMC3703014.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    84. Simultaneous Moyamoya disease and cervical spinal cord low-grade astrocytoma in a child with neurofibromatosis type 1. BMJ Case Rep. 2013 May 08; 2013. Gold JJ, Dory CE, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 23661665; PMCID: PMC3669951.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    85. Giant plexiform neurofibroma causing asymptomatic cervical spinal cord compression in a child with neurofibromatosis type 1. BMJ Case Rep. 2013 Apr 25; 2013. Gold JJ, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 23625679; PMCID: PMC3645840.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    86. Strategic design for pediatric neurosurgery missions across the Western Hemisphere. Surg Neurol Int. 2013; 4:62. Hambrecht A, Duenas MJ, Hahn EJ, Aryan HE, Hughes SA, Waters D, Levy ML, Jandial R. PMID: 23772332; PMCID: PMC3681000.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3  
    87. Chicken embryonic brain: an in vivo model for verifying neural stem cell potency. J Neurosurg. 2013 Aug; 119(2):512-9. Kharazi A, Levy ML, Visperas MC, Lin CM. PMID: 23451907.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    88. Recurrent pediatric central nervous system low-grade gliomas: the role of surveillance neuroimaging in asymptomatic children. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2013 Feb; 11(2):119-26. Udaka YT, Yeh-Nayre LA, Amene CS, VandenBerg SR, Levy ML, Crawford JR. PMID: 23157391.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    89. Nonsyndromic craniosynostosis: the Rady Children's Hospital approach. J Craniofac Surg. 2012 Nov; 23(7 Suppl 1):2061-5. Wong RK, Emelin JK, Meltzer HS, Levy ML, Cohen SR. PMID: 23154350.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    90. Subgroup-specific structural variation across 1,000 medulloblastoma genomes. Nature. 2012 Aug 02; 488(7409):49-56. Northcott PA, Shih DJ, Peacock J, Garzia L, Morrissy AS, Zichner T, Stütz AM, Korshunov A, Reimand J, Schumacher SE, Beroukhim R, Ellison DW, Marshall CR, Lionel AC, Mack S, Dubuc A, Yao Y, Ramaswamy V, Luu B, Rolider A, Cavalli FM, Wang X, Remke M, Wu X, Chiu RY, Chu A, Chuah E, Corbett RD, Hoad GR, Jackman SD, Li Y, Lo A, Mungall KL, Nip KM, Qian JQ, Raymond AG, Thiessen NT, Varhol RJ, Birol I, Moore RA, Mungall AJ, Holt R, Kawauchi D, Roussel MF, Kool M, Jones DT, Witt H, Fernandez-L A, Kenney AM, Wechsler-Reya RJ, Dirks P, Aviv T, Grajkowska WA, Perek-Polnik M, Haberler CC, Delattre O, Reynaud SS, Doz FF, Pernet-Fattet SS, Cho BK, Kim SK, Wang KC, Scheurlen W, Eberhart CG, Fèvre-Montange M, Jouvet A, Pollack IF, Fan X, Muraszko KM, Gillespie GY, Di Rocco C, Massimi L, Michiels EM, Kloosterhof NK, French PJ, Kros JM, Olson JM, Ellenbogen RG, Zitterbart K, Kren L, Thompson RC, Cooper MK, Lach B, McLendon RE, Bigner DD, Fontebasso A, Albrecht S, Jabado N, Lindsey JC, Bailey S, Gupta N, Weiss WA, Bognár L, Klekner A, Van Meter TE, Kumabe T, Tominaga T, Elbabaa SK, Leonard JR, Rubin JB, Liau LM, Van Meir EG, Fouladi M, Nakamura H, Cinalli G, Garami M, Hauser P, Saad AG, Iolascon A, Jung S, Carlotti CG, Vibhakar R, Ra YS, Robinson S, Zollo M, Faria CC, Chan JA, Levy ML, Sorensen PH, Meyerson M, Pomeroy SL, Cho YJ, Bader GD, Tabori U, Hawkins CE, Bouffet E, Scherer SW, Rutka JT, Malkin D, Clifford SC, Jones SJ, Korbel JO, Pfister SM, Marra MA, Taylor MD. PMID: 22832581; PMCID: PMC3683624.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 399     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    91. Pediatric neurosurgery outreach: sustainability appraisal of a targeted teaching model in Kiev, Ukraine. J Surg Educ. 2012 Sep-Oct; 69(5):611-6. Levy ML, Duenas VJ, Hambrecht AC, Hahn EJ, Aryan HE, Jandial R. PMID: 22910158.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    92. Bidirectional microevnironmental cues between neoplastic and stromal cells drive metastasis formation and efficiency. Neurosurgery. 2012 Apr; 70(4):N12-3. Jandial R, Anderson A, Choy C, Levy ML. PMID: 22426052.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    93. Human oocytes reprogram somatic cells to a pluripotent state. World Neurosurg. 2012 Jan; 77(1):9-11. Smith RD, Reeves A, Azeez A, Levy ML. PMID: 22120211.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    94. Craniofacial reconstruction as a treatment for elevated intracranial pressure. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012 Mar; 28(3):411-8. Baird LC, Gonda D, Cohen SR, Evers LH, LeFloch N, Levy ML, Meltzer HS. PMID: 22068642.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    95. Concussions in soccer: a current understanding. World Neurosurg. 2012 Nov; 78(5):535-44. Levy ML, Kasasbeh AS, Baird LC, Amene C, Skeen J, Marshall L. PMID: 22120567.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    96. Over-the-catheter retrieval of a retained microcatheter following Onyx embolization: a technical report. J Neurointerv Surg. 2012 Jul; 4(4):e13. Newman CB, Park MS, Kerber CW, Levy ML, Barr JD, Pakbaz RS. PMID: 21990504.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    97. Mortality resulting from head injury in professional boxing. Neurosurgery. 2010 Nov; 67(5):1444-50; discussion 1450. Baird LC, Newman CB, Volk H, Svinth JR, Conklin J, Levy ML. PMID: 20948404.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    98. The risk of growing skull fractures in craniofacial patients. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2010; 46(3):193-8. Keshavarzi S, Meltzer H, Cohen SR, Breithaupt A, Ben-Haim S, Newman CB, Levy ML. PMID: 20962552.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    99. Mortality resulting from head injury in professional boxing: case report. Neurosurgery. 2010 08; 67(2):E519-20. Baird LC, Newman CB, Volk H, Svinth JR, Conklin J, Levy ML. PMID: 20644386.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    100. Vagus nerve stimulation therapy in patients with autism spectrum disorder and intractable epilepsy: results from the vagus nerve stimulation therapy patient outcome registry. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2010 Jun; 5(6):595-602. Levy ML, Levy KM, Hoff D, Amar AP, Park MS, Conklin JM, Baird L, Apuzzo ML. PMID: 20515333.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    101. Acne epidemiology and pathophysiology. Semin Cutan Med Surg. 2010 Jun; 29(2 Suppl 1):2-4. Friedlander SF, Eichenfield LF, Fowler JF, Fried RG, Levy ML, Webster GF. PMID: 20610306.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    102. Diagnosis and evaluation of acne. Semin Cutan Med Surg. 2010 Jun; 29(2 Suppl 1):5-8. Eichenfield LF, Fowler JF, Friedlander SF, Levy ML, Webster GF. PMID: 20610307.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    103. Perspectives on therapeutic options for acne: an update. Semin Cutan Med Surg. 2010 Jun; 29(2 Suppl 1):13-6. Eichenfield LF, Fowler JF, Fried RG, Friedlander SF, Levy ML, Webster GF. PMID: 20610309.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    104. Maria Auxiliadora Hospital in Lima, Peru as a model for neurosurgical outreach to international charity hospitals. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011 Jan; 27(1):145-8. Hayden MG, Hughes S, Hahn EJ, Aryan HE, Levy ML, Jandial R. PMID: 20490509; PMCID: PMC3015176.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    105. Stem cell origin of brain tumors. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2010; 671:58-66. Waters D, Newman B, Levy ML. PMID: 20455495.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    106. Exploitation of genetically modified neural stem cells for neurological disease. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2010; 671:74-92. Ho AL, Keshavarzi S, Levy ML. PMID: 20455497.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    107. A nine-year-old boy with temporal lobe enhancing mass. Neuropathology. 2009 Dec; 29(6):744-7. Keshavarzi S, Ben-Haim S, Malicki D, Shayan K, Volk H, Levy ML. PMID: 19737361.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    108. Variations of endoscopic and open repair of metopic craniosynostosis. J Craniofac Surg. 2009 Sep; 20(5):1439-44. Keshavarzi S, Hayden MG, Ben-Haim S, Meltzer HS, Cohen SR, Levy ML. PMID: 19816275.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    109. Initial clinical experience with frameless optically guided stereotactic radiosurgery/radiotherapy in pediatric patients. Childs Nerv Syst. 2009 Jul; 25(7):837-44. Keshavarzi S, Meltzer H, Ben-Haim S, Newman CB, Lawson JD, Levy ML, Murphy K. PMID: 19326128; PMCID: PMC2691523.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    110. Biomechanical aspects of sports-related head injuries. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2009 Feb; 20(1):29-38, vii. Park MS, Levy ML. PMID: 19084761.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    111. Stem cells and the origin of gliomas: A historical reappraisal with molecular advancements. Stem Cells Cloning. 2009 Jan 20; 1:41-7. Levy ML, Ho AL, Hughes S, Menon J, Jandial R. PMID: 24198504; PMCID: PMC3781686.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    112. Femoral facial syndrome: a case report with coexistent hydrocephaly. Clin Dysmorphol. 2008 Oct; 17(4):259-63. Ho AL, Lefloch N, Levy ML, Bird LM. PMID: 18978654.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    113. Nonsyndromic craniosynostosis: current treatment options. Plast Surg Nurs. 2008 Apr-Jun; 28(2):79-91. Cohen SR, Pryor L, Mittermiller PA, Meltzer HS, Levy ML, Broder KW, Ozgur BM. PMID: 18562899.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    114. Biomechanical aspects of sports-related head injuries. Neurol Clin. 2008 Feb; 26(1):33-43; vii. Park MS, Levy ML. PMID: 18295082.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    115. Robotic virtual endoscopy: development of a multidirectional rigid endoscope. Neurosurgery. 2008 Feb; 62 Suppl 2:599-606. Levy ML, Nguyen A, Aryan H, Jandial R, Meltzer HS, Apuzzo ML. PMID: 18596445.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    116. Brain tumor stem cells and the tumor microenvironmen. Neurosurg Focus. 2008; 24(3-4):E27. Jandial R, U H, Levy ML, Snyder EY. PMID: 18341404.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    117. Evolution of the human brain: changing brain size and the fossil record. Neurosurgery. 2007 Mar; 60(3):555-62; discussion 562. Park MS, Nguyen AD, Aryan HE, U HS, Levy ML, Semendeferi K. PMID: 17327801.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    118. Emotional and psychological impact of delayed craniosynostosis repair. Childs Nerv Syst. 2006 Dec; 22(12):1619-23. Ozgur BM, Aryan HE, Ibrahim D, Soliman MA, Meltzer HS, Cohen SR, Levy ML. PMID: 16830166.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    119. The pathophysiologic mechanism of cerebellar mutism. Surg Neurol. 2006 Jul; 66(1):18-25. Ozgur BM, Berberian J, Aryan HE, Meltzer HS, Levy ML. PMID: 16793430.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    120. Robotic virtual endoscopy: development of a multidirectional rigid endoscope. Neurosurgery. 2006 Jul; 59(1 Suppl 1):ONS134-41; discussion ONS134-41. Levy ML, Nguyen A, Aryan H, Jandial R, Meltzer HS, Apuzzo ML. PMID: 16888544.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    121. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy. J Clin Neurosci. 2006 Aug; 13(7):763-70. Farin A, Aryan HE, Ozgur BM, Parsa AT, Levy ML. PMID: 16730178.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    122. Aneurysms in children: review of 15 years experience. J Clin Neurosci. 2006 Feb; 13(2):188-92. Aryan HE, Giannotta SL, Fukushima T, Park MS, Ozgur BM, Levy ML. PMID: 16446095.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    123. Indirect revascularisation for paediatric moyamoya disease: the EDAMS technique. J Clin Neurosci. 2006 Jan; 13(1):105-8. Ozgur BM, Aryan HE, Levy ML. PMID: 16410206.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    124. Complications of interhemispheric transcallosal approach in children: review of 15 years experience. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2006 Dec; 108(8):790-3. Aryan HE, Ozgur BM, Jandial R, Levy ML. PMID: 16325995.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    125. Multidirectional projectional rigid neuro-endoscopy: prototype and initial experience. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2005 Oct; 48(5):293-6. Aryan HE, Hoeg HD, Marshall LF, Levy ML. PMID: 16320192.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    126. Gunshot wounds to the spine in adolescents. Neurosurgery. 2005 Oct; 57(4):748-52; discussion 748-52. Aryan HE, Amar AP, Ozgur BM, Levy ML. PMID: 16239887.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    127. Intradural cranial congenital dermal sinuses: diagnosis and management. Childs Nerv Syst. 2006 Mar; 22(3):243-7; discussion 248. Aryan HE, Jandial R, Farin A, Chen JC, Granville R, Levy ML. PMID: 16193349.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    128. Microsurgical keyhole middle fossa arachnoid cyst fenestration. J Clin Neurosci. 2005 Sep; 12(7):804-6. Ozgur BM, Aryan HE, Levy ML. PMID: 16198919.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    129. Retinal hemorrhage and pediatric brain injury: etiology and review of the literature. J Clin Neurosci. 2005 Aug; 12(6):624-31. Aryan HE, Ghosheh FR, Jandial R, Levy ML. PMID: 16115547.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    130. Gunshot wounds to the head: gang- and non-gang-related injuries and outcomes. Brain Inj. 2005 Jul; 19(7):505-10. Aryan HE, Jandial R, Bennett RL, Masri LS, Lavine SD, Levy ML. PMID: 16134738.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    131. Subfrontal transbasal approach and technique for resection of craniopharyngioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jun 15; 18(6A):E10. Aryan HE, Ozgur BM, Jandial R, Levy ML. PMID: 16048286.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    132. Gel-based surgical preparation resulting in an operating room fire during a neurosurgical procedure: case report. J Neurosurg. 2005 Apr; 102(3 Suppl):347-9. Meltzer HS, Granville R, Aryan HE, Aryan HA, Billman G, Bennett R, Levy ML. PMID: 15881765.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    133. Surgical correction of metopic synostosis. Childs Nerv Syst. 2005 May; 21(5):392-8. Aryan HE, Jandial R, Ozgur BM, Hughes SA, Meltzer HS, Park MS, Levy ML. PMID: 15714353.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    134. The science of shrinking human heads: tribal warfare and revenge among the South American Jivaro-Shuar. Neurosurgery. 2004 Nov; 55(5):1215-21. Jandial R, Hughes SA, Aryan HE, Marshall LF, Levy ML. PMID: 15509329.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    135. Initial experience with antibiotic-impregnated silicone catheters for shunting of cerebrospinal fluid in children. Childs Nerv Syst. 2005 Jan; 21(1):56-61. Aryan HE, Meltzer HS, Park MS, Bennett RL, Jandial R, Levy ML. PMID: 15480705.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    136. Management of pilocytic astrocytoma with diffuse leptomeningeal spread: two cases and review of the literature. Childs Nerv Syst. 2005 Jun; 21(6):477-81. Aryan HE, Meltzer HS, Lu DC, Ozgur BM, Levy ML, Bruce DA. PMID: 15378329.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    137. Effect of vagus nerve stimulator magnet on programmable shunt settings. Neurosurgery. 2004 Sep; 55(3):627-9; discussion 629-30. Jandial R, Aryan HE, Hughes SA, Levy ML. PMID: 15335429.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    138. Analysis and evolution of head injury in football. Neurosurgery. 2004 Sep; 55(3):649-55. Levy ML, Ozgur BM, Berry C, Aryan HE, Apuzzo ML. PMID: 15335432.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    139. Birth and evolution of the football helmet. Neurosurgery. 2004 Sep; 55(3):656-61; discussion 661-2. Levy ML, Ozgur BM, Berry C, Aryan HE, Apuzzo ML. PMID: 15335433.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    140. Deep venous thrombosis in children and adolescents. J Neurosurg. 2004 Aug; 101(1 Suppl):32-7. Levy ML, Granville RC, Hart D, Meltzer H. PMID: 16206969.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    141. Hydrocephalus in children with middle fossa arachnoid cysts. J Neurosurg. 2004 Aug; 101(1 Suppl):25-31. Levy ML, Meltzer HS, Hughes S, Aryan HE, Yoo K, Amar AP. PMID: 16206968.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    142. Leptomeningeal cyst development after endoscopic craniosynostosis repair: case report. Neurosurgery. 2004 Jul; 55(1):235-7; discussion 237-8. Aryan HE, Meltzer HS, Gerras GG, Jandial R, Levy ML. PMID: 15214995.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    143. Fronto-orbital and cranial osteotomies with resorbable fixation using an endoscopic approach. Clin Plast Surg. 2004 Jul; 31(3):429-42, vi. Cohen SR, Holmes RE, Ozgur BM, Meltzer HS, Levy ML. PMID: 15219750.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    144. Vertebral body granuloma of the cervical region after pencil injury. Neurosurgery. 2004 Jun; 54(6):1527-9; discussion 1529-30. Meltzer HS, Kim PJ, Ozgur BM, Levy ML. PMID: 15157313.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    145. A neuroforensic analysis of the wounds of President John F. Kennedy: Part 2--A study of the available evidence, eyewitness correlations, analysis, and conclusions. Neurosurgery. 2004 Jun; 54(6):1298-310; discussion 1311-2. Levy ML, Sullivan D, Faccio R, Grossman RG. PMID: 15157287.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    146. Craniofacial reconstruction with a fast resorbing polymer: a 6- to 12-month clinical follow-up review. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Mar 15; 16(3):E12. Cohen SR, Holmes RE, Meltzer HS, Levy ML, Beckett MZ. PMID: 15198500.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    147. Bacterial adhesion to surfactant-modified silicone surfaces. Neurosurgery. 2004 Feb; 54(2):488-90; discussion 490-1. Levy ML, Luu T, Meltzer HS, Bennett R, Bruce DA. PMID: 14744295.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    148. Hypothalamic ganglioglioma treated by temporal lobectomy. Case report and review of the literature. J Neurosurg. 2004 Feb; 100(2 Suppl Pediatrics):217-9. Aryan HE, Meltzer HS, Levy ML, Szkandera BJ, Bruce DA. PMID: 14758954.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    149. Microsurgical keyhole approach for middle fossa arachnoid cyst fenestration. Neurosurgery. 2003 Nov; 53(5):1138-44; discussion 1144-5. Levy ML, Wang M, Aryan HE, Yoo K, Meltzer H. PMID: 14580280.
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    150. Neonatal subgaleal hematoma causing brain compression: report of two cases and review of the literature. Neurosurgery. 2003 Jun; 52(6):1470-4; discussion 1474. Amar AP, Aryan HE, Meltzer HS, Levy ML. PMID: 12762894.
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    151. Correction of large (>25 cm(2)) cranial defects with "reinforced" hydroxyapatite cement: technique and complications. Neurosurgery. 2003 Apr; 52(4):842-5; discussion 845. Durham SR, McComb JG, Levy ML. PMID: 12657179.
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    152. Use of elemental iodine for shunt infection prophylaxis. Neurosurgery. 2003 Apr; 52(4):908-12; discussion 912-3. Choi S, McComb JG, Levy ML, Gonzalez-Gomez I, Bayston R. PMID: 12657188.
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