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    Jeffrey Schwimmer

    TitleProfessor Of Clinical
    SchoolUniversity of California, San Diego
    DepartmentPediatrics
    Address200 W. Arbor Drive #8450
    CA San Diego 92103
    Phone858-966-8907
    vCardDownload vCard

      Collapse Research 
      Collapse Research Activities and Funding
      Development of MR-based biomarker panels for NAFLD - A NASH CRN Ancillary Study
      NIH/NIDDK R56DK090350Sep 30, 2010 - Aug 31, 2013
      Role: Principal Investigator
      Adipose and Fatty Liver in the Metabolic Syndrome
      NIH/NIDDK R21DK071486May 1, 2005 - Apr 30, 2008
      Role: Principal Investigator

      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Wattacheril J, Lavine JE, Chalasani NP, Guo X, Kwon S, Schwimmer J, Molleston JP, Loomba R, Brunt EM, Chen YI, Goodarzi MO, Taylor KD, Yates KP, Tonascia J, Rotter JI. Genome-Wide Associations Related to Hepatic Histology in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Hispanic Boys. J Pediatr. 2017 Sep 14. PMID: 28918882.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Osier E, Wang AS, Tollefson MM, Cordoro KM, Daniels SR, Eichenfield A, Gelfand JM, Gottlieb AB, Kimball AB, Lebwohl M, Mehta NN, Paller AS, Schwimmer J, Styne DM, Van Voorhees AS, Tom WL, Eichenfield LF. Pediatric Psoriasis Comorbidity Screening Guidelines. JAMA Dermatol. 2017 Jul 01; 153(7):698-704. PMID: 28514463.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Mamidipalli A, Hamilton G, Manning P, Hong CW, Park CC, Wolfson T, Hooker J, Heba E, Schlein A, Gamst A, Durelle J, Paiz M, Middleton MS, Schwimmer J, Sirlin CB. Cross-sectional correlation between hepatic R2* and proton density fat fraction (PDFF) in children with hepatic steatosis. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2017 May 25. PMID: 28543915.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Schwimmer J, Behling C, Angeles JE, Paiz M, Durelle J, Africa J, Newton KP, Brunt EM, Lavine JE, Abrams SH, Masand P, Krishnamurthy R, Wong K, Ehman RL, Yin M, Glaser KJ, Dzyubak B, Wolfson T, Gamst AC, Hooker J, Haufe W, Schlein A, Hamilton G, Middleton MS, Sirlin CB. Magnetic Resonance Elastography Measured Shear Stiffness as a Biomarker of Fibrosis in Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Hepatology. 2017 May 11. PMID: 28493388.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Newton KP, Feldman HS, Chambers CD, Wilson L, Behling C, Clark JM, Molleston JP, Chalasani N, Sanyal AJ, Fishbein MH, Lavine JE, Schwimmer J. Low and High Birth Weights Are Risk Factors for Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Children. J Pediatr. 2017 Aug; 187:141-146.e1. PMID: 28366357.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Haufe WM, Wolfson T, Hooker CA, Hooker JC, Covarrubias Y, Schlein AN, Hamilton G, Middleton MS, Angeles JE, Hernando D, Reeder SB, Schwimmer J, Sirlin CB. Accuracy of PDFF estimation by magnitude-based and complex-based MRI in children with MR spectroscopy as a reference. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2017 Mar 21. PMID: 28323377.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Manning P, Murphy P, Wang K, Hooker J, Wolfson T, Middleton MS, Newton KP, Behling C, Awai HI, Durelle J, Paiz MN, Angeles JE, De La Pena D, McCutchan JA, Schwimmer J, Sirlin CB. Liver histology and diffusion-weighted MRI in children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: A MAGNET study. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2017 Oct; 46(4):1149-1158. PMID: 28225568.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Vos MB, Abrams SH, Barlow SE, Caprio S, Daniels SR, Kohli R, Mouzaki M, Sathya P, Schwimmer J, Sundaram SS, Xanthakos SA. NASPGHAN Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Children: Recommendations from the Expert Committee on NAFLD (ECON) and the North American Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (NASPGHAN). J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017 02; 64(2):319-334. PMID: 28107283.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Yu NY, Wolfson T, Middleton MS, Hamilton G, Gamst A, Angeles JE, Schwimmer J, Sirlin CB. Bone marrow fat content is correlated with hepatic fat content in paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Clin Radiol. 2017 May; 72(5):425.e9-425.e14. PMID: 28063601.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Remigio-Baker RA, Allison MA, Forbang NI, Loomba R, Anderson CAM, Budoff M, Schwimmer J, Blumenthal RS, Ouyang P, Criqui MH. Race/ethnic and sex disparities in the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease-abdominal aortic calcification association: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis. 2017 Mar; 258:89-96. PMID: 28235711.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Newton KP, Hou J, Crimmins NA, Lavine JE, Barlow SE, Xanthakos SA, Africa J, Behling C, Donithan M, Clark JM, Schwimmer J. Prevalence of Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes in Children With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. JAMA Pediatr. 2016 Oct 03; 170(10):e161971. PMID: 27478956.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Schwimmer J, Lavine JE, Wilson LA, Neuschwander-Tetri BA, Xanthakos SA, Kohli R, Barlow SE, Vos MB, Karpen SJ, Molleston JP, Whitington PF, Rosenthal P, Jain AK, Murray KF, Brunt EM, Kleiner DE, Van Natta ML, Clark JM, Tonascia J, Doo E. In Children With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Cysteamine Bitartrate Delayed Release Improves Liver Enzymes but Does Not Reduce Disease Activity Scores. Gastroenterology. 2016 Dec; 151(6):1141-1154.e9. PMID: 27569726.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Africa JA, Newton KP, Schwimmer J. Lifestyle Interventions Including Nutrition, Exercise, and Supplements for Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Children. Dig Dis Sci. 2016 May; 61(5):1375-86. PMID: 27041377; PMCID: PMC4848041 [Available on 05/01/17].
      14. Nobili V, Alisi A, Newton KP, Schwimmer J. Comparison of the Phenotype and Approach to Pediatric vs Adult Patients With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Gastroenterology. 2016 Jun; 150(8):1798-810. PMID: 27003600; PMCID: PMC4887388 [Available on 06/01/17].
      15. Schwimmer J. Clinical advances in pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Hepatology. 2016 May; 63(5):1718-25. PMID: 27100147; PMCID: PMC4843821 [Available on 05/01/17].
      16. Kohli R, Sunduram S, Mouzaki M, Ali S, Sathya P, Abrams S, Xanthakos SA, Vos M, Schwimmer J. Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Report from the Expert Committee on Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (ECON). J Pediatr. 2016 May; 172:9-13. PMID: 26749112; PMCID: PMC4846502 [Available on 05/01/17].
      17. Goyal NP, Schwimmer J. The Progression and Natural History of Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Clin Liver Dis. 2016 May; 20(2):325-38. PMID: 27063272; PMCID: PMC4829737 [Available on 05/01/17].
      18. Achmad E, Yokoo T, Hamilton G, Heba ER, Hooker JC, Changchien C, Schroeder M, Wolfson T, Gamst A, Schwimmer J, Lavine JE, Sirlin CB, Middleton MS. Feasibility of and agreement between MR imaging and spectroscopic estimation of hepatic proton density fat fraction in children with known or suspected nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Abdom Imaging. 2015 Oct; 40(8):3084-90. PMID: 26205992; PMCID: PMC4630122 [Available on 10/01/16].
      19. Tyagi A, Yeganeh O, Levin Y, Hooker JC, Hamilton GC, Wolfson T, Gamst A, Zand AK, Heba E, Loomba R, Schwimmer J, Middleton MS, Sirlin CB. Intra- and inter-examination repeatability of magnetic resonance spectroscopy, magnitude-based MRI, and complex-based MRI for estimation of hepatic proton density fat fraction in overweight and obese children and adults. Abdom Imaging. 2015 Oct; 40(8):3070-7. PMID: 26350282; PMCID: PMC4819976.
      20. Saab S, Manne V, Nieto J, Schwimmer J, Chalasani NP. Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Latinos. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016 Jan; 14(1):5-12; quiz e9-10. PMID: 25976180.
        View in: PubMed
      21. Xanthakos SA, Schwimmer J. Paediatric gastroenterology. On a knife-edge--weight-loss surgery for NAFLD in adolescents. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2015 Jun; 12(6):316-8. PMID: 25869913; PMCID: PMC4620919.
      22. Zand KA, Shah A, Heba E, Wolfson T, Hamilton G, Lam J, Chen J, Hooker JC, Gamst AC, Middleton MS, Schwimmer J, Sirlin CB. Accuracy of multiecho magnitude-based MRI (M-MRI) for estimation of hepatic proton density fat fraction (PDFF) in children. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2015 Nov; 42(5):1223-32. PMID: 25847512; PMCID: PMC4592685 [Available on 11/01/16].
      23. Schwimmer J, Middleton MS, Behling C, Newton KP, Awai HI, Paiz MN, Lam J, Hooker JC, Hamilton G, Fontanesi J, Sirlin CB. Magnetic resonance imaging and liver histology as biomarkers of hepatic steatosis in children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Hepatology. 2015 Jun; 61(6):1887-95. PMID: 25529941; PMCID: PMC4670559.
      24. Ugalde-Nicalo PA, Schwimmer J. On the origin of pediatric nonalcoholic Fatty liver disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015 Feb; 60(2):147-8. PMID: 25373858; PMCID: PMC4308480.
      25. Artz NS, Haufe WM, Hooker CA, Hamilton G, Wolfson T, Campos GM, Gamst AC, Schwimmer J, Sirlin CB, Reeder SB. Reproducibility of MR-based liver fat quantification across field strength: Same-day comparison between 1.5T and 3T in obese subjects. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2015 Sep; 42(3):811-7. PMID: 25620624; PMCID: PMC4803480.
      26. Schwimmer J, Zepeda A, Newton KP, Xanthakos SA, Behling C, Hallinan EK, Donithan M, Tonascia J. Longitudinal assessment of high blood pressure in children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. PLoS One. 2014; 9(11):e112569. PMID: 25419656; PMCID: PMC4242611.
      27. Awai HI, Yu EL, Ellis LS, Schwimmer J. Liver toxicity of anabolic androgenic steroid use in an adolescent with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Sep; 59(3):e32-3. PMID: 23568051; PMCID: PMC3772995.
      28. Vuppalanchi R, Jain AK, Deppe R, Yates K, Comerford M, Masuoka HC, Neuschwander-Tetri BA, Loomba R, Brunt EM, Kleiner DE, Molleston JP, Schwimmer J, Lavine JE, Tonascia J, Chalasani N. Relationship between changes in serum levels of keratin 18 and changes in liver histology in children and adults with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 Dec; 12(12):2121-30.e1-2. PMID: 24846279; PMCID: PMC4830682.
      29. Newton KP, Awai HI, Feldstein AE, Schwimmer J. Letter: gender-associated cell-free microRNA profiles in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease--authors' reply. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2014 May; 39(9):999. PMID: 24689350.
        View in: PubMed
      30. Molleston JP, Schwimmer J, Yates KP, Murray KF, Cummings OW, Lavine JE, Brunt EM, Scheimann AO, Unalp-Arida A. Histological abnormalities in children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and normal or mildly elevated alanine aminotransferase levels. J Pediatr. 2014 Apr; 164(4):707-713.e3. PMID: 24360992; PMCID: PMC3962701.
      31. Negrete LM, Middleton MS, Clark L, Wolfson T, Gamst AC, Lam J, Changchien C, Deyoung-Dominguez IM, Hamilton G, Loomba R, Schwimmer J, Sirlin CB. Inter-examination precision of magnitude-based MRI for estimation of segmental hepatic proton density fat fraction in obese subjects. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 May; 39(5):1265-71. PMID: 24136736; PMCID: PMC3984359.
      32. Schwimmer J, Newton KP, Awai HI, Choi LJ, Garcia MA, Ellis LL, Vanderwall K, Fontanesi J. Paediatric gastroenterology evaluation of overweight and obese children referred from primary care for suspected non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2013 Nov; 38(10):1267-77. PMID: 24117728; PMCID: PMC3984047.
      33. Awai HI, Newton KP, Sirlin CB, Behling C, Schwimmer J. Evidence and recommendations for imaging liver fat in children, based on systematic review. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 May; 12(5):765-73. PMID: 24090729; PMCID: PMC3969892.
      34. Johnson BL, Schroeder ME, Wolfson T, Gamst AC, Hamilton G, Shiehmorteza M, Loomba R, Schwimmer J, Reeder S, Middleton MS, Sirlin CB. Effect of flip angle on the accuracy and repeatability of hepatic proton density fat fraction estimation by complex data-based, T1-independent, T2*-corrected, spectrum-modeled MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 Feb; 39(2):440-7. PMID: 23596052; PMCID: PMC3732566.
      35. Swiderska-Syn M, Suzuki A, Guy CD, Schwimmer J, Abdelmalek MF, Lavine JE, Diehl AM. Hedgehog pathway and pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Hepatology. 2013 May; 57(5):1814-25. PMID: 23300059; PMCID: PMC3637920.
      36. Schwimmer J. Clinical trials for adolescent obesity: cooking up an alphabet stew of what to do. JAMA Pediatr. 2013 Apr; 167(4):391-3. PMID: 23381196.
        View in: PubMed
      37. Tang A, Tan J, Sun M, Hamilton G, Bydder M, Wolfson T, Gamst AC, Middleton M, Brunt EM, Loomba R, Lavine JE, Schwimmer J, Sirlin CB. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: MR imaging of liver proton density fat fraction to assess hepatic steatosis. Radiology. 2013 May; 267(2):422-31. PMID: 23382291; PMCID: PMC3632805.
      38. Dunn W, Sanyal AJ, Brunt EM, Unalp-Arida A, Donohue M, McCullough AJ, Schwimmer J. Modest alcohol consumption is associated with decreased prevalence of steatohepatitis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). J Hepatol. 2012 Aug; 57(2):384-91. PMID: 22521357; PMCID: PMC3399018.
      39. Guerrerio AL, Colvin RM, Schwartz AK, Molleston JP, Murray KF, Diehl A, Mohan P, Schwimmer J, Lavine JE, Torbenson MS, Scheimann AO. Choline intake in a large cohort of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Apr; 95(4):892-900. PMID: 22338037; PMCID: PMC3302364.
      40. Suzuki A, Abdelmalek MF, Schwimmer J, Lavine JE, Scheimann AO, Unalp-Arida A, Yates KP, Sanyal AJ, Guy CD, Diehl AM. Association between puberty and features of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2012 Jul; 10(7):786-94. PMID: 22343513; PMCID: PMC3382041.
      41. Vos MB, Colvin R, Belt P, Molleston JP, Murray KF, Rosenthal P, Schwimmer J, Tonascia J, Unalp A, Lavine JE. Correlation of vitamin E, uric acid, and diet composition with histologic features of pediatric NAFLD. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012 Jan; 54(1):90-6. PMID: 22197855; PMCID: PMC3208079.
      42. Pardee PE, Dunn W, Schwimmer J. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is associated with low bone mineral density in obese children. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Jan; 35(2):248-54. PMID: 22111971; PMCID: PMC4624396.
      43. Lavine JE, Schwimmer J, Van Natta ML, Molleston JP, Murray KF, Rosenthal P, Abrams SH, Scheimann AO, Sanyal AJ, Chalasani N, Tonascia J, Ünalp A, Clark JM, Brunt EM, Kleiner DE, Hoofnagle JH, Robuck PR. Effect of vitamin E or metformin for treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in children and adolescents: the TONIC randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2011 Apr 27; 305(16):1659-68. PMID: 21521847; PMCID: PMC3110082.
      44. Dohil R, Schmeltzer S, Cabrera BL, Wang T, Durelle J, Duke KB, Schwimmer J, Lavine JE. Enteric-coated cysteamine for the treatment of paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2011 May; 33(9):1036-44. PMID: 21395631.
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      45. Barshop NJ, Capparelli EV, Sirlin CB, Schwimmer J, Lavine JE. Acetaminophen pharmacokinetics in children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 Feb; 52(2):198-202. PMID: 21240014; PMCID: PMC3059772.
      46. Yokoo T, Shiehmorteza M, Hamilton G, Wolfson T, Schroeder ME, Middleton MS, Bydder M, Gamst AC, Kono Y, Kuo A, Patton HM, Horgan S, Lavine JE, Schwimmer J, Sirlin CB. Estimation of hepatic proton-density fat fraction by using MR imaging at 3.0 T. Radiology. 2011 Mar; 258(3):749-59. PMID: 21212366; PMCID: PMC3042639.
      47. Kistler KD, Brunt EM, Clark JM, Diehl AM, Sallis JF, Schwimmer J. Physical activity recommendations, exercise intensity, and histological severity of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011 Mar; 106(3):460-8; quiz 469. PMID: 21206486; PMCID: PMC3070294.
      48. Gabbert C, Donohue M, Arnold J, Schwimmer J. Adenovirus 36 and obesity in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2010 Oct; 126(4):721-6. PMID: 20855385.
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      49. Patton HM, Yates K, Unalp-Arida A, Behling CA, Huang TT, Rosenthal P, Sanyal AJ, Schwimmer J, Lavine JE. Association between metabolic syndrome and liver histology among children with nonalcoholic Fatty liver disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2010 Sep; 105(9):2093-102. PMID: 20372110; PMCID: PMC3070291.
      50. Schwimmer J, Dunn W, Norman GJ, Pardee PE, Middleton MS, Kerkar N, Sirlin CB. SAFETY study: alanine aminotransferase cutoff values are set too high for reliable detection of pediatric chronic liver disease. Gastroenterology. 2010 Apr; 138(4):1357-64, 1364.e1-2. PMID: 20064512; PMCID: PMC2846968.
      51. Lindbäck SM, Gabbert C, Johnson BL, Smorodinsky E, Sirlin CB, Garcia N, Pardee PE, Kistler KD, Schwimmer J. Pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a comprehensive review. Adv Pediatr. 2010; 57(1):85-140. PMID: 21056736.
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      52. Kistler KD, Molleston J, Unalp A, Abrams SH, Behling C, Schwimmer J. Symptoms and quality of life in obese children and adolescents with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2010 Feb 01; 31(3):396-406. PMID: 19863497; PMCID: PMC2807909.
      53. Loomba R, Sirlin CB, Schwimmer J, Lavine JE. Advances in pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Hepatology. 2009 Oct; 50(4):1282-93. PMID: 19637286; PMCID: PMC2757471.
      54. Lavine JE, Schwimmer J, Molleston JP, Scheimann AO, Murray KF, Abrams SH, Rosenthal P, Sanyal AJ, Robuck PR, Brunt EM, Unalp A, Tonascia J. Treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in children: TONIC trial design. Contemp Clin Trials. 2010 Jan; 31(1):62-70. PMID: 19761871; PMCID: PMC2936451.
      55. Pardee PE, Lavine JE, Schwimmer J. Diagnosis and treatment of pediatric nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and the implications for bariatric surgery. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2009 Aug; 18(3):144-51. PMID: 19573756; PMCID: PMC2761012.
      56. Hamilton G, Middleton MS, Bydder M, Yokoo T, Schwimmer J, Kono Y, Patton HM, Lavine JE, Sirlin CB. Effect of PRESS and STEAM sequences on magnetic resonance spectroscopic liver fat quantification. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2009 Jul; 30(1):145-52. PMID: 19557733; PMCID: PMC2982807.
      57. David K, Kowdley KV, Unalp A, Kanwal F, Brunt EM, Schwimmer J. Quality of life in adults with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: baseline data from the nonalcoholic steatohepatitis clinical research network. Hepatology. 2009 Jun; 49(6):1904-12. PMID: 19434741; PMCID: PMC2692572.
      58. Barshop NJ, Francis CS, Schwimmer J, Lavine JE. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease as a comorbidity of childhood obesity. Ped Health. 2009 Jun 01; 3(3):271-281. PMID: 20556232.
        View in: PubMed
      59. Yokoo T, Bydder M, Hamilton G, Middleton MS, Gamst AC, Wolfson T, Hassanein T, Patton HM, Lavine JE, Schwimmer J, Sirlin CB. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: diagnostic and fat-grading accuracy of low-flip-angle multiecho gradient-recalled-echo MR imaging at 1.5 T. Radiology. 2009 Apr; 251(1):67-76. PMID: 19221054; PMCID: PMC2663579.
      60. Schwimmer J, Celedon MA, Lavine JE, Salem R, Campbell N, Schork NJ, Shiehmorteza M, Yokoo T, Chavez A, Middleton MS, Sirlin CB. Heritability of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Gastroenterology. 2009 May; 136(5):1585-92. PMID: 19208353; PMCID: PMC3397140.
      61. Cassidy FH, Yokoo T, Aganovic L, Hanna RF, Bydder M, Middleton MS, Hamilton G, Chavez AD, Schwimmer J, Sirlin CB. Fatty liver disease: MR imaging techniques for the detection and quantification of liver steatosis. Radiographics. 2009 Jan-Feb; 29(1):231-60. PMID: 19168847.
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      62. Caprio S, Daniels SR, Drewnowski A, Kaufman FR, Palinkas LA, Rosenbloom AL, Schwimmer J. Influence of race, ethnicity, and culture on childhood obesity: implications for prevention and treatment. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008 Dec; 16(12):2566-77. PMID: 19279654.
        View in: PubMed
      63. Caprio S, Daniels SR, Drewnowski A, Kaufman FR, Palinkas LA, Rosenbloom AL, Schwimmer J. Influence of race, ethnicity, and culture on childhood obesity: implications for prevention and treatment: a consensus statement of Shaping America's Health and the Obesity Society. Diabetes Care. 2008 Nov; 31(11):2211-21. PMID: 18955718; PMCID: PMC2571048.
      64. Rubinstein E, Lavine JE, Schwimmer J. Hepatic, cardiovascular, and endocrine outcomes of the histological subphenotypes of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Semin Liver Dis. 2008 Nov; 28(4):380-5. PMID: 18956294.
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      65. Patton HM, Lavine JE, Van Natta ML, Schwimmer J, Kleiner D, Molleston J. Clinical correlates of histopathology in pediatric nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Gastroenterology. 2008 Dec; 135(6):1961-1971.e2. PMID: 19013463; PMCID: PMC2628583.
      66. Dunn W, Xu R, Wingard DL, Rogers C, Angulo P, Younossi ZM, Schwimmer J. Suspected nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and mortality risk in a population-based cohort study. Am J Gastroenterol. 2008 Sep; 103(9):2263-71. PMID: 18684196; PMCID: PMC2574666.
      67. Andrews DB, Schwimmer J, Lavine JE. Fast break on the fat brake: mechanism of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta regulation of lipid accumulation in hepatocytes. Hepatology. 2008 Aug; 48(2):355-7. PMID: 18666254.
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      68. Schwimmer J, Pardee PE, Lavine JE, Blumkin AK, Cook S. Cardiovascular risk factors and the metabolic syndrome in pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Circulation. 2008 Jul 15; 118(3):277-83. PMID: 18591439; PMCID: PMC2996820.
      69. Dunn W, Xu R, Schwimmer J. Modest wine drinking and decreased prevalence of suspected nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Hepatology. 2008 Jun; 47(6):1947-54. PMID: 18454505.
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      70. Barshop NJ, Sirlin CB, Schwimmer J, Lavine JE. Review article: epidemiology, pathogenesis and potential treatments of paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2008 Jul; 28(1):13-24. PMID: 18397387.
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      71. Stovitz SD, Pardee PE, Vazquez G, Duval S, Schwimmer J. Musculoskeletal pain in obese children and adolescents. Acta Paediatr. 2008 Apr; 97(4):489-93. PMID: 18363957.
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      72. Bydder M, Yokoo T, Hamilton G, Middleton MS, Chavez AD, Schwimmer J, Lavine JE, Sirlin CB. Relaxation effects in the quantification of fat using gradient echo imaging. Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Apr; 26(3):347-59. PMID: 18093781; PMCID: PMC2386876.
      73. Dunn W, Schwimmer J. The obesity epidemic and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in children. Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 2008 Feb; 10(1):67-72. PMID: 18417045.
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      74. Stovitz SD, Schwimmer J, Martinez H, Story MT. Pediatric obesity: the unique issues in Latino-American male youth. Am J Prev Med. 2008 Feb; 34(2):153-60. PMID: 18201646.
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      75. Pardee PE, Norman GJ, Lustig RH, Preud'homme D, Schwimmer J. Television viewing and hypertension in obese children. Am J Prev Med. 2007 Dec; 33(6):439-43. PMID: 18022058.
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      76. Schwimmer J. Definitive diagnosis and assessment of risk for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in children and adolescents. Semin Liver Dis. 2007 Aug; 27(3):312-8. PMID: 17682977.
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      77. Aceves SS, Newbury RO, Dohil R, Schwimmer J, Bastian JF. Distinguishing eosinophilic esophagitis in pediatric patients: clinical, endoscopic, and histologic features of an emerging disorder. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2007 Mar; 41(3):252-6. PMID: 17426462.
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      78. Varni JW, Lane MM, Burwinkle TM, Fontaine EN, Youssef NN, Schwimmer J, Pardee PE, Pohl JF, Easley DJ. Health-related quality of life in pediatric patients with irritable bowel syndrome: a comparative analysis. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2006 Dec; 27(6):451-8. PMID: 17164617.
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      79. Schwimmer J, Deutsch R, Kahen T, Lavine JE, Stanley C, Behling C. Prevalence of fatty liver in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2006 Oct; 118(4):1388-93. PMID: 17015527.
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      80. Patton HM, Sirlin C, Behling C, Middleton M, Schwimmer J, Lavine JE. Pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a critical appraisal of current data and implications for future research. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006 Oct; 43(4):413-27. PMID: 17033514.
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      81. Lavine JE, Schwimmer J. Clinical Research Network launches TONIC trial for treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006 Feb; 42(2):129-30. PMID: 16456401.
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      82. Schwimmer J, Behling C, Newbury R, Deutsch R, Nievergelt C, Schork NJ, Lavine JE. Histopathology of pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Hepatology. 2005 Sep; 42(3):641-9. PMID: 16116629.
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      83. Xanthakos SA, Schwimmer J, Melin-Aldana H, Rothenberg ME, Witte DP, Cohen MB. Prevalence and outcome of allergic colitis in healthy infants with rectal bleeding: a prospective cohort study. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2005 Jul; 41(1):16-22. PMID: 15990624.
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      84. Schwimmer J, McGreal N, Deutsch R, Finegold MJ, Lavine JE. Influence of gender, race, and ethnicity on suspected fatty liver in obese adolescents. Pediatrics. 2005 May; 115(5):e561-5. PMID: 15867021.
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      85. Schwimmer J, Middleton MS, Deutsch R, Lavine JE. A phase 2 clinical trial of metformin as a treatment for non-diabetic paediatric non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2005 Apr 01; 21(7):871-9. PMID: 15801922.
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      86. Schwimmer J, Khorram O, Chiu V, Schwimmer WB. Abnormal aminotransferase activity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertil Steril. 2005 Feb; 83(2):494-7. PMID: 15705403.
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      87. Lavine JE, Schwimmer J. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in the pediatric population. Clin Liver Dis. 2004 Aug; 8(3):549-58, viii-ix. PMID: 15331063.
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      88. Schwimmer J. Managing overweight in older children and adolescents. Pediatr Ann. 2004 Jan; 33(1):39-44. PMID: 14981868.
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      89. Schwimmer J, Deutsch R, Rauch JB, Behling C, Newbury R, Lavine JE. Obesity, insulin resistance, and other clinicopathological correlates of pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. J Pediatr. 2003 Oct; 143(4):500-5. PMID: 14571229.
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      90. Schwimmer J, Lavine JE. Lumen and the liver--together again in NASHville. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2003 Oct; 37(4):523-4. PMID: 14579849.
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      91. Schwimmer J, Burwinkle TM, Varni JW. Health-related quality of life of severely obese children and adolescents. JAMA. 2003 Apr 09; 289(14):1813-9. PMID: 12684360.
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      92. Schwimmer J, Ee L, Zheng S, Tso P. Glutamine promotes triglyceride absorption in a dose-dependent manner. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2002 Feb; 282(2):G317-23. PMID: 11804853.
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      93. Gambhir SS, Czernin J, Schwimmer J, Silverman DH, Coleman RE, Phelps ME. A tabulated summary of the FDG PET literature. J Nucl Med. 2001 May; 42(5 Suppl):1S-93S. PMID: 11483694.
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      94. Park KC, Schwimmer J, Shepherd JE, Phelps ME, Czernin JR, Schiepers C, Gambhir SS. Decision analysis for the cost-effective management of recurrent colorectal cancer. Ann Surg. 2001 Mar; 233(3):310-9. PMID: 11224617; PMCID: PMC1421245.
      95. Huebner RH, Park KC, Shepherd JE, Schwimmer J, Czernin J, Phelps ME, Gambhir SS. A meta-analysis of the literature for whole-body FDG PET detection of recurrent colorectal cancer. J Nucl Med. 2000 Jul; 41(7):1177-89. PMID: 10914907.
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      96. Schwimmer J, Balistreri WF. Transmission, natural history, and treatment of hepatitis C virus infection in the pediatric population. Semin Liver Dis. 2000; 20(1):37-46. PMID: 10895430.
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