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James Sallis

TitleRecall Faculty
InstitutionUniversity of California San Diego
DepartmentFamily Medicine and Public Health
Address9500 Gilman Drive #0631
La Jolla CA 92093
Phone858-246-2783
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Memphis State UniversityPh.D.1981Clinical Psychology
    Memphis State UniversityM.S.1978Psychology
    Belhaven CollegeB.S.1973Business Administration and Psychology

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    James F. Sallis, PhD is newly appointed Distinguished Professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Public Health at University of California, San Diego. He also is Director of Active Living Research, a program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. His primary research interests are promoting physical activity and understanding policy and environmental influences on physical activity, nutrition, and obesity. He is the author of over 500 scientific publications, on the editorial boards of several journals, and one of the world's most cited authors in the social sciences. He received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the President's Council on Fitness, Sports, and Nutrition, and Time Magazine identified him as an "obesity warrior".

    Research Overview

    My training is in psychology, with a post-doctoral fellowship in epidemiology and prevention. My career-long dedication to research on health promotion through physical activity has evolved into a sense of mission. The voluminous research documenting the incredible range of health effects of physical activity has done little to galvanize health care, public health, or political leaders into action. This situation has moved me to focus more on using research to identify powerful and long-lasting solutions, learning how to apply the knowledge we have, and getting involved in advocacy to promote use of evidence-based interventions.
    Research Themes

    Building evidence on built environments and physical activity. Since 2000 my research focus has been on improving understanding of how built environments and policies are related to physical activity. My intention is for this research to provide an evidence base for creating communities that facilitate physical activity for all people. In my view, the root causes of low activity levels are tied to technological advances that reduced or eliminated the need for physical activity in work (computers), transportation (cars), household (appliances), and leisure (TV, internet, video games) domains of life.

    With support from several NIH grants, our interdisciplinary team is examining built environment factors in physical activity because environmental changes can have population-wide and long-term effects, and this topic was poorly studied when we began. Building on our initial study of adults, in the past few years we have applied similar methods to studying children, adolescents, and older adults. Recent papers documented strong associations of walkability with physical activity, obesity, and sedentary behaviors; income-based disparities in built environment attributes; associations of obesogenic neighborhoods with child and parent obesity; making bicycling safer from cars could encourage low-income people to cycle more.

    An essential component of this research program has been the development of measures. The self-reported Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS) and GIS-based walkability index have been used by many groups worldwide. We developed a suite of survey measures of home, school, and neighborhood environmental factors tailored to children and adolescents, and these also are being widely adopted. Recent contributions to improving accelerometer-based assessment of physical activity include co-authoring an NIH-sponsored paper on the future of technology-based measures and a review of accelerometer use and reporting in the youth literature.

    Our newest NIH grant is attempting to figure out the puzzle of how crime and fear may be related to physical activity. We expect people may react differently to crime and fear based on their history of victimization, options for coping behaviors like being active with others, and necessity for being active outdoors, such as walking for transportation. We will be developing new measures, then exploring the connections between crime, fear, and physical activity among adolescents, adults, and older adults.
    Research Projects

    IPEN: International Physical activity and Environment Network. When we started our built environment studies it occurred to me that if we made our methods freely available to others, we could conduct international comparisons and pooled analyses. We created IPEN to stimulate international research using comparable methods so data could be pooled. Over 300 researchers from 50 countries are part of the network. IPEN assisted investigators in many countries to obtain internal funding, and a National Cancer Institute grant is supporting coordinated analyses and paper writing with 12 countries represented. An IPEN Adolescent grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute is supporting coordinated studies in at least 10 countries.

    ALR: Active Living Research. Though not a research project, ALR is an important part of my professional life. I was asked to become Director of ALR for The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation in 2001. At that time, there were very few studies the relation of environments and policies to physical activity. Our initial priorities were to fund and manage studies to build the evidence and nurture a highly interdisciplinary field of researchers to conduct studies of community design, transportation systems, parks and recreation facilities, and school environments and policies. After very positive evaluations of the initial phase, ALR was renewed in 2007 to manage an additional research fund to build the evidence base focused on solutions for childhood obesity and related disparities, then use the evidence to inform policy change. In a second evaluation in 2011, ALR received credit for nurturing a new field of research that integrates the concepts and methods of many diverse disciplines. The growth of this field from 50 articles per year in 2000 to about 400 in 2012 has been gratifying.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Society of Behavioral Medicine 2017 Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions
    NIH/NHLBI R13HL137236Mar 27, 2017 - Mar 26, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    CRIME-PA: CRIme Measures Evaluations for Physical Activity
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL117884Sep 1, 2013 - Jun 30, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    IPEN Adolescent: International Study of Built Environments and Physical Activity
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL111378Aug 20, 2012 - Jul 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    6 Year Study of Seniors Neighborhood Environments, Physical Activity &Function
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL109222Sep 1, 2011 - May 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    IPEN: International Study of Built Environment, Physical Activity, and Obesity
    NIH/NCI R01CA127296Sep 30, 2009 - Aug 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Study Designs &Analytic Strategies for Environmental &Policy Research in Obesit
    NIH/NHLBI R13HL092782Apr 1, 2008 - Mar 31, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Ecological Analysis of Activity, Eating, &Weight in Adolescents
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL083454Sep 1, 2007 - May 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NAT'L CTR FOR CHRONIC DISEASE PREV &HLTH PROMO CONFERENCE SUPPORT PROGRAM
    CDC/NCCDPHP H13DP924973Sep 15, 2005 - Sep 14, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Ecological Analysis of Physical Activity
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL067350Sep 1, 2001 - Aug 31, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    MSPAN (MIDDLE SCHOOL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND NUTRITION)
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL054564Sep 1, 1996 - Aug 31, 2001
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PROJECT GRAD--GRADUATE READY FOR ACTIVITY DAILY
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL049505Jan 1, 1994 - Jun 30, 1998
    Role: Principal Investigator
    SPORTS, PLAY, AND ACTIVE RECREATION FOR KIDS
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL044467Jul 1, 1989 - May 31, 1997
    Role: Principal Investigator
    ASSESSMENT OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND FITNESS IN CHILDREN
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL037564Sep 30, 1986 - Mar 31, 1989
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Adlakha D, Hipp JA, Sallis JF, Brownson RC. Exploring Neighborhood Environments and Active Commuting in Chennai, India. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 Aug 26; 15(9). PMID: 30149686.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Owen N, Sugiyama T, Koohsari MJ, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Hadgraft N, Oyeyemi A, Aguinaga-Ontoso I, Mitáš J, Troelsen J, Davey R, Schofield G, Cain KL, Sarmiento OL, Reis R, Salvo D, Macfarlane DJ, Sallis JF, Cerin E. Associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' objectively-assessed sedentary time: IPEN adult multi-country study. Prev Med. 2018 Aug 23; 115:126-133. PMID: 30145352.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Kikuchi H, Nakaya T, Hanibuchi T, Fukushima N, Amagasa S, Oka K, Sallis JF, Inoue S. Objectively Measured Neighborhood Walkability and Change in Physical Activity in Older Japanese Adults: A Five-Year Cohort Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 Aug 22; 15(9). PMID: 30135389.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Sallis JF. Needs and Challenges Related to Multilevel Interventions: Physical Activity Examples. Health Educ Behav. 2018 Aug 20; 1090198118796458. PMID: 30122086.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Saelens BE, Glanz K, Frank LD, Couch SC, Zhou C, Colburn T, Sallis JF. Two-Year Changes in Child Weight Status, Diet, and Activity by Neighborhood Nutrition and Physical Activity Environment. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2018 Aug; 26(8):1338-1346. PMID: 30138547.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Liu J, Godino JG, Norman GJ, Hill L, Calfas K, Sallis JF, Arredondo E, Rock CL, Criqui M, Zhu SH, Griffiths K, Covin J, Dillon L, Patrick K. Planned care for obesity and cardiovascular risk reduction using a stepped-down approach: A randomized-controlled trial. Prev Med. 2018 Sep; 114:223-231. PMID: 30055199.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Cerin E, Conway TL, Adams MA, Barnett A, Cain KL, Owen N, Christiansen LB, van Dyck D, Mitáš J, Sarmiento OL, Davey RC, Reis R, Salvo D, Schofield G, Sallis JF. Objectively-assessed neighbourhood destination accessibility and physical activity in adults from 10 countries: An analysis of moderators and perceptions as mediators. Soc Sci Med. 2018 Jun 25; 211:282-293. PMID: 29966823.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Larsen B, Benitez T, Cano M, Dunsiger SS, Marcus BH, Mendoza-Vasconez A, Sallis JF, Zive M. Web-Based Physical Activity Intervention for Latina Adolescents: Feasibility, Acceptability, and Potential Efficacy of the Niñas Saludables Study. J Med Internet Res. 2018 May 09; 20(5):e170. PMID: 29743151.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Hong A, Sallis JF, King AC, Conway TL, Saelens B, Cain KL, Fox EH, Frank LD. Linking green space to neighborhood social capital in older adults: The role of perceived safety. Soc Sci Med. 2018 Apr 30; 207:38-45. PMID: 29727748.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Sallis JF. The Value of the National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research: Past, Present, and Future. Am J Prev Med. 2018 Mar; 54(3):475-477. PMID: 29455761.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Cain KL, Geremia CM, Conway TL, Frank LD, Chapman JE, Fox EH, Timperio A, Veitch J, Van Dyck D, Verhoeven H, Reis R, Augusto A, Cerin E, Mellecker RR, Queralt A, Molina-García J, Sallis JF. Development and reliability of a streetscape observation instrument for international use: MAPS-global. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2018 Feb 26; 15(1):19. PMID: 29482633.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Sallis JF, Conway TL, Cain KL, Carlson JA, Frank LD, Kerr J, Glanz K, Chapman JE, Saelens BE. Neighborhood built environment and socioeconomic status in relation to physical activity, sedentary behavior, and weight status of adolescents. Prev Med. 2018 May; 110:47-54. PMID: 29432790.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Carlson JA, Frank LD, Ulmer J, Conway TL, Saelens BE, Cain KL, Sallis JF. Work and Home Neighborhood Design and Physical Activity. Am J Health Promot. 2018 Jan 01; 890117118768767. PMID: 29699421.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Cain KL, Bonilla E, Conway TL, Schipperijn J, Geremia CM, Mignano A, Kerr J, Sallis JF. Defining Accelerometer Nonwear Time to Maximize Detection of Sedentary Time in Youth. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2018 May 01; 30(2):288-295. PMID: 29276859.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Carlson JA, Liu B, Sallis JF, Kerr J, Hipp JA, Staggs VS, Papa A, Dean K, Vasconcelos NM. Automated Ecological Assessment of Physical Activity: Advancing Direct Observation. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017 Dec 01; 14(12). PMID: 29194358.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Arredondo EM, Crespo N, Lopez NV, Elder JP, Haughton J, Sallis J, Perez L, Ayala G. Arredondo et al. Respond. Am J Public Health. 2017 Dec; 107(12):e24-e25. PMID: 29116851.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Buscemi J, Bennett GG, Gorin SS, Pagoto SL, Sallis JF, Wilson DK, Fitzgibbon ML. A 6-year update of the health policy and advocacy priorities of the Society of Behavioral Medicine. Transl Behav Med. 2017 Dec; 7(4):903-911. PMID: 28573355.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Kerr J, Crist K, Vital DG, Dillon L, Aden SA, Trivedi M, Castellanos LR, Godbole S, Li H, Allison MA, Khemlina GL, Takemoto ML, Schenk S, Sallis JF, Grace M, Dunstan DW, Natarajan L, LaCroix AZ, Sears DD. Acute glucoregulatory and vascular outcomes of three strategies for interrupting prolonged sitting time in postmenopausal women: A pilot, laboratory-based, randomized, controlled, 4-condition, 4-period crossover trial. PLoS One. 2017; 12(11):e0188544. PMID: 29190761.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Perez LG, Conway TL, Bauman A, Kerr J, Elder JP, Arredondo EM, Sallis JF. Sociodemographic Moderators of Environment-Physical Activity Associations: Results From the International Prevalence Study. J Phys Act Health. 2018 Jan 01; 15(1):22-29. PMID: 28771079.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Cerin E, Sit CHP, Barnett A, Huang WYJ, Gao GY, Wong SHS, Sallis JF. Reliability of self-report measures of correlates of obesity-related behaviours in Hong Kong adolescents for the iHealt(H) and IPEN adolescent studies. Arch Public Health. 2017; 75:38. PMID: 29021899.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Carlson JA, Engelberg JK, Cain KL, Conway TL, Geremia C, Bonilla E, Kerner J, Sallis JF. Contextual factors related to implementation of classroom physical activity breaks. Transl Behav Med. 2017 Sep; 7(3):581-592. PMID: 28589532.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Molina-García J, Queralt A, Adams MA, Conway TL, Sallis JF. Neighborhood built environment and socio-economic status in relation to multiple health outcomes in adolescents. Prev Med. 2017 Dec; 105:88-94. PMID: 28863871.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Schipperijn J, Cerin E, Adams MA, Reis R, Smith G, Cain K, Christiansen LB, van Dyck D, Gidlow C, Frank LD, Mitáš J, Pratt M, Salvo D, Schofield G, Sallis JF. Access to parks and physical activity: an eight country comparison. Urban For Urban Green. 2017 Oct; 27:253-263. PMID: 29805351.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Phillips CB, Engelberg JK, Geremia CM, Zhu W, Kurka JM, Cain KL, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Adams MA. Online versus in-person comparison of Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS) assessments: reliability of alternate methods. Int J Health Geogr. 2017 Aug 04; 16(1):27. PMID: 28778205.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Zhu W, Sun Y, Kurka J, Geremia C, Engelberg JK, Cain K, Conway T, Sallis JF, Hooker SP, Adams MA. Reliability between online raters with varying familiarities of a region: Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS). Landsc Urban Plan. 2017 Nov; 167:240-248. PMID: 29170571.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Cain KL, Gavand KA, Conway TL, Geremia CM, Millstein RA, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Adams MA, Glanz K, King AC, Sallis JF. Developing and Validating an Abbreviated Version of the Microscale Audit for Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS-Abbreviated). J Transp Health. 2017 Jun; 5:84-96. PMID: 29270361.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Arredondo EM, Elder JP, Haughton J, Slymen DJ, Sallis JF, Perez LG, Serrano N, Parra MT, Valdivia R, Ayala GX. Fe en Acción: Promoting Physical Activity Among Churchgoing Latinas. Am J Public Health. 2017 Jul; 107(7):1109-1115. PMID: 28520484.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Carlson JA, Mitchell TB, Saelens BE, Staggs VS, Kerr J, Frank LD, Schipperijn J, Conway TL, Glanz K, Chapman JE, Cain KL, Sallis JF. Within-person associations of young adolescents' physical activity across five primary locations: is there evidence of cross-location compensation? Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2017 04 20; 14(1):50. PMID: 28427462.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Wang X, Conway TL, Cain KL, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Geremia C, Kerr J, Glanz K, Carlson JA, Sallis JF. Interactions of psychosocial factors with built environments in explaining adolescents' active transportation. Prev Med. 2017 Jul; 100:76-83. PMID: 28389327.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Thornton CM, Kerr J, Conway TL, Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Ahn DK, Frank LD, Cain KL, King AC. Physical Activity in Older Adults: an Ecological Approach. Ann Behav Med. 2017 Apr; 51(2):159-169. PMID: 27680568.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Cerin E, Mitáš J, Cain KL, Conway TL, Adams MA, Schofield G, Sarmiento OL, Reis RS, Schipperijn J, Davey R, Salvo D, Orzanco-Garralda R, Macfarlane DJ, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Owen N, Sallis JF, Van Dyck D. Do associations between objectively-assessed physical activity and neighbourhood environment attributes vary by time of the day and day of the week? IPEN adult study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2017 03 20; 14(1):34. PMID: 28320422.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Oyeyemi AL, Conway TL, Adedoyin RA, Akinroye KK, Aryeetey R, Assah F, Cain KL, Gavand KA, Kasoma SS, Kolbe-Alexander TL, Lambert EV, Larouche R, Moss SJ, Ocansey R, Onywera VO, Prista A, Tremblay MS, Sallis JF. Construct Validity of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Africa. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2017 03; 49(3):482-491. PMID: 27776000.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Thornton CM, Cain KL, Conway TL, Kerr J, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Glanz K, Sallis JF. Relation of Adolescents' Physical Activity to After-School Recreation Environment. J Phys Act Health. 2017 May; 14(5):382-388. PMID: 28169572.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Frank LD, Fox EH, Ulmer JM, Chapman JE, Kershaw SE, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Cerin E, Cain KL, Adams MA, Smith GR, Hinckson E, Mavoa S, Christiansen LB, Hino AA, Lopes AA, Schipperijn J. International comparison of observation-specific spatial buffers: maximizing the ability to estimate physical activity. Int J Health Geogr. 2017 01 23; 16(1):4. PMID: 28114945.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Keith NR, Baskin ML, Wilhelm Stanis SA, Sallis JF. The 2016 Active Living Research Conference: Equity in active living. Prev Med. 2017 02; 95 Suppl:S1-S3. PMID: 28007495.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Rovniak LS, Kong L, Hovell MF, Ding D, Sallis JF, Ray CA, Kraschnewski JL, Matthews SA, Kiser E, Chinchilli VM, George DR, Sciamanna CN. Engineering Online and In-Person Social Networks for Physical Activity: A Randomized Trial. Ann Behav Med. 2016 Dec; 50(6):885-897. PMID: 27405724.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Millstein RA, Woodruff SI, Linton LS, Edwards CC, Sallis JF. A pilot study evaluating the effects of a youth advocacy program on youth readiness to advocate for environment and policy changes for obesity prevention. Transl Behav Med. 2016 12; 6(4):648-658. PMID: 27246954.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Vanwolleghem G, Ghekiere A, Cardon G, De Bourdeaudhuij I, D'Haese S, Geremia CM, Lenoir M, Sallis JF, Verhoeven H, Van Dyck D. Using an audit tool (MAPS Global) to assess the characteristics of the physical environment related to walking for transport in youth: reliability of Belgian data. Int J Health Geogr. 2016 11 15; 15(1):41. PMID: 27846881.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Sallis JF. New evidence for the role of transportation in health. Lancet Public Health. 2016 Dec; 1(2):e38-e39. PMID: 29253414.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Fulton JE, Carlson SA, Ainsworth BE, Berrigan D, Carlson C, Dorn JM, Heath GW, Kohl HW, Lee IM, Lee SM, Másse LC, Morrow JR, Gabriel KP, Pivarnik JM, Pronk NP, Rodgers AB, Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Troiano RP, Tudor-Locke C, Wendel A. Strategic Priorities for Physical Activity Surveillance in the United States. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016 10; 48(10):2057-69. PMID: 27187094.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Ward DS, Welker E, Choate A, Henderson KE, Lott M, Tovar A, Wilson A, Sallis JF. Strength of obesity prevention interventions in early care and education settings: A systematic review. Prev Med. 2017 Feb; 95 Suppl:S37-S52. PMID: 27693295.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Giles-Corti B, Vernez-Moudon A, Reis R, Turrell G, Dannenberg AL, Badland H, Foster S, Lowe M, Sallis JF, Stevenson M, Owen N. City planning and population health: a global challenge. Lancet. 2016 12 10; 388(10062):2912-2924. PMID: 27671668.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Sallis JF, Bull F, Burdett R, Frank LD, Griffiths P, Giles-Corti B, Stevenson M. Use of science to guide city planning policy and practice: how to achieve healthy and sustainable future cities. Lancet. 2016 12 10; 388(10062):2936-2947. PMID: 27671670.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Perry CK, Ackert E, Sallis JF, Glanz K, Saelens BE. Places where children are active: A longitudinal examination of children's physical activity. Prev Med. 2016 Dec; 93:88-95. PMID: 27658898.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Todd M, Adams MA, Kurka J, Conway TL, Cain KL, Buman MP, Frank LD, Sallis JF, King AC. GIS-measured walkability, transit, and recreation environments in relation to older Adults' physical activity: A latent profile analysis. Prev Med. 2016 Dec; 93:57-63. PMID: 27663428.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Sallis JF, Bull F, Guthold R, Heath GW, Inoue S, Kelly P, Oyeyemi AL, Perez LG, Richards J, Hallal PC. Progress in physical activity over the Olympic quadrennium. Lancet. 2016 Sep 24; 388(10051):1325-36. PMID: 27475270.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Millstein RA, Woodruff SI, Linton LS, Edwards CC, Sallis JF. Development of measures to evaluate youth advocacy for obesity prevention. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2016 Jul 26; 13:84. PMID: 27461189; PMCID: PMC4962448.
    48. Cerin E, Cain KL, Oyeyemi AL, Owen N, Conway TL, Cochrane T, VAN Dyck D, Schipperijn J, Mitáš J, Toftager M, Aguinaga-Ontoso I, Sallis JF. Correlates of Agreement between Accelerometry and Self-reported Physical Activity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016 06; 48(6):1075-84. PMID: 26784274; PMCID: PMC4868646 [Available on 06/01/17].
    49. Engelberg JK, Conway TL, Geremia C, Cain KL, Saelens BE, Glanz K, Frank LD, Sallis JF. Socioeconomic and race/ethnic disparities in observed park quality. BMC Public Health. 2016 05 12; 16:395. PMID: 27176854; PMCID: PMC4866396.
    50. Labarthe DR, Goldstein LB, Antman EM, Arnett DK, Fonarow GC, Alberts MJ, Hayman LL, Khera A, Sallis JF, Daniels SR, Sacco RL, Li S, Ku L, Lantz PM, Robinson JG, Creager MA, Van Horn L, Kris-Etherton P, Bhatnagar A, Whitsel LP. Evidence-Based Policy Making: Assessment of the American Heart Association's Strategic Policy Portfolio: A Policy Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2016 May 03; 133(18):e615-53. PMID: 27045139.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Sallis JF, Cerin E, Conway TL, Adams MA, Frank LD, Pratt M, Salvo D, Schipperijn J, Smith G, Cain KL, Davey R, Kerr J, Lai PC, Mitáš J, Reis R, Sarmiento OL, Schofield G, Troelsen J, Van Dyck D, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Owen N. Physical activity in relation to urban environments in 14 cities worldwide: a cross-sectional study. Lancet. 2016 May 28; 387(10034):2207-17. PMID: 27045735.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Robson SM, Couch SC, Peugh JL, Glanz K, Zhou C, Sallis JF, Saelens BE. Parent Diet Quality and Energy Intake Are Related to Child Diet Quality and Energy Intake. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016 Jun; 116(6):984-90. PMID: 27050725; PMCID: PMC4884510 [Available on 06/01/17].
    53. Esteban-Cornejo I, Carlson JA, Conway TL, Cain KL, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Glanz K, Roman CG, Sallis JF. Parental and Adolescent Perceptions of Neighborhood Safety Related to Adolescents' Physical Activity in Their Neighborhood. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2016 Jun; 87(2):191-9. PMID: 27030158.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Christiansen LB, Cerin E, Badland H, Kerr J, Davey R, Troelsen J, van Dyck D, Mitáš J, Schofield G, Sugiyama T, Salvo D, Sarmiento OL, Reis R, Adams M, Frank L, Sallis JF. International comparisons of the associations between objective measures of the built environment and transport-related walking and cycling: IPEN Adult Study. J Transp Health. 2016 Dec; 3(4):467-478. PMID: 28111613.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Thornton CM, Conway TL, Cain KL, Gavand KA, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Geremia CM, Glanz K, King AC, Sallis JF. Disparities in Pedestrian Streetscape Environments by Income and Race/Ethnicity. SSM Popul Health. 2016 Dec; 2:206-216. PMID: 27314057.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Oyeyemi AL, Kasoma SS, Onywera VO, Assah F, Adedoyin RA, Conway TL, Moss SJ, Ocansey R, Kolbe-Alexander TL, Akinroye KK, Prista A, Larouche R, Gavand KA, Cain KL, Lambert EV, Aryeetey R, Bartels C, Tremblay MS, Sallis JF. NEWS for Africa: adaptation and reliability of a built environment questionnaire for physical activity in seven African countries. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2016 Mar 08; 13:33. PMID: 26952057; PMCID: PMC4782343.
    57. Carlson JA, Schipperijn J, Kerr J, Saelens BE, Natarajan L, Frank LD, Glanz K, Conway TL, Chapman JE, Cain KL, Sallis JF. Locations of Physical Activity as Assessed by GPS in Young Adolescents. Pediatrics. 2016 Jan; 137(1). PMID: 26647375; PMCID: PMC4702023 [Available on 01/01/17].
    58. Engelberg JK, Carlson JA, Conway TL, Cain KL, Saelens BE, Glanz K, Frank LD, Sallis JF. Dog walking among adolescents: Correlates and contribution to physical activity. Prev Med. 2016 Jan; 82:65-72. PMID: 26601644; PMCID: PMC4853172 [Available on 01/01/17].
    59. White MN, King AC, Sallis JF, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Conway TL, Cain KL, Kerr J. Caregiving, Transport-Related, and Demographic Correlates of Sedentary Behavior in Older Adults: The Senior Neighborhood Quality of Life Study. J Aging Health. 2016 08; 28(5):812-33. PMID: 26538268.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Van Dyck D, Cerin E, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Salvo D, Christiansen LB, Macfarlane D, Owen N, Mitas J, Troelsen J, Aguinaga-Ontoso I, Davey R, Reis R, Sarmiento OL, Schofield G, Conway TL, Sallis JF. Moderating effects of age, gender and education on the associations of perceived neighborhood environment attributes with accelerometer-based physical activity: The IPEN adult study. Health Place. 2015 Nov; 36:65-73. PMID: 26454247.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Arredondo EM, Haughton J, Ayala GX, Slymen DJ, Sallis JF, Burke K, Holub C, Chanson D, Perez LG, Valdivia R, Ryan S, Elder J. Fe en Accion/Faith in Action: Design and implementation of a church-based randomized trial to promote physical activity and cancer screening among churchgoing Latinas. Contemp Clin Trials. 2015 Nov; 45(Pt B):404-415. PMID: 26358535; PMCID: PMC4770876 [Available on 11/01/16].
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    66. Kerr J, Emond JA, Badland H, Reis R, Sarmiento O, Carlson J, Sallis JF, Cerin E, Cain K, Conway T, Schofield G, Macfarlane DJ, Christiansen LB, Van Dyck D, Davey R, Aguinaga-Ontoso I, Salvo D, Sugiyama T, Owen N, Mitáš J, Natarajan L. Perceived Neighborhood Environmental Attributes Associated with Walking and Cycling for Transport among Adult Residents of 17 Cities in 12 Countries: The IPEN Study. Environ Health Perspect. 2016 Mar; 124(3):290-8. PMID: 26186801; PMCID: PMC4786986.
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    69. Kneeshaw-Price SH, Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Frank LD, Grembowski DE, Hannon PA, Smith NL, Chan KC. Neighborhood Crime-Related Safety and Its Relation to Children's Physical Activity. J Urban Health. 2015 Jun; 92(3):472-89. PMID: 25801486; PMCID: PMC4456478.
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    85. Engelberg JK, Carlson JA, Black ML, Ryan S, Sallis JF. Ciclovía participation and impacts in San Diego, CA: the first CicloSDias. Prev Med. 2014 Dec; 69 Suppl 1:S66-73. PMID: 25459488; PMCID: PMC4313726.
    86. Esteban-Cornejo I, Tejero-González CM, Martinez-Gomez D, Cabanas-Sánchez V, Fernández-Santos JR, Conde-Caveda J, Sallis JF, Veiga OL. Objectively measured physical activity has a negative but weak association with academic performance in children and adolescents. Acta Paediatr. 2014 Nov; 103(11):e501-6. PMID: 25048792.
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    90. Cain KL, Millstein RA, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Gavand KA, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Geremia CM, Chapman J, Adams MA, Glanz K, King AC. Contribution of streetscape audits to explanation of physical activity in four age groups based on the Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS). Soc Sci Med. 2014 Sep; 116:82-92. PMID: 24983701; PMCID: PMC4153433.
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    93. Sugiyama T, Cerin E, Owen N, Oyeyemi AL, Conway TL, Van Dyck D, Schipperijn J, Macfarlane DJ, Salvo D, Reis RS, Mitáš J, Sarmiento OL, Davey R, Schofield G, Orzanco-Garralda R, Sallis JF. Perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes associated with adults? recreational walking: IPEN Adult study in 12 countries. Health Place. 2014 Jul; 28:22-30. PMID: 24721737; PMCID: PMC4079701.
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    106. Kneeshaw-Price S, Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Glanz K, Frank LD, Kerr J, Hannon PA, Grembowski DE, Chan K CG, Cain KL. Children's objective physical activity by location: why the neighborhood matters. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2013 Aug; 25(3):468-86. PMID: 23877357; PMCID: PMC4074079.
    107. Winston CP, Sallis JF, Swartz MD, Hoelscher DM, Peskin MF. Consumer nutrition environments of hospitals: an exploratory analysis using the Hospital Nutrition Environment Scan for Cafeterias, Vending Machines, and Gift Shops, 2012. Prev Chronic Dis. 2013 Jul 03; 10:E110. PMID: 23823699; PMCID: PMC3702231.
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    123. Dirige OV, Carlson JA, Alcaraz J, Moy KL, Rock CL, Oades R, Sallis JF. Siglang Buhay: nutrition and physical activity promotion in Filipino-Americans through community organizations. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2013 Mar-Apr; 19(2):162-8. PMID: 23358295.
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    140. Shapiro JR, Koro T, Doran N, Thompson S, Sallis JF, Calfas K, Patrick K. Text4Diet: a randomized controlled study using text messaging for weight loss behaviors. Prev Med. 2012 Nov; 55(5):412-7. PMID: 22944150.
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    149. Oyeyemi AL, Adegoke BO, Sallis JF, Oyeyemi AY, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Perceived crime and traffic safety is related to physical activity among adults in Nigeria. BMC Public Health. 2012 May 17; 12:294. PMID: 22520066; PMCID: PMC3355030.
    150. Frank LD, Saelens BE, Chapman J, Sallis JF, Kerr J, Glanz K, Couch SC, Learnihan V, Zhou C, Colburn T, Cain KL. Objective assessment of obesogenic environments in youth: geographic information system methods and spatial findings from the Neighborhood Impact on Kids study. Am J Prev Med. 2012 May; 42(5):e47-55. PMID: 22516503.
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    151. Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Frank LD, Couch SC, Zhou C, Colburn T, Cain KL, Chapman J, Glanz K. Obesogenic neighborhood environments, child and parent obesity: the Neighborhood Impact on Kids study. Am J Prev Med. 2012 May; 42(5):e57-64. PMID: 22516504; PMCID: PMC3332077.
    152. Kozo J, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Kerr J, Cain K, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Owen N. Sedentary behaviors of adults in relation to neighborhood walkability and income. Health Psychol. 2012 Nov; 31(6):704-13. PMID: 22545974.
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    153. Carlson JA, Crespo NC, Sallis JF, Patterson RE, Elder JP. Dietary-related and physical activity-related predictors of obesity in children: a 2-year prospective study. Child Obes. 2012 Apr; 8(2):110-5. PMID: 22799510; PMCID: PMC3647527.
    154. Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Frank LD, Cain KL, Conway TL, Chapman JE, Slymen DJ, Kerr J. Neighborhood environment and psychosocial correlates of adults' physical activity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Apr; 44(4):637-46. PMID: 21946156.
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    155. Oyeyemi AL, Adegoke BO, Oyeyemi AY, Deforche B, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Sallis JF. Environmental factors associated with overweight among adults in Nigeria. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2012 Mar 27; 9:32. PMID: 22452904; PMCID: PMC3331819.
    156. Moy KL, Sallis JF, Trinidad DR, Ice CL, McEligot AJ. Health behaviors of native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander adults in California. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2012 Nov; 24(6):961-9. PMID: 22426559; PMCID: PMC3774288.
    157. Van Dyck D, Cerin E, Conway TL, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Owen N, Kerr J, Cardon G, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Sallis JF. Associations between perceived neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behavior: findings from the U.S.A., Australia and Belgium. Soc Sci Med. 2012 May; 74(9):1375-84. PMID: 22405686; PMCID: PMC3321105.
    158. Sallis JF, Floyd MF, Rodríguez DA, Saelens BE. Role of built environments in physical activity, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. Circulation. 2012 Feb 07; 125(5):729-37. PMID: 22311885; PMCID: PMC3315587.
    159. Crespo NC, Elder JP, Ayala GX, Slymen DJ, Campbell NR, Sallis JF, McKenzie TL, Baquero B, Arredondo EM. Results of a multi-level intervention to prevent and control childhood obesity among Latino children: the Aventuras Para Niños Study. Ann Behav Med. 2012 Feb; 43(1):84-100. PMID: 22215470.
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    160. Hekler EB, Buman MP, Haskell WL, Conway TL, Cain KL, Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Kerr J, King AC. Reliability and validity of CHAMPS self-reported sedentary-to-vigorous intensity physical activity in older adults. J Phys Act Health. 2012 Feb; 9(2):225-36. PMID: 22368222; PMCID: PMC4733646.
    161. De Meester F, Van Dyck D, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Deforche B, Sallis JF, Cardon G. Active living neighborhoods: is neighborhood walkability a key element for Belgian adolescents? BMC Public Health. 2012 Jan 04; 12:7. PMID: 22216923; PMCID: PMC3265406.
    162. Ding D, Bracy NL, Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Norman GJ, Harris SK, Durant N, Rosenberg D, Kerr J. Is fear of strangers related to physical activity among youth? Am J Health Promot. 2012 Jan-Feb; 26(3):189-95. PMID: 22208419.
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    163. Intille SS, Lester J, Sallis JF, Duncan G. New horizons in sensor development. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Jan; 44(1 Suppl 1):S24-31. PMID: 22157771; PMCID: PMC3245518.
    164. Mendoza JA, Salmon J, Sallis JF. Partnerships for progress in active living: from research to action. Health Place. 2012 Jan; 18(1):1-4. PMID: 22243900.
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    165. Carlson JA, Sallis JF, Wagner N, Calfas KJ, Patrick K, Groesz LM, Norman GJ. Brief physical activity-related psychosocial measures: reliability and construct validity. J Phys Act Health. 2012 Nov; 9(8):1178-86. PMID: 22207589; PMCID: PMC4819422.
    166. Rosenberg DE, Kerr J, Sallis JF, Norman GJ, Calfas K, Patrick K. Promoting walking among older adults living in retirement communities. J Aging Phys Act. 2012 Jul; 20(3):379-94. PMID: 22186798; PMCID: PMC4162630.
    167. Patrick K, Calfas KJ, Norman GJ, Rosenberg D, Zabinski MF, Sallis JF, Rock CL, Dillon LW. Outcomes of a 12-month web-based intervention for overweight and obese men. Ann Behav Med. 2011 Dec; 42(3):391-401. PMID: 21822750.
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    168. Carlson JA, Sallis JF, Ramirez ER, Patrick K, Norman GJ. Physical activity and dietary behavior change in Internet-based weight loss interventions: comparing two multiple-behavior change indices. Prev Med. 2012 Jan; 54(1):50-4. PMID: 22085706; PMCID: PMC3254700.
    169. Millstein RA, Strobel J, Kerr J, Sallis JF, Norman GJ, Durant N, Harris S, Saelens BE. Home, school, and neighborhood environment factors and youth physical activity. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2011 Nov; 23(4):487-503. PMID: 22109776.
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    170. Inoue S, Ohya Y, Odagiri Y, Takamiya T, Kamada M, Okada S, Oka K, Kitabatake Y, Nakaya T, Sallis JF, Shimomitsu T. Perceived neighborhood environment and walking for specific purposes among elderly Japanese. J Epidemiol. 2011; 21(6):481-90. PMID: 22001543; PMCID: PMC3899465.
    171. Carlson JA, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Kerr J, Cain KL, King AC. Interactions between psychosocial and built environment factors in explaining older adults' physical activity. Prev Med. 2012 Jan; 54(1):68-73. PMID: 22027402; PMCID: PMC3254837.
    172. Ding D, Sallis JF, Kerr J, Lee S, Rosenberg DE. Neighborhood environment and physical activity among youth a review. Am J Prev Med. 2011 Oct; 41(4):442-55. PMID: 21961474.
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    173. King AC, Sallis JF, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Cain K, Conway TL, Chapman JE, Ahn DK, Kerr J. Aging in neighborhoods differing in walkability and income: associations with physical activity and obesity in older adults. Soc Sci Med. 2011 Nov; 73(10):1525-33. PMID: 21975025; PMCID: PMC3637547.
    174. Candelaria JI, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Slymen DJ. Differences in physical activity among adults in households with and without children. J Phys Act Health. 2012 Sep; 9(7):985-95. PMID: 21953281.
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    175. Corder K, Crespo NC, van Sluijs EM, Sallis JF, Shadron LM, Moody JS, Elder JP. Predictors of change in sports participation in Latino and non-Latino children. Br J Sports Med. 2012 Jul; 46(9):684-8. PMID: 21903618.
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    176. Van Dyck D, Cardon G, Deforche B, Giles-Corti B, Sallis JF, Owen N, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Environmental and psychosocial correlates of accelerometer-assessed and self-reported physical activity in Belgian adults. Int J Behav Med. 2011 Sep; 18(3):235-45. PMID: 21038103.
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    177. Millstein RA, Sallis JF. Youth advocacy for obesity prevention: the next wave of social change for health. Transl Behav Med. 2011 Sep; 1(3):497-505. PMID: 24073069; PMCID: PMC3717625.
    178. Nicaise V, Kahan D, Sallis JF. Correlates of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among preschoolers during unstructured outdoor play periods. Prev Med. 2011 Oct; 53(4-5):309-15. PMID: 21878351.
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    179. Owen N, Sugiyama T, Eakin EE, Gardiner PA, Tremblay MS, Sallis JF. Adults' sedentary behavior determinants and interventions. Am J Prev Med. 2011 Aug; 41(2):189-96. PMID: 21767727.
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    180. Bauman A, Ainsworth BE, Sallis JF, Hagströmer M, Craig CL, Bull FC, Pratt M, Venugopal K, Chau J, Sjöström M. The descriptive epidemiology of sitting. A 20-country comparison using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Am J Prev Med. 2011 Aug; 41(2):228-35. PMID: 21767731.
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    181. Kerr J, Carlson JA, Sallis JF, Rosenberg D, Leak CR, Saelens BE, Chapman JE, Frank LD, Cain KL, Conway TL, King AC. Assessing health-related resources in senior living residences. J Aging Stud. 2011 Aug; 25(3):206-214. PMID: 27168700.
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    182. Oyeyemi AL, Adegoke BO, Oyeyemi AY, Sallis JF. Perceived environmental correlates of physical activity and walking in African young adults. Am J Health Promot. 2011 May-Jun; 25(5):e10-9. PMID: 21534826.
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    183. de Nazelle A, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ, Antó JM, Brauer M, Briggs D, Braun-Fahrlander C, Cavill N, Cooper AR, Desqueyroux H, Fruin S, Hoek G, Panis LI, Janssen N, Jerrett M, Joffe M, Andersen ZJ, van Kempen E, Kingham S, Kubesch N, Leyden KM, Marshall JD, Matamala J, Mellios G, Mendez M, Nassif H, Ogilvie D, Peiró R, Pérez K, Rabl A, Ragettli M, Rodríguez D, Rojas D, Ruiz P, Sallis JF, Terwoert J, Toussaint JF, Tuomisto J, Zuurbier M, Lebret E. Improving health through policies that promote active travel: a review of evidence to support integrated health impact assessment. Environ Int. 2011 May; 37(4):766-77. PMID: 21419493.
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    184. Ding D, Sallis JF, Norman GJ, Saelens BE, Harris SK, Kerr J, Rosenberg D, Durant N, Glanz K. Community food environment, home food environment, and fruit and vegetable intake of children and adolescents. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2012 Nov-Dec; 44(6):634-8. PMID: 21531177.
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    185. Corder K, Sallis JF, Crespo NC, Elder JP. Active children use more locations for physical activity. Health Place. 2011 Jul; 17(4):911-9. PMID: 21550836.
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    186. Ding D, Sallis JF, Hovell MF, Du J, Zheng M, He H, Owen N. Physical activity and sedentary behaviours among rural adults in Suixi, China: a cross-sectional study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011 Apr 26; 8:37. PMID: 21521510; PMCID: PMC3094269.
    187. Mayer JA, Woodruff SI, Slymen DJ, Sallis JF, Forster JL, Clapp EJ, Hoerster KD, Pichon LC, Weeks JR, Belch GE, Weinstock MA, Gilmer T. Adolescents' use of indoor tanning: a large-scale evaluation of psychosocial, environmental, and policy-level correlates. Am J Public Health. 2011 May; 101(5):930-8. PMID: 21421947; PMCID: PMC3076411.
    188. Sallis JF, Slymen DJ, Conway TL, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Cain K, Chapman JE. Income disparities in perceived neighborhood built and social environment attributes. Health Place. 2011 Nov; 17(6):1274-83. PMID: 21885324.
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    189. Sallis JF. Potential vs actual benefits of exergames. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011 Jul; 165(7):667-9. PMID: 21383253.
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    190. Adams MA, Sallis JF, Kerr J, Conway TL, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Norman GJ, Cain KL. Neighborhood environment profiles related to physical activity and weight status: a latent profile analysis. Prev Med. 2011 May; 52(5):326-31. PMID: 21382400; PMCID: PMC3087437.
    191. Crespo NC, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Saelens BE, Frank LD. Worksite physical activity policies and environments in relation to employee physical activity. Am J Health Promot. 2011 Mar-Apr; 25(4):264-71. PMID: 21361812.
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    192. Cerin E, Frank LD, Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Conway TL, Chapman JE, Glanz K. From neighborhood design and food options to residents' weight status. Appetite. 2011 Jun; 56(3):693-703. PMID: 21335040.
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    193. Huang JS, Gottschalk M, Norman GJ, Calfas KJ, Sallis JF, Patrick K. Compliance with behavioral guidelines for diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviors is related to insulin resistance among overweight and obese youth. BMC Res Notes. 2011 Feb 01; 4:29. PMID: 21281521; PMCID: PMC3045318.
    194. Baruth M, Wilcox S, Sallis JF, King AC, Marcus BH, Blair SN. Changes in CVD risk factors in the activity counseling trial. Int J Gen Med. 2011 Jan 19; 4:53-62. PMID: 21403793; PMCID: PMC3048340.
    195. Kistler KD, Brunt EM, Clark JM, Diehl AM, Sallis JF, Schwimmer JB. Physical activity recommendations, exercise intensity, and histological severity of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011 Mar; 106(3):460-8; quiz 469. PMID: 21206486; PMCID: PMC3070294.
    196. Fullilove M, Lee C, Sallis JF. Engaging communities to create active living environments. J Phys Act Health. 2011 Jan; 8 Suppl 1:S1-4. PMID: 21350249.
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    197. Sallis JF. Leisure-time physical activity and depression in adolescence. Clin J Sport Med. 2011 Jan; 21(1):72. PMID: 21200176.
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    198. Ayala GX, Gammelgard A, Sallis JF, Elder JP. The association of physical activity and work-related characteristics among Latino adults. J Phys Act Health. 2011 Jan; 8(1):79-84. PMID: 21297188.
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    199. Cox L, Berends V, Sallis JF, St John JM, McNeil B, Gonzalez M, Agron P. Engaging school governance leaders to influence physical activity policies. J Phys Act Health. 2011 Jan; 8 Suppl 1:S40-8. PMID: 21350261.
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    200. Lachapelle U, Frank L, Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Conway TL. Commuting by public transit and physical activity: where you live, where you work, and how you get there. J Phys Act Health. 2011 Jan; 8 Suppl 1:S72-82. PMID: 21350265.
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    201. Leek D, Carlson JA, Cain KL, Henrichon S, Rosenberg D, Patrick K, Sallis JF. Physical activity during youth sports practices. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011 Apr; 165(4):294-9. PMID: 21135319.
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    202. Hoerster KD, Mayer JA, Sallis JF, Pizzi N, Talley S, Pichon LC, Butler DA. Dog walking: its association with physical activity guideline adherence and its correlates. Prev Med. 2011 Jan; 52(1):33-8. PMID: 21047528.
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    203. Rosenberg DE, Norman GJ, Wagner N, Patrick K, Calfas KJ, Sallis JF. Reliability and validity of the Sedentary Behavior Questionnaire (SBQ) for adults. J Phys Act Health. 2010 Nov; 7(6):697-705. PMID: 21088299.
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    204. Pate RR, Sallis JF, Ward DS, Stevens J, Dowda M, Welk GJ, Young DR, Jobe JB, Strikmiller PK. Age-related changes in types and contexts of physical activity in middle school girls. Am J Prev Med. 2010 Nov; 39(5):433-9. PMID: 20965380; PMCID: PMC2962870.
    205. Moy KL, Sallis JF, Ice CL, Thompson KM. Physical activity correlates for Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders in the mainland United States. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2010 Nov; 21(4):1203-14. PMID: 21099072; PMCID: PMC3774284.
    206. Ramirez ER, Norman GJ, Rosenberg DE, Kerr J, Saelens BE, Durant N, Sallis JF. Adolescent screen time and rules to limit screen time in the home. J Adolesc Health. 2011 Apr; 48(4):379-85. PMID: 21402267; PMCID: PMC3058142.
    207. Buman MP, Hekler EB, Haskell WL, Pruitt L, Conway TL, Cain KL, Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Frank LD, King AC. Objective light-intensity physical activity associations with rated health in older adults. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Nov 15; 172(10):1155-65. PMID: 20843864; PMCID: PMC3004766.
    208. Rovniak LS, Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Marshall SJ, Norman GJ, Conway TL, Cain KL, Hovell MF. Adults' physical activity patterns across life domains: cluster analysis with replication. Health Psychol. 2010 Sep; 29(5):496-505. PMID: 20836604; PMCID: PMC3021982.
    209. Sallis JF. Measuring physical activity: practical approaches for program evaluation in Native American communities. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2010 Sep-Oct; 16(5):404-10. PMID: 20689389; PMCID: PMC2929911.
    210. Norman GJ, Carlson JA, Sallis JF, Wagner N, Calfas KJ, Patrick K. Reliability and validity of brief psychosocial measures related to dietary behaviors. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2010 Jul 02; 7:56. PMID: 20594360; PMCID: PMC2911392.
    211. Van Dyck D, Cardon G, Deforche B, Owen N, Sallis JF, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Neighborhood walkability and sedentary time in Belgian adults. Am J Prev Med. 2010 Jul; 39(1):25-32. PMID: 20547277.
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    212. Sallis JF, Kerr J, Carlson JA, Norman GJ, Saelens BE, Durant N, Ainsworth BE. Evaluating a brief self-report measure of neighborhood environments for physical activity research and surveillance: Physical Activity Neighborhood Environment Scale (PANES). J Phys Act Health. 2010 Jul; 7(4):533-40. PMID: 20683096.
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    213. Van Dyck D, Cerin E, Cardon G, Deforche B, Sallis JF, Owen N, de Bourdeaudhuij I. Physical activity as a mediator of the associations between neighborhood walkability and adiposity in Belgian adults. Health Place. 2010 Sep; 16(5):952-60. PMID: 20542461.
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    214. Baruth M, Wilcox S, Dunn AL, King AC, Marcus BH, Rejeski WJ, Sallis JF, Blair SN. Psychosocial mediators of physical activity and fitness changes in the activity counseling trial. Ann Behav Med. 2010 Jun; 39(3):274-89. PMID: 20431975.
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    215. Molina-García J, Castillo I, Sallis JF. Psychosocial and environmental correlates of active commuting for university students. Prev Med. 2010 Aug; 51(2):136-8. PMID: 20510271.
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    216. Roesch SC, Norman GJ, Villodas F, Sallis JF, Patrick K. Intervention-mediated effects for adult physical activity: A latent growth curve analysis. Soc Sci Med. 2010 Aug; 71(3):494-501. PMID: 20621747.
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    217. Inoue S, Ohya Y, Odagiri Y, Takamiya T, Ishii K, Kitabayashi M, Suijo K, Sallis JF, Shimomitsu T. Association between perceived neighborhood environment and walking among adults in 4 cities in Japan. J Epidemiol. 2010; 20(4):277-86. PMID: 20472982; PMCID: PMC3900787.
    218. Kerr J, Norman GJ, Adams MA, Ryan S, Frank L, Sallis JF, Calfas KJ, Patrick K. Do neighborhood environments moderate the effect of physical activity lifestyle interventions in adults? Health Place. 2010 Sep; 16(5):903-8. PMID: 20510642; PMCID: PMC2918657.
    219. Moy KL, Sallis JF, Tanjasiri SP. Culturally-specific physical activity measures for Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders. Hawaii Med J. 2010 May; 69(5 Suppl 2):21-4. PMID: 20544605; PMCID: PMC3158441.
    220. Sallis JF. We do not have to sacrifice children's health to achieve academic goals. J Pediatr. 2010 May; 156(5):696-7. PMID: 20304427.
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    221. Carnoske C, Hoehner C, Ruthmann N, Frank L, Handy S, Hill J, Ryan S, Sallis J, Glanz K, Brownson R. Developer and realtor perspectives on factors that influence development, sale, and perceived demand for activity-friendly communities. J Phys Act Health. 2010 Mar; 7 Suppl 1:S48-59. PMID: 20440012; PMCID: PMC3718394.
    222. Moy KL, Sallis JF, David KJ. Health indicators of Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders in the United States. J Community Health. 2010 Feb; 35(1):81-92. PMID: 19856087; PMCID: PMC2816258.
    223. Rosenberg DE, Sallis JF, Kerr J, Maher J, Norman GJ, Durant N, Harris SK, Saelens BE. Brief scales to assess physical activity and sedentary equipment in the home. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2010 Jan 31; 7:10. PMID: 20181057; PMCID: PMC2834609.
    224. Lee SM, Sallis JF, Biddle SJ. Active communities for youth and families: using research to create momentum for change. Prev Med. 2010 Jan; 50 Suppl 1:S3-5. PMID: 19850069.
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    225. Van Dyck D, Cardon G, Deforche B, Sallis JF, Owen N, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Neighborhood SES and walkability are related to physical activity behavior in Belgian adults. Prev Med. 2010 Jan; 50 Suppl 1:S74-9. PMID: 19751757.
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    226. Story M, Sallis JF, Orleans CT. Adolescent obesity: towards evidence-based policy and environmental solutions. J Adolesc Health. 2009 Sep; 45(3 Suppl):S1-5. PMID: 19699432.
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    227. Yancey AK, Sallis JF. Physical activity: Cinderella or Rodney Dangerfield? Prev Med. 2009 Oct; 49(4):277-9. PMID: 19716844.
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    228. Rosenberg D, Ding D, Sallis JF, Kerr J, Norman GJ, Durant N, Harris SK, Saelens BE. Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth (NEWS-Y): reliability and relationship with physical activity. Prev Med. 2009 Aug-Sep; 49(2-3):213-8. PMID: 19632263.
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    229. King AC, Sallis JF. Why and how to improve physical activity promotion: lessons from behavioral science and related fields. Prev Med. 2009 Oct; 49(4):286-8. PMID: 19631233; PMCID: PMC2998537.
    230. Cerin E, Conway TL, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Sallis JF. Cross-validation of the factorial structure of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS) and its abbreviated form (NEWS-A). Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2009 Jun 09; 6:32. PMID: 19508724; PMCID: PMC2700069.
    231. Sallis JF, Bowles HR, Bauman A, Ainsworth BE, Bull FC, Craig CL, Sjöström M, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Lefevre J, Matsudo V, Matsudo S, Macfarlane DJ, Gomez LF, Inoue S, Murase N, Volbekiene V, McLean G, Carr H, Heggebo LK, Tomten H, Bergman P. Neighborhood environments and physical activity among adults in 11 countries. Am J Prev Med. 2009 Jun; 36(6):484-90. PMID: 19460656.
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    232. Dishman RK, Dunn AL, Sallis JF, Vandenberg RJ, Pratt CA. Social-cognitive correlates of physical activity in a multi-ethnic cohort of middle-school girls: two-year prospective study. J Pediatr Psychol. 2010 Mar; 35(2):188-98. PMID: 19468040; PMCID: PMC2902830.
    233. Dishman RK, Hales DP, Sallis JF, Saunders R, Dunn AL, Bedimo-Rung AL, Ring KB. Validity of social-cognitive measures for physical activity in middle-school girls. J Pediatr Psychol. 2010 Jan-Feb; 35(1):72-88. PMID: 19433571; PMCID: PMC2910934.
    234. Sallis JF. Measuring physical activity environments: a brief history. Am J Prev Med. 2009 Apr; 36(4 Suppl):S86-92. PMID: 19285214; PMCID: PMC2921817.
    235. Brownson RC, Hoehner CM, Day K, Forsyth A, Sallis JF. Measuring the built environment for physical activity: state of the science. Am J Prev Med. 2009 Apr; 36(4 Suppl):S99-123.e12. PMID: 19285216.
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    236. Durant N, Harris SK, Doyle S, Person S, Saelens BE, Kerr J, Norman GJ, Sallis JF. Relation of school environment and policy to adolescent physical activity. J Sch Health. 2009 Apr; 79(4):153-9; quiz 205-6. PMID: 19292847.
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    237. Bauman A, Bull F, Chey T, Craig CL, Ainsworth BE, Sallis JF, Bowles HR, Hagstromer M, Sjostrom M, Pratt M. The International Prevalence Study on Physical Activity: results from 20 countries. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2009 Mar 31; 6:21. PMID: 19335883.
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    238. Adams MA, Norman GJ, Hovell MF, Sallis JF, Patrick K. Reconceptualizing decisional balance in an adolescent sun protection intervention: mediating effects and theoretical interpretations. Health Psychol. 2009 Mar; 28(2):217-25. PMID: 19290714; PMCID: PMC2657937.
    239. Roesch SC, Norman GJ, Adams MA, Kerr J, Sallis JF, Ryan S, Calfas KJ, Patrick K. Latent growth curve modeling of adolescent physical activity: testing parallel process and mediation models. J Health Psychol. 2009 Mar; 14(2):313-25. PMID: 19237499.
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    240. Hoerster KD, Garrow RL, Mayer JA, Clapp EJ, Weeks JR, Woodruff SI, Sallis JF, Slymen DJ, Patel MR, Sybert SA. Density of indoor tanning facilities in 116 large U.S. cities. Am J Prev Med. 2009 Mar; 36(3):243-6. PMID: 19215849; PMCID: PMC2656357.
    241. Sallis JF, Glanz K. Physical activity and food environments: solutions to the obesity epidemic. Milbank Q. 2009 Mar; 87(1):123-54. PMID: 19298418; PMCID: PMC2879180.
    242. Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Conway TL, Slymen DJ, Cain KL, Chapman JE, Kerr J. Neighborhood built environment and income: examining multiple health outcomes. Soc Sci Med. 2009 Apr; 68(7):1285-93. PMID: 19232809; PMCID: PMC3500640.
    243. Bergman P, Grjibovski AM, Hagströmer M, Sallis JF, Sjöström M. The association between health enhancing physical activity and neighbourhood environment among Swedish adults - a population-based cross-sectional study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2009 Feb 09; 6:8. PMID: 19203354; PMCID: PMC2647520.
    244. Sallis JF, Story M, Lou D. Study designs and analytic strategies for environmental and policy research on obesity, physical activity, and diet: recommendations from a meeting of experts. Am J Prev Med. 2009 Feb; 36(2 Suppl):S72-7. PMID: 19147064; PMCID: PMC2694128.
    245. Sallis JF, Linton LS, Kraft MK, Cutter CL, Kerr J, Weitzel J, Wilson A, Spoon C, Harrison ID, Cervero R, Patrick K, Schmid TL, Pratt M. The Active Living Research program: six years of grantmaking. Am J Prev Med. 2009 Feb; 36(2 Suppl):S10-21. PMID: 19147053.
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    246. Shigematsu R, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Cain KL, Chapman JE, King AC. Age differences in the relation of perceived neighborhood environment to walking. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009 Feb; 41(2):314-21. PMID: 19127195.
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    247. Durant N, Kerr J, Harris SK, Saelens BE, Norman GJ, Sallis JF. Environmental and safety barriers to youth physical activity in neighborhood parks and streets: reliability and validity. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2009 Feb; 21(1):86-99. PMID: 19411714.
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    248. Inoue S, Murase N, Shimomitsu T, Ohya Y, Odagiri Y, Takamiya T, Ishii K, Katsumura T, Sallis JF. Association of physical activity and neighborhood environment among Japanese adults. Prev Med. 2009 Apr; 48(4):321-5. PMID: 19463488.
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    249. Mayer JA, Slymen DJ, Clapp EJ, Pichon LC, Elder JP, Sallis JF, Eichenfield LF, Weinstock MA. Long-term maintenance of a successful occupational sun safety intervention. Arch Dermatol. 2009 Jan; 145(1):88-9. PMID: 19153354; PMCID: PMC3662222.
    250. Schilling JM, Giles-Corti B, Sallis JF. Connecting active living research and public policy: transdisciplinary research and policy interventions to increase physical activity. J Public Health Policy. 2009; 30 Suppl 1:S1-15. PMID: 19190567.
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    251. Smith TC, Wingard DL, Ryan MA, Kritz-Silverstein D, Slymen DJ, Sallis JF. PTSD prevalence, associated exposures, and functional health outcomes in a large, population-based military cohort. Public Health Rep. 2009 Jan-Feb; 124(1):90-102. PMID: 19413031; PMCID: PMC2602934.
    252. Bauman A, Ainsworth BE, Bull F, Craig CL, Hagströmer M, Sallis JF, Pratt M, Sjöström M. Progress and pitfalls in the use of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) for adult physical activity surveillance. J Phys Act Health. 2009; 6 Suppl 1:S5-8. PMID: 19998844.
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    253. Adams MA, Ryan S, Kerr J, Sallis JF, Patrick K, Frank LD, Norman GJ. Validation of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS) items using geographic information systems. J Phys Act Health. 2009; 6 Suppl 1:S113-23. PMID: 19998857.
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    254. Grow HM, Saelens BE, Kerr J, Durant NH, Norman GJ, Sallis JF. Where are youth active? Roles of proximity, active transport, and built environment. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008 Dec; 40(12):2071-9. PMID: 18981942.
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    255. Haug E, Torsheim T, Sallis JF, Samdal O. The characteristics of the outdoor school environment associated with physical activity. Health Educ Res. 2010 Apr; 25(2):248-56. PMID: 18936270; PMCID: PMC2839138.
    256. Casey AA, Elliott M, Glanz K, Haire-Joshu D, Lovegreen SL, Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Brownson RC. Impact of the food environment and physical activity environment on behaviors and weight status in rural U.S. communities. Prev Med. 2008 Dec; 47(6):600-4. PMID: 18976684; PMCID: PMC2650016.
    257. Kerr J, Norman GJ, Sallis JF, Patrick K. Exercise aids, neighborhood safety, and physical activity in adolescents and parents. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008 Jul; 40(7):1244-8. PMID: 18580403.
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    258. Brownson RC, Kelly CM, Eyler AA, Carnoske C, Grost L, Handy SL, Maddock JE, Pluto D, Ritacco BA, Sallis JF, Schmid TL. Environmental and policy approaches for promoting physical activity in the United States: a research agenda. J Phys Act Health. 2008 Jul; 5(4):488-503. PMID: 18648115.
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    259. Bauman AE, Sallis JF. Global problems require global studies. Am J Prev Med. 2008 Jun; 34(6):544-5. PMID: 18471593.
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    260. Coleman KJ, Rosenberg DE, Conway TL, Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Cain K. Physical activity, weight status, and neighborhood characteristics of dog walkers. Prev Med. 2008 Sep; 47(3):309-12. PMID: 18572234; PMCID: PMC2587031.
    261. Smith TC, Wingard DL, Ryan MA, Kritz-Silverstein D, Slymen DJ, Sallis JF. Prior assault and posttraumatic stress disorder after combat deployment. Epidemiology. 2008 May; 19(3):505-12. PMID: 18414091.
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    262. Frank LD, Kerr J, Sallis JF, Miles R, Chapman J. A hierarchy of sociodemographic and environmental correlates of walking and obesity. Prev Med. 2008 Aug; 47(2):172-8. PMID: 18565576.
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    263. Rosenberg D, Kerr J, Sallis JF, Patrick K, Moore DJ, King A. Feasibility and outcomes of a multilevel place-based walking intervention for seniors: a pilot study. Health Place. 2009 Mar; 15(1):173-9. PMID: 18502164.
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    264. Floyd MF, Crespo CJ, Sallis JF. Active living research in diverse and disadvantaged communities stimulating dialogue and policy solutions. Am J Prev Med. 2008 Apr; 34(4):271-4. PMID: 18374239.
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    265. Butcher K, Sallis JF, Mayer JA, Woodruff S. Correlates of physical activity guideline compliance for adolescents in 100 U.S. Cities. J Adolesc Health. 2008 Apr; 42(4):360-8. PMID: 18346661; PMCID: PMC2293305.
    266. Smith TC, Ryan MA, Wingard DL, Slymen DJ, Sallis JF, Kritz-Silverstein D. New onset and persistent symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder self reported after deployment and combat exposures: prospective population based US military cohort study. BMJ. 2008 Feb 16; 336(7640):366-71. PMID: 18198395; PMCID: PMC2244768.
    267. Hovell MF, Mulvihill MM, Buono MJ, Liles S, Schade DH, Washington TA, Manzano R, Sallis JF. Culturally tailored aerobic exercise intervention for low-income Latinas. Am J Health Promot. 2008 Jan-Feb; 22(3):155-63. PMID: 18251114.
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    268. Abercrombie LC, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Chapman JE. Income and racial disparities in access to public parks and private recreation facilities. Am J Prev Med. 2008 Jan; 34(1):9-15. PMID: 18083445.
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    269. Rosenberg DE, Bull FC, Marshall AL, Sallis JF, Bauman AE. Assessment of sedentary behavior with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. J Phys Act Health. 2008; 5 Suppl 1:S30-44. PMID: 18364524.
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    270. Forman H, Kerr J, Norman GJ, Saelens BE, Durant NH, Harris SK, Sallis JF. Reliability and validity of destination-specific barriers to walking and cycling for youth. Prev Med. 2008 Apr; 46(4):311-6. PMID: 18206220.
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    271. Owen N, Cerin E, Leslie E, duToit L, Coffee N, Frank LD, Bauman AE, Hugo G, Saelens BE, Sallis JF. Neighborhood walkability and the walking behavior of Australian adults. Am J Prev Med. 2007 Nov; 33(5):387-95. PMID: 17950404.
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    272. Pichon LC, Arredondo EM, Roesch S, Sallis JF, Ayala GX, Elder JP. The relation of acculturation to Latinas' perceived neighborhood safety and physical activity: a structural equation analysis. Ann Behav Med. 2007 Nov-Dec; 34(3):295-303. PMID: 18020939.
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    273. Sallis JF, King AC, Sirard JR, Albright CL. Perceived environmental predictors of physical activity over 6 months in adults: activity counseling trial. Health Psychol. 2007 Nov; 26(6):701-9. PMID: 18020842.
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    274. Sanchez A, Norman GJ, Sallis JF, Calfas KJ, Rock C, Patrick K. Patterns and correlates of multiple risk behaviors in overweight women. Prev Med. 2008 Mar; 46(3):196-202. PMID: 18022220; PMCID: PMC2729496.
    275. Sallis JF, Story M, Orleans CT. A research perspective on findings from Bridging the Gap. Am J Prev Med. 2007 Oct; 33(4 Suppl):S169-71. PMID: 17884563.
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    276. Rosenberg DE, Norman GJ, Sallis JF, Calfas KJ, Patrick K. Covariation of adolescent physical activity and dietary behaviors over 12 months. J Adolesc Health. 2007 Nov; 41(5):472-8. PMID: 17950167; PMCID: PMC2121661.
    277. Dowda M, Pate RR, Sallis JF, Freedson PS, Taylor WC, Sirard JR, Trost SG. Agreement between student-reported and proxy-reported physical activity questionnaires. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2007 Aug; 19(3):310-8. PMID: 18019589.
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    278. Glanz K, Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Frank LD. Nutrition Environment Measures Survey in stores (NEMS-S): development and evaluation. Am J Prev Med. 2007 Apr; 32(4):282-9. PMID: 17383559.
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    279. Saelens BE, Glanz K, Sallis JF, Frank LD. Nutrition Environment Measures Study in restaurants (NEMS-R): development and evaluation. Am J Prev Med. 2007 Apr; 32(4):273-81. PMID: 17383558.
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    280. Sallis JF. Angels in the details: comment on "The relationship between destination proximity, destination mix and physical activity behaviors". Prev Med. 2008 Jan; 46(1):6-7. PMID: 17467781.
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    281. Coogan MA, Karash KH, Adler T, Sallis J. The role of personal values, urban form, and auto availability in the analysis of walking for transportation. Am J Health Promot. 2007 Mar-Apr; 21(4 Suppl):363-70. PMID: 17465182.
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    282. Kligerman M, Sallis JF, Ryan S, Frank LD, Nader PR. Association of neighborhood design and recreation environment variables with physical activity and body mass index in adolescents. Am J Health Promot. 2007 Mar-Apr; 21(4):274-7. PMID: 17375494.
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    283. Frank L, Kerr J, Chapman J, Sallis J. Urban form relationships with walk trip frequency and distance among youth. Am J Health Promot. 2007 Mar-Apr; 21(4 Suppl):305-11. PMID: 17465175.
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    284. Barr-Anderson DJ, Young DR, Sallis JF, Neumark-Sztainer DR, Gittelsohn J, Webber L, Saunders R, Cohen S, Jobe JB. Structured physical activity and psychosocial correlates in middle-school girls. Prev Med. 2007 May; 44(5):404-9. PMID: 17363050.
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    285. Burton NW, Oldenburg B, Sallis JF, Turrell G. Measuring psychological, social, and environmental influences on leisure-time physical activity among adults. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2007 Feb; 31(1):36-43. PMID: 17333607.
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    286. Norman GJ, Adams MA, Calfas KJ, Covin J, Sallis JF, Rossi JS, Redding CA, Cella J, Patrick K. A randomized trial of a multicomponent intervention for adolescent sun protection behaviors. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2007 Feb; 161(2):146-52. PMID: 17283299.
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    287. Mayer JA, Slymen DJ, Clapp EJ, Pichon LC, Eckhardt L, Eichenfield LF, Elder JP, Sallis JF, Weinstock MA, Achter A, Balderrama C, Galindo GR, Oh SS. Promoting sun safety among US Postal Service letter carriers: impact of a 2-year intervention. Am J Public Health. 2007 Mar; 97(3):559-65. PMID: 17267715; PMCID: PMC1805012.
    288. Yancey AK, Fielding JE, Flores GR, Sallis JF, McCarthy WJ, Breslow L. Creating a robust public health infrastructure for physical activity promotion. Am J Prev Med. 2007 Jan; 32(1):68-78. PMID: 17218192.
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    289. Zabinski MF, Norman GJ, Sallis JF, Calfas KJ, Patrick K. Patterns of sedentary behavior among adolescents. Health Psychol. 2007 Jan; 26(1):113-20. PMID: 17209704.
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    290. Taylor WC, Sallis JF, Lees E, Hepworth JT, Feliz K, Volding DC, Cassels A, Tobin JN. Changing social and built environments to promote physical activity: recommendations from low income, urban women. J Phys Act Health. 2007 Jan; 4(1):54-65. PMID: 17489007.
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    291. Hagler AS, Norman GJ, Zabinski MF, Sallis JF, Calfas KJ, Patrick K. Psychosocial correlates of dietary intake among overweight and obese men. Am J Health Behav. 2007 Jan-Feb; 31(1):3-12. PMID: 17181457.
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    292. Sanchez A, Norman GJ, Sallis JF, Calfas KJ, Cella J, Patrick K. Patterns and correlates of physical activity and nutrition behaviors in adolescents. Am J Prev Med. 2007 Feb; 32(2):124-30. PMID: 17197153; PMCID: PMC1913476.
    293. Marcus BH, Williams DM, Dubbert PM, Sallis JF, King AC, Yancey AK, Franklin BA, Buchner D, Daniels SR, Claytor RP. Physical activity intervention studies: what we know and what we need to know: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism (Subcommittee on Physical Activity); Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young; and the Interdisciplinary Working Group on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research. Circulation. 2006 Dec 12; 114(24):2739-52. PMID: 17145995.
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    294. Pate RR, Stevens J, Pratt C, Sallis JF, Schmitz KH, Webber LS, Welk G, Young DR. Objectively measured physical activity in sixth-grade girls. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2006 Dec; 160(12):1262-8. PMID: 17146024; PMCID: PMC2443855.
    295. Adams MA, Hovell MF, Irvin V, Sallis JF, Coleman KJ, Liles S. Promoting stair use by modeling: an experimental application of the Behavioral Ecological Model. Am J Health Promot. 2006 Nov-Dec; 21(2):101-9. PMID: 17152249.
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    296. Samdal O, Tynjälä J, Roberts C, Sallis JF, Villberg J, Wold B. Trends in vigorous physical activity and TV watching of adolescents from 1986 to 2002 in seven European Countries. Eur J Public Health. 2007 Jun; 17(3):242-8. PMID: 17071949.
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    297. Rosenberg DE, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Cain KL, McKenzie TL. Active transportation to school over 2 years in relation to weight status and physical activity. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2006 Oct; 14(10):1771-6. PMID: 17062807.
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    298. Owen N, Glanz K, Sallis JF, Kelder SH. Evidence-based approaches to dissemination and diffusion of physical activity interventions. Am J Prev Med. 2006 Oct; 31(4 Suppl):S35-44. PMID: 16979468.
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    299. Kohl HW, Lee IM, Vuori IM, Wheeler FC, Bauman A, Sallis JF. Physical Activity and Public Health: The Emergence of a Subdiscipline-Report from the International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health April 17-21, 2006, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. J Phys Act Health. 2006 Oct; 3(4):344-364. PMID: 28834490.
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    300. Evenson KR, Birnbaum AS, Bedimo-Rung AL, Sallis JF, Voorhees CC, Ring K, Elder JP. Girls' perception of physical environmental factors and transportation: reliability and association with physical activity and active transport to school. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2006 Sep 14; 3:28. PMID: 16972999; PMCID: PMC1594571.
    301. King AC, Toobert D, Ahn D, Resnicow K, Coday M, Riebe D, Garber CE, Hurtz S, Morton J, Sallis JF. Perceived environments as physical activity correlates and moderators of intervention in five studies. Am J Health Promot. 2006 Sep-Oct; 21(1):24-35. PMID: 16977910.
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    302. Gehrman CA, Hovell MF, Sallis JF, Keating K. The effects of a physical activity and nutrition intervention on body dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, and weight concerns in pre-adolescents. Body Image. 2006 Dec; 3(4):345-51. PMID: 18089238.
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    303. Cerin E, Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Frank LD. Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale: validity and development of a short form. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Sep; 38(9):1682-91. PMID: 16960531.
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    304. Elder JP, Lytle L, Sallis JF, Young DR, Steckler A, Simons-Morton D, Stone E, Jobe JB, Stevens J, Lohman T, Webber L, Pate R, Saksvig BI, Ribisl K. A description of the social-ecological framework used in the trial of activity for adolescent girls (TAAG). Health Educ Res. 2007 Apr; 22(2):155-65. PMID: 16855014; PMCID: PMC2764407.
    305. Zabinski MF, Daly T, Norman GJ, Rupp JW, Calfas KJ, Sallis JF, Patrick K. Psychosocial correlates of fruit, vegetable, and dietary fat intake among adolescent boys and girls. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006 Jun; 106(6):814-21. PMID: 16720122.
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    306. King AC, Marcus B, Ahn D, Dunn AL, Rejeski WJ, Sallis JF, Coday M. Identifying subgroups that succeed or fail with three levels of physical activity intervention: the Activity Counseling Trial. Health Psychol. 2006 May; 25(3):336-47. PMID: 16719605.
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    307. Kerr J, Rosenberg D, Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Conway TL. Active commuting to school: Associations with environment and parental concerns. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Apr; 38(4):787-94. PMID: 16679998.
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    308. Hagler AS, Calfas KJ, Norman GJ, Sallis JF, Patrick K. Construct validity of physical activity and sedentary behaviors staging measures for adolescents. Ann Behav Med. 2006 Apr; 31(2):186-93. PMID: 16542134.
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    309. Johnson-Kozlow M, Sallis JF, Gilpin EA, Rock CL, Pierce JP. Comparative validation of the IPAQ and the 7-Day PAR among women diagnosed with breast cancer. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2006 Mar 31; 3:7. PMID: 16579852; PMCID: PMC1468425.
    310. Kraft MK, Sallis JF, Moudon AV, Linton LS. The Second Active Living Research Conference: Signs of Maturity. J Phys Act Health. 2006 Feb; 3(s1):S1-S5. PMID: 28834522.
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    311. Patrick K, Calfas KJ, Norman GJ, Zabinski MF, Sallis JF, Rupp J, Covin J, Cella J. Randomized controlled trial of a primary care and home-based intervention for physical activity and nutrition behaviors: PACE+ for adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2006 Feb; 160(2):128-36. PMID: 16461867.
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    312. Norman GJ, Nutter SK, Ryan S, Sallis JF, Calfas KJ, Patrick K. Community Design and Access to Recreational Facilities as Correlates of Adolescent Physical Activity and Body-Mass Index. J Phys Act Health. 2006 Feb; 3(s1):S118-S128. PMID: 28834510.
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    313. Sallis JF, Cervero RB, Ascher W, Henderson KA, Kraft MK, Kerr J. An ecological approach to creating active living communities. Annu Rev Public Health. 2006; 27:297-322. PMID: 16533119.
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    314. Sallis JF, Glanz K. The role of built environments in physical activity, eating, and obesity in childhood. Future Child. 2006; 16(1):89-108. PMID: 16532660.
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    315. Adams MA, Pelletier RL, Zive MM, Sallis JF. Salad bars and fruit and vegetable consumption in elementary schools: a plate waste study. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 Nov; 105(11):1789-92. PMID: 16256765.
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    316. Hagler AS, Norman GJ, Radick LR, Calfas KJ, Sallis JF. Comparability and reliability of paper- and computer-based measures of psychosocial constructs for adolescent fruit and vegetable and dietary fat intake. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 Nov; 105(11):1758-64. PMID: 16256760.
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    318. Norman GJ, Sallis JF, Gaskins R. Comparability and reliability of paper- and computer-based measures of psychosocial constructs for adolescent physical activity and sedentary behaviors. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2005 Sep; 76(3):315-23. PMID: 16270708.
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    319. Dishman RK, Motl RW, Sallis JF, Dunn AL, Birnbaum AS, Welk GJ, Bedimo-Rung AL, Voorhees CC, Jobe JB. Self-management strategies mediate self-efficacy and physical activity. Am J Prev Med. 2005 Jul; 29(1):10-8. PMID: 15958246; PMCID: PMC2435261.
    320. Glanz K, Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Frank LD. Healthy nutrition environments: concepts and measures. Am J Health Promot. 2005 May-Jun; 19(5):330-3, ii. PMID: 15895534.
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    321. Birnbaum AS, Evenson KR, Motl RW, Dishman RK, Voorhees CC, Sallis JF, Elder JP, Dowda M. Scale development for perceived school climate for girls' physical activity. Am J Health Behav. 2005 May-Jun; 29(3):250-7. PMID: 15899688; PMCID: PMC2494732.
    322. Vandelanotte C, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Sallis JF, Spittaels H, Brug J. Efficacy of sequential or simultaneous interactive computer-tailored interventions for increasing physical activity and decreasing fat intake. Ann Behav Med. 2005 Apr; 29(2):138-46. PMID: 15823787.
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    323. Dowda M, James F, Sallis JF, McKenzie TL, Rosengard P, Kohl HW. Evaluating the sustainability of SPARK physical education: a case study of translating research into practice. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2005 Mar; 76(1):11-9. PMID: 15810766.
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    324. Atkinson JL, Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Cain KL, Black JB. The association of neighborhood design and recreational environments with physical activity. Am J Health Promot. 2005 Mar-Apr; 19(4):304-9. PMID: 15768925.
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    325. Frank LD, Schmid TL, Sallis JF, Chapman J, Saelens BE. Linking objectively measured physical activity with objectively measured urban form: findings from SMARTRAQ. Am J Prev Med. 2005 Feb; 28(2 Suppl 2):117-25. PMID: 15694519.
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    326. Sallis JF, Linton L, Kraft MK. The first Active Living Research Conference: growth of a transdisciplinary field. Am J Prev Med. 2005 Feb; 28(2 Suppl 2):93-5. PMID: 15694516.
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    327. Woodruff SI, Laniado-Laborín R, Candelaria JI, Villaseñor A, Sallis JF. Parental prompts as risk factors for adolescent trial smoking: results of a prospective cohort study. Addict Behav. 2004 Dec; 29(9):1869-73. PMID: 15530731.
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    328. McKenzie TL, Prochaska JJ, Sallis JF, LaMaster KJ. Coeducational and single-sex physical education in middle schools: impact on physical activity. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2004 Dec; 75(4):446-9. PMID: 15673045.
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    329. McMurray RG, Ring KB, Treuth MS, Welk GJ, Pate RR, Schmitz KH, Pickrel JL, Gonzalez V, Almedia MJ, Young DR, Sallis JF. Comparison of two approaches to structured physical activity surveys for adolescents. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004 Dec; 36(12):2135-43. PMID: 15570151; PMCID: PMC2422874.
    330. Gómez JE, Johnson BA, Selva M, Sallis JF. Violent crime and outdoor physical activity among inner-city youth. Prev Med. 2004 Nov; 39(5):876-81. PMID: 15475019.
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    331. Hill JO, Sallis JF, Peters JC. Economic analysis of eating and physical activity: a next step for research and policy change. Am J Prev Med. 2004 Oct; 27(3 Suppl):111-6. PMID: 15450621.
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    332. Moody JS, Prochaska JJ, Sallis JF, McKenzie TL, Brown M, Conway TL. Viability of parks and recreation centers as sites for youth physical activity promotion. Health Promot Pract. 2004 Oct; 5(4):438-43. PMID: 15358916.
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    333. Pratt M, Macera CA, Sallis JF, O'Donnell M, Frank LD. Economic interventions to promote physical activity: application of the SLOTH model. Am J Prev Med. 2004 Oct; 27(3 Suppl):136-45. PMID: 15450624.
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    334. Oh SS, Mayer JA, Lewis EC, Slymen DJ, Sallis JF, Elder JP, Eckhardt L, Achter A, Weinstock M, Eichenfield L, Pichon LC, Galindo GR. Validating outdoor workers' self-report of sun protection. Prev Med. 2004 Oct; 39(4):798-803. PMID: 15351548.
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    335. McKenzie TL, Sallis JF, Prochaska JJ, Conway TL, Marshall SJ, Rosengard P. Evaluation of a two-year middle-school physical education intervention: M-SPAN. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004 Aug; 36(8):1382-8. PMID: 15292747.
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    336. Haase A, Steptoe A, Sallis JF, Wardle J. Leisure-time physical activity in university students from 23 countries: associations with health beliefs, risk awareness, and national economic development. Prev Med. 2004 Jul; 39(1):182-90. PMID: 15208001.
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    337. Owen N, Humpel N, Leslie E, Bauman A, Sallis JF. Understanding environmental influences on walking; Review and research agenda. Am J Prev Med. 2004 Jul; 27(1):67-76. PMID: 15212778.
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    338. Prochaska JJ, Sallis JF. A randomized controlled trial of single versus multiple health behavior change: promoting physical activity and nutrition among adolescents. Health Psychol. 2004 May; 23(3):314-8. PMID: 15099173.
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    339. Patrick K, Norman GJ, Calfas KJ, Sallis JF, Zabinski MF, Rupp J, Cella J. Diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors as risk factors for overweight in adolescence. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Apr; 158(4):385-90. PMID: 15066880.
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    340. Prochaska JJ, Sallis JF. Reliability and validity of a fruit and vegetable screening measure for adolescents. J Adolesc Health. 2004 Mar; 34(3):163-5. PMID: 14967337.
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    341. Brownson RC, Chang JJ, Eyler AA, Ainsworth BE, Kirtland KA, Saelens BE, Sallis JF. Measuring the environment for friendliness toward physical activity: a comparison of the reliability of 3 questionnaires. Am J Public Health. 2004 Mar; 94(3):473-83. PMID: 14998817; PMCID: PMC1448279.
    342. Laniado-Laborín R, Candelaria JI, Villaseñor A, Woodruff SI, Sallis JF. Concordance between parental and children's reports of parental smoking prompts. Chest. 2004 Feb; 125(2):429-34. PMID: 14769720.
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    343. Humpel N, Owen N, Leslie E, Marshall AL, Bauman AE, Sallis JF. Associations of location and perceived environmental attributes with walking in neighborhoods. Am J Health Promot. 2004 Jan-Feb; 18(3):239-42. PMID: 14748314.
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    344. Trost SG, Sallis JF, Pate RR, Freedson PS, Taylor WC, Dowda M. Evaluating a model of parental influence on youth physical activity. Am J Prev Med. 2003 Nov; 25(4):277-82. PMID: 14580627.
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    345. Sallis JF. New thinking on older adults' physical activity. Am J Prev Med. 2003 Oct; 25(3 Suppl 2):110-1. PMID: 14552933.
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    346. Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Black JB, Chen D. Neighborhood-based differences in physical activity: an environment scale evaluation. Am J Public Health. 2003 Sep; 93(9):1552-8. PMID: 12948979; PMCID: PMC1448009.
    347. De Bourdeaudhuij I, Sallis JF, Saelens BE. Environmental correlates of physical activity in a sample of Belgian adults. Am J Health Promot. 2003 Sep-Oct; 18(1):83-92. PMID: 13677966.
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    348. Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjöström M, Bauman AE, Booth ML, Ainsworth BE, Pratt M, Ekelund U, Yngve A, Sallis JF, Oja P. International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003 Aug; 35(8):1381-95. PMID: 12900694.
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    349. Hayden-Wade HA, Coleman KJ, Sallis JF, Armstrong C. Validation of the telephone and in-person interview versions of the 7-day PAR. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003 May; 35(5):801-9. PMID: 12750590.
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    350. Sallis JF, McKenzie TL, Conway TL, Elder JP, Prochaska JJ, Brown M, Zive MM, Marshall SJ, Alcaraz JE. Environmental interventions for eating and physical activity: a randomized controlled trial in middle schools. Am J Prev Med. 2003 Apr; 24(3):209-17. PMID: 12657338.
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    351. Salmon J, Owen N, Crawford D, Bauman A, Sallis JF. Physical activity and sedentary behavior: a population-based study of barriers, enjoyment, and preference. Health Psychol. 2003 Mar; 22(2):178-88. PMID: 12683738.
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    352. Pearson TA, Bazzarre TL, Daniels SR, Fair JM, Fortmann SP, Franklin BA, Goldstein LB, Hong Y, Mensah GA, Sallis JF, Smith S, Stone NJ, Taubert KA. American Heart Association guide for improving cardiovascular health at the community level: a statement for public health practitioners, healthcare providers, and health policy makers from the American Heart Association Expert Panel on Population and Prevention Science. Circulation. 2003 Feb 04; 107(4):645-51. PMID: 12566381.
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    353. Woodruff SI, Candelaria JI, Laniado-Laborín R, Sallis JF, Villaseñor A. Availability of cigarettes as a risk factor for trial smoking in adolescents. Am J Health Behav. 2003 Jan-Feb; 27(1):84-8. PMID: 12500955.
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    354. Doshi A, Patrick K, Sallis JF, Calfas K. Evaluation of physical activity web sites for use of behavior change theories. Ann Behav Med. 2003; 25(2):105-11. PMID: 12704012.
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    355. Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Frank LD. Environmental correlates of walking and cycling: findings from the transportation, urban design, and planning literatures. Ann Behav Med. 2003; 25(2):80-91. PMID: 12704009.
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    356. Trost SG, Owen N, Bauman AE, Sallis JF, Brown W. Correlates of adults' participation in physical activity: review and update. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002 Dec; 34(12):1996-2001. PMID: 12471307.
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    357. De Bourdeaudhuij I, Sallis J, Vandelanotte C. Tracking and explanation of physical activity in young adults over a 7-year period. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2002 Dec; 73(4):376-85. PMID: 12495239.
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    358. Zive MM, Elder JP, Prochaska JJ, Conway TL, Pelletier RL, Marshall S, Sallis JF. Sources of dietary fat in middle schools. Prev Med. 2002 Oct; 35(4):376-82. PMID: 12453715.
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    359. McKenzie TL, Sallis JF, Broyles SL, Zive MM, Nader PR, Berry CC, Brennan JJ. Childhood movement skills: predictors of physical activity in Anglo American and Mexican American adolescents? Res Q Exerc Sport. 2002 Sep; 73(3):238-44. PMID: 12230330.
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    360. Bauman AE, Sallis JF, Dzewaltowski DA, Owen N. Toward a better understanding of the influences on physical activity: the role of determinants, correlates, causal variables, mediators, moderators, and confounders. Am J Prev Med. 2002 Aug; 23(2 Suppl):5-14. PMID: 12133733.
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    361. Pearson TA, Blair SN, Daniels SR, Eckel RH, Fair JM, Fortmann SP, Franklin BA, Goldstein LB, Greenland P, Grundy SM, Hong Y, Miller NH, Lauer RM, Ockene IS, Sacco RL, Sallis JF, Smith SC, Stone NJ, Taubert KA. AHA Guidelines for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke: 2002 Update: Consensus Panel Guide to Comprehensive Risk Reduction for Adult Patients Without Coronary or Other Atherosclerotic Vascular Diseases. American Heart Association Science Advisory and Coordinating Committee. Circulation. 2002 Jul 16; 106(3):388-91. PMID: 12119259.
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    362. Pate RR, Freedson PS, Sallis JF, Taylor WC, Sirard J, Trost SG, Dowda M. Compliance with physical activity guidelines: prevalence in a population of children and youth. Ann Epidemiol. 2002 Jul; 12(5):303-8. PMID: 12062916.
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    363. Prochaska JJ, Rodgers MW, Sallis JF. Association of parent and peer support with adolescent physical activity. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2002 Jun; 73(2):206-10. PMID: 12092896.
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    364. Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Nader PR, Broyles SL, Berry CC, Taras HL. Home environmental influences on children's television watching from early to middle childhood. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2002 Jun; 23(3):127-32. PMID: 12055494.
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    365. Palmer RC, Mayer JA, Woodruff SI, Eckhardt L, Sallis JF. Indoor tanning facility density in eighty U.S. cities. J Community Health. 2002 Jun; 27(3):191-202. PMID: 12027269.
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    366. Powers HS, Conway TL, McKenzie TL, Sallis JF, Marshall SJ. Participation in extracurricular physical activity programs at middle schools. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2002 Jun; 73(2):187-92. PMID: 12092893.
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    367. Oldenburg B, Sallis JF, Harris D, Owen N. Checklist of Health Promotion Environments at Worksites (CHEW): development and measurement characteristics. Am J Health Promot. 2002 May-Jun; 16(5):288-99. PMID: 12053440.
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    368. Zive MM, Berry CC, Sallis JF, Frank GC, Nader PR. Tracking dietary intake in white and Mexican-American children from age 4 to 12 years. J Am Diet Assoc. 2002 May; 102(5):683-9. PMID: 12008994.
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    369. Sallis JF, Kraft K, Linton LS. How the environment shapes physical activity: a transdisciplinary research agenda. Am J Prev Med. 2002 Apr; 22(3):208. PMID: 11897466.
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    370. Conway TL, Sallis JF, Pelletier RL, Powers HS, Marshall SJ, Zive MM, Elder JP. What do middle school children bring in their bag lunches? Prev Med. 2002 Apr; 34(4):422-7. PMID: 11914048.
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    371. Strelow JS, Larsen JS, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Powers HS, McKenzie TL. Factors influencing the performance of volunteers who provide physical activity in middle schools. J Sch Health. 2002 Apr; 72(4):147-51. PMID: 12029811.
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    372. Zive MM, Pelletier RL, Sallis JF, Elder JP. An environmental intervention to improve a la carte foods at middle schools. J Am Diet Assoc. 2002 Mar; 102(3 Suppl):S76-8. PMID: 11902394.
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    373. Masu R, Sallis JF, Berry CC, Broyles SL, Elder JP, Nader PR. The relationship between health beliefs and behaviors and dietary intake in early adolescence. J Am Diet Assoc. 2002 Mar; 102(3):421-4. PMID: 11902380.
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    374. De Bourdeaudhuij I, Sallis J. Relative contribution of psychosocial variables to the explanation of physical activity in three population-based adult samples. Prev Med. 2002 Feb; 34(2):279-88. PMID: 11817925.
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    375. Calfas KJ, Sallis JF, Zabinski MF, Wilfley DE, Rupp J, Prochaska JJ, Thompson S, Pratt M, Patrick K. Preliminary evaluation of a multicomponent program for nutrition and physical activity change in primary care: PACE+ for adults. Prev Med. 2002 Feb; 34(2):153-61. PMID: 11817910.
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    376. Trost SG, Pate RR, Sallis JF, Freedson PS, Taylor WC, Dowda M, Sirard J. Age and gender differences in objectively measured physical activity in youth. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002 Feb; 34(2):350-5. PMID: 11828247.
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    377. Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Wilfley DE, Patrick K, Cella JA, Buchta R. Behavioral weight control for overweight adolescents initiated in primary care. Obes Res. 2002 Jan; 10(1):22-32. PMID: 11786598.
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    378. Prochaska JJ, Sallis JF, Griffith B, Douglas J. Physical activity levels of Barbadian youth and comparison to a U.S. sample. Int J Behav Med. 2002; 9(4):360-72. PMID: 12508670.
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    379. Laniado-Laborín R, Woodruff SI, Candelaria JI, Sallis JF. Parental prompting and smoking among Latino youth. Ethn Dis. 2002; 12(4):508-16. PMID: 12477136.
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    380. Patrick K, Sallis JF, Long B, Calfas KJ, Wooten W, Heath G, Pratt M. A New Tool for Encouraging Activity. Phys Sportsmed. 1994 Nov; 22(11):45-55. PMID: 29275663.
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