Bahar Shahidi

Title(s)Associate Professor In Residence, Orthopedic Surgery
SchoolVc-health Sciences-schools
Address9500 Gilman Drive #
La Jolla CA 92093
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California San DiegoPostdocRadiology/Orthopaedic Surgery
    University of Colorado DenverPh.D.2015Rehabilitation Science; Neurophysiology
    University of Colorado DenverD.P.T.2009School of Medicine; Physical Therapy
    University of California BerkeleyB.S.2005Chemistry

    Collapse Overview 

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Quantification of cervical and lumbar spine kinematics, intervertebral disc health, and muscle physiology in swift boat combatant crewmen
    DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE JW200175Oct 1, 2020 - Sep 30, 2023
    Role: Co-Investigator
    The interaction between analgesic medication and exercise-induced musclehypertrophy in patients with low back pain
    NIH R01HD100446Sep 1, 2020 - Jul 31, 2025
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Imaging Markers of Central and Peripheral Impairment and Chronic Post-traumatic Headache
    NIH R21NS109852Jul 15, 2019 - Jun 30, 2021
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    3D Quantification of Exercise-Induced Recruitment in Pathological Paraspinal Muscles
    NIH/NICHD R03HD094598Dec 1, 2017 - Nov 30, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Lumbar spine muscle degeneration inhibits rehabilitation-induced muscle recovery
    NIH HD088437Jul 1, 2017 - Jun 30, 2022
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Incidence of postoperative neurological deficit with the use of an intraoperative neuromonitoring protocol for lateral lumbar interbody fusion. J Neurosurg Spine. 2024 Feb 01; 40(2):162-168. Mundis GM, Record NC, Shahidi B, Lakomkin N, Carnelian A, Brady KC, Jelousi M, Akbarnia BA, Eastlack RK. PMID: 37976512.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Paraspinal muscles in individuals undergoing surgery for lumbar spine pathology lack a myogenic response to an acute bout of resistance exercise. JOR Spine. 2024 Mar; 7(1):e1291. Shahidi B, Anderson B, Ordaz A, Berry DB, Ruoss S, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Garfin SR, Farshad M, Schenk S, Ward SR. PMID: 38222805; PMCID: PMC10782077.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    3. The Impact of Spine Pathology on Posterior Ligamentous Complex Structure and Function. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2023 Dec; 16(12):616-626. Anderson B, Shahidi B. PMID: 37870725; PMCID: PMC10733250.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    4. The influence of ligament biomechanics on proximal junctional kyphosis and failure in patients with adult spinal deformity. JOR Spine. 2023 Sep; 6(3):e1277. Blais M, Shahidi B, Anderson B, O'Brien E, Moltzen C, Iannacone T, Eastlack RK, Mundis GM. PMID: 37780835; PMCID: PMC10540824.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    5. The effect of fatty infiltration, revision surgery, and sex on lumbar multifidus passive mechanical properties. JOR Spine. 2023 Sep; 6(3):e1266. Shahidi B, Padwal JA, Su JJ, Regev G, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Garfin SR, Kim C, Lieber RL, Ward SR. PMID: 37780825; PMCID: PMC10540820.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    6. Establishing a Standardized Clinical Consensus for Reporting Complications Following Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Medicina (Kaunas). 2023 Jun 15; 59(6). Mundis GM, Ito K, Lakomkin N, Shahidi B, Malone H, Iannacone T, Akbarnia B, Uribe J, Eastlack R. PMID: 37374353; PMCID: PMC10301923.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Paraspinal muscle gene expression across different aetiologies in individuals undergoing surgery for lumbar spine pathology. Eur Spine J. 2023 04; 32(4):1123-1131. Ordaz A, Anderson B, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Garfin SR, Schuepbach R, Farshad M, Schenk S, Ward SR, Shahidi B. PMID: 36740606; PMCID: PMC10448537.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. A Retrospective Study on Patient-Specific Predictors for Non-Response to Sacroiliac Joint Injections. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Nov 23; 19(23). Chandrupatla RS, Shahidi B, Bruno K, Chen JL. PMID: 36497595.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    9. Factors impacting adherence to an exercise-based physical therapy program for individuals with low back pain. PLoS One. 2022; 17(10):e0276326. Shahidi B, Padwal J, Lee E, Xu R, Northway S, Taitano L, Wu T, Raiszadeh K. PMID: 36264988; PMCID: PMC9584523.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. A Retrospective Study of the Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic Related Administrative Restrictions on Spine Surgery Practice and Outcomes in an Urban Healthcare System. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Aug 25; 19(17). Attaripour B, Xiang S, Mitchell B, Siow M, Parekh J, Shahidi B. PMID: 36078305; PMCID: PMC9518046.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    11. Paraspinal Muscle Health is Related to Fibrogenic, Adipogenic, and Myogenic Gene Expression in Patients with Lumbar Spine Pathology. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2022 Jun 24; 23(1):608. Anderson B, Ordaz A, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Garfin SR, Schuepbach R, Farshad M, Schenk S, Ward SR, Shahidi B. PMID: 35739523; PMCID: PMC9229083.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Can a bioactive interbody device reduce the cost burden of achieving lateral lumbar fusion? J Neurosurg Spine. 2022 Jun 03; 1-8. Malone H, Mundis GM, Collier M, Kidwell RL, Rios F, Jelousi M, Galli S, Shahidi B, Akbarnia BA, Eastlack RK. PMID: 36303478.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    13. IVIM Imaging of Paraspinal Muscles Following Moderate and High-Intensity Exercise in Healthy Individuals. Front Rehabil Sci. 2022 05; 3. Englund EK, Berry DB, Behun JJ, Ward SR, Frank LR, Shahidi B. PMID: 35959464; PMCID: PMC9365030.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    14. Greater Severity and Functional Impact of Post-traumatic Headache in Veterans With Comorbid Neck Pain Following Traumatic Brain Injury. Mil Med. 2021 11 02; 186(11-12):1207-1214. Shahidi B, Bursch RW, Carmel JS, Carranza AC, Cooper KM, Lee JV, O'Connor CN, Sorg SF, Maluf KS, Schiehser DM. PMID: 33306100; PMCID: PMC8562894.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Letter to the Editor Re: "State of the art: proximal junctional kyphosis-diagnosis, management and prevention". Spine Deform. 2022 07; 10(4):969-970. Haldeman PB, Swan AR, Ward SR, Osorio J, Shahidi B. PMID: 34562264.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Paraspinal muscle morphology and composition in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A histological analysis. JOR Spine. 2021 Sep; 4(3):e1169. Shahidi B, Yoo A, Farnsworth C, Newton PO, Ward SR. PMID: 34611591; PMCID: PMC8479518.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9  
    17. Intravoxel Incoherent Motion Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Skeletal Muscle: Review and Future Directions. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2022 04; 55(4):988-1012. Englund EK, Reiter DA, Shahidi B, Sigmund EE. PMID: 34390617; PMCID: PMC8841570.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Intravoxel incoherent motion imaging predicts exercise-based rehabilitation response in individuals with low back pain. NMR Biomed. 2021 12; 34(12):e4595. Shahidi B, Behun JJ, Berry DB, Raiszadeh K, Englund EK. PMID: 34327758.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. In-Clinic Versus Web-Based Multidisciplinary Exercise-Based Rehabilitation for Treatment of Low Back Pain: Prospective Clinical Trial in an Integrated Practice Unit Model. J Med Internet Res. 2021 03 18; 23(3):e22548. Raiszadeh K, Tapicer J, Taitano L, Wu J, Shahidi B. PMID: 33734088; PMCID: PMC8074858.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. The influence of 3D curve severity on paraspinal muscle fatty infiltration in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2021 07; 9(4):987-995. Berry DB, Grant CD, Farnsworth CL, Englund EK, Newton PO, Shahidi B. PMID: 33751482.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Analgesic Medication Use During Exercise-Based Rehabilitation in Individuals With Low Back Pain: A Call to Action. Phys Ther. 2021 03 03; 101(3). Shahidi B, Schenk S, Raiszadeh K. PMID: 33454784; PMCID: PMC8005293.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Regional differences between superficial and deep lumbar multifidus in patients with chronic lumbar spine pathology. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2020 Nov 20; 21(1):764. Padwal J, Berry DB, Hubbard JC, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Garfin SR, Ward SR, Shahidi B. PMID: 33218321; PMCID: PMC7678325.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Letter to Editor and Response. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2020 08 01; 45(15):E973-E974. Shahidi B, Ward SR. PMID: 32675621; PMCID: PMC10481888.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Cell populations and muscle fiber morphology associated with acute and chronic muscle degeneration in lumbar spine pathology. JOR Spine. 2020 Jun; 3(2):e1087. Shahidi B, Gibbons MC, Esparza M, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Garfin SR, Ward SR. PMID: 32613162; PMCID: PMC7323470.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8  
    25. Increased Fibrogenic Gene Expression in Multifidus Muscles of Patients With Chronic Versus Acute Lumbar Spine Pathology. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2020 Feb 15; 45(4):E189-E195. Shahidi B, Fisch KM, Gibbons MC, Ward SR. PMID: 31513095; PMCID: PMC6994378.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Multiparametric MRI characterization of level dependent differences in lumbar muscle size, quality, and microstructure. JOR Spine. 2020 Jun; 3(2):e1079. Berry DB, Rodriguez-Soto AE, Englund EK, Shahidi B, Parra C, Frank LR, Kelly KR, Ward SR. PMID: 32613159; PMCID: PMC7323468.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5  
    27. The effect of high-intensity resistance exercise on lumbar musculature in patients with low back pain: a preliminary study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2019 Jun 18; 20(1):290. Berry DB, Padwal J, Johnson S, Englund EK, Ward SR, Shahidi B. PMID: 31208400; PMCID: PMC6580468.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    28. Intervertebral disc kinematics in active duty Marines with and without lumbar spine pathology. JOR Spine. 2019 Jun; 2(2):e1057. Onodera K, Berry DB, Shahidi B, Kelly KR, Ward SR. PMID: 31463467; PMCID: PMC6686816.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    29. Selective Fatty Replacement of Paraspinal Muscles in Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2019 Jun; 49(6):483. Shahidi B, Ward SR. PMID: 31151375; PMCID: PMC10448540.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Lumbar Muscle Structure Predicts Operational Postures in Active-Duty Marines. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2018 08; 48(8):613-621. Berry DB, Shahidi B, Rodríguez-Soto AE, Hughes-Austin JM, Kelly KR, Ward SR. PMID: 29772956.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    31. Methodological considerations in region of interest definitions for paraspinal muscles in axial MRIs of the lumbar spine. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2018 May 07; 19(1):135. Berry DB, Padwal J, Johnson S, Parra CL, Ward SR, Shahidi B. PMID: 29734942; PMCID: PMC5938809.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Skeletal Muscle Atrophy and Degeneration in a Mouse Model of Traumatic Brain Injury. J Neurotrauma. 2018 01 15; 35(2):398-401. Shahidi B, Shah SB, Esparza M, Head BP, Ward SR. PMID: 28895461; PMCID: PMC5784787.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    33. Lumbar multifidus muscle degenerates in individuals with chronic degenerative lumbar spine pathology. J Orthop Res. 2017 12; 35(12):2700-2706. Shahidi B, Hubbard JC, Gibbons MC, Ruoss S, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Garfin SR, Ward SR. PMID: 28480978; PMCID: PMC5677570.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 56     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Contribution of Lumbar Spine Pathology and Age to Paraspinal Muscle Size and Fatty Infiltration. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Apr 15; 42(8):616-623. Shahidi B, Parra CL, Berry DB, Hubbard JC, Gombatto S, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Hughes-Austin J, Garfin S, Ward SR. PMID: 27517512; PMCID: PMC5303569.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 67     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Adaptations in Evoked Pain Sensitivity and Conditioned Pain Modulation after Development of Chronic Neck Pain. Biomed Res Int. 2017; 2017:8985398. Shahidi B, Maluf KS. PMID: 28484718; PMCID: PMC5397650.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Lumbar spine postures in Marines during simulated operational positions. J Orthop Res. 2017 10; 35(10):2145-2153. Berry DB, Rodríguez-Soto AE, Su J, Gombatto SP, Shahidi B, Palombo L, Chung C, Jensen A, Kelly KR, Ward SR. PMID: 28052435.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    37. Psychosocial, Physical, and Neurophysiological Risk Factors for Chronic Neck Pain: A Prospective Inception Cohort Study. J Pain. 2015 Dec; 16(12):1288-1299. Shahidi B, Curran-Everett D, Maluf KS. PMID: 26400680; PMCID: PMC9288140.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Cardiovascular responses to an acute psychological stressor are associated with the cortisol awakening response in individuals with chronic neck pain. Physiol Behav. 2015 Oct 15; 150:93-8. Shahidi B, Sannes T, Laudenslager M, Maluf KS. PMID: 25662023; PMCID: PMC4529395.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Differential effects of mental concentration and acute psychosocial stress on cervical muscle activity and posture. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2013 Oct; 23(5):1082-9. Shahidi B, Haight A, Maluf K. PMID: 23800438; PMCID: PMC4968934.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Reliability and group differences in quantitative cervicothoracic measures among individuals with and without chronic neck pain. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2012 Oct 31; 13:215. Shahidi B, Johnson CL, Curran-Everett D, Maluf KS. PMID: 23114092; PMCID: PMC3564937.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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