Loading...
Sign in to edit your profile (add interests, mentoring, photo, etc.)

    Carol Franz

    TitleAssociate Adjunct Professor
    SchoolUniversity of California, San Diego
    DepartmentPsychiatry
    Address9500 Gilman Drive #0738
    CA La Jolla 92093
    Phone858-822-1793
    vCardDownload vCard

      Collapse Overview 
      Collapse Overview

      Biography

      Dr. Franz received her Ph.D.in personality psychology from Boston University in 1988. She completed a post-doctoral fellowship at Harvard University with Dr. David McClelland in 1992. In 1993 and 1994 she was a visiting professor at University of Michigan, Ann Arbor and Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts, after which she joined the faculty as a Research Psychologist at UC Berkeley from 1994-1996. From 1996, until joining the Psychiatry Department at UC San Diego in 2004, she was a senior research analyst at the Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care at UC Davis. She has been Assistant Adjunct Professor at UCSD since 2009, and is also a faculty member in the Stein Institute for Research on Aging, the Center for Behavioral Genomics, and at the Clinical and Translational Research Institute.

      Research Interests

      Dr. Franz’s primary research is on the longitudinal study of stress and aging, with a focus on risk and preventive factors for cognitive aging. She is co-investigator on three NIH/NIA grants that follow middle-aged twin men from late adolescence into later life. The primary VETSA project focuses on cognition (emphasizing executive functions, memory, and processing speed), personality, psychosocial factors, psychopathology, and biomedical factors in over 1200 twins. Nearly 800 of these twins provided multiple at-home and in-lab saliva samples in order to assess diurnal patterns of cortisol, testosterone, and DHEAS and emotional lability in the VETSA cortisol study. The focus of the VETSA Cortisol study was to understand the role of biological stress-response systems in aging. Approximately VETSA twins underwent 3D structural MRI and diffusion tensor imaging in the VETSA MRI project. The VETSA projects constitute a unique, integrative program of research aimed at understanding the genetic and environmental influences on and the heterogeneity of cognitive aging. Dr. Franz’s other scientific interests include interpersonal relationships in older adults, and using qualitative techniques to study adult lives. She has over 70 publications and is co-editor with Dr. Abigail Stewart at University of Michigan of a book : “Women Creating Lives: Identities, Resilience and Resistance (1994).


      Collapse Research 
      Collapse Research Activities and Funding
      Archiving the Vietnam Era Twin Studies of Aging (VETSA): New Uses for Old Data
      NIH/NIA R03AG046413Sep 30, 2013 - Jul 31, 2015
      Role: Principal Investigator

      Collapse ORNG Applications 
      Collapse Websites

      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
      List All   |   Timeline
      1. Gustavson DE, Panizzon MS, Franz C, Friedman NP, Reynolds CA, Jacobson KC, Xian H, Lyons MJ, Kremen WS. Genetic and Environmental Architecture of Executive Functions in Midlife. Neuropsychology. 2017 Aug 31. PMID: 28857599.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Silventoinen K, Jelenkovic A, Sund R, Yokoyama Y, Hur YM, Cozen W, Hwang AE, Mack TM, Honda C, Inui F, Iwatani Y, Watanabe M, Tomizawa R, Pietiläinen KH, Rissanen A, Siribaddana SH, Hotopf M, Sumathipala A, Rijsdijk F, Tan Q, Zhang D, Pang Z, Piirtola M, Aaltonen S, Öncel SY, Aliev F, Rebato E, Hjelmborg JB, Christensen K, Skytthe A, Kyvik KO, Silberg JL, Eaves LJ, Cutler TL, Ordoñana JR, Sánchez-Romera JF, Colodro-Conde L, Song YM, Yang S, Lee K, Franz C, Kremen WS, Lyons MJ, Busjahn A, Nelson TL, Whitfield KE, Kandler C, Jang KL, Gatz M, Butler DA, Stazi MA, Fagnani C, D'Ippolito C, Duncan GE, Buchwald D, Martin NG, Medland SE, Montgomery GW, Jeong HU, Swan GE, Krasnow R, Magnusson PK, Pedersen NL, Dahl Aslan AK, McAdams TA, Eley TC, Gregory AM, Tynelius P, Baker LA, Tuvblad C, Bayasgalan G, Narandalai D, Spector TD, Mangino M, Lachance G, Burt SA, Klump KL, Harris JR, Brandt I, Nilsen TS, Krueger RF, McGue M, Pahlen S, Corley RP, Huibregtse BM, Bartels M, van Beijsterveldt CE, Willemsen G, Goldberg JH, Rasmussen F, Tarnoki AD, Tarnoki DL, Derom CA, Vlietinck RF, Loos RJ, Hopper JL, Sung J, Maes HH, Turkheimer E, Boomsma DI, Sørensen TI, Kaprio J. Differences in genetic and environmental variation in adult BMI by sex, age, time period, and region: an individual-based pooled analysis of 40 twin cohorts. Am J Clin Nutr. 2017 Aug; 106(2):457-466. PMID: 28679550.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Brouwer RM, Panizzon MS, Glahn DC, Hibar DP, Hua X, Jahanshad N, Abramovic L, de Zubicaray GI, Franz C, Hansell NK, Hickie IB, Koenis MMG, Martin NG, Mather KA, McMahon KL, Schnack HG, Strike LT, Swagerman SC, Thalamuthu A, Wen W, Gilmore JH, Gogtay N, Kahn RS, Sachdev PS, Wright MJ, Boomsma DI, Kremen WS, Thompson PM, Hulshoff Pol HE. Genetic influences on individual differences in longitudinal changes in global and subcortical brain volumes: Results of the ENIGMA plasticity working group. Hum Brain Mapp. 2017 Sep; 38(9):4444-4458. PMID: 28580697.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Xian H, Vasilopoulos T, Liu W, Hauger RL, Jacobson KC, Lyons MJ, Panizzon M, Reynolds CA, Vuoksimaa E, Kremen WS, Franz C. Steeper change in body mass across four decades predicts poorer cardiometabolic outcomes at midlife. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2017 Apr; 25(4):773-780. PMID: 28349665.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Lyons MJ, Panizzon MS, Liu W, McKenzie R, Bluestone NJ, Grant MD, Franz C, Vuoksimaa EP, Toomey R, Jacobson KC, Reynolds CA, Kremen WS, Xian H. A longitudinal twin study of general cognitive ability over four decades. Dev Psychol. 2017 Jun; 53(6):1170-1177. PMID: 28358535.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Gillespie NA, Neale MC, Hagler DJ, Eyler LT, Fennema-Notestine C, Franz C, Lyons MJ, McEvoy LK, Dale AM, Panizzon MS, Kremen WS. Genetic and environmental influences on mean diffusivity and volume in subcortical brain regions. Hum Brain Mapp. 2017 May; 38(5):2589-2598. PMID: 28240386.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Joseph J, Kremen WS, Franz C, Glatt SJ, van de Leemput J, Chandler SD, Tsuang MT, Twamley EW. Predictors of current functioning and functional decline in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2017 Jan 27. PMID: 28139356.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Granholm EL, Panizzon MS, Elman JA, Jak AJ, Hauger RL, Bondi MW, Lyons MJ, Franz C, Kremen WS. Pupillary Responses as a Biomarker of Early Risk for Alzheimer's Disease. J Alzheimers Dis. 2017; 56(4):1419-1428. PMID: 28157098.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Vuoksimaa E, Panizzon MS, Hagler DJ, Hatton SN, Fennema-Notestine C, Rinker D, Eyler LT, Franz C, Lyons MJ, Neale MC, Tsuang MT, Dale AM, Kremen WS. Heritability of white matter microstructure in late middle age: A twin study of tract-based fractional anisotropy and absolute diffusivity indices. Hum Brain Mapp. 2017 Apr; 38(4):2026-2036. PMID: 28032374.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Jelenkovic A, Hur YM, Sund R, Yokoyama Y, Siribaddana SH, Hotopf M, Sumathipala A, Rijsdijk F, Tan Q, Zhang D, Pang Z, Aaltonen S, Heikkilä K, Öncel SY, Aliev F, Rebato E, Tarnoki AD, Tarnoki DL, Christensen K, Skytthe A, Kyvik KO, Silberg JL, Eaves LJ, Maes HH, Cutler TL, Hopper JL, Ordoñana JR, Sánchez-Romera JF, Colodro-Conde L, Cozen W, Hwang AE, Mack TM, Sung J, Song YM, Yang S, Lee K, Franz C, Kremen WS, Lyons MJ, Busjahn A, Nelson TL, Whitfield KE, Kandler C, Jang KL, Gatz M, Butler DA, Stazi MA, Fagnani C, D'Ippolito C, Duncan GE, Buchwald D, Derom CA, Vlietinck RF, Loos RJ, Martin NG, Medland SE, Montgomery GW, Jeong HU, Swan GE, Krasnow R, Magnusson PK, Pedersen NL, Dahl-Aslan AK, McAdams TA, Eley TC, Gregory AM, Tynelius P, Baker LA, Tuvblad C, Bayasgalan G, Narandalai D, Lichtenstein P, Spector TD, Mangino M, Lachance G, Bartels M, van Beijsterveldt TC, Willemsen G, Burt SA, Klump KL, Harris JR, Brandt I, Nilsen TS, Krueger RF, McGue M, Pahlen S, Corley RP, Hjelmborg JV, Goldberg JH, Iwatani Y, Watanabe M, Honda C, Inui F, Rasmussen F, Huibregtse BM, Boomsma DI, Sørensen TI, Kaprio J, Silventoinen K. Genetic and environmental influences on adult human height across birth cohorts from 1886 to 1994. Elife. 2016 Dec 14; 5. PMID: 27964777.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Lo MT, Hinds DA, Tung JY, Franz C, Fan CC, Wang Y, Smeland OB, Schork A, Holland D, Kauppi K, Sanyal N, Escott-Price V, Smith DJ, O'Donovan M, Stefansson H, Bjornsdottir G, Thorgeirsson TE, Stefansson K, McEvoy LK, Dale AM, Andreassen OA, Chen CH. Genome-wide analyses for personality traits identify six genomic loci and show correlations with psychiatric disorders. Nat Genet. 2017 Jan; 49(1):152-156. PMID: 27918536.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Elman JA, Panizzon MS, Hagler DJ, Fennema-Notestine C, Eyler LT, Gillespie NA, Neale MC, Lyons MJ, Franz C, McEvoy LK, Dale AM, Kremen WS. Genetic and environmental influences on cortical mean diffusivity. Neuroimage. 2017 Feb 01; 146:90-99. PMID: 27864081.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Fennema-Notestine C, McEvoy LK, Notestine R, Panizzon MS, Yau WW, Franz C, Lyons MJ, Eyler LT, Neale MC, Xian H, McKenzie RE, Kremen WS. White matter disease in midlife is heritable, related to hypertension, and shares some genetic influence with systolic blood pressure. Neuroimage Clin. 2016; 12:737-745. PMID: 27790395.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Franz C, Finkel D, Panizzon MS, Spoon K, Christensen K, Gatz M, Kremen WS, Krueger R, Neiderhiser J, Reynolds C, Pedersen NL. Facets of Subjective Health From Early Adulthood to Old Age. J Aging Health. 2017 Feb; 29(1):149-171. PMID: 26832851.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Prom-Wormley E, Maes HH, Eric Schmitt J, Panizzon MS, Xian H, Eyler LT, Franz C, Lyons MJ, Tsuang MT, Dale AM, Fennema-Notestine C, Kremen WS, Neale MC. Erratum to: Genetic and Environmental Contributions to the Relationships Between Brain Structure and Average Lifetime Cigarette Use. Behav Genet. 2016 May; 46(3):478-479. PMID: 27115753.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Vuoksimaa E, Panizzon MS, Chen CH, Fiecas M, Eyler LT, Fennema-Notestine C, Hagler DJ, Franz C, Jak AJ, Lyons MJ, Neale MC, Rinker DA, Thompson WK, Tsuang MT, Dale AM, Kremen WS. Is bigger always better? The importance of cortical configuration with respect to cognitive ability. Neuroimage. 2016 Apr 01; 129:356-366. PMID: 26827810; PMCID: PMC4838639 [Available on 04/01/17].
      17. Panizzon MS, Hauger RL, Sailors M, Lyons MJ, Jacobson KC, Murray McKenzie R, Rana B, Vasilopoulos T, Vuoksimaa E, Xian H, Kremen WS, Franz C. A new look at the genetic and environmental coherence of metabolic syndrome components. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Dec; 23(12):2499-507. PMID: 26524476; PMCID: PMC4701648 [Available on 12/01/16].
      18. Finkel D, Franz C, Horwitz B, Christensen K, Gatz M, Johnson W, Kaprio J, Korhonen T, Niederheiser J, Petersen I, Rose RJ, Silventoinen K. Gender Differences in Marital Status Moderation of Genetic and Environmental Influences on Subjective Health. Behav Genet. 2015 Oct 14. PMID: 26468112.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Jelenkovic A, Yokoyama Y, Sund R, Honda C, Bogl LH, Aaltonen S, Ji F, Ning F, Pang Z, Ordoñana JR, Sánchez-Romera JF, Colodro-Conde L, Burt SA, Klump KL, Medland SE, Montgomery GW, Kandler C, McAdams TA, Eley TC, Gregory AM, Saudino KJ, Dubois L, Boivin M, Tarnoki AD, Tarnoki DL, Haworth CM, Plomin R, Öncel SY, Aliev F, Stazi MA, Fagnani C, D'Ippolito C, Craig JM, Saffery R, Siribaddana SH, Hotopf M, Sumathipala A, Rijsdijk F, Spector T, Mangino M, Lachance G, Gatz M, Butler DA, Bayasgalan G, Narandalai D, Freitas DL, Maia JA, Harden KP, Tucker-Drob EM, Kim B, Chong Y, Hong C, Shin HJ, Christensen K, Skytthe A, Kyvik KO, Derom CA, Vlietinck RF, Loos RJ, Cozen W, Hwang AE, Mack TM, He M, Ding X, Chang B, Silberg JL, Eaves LJ, Maes HH, Cutler TL, Hopper JL, Aujard K, Magnusson PK, Pedersen NL, Aslan AK, Song YM, Yang S, Lee K, Baker LA, Tuvblad C, Bjerregaard-Andersen M, Beck-Nielsen H, Sodemann M, Heikkilä K, Tan Q, Zhang D, Swan GE, Krasnow R, Jang KL, Knafo-Noam A, Mankuta D, Abramson L, Lichtenstein P, Krueger RF, McGue M, Pahlen S, Tynelius P, Duncan GE, Buchwald D, Corley RP, Huibregtse BM, Nelson TL, Whitfield KE, Franz C, Kremen WS, Lyons MJ, Ooki S, Brandt I, Nilsen TS, Inui F, Watanabe M, Bartels M, van Beijsterveldt TC, Wardle J, Llewellyn CH, Fisher A, Rebato E, Martin NG, Iwatani Y, Hayakawa K, Sung J, Harris JR, Willemsen G, Busjahn A, Goldberg JH, Rasmussen F, Hur YM, Boomsma DI, Sørensen TI, Kaprio J, Silventoinen K. Zygosity Differences in Height and Body Mass Index of Twins From Infancy to Old Age: A Study of the CODATwins Project. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2015 Oct; 18(5):557-70. PMID: 26337138; PMCID: PMC4605819.
      20. Petersen I, Pedersen NL, Rantanen T, Kremen WS, Johnson W, Panizzon MS, Christiansen L, Franz C, McGue M, Christensen K, Hamdi NR, Krueger RF, Reynolds C. G×E Interaction Influences Trajectories of Hand Grip Strength. Behav Genet. 2016 Jan; 46(1):20-30. PMID: 26318288; PMCID: PMC4720577.
      21. Docherty AR, Sawyers CK, Panizzon MS, Neale MC, Eyler LT, Fennema-Notestine C, Franz C, Chen CH, McEvoy LK, Verhulst B, Tsuang MT, Kremen WS. Genetic network properties of the human cortex based on regional thickness and surface area measures. Front Hum Neurosci. 2015; 9:440. PMID: 26347632; PMCID: PMC4542323.
      22. McEvoy LK, Fennema-Notestine C, Eyler LT, Franz C, Hagler DJ, Lyons MJ, Panizzon MS, Rinker DA, Dale AM, Kremen WS. Hypertension-related alterations in white matter microstructure detectable in middle age. Hypertension. 2015 Aug; 66(2):317-23. PMID: 26056337; PMCID: PMC4499000.
      23. Silventoinen K, Jelenkovic A, Sund R, Honda C, Aaltonen S, Yokoyama Y, Tarnoki AD, Tarnoki DL, Ning F, Ji F, Pang Z, Ordoñana JR, Sánchez-Romera JF, Colodro-Conde L, Burt SA, Klump KL, Medland SE, Montgomery GW, Kandler C, McAdams TA, Eley TC, Gregory AM, Saudino KJ, Dubois L, Boivin M, Haworth CM, Plomin R, Öncel SY, Aliev F, Stazi MA, Fagnani C, D'Ippolito C, Craig JM, Saffery R, Siribaddana SH, Hotopf M, Sumathipala A, Spector T, Mangino M, Lachance G, Gatz M, Butler DA, Bayasgalan G, Narandalai D, Freitas DL, Maia JA, Harden KP, Tucker-Drob EM, Christensen K, Skytthe A, Kyvik KO, Hong C, Chong Y, Derom CA, Vlietinck RF, Loos RJ, Cozen W, Hwang AE, Mack TM, He M, Ding X, Chang B, Silberg JL, Eaves LJ, Maes HH, Cutler TL, Hopper JL, Aujard K, Magnusson PK, Pedersen NL, Aslan AK, Song YM, Yang S, Lee K, Baker LA, Tuvblad C, Bjerregaard-Andersen M, Beck-Nielsen H, Sodemann M, Heikkilä K, Tan Q, Zhang D, Swan GE, Krasnow R, Jang KL, Knafo-Noam A, Mankuta D, Abramson L, Lichtenstein P, Krueger RF, McGue M, Pahlen S, Tynelius P, Duncan GE, Buchwald D, Corley RP, Huibregtse BM, Nelson TL, Whitfield KE, Franz C, Kremen WS, Lyons MJ, Ooki S, Brandt I, Nilsen TS, Inui F, Watanabe M, Bartels M, van Beijsterveldt TC, Wardle J, Llewellyn CH, Fisher A, Rebato E, Martin NG, Iwatani Y, Hayakawa K, Rasmussen F, Sung J, Harris JR, Willemsen G, Busjahn A, Goldberg JH, Boomsma DI, Hur YM, Sørensen TI, Kaprio J. The CODATwins Project: The Cohort Description of Collaborative Project of Development of Anthropometrical Measures in Twins to Study Macro-Environmental Variation in Genetic and Environmental Effects on Anthropometric Traits. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2015 Aug; 18(4):348-60. PMID: 26014041; PMCID: PMC4696543.
      24. Panizzon MS, Neale MC, Docherty AR, Franz C, Jacobson KC, Toomey R, Xian H, Vasilopoulos T, Rana BK, McKenzie R, Lyons MJ, Kremen WS. Genetic and environmental architecture of changes in episodic memory from middle to late middle age. Psychol Aging. 2015 Jun; 30(2):286-300. PMID: 25938244; PMCID: PMC4451379.
      25. Docherty AR, Kremen WS, Panizzon MS, Prom-Wormley EC, Franz C, Lyons MJ, Eaves LJ, Neale MC. Comparison of Twin and Extended Pedigree Designs for Obtaining Heritability Estimates. Behav Genet. 2015 Jul; 45(4):461-6. PMID: 25894926; PMCID: PMC4459911.
      26. Joseph J, Kremen WS, Glatt SJ, Franz C, Chandler SD, Liu X, Johnson BK, Tsuang MT, Twamley EW. Assessment of Lifespan Functioning Attainment (ALFA) scale: A quantitative interview for self-reported current and functional decline in schizophrenia. J Psychiatr Res. 2015 Jun; 65:102-7. PMID: 25898804; PMCID: PMC4439273.
      27. Prom-Wormley E, Maes HH, Schmitt JE, Panizzon MS, Xian H, Eyler LT, Franz C, Lyons MJ, Tsuang MT, Dale AM, Fennema-Notestine C, Kremen WS, Neale MC. Genetic and environmental contributions to the relationships between brain structure and average lifetime cigarette use. Behav Genet. 2015 Mar; 45(2):157-70. PMID: 25690561; PMCID: PMC4348348.
      28. Docherty AR, Hagler DJ, Panizzon MS, Neale MC, Eyler LT, Fennema-Notestine C, Franz C, Jak A, Lyons MJ, Rinker DA, Thompson WK, Tsuang MT, Dale AM, Kremen WS. Does degree of gyrification underlie the phenotypic and genetic associations between cortical surface area and cognitive ability? Neuroimage. 2015 Feb 01; 106:154-60. PMID: 25433211; PMCID: PMC4313767.
      29. Toomey R, Panizzon MS, Kremen WS, Franz C, Lyons MJ. A twin-study of genetic contributions to morningness-eveningness and depression. Chronobiol Int. 2015 Apr; 32(3):303-9. PMID: 25347156; PMCID: PMC4758835.
      30. Vasilopoulos T, Kremen WS, Grant MD, Panizzon MS, Xian H, Toomey R, Lyons MJ, Jacobson KC, Franz C. Individual differences in cognitive ability at age 20 predict pulmonary function 35 years later. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2015 Mar; 69(3):261-5. PMID: 25273357; PMCID: PMC4756634.
      31. Lewis GJ, Panizzon MS, Eyler L, Fennema-Notestine C, Chen CH, Neale MC, Jernigan TL, Lyons MJ, Dale AM, Kremen WS, Franz C. Heritable influences on amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex contribute to genetic variation in core dimensions of personality. Neuroimage. 2014 Dec; 103:309-15. PMID: 25263286; PMCID: PMC4745648.
      32. Jak AJ, Panizzon MS, Spoon KM, Fennema-Notestine C, Franz C, Thompson WK, Jacobson KC, Xian H, Eyler LT, Vuoksimaa E, Toomey R, Lyons MJ, Neale MC, Tsuang MT, Dale AM, Kremen WS. Hippocampal atrophy varies by neuropsychologically defined MCI among men in their 50s. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2015 May; 23(5):456-65. PMID: 25306196; PMCID: PMC4345132.
      33. Kremen WS, Panizzon MS, Franz C, Spoon KM, Vuoksimaa E, Jacobson KC, Vasilopoulos T, Xian H, McCaffery JM, Rana BK, Toomey R, McKenzie R, Lyons MJ. Genetic complexity of episodic memory: a twin approach to studies of aging. Psychol Aging. 2014 Jun; 29(2):404-17. PMID: 24956007; PMCID: PMC4850834.
      34. Kremen WS, Jak AJ, Panizzon MS, Spoon KM, Franz C, Thompson WK, Jacobson KC, Vasilopoulos T, Vuoksimaa E, Xian H, Toomey R, Lyons MJ. Authors' response to: commentary by Johnson et al. Int J Epidemiol. 2014 Apr; 43(2):612-3. PMID: 24760875; PMCID: PMC3997381.
      35. Moore CS, Grant MD, Zink TA, Panizzon MS, Franz C, Logue MW, Hauger RL, Kremen WS, Lyons MJ. Erectile dysfunction, vascular risk, and cognitive performance in late middle age. Psychol Aging. 2014 Mar; 29(1):163-72. PMID: 24660805; PMCID: PMC4850828.
      36. Franz C, Lyons MJ, Spoon KM, Hauger RL, Jacobson KC, Lohr JB, McKenzie R, Panizzon MS, Thompson WK, Tsuang MT, Vasilopoulos T, Vuoksimaa E, Xian H, Kremen WS. Post-traumatic stress symptoms and adult attachment: a 24-year longitudinal study. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2014 Dec; 22(12):1603-12. PMID: 24636844; PMCID: PMC4138283.
      37. Vuoksimaa E, Panizzon MS, Chen CH, Fiecas M, Eyler LT, Fennema-Notestine C, Hagler DJ, Fischl B, Franz C, Jak A, Lyons MJ, Neale MC, Rinker DA, Thompson WK, Tsuang MT, Dale AM, Kremen WS. The Genetic Association Between Neocortical Volume and General Cognitive Ability Is Driven by Global Surface Area Rather Than Thickness. Cereb Cortex. 2015 Aug; 25(8):2127-37. PMID: 24554725; PMCID: PMC4494025.
      38. Rana BK, Dhamija A, Panizzon MS, Spoon KM, Vasilopoulos T, Franz C, Grant MD, Jacobson KC, Kim K, Lyons MJ, McCaffery JM, Stein PK, Xian H, O'Connor DT, Kremen WS. Imputing observed blood pressure for antihypertensive treatment: impact on population and genetic analyses. Am J Hypertens. 2014 Jun; 27(6):828-37. PMID: 24532572; PMCID: PMC4017930.
      39. Panizzon MS, Vuoksimaa E, Spoon KM, Jacobson KC, Lyons MJ, Franz C, Xian H, Vasilopoulos T, Kremen WS. Genetic and Environmental Influences of General Cognitive Ability: Is g a valid latent construct? Intelligence. 2014; 43:65-76. PMID: 24791031.
        View in: PubMed
      40. Panizzon MS, Hauger R, Xian H, Vuoksimaa E, Spoon KM, Mendoza SP, Jacobson KC, Vasilopoulos T, Rana BK, McKenzie R, McCaffery JM, Lyons MJ, Kremen WS, Franz C. Interaction of APOE genotype and testosterone on episodic memory in middle-aged men. Neurobiol Aging. 2014 Jul; 35(7):1778.e1-8. PMID: 24444806; PMCID: PMC3980008.
      41. Kremen WS, Jak AJ, Panizzon MS, Spoon KM, Franz C, Thompson WK, Jacobson KC, Vasilopoulos T, Vuoksimaa E, Xian H, Toomey R, Lyons MJ. Early identification and heritability of mild cognitive impairment. Int J Epidemiol. 2014 Apr; 43(2):600-10. PMID: 24370560; PMCID: PMC3997374.
      42. Eyler LT, Vuoksimaa E, Panizzon MS, Fennema-Notestine C, Neale MC, Chen CH, Jak A, Franz C, Lyons MJ, Thompson WK, Spoon KM, Fischl B, Dale AM, Kremen WS. Conceptual and data-based investigation of genetic influences and brain asymmetry: a twin study of multiple structural phenotypes. J Cogn Neurosci. 2014 May; 26(5):1100-17. PMID: 24283492; PMCID: PMC3999438.
      43. Kremen WS, Fennema-Notestine C, Eyler LT, Panizzon MS, Chen CH, Franz C, Lyons MJ, Thompson WK, Dale AM. Genetics of brain structure: contributions from the Vietnam Era Twin Study of Aging. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2013 Oct; 162B(7):751-61. PMID: 24132907; PMCID: PMC4754776.
      44. Lyons MJ, Genderson M, Grant MD, Logue M, Zink T, McKenzie R, Franz C, Panizzon M, Lohr JB, Jerskey B, Kremen WS. Gene-environment interaction of ApoE genotype and combat exposure on PTSD. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2013 Oct; 162B(7):762-9. PMID: 24132908; PMCID: PMC4745646.
      45. Chen CH, Fiecas M, Gutiérrez ED, Panizzon MS, Eyler LT, Vuoksimaa E, Thompson WK, Fennema-Notestine C, Hagler DJ, Jernigan TL, Neale MC, Franz C, Lyons MJ, Fischl B, Tsuang MT, Dale AM, Kremen WS. Genetic topography of brain morphology. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Oct 15; 110(42):17089-94. PMID: 24082094; PMCID: PMC3801007.
      46. Franz C, Spoon K, Thompson W, Hauger RL, Hellhammer DH, Jacobson KC, Lupien S, Lyons MJ, McCaffery J, McKenzie R, Mendoza SP, Panizzon MS, Ramundo A, Shahroudi A, Kremen WS. Adult cognitive ability and socioeconomic status as mediators of the effects of childhood disadvantage on salivary cortisol in aging adults. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2013 Oct; 38(10):2127-39. PMID: 23684478; PMCID: PMC4755320.
      47. Panizzon MS, Hauger R, Jacobson KC, Eaves LJ, York TP, Prom-Wormley E, Grant MD, Lyons MJ, McKenzie R, Mendoza SP, Xian H, Franz C, Kremen WS. Genetic and environmental influences of daily and intra-individual variation in testosterone levels in middle-aged men. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2013 Oct; 38(10):2163-72. PMID: 23639251; PMCID: PMC3775872.
      48. Genderson MR, Rana BK, Panizzon MS, Grant MD, Toomey R, Jacobson KC, Xian H, Cronin-Golomb A, Franz C, Kremen WS, Lyons MJ. Genetic and environmental influences on sleep quality in middle-aged men: a twin study. J Sleep Res. 2013 Oct; 22(5):519-26. PMID: 23509903; PMCID: PMC4762266.
      49. Vuoksimaa E, Panizzon MS, Chen CH, Eyler LT, Fennema-Notestine C, Fiecas MJ, Fischl B, Franz C, Grant MD, Jak AJ, Lyons MJ, Neale MC, Thompson WK, Tsuang MT, Xian H, Dale AM, Kremen WS. Cognitive reserve moderates the association between hippocampal volume and episodic memory in middle age. Neuropsychologia. 2013 May; 51(6):1124-31. PMID: 23499725; PMCID: PMC3660613.
      50. Kremen WS, Franz C, Lyons MJ. VETSA: the Vietnam Era Twin Study of Aging - ADDENDUM. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2013 Feb; 16(1):403. PMID: 23394194; PMCID: PMC3839308.
      51. Vasilopoulos T, Grant MD, Franz C, Panizzon MS, Xian H, Toomey R, Lyons MJ, Kremen WS, Jacobson KC. Shared and distinct genetic influences among different measures of pulmonary function. Behav Genet. 2013 Mar; 43(2):141-50. PMID: 23299959; PMCID: PMC4755302.
      52. Jacobson KC, Hoffman CL, Vasilopoulos T, Kremen WS, Panizzon MS, Grant MD, Lyons MJ, Xian H, Franz C. Genetic and Environmental Influences on Individual Differences in Frequency of Play with Pets among Middle-Aged Men: A Behavioral Genetic Analysis. Anthrozoos. 2012 Dec; 25(4):441-456. PMID: 25580056.
        View in: PubMed
      53. Pedersen NL, Christensen K, Dahl AK, Finkel D, Franz C, Gatz M, Horwitz BN, Johansson B, Johnson W, Kremen WS, Lyons MJ, Malmberg B, McGue M, Neiderhiser JM, Petersen I, Reynolds CA. IGEMS: the consortium on Interplay of Genes and Environment across Multiple Studies. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2013 Feb; 16(1):481-9. PMID: 23186995; PMCID: PMC3699700.
      54. Kremen WS, Franz C, Lyons MJ. VETSA: the Vietnam Era Twin Study of Aging. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2013 Feb; 16(1):399-402. PMID: 23110957; PMCID: PMC3780387.
      55. Eyler LT, Chen CH, Panizzon MS, Fennema-Notestine C, Neale MC, Jak A, Jernigan TL, Fischl B, Franz C, Lyons MJ, Grant M, Prom-Wormley E, Seidman LJ, Tsuang MT, Fiecas MJ, Dale AM, Kremen WS. A comparison of heritability maps of cortical surface area and thickness and the influence of adjustment for whole brain measures: a magnetic resonance imaging twin study. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2012 Jun; 15(3):304-14. PMID: 22856366; PMCID: PMC3549553.
      56. Kubarych TS, Prom-Wormley EC, Franz C, Panizzon MS, Dale AM, Fischl B, Eyler LT, Fennema-Notestine C, Grant MD, Hauger RL, Hellhammer DH, Jak AJ, Jernigan TL, Lupien SJ, Lyons MJ, Mendoza SP, Neale MC, Seidman LJ, Tsuang MT, Kremen WS. A multivariate twin study of hippocampal volume, self-esteem and well-being in middle-aged men. Genes Brain Behav. 2012 Jul; 11(5):539-44. PMID: 22471516; PMCID: PMC3389179.
      57. Franz C, Panizzon MS, Eaves LJ, Thompson W, Lyons MJ, Jacobson KC, Tsuang M, Glatt SJ, Kremen WS. Genetic and environmental multidimensionality of well- and ill-being in middle aged twin men. Behav Genet. 2012 Jul; 42(4):579-91. PMID: 22484556; PMCID: PMC4056448.
      58. Chen CH, Gutierrez ED, Thompson W, Panizzon MS, Jernigan TL, Eyler LT, Fennema-Notestine C, Jak AJ, Neale MC, Franz C, Lyons MJ, Grant MD, Fischl B, Seidman LJ, Tsuang MT, Kremen WS, Dale AM. Hierarchical genetic organization of human cortical surface area. Science. 2012 Mar 30; 335(6076):1634-6. PMID: 22461613; PMCID: PMC3690329.
      59. Panizzon MS, Fennema-Notestine C, Kubarych TS, Chen CH, Eyler LT, Fischl B, Franz C, Grant MD, Hamza S, Jak A, Jernigan TL, Lyons MJ, Neale MC, Prom-Wormley EC, Seidman L, Tsuang MT, Wu H, Xian H, Dale AM, Kremen WS. Genetic and environmental influences of white and gray matter signal contrast: a new phenotype for imaging genetics? Neuroimage. 2012 Apr 15; 60(3):1686-95. PMID: 22500923; PMCID: PMC3328105.
      60. Vasilopoulos T, Franz C, Panizzon MS, Xian H, Grant MD, Lyons MJ, Toomey R, Jacobson KC, Kremen WS. Genetic architecture of the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System Trail Making Test: evidence for distinct genetic influences on executive function. Neuropsychology. 2012 Mar; 26(2):238-50. PMID: 22201299; PMCID: PMC3295889.
      61. Chen CH, Panizzon MS, Eyler LT, Jernigan TL, Thompson W, Fennema-Notestine C, Jak AJ, Neale MC, Franz C, Hamza S, Lyons MJ, Grant MD, Fischl B, Seidman LJ, Tsuang MT, Kremen WS, Dale AM. Genetic influences on cortical regionalization in the human brain. Neuron. 2011 Nov 17; 72(4):537-44. PMID: 22099457; PMCID: PMC3222857.
      62. Panizzon MS, Hauger RL, Eaves LJ, Chen CH, Dale AM, Eyler LT, Fischl B, Fennema-Notestine C, Franz C, Grant MD, Jacobson KC, Jak AJ, Lyons MJ, Mendoza SP, Neale MC, Prom-Wormley E, Seidman LJ, Tsuang MT, Xian H, Kremen WS. Genetic influences on hippocampal volume differ as a function of testosterone level in middle-aged men. Neuroimage. 2012 Jan 16; 59(2):1123-31. PMID: 21983185; PMCID: PMC3230702.
      63. Kremen WS, Panizzon MS, Xian H, Barch DM, Franz C, Grant MD, Toomey R, Lyons MJ. Genetic architecture of context processing in late middle age: more than one underlying mechanism. Psychol Aging. 2011 Dec; 26(4):852-63. PMID: 21875218; PMCID: PMC3222785.
      64. Panizzon MS, Lyons MJ, Jacobson KC, Franz C, Grant MD, Eisen SA, Xian H, Kremen WS. Genetic architecture of learning and delayed recall: a twin study of episodic memory. Neuropsychology. 2011 Jul; 25(4):488-98. PMID: 21463045; PMCID: PMC3125484.
      65. Vasilopoulos T, Kremen WS, Kim K, Panizzon MS, Stein PK, Xian H, Grant MD, Lyons MJ, Toomey R, Eaves LJ, Franz C, Jacobson KC. Untreated hypertension decreases heritability of cognition in late middle age. Behav Genet. 2012 Jan; 42(1):107-20. PMID: 21688193; PMCID: PMC3227796.
      66. McCaffery JM, Franz C, Jacobson K, Leahey TM, Xian H, Wing RR, Lyons MJ, Kremen WS. Effects of social contact and zygosity on 21-y weight change in male twins. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Aug; 94(2):404-9. PMID: 21677056; PMCID: PMC3142719.
      67. Franz C, Lyons MJ, O'Brien R, Panizzon MS, Kim K, Bhat R, Grant MD, Toomey R, Eisen S, Xian H, Kremen WS. A 35-year longitudinal assessment of cognition and midlife depression symptoms: the Vietnam Era Twin Study of Aging. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2011 Jun; 19(6):559-70. PMID: 21606899; PMCID: PMC3101375.
      68. Doane LD, Franz C, Prom-Wormley E, Eaves LJ, Mendoza SP, Hellhammer DH, Lupien S, Xian H, Lyons MJ, Kremen W, Jacobson KC. Negative emotionality, depressive symptoms and cortisol diurnal rhythms: analysis of a community sample of middle-aged males. Horm Behav. 2011 Jul; 60(2):202-9. PMID: 21619882; PMCID: PMC3126866.
      69. Prom-Wormley EC, York TP, Jacobson KC, Eaves LJ, Mendoza SP, Hellhammer D, Maninger N, Levine S, Lupien S, Lyons MJ, Hauger R, Xian H, Franz C, Kremen WS. Genetic and environmental effects on diurnal dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate concentrations in middle-aged men. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2011 Nov; 36(10):1441-52. PMID: 21570195; PMCID: PMC3183407.
      70. Kremen WS, Mai T, Panizzon MS, Franz C, Blankfeld HM, Xian H, Eisen SA, Tsuang MT, Lyons MJ. A twin study of spatial and non-spatial delayed response performance in middle age. Brain Cogn. 2011 Jun; 76(1):43-51. PMID: 21477911; PMCID: PMC3090345.
      71. Scherrer JF, Xian H, Lustman PJ, Franz C, McCaffery J, Lyons MJ, Jacobson KC, Kremen WS. A test for common genetic and environmental vulnerability to depression and diabetes. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2011 Apr; 14(2):169-72. PMID: 21425899; PMCID: PMC3480187.
      72. Eyler LT, Prom-Wormley E, Fennema-Notestine C, Panizzon MS, Neale MC, Jernigan TL, Fischl B, Franz C, Lyons MJ, Stevens A, Pacheco J, Perry ME, Schmitt JE, Spitzer NC, Seidman LJ, Thermenos HW, Tsuang MT, Dale AM, Kremen WS. Genetic patterns of correlation among subcortical volumes in humans: results from a magnetic resonance imaging twin study. Hum Brain Mapp. 2011 Apr; 32(4):641-53. PMID: 20572207; PMCID: PMC3403693.
      73. Eyler LT, Prom-Wormley E, Panizzon MS, Kaup AR, Fennema-Notestine C, Neale MC, Jernigan TL, Fischl B, Franz C, Lyons MJ, Grant M, Stevens A, Pacheco J, Perry ME, Schmitt JE, Seidman LJ, Thermenos HW, Tsuang MT, Chen CH, Thompson WK, Jak A, Dale AM, Kremen WS. Genetic and environmental contributions to regional cortical surface area in humans: a magnetic resonance imaging twin study. Cereb Cortex. 2011 Oct; 21(10):2313-21. PMID: 21378112; PMCID: PMC3169660.
      74. Franz C, O'Brien RC, Hauger RL, Mendoza SP, Panizzon MS, Prom-Wormley E, Eaves LJ, Jacobson K, Lyons MJ, Lupien S, Hellhammer D, Xian H, Kremen WS. Cross-sectional and 35-year longitudinal assessment of salivary cortisol and cognitive functioning: the Vietnam Era twin study of aging. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2011 Aug; 36(7):1040-52. PMID: 21295410; PMCID: PMC3130089.
      75. Logue MW, Bauver SR, Kremen WS, Franz C, Eisen SA, Tsuang MT, Grant MD, Lyons MJ. Evidence of overlapping genetic diathesis of panic attacks and gastrointestinal disorders in a sample of male twin pairs. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2011 Feb; 14(1):16-24. PMID: 21314252; PMCID: PMC3058517.
      76. Franz C, York TP, Eaves LJ, Prom-Wormley E, Jacobson KC, Lyons MJ, Grant MD, Xian H, Panizzon MS, Jimenez E, Kremen WS. Adult romantic attachment, negative emotionality, and depressive symptoms in middle aged men: a multivariate genetic analysis. Behav Genet. 2011 Jul; 41(4):488-98. PMID: 21213033; PMCID: PMC3121938.
      77. Fennema-Notestine C, Panizzon MS, Thompson WR, Chen CH, Eyler LT, Fischl B, Franz C, Grant MD, Jak AJ, Jernigan TL, Lyons MJ, Neale MC, Seidman LJ, Tsuang MT, Xian H, Dale AM, Kremen WS. Presence of ApoE e4 allele associated with thinner frontal cortex in middle age. J Alzheimers Dis. 2011; 26 Suppl 3:49-60. PMID: 21971450; PMCID: PMC3302177.
      78. Kremen WS, Panizzon MS, Lyons MJ, Franz C. Cortisol and brain: beyond the hippocampus. Biol Psychiatry. 2011 Feb 15; 69(4):e9; author reply e11. PMID: 21093849.
        View in: PubMed
      79. Panizzon MS, Hauger R, Dale AM, Eaves LJ, Eyler LT, Fischl B, Fennema-Notestine C, Franz C, Grant MD, Jak AJ, Jacobson KC, Lyons MJ, Mendoza SP, Neale MC, Prom-Wormley EC, Seidman LJ, Tsuang MT, Xian H, Kremen WS. Testosterone modifies the effect of APOE genotype on hippocampal volume in middle-aged men. Neurology. 2010 Sep 07; 75(10):874-80. PMID: 20819998; PMCID: PMC2938973.
      80. Brook M, Panizzon MS, Kosson DS, Sullivan EA, Lyons MJ, Franz C, Eisen SA, Kremen WS. Psychopathic personality traits in middle-aged male twins: a behavior genetic investigation. J Pers Disord. 2010 Aug; 24(4):473-86. PMID: 20695807; PMCID: PMC4438762.
      81. Franz C, Barker JC, Kim K, Flores Y, Jenkins C, Kravitz RL, Hinton L. When help becomes a hindrance: mental health referral systems as barriers to care for primary care physicians treating patients with Alzheimer's disease. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2010 Jul; 18(7):576-85. PMID: 20593538; PMCID: PMC2955197.
      82. Kremen WS, Panizzon MS, Neale MC, Fennema-Notestine C, Prom-Wormley E, Eyler LT, Stevens A, Franz C, Lyons MJ, Grant MD, Jak AJ, Jernigan TL, Xian H, Fischl B, Thermenos HW, Seidman LJ, Tsuang MT, Dale AM. Heritability of brain ventricle volume: converging evidence from inconsistent results. Neurobiol Aging. 2012 Jan; 33(1):1-8. PMID: 20363053; PMCID: PMC3221930.
      83. Franz C, York TP, Eaves LJ, Mendoza SP, Hauger RL, Hellhammer DH, Jacobson KC, Levine S, Lupien SJ, Lyons MJ, Prom-Wormley E, Xian H, Kremen WS. Genetic and environmental influences on cortisol regulation across days and contexts in middle-aged men. Behav Genet. 2010 Jul; 40(4):467-79. PMID: 20238238; PMCID: PMC2886910.
      84. Doane LD, Kremen WS, Eaves LJ, Eisen SA, Hauger R, Hellhammer D, Levine S, Lupien S, Lyons MJ, Mendoza S, Prom-Wormley E, Xian H, York TP, Franz C, Jacobson KC. Associations between jet lag and cortisol diurnal rhythms after domestic travel. Health Psychol. 2010 Mar; 29(2):117-23. PMID: 20230083; PMCID: PMC3089060.
      85. Xian H, Scherrer JF, Franz C, McCaffery J, Stein PK, Lyons MJ, Jacobsen K, Eisen SA, Kremen WS. Genetic vulnerability and phenotypic expression of depression and risk for ischemic heart disease in the Vietnam era twin study of aging. Psychosom Med. 2010 May; 72(4):370-5. PMID: 20190130; PMCID: PMC2874728.
      86. Kremen WS, O'Brien RC, Panizzon MS, Prom-Wormley E, Eaves LJ, Eisen SA, Eyler LT, Hauger RL, Fennema-Notestine C, Fischl B, Grant MD, Hellhammer DH, Jak AJ, Jacobson KC, Jernigan TL, Lupien SJ, Lyons MJ, Mendoza SP, Neale MC, Seidman LJ, Thermenos HW, Tsuang MT, Dale AM, Franz C. Salivary cortisol and prefrontal cortical thickness in middle-aged men: A twin study. Neuroimage. 2010 Nov 15; 53(3):1093-102. PMID: 20156572; PMCID: PMC4034538.
      87. Rimol LM, Panizzon MS, Fennema-Notestine C, Eyler LT, Fischl B, Franz C, Hagler DJ, Lyons MJ, Neale MC, Pacheco J, Perry ME, Schmitt JE, Grant MD, Seidman LJ, Thermenos HW, Tsuang MT, Eisen SA, Kremen WS, Dale AM. Cortical thickness is influenced by regionally specific genetic factors. Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Mar 01; 67(5):493-9. PMID: 19963208; PMCID: PMC3184643.
      88. Flores YG, Hinton L, Barker JC, Franz C, Velasquez A. Beyond familism: a case study of the ethics of care of a Latina caregiver of an elderly parent with dementia. Health Care Women Int. 2009 Dec; 30(12):1055-72. PMID: 19894151; PMCID: PMC2955855.
      89. Kremen WS, Prom-Wormley E, Panizzon MS, Eyler LT, Fischl B, Neale MC, Franz C, Lyons MJ, Pacheco J, Perry ME, Stevens A, Schmitt JE, Grant MD, Seidman LJ, Thermenos HW, Tsuang MT, Eisen SA, Dale AM, Fennema-Notestine C. Genetic and environmental influences on the size of specific brain regions in midlife: the VETSA MRI study. Neuroimage. 2010 Jan 15; 49(2):1213-23. PMID: 19786105; PMCID: PMC3397915.
      90. Lyons MJ, York TP, Franz C, Grant MD, Eaves LJ, Jacobson KC, Schaie KW, Panizzon MS, Boake C, Xian H, Toomey R, Eisen SA, Kremen WS. Genes determine stability and the environment determines change in cognitive ability during 35 years of adulthood. Psychol Sci. 2009 Sep; 20(9):1146-52. PMID: 19686293; PMCID: PMC2753423.
      91. Panizzon MS, Fennema-Notestine C, Eyler LT, Jernigan TL, Prom-Wormley E, Neale M, Jacobson K, Lyons MJ, Grant MD, Franz C, Xian H, Tsuang M, Fischl B, Seidman L, Dale A, Kremen WS. Distinct genetic influences on cortical surface area and cortical thickness. Cereb Cortex. 2009 Nov; 19(11):2728-35. PMID: 19299253; PMCID: PMC2758684.
      92. Kremen WS, Xian H, Jacobson KC, Eaves LJ, Franz C, Panizzon MS, Eisen SA, Crider A, Lyons MJ. Storage and executive components of working memory: integrating cognitive psychology and behavior genetics in the study of aging. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2008 Mar; 63(2):P84-91. PMID: 18441269; PMCID: PMC2945700.
      93. Schultz MR, Lyons MJ, Franz C, Grant MD, Boake C, Jacobson KC, Xian H, Schellenberg GD, Eisen SA, Kremen WS. Apolipoprotein E genotype and memory in the sixth decade of life. Neurology. 2008 May 06; 70(19 Pt 2):1771-7. PMID: 18235080; PMCID: PMC3107734.
      94. Wingfield A, Panizzon M, Grant MD, Toomey R, Kremen WS, Franz C, Jacobson KC, Eisen SA, Lyons M. A twin-study of genetic contributions to hearing acuity in late middle age. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2007 Nov; 62(11):1294-9. PMID: 18000151; PMCID: PMC2945698.
      95. Hinton L, Franz C, Reddy G, Flores Y, Kravitz RL, Barker JC. Practice constraints, behavioral problems, and dementia care: primary care physicians' perspectives. J Gen Intern Med. 2007 Nov; 22(11):1487-92. PMID: 17823840; PMCID: PMC2219799.
      96. Franz C, Grant MD, Jacobson KC, Kremen WS, Eisen SA, Xian H, Romeis J, Thompson-Brenner H, Lyons MJ. Genetics of body mass stability and risk for chronic disease: a 28-year longitudinal study. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2007 Aug; 10(4):537-45. PMID: 17708694.
        View in: PubMed
      97. Franz C, Barker JC, Kravitz RL, Flores Y, Krishnan S, Hinton L. Nonmedical influences on the use of cholinesterase inhibitors in dementia care. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2007 Jul-Sep; 21(3):241-8. PMID: 17804957.
        View in: PubMed
      98. Cronin-Golomb A, Panizzon MS, Lyons MJ, Franz C, Grant MD, Jacobson KC, Eisen SA, Laudate TM, Kremen WS. Genetic influence on contrast sensitivity in middle-aged male twins. Vision Res. 2007 Jul; 47(16):2179-86. PMID: 17604073; PMCID: PMC2020833.
      99. Kremen WS, Koenen KC, Boake C, Purcell S, Eisen SA, Franz C, Tsuang MT, Lyons MJ. Pretrauma cognitive ability and risk for posttraumatic stress disorder: a twin study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2007 Mar; 64(3):361-8. PMID: 17339525.
        View in: PubMed
      100. Kremen WS, Thompson-Brenner H, Leung YM, Grant MD, Franz C, Eisen SA, Jacobson KC, Boake C, Lyons MJ. Genes, environment, and time: the Vietnam Era Twin Study of Aging (VETSA). Twin Res Hum Genet. 2006 Dec; 9(6):1009-22. PMID: 17254445.
        View in: PubMed
      101. Franz C, Epstein R, Miller KN, Brown A, Song J, Feldman M, Franks P, Kelly-Reif S, Kravitz RL. Caught in the act? Prevalence, predictors, and consequences of physician detection of unannounced standardized patients. Health Serv Res. 2006 Dec; 41(6):2290-302. PMID: 17116121; PMCID: PMC1955318.
      102. Feldman MD, Franks P, Epstein RM, Franz C, Kravitz RL. Do patient requests for antidepressants enhance or hinder physicians' evaluation of depression? A randomized controlled trial. Med Care. 2006 Dec; 44(12):1107-13. PMID: 17122715.
        View in: PubMed
      103. Hinton L, Franz C, Yeo G, Levkoff SE. Conceptions of dementia in a multiethnic sample of family caregivers. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005 Aug; 53(8):1405-10. PMID: 16078970.
        View in: PubMed
      104. Kravitz RL, Epstein RM, Feldman MD, Franz C, Azari R, Wilkes MS, Hinton L, Franks P. Influence of patients' requests for direct-to-consumer advertised antidepressants: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2005 Apr 27; 293(16):1995-2002. PMID: 15855433; PMCID: PMC3155410.
      105. Kravitz RL, Krackhardt D, Melnikow J, Franz C, Gilbert WM, Zach A, Paterniti DA, Romano PS. Networked for change? Identifying obstetric opinion leaders and assessing their opinions on caesarean delivery. Soc Sci Med. 2003 Dec; 57(12):2423-34. PMID: 14572848.
        View in: PubMed
      106. Kravitz RL, Bell RA, Franz C, Elliott MN, Amsterdam E, Willis C, Silverio L. Characterizing patient requests and physician responses in office practice. Health Serv Res. 2002 Feb; 37(1):217-38. PMID: 11949922.
        View in: PubMed
      107. Mangione-Smith R, McGlynn EA, Elliott MN, McDonald L, Franz C, Kravitz RL. Parent expectations for antibiotics, physician-parent communication, and satisfaction. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2001 Jul; 155(7):800-6. PMID: 11434847.
        View in: PubMed
      108. Zatzick DF, Kang SM, Hinton WL, Kelly RH, Hilty DM, Franz C, Le L, Kravitz RL. Posttraumatic concerns: a patient-centered approach to outcome assessment after traumatic physical injury. Med Care. 2001 Apr; 39(4):327-39. PMID: 11329520.
        View in: PubMed
      109. Kravitz RL, Bell RA, Franz C. A taxonomy of requests by patients (TORP): a new system for understanding clinical negotiation in office practice. J Fam Pract. 1999 Nov; 48(11):872-8. PMID: 10907624.
        View in: PubMed
      110. Franz C, McClelland DC. Lives of women and men active in the social protests of the 1960s: a longitudinal study. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1994 Jan; 66(1):196-205. PMID: 8126649.
        View in: PubMed
      111. Franz C. Commentary on Labott et al. Psychiatry. 1992 Feb; 55(1):63-65. PMID: 27696985.
        View in: PubMed
      Carol's Networks
      Concepts
      Derived automatically from this person's publications.
      _
      Co-Authors
      People in Profiles who have published with this person.
      _
      Similar People
      People who share similar concepts with this person.
      _
      Same Department
      Physical Neighbors
      People whose addresses are nearby this person.
      _