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    Brinda Rana

    TitleAssociate Professor
    SchoolUniversity of California, San Diego
    Address9500 Gilman Drive #0738
    CA La Jolla 92093
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      Collapse Biography 
      Collapse Education and Training
      University of Texas Health Science Center, HoustonPh.D.Biomedical Sciences/Human Molecular Genetics
      University of Illinois, Urbana-ChampaignM.S.Mathematics
      University of California, San DiegoB.A.Mathematics

      Collapse Research 
      Collapse Research Activities and Funding
      Identification of Functional Metabolomic Profiles Contributing to Physiological Adaptations to Simulated Space Flight
      NASA NNX17AB12GDec 21, 2016 - Dec 20, 2018
      Role: Principal Investigator
      Identification of functional metabolomic alterations during the simulated spaceflight environment
      NASA NNJ14ZSA001N-MIXEDTOPICSAug 1, 2016 - Jul 30, 2018
      Role: Principal Investigator
      Genomic Signatures of CVD in Twins Discordant for Smoking
      UCOP Tobacco Related Disease Research Program 23RT-0015HDec 1, 2014 - Nov 30, 2018
      Role: Principal Investigator
      Metabolomic and genomic markers of atherosclerosis as related to oxidative stress, inflammation, and vascular function in twin astronauts.
      NASA NNX12AH58GMay 1, 2014 - Jun 30, 2018
      Role: Subcontract Principal Investigator
      Proteomic Assessment of Fluid Shifts and Association with Visual Impairment and Intracranial Pressure in Twin Astronauts
      NASA NNX12AH58GApr 14, 2014 - Jun 30, 2018
      Role: Principal Investigator
      Diet Composition and Genetics: Effects on Weight, Inflammation and Biomarkers
      California Walnut Commission Jul 30, 2011 - Jun 30, 2016
      Role: Co-Investigator
      Role Description: Genetic and Genomic analysis of longitudinal biosamples from dietary intervention cohort.
      Genetic and Epigenetic Factors of Age-Related Cognitive Decline - A Twin Study
      NIH/NIA K01AG035031Sep 1, 2010 - Aug 31, 2015
      Role: Principal Investigator
      Specialized Cancer Center Support Grant
      NIH/NCI P30CA023100Apr 1, 1978 - Apr 30, 2019
      Role: Co-Investigator

      Collapse ORNG Applications 
      Collapse Featured Publications
      Collapse Featured Videos
      Collapse In The News

      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
      List All   |   Timeline
      1. Rana B, Panizzon MS, Franz CE, Spoon KM, Jacobson KC, Xian H, Ancoli-Israel S, Lyons M, Kremen WS. Association of Sleep Quality on Memory-Related Executive Functions in Middle Age. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2017 Aug 01; 1-10. PMID: 28760172.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Rana B, Flatt SW, Health DD, Pakiz B, Quintana EL, Natarajan L, Rock CL. The IL-6 Gene Promoter SNP and Plasma IL-6 in Response to Diet Intervention. Nutrients. 2017 May 27; 9(6). PMID: 28555011.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Swerdlow NR, Bhakta SG, Rana B, Kei J, Chou HH, Talledo JA. Sensorimotor gating in healthy adults tested over a 15 year period. Biol Psychol. 2017 Feb; 123:177-186. PMID: 28027936.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Edmonds EC, Martin AS, Palmer BW, Eyler LT, Rana B, Jeste DV. Positive mental health in schizophrenia and healthy comparison groups: relationships with overall health and biomarkers. Aging Ment Health. 2016 Nov 11; 1-9. PMID: 27834490.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Swerdlow NR, Tarasenko M, Bhakta SG, Talledo J, Alvarez AI, Hughes EL, Rana B, Vinogradov S, Light GA. Amphetamine Enhances Gains in Auditory Discrimination Training in Adult Schizophrenia Patients. Schizophr Bull. 2016 Oct 25. PMID: 27798224.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Rock CL, Flatt SW, Pakiz B, Quintana EL, Heath DD, Rana B, Natarajan L. Effects of diet composition on weight loss, metabolic factors and biomarkers in a 1-year weight loss intervention in obese women examined by baseline insulin resistance status. Metabolism. 2016 Nov; 65(11):1605-1613. PMID: 27733248.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Bhakta SG, Chou HH, Rana B, Talledo JA, Balvaneda B, Gaddis L, Light GA, Swerdlow NR. Effects of acute memantine administration on MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery performance in psychosis: Testing an experimental medicine strategy. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2016 06; 233(12):2399-410. PMID: 27076209.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Le T, Flatt SW, Natarajan L, Pakiz B, Quintana EL, Heath DD, Rana B, Rock CL. Effects of Diet Composition and Insulin Resistance Status on Plasma Lipid Levels in a Weight Loss Intervention in Women. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016 Jan 25; 5(1). PMID: 26811166; PMCID: PMC4859396.
      9. Bao L, Messer K, Schwab R, Harismendy O, Pu M, Crain B, Yost S, Frazer KA, Rana B, Hasteh F, Wallace A, Parker BA. Mutational Profiling Can Establish Clonal or Independent Origin in Synchronous Bilateral Breast and Other Tumors. PLoS One. 2015; 10(11):e0142487. PMID: 26554380; PMCID: PMC4640562.
      10. Panizzon MS, Hauger RL, Sailors M, Lyons MJ, Jacobson KC, Murray McKenzie R, Rana B, Vasilopoulos T, Vuoksimaa E, Xian H, Kremen WS, Franz CE. A new look at the genetic and environmental coherence of metabolic syndrome components. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Dec; 23(12):2499-507. PMID: 26524476; PMCID: PMC4701648 [Available on 12/01/16].
      11. Breen MS, Beliakova-Bethell N, Mujica-Parodi LR, Carlson JM, Ensign WY, Woelk CH, Rana B. Acute psychological stress induces short-term variable immune response. Brain Behav Immun. 2016 Mar; 53:172-82. PMID: 26476140.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Panizzon MS, Neale MC, Docherty AR, Franz CE, Jacobson KC, Toomey R, Xian H, Vasilopoulos T, Rana B, McKenzie R, Lyons MJ, Kremen WS. Genetic and environmental architecture of changes in episodic memory from middle to late middle age. Psychol Aging. 2015 Jun; 30(2):286-300. PMID: 25938244; PMCID: PMC4451379.
      13. Kremen WS, Panizzon MS, Franz CE, Spoon KM, Vuoksimaa E, Jacobson KC, Vasilopoulos T, Xian H, McCaffery JM, Rana B, Toomey R, McKenzie R, Lyons MJ. Genetic complexity of episodic memory: a twin approach to studies of aging. Psychol Aging. 2014 Jun; 29(2):404-17. PMID: 24956007; PMCID: PMC4850834.
      14. Rana B, Darst BF, Bloss C, Shih PA, Depp C, Nievergelt CM, Allison M, Parsons JK, Schork N, Jeste DV. Candidate SNP associations of optimism and resilience in older adults: exploratory study of 935 community-dwelling adults. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2014 Oct; 22(10):997-1006.e5. PMID: 24791650; PMCID: PMC4163500.
      15. Rana B, Dhamija A, Panizzon MS, Spoon KM, Vasilopoulos T, Franz CE, Grant MD, Jacobson KC, Kim K, Lyons MJ, McCaffery JM, Stein PK, Xian H, O'Connor DT, Kremen WS. Imputing observed blood pressure for antihypertensive treatment: impact on population and genetic analyses. Am J Hypertens. 2014 Jun; 27(6):828-37. PMID: 24532572; PMCID: PMC4017930.
      16. Thompson MD, Cole DE, Capra V, Siminovitch KA, Rovati GE, Burnham WM, Rana B. Pharmacogenetics of the G protein-coupled receptors. Methods Mol Biol. 2014; 1175:189-242. PMID: 25150871.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Panizzon MS, Hauger R, Xian H, Vuoksimaa E, Spoon KM, Mendoza SP, Jacobson KC, Vasilopoulos T, Rana B, McKenzie R, McCaffery JM, Lyons MJ, Kremen WS, Franz CE. Interaction of APOE genotype and testosterone on episodic memory in middle-aged men. Neurobiol Aging. 2014 Jul; 35(7):1778.e1-8. PMID: 24444806; PMCID: PMC3980008.
      18. Genderson MR, Rana B, Panizzon MS, Grant MD, Toomey R, Jacobson KC, Xian H, Cronin-Golomb A, Franz CE, Kremen WS, Lyons MJ. Genetic and environmental influences on sleep quality in middle-aged men: a twin study. J Sleep Res. 2013 Oct; 22(5):519-26. PMID: 23509903; PMCID: PMC4762266.
      19. Rana B, Bourne PE, Insel PA. Receptor databases and computational websites for ligand binding. Methods Mol Biol. 2012; 897:1-13. PMID: 22674158.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Valle AM, Radic Z, Rana B, Mahboubi V, Wessel J, Shih PA, Rao F, O'Connor DT, Taylor P. Naturally occurring variations in the human cholinesterase genes: heritability and association with cardiovascular and metabolic traits. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2011 Jul; 338(1):125-33. PMID: 21493754; PMCID: PMC3126649.
      21. Rao F, Zhang K, Khandrika S, Mahata M, Fung MM, Ziegler MG, Rana B, O'Connor DT. Isoprostane, an "intermediate phenotype" for oxidative stress heritability, risk trait associations, and the influence of chromogranin B polymorphism. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Oct 12; 56(16):1338-50. PMID: 20888525.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Rao F, Zhang K, Zhang L, Rana B, Wessel J, Fung MM, Rodriguez-Flores JL, Taupenot L, Ziegler MG, O'Connor DT. Human tyrosine hydroxylase natural allelic variation: influence on autonomic function and hypertension. Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2010 Nov; 30(8):1391-4. PMID: 20571875; PMCID: PMC3008933.
      23. Zhang K, Rao F, Wang L, Rana B, Ghosh S, Mahata M, Salem RM, Rodriguez-Flores JL, Fung MM, Waalen J, Tayo B, Taupenot L, Mahata SK, O'Connor DT. Common functional genetic variants in catecholamine storage vesicle protein promoter motifs interact to trigger systemic hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Apr 06; 55(14):1463-75. PMID: 20359597; PMCID: PMC2889490.
      24. Burg ED, Platoshyn O, Tsigelny IF, Lozano-Ruiz B, Rana B, Yuan JX. Tetramerization domain mutations in KCNA5 affect channel kinetics and cause abnormal trafficking patterns. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2010 Mar; 298(3):C496-509. PMID: 20018952; PMCID: PMC2838577.
      25. Muthusamy N, Ahmed SA, Rana B, Navarre S, Kozlowski DJ, Liberles DA, Bergson C. Phylogenetic analysis of the NEEP21/calcyon/P19 family of endocytic proteins: evidence for functional evolution in the vertebrate CNS. J Mol Evol. 2009 Oct; 69(4):319-32. PMID: 19760447; PMCID: PMC4041480.
      26. Fung MM, Rana B, Tang CM, Shiina T, Nievergelt CM, Rao F, Salem RM, Waalen J, Ziegler MG, Insel PA, O'Connor DT. Dopamine D1 receptor (DRD1) genetic polymorphism: pleiotropic effects on heritable renal traits. Kidney Int. 2009 Nov; 76(10):1070-80. PMID: 19675531; PMCID: PMC2803094.
      27. Rana B, Wessel J, Mahboubi V, Rao F, Haeller J, Gayen JR, Eskin E, Valle AM, Das M, Mahata SK, Taupenot L, Stridsberg M, Talley TT, Ziegler MG, Smith DW, Schork NJ, O'Connor DT, Taylor P. Natural variation within the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor cluster on human chromosome 15q24: influence on heritable autonomic traits in twin pairs. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2009 Nov; 331(2):419-28. PMID: 19671882; PMCID: PMC2775266.
      28. Zhang K, Rao F, Rana B, Gayen JR, Calegari F, King A, Rosa P, Huttner WB, Stridsberg M, Mahata M, Vaingankar S, Mahboubi V, Salem RM, Rodriguez-Flores JL, Fung MM, Smith DW, Schork NJ, Ziegler MG, Taupenot L, Mahata SK, O'Connor DT. Autonomic function in hypertension; role of genetic variation at the catecholamine storage vesicle protein chromogranin B. Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2009 Feb; 2(1):46-56. PMID: 20011129.
        View in: PubMed
      29. Rao F, Zhang L, Wessel J, Zhang K, Wen G, Kennedy BP, Rana B, Das M, Rodriguez-Flores JL, Smith DW, Cadman PE, Salem RM, Mahata SK, Schork NJ, Taupenot L, Ziegler MG, O'Connor DT. Adrenergic polymorphism and the human stress response. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008 Dec; 1148:282-96. PMID: 19120120; PMCID: PMC2743085.
      30. Valle AM, Radic Z, Rana B, Whitfield JB, O'Connor DT, Martin NG, Taylor P. The cholinesterases: analysis by pharmacogenomics in man. Chem Biol Interact. 2008 Sep 25; 175(1-3):343-5. PMID: 18541229; PMCID: PMC2585411.
      31. Salem RM, Cadman PE, Chen Y, Rao F, Wen G, Hamilton BA, Rana B, Smith DW, Stridsberg M, Ward HJ, Mahata M, Mahata SK, Bowden DW, Hicks PJ, Freedman BI, Schork NJ, O'Connor DT. Chromogranin A polymorphisms are associated with hypertensive renal disease. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 Mar; 19(3):600-14. PMID: 18235090; PMCID: PMC2391050.
      32. Bhatnagar V, O'Connor DT, Schork NJ, Salem RM, Nievergelt CM, Rana B, Smith DW, Bakris GL, Middleton JP, Norris KC, Wright JT, Cheek D, Hiremath L, Contreras G, Appel LJ, Lipkowitz MS. Angiotensin-converting enzyme gene polymorphism predicts the time-course of blood pressure response to angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition in the AASK trial. J Hypertens. 2007 Oct; 25(10):2082-92. PMID: 17885551; PMCID: PMC2792638.
      33. Zhang L, Rao F, Zhang K, Khandrika S, Das M, Vaingankar SM, Bao X, Rana B, Smith DW, Wessel J, Salem RM, Rodriguez-Flores JL, Mahata SK, Schork NJ, Ziegler MG, O'Connor DT. Discovery of common human genetic variants of GTP cyclohydrolase 1 (GCH1) governing nitric oxide, autonomic activity, and cardiovascular risk. J Clin Invest. 2007 Sep; 117(9):2658-71. PMID: 17717598; PMCID: PMC1950457.
      34. Rao F, Zhang L, Wessel J, Zhang K, Wen G, Kennedy BP, Rana B, Das M, Rodriguez-Flores JL, Smith DW, Cadman PE, Salem RM, Mahata SK, Schork NJ, Taupenot L, Ziegler MG, O'Connor DT. Tyrosine hydroxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme in catecholamine biosynthesis: discovery of common human genetic variants governing transcription, autonomic activity, and blood pressure in vivo. Circulation. 2007 Aug 28; 116(9):993-1006. PMID: 17698732.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Knöll R, Postel R, Wang J, Krätzner R, Hennecke G, Vacaru AM, Vakeel P, Schubert C, Murthy K, Rana B, Kube D, Knöll G, Schäfer K, Hayashi T, Holm T, Kimura A, Schork N, Toliat MR, Nürnberg P, Schultheiss HP, Schaper W, Schaper J, Bos E, Den Hertog J, van Eeden FJ, Peters PJ, Hasenfuss G, Chien KR, Bakkers J. Laminin-alpha4 and integrin-linked kinase mutations cause human cardiomyopathy via simultaneous defects in cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells. Circulation. 2007 Jul 31; 116(5):515-25. PMID: 17646580.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Rao F, Wen G, Gayen JR, Das M, Vaingankar SM, Rana B, Mahata M, Kennedy BP, Salem RM, Stridsberg M, Abel K, Smith DW, Eskin E, Schork NJ, Hamilton BA, Ziegler MG, Mahata SK, O'Connor DT. Catecholamine release-inhibitory peptide catestatin (chromogranin A(352-372)): naturally occurring amino acid variant Gly364Ser causes profound changes in human autonomic activity and alters risk for hypertension. Circulation. 2007 May 01; 115(17):2271-81. PMID: 17438154.
        View in: PubMed
      37. Glatt SJ, Bousman C, Wang RS, Murthy KK, Rana B, Lasky-Su JA, Zhu SC, Zhang R, Li J, Zhang B, Li J, Lyons MJ, Faraone SV, Tsuang MT. Evaluation of OPRM1 variants in heroin dependence by family-based association testing and meta-analysis. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Oct 08; 90(2-3):159-65. PMID: 17416470; PMCID: PMC2012941.
      38. Rao F, Wessel J, Wen G, Zhang L, Rana B, Kennedy BP, Greenwood TA, Salem RM, Chen Y, Khandrika S, Hamilton BA, Smith DW, Holstein-Rathlou NH, Ziegler MG, Schork NJ, O'Connor DT. Renal albumin excretion: twin studies identify influences of heredity, environment, and adrenergic pathway polymorphism. Hypertension. 2007 May; 49(5):1015-31. PMID: 17353515.
        View in: PubMed
      39. Wessel J, Moratorio G, Rao F, Mahata M, Zhang L, Greene W, Rana B, Kennedy BP, Khandrika S, Huang P, Lillie EO, Shih PA, Smith DW, Wen G, Hamilton BA, Ziegler MG, Witztum JL, Schork NJ, Schmid-Schönbein GW, O'Connor DT. C-reactive protein, an 'intermediate phenotype' for inflammation: human twin studies reveal heritability, association with blood pressure and the metabolic syndrome, and the influence of common polymorphism at catecholaminergic/beta-adrenergic pathway loci. J Hypertens. 2007 Feb; 25(2):329-43. PMID: 17211240.
        View in: PubMed
      40. Remillard CV, Tigno DD, Platoshyn O, Burg ED, Brevnova EE, Conger D, Nicholson A, Rana B, Channick RN, Rubin LJ, O'connor DT, Yuan JX. Function of Kv1.5 channels and genetic variations of KCNA5 in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2007 May; 292(5):C1837-53. PMID: 17267549.
        View in: PubMed
      41. Rana B, Insel PA, Payne SH, Abel K, Beutler E, Ziegler MG, Schork NJ, O'Connor DT. Population-based sample reveals gene-gender interactions in blood pressure in White Americans. Hypertension. 2007 Jan; 49(1):96-106. PMID: 17159089.
        View in: PubMed
      42. Seasholtz TM, Wessel J, Rao F, Rana B, Khandrika S, Kennedy BP, Lillie EO, Ziegler MG, Smith DW, Schork NJ, Brown JH, O'Connor DT. Rho kinase polymorphism influences blood pressure and systemic vascular resistance in human twins: role of heredity. Hypertension. 2006 May; 47(5):937-47. PMID: 16585408.
        View in: PubMed
      43. Riddle EL, Rana B, Murthy KK, Rao F, Eskin E, O'Connor DT, Insel PA. Polymorphisms and haplotypes of the regulator of G protein signaling-2 gene in normotensives and hypertensives. Hypertension. 2006 Mar; 47(3):415-20. PMID: 16432041.
        View in: PubMed
      44. Murthy KK, Mahboubi VS, Santiago A, Barragan MT, Knöll R, Schultheiss HP, O'Connor DT, Schork NJ, Rana B. Assessment of multiple displacement amplification for polymorphism discovery and haplotype determination at a highly polymorphic locus, MC1R. Hum Mutat. 2005 Aug; 26(2):145-52. PMID: 15957185.
        View in: PubMed
      45. Bao X, Mills PJ, Rana B, Dimsdale JE, Schork NJ, Smith DW, Rao F, Milic M, O'Connor DT, Ziegler MG. Interactive effects of common beta2-adrenoceptor haplotypes and age on susceptibility to hypertension and receptor function. Hypertension. 2005 Aug; 46(2):301-7. PMID: 16027244.
        View in: PubMed
      46. Etzel JP, Rana B, Wen G, Parmer RJ, Schork NJ, O'Connor DT, Insel PA. Genetic variation at the human alpha2B-adrenergic receptor locus: role in blood pressure variation and yohimbine response. Hypertension. 2005 Jun; 45(6):1207-13. PMID: 15920038.
        View in: PubMed
      47. King D, Etzel JP, Chopra S, Smith J, Cadman PE, Rao F, Funk SD, Rana B, Schork NJ, Insel PA, O'Connor DT. Human response to alpha2-adrenergic agonist stimulation studied in an isolated vascular bed in vivo: Biphasic influence of dose, age, gender, and receptor genotype. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2005 May; 77(5):388-403. PMID: 15900285.
        View in: PubMed
      48. Rana B, Insel PA. Receptor databases and computational websites for ligand binding. Methods Mol Biol. 2005; 306:1-15. PMID: 15867461.
        View in: PubMed
      49. Zhang L, Rao F, Wessel J, Kennedy BP, Rana B, Taupenot L, Lillie EO, Cockburn M, Schork NJ, Ziegler MG, O'Connor DT. Functional allelic heterogeneity and pleiotropy of a repeat polymorphism in tyrosine hydroxylase: prediction of catecholamines and response to stress in twins. Physiol Genomics. 2004 Nov 17; 19(3):277-91. PMID: 15367723.
        View in: PubMed
      50. Greenwood TA, Rana B, Schork NJ. Human haplotype block sizes are negatively correlated with recombination rates. Genome Res. 2004 Jul; 14(7):1358-61. PMID: 15231751; PMCID: PMC442152.
      51. Rana B. New insights into G-protein-coupled receptor signaling from the melanocortin receptor system. Mol Pharmacol. 2003 Jul; 64(1):1-4. PMID: 12815154.
        View in: PubMed
      52. Chitbangonsyn SW, Mahboubi P, Walker D, Rana B, Diggle KL, Timberlake DS, Parmer RJ, O'Connor DT. Physical mapping of autonomic/sympathetic candidate genetic loci for hypertension in the human genome: a somatic cell radiation hybrid library approach. J Hum Hypertens. 2003 May; 17(5):319-24. PMID: 12756404.
        View in: PubMed
      53. Lee A, Rana B, Schiffer HH, Schork NJ, Brann MR, Insel PA, Weiner DM. Distribution analysis of nonsynonymous polymorphisms within the G-protein-coupled receptor gene family. Genomics. 2003 Mar; 81(3):245-8. PMID: 12659808.
        View in: PubMed
      54. Rana B, Insel PA. G-protein-coupled receptor websites. Trends Pharmacol Sci. 2002 Nov; 23(11):535-6. PMID: 12413809.
        View in: PubMed
      55. Yao M, Song DH, Rana B, Wolfe MM. COX-2 selective inhibition reverses the trophic properties of gastrin in colorectal cancer. Br J Cancer. 2002 Aug 27; 87(5):574-9. PMID: 12189559; PMCID: PMC2376154.
      56. Rana B, Insel PA. Useful G-protein-coupled receptor websites. Trends Pharmacol Sci. 2001 Sep; 22(9):485-6. PMID: 12613478.
        View in: PubMed
      57. Ostrom RS, Gregorian C, Drenan RM, Gabot K, Rana B, Insel PA. Key role for constitutive cyclooxygenase-2 of MDCK cells in basal signaling and response to released ATP. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2001 Aug; 281(2):C524-31. PMID: 11443051.
        View in: PubMed
      58. Rana B, Pan L, Insel PA. Use of an in silico approach to define the gene structure of eukaryotic adenylyl cyclases. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Jul 06; 285(1):152-7. PMID: 11437386.
        View in: PubMed
      59. Rana B, Shiina T, Insel PA. Genetic variations and polymorphisms of G protein-coupled receptors: functional and therapeutic implications. Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol. 2001; 41:593-624. PMID: 11264470.
        View in: PubMed
      60. Rana B, Hewett-Emmett D, Jin L, Chang BH, Sambuughin N, Lin M, Watkins S, Bamshad M, Jorde LB, Ramsay M, Jenkins T, Li WH. High polymorphism at the human melanocortin 1 receptor locus. Genetics. 1999 Apr; 151(4):1547-57. PMID: 10101176; PMCID: PMC1460552.