Susan Golden

InstitutionUniversity of California San Diego
DepartmentMolecular Biology
Address9500 Gilman Drive #0116
La Jolla CA 92093
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Molecular and cellular mechanisms of circadian timekeeping in a prokaryote model
    NIH/NIGMS R35GM118290Apr 4, 2016 - Mar 31, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Circadian gating of cell division by the cyanobacterial oscillator
    NIH/NIGMS R01GM100116Aug 1, 2012 - Jul 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    4th ASM Conference on Prokaryotic Cell Biology and Development
    NIH/NIGMS R13GM101938Apr 1, 2012 - Mar 31, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The Pathway that Sets the Cyanobacterial Circadian Clock
    NIH/NIGMS R01GM062419Mar 1, 2001 - Mar 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Coordination of Circadian Physiology of Diverse Species
    NIH P01NS039546Dec 1, 1999 - Jun 30, 2012
    Role: Co-Investigator
    NIH/NIGMS R01GM045252Aug 1, 1991 - Jul 31, 2000
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NIH/NIGMS R01GM037040Jul 1, 1986 - Jun 30, 1999
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NIH/NIGMS F32GM009497Aug 1, 1985
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Cohen SE, McKnight BM, Golden SS. Roles for ClpXP in regulating the circadian clock in Synechococcus elongatus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Jul 30. PMID: 30061418.
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    2. Welkie DG, Rubin BE, Chang YG, Diamond S, Rifkin SA, LiWang A, Golden SS. Genome-wide fitness assessment during diurnal growth reveals an expanded role of the cyanobacterial circadian clock protein KaiA. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Jul 10. PMID: 29991601.
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    3. Rubin BE, Huynh TN, Welkie DG, Diamond S, Simkovsky R, Pierce EC, Taton A, Lowe LC, Lee JJ, Rifkin SA, Woodward JJ, Golden SS. High-throughput interaction screens illuminate the role of c-di-AMP in cyanobacterial nighttime survival. PLoS Genet. 2018 Apr; 14(4):e1007301. PMID: 29608558.
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    4. Swan JA, Golden SS, LiWang A, Partch CL. Structure, function, and mechanism of the core circadian clock in cyanobacteria. J Biol Chem. 2018 Apr 06; 293(14):5026-5034. PMID: 29440392.
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    5. Hughes ME, Abruzzi KC, Allada R, Anafi R, Arpat AB, Asher G, Baldi P, de Bekker C, Bell-Pedersen D, Blau J, Brown S, Ceriani MF, Chen Z, Chiu JC, Cox J, Crowell AM, DeBruyne JP, Dijk DJ, DiTacchio L, Doyle FJ, Duffield GE, Dunlap JC, Eckel-Mahan K, Esser KA, FitzGerald GA, Forger DB, Francey LJ, Fu YH, Gachon F, Gatfield D, de Goede P, Golden SS, Green C, Harer J, Harmer S, Haspel J, Hastings MH, Herzel H, Herzog ED, Hoffmann C, Hong C, Hughey JJ, Hurley JM, de la Iglesia HO, Johnson C, Kay SA, Koike N, Kornacker K, Kramer A, Lamia K, Leise T, Lewis SA, Li J, Li X, Liu AC, Loros JJ, Martino TA, Menet JS, Merrow M, Millar AJ, Mockler T, Naef F, Nagoshi E, Nitabach MN, Olmedo M, Nusinow DA, Ptácek LJ, Rand D, Reddy AB, Robles MS, Roenneberg T, Rosbash M, Ruben MD, Rund SSC, Sancar A, Sassone-Corsi P, Sehgal A, Sherrill-Mix S, Skene DJ, Storch KF, Takahashi JS, Ueda HR, Wang H, Weitz C, Westermark PO, Wijnen H, Xu Y, Wu G, Yoo SH, Young M, Zhang EE, Zielinski T, Hogenesch JB. Guidelines for Genome-Scale Analysis of Biological Rhythms. J Biol Rhythms. 2017 Oct; 32(5):380-393. PMID: 29098954.
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    6. Taton A, Ma AT, Ota M, Golden SS, Golden JW. NOT Gate Genetic Circuits to Control Gene Expression in Cyanobacteria. ACS Synth Biol. 2017 12 15; 6(12):2175-2182. PMID: 28803467.
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    7. Nagar E, Zilberman S, Sendersky E, Simkovsky R, Shimoni E, Gershtein D, Herzberg M, Golden SS, Schwarz R. Type 4 pili are dispensable for biofilm development in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus. Environ Microbiol. 2017 Jul; 19(7):2862-2872. PMID: 28585390.
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    8. Tseng R, Goularte NF, Chavan A, Luu J, Cohen SE, Chang YG, Heisler J, Li S, Michael AK, Tripathi S, Golden SS, LiWang A, Partch CL. Structural basis of the day-night transition in a bacterial circadian clock. Science. 2017 03 17; 355(6330):1174-1180. PMID: 28302851.
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    9. Diamond S, Rubin BE, Shultzaberger RK, Chen Y, Barber CD, Golden SS. Redox crisis underlies conditional light-dark lethality in cyanobacterial mutants that lack the circadian regulator, RpaA. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 01 24; 114(4):E580-E589. PMID: 28074036.
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    10. Broddrick JT, Rubin BE, Welkie DG, Du N, Mih N, Diamond S, Lee JJ, Golden SS, Palsson BO. Unique attributes of cyanobacterial metabolism revealed by improved genome-scale metabolic modeling and essential gene analysis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 12 20; 113(51):E8344-E8353. PMID: 27911809.
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    11. Chen Y, Taton A, Go M, London RE, Pieper LM, Golden SS, Golden JW. Self-replicating shuttle vectors based on pANS, a small endogenous plasmid of the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942. Microbiology. 2016 12; 162(12):2029-2041. PMID: 27902432.
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    12. Boyd JS, Cheng RR, Paddock ML, Sancar C, Morcos F, Golden SS. A Combined Computational and Genetic Approach Uncovers Network Interactions of the Cyanobacterial Circadian Clock. J Bacteriol. 2016 09 15; 198(18):2439-47. PMID: 27381914.
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    13. Parnasa R, Nagar E, Sendersky E, Reich Z, Simkovsky R, Golden S, Schwarz R. Small secreted proteins enable biofilm development in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus. Sci Rep. 2016 08 25; 6:32209. PMID: 27558743.
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    14. Simkovsky R, Effner EE, Iglesias-Sánchez MJ, Golden SS. Mutations in Novel Lipopolysaccharide Biogenesis Genes Confer Resistance to Amoebal Grazing in Synechococcus elongatus. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2016 May; 82(9):2738-50. PMID: 26921432; PMCID: PMC4836432 [Available on 10/18/16].
    15. Cohen SE, Golden SS. Circadian Rhythms in Cyanobacteria. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 2015 Dec; 79(4):373-85. PMID: 26335718; PMCID: PMC4557074 [Available on 12/01/16].
    16. Rubin BE, Wetmore KM, Price MN, Diamond S, Shultzaberger RK, Lowe LC, Curtin G, Arkin AP, Deutschbauer A, Golden SS. The essential gene set of a photosynthetic organism. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Dec 01; 112(48):E6634-43. PMID: 26508635; PMCID: PMC4672817.
    17. Shultzaberger RK, Boyd JS, Diamond S, Greenspan RJ, Golden SS. Giving Time Purpose: The Synechococcus elongatus Clock in a Broader Network Context. Annu Rev Genet. 2015; 49:485-505. PMID: 26442846; PMCID: PMC4769874 [Available on 11/23/16].
    18. Luke CS, Selimkhanov J, Baumgart L, Cohen SE, Golden SS, Cookson NA, Hasty J. A Microfluidic Platform for Long-Term Monitoring of Algae in a Dynamic Environment. ACS Synth Biol. 2016 Jan 15; 5(1):8-14. PMID: 26332284.
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    19. Chang YG, Cohen SE, Phong C, Myers WK, Kim YI, Tseng R, Lin J, Zhang L, Boyd JS, Lee Y, Kang S, Lee D, Li S, Britt RD, Rust MJ, Golden SS, LiWang A. Circadian rhythms. A protein fold switch joins the circadian oscillator to clock output in cyanobacteria. Science. 2015 Jul 17; 349(6245):324-8. PMID: 26113641; PMCID: PMC4506712.
    20. Diamond S, Jun D, Rubin BE, Golden SS. The circadian oscillator in Synechococcus elongatus controls metabolite partitioning during diurnal growth. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Apr 14; 112(15):E1916-25. PMID: 25825710; PMCID: PMC4403147.
    21. Mayfield S, Golden SS. Photosynthetic bio-manufacturing: food, fuel, and medicine for the 21st century. Photosynth Res. 2015 Mar; 123(3):225-6. PMID: 25676708.
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    22. Espinosa J, Boyd JS, Cantos R, Salinas P, Golden SS, Contreras A. Cross-talk and regulatory interactions between the essential response regulator RpaB and cyanobacterial circadian clock output. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Feb 17; 112(7):2198-203. PMID: 25653337; PMCID: PMC4343135.
    23. Kim YI, Boyd JS, Espinosa J, Golden SS. Detecting KaiC phosphorylation rhythms of the cyanobacterial circadian oscillator in vitro and in vivo. Methods Enzymol. 2015; 551:153-73. PMID: 25662456; PMCID: PMC4782789.
    24. Cohen SE, Erb ML, Pogliano J, Golden SS. Best practices for fluorescence microscopy of the cyanobacterial circadian clock. Methods Enzymol. 2015; 551:211-21. PMID: 25662459; PMCID: PMC4479491.
    25. Shultzaberger RK, Paddock ML, Katsuki T, Greenspan RJ, Golden SS. High-throughput and quantitative approaches for measuring circadian rhythms in cyanobacteria using bioluminescence. Methods Enzymol. 2015; 551:53-72. PMID: 25662451; PMCID: PMC4771492.
    26. Shultzaberger RK, Boyd JS, Katsuki T, Golden SS, Greenspan RJ. Single mutations in sasA enable a simpler ?cikA gene network architecture with equivalent circadian properties. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Nov 25; 111(47):E5069-75. PMID: 25385627; PMCID: PMC4250164.
    27. Cohen SE, Erb ML, Selimkhanov J, Dong G, Hasty J, Pogliano J, Golden SS. Dynamic localization of the cyanobacterial circadian clock proteins. Curr Biol. 2014 Aug 18; 24(16):1836-44. PMID: 25127213; PMCID: PMC4139467.
    28. Taton A, Unglaub F, Wright NE, Zeng WY, Paz-Yepes J, Brahamsha B, Palenik B, Peterson TC, Haerizadeh F, Golden SS, Golden JW. Broad-host-range vector system for synthetic biology and biotechnology in cyanobacteria. Nucleic Acids Res. 2014; 42(17):e136. PMID: 25074377; PMCID: PMC4176158.
    29. Paddock ML, Boyd JS, Adin DM, Golden SS. Active output state of the Synechococcus Kai circadian oscillator. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Oct 01; 110(40):E3849-57. PMID: 24043774; PMCID: PMC3791705.
    30. Boyd JS, Bordowitz JR, Bree AC, Golden SS. An allele of the crm gene blocks cyanobacterial circadian rhythms. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Aug 20; 110(34):13950-5. PMID: 23918383; PMCID: PMC3752241.
    31. Vinyard DJ, Gimpel J, Ananyev GM, Cornejo MA, Golden SS, Mayfield SP, Dismukes GC. Natural variants of photosystem II subunit D1 tune photochemical fitness to solar intensity. J Biol Chem. 2013 Feb 22; 288(8):5451-62. PMID: 23271739; PMCID: PMC3581373.
    32. Kim YI, Vinyard DJ, Ananyev GM, Dismukes GC, Golden SS. Oxidized quinones signal onset of darkness directly to the cyanobacterial circadian oscillator. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Oct 30; 109(44):17765-9. PMID: 23071342; PMCID: PMC3497819.
    33. Simkovsky R, Daniels EF, Tang K, Huynh SC, Golden SS, Brahamsha B. Impairment of O-antigen production confers resistance to grazing in a model amoeba-cyanobacterium predator-prey system. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Oct 09; 109(41):16678-83. PMID: 23012457; PMCID: PMC3478625.
    34. Yang JY, Phelan VV, Simkovsky R, Watrous JD, Trial RM, Fleming TC, Wenter R, Moore BS, Golden SS, Pogliano K, Dorrestein PC. Primer on agar-based microbial imaging mass spectrometry. J Bacteriol. 2012 Nov; 194(22):6023-8. PMID: 22821974; PMCID: PMC3486372.
    35. Taton A, Lis E, Adin DM, Dong G, Cookson S, Kay SA, Golden SS, Golden JW. Gene transfer in Leptolyngbya sp. strain BL0902, a cyanobacterium suitable for production of biomass and bioproducts. PLoS One. 2012; 7(1):e30901. PMID: 22292073.
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    36. Rust MJ, Golden SS, O'Shea EK. Light-driven changes in energy metabolism directly entrain the cyanobacterial circadian oscillator. Science. 2011 Jan 14; 331(6014):220-3. PMID: 21233390; PMCID: PMC3309039.
    37. Mackey SR, Golden SS, Ditty JL. The itty-bitty time machine genetics of the cyanobacterial circadian clock. Adv Genet. 2011; 74:13-53. PMID: 21924974; PMCID: PMC3319097.
    38. Hasty J, Hoffmann A, Golden S. Systems biology of cellular rhythms: from cacophony to symphony. Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2010 Dec; 20(6):571-3. PMID: 21036033; PMCID: PMC4734115.
    39. Dong G, Kim YI, Golden SS. Simplicity and complexity in the cyanobacterial circadian clock mechanism. Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2010 Dec; 20(6):619-25. PMID: 20934870; PMCID: PMC2982900.
    40. Yang Q, Pando BF, Dong G, Golden SS, van Oudenaarden A. Circadian gating of the cell cycle revealed in single cyanobacterial cells. Science. 2010 Mar 19; 327(5972):1522-6. PMID: 20299597; PMCID: PMC3118046.
    41. Wood TL, Bridwell-Rabb J, Kim YI, Gao T, Chang YG, LiWang A, Barondeau DP, Golden SS. The KaiA protein of the cyanobacterial circadian oscillator is modulated by a redox-active cofactor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Mar 30; 107(13):5804-9. PMID: 20231482; PMCID: PMC2851934.
    42. Dong G, Yang Q, Wang Q, Kim YI, Wood TL, Osteryoung KW, van Oudenaarden A, Golden SS. Elevated ATPase activity of KaiC applies a circadian checkpoint on cell division in Synechococcus elongatus. Cell. 2010 Feb 19; 140(4):529-39. PMID: 20178745; PMCID: PMC3031423.
    43. Chen Y, Kim YI, Mackey SR, Holtman CK, Liwang A, Golden SS. A novel allele of kaiA shortens the circadian period and strengthens interaction of oscillator components in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942. J Bacteriol. 2009 Jul; 191(13):4392-400. PMID: 19395479; PMCID: PMC2698500.
    44. Clerico EM, Cassone VM, Golden SS. Stability and lability of circadian period of gene expression in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus. Microbiology. 2009 Feb; 155(Pt 2):635-41. PMID: 19202112; PMCID: PMC2729554.
    45. Dong G, Golden SS. How a cyanobacterium tells time. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2008 Dec; 11(6):541-6. PMID: 18983934; PMCID: PMC2692899.
    46. Kim YI, Dong G, Carruthers CW, Golden SS, LiWang A. The day/night switch in KaiC, a central oscillator component of the circadian clock of cyanobacteria. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Sep 02; 105(35):12825-30. PMID: 18728181; PMCID: PMC2529086.
    47. Chen Y, Holtman CK, Magnuson RD, Youderian PA, Golden SS. The complete sequence and functional analysis of pANL, the large plasmid of the unicellular freshwater cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942. Plasmid. 2008 May; 59(3):176-92. PMID: 18353436; PMCID: PMC2427279.
    48. Mackey SR, Choi JS, Kitayama Y, Iwasaki H, Dong G, Golden SS. Proteins found in a CikA interaction assay link the circadian clock, metabolism, and cell division in Synechococcus elongatus. J Bacteriol. 2008 May; 190(10):3738-46. PMID: 18344369; PMCID: PMC2395015.
    49. Mackey SR, Golden SS. Winding up the cyanobacterial circadian clock. Trends Microbiol. 2007 Sep; 15(9):381-8. PMID: 17804240.
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    50. Sharon I, Tzahor S, Williamson S, Shmoish M, Man-Aharonovich D, Rusch DB, Yooseph S, Zeidner G, Golden SS, Mackey SR, Adir N, Weingart U, Horn D, Venter JC, Mandel-Gutfreund Y, Béjà O. Viral photosynthetic reaction center genes and transcripts in the marine environment. ISME J. 2007 Oct; 1(6):492-501. PMID: 18043651.
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    51. Golden SS, Cassone VM, LiWang A. Shifting nanoscopic clock gears. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2007 May; 14(5):362-3. PMID: 17473879.
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    52. Gao T, Zhang X, Ivleva NB, Golden SS, LiWang A. NMR structure of the pseudo-receiver domain of CikA. Protein Sci. 2007 Mar; 16(3):465-75. PMID: 17322531; PMCID: PMC2203319.
    53. Ivleva NB, Golden SS. Protein extraction, fractionation, and purification from cyanobacteria. Methods Mol Biol. 2007; 362:365-73. PMID: 17417023.
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    54. Clerico EM, Ditty JL, Golden SS. Specialized techniques for site-directed mutagenesis in cyanobacteria. Methods Mol Biol. 2007; 362:155-71. PMID: 17417008.
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    55. Mackey SR, Ditty JL, Clerico EM, Golden SS. Detection of rhythmic bioluminescence from luciferase reporters in cyanobacteria. Methods Mol Biol. 2007; 362:115-29. PMID: 17417005.
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    56. Ivleva NB, Gao T, LiWang AC, Golden SS. Quinone sensing by the circadian input kinase of the cyanobacterial circadian clock. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Nov 14; 103(46):17468-73. PMID: 17088557; PMCID: PMC1859952.
    57. Zhang X, Dong G, Golden SS. The pseudo-receiver domain of CikA regulates the cyanobacterial circadian input pathway. Mol Microbiol. 2006 May; 60(3):658-68. PMID: 16629668.
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    58. Golden SS. Good old-fashioned (anti)sense. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 May 02; 103(18):6781-2. PMID: 16636278; PMCID: PMC2104490.
    59. Ditty JL, Canales SR, Anderson BE, Williams SB, Golden SS. Stability of the Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 circadian clock under directed anti-phase expression of the kai genes. Microbiology. 2005 Aug; 151(Pt 8):2605-13. PMID: 16079339.
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    60. Kao CC, Green S, Stein B, Golden SS. Diel infection of a cyanobacterium by a contractile bacteriophage. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2005 Aug; 71(8):4276-9. PMID: 16085814; PMCID: PMC1183273.
    61. Bell-Pedersen D, Cassone VM, Earnest DJ, Golden SS, Hardin PE, Thomas TL, Zoran MJ. Circadian rhythms from multiple oscillators: lessons from diverse organisms. Nat Rev Genet. 2005 Jul; 6(7):544-56. PMID: 15951747; PMCID: PMC2735866.
    62. Gao T, Zhang X, Xia Y, Cho Y, Sacchettini JC, Golden SS, Liwang AC. 1H, 13C and 15N chemical shift assignments of the C-terminal, 133-residue pseudo-receiver domain of circadian input kinase (CikA) in Synechococcus elongatus. J Biomol NMR. 2005 Jul; 32(3):259. PMID: 16132830.
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    63. Ivleva NB, Bramlett MR, Lindahl PA, Golden SS. LdpA: a component of the circadian clock senses redox state of the cell. EMBO J. 2005 Mar 23; 24(6):1202-10. PMID: 15775978; PMCID: PMC556408.
    64. Holtman CK, Chen Y, Sandoval P, Gonzales A, Nalty MS, Thomas TL, Youderian P, Golden SS. High-throughput functional analysis of the Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 genome. DNA Res. 2005; 12(2):103-15. PMID: 16303742.
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    65. Golden SS. Meshing the gears of the cyanobacterial circadian clock. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Sep 21; 101(38):13697-8. PMID: 15367731; PMCID: PMC518819.
    66. Vakonakis I, Klewer DA, Williams SB, Golden SS, LiWang AC. Structure of the N-terminal domain of the circadian clock-associated histidine kinase SasA. J Mol Biol. 2004 Sep 03; 342(1):9-17. PMID: 15313603.
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    67. Min H, Liu Y, Johnson CH, Golden SS. Phase determination of circadian gene expression in Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942. J Biol Rhythms. 2004 Apr; 19(2):103-12. PMID: 15038850.
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    68. Thomas C, Andersson CR, Canales SR, Golden SS. PsfR, a factor that stimulates psbAI expression in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942. Microbiology. 2004 Apr; 150(Pt 4):1031-40. PMID: 15073312.
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    69. Vakonakis I, Sun J, Wu T, Holzenburg A, Golden SS, LiWang AC. NMR structure of the KaiC-interacting C-terminal domain of KaiA, a circadian clock protein: implications for KaiA-KaiC interaction. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Feb 10; 101(6):1479-84. PMID: 14749515; PMCID: PMC341745.
    70. Golden SS. Timekeeping in bacteria: the cyanobacterial circadian clock. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2003 Dec; 6(6):535-40. PMID: 14662347.
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    71. Golden SS, Canales SR. Cyanobacterial circadian clocks--timing is everything. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2003 Dec; 1(3):191-9. PMID: 15035023.
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    72. Mutsuda M, Michel KP, Zhang X, Montgomery BL, Golden SS. Biochemical properties of CikA, an unusual phytochrome-like histidine protein kinase that resets the circadian clock in Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942. J Biol Chem. 2003 May 23; 278(21):19102-10. PMID: 12626498.
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    73. Katayama M, Kondo T, Xiong J, Golden SS. ldpA encodes an iron-sulfur protein involved in light-dependent modulation of the circadian period in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942. J Bacteriol. 2003 Feb; 185(4):1415-22. PMID: 12562813; PMCID: PMC142860.
    74. Golden SS. Think like a bacterium. Conference on bacterial neural networks. EMBO Rep. 2003 Jan; 4(1):15-7. PMID: 12524513; PMCID: PMC1315802.
    75. Williams SB, Vakonakis I, Golden SS, LiWang AC. Structure and function from the circadian clock protein KaiA of Synechococcus elongatus: a potential clock input mechanism. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Nov 26; 99(24):15357-62. PMID: 12438647; PMCID: PMC137721.
    76. Klewer DA, Williams SB, Golden SS, LiWang AC. Sequence-specific resonance assignments of the N-terminal, 105-residue KaiC-interacting domain of SasA, a protein necessary for a robust circadian rhythm in Synechococcus elongatus. J Biomol NMR. 2002 Sep; 24(1):77-8. PMID: 12449424.
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    77. Nair U, Ditty JL, Min H, Golden SS. Roles for sigma factors in global circadian regulation of the cyanobacterial genome. J Bacteriol. 2002 Jul; 184(13):3530-8. PMID: 12057947; PMCID: PMC135120.
    78. Golden SS, Ishiura M, Johnson CH, Kondo T. CYANOBACTERIAL CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS. Annu Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol. 1997 Jun; 48:327-354. PMID: 15012266.
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