Ralph Greenspan

Title(s)Professor, Neurobiology
SchoolVc-academic Affairs
Address9500 Gilman Drive #
La Jolla CA 92093
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    I lead a research laboratory studying higher cognitive function in Drosophila. I also teach an advanced undergraduate course on Genes and Behavior in alternate years with a senior seminar on The Neurobiology of Consciousness and Higher Cognition.

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    Overcoming distractions and coping with stress: How attention drives information flow in the brain
    AFOSR FA9550-19-1-0280Jun 15, 2019 - Jun 14, 2023
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Description: We approach the question of higher cognitive function in Drosophila using delay vs. trace conditioning. We demonstrate the existence of trace and delay conditioning in Drosophila, and the selective impairment of trace conditioning when distracted.
    Multiscale analysis of bioinspired low energy information processing: from organelles to organisms.
    AFOSR FA9550-18-1-0051Jan 5, 2019 - Dec 31, 2022
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Description: A multi-level study of the relationship between energy metabolism and behavior and brain function.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Publisher Correction: Differential mechanisms underlie trace and delay conditioning in Drosophila. Nature. 2022 Apr; 604(7904):E9. Grover D, Chen JY, Xie J, Li J, Changeux JP, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 35319012.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Differential mechanisms underlie trace and delay conditioning in Drosophila. Nature. 2022 03; 603(7900):302-308. Grover D, Chen JY, Xie J, Li J, Changeux JP, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 35173333.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    3. Valence opponency in peripheral olfactory processing. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2022 02 01; 119(5). Wu ST, Chen JY, Martin V, Ng R, Zhang Y, Grover D, Greenspan RJ, Aljadeff J, Su CY. PMID: 35091473; PMCID: PMC8812543.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    4. Learning about quantitative genetics from Marla Sokolowski. J Neurogenet. 2021 Sep; 35(3):110-111. Greenspan RJ. PMID: 34128769.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    5. Anti-instinctive Learning Behavior Revealed by Locomotion-Triggered Mild Heat Stress in Drosophila. Front Behav Neurosci. 2020; 14:41. Sun R, Delly J, Sereno E, Wong S, Chen X, Wang Y, Huang Y, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 32372923; PMCID: PMC7179688.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3  
    6. Imaging brain activity during complex social behaviors in Drosophila with Flyception2. Nat Commun. 2020 01 30; 11(1):623. Grover D, Katsuki T, Li J, Dawkins TJ, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 32001689; PMCID: PMC6992788.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    7. Fast near-whole-brain imaging in adult Drosophila during responses to stimuli and behavior. PLoS Biol. 2019 02; 17(2):e2006732. Aimon S, Katsuki T, Jia T, Grosenick L, Broxton M, Deisseroth K, Sejnowski TJ, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 30768592; PMCID: PMC6395010.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    8. The genome of the jellyfish Aurelia and the evolution of animal complexity. Nat Ecol Evol. 2019 01; 3(1):96-104. Gold DA, Katsuki T, Li Y, Yan X, Regulski M, Ibberson D, Holstein T, Steele RE, Jacobs DK, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 30510179.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    9. Deep(er) Learning. J Neurosci. 2018 08 22; 38(34):7365-7374. Srinivasan S, Greenspan RJ, Stevens CF, Grover D. PMID: 30006366; PMCID: PMC6596136.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    10. Conservation of the behavioral and transcriptional response to social experience among Drosophilids. Genes Brain Behav. 2019 01; 18(1):e12487. Shultzaberger RK, Johnson SJ, Wagner J, Ha K, Markow TA, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 29797548; PMCID: PMC7379240.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    11. Flyception: imaging brain activity in freely walking fruit flies. Nat Methods. 2016 07; 13(7):569-72. Grover D, Katsuki T, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 27183441.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    12. A National Network of Neurotechnology Centers for the BRAIN Initiative. Neuron. 2015 Nov 04; 88(3):445-8. Alivisatos AP, Chun M, Church GM, Greenspan RJ, Roukes ML, Yuste R. PMID: 26481036; PMCID: PMC5283530.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    13. Giving Time Purpose: The Synechococcus elongatus Clock in a Broader Network Context. Annu Rev Genet. 2015; 49:485-505. Shultzaberger RK, Boyd JS, Diamond S, Greenspan RJ, Golden SS. PMID: 26442846; PMCID: PMC4769874.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    14. Connectomics-based analysis of information flow in the Drosophila brain. Curr Biol. 2015 May 18; 25(10):1249-58. Shih CT, Sporns O, Yuan SL, Su TS, Lin YJ, Chuang CC, Wang TY, Lo CC, Greenspan RJ, Chiang AS. PMID: 25866397.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 68     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    15. High-throughput and quantitative approaches for measuring circadian rhythms in cyanobacteria using bioluminescence. Methods Enzymol. 2015; 551:53-72. Shultzaberger RK, Paddock ML, Katsuki T, Greenspan RJ, Golden SS. PMID: 25662451; PMCID: PMC4771492.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    16. Single mutations in sasA enable a simpler ΔcikA gene network architecture with equivalent circadian properties. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Nov 25; 111(47):E5069-75. Shultzaberger RK, Boyd JS, Katsuki T, Golden SS, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 25385627; PMCID: PMC4250164.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    17. Prospective Optimization. Proc IEEE Inst Electr Electron Eng. 2014 May; 102(5). Sejnowski TJ, Poizner H, Lynch G, Gepshtein S, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 25328167; PMCID: PMC4201124.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3  
    18. Jellyfish nervous systems. Curr Biol. 2013 Jul 22; 23(14):R592-4. Katsuki T, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 23885868.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    19. Vertebrate versus invertebrate neural circuits. Curr Biol. 2013 Jun 17; 23(12):R504-6. Katz P, Grillner S, Wilson R, Borst A, Greenspan R, Buzsáki G, Martin K, Marder E, Kristan W, Friedrich R, Chklovskii D. PMID: 23943928.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    20. A comprehensive wiring diagram of the protocerebral bridge for visual information processing in the Drosophila brain. Cell Rep. 2013 May 30; 3(5):1739-53. Lin CY, Chuang CC, Hua TE, Chen CC, Dickson BJ, Greenspan RJ, Chiang AS. PMID: 23707064.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 62     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    21. Neuroscience. The brain activity map. Science. 2013 Mar 15; 339(6125):1284-5. Alivisatos AP, Chun M, Church GM, Deisseroth K, Donoghue JP, Greenspan RJ, McEuen PL, Roukes ML, Sejnowski TJ, Weiss PS, Yuste R. PMID: 23470729; PMCID: PMC3722427.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 70     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    22. Biological indeterminacy. Sci Eng Ethics. 2012 Sep; 18(3):447-52. Greenspan RJ. PMID: 22752704.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. The brain activity map project and the challenge of functional connectomics. Neuron. 2012 Jun 21; 74(6):970-4. Alivisatos AP, Chun M, Church GM, Greenspan RJ, Roukes ML, Yuste R. PMID: 22726828; PMCID: PMC3597383.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 194     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    24. Genes involved in sex pheromone discrimination in Drosophila melanogaster and their background-dependent effect. PLoS One. 2012; 7(1):e30799. Houot B, Fraichard S, Greenspan RJ, Ferveur JF. PMID: 22292044; PMCID: PMC3264623.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    25. Selection, gene interaction, and flexible gene networks. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 2009; 74:131-8. Greenspan RJ. PMID: 19903749.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    26. The Drosophila foraging gene mediates adult plasticity and gene-environment interactions in behaviour, metabolites, and gene expression in response to food deprivation. PLoS Genet. 2009 Aug; 5(8):e1000609. Kent CF, Daskalchuk T, Cook L, Sokolowski MB, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 19696884; PMCID: PMC2720453.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 45     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    27. A proposal for a coordinated effort for the determination of brainwide neuroanatomical connectivity in model organisms at a mesoscopic scale. PLoS Comput Biol. 2009 Mar; 5(3):e1000334. Bohland JW, Wu C, Barbas H, Bokil H, Bota M, Breiter HC, Cline HT, Doyle JC, Freed PJ, Greenspan RJ, Haber SN, Hawrylycz M, Herrera DG, Hilgetag CC, Huang ZJ, Jones A, Jones EG, Karten HJ, Kleinfeld D, Kötter R, Lester HA, Lin JM, Mensh BD, Mikula S, Panksepp J, Price JL, Safdieh J, Saper CB, Schiff ND, Schmahmann JD, Stillman BW, Svoboda K, Swanson LW, Toga AW, Van Essen DC, Watson JD, Mitra PP. PMID: 19325892; PMCID: PMC2655718.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 126     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    28. Drosophila D1 dopamine receptor mediates caffeine-induced arousal. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Dec 23; 105(51):20392-7. Andretic R, Kim YC, Jones FS, Han KA, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 19074291; PMCID: PMC2629270.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 50     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    29. The origins of behavioral genetics. Curr Biol. 2008 Mar 11; 18(5):R192-8. Greenspan RJ. PMID: 18334190.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    30. Seymour Benzer (1921-2007). Curr Biol. 2008 Feb 12; 18(3):R106-10. Greenspan RJ. PMID: 18345547.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    31. Microarray analysis of replicate populations selected against a wing-shape correlation in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics. 2008 Feb; 178(2):1093-108. Weber KE, Greenspan RJ, Chicoine DR, Fiorentino K, Thomas MH, Knight TL. PMID: 18245369; PMCID: PMC2248358.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    32. Activation of EGFR and ERK by rhomboid signaling regulates the consolidation and maintenance of sleep in Drosophila. Nat Neurosci. 2007 Sep; 10(9):1160-7. Foltenyi K, Greenspan RJ, Newport JW. PMID: 17694052.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 128     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    33. Serotonin and neuropeptide F have opposite modulatory effects on fly aggression. Nat Genet. 2007 May; 39(5):678-82. Dierick HA, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 17450142.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 120     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    34. Neurohormonal and neuromodulatory control of sleep in Drosophila. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 2007; 72:565-71. Foltenyi K, Andretic R, Newport JW, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 18419316.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    35. The nature of genetic influences on behavior: lessons from "simpler" organisms. Am J Psychiatry. 2006 Oct; 163(10):1683-94. Kendler KS, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 17012675.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    36. Molecular analysis of flies selected for aggressive behavior. Nat Genet. 2006 Sep; 38(9):1023-31. Dierick HA, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 16906161.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 94     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    37. No critter left behind: an invertebrate renaissance. Curr Biol. 2005 Sep 06; 15(17):R671-2. Greenspan RJ. PMID: 16139200.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    38. Dopaminergic modulation of arousal in Drosophila. Curr Biol. 2005 Jul 12; 15(13):1165-75. Andretic R, van Swinderen B, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 16005288.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 174     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    39. Consciousness eclipsed: Jacques Loeb, Ivan P. Pavlov, and the rise of reductionistic biology after 1900. Conscious Cogn. 2005 Mar; 14(1):219-30. Greenspan RJ, Baars BJ. PMID: 15766898.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    40. Flexibility in a gene network affecting a simple behavior in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics. 2005 Apr; 169(4):2151-63. van Swinderen B, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 15687281; PMCID: PMC1449574.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    41. Cognitive consonance: complex brain functions in the fruit fly and its relatives. Trends Neurosci. 2004 Dec; 27(12):707-11. Greenspan RJ, van Swinderen B. PMID: 15541510.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    42. 'Am not I a fly like thee?' From genes in fruit flies to behavior in humans. Hum Mol Genet. 2004 Oct 01; 13 Spec No 2:R267-73. Greenspan RJ, Dierick HA. PMID: 15358734.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    43. Excitatory and inhibitory switches for courtship in the brain of Drosophila melanogaster. Curr Biol. 2004 Apr 06; 14(7):538-47. Broughton SJ, Kitamoto T, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 15062094.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    44. Systems neurobiology without backbones. Curr Biol. 2004 Mar 09; 14(5):R177-9. Greenspan RJ. PMID: 15028227.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    45. Uncoupling of brain activity from movement defines arousal States in Drosophila. Curr Biol. 2004 Jan 20; 14(2):81-7. van Swinderen B, Nitz DA, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 14738728.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    46. E pluribus unum, ex uno plura: quantitative and single-gene perspectives on the study of behavior. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2004; 27:79-105. Greenspan RJ. PMID: 15217327.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    47. The varieties of selectional experience in behavioral genetics. J Neurogenet. 2003 Oct-Dec; 17(4):241-70. Greenspan RJ. PMID: 15204079.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    48. The 2003 Genetics Society of America Medal; Jeffrey C.Hall. Genetics. 2003 Aug; 164(4):1245-47. Greenspan RJ. PMID: 15106661; PMCID: PMC1462664.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    49. Salience modulates 20-30 Hz brain activity in Drosophila. Nat Neurosci. 2003 Jun; 6(6):579-86. van Swinderen B, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 12717438.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 56     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    50. RNA and memory: from feeding to localization. Curr Biol. 2003 Feb 18; 13(4):R126-7. Greenspan RJ. PMID: 12593811.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    51. Conditioning deficits of CaM-kinase transgenic Drosophila melanogaster in a new excitatory courtship assay. J Neurogenet. 2003 Jan-Mar; 17(1):91-102. Broughton SJ, Tully T, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 14504030.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    52. Electrophysiological correlates of rest and activity in Drosophila melanogaster. Curr Biol. 2002 Nov 19; 12(22):1934-40. Nitz DA, van Swinderen B, Tononi G, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 12445387.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 102     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    53. Identification of genes involved in Drosophila melanogaster geotaxis, a complex behavioral trait. Nat Genet. 2002 Aug; 31(4):349-53. Toma DP, White KP, Hirsch J, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 12042820.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 66     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    54. Stress response genes protect against lethal effects of sleep deprivation in Drosophila. Nature. 2002 May 16; 417(6886):287-91. Shaw PJ, Tononi G, Greenspan RJ, Robinson DF. PMID: 12015603.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 188     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    55. The flexible genome. Nat Rev Genet. 2001 May; 2(5):383-7. Greenspan RJ. PMID: 11331904.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 48     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    56. Sleep and the fruit fly. Trends Neurosci. 2001 Mar; 24(3):142-5. Greenspan RJ, Tononi G, Cirelli C, Shaw PJ. PMID: 11182453.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    57. courtless, the Drosophila UBC7 homolog, is involved in male courtship behavior and spermatogenesis. Genetics. 2000 Jul; 155(3):1267-80. Orgad S, Rosenfeld G, Greenspan RJ, Segal D. PMID: 10880487; PMCID: PMC1461169.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    58. Correlates of sleep and waking in Drosophila melanogaster. Science. 2000 Mar 10; 287(5459):1834-7. Shaw PJ, Cirelli C, Greenspan RJ, Tononi G. PMID: 10710313.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 486     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    59. Courtship in Drosophila. Annu Rev Genet. 2000; 34:205-232. Greenspan RJ, Ferveur JF. PMID: 11092827.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 184     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    60. Computerized bone densitometric analysis: operator-dependent errors. Radiology. 1999 May; 211(2):467-70. Staron RB, Greenspan R, Miller TT, Bilezikian JP, Shane E, Haramati N. PMID: 10228530.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    61. Courtship behavior of brain mosaics in Drosophila. J Neurogenet. 1998 Nov; 12(4):205-26. Ferveur JF, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 10656109.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    62. A kinder, gentler genetic analysis of behavior: dissection gives way to modulation. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 1997 Dec; 7(6):805-11. Greenspan RJ. PMID: 9464983.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    63. Natural behavior polymorphism due to a cGMP-dependent protein kinase of Drosophila. Science. 1997 Aug 08; 277(5327):834-6. Osborne KA, Robichon A, Burgess E, Butland S, Shaw RA, Coulthard A, Pereira HS, Greenspan RJ, Sokolowski MB. PMID: 9242616.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 174     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    64. Genetic feminization of pheromones and its behavioral consequences in Drosophila males. Science. 1997 Jun 06; 276(5318):1555-8. Ferveur JF, Savarit F, O'Kane CJ, Sureau G, Greenspan RJ, Jallon JM. PMID: 9171057.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 68     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    65. Learning without performance in PKC-deficient Drosophila. Neuron. 1997 Feb; 18(2):307-14. Kane NS, Robichon A, Dickinson JA, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 9052800.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 33     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    66. Transport of CaM kinase along processes elicited by neuronal contact evokes an inhibition of arborization and outgrowth in D. melanogaster cultured neurons. J Cell Biochem. 1996 Sep 15; 62(4):484-94. Broughton SJ, Kane NS, Yoder M, Greenspan RJ, Robichon A. PMID: 8891894.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    67. Endogenously inhibited protein kinase C in transgenic Drosophila embryonic neuroblasts down regulates the outgrowth of type I and II processes of cultured mature neurons. J Cell Biochem. 1996 Mar 15; 60(4):584-99. Broughton SJ, Kane NS, Arthur B, Yoder M, Greenspan RJ, Robichon A. PMID: 8707897.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    68. Flies, genes, learning, and memory. Neuron. 1995 Oct; 15(4):747-50. Greenspan RJ. PMID: 7576623.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    69. Understanding the genetic construction of behavior. Sci Am. 1995 Apr; 272(4):72-8. Greenspan RJ. PMID: 7716488.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    70. Genetic feminization of brain structures and changed sexual orientation in male Drosophila. Science. 1995 Feb 10; 267(5199):902-5. Ferveur JF, Störtkuhl KF, Stocker RF, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 7846534.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 68     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    71. Concomitant alterations of physiological and developmental plasticity in Drosophila CaM kinase II-inhibited synapses. Neuron. 1994 Dec; 13(6):1373-84. Wang J, Renger JJ, Griffith LC, Greenspan RJ, Wu CF. PMID: 7993628.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    72. Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II and potassium channel subunit eag similarly affect plasticity in Drosophila. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Oct 11; 91(21):10044-8. Griffith LC, Wang J, Zhong Y, Wu CF, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 7937834; PMCID: PMC44954.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 47     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    73. Inhibition of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase in Drosophila disrupts behavioral plasticity. Neuron. 1993 Mar; 10(3):501-9. Griffith LC, Verselis LM, Aitken KM, Kyriacou CP, Danho W, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 8384859.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 71     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    74. Expression pattern of Motch, a mouse homolog of Drosophila Notch, suggests an important role in early postimplantation mouse development. Development. 1992 Jul; 115(3):737-44. Del Amo FF, Smith DE, Swiatek PJ, Gendron-Maguire M, Greenspan RJ, McMahon AP, Gridley T. PMID: 1425352.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 52     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    75. The Notch locus of Drosophila is required in epidermal cells for epidermal development. Development. 1990 Aug; 109(4):875-85. Hoppe PE, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 2226204.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    76. The Notch gene, adhesion, and developmental fate in the Drosophila embryo. New Biol. 1990 Jul; 2(7):595-600. Greenspan RJ. PMID: 2083251.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    77. Genetic evidence for the role of Thy-1 in neurite outgrowth in the mouse. J Neurogenet. 1989 Jan; 5(1):25-36. Greenspan RJ, O'Brien MC. PMID: 2564888.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    78. Genetic analysis of mutations at the fused locus in the mouse. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Jun; 83(12):4413-7. Greenspan RJ, O'Brien MC. PMID: 3459182; PMCID: PMC323743.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    79. Immunopurification and characterization of a neuronal heparan sulfate proteoglycan. J Neurosci. 1985 Jul; 5(7):1842-50. Matthew WD, Greenspan RJ, Lander AD, Reichardt LF. PMID: 3160834; PMCID: PMC2711889.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    80. Learning and courtship in Drosophila: two stories with mutants. Annu Rev Neurosci. 1984; 7:67-93. Quinn WG, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 6143528.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    81. Acetylcholinesterase mutants in Drosophila and their effects on the structure and function of the central nervous system. J Comp Neurol. 1980 Feb 15; 189(4):741-74. Greenspan RJ, Finn JA, Hall JC. PMID: 6769980.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    82. Higher behavior in Drosophila analyzed with mutations that disrupt the structure and function of the nervous system. Basic Life Sci. 1980; 16:425-55. Hall JC, Tompkins L, Kyriacou CP, Siegel RW, von Schilcher F, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 6779805.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    83. Genetic analysis of Drosophila neurobiology. Annu Rev Genet. 1979; 13:127-95. Hall JC, Greenspan RJ. PMID: 395893.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    84. The decision-making process and the outcome of therapeutic abortion. Am J Psychiatry. 1974 Dec; 131(12):1332-7. Friedman CM, Greenspan R, Mittleman F. PMID: 4432932.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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