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Neal Swerdlow

Title(s)Professor, Psychiatry
SchoolHealth Sciences
Address9500 Gilman Drive #0804
La Jolla CA 92093
Phone619-543-6270
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    Biography

    Neal Swerdlow, M.D., Ph.D. is Professor of Psychiatry, Director of the Research Residency Track and Vice Chair of Education and Training in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine. Dr. Swerdlow graduated Summa Cum Laude, Phi Beta Kappa, from Amherst College (Neuroscience) in 1981, received his M.D. and Ph.D. (Neuroscience) from UCSD in 1986, completed the UCSD Psychiatry Residency Program and joined the faculty of the Department of Psychiatry in 1991. Since that time, he has been continuously NIH-funded, was Director of the Psychiatry Core Clerkship for 17 years, and directed separate clinical programs in the treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Tourette Syndrome (TS) and Huntington's Disease (HD).

    Research Interests

    Dr. Swerdlow has published over 250 peer-reviewed research papers, 35 chapters and 1 book. His laboratories study the neural regulation of information processing and its deficiencies in schizophrenia, TS and OCD, and have been home to many dozens of students, from undergraduates to Fellows. Dr. Swerdlow’s career has focused heavily on service to our field and patients. For 10 years, he chaired the Tourette Syndrome Association Scientific Advisory Board, he served the San Diego NAMI for 10 years as a member of their Board of Directors and Chair of their Medical Advisory Board, has been a Program Chair for the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, chaired and sat on many NIH review committees, was Associate Editor of Behavioral Neuroscience and Editorial Board member of several high-impact journals in our field. Neal is a past recipient of the APA Award for Research in Psychiatry, the ACNP Joel Elkes Award, APA Kempf Award, NAMI Judith Silver Award, TSA Champion of Children's Award, and ACP Laughlin Fellowship, among other awards.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Biomarker Predictors of Memantine Sensitivity in patients with Alzheimer's Disease
    NIH/NIA R01AG059640Sep 1, 2018 - May 31, 2023
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Psychiatric Research Residency Training Track
    NIH/NIMH R25MH101072Jul 1, 2013 - Jun 30, 2023
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Memantine effects on sensorimotor gating and neurocognition in schizophrenia
    NIH/NIMH R01MH094320Jun 8, 2012 - May 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Biomarker Strategies for Medication-Enhanced Cognitive Training in Schizophrenia
    NIH/NIMH R34MH093453Jul 1, 2011 - Mar 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Genetics of individual differences in amphetamine effects on startle gating
    NIH/NIDA R03DA027483Sep 1, 2009 - Aug 30, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Neuroscience at the Boundaries of Neurology and Psychiatry
    NIH/NIMH R25MH076768Sep 30, 2005 - Aug 31, 2008
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Psychiatric Research Residency Training Track
    NIH/NIMH R25MH074508Jul 27, 2005 - Jun 30, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    A Simple Measure for Studying Sensory Gating Deficits
    NIH/NIMH R01MH069589Jul 1, 2004 - Jun 30, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Neural Basis of Heritable DA-Mediated Gating Deficits
    NIH/NIMH R01MH068366Jul 15, 2003 - May 31, 2008
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Pharmacologic augmentation of neurocognition and cognitive training in psychosis
    NIH/NIMH R01MH059803May 1, 1999 - Nov 30, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    III INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON TOURETTE SYNDROME
    NIH/NINDS R13NS038340Sep 25, 1998 - Aug 31, 1999
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Neural Circuitry of Sensorimotor Gating Across Species
    NIH/NIMH K02MH001436Feb 1, 1997 - Jan 31, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH/NCRR M01RR000827Jan 27, 1997 - Nov 30, 2010
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Cortico-Striatal Substrates of Deficient Startle Gating
    NIH/NIMH R01MH053484Jan 15, 1997 - Sep 30, 2000
    Role: Principal Investigator
    SEX DIFFERENCES IN SENSORIMOTOR MODULATION
    NIH/NIMH R03MH054621Aug 1, 1996 - Jul 31, 1998
    Role: Principal Investigator
    STRIATO-PALLIDAL SUBSTRATES OF DEFICIENT STARTLE GATING
    NIH/NIMH R29MH048381Sep 30, 1992 - Aug 31, 1997
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. The effects of age and sex on cognitive impairment in schizophrenia: Findings from the Consortium on the Genetics of Schizophrenia (COGS) study. PLoS One. 2020; 15(5):e0232855. Lee J, Green MF, Nuechterlein KH, Swerdlow NR, Greenwood TA, Hellemann GS, Lazzeroni LC, Light GA, Radant AD, Seidman LJ, Siever LJ, Silverman JM, Sprock J, Stone WS, Sugar CA, Tsuang DW, Tsuang MT, Turetsky BI, Gur RC, Gur RE, Braff DL. PMID: 32401791.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Amphetamine improves rat 5-choice continuous performance test (5C-CPT) irrespective of concurrent low-dose haloperidol treatment. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2020 Apr 21. Young JW, Roberts BZ, Breier M, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 32318751.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. Memantine Effects on Electroencephalographic Measures of Putative Excitatory/Inhibitory Balance in Schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2020 Feb 22. Molina JL, Voytek B, Thomas ML, Joshi YB, Bhakta SG, Talledo JA, Swerdlow NR, Light GA. PMID: 32340927.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    4. Selection criteria for neurophysiologic biomarkers to accelerate the pace of CNS therapeutic development. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2020 01; 45(1):237-238. Light GA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 31506611.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    5. Oscillatory biomarkers of early auditory information processing predict cognitive gains following targeted cognitive training in schizophrenia patients. Schizophr Res. 2020 01; 215:97-104. Hochberger WC, Thomas ML, Joshi YB, Molina J, Treichler EBH, Nungaray J, Cardoso L, Sprock J, Swerdlow N, Light GA. PMID: 31759809.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    6. Deviation from expected cognitive ability is a core cognitive feature of schizophrenia related to neurophysiologic, clinical and psychosocial functioning. Schizophr Res. 2020 01; 215:300-307. Hochberger WC, Thomas ML, Joshi YB, Swerdlow NR, Braff DL, Gur RE, Gur RC, Light GA. PMID: 31744751.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    7. Genome-wide Association of Endophenotypes for Schizophrenia From the Consortium on the Genetics of Schizophrenia (COGS) Study. JAMA Psychiatry. 2019 Oct 09. Greenwood TA, Lazzeroni LC, Maihofer AX, Swerdlow NR, Calkins ME, Freedman R, Green MF, Light GA, Nievergelt CM, Nuechterlein KH, Radant AD, Siever LJ, Silverman JM, Stone WS, Sugar CA, Tsuang DW, Tsuang MT, Turetsky BI, Gur RC, Gur RE, Braff DL. PMID: 31596458.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    8. Lessons learned by giving amphetamine to antipsychotic-medicated schizophrenia patients. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2019 12; 44(13):2277-2284. Swerdlow NR, Bhakta SG, Talledo J, Benster L, Kotz J, Lavadia M, Light GA. PMID: 31445502.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    9. Commentary: Lessons Learned From Animal Models for Schizophrenia. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2020 01; 28(1):20-22. Swerdlow NR. PMID: 31542196.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    10. Nonlinear dynamics underlying sensory processing dysfunction in schizophrenia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 02 26; 116(9):3847-3852. Lainscsek C, Sampson AL, Kim R, Thomas ML, Man K, Lainscsek X, Swerdlow NR, Braff DL, Sejnowski TJ, Light GA. PMID: 30808768.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Verbal learning deficits associated with increased anticholinergic burden are attenuated with targeted cognitive training in treatment refractory schizophrenia patients. Schizophr Res. 2019 06; 208:384-389. Joshi YB, Thomas ML, Hochberger WC, Bismark AW, Treichler EBH, Molina J, Nungaray J, Cardoso L, Sprock J, Swerdlow NR, Light GA. PMID: 30738698.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    12. Divergence of subjective and performance-based cognitive gains following cognitive training in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2019 08; 210:215-220. Treichler EBH, Thomas ML, Bismark AW, Hochberger WC, Tarasenko M, Nungaray J, Cardoso L, Joshi YB, Zhang W, Sprock J, Swerdlow N, Cohen AN, Light GA. PMID: 30660574.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    
    13. Decomposing the constituent oscillatory dynamics underlying mismatch negativity generation in schizophrenia: Distinct relationships to clinical and cognitive functioning. Int J Psychophysiol. 2019 11; 145:23-29. Hochberger WC, Joshi YB, Zhang W, Thomas ML, Braff DL, Swerdlow NR, Light GA. PMID: 30586570.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Neurophysiologic measures of target engagement predict response to auditory-based cognitive training in treatment refractory schizophrenia. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2019 02; 44(3):606-612. Hochberger WC, Joshi YB, Thomas ML, Zhang W, Bismark AW, Treichler EBH, Tarasenko M, Nungaray J, Sprock J, Cardoso L, Swerdlow N, Light GA. PMID: 30377381.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Targeted cognitive training improves auditory and verbal outcomes among treatment refractory schizophrenia patients mandated to residential care. Schizophr Res. 2018 12; 202:378-384. Thomas ML, Bismark AW, Joshi YB, Tarasenko M, Treichler EBH, Hochberger WC, Zhang W, Nungaray J, Sprock J, Cardoso L, Tiernan K, Attarha M, Braff DL, Vinogradov S, Swerdlow N, Light GA. PMID: 30055883.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Room to move: Plasticity in early auditory information processing and auditory learning in schizophrenia revealed by acute pharmacological challenge. Schizophr Res. 2018 09; 199:285-291. Swerdlow NR, Bhakta SG, Light GA. PMID: 29627173.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    17. Sensorimotor gating deficits in schizophrenia: Advancing our understanding of the phenotype, its neural circuitry and genetic substrates. Schizophr Res. 2018 08; 198:1-5. Swerdlow NR, Light GA. PMID: 29525460.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Auditory System Target Engagement During Plasticity-Based Interventions in Schizophrenia: A Focus on Modulation of N-Methyl-D-Aspartate-Type Glutamate Receptor Function. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2018 07; 3(7):581-590. Kantrowitz JT, Swerdlow NR, Dunn W, Vinogradov S. PMID: 29656951.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Tolcapone-Enhanced Neurocognition in Healthy Adults: Neural Basis and Predictors. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2017 12 01; 20(12):979-987. Bhakta SG, Light GA, Talledo JA, Balvaneda B, Hughes E, Alvarez A, Rana BK, Young JW, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 29020372.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Effects of Amphetamine on Sensorimotor Gating and Neurocognition in Antipsychotic-Medicated Schizophrenia Patients. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2018 03; 43(4):708-717. Swerdlow NR, Bhakta SG, Talledo JA, Franz DM, Hughes EL, Rana BK, Light GA. PMID: 29154367.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. A Upf3b-mutant mouse model with behavioral and neurogenesis defects. Mol Psychiatry. 2018 08; 23(8):1773-1786. Huang L, Shum EY, Jones SH, Lou CH, Dumdie J, Kim H, Roberts AJ, Jolly LA, Espinoza JL, Skarbrevik DM, Phan MH, Cook-Andersen H, Swerdlow NR, Gecz J, Wilkinson MF. PMID: 28948974.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    22. Amphetamine Enhances Gains in Auditory Discrimination Training in Adult Schizophrenia Patients. Schizophr Bull. 2017 07 01; 43(4):872-880. Swerdlow NR, Tarasenko M, Bhakta SG, Talledo J, Alvarez AI, Hughes EL, Rana B, Vinogradov S, Light GA. PMID: 27798224.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Deficient prepulse inhibition in schizophrenia in a multi-site cohort: Internal replication and extension. Schizophr Res. 2018 08; 198:6-15. Swerdlow NR, Light GA, Thomas ML, Sprock J, Calkins ME, Green MF, Greenwood TA, Gur RE, Gur RC, Lazzeroni LC, Nuechterlein KH, Radant AD, Seidman LJ, Siever LJ, Silverman JM, Stone WS, Sugar CA, Tsuang DW, Tsuang MT, Turetsky BI, Braff DL. PMID: 28549722.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Single-Dose Memantine Improves Cortical Oscillatory Response Dynamics in Patients with Schizophrenia. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2017 Dec; 42(13):2633-2639. Light GA, Zhang W, Joshi YB, Bhakta S, Talledo JA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 28425497.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Mismatch Negativity is a Sensitive and Predictive Biomarker of Perceptual Learning During Auditory Cognitive Training in Schizophrenia. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2017 Oct; 42(11):2206-2213. Perez VB, Tarasenko M, Miyakoshi M, Pianka ST, Makeig SD, Braff DL, Swerdlow NR, Light GA. PMID: 28139679.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Modeling Deficits From Early Auditory Information Processing to Psychosocial Functioning in Schizophrenia. JAMA Psychiatry. 2017 Jan 01; 74(1):37-46. Thomas ML, Green MF, Hellemann G, Sugar CA, Tarasenko M, Calkins ME, Greenwood TA, Gur RE, Gur RC, Lazzeroni LC, Nuechterlein KH, Radant AD, Seidman LJ, Shiluk AL, Siever LJ, Silverman JM, Sprock J, Stone WS, Swerdlow NR, Tsuang DW, Tsuang MT, Turetsky BI, Braff DL, Light GA. PMID: 27926742.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Sensorimotor gating in healthy adults tested over a 15 year period. Biol Psychol. 2017 02; 123:177-186. Swerdlow NR, Bhakta SG, Rana BK, Kei J, Chou HH, Talledo JA. PMID: 28027936.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Sensorimotor gating of the startle reflex: what we said 25 years ago, what has happened since then, and what comes next. J Psychopharmacol. 2016 11; 30(11):1072-1081. Swerdlow NR, Braff DL, Geyer MA. PMID: 27539931.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    29. Premature responses in the five-choice serial reaction time task reflect rodents' temporal strategies: evidence from no-light and pharmacological challenges. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2016 Oct; 233(19-20):3513-25. Cope ZA, Halberstadt AL, van Enkhuizen J, Flynn AD, Breier M, Swerdlow NR, Geyer MA, Young JW. PMID: 27534540.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    30. Treat and Teach Our Students Well: College Mental Health and Collaborative Campus Communities. Psychiatr Serv. 2016 09 01; 67(9):957-63. Downs NS, Alderman T, Schneiber K, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 27181737.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Prioritizing schizophrenia endophenotypes for future genetic studies: An example using data from the COGS-1 family study. Schizophr Res. 2016 07; 174(1-3):1-9. Millard SP, Shofer J, Braff D, Calkins M, Cadenhead K, Freedman R, Green MF, Greenwood TA, Gur R, Gur R, Lazzeroni LC, Light GA, Olincy A, Nuechterlein K, Seidman L, Siever L, Silverman J, Stone WS, Sprock J, Sugar CA, Swerdlow NR, Tsuang M, Turetsky B, Radant A, Tsuang DW. PMID: 27132484.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Effects of acute memantine administration on MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery performance in psychosis: Testing an experimental medicine strategy. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2016 06; 233(12):2399-410. Bhakta SG, Chou HH, Rana B, Talledo JA, Balvaneda B, Gaddis L, Light GA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 27076209.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Measuring the capacity for auditory system plasticity: An examination of performance gains during initial exposure to auditory-targeted cognitive training in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2016 Apr; 172(1-3):123-30. Tarasenko M, Perez VB, Pianka ST, Vinogradov S, Braff DL, Swerdlow NR, Light GA. PMID: 26851143.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Reawakening research on reducing shock pain. Heart Rhythm. 2016 05; 13(5):1149-1150. Swerdlow CD, Blumenthal T, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 26795457.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Animal Models of Deficient Sensorimotor Gating in Schizophrenia: Are They Still Relevant? Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2016; 28:305-25. Swerdlow NR, Light GA. PMID: 27311762.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    36. Negative visuospatial priming in isolation-reared rats: Evidence of resistance to the disruptive effects of amphetamine. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci. 2015 Dec; 15(4):901-14. Amitai N, Powell S, Weber M, Swerdlow NR, Young JW. PMID: 26220402.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    37. Genetic assessment of additional endophenotypes from the Consortium on the Genetics of Schizophrenia Family Study. Schizophr Res. 2016 Jan; 170(1):30-40. Greenwood TA, Lazzeroni LC, Calkins ME, Freedman R, Green MF, Gur RE, Gur RC, Light GA, Nuechterlein KH, Olincy A, Radant AD, Seidman LJ, Siever LJ, Silverman JM, Stone WS, Sugar CA, Swerdlow NR, Tsuang DW, Tsuang MT, Turetsky BI, Braff DL. PMID: 26597662.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Gating Deficit Heritability and Correlation With Increased Clinical Severity in Schizophrenia Patients With Positive Family History. Am J Psychiatry. 2016 Apr 01; 173(4):385-91. Greenwood TA, Light GA, Swerdlow NR, Calkins ME, Green MF, Gur RE, Gur RC, Lazzeroni LC, Nuechterlein KH, Olincy A, Radant AD, Seidman LJ, Siever LJ, Silverman JM, Stone WS, Sugar CA, Tsuang DW, Tsuang MT, Turetsky BI, Freedman R, Braff DL. PMID: 26441157.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Memantine Effects On Sensorimotor Gating and Mismatch Negativity in Patients with Chronic Psychosis. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2016 Jan; 41(2):419-30. Swerdlow NR, Bhakta S, Chou HH, Talledo JA, Balvaneda B, Light GA. PMID: 26062785.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Bending the curve on psychosis outcomes. Lancet Psychiatry. 2015 May; 2(5):365-367. Light GA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 26360262.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Neurocognitive performance in family-based and case-control studies of schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2015 Apr; 163(1-3):17-23. Gur RC, Braff DL, Calkins ME, Dobie DJ, Freedman R, Green MF, Greenwood TA, Lazzeroni LC, Light GA, Nuechterlein KH, Olincy A, Radant AD, Seidman LJ, Siever LJ, Silverman JM, Sprock J, Stone WS, Sugar CA, Swerdlow NR, Tsuang DW, Tsuang MT, Turetsky BI, Gur RE. PMID: 25432636.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Future clinical uses of neurophysiological biomarkers to predict and monitor treatment response for schizophrenia. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2015 May; 1344:105-19. Light GA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 25752648.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    43. Attention/vigilance in schizophrenia: performance results from a large multi-site study of the Consortium on the Genetics of Schizophrenia (COGS). Schizophr Res. 2015 Apr; 163(1-3):38-46. Nuechterlein KH, Green MF, Calkins ME, Greenwood TA, Gur RE, Gur RC, Lazzeroni LC, Light GA, Radant AD, Seidman LJ, Siever LJ, Silverman JM, Sprock J, Stone WS, Sugar CA, Swerdlow NR, Tsuang DW, Tsuang MT, Turetsky BI, Braff DL. PMID: 25749017.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Factor structure and heritability of endophenotypes in schizophrenia: findings from the Consortium on the Genetics of Schizophrenia (COGS-1). Schizophr Res. 2015 Apr; 163(1-3):73-9. Seidman LJ, Hellemann G, Nuechterlein KH, Greenwood TA, Braff DL, Cadenhead KS, Calkins ME, Freedman R, Gur RE, Gur RC, Lazzeroni LC, Light GA, Olincy A, Radant AD, Siever LJ, Silverman JM, Sprock J, Stone WS, Sugar C, Swerdlow NR, Tsuang DW, Tsuang MT, Turetsky BI, Green MF. PMID: 25682549.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. Robust differences in antisaccade performance exist between COGS schizophrenia cases and controls regardless of recruitment strategies. Schizophr Res. 2015 Apr; 163(1-3):47-52. Radant AD, Millard SP, Braff DL, Calkins ME, Dobie DJ, Freedman R, Green MF, Greenwood TA, Gur RE, Gur RC, Lazzeroni LC, Light GA, Meichle SP, Nuechterlein KH, Olincy A, Seidman LJ, Siever LJ, Silverman JM, Stone WS, Swerdlow NR, Sugar CA, Tsuang MT, Turetsky BI, Tsuang DW. PMID: 25553977.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. California Verbal Learning Test-II performance in schizophrenia as a function of ascertainment strategy: comparing the first and second phases of the Consortium on the Genetics of Schizophrenia (COGS). Schizophr Res. 2015 Apr; 163(1-3):32-7. Stone WS, Mesholam-Gately RI, Braff DL, Calkins ME, Freedman R, Green MF, Greenwood TA, Gur RE, Gur RC, Lazzeroni LC, Light GA, Nuechterlein KH, Olincy A, Radant AD, Siever LJ, Silverman JM, Sprock J, Sugar CA, Swerdlow NR, Tsuang DW, Tsuang MT, Turetsky BI, Seidman LJ. PMID: 25497440.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Consortium on the Genetics of Schizophrenia (COGS) assessment of endophenotypes for schizophrenia: an introduction to this Special Issue of Schizophrenia Research. Schizophr Res. 2015 Apr; 163(1-3):9-16. Swerdlow NR, Gur RE, Braff DL. PMID: 25454799.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Validation of mismatch negativity and P3a for use in multi-site studies of schizophrenia: characterization of demographic, clinical, cognitive, and functional correlates in COGS-2. Schizophr Res. 2015 Apr; 163(1-3):63-72. Light GA, Swerdlow NR, Thomas ML, Calkins ME, Green MF, Greenwood TA, Gur RE, Gur RC, Lazzeroni LC, Nuechterlein KH, Pela M, Radant AD, Seidman LJ, Sharp RF, Siever LJ, Silverman JM, Sprock J, Stone WS, Sugar CA, Tsuang DW, Tsuang MT, Braff DL, Turetsky BI. PMID: 25449710.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. The auditory brain-stem response to complex sounds: a potential biomarker for guiding treatment of psychosis. Front Psychiatry. 2014; 5:142. Tarasenko MA, Swerdlow NR, Makeig S, Braff DL, Light GA. PMID: 25352811.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    50. The utility of P300 as a schizophrenia endophenotype and predictive biomarker: clinical and socio-demographic modulators in COGS-2. Schizophr Res. 2015 Apr; 163(1-3):53-62. Turetsky BI, Dress EM, Braff DL, Calkins ME, Green MF, Greenwood TA, Gur RE, Gur RC, Lazzeroni LC, Nuechterlein KH, Radant AD, Seidman LJ, Siever LJ, Silverman JM, Sprock J, Stone WS, Sugar CA, Swerdlow NR, Tsuang DW, Tsuang MT, Light G. PMID: 25306203.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Verbal working memory in schizophrenia from the Consortium on the Genetics of Schizophrenia (COGS) study: the moderating role of smoking status and antipsychotic medications. Schizophr Res. 2015 Apr; 163(1-3):24-31. Lee J, Green MF, Calkins ME, Greenwood TA, Gur RE, Gur RC, Lazzeroni LC, Light GA, Nuechterlein KH, Radant AD, Seidman LJ, Siever LJ, Silverman JM, Sprock J, Stone WS, Sugar CA, Swerdlow NR, Tsuang DW, Tsuang MT, Turetsky BI, Braff DL. PMID: 25248939.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Comparison of the heritability of schizophrenia and endophenotypes in the COGS-1 family study. Schizophr Bull. 2014 Nov; 40(6):1404-11. Light G, Greenwood TA, Swerdlow NR, Calkins ME, Freedman R, Green MF, Gur RE, Gur RC, Lazzeroni LC, Nuechterlein KH, Olincy A, Radant AD, Seidman LJ, Siever LJ, Silverman JM, Sprock J, Stone WS, Sugar CA, Tsuang DW, Tsuang MT, Turetsky BI, Braff DL. PMID: 24903414.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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    122. Successful multi-site measurement of antisaccade performance deficits in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2007 Jan; 89(1-3):320-9. Radant AD, Dobie DJ, Calkins ME, Olincy A, Braff DL, Cadenhead KS, Freedman R, Green MF, Greenwood TA, Gur RE, Light GA, Meichle SP, Mintz J, Nuechterlein KH, Schork NJ, Seidman LJ, Siever LJ, Silverman JM, Stone WS, Swerdlow NR, Tsuang MT, Turetsky BI, Tsuang DW. PMID: 17023145.
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    123. The effects of apomorphine and D-amphetamine on striatal c-Fos expression in Sprague-Dawley and Long Evans rats and their F1 progeny. Brain Res. 2006 Nov 13; 1119(1):203-14. Saint Marie RL, Neary AC, Shoemaker JM, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 16979142.
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    124. Gamma band oscillations reveal neural network cortical coherence dysfunction in schizophrenia patients. Biol Psychiatry. 2006 Dec 01; 60(11):1231-40. Light GA, Hsu JL, Hsieh MH, Meyer-Gomes K, Sprock J, Swerdlow NR, Braff DL. PMID: 16893524.
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    125. Forebrain D1 function and sensorimotor gating in rats: effects of D1 blockade, frontal lesions and dopamine denervation. Neurosci Lett. 2006 Jul 10; 402(1-2):40-5. Swerdlow NR, Shoemaker JM, Kuczenski R, Bongiovanni MJ, Neary AC, Tochen LS, Saint Marie RL. PMID: 16644125.
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    126. Separable noradrenergic and dopaminergic regulation of prepulse inhibition in rats: implications for predictive validity and Tourette Syndrome. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2006 Jun; 186(2):246-54. Swerdlow NR, Bongiovanni MJ, Tochen L, Shoemaker JM. PMID: 16583235.
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    127. Heritable differences in the dopaminergic regulation of behavior in rats: relationship to D2-like receptor G-protein function. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2006 Apr; 31(4):721-9. Swerdlow NR, Krupin AS, Bongiovanni MJ, Shoemaker JM, Goins JC, Hammer RP. PMID: 16123742.
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    128. Convergence and divergence in the neurochemical regulation of prepulse inhibition of startle and N40 suppression in rats. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2006 Mar; 31(3):506-15. Swerdlow NR, Geyer MA, Shoemaker JM, Light GA, Braff DL, Stevens KE, Sharp R, Breier M, Neary A, Auerbach PP. PMID: 16123772.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    129. Antipsychotic effects on prepulse inhibition in normal 'low gating' humans and rats. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2006 Sep; 31(9):2011-21. Swerdlow NR, Talledo J, Sutherland AN, Nagy D, Shoemaker JM. PMID: 16482083.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    130. Prepulse-elicited motor reactions do not differ between schizophrenia patients and control subjects. Behav Neurosci. 2006 Feb; 120(1):224-7. Swerdlow NR, Sprock J, Braff DL. PMID: 16492135.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    131. Preclinical models relevant to Tourette syndrome. Adv Neurol. 2006; 99:69-88. Swerdlow NR, Sutherland AN. PMID: 16536353.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    132. Reduced startle gating after D1 blockade: effects of concurrent D2 blockade. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2005 Oct; 82(2):293-9. Swerdlow NR, Shoemaker JM, Bongiovanni MJ, Neary AC, Tochen LS, Saint Marie RL. PMID: 16188305.
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    133. Effects of background and prepulse characteristics on prepulse inhibition and facilitation: implications for neuropsychiatric research. Biol Psychiatry. 2006 Mar 15; 59(6):555-9. Hsieh MH, Swerdlow NR, Braff DL. PMID: 16169529.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    134. Tourette syndrome: current controversies and the battlefield landscape. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2005 Sep; 5(5):329-31. Swerdlow NR. PMID: 16131414.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    135. Using animal models to develop therapeutics for Tourette Syndrome. Pharmacol Ther. 2005 Dec; 108(3):281-93. Swerdlow NR, Sutherland AN. PMID: 15970330.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    136. Prepulse inhibition of perceived stimulus intensity: paradigm assessment. Biol Psychol. 2005 May; 69(2):133-47. Swerdlow NR, Stephany NL, Talledo J, Light G, Braff DL, Baeyens D, Auerbach PP. PMID: 15804542.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    137. Female schizophrenia patients have prepulse inhibition deficits. Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Apr 01; 57(7):817-20. Braff DL, Light GA, Ellwanger J, Sprock J, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 15820241.
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    138. Startle modulation in Caucasian-Americans and Asian-Americans: a prelude to genetic/endophenotypic studies across the 'Pacific Rim'. Psychiatr Genet. 2005 Mar; 15(1):61-5. Swerdlow NR, Talledo JA, Braff DL. PMID: 15722959.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    139. Much ado about (almost) nothing: response to 'prepulse lost and regained'. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2005 Jun; 179(4):893-4. Swerdlow NR. PMID: 15645219.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    140. Intact visual latent inhibition in schizophrenia patients in a within-subject paradigm. Schizophr Res. 2005 Jan 01; 72(2-3):169-83. Swerdlow NR, Stephany N, Wasserman LC, Talledo J, Sharp R, Minassian A, Auerbach PP. PMID: 15560962.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    141. Prefrontal D1 and ventral hippocampal N-methyl-D-aspartate regulation of startle gating in rats. Neuroscience. 2005; 135(2):385-94. Shoemaker JM, Saint Marie RL, Bongiovanni MJ, Neary AC, Tochen LS, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 16125865.
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    142. Neurochemical analysis of rat strain differences in the startle gating-disruptive effects of dopamine agonists. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2005 Feb; 80(2):203-11. Swerdlow NR, Kuczenski R, Goins JC, Crain SK, Ma LT, Bongiovanni MJ, Shoemaker JM. PMID: 15680173.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    143. Reduced N-acetylaspartate in the temporal cortex of rats reared in isolation. Biol Psychiatry. 2004 Aug 15; 56(4):296-9. Harte MK, Powell SB, Reynolds LM, Swerdlow NR, Geyer MA, Reynolds GP. PMID: 15312819.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    144. Weak prepulses inhibit but do not elicit startle in rats and humans. Biol Psychiatry. 2004 Jun 15; 55(12):1195-8. Swerdlow NR, Talledo J, Shoemaker JM, Codon K, Goins J, Auerbach PP. PMID: 15184039.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCTClinical Trials
    145. Sensitivity to drug effects on prepulse inhibition in inbred and outbred rat strains. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2004 Feb; 77(2):291-302. Swerdlow NR, Shoemaker JM, Crain S, Goins J, Onozuka K, Auerbach PP. PMID: 14751457.
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    146. The ventral hippocampal regulation of prepulse inhibition and its disruption by apomorphine in rats are not mediated via the fornix. Neuroscience. 2004; 123(3):675-85. Swerdlow NR, Shoemaker JM, Noh HR, Ma L, Gaudet I, Munson M, Crain S, Auerbach PP. PMID: 14706779.
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    147. Heritable differences in the dopaminergic regulation of sensorimotor gating. I. Apomorphine effects on startle gating in albino and hooded outbred rat strains and their F1 and N2 progeny. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2004 Aug; 174(4):441-51. Swerdlow NR, Shoemaker JM, Platten A, Pitcher L, Goins J, Auerbach PP. PMID: 15300358.
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    148. Heritable differences in the dopaminergic regulation of sensorimotor gating. II. Temporal, pharmacologic and generational analyses of apomorphine effects on prepulse inhibition. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2004 Aug; 174(4):452-62. Swerdlow NR, Shoemaker JM, Auerbach PP, Pitcher L, Goins J, Platten A. PMID: 15300359.
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    149. Heritable differences in the effects of amphetamine but not DOI on startle gating in albino and hooded outbred rat strains. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2003 Apr; 75(1):191-7. Swerdlow NR, Shoemaker JM, Platten A, Pitcher L, Goins J, Crain S. PMID: 12759127.
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    150. Dopamine agonists disrupt visual latent inhibition in normal males using a within-subject paradigm. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2003 Sep; 169(3-4):314-20. Swerdlow NR, Stephany N, Wasserman LC, Talledo J, Sharp R, Auerbach PP. PMID: 12610717.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    151. Sensitivity to sensorimotor gating-disruptive effects of apomorphine in two outbred parental rat strains and their F1 and N2 progeny. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2003 Feb; 28(2):226-34. Swerdlow NR, Platten A, Hanlon FM, Martinez ZA, Printz MP, Auerbach P. PMID: 12589375.
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    152. Quetiapine produces a prolonged reversal of the sensorimotor gating-disruptive effects of basolateral amygdala lesions in rats. Behav Neurosci. 2003 Feb; 117(1):136-43. Shoemaker JM, Pitcher L, Noh HR, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 12619916.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    153. Prestimulus modification of the startle reflex: relationship to personality and physiological markers of dopamine function. Biol Psychol. 2003 Jan; 62(1):17-26. Swerdlow NR, Wasserman LC, Talledo JA, Casas R, Bruins P, Stephany NL. PMID: 12505765.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    154. Dopamine depletion of the nucleus accumbens reverses isolation-induced deficits in prepulse inhibition in rats. Neuroscience. 2003; 119(1):233-40. Powell SB, Geyer MA, Preece MA, Pitcher LK, Reynolds GP, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 12763084.
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    155. Startle gating in rats is disrupted by chemical inactivation but not D2 stimulation of the dorsomedial thalamus. Brain Res. 2002 Oct 25; 953(1-2):246-54. Swerdlow NR, Pitcher L, Noh HR, Shoemaker JM. PMID: 12384258.
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    156. Amphetamine effects on prepulse inhibition across-species: replication and parametric extension. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2003 Apr; 28(4):640-50. Swerdlow NR, Stephany N, Wasserman LC, Talledo J, Shoemaker J, Auerbach PP. PMID: 12655308.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    157. Isolation rearing-induced deficits in prepulse inhibition and locomotor habituation are not potentiated by water deprivation. Physiol Behav. 2002 Sep; 77(1):55-64. Powell SB, Swerdlow NR, Pitcher LK, Geyer MA. PMID: 12213502.
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    158. Effects of amantadine and bromocriptine on startle and sensorimotor gating: parametric studies and cross-species comparisons. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2002 Oct; 164(1):82-92. Swerdlow NR, Stephany N, Shoemaker JM, Ross L, Wasserman LC, Talledo J, Auerbach PP. PMID: 12373422.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    159. Prestimulus effects on startle magnitude: sensory or motor? Behav Neurosci. 2002 Aug; 116(4):672-81. Swerdlow NR, Shoemaker JM, Stephany N, Wasserman L, Ro HJ, Geyer MA. PMID: 12148934.
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    160. Genetic differences in startle gating-disruptive effects of apomorphine: evidence for central mediation. Behav Neurosci. 2002 Aug; 116(4):682-90. Swerdlow NR, Shoemaker JM, Pitcher L, Platten A, Kuczenski R, Eleey CC, Auerbach P. PMID: 12148935.
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    161. Dopamine agonist effects on startle and sensorimotor gating in normal male subjects: time course studies. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2002 May; 161(2):189-201. Swerdlow NR, Eastvold A, Karban B, Ploum Y, Stephany N, Geyer MA, Cadenhead K, Auerbach PP. PMID: 11981599.
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    162. "Typical" but not "atypical" antipsychotic effects on startle gating deficits in prepubertal rats. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2002 Apr; 161(1):38-46. Martinez ZA, Platten A, Pollack E, Shoemaker J, Ro H, Pitcher L, Geyer MA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 11967629.
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    163. Effects of pergolide on sensorimotor gating of the startle reflex in rats. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2001 Nov; 158(3):230-40. Swerdlow NR, Platten A, Shoemaker J, Pitcher L, Auerbach P. PMID: 11713612.
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    164. Tactile prepuff inhibition of startle in children with Tourette's syndrome: in search of an "fMRI-friendly" startle paradigm. Biol Psychiatry. 2001 Oct 15; 50(8):578-85. Swerdlow NR, Karban B, Ploum Y, Sharp R, Geyer MA, Eastvold A. PMID: 11690592.
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    165. Sensitivity to the dopaminergic regulation of prepulse inhibition in rats: evidence for genetic, but not environmental determinants. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2001 Oct-Nov; 70(2-3):219-26. Swerdlow NR, Platten A, Kim YK, Gaudet I, Shoemaker J, Pitcher L, Auerbach P. PMID: 11701191.
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    166. Pharmacological studies of prepulse inhibition models of sensorimotor gating deficits in schizophrenia: a decade in review. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2001 Jul; 156(2-3):117-54. Geyer MA, Krebs-Thomson K, Braff DL, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 11549216.
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    167. Human studies of prepulse inhibition of startle: normal subjects, patient groups, and pharmacological studies. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2001 Jul; 156(2-3):234-58. Braff DL, Geyer MA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 11549226.
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    168. Neural circuit regulation of prepulse inhibition of startle in the rat: current knowledge and future challenges. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2001 Jul; 156(2-3):194-215. Swerdlow NR, Geyer MA, Braff DL. PMID: 11549223.
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    169. Obsessive-compulsive disorder and tic syndromes. Med Clin North Am. 2001 May; 85(3):735-55. Swerdlow NR. PMID: 11349482.
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    170. Lesion size and amphetamine hyperlocomotion after neonatal ventral hippocampal lesions: more is less. Brain Res Bull. 2001 May 01; 55(1):71-7. Swerdlow NR, Halim N, Hanlon FM, Platten A, Auerbach PP. PMID: 11427340.
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    171. Measurement of startle response, prepulse inhibition, and habituation. Curr Protoc Neurosci. 2001 May; Chapter 8:Unit 8.7. Geyer MA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 18428548.
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    172. Regulation of sensorimotor gating in rats by hippocampal NMDA: anatomical localization. Brain Res. 2001 Apr 20; 898(2):195-203. Swerdlow NR, Hanlon FM, Henning L, Kim YK, Gaudet I, Halim ND. PMID: 11306005.
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    173. Impact of prepulse characteristics on the detection of sensorimotor gating deficits in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2001 Apr 15; 49(1-2):171-8. Braff DL, Geyer MA, Light GA, Sprock J, Perry W, Cadenhead KS, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 11343875.
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    174. Matching strategies for drug studies of prepulse inhibition in humans. Behav Pharmacol. 2001 Feb; 12(1):45-52. Swerdlow NR, Eastvold A, Uyan KM, Ploum Y, Cadenhead K. PMID: 11270511.
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    175. Neuropathology in Tourette syndrome: an update. Adv Neurol. 2001; 85:151-61. Swerdlow NR, Young AB. PMID: 11530425.
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    176. Regulation of sensorimotor gating of the startle reflex by serotonin 2A receptors. Ontogeny and strain differences. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2000 Dec; 23(6):623-32. Farid M, Martinez ZA, Geyer MA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 11063918.
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    177. "Early" and "late" effects of sustained haloperidol on apomorphine- and phencyclidine-induced sensorimotor gating deficits. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2000 Nov; 23(5):517-27. Martinez ZA, Oostwegel J, Geyer MA, Ellison GD, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 11027917.
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    178. Modulation of the startle response and startle laterality in relatives of schizophrenic patients and in subjects with schizotypal personality disorder: evidence of inhibitory deficits. Am J Psychiatry. 2000 Oct; 157(10):1660-8. Cadenhead KS, Swerdlow NR, Shafer KM, Diaz M, Braff DL. PMID: 11007721.
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    179. Effects of caffeine on sensorimotor gating of the startle reflex in normal control subjects: impact of caffeine intake and withdrawal. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2000 Sep; 151(4):368-78. Swerdlow NR, Eastvold A, Gerbranda T, Uyan KM, Hartman P, Doan Q, Auerbach P. PMID: 11026744.
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    180. Distributed neurodegenerative changes 2-28 days after ventral hippocampal excitotoxic lesions in rats. Brain Res. 2000 Aug 04; 873(1):60-74. Halim ND, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 10915811.
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    181. Toward understanding the biology of a complex phenotype: rat strain and substrain differences in the sensorimotor gating-disruptive effects of dopamine agonists. J Neurosci. 2000 Jun 01; 20(11):4325-36. Swerdlow NR, Martinez ZA, Hanlon FM, Platten A, Farid M, Auerbach P, Braff DL, Geyer MA. PMID: 10818168.
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    182. Animal models of deficient sensorimotor gating: what we know, what we think we know, and what we hope to know soon. Behav Pharmacol. 2000 Jun; 11(3-4):185-204. Swerdlow NR, Braff DL, Geyer MA. PMID: 11103873.
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    183. Ontogeny of phencyclidine and apomorphine-induced startle gating deficits in rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2000 Mar; 65(3):449-57. Martinez ZA, Halim ND, Oostwegel JL, Geyer MA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 10683485.
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    184. Hippocampal lesions enhance startle gating-disruptive effects of apomorphine in rats: a parametric assessment. Neuroscience. 2000; 96(3):523-36. Swerdlow NR, Taaid N, Halim N, Randolph E, Kim YK, Auerbach P. PMID: 10717433.
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    185. Sex differences in sensorimotor gating of the human startle reflex: all smoke? Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1999 Sep; 146(2):228-32. Swerdlow NR, Geyer MA, Hartman PL, Sprock J, Auerbach PP, Cadenhead K, Perry W, Braff DL. PMID: 10525760.
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    186. Attitudes toward psychiatry as a prospective career among students entering medical school. Am J Psychiatry. 1999 Sep; 156(9):1397-402. Feifel D, Moutier CY, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 10484951.
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    187. Preliminary findings with a new Vietnamese Stroop test. Percept Mot Skills. 1999 Aug; 89(1):173-82. Doan QT, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 10544412.
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    188. Effects of LU-111995 in three models of disrupted prepulse inhibition in rats. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1999 Aug; 290(2):716-24. Geyer MA, Swerdlow NR, Lehmann-Masten V, Teschendorf HJ, Traut M, Gross G. PMID: 10411583.
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    189. Visuospatial priming and stroop performance in patients with obsessive compulsive disorder. Neuropsychology. 1999 Jul; 13(3):447-57. Hartston HJ, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 10447305.
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    190. Effects of sustained phencyclidine exposure on sensorimotor gating of startle in rats. Neuropsychopharmacology. 1999 Jul; 21(1):28-39. Martinez ZA, Ellison GD, Geyer MA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 10379517.
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    191. Cross-species studies of sensorimotor gating of the startle reflex. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1999 Jun 29; 877:202-16. Swerdlow NR, Braff DL, Geyer MA. PMID: 10415651.
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    192. Symptom correlates of prepulse inhibition deficits in male schizophrenic patients. Am J Psychiatry. 1999 Apr; 156(4):596-602. Braff DL, Swerdlow NR, Geyer MA. PMID: 10200740.
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    193. Effects of sustained cocaine exposure on sensorimotor gating of startle in rats. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1999 Mar; 142(3):253-60. Martinez ZA, Ellison GD, Geyer MA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 10208317.
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    194. Saccadic performance characteristics and the behavioural neurology of Tourette's syndrome. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1999 Mar; 66(3):305-12. Farber RH, Swerdlow NR, Clementz BA. PMID: 10084528.
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    195. Enhanced visual latent inhibition in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 1999 Feb 15; 45(4):482-8. Swerdlow NR, Hartston HJ, Hartman PL. PMID: 10071722.
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    196. Prepulse inhibition and habituation of the startle response are stable neurobiological measures in a normal male population. Biol Psychiatry. 1999 Feb 01; 45(3):360-4. Cadenhead KS, Carasso BS, Swerdlow NR, Geyer MA, Braff DL. PMID: 10023514.
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    197. Is there a "subcortical" profile of attentional dysfunction? A comparison of patients with Huntington's and Parkinson's diseases on a global-local focused attention task. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 1998 Dec; 20(6):873-84. Roman MJ, Delis DC, Filoteo JV, Demadura TL, Paulsen J, Swerdlow NR, Swenson MR, Salmon D, Butters N, Shults C. PMID: 10484698.
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    198. Startle in Tourette's syndrome. Biol Psychiatry. 1998 Nov 01; 44(9):935-6. Swerdlow NR. PMID: 9807655.
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    199. What role models? Commentary on Robbins' homology in behavioural pharmacology: an approach to animal models of human cognition. Behav Pharmacol. 1998 Nov; 9(7):529-31. Swerdlow NR. PMID: 9862078.
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    200. Seroquel, clozapine and chlorpromazine restore sensorimotor gating in ketamine-treated rats. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1998 Nov; 140(1):75-80. Swerdlow NR, Bakshi V, Waikar M, Taaid N, Geyer MA. PMID: 9862405.
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    201. Towards a cross-species pharmacology of sensorimotor gating: effects of amantadine, bromocriptine, pergolide and ropinirole on prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle in rats. Behav Pharmacol. 1998 Sep; 9(5-6):389-96. Swerdlow NR, Taaid N, Oostwegel JL, Randolph E, Geyer MA. PMID: 9832924.
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    202. Localizing haloperidol effects on sensorimotor gating in a predictive model of antipsychotic potency. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1998 Sep; 61(1):113-9. Hart S, Zreik M, Carper R, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 9715813.
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    203. Reversal of isolation rearing-induced deficits in prepulse inhibition by Seroquel and olanzapine. Biol Psychiatry. 1998 Mar 15; 43(6):436-45. Bakshi VP, Swerdlow NR, Braff DL, Geyer MA. PMID: 9532349.
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    204. Discrepant findings of clozapine effects on prepulse inhibition of startle: is it the route or the rat? Neuropsychopharmacology. 1998 Jan; 18(1):50-6. Swerdlow NR, Varty GB, Geyer MA. PMID: 9408918.
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    205. Using an animal model of deficient sensorimotor gating to study the pathophysiology and new treatments of schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 1998; 24(2):285-301. Swerdlow NR, Geyer MA. PMID: 9613626.
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    206. Reduced prepulse inhibition after electrolytic lesions of nucleus accumbens subregions in the rat. Brain Res. 1997 Oct 31; 773(1-2):45-52. Kodsi MH, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 9409703.
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    207. Mitochondrial toxin 3-nitropropionic acid produces startle reflex abnormalities and striatal damage in rats that model some features of Huntington's disease. Neurosci Lett. 1997 Aug 08; 231(2):103-7. Kodsi MH, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 9291151.
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    208. The effects of intra-accumbens neurotensin on sensorimotor gating. Brain Res. 1997 Jun 20; 760(1-2):80-4. Feifel D, Minor KL, Dulawa S, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 9237521.
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    209. The modulation of sensorimotor gating deficits by mesolimbic cholecystokinin. Neurosci Lett. 1997 Jun 20; 229(1):5-8. Feifel D, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 9224788.
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    210. Characteristics of open- and closed-loop smooth pursuit responses among obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, and nonpsychiatric individuals. Psychophysiology. 1997 Mar; 34(2):157-62. Farber RH, Clementz BA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 9090264.
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    211. Changes in sensorimotor inhibition across the menstrual cycle: implications for neuropsychiatric disorders. Biol Psychiatry. 1997 Feb 15; 41(4):452-60. Swerdlow NR, Hartman PL, Auerbach PP. PMID: 9034539.
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    212. The basolateral amygdala regulates sensorimotor gating of acoustic startle in the rat. Neuroscience. 1997 Feb; 76(3):715-24. Wan FJ, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 9135045.
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    213. Regulation of prepulse inhibition by ventral pallidal projections. Brain Res Bull. 1997; 43(2):219-28. Kodsi MH, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 9222535.
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    214. Neuroanatomy of schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 1997; 23(3):509-12. Braff DL, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 9327513.
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    215. Seroquel restores sensorimotor gating in phencyclidine-treated rats. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1996 Dec; 279(3):1290-9. Swerdlow NR, Bakshi V, Geyer MA. PMID: 8968353.
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    216. The ventral subiculum modulation of prepulse inhibition is not mediated via dopamine D2 or nucleus accumbens non-NMDA glutamate receptor activity. Eur J Pharmacol. 1996 Oct 24; 314(1-2):9-18. Wan FJ, Caine SB, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 8957213.
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    217. Sensorimotor gating in rats is regulated by different dopamine-glutamate interactions in the nucleus accumbens core and shell subregions. Brain Res. 1996 May 25; 722(1-2):168-76. Wan FJ, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 8813362.
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    218. Latent inhibition in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 1996 May; 20(1-2):91-103. Swerdlow NR, Braff DL, Hartston H, Perry W, Geyer MA. PMID: 8794497.
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    219. Do D1/D2 interactions regulate prepulse inhibition in rats? Neuropsychopharmacology. 1996 Apr; 14(4):265-74. Wan FJ, Taaid N, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 8924194.
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    220. Ocular motor responses to unpredictable and predictable smooth pursuit stimuli among patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. J Psychiatry Neurosci. 1996 Jan; 21(1):21-8. Clementz BA, Farber RH, Lam MN, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 8580114.
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    221. A comparison of the effects of amphetamine, strychnine and caffeine on prepulse inhibition and latent inhibition. Behav Pharmacol. 1995 Dec; 6(8):801-809. Bakshi VP, Geyer MA, Taaid N, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 11224383.
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    222. Neonatal excitotoxic hippocampal damage in rats causes post-pubertal changes in prepulse inhibition of startle and its disruption by apomorphine. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1995 Nov; 122(1):35-43. Lipska BK, Swerdlow NR, Geyer MA, Jaskiw GE, Braff DL, Weinberger DR. PMID: 8711062.
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    223. Increased sensitivity to the sensorimotor gating-disruptive effects of apomorphine after lesions of medial prefrontal cortex or ventral hippocampus in adult rats. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1995 Nov; 122(1):27-34. Swerdlow NR, Lipska BK, Weinberger DR, Braff DL, Jaskiw GE, Geyer MA. PMID: 8711061.
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    224. Prepulse inhibition in the rat is regulated by ventral and caudodorsal striato-pallidal circuitry. Behav Neurosci. 1995 Oct; 109(5):912-28. Kodsi MH, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 8554715.
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    225. Presynaptic dopamine-glutamate interactions in the nucleus accumbens regulate sensorimotor gating. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1995 Aug; 120(4):433-41. Wan FJ, Geyer MA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 8539324.
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    226. Drug screening in "normal" controls. Biol Psychiatry. 1995 Jul 15; 38(2):123-4. Swerdlow NR, Geyer MA, Perry W, Cadenhead K, Braff DL. PMID: 7578645.
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    227. Ventral pallidal GABA-A receptors regulate prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle. Brain Res. 1995 Jun 26; 684(1):26-35. Kodsi MH, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 7583201.
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    228. Distinct cognitive profiles of cortical and subcortical dementia in advanced illness. Neurology. 1995 May; 45(5):951-6. Paulsen JS, Butters N, Sadek JR, Johnson SA, Salmon DP, Swerdlow NR, Swenson MR. PMID: 7746413.
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    229. Effects of D3/D2 dopamine receptor agonists and antagonists on prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle in the rat. Neuropsychopharmacology. 1995 Apr; 12(2):139-45. Caine SB, Geyer MA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 7779242.
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    230. "Normal" personality correlates of sensorimotor, cognitive, and visuospatial gating. Biol Psychiatry. 1995 Mar 01; 37(5):286-99. Swerdlow NR, Filion D, Geyer MA, Braff DL. PMID: 7748980.
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    231. Impaired prepulse inhibition of acoustic and tactile startle response in patients with Huntington's disease. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1995 Feb; 58(2):192-200. Swerdlow NR, Paulsen J, Braff DL, Butters N, Geyer MA, Swenson MR. PMID: 7876851.
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    232. Gating and habituation deficits in the schizophrenia disorders. Clin Neurosci. 1995; 3(2):131-9. Braff DL, Swerdlow NR, Geyer MA. PMID: 7583619.
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    233. Clozapine antagonizes phencyclidine-induced deficits in sensorimotor gating of the startle response. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1994 Nov; 271(2):787-94. Bakshi VP, Swerdlow NR, Geyer MA. PMID: 7965797.
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    234. Accumbens D2 modulation of sensorimotor gating in rats: assessing anatomical localization. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1994 Sep; 49(1):155-63. Wan FJ, Geyer MA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 7816867.
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    235. Alphaxalone, a steroid anesthetic, inhibits the startle-enhancing effects of corticotropin releasing factor, but not strychnine. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1994 Jun; 115(1-2):141-6. Swerdlow NR, Britton KT. PMID: 7862886.
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    236. Seroquel (ICI 204,636) restores prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle in apomorphine-treated rats: Similarities to clozapine. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1994 May; 114(4):675-8. Swerdlow NR, Zisook D, Taaid N. PMID: 7855231.
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    237. Quinolinic acid lesions of the ventral striatum reduce sensorimotor gating of acoustic startle in rats. Brain Res. 1994 Apr 18; 643(1-2):59-65. Kodsi MH, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 8032933.
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    238. Assessing the validity of an animal model of deficient sensorimotor gating in schizophrenic patients. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1994 Feb; 51(2):139-54. Swerdlow NR, Braff DL, Taaid N, Geyer MA. PMID: 8297213.
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    239. Men are more inhibited than women by weak prepulses. Biol Psychiatry. 1993 Aug 15; 34(4):253-60. Swerdlow NR, Auerbach P, Monroe SM, Hartston H, Geyer MA, Braff DL. PMID: 8399822.
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    240. Pituitary-adrenal axis responses to acute amphetamine in the rat. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1993 Jul; 45(3):629-37. Swerdlow NR, Koob GF, Cador M, Lorang M, Hauger RL. PMID: 8392732.
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    241. Dopamine and depression: circuitous logic? Biol Psychiatry. 1993 May 15; 33(10):757-8. Swerdlow NR. PMID: 8353174.
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    242. Clozapine and haloperidol in an animal model of sensorimotor gating deficits in schizophrenia. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1993 Mar; 44(3):741-4. Swerdlow NR, Geyer MA. PMID: 8451276.
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    243. A preliminary assessment of sensorimotor gating in patients with obsessive compulsive disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 1993 Feb 15; 33(4):298-301. Swerdlow NR, Benbow CH, Zisook S, Geyer MA, Braff DL. PMID: 8471686.
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    244. Prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle in rats after lesions of the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus. Behav Neurosci. 1993 Feb; 107(1):104-17. Swerdlow NR, Geyer MA. PMID: 8447948.
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    245. Intra-accumbens infusion of quinpirole impairs sensorimotor gating of acoustic startle in rats. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1993; 113(1):103-9. Wan FJ, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 7862814.
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    246. Hippocampal modulation of acoustic startle and prepulse inhibition in the rat. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1992 Dec; 43(4):1201-8. Caine SB, Geyer MA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 1475305.
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    247. Regionally selective effects of intracerebral dopamine infusion on sensorimotor gating of the startle reflex in rats. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1992; 108(1-2):189-95. Swerdlow NR, Caine SB, Geyer MA. PMID: 1410139.
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    248. The neural substrates of sensorimotor gating of the startle reflex: a review of recent findings and their implications. J Psychopharmacol. 1992 Jan; 6(2):176-90. Swerdlow NR, Caine SB, Braff DL, Geyer MA. PMID: 22291349.
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    249. Nucleus accumbens NMDA antagonist decreases locomotor activity produced by cocaine, heroin or accumbens dopamine, but not caffeine. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1991 Dec; 40(4):841-5. Pulvirenti L, Swerdlow NR, Koob GF. PMID: 1687766.
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    250. Endocrine, immune, and neurochemical changes in rats during withdrawal from chronic amphetamine intoxication. Neuropsychopharmacology. 1991 Aug; 5(1):23-31. Swerdlow NR, Hauger R, Irwin M, Koob GF, Britton KT, Pulvirenti L. PMID: 1657016.
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    251. Effects of spiperone, raclopride, SCH 23390 and clozapine on apomorphine inhibition of sensorimotor gating of the startle response in the rat. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1991 Feb; 256(2):530-6. Swerdlow NR, Keith VA, Braff DL, Geyer MA. PMID: 1825226.
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    252. Functional output of the basal forebrain. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1991; 295:291-305. Koob GF, Swerdlow NR, Vaccarino F, Hubner C, Pulvirenti L, Weiss F. PMID: 1776573.
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    253. Opiate-dopamine interactions in the neural substrates of acoustic startle gating in the rat. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 1991; 15(3):415-26. Swerdlow NR, Caine SB, Geyer MA. PMID: 1862221.
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    254. Carbachol infusion into the dentate gyrus disrupts sensorimotor gating of startle in the rat. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1991; 105(3):347-54. Caine SB, Geyer MA, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 1798831.
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    255. GABAergic projection from nucleus accumbens to ventral pallidum mediates dopamine-induced sensorimotor gating deficits of acoustic startle in rats. Brain Res. 1990 Nov 05; 532(1-2):146-50. Swerdlow NR, Braff DL, Geyer MA. PMID: 2282510.
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    256. Startle response models of sensorimotor gating and habituation deficits in schizophrenia. Brain Res Bull. 1990 Sep; 25(3):485-98. Geyer MA, Swerdlow NR, Mansbach RS, Braff DL. PMID: 2292046.
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    257. Electroconvulsive therapy in a patient with severe tic and major depressive episode. J Clin Psychiatry. 1990 Jan; 51(1):34-5. Swerdlow NR, Gierz M, Berkowitz A, Nemiroff R, Lohr J. PMID: 2295590.
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    258. Apomorphine disrupts the inhibition of acoustic startle induced by weak prepulses in rats. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1990; 102(1):1-4. Davis M, Mansbach RS, Swerdlow NR, Campeau S, Braff DL, Geyer MA. PMID: 2392496.
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    259. Schizophrenic-like sensorimotor gating abnormalities in rats following dopamine infusion into the nucleus accumbens. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1990; 101(3):414-20. Swerdlow NR, Braff DL, Masten VL, Geyer MA. PMID: 2114026.
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    260. Stress, performance, and arousal: focus on CRF. NIDA Res Monogr. 1990; 97:163-76. Koob GF, Cole BJ, Swerdlow NR, Le Moal M, Britton KT. PMID: 2174122.
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    261. Amphetamine disruption of prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle is reversed by depletion of mesolimbic dopamine. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1990; 100(3):413-6. Swerdlow NR, Mansbach RS, Geyer MA, Pulvirenti L, Koob GF, Braff DL. PMID: 2315438.
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    262. Trazodone-fluoxetine combination for treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1989 Dec; 146(12):1637. Swerdlow NR, Andia AM. PMID: 2589561.
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    263. Potentiation of acoustic startle by corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and by fear are both reversed by alpha-helical CRF (9-41). Neuropsychopharmacology. 1989 Dec; 2(4):285-92. Swerdlow NR, Britton KT, Koob GF. PMID: 2610824.
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    264. Microinjection of a glutamate antagonist into the nucleus accumbens reduces psychostimulant locomotion in rats. Neurosci Lett. 1989 Aug 28; 103(2):213-8. Pulvirenti L, Swerdlow NR, Koob GF. PMID: 2771183.
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    265. Norepinephrine stimulates behavioral activation in rats following depletion of nucleus accumbens dopamine. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1989 Jul; 33(3):595-9. Swerdlow NR, Koob GF. PMID: 2511575.
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    266. The role of mesolimbic dopamine in conditioned locomotion produced by amphetamine. Behav Neurosci. 1988 Aug; 102(4):544-52. Gold LH, Swerdlow NR, Koob GF. PMID: 3139012.
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    267. Depression in the aged. An overview. Psychiatr Clin North Am. 1988 Mar; 11(1):83-99. Ruegg RG, Zisook S, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 3288982.
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    268. Acute postoperative delirium and extrapyramidal signs in a previously healthy parturient. Anesth Analg. 1988 Mar; 67(3):291-5. Weinger MB, Swerdlow NR, Millar WL. PMID: 3344981.
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    269. The functional output of the mesolimbic dopamine system. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1988; 537:216-27. Koob GF, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 3059925.
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    270. Behavioral activation by CRF: evidence for the involvement of the ventral forebrain. Life Sci. 1987 Jul 06; 41(1):41-9. Tazi A, Swerdlow NR, LeMoal M, Rivier J, Vale W, Koob GF. PMID: 3496511.
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    271. Lesions of the dorsomedial nucleus of the thalamus, medial prefrontal cortex and pedunculopontine nucleus: effects on locomotor activity mediated by nucleus accumbens-ventral pallidal circuitry. Brain Res. 1987 Jun 02; 412(2):233-43. Swerdlow NR, Koob GF. PMID: 3607466.
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    272. Nucleus accumbens opiate-dopamine interactions and locomotor activation in the rat: evidence for a pre-synaptic locus. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1987 Apr; 26(4):765-9. Swerdlow NR, Amalric M, Koob GF. PMID: 3110795.
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    273. Dopamine, schizophrenia, mania, and depression: Toward a unified hypothesis of cortico-striato-pallido-thalamic function. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 1987; 10:197-245. View Publication.
    274. "Selective" D-1 and D-2 receptor antagonists fail to differentially alter supersensitive locomotor behavior in the rat. Life Sci. 1986 Nov 24; 39(21):1985-93. Amalric M, Koob GF, Creese I, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 2946915.
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    275. 'Catatonia' produced by alfentanil is reversed by methylnaloxonium microinjections into the brain. Brain Res. 1986 Oct 29; 386(1-2):287-95. Amalric M, Blasco TA, Smith NT, Lee DE, Swerdlow NR, Koob GF. PMID: 3022882.
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    276. The role of the nucleus raphe pontis and the caudate nucleus in alfentanil rigidity in the rat. Brain Res. 1986 Oct 29; 386(1-2):280-6. Blasco TA, Lee D, Amalric M, Swerdlow NR, Smith NT, Koob GF. PMID: 3096494.
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    277. The neural substrates for the motor-activating properties of psychostimulants: a review of recent findings. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1986 Jul; 25(1):233-48. Swerdlow NR, Vaccarino FJ, Amalric M, Koob GF. PMID: 2875470.
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    278. Supersensitive endocrine response to physostigmine in dopamine-depleted rats: a model of depression? Biol Psychiatry. 1986 Jul; 21(8-9):775-86. Downs NS, Britton KT, Gibbs DM, Koob GF, Swerdlow NR. PMID: 3015269.
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    279. Behavioral changes following central injection of cysteamine in rats. Brain Res. 1986 Feb 12; 365(1):159-63. Bakhit C, Swerdlow N. PMID: 2868783.
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    280. Blockade of amphetamine but not opiate-induced locomotion following antagonism of dopamine function in the rat. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1986 Jan; 24(1):61-5. Vaccarino FJ, Amalric M, Swerdlow NR, Koob GF. PMID: 3080760.
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    281. Corticotropin-releasing factor potentiates acoustic startle in rats: blockade by chlordiazepoxide. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1986; 88(2):147-52. Swerdlow NR, Geyer MA, Vale WW, Koob GF. PMID: 3081925.
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    282. The effects of verapamil on the locomotor-activating properties of corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) in the rat. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 1986; 11(2):237-40. Swerdlow NR, Koob GF, Aldenhoff JB. PMID: 3489244.
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    283. Central dopamine hyperactivity in rats mimics abnormal acoustic startle response in schizophrenics. Biol Psychiatry. 1986 Jan; 21(1):23-33. Swerdlow NR, Braff DL, Geyer MA, Koob GF. PMID: 3080033.
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    284. Effects of chronic dietary lithium on behavioral indices of dopamine denervation supersensitivity in the rat. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1985 Nov; 235(2):324-9. Swerdlow NR, Lee D, Koob GF, Vaccarino FJ. PMID: 3932641.
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    285. Effects of naloxone on heroin-, amphetamine- and caffeine-stimulated locomotor activity in the rat. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1985 Sep; 23(3):499-501. Swerdlow NR, Vaccarino FJ, Koob GF. PMID: 4048244.
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    286. Separate neural substrates of the locomotor-activating properties of amphetamine, heroin, caffeine and corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) in the rat. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1985 Aug; 23(2):303-7. Swerdlow NR, Koob GF. PMID: 3877311.
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    287. The neural substrates of apomorphine-stimulated locomotor activity following denervation of the nucleus accumbens. Life Sci. 1984 Dec 17; 35(25):2537-44. Swerdlow NR, Koob GF. PMID: 6096659.
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    288. Effects of alpha-flupenthixol and naloxone on CRF-induced locomotor activation. Neuroendocrinology. 1984 Nov; 39(5):459-64. Koob GF, Swerdlow N, Seeligson M, Eaves M, Sutton R, Rivier J, Vale W. PMID: 6096752.
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    289. Substantia innominata: critical link in the behavioral expression of mesolimbic dopamine stimulation in the rat. Neurosci Lett. 1984 Sep 07; 50(1-3):19-24. Swerdlow NR, Swanson LW, Koob GF. PMID: 6493625.
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    290. Electrolytic lesions of the substantia innominata and lateral preoptic area attenuate the 'supersensitive' locomotor response to apomorphine resulting from denervation of the nucleus accumbens. Brain Res. 1984 Jul 23; 306(1-2):141-8. Swerdlow NR, Swanson LW, Koob GF. PMID: 6087974.
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    291. Restrained rats learn amphetamine-conditioned locomotion, but not place preference. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1984; 84(2):163-6. Swerdlow NR, Koob GF. PMID: 6438675.
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    292. Cholecystokinin produces conditioned place-aversions, not place-preferences, in food-deprived rats: evidence against involvement in satiety. Life Sci. 1983 May 02; 32(18):2087-93. Swerdlow NR, van der Kooy D, Koob GF, Wenger JR. PMID: 6843283.
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    293. Paradoxical reinforcing properties of apomorphine: effects of nucleus accumbens and area postrema lesions. Brain Res. 1983 Jan 17; 259(1):111-8. van der Kooy D, Swerdlow NR, Koob GF. PMID: 6824923.
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