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Pamela Sample

TitleEmeritus Professor
InstitutionUniversity of California San Diego
DepartmentOphthalmology
Address9500 Gilman Drive #0946
La Jolla CA 92093
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    African Descent And Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES)
    NIH/NEI U10EY014267Sep 30, 2002 - Aug 31, 2013
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study: Visual Function
    NIH/NEI R01EY008208Apr 1, 1990 - Oct 30, 2011
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Skaat A, De Moraes CG, Bowd C, Sample P, Girkin CA, Medeiros FA, Ritch R, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM, Liebmann JM. African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES): Racial Differences in Optic Disc Hemorrhage and Beta-Zone Parapapillary Atrophy. Ophthalmology. 2016 07; 123(7):1476-83. PMID: 27117781; PMCID: PMC4921256 [Available on 07/01/17].
    2. Khachatryan N, Medeiros FA, Sharpsten L, Bowd C, Sample P, Liebmann JM, Girkin CA, Weinreb RN, Miki A, Hammel N, Zangwill LM. The African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES): predictors of visual field damage in glaucoma suspects. Am J Ophthalmol. 2015 Apr; 159(4):777-87. PMID: 25597839; PMCID: PMC4361282.
    3. Balasubramanian M, Arias-Castro E, Medeiros FA, Kriegman DJ, Bowd C, Weinreb RN, Holst M, Sample P, Zangwill LM. Detecting glaucoma progression from localized rates of retinal changes in parametric and nonparametric statistical framework with type I error control. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Mar 19; 55(3):1684-95. PMID: 24519427; PMCID: PMC4586965.
    4. Miki A, Medeiros FA, Weinreb RN, Jain S, He F, Sharpsten L, Khachatryan N, Hammel N, Liebmann JM, Girkin CA, Sample P, Zangwill LM. Rates of retinal nerve fiber layer thinning in glaucoma suspect eyes. Ophthalmology. 2014 Jul; 121(7):1350-8. PMID: 24629619.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Moore GH, Bowd C, Medeiros FA, Sample P, Liebmann JM, Girkin CA, Leite MT, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM. African descent and glaucoma evaluation study: asymmetry of structural measures in normal participants. J Glaucoma. 2013 Feb; 22(2):65-72. PMID: 21986568; PMCID: PMC3540138.
    6. Ng M, Sample P, Pascual JP, Zangwill LM, Girkin CA, Liebmann JM, Weinreb RN, Racette L. Comparison of visual field severity classification systems for glaucoma. J Glaucoma. 2012 Oct-Nov; 21(8):551-61. PMID: 21878817; PMCID: PMC3246042.
    7. Goldbaum MH, Lee I, Jang G, Balasubramanian M, Sample P, Weinreb RN, Liebmann JM, Girkin CA, Anderson DR, Zangwill LM, Fredette MJ, Jung TP, Medeiros FA, Bowd C. Progression of patterns (POP): a machine classifier algorithm to identify glaucoma progression in visual fields. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Sep 25; 53(10):6557-67. PMID: 22786913; PMCID: PMC3460386.
    8. Balasubramanian M, Kriegman DJ, Bowd C, Holst M, Weinreb RN, Sample P, Zangwill LM. Localized glaucomatous change detection within the proper orthogonal decomposition framework. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Jun 14; 53(7):3615-28. PMID: 22491406; PMCID: PMC3406887.
    9. Duncan RO, Sample P, Bowd C, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM. Arterial spin labeling fMRI measurements of decreased blood flow in primary visual cortex correlates with decreased visual function in human glaucoma. Vision Res. 2012 May 01; 60:51-60. PMID: 22465941; PMCID: PMC3340501.
    10. Rao HL, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Leite MT, Sample P, Medeiros FA. Structure-function relationship in glaucoma using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Arch Ophthalmol. 2011 Jul; 129(7):864-71. PMID: 21746976; PMCID: PMC3855237.
    11. Rao HL, Leite MT, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM, Alencar LM, Sample P, Medeiros FA. Effect of disease severity and optic disc size on diagnostic accuracy of RTVue spectral domain optical coherence tomograph in glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Mar; 52(3):1290-6. PMID: 20811060; PMCID: PMC3101678.
    12. Sample P, Dannheim F, Artes PH, Dietzsch J, Henson D, Johnson CA, Ng M, Schiefer U, Wall M. Imaging and Perimetry Society standards and guidelines. Optom Vis Sci. 2011 Jan; 88(1):4-7. PMID: 21099442.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Leite MT, Rao HL, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Sample P, Tafreshi A, Medeiros FA. Agreement among spectral-domain optical coherence tomography instruments for assessing retinal nerve fiber layer thickness. Am J Ophthalmol. 2011 Jan; 151(1):85-92.e1. PMID: 20970108.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Goldbaum MH, Kozak I, Hao J, Sample P, Lee T, Grant I, Freeman WR. Pattern recognition can detect subtle field defects in eyes of HIV individuals without retinitis under HAART. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2011 Apr; 249(4):491-8. PMID: 20865422; PMCID: PMC3070878.
    15. Vizzeri G, Bowd C, Weinreb RN, Balasubramanian M, Medeiros FA, Sample P, Zangwill LM. Determinants of agreement between the confocal scanning laser tomograph and standardized assessment of glaucomatous progression. Ophthalmology. 2010 Oct; 117(10):1953-9. PMID: 20557941; PMCID: PMC2941775.
    16. Medeiros FA, Alencar LM, Sample P, Zangwill LM, Susanna R, Weinreb RN. The relationship between intraocular pressure reduction and rates of progressive visual field loss in eyes with optic disc hemorrhage. Ophthalmology. 2010 Nov; 117(11):2061-6. PMID: 20541265.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Leite MT, Alencar LM, Gore C, Weinreb RN, Sample P, Zangwill LM, Medeiros FA. Comparison of corneal biomechanical properties between healthy blacks and whites using the Ocular Response Analyzer. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 Aug; 150(2):163-168.e1. PMID: 20538248; PMCID: PMC2912963.
    18. Schiefer U, Papageorgiou E, Sample P, Pascual JP, Selig B, Krapp E, Paetzold J. Spatial pattern of glaucomatous visual field loss obtained with regionally condensed stimulus arrangements. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Nov; 51(11):5685-9. PMID: 20538998; PMCID: PMC3061505.
    19. Rao HL, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Sample P, Alencar LM, Medeiros FA. Comparison of different spectral domain optical coherence tomography scanning areas for glaucoma diagnosis. Ophthalmology. 2010 Sep; 117(9):1692-9, 1699.e1. PMID: 20493529.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Racette L, Liebmann JM, Girkin CA, Zangwill LM, Jain S, Becerra LM, Medeiros FA, Bowd C, Weinreb RN, Boden C, Sample P. African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES): III. Ancestry differences in visual function in healthy eyes. Arch Ophthalmol. 2010 May; 128(5):551-9. PMID: 20457975; PMCID: PMC2907156.
    21. Girkin CA, Sample P, Liebmann JM, Jain S, Bowd C, Becerra LM, Medeiros FA, Racette L, Dirkes KA, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM. African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES): II. Ancestry differences in optic disc, retinal nerve fiber layer, and macular structure in healthy subjects. Arch Ophthalmol. 2010 May; 128(5):541-50. PMID: 20457974; PMCID: PMC2910255.
    22. Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Alencar LM, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Rates of progressive retinal nerve fiber layer loss in glaucoma measured by scanning laser polarimetry. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 Jun; 149(6):908-15. PMID: 20378095.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Leite MT, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Rao HL, Alencar LM, Sample P, Medeiros FA. Effect of disease severity on the performance of Cirrus spectral-domain OCT for glaucoma diagnosis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Aug; 51(8):4104-9. PMID: 20335619; PMCID: PMC2910643.
    24. Alencar LM, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Bowd C, Sample P, Girkin CA, Liebmann JM, Medeiros FA. A comparison of rates of change in neuroretinal rim area and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in progressive glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Jul; 51(7):3531-9. PMID: 20207973; PMCID: PMC2904008.
    25. Tafreshi A, Racette L, Weinreb RN, Sample P, Zangwill LM, Medeiros FA, Bowd C. Pattern electroretinogram and psychophysical tests of visual function for discriminating between healthy and glaucoma eyes. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 Mar; 149(3):488-95. PMID: 20172073; PMCID: PMC2827352.
    26. Racette L, Chiou CY, Hao J, Bowd C, Goldbaum MH, Zangwill LM, Lee TW, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Combining functional and structural tests improves the diagnostic accuracy of relevance vector machine classifiers. J Glaucoma. 2010 Mar; 19(3):167-75. PMID: 19528827; PMCID: PMC2891254.
    27. Alencar LM, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Bowd C, Vizzeri G, Sample P, Susanna R, Medeiros FA. Agreement for detecting glaucoma progression with the GDx guided progression analysis, automated perimetry, and optic disc photography. Ophthalmology. 2010 Mar; 117(3):462-70. PMID: 20036010; PMCID: PMC2830299.
    28. Goldbaum MH, Jang GJ, Bowd C, Hao J, Zangwill LM, Liebmann J, Girkin C, Jung TP, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Patterns of glaucomatous visual field loss in sita fields automatically identified using independent component analysis. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 2009 Dec; 107:136-44. PMID: 20126490; PMCID: PMC2814563.
    29. Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Alencar LM, Bowd C, Sample P, Susanna R, Weinreb RN. Detection of glaucoma progression with stratus OCT retinal nerve fiber layer, optic nerve head, and macular thickness measurements. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Dec; 50(12):5741-8. PMID: 19815731; PMCID: PMC2832105.
    30. Medeiros FA, Alencar LM, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Prediction of functional loss in glaucoma from progressive optic disc damage. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Oct; 127(10):1250-6. PMID: 19822839; PMCID: PMC2828324.
    31. Sample P, Girkin CA, Zangwill LM, Jain S, Racette L, Becerra LM, Weinreb RN, Medeiros FA, Wilson MR, De León-Ortega J, Tello C, Bowd C, Liebmann JM. The African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES): design and baseline data. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Sep; 127(9):1136-45. PMID: 19752422; PMCID: PMC2761830.
    32. Balasubramanian M, Bowd C, Weinreb RN, Vizzeri G, Alencar LM, Sample P, O'Leary N, Zangwill LM. Clinical evaluation of the proper orthogonal decomposition framework for detecting glaucomatous changes in human subjects. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Jan; 51(1):264-71. PMID: 19661228; PMCID: PMC2848164.
    33. Bowd C, Tafreshi A, Vizzeri G, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Repeatability of pattern electroretinogram measurements using a new paradigm optimized for glaucoma detection. J Glaucoma. 2009 Aug; 18(6):437-42. PMID: 19680050; PMCID: PMC2727663.
    34. Nevalainen J, Paetzold J, Papageorgiou E, Sample P, Pascual JP, Krapp E, Selig B, Vonthein R, Schiefer U. Specification of progression in glaucomatous visual field loss, applying locally condensed stimulus arrangements. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2009 Dec; 247(12):1659-69. PMID: 19639334; PMCID: PMC2776145.
    35. Medeiros FA, Alencar LM, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Weinreb RN. The Relationship between intraocular pressure and progressive retinal nerve fiber layer loss in glaucoma. Ophthalmology. 2009 Jun; 116(6):1125-33.e1-3. PMID: 19376584; PMCID: PMC2848169.
    36. Medeiros FA, Alencar LM, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Susanna R, Weinreb RN. Impact of atypical retardation patterns on detection of glaucoma progression using the GDx with variable corneal compensation. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009 Jul; 148(1):155-63.e1. PMID: 19375062; PMCID: PMC2848161.
    37. Bowd C, Vizzeri G, Tafreshi A, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Diagnostic accuracy of pattern electroretinogram optimized for glaucoma detection. Ophthalmology. 2009 Mar; 116(3):437-43. PMID: 19167080; PMCID: PMC2664315.
    38. Ng M, Racette L, Pascual JP, Liebmann JM, Girkin CA, Lovell SL, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Comparing the full-threshold and Swedish interactive thresholding algorithms for short-wavelength automated perimetry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Apr; 50(4):1726-33. PMID: 19074800; PMCID: PMC2716113.
    39. Schiefer U, Pascual JP, Edmunds B, Feudner E, Hoffmann EM, Johnson CA, Lagrèze WA, Pfeiffer N, Sample P, Staubach F, Weleber RG, Vonthein R, Krapp E, Paetzold J. Comparison of the new perimetric GATE strategy with conventional full-threshold and SITA standard strategies. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Jan; 50(1):488-94. PMID: 19060285; PMCID: PMC2867595.
    40. Medeiros FA, Alencar LM, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Vizzeri G, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Detection of progressive retinal nerve fiber layer loss in glaucoma using scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Apr; 50(4):1675-81. PMID: 19029038; PMCID: PMC2848159.
    41. Vizzeri G, Weinreb RN, Martinez de la Casa JM, Alencar LM, Bowd C, Balasubramanian M, Medeiros FA, Sample P, Zangwill LM. Clinicians agreement in establishing glaucomatous progression using the Heidelberg retina tomograph. Ophthalmology. 2009 Jan; 116(1):14-24. PMID: 19010552; PMCID: PMC3465965.
    42. Sharma P, Sample P, Zangwill LM, Schuman JS. Diagnostic tools for glaucoma detection and management. Surv Ophthalmol. 2008 Nov; 53 Suppl1:S17-32. PMID: 19038620; PMCID: PMC2643302.
    43. Tafreshi A, Sample P, Liebmann JM, Girkin CA, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Lalezary M, Racette L. Visual function-specific perimetry to identify glaucomatous visual loss using three different definitions of visual field abnormality. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Mar; 50(3):1234-40. PMID: 18978349; PMCID: PMC2848160.
    44. Bowd C, Balasubramanian M, Weinreb RN, Vizzeri G, Alencar LM, O'Leary N, Sample P, Zangwill LM. Performance of confocal scanning laser tomograph Topographic Change Analysis (TCA) for assessing glaucomatous progression. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Feb; 50(2):691-701. PMID: 18836168; PMCID: PMC2778474.
    45. Alencar LM, Bowd C, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Medeiros FA. Comparison of HRT-3 glaucoma probability score and subjective stereophotograph assessment for prediction of progression in glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 May; 49(5):1898-906. PMID: 18436823; PMCID: PMC2848163.
    46. Bowd C, Hao J, Tavares IM, Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Lee TW, Sample P, Weinreb RN, Goldbaum MH. Bayesian machine learning classifiers for combining structural and functional measurements to classify healthy and glaucomatous eyes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Mar; 49(3):945-53. PMID: 18326717.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Racette L, Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Ng D, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Diagnostic accuracy of the Matrix 24-2 and original N-30 frequency-doubling technology tests compared with standard automated perimetry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Mar; 49(3):954-60. PMID: 18326718; PMCID: PMC2367320.
    48. Medeiros FA, Vizzeri G, Zangwill LM, Alencar LM, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Comparison of retinal nerve fiber layer and optic disc imaging for diagnosing glaucoma in patients suspected of having the disease. Ophthalmology. 2008 Aug; 115(8):1340-6. PMID: 18207246; PMCID: PMC2832850.
    49. Freeman WR, Van Natta ML, Jabs D, Sample P, Sadun AA, Thorne J, Shah KH, Holland GN. Vision function in HIV-infected individuals without retinitis: report of the Studies of Ocular Complications of AIDS Research Group. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 Mar; 145(3):453-462. PMID: 18191094; PMCID: PMC2359724.
    50. Racette L, Medeiros FA, Bowd C, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Sample P. The impact of the perimetric measurement scale, sample composition, and statistical method on the structure-function relationship in glaucoma. J Glaucoma. 2007 Dec; 16(8):676-84. PMID: 18091454.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Boden C, Chan K, Sample P, Hao J, Lee TW, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Goldbaum MH. Assessing visual field clustering schemes using machine learning classifiers in standard perimetry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Dec; 48(12):5582-90. PMID: 18055807; PMCID: PMC2647327.
    52. Bourne RR, Jahanbakhsh K, Boden C, Zangwill LM, Hoffmann EM, Medeiros FA, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Reproducibility of visual field end point criteria for standard automated perimetry, full-threshold, and Swedish interactive thresholding algorithm strategies: diagnostic innovations in glaucoma study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 Dec; 144(6):908-913. PMID: 17919445; PMCID: PMC2150745.
    53. Medeiros FA, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM, Alencar LM, Sample P, Vasile C, Bowd C. Long-term intraocular pressure fluctuations and risk of conversion from ocular hypertension to glaucoma. Ophthalmology. 2008 Jun; 115(6):934-40. PMID: 17936908; PMCID: PMC2848165.
    54. Zangwill LM, Jain S, Racette L, Ernstrom KB, Bowd C, Medeiros FA, Sample P, Weinreb RN. The effect of disc size and severity of disease on the diagnostic accuracy of the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph Glaucoma Probability Score. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Jun; 48(6):2653-60. PMID: 17525196.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Leung CK, Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Bowd C, Ng D, Cheung CY, Lam DS, Weinreb RN. American Chinese glaucoma imaging study: a comparison of the optic disc and retinal nerve fiber layer in detecting glaucomatous damage. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Jun; 48(6):2644-52. PMID: 17525195.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Pascual JP, Schiefer U, Paetzold J, Zangwill LM, Tavares IM, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Spatial characteristics of visual field progression determined by Monte Carlo simulation: diagnostic innovations in glaucoma study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Apr; 48(4):1642-50. PMID: 17389495.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Hoffmann EM, Boden C, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Medeiros FA, Crowston JG, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Intereye spatial relationship of abnormal neuroretinal rim locations in glaucoma patients from the diagnostic innovations in glaucoma study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 May; 143(5):781-7. PMID: 17379176.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Vasile C, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Agreement between stereophotographic and confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy measurements of cup/disc ratio: effect on a predictive model for glaucoma development. J Glaucoma. 2007 Mar; 16(2):209-14. PMID: 17473732.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Bowd C, Tavares IM, Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and visual sensitivity using scanning laser polarimetry with variable and enhanced corneal compensation. Ophthalmology. 2007 Jul; 114(7):1259-65. PMID: 17289147.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Duncan RO, Sample P, Weinreb RN, Bowd C, Zangwill LM. Retinotopic organization of primary visual cortex in glaucoma: a method for comparing cortical function with damage to the optic disk. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Feb; 48(2):733-44. PMID: 17251472.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Kim TW, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Sample P, Shah N, Weinreb RN. Retinal nerve fiber layer damage as assessed by optical coherence tomography in eyes with a visual field defect detected by frequency doubling technology perimetry but not by standard automated perimetry. Ophthalmology. 2007 Jun; 114(6):1053-7. PMID: 17239441.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Medeiros FA, Ng D, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Bowd C, Weinreb RN. The effects of study design and spectrum bias on the evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy in glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Jan; 48(1):214-22. PMID: 17197535.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Kozak I, Sample P, Hao J, Freeman WR, Weinreb RN, Lee TW, Goldbaum MH. Machine learning classifiers detect subtle field defects in eyes of HIV individuals. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 2007; 105:111-8; discussion 119-20. PMID: 18427600; PMCID: PMC2258123.
    64. Medeiros FA, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Comparison of dynamic contour tonometry and goldmann applanation tonometry in African American subjects. Ophthalmology. 2007 Apr; 114(4):658-65. PMID: 17141320.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Duncan RO, Sample P, Weinreb RN, Bowd C, Zangwill LM. Retinotopic organization of primary visual cortex in glaucoma: Comparing fMRI measurements of cortical function with visual field loss. Prog Retin Eye Res. 2007 Jan; 26(1):38-56. PMID: 17126063; PMCID: PMC1940234.
    66. Lalezary M, Medeiros FA, Weinreb RN, Bowd C, Sample P, Tavares IM, Tafreshi A, Zangwill LM. Baseline optical coherence tomography predicts the development of glaucomatous change in glaucoma suspects. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Oct; 142(4):576-82. PMID: 17011848.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Shah NN, Bowd C, Medeiros FA, Weinreb RN, Sample P, Hoffmann EM, Zangwill LM. Combining structural and functional testing for detection of glaucoma. Ophthalmology. 2006 Sep; 113(9):1593-602. PMID: 16949444.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Ng D, Zangwill LM, Racette L, Bowd C, Pascual JP, Bourne RR, Boden C, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Agreement and repeatability for standard automated perimetry and confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy in the diagnostic innovations in glaucoma study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Sep; 142(3):381-6. PMID: 16935580.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Sample P, Medeiros FA, Racette L, Pascual JP, Boden C, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Weinreb RN. Identifying glaucomatous vision loss with visual-function-specific perimetry in the diagnostic innovations in glaucoma study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Aug; 47(8):3381-9. PMID: 16877406.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Bowd C, Zangwill LM, Medeiros FA, Tavares IM, Hoffmann EM, Bourne RR, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Structure-function relationships using confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy, optical coherence tomography, and scanning laser polarimetry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Jul; 47(7):2889-95. PMID: 16799030.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Medeiros FA, Sample P, Zangwill LM, Liebmann JM, Girkin CA, Weinreb RN. A statistical approach to the evaluation of covariate effects on the receiver operating characteristic curves of diagnostic tests in glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Jun; 47(6):2520-7. PMID: 16723465.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Boden C, Hoffmann EM, Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Intereye concordance in locations of visual field defects in primary open-angle glaucoma: diagnostic innovations in glaucoma study. Ophthalmology. 2006 Jun; 113(6):918-23. PMID: 16647132.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Hoffmann EM, Boden C, Zangwill LM, Bourne RR, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Inter-eye comparison of patterns of visual field loss in patients with glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Apr; 141(4):703-8. PMID: 16564806.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Influence of disease severity and optic disc size on the diagnostic performance of imaging instruments in glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Mar; 47(3):1008-15. PMID: 16505035.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Hoffmann EM, Medeiros FA, Sample P, Boden C, Bowd C, Bourne RR, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN. Relationship between patterns of visual field loss and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Mar; 141(3):463-471. PMID: 16490491.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Racette L, Boden C, Kleinhandler SL, Girkin CA, Liebmann JM, Zangwill LM, Medeiros FA, Bowd C, Weinreb RN, Wilson MR, Sample P. Differences in visual function and optic nerve structure between healthy eyes of blacks and whites. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 Nov; 123(11):1547-53. PMID: 16286617.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Sample P, Boden C, Zhang Z, Pascual J, Lee TW, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Crowston JG, Hoffmann EM, Medeiros FA, Sejnowski T, Goldbaum M. Unsupervised machine learning with independent component analysis to identify areas of progression in glaucomatous visual fields. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Oct; 46(10):3684-92. PMID: 16186350; PMCID: PMC1832121.
    78. Goldbaum MH, Sample P, Zhang Z, Chan K, Hao J, Lee TW, Boden C, Bowd C, Bourne R, Zangwill L, Sejnowski T, Spinak D, Weinreb RN. Using unsupervised learning with independent component analysis to identify patterns of glaucomatous visual field defects. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Oct; 46(10):3676-83. PMID: 16186349; PMCID: PMC1866286.
    79. Medeiros FA, Weinreb RN, Sample P, Gomi CF, Bowd C, Crowston JG, Zangwill LM. Validation of a predictive model to estimate the risk of conversion from ocular hypertension to glaucoma. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 Oct; 123(10):1351-60. PMID: 16219726.
      View in: PubMed
    80. Boden C, Pascual J, Medeiros FA, Aihara M, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Relationship of SITA and full-threshold standard perimetry to frequency-doubling technology perimetry in glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Jul; 46(7):2433-9. PMID: 15980232.
      View in: PubMed
    81. Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Use of progressive glaucomatous optic disk change as the reference standard for evaluation of diagnostic tests in glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 2005 Jun; 139(6):1010-8. PMID: 15953430.
      View in: PubMed
    82. Boden C, Blumenthal EZ, Pascual J, McEwan G, Weinreb RN, Medeiros F, Sample P. Patterns of glaucomatous visual field progression identified by three progression criteria. Am J Ophthalmol. 2004 Dec; 138(6):1029-36. PMID: 15629296.
      View in: PubMed
    83. Sánchez-Galeana CA, Bowd C, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Short-wavelength automated perimetry results are correlated with optical coherence tomography retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements in glaucomatous eyes. Ophthalmology. 2004 Oct; 111(10):1866-72. PMID: 15465548.
      View in: PubMed
    84. Mohammadi K, Bowd C, Weinreb RN, Medeiros FA, Sample P, Zangwill LM. Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements with scanning laser polarimetry predict glaucomatous visual field loss. Am J Ophthalmol. 2004 Oct; 138(4):592-601. PMID: 15488786.
      View in: PubMed
    85. Sample P, Chan K, Boden C, Lee TW, Blumenthal EZ, Weinreb RN, Bernd A, Pascual J, Hao J, Sejnowski T, Goldbaum MH. Using unsupervised learning with variational bayesian mixture of factor analysis to identify patterns of glaucomatous visual field defects. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Aug; 45(8):2596-605. PMID: 15277482; PMCID: PMC2927843.
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