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    Vilayanur Ramachandran

    TitleProfessor
    SchoolUniversity of California, San Diego
    DepartmentPsychology
    Address9500 Gilman Drive #0109
    CA La Jolla 92093
    Phone858-534-6240
    vCardDownload vCard

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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Ramachandran V, Marcus Z. Synesthesia and the McCollough Effect. Iperception. 2017 May-Jun; 8(3):2041669517711718. PMID: 28607666.
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      2. Jalal B, Ramachandran V. Sleep Paralysis, "The Ghostly Bedroom Intruder" and Out-of-Body Experiences: The Role of Mirror Neurons. Front Hum Neurosci. 2017; 11:92. PMID: 28293186.
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      3. Jalal B, Ramachandran V. "I feel your disgust and relief": can the action understanding system (mirror neuron system) be recruited to induce disgust and relief from contamination vicariously, in individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms? Neurocase. 2017 Feb 06; 1-5. PMID: 28165861.
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      4. Ramachandran V, Vajanaphanich M, Chunharas C. Calendars in the brain; their perceptual characteristics and possible neural substrate. Neurocase. 2016 Oct; 22(5):461-465. PMID: 27825288.
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      5. Case LK, Brang D, Landazuri R, Viswanathan P, Ramachandran V. Altered White Matter and Sensory Response to Bodily Sensation in Female-to-Male Transgender Individuals. Arch Sex Behav. 2016 Sep 19. PMID: 27646840.
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      6. Ramachandran V, Chunharas C, Marcus Z. Hypothesis concerning embodied calendars: A case study of number form, color spreading, and taste-color synaesthesia. Med Hypotheses. 2016 Sep; 94:58-62. PMID: 27515202.
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      7. Jalal B, Krishnakumar D, Ramachandran V. "I Feel Contaminated in My Fake Hand": Obsessive-Compulsive-Disorder like Disgust Sensations Arise from Dummy during Rubber Hand Illusion. PLoS One. 2015; 10(12):e0139159. PMID: 26642323.
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      8. Case LK, Pineda J, Ramachandran V. Common coding and dynamic interactions between observed, imagined, and experienced motor and somatosensory activity. Neuropsychologia. 2015 Dec; 79(Pt B):233-45. PMID: 25863237.
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      9. Jalal B, Ramachandran V. Sleep paralysis and "the bedroom intruder": The role of the right superior parietal, phantom pain and body image projection. Med Hypotheses. 2014 Dec; 83(6):755-7. PMID: 25459150.
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      10. Rouw R, Case L, Gosavi R, Ramachandran V. Color associations for days and letters across different languages. Front Psychol. 2014; 5:369. PMID: 24904447; PMCID: PMC4034429.
      11. Smythies J, Edelstein L, Ramachandran V. Molecular mechanisms for the inheritance of acquired characteristics-exosomes, microRNA shuttling, fear and stress: Lamarck resurrected? Front Genet. 2014; 5:133. PMID: 24860599; PMCID: PMC4030137.
      12. Ramachandran V, Seckel E. Synesthetic colors induced by graphemes that have not been consciously perceived. Neurocase. 2015 Apr; 21(2):216-9. PMID: 24621005.
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      13. Root NB, Case LK, Burrus CJ, Ramachandran V. External self-representations improve self-awareness in a child with autism. Neurocase. 2015 Apr; 21(2):206-10. PMID: 24571201.
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      14. Jalal B, Ramachandran V. A pilot investigation of "metaphor blindness" in a college student population. Med Hypotheses. 2014 Jun; 82(6):648-51. PMID: 24661940.
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      15. Smythies J, Edelstein L, Ramachandran V. Hypotheses relating to the function of the claustrum II: does the claustrum use frequency codes? Front Integr Neurosci. 2014; 8:7. PMID: 24523681; PMCID: PMC3905198.
      16. McGeoch PD, Brang D, Huang M, Ramachandran V. Primary somatosensory cortex hand representation dynamically modulated by motor output. Neurocase. 2015 Feb; 21(1):103-5. PMID: 24433220.
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      17. Brang D, Ghiam M, Ramachandran V. Impaired acquisition of novel grapheme-color correspondences in synesthesia. Front Hum Neurosci. 2013; 7:717. PMID: 24198775; PMCID: PMC3812534.
      18. Edelstein M, Brang D, Rouw R, Ramachandran V. Misophonia: physiological investigations and case descriptions. Front Hum Neurosci. 2013; 7:296. PMID: 23805089; PMCID: PMC3691507.
      19. Case LK, Gosavi R, Ramachandran V. Heightened motor and sensory (mirror-touch) referral induced by nerve block or topical anesthetic. Neuropsychologia. 2013 Aug; 51(10):1823-8. PMID: 23791606.
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      20. Brang D, Taich ZJ, Hillyard SA, Grabowecky M, Ramachandran V. Parietal connectivity mediates multisensory facilitation. Neuroimage. 2013 Sep; 78:396-401. PMID: 23611862.
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      21. Brang D, Miller LE, McQuire M, Ramachandran V, Coulson S. Enhanced mental rotation ability in time-space synesthesia. Cogn Process. 2013 Nov; 14(4):429-34. PMID: 23553317.
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      22. Bacon MP, Bridgeman B, Ramachandran V. Metacontrast masking is processed before grapheme-color synesthesia. Atten Percept Psychophys. 2013 Jan; 75(1):5-9. PMID: 23188733.
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      23. Smythies J, Edelstein L, Ramachandran V. Hypotheses relating to the function of the claustrum. Front Integr Neurosci. 2012; 6:53. PMID: 22876222; PMCID: PMC3410410.
      24. Case LK, Ramachandran V. Alternating gender incongruity: a new neuropsychiatric syndrome providing insight into the dynamic plasticity of brain-sex. Med Hypotheses. 2012 May; 78(5):626-31. PMID: 22364652.
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      25. Seckel E, Krause B, Ramachandran V. Interpolation of illusory pain in the human somatosensory system. Perception. 2012; 41(7):878-80. PMID: 23155740.
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      26. Case LK, Wilson RC, Ramachandran V. Diminished size-weight illusion in anorexia nervosa: evidence for visuo-proprioceptive integration deficit. Exp Brain Res. 2012 Mar; 217(1):79-87. PMID: 22183754.
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      27. Ramachandran V, Miller L, Livingstone MS, Brang D. Colored halos around faces and emotion-evoked colors: a new form of synesthesia. Neurocase. 2012; 18(4):352-8. PMID: 22115465; NIHMSID: NIHMS458358.
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      28. Brang D, Ramachandran V. Survival of the synesthesia gene: why do people hear colors and taste words? PLoS Biol. 2011 Nov; 9(11):e1001205. PMID: 22131906; PMCID: PMC3222625.
      29. Brang D, Teuscher U, Miller LE, Ramachandran V, Coulson S. Handedness and calendar orientations in time-space synaesthesia. J Neuropsychol. 2011 Sep; 5(2):323-32. PMID: 21923792.
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      30. Hubbard EM, Brang D, Ramachandran V. The cross-activation theory at 10. J Neuropsychol. 2011 Sep; 5(2):152-77. PMID: 21923784.
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      31. Brang D, Williams LE, Ramachandran V. Grapheme-color synesthetes show enhanced crossmodal processing between auditory and visual modalities. Cortex. 2012 May; 48(5):630-7. PMID: 21763646.
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      32. McGeoch PD, Brang D, Song T, Lee RR, Huang M, Ramachandran V. Xenomelia: a new right parietal lobe syndrome. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2011 Dec; 82(12):1314-9. PMID: 21693632.
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      33. McGeoch PD, Ramachandran V. The appearance of new phantom fingers post-amputation in a phocomelus. Neurocase. 2012; 18(2):95-7. PMID: 21598175.
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      34. Brang D, Rouw R, Ramachandran V, Coulson S. Similarly shaped letters evoke similar colors in grapheme-color synesthesia. Neuropsychologia. 2011 Apr; 49(5):1355-8. PMID: 21219918.
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      35. Ramachandran V, Krause B, Case LK. The phantom head. Perception. 2011; 40(3):367-70. PMID: 21692426.
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      36. Ramachandran V, Seckel E. Graphemes evoke synesthetic colors even before they are consciously recognized. Perception. 2011; 40(4):490-2. PMID: 21805923.
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      37. Case LK, Abrams RA, Ramachandran V. Immediate interpersonal and intermanual referral of sensations following anesthetic block of one arm. Arch Neurol. 2010 Dec; 67(12):1521-3. PMID: 21149815.
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      38. Ramachandran V, Seckel EL. Synchronized dance therapy to stimulate mirror neurons in autism. Med Hypotheses. 2011 Jan; 76(1):150-1. PMID: 21095065.
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      39. Multari A, Ramachandran V, Altschuler EL. Compensational strategies for a merchant after stroke with anosognosia for alexia without agraphia. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2011 Feb; 25(2):200-1. PMID: 20829414.
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      40. Ramachandran V, Seckel EL. Using mirror visual feedback and virtual reality to treat fibromyalgia. Med Hypotheses. 2010 Dec; 75(6):495-6. PMID: 20692106.
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      41. Williams LE, Ramachandran V, Hubbard EM, Braff DL, Light GA. Superior size-weight illusion performance in patients with schizophrenia: evidence for deficits in forward models. Schizophr Res. 2010 Aug; 121(1-3):101-6. PMID: 19931421.
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      42. Teuscher U, Brang D, Ramachandran V, Coulson S. Spatial cueing in time-space synesthetes: An event-related brain potential study. Brain Cogn. 2010 Oct; 74(1):35-46. PMID: 20637536.
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      43. Ramachandran V, Brang D, McGeoch PD. Dynamic reorganization of referred sensations by movements of phantom limbs. Neuroreport. 2010 Jul 14; 21(10):727-30. PMID: 20523250.
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      44. Williams LE, Light GA, Braff DL, Ramachandran V. Reduced multisensory integration in patients with schizophrenia on a target detection task. Neuropsychologia. 2010 Aug; 48(10):3128-36. PMID: 20600181.
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      45. Brang D, Hubbard EM, Coulson S, Huang M, Ramachandran V. Magnetoencephalography reveals early activation of V4 in grapheme-color synesthesia. Neuroimage. 2010 Oct 15; 53(1):268-74. PMID: 20547226.
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      46. Ramachandran V, Altschuler EL. Reflections on hand. Pain. 2010 May; 149(2):171-2. PMID: 20399561.
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      47. Brang D, Kanai S, Ramachandran V, Coulson S. Contextual priming in grapheme-color synesthetes and yoked controls: 400 msec in the life of a synesthete. J Cogn Neurosci. 2011 Jul; 23(7):1681-96. PMID: 20350175.
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      48. Brang D, Ramachandran V. Olfactory bulb dysgenesis, mirror neuron system dysfunction, and autonomic dysregulation as the neural basis for autism. Med Hypotheses. 2010 May; 74(5):919-21. PMID: 20149551.
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      49. Brang D, Teuscher U, Ramachandran V, Coulson S. Temporal sequences, synesthetic mappings, and cultural biases: the geography of time. Conscious Cogn. 2010 Mar; 19(1):311-20. PMID: 20117949.
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      50. Brang D, Ramachandran V. Visual field heterogeneity, laterality, and eidetic imagery in synesthesia. Neurocase. 2010 Apr; 16(2):169-74. PMID: 19899013.
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      51. Ramachandran V, Brang D. Sensations evoked in patients with amputation from watching an individual whose corresponding intact limb is being touched. Arch Neurol. 2009 Oct; 66(10):1281-4. PMID: 19822785.
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      52. Ramachandran V, Brang D, McGeoch PD. Size reduction using Mirror Visual Feedback (MVF) reduces phantom pain. Neurocase. 2009 Oct; 15(5):357-60. PMID: 19657972.
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      53. Oberman LM, Winkielman P, Ramachandran V. Slow echo: facial EMG evidence for the delay of spontaneous, but not voluntary, emotional mimicry in children with autism spectrum disorders. Dev Sci. 2009 Jul; 12(4):510-20. PMID: 19635079.
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      54. Ramachandran V, Altschuler EL. The use of visual feedback, in particular mirror visual feedback, in restoring brain function. Brain. 2009 Jul; 132(Pt 7):1693-710. PMID: 19506071.
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      55. Ramachandran V. Aborting panic attacks using false misattribution: a new treatment option. Med Hypotheses. 2009 Sep; 73(3):457. PMID: 19435654.
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      56. Ramachandran V, Brang D, McGeoch PD, Rosar W. Sexual and food preference in apotemnophilia and anorexia: interactions between 'beliefs' and 'needs' regulated by two-way connections between body image and limbic structures. Perception. 2009; 38(5):775-7. PMID: 19662952.
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      57. McGeoch PD, Williams LE, Song T, Lee RR, Huang M, Ramachandran V. Post-stroke tactile allodynia and its modulation by vestibular stimulation: a MEG case study. Acta Neurol Scand. 2009 Jun; 119(6):404-9. PMID: 18853944.
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      58. Ramachandran V, Brang D. Tactile-emotion synesthesia. Neurocase. 2008; 14(5):390-9. PMID: 18821168.
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      59. Brang D, McGeoch PD, Ramachandran V. Apotemnophilia: a neurological disorder. Neuroreport. 2008 Aug 27; 19(13):1305-6. PMID: 18695512.
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      60. McGeoch PD, Williams LE, Lee RR, Ramachandran V. Behavioural evidence for vestibular stimulation as a treatment for central post-stroke pain. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2008 Nov; 79(11):1298-301. PMID: 18550629.
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      61. McGeoch PD, Ramachandran V. Vestibular stimulation can relieve central pain of spinal origin. Spinal Cord. 2008 Nov; 46(11):756-7. PMID: 18521097.
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      62. Brang D, Edwards L, Ramachandran V, Coulson S. Is the sky 2? Contextual priming in grapheme-color synaesthesia. Psychol Sci. 2008 May; 19(5):421-8. PMID: 18466400.
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      63. Ramachandran V, Rogers-Ramachandran D. Sensations referred to a patient's phantom arm from another subjects intact arm: perceptual correlates of mirror neurons. Med Hypotheses. 2008; 70(6):1233-4. PMID: 18329821.
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      64. Oberman LM, Ramachandran V, Pineda JA. Modulation of mu suppression in children with autism spectrum disorders in response to familiar or unfamiliar stimuli: the mirror neuron hypothesis. Neuropsychologia. 2008 Apr; 46(5):1558-65. PMID: 18304590.
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      65. Oberman LM, Ramachandran V. Preliminary evidence for deficits in multisensory integration in autism spectrum disorders: the mirror neuron hypothesis. Soc Neurosci. 2008; 3(3-4):348-55. PMID: 18979385.
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      66. Brang D, Ramachandran V. Psychopharmacology of synesthesia; the role of serotonin S2a receptor activation. Med Hypotheses. 2008; 70(4):903-4. PMID: 17980498.
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      67. McGeoch PD, Brang D, Ramachandran V. Apraxia, metaphor and mirror neurons. Med Hypotheses. 2007; 69(6):1165-8. PMID: 17604567.
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      68. Ramachandran V, McGeoch PD, Williams L, Arcilla G. Rapid relief of thalamic pain syndrome induced by vestibular caloric stimulation. Neurocase. 2007 Jun; 13(3):185-8. PMID: 17786778.
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      69. Altschuler EL, Ramachandran V, Ravi VS. Verifiable cases of repressed memories. Psychol Med. 2007 Jul; 37(7):1067; author reply 1067-8. PMID: 17493299.
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      70. Ramachandran V, McGeoch PD. Occurrence of phantom genitalia after gender reassignment surgery. Med Hypotheses. 2007; 69(5):1001-3. PMID: 17420102.
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      71. Oberman LM, Ramachandran V. The simulating social mind: the role of the mirror neuron system and simulation in the social and communicative deficits of autism spectrum disorders. Psychol Bull. 2007 Mar; 133(2):310-27. PMID: 17338602.
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      72. Oberman LM, Pineda JA, Ramachandran V. The human mirror neuron system: a link between action observation and social skills. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2007 Mar; 2(1):62-6. PMID: 18985120.
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      73. Altschuler EL, Altschuler BM, Altschuler DL, Samber D, Ramachandran V. "Stroop concordant" coloring of letters for remediation of dyslexia. Med Hypotheses. 2007; 69(2):381-2. PMID: 17321062.
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      74. Ramachandran V, McGeoch PD, Williams L. Can vestibular caloric stimulation be used to treat Dejerine-Roussy Syndrome? Med Hypotheses. 2007; 69(3):486-8. PMID: 17321064.
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      75. Ramachandran V, McGeoch P. Can vestibular caloric stimulation be used to treat apotemnophilia? Med Hypotheses. 2007; 69(2):250-2. PMID: 17292561.
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      76. Altschuler EL, Ramachandran V. A simple method to stand outside oneself. Perception. 2007; 36(4):632-4. PMID: 17564206.
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      77. Oberman LM, Winkielman P, Ramachandran V. Face to face: blocking facial mimicry can selectively impair recognition of emotional expressions. Soc Neurosci. 2007; 2(3-4):167-78. PMID: 18633815.
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      78. Pashler H, Ramachandran V, Becker MW. Attending to a misoriented word causes the eyeball to rotate in the head. Psychon Bull Rev. 2006 Dec; 13(6):954-7. PMID: 17484418.
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      79. Ramachandran V, Oberman LM. Broken mirrors: a theory of autism. Sci Am. 2006 Nov; 295(5):62-9. PMID: 17076085.
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      80. Altschuler EL, Multari A, Hirstein W, Ramachandran V. Situational therapy for Wernicke's aphasia. Med Hypotheses. 2006; 67(4):713-6. PMID: 16740368.
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      81. Hubbard EM, Manohar S, Ramachandran V. Contrast affects the strength of synesthetic colors. Cortex. 2006 Feb; 42(2):184-94. PMID: 16683492.
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      82. Ramachandran V, Azoulai S. Synesthetically induced colors evoke apparent-motion perception. Perception. 2006; 35(11):1557-60. PMID: 17286123.
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      83. Altschuler EL, Ramachandran V. Can you do this? Extremely difficult interbodypart coordination tasks and implications for central limitations on control of coordination. Perception. 2006; 35(2):281-3. PMID: 16583771.
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      84. Hubbard EM, Ramachandran V. Neurocognitive mechanisms of synesthesia. Neuron. 2005 Nov 3; 48(3):509-20. PMID: 16269367.
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      85. Oberman LM, Hubbard EM, McCleery JP, Altschuler EL, Ramachandran V, Pineda JA. EEG evidence for mirror neuron dysfunction in autism spectrum disorders. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2005 Jul; 24(2):190-8. PMID: 15993757.
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      86. Ramachandran V. Plasticity and functional recovery in neurology. Clin Med. 2005 Jul-Aug; 5(4):368-73. PMID: 16138492.
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      87. Hubbard EM, Arman AC, Ramachandran V, Boynton GM. Individual differences among grapheme-color synesthetes: brain-behavior correlations. Neuron. 2005 Mar 24; 45(6):975-85. PMID: 15797557.
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      88. Ramachandran V. The astonishing Francis Crick. Perception. 2004; 33(10):1151-4. PMID: 15693661.
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      89. Armel KC, Ramachandran V. Projecting sensations to external objects: evidence from skin conductance response. Proc Biol Sci. 2003 Jul 22; 270(1523):1499-506. PMID: 12965016; PMCID: PMC1691405.
      90. Anderson JC, Baddeley RJ, Osorio D, Shashar N, Tyler CW, Ramachandran V, Crook AC, Hanlon RT. Modular organization of adaptive colouration in flounder and cuttlefish revealed by independent component analysis. Network. 2003 May; 14(2):321-33. PMID: 12790187.
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      91. Ramachandran V, Hubbard EM. Hearing colors, tasting shapes. Sci Am. 2003 May; 288(5):52-9. PMID: 12701330.
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      92. Hirstein W, Iversen P, Ramachandran V. Autonomic responses of autistic children to people and objects. Proc Biol Sci. 2001 Sep 22; 268(1479):1883-8. PMID: 11564343; PMCID: PMC1088823.
      93. Ramachandran V, Hubbard EM. Psychophysical investigations into the neural basis of synaesthesia. Proc Biol Sci. 2001 May 7; 268(1470):979-83. PMID: 11370973; PMCID: PMC1088697.
      94. Ramachandran V, Rogers-Ramachandran D. Phantom limbs and neural plasticity. Arch Neurol. 2000 Mar; 57(3):317-20. PMID: 10714655.
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      95. Altschuler EL, Wisdom SB, Stone L, Foster C, Galasko D, Llewellyn DM, Ramachandran V. Rehabilitation of hemiparesis after stroke with a mirror. Lancet. 1999 Jun 12; 353(9169):2035-6. PMID: 10376620.
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      96. Ramachandran V, Altschuler EL, Stone L, Al-Aboudi M, Schwartz E, Siva N. Can mirrors alleviate visual hemineglect? Med Hypotheses. 1999 Apr; 52(4):303-5. PMID: 10465667.
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      97. Ramachandran V. Consciousness and body image: lessons from phantom limbs, Capgras syndrome and pain asymbolia. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1998 Nov 29; 353(1377):1851-9. PMID: 9854257; PMCID: PMC1692421.
      98. Ramachandran V, Armel C, Foster C, Stoddard R. Object recognition can drive motion perception. Nature. 1998 Oct 29; 395(6705):852-3. PMID: 9804417.
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      99. Ramachandran V. The neurology and evolution of humor, laughter, and smiling: the false alarm theory. Med Hypotheses. 1998 Oct; 51(4):351-4. PMID: 9824844.
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      100. Franz EA, Ramachandran V. Bimanual coupling in amputees with phantom limbs. Nat Neurosci. 1998 Oct; 1(6):443-4. PMID: 10196540.
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      101. Ramachandran V, Hirstein W. The perception of phantom limbs. The D. O. Hebb lecture. Brain. 1998 Sep; 121 ( Pt 9):1603-30. PMID: 9762952.
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      102. Borsook D, Becerra L, Fishman S, Edwards A, Jennings CL, Stojanovic M, Papinicolas L, Ramachandran V, Gonzalez RG, Breiter H. Acute plasticity in the human somatosensory cortex following amputation. Neuroreport. 1998 Apr 20; 9(6):1013-7. PMID: 9601659.
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      103. Rogers-Ramachandran DC, Ramachandran V. Psychophysical evidence for boundary and surface systems in human vision. Vision Res. 1998 Jan; 38(1):71-7. PMID: 9474377.
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      104. Ramachandran V, Altschuler EL, Hillyer S. Mirror agnosia. Proc Biol Sci. 1997 May 22; 264(1382):645-7. PMID: 9178535; PMCID: PMC1688417.
      105. Hirstein W, Ramachandran V. Capgras syndrome: a novel probe for understanding the neural representation of the identity and familiarity of persons. Proc Biol Sci. 1997 Mar 22; 264(1380):437-44. PMID: 9107057; PMCID: PMC1688258.
      106. Ramachandran V. Why do gentlemen prefer blondes? Med Hypotheses. 1997 Jan; 48(1):19-20. PMID: 9049984.
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      107. Tovee MJ, Rolls ET, Ramachandran V. Rapid visual learning in neurones of the primate temporal visual cortex. Neuroreport. 1996 Nov 4; 7(15-17):2757-60. PMID: 8981462.
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      108. Ramachandran V. The evolutionary biology of self-deception, laughter, dreaming and depression: some clues from anosognosia. Med Hypotheses. 1996 Nov; 47(5):347-62. PMID: 8951799.
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      109. Ramachandran V, Rogers-Ramachandran D. Denial of disabilities in anosognosia. Nature. 1996 Aug 8; 382(6591):501. PMID: 8700222.
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      110. Ramachandran V. Short note: on the unpleasantness of certain harsh sounds. Med Hypotheses. 1996 May; 46(5):487. PMID: 8735890.
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      111. Ramachandran V, Rogers-Ramachandran D. Synaesthesia in phantom limbs induced with mirrors. Proc Biol Sci. 1996 Apr 22; 263(1369):377-86. PMID: 8637922.
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      112. Ramachandran V, Tyler CW, Gregory RL, Rogers-Ramachandran D, Duensing S, Pillsbury C, Ramachandran C. Rapid adaptive camouflage in tropical flounders. Nature. 1996 Feb 29; 379(6568):815-8. PMID: 8587602.
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      113. Ramachandran V. Motion capture and visual attention: comments on Culham and Cavanagh (1994) Vision Res. 1996 Jan; 36(1):77-80. PMID: 8746244.
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      114. Ramachandran V. What neurological syndromes can tell us about human nature: some lessons from phantom limbs, capgras syndrome, and anosognosia. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 1996; 61:115-34. PMID: 9246441.
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      115. Ramachandran V, Rogers-Ramachandran D, Cobb S. Touching the phantom limb. Nature. 1995 Oct 12; 377(6549):489-90. PMID: 7566144.
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      116. Ramachandran V. Anosognosia in parietal lobe syndrome. Conscious Cogn. 1995 Mar; 4(1):22-51. PMID: 7497101.
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      117. Ramachandran V, Cobb S. Visual attention modulates metacontrast masking. Nature. 1995 Jan 5; 373(6509):66-8. PMID: 7800040.
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      118. Ramachandran V. Filling in gaps in logic: reply to Durgin et al. Perception. 1995; 24(7):841-5. PMID: 8710444.
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      119. Ramachandran V, Ruskin D, Cobb S, Rogers-Ramachandran D, Tyler CW. On the perception of illusory contours. Vision Res. 1994 Dec; 34(23):3145-52. PMID: 7975347.
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      120. Ramachandran V, Cobb S, Levi L. Monocular double vision in strabismus. Neuroreport. 1994 Jul 21; 5(12):1418. PMID: 7948826.
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      121. Ramachandran V, Cobb S, Levi L. The neural locus of binocular rivalry and monocular diplopia in intermittent exotropes. Neuroreport. 1994 May 9; 5(9):1141-4. PMID: 8080975.
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