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Brian Ilfeld

TitleProfessor In Residence
InstitutionUniversity of California San Diego
DepartmentAnesthesiology
Address9500 Gilman Drive #0898
La Jolla CA 92093
Phone858-822-2171
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    Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Peripheral Nerve Stimulation: A Non-Pharmacologic Alternative for the Treatment of Postoperative Pain
    Department of Defense Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs, NIH-DoD-VA Pain Management Collaboratory—Pragmatic Clinical Trials Demonstration Projects (UG3/UH3) NH170005May 1, 2018 - Apr 30, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Role Description: $6,971,337
    Improving Postamputation Functioning by Decreasing Phantom Limb Pain and Opioid Use With Perioperative Continuous Peripheral Nerve Blocks: A Multicenter RCT
    Department of Defense Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs, Peer Reviewed Orthopaedic Research Program (PRORP) W81XWH-17-1-0671Sep 30, 2017 - Sep 29, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Role Description: $2,847,215
    Cryoanalgesia to Treat Post-Amputation Phantom Limb Pain: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Masked, Placebo-Controlled, Definitive Human Subjects Clinical Trial
    Department of Defense Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs, Peer Reviewed Medical Research Program (PRMRP) W81XWH-17-2-0051Sep 30, 2017 - Sep 29, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Role Description: $3,950,572
    Treating Intractable Post-Amputation Phantom Limb Pain with Ambulatory Continuous Peripheral Nerve Blocks
    Department of Defense Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs Defense Medical Research and Development Program W81XWH-13-2-009Jan 25, 2012 - Dec 24, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Role Description: $2,617,000
    Perineural Anesthetic Infusion After Joint Replacement
    NIH/NIGMS K23GM077026Aug 1, 2005 - Jul 31, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Gabriel RA, Finneran JJ, Trescot AM, Ilfeld BM. Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Cryoneurolysis for Postoperative Analgesia After Limb Amputation: A Case Series. A A Pract. 2018 Sep 18. PMID: 30234513.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Ilfeld BM, Said ET, Finneran JJ, Sztain JF, Abramson WB, Gabriel RA, Khatibi B, Swisher MW, Jaeger P, Covey DC, Robertson CM. Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Peripheral Nerve Stimulation: Neuromodulation of the Femoral Nerve for Postoperative Analgesia Following Ambulatory Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Proof of Concept Study. Neuromodulation. 2018 Aug 30. PMID: 30160335.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Ilfeld BM, Gabriel RA, Eisenach JC. Liposomal Bupivacaine Infiltration for Knee Arthroplasty: Significant Analgesic Benefits or Just a Bunch of Fat? Anesthesiology. 2018 Aug 13. PMID: 30102616.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Sztain JF, Finneran JJ, Monahan AM, Khatibi B, Nguyen PL, Madison SJ, Bellars RH, Gabriel RA, Ahmed SS, Schwartz AK, Kent WT, Donohue MC, Padwal JA, Ilfeld BM. Continuous Popliteal-Sciatic Blocks for Postoperative Analgesia: Traditional Proximal Catheter Insertion Superficial to the Paraneural Sheath Versus a New Distal Insertion Site Deep to the Paraneural Sheath. Anesth Analg. 2018 Aug 09. PMID: 30096081.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Ilfeld BM, Ball ST, Gabriel RA, Sztain JF, Monahan AM, Abramson WB, Khatibi B, Said ET, Parekh J, Grant SA, Wongsarnpigoon A, Boggs JW. A Feasibility Study of Percutaneous Peripheral Nerve Stimulation for the Treatment of Postoperative Pain Following Total Knee Arthroplasty. Neuromodulation. 2018 Jul 19. PMID: 30024078.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Gabriel RA, Ilfeld BM. Novel Methodologies in Regional Anesthesia for Knee Arthroplasty. Anesthesiol Clin. 2018 Sep; 36(3):387-401. PMID: 30092936.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Paulick M, Ilfeld BM, Finneran JJ. Ultrasound Evaluation Rules Out a Suspected Hematoma After Continuous Infraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2018 Jul; 43(5):562-563. PMID: 29927853.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Ilfeld BM, Gabriel RA, Said ET, Monahan AM, Sztain JF, Abramson WB, Khatibi B, Finneran JJ, Jaeger PT, Schwartz AK, Ahmed SS. Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Peripheral Nerve Stimulation: Neuromodulation of the Sciatic Nerve for Postoperative Analgesia Following Ambulatory Foot Surgery, a Proof-of-Concept Study. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2018 Jun 13. PMID: 29905630.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Jaeger P, Baggesgaard J, Sørensen JK, Ilfeld BM, Gottschau B, Graungaard B, Dahl JB, Odgaard A, Grevstad U. Adductor Canal Block With Continuous Infusion Versus Intermittent Boluses and Morphine Consumption: A Randomized, Blinded, Controlled Clinical Trial. Anesth Analg. 2018 Jun; 126(6):2069-2077. PMID: 29293181.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Elsharkawy H, Barnes T, Babazade R, Huarte M, Ali Sakr Esa W, Ilfeld BM. Preliminary experience with epidural and perineural catheter localization with Pulsed wave Doppler ultrasonography. Minerva Anestesiol. 2018 May 11. PMID: 29756696.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Sztain JF, Khatibi B, Monahan AM, Said ET, Abramson WB, Gabriel RA, Finneran JJ, Bellars RH, Nguyen PL, Ball ST, Gonzales FB, Ahmed SS, Donohue MC, Padwal JA, Ilfeld BM. Proximal Versus Distal Continuous Adductor Canal Blocks: Does Varying Perineural Catheter Location Influence Analgesia? A Randomized, Subject-Masked, Controlled Clinical Trial. Anesth Analg. 2018 May 09. PMID: 29750695.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Kopp SL, Børglum J, Buvanendran A, Horlocker TT, Ilfeld BM, Memtsoudis SG, Neal JM, Rawal N, Wegener JT. Anesthesia and Analgesia Practice Pathway Options for Total Knee Arthroplasty: An Evidence-Based Review by the American and European Societies of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2017 Nov/Dec; 42(6):683-697. PMID: 29053504.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Shellock FG, Zare A, Ilfeld BM, Chae J, Strother RB. In Vitro Magnetic Resonance Imaging Evaluation of Fragmented, Open-Coil, Percutaneous Peripheral Nerve Stimulation Leads. Neuromodulation. 2018 Apr; 21(3):276-283. PMID: 29057550.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Finneran JJ, Ilfeld BM, Sztain JF. Continuous Interscalene Block for Postoperative Analgesia and Shoulder Immobilization After Pectoralis Major Tendon Reinsertion: A Case Report. A A Case Rep. 2017 Sep 15; 9(6):175-177. PMID: 28542052.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Gabriel RA, Ilfeld BM. Use of Regional Anesthesia for Outpatient Surgery Within the United States: A Prevalence Study Using a Nationwide Database. Anesth Analg. 2017 Sep 14. PMID: 28922231.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Ilfeld BM, Liguori GA. Regional Anesthesia "Block Rooms": Should They Be Universal? Look to Goldilocks (and Her 3 Bears) for the Answer. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2017 Sep/Oct; 42(5):551-553. PMID: 28820800.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Gabriel RA, Finneran JJ, Asokan D, Trescot AM, Sandhu NS, Ilfeld BM. Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Cryoneurolysis for Acute Pain Management: A Case Report. A A Case Rep. 2017 Sep 01; 9(5):129-132. PMID: 28509777.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Ilfeld BM, Khatibi B. In Response. Anesth Analg. 2017 08; 125(2):711-713. PMID: 28661923.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Cheng GS, Ilfeld BM. An Evidence-Based Review of the Efficacy of Perioperative Analgesic Techniques for Breast Cancer-Related Surgery. Pain Med. 2017 Jul 01; 18(7):1344-1365. PMID: 27550949.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Ilfeld BM. Continuous Peripheral Nerve Blocks and Alternative Regional Analgesic Modalities: Clarification Regarding Relative Superiority. Anesth Analg. 2017 06; 124(6):2088. PMID: 28430691.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Ilfeld BM, McCartney CJL. Searching for the Optimal Pain Management Technique after Knee Arthroplasty: Analgesia Is Just the Tip of the Iceberg. Anesthesiology. 2017 05; 126(5):768-770. PMID: 28288053.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Khatibi B, Said ET, Sztain JF, Monahan AM, Gabriel RA, Furnish TJ, Tran JT, Donohue MC, Ilfeld BM. Continuous Transversus Abdominis Plane Nerve Blocks: Does Varying Local Anesthetic Delivery Method-Automatic Repeated Bolus Versus Continuous Basal Infusion-Influence the Extent of Sensation to Cold?: A Randomized, Triple-Masked, Crossover Study in Volunteers. Anesth Analg. 2017 04; 124(4):1298-1303. PMID: 28319550.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Finn DM, Ilfeld BM, Unkart JT, Madison SJ, Suresh PJ, Sandhu NPS, Kormylo NJ, Malhotra N, Loland VJ, Wallace MS, Wen CH, Morgan AC, Wallace AM. Post-mastectomy cancer recurrence with and without a continuous paravertebral block in the immediate postoperative period: a prospective multi-year follow-up pilot study of a randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled investigation. J Anesth. 2017 Jun; 31(3):374-379. PMID: 28364165.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Ilfeld BM, Gabriel RA, Trescot AM. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous cryoneurolysis providing postoperative analgesia lasting many weeks following a single administration: a replacement for continuous peripheral nerve blocks?: a case report. Korean J Anesthesiol. 2017 Oct; 70(5):567-570. PMID: 29046778.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Ilfeld BM, Gilmore CA, Grant SA, Bolognesi MP, Del Gaizo DJ, Wongsarnpigoon A, Boggs JW. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous peripheral nerve stimulation for analgesia following total knee arthroplasty: a prospective feasibility study. J Orthop Surg Res. 2017 Jan 13; 12(1):4. PMID: 28086940.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Ilfeld BM. Continuous Peripheral Nerve Blocks: An Update of the Published Evidence and Comparison With Novel, Alternative Analgesic Modalities. Anesth Analg. 2017 01; 124(1):308-335. PMID: 27749354.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Ilfeld BM, Grant SA, Gilmore CA, Chae J, Wilson RD, Wongsarnpigoon A, Boggs JW. Neurostimulation for Postsurgical Analgesia: A Novel System Enabling Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Peripheral Nerve Stimulation. Pain Pract. 2017 Sep; 17(7):892-901. PMID: 27910257.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Ilfeld BM, Gabriel RA, Saulino MF, Chae J, Peckham PH, Grant SA, Gilmore CA, Donohue MC, deBock MG, Wongsarnpigoon A, Boggs JW. Infection Rates of Electrical Leads Used for Percutaneous Neurostimulation of the Peripheral Nervous System. Pain Pract. 2017 Jul; 17(6):753-762. PMID: 27676323.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Ilfeld BM, Grant SA. Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Peripheral Nerve Stimulation for Postoperative Analgesia: Could Neurostimulation Replace Continuous Peripheral Nerve Blocks? Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2016 Nov/Dec; 41(6):720-722. PMID: 27685345.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Cheng GS, Ilfeld BM. A review of postoperative analgesia for breast cancer surgery. Pain Manag. 2016 Nov; 6(6):603-618. PMID: 27481184.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Grevstad U, Jæger P, Sørensen JK, Gottschau B, Ilfeld B, Ballegaard M, Hagelskjaer M, Dahl JB. The Effect of Local Anesthetic Volume Within the Adductor Canal on Quadriceps Femoris Function Evaluated by Electromyography: A Randomized, Observer- and Subject-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Study in Volunteers. Anesth Analg. 2016 08; 123(2):493-500. PMID: 27159069.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Unkart JT, Padwal JA, Ilfeld BM, Wallace AM. Treatment of Post-Latissimus Dorsi Flap Breast Reconstruction Pain With Continuous Paravertebral Nerve Blocks: A Retrospective Review. Anesth Pain Med. 2016 Oct; 6(5):e39476. PMID: 27847703.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Ilfeld BM, Preciado J, Trescot AM. Novel cryoneurolysis device for the treatment of sensory and motor peripheral nerves. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2016 Aug; 13(8):713-25. PMID: 27333989.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Hadzic A, Minkowitz HS, Melson TI, Berkowitz R, Uskova A, Ringold F, Lookabaugh J, Ilfeld BM. Liposome Bupivacaine Femoral Nerve Block for Postsurgical Analgesia after Total Knee Arthroplasty. Anesthesiology. 2016 Jun; 124(6):1372-83. PMID: 27035853.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Monahan AM, Madison SJ, Loland VJ, Sztain JF, Bishop ML, Sandhu NS, Bellars RH, Khatibi B, Schwartz AK, Ahmed SS, Donohue MC, Nomura ST, Wen CH, Ilfeld BM. Continuous Popliteal Sciatic Blocks: Does Varying Perineural Catheter Location Relative to the Sciatic Bifurcation Influence Block Effects? A Dual-Center, Randomized, Subject-Masked, Controlled Clinical Trial. Anesth Analg. 2016 May; 122(5):1689-95. PMID: 26962712; PMCID: PMC4840064 [Available on 05/01/17].
    36. Monahan AM, Sztain JF, Khatibi B, Furnish TJ, Jæger P, Sessler DI, Mascha EJ, You J, Wen CH, Nakanote KA, Ilfeld BM. Continuous Adductor Canal Blocks: Does Varying Local Anesthetic Delivery Method (Automatic Repeated Bolus Doses Versus Continuous Basal Infusion) Influence Cutaneous Analgesia and Quadriceps Femoris Strength? A Randomized, Double-Masked, Controlled, Split-Body Volunteer Study. Anesth Analg. 2016 May; 122(5):1681-8. PMID: 26863502.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Finn DM, Agarwal RR, Ilfeld BM, Madison SJ, Ball ST, Ferguson EJ, Morgan AC, Morris BA. Fall Risk Associated with Continuous Peripheral Nerve Blocks Following Knee and Hip Arthroplasty. Medsurg Nurs. 2016 Jan-Feb; 25(1):25-30, 49. PMID: 27044125.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Machi AT, Ilfeld BM. Continuous peripheral nerve blocks in the ambulatory setting: an update of the published evidence. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2015 Dec; 28(6):648-55. PMID: 26356291.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Ilfeld BM, Meunier MJ, Macario A. Ambulatory Continuous Peripheral Nerve Blocks and the Perioperative Surgical Home. Anesthesiology. 2015 Dec; 123(6):1224-6. PMID: 26488667.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Sztain JF, Machi AT, Kormylo NJ, Abramson WB, Madison SJ, Monahan AM, Khatibi B, Ball ST, Gonzales FB, Sessler DI, Mascha EJ, You J, Nakanote KA, Ilfeld BM. Continuous Adductor Canal Versus Continuous Femoral Nerve Blocks: Relative Effects on Discharge Readiness Following Unicompartment Knee Arthroplasty. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2015 Sep-Oct; 40(5):559-67. PMID: 26115189.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Ilfeld BM, Viscusi ER, Hadzic A, Minkowitz HS, Morren MD, Lookabaugh J, Joshi GP. Safety and Side Effect Profile of Liposome Bupivacaine (Exparel) in Peripheral Nerve Blocks. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2015 Sep-Oct; 40(5):572-82. PMID: 26204387.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Machi AT, Sztain JF, Kormylo NJ, Madison SJ, Abramson WB, Monahan AM, Khatibi B, Ball ST, Gonzales FB, Sessler DI, Mascha EJ, You J, Nakanote KA, Ilfeld BM. Discharge Readiness after Tricompartment Knee Arthroplasty: Adductor Canal versus Femoral Continuous Nerve Blocks-A Dual-center, Randomized Trial. Anesthesiology. 2015 Aug; 123(2):444-56. PMID: 26079800.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Agarwal RR, Wallace AM, Madison SJ, Morgan AC, Mascha EJ, Ilfeld BM. Single-injection thoracic paravertebral block and postoperative analgesia after mastectomy: a retrospective cohort study. J Clin Anesth. 2015 Aug; 27(5):371-4. PMID: 25957529; PMCID: PMC4467997.
    44. Ilfeld BM, Turan A, Ball ST. Not all "continuous femoral nerve blocks" are equivalent. J Arthroplasty. 2015 May; 30(5):896-7. PMID: 25496928.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Ilfeld BM, Madison SJ, Suresh PJ, Sandhu NS, Kormylo NJ, Malhotra N, Loland VJ, Wallace MS, Mascha EJ, Xu Z, Wen CH, Morgan AC, Wallace AM. Persistent postmastectomy pain and pain-related physical and emotional functioning with and without a continuous paravertebral nerve block: a prospective 1-year follow-up assessment of a randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled study. Ann Surg Oncol. 2015; 22(6):2017-25. PMID: 25413267.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Ilfeld BM. Single-injection and continuous femoral nerve blocks are associated with different risks of falling. Anesthesiology. 2014 Sep; 121(3):668-9. PMID: 25222685.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Heil JW, Nakanote KA, Madison SJ, Loland VJ, Mariano ER, Sandhu NS, Bishop ML, Agarwal RR, Proudfoot JA, Ferguson EJ, Morgan AC, Ilfeld BM. Continuous transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks for postoperative pain control after hernia surgery: a randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled study. Pain Med. 2014 Nov; 15(11):1957-64. PMID: 25138273.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Ilfeld BM, Madison SJ. Continuous paravertebral blocks for analgesia following mastectomy: the jury is still out. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2014 Jul-Aug; 39(4):355. PMID: 24949594.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Ilfeld BM, Madison SJ. Reply to Drs. Filip, Shankar, and Bigeleisen. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2014 Mar-Apr; 39(2):174-5. PMID: 24553307.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Ilfeld BM, Madison SJ, Suresh PJ, Sandhu NS, Kormylo NJ, Malhotra N, Loland VJ, Wallace MS, Proudfoot JA, Morgan AC, Wen CH, Wallace AM. Treatment of postmastectomy pain with ambulatory continuous paravertebral nerve blocks: a randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled study. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2014 Mar-Apr; 39(2):89-96. PMID: 24448512; PMCID: PMC3944096.
    51. Ilfeld BM, Madison SJ. Reply to Dr Price. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2013 Nov-Dec; 38(6):555-6. PMID: 24153046.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Ilfeld BM, Malhotra N, Furnish TJ, Donohue MC, Madison SJ. Liposomal bupivacaine as a single-injection peripheral nerve block: a dose-response study. Anesth Analg. 2013 Nov; 117(5):1248-56. PMID: 24108252; PMCID: PMC3808480.
    53. Ilfeld BM, Madison SJ. Reply to Drs Bloc, Rontes, Mercadal, and Delbos. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2013 Nov-Dec; 38(6):554-5. PMID: 24153044.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Ilfeld BM. Liposome bupivacaine in peripheral nerve blocks and epidural injections to manage postoperative pain. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2013 Dec; 14(17):2421-31. PMID: 24147423.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Madison SJ, Humsi J, Loland VJ, Suresh PJ, Sandhu NS, Bishop MJ, Donohue MC, Nie D, Ferguson EJ, Morgan AC, Ilfeld BM. Ultrasound-guided root/trunk (interscalene) block for hand and forearm anesthesia. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2013 May-Jun; 38(3):226-32. PMID: 23528646; PMCID: PMC3631428.
    56. Ilfeld BM, Moeller-Bertram T, Hanling SR, Tokarz K, Mariano ER, Loland VJ, Madison SJ, Ferguson EJ, Morgan AC, Wallace MS. Treating intractable phantom limb pain with ambulatory continuous peripheral nerve blocks: a pilot study. Pain Med. 2013 Jun; 14(6):935-42. PMID: 23489466; PMCID: PMC3696484.
    57. Malhotra N, Madison SJ, Ward SR, Mariano ER, Loland VJ, Ilfeld BM. Continuous interscalene nerve block following adhesive capsulitis manipulation. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2013 Mar-Apr; 38(2):171-2. PMID: 23423135; PMCID: PMC3578220.
    58. Ilfeld BM, Hadzic A. Walking the tightrope after knee surgery: optimizing postoperative analgesia while minimizing quadriceps weakness. Anesthesiology. 2013 Feb; 118(2):248-50. PMID: 23241724.
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    59. Ilfeld BM, Wu CL. Meta-analysis: somewhere between mega-silliness and the final word, but where? Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2012 Nov-Dec; 37(6):571-3. PMID: 23086346.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Yaksh TL, Ilfeld BM, Wiese AJ. Perineural local anesthetic and adjuvant action: the meaning of an ex vivo data set for efficacy and safety. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2012 Jul-Aug; 37(4):366-8. PMID: 22660488.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Ilfeld BM, Loland VJ, Sandhu NS, Suresh PJ, Bishop MJ, Donohue MC, Ferguson EJ, Madison SJ. Continuous femoral nerve blocks: the impact of catheter tip location relative to the femoral nerve (anterior versus posterior) on quadriceps weakness and cutaneous sensory block. Anesth Analg. 2012 Sep; 115(3):721-7. PMID: 22745116; PMCID: PMC3425725.
    62. Bauer M, Wang L, Onibonoje OK, Parrett C, Sessler DI, Mounir-Soliman L, Zaky S, Krebs V, Buller LT, Donohue MC, Stevens-Lapsley JE, Ilfeld BM. Continuous femoral nerve blocks: decreasing local anesthetic concentration to minimize quadriceps femoris weakness. Anesthesiology. 2012 Mar; 116(3):665-72. PMID: 22293719; PMCID: PMC3288409.
    63. McGraw RP, Ilfeld BM. Toward outpatient arthroplasty: accelerating discharge with ambulatory continuous peripheral nerve blocks. Int Anesthesiol Clin. 2012; 50(1):111-25. PMID: 22227427.
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    64. Fredrickson MJ, Ilfeld BM. Prospective trial registration for clinical research: what is it, what is it good for, and why do I care? Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2011 Nov-Dec; 36(6):619-24. PMID: 21989152.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Charous MT, Madison SJ, Suresh PJ, Sandhu NS, Loland VJ, Mariano ER, Donohue MC, Dutton PH, Ferguson EJ, Ilfeld BM. Continuous femoral nerve blocks: varying local anesthetic delivery method (bolus versus basal) to minimize quadriceps motor block while maintaining sensory block. Anesthesiology. 2011 Oct; 115(4):774-81. PMID: 21394001; PMCID: PMC3116995.
    66. Ilfeld BM, Madison SJ. The sciatic nerve and knee arthroplasty: to block, or not to block--that is the question. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2011 Sep-Oct; 36(5):421-3. PMID: 21897177.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Ilfeld BM. Continuous peripheral nerve blocks: a review of the published evidence. Anesth Analg. 2011 Oct; 113(4):904-25. PMID: 21821511.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Ilfeld BM. Continuous peripheral nerve blocks in the hospital and at home. Anesthesiol Clin. 2011 Jun; 29(2):193-211. PMID: 21620338.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Ilfeld BM, Sandhu NS, Loland VJ, Madison SJ, Suresh PJ, Mariano ER, Bishop ML, Schwartz AK, Lee DK. Ultrasound-guided (needle-in-plane) perineural catheter insertion: the effect of catheter-insertion distance on postoperative analgesia. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2011 May-Jun; 36(3):261-5. PMID: 21519311; PMCID: PMC3085850.
    70. Ilfeld BM, Mariano ER, Madison SJ, Loland VJ, Sandhu NS, Suresh PJ, Bishop ML, Kim TE, Donohue MC, Kulidjian AA, Ball ST. Continuous femoral versus posterior lumbar plexus nerve blocks for analgesia after hip arthroplasty: a randomized, controlled study. Anesth Analg. 2011 Oct; 113(4):897-903. PMID: 21467563; PMCID: PMC3132825.
    71. Ilfeld BM, Shuster JJ, Theriaque DW, Mariano ER, Girard PJ, Loland VJ, Meyer S, Donovan JF, Pugh GA, Le LT, Sessler DI, Ball ST. Long-term pain, stiffness, and functional disability after total knee arthroplasty with and without an extended ambulatory continuous femoral nerve block: a prospective, 1-year follow-up of a multicenter, randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled trial. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2011 Mar-Apr; 36(2):116-20. PMID: 21425510; PMCID: PMC3073537.
    72. Mariano ER, Sandhu NS, Loland VJ, Bishop ML, Madison SJ, Abrams RA, Meunier MJ, Ferguson EJ, Ilfeld BM. A randomized comparison of infraclavicular and supraclavicular continuous peripheral nerve blocks for postoperative analgesia. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2011 Jan-Feb; 36(1):26-31. PMID: 21455085.
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    73. Ilfeld BM, Mariano ER. Evaluating clinical research and bloodletting. (Seriously). Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2010 Nov-Dec; 35(6):488-9. PMID: 20975460.
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    74. Hadzic A, Houle TT, Capdevila X, Ilfeld BM. Femoral nerve block for analgesia in patients having knee arthroplasty. Anesthesiology. 2010 Nov; 113(5):1014-5. PMID: 20881593.
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    75. Heil JW, Ilfeld BM, Loland VJ, Sandhu NS, Mariano ER. Ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane catheters and ambulatory perineural infusions for outpatient inguinal hernia repair. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2010 Nov-Dec; 35(6):556-8. PMID: 20975474.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Ilfeld BM, Duke KB, Donohue MC. The association between lower extremity continuous peripheral nerve blocks and patient falls after knee and hip arthroplasty. Anesth Analg. 2010 Dec; 111(6):1552-4. PMID: 20889937; PMCID: PMC3271722.
    77. Heil JW, Ilfeld BM, Loland VJ, Mariano ER. Preliminary experience with a novel ultrasound-guided supraclavicular perineural catheter insertion technique for perioperative analgesia of the upper extremity. J Ultrasound Med. 2010 Oct; 29(10):1481-5. PMID: 20876903.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Mariano ER, Loland VJ, Sandhu NS, Bishop ML, Lee DK, Schwartz AK, Girard PJ, Ferguson EJ, Ilfeld BM. Comparative efficacy of ultrasound-guided and stimulating popliteal-sciatic perineural catheters for postoperative analgesia. Can J Anaesth. 2010 Oct; 57(10):919-26. PMID: 20700680; PMCID: PMC2937147.
    79. Ilfeld BM, Mariano ER, Girard PJ, Loland VJ, Meyer RS, Donovan JF, Pugh GA, Le LT, Sessler DI, Shuster JJ, Theriaque DW, Ball ST. A multicenter, randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled trial of the effect of ambulatory continuous femoral nerve blocks on discharge-readiness following total knee arthroplasty in patients on general orthopaedic wards. Pain. 2010 Sep; 150(3):477-84. PMID: 20573448; PMCID: PMC2921457.
    80. Ilfeld BM, Loland VJ, Mariano ER. Prepuncture ultrasound imaging to predict transverse process and lumbar plexus depth for psoas compartment block and perineural catheter insertion: a prospective, observational study. Anesth Analg. 2010 Jun 01; 110(6):1725-8. PMID: 20385611.
      View in: PubMed
    81. Mariano ER, Loland VJ, Sandhu NS, Bishop ML, Meunier MJ, Afra R, Ferguson EJ, Ilfeld BM. A trainee-based randomized comparison of stimulating interscalene perineural catheters with a new technique using ultrasound guidance alone. J Ultrasound Med. 2010 Mar; 29(3):329-36. PMID: 20194929.
      View in: PubMed
    82. Ilfeld BM, Fredrickson MJ, Mariano ER. Ultrasound-guided perineural catheter insertion: three approaches but few illuminating data. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2010 Mar-Apr; 35(2):123-6. PMID: 20216031; PMCID: PMC2919365.
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    88. Ilfeld BM, Ball ST, Gearen PF, Mariano ER, Le LT, Vandenborne K, Duncan PW, Sessler DI, Enneking FK, Shuster JJ, Maldonado RC, Meyer RS. Health-related quality of life after hip arthroplasty with and without an extended-duration continuous posterior lumbar plexus nerve block: a prospective, 1-year follow-up of a randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled study. Anesth Analg. 2009 Aug; 109(2):586-91. PMID: 19608835; PMCID: PMC2725431.
    89. Loland VJ, Ilfeld BM, Abrams RA, Mariano ER. Ultrasound-guided perineural catheter and local anesthetic infusion in the perioperative management of pediatric limb salvage: a case report. Paediatr Anaesth. 2009 Sep; 19(9):905-7. PMID: 19650843.
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    90. Mariano ER, Watson D, Loland VJ, Chu LF, Cheng GS, Mehta SH, Maldonado RC, Ilfeld BM. Bilateral infraorbital nerve blocks decrease postoperative pain but do not reduce time to discharge following outpatient nasal surgery. Can J Anaesth. 2009 Aug; 56(8):584-9. PMID: 19475468.
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    91. Mariano ER, Afra R, Loland VJ, Sandhu NS, Bellars RH, Bishop ML, Cheng GS, Choy LP, Maldonado RC, Ilfeld BM. Continuous interscalene brachial plexus block via an ultrasound-guided posterior approach: a randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled study. Anesth Analg. 2009 May; 108(5):1688-94. PMID: 19372355; PMCID: PMC2745838.
    92. Ilfeld BM, Meyer RS, Le LT, Mariano ER, Williams BA, Vandenborne K, Duncan PW, Sessler DI, Enneking FK, Shuster JJ, Maldonado RC, Gearen PF. Health-related quality of life after tricompartment knee arthroplasty with and without an extended-duration continuous femoral nerve block: a prospective, 1-year follow-up of a randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled study. Anesth Analg. 2009 Apr; 108(4):1320-5. PMID: 19299806; PMCID: PMC2701222.
    93. Neal JM, Gerancher JC, Hebl JR, Ilfeld BM, McCartney CJ, Franco CD, Hogan QH. Upper extremity regional anesthesia: essentials of our current understanding, 2008. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2009 Mar-Apr; 34(2):134-70. PMID: 19282714; PMCID: PMC2779737.
    94. Ilfeld BM, Yaksh TL. The end of postoperative pain--a fast-approaching possibility? And, if so, will we be ready? Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2009 Mar-Apr; 34(2):85-7. PMID: 19282704.
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    95. Ilfeld BM, Le LT, Ramjohn J, Loland VJ, Wadhwa AN, Gerancher JC, Renehan EM, Sessler DI, Shuster JJ, Theriaque DW, Maldonado RC, Mariano ER. The effects of local anesthetic concentration and dose on continuous infraclavicular nerve blocks: a multicenter, randomized, observer-masked, controlled study. Anesth Analg. 2009 Jan; 108(1):345-50. PMID: 19095871; PMCID: PMC2745828.
    96. Mariano ER, Loland VJ, Ilfeld BM. Interscalene perineural catheter placement using an ultrasound-guided posterior approach. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2009 Jan-Feb; 34(1):60-3. PMID: 19258989; PMCID: PMC2743892.
    97. Le LT, Loland VJ, Mariano ER, Gerancher JC, Wadhwa AN, Renehan EM, Sessler DI, Shuster JJ, Theriaque DW, Maldonado RC, Ilfeld BM. Effects of local anesthetic concentration and dose on continuous interscalene nerve blocks: a dual-center, randomized, observer-masked, controlled study. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2008 Nov-Dec; 33(6):518-25. PMID: 19258966; PMCID: PMC2711692.
    98. Ilfeld BM, Ball ST, Gearen PF, Le LT, Mariano ER, Vandenborne K, Duncan PW, Sessler DI, Enneking FK, Shuster JJ, Theriaque DW, Meyer RS. Ambulatory continuous posterior lumbar plexus nerve blocks after hip arthroplasty: a dual-center, randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled trial. Anesthesiology. 2008 Sep; 109(3):491-501. PMID: 18719448; PMCID: PMC2590635.
    99. Cheng GS, Choy LP, Ilfeld BM. Regional anesthesia at home. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2008 Aug; 21(4):488-93. PMID: 18660659; PMCID: PMC2745079.
    100. Ilfeld BM, Wright TW, Sessler DI, Chmielewski TL. Valid and relevant outcome measures are critical for objective hypothesis-testing. Anesth Analg. 2008 Aug; 107(2):722; author reply 722-3. PMID: 18633057.
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    101. Ilfeld BM, Loland VJ, Gerancher JC, Wadhwa AN, Renehan EM, Sessler DI, Shuster JJ, Theriaque DW, Maldonado RC, Mariano ER. The effects of varying local anesthetic concentration and volume on continuous popliteal sciatic nerve blocks: a dual-center, randomized, controlled study. Anesth Analg. 2008 Aug; 107(2):701-7. PMID: 18633055; PMCID: PMC2585804.
    102. Mariano ER, Ilfeld BM, Cheng GS, Nicodemus HF, Suresh S. Feasibility of ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve block catheters for pain control on pediatric medical missions in developing countries. Paediatr Anaesth. 2008 Jul; 18(7):598-601. PMID: 18482232; PMCID: PMC2745103.
    103. Ilfeld BM, Le LT, Meyer RS, Mariano ER, Vandenborne K, Duncan PW, Sessler DI, Enneking FK, Shuster JJ, Theriaque DW, Berry LF, Spadoni EH, Gearen PF. Ambulatory continuous femoral nerve blocks decrease time to discharge readiness after tricompartment total knee arthroplasty: a randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled study. Anesthesiology. 2008 Apr; 108(4):703-13. PMID: 18362603; PMCID: PMC2643303.
    104. Shuster JJ, Theriaque DW, Ilfeld BM. Applying Hodges-Lehmann scale parameter estimates to hospital discharge times. Clin Trials. 2008; 5(6):631-4. PMID: 19029215; PMCID: PMC2745104.
    105. Ilfeld BM, Yaksh TL, Neal JM. Mandating two-year regional anesthesia fellowships: fanning the academic flame or extinguishing it? Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2007 Jul-Aug; 32(4):275-9. PMID: 17720109; PMCID: PMC2048748.
    106. Ilfeld BM, Mariano ER, Neal JM. Conflicting results in clinical research: is the proof in the P value, the study design, or the pudding? Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2007 May-Jun; 32(3):179-82. PMID: 17543810; PMCID: PMC1950781.
    107. Mariano ER, Ilfeld BM, Neal JM. "Going fishing"--the practice of reporting secondary outcomes as separate studies. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2007 May-Jun; 32(3):183-5. PMID: 17543811.
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    108. Ilfeld BM, Mariano ER, Williams BA, Woodard JN, Macario A. Hospitalization costs of total knee arthroplasty with a continuous femoral nerve block provided only in the hospital versus on an ambulatory basis: a retrospective, case-control, cost-minimization analysis. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2007 Jan-Feb; 32(1):46-54. PMID: 17196492; PMCID: PMC1986758.
    109. Ilfeld BM, Vandenborne K, Duncan PW, Sessler DI, Enneking FK, Shuster JJ, Theriaque DW, Chmielewski TL, Spadoni EH, Wright TW. Ambulatory continuous interscalene nerve blocks decrease the time to discharge readiness after total shoulder arthroplasty: a randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled study. Anesthesiology. 2006 Nov; 105(5):999-1007. PMID: 17065895.
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    110. Ilfeld BM. Informed consent for medical research: an ethical imperative. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2006 Jul-Aug; 31(4):353-7. PMID: 16857555.
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    111. Ilfeld BM, Wright TW, Enneking FK, Vandenborne K. Total elbow arthroplasty as an outpatient procedure using a continuous infraclavicular nerve block at home: a prospective case report. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2006 Mar-Apr; 31(2):172-6. PMID: 16543104.
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    112. Ilfeld BM, Gearen PF, Enneking FK, Berry LF, Spadoni EH, George SZ, Vandenborne K. Total hip arthroplasty as an overnight-stay procedure using an ambulatory continuous psoas compartment nerve block: a prospective feasibility study. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2006 Mar-Apr; 31(2):113-8. PMID: 16543096.
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    113. Ilfeld BM, Gearen PF, Enneking FK, Berry LF, Spadoni EH, George SZ, Vandenborne K. Total knee arthroplasty as an overnight-stay procedure using continuous femoral nerve blocks at home: a prospective feasibility study. Anesth Analg. 2006 Jan; 102(1):87-90. PMID: 16368810.
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    114. Ilfeld BM, Wright TW, Enneking FK, Mace JA, Shuster JJ, Spadoni EH, Chmielewski TL, Vandenborne K. Total shoulder arthroplasty as an outpatient procedure using ambulatory perineural local anesthetic infusion: a pilot feasibility study. Anesth Analg. 2005 Nov; 101(5):1319-22. PMID: 16243987.
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    115. Ilfeld BM, Wright TW, Enneking FK, Morey TE. Joint range of motion after total shoulder arthroplasty with and without a continuous interscalene nerve block: a retrospective, case-control study. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2005 Sep-Oct; 30(5):429-33. PMID: 16135346.
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    116. Ilfeld BM, Enneking FK. Continuous peripheral nerve blocks at home: a review. Anesth Analg. 2005 Jun; 100(6):1822-33. PMID: 15920221.
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    117. Ilfeld BM, Morey TE, Thannikary LJ, Wright TW, Enneking FK. Clonidine added to a continuous interscalene ropivacaine perineural infusion to improve postoperative analgesia: a randomized, double-blind, controlled study. Anesth Analg. 2005 Apr; 100(4):1172-8. PMID: 15781540.
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    118. Gerancher JC, Viscusi ER, Liguori GA, McCartney CJ, Williams BA, Ilfeld BM, Grant SA, Hebl JR, Hadzic A. Development of a standardized peripheral nerve block procedure note form. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2005 Jan-Feb; 30(1):67-71. PMID: 15690271.
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    119. Ilfeld BM, Thannikary LJ, Morey TE, Vander Griend RA, Enneking FK. Popliteal sciatic perineural local anesthetic infusion: a comparison of three dosing regimens for postoperative analgesia. Anesthesiology. 2004 Oct; 101(4):970-7. PMID: 15448531.
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    120. Ilfeld BM, Smith DW, Enneking FK. Continuous regional analgesia following ambulatory pediatric orthopedic surgery. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2004 Aug; 33(8):405-8. PMID: 15379237.
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    121. Ilfeld BM, Morey TE, Enneking FK. New portable infusion pumps: real advantages or just more of the same in a different package? Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2004 Jul-Aug; 29(4):371-6. PMID: 15305260.
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    122. Ilfeld BM, Morey TE, Enneking FK. Infraclavicular perineural local anesthetic infusion: a comparison of three dosing regimens for postoperative analgesia. Anesthesiology. 2004 Feb; 100(2):395-402. PMID: 14739817.
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    123. Ilfeld BM, Morey TE, Wright TW, Chidgey LK, Enneking FK. Interscalene perineural ropivacaine infusion:a comparison of two dosing regimens for postoperative analgesia. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2004 Jan-Feb; 29(1):9-16. PMID: 14727272.
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    124. Ilfeld BM. Paraverbal approach to the brachial plexus. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2003 Nov-Dec; 28(6):581-2; author reply 583-5. PMID: 14679995.
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    125. Ilfeld BM, Morey TE, Enneking FK. Portable infusion pumps used for continuous regional analgesia: delivery rate accuracy and consistency. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2003 Sep-Oct; 28(5):424-32. PMID: 14556133.
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    126. Ilfeld BM, Esener DE, Morey TE, Enneking FK. Ambulatory perineural infusion: the patients' perspective. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2003 Sep-Oct; 28(5):418-23. PMID: 14556132.
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    127. Ilfeld BM, Morey TE. Use of term "patient-controlled" may be confusing in study of elastometric pump. Anesth Analg. 2003 Sep; 97(3):916-7; author reply 917. PMID: 12933431.
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    128. Ilfeld BM, Morey TE, Enneking FK. Continuous infraclavicular perineural infusion with clonidine and ropivacaine compared with ropivacaine alone: a randomized, double-blinded, controlled study. Anesth Analg. 2003 Sep; 97(3):706-12. PMID: 12933390.
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    129. Ilfeld BM. Preoperative epidural placement in elderly patients with hip fractures: a request for essential information. Anesthesiology. 2003 Aug; 99(2):514; author reply 514. PMID: 12883432.
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    130. Ilfeld BM, Morey TE, Wright TW, Chidgey LK, Enneking FK. Continuous interscalene brachial plexus block for postoperative pain control at home: a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study. Anesth Analg. 2003 Apr; 96(4):1089-95, table of contents. PMID: 12651666.
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    131. Ilfeld BM. Single- versus multiple-stimulation infraclavicular blocks. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2003 Mar-Apr; 28(2):149-50; author reply 150. PMID: 12677629.
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    132. Ilfeld BM, Enneking FK. Perineural catheter placement for a continuous nerve block: A single operator technique. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2003 Mar-Apr; 28(2):154-5. PMID: 12677635.
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    133. Ilfeld BM, Morey TE, Enneking FK. Delivery rate accuracy of portable, bolus-capable infusion pumps used for patient-controlled continuous regional analgesia. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2003 Jan-Feb; 28(1):17-23. PMID: 12567338.
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    134. Ilfeld BM, Morey TE, Enneking FK. The delivery rate accuracy of portable infusion pumps used for continuous regional analgesia. Anesth Analg. 2002 Nov; 95(5):1331-6, table of contents. PMID: 12401621.
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    135. Ilfeld BM, Morey TE, Wang RD, Enneking FK. Continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block for postoperative pain control at home: a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study. Anesthesiology. 2002 Oct; 97(4):959-65. PMID: 12357165.
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    136. Ilfeld BM, Enneking FK. Brachial plexus infraclavicular block success rate and appropriate endpoints. Anesth Analg. 2002 Sep; 95(3):784; author reply 784. PMID: 12198080.
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    137. Ilfeld BM, Morey TE, Enneking FK. Continuous infraclavicular brachial plexus block for postoperative pain control at home: a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study. Anesthesiology. 2002 Jun; 96(6):1297-304. PMID: 12170039.
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    138. Ilfeld BM, Enneking FK. A portable mechanical pump providing over four days of patient-controlled analgesia by perineural infusion at home. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2002 Jan-Feb; 27(1):100-4. PMID: 11799513.
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