Leonid Beletsky

Title(s)Associate Adjunct Professor, Medicine
SchoolVc-health Sciences-schools
Address9500 Gilman Drive #
La Jolla CA 92093
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    Police Training to Reduce Occupational Needlesticks and HIV among Substance Users
    NIH/NIDA R01DA039073Apr 1, 2015 - Jan 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Modeling as Visioning: Exploring the Impact of Criminal Justice Reform on Health of Populations with Substance Use Disorders. MDM Policy Pract. 2023 Jul-Dec; 8(2):23814683231202984. Martin NK, Beletsky L, Linas BP, Bayoumi A, Pollack H, Larney S. PMID: 37841498; PMCID: PMC10568988.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    2. Estimating the impact of a police education program on hepatitis C virus transmission and disease burden among people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico: A dynamic modeling analysis. Addiction. 2023 09; 118(9):1763-1774. Rivera Saldana CD, Abramovitz D, Beletsky L, Borquez A, Kiene S, Marquez LK, Patton T, Strathdee S, Zúñiga ML, Martin NK, Cepeda J. PMID: 37039246; PMCID: PMC10524658.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    3. Beyond the X - Next Steps in Policy Reforms to Address the Overdose Crisis. N Engl J Med. 2023 May 04; 388(18):1639-1641. Wakeman SE, Beletsky L. PMID: 37125771.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Prioritization of carceral spending in U.S. cities: Development of the Carceral Resource Index (CRI) and the role of race and income inequality. PLoS One. 2022; 17(12):e0276818. Skaathun B, Maviglia F, Vo A, McBride A, Seymour S, Mendez S, Gonsalves G, Beletsky L. PMID: 36520883; PMCID: PMC9754598.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Modelling the contribution of incarceration and public health oriented drug law reform to HCV transmission and elimination among PWID in Tijuana, Mexico. Int J Drug Policy. 2022 Dec; 110:103878. Saldana CDR, Beletsky L, Borquez A, Kiene SM, Marquez LK, Strathdee SA, Zúñiga ML, Cepeda J, Martin NK. PMID: 36242829; PMCID: PMC9841890.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    6. "Nobody Knows How You're Supposed to Interpret it:" End-user Perspectives on Prescription Drug Monitoring Program in Massachusetts. J Addict Med. 2022 May-Jun 01; 16(3):e171-e176. Hong M, Seymour S, Stopka TJ, Bandanza L, Crocker E, Morgan A, Beletsky L. PMID: 34417413; PMCID: PMC8857300.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Impact of SHIELD Police Training on Knowledge of Syringe Possession Laws and Related Arrests in Tijuana, Mexico. Am J Public Health. 2022 06; 112(6):860-864. Baker P, Beletsky L, Garfein R, Pitpitan E, Oren E, Strathdee SA, Cepeda JA. PMID: 35446602; PMCID: PMC9137025.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Build It Better for Public Health: Improved Data Infrastructure Is Vital to Bending the Curve of the Overdose Crisis. Am J Public Health. 2022 02; 112(S1):S39-S41. Latimore AD, Newman J, Beletsky L. PMID: 35143278; PMCID: PMC8842215.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    9. Assessing HIV and overdose risks for people who use drugs exposed to compulsory drug abstinence programs (CDAP): A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Drug Policy. 2021 10; 96:103401. Vo AT, Magana C, Hickman M, Borquez A, Beletsky L, Martin NK, Cepeda JA. PMID: 34389218; PMCID: PMC9027650.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Municipal police support for harm reduction services in officer-led referrals of people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico. Harm Reduct J. 2021 07 26; 18(1):76. Baker P, Arredondo J, Borquez A, Clairgue E, Mittal ML, Morales M, Rocha-Jimenez T, Garfein R, Oren E, Pitpitan E, Strathdee SA, Beletsky L, Cepeda JA. PMID: 34311765; PMCID: PMC8313001.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    11. HIV's Trajectory: Biomedical Triumph, Structural Failure. Am J Public Health. 2021 07; 111(7):1258-1260. Beletsky L, Thumath M, Haley DF, Gonsalves G, Jordan A. PMID: 34111362; PMCID: PMC8493182.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Impact of cumulative incarceration and the post-release period on syringe-sharing among people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico: a longitudinal analysis. Addiction. 2021 10; 116(10):2724-2733. Rivera Saldana CD, Beletsky L, Borquez A, Kiene SM, Strathdee SA, Zúñiga ML, Martin NK, Cepeda J. PMID: 33620749; PMCID: PMC8380753.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Neither Ethical Nor Effective: The False Promise of Involuntary Commitment to Address the Overdose Crisis. J Law Med Ethics. 2020 12; 48(4):741-743. Sinha MS, Messinger JC, Beletsky L. PMID: 33404332.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Preferences and acceptability of law enforcement initiated referrals for people who inject drugs: a mixed methods analysis. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2020 10 02; 15(1):75. Olgin GK, Bórquez A, Baker P, Clairgue E, Morales M, Bañuelos A, Arredondo J, Harvey-Vera A, Strathdee S, Beletsky L, Cepeda JA. PMID: 33008431; PMCID: PMC7530855.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Addressing Police Occupational Safety During an Opioid Crisis: The Syringe Threat and Injury Correlates (STIC) Score. J Occup Environ Med. 2020 01; 62(1):46-51. Beletsky L, Abramovitz D, Arredondo J, Baker P, Artamonova I, Marotta P, Mittal ML, Rocha-Jimenez T, Cepeda JA, Morales M, Clairgue E, Patterson TA, Strathdee SA. PMID: 31658223; PMCID: PMC6933083.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    16. Prevalence and Correlates of Injecting with Visitors from the United States Among People Who Inject Drugs in Tijuana, Mexico. J Immigr Minor Health. 2019 Dec; 21(6):1200-1207. Bórquez A, Garfein RS, Abramovitz D, Liu L, Beletsky L, Werb D, Mehta SR, Rangel G, Magis-Rodríguez C, González-Zúñiga P, Strathdee SA. PMID: 30771144; PMCID: PMC6697237.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Drugs, discipline and death: Causes and predictors of mortality among people who inject drugs in Tijuana, 2011-2018. Int J Drug Policy. 2020 01; 75:102601. West BS, Abramovitz DA, Gonzalez-Zuniga P, Rangel G, Werb D, Cepeda J, Beletsky L, Strathdee SA. PMID: 31775080; PMCID: PMC6957706.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Practicing What We Preach - Ending Physician Health Program Bans on Opioid-Agonist Therapy. N Engl J Med. 2019 Aug 29; 381(9):796-798. Beletsky L, Wakeman SE, Fiscella K. PMID: 31461593.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. The Role of Gender in the Health and Human Rights Practices of Police: The SHIELD Study in Tijuana, Mexico. Health Hum Rights. 2019 Jun; 21(1):227-238. Rocha-Jiménez T, Mittal ML, Artamonova I, Baker P, Cepeda J, Morales M, Abramovitz D, Clairgue E, Bañuelos A, Patterson T, Strathdee S, Beletsky L. PMID: 31239629; PMCID: PMC6586956.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    20. Interactive Versus Video-Based Training of Police to Communicate Syringe Legality to People Who Inject Drugs: The SHIELD Study, Mexico, 2015-2016. Am J Public Health. 2019 06; 109(6):921-926. Arredondo J, Beletsky L, Baker P, Abramovitz D, Artamonova I, Clairgue E, Morales M, Mittal ML, Rocha-Jimenez T, Kerr T, Banuelos A, Strathdee SA, Cepeda J. PMID: 30998406; PMCID: PMC6507990.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    21. Improving police conceptual knowledge of Mexico's law on cannabis possession: Findings from an assessment of a police education program. Am J Addict. 2018 12; 27(8):608-611. Mittal ML, Artamonova I, Baker P, Strathdee SA, Cepeda J, Bañuelos A, Morales M, Arredondo J, Rocha-Jimenez T, Clairgue E, Bustamante E, Patiño E, Gaines T, Beletsky L. PMID: 30516331; PMCID: PMC6487862.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    22. Factors associated with extrajudicial arrest for syringe possession: results of a department-wide survey of municipal police in Tijuana, Mexico. BMC Int Health Hum Rights. 2018 09 15; 18(1):36. Morales M, Rafful C, Gaines TL, Cepeda JA, Abramovitz D, Artamonova I, Baker P, Clairgue E, Mittal ML, Rocha-Jimenez T, Arredondo J, Kerr T, Bañuelos A, Strathdee SA, Beletsky L. PMID: 30219105; PMCID: PMC6139125.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. The effect of public health-oriented drug law reform on HIV incidence in people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico: an epidemic modelling study. Lancet Public Health. 2018 09; 3(9):e429-e437. Borquez A, Beletsky L, Nosyk B, Strathdee SA, Madrazo A, Abramovitz D, Rafful C, Morales M, Cepeda J, Panagiotoglou D, Krebs E, Vickerman P, Claude Boily M, Thomson N, Martin NK. PMID: 30122559; PMCID: PMC6211569.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    24. The global health and equity imperative for safe consumption facilities. Lancet. 2018 08 18; 392(10147):553-554. Beletsky L, Baker P, Arredondo J, Emuka A, Goodman-Meza D, Medina-Mora ME, Werb D, Davidson P, Amon JJ, Strathdee S, Magis-Rodriguez C. PMID: 30152386.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Potential impact of implementing and scaling up harm reduction and antiretroviral therapy on HIV prevalence and mortality and overdose deaths among people who inject drugs in two Russian cities: a modelling study. Lancet HIV. 2018 10; 5(10):e578-e587. Cepeda JA, Eritsyan K, Vickerman P, Lyubimova A, Shegay M, Odinokova V, Beletsky L, Borquez A, Hickman M, Beyrer C, Martin NK. PMID: 30033374; PMCID: PMC6188805.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. 21st Century Cures for the Opioid Crisis: Promise, Impact, and Missed Opportunities. Am J Law Med. 2018 May; 44(2-3):359-385. Beletsky L. PMID: 30106650.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Increased non-fatal overdose risk associated with involuntary drug treatment in a longitudinal study with people who inject drugs. Addiction. 2018 06; 113(6):1056-1063. Rafful C, Orozco R, Rangel G, Davidson P, Werb D, Beletsky L, Strathdee SA. PMID: 29333664; PMCID: PMC5938130.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. The law on the streets: Evaluating the impact of Mexico's drug decriminalization reform on drug possession arrests in Tijuana, Mexico. Int J Drug Policy. 2018 04; 54:1-8. Arredondo J, Gaines T, Manian S, Vilalta C, Bañuelos A, Strathdee SA, Beletsky L. PMID: 29306177; PMCID: PMC5924731.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Opioid Crisis: No Easy Fix to Its Social and Economic Determinants. Am J Public Health. 2018 02; 108(2):182-186. Dasgupta N, Beletsky L, Ciccarone D. PMID: 29267060; PMCID: PMC5846593.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 293     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Assessing police officers' attitudes and legal knowledge on behaviors that impact HIV transmission among people who inject drugs. Int J Drug Policy. 2017 12; 50:56-63. Cepeda JA, Strathdee SA, Arredondo J, Mittal ML, Rocha T, Morales M, Clairgue E, Bustamante E, Abramovitz D, Artamonova I, Bañuelos A, Kerr T, Magis-Rodriguez CL, Beletsky L. PMID: 29028564; PMCID: PMC5705567.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    31. Measuring improvement in knowledge of drug policy reforms following a police education program in Tijuana, Mexico. Harm Reduct J. 2017 11 08; 14(1):72. Arredondo J, Strathdee SA, Cepeda J, Abramovitz D, Artamonova I, Clairgue E, Bustamante E, Mittal ML, Rocha T, Bañuelos A, Olivarria HO, Morales M, Rangel G, Magis C, Beletsky L. PMID: 29117858; PMCID: PMC5678566.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    32. Action, Not Rhetoric, Needed to Reverse the Opioid Overdose Epidemic. J Law Med Ethics. 2017 03; 45(1_suppl):20-23. Davis C, Green T, Beletsky L. PMID: 28661292.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    33. The Inmate Exception and Reform of Correctional Health Care. Am J Public Health. 2017 03; 107(3):384-385. Fiscella K, Beletsky L, Wakeman SE. PMID: 28177816; PMCID: PMC5296706.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Occupational Safety in the Age of the Opioid Crisis: Needle Stick Injury among Baltimore Police. J Urban Health. 2017 02; 94(1):100-103. Cepeda JA, Beletsky L, Sawyer A, Serio-Chapman C, Smelyanskaya M, Han J, Robinowitz N, Sherman SG. PMID: 28105586; PMCID: PMC5359173.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. The Spatial-Temporal Pattern of Policing Following a Drug Policy Reform: Triangulating Self-Reported Arrests With Official Crime Statistics. Subst Use Misuse. 2017 01 28; 52(2):214-222. Gaines TL, Werb D, Arredondo J, Alaniz VM, Vilalta C, Beletsky L. PMID: 27767367; PMCID: PMC5378066.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Prevalence and correlates of needle-stick injuries among active duty police officers in Tijuana, Mexico. J Int AIDS Soc. 2016; 19(4 Suppl 3):20874. Mittal ML, Beletsky L, Patiño E, Abramovitz D, Rocha T, Arredondo J, Bañuelos A, Rangel G, Strathdee SA. PMID: 27435711; PMCID: PMC4951532.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    37. Spatial patterns of arrests, police assault and addiction treatment center locations in Tijuana, Mexico. Addiction. 2016 07; 111(7):1246-56. Werb D, Strathdee SA, Vera A, Arredondo J, Beletsky L, Gonzalez-Zuniga P, Gaines T. PMID: 26879179; PMCID: PMC4899159.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Institutional stakeholder perceptions of barriers to addiction treatment under Mexico's drug policy reform. Glob Public Health. 2017 05; 12(5):519-530. Werb D, Strathdee SA, Meza E, Rangel Gomez MG, Palinkas L, Medina-Mora ME, Beletsky L. PMID: 28278755; PMCID: PMC5612664.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    39. A police education programme to integrate occupational safety and HIV prevention: protocol for a modified stepped-wedge study design with parallel prospective cohorts to assess behavioural outcomes. BMJ Open. 2015 Aug 10; 5(8):e008958. Strathdee SA, Arredondo J, Rocha T, Abramovitz D, Rolon ML, Patiño Mandujano E, Rangel MG, Olivarria HO, Gaines T, Patterson TL, Beletsky L. PMID: 26260350; PMCID: PMC4538275.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Examining the spatial distribution of law enforcement encounters among people who inject drugs after implementation of Mexico's drug policy reform. J Urban Health. 2015 Apr; 92(2):338-51. Gaines TL, Beletsky L, Arredondo J, Werb D, Rangel G, Vera A, Brouwer K. PMID: 25300503; PMCID: PMC4411320.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Police bribery and access to methadone maintenance therapy within the context of drug policy reform in Tijuana, Mexico. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Mar 01; 148:221-5. Werb D, Wagner KD, Beletsky L, Gonzalez-Zuniga P, Rangel G, Strathdee SA. PMID: 25655577; PMCID: PMC4330115.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. The benefits and potential drawbacks in the approval of EVZIO for lay reversal of opioid overdose. Am J Prev Med. 2015 Mar; 48(3):357-9. Beletsky L. PMID: 25547930; PMCID: PMC4339419.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Mexico's "ley de narcomenudeo" drug policy reform and the international drug control regime. Harm Reduct J. 2014 Nov 14; 11(1):31. Mackey TK, Werb D, Beletsky L, Rangel G, Arredondo J, Strathdee SA. PMID: 25395346; PMCID: PMC4234880.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. HIV, drugs and the legal environment. Int J Drug Policy. 2015 Feb; 26 Suppl 1:S27-32. Strathdee SA, Beletsky L, Kerr T. PMID: 25265900; PMCID: PMC4346482.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 50     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    45. Mexico's drug policy reform: cutting edge success or crisis in the making? Int J Drug Policy. 2014 Sep; 25(5):823-5. Werb D, Mora ME, Beletsky L, Rafful C, Mackey T, Arredondo J, Strathdee SA. PMID: 24974368; PMCID: PMC4169748.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Syringe access, syringe sharing, and police encounters among people who inject drugs in New York City: a community-level perspective. Int J Drug Policy. 2014 Jan; 25(1):105-11. Beletsky L, Heller D, Jenness SM, Neaigus A, Gelpi-Acosta C, Hagan H. PMID: 23916801; PMCID: PMC3842392.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 51     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Police education as a component of national HIV response: lessons from Kyrgyzstan. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Nov; 132 Suppl 1:S48-52. Beletsky L, Thomas R, Shumskaya N, Artamonova I, Smelyanskaya M. PMID: 23896307; PMCID: PMC3825798.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    48. Syringe confiscation as an HIV risk factor: the public health implications of arbitrary policing in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. J Urban Health. 2013 Apr; 90(2):284-98. Beletsky L, Lozada R, Gaines T, Abramovitz D, Staines H, Vera A, Rangel G, Arredondo J, Strathdee SA. PMID: 22806453; PMCID: PMC3675719.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 63     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    49. Mexico's northern border conflict: collateral damage to health and human rights of vulnerable groups. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2012 May; 31(5):403-10. Beletsky L, Martinez G, Gaines T, Nguyen L, Lozada R, Rangel G, Vera A, McCauley HL, Sorensen A, Strathdee SA. PMID: 22767041; PMCID: PMC3660986.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    50. Police training to align law enforcement and HIV prevention: preliminary evidence from the field. Am J Public Health. 2011 Nov; 101(11):2012-5. Beletsky L, Agrawal A, Moreau B, Kumar P, Weiss-Laxer N, Heimer R. PMID: 21940924; PMCID: PMC3222387.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 61     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    51. Prevalence, characteristics, and predictors of police training initiatives by US SEPs: building an evidence base for structural interventions. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2011 Dec 01; 119(1-2):145-9. Beletsky L, Grau LE, White E, Bowman S, Heimer R. PMID: 21705159; PMCID: PMC3192926.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Social and structural factors associated with HIV infection among female sex workers who inject drugs in the Mexico-US border region. PLoS One. 2011 Apr 25; 6(4):e19048. Strathdee SA, Lozada R, Martinez G, Vera A, Rusch M, Nguyen L, Pollini RA, Uribe-Salas F, Beletsky L, Patterson TL. PMID: 21541349; PMCID: PMC3081836.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 124     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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