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James Covell

Title(s)Emeritus Professor, Medicine
SchoolHealth Sciences
Phone858-453-5489
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Molecular biology and mechanics of the cardiac interstitium
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL043617Jul 1, 1989 - Mar 31, 2013
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Transmural Deformation
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL032583Jul 1, 1984 - Jun 30, 2010
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Training in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pharmacology
    NIH/NHLBI T32HL007444Jul 1, 1979 - Jun 30, 2023
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Ito BR, Covell JW, Curtis GP. Low Intensity Epicardial Pacing During the Absolute Refractory Period Augments Left Ventricular Function Mediated by Local Catecholamine Release. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2016 09; 27(9):1102-9. PMID: 27279561.
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    2. Howard EJ, Covell JW, Mulligan LJ, McCulloch AD, Omens JH, Kerckhoffs RC. Improvement in pump function with endocardial biventricular pacing increases with activation time at the left ventricular pacing site in failing canine hearts. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011 Oct; 301(4):H1447-55. PMID: 21784986.
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    3. Covell JW. Tissue structure and ventricular wall mechanics. Circulation. 2008 Aug 12; 118(7):699-701. PMID: 18695201.
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    4. Ashikaga H, Coppola BA, Yamazaki KG, Villarreal FJ, Omens JH, Covell JW. Changes in regional myocardial volume during the cardiac cycle: implications for transmural blood flow and cardiac structure. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2008 Aug; 295(2):H610-8. PMID: 18515651.
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    5. Coppola BA, Covell JW, McCulloch AD, Omens JH. Asynchrony of ventricular activation affects magnitude and timing of fiber stretch in late-activated regions of the canine heart. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2007 Jul; 293(1):H754-61. PMID: 17449547.
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    6. Kassab GS, Kostelec M, Buckberg GD, Covell J, Sadeghi A, Hoffman JI. Myocardial protection in the failing heart: II. Effect of pulsatile cardioplegic perfusion under simulated left ventricular restoration. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 Oct; 132(4):884-90. PMID: 17000301.
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    7. Kostelec M, Covell J, Buckberg GD, Sadeghi A, Hoffman JI, Kassab GS. Myocardial protection in the failing heart: I. Effect of cardioplegia and the beating state under simulated left ventricular restoration. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 Oct; 132(4):875-83. PMID: 17000300.
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    8. Weis SM, Zimmerman SD, Shah M, Covell JW, Omens JH, Ross J, Dalton N, Jones Y, Reed CC, Iozzo RV, McCulloch AD. A role for decorin in the remodeling of myocardial infarction. Matrix Biol. 2005 Jun; 24(4):313-24. PMID: 15949932.
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    9. Ashikaga H, Covell JW, Omens JH. Diastolic dysfunction in volume-overload hypertrophy is associated with abnormal shearing of myolaminar sheets. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005 Jun; 288(6):H2603-10. PMID: 15708954.
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    10. Holmes JW, Borg TK, Covell JW. Structure and mechanics of healing myocardial infarcts. Annu Rev Biomed Eng. 2005; 7:223-53. PMID: 16004571.
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    11. García RA, Brown KL, Pavelec RS, Go KV, Covell JW, Villarreal FJ. Abnormal cardiac wall motion and early matrix metalloproteinase activity. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005 Mar; 288(3):H1080-7. PMID: 15486029.
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    12. Rodriguez F, Langer F, Harrington KB, Tibayan FA, Zasio MK, Cheng A, Liang D, Daughters GT, Covell JW, Criscione JC, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Importance of mitral valve second-order chordae for left ventricular geometry, wall thickening mechanics, and global systolic function. Circulation. 2004 Sep 14; 110(11 Suppl 1):II115-22. PMID: 15364849.
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    13. Zimmerman SD, Criscione J, Covell JW. Remodeling in myocardium adjacent to an infarction in the pig left ventricle. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2004 Dec; 287(6):H2697-704. PMID: 15319211.
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    14. Ashikaga H, Omens JH, Covell JW. Time-dependent remodeling of transmural architecture underlying abnormal ventricular geometry in chronic volume overload heart failure. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2004 Nov; 287(5):H1994-2002. PMID: 15242833.
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    15. Villarreal F, Omens J, Dillmann W, Risteli J, Nguyen J, Covell J. Early degradation and serum appearance of type I collagen fragments after myocardial infarction. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2004 Apr; 36(4):597-601. PMID: 15081319.
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    16. Ashikaga H, Omens JH, Ingels NB, Covell JW. Transmural mechanics at left ventricular epicardial pacing site. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2004 Jun; 286(6):H2401-7. PMID: 14751858.
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    17. Ashikaga H, Criscione JC, Omens JH, Covell JW, Ingels NB. Transmural left ventricular mechanics underlying torsional recoil during relaxation. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2004 Feb; 286(2):H640-7. PMID: 14551052.
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    18. Villarreal FJ, Griffin M, Omens J, Dillmann W, Nguyen J, Covell J. Early short-term treatment with doxycycline modulates postinfarction left ventricular remodeling. Circulation. 2003 Sep 23; 108(12):1487-92. PMID: 12952845.
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    19. Takayama Y, Costa KD, Covell JW. Contribution of laminar myofiber architecture to load-dependent changes in mechanics of LV myocardium. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2002 Apr; 282(4):H1510-20. PMID: 11893589.
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    20. Mazhari R, Omens JH, Pavelec RS, Covell JW, McCulloch AD. Transmural distribution of three-dimensional systolic strains in stunned myocardium. Circulation. 2001 Jul 17; 104(3):336-41. PMID: 11457754.
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    21. Arts T, Costa KD, Covell JW, McCulloch AD. Relating myocardial laminar architecture to shear strain and muscle fiber orientation. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2001 May; 280(5):H2222-9. PMID: 11299225.
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    22. Mazhari R, Omens JH, Covell JW, McCulloch AD. Structural basis of regional dysfunction in acutely ischemic myocardium. Cardiovasc Res. 2000 Aug; 47(2):284-93. PMID: 10946065.
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    23. Karlon WJ, McCulloch AD, Covell JW, Hunter JJ, Omens JH. Regional dysfunction correlates with myofiber disarray in transgenic mice with ventricular expression of ras. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2000 Mar; 278(3):H898-906. PMID: 10710359.
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    24. Zimmerman SD, Karlon WJ, Holmes JW, Omens JH, Covell JW. Structural and mechanical factors influencing infarct scar collagen organization. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2000 Jan; 278(1):H194-200. PMID: 10644599.
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    25. Costa KD, Takayama Y, McCulloch AD, Covell JW. Laminar fiber architecture and three-dimensional systolic mechanics in canine ventricular myocardium. Am J Physiol. 1999 02; 276(2):H595-607. PMID: 9950861.
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    26. Karlon WJ, Covell JW, McCulloch AD, Hunter JJ, Omens JH. Automated measurement of myofiber disarray in transgenic mice with ventricular expression of ras. Anat Rec. 1998 12; 252(4):612-25. PMID: 9845212.
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    27. Trost SU, Omens JH, Karlon WJ, Meyer M, Mestril R, Covell JW, Dillmann WH. Protection against myocardial dysfunction after a brief ischemic period in transgenic mice expressing inducible heat shock protein 70. J Clin Invest. 1998 Feb 15; 101(4):855-62. PMID: 9466981.
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    28. Holmes JW, Nuñez JA, Covell JW. Functional implications of myocardial scar structure. Am J Physiol. 1997 May; 272(5 Pt 2):H2123-30. PMID: 9176277.
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    29. Omens JH, Miller TR, Covell JW. Relationship between passive tissue strain and collagen uncoiling during healing of infarcted myocardium. Cardiovasc Res. 1997 Feb; 33(2):351-8. PMID: 9074699.
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    30. MacKenna DA, Omens JH, Covell JW. Left ventricular perimysial collagen fibers uncoil rather than stretch during diastolic filling. Basic Res Cardiol. 1996 Mar-Apr; 91(2):111-22. PMID: 8740527.
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    31. Takayama Y, Holmes JW, LeGrice I, Covell JW. Enhanced regional deformation at the anterior papillary muscle insertion site after chordal transsection. Circulation. 1996 Feb 01; 93(3):585-93. PMID: 8565179.
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    32. Holmes JW, Takayama Y, LeGrice I, Covell JW. Depressed regional deformation near anterior papillary muscle. Am J Physiol. 1995 Jul; 269(1 Pt 2):H262-70. PMID: 7631856.
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    33. LeGrice IJ, Takayama Y, Covell JW. Transverse shear along myocardial cleavage planes provides a mechanism for normal systolic wall thickening. Circ Res. 1995 Jul; 77(1):182-93. PMID: 7788876.
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    34. LeGrice IJ, Takayama Y, Holmes JW, Covell JW. Impaired subendocardial function in tachycardia-induced cardiac failure. Am J Physiol. 1995 May; 268(5 Pt 2):H1788-94. PMID: 7771530.
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    35. Omens JH, Milkes DE, Covell JW. Effects of pressure overload on the passive mechanics of the rat left ventricle. Ann Biomed Eng. 1995 Mar-Apr; 23(2):152-63. PMID: 7605052.
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    36. Ono S, Waldman LK, Yamashita H, Covell JW, Ross J. Effect of coronary artery reperfusion on transmural myocardial remodeling in dogs. Circulation. 1995 Feb 15; 91(4):1143-53. PMID: 7850953.
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    37. Van Leuven SL, Waldman LK, McCulloch AD, Covell JW. Gradients of epicardial strain across the perfusion boundary during acute myocardial ischemia. Am J Physiol. 1994 Dec; 267(6 Pt 2):H2348-62. PMID: 7810735.
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    38. Holmes JW, Yamashita H, Waldman LK, Covell JW. Scar remodeling and transmural deformation after infarction in the pig. Circulation. 1994 Jul; 90(1):411-20. PMID: 8026026.
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    39. Omens JH, Rockman HA, Covell JW. Passive ventricular mechanics in tight-skin mice. Am J Physiol. 1994 Mar; 266(3 Pt 2):H1169-76. PMID: 8160820.
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    40. MacKenna DA, Omens JH, McCulloch AD, Covell JW. Contribution of collagen matrix to passive left ventricular mechanics in isolated rat hearts. Am J Physiol. 1994 Mar; 266(3 Pt 2):H1007-18. PMID: 8160804.
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    41. Harper J, Harper E, Covell JW. Collagen characterization in volume-overload- and pressure-overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy in minipigs. Am J Physiol. 1993 Aug; 265(2 Pt 2):H434-8. PMID: 8368345.
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    42. Omens JH, Covell JW. Transmural distribution of myocardial tissue growth induced by volume-overload hypertrophy in the dog. Circulation. 1991 Sep; 84(3):1235-45. PMID: 1832093.
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    43. Covell JW, Smith M, Harper DG, Blake RW. Skeletal muscle deformation in the lateral muscle of the intact rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss during fast start maneuvers. J Exp Biol. 1991 Mar; 156:453-66. PMID: 2051132.
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    44. Villarreal FJ, Lew WY, Waldman LK, Covell JW. Transmural myocardial deformation in the ischemic canine left ventricle. Circ Res. 1991 Feb; 68(2):368-81. PMID: 1991344.
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    45. Covell JW. Factors influencing diastolic function. Possible role of the extracellular matrix. Circulation. 1990 Feb; 81(2 Suppl):III155-8. PMID: 2297881.
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    46. Waldman LK, Nosan D, Villarreal F, Covell JW. Relation between transmural deformation and local myofiber direction in canine left ventricle. Circ Res. 1988 Sep; 63(3):550-62. PMID: 3409487.
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    47. Iimoto DS, Covell JW, Harper E. Increase in cross-linking of type I and type III collagens associated with volume-overload hypertrophy. Circ Res. 1988 Aug; 63(2):399-408. PMID: 2969308.
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    48. Raizada V, Sahn DJ, Covell JW. Factors influencing late right ventricular ejection. Cardiovasc Res. 1988 Apr; 22(4):244-8. PMID: 3197054.
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    49. Engler RL, Covell JW, Friedman PJ, Kitcher PS, Peters RM. Misrepresentation and responsibility in medical research. N Engl J Med. 1987 Nov 26; 317(22):1383-9. PMID: 3317039.
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    50. Engler R, Covell JW. Granulocytes cause reperfusion ventricular dysfunction after 15-minute ischemia in the dog. Circ Res. 1987 Jul; 61(1):20-8. PMID: 3038366.
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    51. Waldman LK, Covell JW. Effects of ventricular pacing on finite deformation in canine left ventricles. Am J Physiol. 1987 May; 252(5 Pt 2):H1023-30. PMID: 3578536.
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    52. Waldman LK, Fung YC, Covell JW. Transmural myocardial deformation in the canine left ventricle. Normal in vivo three-dimensional finite strains. Circ Res. 1985 Jul; 57(1):152-63. PMID: 4006099.
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    53. Lew WY, Chen ZY, Guth B, Covell JW. Mechanisms of augmented segment shortening in nonischemic areas during acute ischemia of the canine left ventricle. Circ Res. 1985 Mar; 56(3):351-8. PMID: 3971509.
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    54. Freeman GL, LeWinter MM, Engler RL, Covell JW. Relationship between myocardial fiber direction and segment shortening in the midwall of the canine left ventricle. Circ Res. 1985 Jan; 56(1):31-9. PMID: 3967346.
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    55. Hoffman H, Covell JW. Relationship between ejection phase indices of performance and myocardial functions during the development of pressure overload hypertrophy. Am Heart J. 1984 Apr; 107(4):738-44. PMID: 6230908.
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    56. Engler RL, Freeman GL, Covell JW. Regional venous return: nitroprusside effect in normal and chronically congested dogs. Am J Physiol. 1983 Nov; 245(5 Pt 1):H814-23. PMID: 6605693.
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    57. Pouleur H, Engler RL, Link J, Printz MP, Covell JW. Changes in plasma renin activity and haemodynamics during vasodilator therapy in conscious dogs with myocardial infarction or chronic volume overload. Eur J Clin Invest. 1983 Aug; 13(4):331-8. PMID: 6413220.
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    58. Piene H, Covell JW. Local auxotonic systolic force and work in canine right ventricular free wall. Am J Physiol. 1983 Feb; 244(2):H186-93. PMID: 6824090.
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    59. Higginson LA, White F, Heggtveit HA, Sanders TM, Bloor CM, Covell JW. Determinants of myocardial hemorrhage after coronary reperfusion in the anesthetized dog. Circulation. 1982 Jan; 65(1):62-9. PMID: 7053289.
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    60. Engler R, Pouleur H, Link J, Printz M, Covell JW. Changes in control of renin release in congestive heart failure in dogs: response to acute and chronic vasodilator therapy. Clin Exp Hypertens A. 1982; 4(4-5):639-59. PMID: 7049441.
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    61. Yoran C, Higginson L, Romero MA, Covell JW, Ross J. Reflex sympathetic augmentation of left-ventricular inotropic state in the conscious dog. Am J Physiol. 1981 Dec; 241(6):H857-63. PMID: 7325254.
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    62. Badke FR, White FC, Le Winter M, Covell J, Andres J, Bloor C. Effects of experimental volume-overload hypertrophy on myocardial blood flow and cardiac function. Am J Physiol. 1981 Oct; 241(4):H564-70. PMID: 6459033.
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    63. Piene H, Covell JW. A force-length-time relationship describes the mechanics of canine left ventricular wall segments during auxotonic contractions. Circ Res. 1981 Jul; 49(1):70-9. PMID: 7237702.
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    64. Goldberger AL, Bhargava V, Froelicher V, Covell J. Effect of myocardial infarction on high-frequency QRS potentials. Circulation. 1981 Jul; 64(1):34-42. PMID: 7237722.
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    65. Ditchey R, Engler R, LeWinter M, Pavelec R, Bhargava V, Covell J, Moores W, Shabetai R. The role of the right heart in acute cardiac tamponade in dogs. Circ Res. 1981 May; 48(5):701-10. PMID: 7214678.
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    66. Ryan W, Karliner JS, Gilpin EA, Covell JW, DeLuca M, Ross J. The creatine kinase curve area and peak creatine kinase after acute myocardial infarction: usefulness and limitations. Am Heart J. 1981 Feb; 101(2):162-8. PMID: 7468417.
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    67. Badke FR, Boinay P, Covell JW. Effects of ventricular pacing on regional left ventricular performance in the dog. Am J Physiol. 1980 Jun; 238(6):H858-67. PMID: 7386645.
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    68. Covell JW, Pouleur H, Ross J. Left ventricular wall stress and aortic input impedance. Fed Proc. 1980 Feb; 39(2):202-7. PMID: 7353678.
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    69. Pouleur H, Covell JW, Ross J. Effects of nitroprusside on venous return and central blood volume in the absence and presence of acute heart failure. Circulation. 1980 Feb; 61(2):328-37. PMID: 7351058.
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    70. Schelbert HR, Schuler G, Ashburn WL, Covell JW. Time-course of "redistribution" of thallium-201 administered during transient ischemia. Eur J Nucl Med. 1979 Oct; 4(5):351-8. PMID: 520343.
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    71. Pouleur H, Karliner JS, LeWinter MM, Covell JW. Diastolic viscous properties of the intact canine left ventricle. Circ Res. 1979 Sep; 45(3):410-9. PMID: 455608.
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    72. Badke FR, Covell JW. Early changes in left ventricular regional dimensions and function during chronic volume overloading in the conscious dog. Circ Res. 1979 Sep; 45(3):420-8. PMID: 455609.
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    73. Pouleur H, Covell JW, Ross J. Effects of alterations in aortic input impedance on the force-velocity-length relationship in the intact canine heart. Circ Res. 1979 Jul; 45(1):126-36. PMID: 445694.
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    74. Henning H, Gilpin EA, Covell JW, Swan EA, O'Rourke RA, Ross J. Prognosis after acute myocardial infarction: a multivariate analysis of mortality and survival. Circulation. 1979 Jun; 59(6):1124-36. PMID: 436204.
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    75. Carew TE, Covell JW. Fiber orientation in hypertrophied canine left ventricle. Am J Physiol. 1979 Mar; 236(3):H487-93. PMID: 154847.
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    76. LeWinter MM, Karliner JS, Covell JW. Alteration in heart rate response to hemorrhage in conscious dogs with volume overload. Am J Physiol. 1978 Oct; 235(4):H422-8. PMID: 696883.
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    77. Carew TE, Covell JW. Left ventricular function in exercise-induced hypertrophy in dogs. Am J Cardiol. 1978 Jul; 42(1):82-8. PMID: 150223.
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    78. Kent RS, Carew TE, LeWinter MM, Covell JW. Comparison of left ventricular free wall and septal diastolic compliance in the dog. Am J Physiol. 1978 Apr; 234(4):H392-8. PMID: 645877.
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    79. Theroux P, Ross J, Franklin D, Covell JW, Bloor CM, Sasayama S. Regional myocardial function and dimensions early and late after myocardial infarction in the unanesthetized dog. Circ Res. 1977 Feb; 40(2):158-65. PMID: 844142.
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    80. Raines RA, LeWinter MM, Covell JW. Regional shortening patterns in canine right ventricle. Am J Physiol. 1976 Nov; 231(5 Pt. 1):1395-1400. PMID: 998782.
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    81. McPherson RA, Kramer MF, Covell JW, Friedman WF. A comparison of the active stiffness of fetal and adult cardiac muscle. Pediatr Res. 1976 Jul; 10(7):660-4. PMID: 934732.
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    82. Saliba MJ, Covell JW, Bloor CM. Effects of heparin in large doses on the extent of myocardial ischemia after acute coronary occlusion in the dog. Am J Cardiol. 1976 Mar 31; 37(4):599-604. PMID: 1258797.
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    83. Carew TE, Covell JW. Effect of intramyocardial pressure on the phasic flow in the intraventricular septal artery. Cardiovasc Res. 1976 Jan; 10(1):56-64. PMID: 130207.
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    84. LeWinter MM, Kent RS, Kroener JM, Carew TE, Covell JW. Regional differences in myocardial performance in the left ventricle of the dog. Circ Res. 1975 Aug; 37(2):191-9. PMID: 1149193.
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    85. Schelbert HR, Pavelec RS, Sandoval S, Covell JW. Cardiac norepinephrine stores and chronotropic reflex response after thoracotomy. J Appl Physiol. 1975 Aug; 39(2):287-91. PMID: 809409.
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    86. Mahler F, Covell JW, Ross J. Systolic pressure--diameter relations in the normal conscious dog. Cardiovasc Res. 1975 Jul; 9(4):447-55. PMID: 1182720.
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    87. Covell JW, Taylor RR, Sonnenblick EH, Ross J. Series elasticity in the intact heart. Evidence for the application of the Hill model for muscle to the intact left ventricle. Pflugers Arch. 1975 Jun 26; 357(3-4):225-36. PMID: 1238987.
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    88. Mahler F, Ross J, O'Rourke RA, Covell JW. Effects of changes in preload, afterload and inotropic state on ejection and isovolumic phase measures of contractility in the conscious dog. Am J Cardiol. 1975 May; 35(5):626-34. PMID: 1124716.
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    89. Ramakrishna NC, Sobel BE, Shell WE, Covell JW. Altered myocardial oxygen consumption after coronary occlusion in anesthetized dogs. Am Heart J. 1975 Mar; 89(3):333-7. PMID: 1114962.
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    90. MacGregor DC, Covell JW, Mahler F, Dilley RB, Ross J. Relations between afterload, stroke volume, and descending limb of Starling's curve. Am J Physiol. 1974 Oct; 227(4):884-90. PMID: 4279559.
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    91. Brown BG, Gundel WD, Gott VL, Covell JW. Coronary collateral flow following acute coronary occlusion: a diastolic phenomenon. Cardiovasc Res. 1974 Sep; 8(5):621-31. PMID: 4215562.
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    92. Davidson DM, Covell JW, Malloch CI, Ross J. Factors influencing indices of left ventricle contractility in the conscious dog. Cardiovasc Res. 1974 May; 8(3):299-312. PMID: 4413423.
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    93. Ross J, Covell JW, Mahler F. Contractile responses of the left ventricle to acute and chronic stress. Eur J Cardiol. 1974 Mar; 1(3):325-32. PMID: 4442437.
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    94. Shell WE, Lavelle JF, Covell JW, Sobel BE. Early estimation of myocardial damage in conscious dogs and patients with evolving acute myocardial infarction. J Clin Invest. 1973 Oct; 52(10):2579-90. PMID: 4729051.
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    95. Covell JW, Ross J. Nature and significance of alterations in myocardial compliance. Am J Cardiol. 1973 Sep 20; 32(4):449-55. PMID: 4269700.
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    96. Kirkpatrick SE, Covell JW, Friedman WF. A new technique for the continuous assessment of fetal and neonatal cardiac performance. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1973 Aug 01; 116(7):963-72. PMID: 4718223.
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    97. Yoran C, Covell JW, Ross J. Rapid fixation of the left ventricle: continuous angiographic and dynamic recordings. J Appl Physiol. 1973 Jul; 35(1):155-7. PMID: 4197708.
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    98. Burns JW, Covell JW, Ross J. Mechanics of isotonic left ventricular contractions. Am J Physiol. 1973 Apr; 224(4):725-32. PMID: 4698789.
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    99. Lavelle JF, Bloor CM, Covell JW. A technique for processing coronary hemodynamic data with a small hybrid computing system. Comput Biol Med. 1973 Apr; 3(1):47-54. PMID: 4724228.
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    100. Libby P, Maroko PR, Covell JW, Malloch CI, Ross J, Braunwald E. Effect of practolol on the extent of myocardial ischaemic injury after experimental coronary occlusion and its effects of ventricular function in the normal and ischaemic heart. Cardiovasc Res. 1973 Mar; 7(2):167-73. PMID: 4144351.
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    101. Yoran C, Covell JW, Ross J. Structural basis for the ascending limb of left ventricular function. Circ Res. 1973 Feb; 32(2):297-303. PMID: 4685973.
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    102. Burns JW, Covell JW. Myocardial oxygen consumption during isotonic and isolumic contractions in the intact heart. Am J Physiol. 1972 Dec; 223(6):1491-7. PMID: 4641642.
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    103. Spann JF, Covell JW, Eckberg DL, Sonnenblick EH, Ross J, Braunwald E. Contractile performance of the hypertrophied and chronically failing cat ventricle. Am J Physiol. 1972 Nov; 223(5):1150-7. PMID: 4265953.
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    104. Ginks WR, Sybers HD, Maroko PR, Covell JW, Sobel BE, Ross J. Coronary artery reperfusion. II. Reduction of myocardial infarct size at 1 week after the coronary occlusion. J Clin Invest. 1972 Oct; 51(10):2717-23. PMID: 5056664.
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    105. Watanabe T, Covell JW, Maroko PR, Braunwald E, Ross J. Effects of increased arterial pressure and positive inotropic agents on the severity of myocardial ischemia in the acutely depressed heart. Am J Cardiol. 1972 Sep; 30(4):371-7. PMID: 5056848.
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    106. Maroko PR, Libby P, Sobel BE, Bloor CM, Sybers HD, Shell WE, Covell JW, Braunwald E. Effect of glucose-insulin-potassium infusion on myocardial infarction following experimental coronary artery occlusion. Circulation. 1972 Jun; 45(6):1160-75. PMID: 5032816.
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    107. Maroko PR, Bernstein EF, Libby P, DeLaria GA, Covell JW, Ross J, Braunwald E. Effects of intraaortic balloon counterpulsation on the severity of myocardial ischemic injury following acute coronary occlusion. Counterpulsation and myocardial injury. Circulation. 1972 Jun; 45(6):1150-9. PMID: 5032815.
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    108. Romero T, Covell J, Friedman WF. A comparison of pressure-volume relations of the fetal, newborn, and adult heart. Am J Physiol. 1972 May; 222(5):1285-90. PMID: 5022387.
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    109. McCullagh WH, Covell JW, Ross J. Left ventricular dilatation and diastolic compliance changes during chronic volume overloading. Circulation. 1972 May; 45(5):943-51. PMID: 5020808.
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    110. Maroko PR, Libby P, Covell JW, Sobel BE, Ross J, Braunwald E. Precordial S-T segment elevation mapping: an atraumatic method for assessing alterations in the extent of myocardial ischemic injury. The effects of pharmacologic and hemodynamic interventions. Am J Cardiol. 1972 Feb; 29(2):223-30. PMID: 5058350.
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    111. Boerth RC, Covell JW. Mechanical performance and efficiency of the left ventricle during ventricular stimulation. Am J Physiol. 1971 Dec; 221(6):1686-91. PMID: 5124311.
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    112. Schelbert HR, Ashburn WL, Covell JW, Simon AL, Braunwald E, Ross J. Feasibility and hazards of the intracoronary injection of radioactive serum albumin macroaggregates for external myocardial perfusion imaging. Invest Radiol. 1971 Nov-Dec; 6(6):379-87. PMID: 5162481.
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    113. Schelbert HR, Covell JW, Burns JW, Maroko PR, Ross J. Observations on factors affecting local forces in the left ventricular wall during acute myocardial ischemia. Circ Res. 1971 Sep; 29(3):306-16. PMID: 5093290.
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    114. Mason DT, Braunwald E, Covell JW, Sonnenblick EH, Ross J. Assessment of cardiac contractility. The relation between the rate of pressure rise and ventricular pressure during isovolumic systole. Circulation. 1971 Jul; 44(1):47-58. PMID: 5561416.
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    115. Burns JW, Covell JW, Myers R, Ross J. Comparison of directly measured left ventricular wall stress and stress calculated from geometric reference figures. Circ Res. 1971 Jun; 28(6):611-21. PMID: 5087324.
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    116. Coleman HN, Taylor RR, Pool PE, Whipple GH, Covell JW, Ross J, Braunwald E. Congestive heart failure following chronic tachycardia. Am Heart J. 1971 Jun; 81(6):790-8. PMID: 5088355.
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    117. Ross J, Sonnenblick EH, Taylor RR, Spotnitz HM, Covell JW. Diastolic geometry and sarcomere lengths in the chronically dilated canine left ventricle. Circ Res. 1971 Jan; 28(1):49-61. PMID: 5539440.
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    118. Maroko PR, Kjekshus JK, Sobel BE, Watanabe T, Covell JW, Ross J, Braunwald E. Factors influencing infarct size following experimental coronary artery occlusions. Circulation. 1971 Jan; 43(1):67-82. PMID: 5540853.
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    119. Gault JH, Covell JW, Braunwald E, Ross J. Left ventricular performance following correction of free aortic regurgitation. Circulation. 1970 Nov; 42(5):773-80. PMID: 5477250.
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    120. Spotnitz HM, Covell JW, Ross J, Braunwald E. Left ventricular mechanics and oxygen consumption during arterial counterpulsation. Am J Physiol. 1969 Nov; 217(5):1352-8. PMID: 5346299.
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    121. Covell JW, Fuhrer JS, Boerth RC, Ross J. Production of isotonic contractions in the intact canine left ventricle. J Appl Physiol. 1969 Oct; 27(4):577-81. PMID: 5822570.
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    122. Boerth RC, Covell JW, Seagren SC, Pool PE. High-energy phosphate concentrations in dog myocardium during stress. Am J Physiol. 1969 May; 216(5):1103-6. PMID: 5768058.
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    123. Boerth RC, Covell JW, Pool PE, Ross J. Increased myocardial oxygen consumption and contractile state associated with increased heart rate in dogs. Circ Res. 1969 May; 24(5):725-34. PMID: 5770259.
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    124. Taylor RR, Covell JW, Ross J. Volume-tension diagrams of ejecting and isovolumic contractions in left ventricle. Am J Physiol. 1969 May; 216(5):1097-102. PMID: 5797292.
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    125. Taylor RR, Covell JW, Ross J. Influence of the thyroid state on left ventricular tension-velocity relations in the intact, sedated dog. J Clin Invest. 1969 Apr; 48(4):775-84. PMID: 5774113.
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    126. Urschel CW, Covell JW, Graham TP, Clancy RL, Ross J, Sonnenblick EH, Braunwald E. Effects of acute valvular regurgitation on the oxygen consumption of the canine heart. Circ Res. 1968 Jul; 23(1):33-43. PMID: 5661937.
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    127. Taylor RR, Covell JW, Ross J. Left ventricular function in experimental aorto-caval fistula with circulatory congestion and fluid retention. J Clin Invest. 1968 Jun; 47(6):1333-42. PMID: 5653213.
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    128. Glick G, Covell JW. Relative importance of the carotid and aortic baroreceptors in the reflex control of heart rate. Am J Physiol. 1968 May; 214(5):955-61. PMID: 4967417.
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    129. Urschel CW, Covell JW, Sonnenblick EH, Ross J, Braunwald E. Myocardial mechanics in aortic and mitral valvular regurgitation: the concept of instantaneous impedance as a determinant of the performance of the intact heart. J Clin Invest. 1968 Apr; 47(4):867-83. PMID: 5641623.
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    130. Graham TP, Covell JW, Sonnenblick EH, Ross J, Braunwald E. Control of myocardial oxygen consumption: relative influence of contractile state and tension development. J Clin Invest. 1968 Feb; 47(2):375-85. PMID: 12066781.
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    131. Urschel CW, Covell JW, Sonnenblick EH, Ross J, Braunwald E. Effects of decreased aortic compliance on performance of the left ventricle. Am J Physiol. 1968 Feb; 214(2):298-304. PMID: 5635873.
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    132. Sonnenblick EH, Ross J, Covell JW, Spotnitz HM, Spiro D. The ultrastructure of the heart in systole and diastole. Chantes in sarcomere length. Circ Res. 1967 Oct; 21(4):423-31. PMID: 6057700.
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    133. Ross J, Sonnenblick EH, Covell JW, Kaiser G, Spiro D. The architecture of the heart in systole and diastole. Technique of rapid fixation and analysis of left ventricular geometry. Circ Res. 1967 Oct; 21(4):409-21. PMID: 6057699.
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    134. Taylor RR, Covell JW, Sonnenblick EH, Ross J. Dependence of ventricular distensibility on filling of the opposite ventricle. Am J Physiol. 1967 Sep; 213(3):711-8. PMID: 6036789.
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    135. Graham TP, Ross J, Covell JW, Sonnenblick EH, Clancy RL. Myocardial oxygen consumption in acute experimental cardiac depression. Circ Res. 1967 Aug; 21(2):123-38. PMID: 4157323.
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    136. Buccino RA, Covell JW, Sonnenblick EH, Braunwald E. Effects of serotonin on the contractile state of the myocardium. Am J Physiol. 1967 Aug; 213(2):483-6. PMID: 6036336.
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    137. Taylor RR, Ross J, Covell JW, Sonnenblick EH. A quantitative analysis of left ventricular myocardial function in the intact, sedated dog. Circ Res. 1967 Jul; 21(1):99-115. PMID: 6028859.
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    138. Pool PE, Covell JW, Levitt M, Gibb J, Braunwald E. Reduction of cardiac tyrosine hydroxylase activity in experimental congestive heart failure. Its role in the depletion of cardiac norepinephrine stores. Circ Res. 1967 Mar; 20(3):349-53. PMID: 6025614.
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    139. Ross J, Covell JW, Sonnenblick EH. The mechanics of left ventricular contraction in acute experimental cardiac failure. J Clin Invest. 1967 Mar; 46(3):299-312. PMID: 4381563.
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    140. Covell JW, Pool PE, Braunwald E. Effects of acutely induced ischemic heart failure on myocardial high energy phosphate stores. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1967 Jan; 124(1):126-31. PMID: 6017755.
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    141. Covell JW, Ross J, Taylor R, Sonnenblick EH, Braunwald E. Effects of increasing frequency of contraction on the force velocity relation of left ventricle. Cardiovasc Res. 1967 Jan; 1(1):2-8. PMID: 6060158.
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    142. Sonnenblick EH, Ross J, Covell JW, Braunwald E. Alterations in resting length-tension relations of cardiac muscle induced by changes in contractile force. Circ Res. 1966 Nov; 19(5):980-8. PMID: 5954130.
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    143. Covell JW, Braunwald E, Ross J, Sonnenblick EH. Studies on digitalis. XVI. Effects on myocardial oxygen consumption. J Clin Invest. 1966 Oct; 45(10):1535-42. PMID: 5925512.
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    144. Pool PE, Covell JW, Chidsey CA, Braunwald E. Myocardial high energy phosphate stores in acutely induced hypoxic heart failure. Circ Res. 1966 Aug; 19(2):221-9. PMID: 5914842.
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    145. Covell JW, Ross J, Sonnenblick EH, Braunwald E. Comparison of the force-velocity relation and the ventricular function curve as measures of the contractile state of the intact heart. Circ Res. 1966 Aug; 19(2):364-72. PMID: 5914848.
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    146. Braunwald E, Chidsey CA, Pool PE, Sonnenblick EH, Ross J, Mason DT, Spann JF, Covell JW. Congestive heart failure. Biochemical and physiological considerations. Combined clinical staff conference at the National Institutes of Health. Ann Intern Med. 1966 Apr; 64(4):904-41. PMID: 23841211.
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    147. Sonnenblick EH, Ross J, Covell JW, Kaiser GA, Braunwald E. Velocity of contraction as a determinant of myocardial oxygen consumption. Am J Physiol. 1965 Nov; 209(5):919-27. PMID: 5849492.
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