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Theodore Schwartz

Title(s)Emeritus Professor, Anthropology
SchoolAcademic Aff
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Bander ED, Kocharian G, Liechty B, Tsiouris AJ, Schwartz TH. Spontaneous regression of a clival chordoma. Case report. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2019 Nov 12. PMID: 31713157.
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    2. Gerges MM, Godil SS, Younus I, Rezk M, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic transorbital approach to the infratemporal fossa and parapharyngeal space: a cadaveric study. J Neurosurg. 2019 Nov 01; 1-12. PMID: 31675695.
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    3. Youngerman BE, Schwartz TH. Editorial: Quality of life after anterior skull base surgery. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2019 Oct 03. PMID: 31583473.
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    4. Liou JY, Baird-Daniel E, Zhao M, Daniel A, Schevon CA, Ma H, Schwartz TH. Burst suppression uncovers rapid widespread alterations in network excitability caused by an acute seizure focus. Brain. 2019 Oct 01; 142(10):3045-3058. PMID: 31436790.
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    5. Younus I, Gerges MM, Dobri GA, Ramakrishna R, Schwartz TH. Readmission after endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary surgery: analysis of 584 consecutive cases. J Neurosurg. 2019 Sep 27; 1-6. PMID: 31561225.
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    6. Yuan M, Behrami E, Pannullo S, Schwartz TH, Wernicke AG. The Relationship Between Tumor Volume and Timing of Post-resection Stereotactic Radiosurgery to Maximize Local Control: A Critical Review. Cureus. 2019 Sep 25; 11(9):e5762. PMID: 31723521.
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    7. Younus I, Gerges MM, Godil SS, Uribe-Cardenas R, Dobri GA, Ramakrishna R, Schwartz TH. Incidence and risk factors associated with reoperation for sellar hematoma following endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary surgery. J Neurosurg. 2019 Aug 23; 1-7. PMID: 31443077.
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    8. Gerges MM, Arnaout MM, El Asri AC, Cummock MD, Roshdy A, Anand VK, Dinkin MJ, Oliveira C, Schwartz TH. Increased frequency of cataract surgery in patients over age 50 with pituitary macroadenomas and chiasmal compression. Pituitary. 2019 Aug; 22(4):405-410. PMID: 31144107.
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    9. Gerges MM, Godil SS, Rumalla K, Liechty B, Pisapia DJ, Magge RS, Schwartz TH. Genomic profile of a primary squamous cell carcinoma arising from malignant transformation of a pineal epidermoid cyst. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2019 Sep; 161(9):1829-1834. PMID: 31267186.
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    10. Arko L, Schwartz TH. Commentary: Near-Infrared Optical Contrast of Skull Base Tumors During Endoscopic Endonasal Surgery. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2019 Jul 01; 17(1):E5-E6. PMID: 30257001.
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    11. Wang EW, Zanation AM, Gardner PA, Schwartz TH, Eloy JA, Adappa ND, Bettag M, Bleier BS, Cappabianca P, Carrau RL, Casiano RR, Cavallo LM, Ebert CS, El-Sayed IH, Evans JJ, Fernandez-Miranda JC, Folbe AJ, Froelich S, Gentili F, Harvey RJ, Hwang PH, Jane JA, Kelly DF, Kennedy D, Knosp E, Lal D, Lee JYK, Liu JK, Lund VJ, Palmer JN, Prevedello DM, Schlosser RJ, Sindwani R, Solares CA, Tabaee A, Teo C, Thirumala PD, Thorp BD, de Arnaldo Silva Vellutini E, Witterick I, Woodworth BA, Wormald PJ, Snyderman CH. ICAR: endoscopic skull-base surgery. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2019 Jul; 9(S3):S145-S365. PMID: 31329374.
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    12. Arnaout MM, Gerges MM, Cummock MD, El Asri AC, Greenfield JP, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endonasal surgery for suprasellar germ cell tumors: two cases and review of the literature. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2019 Aug; 161(8):1699-1704. PMID: 31214781.
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    13. Julie DAR, Ahmed Z, Karceski SC, Pannullo SC, Schwartz TH, Parashar B, Wernicke AG. An overview of anti-epileptic therapy management of patients with malignant tumors of the brain undergoing radiation therapy. Seizure. 2019 Aug; 70:30-37. PMID: 31247400.
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    14. Chidambaram S, Pannullo SC, Roytman M, Pisapia DJ, Liechty B, Magge RS, Ramakrishna R, Stieg PE, Schwartz TH, Ivanidze J. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging perfusion characteristics in meningiomas treated with resection and adjuvant radiosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jun 01; 46(6):E10. PMID: 31153141.
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    15. Hussain I, Schmidt FA, Kirnaz S, Wipplinger C, Schwartz TH, Härtl R. MIS approaches in the cervical spine. J Spine Surg. 2019 Jun; 5(Suppl 1):S74-S83. PMID: 31380495.
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    16. El Asri AC, Arnaout MM, Gerges MM, Gazzaz M, El Mostarchid B, Schwartz TH. Prognosis Factor in Oculomotor Schwannoma: A Case of Endoscopic Endonasal Approach and Systematic Review of the Literature. World Neurosurg. 2019 Sep; 129:72-80. PMID: 31150851.
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    17. Soneru CP, Riley CA, Hoffman K, Tabaee A, Schwartz TH. Intra-operative MRI vs endoscopy in achieving gross total resection of pituitary adenomas: a systematic review. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2019 Aug; 161(8):1683-1698. PMID: 31139934.
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    18. Ivanidze J, Roytman M, Lin E, Magge RS, Pisapia DJ, Liechty B, Karakatsanis N, Ramakrishna R, Knisely J, Schwartz TH, Osborne JR, Pannullo SC. Gallium-68 DOTATATE PET in the Evaluation of Intracranial Meningiomas. J Neuroimaging. 2019 Sep; 29(5):650-656. PMID: 31107591.
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    19. ElJalby M, Pannullo SC, Schwartz TH, Parashar B, Wernicke AG. Optimal Timing and Sequence of Immunotherapy When Combined with Stereotactic Radiosurgery in the Treatment of Brain Metastases. World Neurosurg. 2019 Jul; 127:397-404. PMID: 31004856.
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    20. Mahase SS, Navrazhina K, Schwartz TH, Parashar B, Wernicke AG. Intraoperative brachytherapy for resected brain metastases. Brachytherapy. 2019 May - Jun; 18(3):258-270. PMID: 30850332.
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    21. Shafiq AR, Wernicke AG, Riley CA, Morgenstern PF, Nedialkova L, Pannullo SC, Parashar B, Magge R, Schwartz TH. Placement of cesium-131 permanent brachytherapy seeds using the endoscopic endonasal approach for recurrent anaplastic skull base meningioma: case report and technical note. J Neurosurg. 2019 Mar 01; 1-6. PMID: 30835687.
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    22. Rumalla K, Smith KA, Arnold PM, Schwartz TH. Readmission Following Surgical Resection for Intractable Epilepsy: Nationwide Rates, Causes, Predictors, and Outcomes. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2019 Mar 01; 16(3):374-382. PMID: 29873772.
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    23. Chidambaram S, Pannullo SC, Schwartz TH, Wernicke AG. Reirradiation of Recurrent Brain Metastases: Where Do We Stand? World Neurosurg. 2019 May; 125:156-163. PMID: 30738931.
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    24. Schwartz TH, Morgenstern PF, Anand VK. Lessons learned in the evolution of endoscopic skull base surgery. J Neurosurg. 2019 Feb 01; 130(2):337-346. PMID: 30717035.
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    25. Riley CA, Soneru CP, Tabaee A, Kacker A, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Technological and Ideological Innovations in Endoscopic Skull Base Surgery. World Neurosurg. 2019 Jan 29. PMID: 30708082.
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    26. Alalade AF, Ogando-Rivas E, Forbes J, Ottenhausen M, Uribe-Cardenas R, Hussain I, Nair P, Lehner K, Singh H, Kacker A, Anand VK, Hartl R, Baaj A, Schwartz TH, Greenfield JP. A Dual Approach for the Management of Complex Craniovertebral Junction Abnormalities: Endoscopic Endonasal Odontoidectomy and Posterior Decompression with Fusion. World Neurosurg X. 2019 Apr; 2:100010. PMID: 31218285.
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    27. Riley CA, Tabaee A, Conley L, Amine M, Soneru CP, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Long-term sinonasal outcomes after endoscopic skull base surgery with nasoseptal flap reconstruction. Laryngoscope. 2019 05; 129(5):1035-1040. PMID: 30569585.
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    28. La Corte E, Younus I, Pivari F, Selimi A, Ottenhausen M, Forbes JA, Pisapia DJ, Dobri GA, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. BRAF V600E mutant papillary craniopharyngiomas: a single-institutional case series. Pituitary. 2018 Dec; 21(6):571-583. PMID: 30187175.
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    29. Bander ED, Jones SH, Pisapia D, Magge R, Fine H, Schwartz TH, Ramakrishna R. Tubular brain tumor biopsy improves diagnostic yield for subcortical lesions. J Neurooncol. 2019 Jan; 141(1):121-129. PMID: 30446900.
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    30. La Corte E, Selimi A, Ottenhausen M, Forbes JA, Arnaout MM, Ferroli P, Serrao G, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Anterior communicating artery division in the endoscopic endonasal translamina terminalis approach to the third ventricle: an anatomical feasibility study. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2019 Apr; 161(4):811-820. PMID: 30430257.
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    31. Weidman EK, Morgenstern PF, Phillips CD, Greenfield JP, Schwartz TH, Heier LA. Beals syndrome with middle and inner ear dysplasia and encephalocele: A case report and review of imaging findings. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2019 Feb; 117:26-29. PMID: 30579083.
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    32. Ordóñez-Rubiano EG, Forbes JA, Morgenstern PF, Arko L, Dobri GA, Greenfield JP, Souweidane MM, Tsiouris AJ, Anand VK, Kacker A, Schwartz TH. Preserve or sacrifice the stalk? Endocrinological outcomes, extent of resection, and recurrence rates following endoscopic endonasal resection of craniopharyngiomas. J Neurosurg. 2018 Nov 01; 1-9. PMID: 30497145.
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    33. Forbes JA, Ordóñez-Rubiano EG, Tomasiewicz HC, Banu MA, Younus I, Dobri GA, Phillips CD, Kacker A, Cisse B, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endonasal endoscopic transsphenoidal resection of intrinsic third ventricular craniopharyngioma: surgical results. J Neurosurg. 2018 Nov 01; 1-11. PMID: 30497140.
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    34. Nagappan S, Liu L, Fetcho R, Nguyen J, Nishimura N, Radwanski RE, Lieberman S, Baird-Daniel E, Ma H, Zhao M, Schaffer CB, Schwartz TH. In Vivo Femtosecond Laser Subsurface Cortical Microtransections Attenuate Acute Rat Focal Seizures. Cereb Cortex. 2018 Sep 06. PMID: 30192931.
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    35. Harris SS, Boorman LW, Das D, Kennerley AJ, Sharp PS, Martin C, Redgrave P, Schwartz TH, Berwick J. Physiological and Pathological Brain Activation in the Anesthetized Rat Produces Hemodynamic-Dependent Cortical Temperature Increases That Can Confound the BOLD fMRI Signal. Front Neurosci. 2018; 12:550. PMID: 30154690.
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    36. Hussain I, Schwartz TH, Greenfield JP. Endoscopic Endonasal Approach to the Upper Cervical Spine for Decompression of the Cervicomedullary Junction Following Occipitocervical Fusion. Clin Spine Surg. 2018 08; 31(7):285-292. PMID: 29538039.
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    37. Shin J, Forbes J, Lehner K, Tomasiewicz H, Schwartz TH, Phillips CD. Skull Base 3D Modeling of Rigid Buttress for Gasket-Seal Closure Using Operative Endoscopic Imaging: Cadaveric Feasibility. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2019 Feb; 80(1):67-71. PMID: 30733903.
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    38. Knisely JPS, Ramakrishna R, Schwartz TH. Letter to the Editor. How safe, really, is jugular paraganglioma radiosurgery? J Neurosurg. 2018 Jul 01; 1-3. PMID: 30074464.
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    39. Liou JY, Ma H, Wenzel M, Zhao M, Baird-Daniel E, Smith EH, Daniel A, Emerson R, Yuste R, Schwartz TH, Schevon CA. Role of inhibitory control in modulating focal seizure spread. Brain. 2018 07 01; 141(7):2083-2097. PMID: 29757347.
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    40. Singh H, Burhan Janjua M, Ahmed M, Esquenazi Y, Dhandapani S, Mauer E, Schwartz TH, Souweidane MS. Factors influencing outcome in patients with colloid cysts who present with acute neurological deterioration. J Clin Neurosci. 2018 Aug; 54:88-95. PMID: 29907387.
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    41. Ottenhausen M, Alalade AF, Rumalla K, Nair P, Baaj A, Hartl R, Kacker A, Greenfield JP, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Quality of Life After Combined Endonasal Endoscopic Odontoidectomy and Posterior Suboccipital Decompression and Fusion. World Neurosurg. 2018 Aug; 116:e571-e576. PMID: 29775769.
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    42. Forbes JA, Banu M, Lehner K, Ottenhausen M, La Corte E, Alalade AF, Ordóñez-Rubiano EG, Greenfield JP, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal resection of epidermoid cysts involving the ventral cranial base. J Neurosurg. 2018 Jun 01; 1-10. PMID: 29882703.
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    43. Younus I, Forbes JA, Ordóñez-Rubiano EG, Avendano-Pradel R, La Corte E, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Radiation therapy rather than prior surgery reduces extent of resection during endonasal endoscopic reoperation for craniopharyngioma. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2018 07; 160(7):1425-1431. PMID: 29802559.
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    44. Ottenhausen M, Rumalla K, Younus I, Minkowitz S, Tsiouris AJ, Schwartz TH. Predictors of postoperative motor function in rolandic meningiomas. J Neurosurg. 2018 May 01; 1-6. PMID: 29799346.
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    45. Zhang M, Azad TD, Singh H, Salam S, Jain S, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Lumbar Puncture for the Injection of Intrathecal Fluorescein: Should It Be Avoided in a Subset of Patients Undergoing Endoscopic Endonasal Resection of Sellar and Parasellar Lesions? J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2018 Dec; 79(6):554-558. PMID: 30456024.
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    46. Ottenhausen M, Rumalla K, Alalade AF, Nair P, La Corte E, Younus I, Forbes JA, Ben Nsir A, Banu MA, Tsiouris AJ, Schwartz TH. Decision-making algorithm for minimally invasive approaches to anterior skull base meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 04; 44(4):E7. PMID: 29606040.
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    47. Forbes JA, D'herbemont S, Lehner KR, Pineda Martinez D, Navarro-Chávez IP, Mendez Rosito D, Schwartz TH. Feasibility of endoscopic endonasal approach for clip application of cerebral aneurysms: a systematic review. J Neurosurg Sci. 2018 Dec; 62(6):650-657. PMID: 29582975.
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    48. Cohen S, Jones SH, Dhandapani S, Negm HM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Lumbar Drains Decrease the Risk of Postoperative Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak Following Endonasal Endoscopic Surgery for Suprasellar Meningiomas in Patients With High Body Mass Index. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2018 01 01; 14(1):66-71. PMID: 29253284.
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    49. Harris SS, Boorman LW, Kennerley AJ, Sharp PS, Martin C, Redgrave P, Schwartz TH, Berwick J. Seizure epicenter depth and translaminar field potential synchrony underlie complex variations in tissue oxygenation during ictal initiation. Neuroimage. 2018 05 01; 171:165-175. PMID: 29294386.
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    50. Ogando-Rivas E, Alalade AF, Boatey J, Schwartz TH. Double pituitary adenomas are most commonly associated with GH- and ACTH-secreting tumors: systematic review of the literature. Pituitary. 2017 Dec; 20(6):702-708. PMID: 28766078.
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    51. Omay SB, Almeida JP, Chen YN, Shetty SR, Liang B, Ni S, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Is the chiasm-pituitary corridor size important for achieving gross-total resection during endonasal endoscopic resection of craniopharyngiomas? J Neurosurg. 2018 09; 129(3):642-647. PMID: 29171802.
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    52. Alalade AF, Ogando-Rivas E, Boatey J, Souweidane MM, Anand VK, Greenfield JP, Schwartz TH. Suprasellar and recurrent pediatric craniopharyngiomas: expanding indications for the extended endoscopic transsphenoidal approach. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2018 01; 21(1):72-80. PMID: 29125446.
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    53. Ottenhausen M, Rumalla K, La Corte E, Alalade A, Nair P, Forbes J, Ben Nsir A, Schwartz TH. Treatment strategies for craniopharyngiomas. J Neurosurg Sci. 2019 Feb; 63(1):83-87. PMID: 28869375.
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    54. Almeida JP, Ruiz-Treviño AS, Liang B, Omay SB, Shetty SR, Chen YN, Anand VK, Grover K, Christos P, Schwartz TH. Reoperation for growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenomas: report on an endonasal endoscopic series with a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. J Neurosurg. 2018 08; 129(2):404-416. PMID: 28862548.
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    55. Almeida JP, Omay SB, Shetty SR, Chen YN, Ruiz-Treviño AS, Liang B, Anand VK, Levine B, Schwartz TH. Transorbital endoscopic eyelid approach for resection of sphenoorbital meningiomas with predominant hyperostosis: report of 2 cases. J Neurosurg. 2018 06; 128(6):1885-1895. PMID: 28862553.
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    56. Shetty SR, Ruiz-Treviño AS, Omay SB, Almeida JP, Liang B, Chen YN, Singh H, Schwartz TH. Limitations of the endonasal endoscopic approach in treating olfactory groove meningiomas. A systematic review. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2017 10; 159(10):1875-1885. PMID: 28831590.
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    57. Negm HM, Singh H, Dhandapani S, Cohen S, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Landmarks to Identify Petrous Apex Through Endonasal Approach Without Transgression of Sinus. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2018 Apr; 79(2):156-160. PMID: 29868320.
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    58. Almeida JP, Ruiz-Treviño AS, Shetty SR, Omay SB, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Transorbital endoscopic approach for exposure of the sylvian fissure, middle cerebral artery and crural cistern: an anatomical study. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2017 10; 159(10):1893-1907. PMID: 28808799.
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    59. Omay SB, Chen YN, Almeida JP, Ruiz-Treviño AS, Boockvar JA, Stieg PE, Greenfield JP, Souweidane MM, Kacker A, Pisapia DJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Do craniopharyngioma molecular signatures correlate with clinical characteristics? J Neurosurg. 2018 05; 128(5):1473-1478. PMID: 28707994.
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    60. Chen YN, Omay SB, Shetty SR, Liang B, Almeida JP, Ruiz-Treviño AS, Lavi E, Schwartz TH. Transtubular excisional biopsy as a rescue for a non-diagnostic stereotactic needle biopsy-case report and literature review. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2017 09; 159(9):1589-1595. PMID: 28688051.
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    61. Liang B, Shetty SR, Omay SB, Almeida JP, Ni S, Chen YN, Ruiz-Treviño AS, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Predictors and incidence of orthostatic headache associated with lumbar drain placement following endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2017 08; 159(8):1379-1385. PMID: 28643170.
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    62. Singh H, Rote S, Jada A, Bander ED, Almodovar-Mercado GJ, Essayed WI, Härtl R, Anand VK, Schwartz TH, Greenfield JP. Endoscopic endonasal odontoid resection with real-time intraoperative image-guided computed tomography: report of 4 cases. J Neurosurg. 2018 05; 128(5):1486-1491. PMID: 28621629.
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    63. Wernicke AG, Hirschfeld CB, Smith AW, Taube S, Yondorf MZ, Parashar B, Nedialkova L, Kulidzhanov F, Trichter S, Sabbas A, Ramakrishna R, Pannullo S, Schwartz TH. Clinical Outcomes of Large Brain Metastases Treated With Neurosurgical Resection and Intraoperative Cesium-131 Brachytherapy: Results of a Prospective Trial. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2017 08 01; 98(5):1059-1068. PMID: 28721889.
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    64. Baird-Daniel E, Daniel AGS, Wenzel M, Li D, Liou JY, Laffont P, Zhao M, Yuste R, Ma H, Schwartz TH. Glial Calcium Waves are Triggered by Seizure Activity and Not Essential for Initiating Ictal Onset or Neurovascular Coupling. Cereb Cortex. 2017 06 01; 27(6):3318-3330. PMID: 28369176.
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    65. Wilson PJ, Omay SB, Kacker A, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endonasal endoscopic pituitary surgery in the elderly. J Neurosurg. 2018 02; 128(2):429-436. PMID: 28387628.
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    66. Janjua MB, Caruso JP, Greenfield JP, Souweidane MM, Schwartz TH. The combined transpetrosal approach: Anatomic study and literature review. J Clin Neurosci. 2017 Jul; 41:36-40. PMID: 28377283.
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    67. Sonabend AM, Zacharia BE, Cloney MB, Sonabend A, Showers C, Ebiana V, Nazarian M, Swanson KR, Baldock A, Brem H, Bruce JN, Butler W, Cahill DP, Carter B, Orringer DA, Roberts DW, Sagher O, Sanai N, Schwartz TH, Silbergeld DL, Sisti MB, Thompson RC, Waziri AE, Ghogawala Z, McKhann G. Defining Glioblastoma Resectability Through the Wisdom of the Crowd: A Proof-of-Principle Study. Neurosurgery. 2017 04 01; 80(4):590-601. PMID: 27509070.
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    68. Yondorf MZ, Schwartz TH, Boockvar JA, Pannullo S, Stieg P, Sabbas A, Pavese A, Trichter S, Nedialkova L, Parashar B, Nori D, Chao KS, Wernicke AG. Radiation Exposure and Safety Precautions Following 131Cs Brachytherapy in Patients with Brain Tumors. Health Phys. 2017 04; 112(4):403-408. PMID: 28234701.
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    69. Singh H, Essayed WI, Deb S, Hoffman C, Schwartz TH. Minimally Invasive Robotic Laser Corpus Callosotomy: A Proof of Concept. Cureus. 2017 Feb 10; 9(2):e1021. PMID: 28348940.
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    70. Esquenazi Y, Essayed WI, Singh H, Mauer E, Ahmed M, Christos PJ, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic Endonasal Versus Microscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery for Recurrent and/or Residual Pituitary Adenomas. World Neurosurg. 2017 May; 101:186-195. PMID: 28185971.
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    71. Romero ADCB, Lal Gangadharan J, Bander ED, Gobin YP, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Managing Arterial Injury in Endoscopic Skull Base Surgery: Case Series and Review of the Literature. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2017 02 01; 13(1):138-149. PMID: 28931251.
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    72. Bander ED, Singh H, Ogilvie CB, Cusic RC, Pisapia DJ, Tsiouris AJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal versus transcranial approach to tuberculum sellae and planum sphenoidale meningiomas in a similar cohort of patients. J Neurosurg. 2018 01; 128(1):40-48. PMID: 28128693.
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    73. Essayed WI, Singh H, Lapadula G, Almodovar-Mercado GJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal approach to the ventral brainstem: anatomical feasibility and surgical limitations. J Neurosurg. 2017 Nov; 127(5):1139-1146. PMID: 28084906.
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    74. Barker FG, Fahlbusch R, Schwartz TH, Wisoff JH. Introduction: Craniopharyngioma: current and emerging treatment modalities. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec; 41(6):E1. PMID: 27903127.
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    75. Moussazadeh N, Prabhu V, Bander ED, Cusic RC, Tsiouris AJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal versus open transcranial resection of craniopharyngiomas: a case-matched single-institution analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec; 41(6):E7. PMID: 27903116.
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    76. Jones SH, Iannone AF, Patel KS, Anchouche K, Raza SM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. The Impact of Age on Long-Term Quality of Life After Endonasal Endoscopic Resection of Skull Base Meningiomas. Neurosurgery. 2016 Nov; 79(5):736-745. PMID: 27465844.
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    77. Omay SB, Schwartz TH. Visual outcome after pituitary adenoma surgery. Neurol India. 2016 Nov-Dec; 64(6):1254-1255. PMID: 27841195.
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    78. Negm HM, Al-Mahfoudh R, Pai M, Singh H, Cohen S, Dhandapani S, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Reoperative endoscopic endonasal surgery for residual or recurrent pituitary adenomas. J Neurosurg. 2017 08; 127(2):397-408. PMID: 27791524.
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    79. Hirschfeld CB, Schwartz TH, Parashar B, Wernicke AG. Seed migration to the spinal canal after postresection brachytherapy to treat a large brain metastasis. Brachytherapy. 2016 Sep-Oct; 15(5):637-41. PMID: 27619561.
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    80. Dhandapani S, Singh H, Negm HM, Cohen S, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Cavernous Sinus Invasion in Pituitary Adenomas: Systematic Review and Pooled Data Meta-Analysis of Radiologic Criteria and Comparison of Endoscopic and Microscopic Surgery. World Neurosurg. 2016 Dec; 96:36-46. PMID: 27591098.
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    81. Murray RD, Friedlander R, Hanz S, Singh H, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Nonrandom spatial clustering of spontaneous anterior fossa cerebrospinal fluid fistulas and predilection for the posterior cribriform plate. J Neurosurg. 2017 May; 126(5):1720-1724. PMID: 27367237.
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    82. Zhang M, Singh H, Almodovar-Mercado GJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Required Reading: The Most Impactful Articles in Endoscopic Endonasal Skull Base Surgery. World Neurosurg. 2016 Aug; 92:499-512.e2. PMID: 27312387.
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    83. Wernicke AG, Smith AW, Taube S, Yondorf MZ, Parashar B, Trichter S, Nedialkova L, Sabbas A, Christos P, Ramakrishna R, Pannullo SC, Stieg PE, Schwartz TH. Cesium-131 brachytherapy for recurrent brain metastases: durable salvage treatment for previously irradiated metastatic disease. J Neurosurg. 2017 Apr; 126(4):1212-1219. PMID: 27257835.
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    84. Singh H, Essayed WI, Jada A, Moussazadeh N, Dhandapani S, Rote S, Schwartz TH. Contralateral supraorbital keyhole approach to medial optic nerve lesions: an anatomoclinical study. J Neurosurg. 2017 Mar; 126(3):940-944. PMID: 27257841.
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    85. Chohan MO, Levin AM, Singh R, Zhou Z, Green CL, Kazam JJ, Tsiouris AJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Three-dimensional volumetric measurements in defining endoscope-guided giant adenoma surgery outcomes. Pituitary. 2016 Jun; 19(3):311-21. PMID: 26843023.
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    86. Singh H, Essayed WI, Cohen-Gadol A, Zada G, Schwartz TH. Resection of pituitary tumors: endoscopic versus microscopic. J Neurooncol. 2016 11; 130(2):309-317. PMID: 27161249.
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    87. Dhandapani S, Singh H, Negm HM, Cohen S, Souweidane MM, Greenfield JP, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endonasal endoscopic reoperation for residual or recurrent craniopharyngiomas. J Neurosurg. 2017 Feb; 126(2):418-430. PMID: 27153172.
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    88. Patrona A, Patel KS, Bander ED, Mehta A, Tsiouris AJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal surgery for nonadenomatous, nonmeningeal pathology involving the cavernous sinus. J Neurosurg. 2017 Mar; 126(3):880-888. PMID: 27128582.
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    89. Inan M, Zhao M, Manuszak M, Karakaya C, Rajadhyaksha AM, Pickel VM, Schwartz TH, Goldstein PA, Manfredi G. Energy deficit in parvalbumin neurons leads to circuit dysfunction, impaired sensory gating and social disability. Neurobiol Dis. 2016 09; 93:35-46. PMID: 27105708.
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    90. Schwartz TH, Banu MA, Anand VK. Response. J Neurosurg. 2016 Apr; 124(4):1140-1. PMID: 27482584.
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    91. Zacharia BE, Amine M, Anand V, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic Endonasal Management of Craniopharyngioma. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2016 Feb; 49(1):201-12. PMID: 26614838.
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    92. Wernicke AG, Yondorf MZ, Parashar B, Nori D, Clifford Chao KS, Boockvar JA, Pannullo S, Stieg P, Schwartz TH. The cost-effectiveness of surgical resection and cesium-131 intraoperative brachytherapy versus surgical resection and stereotactic radiosurgery in the treatment of metastatic brain tumors. J Neurooncol. 2016 Mar; 127(1):145-53. PMID: 26725100.
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    93. McCrea HJ, George E, Settler A, Schwartz TH, Greenfield JP. Pediatric Suprasellar Tumors. J Child Neurol. 2016 10; 31(12):1367-76. PMID: 26676303.
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    94. Pham A, Yondorf MZ, Parashar B, Scheff RJ, Pannullo SC, Ramakrishna R, Stieg PE, Schwartz TH, Wernicke AG. Neurocognitive function and quality of life in patients with newly diagnosed brain metastasis after treatment with intra-operative cesium-131 brachytherapy: a prospective trial. J Neurooncol. 2016 Mar; 127(1):63-71. PMID: 26650067.
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    95. Ottenhausen M, Bodhinayake I, Banu MA, Stieg PE, Schwartz TH. Vincent du Vigneaud: following the sulfur trail to the discovery of the hormones of the posterior pituitary gland at Cornell Medical College. J Neurosurg. 2016 May; 124(5):1538-42. PMID: 26517776.
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    96. Yang T, Bayad F, Schaberg MR, Sigounas D, Nyquist G, Bonci G, Patel K, Tsiouris AJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic Endonasal Transsphenoidal Treatment of Pituitary Apoplexy: Outcomes in a Series of 20 Patients. Cureus. 2015 Oct 20; 7(10):e357. PMID: 26623212.
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    97. Bander ED, Jones SH, Kovanlikaya I, Schwartz TH. Utility of tubular retractors to minimize surgical brain injury in the removal of deep intraparenchymal lesions: a quantitative analysis of FLAIR hyperintensity and apparent diffusion coefficient maps. J Neurosurg. 2016 Apr; 124(4):1053-60. PMID: 26430838.
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    98. Wernicke AG, Yondorf M, Parashar B, Trichter S, Schwartz TH. Response. J Neurosurg. 2015 Oct; 123(4):1111-2. PMID: 26697605.
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    99. Alvarez Berastegui GR, Raza SM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endonasal endoscopic transsphenoidal chiasmapexy using a clival cranial base cranioplasty for visual loss from massive empty sella following macroprolactinoma treatment with bromocriptine: case report. J Neurosurg. 2016 Apr; 124(4):1025-31. PMID: 26339851.
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    100. Khan OH, Raithatha R, Castelnuovo P, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Draf III Extension in the Endoscopic Endonasal Transethmoidal, Transcribriform Approach Through the Back Wall of the Frontal Sinus: A Cadaveric Study. World Neurosurg. 2016 Jan; 85:136-42. PMID: 26341446.
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    101. Dhandapani S, Negm HM, Cohen S, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endonasal Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Resection of Tuberculum Sella Meningioma with Anterior Cerebral Artery Encasement. Cureus. 2015 Aug 25; 7(8):e311. PMID: 26430585.
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    102. Raza SM, Banu MA, Donaldson A, Patel KS, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Sensitivity and specificity of intrathecal fluorescein and white light excitation for detecting intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak in endoscopic skull base surgery: a prospective study. J Neurosurg. 2016 Mar; 124(3):621-6. PMID: 26295912.
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    103. Prabhu V, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Preservation of Pituitary Function after Endonasal Craniopharyngioma Surgery: Case Report and Review of the Literature. Cureus. 2015 Aug 17; 7(8):e305. PMID: 26430579.
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    104. Banu MA, Mehta A, Ottenhausen M, Fraser JF, Patel KS, Szentirmai O, Anand VK, Tsiouris AJ, Schwartz TH. Endoscope-assisted endonasal versus supraorbital keyhole resection of olfactory groove meningiomas: comparison and combination of 2 minimally invasive approaches. J Neurosurg. 2016 Mar; 124(3):605-20. PMID: 26274992.
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    105. Wernicke AG, Lazow SP, Taube S, Yondorf MZ, Kovanlikaya I, Nori D, Christos P, Boockvar JA, Pannullo S, Stieg PE, Schwartz TH. Surgical Technique and Clinically Relevant Resection Cavity Dynamics Following Implantation of Cesium-131 (Cs-131) Brachytherapy in Patients With Brain Metastases. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2016 03; 12(1):49-60. PMID: 27774500.
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    106. Margetis K, Schwartz TH. Response. J Neurosurg. 2015 Aug; 123(2):475-6. PMID: 26447236.
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    107. Szentirmai O, Hong Y, Mascarenhas L, Salek AA, Stieg PE, Anand VK, Cohen-Gadol AA, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal clip ligation of cerebral aneurysms: an anatomical feasibility study and future directions. J Neurosurg. 2016 Feb; 124(2):463-8. PMID: 26230466.
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    108. McCoul ED, Patel AS, Bedrosian JC, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Intranasal cross-sectional area and quality of life changes following endoscopic transsphenoidal skull base surgery. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2015 Dec; 5(12):1124-8. PMID: 26198728.
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    109. Hsu AK, Singh A, Bury S, Schwartz TH, Anand VK, Kacker A. Endoscopic cerebrospinal fluid leak closure in an infected field. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2015 Jul-Aug; 29(4):305-8. PMID: 26163251.
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    110. Zhao M, Alleva R, Ma H, Daniel AG, Schwartz TH. Optogenetic tools for modulating and probing the epileptic network. Epilepsy Res. 2015 Oct; 116:15-26. PMID: 26354163.
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    111. Zacharia BE, Romero FR, Rapoport SK, Raza SM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic Endonasal Management of Metastatic Lesions of the Anterior Skull Base: Case Series and Literature Review. World Neurosurg. 2015 Nov; 84(5):1267-77. PMID: 26079759.
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    112. Cornelius NR, Nishimura N, Suh M, Schwartz TH, Doerschuk PC. A mathematical model relating cortical oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin flows and volumes to neural activity. J Neural Eng. 2015 Aug; 12(4):046013. PMID: 26045465.
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    113. McCoul ED, Bedrosian JC, Akselrod O, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Preservation of multidimensional quality of life after endoscopic pituitary adenoma resection. J Neurosurg. 2015 Sep; 123(3):813-20. PMID: 26047408.
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    114. Mercier MR, Molholm S, Fiebelkorn IC, Butler JS, Schwartz TH, Foxe JJ. Neuro-oscillatory phase alignment drives speeded multisensory response times: an electro-corticographic investigation. J Neurosci. 2015 Jun 03; 35(22):8546-57. PMID: 26041921.
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    115. Schwartz TH. Response. J Neurosurg. 2015 Jun; 122(6):1517. PMID: 26225374.
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    116. Dziedzic TA, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal approach to the lateral orbital apex: case report. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2015 Sep; 16(3):305-8. PMID: 26053671.
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    117. Raza SM, Amine MA, Anand V, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic Endonasal Resection of Trigeminal Schwannomas. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2015 Jul; 26(3):473-9. PMID: 26141365.
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    118. Daniel AG, Laffont P, Zhao M, Ma H, Schwartz TH. Optical electrocorticogram (OECoG) using wide-field calcium imaging reveals the divergence of neuronal and glial activity during acute rodent seizures. Epilepsy Behav. 2015 Aug; 49:61-5. PMID: 25976183.
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    119. Patel KS, Raza SM, McCoul ED, Patrona A, Greenfield JP, Souweidane MM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Long-term quality of life after endonasal endoscopic resection of adult craniopharyngiomas. J Neurosurg. 2015 Sep; 123(3):571-80. PMID: 25884258.
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    120. Jaiswal MK, Keros S, Zhao M, Inan M, Schwartz TH, Anderson SA, Homanics GE, Goldstein PA. Reduction in focal ictal activity following transplantation of MGE interneurons requires expression of the GABAA receptor a4 subunit. Front Cell Neurosci. 2015; 9:127. PMID: 25914623.
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    121. La Corte E, Aldana PR, Ferroli P, Greenfield JP, Härtl R, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. The rhinopalatine line as a reliable predictor of the inferior extent of endonasal odontoidectomies. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr; 38(4):E16. PMID: 25828492.
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    122. Schwartz TH. Editorial: Does chiasmatic blood supply dictate endonasal corridors? J Neurosurg. 2015 May; 122(5):1163-4. PMID: 25723298.
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    123. Zhao M, McGarry LM, Ma H, Harris S, Berwick J, Yuste R, Schwartz TH. Optical triggered seizures using a caged 4-Aminopyridine. Front Neurosci. 2015; 9:25. PMID: 25698919.
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    124. Evins AI, Tebo CC, Schwartz TH. Response. J Neurosurg. 2015 Feb; 122(2):477-8. PMID: 25763433.
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    125. Rahmani R, Sukumaran M, Donaldson AM, Akselrod O, Lavi E, Schwartz TH. Parasellar xanthogranulomas. J Neurosurg. 2015 Apr; 122(4):812-7. PMID: 25614942.
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    126. Moussazadeh N, Kulwin C, Anand VK, Ting JY, Gamss C, Iorgulescu JB, Tsiouris AJ, Cohen-Gadol AA, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal resection of skull base chondrosarcomas: technique and early results. J Neurosurg. 2015 Apr; 122(4):735-42. PMID: 25594323.
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    127. Margetis K, Rajappa P, Tsiouris AJ, Greenfield JP, Schwartz TH. Intraoperative stereotactic injection of Indigo Carmine dye to mark ill-defined tumor margins: a prospective phase I-II study. J Neurosurg. 2015 Jan; 122(1):40-8. PMID: 25361489.
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    128. Silva D, Attia M, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal posterior clinoidectomy. J Neurosurg. 2015 Feb; 122(2):478-9. PMID: 25526266.
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    129. Bedrosian JC, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. The endoscopic endonasal approach to repair of iatrogenic and noniatrogenic cerebrospinal fluid leaks and encephaloceles of the anterior cranial fossa. World Neurosurg. 2014 Dec; 82(6 Suppl):S86-94. PMID: 25496641.
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    130. Goldschlager T, Härtl R, Greenfield JP, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. The endoscopic endonasal approach to the odontoid and its impact on early extubation and feeding. J Neurosurg. 2015 Mar; 122(3):511-8. PMID: 25361480.
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    131. Zacharia BE, Schwartz TH. Diffusion of neuroendoscopy: guided by the light. World Neurosurg. 2015 May; 83(5):752-3. PMID: 25463423.
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    132. Yang T, Hakimian S, Schwartz TH. Intraoperative ElectroCorticoGraphy (ECog): indications, techniques, and utility in epilepsy surgery. Epileptic Disord. 2014 Sep; 16(3):271-9. PMID: 25204010.
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    133. Sekhar L, Mantovani A, Mortazavi M, Schwartz TH, Couldwell WT. Open vs endoscopic: when to use which. Neurosurgery. 2014 Aug; 61 Suppl 1:84-92. PMID: 25032535.
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    134. Ma H, Harris S, Rahmani R, Lacefield CO, Zhao M, Daniel AG, Zhou Z, Bruno RM, Berwick J, Schwartz TH. Wide-field in vivo neocortical calcium dye imaging using a convection-enhanced loading technique combined with simultaneous multiwavelength imaging of voltage-sensitive dyes and hemodynamic signals. Neurophotonics. 2014 Jul 24; 1(1):015003. PMID: 25525611.
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    135. Harris S, Boorman L, Bruyns-Haylett M, Kennerley A, Ma H, Zhao M, Overton PG, Schwartz TH, Berwick J. Contralateral dissociation between neural activity and cerebral blood volume during recurrent acute focal neocortical seizures. Epilepsia. 2014 Sep; 55(9):1423-30. PMID: 25053117.
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    136. Patel KS, Kazam J, Tsiouris AJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Utility of early postoperative high-resolution volumetric magnetic resonance imaging after transsphenoidal pituitary tumor surgery. World Neurosurg. 2014 Nov; 82(5):777-80. PMID: 25045791.
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    137. Raza SM, Schwartz TH. Multi-layer reconstruction during endoscopic endonasal surgery: how much is necessary? World Neurosurg. 2015 Feb; 83(2):138-9. PMID: 25009168.
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    138. Banu MA, Szentirmai O, Mascarenhas L, Salek AA, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Pneumocephalus patterns following endonasal endoscopic skull base surgery as predictors of postoperative CSF leaks. J Neurosurg. 2014 Oct; 121(4):961-75. PMID: 24995788.
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    139. Banu MA, Rathman A, Patel KS, Souweidane MM, Anand VK, Greenfield JP, Schwartz TH. Corridor-based endonasal endoscopic surgery for pediatric skull base pathology with detailed radioanatomic measurements. Neurosurgery. 2014 Jun; 10 Suppl 2:273-93; discussion 293. PMID: 24845548.
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    140. Golas AR, Boyko T, Schwartz TH, Stieg PE, Boockvar JA, Spector JA. Prophylactic plastic surgery closure of neurosurgical scalp incisions reduces the incidence of wound complications in previously-operated patients treated with bevacizumab (Avastin®) and radiation. J Neurooncol. 2014 Sep; 119(2):327-31. PMID: 24872117.
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    141. Wernicke AG, Yondorf MZ, Peng L, Trichter S, Nedialkova L, Sabbas A, Kulidzhanov F, Parashar B, Nori D, Clifford Chao KS, Christos P, Kovanlikaya I, Pannullo S, Boockvar JA, Stieg PE, Schwartz TH. Phase I/II study of resection and intraoperative cesium-131 radioisotope brachytherapy in patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases. J Neurosurg. 2014 Aug; 121(2):338-48. PMID: 24785322.
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    142. Rapoport BI, Hartl R, Schwartz TH. Cranial neuropathy due to intradural disc herniation. Neurosurgery. 2014 May; 74(5):E561-5. PMID: 24535263.
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    143. Harris S, Ma H, Zhao M, Boorman L, Zheng Y, Kennerley A, Bruyns-Haylett M, Overton PG, Berwick J, Schwartz TH. Coupling between gamma-band power and cerebral blood volume during recurrent acute neocortical seizures. Neuroimage. 2014 Aug 15; 97:62-70. PMID: 24736180.
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    144. Alonso LM, Proekt A, Schwartz TH, Pryor KO, Cecchi GA, Magnasco MO. Dynamical criticality during induction of anesthesia in human ECoG recordings. Front Neural Circuits. 2014; 8:20. PMID: 24723852.
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    145. Ottenhausen M, Banu MA, Placantonakis DG, Tsiouris AJ, Khan OH, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal resection of suprasellar meningiomas: the importance of case selection and experience in determining extent of resection, visual improvement, and complications. World Neurosurg. 2014 Sep-Oct; 82(3-4):442-9. PMID: 24657254.
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    146. Raza SM, Schwartz TH. How to achieve the best possible outcomes in the management of retroinfundibular craniopharyngiomas? World Neurosurg. 2014 Nov; 82(5):614-6. PMID: 24650490.
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    147. Schwartz TH. The shifting economic demands in health care: what is a pituitary surgeon to do? World Neurosurg. 2015 Jan; 83(1):27-8. PMID: 24613670.
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    148. Tebo CC, Evins AI, Christos PJ, Kwon J, Schwartz TH. Evolution of cranial epilepsy surgery complication rates: a 32-year systematic review and meta-analysis. J Neurosurg. 2014 Jun; 120(6):1415-27. PMID: 24559222.
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    149. Woodworth GF, Patel KS, Shin B, Burkhardt JK, Tsiouris AJ, McCoul ED, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Surgical outcomes using a medial-to-lateral endonasal endoscopic approach to pituitary adenomas invading the cavernous sinus. J Neurosurg. 2014 May; 120(5):1086-94. PMID: 24527820.
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    150. Patel KS, Goldenberg B, Schwartz TH. Betadine irrigation and post-craniotomy wound infection. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2014 Mar; 118:49-52. PMID: 24529229.
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    151. Conger AR, Lucas J, Zada G, Schwartz TH, Cohen-Gadol AA. Endoscopic extended transsphenoidal resection of craniopharyngiomas: nuances of neurosurgical technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2014; 37(4):E10. PMID: 25270129.
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    152. Khan OH, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal resection of skull base meningiomas: the significance of a "cortical cuff" and brain edema compared with careful case selection and surgical experience in predicting morbidity and extent of resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2014; 37(4):E7. PMID: 25465040.
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    153. Cappabianca P, Schwartz TH, Jane JA, Zada G. Introduction: Endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014; 37(4):Introduction. PMID: 25270147.
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    154. Raza SM, Donaldson AM, Mehta A, Tsiouris AJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Surgical management of trigeminal schwannomas: defining the role for endoscopic endonasal approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2014; 37(4):E17. PMID: 25270136.
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    155. Schwartz TH. Should endoscopic endonasal surgery be used in the treatment of olfactory groove meningiomas? Neurosurg Focus. 2014; 37(4):E9. PMID: 25391164.
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    156. Jo A, Heo C, Schwartz TH, Suh M. Nanoscale intracortical iron injection induces chronic epilepsy in rodent. J Neurosci Res. 2014 Mar; 92(3):389-97. PMID: 24375750.
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    157. Schwartz TH. Intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging and pituitary surgery. J Neurosurg. 2014 Feb; 120(2):342-3. PMID: 24329021.
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    158. Banu MA, Guerrero-Maldonado A, McCrea HJ, Garcia-Navarro V, Souweidane MM, Anand VK, Heier L, Schwartz TH, Greenfield JP. Impact of skull base development on endonasal endoscopic surgical corridors. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2014 Feb; 13(2):155-69. PMID: 24313658.
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    159. Kulwin C, Schwartz TH, Cohen-Gadol AA. Endoscopic extended transsphenoidal resection of tuberculum sellae meningiomas: nuances of neurosurgical technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec; 35(6):E6. PMID: 24289131.
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    160. Bahramisharif A, van Gerven MA, Aarnoutse EJ, Mercier MR, Schwartz TH, Foxe JJ, Ramsey NF, Jensen O. Propagating neocortical gamma bursts are coordinated by traveling alpha waves. J Neurosci. 2013 Nov 27; 33(48):18849-54. PMID: 24285891.
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    161. Banu MA, Kim JH, Shin BJ, Woodworth GF, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Low-dose intrathecal fluorescein and etiology-based graft choice in endoscopic endonasal closure of CSF leaks. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2014 Jan; 116:28-34. PMID: 24315752.
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    162. Schwartz TH. The endoscope and the giant macroadenoma: a match made in heaven. World Neurosurg. 2014 Jul-Aug; 82(1-2):e119-20. PMID: 24036341.
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    163. Rajappa P, Margetis K, Wernicke G, Ginter P, Cope W, Sherr DL, Lavi E, Fine RL, Schwartz TH, Bruckner H, Pannullo SC. Stereotactic radiosurgery plays a critical role in enhancing long-term survival in a patient with pancreatic cancer metastatic to the brain. Anticancer Res. 2013 Sep; 33(9):3899-903. PMID: 24023326.
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    164. Rajappa P, Margetis K, Sigounas D, Anand V, Schwartz TH, Greenfield JP. Endoscopic endonasal transclival approach to a ventral pontine pediatric ependymoma. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2013 Nov; 12(5):465-8. PMID: 23992235.
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    165. Schwartz TH. Endoscopic-assisted 5-aminolevulinic acid imaging. World Neurosurg. 2014 Jul-Aug; 82(1-2):e117-8. PMID: 23920307.
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    166. Harris S, Bruyns-Haylett M, Kennerley A, Boorman L, Overton PG, Ma H, Zhao M, Schwartz TH, Berwick J. The effects of focal epileptic activity on regional sensory-evoked neurovascular coupling and postictal modulation of bilateral sensory processing. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2013 Oct; 33(10):1595-604. PMID: 23860375.
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    167. Labar D, Dakov P, Kobylarz E, Nikolov B, Schwartz TH, Fisher S. Effects of responsive electrical brain stimulation on intracranial electroencephalogram spikes. Neuromodulation. 2013 Jul-Aug; 16(4):355-61; discussion 362. PMID: 24028274.
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    168. Jakimovski D, Bonci G, Attia M, Shao H, Hofstetter C, Tsiouris AJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Incidence and significance of intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak in endoscopic pituitary surgery using intrathecal fluorescein. World Neurosurg. 2014 Sep-Oct; 82(3-4):e513-23. PMID: 23811068.
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    169. Patel KS, Labar DR, Gordon CM, Hassnain KH, Schwartz TH. Efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation as a treatment for medically intractable epilepsy in brain tumor patients. A case-controlled study using the VNS therapy Patient Outcome Registry. Seizure. 2013 Oct; 22(8):627-33. PMID: 23768541.
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    170. Patel KS, Komotar RJ, Szentirmai O, Moussazadeh N, Raper DM, Starke RM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Case-specific protocol to reduce cerebrospinal fluid leakage after endonasal endoscopic surgery. J Neurosurg. 2013 Sep; 119(3):661-8. PMID: 23724985.
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    171. Molholm S, Mercier MR, Liebenthal E, Schwartz TH, Ritter W, Foxe JJ, De Sanctis P. Mapping phonemic processing zones along human perisylvian cortex: an electro-corticographic investigation. Brain Struct Funct. 2014 Jul; 219(4):1369-83. PMID: 23708059.
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    172. Hersh EH, Virk MS, Shao H, Tsiouris AJ, Bonci GA, Schwartz TH. Bone flap explantation, steroid use, and rates of infection in patients with epilepsy undergoing craniotomy for implantation of subdural electrodes. J Neurosurg. 2013 Jul; 119(1):48-53. PMID: 23621597.
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    173. Mercier MR, Foxe JJ, Fiebelkorn IC, Butler JS, Schwartz TH, Molholm S. Auditory-driven phase reset in visual cortex: human electrocorticography reveals mechanisms of early multisensory integration. Neuroimage. 2013 Oct 01; 79:19-29. PMID: 23624493.
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    174. Patel KS, Moussazadeh N, Doyle WK, Labar DR, Schwartz TH. Efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation in brain tumor-associated intractable epilepsy and the importance of tumor stability. J Neurosurg. 2013 Aug; 119(2):520-5. PMID: 23600931.
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    175. Patel KS, Zhao M, Ma H, Schwartz TH. Imaging preictal hemodynamic changes in neocortical epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Apr; 34(4):E10. PMID: 23544406.
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    176. Schwartz TH. An eyebrow for an eyebrow and a nose for a nose. World Neurosurg. 2014 Jul-Aug; 82(1-2):e97-9. PMID: 23523681.
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    177. Bedrosian JC, McCoul ED, Raithatha R, Akselrod OA, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. A prospective study of postoperative symptoms in sinonasal quality-of-life following endoscopic skull-base surgery: dissociations based on specific symptoms. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Aug; 3(8):664-9. PMID: 23520019.
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    178. Schwartz TH. The high road or the low road. World Neurosurg. 2014 Feb; 81(2):281-2. PMID: 23459272.
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    179. Mascarenhas L, Moshel YA, Bayad F, Szentirmai O, Salek AA, Leng LZ, Hofstetter CP, Placantonakis DG, Tsiouris AJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. The transplanum transtuberculum approaches for suprasellar and sellar-suprasellar lesions: avoidance of cerebrospinal fluid leak and lessons learned. World Neurosurg. 2014 Jul-Aug; 82(1-2):186-95. PMID: 23403355.
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    180. Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal compared with anterior craniofacial and combined cranionasal resection of esthesioneuroblastomas. World Neurosurg. 2013 Jul-Aug; 80(1-2):148-59. PMID: 23228365.
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    181. Schwartz TH. A role for centers of excellence in transsphenoidal surgery. World Neurosurg. 2013 Sep-Oct; 80(3-4):270-1. PMID: 23159660.
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    182. Attia M, Patel KS, Kandasamy J, Stieg PE, Spinelli HM, Riina HA, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Combined cranionasal surgery for spheno-orbital meningiomas invading the paranasal sinuses, pterygopalatine, and infratemporal fossa. World Neurosurg. 2013 Dec; 80(6):e367-73. PMID: 23072879.
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    183. Lancman G, Virk M, Shao H, Mazumdar M, Greenfield JP, Weinstein S, Schwartz TH. Vagus nerve stimulation vs. corpus callosotomy in the treatment of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome: a meta-analysis. Seizure. 2013 Jan; 22(1):3-8. PMID: 23068970.
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    184. Lee DL, McCoul ED, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal access to the jugular foramen: defining the surgical approach. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2012 Oct; 73(5):342-51. PMID: 24083127.
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    185. Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal versus open repair of anterior skull base CSF leak, meningocele, and encephalocele: a systematic review of outcomes. J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg. 2013 Jul; 74(4):239-50. PMID: 23027433.
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    186. Silva D, Attia M, Kandasamy J, Alimi M, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal "above and below" approach to the retroinfundibular area and interpeduncular cistern--cadaveric study and case illustrations. World Neurosurg. 2014 Feb; 81(2):374-84. PMID: 23022634.
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    187. McCoul ED, Anand VK, Singh A, Nyquist GG, Schaberg MR, Schwartz TH. Long-term effectiveness of a reconstructive protocol using the nasoseptal flap after endoscopic skull base surgery. World Neurosurg. 2014 Jan; 81(1):136-43. PMID: 23022644.
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    188. Attia M, Kandasamy J, Jakimovski D, Bedrosian J, Alimi M, Lee DL, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. The importance and timing of optic canal exploration and decompression during endoscopic endonasal resection of tuberculum sella and planum sphenoidale meningiomas. Neurosurgery. 2012 Sep; 71(1 Suppl Operative):58-67. PMID: 22517253.
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    189. Hofstetter CP, Nanaszko MJ, Mubita LL, Tsiouris J, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Volumetric classification of pituitary macroadenomas predicts outcome and morbidity following endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery. Pituitary. 2012 Sep; 15(3):450-63. PMID: 21986872.
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    190. Stessin AM, Schwartz A, Judanin G, Pannullo SC, Boockvar JA, Schwartz TH, Stieg PE, Wernicke AG. Does adjuvant external-beam radiotherapy improve outcomes for nonbenign meningiomas? A Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-based analysis. J Neurosurg. 2012 Oct; 117(4):669-75. PMID: 22900840.
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    191. McCoul ED, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Improvements in site-specific quality of life 6 months after endoscopic anterior skull base surgery: a prospective study. J Neurosurg. 2012 Sep; 117(3):498-506. PMID: 22817906.
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    192. Dias LA, Gebhard H, Mtui E, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. The use of an ultraportable universal serial bus endoscope for education and training in neuroendoscopy. World Neurosurg. 2013 Feb; 79(2):337-40. PMID: 22722032.
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    193. Silva D, Attia M, Kandasamy J, Alimi M, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal posterior clinoidectomy. Surg Neurol Int. 2012; 3:64. PMID: 22754729.
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    194. Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal compared with microscopic transsphenoidal and open transcranial resection of giant pituitary adenomas. Pituitary. 2012 Jun; 15(2):150-9. PMID: 22038033.
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    195. McCrea HJ, Knopman J, Engel M, Riina HA, Souweidane MM, Schwartz TH, Greenfield JP. Concurrent anatomic hemispherectomy and thalamic arteriovenous malformation resection. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012 Aug; 28(8):1273-7. PMID: 22648077.
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    196. Ma H, Zhao M, Schwartz TH. Dynamic neurovascular coupling and uncoupling during ictal onset, propagation, and termination revealed by simultaneous in vivo optical imaging of neural activity and local blood volume. Cereb Cortex. 2013 Apr; 23(4):885-99. PMID: 22499798.
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    197. Bedrosian JC, Garcia-Navarro V, McCoul ED, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic balloon dilation as an adjunct to extended endoscopic approaches to the skull base. J Neurosurg. 2012 Jun; 116(6):1215-8. PMID: 22404669.
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    198. Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic skull base surgery: a comprehensive comparison with open transcranial approaches. Br J Neurosurg. 2012 Oct; 26(5):637-48. PMID: 22324437.
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    199. McCoul ED, Anand VK, Bedrosian JC, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic skull base surgery and its impact on sinonasal-related quality of life. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2012 Mar-Apr; 2(2):174-81. PMID: 22253093.
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    200. Leng LZ, Greenfield JP, Souweidane MM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic, endonasal resection of craniopharyngiomas: analysis of outcome including extent of resection, cerebrospinal fluid leak, return to preoperative productivity, and body mass index. Neurosurgery. 2012 Jan; 70(1):110-23; discussion 123-4. PMID: 21937943.
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    201. McCoul ED, Chow S, Lee DL, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal approach for resection of ventral skull base keratinaceous cysts. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2012 May-Jun; 2(3):258-63. PMID: 22213716.
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    202. Gomez-Ramirez M, Kelly SP, Molholm S, Sehatpour P, Schwartz TH, Foxe JJ. Oscillatory sensory selection mechanisms during intersensory attention to rhythmic auditory and visual inputs: a human electrocorticographic investigation. J Neurosci. 2011 Dec 14; 31(50):18556-67. PMID: 22171054.
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    203. Hofstetter CP, Härtl R, Schwartz T. Pituitary adenomas in Nigeria--surgical and societal challenges. World Neurosurg. 2012 May-Jun; 77(5-6):610-2. PMID: 22120405.
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    204. Hofstetter CP, Schwartz TH. Can we ever separate the tool and the fool? World Neurosurg. 2012 Mar-Apr; 77(3-4):459-60. PMID: 22120286.
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    205. Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal versus open transcranial resection of anterior midline skull base meningiomas. World Neurosurg. 2012 May-Jun; 77(5-6):713-24. PMID: 22120296.
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    206. Garcia-Navarro V, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Gasket seal closure for extended endonasal endoscopic skull base surgery: efficacy in a large case series. World Neurosurg. 2013 Nov; 80(5):563-8. PMID: 22120292.
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    207. Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal compared with microscopic transsphenoidal and open transcranial resection of craniopharyngiomas. World Neurosurg. 2012 Feb; 77(2):329-41. PMID: 22501020.
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    208. Raithatha R, McCoul ED, Woodworth GF, Schwartz TH, Anand VK. Endoscopic endonasal approaches to the cavernous sinus. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2012 Jan-Feb; 2(1):9-15. PMID: 22311835.
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    209. De la Cruz E, Zhao M, Guo L, Ma H, Anderson SA, Schwartz TH. Interneuron progenitors attenuate the power of acute focal ictal discharges. Neurotherapeutics. 2011 Oct; 8(4):763-73. PMID: 21748528.
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    210. Wang J, Yeager A, Schwartz TH, Fraser JF, Westrich GH. Massive Spontaneous Acute-on-Chronic Subdural Hematoma Following Coumadin Administration: A Case Report. JBJS Case Connect. 2011 Oct-Dec; 1(2):e12. PMID: 29252228.
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    211. Zhao M, Nguyen J, Ma H, Nishimura N, Schaffer CB, Schwartz TH. Preictal and ictal neurovascular and metabolic coupling surrounding a seizure focus. J Neurosci. 2011 Sep 14; 31(37):13292-300. PMID: 21917812.
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    212. Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. The endoscope-assisted ventral approach compared with open microscope-assisted surgery for clival chordomas. World Neurosurg. 2011 Sep-Oct; 76(3-4):318-27; discussion 259-62. PMID: 21986431.
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    213. Schwartz TH, Hong SB, Bagshaw AP, Chauvel P, Bénar CG. Preictal changes in cerebral haemodynamics: review of findings and insights from intracerebral EEG. Epilepsy Res. 2011 Dec; 97(3):252-66. PMID: 21855297.
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    214. Nguyen J, Ferdman J, Zhao M, Huland D, Saqqa S, Ma J, Nishimura N, Schwartz TH, Schaffer CB. Sub-surface, micrometer-scale incisions produced in rodent cortex using tightly-focused femtosecond laser pulses. Lasers Surg Med. 2011 Jul; 43(5):382-91. PMID: 21674543.
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    215. Luther N, Rubens E, Sethi N, Kandula P, Labar DR, Harden C, Perrine K, Christos PJ, Iorgulescu JB, Lancman G, Schaul NS, Kolesnik DV, Nouri S, Dawson A, Tsiouris AJ, Schwartz TH. The value of intraoperative electrocorticography in surgical decision making for temporal lobe epilepsy with normal MRI. Epilepsia. 2011 May; 52(5):941-8. PMID: 21480886.
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    216. Garcia-Navarro V, Lancman G, Guerrero-Maldonado A, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Use of a side-cutting aspiration device for resection of tumors during endoscopic endonasal approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr; 30(4):E13. PMID: 21456924.
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    217. Morgenstern PF, Osbun N, Schwartz TH, Greenfield JP, Tsiouris AJ, Souweidane MM. Pineal region tumors: an optimal approach for simultaneous endoscopic third ventriculostomy and biopsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr; 30(4):E3. PMID: 21456930.
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    218. Hofstetter CP, Shin BJ, Mubita L, Huang C, Anand VK, Boockvar JA, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery for functional pituitary adenomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr; 30(4):E10. PMID: 21456921.
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    219. Butler JS, Molholm S, Fiebelkorn IC, Mercier MR, Schwartz TH, Foxe JJ. Common or redundant neural circuits for duration processing across audition and touch. J Neurosci. 2011 Mar 02; 31(9):3400-6. PMID: 21368051.
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    220. Geneslaw AS, Zhao M, Ma H, Schwartz TH. Tissue hypoxia correlates with intensity of interictal spikes. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2011 Jun; 31(6):1394-402. PMID: 21343943.
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    221. Luther N, Schwartz TH. Reducing the incidence of hydrocephalus in intraventricular hemorrhage. World Neurosurg. 2011 Feb; 75(2):209-10. PMID: 21492715.
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    222. Katzen H, Ravdin LD, Assuras S, Heros R, Kaplitt M, Schwartz TH, Fink M, Levin BE, Relkin NR. Postshunt cognitive and functional improvement in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Neurosurgery. 2011 Feb; 68(2):416-9. PMID: 21135747.
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    223. Roth J, Fraser JF, Singh A, Bernardo A, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Surgical approaches to the orbital apex: comparison of endoscopic endonasal and transcranial approaches using a novel 3D endoscope. Orbit. 2011 Jan; 30(1):43-8. PMID: 21281081.
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    224. Cobb WS, Makosch G, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic transsphenoidal, transclival resection of an enterogenous cyst located ventral to the brainstem: case report. Neurosurgery. 2010 Dec; 67(2 Suppl Operative):522-6. PMID: 21099582.
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    225. Moshel YA, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic transnasal versus transoral approaches to the craniovertebral junction. World Neurosurg. 2010 Dec; 74(6):568-9. PMID: 21492618.
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    226. Schwartz TH. Predicting the unpredictable: stereotactic radiosurgery and temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsy Curr. 2010 Nov; 10(6):150-2. PMID: 21157543.
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    227. Boockvar JA, Tsiouris AJ, Hofstetter CP, Kovanlikaya I, Fralin S, Kesavabhotla K, Seedial SM, Pannullo SC, Schwartz TH, Stieg P, Zimmerman RD, Knopman J, Scheff RJ, Christos P, Vallabhajosula S, Riina HA. Safety and maximum tolerated dose of superselective intraarterial cerebral infusion of bevacizumab after osmotic blood-brain barrier disruption for recurrent malignant glioma. Clinical article. J Neurosurg. 2011 Mar; 114(3):624-32. PMID: 20964595.
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    228. Hofstetter CP, Mannaa RH, Mubita L, Anand VK, Kennedy JW, Dehdashti AR, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery for growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct; 29(4):E6. PMID: 20887131.
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    229. Nyquist GG, Anand VK, Brown S, Singh A, Tabaee A, Schwartz TH. Middle turbinate preservation in endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery of the anterior skull base. Skull Base. 2010 Sep; 20(5):343-7. PMID: 21358998.
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    230. Fraser JF, Nyquist GG, Moore N, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal minimal access approach to the clivus: case series and technical nuances. Neurosurgery. 2010 Sep; 67(3 Suppl Operative):ons150-8; discussion ons158. PMID: 20679934.
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    231. Kasliwal MK, Fraser JF, Greenfield JP, Schwartz TH. Simultaneous middle fossa arachnoid cyst and ambient cistern epidermoid cyst: case report and endoscope-assisted microsurgical management. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2010 Aug; 46(2):151-4. PMID: 20689347.
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    232. Schaberg MR, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. 10 pearls for safe endoscopic skull base surgery. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2010 Aug; 43(4):945-54. PMID: 20599097.
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    233. Moshel YA, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic assisted approaches to the craniovertebral junction: lateral versus ventral. World Neurosurg. 2010 Aug-Sep; 74(2-3):265-7. PMID: 21492554.
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    234. Moshel YA, Schwartz TH. Multiport minimally invasive skull base surgery: how many ports are too many? World Neurosurg. 2010 Jun; 73(6):632-3. PMID: 20934144.
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    235. Fraser JF, Nyquist GG, Moore N, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal transclival resection of chordomas: operative technique, clinical outcome, and review of the literature. J Neurosurg. 2010 May; 112(5):1061-9. PMID: 19698043.
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    236. Fiebelkorn IC, Foxe JJ, Schwartz TH, Molholm S. Staying within the lines: the formation of visuospatial boundaries influences multisensory feature integration. Eur J Neurosci. 2010 May; 31(10):1737-43. PMID: 20584177.
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    237. Tabaee A, Anand VK, Cappabianca P, Stamm A, Esposito F, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic management of spontaneous meningoencephalocele of the lateral sphenoid sinus. J Neurosurg. 2010 May; 112(5):1070-7. PMID: 19698044.
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    238. Greenfield JP, Anand VK, Kacker A, Seibert MJ, Singh A, Brown SM, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal transethmoidal transcribriform transfovea ethmoidalis approach to the anterior cranial fossa and skull base. Neurosurgery. 2010 May; 66(5):883-92; discussion 892. PMID: 20414977.
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    239. Schwartz TH. Epilepsy Surgeons, Rather than Vascular Neurosurgeons, Should Operate on Cavernous Malformations that Cause Seizures-A Modest Proposal. Epilepsy Curr. 2010 May; 10(3):59-60. PMID: 20502592.
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    240. Nyquist GG, Anand VK, Singh A, Schwartz TH. Janus flap: bilateral nasoseptal flaps for anterior skull base reconstruction. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Mar; 142(3):327-31. PMID: 20172375.
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    241. Schaberg MR, Anand VK, Schwartz TH, Cobb W. Microscopic versus endoscopic transnasal pituitary surgery. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Feb; 18(1):8-14. PMID: 19966567.
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    242. Placantonakis DG, Shariff S, Lafaille F, Labar D, Harden C, Hosain S, Kandula P, Schaul N, Kolesnik D, Schwartz TH. Bilateral intracranial electrodes for lateralizing intractable epilepsy: efficacy, risk, and outcome. Neurosurgery. 2010 Feb; 66(2):274-83. PMID: 20087126.
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    243. Tabaee A, Nyquist G, Anand VK, Singh A, Kacker A, Schwartz TH. Palliative endoscopic surgery in advanced sinonasal and anterior skull base neoplasms. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Jan; 142(1):126-8. PMID: 20096236.
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    244. Wernicke AG, Sherr DL, Schwartz TH, Pannullo SC, Stieg PE, Boockvar JA, Ivanidze J, Moliterno JA, Parashar B, Trichter S, Sabbas AM, Nori D. Feasibility and safety of GliaSite brachytherapy in treatment of CNS tumors following neurosurgical resection. J Cancer Res Ther. 2010 Jan-Mar; 6(1):65-74. PMID: 20479550.
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    245. Cox MP, Ma H, Bahlke ME, Beck JH, Schwartz TH, Kymissis I. LED-Based Optical Device for Chronic In Vivo Cerebral Blood Volume Measurement. IEEE Trans Electron Devices. 2010 Jan; 57(1):174-177. PMID: 22039308.
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    246. Roth J, Singh A, Nyquist G, Fraser JF, Bernardo A, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Three-dimensional and 2-dimensional endoscopic exposure of midline cranial base targets using expanded endonasal and transcranial approaches. Neurosurgery. 2009 Dec; 65(6):1116-28; discussion 1128-30. PMID: 19934971.
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    247. Nyquist GG, Anand VK, Mehra S, Kacker A, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal repair of anterior skull base non-traumatic cerebrospinal fluid leaks, meningoceles, and encephaloceles. J Neurosurg. 2010 Nov; 113(5):961-6. PMID: 19929192.
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    248. Hofstetter CP, Singh A, Anand VK, Kacker A, Schwartz TH. The endoscopic, endonasal, transmaxillary transpterygoid approach to the pterygopalatine fossa, infratemporal fossa, petrous apex, and the Meckel cave. J Neurosurg. 2010 Nov; 113(5):967-74. PMID: 19929194.
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    249. Placantonakis DG, Schwartz TH. Localization in epilepsy. Neurol Clin. 2009 Nov; 27(4):1015-1030. PMID: 19853221.
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    250. Wernicke AG, Sherr DL, Schwartz TH, Pannullo SC, Stieg PE, Boockvar JA, Moliterno JA, Ivanidze J, Trichter S, Sabbas AM, Parashar B, Nori D. The role of dose escalation with intracavitary brachytherapy in the treatment of localized CNS malignancies: outcomes and toxicities of a prospective study. Brachytherapy. 2010 Jan-Mar; 9(1):91-9. PMID: 19850535.
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    251. Tabaee A, Anand VK, Barrón Y, Hiltzik DH, Brown SM, Kacker A, Mazumdar M, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic pituitary surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Neurosurg. 2009 Sep; 111(3):545-54. PMID: 19199461.
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    252. Schwartz TH. Cortical dyplasia: complete resection correlates with outcome ... But, complete resection of what? Epilepsy Curr. 2009 Jul-Aug; 9(4):100-2. PMID: 19693325.
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    253. Tabaee A, Anand VK, Fraser JF, Brown SM, Singh A, Schwartz TH. Three-dimensional endoscopic pituitary surgery. Neurosurgery. 2009 May; 64(5 Suppl 2):288-93; discussion 294-5. PMID: 19404107.
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    254. Ma H, Geneslaw A, Zhao M, Suh M, Perry C, Schwartz TH. The importance of latency in the focality of perfusion and oxygenation changes associated with triggered afterdischarges in human cortex. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2009 May; 29(5):1003-14. PMID: 19293822.
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    255. Zhao M, Ma H, Suh M, Schwartz TH. Spatiotemporal dynamics of perfusion and oximetry during ictal discharges in the rat neocortex. J Neurosci. 2009 Mar 04; 29(9):2814-23. PMID: 19261877.
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    256. Ma H, Zhao M, Suh M, Schwartz TH. Hemodynamic surrogates for excitatory membrane potential change during interictal epileptiform events in rat neocortex. J Neurophysiol. 2009 May; 101(5):2550-62. PMID: 19244357.
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    257. Leng LZ, Anand VK, Hartl R, Schwartz TH. Endonasal endoscopic resection of an os odontoideum to decompress the cervicomedullary junction: a minimal access surgical technique. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Feb 15; 34(4):E139-43. PMID: 19214083.
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    258. Tabaee A, Anand VK, Barrón Y, Hiltzik DH, Brown SM, Kacker A, Mazumdar M, Schwartz TH. Predictors of short-term outcomes following endoscopic pituitary surgery. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2009 Feb; 111(2):119-22. PMID: 18986756.
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    259. Souweidane MM, Hoffman CE, Schwartz TH. Transcavum interforniceal endoscopic surgery of the third ventricle. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2008 Oct; 2(4):231-6. PMID: 18831654.
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    260. Greenfield JP, Cobb WS, Tsouris AJ, Schwartz TH. Stereotactic minimally invasive tubular retractor system for deep brain lesions. Neurosurgery. 2008 Oct; 63(4 Suppl 2):334-9; discussion 339-40. PMID: 18981840.
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    261. Fraser JF, Mass AY, Brown S, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Transnasal endoscopic resection of a cavernous sinus hemangioma: technical note and review of the literature. Skull Base. 2008 Sep; 18(5):309-15. PMID: 19240830.
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    262. Schwartz TH, Fraser JF, Brown S, Tabaee A, Kacker A, Anand VK. Endoscopic cranial base surgery: classification of operative approaches. Neurosurgery. 2008 May; 62(5):991-1002; discussion 1002-5. PMID: 18580797.
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    263. Leng LZ, Brown S, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. "Gasket-seal" watertight closure in minimal-access endoscopic cranial base surgery. Neurosurgery. 2008 May; 62(5 Suppl 2):ONSE342-3; discussion ONSE343. PMID: 18596534.
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    264. Labar D, Ponticello L, Nikolov B, Bellapu S, Schwartz TH. Stimulation parameters after vagus nerve stimulator replacement. Neuromodulation. 2008 Apr; 11(2):132-4. PMID: 22151047.
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    265. Laufer I, Greenfield JP, Anand VK, Härtl R, Schwartz TH. Endonasal endoscopic resection of the odontoid process in a nonachondroplastic dwarf with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: feasibility of the approach and utility of the intraoperative Iso-C three-dimensional navigation. Case report. J Neurosurg Spine. 2008 Apr; 8(4):376-80. PMID: 18377323.
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    266. Sehatpour P, Molholm S, Schwartz TH, Mahoney JR, Mehta AD, Javitt DC, Stanton PK, Foxe JJ. A human intracranial study of long-range oscillatory coherence across a frontal-occipital-hippocampal brain network during visual object processing. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Mar 18; 105(11):4399-404. PMID: 18334648.
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    267. Brown SM, Tabaee A, Singh A, Schwartz TH, Anand VK. Three-dimensional endoscopic sinus surgery: feasibility and technical aspects. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008 Mar; 138(3):400-2. PMID: 18312893.
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    268. Greenfield JP, Ayuso-Sacido A, Schwartz TH, Pannullo S, Souweidane M, Stieg PE, Boockvar JA. Use of human neural tissue for the generation of progenitors. Neurosurgery. 2008 Jan; 62(1):21-37; discussion 27-30. PMID: 18300889.
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    269. Ayuso-Sacido A, Roy NS, Schwartz TH, Greenfield JP, Boockvar JA. Long-term expansion of adult human brain subventricular zone precursors. Neurosurgery. 2008 Jan; 62(1):223-9; discussion 229-31. PMID: 18300911.
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    270. Greenfield JP, Schwartz TH. Catheter placement for Ommaya reservoirs with frameless surgical navigation: technical note. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2008; 86(2):101-5. PMID: 18073523.
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    271. Brown SM, Anand VK, Tabaee A, Schwartz TH. Role of perioperative antibiotics in endoscopic skull base surgery. Laryngoscope. 2007 Sep; 117(9):1528-32. PMID: 17667141.
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    272. Placantonakis DG, Tabaee A, Anand VK, Hiltzik D, Schwartz TH. Safety of low-dose intrathecal fluorescein in endoscopic cranial base surgery. Neurosurgery. 2007 Sep; 61(3 Suppl):161-5; discussion 165-6. PMID: 17876246.
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    273. Tabaee A, Placantonakis DG, Schwartz TH, Anand VK. Intrathecal fluorescein in endoscopic skull base surgery. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007 Aug; 137(2):316-20. PMID: 17666263.
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    274. Zhao M, Suh M, Ma H, Perry C, Geneslaw A, Schwartz TH. Focal increases in perfusion and decreases in hemoglobin oxygenation precede seizure onset in spontaneous human epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2007 Nov; 48(11):2059-67. PMID: 17666071.
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    275. Schwartz TH. Neurovascular coupling and epilepsy: hemodynamic markers for localizing and predicting seizure onset. Epilepsy Curr. 2007 Jul-Aug; 7(4):91-4. PMID: 17694162.
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    276. Fraser JF, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic biopsy sampling of tophaceous gout of the odontoid process. Case report and review of the literature. J Neurosurg Spine. 2007 Jul; 7(1):61-4. PMID: 17633489.
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    277. Tabaee A, Anand VK, Brown SM, Lin JW, Schwartz TH. Algorithm for reconstruction after endoscopic pituitary and skull base surgery. Laryngoscope. 2007 Jul; 117(7):1133-7. PMID: 17486022.
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    278. Schwartz TH. Treatment options for hypothalamic hamartomas--no laughing matter. Epilepsy Curr. 2007 May-Jun; 7(3):72-4. PMID: 17520079.
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    279. Laufer I, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic, endonasal extended transsphenoidal, transplanum transtuberculum approach for resection of suprasellar lesions. J Neurosurg. 2007 Mar; 106(3):400-6. PMID: 17367062.
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    280. Schwartz TH, Anand VK. The endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach to the suprasellar cistern. Clin Neurosurg. 2007; 54:226-35. PMID: 18504924.
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    281. Dyke JP, Sanelli PC, Voss HU, Serventi JV, Stieg PE, Schwartz TH, Ballon D, Shungu DC, Pannullo SC. Monitoring the effects of BCNU chemotherapy Wafers (Gliadel) in glioblastoma multiforme with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging at 3.0 Tesla. J Neurooncol. 2007 Mar; 82(1):103-10. PMID: 17031552.
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    282. Schwartz TH. Supercalifragilistic hemosiderosis: a rare and unusual complication that really sounds atrocious... Epilepsy Curr. 2006 Sep-Oct; 6(5):153-4. PMID: 17260042.
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    283. Anand VK, Schwartz TH, Hiltzik DH, Kacker A. Endoscopic transphenoidal pituitary surgery with real-time intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging. Am J Rhinol. 2006 Jul-Aug; 20(4):401-5. PMID: 16955768.
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    284. Suh M, Ma H, Zhao M, Sharif S, Schwartz TH. Neurovascular coupling and oximetry during epileptic events. Mol Neurobiol. 2006 Jun; 33(3):181-97. PMID: 16954595.
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    285. Kuo YH, Edgar MA, Luther N, Schwartz TH. Novel low-grade glioneuronal neoplasm presenting in an octogenarian: case report and review of the literature. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2006 Jun; 108(4):426-32. PMID: 16758540.
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    286. Molholm S, Sehatpour P, Mehta AD, Shpaner M, Gomez-Ramirez M, Ortigue S, Dyke JP, Schwartz TH, Foxe JJ. Audio-visual multisensory integration in superior parietal lobule revealed by human intracranial recordings. J Neurophysiol. 2006 Aug; 96(2):721-9. PMID: 16687619.
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    287. Schwartz TH. MR imaging and epilepsy--3T or not 3T? That is the question. Epilepsy Curr. 2006 May-Jun; 6(3):70-2. PMID: 16761064.
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    288. Bahar S, Suh M, Zhao M, Schwartz TH. Intrinsic optical signal imaging of neocortical seizures: the 'epileptic dip'. Neuroreport. 2006 Apr 03; 17(5):499-503. PMID: 16543814.
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    289. Schwartz TH, Jeha L, Tanner A, Bingaman W, Sperling MR. Late seizures in patients initially seizure free after epilepsy surgery. Epilepsia. 2006 Mar; 47(3):567-73. PMID: 16529623.
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    290. Suh M, Bahar S, Mehta AD, Schwartz TH. Blood volume and hemoglobin oxygenation response following electrical stimulation of human cortex. Neuroimage. 2006 May 15; 31(1):66-75. PMID: 16480899.
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    291. Schwartz TH, Stieg PE, Anand VK. Endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary surgery with intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging. Neurosurgery. 2006 Feb; 58(1 Suppl):ONS44-51; discussion ONS44-51. PMID: 16479628.
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    292. Shariff S, Suh M, Zhao M, Ma H, Schwartz TH. Recent developments in oximetry and perfusion-based mapping techniques and their role in the surgical treatment of neocortical epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 2006 Mar; 8(2):363-75. PMID: 16406817.
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    293. Schwartz TH. The terminal man--from science fiction to therapy. Epilepsy Curr. 2005 Nov-Dec; 5(6):207-9. PMID: 16372051.
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    294. Luther N, Greenfield JP, Chadburn A, Schwartz TH. Intracranial nasal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma: immunopathologically-confirmed case and review of literature. J Neurooncol. 2005 Nov; 75(2):185-8. PMID: 16283442.
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    295. Schwartz TH. Insular seizures: have we been missing the boat? Epilepsy Curr. 2005 Jul-Aug; 5(4):147-8. PMID: 16151524.
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    296. Heller SL, Heier LA, Watts R, Schwartz TH, Zelenko N, Doyle W, Devinsky O. Evidence of cerebral reorganization following perinatal stroke demonstrated with fMRI and DTI tractography. Clin Imaging. 2005 Jul-Aug; 29(4):283-7. PMID: 15967322.
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    297. Mehta AD, Labar D, Dean A, Harden C, Hosain S, Pak J, Marks D, Schwartz TH. Frameless stereotactic placement of depth electrodes in epilepsy surgery. J Neurosurg. 2005 Jun; 102(6):1040-5. PMID: 16028763.
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    298. Schwartz TH. MRI-negative temporal lobe epilepsy: is there a role for PET? Epilepsy Curr. 2005 May-Jun; 5(3):118-9. PMID: 16145621.
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    299. Schwartz TH. The application of optical recording of intrinsic signals to simultaneously acquire functional, pathological and localizing information and its potential role in neurosurgery. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2005; 83(1):36-44. PMID: 15821368.
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    300. Placantonakis DG, Ney G, Edgar M, Souweidane M, Hosain S, Schwartz TH. Neurosurgical management of medically intractable epilepsy associated with hypomelanosis of Ito. Epilepsia. 2005 Feb; 46(2):329-31. PMID: 15679517.
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    301. Suh M, Bahar S, Mehta AD, Schwartz TH. Temporal dependence in uncoupling of blood volume and oxygenation during interictal epileptiform events in rat neocortex. J Neurosci. 2005 Jan 05; 25(1):68-77. PMID: 15634768.
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    302. Suh M, Shariff S, Bahar S, Mehta AD, Schwartz TH. Intrinsic optical signal imaging of normal and abnormal physiology in animals and humans--seeing the invisible. Clin Neurosurg. 2005; 52:135-49. PMID: 16626065.
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    303. Schwartz TH, Chen LM, Friedman RM, Spencer DD, Roe AW. Intraoperative optical imaging of human face cortical topography: a case study. Neuroreport. 2004 Jun 28; 15(9):1527-31. PMID: 15194889.
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    304. Mack PF, Perrine K, Kobylarz E, Schwartz TH, Lien CA. Dexmedetomidine and neurocognitive testing in awake craniotomy. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2004 Jan; 16(1):20-5. PMID: 14676565.
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    305. Windrem MS, Nunes MC, Rashbaum WK, Schwartz TH, Goodman RA, McKhann G, Roy NS, Goldman SA. Fetal and adult human oligodendrocyte progenitor cell isolates myelinate the congenitally dysmyelinated brain. Nat Med. 2004 Jan; 10(1):93-7. PMID: 14702638.
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    306. Schwartz TH. Optical imaging of epileptiform events in visual cortex in response to patterned photic stimulation. Cereb Cortex. 2003 Dec; 13(12):1287-98. PMID: 14615295.
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    307. Schwartz TH, Farkas J. Quadrigeminal non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage--a true variant of perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage. Case report. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2003 Apr; 105(2):95-8. PMID: 12691799.
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    308. Barone D, Schwartz TH. Surgical treatment of epilepsy in adults and children. JAAPA. 2003 Feb; 16(2):29-30, 33-5. PMID: 12666337.
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    309. Schwartz TH, Marks D, Pak J, Hill J, Mandelbaum DE, Holodny AI, Schulder M. Standardization of amygdalohippocampectomy with intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging: preliminary experience. Epilepsia. 2002 Apr; 43(4):430-6. PMID: 11952775.
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