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    Shu-hong Zhu

    SchoolUniversity of California, San Diego
    DepartmentFamily Medicine and Public Health
    Address9500 Gilman Drive #0905
    CA La Jolla 92093
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      Collapse Overview 
      Collapse Overview
      Shu-Hong Zhu, Ph.D. is a Professor of Family Medicine and Public Health and the Director of the Center for Research and Intervention in Tobacco Control (CRITC) at the University of California, San Diego. He has been the Principal Investigator for the California Smokers’ Helpline since its inception in 1992. The Helpline is recognized internationally for its scientific innovation and its dedication to the dissemination of research findings to public health services. Dr. Zhu is a psychologist with a strong background in methodology, and has published broadly on behavioral interventions as well as on experimental design. His recent work focuses on the interface of individual- and population-based approaches to smoking cessation and the effects of social norms on smoking behavior. Dr. Zhu has received many awards, including the California Wellness Foundation/ University of California Wellness Lecture Award and the APHA Excellence Award from the American Public Health Association.

      Collapse Research 
      Collapse Research Activities and Funding
      Nonsmokers and Tobacco Control Norms: Population Surveys and Intervention Studies
      NIH/NCI U01CA154280Aug 18, 2011 - Jul 31, 2016
      Role: Principal Investigator
      Using NRT and Quitline Services to Help Hospitalized Smokers Stay Quit
      NIH/NCI U01CA159533Sep 27, 2010 - May 31, 2014
      Role: Principal Investigator
      A Multi-State Asian-Language Quitline for Smokers
      CDC/NCCDPHP R18DP002106Sep 15, 2009 - Sep 14, 2012
      Role: Principal Investigator
      Smokers' Quitline for Asian Language Speakers
      NIH/NCI R01CA104573Jul 1, 2004 - Oct 30, 2009
      Role: Principal Investigator

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      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Zhu S, Zhuang YL, Wong S, Cummins SE, Tedeschi GJ. E-cigarette use and associated changes in population smoking cessation: evidence from US current population surveys. BMJ. 2017 Jul 26; 358:j3262. PMID: 28747333.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Zhu S, Anderson CM, Zhuang YL, Gamst AC, Kohatsu ND. Smoking prevalence in Medicaid has been declining at a negligible rate. PLoS One. 2017; 12(5):e0178279. PMID: 28542637.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Sherman SE, Krebs P, York LS, Cummins SE, Kuschner W, Guvenc-Tuncturk S, Zhu S. Telephone care co-ordination for tobacco cessation: randomised trials testing proactive versus reactive models. Tob Control. 2017 Feb 11. PMID: 28190003.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Park A, Zhu S, Conway M. The Readability of Electronic Cigarette Health Information and Advice: A Quantitative Analysis of Web-Based Information. JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2017 Jan 06; 3(1):e1. PMID: 28062390.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Chang FC, Sung HY, Zhu S, Feng TY, Chiou ST. Effects of Smoking Cessation Media and Community Campaigns in Taiwan. Am J Health Promot. 2017 Jan; 31(1):43-51. PMID: 26389977.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Zhuang YL, Cummins SE, Sun JY, Zhu S. Long-term e-cigarette use and smoking cessation: a longitudinal study with US population. Tob Control. 2016 10; 25(Suppl 1):i90-i95. PMID: 27697953.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Cummins SE, Gamst AC, Brandstein K, Seymann GB, Klonoff-Cohen H, Kirby CA, Tong EK, Chaplin E, Tedeschi GJ, Zhu S. Helping Hospitalized Smokers: A Factorial RCT of Nicotine Patches and Counseling. Am J Prev Med. 2016 Oct; 51(4):578-86. PMID: 27647058.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Shi Y, Cummins SE, Zhu S. Use of electronic cigarettes in smoke-free environments. Tob Control. 2017 Mar; 26(e1):e19-e22. PMID: 27609779.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Tedeschi GJ, Cummins SE, Anderson CM, Anthenelli RM, Zhuang YL, Zhu S. Smokers with Self-Reported Mental Health Conditions: A Case for Screening in the Context of Tobacco Cessation Services. PLoS One. 2016; 11(7):e0159127. PMID: 27391334; PMCID: PMC4938618.
      10. Chen C, Zhuang YL, Zhu S. E-Cigarette Design Preference and Smoking Cessation: A U.S. Population Study. Am J Prev Med. 2016 Sep; 51(3):356-63. PMID: 27005984; PMCID: PMC4992632 [Available on 09/01/17].
      11. Cummins S, Leischow S, Bailey L, Bush T, Wassum K, Copeland L, Zhu S. Knowledge and beliefs about electronic cigarettes among quitline cessation staff. Addict Behav. 2016 Sep; 60:78-83. PMID: 27100472; PMCID: PMC4884493 [Available on 09/01/17].
      12. Cummins SE, Tedeschi GJ, Anderson CM, Zhu S. Telephone Intervention for Pregnant Smokers: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Am J Prev Med. 2016 Sep; 51(3):318-26. PMID: 27056131.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Chen AT, Zhu S, Conway M. What Online Communities Can Tell Us About Electronic Cigarettes and Hookah Use: A Study Using Text Mining and Visualization Techniques. J Med Internet Res. 2015 Sep 29; 17(9):e220. PMID: 26420469; PMCID: PMC4642380.
      14. Zhu S, Cummins SE, Gamst AC, Wong S, Ikeda T. Quitting smoking before and after varenicline: a population study based on two representative samples of US smokers. Tob Control. 2016 Jul; 25(4):464-9. PMID: 26283713; PMCID: PMC4757510 [Available on 07/01/17].
      15. Kuiper N, Zhang L, Lee J, Babb SD, Anderson CM, Shannon C, Welton M, Lew R, Zhu S. A National Asian-Language Smokers' Quitline--United States, 2012-2014. Prev Chronic Dis. 2015 Jun 25; 12:E99. PMID: 26111159; PMCID: PMC4492217.
      16. Danaher BG, Severson HH, Zhu S, Andrews JA, Cummins SE, Lichtenstein E, Tedeschi GJ, Hudkins C, Widdop C, Crowley R, Seeley JR. Randomized Controlled Trial of the Combined Effects of Web and Quitline Interventions for Smokeless Tobacco Cessation. Internet Interv. 2015 May 01; 2(2):143-151. PMID: 25914872.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Cummins SE, Wong S, Bonnevie E, Lee HR, Goto CJ, McCree Carrington J, Kirby C, Zhu S. A Multistate Asian-Language Tobacco Quitline: Addressing a Disparity in Access to Care. Am J Public Health. 2015 Oct; 105(10):2150-5. PMID: 25905827; PMCID: PMC4566550 [Available on 10/01/16].
      18. Zhuang YL, Gamst AC, Cummins SE, Wolfson T, Zhu S. Comparison of smoking cessation between education groups: findings from 2 US National Surveys over 2 decades. Am J Public Health. 2015 Feb; 105(2):373-9. PMID: 25521868; PMCID: PMC4289455.
      19. Nagelhout GE, Wolfson T, Zhuang YL, Gamst A, Willemsen MC, Zhu S. Population support before and after the implementation of smoke-free laws in the United States: trends from 1992-2007. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015 Mar; 17(3):350-5. PMID: 25143293; PMCID: PMC4375384.
      20. Zhu S, Sun JY, Bonnevie E, Cummins SE, Gamst A, Yin L, Lee M. Four hundred and sixty brands of e-cigarettes and counting: implications for product regulation. Tob Control. 2014 Jul; 23 Suppl 3:iii3-9. PMID: 24935895; PMCID: PMC4078673.
      21. Pulvers K, Schroeder J, Limas EF, Zhu S. Computer-delivered social norm message increases pain tolerance. Ann Behav Med. 2014 Jun; 47(3):316-24. PMID: 24146086; PMCID: PMC3995893.
      22. Cummins SE, Zhu S, Tedeschi GJ, Gamst AC, Myers MG. Use of e-cigarettes by individuals with mental health conditions. Tob Control. 2014 Jul; 23 Suppl 3:iii48-53. PMID: 24824516; PMCID: PMC4145659.
      23. Nagelhout GE, Zhuang YL, Gamst A, Zhu S. Do smokers support smoke-free laws to help themselves quit smoking? Findings from a longitudinal study. Tob Control. 2015 May; 24(3):233-7. PMID: 24415730; PMCID: PMC4092043.
      24. Schauer GL, Malarcher AM, Zhang L, Engstrom MC, Zhu S. Prevalence and correlates of quitline awareness and utilization in the United States: an update from the 2009-2010 National Adult Tobacco Survey. Nicotine Tob Res. 2014 May; 16(5):544-53. PMID: 24253378.
        View in: PubMed
      25. Zhu S, Gamst A, Lee M, Cummins S, Yin L, Zoref L. The use and perception of electronic cigarettes and snus among the U.S. population. PLoS One. 2013; 8(10):e79332. PMID: 24250756; PMCID: PMC3824062.
      26. Chang FC, Sung HY, Zhu S, Chiou ST. Impact of the 2009 Taiwan tobacco hazards prevention act on smoking cessation. Addiction. 2014 Jan; 109(1):140-6. PMID: 24033589.
        View in: PubMed
      27. Myslín M, Zhu S, Chapman W, Conway M. Using twitter to examine smoking behavior and perceptions of emerging tobacco products. J Med Internet Res. 2013 Aug 29; 15(8):e174. PMID: 23989137; PMCID: PMC3758063.
      28. Zhuang YL, Cummins SE, Lee HR, Dearing J, Kirby C, Zhu S. Perceived barriers to adopting an Asian-language quitline service: a survey of state funding agencies. J Community Health. 2012 Oct; 37(5):1058-65. PMID: 22227774.
        View in: PubMed
      29. Cummins S, Zhu S, Gamst A, Kirby C, Brandstein K, Klonoff-Cohen H, Chaplin E, Morris T, Seymann G, Lee J. Nicotine patches and quitline counseling to help hospitalized smokers stay quit: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2012 Aug 01; 13:128. PMID: 22853197; PMCID: PMC3453521.
      30. Riley WT, Stevens VJ, Zhu S, Morgan G, Grossman D. Overview of the Consortium of Hospitals Advancing Research on Tobacco (CHART). Trials. 2012 Aug 01; 13:122. PMID: 22852768; PMCID: PMC3479413.
      31. Zhu S, Lee M, Zhuang YL, Gamst A, Wolfson T. Interventions to increase smoking cessation at the population level: how much progress has been made in the last two decades? Tob Control. 2012 Mar; 21(2):110-8. PMID: 22345233; PMCID: PMC3446870.
      32. Zhu S, Cummins SE, Wong S, Gamst AC, Tedeschi GJ, Reyes-Nocon J. The effects of a multilingual telephone quitline for Asian smokers: a randomized controlled trial. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2012 Feb 22; 104(4):299-310. PMID: 22282542; PMCID: PMC3283535.
      33. Patten CA, Smith CM, Brockman TA, Decker PA, Hughes CA, Nadeau AM, Sinicrope PS, Offord KP, Lichtenstein E, Zhu S. Support-person promotion of a smoking quitline: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Prev Med. 2011 Jul; 41(1):17-23. PMID: 21665059.
        View in: PubMed
      34. Zhu S, Gardiner P, Cummins S, Anderson C, Wong S, Cowling D, Gamst A. Quitline utilization rates of African-American and white smokers: the California experience. Am J Health Promot. 2011 May-Jun; 25(5 Suppl):S51-8. PMID: 21510787.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Hebert KK, Cummins SE, Hernández S, Tedeschi GJ, Zhu S. Current major depression among smokers using a state quitline. Am J Prev Med. 2011 Jan; 40(1):47-53. PMID: 21146767; PMCID: PMC3006168.
      36. Lichtenstein E, Zhu S, Tedeschi GJ. Smoking cessation quitlines: an underrecognized intervention success story. Am Psychol. 2010 May-Jun; 65(4):252-61. PMID: 20455619; PMCID: PMC3169380.
      37. Zhu S, Wong S, Stevens C, Nakashima D, Gamst A. Use of a smokers' quitline by Asian language speakers: results from 15 years of operation in California. Am J Public Health. 2010 May; 100(5):846-52. PMID: 20299658; PMCID: PMC2853628.
      38. Zhu S, Hebert K, Wong S, Cummins S, Gamst A. Disparity in smoking prevalence by education: can we reduce it? Glob Health Promot. 2010 Mar; 17(1 Suppl):29-39. PMID: 20595352; PMCID: PMC3169438.
      39. Nguyen QB, Zhu S. Intermittent smokers who used to smoke daily: a preliminary study on smoking situations. Nicotine Tob Res. 2009 Feb; 11(2):164-70. PMID: 19246632; PMCID: PMC2658896.
      40. Zhu S, Wang JB, Hartman A, Zhuang Y, Gamst A, Gibson JT, Gilljam H, Galanti MR. Quitting cigarettes completely or switching to smokeless tobacco: do US data replicate the Swedish results? Tob Control. 2009 Apr; 18(2):82-7. PMID: 19168476; PMCID: PMC3174060.
      41. Carlini BH, Zbikowski SM, Javitz HS, Deprey TM, Cummins SE, Zhu S. Telephone-based tobacco-cessation treatment: re-enrollment among diverse groups. Am J Prev Med. 2008 Jul; 35(1):73-6. PMID: 18541180; PMCID: PMC2682706.
      42. Anderson CM, Zhu S. Tobacco quitlines: looking back and looking ahead. Tob Control. 2007 Dec; 16 Suppl 1:i81-6. PMID: 18048638; PMCID: PMC2598521.
      43. Cummins SE, Bailey L, Campbell S, Koon-Kirby C, Zhu S. Tobacco cessation quitlines in North America: a descriptive study. Tob Control. 2007 Dec; 16 Suppl 1:i9-15. PMID: 18048639; PMCID: PMC2598516.
      44. Zhu S, Pulvers K, Zhuang Y, Báezconde-Garbanati L. Most Latino smokers in California are low-frequency smokers. Addiction. 2007 Oct; 102 Suppl 2:104-11. PMID: 17850620.
        View in: PubMed
      45. Zhu S, Wong S, Tang H, Shi CW, Chen MS. High quit ratio among Asian immigrants in California: implications for population tobacco cessation. Nicotine Tob Res. 2007 Sep; 9 Suppl 3:S505-14. PMID: 17978979.
        View in: PubMed
      46. Cummins SE, Hebert KK, Anderson CM, Mills JA, Zhu S. Reaching young adult smokers through quitlines. Am J Public Health. 2007 Aug; 97(8):1402-5. PMID: 17600246; PMCID: PMC1931469.
      47. Messer K, Pierce JP, Zhu S, Hartman AM, Al-Delaimy WK, Trinidad DR, Gilpin EA. The California Tobacco Control Program's effect on adult smokers: (1) Smoking cessation. Tob Control. 2007 Apr; 16(2):85-90. PMID: 17400944; PMCID: PMC2598468.
      48. Zhu S, Nguyen QB, Cummins S, Wong S, Wightman V. Non-smokers seeking help for smokers: a preliminary study. Tob Control. 2006 Apr; 15(2):107-13. PMID: 16565458; PMCID: PMC2563557.
      49. An LC, Zhu S, Nelson DB, Arikian NJ, Nugent S, Partin MR, Joseph AM. Benefits of telephone care over primary care for smoking cessation: a randomized trial. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Mar 13; 166(5):536-42. PMID: 16534040.
        View in: PubMed
      50. Zhu T, Feng B, Wong S, Choi W, Zhu S. A comparison of smoking behaviors among medical and other college students in China. Health Promot Int. 2004 Jun; 19(2):189-96. PMID: 15128710.
        View in: PubMed
      51. Zhu S, Sun J, Hawkins S, Pierce J, Cummins S. A population study of low-rate smokers: quitting history and instability over time. Health Psychol. 2003 May; 22(3):245-52. PMID: 12790251.
        View in: PubMed
      52. Roski J, Jeddeloh R, An L, Lando H, Hannan P, Hall C, Zhu S. The impact of financial incentives and a patient registry on preventive care quality: increasing provider adherence to evidence-based smoking cessation practice guidelines. Prev Med. 2003 Mar; 36(3):291-9. PMID: 12634020.
        View in: PubMed
      53. Zhu S, Anderson CM, Tedeschi GJ, Rosbrook B, Johnson CE, Byrd M, Gutiérrez-Terrell E. Evidence of real-world effectiveness of a telephone quitline for smokers. N Engl J Med. 2002 Oct 03; 347(14):1087-93. PMID: 12362011.
        View in: PubMed
      54. Zhu S, Valbø A. Depression and smoking during pregnancy. Addict Behav. 2002 Jul-Aug; 27(4):649-58. PMID: 12188598.
        View in: PubMed
      55. Zhu S, Tedeschi G, Anderson CM, Rosbrook B, Byrd M, Johnson CE, Gutiérrez-Terrell E. Telephone counseling as adjuvant treatment for nicotine replacement therapy in a "real-world" setting. Prev Med. 2000 Oct; 31(4):357-63. PMID: 11006060.
        View in: PubMed
      56. Zhu S, Anderson CM, Johnson CE, Tedeschi G, Roeseler A. A centralised telephone service for tobacco cessation: the California experience. Tob Control. 2000; 9 Suppl 2:II48-55. PMID: 10841591; PMCID: PMC1766283.
      57. Zhu S. A method to obtain a randomized control group where it seems impossible. A case study in program evaluation. Eval Rev. 1999 Aug; 23(4):363-77. PMID: 10558391.
        View in: PubMed
      58. Zhu S, Li D, Feng B, Zhu T, Anderson CM. Perception of foreign cigarettes and their advertising in China: a study of college students from 12 universities. Tob Control. 1998; 7(2):134-40. PMID: 9789931; PMCID: PMC1759682.
      59. Zhu S, Stretch V, Balabanis M, Rosbrook B, Sadler G, Pierce JP. Telephone counseling for smoking cessation: effects of single-session and multiple-session interventions. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1996 Feb; 64(1):202-11. PMID: 8907100.
        View in: PubMed
      60. Zhu S, Tedeschi GJ, Anderson CM, & Pierce JP. Telephone counseling for smoking cessation: what’s in a call?. J Couns Dev. 1996; 75(2):93-102.
      61. Zhu S, Pierce JP. A new scheduling method for time-limited counseling. Prof Psychol Res Pr. 1995; 26(6):624–625.
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