C Parsons

Title(s)Emeritus Professor, Urology
SchoolVc-health Sciences-schools
Address9500 Gilman Drive #
La Jolla CA 92093
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    Dr. C. Lowell Parsons diagnoses and treats all urologic disorders, and specializes in caring for patients who have interstitial cystitis (IC). Internationally recognized as a leading physician and researcher in IC, he has developed major new diagnostic tools and treatments for the disease and has published over 200 medical journal articles and textbook chapters. Health care professionals from around the world have visited his clinic and attended his lectures to learn the latest techniques for detecting and treating IC.

    At his clinic at UCSD, Dr. Parsons has treated more than 6000 patients who have IC. His UCSD laboratories pursue a number of research studies aimed at identifying the causes of IC and finding effective new treatments for it.

    The innovative IC treatments available in Dr. Parsons’ UCSD clinic include multi-modal oral treatment plans tailored for each individual patient to achieve relief of symptoms and to prevent disease progression. For treatment of IC, Dr. Parsons’ clinic also offers intraurethral and intravesical instillations of new medications.

    Dr. Parsons is certified by the American Board of Urology. In addition to all of the standard urologic procedures, Dr. Parsons has special training and experience in performing extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) for stones in the urinary tract and cryosurgery for carcinoma of the prostate. Dr. Parsons and Dr. Joseph D. Schmidt, Professor Emeritus and former Head of the UCSD Division of Urology, rank among the world leaders in experience with prostate cryosurgery and in contributions to the refinement of the technique.

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    INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS DATA BASE--CLINICAL CENTER
    NIH U01DK045026Sep 30, 1991 - Feb 28, 1998
    Role: Principal Investigator
    URINE/EPITHELIUM INTERACTIONS IN INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS
    NIH R01DK039239Sep 20, 1987 - Feb 28, 1997
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Role of urinary cations in the etiology of interstitial cystitis: A multisite study. Int J Urol. 2020 Sep; 27(9):731-735. Parsons CL, Argade S, Evans RJ, Proctor J, Nickel JC, Rosenberg MT, Bosch PC. PMID: 32677166.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Chronic scrotal pain: A variable symptom of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome. Urol Ann. 2019 Jul-Sep; 11(3):261-264. Bosch PC, Parsons CL. PMID: 31413503; PMCID: PMC6676835.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    3. Editorial Comment. J Urol. 2017 08; 198(2):374. Parsons CL. PMID: 28527307.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. How does interstitial cystitis begin? Transl Androl Urol. 2015 Dec; 4(6):605-10. Parsons CL. PMID: 26816860; PMCID: PMC4708543.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3  
    5. Role of urinary cations in the aetiology of bladder symptoms and interstitial cystitis. BJU Int. 2014 Aug; 114(2):286-93. Parsons CL, Shaw T, Berecz Z, Su Y, Zupkas P, Argade S. PMID: 24325253.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Tamm-Horsfall protein-associated nucleotides in patients with interstitial cystitis. BJU Int. 2013 May; 111(5):811-9. Argade S, Shaw T, Su Y, Parsons CL. PMID: 23421394.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Alkalinized lidocaine and heparin provide immediate relief of pain and urgency in patients with interstitial cystitis. J Sex Med. 2012 Jan; 9(1):207-12. Parsons CL, Zupkas P, Proctor J, Koziol J, Franklin A, Giesing D, Davis E, Lakin CM, Kahn BS, Garner WJ. PMID: 22082303.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. A multi-site study confirms abnormal glycosylation in the Tamm-Horsfall protein of patients with interstitial cystitis. J Urol. 2011 Jul; 186(1):112-6. Parsons CL, Proctor J, Teichman JS, Nickel JC, Davis E, Evans R, Zupkas P, Phillips C, Shaw T, Naidu N, Argade S. PMID: 21571325.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    9. The role of a leaky epithelium and potassium in the generation of bladder symptoms in interstitial cystitis/overactive bladder, urethral syndrome, prostatitis and gynaecological chronic pelvic pain. BJU Int. 2011 Feb; 107(3):370-5. Parsons CL. PMID: 21176078.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 57     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. The potassium sensitivity test: a new gold standard for diagnosing and understanding the pathophysiology of interstitial cystitis. J Urol. 2009 Aug; 182(2):432-4. Parsons CL. PMID: 19603544.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Abnormal glycosylation of Tamm-Horsfall protein in patients with interstitial cystitis. BJU Int. 2009 Apr; 103(8):1085-9. Argade SP, Vanichsarn C, Chenoweth M, Parsons CL. PMID: 19007360.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    12. Defective Tamm-Horsfall protein in patients with interstitial cystitis. J Urol. 2007 Dec; 178(6):2665-70. Parsons CL, Stein P, Zupkas P, Chenoweth M, Argade SP, Proctor JG, Datta A, Trotter RN. PMID: 17945284.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. The role of the urinary epithelium in the pathogenesis of interstitial cystitis/prostatitis/urethritis. Urology. 2007 Apr; 69(4 Suppl):9-16. Parsons CL. PMID: 17462486.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 88     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    14. Role of sialic acid in urinary cytoprotective activity of Tamm-Horsfall protein. Urology. 2007 Mar; 69(3):577-81. Parsons CL, Rajasekaran M, Arsanjani AH, Chenoweth M, Stein P. PMID: 17382182.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    15. Is ciclosporin an effective treatment for interstitial cystitis? Nat Clin Pract Urol. 2006 Jul; 3(7):364-5. Parsons CL. PMID: 16835623.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    16. Toxic factors in human urine that injure urothelium. Int J Urol. 2006 Apr; 13(4):409-14. Rajasekaran M, Stein P, Parsons CL. PMID: 16734860.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    17. Advances in the treatment of interstitial cystitis. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2006 Mar; 7(4):411-9. Parsons CL. PMID: 16503813.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Tamm-Horsfall protein protects urothelial permeability barrier. Urology. 2005 Oct; 66(4):903-7. Stein P, Rajasekaran M, Parsons CL. PMID: 16230179.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    19. Argument for the use of the potassium sensitivity test in the diagnosis of interstitial cystitis. For. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2005 Nov-Dec; 16(6):430-1. Parsons CL. PMID: 15931550.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Abnormal urinary potassium metabolism in patients with interstitial cystitis. J Urol. 2005 Apr; 173(4):1182-5. Parsons CL, Greene RA, Chung M, Stanford EJ, Singh G. PMID: 15758737.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    21. Successful downregulation of bladder sensory nerves with combination of heparin and alkalinized lidocaine in patients with interstitial cystitis. Urology. 2005 Jan; 65(1):45-8. Parsons CL. PMID: 15667861.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    22. Quantifying symptoms in men with interstitial cystitis/prostatitis, and its correlation with potassium-sensitivity testing. BJU Int. 2005 Jan; 95(1):86-90. Parsons CL, Rosenberg MT, Sassani P, Ebrahimi K, Koziol JA, Zupkas P. PMID: 15638901.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    23. Prevalence of interstitial cystitis in young women. Urology. 2004 Nov; 64(5):866-70. Parsons CL, Tatsis V. PMID: 15533465.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    24. Diagnosing chronic pelvic pain of bladder origin. J Reprod Med. 2004 Mar; 49(3 Suppl):235-42. Parsons CL. PMID: 15088862.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Current strategies for managing interstitial cystitis. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2004 Feb; 5(2):287-93. Parsons CL. PMID: 14996625.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Prostatitis, interstitial cystitis, chronic pelvic pain, and urethral syndrome share a common pathophysiology: lower urinary dysfunctional epithelium and potassium recycling. Urology. 2003 Dec; 62(6):976-82. Parsons CL. PMID: 14665339.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    27. Intravesical ethanol test: an ineffective measure of bladder hyperpermeability. Urology. 2003 Mar; 61(3):555-7. Gordon Z, Parsons CL, Monga M. PMID: 12639646.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Urine-induced apoptosis in cultured bladder urothelial cells. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2003; 539(Pt B):585-98. Stein PC, Zhang J, Parsons CL. PMID: 15176314.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    29. The prevalence of interstitial cystitis in gynecologic patients with pelvic pain, as detected by intravesical potassium sensitivity. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Nov; 187(5):1395-400. Parsons CL, Dell J, Stanford EJ, Bullen M, Kahn BS, Willems JJ. PMID: 12439537.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Increased prevalence of interstitial cystitis: previously unrecognized urologic and gynecologic cases identified using a new symptom questionnaire and intravesical potassium sensitivity. Urology. 2002 Oct; 60(4):573-8. Parsons CL, Dell J, Stanford EJ, Bullen M, Kahn BS, Waxell T, Koziol JA. PMID: 12385909.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 75     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Intravesical potassium sensitivity in patients with prostatitis. J Urol. 2002 Sep; 168(3):1054-7. Parsons CL, Albo M. PMID: 12187221.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Interstitial cystitis: epidemiology and clinical presentation. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Mar; 45(1):242-9. Parsons CL. PMID: 11862076.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    33. Effect of pentosan polysulfate therapy on intravesical potassium sensitivity. Urology. 2002 Mar; 59(3):329-33. Parsons CL, Forrest J, Nickel JC, Evans R, Lloyd LK, Barkin J, Mosbaugh PG, Kaufman DM, Hernandez-Graulau JM, Atkinson L, Albrecht D, Elmiron Study Group. PMID: 11880064.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    34. Estrogenic regulation of HSP90 kD synthesis in rat urinary bladder. Urol Res. 2001 Oct; 29(5):338-44. Stein PC, Ha TJ, Parsons CL. PMID: 11762796.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    35. The intravesical potassium sensitivity test and urodynamics: implications in a large cohort of patients with lower urinary tract symptoms. J Urol. 2001 Jul; 166(1):158-61. Bernie JE, Hagey S, Albo ME, Parsons CL. PMID: 11435846.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    36. Gynecologic presentation of interstitial cystitis as detected by intravesical potassium sensitivity. Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Jul; 98(1):127-32. Parsons CL, Bullen M, Kahn BS, Stanford EJ, Willems JJ. PMID: 11430970.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Intravesical potassium sensitivity in patients with interstitial cystitis and urethral syndrome. Urology. 2001 Mar; 57(3):428-32; discussion 432-3. Parsons CL, Zupkas P, Parsons JK. PMID: 11248610.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Cyto-injury factors in urine: a possible mechanism for the development of interstitial cystitis. J Urol. 2000 Oct; 164(4):1381-4. Parsons CL, Bautista SL, Stein PC, Zupkas P. PMID: 10992419.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    39. Synchronous ipsilateral renal adenocarcinoma, transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis and metastatic renal lymphoma. J Urol. 2000 Sep; 164(3 Pt 1):773-4. Bernie JE, Albers L, Baird S, Parsons CL. PMID: 10953146.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Pentosanpolysulfate coating of silicone reduces encrustation. J Endourol. 2000 Aug; 14(6):483-8. Zupkas P, Parsons CL, Percival C, Monga M. PMID: 10954303.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    41. Urothelial cytoprotective activity of Tamm-Horsfall protein isolated from the urine of healthy subjects and patients with interstitial cystitis. Int J Urol. 2000 May; 7(5):176-83. Akiyama A, Stein PC, Houshiar A, Parsons CL. PMID: 10830825.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    42. Elevated urinary norepinephrine in interstitial cystitis. Urology. 1999 Jun; 53(6):1140-3. Stein PC, Torri A, Parsons CL. PMID: 10367842.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Natural history of interstitial cystitis in 274 patients receiving sulfated polysaccharide therapy. Urology. 1999 Jun; 53(6):1133-9. Ho NJ, Koziol JA, Parsons CL, Barlow W, Weiss NS. PMID: 10367841.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. New indications for radical prostatectomy. J Urol. 1998 Dec; 160(6 Pt 2):2425-7. Schmidt JD, Parsons CL, Doyle J. PMID: 9817396.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. Elevated stress protein in transitional cells exposed to urine from interstitial cystitis patients. Int J Urol. 1998 Sep; 5(5):444-8. Ito T, Stein PC, Parsons CL, Schmidt JD. PMID: 9781432.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    46. The role of urinary potassium in the pathogenesis and diagnosis of interstitial cystitis. J Urol. 1998 Jun; 159(6):1862-6; discussion 1866-7. Parsons CL, Greenberger M, Gabal L, Bidair M, Barme G. PMID: 9598476.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 57     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Associations among cystoscopic and urodynamic findings for women enrolled in the Interstitial Cystitis Data Base (ICDB) Study. Urology. 1997 May; 49(5A Suppl):86-92. Nigro DA, Wein AJ, Foy M, Parsons CL, Williams M, Nyberg LM, Landis JR, Cook YL, Simon LJ. PMID: 9146007.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Epithelial coating techniques in the treatment of interstitial cystitis. Urology. 1997 May; 49(5A Suppl):100-4. Parsons CL. PMID: 9146009.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. New concepts in interstitial cystitis. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 1997; 8(1):1-2. Parsons CL. PMID: 9260088.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Cryoablation for carcinoma of the prostate. J Surg Oncol. 1996 Dec; 63(4):256-64. Patel BG, Parsons CL, Bidair M, Schmidt JD. PMID: 8982371.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Interstitial cystitis. Int J Urol. 1996 Nov; 3(6):415-20. Parsons CL. PMID: 9170566.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. A deficit of chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans on the bladder uroepithelium in interstitial cystitis. Urology. 1996 Nov; 48(5):817-21. Hurst RE, Roy JB, Min KW, Veltri RW, Marley G, Patton K, Shackelford DL, Stein P, Parsons CL. PMID: 8911536.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Electrophysiologic monitoring of the effects of soluble virulence factors produced by Escherichia coli infection in urine. Urology. 1996 Sep; 48(3):389-92. Tay H, Parsons CL, Stein PC. PMID: 8804491.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    54. Cystoscopic changes in interstitial cystitis. Urology. 1996 Aug; 48(2):289-90. Parsons CL, Walker CJ. PMID: 8753743.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Bladder injury model induced in rats by exposure to protamine sulfate followed by bacterial endotoxin. J Urol. 1996 Mar; 155(3):1133-8. Stein PC, Pham H, Ito T, Parsons CL. PMID: 8583579.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    56. Potassium sensitivity test. Tech Urol. 1996; 2(3):171-3. Parsons CL. PMID: 9118427.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Selective type IV collagen defects in the urothelial basement membrane in interstitial cystitis. J Urol. 1995 Sep; 154(3):1222-6. Wilson CB, Leopard J, Nakamura RM, Cheresh DA, Stein PC, Parsons CL. PMID: 7637092.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Transrectal ultrasound-guided transperineal cryoablation in the treatment of prostate carcinoma: preliminary results. J Urol. 1995 Aug; 154(2 Pt 1):435-41. Wieder J, Schmidt JD, Casola G, vanSonnenberg E, Stainken BF, Parsons CL. PMID: 7541861.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    59. Intestinal de-epithelialization and augmentation cystoplasty: an animal model. Urology. 1995 Jul; 46(1):36-9. Niku SD, Scherz HC, Stein PC, Parsons CL. PMID: 7604478.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    60. Characterization of microbial presence at the surface of silicone mammary implants. Ann Plast Surg. 1995 Jun; 34(6):563-9; disscusion 570-1. Dobke MK, Svahn JK, Vastine VL, Landon BN, Stein PC, Parsons CL. PMID: 7661531.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    61. Production of soluble virulence factor by Escherichia coli. J Urol. 1995 May; 153(5):1441-3. Mostafavi M, Stein PC, Parsons CL. PMID: 7714961.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    62. A new method for cytodestruction of bladder epithelium using protamine sulfate and urea. J Urol. 1994 Sep; 152(3):1025-8. Niku SD, Stein PC, Scherz HC, Parsons CL. PMID: 8051727.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    63. Activation of urinary kallikrein in patients with interstitial cystitis. J Urol. 1994 Sep; 152(3):874-8. Zuraw BL, Sugimoto S, Parsons CL, Hugli T, Lotz M, Koziol J. PMID: 8051740.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    64. Inflammatory mediator profile in urine and bladder wash fluid of patients with interstitial cystitis. J Urol. 1994 Aug; 152(2 Pt 1):355-61. Felsen D, Frye S, Trimble LA, Bavendam TG, Parsons CL, Sim Y, Vaughan ED. PMID: 8015071.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. Protamine sulfate and vancomycin are synergistic against Staphylococcus epidermidis prosthesis infection in vivo. J Urol. 1994 Jul; 152(1):213-6. Teichman JM, Abraham VE, Stein PC, Parsons CL. PMID: 8201668.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    66. Treatment of interstitial cystitis with intravesical heparin. Br J Urol. 1994 May; 73(5):504-7. Parsons CL, Housley T, Schmidt JD, Lebow D. PMID: 8012771.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    67. Fibroblast behavior in vitro is unaltered by products of staphylococci cultured from silicone implants. Ann Plast Surg. 1994 Feb; 32(2):118-25. Dobke MK, Grzybowski J, Stein P, Landon BN, Dobak J, Parsons CL. PMID: 8192358.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    68. Decreased expression of a glycoprotein component of bladder surface mucin (GP1) in interstitial cystitis. J Urol. 1994 Feb; 151(2):343-5. Moskowitz MO, Byrne DS, Callahan HJ, Parsons CL, Valderrama E, Moldwin RM. PMID: 8283520.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    69. The therapeutic role of sulfated polysaccharides in the urinary bladder. Urol Clin North Am. 1994 Feb; 21(1):93-100. Parsons CL. PMID: 7904388.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    70. Abnormal sensitivity to intravesical potassium in interstitial cystitis and radiation cystitis. Neurourol Urodyn. 1994; 13(5):515-20. Parsons CL, Stein PC, Bidair M, Lebow D. PMID: 7833969.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    71. Proteoglycan core protein syndecan in bladder biopsies. World J Urol. 1994; 12(1):15-20. Stein PC, Parsons CL. PMID: 8012411.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    72. A model for the function of glycosaminoglycans in the urinary tract. World J Urol. 1994; 12(1):38-42. Parsons CL. PMID: 8012414.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    73. Diagnosis and therapy of subclinically infected prostheses. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1993 Nov; 177(5):504-6. Parsons CL, Stein PC, Dobke MK, Virden CP, Frank DH. PMID: 8211603.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    74. Evaluation of urothelial Tamm-Horsfall protein and serum antibody as a potential diagnostic marker for interstitial cystitis. J Urol. 1993 Nov; 150(5 Pt 1):1405-8. Stein PC, Santamaria PJ, Kurtz SB, Parsons CL. PMID: 8411410.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    75. A quantitatively controlled method to study prospectively interstitial cystitis and demonstrate the efficacy of pentosanpolysulfate. J Urol. 1993 Sep; 150(3):845-8. Parsons CL, Benson G, Childs SJ, Hanno P, Sant GR, Webster G. PMID: 7688432.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 43     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    76. Quaternary amine (protamine sulfate) is bactericidal to Staphylococcus epidermidis. J Infect Dis. 1993 Jun; 167(6):1500-1. Teichman JM, Stein PC, Parsons CL. PMID: 8501348.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    77. Urinary glycosaminoglycan excretion as a laboratory marker in the diagnosis of interstitial cystitis. J Urol. 1993 Jan; 149(1):31-5. Hurst RE, Parsons CL, Roy JB, Young JL. PMID: 8417212.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    78. Prevention of acrolein-induced bladder injury by pentosanpolysulfate. J Urol. 1992 Jul; 148(1):163-6. Kalota SJ, Stein PC, Parsons CL. PMID: 1377288.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    79. Subclinical infection of the silicone breast implant surface as a possible cause of capsular contracture. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 1992; 16(2):173-9. Virden CP, Dobke MK, Stein P, Parsons CL, Frank DH. PMID: 1570781.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    80. Epithelial dysfunction in nonbacterial cystitis (interstitial cystitis). J Urol. 1991 Apr; 145(4):732-5. Parsons CL, Lilly JD, Stein P. PMID: 2005689.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 63     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    81. Interstitial cystitis: successful management by increasing urinary voiding intervals. Urology. 1991 Mar; 37(3):207-12. Parsons CL, Koprowski PF. PMID: 2000675.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    82. The production of antibodies to pentosanpolysulfate (ELMIRON, SP-54). J Immunol Methods. 1991 Jan 24; 136(1):53-9. Callahan HJ, Shupp-Byrne D, Pizzo M, Parsons CL, Mulholland SG. PMID: 1704902.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsPHPublic Health
    83. Bladder surface glycosaminoglycans is a human epithelial permeability barrier. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1990 Dec; 171(6):493-6. Lilly JD, Parsons CL. PMID: 2244283.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 54     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    84. Pentosan polysulfate sodium for therapy of interstitial cystitis. A double-blind placebo-controlled clinical study. Urology. 1990 Jun; 35(6):552-8. Mulholland SG, Hanno P, Parsons CL, Sant GR, Staskin DR. PMID: 1693797.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    85. Decreased urinary uronic acid levels in individuals with interstitial cystitis. J Urol. 1990 Apr; 143(4):690-3. Parsons CL, Hurst RE. PMID: 2313793.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    86. Preliminary results of a phase I/II study of sodium pentosanpolysulfate in the treatment of chronic radiation-induced proctitis. Am J Clin Oncol. 1990 Feb; 13(1):28-31. Grigsby PW, Pilepich MV, Parsons CL. PMID: 1689537.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    87. Bladder surface glycosaminoglycans: an epithelial permeability barrier. J Urol. 1990 Jan; 143(1):139-42. Parsons CL, Boychuk D, Jones S, Hurst R, Callahan H. PMID: 1688456.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 64     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    88. Peyronie's disease: surgical experience and presentation of a proximal approach. J Urol. 1989 Sep; 142(3):740-2. Cohen ES, Schmidt JD, Parsons CL. PMID: 2769852.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    89. Fibronectin levels in male ejaculate and evidence for its role in unexplained infertility. Urology. 1989 Aug; 34(2):80-5. Stauffer CW, Parsons CL. PMID: 2669308.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    90. Voiding dysfunction secondary to penetrating bony fragment 20 years after pelvic fracture. J Urol. 1989 Mar; 141(3):606-7. Cohen ES, Scherz HC, Parsons CL. PMID: 2918602.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    91. Successful treatment of priapism with intracorporeal epinephrine. J Urol. 1988 Oct; 140(4):827. Sayer J, Parsons CL. PMID: 3418812.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    92. Overview. New standards for UTI--1988. Urology. 1988 Aug; 32(2 Suppl):3-5. Parsons CL. PMID: 3407058.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    93. Protocol for treatment of typical urinary tract infection: criteria for antimicrobial selection. Urology. 1988 Aug; 32(2 Suppl):22-7. Parsons CL. PMID: 3407056.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    94. Reversible inactivation of bladder surface glycosaminoglycan antibacterial activity by protamine sulfate. Infect Immun. 1988 May; 56(5):1341-3. Parsons CL, Stauffer CW, Schmidt JD. PMID: 3281908; PMCID: PMC259825.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    95. Urethral pressure profilometry in Scott artificial urinary sphincter. Urology. 1988 Jan; 31(1):82-5. Lowe DH, Scherz HC, Parsons CL. PMID: 3336936.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    96. Successful therapy of interstitial cystitis with pentosanpolysulfate. J Urol. 1987 Sep; 138(3):513-6. Parsons CL, Mulholland SG. PMID: 2442417.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    97. Inactivation of antiadherence effect of bladder surface glycosaminoglycans as possible mechanism for carcinogenesis. Urology. 1987 Sep; 30(3):255-8. Kaufman JE, Anderson K, Parsons CL. PMID: 2442874.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    98. Functional and structural characteristics of the glycosaminoglycans of the bladder luminal surface. J Urol. 1987 Aug; 138(2):433-7. Hurst RE, Rhodes SW, Adamson PB, Parsons CL, Roy JB. PMID: 3599272.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    99. Prophylactic antibiotics in urology. Urol Clin North Am. 1987 May; 14(2):265-71. Scherz HC, Parsons CL. PMID: 3576852.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    100. Lower urinary tract infections in women. Urol Clin North Am. 1987 May; 14(2):247-50. Parsons CL. PMID: 3576849.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    101. Sodium pentosanpolysulfate treatment of interstitial cystitis: an update. Urology. 1987 Apr; 29(4 Suppl):14-6. Parsons CL. PMID: 2436376.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    102. Pathogenesis of urinary tract infections. Bacterial adherence, bladder defense mechanisms. Urol Clin North Am. 1986 Nov; 13(4):563-8. Parsons CL. PMID: 2877517.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    103. Successful management of radiation cystitis with sodium pentosanpolysulfate. J Urol. 1986 Oct; 136(4):813-4. Parsons CL. PMID: 2428986.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    104. Bladder surface glycosaminoglycan: efficient mechanism of environmental adaptation. Urology. 1986 Feb; 27(2 Suppl):9-14. Parsons CL. PMID: 3946050.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    105. Inhibition of sodium urate crystal adherence to bladder surface by polysaccharide. J Urol. 1985 Sep; 134(3):614-6. Parsons CL, Danielson B, Feldstrom B. PMID: 2411955.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    106. Effect of ammonium on bacterial adherence to bladder transitional epithelium. J Urol. 1984 Aug; 132(2):365-6. Parsons CL, Stauffer C, Mulholland SG, Griffith DP. PMID: 6376829.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    107. Successful treatment of interstitial cystitis with sodium pentosanpolysulfate. J Urol. 1983 Jul; 130(1):51-3. Parsons CL, Schmidt JD, Pollen JJ. PMID: 6191049.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    108. Inactivation of antiadherence effect of bladder surface glycosaminoglycan by a complete urinary carcinogen (N-methyl-N-nitrosourea). J Urol. 1983 Jan; 129(1):200-1. Bodenstab W, Kaufman J, Parsons CL. PMID: 6338250.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    109. Control of recurrent lower urinary tract infection in the postmenopausal woman. J Urol. 1982 Dec; 128(6):1224-6. Parsons CL, Schmidt JD. PMID: 6296464.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    110. Surgical treatment of Peyronie disease with dacron graft. Urology. 1982 Jun; 19(6):609-10. Lowe DH, Ho PC, Parsons CL, Schmidt JD. PMID: 6211814.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    111. Erectile impotence associated with transurethral prostatectomy. Urology. 1982 Mar; 19(3):259-62. So EP, Ho PC, Bodenstab W, Parsons CL. PMID: 6175067.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    112. Retrospective study of ureteral obstruction following vascular bypass surgery. Urology. 1982 Mar; 19(3):278-83. Kaufman JE, Parsons CL, Gosink BB, Schmidt JD. PMID: 7064254.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    113. Prevention of urinary tract infection by the exogenous glycosaminoglycan sodium pentosanpolysulfate. J Urol. 1982 Jan; 127(1):167-9. Parsons CL. PMID: 6173492.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    114. Impairment of antibacterial effect of bladder surface mucin by protamine sulfate. J Infect Dis. 1981 Aug; 144(2):180. Parsons CL, Stauffer C, Schmidt JD. PMID: 7276632.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    115. Percutaneous nephrostomy: experience in 107 kidneys. Urology. 1980 Nov; 16(5):532-5. Ho PC, Talner LB, Parsons CL, Schmidt JD. PMID: 7445298.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    116. Bladder-surface glycosaminoglycans: an efficient mechanism of environmental adaptation. Science. 1980 May 09; 208(4444):605-7. Parsons CL, Stauffer C, Schmidt JD. PMID: 6154316.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
    117. Direct vision internal urethrotomy in the management of urethral strictures. J Urol. 1980 Apr; 123(4):497-9. Walther PC, Parsons CL, Schmidt JD. PMID: 7365884.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    118. Antibacterial activity of bladder surface mucin duplicated in the rabbit bladder by exogenous glycosaminoglycan (sodium pentosanpolysulfate). Infect Immun. 1980 Mar; 27(3):876-81. Parsons CL, Pollen JJ, Anwar H, Stauffer C, Schmidt JD. PMID: 6155340; PMCID: PMC550856.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    119. In vitro bacterial adherence to vaginal cells of normal and cystitis-prone women. J Urol. 1980 Feb; 123(2):184-7. Parsons CL, Schmidt JD. PMID: 6986477.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    120. In vitro adherence of radioactively labeled Escherichia coli in normal and cystitis-prone females. Infect Immun. 1979 Nov; 26(2):453-7. Parsons CL, Anwar H, Stauffer C, Schmidt JD. PMID: 44702; PMCID: PMC414636.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    121. Antibacterial activity of bladder surface mucin duplicated by exogenous glycosaminoglycan (heparin). Infect Immun. 1979 May; 24(2):552-7. Parsons CL, Mulholland SG, Anwar H. PMID: 37168; PMCID: PMC414335.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    122. Bladder surface mucin. Examination of possible mechanisms for its antibacterial effect. Invest Urol. 1978 Nov; 16(3):196-200. Parsons CL, Shrom SH, Hanno PM, Mulholland SG. PMID: 30735.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    123. Bladder surface mucin. Its antibacterial effect against various bacterial species. Am J Pathol. 1978 Nov; 93(2):423-32. Parsons CL, Mulholland SG. PMID: 362941; PMCID: PMC2018387.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    124. The protective effect of heparin in experimental bladder infection. J Surg Res. 1978 Oct; 25(4):324-9. Hanno PM, Parsons CL, Shrom SH, Fritz R, Mulholland SG. PMID: 152375.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    125. Vesical defense: further evidence for a charge-related mucosal anti-adherence mechanism. Surg Forum. 1978; 29:632-3. Shrom SH, Parsons CL, Mulholland SG. PMID: 401419.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    126. Role of urothelial surface mucoprotein in intrinsic bladder defense. Urology. 1977 May; 9(5):526-33. Shrom SH, Parsons CL, Mulholland SG. PMID: 324090.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    127. Vesical defense: assessment of adsorption potential with live, dead, and metabolically inhibited Escherichia coli and 99mTC-labeled sulfur colloid particles. Surg Forum. 1977; 28:565-7. Shrom SH, Parsons CL, Alavi A, Mulholland SG. PMID: 364743.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    128. Role of surface mucin in primary antibacterial defense of bladder. Urology. 1977 Jan; 9(1):48-52. Parsons CL, Greenspan C, Moore SW, Mulholland SG. PMID: 831354.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 46     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    129. Bladder defense mechanism. Trans Am Assoc Genitourin Surg. 1976; 68:83-6. Mulholland SG, Parsons CL, Shrom SH, Murphy JJ. PMID: 801214.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
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