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Larry Squire

Title(s)Professor, Psychiatry
SchoolHealth Sciences
Phone858-642-3628
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    Biography

    Dr. Squire received his undergraduate degree from Oberlin College, his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Brain and Cognitive Sciences), and did postdoctoral study at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine before coming to UCSD. His publications include approximately 500 research articles and two books: Memory and Brain (Oxford Press, 1987) and Memory: From Mind to Molecules with Eric Kandel (Roberts and Co., 2009). He is also Senior Editor of the textbook, Fundamental Neuroscience, now in its 4th Edition and Editor-in-Chief of The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography (now in eight volumes). He served as President of the Society for Neuroscience (1993-1994) and is an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and The Institute of Medicine. He is a recipient of the Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award from the American Psychological Association, the William Middleton Award from the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Metropolitan Life Award for Medical Research, the Karl Lashley Award (American Philosophical Society), the Herbert Crosby Warren Medal (Society of Experimental Psychologists), the Award for Scientific Reviewing (National Academy of Sciences), and the Goldman-Rakic Prize (Brain and Behavior Research Foundation).

    Research Interests

    Dr. Squire’s research concerns the organization and structure of mammalian memory (humans and rodents) at the level of neural systems and cognition. A part of the research involves studies of identified neurological patients with impaired memory. The research program also involves rodents, particularly with respect to questions about the anatomy of memory and the function of the brain systems that support memory. In addition, the facility for functional imaging at UCSD is affording the possibility of studying brain systems of human memory in normal volunteers.

    Clinical Focus

    Consultation for neuropsychological evaluation of memory impairment, effects of electroconvulsive therapy on memory, and other kinds of behavioral assessment.

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    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    CSR&D Research Career Scientist Award
    VA IK6CX001644Oct 1, 2017 - Sep 30, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The Neuropsychology of Memory
    VA I01CX000359Oct 1, 2010 - Mar 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Memory Systems of the Brain
    NIH/NIMH R01MH024600Jan 1, 1979 - Jun 30, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    MEMORY AS AFFECTED BY INJURY DISEASE AND ECT
    NIH/NIMH R37MH024600Jan 1, 1979 - Dec 31, 1999
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Rungratsameetaweemana N, Squire LR, Serences JT. Preserved capacity for learning statistical regularities and directing selective attention after hippocampal lesions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 Sep 24; 116(39):19705-19710. PMID: 31492814.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Urgolites ZJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Spared Perception of the Structure of Scenes after Hippocampal Damage. J Cogn Neurosci. 2019 Aug; 31(8):1260-1269. PMID: 31135253.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Heyworth NC, Squire LR. The nature of recollection across months and years and after medial temporal lobe damage. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 Feb 21. PMID: 30792351.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Smith CN, Squire LR. Awareness of what is learned as a characteristic of hippocampus-dependent memory. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 11 20; 115(47):11947-11952. PMID: 30397153.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Rungratsameetaweemana N, Squire LR. Preserved capacity for scene construction and shifts in perspective after hippocampal lesions. Learn Mem. 2018 08; 25(8):347-351. PMID: 30012879.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Urgolites ZJ, Smith CN, Squire LR. Eye movements support the link between conscious memory and medial temporal lobe function. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 07 17; 115(29):7599-7604. PMID: 29959209.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Urgolites ZJ, Levy DA, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Spared perception of object geometry and object components after hippocampal damage. Learn Mem. 2018 07; 25(7):330-334. PMID: 29907641.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Ocampo AC, Squire LR, Clark RE. Corrigendum: The beneficial effect of prior experience on the acquisition of spatial memory in rats with CA1, but not large hippocampal lesions: a possible role for schema formation. Learn Mem. 2018 04; 25(4):197. PMID: 29545391.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Ocampo AC, Squire LR, Clark RE. The beneficial effect of prior experience on the acquisition of spatial memory in rats with CA1, but not large hippocampal lesions: a possible role for schema formation. Learn Mem. 2018 03; 25(3):115-121. PMID: 29449455.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Wixted JT, Goldinger SD, Squire LR, Kuhn JR, Papesh MH, Smith KA, Treiman DM, Steinmetz PN. Coding of episodic memory in the human hippocampus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 01 30; 115(5):1093-1098. PMID: 29339476.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Ocampo AC, Squire LR, Clark RE. Hippocampal area CA1 and remote memory in rats. Learn Mem. 2017 11; 24(11):563-568. PMID: 29038217.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Urgolites ZJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Medial temporal lobe and topographical memory. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 08 08; 114(32):8626-8630. PMID: 28739918.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Squire LR. Memory for relations in the short term and the long term after medial temporal lobe damage. Hippocampus. 2017 05; 27(5):608-612. PMID: 28188665.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Smith CN, Squire LR. When eye movements express memory for old and new scenes in the absence of awareness and independent of hippocampus. Learn Mem. 2017 02; 24(2):95-103. PMID: 28096499.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Urgolites ZJ, Kim S, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Map reading, navigating from maps, and the medial temporal lobe. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 12 13; 113(50):14289-14293. PMID: 27911842.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Dede AJ, Wixted JT, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Autobiographical memory, future imagining, and the medial temporal lobe. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 11 22; 113(47):13474-13479. PMID: 27821735.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Dede AJ, Frascino JC, Wixted JT, Squire LR. Learning and remembering real-world events after medial temporal lobe damage. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 11 22; 113(47):13480-13485. PMID: 27821761.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Sapiurka M, Squire LR, Clark RE. Distinct roles of hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex in spatial and nonspatial memory. Hippocampus. 2016 12; 26(12):1515-1524. PMID: 27576311.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Urgolites ZJ, Smith CN, Squire LR. True and false memories, parietal cortex, and confidence judgments. Learn Mem. 2015 Nov; 22(11):557-62. PMID: 26472645.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Squire LR, Genzel L, Wixted JT, Morris RG. Memory consolidation. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2015 Aug 03; 7(8):a021766. PMID: 26238360.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Kim S, Dede AJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Memory, scene construction, and the human hippocampus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Apr 14; 112(15):4767-72. PMID: 25825712.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Squire LR, Dede AJ. Conscious and unconscious memory systems. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2015 Mar 02; 7(3):a021667. PMID: 25731765.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Hales JB, Broadbent NJ, Velu PD, Squire LR, Clark RE. Hippocampus, perirhinal cortex, and complex visual discriminations in rats and humans. Learn Mem. 2015 Feb; 22(2):83-91. PMID: 25593294.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Hales JB, Schlesiger MI, Leutgeb JK, Squire LR, Leutgeb S, Clark RE. Medial entorhinal cortex lesions only partially disrupt hippocampal place cells and hippocampus-dependent place memory. Cell Rep. 2014 Nov 06; 9(3):893-901. PMID: 25437546.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Smith CN, Jeneson A, Frascino JC, Kirwan CB, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. When recognition memory is independent of hippocampal function. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jul 08; 111(27):9935-40. PMID: 24958865.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Wixted JT, Squire LR, Jang Y, Papesh MH, Goldinger SD, Kuhn JR, Smith KA, Treiman DM, Steinmetz PN. Sparse and distributed coding of episodic memory in neurons of the human hippocampus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jul 01; 111(26):9621-6. PMID: 24979802.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Smith CN, Urgolites ZJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Comparison of explicit and incidental learning strategies in memory-impaired patients. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jan 07; 111(1):475-9. PMID: 24367093.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Dede AJ, Squire LR, Wixted JT. A novel approach to an old problem: analysis of systematic errors in two models of recognition memory. Neuropsychologia. 2014 Jan; 52:51-6. PMID: 24184486.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Kim S, Borst G, Thompson WL, Hopkins RO, Kosslyn SM, Squire LR. Sparing of spatial mental imagery in patients with hippocampal lesions. Learn Mem. 2013 Oct 17; 20(11):657-63. PMID: 24136183.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Knutson AR, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. A pencil rescues impaired performance on a visual discrimination task in patients with medial temporal lobe lesions. Learn Mem. 2013 Oct 15; 20(11):607-10. PMID: 24129096.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Smith CN, Frascino JC, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. The nature of anterograde and retrograde memory impairment after damage to the medial temporal lobe. Neuropsychologia. 2013 Nov; 51(13):2709-14. PMID: 24041667.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Clark RE, Squire LR. Similarity in form and function of the hippocampus in rodents, monkeys, and humans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jun 18; 110 Suppl 2:10365-70. PMID: 23754372.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Insausti R, Annese J, Amaral DG, Squire LR. Human amnesia and the medial temporal lobe illuminated by neuropsychological and neurohistological findings for patient E.P. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 May 21; 110(21):E1953-62. PMID: 23620517.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Dede AJ, Wixted JT, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Hippocampal damage impairs recognition memory broadly, affecting both parameters in two prominent models of memory. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Apr 16; 110(16):6577-82. PMID: 23576763.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Kim S, Sapiurka M, Clark RE, Squire LR. Contrasting effects on path integration after hippocampal damage in humans and rats. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Mar 19; 110(12):4732-7. PMID: 23404706.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Knutson AR, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Visual discrimination performance, memory, and medial temporal lobe function. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Aug 07; 109(32):13106-11. PMID: 22826243.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Jeneson A, Wixted JT, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Visual working memory capacity and the medial temporal lobe. J Neurosci. 2012 Mar 07; 32(10):3584-9. PMID: 22399780.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Jeneson A, Squire LR. Working memory, long-term memory, and medial temporal lobe function. Learn Mem. 2012 Jan; 19(1):15-25. PMID: 22180053.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Smith CN, Wixted JT, Squire LR. The hippocampus supports both recollection and familiarity when memories are strong. J Neurosci. 2011 Nov 02; 31(44):15693-702. PMID: 22049412.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Song Z, Jeneson A, Squire LR. Medial temporal lobe function and recognition memory: a novel approach to separating the contribution of recollection and familiarity. J Neurosci. 2011 Nov 02; 31(44):16026-32. PMID: 22049444.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Wixted JT, Squire LR. Confusion abounds about confounds: response to Diana and Ranganath. Trends Cogn Sci. 2011 Aug; 15(8):338-9. PMID: 21764356.
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    42. Wixted JT, Squire LR. The familiarity/recollection distinction does not illuminate medial temporal lobe function: response to Montaldi and Mayes. Trends Cogn Sci. 2011 Aug; 15(8):340-1. PMID: 21763175.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Song Z, Wixted JT, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Impaired capacity for familiarity after hippocampal damage. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Jun 07; 108(23):9655-60. PMID: 21606344.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Jeneson A, Mauldin KN, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. The role of the hippocampus in retaining relational information across short delays: the importance of memory load. Learn Mem. 2011; 18(5):301-5. PMID: 21502337.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Clark RE, Reinagel P, Broadbent NJ, Flister ED, Squire LR. Intact performance on feature-ambiguous discriminations in rats with lesions of the perirhinal cortex. Neuron. 2011 Apr 14; 70(1):132-40. PMID: 21482362.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Wixted JT, Squire LR. The medial temporal lobe and the attributes of memory. Trends Cogn Sci. 2011 May; 15(5):210-7. PMID: 21481629.
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    47. Song Z, Wixted JT, Smith CN, Squire LR. Different nonlinear functions in hippocampus and perirhinal cortex relating functional MRI activity to memory strength. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Apr 05; 108(14):5783-8. PMID: 21436048.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Kim S, Jeneson A, van der Horst AS, Frascino JC, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Memory, visual discrimination performance, and the human hippocampus. J Neurosci. 2011 Feb 16; 31(7):2624-9. PMID: 21325530.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Squire LR, Wixted JT. The cognitive neuroscience of human memory since H.M. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2011; 34:259-88. PMID: 21456960.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Broadbent NJ, Squire LR, Clark RE. Sustained dorsal hippocampal activity is not obligatory for either the maintenance or retrieval of long-term spatial memory. Hippocampus. 2010 Dec; 20(12):1366-75. PMID: 19921702.
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    51. Wixted JT, Mickes L, Squire LR. Measuring recollection and familiarity in the medial temporal lobe. Hippocampus. 2010 Nov; 20(11):1195-205. PMID: 20848603.
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    52. Squire LR, van der Horst AS, McDuff SG, Frascino JC, Hopkins RO, Mauldin KN. Role of the hippocampus in remembering the past and imagining the future. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Nov 02; 107(44):19044-8. PMID: 20956323.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Jeneson A, Mauldin KN, Squire LR. Intact working memory for relational information after medial temporal lobe damage. J Neurosci. 2010 Oct 13; 30(41):13624-9. PMID: 20943903.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Jeneson A, Kirwan CB, Squire LR. Recognition without awareness: an elusive phenomenon. Learn Mem. 2010 Sep; 17(9):454-9. PMID: 20810620.
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    55. Smith CN, Frascino JC, Kripke DL, McHugh PR, Treisman GJ, Squire LR. Losing memories overnight: a unique form of human amnesia. Neuropsychologia. 2010 Aug; 48(10):2833-40. PMID: 20493889.
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    56. Wixted JT, Squire LR. The role of the human hippocampus in familiarity-based and recollection-based recognition memory. Behav Brain Res. 2010 Dec 31; 215(2):197-208. PMID: 20412819.
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    57. Clark RE, Squire LR. An animal model of recognition memory and medial temporal lobe amnesia: history and current issues. Neuropsychologia. 2010 Jul; 48(8):2234-44. PMID: 20144894.
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    58. Jeneson A, Kirwan CB, Hopkins RO, Wixted JT, Squire LR. Recognition memory and the hippocampus: A test of the hippocampal contribution to recollection and familiarity. Learn Mem. 2010 Jan; 17(1):63-70. PMID: 20047986.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Wais PE, Squire LR, Wixted JT. In search of recollection and familiarity signals in the hippocampus. J Cogn Neurosci. 2010 Jan; 22(1):109-23. PMID: 19199424.
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    60. Broadbent NJ, Gaskin S, Squire LR, Clark RE. Object recognition memory and the rodent hippocampus. Learn Mem. 2010 Jan; 17(1):5-11. PMID: 20028732.
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    61. Kirwan CB, Wixted JT, Squire LR. A demonstration that the hippocampus supports both recollection and familiarity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Jan 05; 107(1):344-8. PMID: 19966306.
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    62. Squire LR. Memory and brain systems: 1969-2009. J Neurosci. 2009 Oct 14; 29(41):12711-6. PMID: 19828780.
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    63. Kirwan CB, Shrager Y, Squire LR. Medial temporal lobe activity can distinguish between old and new stimuli independently of overt behavioral choice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Aug 25; 106(34):14617-21. PMID: 19706549.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Jessberger S, Clark RE, Broadbent NJ, Clemenson GD, Consiglio A, Lie DC, Squire LR, Gage FH. Dentate gyrus-specific knockdown of adult neurogenesis impairs spatial and object recognition memory in adult rats. Learn Mem. 2009 Feb; 16(2):147-54. PMID: 19181621.
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    65. Smith CN, Squire LR. Medial temporal lobe activity during retrieval of semantic memory is related to the age of the memory. J Neurosci. 2009 Jan 28; 29(4):930-8. PMID: 19176802.
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    66. Squire LR. The legacy of patient H.M. for neuroscience. Neuron. 2009 Jan 15; 61(1):6-9. PMID: 19146808.
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    67. Smith CN, Squire LR. Experience-dependent eye movements reflect hippocampus-dependent (aware) memory. J Neurosci. 2008 Nov 26; 28(48):12825-33. PMID: 19036976.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Kirwan CB, Wixted JT, Squire LR. Activity in the medial temporal lobe predicts memory strength, whereas activity in the prefrontal cortex predicts recollection. J Neurosci. 2008 Oct 15; 28(42):10541-8. PMID: 18923030.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Shrager Y, Kirwan CB, Squire LR. Activity in both hippocampus and perirhinal cortex predicts the memory strength of subsequently remembered information. Neuron. 2008 Aug 28; 59(4):547-53. PMID: 18760691.
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    70. Wixted JT, Squire LR. Constructing receiver operating characteristics (ROCs) with experimental animals: cautionary notes. Learn Mem. 2008 Sep; 15(9):687-90. PMID: 18772256.
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    71. Shrager Y, Kirwan CB, Squire LR. Neural basis of the cognitive map: path integration does not require hippocampus or entorhinal cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Aug 19; 105(33):12034-8. PMID: 18687893.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Shrager Y, Levy DA, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Working memory and the organization of brain systems. J Neurosci. 2008 Apr 30; 28(18):4818-22. PMID: 18448658.
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    73. Bayley PJ, Wixted JT, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Yes/no recognition, forced-choice recognition, and the human hippocampus. J Cogn Neurosci. 2008 Mar; 20(3):505-12. PMID: 18004951.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Kirwan CB, Bayley PJ, Galván VV, Squire LR. Detailed recollection of remote autobiographical memory after damage to the medial temporal lobe. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Feb 19; 105(7):2676-80. PMID: 18252820.
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    75. Bayley PJ, O'Reilly RC, Curran T, Squire LR. New semantic learning in patients with large medial temporal lobe lesions. Hippocampus. 2008; 18(6):575-83. PMID: 18306299.
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    76. Squire LR, Wixted JT, Clark RE. Recognition memory and the medial temporal lobe: a new perspective. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2007 Nov; 8(11):872-83. PMID: 17948032.
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    77. Kennedy DP, Squire LR. An analysis of calendar performance in two autistic calendar savants. Learn Mem. 2007 Aug; 14(8):533-8. PMID: 17686947.
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    78. Clark RE, Broadbent NJ, Squire LR. The hippocampus and spatial memory: findings with a novel modification of the water maze. J Neurosci. 2007 Jun 20; 27(25):6647-54. PMID: 17581951.
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    79. Squire LR. Neuroscience. Rapid consolidation. Science. 2007 Apr 06; 316(5821):57-8. PMID: 17412942.
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    80. Broadbent NJ, Squire LR, Clark RE. Rats depend on habit memory for discrimination learning and retention. Learn Mem. 2007 Mar; 14(3):145-51. PMID: 17351137.
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    81. Squire LR, Bayley PJ. The neuroscience of remote memory. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2007 Apr; 17(2):185-96. PMID: 17336513.
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    82. Shrager Y, Bayley PJ, Bontempi B, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Spatial memory and the human hippocampus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Feb 20; 104(8):2961-6. PMID: 17296931.
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    83. Bayley PJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. The fate of old memories after medial temporal lobe damage. J Neurosci. 2006 Dec 20; 26(51):13311-7. PMID: 17182781.
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    84. Gold JJ, Squire LR. The anatomy of amnesia: neurohistological analysis of three new cases. Learn Mem. 2006 Nov-Dec; 13(6):699-710. PMID: 17101872.
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    85. Smith CN, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Experience-dependent eye movements, awareness, and hippocampus-dependent memory. J Neurosci. 2006 Nov 01; 26(44):11304-12. PMID: 17079658.
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    86. Gold JJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Single-item memory, associative memory, and the human hippocampus. Learn Mem. 2006 Sep-Oct; 13(5):644-9. PMID: 16980546.
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    87. Squire LR. Lost forever or temporarily misplaced? The long debate about the nature of memory impairment. Learn Mem. 2006 Sep-Oct; 13(5):522-9. PMID: 17015849.
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    88. Gold JJ, Smith CN, Bayley PJ, Shrager Y, Brewer JB, Stark CE, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Item memory, source memory, and the medial temporal lobe: concordant findings from fMRI and memory-impaired patients. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Jun 13; 103(24):9351-6. PMID: 16751272.
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    89. Squire LR, Shrager Y, Levy DA. Lack of evidence for a role of medial temporal lobe structures in visual perception. Learn Mem. 2006 Mar; 13(2):106-107. PMID: 17106485.
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    90. Broadbent NJ, Squire LR, Clark RE. Reversible hippocampal lesions disrupt water maze performance during both recent and remote memory tests. Learn Mem. 2006 Mar-Apr; 13(2):187-91. PMID: 16585794.
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    91. Shrager Y, Gold JJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Intact visual perception in memory-impaired patients with medial temporal lobe lesions. J Neurosci. 2006 Feb 22; 26(8):2235-40. PMID: 16495450.
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    92. Wais PE, Wixted JT, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. The hippocampus supports both the recollection and the familiarity components of recognition memory. Neuron. 2006 Feb 02; 49(3):459-66. PMID: 16446148.
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    93. Squire LR, Bayley PJ. The neuroanatomy of very remote memory. Lancet Neurol. 2006 Feb; 5(2):112-3. PMID: 16426987.
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    94. Smith C, Squire LR. Declarative memory, awareness, and transitive inference. J Neurosci. 2005 Nov 02; 25(44):10138-46. PMID: 16267221.
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    95. Messinger A, Squire LR, Zola SM, Albright TD. Neural correlates of knowledge: stable representation of stimulus associations across variations in behavioral performance. Neuron. 2005 Oct 20; 48(2):359-71. PMID: 16242414.
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    96. Bayley PJ, Frascino JC, Squire LR. Robust habit learning in the absence of awareness and independent of the medial temporal lobe. Nature. 2005 Jul 28; 436(7050):550-3. PMID: 16049487.
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    97. Bayley PJ, Gold JJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. The neuroanatomy of remote memory. Neuron. 2005 Jun 02; 46(5):799-810. PMID: 15924865.
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    98. Conroy MA, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. On the contribution of perceptual fluency and priming to recognition memory. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci. 2005 Mar; 5(1):14-20. PMID: 15913004.
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    99. Smith CN, Clark RE, Manns JR, Squire LR. Acquisition of differential delay eyeblink classical conditioning is independent of awareness. Behav Neurosci. 2005 Feb; 119(1):78-86. PMID: 15727514.
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    100. Levy DA, Shrager Y, Squire LR. Intact visual discrimination of complex and feature-ambiguous stimuli in the absence of perirhinal cortex. Learn Mem. 2005 Jan-Feb; 12(1):61-6. PMID: 15647593.
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    101. Bayley PJ, Squire LR. Failure to acquire new semantic knowledge in patients with large medial temporal lobe lesions. Hippocampus. 2005; 15(2):273-80. PMID: 15523609.
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    102. Clark RE, Broadbent NJ, Squire LR. Hippocampus and remote spatial memory in rats. Hippocampus. 2005; 15(2):260-72. PMID: 15523608.
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    103. Gold JJ, Squire LR. Quantifying medial temporal lobe damage in memory-impaired patients. Hippocampus. 2005; 15(1):79-85. PMID: 15390163.
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    104. Clark RE, Broadbent NJ, Squire LR. Impaired remote spatial memory after hippocampal lesions despite extensive training beginning early in life. Hippocampus. 2005; 15(3):340-6. PMID: 15744736.
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    105. Clark RE, Squire LR. The importance of awareness for eyeblink conditioning is conditional: theoretical comment on Bellebaum and Daum (2004). Behav Neurosci. 2004 Dec; 118(6):1466-8. PMID: 15598158.
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    106. Levy DA, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Impaired odor recognition memory in patients with hippocampal lesions. Learn Mem. 2004 Nov-Dec; 11(6):794-6. PMID: 15537736.
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    107. Squire LR. Memory systems of the brain: a brief history and current perspective. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2004 Nov; 82(3):171-7. PMID: 15464402.
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    108. Broadbent NJ, Squire LR, Clark RE. Spatial memory, recognition memory, and the hippocampus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Oct 05; 101(40):14515-20. PMID: 15452348.
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    109. Kritchevsky M, Chang J, Squire LR. Functional amnesia: clinical description and neuropsychological profile of 10 cases. Learn Mem. 2004 Mar-Apr; 11(2):213-26. PMID: 15054137.
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    110. Wixted JT, Squire LR. Recall and recognition are equally impaired in patients with selective hippocampal damage. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci. 2004 Mar; 4(1):58-66. PMID: 15259889.
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    111. Squire LR, Stark CE, Clark RE. The medial temporal lobe. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2004; 27:279-306. PMID: 15217334.
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    112. Levy DA, Manns JR, Hopkins RO, Gold JJ, Broadbent NJ, Squire LR. Impaired visual and odor recognition memory span in patients with hippocampal lesions. Learn Mem. 2003 Nov-Dec; 10(6):531-6. PMID: 14657265.
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    113. Manns JR, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Semantic memory and the human hippocampus. Neuron. 2003 Apr 10; 38(1):127-33. PMID: 12691670.
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    114. Bayley PJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. Successful recollection of remote autobiographical memories by amnesic patients with medial temporal lobe lesions. Neuron. 2003 Apr 10; 38(1):135-44. PMID: 12691671.
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    152. Reber PJ, Squire LR. Intact learning of artificial grammars and intact category learning by patients with Parkinson's disease. Behav Neurosci. 1999 Apr; 113(2):235-42. PMID: 10357448.
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    154. Manns JR, Squire LR. Impaired recognition memory on the Doors and People Test after damage limited to the hippocampal region. Hippocampus. 1999; 9(5):495-9. PMID: 10560919.
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    168. Reber PJ, Alvarez P, Squire LR. Reaction time distributions across normal forgetting: searching for markers of memory consolidation. Learn Mem. 1997 Sep-Oct; 4(3):284-90. PMID: 10456069.
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    174. Rempel-Clower NL, Zola SM, Squire LR, Amaral DG. Three cases of enduring memory impairment after bilateral damage limited to the hippocampal formation. J Neurosci. 1996 Aug 15; 16(16):5233-55. PMID: 8756452.
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    182. Knowlton BJ, Squire LR. Remembering and knowing: two different expressions of declarative memory. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 1995 May; 21(3):699-710. PMID: 7602267.
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    238. Shimamura AP, Jernigan TL, Squire LR. Korsakoff's syndrome: radiological (CT) findings and neuropsychological correlates. J Neurosci. 1988 Nov; 8(11):4400-10. PMID: 3183726.
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