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Kathleen Schwarz

TitleAssociate Physician Diplomate
InstitutionUniversity of California San Diego
DepartmentPediatrics
Address9500 Gilman Drive #0984
La Jolla CA 92093
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Townsend MR, Jaber A, Abi Nader H, Eid SM, Schwarz K. Factors Associated with Timing and Adverse Outcomes in Patients with Biliary Atresia Undergoing Kasai Hepatoportoenterostomy. J Pediatr. 2018 May 14. PMID: 29773306.
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    2. Wirth S, Zhang H, Hardikar W, Schwarz K, Sokal E, Yang W, Fan H, Morozov V, Mao Q, Deng H, Yang L, Frey N, Nasmyth-Miller C, Pavlovic V, Wat C. Efficacy and Safety of Peginterferon Alfa-2a (40KD) in Children with Chronic Hepatitis B: The PEG-B-ACTIVE Study. Hepatology. 2018 Apr 24. PMID: 29689122.
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    3. Shores DR, Alaish SM, Aucott SW, Bullard JE, Haney C, Tymann H, Nonyane BAS, Schwarz K. Postoperative Enteral Nutrition Guidelines Reduce the Risk of Intestinal Failure-Associated Liver Disease in Surgical Infants. J Pediatr. 2018 Apr; 195:140-147.e1. PMID: 29402454.
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    4. Ng VL, Sorensen LG, Alonso EM, Fredericks EM, Ye W, Moore J, Karpen SJ, Shneider BL, Molleston JP, Bezerra JA, Murray KF, Loomes KM, Rosenthal P, Squires RH, Wang K, Arnon R, Schwarz K, Turmelle YP, Haber BH, Sherker AH, Magee JC, Sokol RJ. Neurodevelopmental Outcome of Young Children with Biliary Atresia and Native Liver: Results from the ChiLDReN Study. J Pediatr. 2018 Mar 05. PMID: 29519540.
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    5. Mogul DB, Luo X, Chow EK, Massie AB, Purnell TS, Schwarz K, Cameron AM, Bridges JFP, Segev DL. Impact of Race and Ethnicity on Outcomes for Children Waitlisted for Pediatric Liver Transplantation. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018 Mar; 66(3):436-441. PMID: 29045352.
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    6. Clemente MG, Schwarz K, Antonucci R. Multiple glycolytic enzymes are antigens also in biliary atresia. Immunol Lett. 2018 Apr; 196:124-125. PMID: 29432777.
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    7. Frassetto R, Parolini F, Marceddu S, Satta G, Papacciuoli V, Pinna MA, Mela A, Secchi G, Galleri G, Manetti R, Bercich L, Villanacci V, Dessanti A, Antonucci R, Tanda F, Alberti D, Schwarz K, Clemente MG. Intrahepatic bile duct primary cilia in biliary atresia. Hepatol Res. 2018 Jan 13. PMID: 29330965.
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    8. Mogul DB, Luo X, Bowring MG, Chow EK, Massie AB, Schwarz K, Cameron AM, Bridges JFP, Segev DL. Fifteen-Year Trends in Pediatric Liver Transplants: Split, Whole Deceased, and Living Donor Grafts. J Pediatr. 2018 May; 196:148-153.e2. PMID: 29307689.
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    9. Younossi ZM, Stepanova M, Balistreri W, Schwarz K, Murray KF, Rosenthal P, Bansal S, Hunt S. Health-related Quality of Life in Adolescent Patients With Hepatitis C Genotype 1 Treated With Sofosbuvir and Ledipasvir. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018 Jan; 66(1):112-116. PMID: 28957984.
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    10. Goldberg DS, Levy C, Yimam K, Gordon SC, Forman L, Verna E, Yu L, Rahimi R, Schwarz K, Eksteen B, Pratt D, Boyer JL, Assis D, Bowlus C. Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis Is Not Rare Among Blacks in a Multicenter North American Consortium. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2018 Apr; 16(4):591-593. PMID: 29102704.
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    11. Mauceri C, Grazia Clemente M, Castiglia P, Antonucci R, Schwarz K. Hepatitis E in Italy: A silent presence. J Infect Public Health. 2018 Jan - Feb; 11(1):1-8. PMID: 28864359.
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    12. Wirth S, Rosenthal P, Gonzalez-Peralta RP, Jonas MM, Balistreri WF, Lin CH, Hardikar W, Kersey K, Massetto B, Kanwar B, Brainard DM, Shao J, Svarovskaia E, Kirby B, Arnon R, Murray KF, Schwarz K. Sofosbuvir and ribavirin in adolescents 12-17 years old with hepatitis C virus genotype 2 or 3 infection. Hepatology. 2017 10; 66(4):1102-1110. PMID: 28543053.
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    13. Tian L, Eldridge L, Chaudhari P, Zhang L, Anders RA, Schwarz K, Ye Z, Jang YY. Derivation of a disease-specific human induced pluripotent stem cell line from a biliary atresia patient. Stem Cell Res. 2017 Oct; 24:25-28. PMID: 29034890.
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    14. Balistreri WF, Murray KF, Rosenthal P, Bansal S, Lin CH, Kersey K, Massetto B, Zhu Y, Kanwar B, German P, Svarovskaia E, Brainard DM, Wen J, Gonzalez-Peralta RP, Jonas MM, Schwarz K. The safety and effectiveness of ledipasvir-sofosbuvir in adolescents 12-17 years old with hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection. Hepatology. 2017 08; 66(2):371-378. PMID: 27997679.
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    15. Karnsakul W, Schwarz K. Hepatitis B and C. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2017 Jun; 64(3):641-658. PMID: 28502443.
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    16. Shneider BL, Moore J, Kerkar N, Magee JC, Ye W, Karpen SJ, Kamath BM, Molleston JP, Bezerra JA, Murray KF, Loomes KM, Whitington PF, Rosenthal P, Squires RH, Guthery SL, Arnon R, Schwarz K, Turmelle YP, Sherker AH, Sokol RJ. Initial assessment of the infant with neonatal cholestasis-Is this biliary atresia? PLoS One. 2017; 12(5):e0176275. PMID: 28493866.
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    17. Schwarzenberg SJ, Ling SC, Cloonan YK, Lin HS, Evon DM, Murray KF, Rodriguez-Baez N, Rosenthal P, Teckman J, Schwarz K. Health-related Quality of Life in Pediatric Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B Living in the United States and Canada. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017 May; 64(5):760-769. PMID: 28169971.
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    18. Weidner M, Mitchell S, Schwarz K. Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholangioplasty to Treat Multiple Intrahepatic Biliary Strictures After Hepatoportoenterostomy. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017 Feb; 64(2):200-202. PMID: 27299423.
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    19. Karnsakul W, Ingviya T, Seaberg E, Laengvejkal P, Imteyaz H, Vasilescu A, Schwarz K, Scheimann AO. Ascites in Children: A Single-Center Experience of 27 Years. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017 Jan; 64(1):83-88. PMID: 27050055.
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    20. Ogholikhan S, Schwarz K. Hepatitis Vaccines. Vaccines (Basel). 2016 Mar 11; 4(1). PMID: 26978406; PMCID: PMC4810058.
    21. Sue PK, Pisanic N, Heaney CD, Forman M, Valsamakis A, Jackson AM, Ticehurst JR, Montgomery RA, Schwarz K, Nelson KE, Karnsakul W. Hepatitis E Virus Infection Among Solid Organ Transplant Recipients at a North American Transplant Center. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2016 Jan; 3(1):ofw006. PMID: 27014710.
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    22. Schwarz K, Molleston JP, Jonas MM, Wen J, Murray KF, Rosenthal P, Gonzalez-Peralta RP, Lobritto SJ, Mogul D, Pavlovic V, Warne C, Wat C, Thompson B. Durability of Response in Children Treated With Pegylated Interferon alfa [corrected] 2a ± Ribavirin for Chronic Hepatitis C. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016 Jan; 62(1):93-6. PMID: 26284539.
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    23. Shneider BL, Magee JC, Karpen SJ, Rand EB, Narkewicz MR, Bass LM, Schwarz K, Whitington PF, Bezerra JA, Kerkar N, Haber B, Rosenthal P, Turmelle YP, Molleston JP, Murray KF, Ng VL, Wang KS, Romero R, Squires RH, Arnon R, Sherker AH, Moore J, Ye W, Sokol RJ. Total Serum Bilirubin within 3 Months of Hepatoportoenterostomy Predicts Short-Term Outcomes in Biliary Atresia. J Pediatr. 2016 Mar; 170:211-7.e1-2. PMID: 26725209.
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    24. Jonas MM, Chang MH, Sokal E, Schwarz K, Kelly D, Kim KM, Ling SC, Rosenthal P, Oraseanu D, Reynolds L, Thiry A, Ackerman P. Randomized, controlled trial of entecavir versus placebo in children with hepatitis B envelope antigen-positive chronic hepatitis B. Hepatology. 2016 Feb; 63(2):377-87. PMID: 26223345.
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    25. Schwarz K, Cloonan YK, Ling SC, Murray KF, Rodriguez-Baez N, Schwarzenberg SJ, Teckman J, Ganova-Raeva L, Rosenthal P. Children with Chronic Hepatitis B in the United States and Canada. J Pediatr. 2015 Dec; 167(6):1287-1294.e2. PMID: 26364985; PMCID: PMC4662884 [Available on 12/01/16].
    26. Clemente MG, Patton JT, Anders RA, Yolken RH, Schwarz K. Rotavirus Infects Human Biliary Epithelial Cells and Stimulates Secretion of Cytokines IL-6 and IL-8 via MAPK Pathway. Biomed Res Int. 2015; 2015:697238. PMID: 26247025; PMCID: PMC4515493.
    27. Kamath BM, Chen Z, Romero R, Fredericks EM, Alonso EM, Arnon R, Heubi J, Hertel PM, Karpen SJ, Loomes KM, Murray KF, Rosenthal P, Schwarz K, Subbarao G, Teckman JH, Turmelle YP, Wang KS, Sherker AH, Sokol RJ, Magee JC. Quality of Life and Its Determinants in a Multicenter Cohort of Children with Alagille Syndrome. J Pediatr. 2015 Aug; 167(2):390-6.e3. PMID: 26059338; PMCID: PMC4516587.
    28. Mogul D, Zhou M, Intihar P, Schwarz K, Frick K. Cost-effective analysis of screening for biliary atresia with the stool color card. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015 Jan; 60(1):91-8. PMID: 25221934.
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    29. Iordanskaia T, Koeck E, Rossi C, Mohan P, Schwarz K, Anders R, Nadler EP. Integrin ß-8, but not ß-5 or -6, protein expression is increased in livers of children with biliary atresia. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Dec; 59(6):679-83. PMID: 25079481.
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    30. Schwarz K, Dell Olio D, Lobritto SJ, Lopez MJ, Rodriguez-Baez N, Yazigi NA, Belle SH, Zhang S, Squires RH. Analysis of viral testing in nonacetaminophen pediatric acute liver failure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Nov; 59(5):616-23. PMID: 25340974.
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    31. Clemente MG, Patton JT, Yolken R, Whitington PF, Parashar UD, Jiang B, Raghunathan T, Schwarz K. Prevalence of groups A and C rotavirus antibodies in infants with biliary atresia and cholestatic controls. J Pediatr. 2015 Jan; 166(1):79-84. PMID: 25444003.
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    32. Jonas MM, Schwarz K, Gonzalez-Peralta R, Lobritto S, Molleston JP, Murray KF, Rosenthal P, Wen J, Wat C, Pavlovic V, Warne C. Long-term growth outcomes in children treated for chronic hepatitis C. J Pediatr. 2014 Dec; 165(6):1252-4. PMID: 25241178.
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    33. Schwarz K, Olio DD, Lobritto SJ, Lopez MJ, Rodriguez-Baez N, Yazigi NA, Belle SH, Zhang S, Squires RH. An Analysis of Viral Testing in non-Acetaminophen (non-APAP) Pediatric Acute Liver Failure (PALF). J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Jul 24. PMID: 25079486.
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    34. Ng VL, Haber BH, Magee JC, Miethke A, Murray KF, Michail S, Karpen SJ, Kerkar N, Molleston JP, Romero R, Rosenthal P, Schwarz K, Shneider BL, Turmelle YP, Alonso EM, Sherker AH, Sokol RJ. Medical status of 219 children with biliary atresia surviving long-term with their native livers: results from a North American multicenter consortium. J Pediatr. 2014 Sep; 165(3):539-546.e2. PMID: 25015575; PMCID: PMC4144331.
    35. Bezerra JA, Spino C, Magee JC, Shneider BL, Rosenthal P, Wang KS, Erlichman J, Haber B, Hertel PM, Karpen SJ, Kerkar N, Loomes KM, Molleston JP, Murray KF, Romero R, Schwarz K, Shepherd R, Suchy FJ, Turmelle YP, Whitington PF, Moore J, Sherker AH, Robuck PR, Sokol RJ. Use of corticosteroids after hepatoportoenterostomy for bile drainage in infants with biliary atresia: the START randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2014 May 07; 311(17):1750-9. PMID: 24794368; PMCID: PMC4303045.
    36. Gurda GT, Zhu Q, Bai H, Pan D, Schwarz K, Anders RA. The use of Yes-associated protein expression in the diagnosis of persistent neonatal cholestatic liver disease. Hum Pathol. 2014 May; 45(5):1057-64. PMID: 24746211; PMCID: PMC4151519.
    37. Lin HC, Alvarez L, Laroche G, Melin-Aldana H, Pfeifer K, Schwarz K, Whitington PF, Alonso EM, Ekong UD. Rituximab as therapy for the recurrence of bile salt export pump deficiency after liver transplantation. Liver Transpl. 2013 Dec; 19(12):1403-10. PMID: 24115678.
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    38. Iordanskaia T, Hubal MJ, Koeck E, Rossi C, Schwarz K, Nadler EP. Dysregulation of upstream and downstream transforming growth factor-ß transcripts in livers of children with biliary atresia and fibrogenic gene signatures. J Pediatr Surg. 2013 Oct; 48(10):2047-53. PMID: 24094956; PMCID: PMC3792400.
    39. Mohan P, Barton BA, Narkewicz MR, Molleston JP, Gonzalez-Peralta RP, Rosenthal P, Murray KF, Haber B, Schwarz K, Goodman ZD. Evaluating progression of liver disease from repeat liver biopsies in children with chronic hepatitis C: a retrospective study. Hepatology. 2013 Nov; 58(5):1580-6. PMID: 23703847.
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    40. Schwarz K, Haber BH, Rosenthal P, Mack CL, Moore J, Bove K, Bezerra JA, Karpen SJ, Kerkar N, Shneider BL, Turmelle YP, Whitington PF, Molleston JP, Murray KF, Ng VL, Romero R, Wang KS, Sokol RJ, Magee JC. Extrahepatic anomalies in infants with biliary atresia: results of a large prospective North American multicenter study. Hepatology. 2013 Nov; 58(5):1724-31. PMID: 23703680; PMCID: PMC3844083.
    41. Abbas MI, Oliva-Hemker M, Choi J, Lustik M, Gilger MA, Noel RA, Schwarz K, Nylund CM. Magnet ingestions in children presenting to US emergency departments, 2002-2011. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Jul; 57(1):18-22. PMID: 23575300.
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    42. Molleston JP, Mellman W, Narkewicz MR, Balistreri WF, Gonzalez-Peralta RP, Jonas MM, Lobritto SJ, Mohan P, Murray KF, Njoku D, Rosenthal P, Barton BA, Talor MV, Cheng I, Schwarz K, Haber BA. Autoantibodies and autoimmune disease during treatment of children with chronic hepatitis C. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Mar; 56(3):304-10. PMID: 23439301; PMCID: PMC3583208.
    43. Bennett JT, Schwarz K, Swanson PD, Hahn SH. An exceptional family with three consecutive generations affected by Wilson disease. JIMD Rep. 2013; 10:1-4. PMID: 23430806; PMCID: PMC3755567.
    44. Squires RH, Dhawan A, Alonso E, Narkewicz MR, Shneider BL, Rodriguez-Baez N, Olio DD, Karpen S, Bucuvalas J, Lobritto S, Rand E, Rosenthal P, Horslen S, Ng V, Subbarao G, Kerkar N, Rudnick D, Lopez MJ, Schwarz K, Romero R, Elisofon S, Doo E, Robuck PR, Lawlor S, Belle SH. Intravenous N-acetylcysteine in pediatric patients with nonacetaminophen acute liver failure: a placebo-controlled clinical trial. Hepatology. 2013 Apr; 57(4):1542-9. PMID: 22886633; PMCID: PMC3509266.
    45. Shneider BL, Abel B, Haber B, Karpen SJ, Magee JC, Romero R, Schwarz K, Bass LM, Kerkar N, Miethke AG, Rosenthal P, Turmelle Y, Robuck PR, Sokol RJ. Portal hypertension in children and young adults with biliary atresia. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012 Nov; 55(5):567-73. PMID: 22903006; PMCID: PMC3483444.
    46. Roy A, Lieb W, Garrett B, Hodik M, Klipsch A, Young M, Barton B, Schwarz K. Recruitment and retention strategies in a clinical trial for children with chronic hepatitis C infection. J Pediatr Nurs. 2013 May-Jun; 28(3):243-8. PMID: 22999994; PMCID: PMC3540171.
    47. Shneider BL, Magee JC, Bezerra JA, Haber B, Karpen SJ, Raghunathan T, Rosenthal P, Schwarz K, Suchy FJ, Kerkar N, Turmelle Y, Whitington PF, Robuck PR, Sokol RJ. Efficacy of fat-soluble vitamin supplementation in infants with biliary atresia. Pediatrics. 2012 Sep; 130(3):e607-14. PMID: 22891232; PMCID: PMC3428752.
    48. Jonas MM, Balistreri W, Gonzalez-Peralta RP, Haber B, Lobritto S, Mohan P, Molleston JP, Murray KF, Narkewicz MR, Rosenthal P, Schwarz K, Barton BA, Shepherd JA, Mitchell PD, Duggan C. Pegylated interferon for chronic hepatitis C in children affects growth and body composition: results from the pediatric study of hepatitis C (PEDS-C) trial. Hepatology. 2012 Aug; 56(2):523-31. PMID: 22383118; PMCID: PMC3382022.
    49. Mack CL, Gonzalez-Peralta RP, Gupta N, Leung D, Narkewicz MR, Roberts EA, Rosenthal P, Schwarz K. NASPGHAN practice guidelines: Diagnosis and management of hepatitis C infection in infants, children, and adolescents. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012 Jun; 54(6):838-55. PMID: 22487950.
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    50. Lucas JE, Thompson JW, Dubois LG, McCarthy J, Tillmann H, Thompson A, Shire N, Hendrickson R, Dieguez F, Goldman P, Schwarz K, Patel K, McHutchison J, Moseley MA. Metaprotein expression modeling for label-free quantitative proteomics. BMC Bioinformatics. 2012 May 04; 13:74. PMID: 22559859; PMCID: PMC3436780.
    51. Imteyaz H, Karnsakul W, Levine MA, Burrows PE, Benson J, Hsu S, Schwarz K. Unusual case of hypothyroidism in an infant with hepatic hemangioma. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012 May; 54(5):692-5. PMID: 21716131.
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    52. Roy A, Wang C, Li C, Lu L, Torbenson M, Hagedorn CH, Schwarz K. Phenotypic and genotypic differences between a child with vertically acquired severe hepatitis C liver disease and his mother. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012 Apr; 54(4):567-9. PMID: 21716134; PMCID: PMC3242160.
    53. Schwarz K. More lessons from the Taiwanese hepatitis B virus vaccine program. J Infect Dis. 2012 Mar 01; 205(5):702. PMID: 22262789.
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    54. Clemente MG, Schwarz K. Hepatitis: general principles. Pediatr Rev. 2011 Aug; 32(8):333-40. PMID: 21807874.
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    55. Rodrigue JR, Balistreri W, Haber B, Jonas MM, Mohan P, Molleston JP, Murray KF, Narkewicz MR, Rosenthal P, Smith LJ, Lobritto SJ, Schwarz K, Robuck PR, Barton B, González-Peralta RP. Peginterferon with or without ribavirin has minimal effect on quality of life, behavioral/emotional, and cognitive outcomes in children. Hepatology. 2011 May; 53(5):1468-75. PMID: 21351116; PMCID: PMC3082614.
    56. Omenetti A, Bass LM, Anders RA, Clemente MG, Francis H, Guy CD, McCall S, Choi SS, Alpini G, Schwarz K, Diehl AM, Whitington PF. Hedgehog activity, epithelial-mesenchymal transitions, and biliary dysmorphogenesis in biliary atresia. Hepatology. 2011 Apr; 53(4):1246-58. PMID: 21480329; PMCID: PMC3074103.
    57. Ling SC, Walters T, McKiernan PJ, Schwarz K, Garcia-Tsao G, Shneider BL. Primary prophylaxis of variceal hemorrhage in children with portal hypertension: a framework for future research. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 Mar; 52(3):254-61. PMID: 21336158; PMCID: PMC3728696.
    58. Zellos A, Roy A, Schwarz K. Use of oral naltrexone for severe pruritus due to cholestatic liver disease in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2010 Dec; 51(6):787-9. PMID: 20948447.
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    59. Schwarz K, Gonzalez-Peralta RP, Murray KF, Molleston JP, Haber BA, Jonas MM, Rosenthal P, Mohan P, Balistreri WF, Narkewicz MR, Smith L, Lobritto SJ, Rossi S, Valsamakis A, Goodman Z, Robuck PR, Barton BA. The combination of ribavirin and peginterferon is superior to peginterferon and placebo for children and adolescents with chronic hepatitis C. Gastroenterology. 2011 Feb; 140(2):450-458.e1. PMID: 21036173; PMCID: PMC3042126.
    60. Jonas MM, Block JM, Haber BA, Karpen SJ, London WT, Murray KF, Narkewicz MR, Rosenthal P, Schwarz K, McMahon BJ. Treatment of children with chronic hepatitis B virus infection in the United States: patient selection and therapeutic options. Hepatology. 2010 Dec; 52(6):2192-205. PMID: 20890947.
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    61. Narkewicz MR, Rosenthal P, Schwarz K, Drack A, Margolis T, Repka MX. Ophthalmologic complications in children with chronic hepatitis C treated with pegylated interferon. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2010 Aug; 51(2):183-6. PMID: 20512062; PMCID: PMC2910798.
    62. Schwarz K. Hepatitis C: not so indolent in survivors of pediatric cancer? Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2010 Jul 15; 55(1):7. PMID: 20486163.
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    63. Fortunato JE, Troy AL, Cuffari C, Davis JE, Loza MJ, Oliva-Hemker M, Schwarz K. Outcome after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in children and young adults. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2010 Apr; 50(4):390-3. PMID: 20179645.
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    64. Zellos A, Boitnott JK, Schwarz K. New-onset autoimmune hepatitis in young patients with preexisting liver disease. Dig Liver Dis. 2010 Sep; 42(9):657-60. PMID: 20227931.
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    65. Kamath BM, Schwarz K, Hadzic N. Alagille syndrome and liver transplantation. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2010 Jan; 50(1):11-5. PMID: 19949348.
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    66. Haber BA, Block JM, Jonas MM, Karpen SJ, London WT, McMahon BJ, Murray KF, Narkewicz MR, Rosenthal P, Schwarz K. Recommendations for screening, monitoring, and referral of pediatric chronic hepatitis B. Pediatrics. 2009 Nov; 124(5):e1007-13. PMID: 19805457.
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    67. Karnsakul W, Alford MK, Schwarz K. Managing pediatric hepatitis C: current and emerging treatment options. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2009 Jun; 5(3):651-60. PMID: 19707281; PMCID: PMC2731021.
    68. González-Peralta RP, Langham MR, Andres JM, Mohan P, Colombani PM, Alford MK, Schwarz K. Hepatocellular carcinoma in 2 young adolescents with chronic hepatitis C. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2009 May; 48(5):630-5. PMID: 19412012.
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    69. Rodrigue JR, Balistreri W, Haber B, Jonas MM, Mohan P, Molleston JP, Murray KF, Narkewicz MR, Rosenthal P, Smith LJ, Schwarz K, Robuck P, Barton B, González-Peralta RP. Impact of hepatitis C virus infection on children and their caregivers: quality of life, cognitive, and emotional outcomes. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2009 Mar; 48(3):341-7. PMID: 19242286; PMCID: PMC2649743.
    70. Schwarz K, Garrett B, Alter MJ, Thompson D, Strathdee SA. Seroprevalence of HCV infection in homeless Baltimore families. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2008 May; 19(2):580-7. PMID: 18469428.
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    71. Schwarz K, Zellos A, Stamato L, Boitnott J, Perlman E, Chong S, Casella JF. Percutaneous liver biopsy in hemophiliac children with chronic hepatitis C virus infection. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2008 Apr; 46(4):423-8. PMID: 18367956.
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    72. Goodman ZD, Makhlouf HR, Liu L, Balistreri W, Gonzalez-Peralta RP, Haber B, Jonas MM, Mohan P, Molleston JP, Murray KF, Narkewicz MR, Rosenthal P, Smith LJ, Robuck PR, Schwarz K. Pathology of chronic hepatitis C in children: liver biopsy findings in the Peds-C Trial. Hepatology. 2008 Mar; 47(3):836-43. PMID: 18167062; PMCID: PMC3755275.
    73. Schwarz K, Garrett B, Lee J, Thompson D, Thiel T, Alter MJ, Strathdee S. Positive impact of a shelter-based hepatitis B vaccine program in homeless Baltimore children and adolescents. J Urban Health. 2008 Mar; 85(2):228-38. PMID: 18274908; PMCID: PMC2430122.
    74. DeRusso PA, Ye W, Shepherd R, Haber BA, Shneider BL, Whitington PF, Schwarz K, Bezerra JA, Rosenthal P, Karpen S, Squires RH, Magee JC, Robuck PR, Sokol RJ. Growth failure and outcomes in infants with biliary atresia: a report from the Biliary Atresia Research Consortium. Hepatology. 2007 Nov; 46(5):1632-8. PMID: 17929308; PMCID: PMC3881187.
    75. Schwarz K, Garrett B, Hampsey J, Thompson D. High prevalence of overweight and obesity in homeless Baltimore children and their caregivers: a pilot study. MedGenMed. 2007 Mar 07; 9(1):48. PMID: 17435649; PMCID: PMC1925022.
    76. Murray KF, Rodrigue JR, González-Peralta RP, Shepherd J, Barton BA, Robuck PR, Schwarz K. Design of the PEDS-C trial: pegylated interferon +/- ribavirin for children with chronic hepatitis C viral infection. Clin Trials. 2007; 4(6):661-73. PMID: 18042575; PMCID: PMC3755272.
    77. Byrnes AA, Li DY, Park K, Thompson D, Mocilnikar C, Mohan P, Molleston JP, Narkewicz M, Zhou H, Wolf SF, Schwarz K, Karp CL. Modulation of the IL-12/IFN-gamma axis by IFN-alpha therapy for hepatitis C. J Leukoc Biol. 2007 Mar; 81(3):825-34. PMID: 17148690.
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    78. Schwarz K, Mohan P, Narkewicz MR, Molleston JP, Nash SR, Hu S, Wang K, Gries JM. Safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetics of peginterferon alpha2a (40 kd) in children with chronic hepatitis C. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006 Oct; 43(4):499-505. PMID: 17033526.
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    79. Hardikar W, Schwarz K. Treatment options for chronic hepatitis B and C infection in children. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2006 Aug; 4(4):583-91. PMID: 17009938.
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    80. Squires RH, Shneider BL, Bucuvalas J, Alonso E, Sokol RJ, Narkewicz MR, Dhawan A, Rosenthal P, Rodriguez-Baez N, Murray KF, Horslen S, Martin MG, Lopez MJ, Soriano H, McGuire BM, Jonas MM, Yazigi N, Shepherd RW, Schwarz K, Lobritto S, Thomas DW, Lavine JE, Karpen S, Ng V, Kelly D, Simonds N, Hynan LS. Acute liver failure in children: the first 348 patients in the pediatric acute liver failure study group. J Pediatr. 2006 May; 148(5):652-658. PMID: 16737880; PMCID: PMC2662127.
    81. Shneider BL, Brown MB, Haber B, Whitington PF, Schwarz K, Squires R, Bezerra J, Shepherd R, Rosenthal P, Hoofnagle JH, Sokol RJ. A multicenter study of the outcome of biliary atresia in the United States, 1997 to 2000. J Pediatr. 2006 Apr; 148(4):467-474. PMID: 16647406.
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    82. Sokal EM, Kelly DA, Mizerski J, Badia IB, Areias JA, Schwarz K, Vegnente A, Little NR, Gardener SD, Jonas MM. Long-term lamivudine therapy for children with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B. Hepatology. 2006 Feb; 43(2):225-32. PMID: 16440364.
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    83. Klein WM, Molmenti EP, Colombani PM, Grover DS, Schwarz K, Boitnott J, Torbenson MS. Primary liver carcinoma arising in people younger than 30 years. Am J Clin Pathol. 2005 Oct; 124(4):512-8. PMID: 16146811.
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    84. Oberto C, Schwarz K, Zambidis E, Campbell AB, Paidas C, Lindyberg K, Oliva-Hemker M. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma in a pediatric patient mimicking inflammatory bowel disease. Dig Dis Sci. 2004 Mar; 49(3):434-7. PMID: 15139493; PMCID: PMC3508066.
    85. Li DY, Scheimann AO, Songer JG, Person RE, Horwitz M, Resar L, Schwarz K. Enteritis necroticans with recurrent enterocutaneous fistulae caused by Clostridium perfringens in a child with cyclic neutropenia. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2004 Feb; 38(2):213-5. PMID: 14734887.
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    86. Li DY, Schwarz K. Autoimmune hepatitis. Adolesc Med Clin. 2004 Feb; 15(1):131-43, x. PMID: 15272261.
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    87. Darbari A, Sabin KM, Shapiro CN, Schwarz K. Epidemiology of primary hepatic malignancies in U.S. children. Hepatology. 2003 Sep; 38(3):560-6. PMID: 12939582.
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    88. Schwarz K, Rosensweig J, Sharma S, Jones L, Durant M, Potter C, Narkewicz MR. Plasma markers of platelet activation in cystic fibrosis liver and lung disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2003 Aug; 37(2):187-91. PMID: 12883307.
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    89. DeRusso PA, Spevak MR, Schwarz K. Fractures in biliary atresia misinterpreted as child abuse. Pediatrics. 2003 Jul; 112(1 Pt 1):185-8. PMID: 12837886.
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    90. Li DY, Boitnott JB, Schwarz K. Human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6): a cause for fulminant hepatic failure or an "innocent bystander?". J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2003 Jul; 37(1):95. PMID: 12827014.
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    91. Schwarz K. Pediatric issues in new therapies for hepatitis B and C. Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 2003 Jun; 5(3):233-9. PMID: 12734046.
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    92. O'Gorman MA, Sharma S, Groopman JD, Tennant BC, Tochkov IA, Schwarz K. Decreased oxidative DNA damage and accelerated cell turnover in woodchuck hepatitis virus infected liver. Hepatol Res. 2003 Mar; 25(3):254-262. PMID: 12697246.
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    93. Oliva-Hemker M, Schwarz K. Improving the status of clinical trials in pediatric gastrointestinal diseases. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2002 Oct; 35(4):468-9. PMID: 12402967.
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    94. Li DY, Schwarz K. Immunopathogenesis of chronic hepatitis C virus infection. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2002 Sep; 35(3):260-7. PMID: 12352510.
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    95. Jonas MM, Kelley DA, Mizerski J, Badia IB, Areias JA, Schwarz K, Little NR, Greensmith MJ, Gardner SD, Bell MS, Sokal EM. Clinical trial of lamivudine in children with chronic hepatitis B. N Engl J Med. 2002 May 30; 346(22):1706-13. PMID: 12037150.
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    96. Balistreri WF, Chang MH, Ciocca M, Schwarz K, Porta G, Vegnente A, Vergani GM. Acute and chronic hepatitis: Working Group Report of the First World Congress of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2002; 35 Suppl 2:S62-73. PMID: 12192173.
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    97. Alvarez F, Schwarz K. Immune diseases of the liver and biliary tract. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2002; 35 Suppl 1:S39-43. PMID: 12151820.
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    98. Schwarz K, Balistreri W. Viral hepatitis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2002; 35 Suppl 1:S29-32. PMID: 12151818.
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    99. Jacobson KR, Murray K, Zellos A, Schwarz K. An analysis of published trials of interferon monotherapy in children with chronic hepatitis C. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2002 Jan; 34(1):52-8. PMID: 11753165.
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