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Kronick, Richard

Title(s)Professor, Family Medicine and Public Health
SchoolHealth Sciences
Address9500 Gilman Drive #0725
La Jolla CA 92093
Phone858-534-4273
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    Dr. Richard Kronick is a Professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Public Health at the University of California, San Diego, where he has been a faculty member since 1991. Dr. Kronick’s research focuses on understanding the causes and consequences of lack of insurance, on the development and implementation of risk-adjusted payment systems designed to encourage insurers to develop systems of care that are responsive to the needs of the most vulnerable, and on design and evaluation of health care financing interventions. His career has included work both in academia and government, reflecting a commitment to using health services research as a means of improving health care delivery.
    From 2010 to 2016 Professor Kronick served in the Obama Administration, on leave from UCSD. From 2010 to 2013, he was Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health Policy in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), where he primarily worked on implementation of the Affordable Care Act, and the design and evaluation of Medicare and Medicaid payment policy. From 2013 to 2016, Professor Kronick was the Director of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).

    Professor Kronick was a Senior Health Policy Adviser in the Clinton Administration in 1993-94, and was the Director of Policy and Reimbursement in the Massachusetts Medicaid program from 1985-87.

    Professor Kronick received a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Rochester, and was elected to the National Academy of Medicine in 2014. He received a special recognition award from Academy Health for his work in leading AHRQ at the 2016 Academy Health Annual Research Meeting.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Beyond The ACA: Paths To Universal Coverage In California. Health Aff (Millwood). 2018 09; 37(9):1367-1374. Bindman AB, Mulkey MR, Kronick R. PMID: 30179543.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Getting What We Pay For: How Do Risk-Based Payments to Medicare Advantage Plans Compare with Alternative Measures of Beneficiary Health Risk? Health Serv Res. 2018 12; 53(6):4997-5015. Jacobs PD, Kronick R. PMID: 29790162.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Rapid whole-genome sequencing decreases infant morbidity and cost of hospitalization. NPJ Genom Med. 2018; 3:10. Farnaes L, Hildreth A, Sweeney NM, Clark MM, Chowdhury S, Nahas S, Cakici JA, Benson W, Kaplan RH, Kronick R, Bainbridge MN, Friedman J, Gold JJ, Ding Y, Veeraraghavan N, Dimmock D, Kingsmore SF. PMID: 29644095.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    4. Projected Coding Intensity In Medicare Advantage Could Increase Medicare Spending By $200 Billion Over Ten Years. Health Aff (Millwood). 2017 02 01; 36(2):320-327. Kronick R. PMID: 28167722.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Improving Safety for Hospitalized Patients: Much Progress but Many Challenges Remain. JAMA. 2016 Aug 02; 316(5):489-90. Kronick R, Arnold S, Brady J. PMID: 27295371.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. AHRQ's Role in Improving Quality, Safety, and Health System Performance. Public Health Rep. 2016 Mar-Apr; 131(2):229-32. Kronick R. PMID: 26957656.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Measuring Medicaid Physician Participation Rates and Implications for Policy. J Health Polit Policy Law. 2016 Apr; 41(2):211-24. Sommers BD, Kronick R. PMID: 26732320.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. The Growing Difference Between Public And Private Payment Rates For Inpatient Hospital Care. Health Aff (Millwood). 2015 Dec; 34(12):2147-50. Selden TM, Karaca Z, Keenan P, White C, Kronick R. PMID: 26643636.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    
    9. Introduction. Apple Pickers or Federal Judges: Strong versus Weak Incentives in Physician Payment. Health Serv Res. 2015 Dec; 50 Suppl 2:2049-56. Kronick R, Casalino LP, Bindman AB. PMID: 26769059.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. The Future of AHRQ's Health Services Research. JAMA. 2015 Sep 08; 314(10):979-81. Kronick R, Berkwits M. PMID: 26287600.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Learning From the Past to Measure the Future. JAMA. 2015 Sep 01; 314(9):875-6. Cassel CK, Kronick R. PMID: 26325553.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Optimizing health for persons with multiple chronic conditions. JAMA. 2014 Sep 24; 312(12):1199-200. Parekh AK, Kronick R, Tavenner M. PMID: 25133982.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Measuring coding intensity in the Medicare Advantage program. Medicare Medicaid Res Rev. 2014; 4(2). Kronick R, Welch WP. PMID: 25068076.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Patient safety: The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's ongoing commitment. J Nurs Care Qual. 2014 Jul-Sep; 29(3):195-9. Kronick R. PMID: 24853980.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Medicare payment for chronic care delivered in a patient-centered medical home. JAMA. 2013 Sep 18; 310(11):1125-6. Bindman AB, Blum JD, Kronick R. PMID: 23929029.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Protecting finances and improving access to care with Medicaid. N Engl J Med. 2013 May 02; 368(18):1744-5. Kronick R, Bindman AB. PMID: 23635055.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Medicare's transitional care payment--a step toward the medical home. N Engl J Med. 2013 Feb 21; 368(8):692-4. Bindman AB, Blum JD, Kronick R. PMID: 23425161.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. The Affordable Care Act has led to significant gains in health insurance and access to care for young adults. Health Aff (Millwood). 2013 Jan; 32(1):165-74. Sommers BD, Buchmueller T, Decker SL, Carey C, Kronick R. PMID: 23255048.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 72     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Medicare and Medicaid spending variations are strongly linked within hospital regions but not at overall state level. Health Aff (Millwood). 2012 May; 31(5):948-55. Kronick R, Gilmer TP. PMID: 22566433.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. The Affordable Care Act and insurance coverage for young adults. JAMA. 2012 Mar 07; 307(9):913-4. Sommers BD, Kronick R. PMID: 22396509.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Differences in the volume of services and in prices drive big variations in Medicaid spending among US states and regions. Health Aff (Millwood). 2011 Jul; 30(7):1316-24. Gilmer TP, Kronick RG. PMID: 21734206.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Impact of individual-, environmental-, and policy-level factors on health care utilization among US farmworkers. Am J Public Health. 2011 Apr; 101(4):685-92. Hoerster KD, Mayer JA, Gabbard S, Kronick RG, Roesch SC, Malcarne VL, Zuniga ML. PMID: 21330594.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Hard times and health insurance: how many Americans will be uninsured by 2010? Health Aff (Millwood). 2009 Jul-Aug; 28(4):w573-7. Gilmer TP, Kronick RG. PMID: 19477872.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Medicare and HMOs--the search for accountability. N Engl J Med. 2009 May 14; 360(20):2048-50. Kronick R. PMID: 19439739.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    25. Peering into the black box: billing and insurance activities in a medical group. Health Aff (Millwood). 2009 Jul-Aug; 28(4):w544-54. Sakowski JA, Kahn JG, Kronick RG, Newman JM, Luft HS. PMID: 19443478.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Health insurance coverage and mortality revisited. Health Serv Res. 2009 Aug; 44(4):1211-31. Kronick R. PMID: 19453392.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. The response of small businesses to variation in the price of health insurance: results from a randomized controlled trial. Med Care Res Rev. 2008 Apr; 65(2):187-206. Kronick R, Olsen LC, Gilmer TP. PMID: 18227236.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Is Medicaid sustainable? Spending projections for the program's second forty years. Health Aff (Millwood). 2007 Mar-Apr; 26(2):w271-87. Kronick R, Rousseau D. PMID: 17322277.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Marital status and longevity in the United States population. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2006 Sep; 60(9):760-5. Kaplan RM, Kronick RG. PMID: 16905719.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 56     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Commentary--sophisticated methods but implausible results: how much does health insurance improve health? Health Serv Res. 2006 Apr; 41(2):452-60; discussion 461-6. Kronick R. PMID: 16584458.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. A needle in a haystack? Uninsured workers in small businesses that do not offer coverage. Health Serv Res. 2006 Feb; 41(1):40-57. Kronick R, Olsen LC. PMID: 16430600.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. The cost of health insurance administration in California: estimates for insurers, physicians, and hospitals. Health Aff (Millwood). 2005 Nov-Dec; 24(6):1629-39. Kahn JG, Kronick R, Kreger M, Gans DN. PMID: 16284038.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Financing health care--finding the money is hard and spending it well is even harder. N Engl J Med. 2005 Mar 24; 352(12):1252-4. Kronick R. PMID: 15788503.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. The effect of health insurance on medical care utilization and implications for insurance expansion: a review of the literature. Med Care Res Rev. 2005 Feb; 62(1):3-30. Buchmueller TC, Grumbach K, Kronick R, Kahn JG. PMID: 15643027.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Children welcome, adults need not apply: changes in public program enrollment across states and over time. Med Care Res Rev. 2005 Feb; 62(1):56-78. Gilmer T, Kronick R, Rice T. PMID: 15643029.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. It's the premiums, stupid: projections of the uninsured through 2013. Health Aff (Millwood). 2005 Jan-Jun; Suppl Web Exclusives:W5-143-W5-151. Gilmer T, Kronick R. PMID: 15811860.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Health policy roundtable panel discussion: translating health insurance studies into policy proposals. Health Serv Res. 2004 Jun; 39(3):433-44. Haslanger K, Kronick R, Lambrew J, Lamphere J. PMID: 15149472.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. The kindness of strangers: community effects on the rate of employer coverage. Health Aff (Millwood). 2004 Jan-Jun; Suppl Web Exclusives:W4-328-40. Kronick R, Gilmer T, Rice T. PMID: 15451959.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Prevalence, expenditures, utilization, and payment for persons with MS in insured populations. Neurology. 2002 Jan 08; 58(1):37-43. Pope GC, Urato CJ, Kulas ED, Kronick R, Gilmer T. PMID: 11781403.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Insuring low-income adults: does public coverage crowd out private? Health Aff (Millwood). 2002 Jan-Feb; 21(1):225-39. Kronick R, Gilmer T. PMID: 11900081.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. The Medicaid Rx model: pharmacy-based risk adjustment for public programs. Med Care. 2001 Nov; 39(11):1188-202. Gilmer T, Kronick R, Fishman P, Ganiats TG. PMID: 11606873.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Calm before the storm: expected increase in the number of uninsured Americans. Health Aff (Millwood). 2001 Nov-Dec; 20(6):207-10. Gilmer T, Kronick R. PMID: 11816660.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Valuing charity. J Health Polit Policy Law. 2001 Oct; 26(5):993-1001. Kronick R. PMID: 11765276.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    44. Improving health-based payment for Medicaid beneficiaries: CDPS. Health Care Financ Rev. 2000; 21(3):29-64. Kronick R, Gilmer T, Dreyfus T, Lee L. PMID: 11481767.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 84     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. Waiting for Godot: wishes and worries in managed care. J Health Polit Policy Law. 1999 Oct; 24(5):1099-106. Kronick R. PMID: 10615621.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Explaining the decline in health insurance coverage, 1979-1995. Health Aff (Millwood). 1999 Mar-Apr; 18(2):30-47. Kronick R, Gilmer T. PMID: 10091430.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Advance medical planning. N Engl J Med. 1997 Feb 27; 336(9):663. Schneiderman LJ, Kronick R, Kaplan RM. PMID: 9036329.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. The Community Medical Alliance: an integrated system of care in Greater Boston for people with severe disability and AIDS. Manag Care Q. 1996; 4(2):26-37. Master R, Dreyfus T, Connors S, Tobias C, Zhou Z, Kronick R. PMID: 10172616.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Diagnostic risk adjustment for Medicaid: the disability payment system. Health Care Financ Rev. 1996; 17(3):7-33. Kronick R, Dreyfus T, Lee L, Zhou Z. PMID: 10172665.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Advance directives, apples and oranges. Arch Intern Med. 1995 Jan 23; 155(2):217-8. Schneiderman LJ, Teetzel H, Kronick R, Anderson JP, Langer RD, Rosenberg E, Kaplan RM. PMID: 7811135.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Attitudes of seriously ill patients toward treatment that involves high costs and burdens on others. J Clin Ethics. 1995; 6(1):96, 61. Schneiderman LJ, Kronick R, Langer RD, Kaplan RM, Anderson JP. PMID: 7633008.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Making risk adjustment work for everyone. Inquiry. 1995; 32(1):41-55. Kronick R, Zhou Z, Dreyfus T. PMID: 7713617.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Redistributing health care resources without redistributing income. J Health Polit Policy Law. 1994; 19(3):543-53. Kronick R. PMID: 7844321.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Attitudes of seriously ill patients toward treatment that involves high costs and burdens on others. J Clin Ethics. 1994; 5(2):109-12. Schneiderman LJ, Kronick R, Kaplan RM, Anderson JP, Langer RD. PMID: 7919478.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. A helping hand for the invisible hand. Health Aff (Millwood). 1994; 13(1):96-101. Kronick R. PMID: 8188162.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. The marketplace in health care reform. The demographic limitations of managed competition. N Engl J Med. 1993 Jan 14; 328(2):148-52. Kronick R, Goodman DC, Wennberg J, Wagner E. PMID: 8416437.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Where should the buck stop: federal and state responsibilities in health care financing reform. Health Aff (Millwood). 1993; 12 Suppl:87-98. Kronick R. PMID: 8477947.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Effects of offering advance directives on medical treatments and costs. Ann Intern Med. 1992 Oct 01; 117(7):599-606. Schneiderman LJ, Kronick R, Kaplan RM, Anderson JP, Langer RD. PMID: 1524334.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    59. Empowering the demand side: from regulation to purchasing. Inquiry. 1992; 29(2):213-30. Kronick R. PMID: 1612721.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Can consumer choice reward quality and economy? Towards a test of economic competition. J Health Polit Policy Law. 1992; 17(1):25-33; discussion 35-7. Kronick R. PMID: 1619249.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    61. Universal health insurance through incentives reform. JAMA. 1991 May 15; 265(19):2532-6. Enthoven AC, Kronick R. PMID: 2020071.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. Health insurance, 1979-1989: the frayed connection between employment and insurance. Inquiry. 1991; 28(4):318-32. Kronick R. PMID: 1761305.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Can Massachusetts pay for health care for all? Health Aff (Millwood). 1991; 10(1):26-44. Kronick R. PMID: 2045053.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    
    64. The slippery slope of health care finance: business interests and hospital reimbursement in Massachusetts. J Health Polit Policy Law. 1990; 15(4):887-913. Kronick R. PMID: 2081893.
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    65. The politics and economics of health care finance: prospects for change. Front Health Serv Manage. 1990; 6(4):38-41, 50. Kronick R. PMID: 10105033.
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    66. A consumer-choice health plan for the 1990s. Universal health insurance in a system designed to promote quality and economy (2). N Engl J Med. 1989 Jan 12; 320(2):94-101. Enthoven A, Kronick R. PMID: 2492082.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    
    67. A consumer-choice health plan for the 1990s. Universal health insurance in a system designed to promote quality and economy (1). N Engl J Med. 1989 Jan 05; 320(1):29-37. Enthoven A, Kronick R. PMID: 2642604.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    
    68. Competition 101: managing demand to get quality care. Bus Health. 1988 Mar; 5(5):38-40. Enthoven A, Kronick R. PMID: 10286176.
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    69. The cyclical behavior of hospital utilization and staffing. Health Serv Res. 1984 Jun; 19(2):161-80. Jensen G, Kronick R. PMID: 6735735.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans