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Kronick, Richard

Title(s)Professor, Family Medicine and Public Health
SchoolHealth Sciences
Phone858-534-4273
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    Dr. Richard Kronick is a Professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Public Health at the University of California, San Diego, where he has been a faculty member since 1991. Dr. Kronick’s research focuses on understanding the causes and consequences of lack of insurance, on the development and implementation of risk-adjusted payment systems designed to encourage insurers to develop systems of care that are responsive to the needs of the most vulnerable, and on design and evaluation of health care financing interventions. His career has included work both in academia and government, reflecting a commitment to using health services research as a means of improving health care delivery.
    From 2010 to 2016 Professor Kronick served in the Obama Administration, on leave from UCSD. From 2010 to 2013, he was Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health Policy in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), where he primarily worked on implementation of the Affordable Care Act, and the design and evaluation of Medicare and Medicaid payment policy. From 2013 to 2016, Professor Kronick was the Director of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).

    Professor Kronick was a Senior Health Policy Adviser in the Clinton Administration in 1993-94, and was the Director of Policy and Reimbursement in the Massachusetts Medicaid program from 1985-87.

    Professor Kronick received a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Rochester, and was elected to the National Academy of Medicine in 2014. He received a special recognition award from Academy Health for his work in leading AHRQ at the 2016 Academy Health Annual Research Meeting.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Bindman AB, Mulkey MR, Kronick R. Beyond The ACA: Paths To Universal Coverage In California. Health Aff (Millwood). 2018 09; 37(9):1367-1374. PMID: 30179543.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Jacobs PD, Kronick R. Getting What We Pay For: How Do Risk-Based Payments to Medicare Advantage Plans Compare with Alternative Measures of Beneficiary Health Risk? Health Serv Res. 2018 12; 53(6):4997-5015. PMID: 29790162.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Farnaes L, Hildreth A, Sweeney NM, Clark MM, Chowdhury S, Nahas S, Cakici JA, Benson W, Kaplan RH, Kronick R, Bainbridge MN, Friedman J, Gold JJ, Ding Y, Veeraraghavan N, Dimmock D, Kingsmore SF. Rapid whole-genome sequencing decreases infant morbidity and cost of hospitalization. NPJ Genom Med. 2018; 3:10. PMID: 29644095.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Kronick R. Projected Coding Intensity In Medicare Advantage Could Increase Medicare Spending By $200 Billion Over Ten Years. Health Aff (Millwood). 2017 02 01; 36(2):320-327. PMID: 28167722.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Kronick R, Arnold S, Brady J. Improving Safety for Hospitalized Patients: Much Progress but Many Challenges Remain. JAMA. 2016 Aug 02; 316(5):489-90. PMID: 27295371.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Kronick R. AHRQ's Role in Improving Quality, Safety, and Health System Performance. Public Health Rep. 2016 Mar-Apr; 131(2):229-32. PMID: 26957656.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Sommers BD, Kronick R. Measuring Medicaid Physician Participation Rates and Implications for Policy. J Health Polit Policy Law. 2016 Apr; 41(2):211-24. PMID: 26732320.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Kronick R, Casalino LP, Bindman AB. Introduction. Apple Pickers or Federal Judges: Strong versus Weak Incentives in Physician Payment. Health Serv Res. 2015 Dec; 50 Suppl 2:2049-56. PMID: 26769059.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Selden TM, Karaca Z, Keenan P, White C, Kronick R. The Growing Difference Between Public And Private Payment Rates For Inpatient Hospital Care. Health Aff (Millwood). 2015 Dec; 34(12):2147-50. PMID: 26643636.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Kronick R, Berkwits M. The Future of AHRQ's Health Services Research. JAMA. 2015 Sep 08; 314(10):979-81. PMID: 26287600.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Cassel CK, Kronick R. Learning From the Past to Measure the Future. JAMA. 2015 Sep 01; 314(9):875-6. PMID: 26325553.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Parekh AK, Kronick R, Tavenner M. Optimizing health for persons with multiple chronic conditions. JAMA. 2014 Sep 24; 312(12):1199-200. PMID: 25133982.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Kronick R, Welch WP. Measuring coding intensity in the Medicare Advantage program. Medicare Medicaid Res Rev. 2014; 4(2). PMID: 25068076.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Kronick R. Patient safety: The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's ongoing commitment. J Nurs Care Qual. 2014 Jul-Sep; 29(3):195-9. PMID: 24853980.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Bindman AB, Blum JD, Kronick R. Medicare payment for chronic care delivered in a patient-centered medical home. JAMA. 2013 Sep 18; 310(11):1125-6. PMID: 23929029.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Kronick R, Bindman AB. Protecting finances and improving access to care with Medicaid. N Engl J Med. 2013 May 02; 368(18):1744-5. PMID: 23635055.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Bindman AB, Blum JD, Kronick R. Medicare's transitional care payment--a step toward the medical home. N Engl J Med. 2013 Feb 21; 368(8):692-4. PMID: 23425161.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Sommers BD, Buchmueller T, Decker SL, Carey C, Kronick R. The Affordable Care Act has led to significant gains in health insurance and access to care for young adults. Health Aff (Millwood). 2013 Jan; 32(1):165-74. PMID: 23255048.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Kronick R, Gilmer TP. Medicare and Medicaid spending variations are strongly linked within hospital regions but not at overall state level. Health Aff (Millwood). 2012 May; 31(5):948-55. PMID: 22566433.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Sommers BD, Kronick R. The Affordable Care Act and insurance coverage for young adults. JAMA. 2012 Mar 07; 307(9):913-4. PMID: 22396509.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Gilmer TP, Kronick RG. Differences in the volume of services and in prices drive big variations in Medicaid spending among US states and regions. Health Aff (Millwood). 2011 Jul; 30(7):1316-24. PMID: 21734206.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Hoerster KD, Mayer JA, Gabbard S, Kronick RG, Roesch SC, Malcarne VL, Zuniga ML. Impact of individual-, environmental-, and policy-level factors on health care utilization among US farmworkers. Am J Public Health. 2011 Apr; 101(4):685-92. PMID: 21330594.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Gilmer TP, Kronick RG. Hard times and health insurance: how many Americans will be uninsured by 2010? Health Aff (Millwood). 2009 Jul-Aug; 28(4):w573-7. PMID: 19477872.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Kronick R. Medicare and HMOs--the search for accountability. N Engl J Med. 2009 May 14; 360(20):2048-50. PMID: 19439739.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Sakowski JA, Kahn JG, Kronick RG, Newman JM, Luft HS. Peering into the black box: billing and insurance activities in a medical group. Health Aff (Millwood). 2009 Jul-Aug; 28(4):w544-54. PMID: 19443478.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Kronick R. Health insurance coverage and mortality revisited. Health Serv Res. 2009 Aug; 44(4):1211-31. PMID: 19453392.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Kronick R, Olsen LC, Gilmer TP. The response of small businesses to variation in the price of health insurance: results from a randomized controlled trial. Med Care Res Rev. 2008 Apr; 65(2):187-206. PMID: 18227236.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Kronick R, Rousseau D. Is Medicaid sustainable? Spending projections for the program's second forty years. Health Aff (Millwood). 2007 Mar-Apr; 26(2):w271-87. PMID: 17322277.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Kaplan RM, Kronick RG. Marital status and longevity in the United States population. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2006 Sep; 60(9):760-5. PMID: 16905719.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Kronick R. Commentary--sophisticated methods but implausible results: how much does health insurance improve health? Health Serv Res. 2006 Apr; 41(2):452-60; discussion 461-6. PMID: 16584458.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Kronick R, Olsen LC. A needle in a haystack? Uninsured workers in small businesses that do not offer coverage. Health Serv Res. 2006 Feb; 41(1):40-57. PMID: 16430600.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Kahn JG, Kronick R, Kreger M, Gans DN. The cost of health insurance administration in California: estimates for insurers, physicians, and hospitals. Health Aff (Millwood). 2005 Nov-Dec; 24(6):1629-39. PMID: 16284038.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Kronick R. Financing health care--finding the money is hard and spending it well is even harder. N Engl J Med. 2005 Mar 24; 352(12):1252-4. PMID: 15788503.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Gilmer T, Kronick R, Rice T. Children welcome, adults need not apply: changes in public program enrollment across states and over time. Med Care Res Rev. 2005 Feb; 62(1):56-78. PMID: 15643029.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Buchmueller TC, Grumbach K, Kronick R, Kahn JG. The effect of health insurance on medical care utilization and implications for insurance expansion: a review of the literature. Med Care Res Rev. 2005 Feb; 62(1):3-30. PMID: 15643027.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Gilmer T, Kronick R. It's the premiums, stupid: projections of the uninsured through 2013. Health Aff (Millwood). 2005 Jan-Jun; Suppl Web Exclusives:W5-143-W5-151. PMID: 15811860.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Haslanger K, Kronick R, Lambrew J, Lamphere J. Health policy roundtable panel discussion: translating health insurance studies into policy proposals. Health Serv Res. 2004 Jun; 39(3):433-44. PMID: 15149472.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Kronick R, Gilmer T, Rice T. The kindness of strangers: community effects on the rate of employer coverage. Health Aff (Millwood). 2004 Jan-Jun; Suppl Web Exclusives:W4-328-40. PMID: 15451959.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Pope GC, Urato CJ, Kulas ED, Kronick R, Gilmer T. Prevalence, expenditures, utilization, and payment for persons with MS in insured populations. Neurology. 2002 Jan 08; 58(1):37-43. PMID: 11781403.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Kronick R, Gilmer T. Insuring low-income adults: does public coverage crowd out private? Health Aff (Millwood). 2002 Jan-Feb; 21(1):225-39. PMID: 11900081.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Gilmer T, Kronick R. Calm before the storm: expected increase in the number of uninsured Americans. Health Aff (Millwood). 2001 Nov-Dec; 20(6):207-10. PMID: 11816660.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Gilmer T, Kronick R, Fishman P, Ganiats TG. The Medicaid Rx model: pharmacy-based risk adjustment for public programs. Med Care. 2001 Nov; 39(11):1188-202. PMID: 11606873.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Kronick R. Valuing charity. J Health Polit Policy Law. 2001 Oct; 26(5):993-1001. PMID: 11765276.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Kronick R, Gilmer T, Dreyfus T, Lee L. Improving health-based payment for Medicaid beneficiaries: CDPS. Health Care Financ Rev. 2000; 21(3):29-64. PMID: 11481767.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Kronick R. Waiting for Godot: wishes and worries in managed care. J Health Polit Policy Law. 1999 Oct; 24(5):1099-106. PMID: 10615621.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Kronick R, Gilmer T. Explaining the decline in health insurance coverage, 1979-1995. Health Aff (Millwood). 1999 Mar-Apr; 18(2):30-47. PMID: 10091430.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Schneiderman LJ, Kronick R, Kaplan RM. Advance medical planning. N Engl J Med. 1997 Feb 27; 336(9):663. PMID: 9036329.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Master R, Dreyfus T, Connors S, Tobias C, Zhou Z, Kronick R. The Community Medical Alliance: an integrated system of care in Greater Boston for people with severe disability and AIDS. Manag Care Q. 1996; 4(2):26-37. PMID: 10172616.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Kronick R, Dreyfus T, Lee L, Zhou Z. Diagnostic risk adjustment for Medicaid: the disability payment system. Health Care Financ Rev. 1996; 17(3):7-33. PMID: 10172665.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Schneiderman LJ, Teetzel H, Kronick R, Anderson JP, Langer RD, Rosenberg E, Kaplan RM. Advance directives, apples and oranges. Arch Intern Med. 1995 Jan 23; 155(2):217-8. PMID: 7811135.
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    51. Kronick R, Zhou Z, Dreyfus T. Making risk adjustment work for everyone. Inquiry. 1995; 32(1):41-55. PMID: 7713617.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Schneiderman LJ, Kronick R, Langer RD, Kaplan RM, Anderson JP. Attitudes of seriously ill patients toward treatment that involves high costs and burdens on others. J Clin Ethics. 1995; 6(1):96, 61. PMID: 7633008.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Kronick R. A helping hand for the invisible hand. Health Aff (Millwood). 1994; 13(1):96-101. PMID: 8188162.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Schneiderman LJ, Kronick R, Kaplan RM, Anderson JP, Langer RD. Attitudes of seriously ill patients toward treatment that involves high costs and burdens on others. J Clin Ethics. 1994; 5(2):109-12. PMID: 7919478.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Kronick R. Redistributing health care resources without redistributing income. J Health Polit Policy Law. 1994; 19(3):543-53. PMID: 7844321.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Kronick R, Goodman DC, Wennberg J, Wagner E. The marketplace in health care reform. The demographic limitations of managed competition. N Engl J Med. 1993 Jan 14; 328(2):148-52. PMID: 8416437.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Kronick R. Where should the buck stop: federal and state responsibilities in health care financing reform. Health Aff (Millwood). 1993; 12 Suppl:87-98. PMID: 8477947.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Schneiderman LJ, Kronick R, Kaplan RM, Anderson JP, Langer RD. Effects of offering advance directives on medical treatments and costs. Ann Intern Med. 1992 Oct 01; 117(7):599-606. PMID: 1524334.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Kronick R. Can consumer choice reward quality and economy? Towards a test of economic competition. J Health Polit Policy Law. 1992; 17(1):25-33; discussion 35-7. PMID: 1619249.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Kronick R. Empowering the demand side: from regulation to purchasing. Inquiry. 1992; 29(2):213-30. PMID: 1612721.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Enthoven AC, Kronick R. Universal health insurance through incentives reform. JAMA. 1991 May 15; 265(19):2532-6. PMID: 2020071.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Kronick R. Health insurance, 1979-1989: the frayed connection between employment and insurance. Inquiry. 1991; 28(4):318-32. PMID: 1761305.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Kronick R. Can Massachusetts pay for health care for all? Health Aff (Millwood). 1991; 10(1):26-44. PMID: 2045053.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Kronick R. The slippery slope of health care finance: business interests and hospital reimbursement in Massachusetts. J Health Polit Policy Law. 1990; 15(4):887-913. PMID: 2081893.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Kronick R. The politics and economics of health care finance: prospects for change. Front Health Serv Manage. 1990; 6(4):38-41, 50. PMID: 10105033.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Enthoven A, Kronick R. A consumer-choice health plan for the 1990s. Universal health insurance in a system designed to promote quality and economy (2). N Engl J Med. 1989 Jan 12; 320(2):94-101. PMID: 2492082.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Enthoven A, Kronick R. A consumer-choice health plan for the 1990s. Universal health insurance in a system designed to promote quality and economy (1). N Engl J Med. 1989 Jan 05; 320(1):29-37. PMID: 2642604.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Enthoven A, Kronick R. Competition 101: managing demand to get quality care. Bus Health. 1988 Mar; 5(5):38-40. PMID: 10286176.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Jensen G, Kronick R. The cyclical behavior of hospital utilization and staffing. Health Serv Res. 1984 Jun; 19(2):161-80. PMID: 6735735.
      View in: PubMed