Ralph Keeling

Title(s)Professor, Scripps Institution of Oceanography Department
SchoolVc-marine Sciences
Address9500 Gilman Drive #
La Jolla CA 92093
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    1. Improved atmospheric constraints on Southern Ocean CO2 exchange. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2024 Feb 06; 121(6):e2309333121. Jin Y, Keeling RF, Stephens BB, Long MC, Patra PK, Rödenbeck C, Morgan EJ, Kort EA, Sweeney C. PMID: 38289951; PMCID: PMC10861854.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Climate-driven variability of the Southern Ocean CO2 sink. Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci. 2023 Jun 26; 381(2249):20220055. Mayot N, Le Quéré C, Rödenbeck C, Bernardello R, Bopp L, Djeutchouang LM, Gehlen M, Gregor L, Gruber N, Hauck J, Iida Y, Ilyina T, Keeling RF, Landschützer P, Manning AC, Patara L, Resplandy L, Schwinger J, Séférian R, Watson AJ, Wright RM, Zeng J. PMID: 37150207; PMCID: PMC10164464.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    
    3. Using the atmospheric CO2 growth rate to constrain the CO2 flux from land use and land cover change since 1900. Glob Chang Biol. 2022 12; 28(24):7327-7339. Dohner JL, Birner B, Schwartzman A, Pongratz J, Keeling RF. PMID: 36117409.
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    4. Radiocarbon dating: emissions could undermine precision. Nature. 2022 07; 607(7919):449. Graven H, Keeling R, Xu X. PMID: 35854150.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    
    5. Impact of Changing Winds on the Mauna Loa CO2 Seasonal Cycle in Relation to the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. J Geophys Res Atmos. 2022 Jul 16; 127(13):e2021JD035892. Jin Y, Keeling RF, Rödenbeck C, Patra PK, Piper SC, Schwartzman A. PMID: 35864859; PMCID: PMC9285976.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    6. A multi-city urban atmospheric greenhouse gas measurement data synthesis. Sci Data. 2022 06 24; 9(1):361. Mitchell LE, Lin JC, Hutyra LR, Bowling DR, Cohen RC, Davis KJ, DiGangi E, Duren RM, Ehleringer JR, Fain C, Falk M, Guha A, Karion A, Keeling RF, Kim J, Miles NL, Miller CE, Newman S, Pataki DE, Prinzivalli S, Ren X, Rice A, Richardson SJ, Sargent M, Stephens BB, Turnbull JC, Verhulst KR, Vogel F, Weiss RF, Whetstone J, Wofsy SC. PMID: 35750672; PMCID: PMC9232515.
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    7. Comment on "World Atmospheric CO2, Its 14C Specific Activity, Non-fossil Component, Anthropogenic Fossil Component, and Emissions (1750-2018)," by Kenneth Skrable, George Chabot, and Clayton French. Health Phys. 2022 06 01; 122(6):717-719. Schwartz SE, Keeling RF, Meijer HAJ, Turnbull JC. PMID: 35486934.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:PHPublic Health
    8. Strong Southern Ocean carbon uptake evident in airborne observations. Science. 2021 Dec 03; 374(6572):1275-1280. Long MC, Stephens BB, McKain K, Sweeney C, Keeling RF, Kort EA, Morgan EJ, Bent JD, Chandra N, Chevallier F, Commane R, Daube BC, Krummel PB, Loh Z, Luijkx IT, Munro D, Patra P, Peters W, Ramonet M, Rödenbeck C, Stavert A, Tans P, Wofsy SC. PMID: 34855495.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    
    9. On the Detection of COVID-Driven Changes in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide. Geophys Res Lett. 2021 Nov 28; 48(22):e2021GL095396. Lovenduski NS, Chatterjee A, Swart NC, Fyfe JC, Keeling RF, Schimel D. PMID: 34924639; PMCID: PMC8667626.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    10. The Impact of COVID-19 on CO2 Emissions in the Los Angeles and Washington DC/Baltimore Metropolitan Areas. Geophys Res Lett. 2021 Jun 16; 48(11):e2021GL092744. Yadav V, Ghosh S, Mueller K, Karion A, Roest G, Gourdji SM, Lopez-Coto I, Gurney KR, Parazoo N, Verhulst KR, Kim J, Prinzivalli S, Fain C, Nehrkorn T, Mountain M, Keeling RF, Weiss RF, Duren R, Miller CE, Whetstone J. PMID: 34149111; PMCID: PMC8206775.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12  
    11. Unusual characteristics of the carbon cycle during the 2015-2016 El Niño. Glob Chang Biol. 2021 08; 27(16):3798-3809. Wang K, Wang X, Piao S, Chevallier F, Mao J, Shi X, Huntingford C, Bastos A, Ciais P, Xu H, Keeling RF, Pacala SW, Chen A. PMID: 33934460.
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    12. Impacts of Changes in Atmospheric O2 on Human Physiology. Is There a Basis for Concern? Front Physiol. 2021; 12:571137. Keeling RF, Powell FL, Shaffer G, Robbins PA, Simonson TS. PMID: 33737880; PMCID: PMC7960674.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    13. Changes to Carbon Isotopes in Atmospheric CO2 Over the Industrial Era and Into the Future. Global Biogeochem Cycles. 2020 Nov; 34(11):e2019GB006170. Graven H, Keeling RF, Rogelj J. PMID: 33380771; PMCID: PMC7757245.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8  
    14. Integrating the evidence for a terrestrial carbon sink caused by increasing atmospheric CO2. New Phytol. 2021 03; 229(5):2413-2445. Walker AP, De Kauwe MG, Bastos A, Belmecheri S, Georgiou K, Keeling RF, McMahon SM, Medlyn BE, Moore DJP, Norby RJ, Zaehle S, Anderson-Teixeira KJ, Battipaglia G, Brienen RJW, Cabugao KG, Cailleret M, Campbell E, Canadell JG, Ciais P, Craig ME, Ellsworth DS, Farquhar GD, Fatichi S, Fisher JB, Frank DC, Graven H, Gu L, Haverd V, Heilman K, Heimann M, Hungate BA, Iversen CM, Joos F, Jiang M, Keenan TF, Knauer J, Körner C, Leshyk VO, Leuzinger S, Liu Y, MacBean N, Malhi Y, McVicar TR, Penuelas J, Pongratz J, Powell AS, Riutta T, Sabot MEB, Schleucher J, Sitch S, Smith WK, Sulman B, Taylor B, Terrer C, Torn MS, Treseder KK, Trugman AT, Trumbore SE, van Mantgem PJ, Voelker SL, Whelan ME, Zuidema PA. PMID: 32789857.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 42     Fields:    
    15. The European carbon cycle response to heat and drought as seen from atmospheric CO2 data for 1999-2018. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2020 10 26; 375(1810):20190506. Rödenbeck C, Zaehle S, Keeling R, Heimann M. PMID: 32892730; PMCID: PMC7485106.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    
    16. Causes of slowing-down seasonal CO2 amplitude at Mauna Loa. Glob Chang Biol. 2020 08; 26(8):4462-4477. Wang K, Wang Y, Wang X, He Y, Li X, Keeling RF, Ciais P, Heimann M, Peng S, Chevallier F, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Buermann W, Arora VK, Haverd V, Jain AK, Kato E, Lienert S, Lombardozzi D, Nabel JEMS, Poulter B, Vuichard N, Wiltshire A, Zeng N, Zhu D, Piao S. PMID: 32415896.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    17. Quantification of ocean heat uptake from changes in atmospheric O2 and CO2 composition. Sci Rep. 2019 12 27; 9(1):20244. Resplandy L, Keeling RF, Eddebbar Y, Brooks M, Wang R, Bopp L, Long MC, Dunne JP, Koeve W, Oschlies A. PMID: 31882758; PMCID: PMC6934503.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    
    18. Extensive land cover change across Arctic-Boreal Northwestern North America from disturbance and climate forcing. Glob Chang Biol. 2020 02; 26(2):807-822. Wang JA, Sulla-Menashe D, Woodcock CE, Sonnentag O, Keeling RF, Friedl MA. PMID: 31437337.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    
    19. Retraction Note: Quantification of ocean heat uptake from changes in atmospheric O2 and CO2 composition. Nature. 2019 Sep; 573(7775):614. Resplandy L, Keeling RF, Eddebbar Y, Brooks MK, Wang R, Bopp L, Long MC, Dunne JP, Koeve W, Oschlies A. PMID: 31554976.
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    20. Quantification of ocean heat uptake from changes in atmospheric O2 and CO2 composition. Nature. 2018 11; 563(7729):105-108. Resplandy L, Keeling RF, Eddebbar Y, Brooks MK, Wang R, Bopp L, Long MC, Dunne JP, Koeve W, Oschlies A. PMID: 30382201.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    
    21. A successful prediction of the record CO2 rise associated with the 2015/2016 El Niño. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2018 10 08; 373(1760). Betts RA, Jones CD, Knight JR, Keeling RF, Kennedy JJ, Wiltshire AJ, Andrew RM, Aragão LEOC. PMID: 30297462; PMCID: PMC6178439.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    
    22. History of El Niño impacts on the global carbon cycle 1957-2017: a quantification from atmospheric CO2 data. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2018 10 08; 373(1760). Rödenbeck C, Zaehle S, Keeling R, Heimann M. PMID: 30297464; PMCID: PMC6178444.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    
    23. Atmospheric evidence for a global secular increase in carbon isotopic discrimination of land photosynthesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 09 26; 114(39):10361-10366. Keeling RF, Graven HD, Welp LR, Resplandy L, Bi J, Piper SC, Sun Y, Bollenbacher A, Meijer HAJ. PMID: 28893986; PMCID: PMC5625891.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    24. Overestimate of committed warming. Nature. 2017 07 12; 547(7662):E16-E17. Schmidt GA, Severinghaus J, Abe-Ouchi A, Alley RB, Broecker W, Brook E, Etheridge D, Kawamura K, Keeling RF, Leinen M, Marvel K, Stocker TF. PMID: 28703191; PMCID: PMC5885753.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    25. Carbon dioxide and methane measurements from the Los Angeles Megacity Carbon Project - Part 1: calibration, urban enhancements, and uncertainty estimates. Atmos Chem Phys. 2017; 17. Verhulst KR, Karion A, Kim J, Salameh PK, Keeling RF, Newman S, Miller J, Sloop C, Pongetti T, Rao P, Wong C, Hopkins FM, Yadav V, Weiss RF, Duren RM, Miller CE. PMID: 30984251; PMCID: PMC6459414.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13  
    26. Enhanced seasonal CO2 exchange caused by amplified plant productivity in northern ecosystems. Science. 2016 Feb 12; 351(6274):696-9. Forkel M, Carvalhais N, Rödenbeck C, Keeling R, Heimann M, Thonicke K, Zaehle S, Reichstein M. PMID: 26797146.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
    27. Enhanced seasonal exchange of CO2 by northern ecosystems since 1960. Science. 2013 Sep 06; 341(6150):1085-9. Graven HD, Keeling RF, Piper SC, Patra PK, Stephens BB, Wofsy SC, Welp LR, Sweeney C, Tans PP, Kelley JJ, Daube BC, Kort EA, Santoni GW, Bent JD. PMID: 23929948.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 48     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    28. Interannual variability in the oxygen isotopes of atmospheric CO2 driven by El Niño. Nature. 2011 Sep 28; 477(7366):579-82. Welp LR, Keeling RF, Meijer HA, Bollenbacher AF, Piper SC, Yoshimura K, Francey RJ, Allison CE, Wahlen M. PMID: 21956330.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    29. The atmospheric signature of carbon capture and storage. Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci. 2011 May 28; 369(1943):2113-32. Keeling RF, Manning AC, Dubey MK. PMID: 21502179.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    30. Greenhouse gases in the Earth system: setting the agenda to 2030. Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci. 2011 May 28; 369(1943):1885-90. Manning AC, Nisbet EG, Keeling RF, Liss PS. PMID: 21502164.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    31. Ocean deoxygenation in a warming world. Ann Rev Mar Sci. 2010; 2:199-229. Keeling RE, Körtzinger A, Gruber N. PMID: 21141663.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 142     Fields:    Translation:PHPublic Health
    32. Chapter 1. Impacts of the oceans on climate change. Adv Mar Biol. 2009; 56:1-150. Reid PC, Fischer AC, Lewis-Brown E, Meredith MP, Sparrow M, Andersson AJ, Antia A, Bates NR, Bathmann U, Beaugrand G, Brix H, Dye S, Edwards M, Furevik T, Gangstø R, Hátún H, Hopcroft RR, Kendall M, Kasten S, Keeling R, Le Quéré C, Mackenzie FT, Malin G, Mauritzen C, Olafsson J, Paull C, Rignot E, Shimada K, Vogt M, Wallace C, Wang Z, Washington R. PMID: 19895974.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsPHPublic Health
    33. Atmospheric science. Recording Earth's vital signs. Science. 2008 Mar 28; 319(5871):1771-2. Keeling RF. PMID: 18369129.
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    34. Atmosphere. Deglaciation mysteries. Science. 2007 Jun 08; 316(5830):1440-1. Keeling RF. PMID: 17495137.
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    35. Recent climate observations compared to projections. Science. 2007 May 04; 316(5825):709. Rahmstorf S, Cazenave A, Church JA, Hansen JE, Keeling RF, Parker DE, Somerville RC. PMID: 17272686.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    
    36. Diffusive separation of the lower atmosphere. Science. 2006 Mar 10; 311(5766):1429. Adachi Y, Kawamura K, Armi L, Keeling RF. PMID: 16527973.
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    37. Comment on "The ocean sink for anthropogenic CO2". Science. 2005 Jun 17; 308(5729):1743; author reply 1743. Keeling RF. PMID: 15961656.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
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