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    Arthur Lam

    TitleAssociate Physician Diplomate
    SchoolUniversity of California, San Diego
    DepartmentAnesthesiology
    Address9300 Campus Point Drive #7770
    CA La Jolla 92037
    Phone619-543-6240
    vCardDownload vCard

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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Claude Hemphill J, Lam A. Emergency Neurological Life Support: Intracerebral Hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2017 Sep 14. PMID: 28913708.
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      2. Gabel BC, Lam A, Chapman JR, Oskouian RJ, Nassr A, Currier BL, Sebastian AS, Arnold PM, Hamilton SR, Fehlings MG, Mroz TE, Riew KD. Perioperative Vision Loss in Cervical Spinal Surgery. Global Spine J. 2017 Apr; 7(1 Suppl):91S-95S. PMID: 28451500.
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      3. Schmidt BE, Lam A. "Wave" of the Future in Neuroanesthesiology Too! Anesth Analg. 2017 Jan; 124(1):371. PMID: 27984312.
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      4. Cruz AS, Moisi M, Page J, Shane Tubbs R, Paulson D, Zwillman M, Oskouian R, Lam A, Newell DW. Venous air embolus during prone cervical spine fusion: case report. J Neurosurg Spine. 2016 Dec; 25(6):681-684. PMID: 27448172.
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      5. Lam A, Kianpour D. Monitoring for carotid endarterectomy: more or less? Anesth Analg. 2015 Jun; 120(6):1186-8. PMID: 25988628.
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      6. Togashi K, Joffe AM, Sekhar L, Kim L, Lam A, Yanez D, Broeckel-Elrod JA, Moore A, Deem S, Khandelwal N, Souter MJ, Treggiari MM. Randomized pilot trial of intensive management of blood pressure or volume expansion in subarachnoid hemorrhage (IMPROVES). Neurosurgery. 2015 Feb; 76(2):125-34; discussion 134-5; quiz 135. PMID: 25549192.
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      7. Lam A. Plagiarism by any other name (author)? Anesth Analg. 2014 Sep; 119(3):749. PMID: 25137008.
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      8. Mehta SP, Keogh BP, Lam A. An epidural blood patch causing acute neurologic dysfunction necessitating a decompressive laminectomy. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2014 Jan-Feb; 39(1):78-80. PMID: 24310044.
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      9. Bilotta F, Dei Giudici L, Lam A, Rosa G. Ultrasound-based imaging in neurocritical care patients: a review of clinical applications. Neurol Res. 2013 Mar; 35(2):149-58. PMID: 23452577.
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      10. Lam A, Baldwin G. Blood pressure and adverse perioperative neurologic outcomes: an uncomfortable position. Anesth Analg. 2012 Jun; 114(6):1156-9. PMID: 22615443.
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      11. Sharma D, Souter MJ, Moore AE, Lam A. Clinical experience with transcranial Doppler ultrasonography as a confirmatory test for brain death: a retrospective analysis. Neurocrit Care. 2011 Jun; 14(3):370-6. PMID: 20694525.
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      12. Dagal A, Lam A. Cerebral blood flow and the injured brain: how should we monitor and manipulate it? Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2011 Apr; 24(2):131-7. PMID: 21386665.
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      13. Meyer R, Deem S, Yanez ND, Souter M, Lam A, Treggiari MM. Current practices of triple-H prophylaxis and therapy in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2011 Feb; 14(1):24-36. PMID: 20838932.
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      14. Guinn NR, McDonagh DL, Borel CO, Wright DR, Zomorodi AR, Powers CJ, Warner DS, Lam A, Britz GW. Adenosine-induced transient asystole for intracranial aneurysm surgery: a retrospective review. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2011 Jan; 23(1):35-40. PMID: 20706138.
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      15. Gabikian P, Walker M, Chowdhary AM, Lam A, Britz GW. Paradoxical emboli secondary to hepatic pathology: common or coincidental? Case Rep Med. 2009; 2009:184192. PMID: 19997516; PMCID: PMC2786997.
      16. Dagal A, Lam A. Cerebral autoregulation and anesthesia. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2009 Oct; 22(5):547-52. PMID: 19620861.
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      17. Ramaiah R, Lam A. Postoperative cognitive dysfunction in the elderly. Anesthesiol Clin. 2009 Sep; 27(3):485-96, table of contents. PMID: 19825488.
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      18. Rozet I, Tontisirin N, Vavilala MS, Treggiari MM, Lee LA, Lam A. Prolonged propofol anesthesia is not associated with an increase in blood lactate. Anesth Analg. 2009 Oct; 109(4):1105-10. PMID: 19641048.
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      19. Kincaid MS, Souter MJ, Treggiari MM, Yanez ND, Moore A, Lam A. Accuracy of transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and single-photon emission computed tomography in the diagnosis of angiographically demonstrated cerebral vasospasm. J Neurosurg. 2009 Jan; 110(1):67-72. PMID: 18821830.
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      20. Lam A. Editorial comment. Neuroanesthesia and neurocritical care. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2008 Oct; 21(5):529. PMID: 18784474.
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      21. Bilotta F, Lam A, Doronzio A, Cuzzone V, Delfini R, Rosa G. Esmolol blunts postoperative hemodynamic changes after propofol-remifentanil total intravenous fast-track neuroanesthesia for intracranial surgery. J Clin Anesth. 2008 Sep; 20(6):426-30. PMID: 18929282.
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      22. Lee LA, Deem S, Glenny RW, Townsend I, Moulding J, An D, Treggiari MM, Lam A. Effects of anemia and hypotension on porcine optic nerve blood flow and oxygen delivery. Anesthesiology. 2008 May; 108(5):864-72. PMID: 18431122.
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      23. Rozet I, Lam A. Propofol infusion syndrome or probable overinterpretation syndrome? Anesthesiology. 2008 Feb; 108(2):330; author reply 331-2. PMID: 18212580.
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      24. Vavilala MS, Tontisirin N, Udomphorn Y, Armstead W, Zimmerman JJ, Chesnut R, Lam A. Hemispheric differences in cerebral autoregulation in children with moderate and severe traumatic brain injury. Neurocrit Care. 2008; 9(1):45-54. PMID: 18084727.
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      25. Bilotta F, Branca G, Lam A, Cuzzone V, Doronzio A, Rosa G. Endotracheal lidocaine in preventing endotracheal suctioning-induced changes in cerebral hemodynamics in patients with severe head trauma. Neurocrit Care. 2008; 8(2):241-6. PMID: 17928962.
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      26. Rozet I, Tontisirin N, Muangman S, Vavilala MS, Souter MJ, Lee LA, Kincaid MS, Britz GW, Lam A. Effect of equiosmolar solutions of mannitol versus hypertonic saline on intraoperative brain relaxation and electrolyte balance. Anesthesiology. 2007 Nov; 107(5):697-704. PMID: 18073543.
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      27. Olivar H, Bramhall JS, Rozet I, Vavilala MS, Souter MJ, Lee LA, Lam A. Subarachnoid lumbar drains: a case series of fractured catheters and a near miss. Can J Anaesth. 2007 Oct; 54(10):829-34. PMID: 17934165.
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      28. Kincaid MS, Lam A. Pain and the craniotomy. J Neurosurg. 2007 Jun; 106(6):1136-7; author reply 1137. PMID: 17564193.
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      29. Tontisirin N, Muangman SL, Suz P, Pihoker C, Fisk D, Moore A, Lam A, Vavilala MS. Early childhood gender differences in anterior and posterior cerebral blood flow velocity and autoregulation. Pediatrics. 2007 Mar; 119(3):e610-5. PMID: 17283178.
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      30. Vavilala MS, Muangman S, Waitayawinyu P, Roscigno C, Jaffe K, Mitchell P, Kirkness C, Zimmerman JJ, Ellenbogen R, Lam A. Neurointensive care; impaired cerebral autoregulation in infants and young children early after inflicted traumatic brain injury: a preliminary report. J Neurotrauma. 2007 Jan; 24(1):87-96. PMID: 17263672.
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      31. Souter MJ, Rozet I, Ojemann JG, Souter KJ, Holmes MD, Lee L, Lam A. Dexmedetomidine sedation during awake craniotomy for seizure resection: effects on electrocorticography. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2007 Jan; 19(1):38-44. PMID: 17198099.
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      32. Rozet I, Muangman S, Vavilala MS, Lee LA, Souter MJ, Domino KJ, Slimp JC, Goodkin R, Lam A. Clinical experience with dexmedetomidine for implantation of deep brain stimulators in Parkinson's disease. Anesth Analg. 2006 Nov; 103(5):1224-8. PMID: 17056959.
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      33. Miller P, Mack CD, Sammer M, Rozet I, Lee LA, Muangman S, Wang M, Hollingworth W, Lam A, Vavilala MS. The incidence and risk factors for hypotension during emergent decompressive craniotomy in children with traumatic brain injury. Anesth Analg. 2006 Oct; 103(4):869-75. PMID: 17000796.
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      34. Sviri GE, Newell DW, Lewis DH, Douville C, Ghodke B, Chowdhary M, Lam A, Haynor D, Zaaroor M, Britz GW. Impact of basilar artery vasospasm on outcome in patients with severe cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 2006 Nov; 37(11):2738-43. PMID: 17008630.
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      35. Sviri GE, Ghodke B, Britz GW, Douville CM, Haynor DR, Mesiwala AH, Lam A, Newell DW. Transcranial Doppler grading criteria for basilar artery vasospasm. Neurosurgery. 2006 Aug; 59(2):360-6; discussion 360-6. PMID: 16883176.
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      36. Roberts JS, Vavilala MS, Schenkman KA, Shaw D, Martin LD, Lam A. Cerebral hyperemia and impaired cerebral autoregulation associated with diabetic ketoacidosis in critically ill children. Crit Care Med. 2006 Aug; 34(8):2217-23. PMID: 16763506.
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      37. Lam A. A perfect storm. N Engl J Med. 2006 Mar 02; 354(9):977-8; author reply 977-8. PMID: 16510757.
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      38. Sviri GE, Mesiwala AH, Lewis DH, Britz GW, Nemecek A, Newell DW, Lam A, Cohen W. Dynamic perfusion computerized tomography in cerebral vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a comparison with technetium-99m-labeled ethyl cysteinate dimer-single-photon emission computerized tomography. J Neurosurg. 2006 Mar; 104(3):404-10. PMID: 16572653.
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      39. Rozet I, Vavilala MS, Lindley AM, Visco E, Treggiari M, Lam A. Cerebral autoregulation and CO2 reactivity in anterior and posterior cerebral circulation during sevoflurane anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2006 Feb; 102(2):560-4. PMID: 16428561.
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      40. Mayer SA, Coplin WM, Chang C, Suarez J, Gress D, Diringer MN, Frank J, Hemphill JC, Sung G, Smith W, Manno EM, Kofke A, Lam A, Steiner T. Core curriculum and competencies for advanced training in neurological intensive care: United Council for Neurologic Subspecialties guidelines. Neurocrit Care. 2006; 5(2):159-65. PMID: 17099263.
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      41. Mayer SA, Coplin WM, Chang C, Suarez J, Gress D, Diringer MN, Frank J, Hemphill JC, Sung G, Smith W, Manno EM, Kofke A, Lam A, Steiner T. Program requirements for fellowship training in neurological intensive care: United Council for Neurologic Subspecialties guidelines. Neurocrit Care. 2006; 5(2):166-71. PMID: 17099264.
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      42. Suz P, Vavilala MS, Souter M, Muangman S, Lam A. Clinical features of fever associated with poor outcome in severe pediatric traumatic brain injury. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2006 Jan; 18(1):5-10. PMID: 16369134.
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      43. Rozet I, Newell DW, Lam A. Intraoperative jugular bulb desaturation during acute aneurysmal rupture. Can J Anaesth. 2006 Jan; 53(1):97-100. PMID: 16371617.
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      44. Vavilala MS, Muangman S, Tontisirin N, Fisk D, Roscigno C, Mitchell P, Kirkness C, Zimmerman JJ, Chesnut R, Lam A. Impaired cerebral autoregulation and 6-month outcome in children with severe traumatic brain injury: preliminary findings. Dev Neurosci. 2006; 28(4-5):348-53. PMID: 16943658.
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      45. Coates BM, Vavilala MS, Mack CD, Muangman S, Suz P, Sharar SR, Bulger E, Lam A. Influence of definition and location of hypotension on outcome following severe pediatric traumatic brain injury. Crit Care Med. 2005 Nov; 33(11):2645-50. PMID: 16276192; PMCID: PMC1361352.
      46. Vavilala MS, Kincaid MS, Muangman SL, Suz P, Rozet I, Lam A. Gender differences in cerebral blood flow velocity and autoregulation between the anterior and posterior circulations in healthy children. Pediatr Res. 2005 Sep; 58(3):574-8. PMID: 16148076; PMCID: PMC1361350.
      47. McCulloch TJ, Boesel TW, Lam A. The effect of hypocapnia on the autoregulation of cerebral blood flow during administration of isoflurane. Anesth Analg. 2005 May; 100(5):1463-7, table of contents. PMID: 15845706.
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      48. Vavilala MS, Lam A. Identification of pressure passive cerebral perfusion and its mediators after infant cardiac surgery. Pediatr Res. 2005 May; 57(5 Pt 1):749; author reply 749. PMID: 15817492.
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      49. Vavilala MS, Souter MJ, Lam A. Hyperemia and impaired cerebral autoregulation in a surgical patient with diabetic ketoacidosis. Can J Anaesth. 2005 Mar; 52(3):323-6. PMID: 15753506.
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      50. Lee LA, Nathens AB, Sires BS, McMurray MK, Lam A. Blindness in the intensive care unit: possible role for vasopressors? Anesth Analg. 2005 Jan; 100(1):192-5. PMID: 15616077.
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      51. Kincaid MS, Douville CM, Lam A. Perioperative use of transcranial Doppler. Anesth Analg. 2005 Jan; 100(1):291-2; author reply 292. PMID: 15616095.
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      52. Steinberg GK, Ogilvy CS, Shuer LM, Connolly ES, Solomon RA, Lam A, Kassell NF, Baker CJ, Giannotta SL, Cockroft KM, Bell-Stephens TE, Allgren RL. Comparison of endovascular and surface cooling during unruptured cerebral aneurysm repair. Neurosurgery. 2004 Aug; 55(2):307-14; discussion 314-5. PMID: 15271236.
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      53. Kofke WA, Lam A. Second annual meeting of the Neurocritical Care Society: San Diego, California February 7-8, 2004. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2004 Jul; 16(3):257-8. PMID: 15211166.
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      54. Vavilala MS, Lam A. CBF reactivity to changes in MAP (cerebral autoregulation) or CO2 (CO2 reactivity) is lost in hypotensive, ventilated, preterm infants. Pediatr Res. 2004 May; 55(5):898; author reply 898-9. PMID: 15100394.
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      55. Vavilala MS, Lee LA, Boddu K, Visco E, Newell DW, Zimmerman JJ, Lam A. Cerebral autoregulation in pediatric traumatic brain injury. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2004 May; 5(3):257-63. PMID: 15115564.
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      56. Rozet I, Vavilala MS, Souter M, Lam A. Global cerebral edema and subarachnoid hemorrhage in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2004 Apr; 16(2):164-6. PMID: 15021288.
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      57. Lee LA, Vavilala MS, Lam A, Douville C, Moore A, Visco E, Newell DW. Ophthalmic artery blood flow velocity increases during hypocapnia. Can J Anaesth. 2004 Apr; 51(4):388-92. PMID: 15064270.
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      58. Vavilala MS, Bowen A, Lam A, Uffman JC, Powell J, Winn HR, Rivara FP. Blood pressure and outcome after severe pediatric traumatic brain injury. J Trauma. 2003 Dec; 55(6):1039-44. PMID: 14676648.
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      59. Vavilala MS, Lee LA, Lam A. The lower limit of cerebral autoregulation in children during sevoflurane anesthesia. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2003 Oct; 15(4):307-12. PMID: 14508171.
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      60. Lam A. SNACC should develop neuroanesthesia practice guidelines: the specialty needs it, the patient deserves it, and the third party will soon demand it. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2003 Oct; 15(4):334-6. PMID: 14508178.
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      61. Vavilala MS, Lee LA, Lee M, Graham A, Visco E, Lam A. Cerebral autoregulation in children during sevoflurane anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth. 2003 May; 90(5):636-41. PMID: 12697592.
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      62. Vavilala MS, Lam A. Propofol decreases cerebral blood flow velocity in anesthetized children. Can J Anaesth. 2003 May; 50(5):527-8; author reply 528. PMID: 12734174.
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      63. Britz GW, Newell DW, West GA, Lam A. The ISAT trial. Lancet. 2003 Feb 01; 361(9355):431-2; author reply 432. PMID: 12573405.
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      64. Ludbrook GL, Visco E, Lam A. Propofol: relation between brain concentrations, electroencephalogram, middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity, and cerebral oxygen extraction during induction of anesthesia. Anesthesiology. 2002 Dec; 97(6):1363-70. PMID: 12459660.
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      65. Boddu K, Vavilala MS, Stevenson JG, Lam A. The use of transesophageal echocardiography to facilitate removal of a thoracic nail. Anesth Analg. 2002 Sep; 95(3):624-6, table of contents. PMID: 12198049.
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      66. Lee LA, Lam A, Roth S. Causes of elevated intraocular pressure during prone spine surgery. Anesthesiology. 2002 Sep; 97(3):759; author reply 760. PMID: 12218559.
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      67. Vavilala MS, Lee LA, Lam A. Cerebral blood flow and vascular physiology. Anesthesiol Clin North America. 2002 Jun; 20(2):247-64, v. PMID: 12165993.
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      68. Benumof JL, Mazzei W, Roth S, Barach P, Lam A, Lee LA. Multifactorial etiology of postoperative vision loss. Anesthesiology. 2002 Jun; 96(6):1531-2; author reply 1532-3. PMID: 12170079.
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      69. Bernards CM, Artru A, Visco E, Powers KM, Lam A. Chronic cocaine exposure alters carbon dioxide reactivity but does not affect cerebral blood flow autoregulation in anesthetized dogs. J Trauma. 2002 May; 52(5):912-21. PMID: 11988659.
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      70. Vavilala MS, Newell DW, Junger E, Douville CM, Aaslid R, Rivara FP, Lam A. Dynamic cerebral autoregulation in healthy adolescents. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2002 Apr; 46(4):393-7. PMID: 11952439.
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      71. Lee LA, Sharar SR, Lam A. Perioperative head injury management in the multiply injured trauma patient. Int Anesthesiol Clin. 2002; 40(3):31-52. PMID: 12055511.
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      72. Vavilala MS, Lam A. Perioperative considerations in pediatric traumatic brain injury. Int Anesthesiol Clin. 2002; 40(3):69-87. PMID: 12055513.
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      73. Lee LA, Lam A. Unilateral blindness after prone lumbar spine surgery. Anesthesiology. 2001 Sep; 95(3):793-5. PMID: 11575556.
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      74. Vavilala MS, Roberts JS, Moore AE, Newell DW, Lam A. The influence of inhaled nitric oxide on cerebral blood flow and metabolism in a child with traumatic brain injury. Anesth Analg. 2001 Aug; 93(2):351-3 , 3rd contents page. PMID: 11473859.
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      75. Vavilala MS, Lee LA, Morris GP, Lam A. Cerebral autoregulation before and after blood transfusion in a child. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2001 Jul; 13(3):233-6. PMID: 11426098.
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      76. Lam A, Warner DS. Opiates, intracranial pressure, and autoregulation. Anesthesiology. 2001 Jan; 94(1):177-8. PMID: 11135743.
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      77. Deliganis AV, Fisher DJ, Lam A, Maravilla KR. Cerebrospinal fluid signal intensity increase on FLAIR MR images in patients under general anesthesia: the role of supplemental O2. Radiology. 2001 Jan; 218(1):152-6. PMID: 11152794.
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      78. Lam A. Standards of neuroanesthesia. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2001; 78:93-6. PMID: 11840740.
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      79. Vavilala MS, Dunbar PJ, Rivara FP, Lam A. Coagulopathy predicts poor outcome following head injury in children less than 16 years of age. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2001 Jan; 13(1):13-8. PMID: 11145472.
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      80. McCulloch TJ, Visco E, Lam A. Graded hypercapnia and cerebral autoregulation during sevoflurane or propofol anesthesia. Anesthesiology. 2000 Nov; 93(5):1205-9. PMID: 11046207.
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      81. Lam A, Pavlin EG, Visco E, Taraday J. Rocuronium versus succinylcholine-atracurium for tracheal intubation and maintenance relaxation during propofol anesthesia. J Clin Anesth. 2000 Sep; 12(6):449-53. PMID: 11090730.
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      82. Lam A. Endarterectomy and anesthesia. J Neurosurg. 2000 Aug; 93(2):363-4. PMID: 10930027.
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      83. Lam A, Vavilala MS. Macroglossia: compartment syndrome of the tongue? Anesthesiology. 2000 Jun; 92(6):1832-5. PMID: 10839938.
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      84. Fletcher S, Lam A. Improving outcome for the injured brain and spinal cord. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2000 Apr; 13(2):155-60. PMID: 17016295.
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      85. Lam A, Artru AA. Sevoflurane and lumbar cerebrospinal fluid. Anesthesiology. 2000 Mar; 92(3):898-9. PMID: 10719980.
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      86. Vavilala MS, Lam A. Intraoperative intracranial pressure monitoring in pneumococcal meningitis. Anesth Analg. 2000 Jan; 90(1):107-8. PMID: 10624987.
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      87. Vavilala MS, Lam A. Neostigmine for acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. N Engl J Med. 1999 Nov 18; 341(21):1622; author reply 1623. PMID: 10577130.
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      88. Coplin WM, Longstreth WT, Lam A, Chandler WL, Mayberg TS, Fine JS, Winn HR. Cerebrospinal fluid creatine kinase-BB isoenzyme activity and outcome after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Arch Neurol. 1999 Nov; 56(11):1348-52. PMID: 10555654.
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      89. Lam A. The difficult airway and BURP--a truly Canadian perspective. Can J Anaesth. 1999 Mar; 46(3):298-9. PMID: 10210062.
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      90. Dunbar PJ, Visco E, Lam A. Craniotomy procedures are associated with less analgesic requirements than other surgical procedures. Anesth Analg. 1999 Feb; 88(2):335-40. PMID: 9972752.
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      91. Dangor AA, Lam A. Anesthesia for cerebral aneurysm surgery. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 1998 Oct; 9(4):647-59. PMID: 9738097.
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      92. Gurevich B, Artru AA, Lam A, Mueller AL, Merkind V, Talmor D, Katchko L, Shapira Y. Neuroprotective effects of NPS 846, a novel N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, after closed head trauma in rats. J Neurosurg. 1998 Jun; 88(6):1066-74. PMID: 9609302.
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      93. Coplin WM, O'Keefe GE, Grady MS, Grant GA, March KS, Winn HR, Lam A. Accuracy of continuous jugular bulb oximetry in the intensive care unit. Neurosurgery. 1998 Mar; 42(3):533-9; discussion 539-40. PMID: 9526988.
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      94. Rosen DM, Lam A, Carlton MA, Cario GM, McBride L. Analgesia following major gynecological laparoscopic surgery--PCA versus intermittent intramuscular injection. JSLS. 1998 Jan-Mar; 2(1):25-9. PMID: 9876706; PMCID: PMC3015270.
      95. Shapira Y, Gurman G, Artru AA, Ousyscher IE, Lam A, Kollender Y, Meller I. Combined hemodilution and hypotension monitored with jugular bulb oxygen saturation, EEG, and ECG decreases transfusion volume and length of ICU stay for major orthopedic surgery. J Clin Anesth. 1997 Dec; 9(8):643-9. PMID: 9438892.
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      96. Lam A. Visual disturbance and residual paralysis. Anesthesiology. 1997 Nov; 87(5):1257-9. PMID: 9366487.
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      97. Artru AA, Lam A, Johnson JO, Sperry RJ. Intracranial pressure, middle cerebral artery flow velocity, and plasma inorganic fluoride concentrations in neurosurgical patients receiving sevoflurane or isoflurane. Anesth Analg. 1997 Sep; 85(3):587-92. PMID: 9296414.
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      98. Le Roux PD, Newell DW, Lam A, Grady MS, Winn HR. Cerebral arteriovenous oxygen difference: a predictor of cerebral infarction and outcome in patients with severe head injury. J Neurosurg. 1997 Jul; 87(1):1-8. PMID: 9202258.
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      99. Coplin WM, O'Keefe GE, Grady MS, Grant GA, March KS, Winn HR, Lam A. Thrombotic, infectious, and procedural complications of the jugular bulb catheter in the intensive care unit. Neurosurgery. 1997 Jul; 41(1):101-7; discussion 107-9. PMID: 9218301.
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      100. Lam A, Coplin WM. Pentobarbital and venous oxygenation. J Neurosurg. 1997 Jun; 86(6):1070-2. PMID: 9171196.
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      101. Shapira Y, Lam A, Paez A, Artru AA, Laohaprasit V, Donato T. The influence of acute and chronic alcohol treatment on brain edema, cerebral infarct volume and neurological outcome following experimental head trauma in rats. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 1997 Apr; 9(2):118-27. PMID: 9100180.
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      102. Matta BF, Lam A. The rate of blood withdrawal affects the accuracy of jugular venous bulb. Oxygen saturation measurements. Anesthesiology. 1997 Apr; 86(4):806-8. PMID: 9105224.
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      103. J√ľnger EC, Newell DW, Grant GA, Avellino AM, Ghatan S, Douville CM, Lam A, Aaslid R, Winn HR. Cerebral autoregulation following minor head injury. J Neurosurg. 1997 Mar; 86(3):425-32. PMID: 9046298.
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      104. Strebel S, Lam A, Matta BF, Newell DW. Impaired cerebral autoregulation after mild brain injury. Surg Neurol. 1997 Feb; 47(2):128-31. PMID: 9040813.
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      105. Shapira Y, Gurevich B, Artru AA, Lam A, Israel E, Zachari S, Gurman G, Feldman Z. Influence of closed head injury on isoflurane MAC in the rat. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 1997 Jan; 9(1):51-7. PMID: 9016441.
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      106. Shapira Y, Talmor D, Artru AA, Lam A. Resident education and unreviewed material. Anesth Analg. 1996 Oct; 83(4):886. PMID: 8831342.
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      107. Mayberg TS, Lam A, Matta BF, Visco E. The variability of cerebrovascular reactivity with posture and time. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 1996 Oct; 8(4):268-72. PMID: 8884622.
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      108. Lam A, Newell DW. Intraoperative use of transcranial Doppler ultrasonography. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 1996 Oct; 7(4):709-22. PMID: 8905782.
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      109. Mayberg TS, Lam A. Jugular bulb oximetry for the monitoring of cerebral blood flow and metabolism. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 1996 Oct; 7(4):755-65. PMID: 8905787.
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      110. Tiecks FP, Douville C, Byrd S, Lam A, Newell DW. Evaluation of impaired cerebral autoregulation by the Valsalva maneuver. Stroke. 1996 Jul; 27(7):1177-82. PMID: 8685924.
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      111. Gordon EL, Meno JR, Ngai AC, Lam A, Winn HR. Anesthetic-dependent pial arteriolar response to ethanol. J Neurosurg. 1995 Nov; 83(5):875-7. PMID: 7472557.
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      112. Matta BF, Mayberg TS, Lam A. Direct cerebrovasodilatory effects of halothane, isoflurane, and desflurane during propofol-induced isoelectric electroencephalogram in humans. Anesthesiology. 1995 Nov; 83(5):980-5; discussion 27A. PMID: 7486184.
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      113. Tiecks FP, Lam A, Matta BF, Strebel S, Douville C, Newell DW. Effects of the valsalva maneuver on cerebral circulation in healthy adults. A transcranial Doppler Study. Stroke. 1995 Aug; 26(8):1386-92. PMID: 7631342.
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      114. Strebel S, Lam A, Matta B, Mayberg TS, Aaslid R, Newell DW. Dynamic and static cerebral autoregulation during isoflurane, desflurane, and propofol anesthesia. Anesthesiology. 1995 Jul; 83(1):66-76. PMID: 7605020.
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      115. Gunn HC, Matta BF, Lam A, Mayberg TS. Accuracy of continuous jugular bulb venous oximetry during intracranial surgery. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 1995 Jul; 7(3):174-7. PMID: 7549368.
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      116. Mayberg TS, Lam A, Matta BF, Domino KB, Winn HR. Ketamine does not increase cerebral blood flow velocity or intracranial pressure during isoflurane/nitrous oxide anesthesia in patients undergoing craniotomy. Anesth Analg. 1995 Jul; 81(1):84-9. PMID: 7598288.
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      117. Lam A, Matta BF, Mayberg TS, Strebel S. Change in cerebral blood flow velocity with onset of EEG silence during inhalation anesthesia in humans: evidence of flow-metabolism coupling? J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1995 Jul; 15(4):714-7. PMID: 7790421.
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      118. Lam A. Intraoperative transcranial Doppler monitoring. Anesthesiology. 1995 Jun; 82(6):1536-7. PMID: 7793673.
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      119. Tiecks FP, Lam A, Aaslid R, Newell DW. Comparison of static and dynamic cerebral autoregulation measurements. Stroke. 1995 Jun; 26(6):1014-9. PMID: 7762016.
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      120. Matta BF, Lam A. Nitrous oxide increases cerebral blood flow velocity during pharmacologically induced EEG silence in humans. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 1995 Apr; 7(2):89-93. PMID: 7772973.
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      121. Matta BF, Lam A, Mayberg TS, Eng CC, Strebel S. Cerebrovascular response to carbon dioxide during sodium nitroprusside- and isoflurane-induced hypotension. Br J Anaesth. 1995 Mar; 74(3):296-300. PMID: 7718375.
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      122. Matta BF, Lam A, Strebel S, Mayberg TS. Cerebral pressure autoregulation and carbon dioxide reactivity during propofol-induced EEG suppression. Br J Anaesth. 1995 Feb; 74(2):159-63. PMID: 7696064.
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      123. Matta BF, Lam A, Mayberg TS. The influence of arterial oxygenation on cerebral venous oxygen saturation during hyperventilation. Can J Anaesth. 1994 Nov; 41(11):1041-6. PMID: 7828249.
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      124. Matta BF, Lam A, Mayberg TS, Shapira Y, Winn HR. A critique of the intraoperative use of jugular venous bulb catheters during neurosurgical procedures. Anesth Analg. 1994 Oct; 79(4):745-50. PMID: 7943786.
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      125. Shapira Y, Lam A, Eng CC, Laohaprasit V, Michel M. Therapeutic time window and dose response of the beneficial effects of ketamine in experimental head injury. Stroke. 1994 Aug; 25(8):1637-43. PMID: 8042217.
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      126. Lam A, Sharar SR, Mayberg TS, Eng CC. Isoflurane compared with nitrous oxide anaesthesia for intraoperative monitoring of somatosensory-evoked potentials. Can J Anaesth. 1994 Apr; 41(4):295-300. PMID: 8004734.
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      127. Kovarik WD, Mayberg TS, Lam A, Mathisen TL, Winn HR. Succinylcholine does not change intracranial pressure, cerebral blood flow velocity, or the electroencephalogram in patients with neurologic injury. Anesth Analg. 1994 Mar; 78(3):469-73. PMID: 8109761.
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      128. Lam A, Mayberg TS, Eng CC, Cooper JO, Bachenberg KL, Mathisen TL. Nitrous oxide-isoflurane anesthesia causes more cerebral vasodilation than an equipotent dose of isoflurane in humans. Anesth Analg. 1994 Mar; 78(3):462-8. PMID: 7880215.
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      129. Manninen PH, Patterson S, Lam A, Gelb AW, Nantau WE. Evoked potential monitoring during posterior fossa aneurysm surgery: a comparison of two modalities. Can J Anaesth. 1994 Feb; 41(2):92-7. PMID: 8131241.
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      130. Lam A, Mayberg TS. Opioids and cerebral blood flow velocity. Anesthesiology. 1993 Sep; 79(3):616-7. PMID: 8267723.
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      131. Lam A, Eng C, Shapira Y, Mayberg TS. The mystery of cerebral venous hemoglobin desaturation during rewarming: what is "the solution?". Anesth Analg. 1993 Feb; 76(2):451-2. PMID: 8297400.
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      132. Mayberg TS, Lam A, Eng CC, Laohaprasit V, Winn HR. The effect of alfentanil on cerebral blood flow velocity and intracranial pressure during isoflurane-nitrous oxide anesthesia in humans. Anesthesiology. 1993 Feb; 78(2):288-94. PMID: 8439024.
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      133. Eng CC, Lam A, Byrd S, Newell DW. The diagnosis and management of a perianesthetic cerebral aneurysmal rupture aided with transcranial Doppler ultrasonography. Anesthesiology. 1993 Jan; 78(1):191-4. PMID: 8424553.
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      134. Eng C, Lam A, Mayberg TS, Lee C, Mathisen T. The influence of propofol with and without nitrous oxide on cerebral blood flow velocity and CO2 reactivity in humans. Anesthesiology. 1992 Nov; 77(5):872-9. PMID: 1443739.
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      135. Shapira Y, Artru AA, Lam A. Ketamine decreases cerebral infarct volume and improves neurological outcome following experimental head trauma in rats. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 1992 Oct; 4(4):231-40. PMID: 15815471.
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      136. Lam A, Mayberg TS. Use of nitrous oxide in neuroanesthesia: why bother? J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 1992 Oct; 4(4):285-9. PMID: 15815478.
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      137. Domino KB, Hemstad JR, Lam A, Laohaprasit V, Mayberg TA, Harrison SD, Grady MS, Winn HR. Effect of nitrous oxide on intracranial pressure after cranial-dural closure in patients undergoing craniotomy. Anesthesiology. 1992 Sep; 77(3):421-5. PMID: 1519779.
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      138. Shapira Y, Lam A, Pavlin EG. The evidence that a serotonergic mechanism plays an important role in cryogenic brain injury: are the results conclusive? Anesthesiology. 1992 Jul; 77(1):210-1. PMID: 1445544.
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      139. Shapira Y, Lam A, Artru AA, Shohami E. Hypothermia but not NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 attenuates neuron damage: are the results conclusive? J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 1992 Jul; 4(3):221-2; author reply 222-4. PMID: 15815467.
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      140. Lam A, Artru AA. Autoregulation of cerebral blood flow in response to adenosine-induced hypotension in dogs. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 1992 Apr; 4(2):120-7. PMID: 15815451.
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      141. Lam A. Change in cerebral blood flow velocity pattern during induced hypotension: a non-invasive indicator of increased intracranial pressure? Br J Anaesth. 1992 Apr; 68(4):424-8. PMID: 1642924.
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      142. Shapira Y, Artru AA, Lam A. Changes in the rate of formation and resistance to reabsorption of cerebrospinal fluid during deliberate hypotension induced with adenosine or hemorrhage. Anesthesiology. 1992 Mar; 76(3):432-9. PMID: 1539856.
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      143. Lam A, Winn HR, Cullen BF, Sundling N. Hyperglycemia and neurological outcome in patients with head injury. J Neurosurg. 1991 Oct; 75(4):545-51. PMID: 1885972.
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      144. Lam A, Manninen PH, Ferguson GG, Nantau W. Monitoring electrophysiologic function during carotid endarterectomy: a comparison of somatosensory evoked potentials and conventional electroencephalogram. Anesthesiology. 1991 Jul; 75(1):15-21. PMID: 2064043.
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      145. Lam A. Acute spinal cord injury: monitoring and anaesthetic implications. Can J Anaesth. 1991 May; 38(4 Pt 2):R60-73. PMID: 2060076.
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      146. Sharpe MD, Moote CA, Lam A, Manninen PH. Comparison of integrated evoked EMG between the hypothenar and facial muscle groups following atracurium and vecuronium administration. Can J Anaesth. 1991 Apr; 38(3):318-23. PMID: 1674676.
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      147. Lam A. Isoflurane and brain protection: lack of clear-cut evidence is not clear-cut evidence of lack. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 1990 Dec; 2(4):315-8. PMID: 15815371.
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      148. Hirst RP, Slee TA, Lam A. Changes in cerebral blood flow velocity after release of intraoperative tourniquets in humans: a transcranial Doppler study. Anesth Analg. 1990 Nov; 71(5):503-10. PMID: 2221410.
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      149. Manninen PH, Lam A, Nantau WE. Monitoring of somatosensory evoked potentials during temporary arterial occlusion in cerebral aneurysm surgery. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 1990 Jun; 2(2):97-104. PMID: 15815328.
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      150. Lam A. The choice of controlled hypotension during repair of intracranial aneurysms: techniques and complications. Agressologie. 1990 Jun; 31(6):357-9. PMID: 1980992.
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      151. Lam A, Slee T, Hirst R, Cooper JO, Pavlin EG, Sundling N. Cerebral blood flow velocity following tourniquet release in humans. Can J Anaesth. 1990 May; 37(4 Pt 2):S29. PMID: 2113839.
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      152. Lam A, Winn HR, Grady MS, Sundling N. Catecholamine level and plasma renin activity during induced hypotension--adenosine vs sodium nitroprusside. Can J Anaesth. 1990 May; 37(4 Pt 2):S31. PMID: 2193746.
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      153. Lam A, Manninen PH. Catecholamine release during isoflurane-induced hypotension. Anesth Analg. 1990 Apr; 70(4):466-7. PMID: 2316893.
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      154. Dowman R, Boisvert DP, Gelb AW, Tang C, Lam A, Meilke B. Changes in the somatosensory evoked potential during and immediately following temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion predict somatosensory cortex ischemic lesions in monkeys. J Clin Neurophysiol. 1990 Apr; 7(2):269-81. PMID: 2338454.
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      155. Sharpe MD, Lam A, Nicholas JF, Chung DC, Merchant R, Alyafi W, Beauchamp R. Correlation between integrated evoked EMG and respiratory function following atracurium administration in unanaesthetized humans. Can J Anaesth. 1990 Apr; 37(3):307-12. PMID: 2322969.
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      156. Manninen PH, Gelb AW, Lam A, Moote CA, Contreras J. Perioperative monitoring of the electrocardiogram during cerebral aneurysm surgery. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 1990 Mar; 2(1):16-22. PMID: 15815312.
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      157. Lam A, Nicholls SC. Concurrent monitoring of brainstem auditory and somatosensory evoked potentials during carotid endarterectomy. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 1990 Mar; 2(1):36-41. PMID: 15815315.
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      158. Gelb AW, Boisvert DP, Tang C, Lam A, Marchak BE, Dowman R, Mielke BW. Primate brain tolerance to temporary focal cerebral ischemia during isoflurane- or sodium nitroprusside-induced hypotension. Anesthesiology. 1989 Apr; 70(4):678-83. PMID: 2930005.
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      159. Boisvert DP, Gelb AW, Tang C, Lam A, Mielke B, Dowman R. Brain tolerance to middle cerebral artery occlusion during hypotension in primates. Surg Neurol. 1989 Jan; 31(1):6-13. PMID: 2919362.
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      160. Gelb AW, Steinberg GK, Lam A, Manninen PH, Peerless SJ, Rassi-Neto A. The effects of a prophylactic bolus of lidocaine in focal cerebral ischaemia. Can J Anaesth. 1988 Sep; 35(5):489-93. PMID: 3168133.
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      161. Macnab MS, Manninen PH, Lam A, Gelb AW. The stress response to induced hypotension for cerebral aneurysm surgery: a comparison of two hypotensive techniques. Can J Anaesth. 1988 Mar; 35(2):111-5. PMID: 3281763.
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      162. Manninen PH, Lam A, Gelb AW. Electrocardiographic changes during and after isoflurane-induced hypotension for neurovascular surgery. Can J Anaesth. 1987 Nov; 34(6):549-54. PMID: 3677277.
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      163. Manninen PH, Lam A, Gelb AW, Brown SC. The effect of high-dose mannitol on serum and urine electrolytes and osmolality in neurosurgical patients. Can J Anaesth. 1987 Sep; 34(5):442-6. PMID: 3117392.
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      164. Lam A. Do evoked potentials have any value in anaesthesia? Can J Anaesth. 1987 May; 34 Suppl 1:S32-6. PMID: 20640736.
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      165. Brown SC, Lam A. Moyamoya disease--a review of clinical experience and anaesthetic management. Can J Anaesth. 1987 Jan; 34(1):71-5. PMID: 3103944.
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      166. Neil SG, Lam A, Turnbull KW, Tremper KK. A panel summary: Monitoring of oxygen. Can J Anaesth. 1987 Jan; 34(1):56-63. PMID: 3829286.
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      167. Lam A, Grace DM, Penny FJ, Vezina WC. Prophylactic intravenous cimetidine reduces the risk of acid aspiration in morbidly obese patients. Anesthesiology. 1986 Dec; 65(6):684-7. PMID: 3789444.
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      168. Steinberg GK, Gelb AW, Lam A, Manninen PH, Peerless SJ, Rassi Neto A, Floyd P. Correlation between somatosensory evoked potentials and neuronal ischemic changes following middle cerebral artery occlusion. Stroke. 1986 Nov-Dec; 17(6):1193-7. PMID: 3810720.
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      169. Newman B, Lam A. Induced hypotension for clipping of a cerebral aneurysm during pregnancy: a case report and brief review. Anesth Analg. 1986 Jun; 65(6):675-8. PMID: 3706805.
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      170. Newman B, Gelb AW, Lam A. The effect of isoflurane-induced hypotension on cerebral blood flow and cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen in humans. Anesthesiology. 1986 Mar; 64(3):307-10. PMID: 3082250.
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      171. Lam A, Keane JF, Manninen PH. Monitoring of brainstem auditory evoked potentials during basilar artery occlusion in man. Br J Anaesth. 1985 Sep; 57(9):924-8. PMID: 4027108.
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      172. Manninen PH, Lam A, Nicholas JF. The effects of isoflurane and isoflurane-nitrous oxide anesthesia on brainstem auditory evoked potentials in humans. Anesth Analg. 1985 Jan; 64(1):43-7. PMID: 3966651.
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      173. Nicholas JF, Lam A. Isoflurane-induced hypotension does not cause impairment in pulmonary gas exchange. Can Anaesth Soc J. 1984 Jul; 31(4):352-8. PMID: 6744087.
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      174. Lam A, Gelb AW. Succinylcholine and intracranial pressure--a cause for "pause". Anesth Analg. 1984 Jun; 63(6):620-2. PMID: 6731884.
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      175. Lam A, Manninen PH. Is morphine-N2O technique suitable for the seated position? Anesth Analg. 1984 Feb; 63(2):169. PMID: 6691587.
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      176. Lam A, Teturswamy G. Monitoring of evoked responses during carotid endarterectomy and extracranial-intracranial anastomosis. Int Anesthesiol Clin. 1984; 22(3):107-12. PMID: 6480129.
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      177. Lam A, Gelb AW. Cardiovascular effects of isoflurane-induced hypotension for cerebral aneurysm surgery. Anesth Analg. 1983 Aug; 62(8):742-8. PMID: 6869861.
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      178. Knill RL, Lok PY, Strupat JP, Lam A. Blood solubility of isoflurane measured by a multiple gas phase equilibration technique. Can Anaesth Soc J. 1983 Mar; 30(2):155-61. PMID: 6403206.
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      179. Gelb AW, Lam A. Pseudohypotension. Anesth Analg. 1982 Aug; 61(8):713. PMID: 7201278.
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      180. Knill RL, Lam A, Thompson WR. Epidural morphine and ventilatory depression. Anesthesiology. 1982 Jun; 56(6):486-8. PMID: 7081742.
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      181. Lam A, Clement JL, Chung DC, Knill RL. Respiratory effects of nitrous during enflurane anesthesia in humans. Anesthesiology. 1982 Apr; 56(4):298-303. PMID: 6802035.
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      182. Lam A. Anesthetic considerations in the surgical repair of intracranial aneurysms: proper positioning of the patient. Int Anesthesiol Clin. 1982; 20(2):139-47. PMID: 7085095.
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