Larry Squire

Title(s)Professor, Psychiatry
SchoolVc-health Sciences-schools
Address9500 Gilman Drive #
La Jolla CA 92093
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    Biography

    Dr. Squire received his undergraduate degree from Oberlin College, his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Brain and Cognitive Sciences), and did postdoctoral study at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine before coming to UCSD. His publications include approximately 500 research articles and two books: Memory and Brain (Oxford Press, 1987) and Memory: From Mind to Molecules with Eric Kandel (Roberts and Co., 2009). He is also Senior Editor of the textbook, Fundamental Neuroscience, now in its 4th Edition and Editor-in-Chief of The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography (now in eight volumes). He served as President of the Society for Neuroscience (1993-1994) and is an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and The Institute of Medicine. He is a recipient of the Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award from the American Psychological Association, the William Middleton Award from the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Metropolitan Life Award for Medical Research, the Karl Lashley Award (American Philosophical Society), the Herbert Crosby Warren Medal (Society of Experimental Psychologists), the Award for Scientific Reviewing (National Academy of Sciences), and the Goldman-Rakic Prize (Brain and Behavior Research Foundation).

    Research Interests

    Dr. Squire’s research concerns the organization and structure of mammalian memory (humans and rodents) at the level of neural systems and cognition. A part of the research involves studies of identified neurological patients with impaired memory. The research program also involves rodents, particularly with respect to questions about the anatomy of memory and the function of the brain systems that support memory. In addition, the facility for functional imaging at UCSD is affording the possibility of studying brain systems of human memory in normal volunteers.

    Clinical Focus

    Consultation for neuropsychological evaluation of memory impairment, effects of electroconvulsive therapy on memory, and other kinds of behavioral assessment.
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    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    CSR&D Research Career Scientist Award
    NIH IK6CX001644Oct 1, 2017 - Sep 30, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The Neuropsychology of Memory
    NIH I01CX000359Oct 1, 2010 - Sep 30, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Memory Systems of the Brain
    NIH R01MH024600Jan 1, 1979 - Jun 30, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    MEMORY AS AFFECTED BY INJURY DISEASE AND ECT
    NIH R37MH024600Jan 1, 1979 - Dec 31, 1999
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    1. One-trial perceptual learning in the absence of conscious remembering and independent of the medial temporal lobe. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2021 May 11; 118(19). Squire LR, Frascino JC, Rivera CS, Heyworth NC, He BJ. PMID: 33952702.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Neuropsychological and neuropathological observations of a long-studied case of memory impairment. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020 11 24; 117(47):29883-29893. Squire LR, Kim S, Frascino JC, Annese J, Bennett J, Insausti R, Amaral DG. PMID: 33168712.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Spiking activity in the human hippocampus prior to encoding predicts subsequent memory. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020 06 16; 117(24):13767-13770. Urgolites ZJ, Wixted JT, Goldinger SD, Papesh MH, Treiman DM, Squire LR, Steinmetz PN. PMID: 32482860.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Preserved capacity for learning statistical regularities and directing selective attention after hippocampal lesions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 09 24; 116(39):19705-19710. Rungratsameetaweemana N, Squire LR, Serences JT. PMID: 31492814.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Spared Perception of the Structure of Scenes after Hippocampal Damage. J Cogn Neurosci. 2019 08; 31(8):1260-1269. Urgolites ZJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 31135253.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. The nature of recollection across months and years and after medial temporal lobe damage. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 03 05; 116(10):4619-4624. Heyworth NC, Squire LR. PMID: 30792351.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Awareness of what is learned as a characteristic of hippocampus-dependent memory. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 11 20; 115(47):11947-11952. Smith CN, Squire LR. PMID: 30397153.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Preserved capacity for scene construction and shifts in perspective after hippocampal lesions. Learn Mem. 2018 08; 25(8):347-351. Rungratsameetaweemana N, Squire LR. PMID: 30012879.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Eye movements support the link between conscious memory and medial temporal lobe function. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 07 17; 115(29):7599-7604. Urgolites ZJ, Smith CN, Squire LR. PMID: 29959209.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    10. Spared perception of object geometry and object components after hippocampal damage. Learn Mem. 2018 07; 25(7):330-334. Urgolites ZJ, Levy DA, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 29907641.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Corrigendum: The beneficial effect of prior experience on the acquisition of spatial memory in rats with CA1, but not large hippocampal lesions: a possible role for schema formation. Learn Mem. 2018 04; 25(4):197. Ocampo AC, Squire LR, Clark RE. PMID: 29545391.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    12. The beneficial effect of prior experience on the acquisition of spatial memory in rats with CA1, but not large hippocampal lesions: a possible role for schema formation. Learn Mem. 2018 03; 25(3):115-121. Ocampo AC, Squire LR, Clark RE. PMID: 29449455.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    13. Coding of episodic memory in the human hippocampus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 01 30; 115(5):1093-1098. Wixted JT, Goldinger SD, Squire LR, Kuhn JR, Papesh MH, Smith KA, Treiman DM, Steinmetz PN. PMID: 29339476.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    14. Hippocampal area CA1 and remote memory in rats. Learn Mem. 2017 11; 24(11):563-568. Ocampo AC, Squire LR, Clark RE. PMID: 29038217.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    15. Medial temporal lobe and topographical memory. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 08 08; 114(32):8626-8630. Urgolites ZJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 28739918.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Memory for relations in the short term and the long term after medial temporal lobe damage. Hippocampus. 2017 05; 27(5):608-612. Squire LR. PMID: 28188665.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. When eye movements express memory for old and new scenes in the absence of awareness and independent of hippocampus. Learn Mem. 2017 02; 24(2):95-103. Smith CN, Squire LR. PMID: 28096499.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Map reading, navigating from maps, and the medial temporal lobe. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 12 13; 113(50):14289-14293. Urgolites ZJ, Kim S, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 27911842.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Autobiographical memory, future imagining, and the medial temporal lobe. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 11 22; 113(47):13474-13479. Dede AJ, Wixted JT, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 27821735.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Learning and remembering real-world events after medial temporal lobe damage. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 11 22; 113(47):13480-13485. Dede AJ, Frascino JC, Wixted JT, Squire LR. PMID: 27821761.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Distinct roles of hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex in spatial and nonspatial memory. Hippocampus. 2016 12; 26(12):1515-1524. Sapiurka M, Squire LR, Clark RE. PMID: 27576311.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    22. True and false memories, parietal cortex, and confidence judgments. Learn Mem. 2015 Nov; 22(11):557-62. Urgolites ZJ, Smith CN, Squire LR. PMID: 26472645.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Memory consolidation. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2015 Aug 03; 7(8):a021766. Squire LR, Genzel L, Wixted JT, Morris RG. PMID: 26238360.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 83     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    24. Memory, scene construction, and the human hippocampus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Apr 14; 112(15):4767-72. Kim S, Dede AJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 25825712.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    25. Conscious and unconscious memory systems. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2015 Mar 02; 7(3):a021667. Squire LR, Dede AJ. PMID: 25731765.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Hippocampus, perirhinal cortex, and complex visual discriminations in rats and humans. Learn Mem. 2015 Feb; 22(2):83-91. Hales JB, Broadbent NJ, Velu PD, Squire LR, Clark RE. PMID: 25593294.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    27. Medial entorhinal cortex lesions only partially disrupt hippocampal place cells and hippocampus-dependent place memory. Cell Rep. 2014 Nov 06; 9(3):893-901. Hales JB, Schlesiger MI, Leutgeb JK, Squire LR, Leutgeb S, Clark RE. PMID: 25437546.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 61     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    28. When recognition memory is independent of hippocampal function. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jul 08; 111(27):9935-40. Smith CN, Jeneson A, Frascino JC, Kirwan CB, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 24958865.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Sparse and distributed coding of episodic memory in neurons of the human hippocampus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jul 01; 111(26):9621-6. Wixted JT, Squire LR, Jang Y, Papesh MH, Goldinger SD, Kuhn JR, Smith KA, Treiman DM, Steinmetz PN. PMID: 24979802.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Comparison of explicit and incidental learning strategies in memory-impaired patients. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jan 07; 111(1):475-9. Smith CN, Urgolites ZJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 24367093.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. A novel approach to an old problem: analysis of systematic errors in two models of recognition memory. Neuropsychologia. 2014 Jan; 52:51-6. Dede AJ, Squire LR, Wixted JT. PMID: 24184486.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Sparing of spatial mental imagery in patients with hippocampal lesions. Learn Mem. 2013 Oct 17; 20(11):657-63. Kim S, Borst G, Thompson WL, Hopkins RO, Kosslyn SM, Squire LR. PMID: 24136183.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. A pencil rescues impaired performance on a visual discrimination task in patients with medial temporal lobe lesions. Learn Mem. 2013 Oct 15; 20(11):607-10. Knutson AR, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 24129096.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. The nature of anterograde and retrograde memory impairment after damage to the medial temporal lobe. Neuropsychologia. 2013 Nov; 51(13):2709-14. Smith CN, Frascino JC, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 24041667.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Similarity in form and function of the hippocampus in rodents, monkeys, and humans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jun 18; 110 Suppl 2:10365-70. Clark RE, Squire LR. PMID: 23754372.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    36. Human amnesia and the medial temporal lobe illuminated by neuropsychological and neurohistological findings for patient E.P. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 May 21; 110(21):E1953-62. Insausti R, Annese J, Amaral DG, Squire LR. PMID: 23620517.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Hippocampal damage impairs recognition memory broadly, affecting both parameters in two prominent models of memory. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Apr 16; 110(16):6577-82. Dede AJ, Wixted JT, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 23576763.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Contrasting effects on path integration after hippocampal damage in humans and rats. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Mar 19; 110(12):4732-7. Kim S, Sapiurka M, Clark RE, Squire LR. PMID: 23404706.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCTClinical Trials
    39. Visual discrimination performance, memory, and medial temporal lobe function. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Aug 07; 109(32):13106-11. Knutson AR, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 22826243.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Visual working memory capacity and the medial temporal lobe. J Neurosci. 2012 Mar 07; 32(10):3584-9. Jeneson A, Wixted JT, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 22399780.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Working memory, long-term memory, and medial temporal lobe function. Learn Mem. 2012 Jan; 19(1):15-25. Jeneson A, Squire LR. PMID: 22180053.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 99     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. The hippocampus supports both recollection and familiarity when memories are strong. J Neurosci. 2011 Nov 02; 31(44):15693-702. Smith CN, Wixted JT, Squire LR. PMID: 22049412.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Medial temporal lobe function and recognition memory: a novel approach to separating the contribution of recollection and familiarity. J Neurosci. 2011 Nov 02; 31(44):16026-32. Song Z, Jeneson A, Squire LR. PMID: 22049444.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Confusion abounds about confounds: response to Diana and Ranganath. Trends Cogn Sci. 2011 Aug; 15(8):338-9. Wixted JT, Squire LR. PMID: 21764356.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. The familiarity/recollection distinction does not illuminate medial temporal lobe function: response to Montaldi and Mayes. Trends Cogn Sci. 2011 Aug; 15(8):340-1. Wixted JT, Squire LR. PMID: 21763175.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Impaired capacity for familiarity after hippocampal damage. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Jun 07; 108(23):9655-60. Song Z, Wixted JT, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 21606344.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    47. The role of the hippocampus in retaining relational information across short delays: the importance of memory load. Learn Mem. 2011; 18(5):301-5. Jeneson A, Mauldin KN, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 21502337.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Intact performance on feature-ambiguous discriminations in rats with lesions of the perirhinal cortex. Neuron. 2011 Apr 14; 70(1):132-40. Clark RE, Reinagel P, Broadbent NJ, Flister ED, Squire LR. PMID: 21482362.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    49. The medial temporal lobe and the attributes of memory. Trends Cogn Sci. 2011 May; 15(5):210-7. Wixted JT, Squire LR. PMID: 21481629.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 56     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    50. Different nonlinear functions in hippocampus and perirhinal cortex relating functional MRI activity to memory strength. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Apr 05; 108(14):5783-8. Song Z, Wixted JT, Smith CN, Squire LR. PMID: 21436048.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Memory, visual discrimination performance, and the human hippocampus. J Neurosci. 2011 Feb 16; 31(7):2624-9. Kim S, Jeneson A, van der Horst AS, Frascino JC, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 21325530.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. The cognitive neuroscience of human memory since H.M. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2011; 34:259-88. Squire LR, Wixted JT. PMID: 21456960.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 176     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    53. Sustained dorsal hippocampal activity is not obligatory for either the maintenance or retrieval of long-term spatial memory. Hippocampus. 2010 Dec; 20(12):1366-75. Broadbent NJ, Squire LR, Clark RE. PMID: 19921702.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    54. Measuring recollection and familiarity in the medial temporal lobe. Hippocampus. 2010 Nov; 20(11):1195-205. Wixted JT, Mickes L, Squire LR. PMID: 20848603.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    55. Role of the hippocampus in remembering the past and imagining the future. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Nov 02; 107(44):19044-8. Squire LR, van der Horst AS, McDuff SG, Frascino JC, Hopkins RO, Mauldin KN. PMID: 20956323.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 70     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. Intact working memory for relational information after medial temporal lobe damage. J Neurosci. 2010 Oct 13; 30(41):13624-9. Jeneson A, Mauldin KN, Squire LR. PMID: 20943903.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 43     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Recognition without awareness: an elusive phenomenon. Learn Mem. 2010 Sep; 17(9):454-9. Jeneson A, Kirwan CB, Squire LR. PMID: 20810620.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Losing memories overnight: a unique form of human amnesia. Neuropsychologia. 2010 Aug; 48(10):2833-40. Smith CN, Frascino JC, Kripke DL, McHugh PR, Treisman GJ, Squire LR. PMID: 20493889.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. The role of the human hippocampus in familiarity-based and recollection-based recognition memory. Behav Brain Res. 2010 Dec 31; 215(2):197-208. Wixted JT, Squire LR. PMID: 20412819.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. An animal model of recognition memory and medial temporal lobe amnesia: history and current issues. Neuropsychologia. 2010 Jul; 48(8):2234-44. Clark RE, Squire LR. PMID: 20144894.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    61. Recognition memory and the hippocampus: A test of the hippocampal contribution to recollection and familiarity. Learn Mem. 2010 Jan; 17(1):63-70. Jeneson A, Kirwan CB, Hopkins RO, Wixted JT, Squire LR. PMID: 20047986.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. In search of recollection and familiarity signals in the hippocampus. J Cogn Neurosci. 2010 Jan; 22(1):109-23. Wais PE, Squire LR, Wixted JT. PMID: 19199424.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 42     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Object recognition memory and the rodent hippocampus. Learn Mem. 2010 Jan; 17(1):5-11. Broadbent NJ, Gaskin S, Squire LR, Clark RE. PMID: 20028732.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 179     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    64. A demonstration that the hippocampus supports both recollection and familiarity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Jan 05; 107(1):344-8. Kirwan CB, Wixted JT, Squire LR. PMID: 19966306.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. Memory and brain systems: 1969-2009. J Neurosci. 2009 Oct 14; 29(41):12711-6. Squire LR. PMID: 19828780.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 62     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    66. Medial temporal lobe activity can distinguish between old and new stimuli independently of overt behavioral choice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Aug 25; 106(34):14617-21. Kirwan CB, Shrager Y, Squire LR. PMID: 19706549.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    67. Dentate gyrus-specific knockdown of adult neurogenesis impairs spatial and object recognition memory in adult rats. Learn Mem. 2009 Feb; 16(2):147-54. Jessberger S, Clark RE, Broadbent NJ, Clemenson GD, Consiglio A, Lie DC, Squire LR, Gage FH. PMID: 19181621.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 261     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    68. Medial temporal lobe activity during retrieval of semantic memory is related to the age of the memory. J Neurosci. 2009 Jan 28; 29(4):930-8. Smith CN, Squire LR. PMID: 19176802.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 33     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    69. The legacy of patient H.M. for neuroscience. Neuron. 2009 Jan 15; 61(1):6-9. Squire LR. PMID: 19146808.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 54     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    70. Experience-dependent eye movements reflect hippocampus-dependent (aware) memory. J Neurosci. 2008 Nov 26; 28(48):12825-33. Smith CN, Squire LR. PMID: 19036976.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    71. Activity in the medial temporal lobe predicts memory strength, whereas activity in the prefrontal cortex predicts recollection. J Neurosci. 2008 Oct 15; 28(42):10541-8. Kirwan CB, Wixted JT, Squire LR. PMID: 18923030.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 58     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    72. Activity in both hippocampus and perirhinal cortex predicts the memory strength of subsequently remembered information. Neuron. 2008 Aug 28; 59(4):547-53. Shrager Y, Kirwan CB, Squire LR. PMID: 18760691.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 42     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    73. Constructing receiver operating characteristics (ROCs) with experimental animals: cautionary notes. Learn Mem. 2008 Sep; 15(9):687-90. Wixted JT, Squire LR. PMID: 18772256.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    74. Neural basis of the cognitive map: path integration does not require hippocampus or entorhinal cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Aug 19; 105(33):12034-8. Shrager Y, Kirwan CB, Squire LR. PMID: 18687893.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 42     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    75. Working memory and the organization of brain systems. J Neurosci. 2008 Apr 30; 28(18):4818-22. Shrager Y, Levy DA, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 18448658.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 48     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    76. Detailed recollection of remote autobiographical memory after damage to the medial temporal lobe. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Feb 19; 105(7):2676-80. Kirwan CB, Bayley PJ, Galván VV, Squire LR. PMID: 18252820.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    77. Recognition memory and the medial temporal lobe: a new perspective. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2007 Nov; 8(11):872-83. Squire LR, Wixted JT, Clark RE. PMID: 17948032.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 331     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    78. An analysis of calendar performance in two autistic calendar savants. Learn Mem. 2007 Aug; 14(8):533-8. Kennedy DP, Squire LR. PMID: 17686947.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    79. The hippocampus and spatial memory: findings with a novel modification of the water maze. J Neurosci. 2007 Jun 20; 27(25):6647-54. Clark RE, Broadbent NJ, Squire LR. PMID: 17581951.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    80. Neuroscience. Rapid consolidation. Science. 2007 Apr 06; 316(5821):57-8. Squire LR. PMID: 17412942.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    81. Rats depend on habit memory for discrimination learning and retention. Learn Mem. 2007 Mar; 14(3):145-51. Broadbent NJ, Squire LR, Clark RE. PMID: 17351137.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    82. The neuroscience of remote memory. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2007 Apr; 17(2):185-96. Squire LR, Bayley PJ. PMID: 17336513.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 79     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    83. Spatial memory and the human hippocampus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Feb 20; 104(8):2961-6. Shrager Y, Bayley PJ, Bontempi B, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 17296931.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    84. The fate of old memories after medial temporal lobe damage. J Neurosci. 2006 Dec 20; 26(51):13311-7. Bayley PJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 17182781.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    85. The anatomy of amnesia: neurohistological analysis of three new cases. Learn Mem. 2006 Nov-Dec; 13(6):699-710. Gold JJ, Squire LR. PMID: 17101872.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    86. Experience-dependent eye movements, awareness, and hippocampus-dependent memory. J Neurosci. 2006 Nov 01; 26(44):11304-12. Smith CN, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 17079658.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    87. Single-item memory, associative memory, and the human hippocampus. Learn Mem. 2006 Sep-Oct; 13(5):644-9. Gold JJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 16980546.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    88. Lost forever or temporarily misplaced? The long debate about the nature of memory impairment. Learn Mem. 2006 Sep-Oct; 13(5):522-9. Squire LR. PMID: 17015849.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    89. Item memory, source memory, and the medial temporal lobe: concordant findings from fMRI and memory-impaired patients. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Jun 13; 103(24):9351-6. Gold JJ, Smith CN, Bayley PJ, Shrager Y, Brewer JB, Stark CE, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 16751272.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 57     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    90. Reversible hippocampal lesions disrupt water maze performance during both recent and remote memory tests. Learn Mem. 2006 Mar-Apr; 13(2):187-91. Broadbent NJ, Squire LR, Clark RE. PMID: 16585794.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    91. Lack of evidence for a role of medial temporal lobe structures in visual perception. Learn Mem. 2006 Mar; 13(2):106-107. Squire LR, Shrager Y, Levy DA. PMID: 17106485.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    
    92. Intact visual perception in memory-impaired patients with medial temporal lobe lesions. J Neurosci. 2006 Feb 22; 26(8):2235-40. Shrager Y, Gold JJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 16495450.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    93. The hippocampus supports both the recollection and the familiarity components of recognition memory. Neuron. 2006 Feb 02; 49(3):459-66. Wais PE, Wixted JT, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 16446148.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 69     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    94. The neuroanatomy of very remote memory. Lancet Neurol. 2006 Feb; 5(2):112-3. Squire LR, Bayley PJ. PMID: 16426987.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    95. Declarative memory, awareness, and transitive inference. J Neurosci. 2005 Nov 02; 25(44):10138-46. Smith C, Squire LR. PMID: 16267221.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    96. Neural correlates of knowledge: stable representation of stimulus associations across variations in behavioral performance. Neuron. 2005 Oct 20; 48(2):359-71. Messinger A, Squire LR, Zola SM, Albright TD. PMID: 16242414.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    97. Robust habit learning in the absence of awareness and independent of the medial temporal lobe. Nature. 2005 Jul 28; 436(7050):550-3. Bayley PJ, Frascino JC, Squire LR. PMID: 16049487.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 62     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    98. The neuroanatomy of remote memory. Neuron. 2005 Jun 02; 46(5):799-810. Bayley PJ, Gold JJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 15924865.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 50     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    99. Acquisition of differential delay eyeblink classical conditioning is independent of awareness. Behav Neurosci. 2005 Feb; 119(1):78-86. Smith CN, Clark RE, Manns JR, Squire LR. PMID: 15727514.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    100. Intact visual discrimination of complex and feature-ambiguous stimuli in the absence of perirhinal cortex. Learn Mem. 2005 Jan-Feb; 12(1):61-6. Levy DA, Shrager Y, Squire LR. PMID: 15647593.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    101. Quantifying medial temporal lobe damage in memory-impaired patients. Hippocampus. 2005; 15(1):79-85. Gold JJ, Squire LR. PMID: 15390163.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 68     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    102. Hippocampus and remote spatial memory in rats. Hippocampus. 2005; 15(2):260-72. Clark RE, Broadbent NJ, Squire LR. PMID: 15523608.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 57     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    103. Failure to acquire new semantic knowledge in patients with large medial temporal lobe lesions. Hippocampus. 2005; 15(2):273-80. Bayley PJ, Squire LR. PMID: 15523609.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    104. Impaired remote spatial memory after hippocampal lesions despite extensive training beginning early in life. Hippocampus. 2005; 15(3):340-6. Clark RE, Broadbent NJ, Squire LR. PMID: 15744736.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    105. The importance of awareness for eyeblink conditioning is conditional: theoretical comment on Bellebaum and Daum (2004). Behav Neurosci. 2004 Dec; 118(6):1466-8. Clark RE, Squire LR. PMID: 15598158.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    106. Impaired odor recognition memory in patients with hippocampal lesions. Learn Mem. 2004 Nov-Dec; 11(6):794-6. Levy DA, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 15537736.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    107. Memory systems of the brain: a brief history and current perspective. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2004 Nov; 82(3):171-7. Squire LR. PMID: 15464402.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 358     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    108. Spatial memory, recognition memory, and the hippocampus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Oct 05; 101(40):14515-20. Broadbent NJ, Squire LR, Clark RE. PMID: 15452348.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 273     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    109. Functional amnesia: clinical description and neuropsychological profile of 10 cases. Learn Mem. 2004 Mar-Apr; 11(2):213-26. Kritchevsky M, Chang J, Squire LR. PMID: 15054137.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    110. Recall and recognition are equally impaired in patients with selective hippocampal damage. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci. 2004 Mar; 4(1):58-66. Wixted JT, Squire LR. PMID: 15259889.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    111. The medial temporal lobe. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2004; 27:279-306. Squire LR, Stark CE, Clark RE. PMID: 15217334.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 802     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    112. Impaired visual and odor recognition memory span in patients with hippocampal lesions. Learn Mem. 2003 Nov-Dec; 10(6):531-6. Levy DA, Manns JR, Hopkins RO, Gold JJ, Broadbent NJ, Squire LR. PMID: 14657265.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    113. Semantic memory and the human hippocampus. Neuron. 2003 Apr 10; 38(1):127-33. Manns JR, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 12691670.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 83     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    114. Successful recollection of remote autobiographical memories by amnesic patients with medial temporal lobe lesions. Neuron. 2003 Apr 10; 38(1):135-44. Bayley PJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. PMID: 12691671.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 47     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    115. Genetics of childhood disorders: XLIX. Learning and memory, part 2: multiple memory systems. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2003 Apr; 42(4):504-6. Zola S, Squire LR. PMID: 12649640.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    116. Recognition memory and the human hippocampus. Neuron. 2003 Jan 09; 37(1):171-80. Manns JR, Hopkins RO, Reed JM, Kitchener EG, Squire LR. PMID: 12526782.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 105     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    117. Hippocampal damage equally impairs memory for single items and memory for conjunctions. Hippocampus. 2003; 13(2):281-92. Stark CE, Squire LR. PMID: 12699335.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    118. Classical conditioning, awareness, and brain systems. Trends Cogn Sci. 2002 Dec 01; 6(12):524-531. Clark RE, Manns JR, Squire LR. PMID: 12475713.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 59     Fields:    
    119. Recognition memory for single items and for associations is similarly impaired following damage to the hippocampal region. Learn Mem. 2002 Sep-Oct; 9(5):238-42. Stark CE, Bayley PJ, Squire LR. PMID: 12359833.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    120. Medial temporal lobe amnesia: Gradual acquisition of factual information by nondeclarative memory. J Neurosci. 2002 Jul 01; 22(13):5741-8. Bayley PJ, Squire LR. PMID: 12097527.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    121. Anterograde amnesia and temporally graded retrograde amnesia for a nonspatial memory task after lesions of hippocampus and subiculum. J Neurosci. 2002 Jun 01; 22(11):4663-9. Clark RE, Broadbent NJ, Zola SM, Squire LR. PMID: 12040072.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 42     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    122. Semantic knowledge in patient H.M. and other patients with bilateral medial and lateral temporal lobe lesions. Hippocampus. 2002; 12(4):520-33. Schmolck H, Kensinger EA, Corkin S, Squire LR. PMID: 12201637.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 46     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    123. Standard delay eyeblink classical conditioning is independent of awareness. J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process. 2002 Jan; 28(1):32-7. Manns JR, Clark RE, Squire LR. PMID: 11868232.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    124. Impaired auditory recognition memory in amnesic patients with medial temporal lobe lesions. Learn Mem. 2001 Sep-Oct; 8(5):252-6. Squire LR, Schmolck H, Stark SM. PMID: 11584071.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    125. Retrograde amnesia. Hippocampus. 2001; 11(1):50-5. Squire LR, Clark RE, Knowlton BJ. PMID: 11261772.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    126. Structure and function of declarative and nondeclarative memory systems. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Nov 26; 93(24):13515-22. Squire LR, Zola SM. PMID: 8942965.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 190     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    127. Humane use of animals. Nature. 1994 May 05; 369(6475):9-10. Dantzler WH, Squire LR, Petersdorf RG, Hardman JG, Johnson D, Miller N, Fox RE, Mineka S, Bower GH, Morrison AR, Paris SE. PMID: 11644651.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
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