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Robert Shadwick

Title(s)Emeritus Professor, Scripps Institution of Oceanography Department
SchoolMarine Sciences
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    1. Theriault JS, Bahlman JW, Shadwick RE, Altshuler DL. Work loop dynamics of the pigeon (Columba livia) humerotriceps demonstrate potentially diverse roles for active wing morphing. J Exp Biol. 2019 Apr 05; 222(Pt 7). PMID: 30890622.
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    2. Werth AJ, Lillie MA, Piscitelli MA, Wayne Vogl A, Shadwick RE. Slick, Stretchy Fascia Underlies the Sliding Tongue of Rorquals. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2018 Nov 17. PMID: 30447133.
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    3. Shadwick RE, Bernal D, Bushnell PG, Steffensen JF. Blood pressure in the Greenland shark as estimated from ventral aortic elasticity. J Exp Biol. 2018 Oct 10; 221(Pt 19). PMID: 30104302.
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    4. Lillie MA, Vogl AW, Raverty S, Haulena M, McLellan WA, Stenson GB, Shadwick RE. The caval sphincter in cetaceans and its predicted role in controlling venous flow during a dive. J Exp Biol. 2018 Jun 07; 221(Pt 11). PMID: 29674378.
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    5. Morell M, Lehnert K, IJsseldijk LL, Raverty SA, Wohlsein P, Gröne A, André M, Siebert U, Shadwick RE. Parasites in the inner ear of harbour porpoise: cases from the North and Baltic Seas. Dis Aquat Organ. 2017 Dec 19; 127(1):57-63. PMID: 29256428.
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    6. Vogl W, Petersen H, Adams A, Lillie MA, Shadwick RE. The Functional Anatomy of Nerves Innervating the Ventral Grooved Blubber of Fin Whales (Balaenoptera Physalus). Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2017 Nov; 300(11):1963-1972. PMID: 28971627.
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    7. Shadwick RE, Goldbogen JA, Pyenson ND, Whale JCA. Structure and Function in the Lunge Feeding Apparatus: Mechanical Properties of the Fin Whale Mandible. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2017 Nov; 300(11):1953-1962. PMID: 28971624.
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    8. Lillie MA, Vogl AW, Raverty S, Haulena M, McLellan WA, Stenson GB, Shadwick RE. Controlling thoracic pressures in cetaceans during a breath-hold dive: importance of the diaphragm. J Exp Biol. 2017 10 01; 220(Pt 19):3464-3477. PMID: 28978638.
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    9. Lillie MA, Vogl AW, Gil KN, Gosline JM, Shadwick RE. Two Levels of Waviness Are Necessary to Package the Highly Extensible Nerves in Rorqual Whales. Curr Biol. 2017 Mar 06; 27(5):673-679. PMID: 28216319.
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    10. Morell M, Brownlow A, McGovern B, Raverty SA, Shadwick RE, André M. Implementation of a method to visualize noise-induced hearing loss in mass stranded cetaceans. Sci Rep. 2017 02 06; 7:41848. PMID: 28165504.
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    11. Shadwick RE, Denny MW. John Moffit Gosline, BA, PhD, FRSC (1943-2016). J Exp Biol. 2017 02 01; 220(Pt 3):334-335. PMID: 28148816.
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    12. Werth AJ, Straley JM, Shadwick RE. Baleen wear reveals intraoral water flow patterns of mysticete filter feeding. J Morphol. 2016 Apr; 277(4):453-71. PMID: 26825852.
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    13. Clark TE, Lillie MA, Vogl AW, Gosline JM, Shadwick RE. Mechanical contribution of lamellar and interlamellar elastin along the mouse aorta. J Biomech. 2015 Oct 15; 48(13):3599-605. PMID: 26321365.
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    14. Vogl AW, Lillie MA, Piscitelli MA, Goldbogen JA, Pyenson ND, Shadwick RE. Stretchy nerves are an essential component of the extreme feeding mechanism of rorqual whales. Curr Biol. 2015 May 04; 25(9):R360-1. PMID: 25942546.
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    15. Morell M, Lenoir M, Shadwick RE, Jauniaux T, Dabin W, Begeman L, Ferreira M, Maestre I, Degollada E, Hernandez-Milian G, Cazevieille C, Fortuño JM, Vogl W, Puel JL, André M. Ultrastructure of the Odontocete organ of Corti: scanning and transmission electron microscopy. J Comp Neurol. 2015 Feb 15; 523(3):431-48. PMID: 25269663.
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    16. Piscitelli MA, Raverty SA, Lillie MA, Shadwick RE. A review of cetacean lung morphology and mechanics. J Morphol. 2013 Dec; 274(12):1425-40. PMID: 24027086.
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    17. Lillie MA, Piscitelli MA, Vogl AW, Gosline JM, Shadwick RE. Cardiovascular design in fin whales: high-stiffness arteries protect against adverse pressure gradients at depth. J Exp Biol. 2013 Jul 15; 216(Pt 14):2548-63. PMID: 23804669.
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    18. Pinto SJ, Shadwick RE. Material and structural properties of fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) Zwischensubstanz. J Morphol. 2013 Aug; 274(8):947-55. PMID: 23640788.
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    19. Shadwick RE, Goldbogen JA, Potvin J, Pyenson ND, Vogl AW. Novel muscle and connective tissue design enables high extensibility and controls engulfment volume in lunge-feeding rorqual whales. J Exp Biol. 2013 Jul 15; 216(Pt 14):2691-701. PMID: 23580724.
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    20. Potvin J, Goldbogen JA, Shadwick RE. Metabolic expenditures of lunge feeding rorquals across scale: implications for the evolution of filter feeding and the limits to maximum body size. PLoS One. 2012; 7(9):e44854. PMID: 23024769; PMCID: PMC3443106.
    21. Lillie MA, Armstrong TE, Gérard SG, Shadwick RE, Gosline JM. Contribution of elastin and collagen to the inflation response of the pig thoracic aorta: assessing elastin's role in mechanical homeostasis. J Biomech. 2012 Aug 09; 45(12):2133-41. PMID: 22770359.
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    22. Pyenson ND, Goldbogen JA, Vogl AW, Szathmary G, Drake RL, Shadwick RE. Discovery of a sensory organ that coordinates lunge feeding in rorqual whales. Nature. 2012 May 23; 485(7399):498-501. PMID: 22622577.
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    23. Shadwick RE, Goldbogen JA. Muscle function and swimming in sharks. J Fish Biol. 2012 Apr; 80(5):1904-39. PMID: 22497412.
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    24. Schilt CR, Cranford TW, Krysl P, Shadwick RE, Hawkins AD. Vibration of the otoliths in a teleost. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2012; 730:105-7. PMID: 22278460.
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    25. Syme DA, Shadwick RE. Red muscle function in stiff-bodied swimmers: there and almost back again. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2011 May 27; 366(1570):1507-15. PMID: 21502122; PMCID: PMC3130444.
    26. Field DJ, Lin SC, Ben-Zvi M, Goldbogen JA, Shadwick RE. Convergent evolution driven by similar feeding mechanics in balaenopterid whales and pelicans. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2011 Aug; 294(8):1273-82. PMID: 21618438.
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    27. Goldbogen JA, Calambokidis J, Oleson E, Potvin J, Pyenson ND, Schorr G, Shadwick RE. Mechanics, hydrodynamics and energetics of blue whale lunge feeding: efficiency dependence on krill density. J Exp Biol. 2011 Jan 01; 214(Pt 1):131-46. PMID: 21147977.
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    28. Potvin J, Goldbogen JA, Shadwick RE. Scaling of lunge feeding in rorqual whales: an integrated model of engulfment duration. J Theor Biol. 2010 Dec 07; 267(3):437-53. PMID: 20816685.
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    29. Field DJ, Campbell-Malone R, Goldbogen JA, Shadwick RE. Quantitative computed tomography of humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) mandibles: mechanical implications for rorqual lunge-feeding. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2010 Jul; 293(7):1240-7. PMID: 20583267.
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    30. Lillie MA, Shadwick RE, Gosline JM. Mechanical anisotropy of inflated elastic tissue from the pig aorta. J Biomech. 2010 Aug 10; 43(11):2070-8. PMID: 20430395.
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    31. Goldbogen JA, Potvin J, Shadwick RE. Skull and buccal cavity allometry increase mass-specific engulfment capacity in fin whales. Proc Biol Sci. 2010 Mar 22; 277(1683):861-8. PMID: 19939846; PMCID: PMC2842724.
    32. Potvin J, Goldbogen JA, Shadwick RE. Passive versus active engulfment: verdict from trajectory simulations of lunge-feeding fin whales Balaenoptera physalus. J R Soc Interface. 2009 Nov 06; 6(40):1005-25. PMID: 19158011.
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    33. Goldbogen JA, Calambokidis J, Croll DA, Harvey JT, Newton KM, Oleson EM, Schorr G, Shadwick RE. Foraging behavior of humpback whales: kinematic and respiratory patterns suggest a high cost for a lunge. J Exp Biol. 2008 Dec; 211(Pt 23):3712-9. PMID: 19011211.
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    34. Shadwick RE, Syme DA. Thunniform swimming: muscle dynamics and mechanical power production of aerobic fibres in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares). J Exp Biol. 2008 May; 211(Pt 10):1603-11. PMID: 18456888.
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    35. Cranford TW, McKenna MF, Soldevilla MS, Wiggins SM, Goldbogen JA, Shadwick RE, Krysl P, St Leger JA, Hildebrand JA. Anatomic geometry of sound transmission and reception in Cuvier's beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris). Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2008 Apr; 291(4):353-78. PMID: 18228579.
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    36. Shadwick RE. Foundations of animal hydraulics: geodesic fibres control the shape of soft bodied animals. J Exp Biol. 2008 Feb; 211(Pt 3):289-91. PMID: 18203982.
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    37. Donley JM, Shadwick RE, Sepulveda CA, Syme DA. Thermal dependence of contractile properties of the aerobic locomotor muscle in the leopard shark and shortfin mako shark. J Exp Biol. 2007 Apr; 210(Pt 7):1194-203. PMID: 17371918.
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    38. Rapoport HS, Shadwick RE. Reversibly labile, sclerotization-induced elastic properties in a keratin analog from marine snails: whelk egg capsule biopolymer (WECB). J Exp Biol. 2007 Jan; 210(Pt 1):12-26. PMID: 17170144.
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    39. Gemballa S, Konstantinidis P, Donley JM, Sepulveda C, Shadwick RE. Evolution of high-performance swimming in sharks: transformations of the musculotendinous system from subcarangiform to thunniform swimmers. J Morphol. 2006 Apr; 267(4):477-93. PMID: 16429422.
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    40. Goldbogen JA, Calambokidis J, Shadwick RE, Oleson EM, McDonald MA, Hildebrand JA. Kinematics of foraging dives and lunge-feeding in fin whales. J Exp Biol. 2006 Apr; 209(Pt 7):1231-44. PMID: 16547295.
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    41. Bernal D, Donley JM, Shadwick RE, Syme DA. Mammal-like muscles power swimming in a cold-water shark. Nature. 2005 Oct 27; 437(7063):1349-52. PMID: 16251963.
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    42. Soldevilla MS, McKenna MF, Wiggins SM, Shadwick RE, Cranford TW, Hildebrand JA. Cuvier's beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris) head tissues: physical properties and CT imaging. J Exp Biol. 2005 Jun; 208(Pt 12):2319-32. PMID: 15939773.
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    43. Donley JM, Shadwick RE, Sepulveda CA, Konstantinidis P, Gemballa S. Patterns of red muscle strain/activation and body kinematics during steady swimming in a lamnid shark, the shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus). J Exp Biol. 2005 Jun; 208(Pt 12):2377-87. PMID: 15939777.
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    44. Goldbogen JA, Shadwick RE, Fudge DS, Gosline JM. Fast-start muscle dynamics in the rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss: phase relationship of white muscle shortening and body curvature. J Exp Biol. 2005 Mar; 208(Pt 5):929-38. PMID: 15755891.
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    45. Donley JM, Sepulveda CA, Konstantinidis P, Gemballa S, Shadwick RE. Convergent evolution in mechanical design of lamnid sharks and tunas. Nature. 2004 May 06; 429(6987):61-5. PMID: 15129279.
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    46. Donley JM, Shadwick RE. Steady swimming muscle dynamics in the leopard shark Triakis semifasciata. J Exp Biol. 2003 Apr; 206(Pt 7):1117-26. PMID: 12604571.
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    47. Shadwick RE, Rapoport HS, Fenger JM. Structure and function of tuna tail tendons. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2002 Dec; 133(4):1109-25. PMID: 12485695.
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    48. Syme DA, Shadwick RE. Effects of longitudinal body position and swimming speed on mechanical power of deep red muscle from skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis). J Exp Biol. 2002 Jan; 205(Pt 2):189-200. PMID: 11821485.
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    49. Rapoport HS, Shadwick RE. Mechanical characterization of an unusual elastic biomaterial from the egg capsules of marine snails (Busycon spp.). Biomacromolecules. 2002 Jan-Feb; 3(1):42-50. PMID: 11866554.
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    50. Bernal D, Dickson KA, Shadwick RE, Graham JB. Review: Analysis of the evolutionary convergence for high performance swimming in lamnid sharks and tunas. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2001 Jun; 129(2-3):695-726. PMID: 11423338.
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    51. Nauen JC, Shadwick RE. The dynamics and scaling of force production during the tail-flip escape response of the California spiny lobster Panulirus interruptus. J Exp Biol. 2001 May; 204(Pt 10):1817-30. PMID: 11316502.
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    52. Katz SL, Syme DA, Shadwick RE. High-speed swimming. Enhanced power in yellowfin tuna. Nature. 2001 Apr 12; 410(6830):770-1. PMID: 11298434.
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    53. Szulgit GK, Shadwick RE. Dynamic mechanical characterization of a mutable collagenous tissue: response of sea cucumber dermis to cell lysis and dermal extracts. J Exp Biol. 2000 May; 203(Pt 10):1539-50. PMID: 10769216.
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    54. Shadwick RE. Mechanical design in arteries. J Exp Biol. 1999 Dec; 202(Pt 23):3305-13. PMID: 10562513.
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    55. Shadwick RE, Katz SL, Korsmeyer KE, Knower T, Covell JW. Muscle dynamics in skipjack tuna: timing of red muscle shortening in relation to activation and body curvature during steady swimming. J Exp Biol. 1999; 202(Pt 16):2139-2150. PMID: 10409485.
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    56. Korsmeyer KE, Lai NC, Shadwick RE, Graham JB. Oxygen transport and cardiovascular responses to exercise in the yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares. J Exp Biol. 1997 Jul; 200(Pt 14):1987-97. PMID: 9246782.
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    57. Korsmeyer KE, Lai NC, Shadwick RE, Graham JB. Heart rate and stroke volume contribution to cardiac output in swimming yellowfin tuna: response to exercise and temperature. J Exp Biol. 1997 Jul; 200(Pt 14):1975-86. PMID: 9246781.
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    58. Gosline JM, Shadwick RE. The mechanical properties of fin whale arteries are explained by novel connective tissue designs. J Exp Biol. 1996 Apr; 199(Pt 4):985-97. PMID: 8788091.
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    59. Shadwick RE, Gosline JM. Arterial Windkessels in marine mammals. Symp Soc Exp Biol. 1995; 49:243-52. PMID: 8571227.
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    60. Shadwick RE, Gosline JM. Arterial mechanics in the fin whale suggest a unique hemodynamic design. Am J Physiol. 1994 Sep; 267(3 Pt 2):R805-18. PMID: 8092327.
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    61. Pollock CM, Shadwick RE. Relationship between body mass and biomechanical properties of limb tendons in adult mammals. Am J Physiol. 1994 Mar; 266(3 Pt 2):R1016-21. PMID: 8160850.
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    62. Pollock CM, Shadwick RE. Allometry of muscle, tendon, and elastic energy storage capacity in mammals. Am J Physiol. 1994 Mar; 266(3 Pt 2):R1022-31. PMID: 8160851.
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    63. Shadwick RE, Russell AP, Lauff RF. The structure and mechanical design of rhinoceros dermal armour. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1992 Sep 29; 337(1282):419-28. PMID: 1359589.
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    64. Griffiths RI, Shadwick RE, Berger PJ. Functional importance of a highly elastic ligament on the mammalian diaphragm. Proc Biol Sci. 1992 Aug 22; 249(1325):199-204. PMID: 1360681.
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    65. Shadwick RE. Elastic energy storage in tendons: mechanical differences related to function and age. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1990 Mar; 68(3):1033-40. PMID: 2341331.
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    66. Gibbons CA, Shadwick RE. Functional similarities in the mechanical design of the aorta in lower vertebrates and mammals. Experientia. 1989 Dec 01; 45(11-12):1083-8. PMID: 2513219.
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    67. Shadwick RE, Gosline JM. Elastic arteries in invertebrates: mechanics of the octopus aorta. Science. 1981 Aug 14; 213(4509):759-61. PMID: 7256277.
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