Nicholas Holland

InstitutionUniversity of California San Diego
DepartmentScripps Institution of Oceanography Department
Address9500 Gilman Drive #0202
La Jolla CA 92093
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Stanford UniversityPhD1964Biology
    Carleton CollegeBA1960Biology
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    St. Petersburg Society of Naturalists2014Kowalevsky Medal

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Yong LW, Bertrand S, Yu JK, Escriva H, Holland N. Conservation of BMP2/4 expression patterns within the clade Branchiostoma (amphioxus): Resolving interspecific discrepancies. Gene Expr Patterns. 2017 11; 25-26:71-75. PMID: 28624368.
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    2. Holland N, Holland LZ. The ups and downs of amphioxus biology: a history. Int J Dev Biol. 2017; 61(10-11-12):575-583. PMID: 29319106.
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    3. Holland N. The long and winding path to understanding kidney structure in amphioxus - a review. Int J Dev Biol. 2017; 61(10-11-12):683-688. PMID: 29319116.
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    4. Yue JX, Holland N, Holland LZ, Deheyn DD. The evolution of genes encoding for green fluorescent proteins: insights from cephalochordates (amphioxus). Sci Rep. 2016 06 17; 6:28350. PMID: 27311567.
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    5. Holland N. Nervous systems and scenarios for the invertebrate-to-vertebrate transition. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2016 Jan 05; 371(1685):20150047. PMID: 26598728; PMCID: PMC4685584 [Available on 01/05/17].
    6. Annona G, Holland N, D'Aniello S. Evolution of the notochord. Evodevo. 2015; 6:30. PMID: 26446368; PMCID: PMC4595329.
    7. Mansfield JH, Haller E, Holland N, Brent AE. Development of somites and their derivatives in amphioxus, and implications for the evolution of vertebrate somites. Evodevo. 2015; 6:21. PMID: 26052418; PMCID: PMC4458041.
    8. Holland N, Holland LZ, Holland PW. Scenarios for the making of vertebrates. Nature. 2015 Apr 23; 520(7548):450-5. PMID: 25903626.
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    9. Holland N, Holland LZ, Heimberg A. Hybrids between the Florida amphioxus (Branchiostoma floridae) and the Bahamas lancelet (Asymmetron lucayanum): developmental morphology and chromosome counts. Biol Bull. 2015 Feb; 228(1):13-24. PMID: 25745097.
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    10. Mansfield JH, Holland N. Amphioxus tails: source and fate of larval fin rays and the metamorphic transition from an ectodermal to a predominantly mesodermal tail. Acta Zool Stockh. 2015; 96:117-125.
    11. Osborn KJ, Gebruk AV, Rogacheva A, Holland N. An externally brooding acorn worm (Hemichordata, Enteropneusta, Torquaratoridae) from the Russian arctic. Biol Bull. 2013 Oct; 225(2):113-23. PMID: 24243964.
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    12. Mallatt J, Holland N. Pikaia gracilens Walcott: stem chordate, or already specialized in the Cambrian? J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol. 2013 Jun; 320(4):247-71. PMID: 23606659.
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    13. Holland N. Digestive system. Sea Urchins: Biology and Ecology, Edition 3 (Lawrence JM, ed.) Elsevier, Amsterdam. 2013; 119-133.
    14. Holland N, Osborn KJ, Gebruk AV, Rogacheva A.Rediscovery and augmented description of the H.M.S. Challenger acorn worm (Hemichordata, Enteropneusta), Glandiceps abyssicola, in the equatorial Atlantic. J Mar Biol Ass UK. 2013; 93:2197-2205.
    15. Holland N, Kuhnz LA, Osborn KJ. Morphology of a new deep-sea acorn worm (class Enteropneusta, phylum Hemichordata): a part-time demersal drifter with externalized ovaries. J Morphol. 2012 Jul; 273(7):661-71. PMID: 22419131.
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    16. Priede JG, Osborn KJ, Gebruk AV, Jones D, Shale D, Rogacheva A, Holland N. Observations on torquaratorid acorn worms (Hemichordata, Enteropneusta) from the North Atlantic with descriptions of a new genus and three new species. Invert Biol. 2012; 131:244-257.
    17. Holland N, Osborn KJ,. Kuhnz LA.A new deep-sea species of harrimaniid enteropneust (Hemichordata). Proc Biol Soc Wash. 2012; 125:228-240.
    18. Osborn KJ, Kuhnz LA, Priede IG, Urata M, Gebruk AV, Holland N. Diversification of acorn worms (Hemichordata, Enteropneusta) revealed in the deep sea. Proc Biol Sci. 2012 Apr 22; 279(1733):1646-54. PMID: 22090391; PMCID: PMC3282343.
    19. Koop D, Holland LZ, Setiamarga D, Schubert M, Holland N. Tail regression induced by elevated retinoic acid signaling in amphioxus larvae occurs by tissue remodeling, not cell death. Evol Dev. 2011 Sep-Oct; 13(5):427-35. PMID: 23016904.
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    20. Holland N. Walter Garstang: a retrospective. Theory Biosci. 2011 Dec; 130(4):247-58. PMID: 21833594.
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    21. Holland N. Spawning periodicity of the lancelet, Asymmetron lucayanum (Cephalochordata) in Bimini, Bahamas. Ital J Zool. 2011; 78:478-486.
    22. Holland N, Holland LZ. Laboratory spawning and development of the Bahama lancelet, Asymmetron lucayanum (cephalochordata): fertilization through feeding larvae. Biol Bull. 2010 Oct; 219(2):132-41. PMID: 20972258.
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    23. Koop D, Holland N, Sémon M, Alvarez S, de Lera AR, Laudet V, Holland LZ, Schubert M. Retinoic acid signaling targets Hox genes during the amphioxus gastrula stage: insights into early anterior-posterior patterning of the chordate body plan. Dev Biol. 2010 Feb 01; 338(1):98-106. PMID: 19914237.
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    24. Holland N, Ghiselin MT. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has failed to distinguish between smaller gut regions and larger haemal sinuses in sea urchins (Echinodermata: Echinoidea). BMC Biol. 2009 Jul 13; 7:39; author reply 39. PMID: 19594924; PMCID: PMC2729296.
    25. Bajoghli B, Aghaallaei N, Hess I, Rode I, Netuschil N, Tay BH, Venkatesh B, Yu JK, Kaltenbach SL, Holland N, Diekhoff D, Happe C, Schorpp M, Boehm T. Evolution of genetic networks underlying the emergence of thymopoiesis in vertebrates. Cell. 2009 Jul 10; 138(1):186-97. PMID: 19559469.
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    26. Onai T, Lin HC, Schubert M, Koop D, Osborne PW, Alvarez S, Alvarez R, Holland N, Holland LZ. Retinoic acid and Wnt/beta-catenin have complementary roles in anterior/posterior patterning embryos of the basal chordate amphioxus. Dev Biol. 2009 Aug 15; 332(2):223-33. PMID: 19497318.
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    27. Holland N, Wilson NG. Molecular identification of larvae of a tetraphyllidean tapeworm (Platyhelminthes: Eucestoda) in a razor clam as an alternative intermediate host in the life cycle of Acanthobothrium brevissime. J Parasitol. 2009 Oct; 95(5):1215-7. PMID: 19366282.
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    28. Kaltenbach SL, Yu JK, Holland N. The origin and migration of the earliest-developing sensory neurons in the peripheral nervous system of amphioxus. Evol Dev. 2009 Mar-Apr; 11(2):142-51. PMID: 19245546.
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    29. Kaltenbach SL, Holland LZ, Holland N, Koop D. Developmental expression of the three iroquois genes of amphioxus (BfIrxA, BfIrxB, and BfIrxC) with special attention to the gastrula organizer and anteroposterior boundaries in the central nervous system. Gene Expr Patterns. 2009 Jun; 9(5):329-34. PMID: 19233318.
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    30. Holland N, Campbell T, Garey JR, Holland LZ, Wilson NG.The Florida amphioxus (Cephalochordata) hosts larvae of the tapeworm Acanthobothrium brevissime: natural history, anatomy, and a taxonomic identification of the parasite. Acta Zool Stockh. 2009; 97:75-86.
    31. Holland N, Jones WJ, Elena J, Ruhl HA, Smith KL.A new deep-sea species of epibenthic acorn worm (Hemichordata, Enteropneusta). Zoosystema. 2009; 31:333-346.
    32. Holland N, Paris M, Koop D.The club-shaped gland of amphioxus: export of secretion to the pharynx in prematamorphic larvae and apoptosis during metamorphosis. Acta Zool Stockh. 2009; 90:372-379.
    33. Holland LZ, Holland N, Gilland E. Amphioxus and the evolution of head segmentation. Integr Comp Biol. 2008 Nov; 48(5):630-46. PMID: 21669822.
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    34. Paris M, Escriva H, Schubert M, Brunet F, Brtko J, Ciesielski F, Roecklin D, Vivat-Hannah V, Jamin EL, Cravedi JP, Scanlan TS, Renaud JP, Holland N, Laudet V. Amphioxus postembryonic development reveals the homology of chordate metamorphosis. Curr Biol. 2008 Jun 03; 18(11):825-30. PMID: 18514519.
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    35. Holland N, Ghiselin MT.Siphons and siphonal grooves in the Echinoidea (Echinodermata). Zoomorphology. 2008; 127:259-264.
    36. Candiani S, Holland N, Oliveri D, Parodi M, Pestarino M. Expression of the amphioxus Pit-1 gene (AmphiPOU1F1/Pit-1) exclusively in the developing preoral organ, a putative homolog of the vertebrate adenohypophysis. Brain Res Bull. 2008 Mar 18; 75(2-4):324-30. PMID: 18331893.
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    37. Deheyn DD, Kubokawa K, McCarthy JK, Murakami A, Porrachia M, Rouse GW, Holland N. Endogenous green fluorescent protein (GFP) in amphioxus. Biol Bull. 2007 Oct; 213(2):95-100. PMID: 17928516.
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    38. Holland N. Hagfish embryos again: the end of a long drought. Bioessays. 2007 Sep; 29(9):833-6. PMID: 17691082.
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    39. Holland LZ, Holland N. A revised fate map for amphioxus and the evolution of axial patterning in chordates. Integr Comp Biol. 2007 Sep; 47(3):360-72. PMID: 21672845.
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    40. Fuentes M, Benito E, Bertrand S, Paris M, Mignardot A, Godoy L, Jimenez-Delgado S, Oliveri D, Candiani S, Hirsinger E, D'Aniello S, Pascual-Anaya J, Maeso I, Pestarino M, Vernier P, Nicolas JF, Schubert M, Laudet V, Geneviere AM, Albalat R, Garcia Fernandez J, Holland N, Escriva H. Insights into spawning behavior and development of the European amphioxus (Branchiostoma lanceolatum). J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol. 2007 Jul 15; 308(4):484-93. PMID: 17520703.
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    41. Kozmik Z, Holland N, Kreslova J, Oliveri D, Schubert M, Jonasova K, Holland LZ, Pestarino M, Benes V, Candiani S. Pax-Six-Eya-Dach network during amphioxus development: conservation in vitro but context specificity in vivo. Dev Biol. 2007 Jun 01; 306(1):143-59. PMID: 17477914.
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    42. Rasmussen SL, Holland LZ, Schubert M, Beaster-Jones L, Holland N. Amphioxus AmphiDelta: evolution of Delta protein structure, segmentation, and neurogenesis. Genesis. 2007 Mar; 45(3):113-22. PMID: 17299746.
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    43. Yu JK, Satou Y, Holland N, Shin-I T, Kohara Y, Satoh N, Bronner-Fraser M, Holland LZ. Axial patterning in cephalochordates and the evolution of the organizer. Nature. 2007 Feb 08; 445(7128):613-7. PMID: 17237766.
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    44. Lin HC, Holland LZ, Holland N. Expression of the AmphiTcf gene in amphioxus: insights into the evolution of the TCF/LEF gene family during vertebrate evolution. Dev Dyn. 2006 Dec; 235(12):3396-403. PMID: 17013891.
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    45. Castro LF, Rasmussen SL, Holland PW, Holland N, Holland LZ. A Gbx homeobox gene in amphioxus: insights into ancestry of the ANTP class and evolution of the midbrain/hindbrain boundary. Dev Biol. 2006 Jul 01; 295(1):40-51. PMID: 16687133.
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    46. Bertrand S, Camasses A, Paris M, Holland N, Escriva H. Phylogenetic analysis of Amphioxus genes of the proprotein convertase family, including aPC6C, a marker of epithelial fusions during embryology. Int J Biol Sci. 2006; 2(3):125-32. PMID: 16763672; PMCID: PMC1474147.
    47. Langeland JA, Holland LZ, Chastain RA, Holland N. An amphioxus LIM-homeobox gene, AmphiLim1/5, expressed early in the invaginating organizer region and later in differentiating cells of the kidney and central nervous system. Int J Biol Sci. 2006; 2(3):110-6. PMID: 16763670; PMCID: PMC1458433.
    48. Schubert M, Holland N, Laudet V, Holland LZ. A retinoic acid-Hox hierarchy controls both anterior/posterior patterning and neuronal specification in the developing central nervous system of the cephalochordate amphioxus. Dev Biol. 2006 Aug 01; 296(1):190-202. PMID: 16750825.
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    49. Beaster-Jones L, Horton AC, Gibson-Brown JJ, Holland N, Holland LZ. The amphioxus T-box gene, AmphiTbx15/18/22, illuminates the origins of chordate segmentation. Evol Dev. 2006 Mar-Apr; 8(2):119-29. PMID: 16509891.
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    50. Holland N, Holland LZ. Stage- and tissue-specific patterns of cell division in embryonic and larval tissues of amphioxus during normal development. Evol Dev. 2006 Mar-Apr; 8(2):142-9. PMID: 16509893.
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    51. Holland N. Chordates. Curr Biol. 2005 Nov 22; 15(22):R911-4. PMID: 16303545.
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    52. Holland LZ, Panfilio KA, Chastain R, Schubert M, Holland N. Nuclear beta-catenin promotes non-neural ectoderm and posterior cell fates in amphioxus embryos. Dev Dyn. 2005 Aug; 233(4):1430-43. PMID: 15973712.
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    53. Bardet PL, Schubert M, Horard B, Holland LZ, Laudet V, Holland N, Vanacker JM. Expression of estrogen-receptor related receptors in amphioxus and zebrafish: implications for the evolution of posterior brain segmentation at the invertebrate-to-vertebrate transition. Evol Dev. 2005 May-Jun; 7(3):223-33. PMID: 15876195.
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    54. Holland N, Clague DA, Gordon DP, Gebruk A, Pawson DL, Vecchione M. 'Lophenteropneust' hypothesis refuted by collection and photos of new deep-sea hemichordates. Nature. 2005 Mar 17; 434(7031):374-6. PMID: 15772659.
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    55. Shimeld SM, Holland N. Amphioxus molecular biology: insights into vertebrate evolution and developmental mechanisms. Can J Zool. 2005; 83:90-100.
    56. Smith KL, Holland N. Enteropneust production of spiral fecal trails on the deep-sea floor observed with time-lapse photography. Deep Sea Res (Part 1). 2005; 52:1228-1240.
    57. Schubert M, Yu JK, Holland N, Escriva H, Laudet V, Holland LZ. Retinoic acid signaling acts via Hox1 to establish the posterior limit of the pharynx in the chordate amphioxus. Development. 2005 Jan; 132(1):61-73. PMID: 15576409.
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    58. Yu JK, Holland N, Holland LZ. Tissue-specific expression of FoxD reporter constructs in amphioxus embryos. Dev Biol. 2004 Oct 15; 274(2):452-61. PMID: 15385171.
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    59. Schubert M, Holland N, Escriva H, Holland LZ, Laudet V. Retinoic acid influences anteroposterior positioning of epidermal sensory neurons and their gene expression in a developing chordate (amphioxus). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Jul 13; 101(28):10320-5. PMID: 15226493; PMCID: PMC478570.
    60. Mazet F, Masood S, Luke GN, Holland N, Shimeld SM. Expression of AmphiCoe, an amphioxus COE/EBF gene, in the developing central nervous system and epidermal sensory neurons. Genesis. 2004 Feb; 38(2):58-65. PMID: 14994268.
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    61. Holland N. Early central nervous system evolution: an era of skin brains? Nat Rev Neurosci. 2003 Aug; 4(8):617-27. PMID: 12894237.
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    62. Mallatt J, Chen J, Holland N. Comment on "A new species of yunnanozoan with implications for deuterostome evolution". Science. 2003 May 30; 300(5624):1372; author reply 1372. PMID: 12775822.
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    63. Schubert M, Meulemans D, Bronner-Fraser M, Holland LZ, Holland N. Differential mesodermal expression of two amphioxus MyoD family members (AmphiMRF1 and AmphiMRF2). Gene Expr Patterns. 2003 May; 3(2):199-202. PMID: 12711549.
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    64. Holland N, Venkatesh TV, Holland LZ, Jacobs DK, Bodmer R. AmphiNk2-tin, an amphioxus homeobox gene expressed in myocardial progenitors: insights into evolution of the vertebrate heart. Dev Biol. 2003 Mar 01; 255(1):128-37. PMID: 12618138.
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    65. Yu JK, Holland N, Holland LZ. AmphiFoxQ2, a novel winged helix/forkhead gene, exclusively marks the anterior end of the amphioxus embryo. Dev Genes Evol. 2003 Mar; 213(2):102-5. PMID: 12632180.
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    66. Yu JK, Holland LZ, Holland N. An amphioxus nodal gene (AmphiNodal) with early symmetrical expression in the organizer and mesoderm and later asymmetrical expression associated with left-right axis formation. Evol Dev. 2002 Nov-Dec; 4(6):418-25. PMID: 12492142.
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    67. Yu JK, Holland N, Holland LZ. An amphioxus winged helix/forkhead gene, AmphiFoxD: insights into vertebrate neural crest evolution. Dev Dyn. 2002 Nov; 225(3):289-97. PMID: 12412011.
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    68. Escriva H, Holland N, Gronemeyer H, Laudet V, Holland LZ. The retinoic acid signaling pathway regulates anterior/posterior patterning in the nerve cord and pharynx of amphioxus, a chordate lacking neural crest. Development. 2002 Jun; 129(12):2905-16. PMID: 12050138.
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    69. Holland N, Yu JK.Epidermal receptor development and sensory pathways in vitally stained amphioxus (Branchiostoma floridae). Acta Zool Stockh. 2002; 83:309-320.
    70. Yu JK, Holland LZ, Jamrich M, Blitz IL, Holland N. AmphiFoxE4, an amphioxus winged helix/forkhead gene encoding a protein closely related to vertebrate thyroid transcription factor-2: expression during pharyngeal development. Evol Dev. 2002; 4:9-15.
    71. Holland LZ, Holland N. Amphioxus and the evolutionary origin of the vertebrate neural crest and midbrain/hindbrain boundary. Major Events in Early Vertebrate Evolution (Ahlberg P, ed) Taylor and Francis, London. 2001; 15-32.
    72. Holland LZ, Holland N, Schubert M.Developmental expression of AmphiWnt1, an amphioxus gene in the Wnt1/wingless subfamily. Dev Genes Evol. 2000; 210:522-524.
    73. Holland N, Holland LZ.Amphioxus and the utility of molecular genetic data for hypothesizing body part homologies between distantly related animals. Amer Zool. 1999; 39:630-640.
    74. Schubert M, Holland N, Holland LZ.Amphioxus AmphiDRAL, encoding a LIM-domain protein: expression in the epidermis but not in the presumptive neuroectoderm. Mech Dev. 1998; 76:203-205.
    75. Stokes MD, Holland N. The lancelet. Amer Sci. 1998; 86:552-560.
    76. Holland LZ, Holland N. Developmental gene expression in amphioxus: new insights into the evolutionary origin of vertebrate brain regions, neural crest, and rostrocaudal segmentation. Amer Zool. 1998; 38:647-658.
    77. Kusakabe R, Kusakabe T, Satoh N, Holland N, Holland LZ. Differential gene expression and intracellular mRNA localization of amphioxus actin isoforms throughout development: Implications for conserved mechanisms of chordate development. Dev Genes Evol. 1997 Oct; 207(4):203-215. PMID: 27747419.
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    78. Zhang SC, Holland N, Holland LZ. Topographic changes in nascent and early mesoderm in amphioxus embryos studied by DiI labeling and by in situ hybridization for a Brachyury gene. Dev Genes Evol. 1997 May; 206(8):532-535. PMID: 27747379.
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    79. Kusakabe R, Kusakabe T, Satoh N, Holland N, Holland LZ.Differential gene expression and intracellular mRNA localization of amphioxus actin isoforms throughout development: implications for conserved mechanisms of chordate development. Dev Genes Evol. 1997; 207:203-215.
    80. Zhang SC, Holland N, Holland LZ.Topographic changes in nascent and early mesoderm in amphioxus embryos studied by DiI labeling and by in situ hybridixation for a Brachyury gene. Dev Genes Evol. 1997; 206:532-535.
    81. Stokes MD, Holland N. Life-history characteristics of the Florida lancelet, Branchiostoma floridae: some factors affecting population dynamics in Tampa Bay. Israel J Zool (Supplement). 1996; 42:S67-S86.
    82. Holland N. Homology, homeobox genes, and early evolution of the vertebrates. Mem Calif Acad Sci. 1996; 20:63-70.
    83. Holland LZ, Holland PWH, Holland N. Revealing homologies between body parts of distantly related animals by in situ hybridization to developmental genes: amphioxus vs. vertebrates. Molecular Approaches to Zoology and Evolution (Ferraris J, Palumbi SR, eds.) Wiley, New York. 1996; 267-282; 473-483.
    84. Stokes MD, Holland N. Reproduction of the florida lancelet (Branchiostoma floridae): spawning patterns and fluctuations in gonad indices and nutritional reserves. Invert Biol. 1996; 115:349-359.
    85. Stokes MD, Holland N. Embryos and larvae of a lancelet, branchiostoma floridae, from hatching through metamorphosis: growth in the laboratory and external morphology. Acta Zool Stockh. 1995; 76:105-120.
    86. Stokes MD, Holland N. Ciliary hovering in larval lancelets (= amphioxus). Biol Bull. 1995; 188:231-233.
    87. Lacalli TC, Holland N, West JE.Phil Trans Roy Soc B. Landmarks in the anterior central nervous system of amphioxus larvae. 1994; 334:165-185.
    88. Welsch U, Heinzeller T, Holland N. Morphology of Reichensperger's organ and the glandular axial organ in Metacrinus rotundus. Echinoderms through Time (David B, Guille A, Feral JP, Roux M, eds.) Balkema, Rotterdam. 1994; 267-272.
    89. Holland PWH, Garcia-Fernandez, Holland LZ, Williams NA, Holland N. The molecular control of spatial patterning in amphioxus. J Mar Biol Ass UK. 1994; 74:49-60.
    90. Holland N. Cell cycle in regenerating feather star arms. Echinoderms through Time (David B, Guille A, Feral JP, Roux M, eds.) Balkema, Rotterdam. 1994; 217-220.
    91. Unson MD, Holland N, Faulkner DJ.Mar Biol. A brominated secondary metabolite synthesized by the cyanobacterial symbiont of a marine sponge and accumulation of the crystalline metabolite in the sponge tissue. 1994; 119:1-11.
    92. Holland N, Holland LZ.Embryos and larvae of invertebrate deuterostomes. Essential Developmental Biology: a Practical Approach (Stern C, Holland PWH, eds.) IRL Press, Oxford. 1993; 21-33.
    93. Holland N, Holland LZ, Honma Y, Fujii T.Engrailed expression during development of a lamprey, Lampetra japonica: a possible clue to homologies between agnathan and gnathostome muscles of the mandibular arch. Dev Growth Differen. 1993; 36:153-160.
    94. Holland N, Holland LZ.Serotonin-containing cells in the nervous systems and other tissues during ontogeny of a lancelet, Branchiostoma floridae. Acta Zool Stockh. 1993; 74:195-204.
    95. Holland LZ, Holland N. Early development in the lancelet (= amphioxus) Branchiostoma floridae from sperm entry through pronuclear fusion: presence of vegetal pole plasm and lack of conspicuous ooplasmic segregation. Biol Bull. 1992; 182:77-96.
    96. Stokes MD, Holland N. Southern stingray (Dasyatis americana) feeding on lancelets (Branchiostoma floridae). J Fish Biol. 1992; 41:1043-1044.
    97. Holland N. Echinodermata: Crinoidea. Reproduction in Marine Invertebrates. Volume VI (Giese AC, Pearse JS, Pearse VB, eds.) Boxwood Press, Pacific Grove. 1991; 247-299.
    98. Holland N, Leonard AB, Meyer DL.Digestive mechanics and glutinous feeding in the feather star Oligometra serripinna (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Mar Biol. 1991; 111:113-119.
    99. Holland N, Holland LZ.The fine structure of the growth stage oocytes of a lancelet (= amphioxus), Branchiostoma lanceolatum. Invert Reprod Dev. 1991; 19:107-122.
    100. Holland N, Grimmer JC, Wiegmann K.The structure of the sea lily Calamocrinus diomedae with special reference to the articulations, skeletal microstructure, symbiotic bacteria, axial organs, and stalk tissues (Crinoidea, Millericrinida). Zoomorphology. 1991; 110:115-132.
    101. Holland N, Holland LZ.The histochemistry and fine structure of the nutritional reserves in the fin rays of a lancelet, Branchiostoma lanceolatum (Cephalochordata = Acrania). Acta Zool Stockh. 1991; 72:203-207.
    102. Grimmer JC, Holland N. The structure of a sessile, stalkless crinoid (Holopus rangii). Acta Zool Stockh. 1990; 71:61-67.
    103. Holland N, Holland LZ.Fine structure of the mesothelia and extracellular materials in the coelomic fluid of the fin boxes, myocoels, and sclerocoels of a lancelet, Branchiostoma floridae (Cephalochordata = Acrania). Acta Zool Stockh. 1990; 71:225-234.
    104. Holland N, Holland LZ.The fine structure of the testis of a lancelet (= amphioxus, branchiostoma floridae (phylum Chordata: subphylum Cephalochordata. Acta Zool Stockh. 1989; 70:211-218.
    105. Cary SC, Felbeck H, Holland N. Observations on the reproductive biology of the hydrothermal vent tube worm Riftia pachyptila. Mar Ecol Prog Ser. 1989; 52:89-94.
    106. Holland N, Holland LZ.Fine structural study of the cortical reaction and formation of the egg coats in a lancelet (= amphioxus), Branchiostoma floridae (pyylum Chordata: subphylum Cephalochordata = Acrania). Biol Bull. 1989; 176:111-122.
    107. Holland N. Fine structure of oocyte maturation in a crinoid echinoderm, Oxycomanthus japonicus: A time-lapse study by serial biopsy. J Morphol. 1988 Nov; 198(2):205-217. PMID: 29879795.
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    108. Holland N. Fine structure of oocyte maturation in a crinoid echinoderm, Osycomanthus japonicus: a time-lapse study by serial biopsy. J Morphol. 1988; 198:205-217.
    109. Leonard AB, Strickler JR, Holland N. Effects of current speed on filtration during suspension feeding in Oligometra serripinna (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Mar Biol. 1988; 97:111-126.
    110. Holland N. The meaning of deveopmental asymmetry for echinoderm evolution: a new interpretation. Echinoderm Phylogeny and Evolutionary Biology (Paul CRC, Smith AB, eds) Clarendon Press, Oxford. 1988; 13-25.
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    112. Holland N, Leonard AB, Strickler Jr.Upstream and downstream feeding by Oligometra serripinna (Echinodermata: Crinoidea) under surge conditions. Biol Bull. 1987; 173:552-556.
    113. Grimmer JC, Holland N. The role of ligaments in arm extension in feather stars (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Acta Zool Stockh. 1987; 68:79-82.
    114. Huvard AL, Holland N. Pinocytosis of ferritin from the gut lumen in larvae of a sea star (Patiria miniata) and a sea urchin (Lytechinus pictus). Dev Growth Differen. 1986; 28:43-51.
    115. Holland N, Strickler JR, Leonard AB.Particle interception, transport and rejection by the feather star Oligometra serripinna (Echinodermata: Crionodea), studied by frame analysis of videotapes. Mar Biol. 1986; 93:111-126.
    116. Cameron A, Holland N. Demonstration of the granular layer and the fate of the hyaline layer during the development of a sea urchin (Lytechinus variegatus). Cell Tiss Res. 1985; 239:455-458.
    117. Grimmer JC, Holland N, Hayami I.Fine structure of the stalk of an isocrinid sea lily (Metacrinus rotundus). Zoomorphology. 1985; 105:39-50.
    118. Grimmer JC, Holland N. Fine structure of the stalk of the bourgueticrinid sea lily Democrinus conifer (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Mar Biol. 1984; 81:163-176.
    119. Grimmer JC, Holland N, Kubota H.The fine structure of the stalk of the pentacrinoid larva of a feather star, Comanthus japonica (Echinodermata: Crinoidea. Acta Zool Stockh. 1984; 65:41-58.
    120. LaHaye CA, Holland N, McLean NM.Electron microscopic study of Haplosporidium comatulae n. sp. (Phylum Ascetospora: class Stellatosporea), a haplosporidian endoparasite of an Australian crinoid, Oligometra serripinna (phylum Echinodermata). Protistologica. 1984; 20:507-515.
    121. Meyer DL, LaHaye CA, Arneson AC, Strickler JR.Time-lapse cinematography of feather stars (Echinodermata: Crinoidea) on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia: demonstrations of posture changes, locomotion, spawning and possible predation by fish. Mar Biol. 1984; 78:179-184.
    122. LaHaye CA, Holland N. Electron microscopic studies of the digestive tract and absorption from the gut lumen of a feather star, Oligometra serripinna (Echinodermata). Zoomorphology. 1984; 104:252-259.
    123. Holland N. Echinodermata: epidermal cells. Biology of the Integument, 1 Invertebrates (Bereiter-Hahn J, Matoltsy AG, Richards KS, eds.) Springer, Berlin. 1984; 756-774.
    124. Holland N. Electron microscopic study of development of a sea cucumber, Stichopus tremulus (Holothuroidea) from unfertilized egg through hatched blastula. Acta Zool Stockh. 1981; 62:89-111.
    125. Holland N. A model linking environmental signals to the spawning time of Comanthus japonica (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Advances in Invertebrate Reproduction (Adams TS, Clark WH, eds.), Elsevier, Amsterdam. 1981; 75-78.
    126. Zmarzly DL Holland ND.Rates of food transport down the ambulacral grooves and through the gut of Comanthus bennetti (Echinodermata: Crinoidea) observed in situ. Mar Ecol Prog Ser. 1981; 6:229-230.
    127. Grimmer JC, Holland N. Fine structure of syzigial articulations before and after arm autotomy in Florometra serratissima (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Zoomorphology. 1981; 98:169-183.
    128. Holland N. Electron microscopic study of the cortical reaction in eggs of the starfish (Patiria miniata). Cell Tiss Res. 1980; 205:67-76.
    129. Holland N. Effects of ionophore A23187 on oocytes of Comanthus japonica (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Dev Growth Differen. 1980; 22:203-207.
    130. Grimmer JC, Holland N. Haemal and coelomic circulatory systems in the arms and pinnules of Florometra serratissima (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Zoomorphologie. 1979; 94:93-109.
    131. Holland N, Nealson KH.The fine structure of the echinoderm cuticle and the subcuticular bacteria of echinoderms. Acta Zool Stockh. 1978; 59:169-185.
    132. Holland N. The shaping of the ornamented fertilization membrane in Comanthus japonica (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Biol Bull. 1977; 153:299-311.
    133. Holland N. Morphologically specialized sperm from the ovary of Isometra vivipara (Echinodermata - Crinoidea). Acta Zool Stockh. 1976; 57:147-152.
    134. Holland N. Electron microscopic demonstration of a dithiothreitol-labile vitelline coat surrounding the unfertilized egg of Comanthus japonica (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Dev Growth Differen. 1976; 18:199-204.
    135. Holland N. The fine structure of the yolk nucleus in oocytes of Antedon bifida (Pennant) (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). J Mar Biol Ass UK. 1976; 56:59-63.
    136. Holland N. The fine structure of the conical-headed sperm of the crinoid Antedon bifida. Experientia. 1976; 32:101-102.
    137. Holland N, Grimmer JC.Epidermal mucus and the reproduction of a crinoid echinoderm. Nature. 1975; 255:223-224.
    138. Holland N, Dan K.Ovulation in an echinoderm (Comanthus japonica). Experientia. 1975; 31:1078-1080.
    139. Holland N, Kubota H.Fluctuations in the volume of non-germinal cell populations during the annual reproductive cycle of Comanthus japonica (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Annot Zool Japon. 1975; 48:83-89.
    140. Holland N, Kubota H.Correlated scanning and transmission electron microscopy of the feather star Comanthus japonica (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Trans Amer Microscop Soc. 1975; 94:58-70.
    141. Bell WA, Holland N. Cholinesterase in larvae of the ascidian,Ciona intestinalis, developing from fragments cut from centrifuged eggs. Wilhelm Roux Arch Entwickl Mech Org. 1974 Jun; 175(2):91-102. PMID: 28304715.
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    142. Bell WA, Holland N. Cholinesterase in larvae of the ascieian Ciona intestinalis, developing from fragments cut from centrifuged eggs. Wilhelm Roux' Arch. 1974; 175:91-102.
    143. Chien PK, Johnson PK, Holland N, Chapman FA.The coelomic elements of sea urchins (Strogylocentrotus). IV. Ultrastructure of the coelomocytes. Protoplasma. 1970; 71:419-442.
    144. Holland N, Rommel JA.A frequency polygon analysis of oogenesis in Psammechinus microtuberculatus. Pubbl Staz Zool Napoli. 1969; 37:657-659.
    145. Holland N. An electron microscopic study of the papillae of crinoid tube feet. Pubbl Staz Zool Napoli. 1969; 37:575-580.
    146. Holland N, Holland LZ.Annual cycles in germinal and non-germinal cell populations in the gonads of the sea urchin Psammechinus microtuberculatus. Pubbl Staz Zool Napoli. 1969; 37:394-404.
    147. Holland N, Holland LZ.A bibliography of echinoderm biology, continuing Hyman's 1955 bibliography through 1965. Pubbl Staz Zool Napoli. 1969; 37:441-573.
    148. Holland N. The histochemistry and site of synthesis of the globules in the chambered organ of Antedon mediterranea (Echinodermata, Crinoidea). Pubbl Staz Zool Napoli. 1968; 36:264-266.
    149. Holland N, Lauritis JA.The fine structure of the gastric exocrine cells of the purple sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. Trans Amer Microscop Soc. 1968; (87):201-209.
    150. Holland N. Some observations on the saccules of Antedon mediterranea (Echinodermata, Crinoidea). Pubbl Staz Zool Napoli. 1967; (35):257-262.
    151. Holland N. Gametogenesis during the annual reproductive cycle in a cidaroid sea urchin (Stylocidaris affinis). Biol Bull. 1967; 133:578-590.
    152. Lawrence JM, Lawrence AL, Holland N. Annual cycle of the gut of the purple sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus (Stimpson). Nature. 1965; 205:1238-1239.
    153. Holland N. An autoradiographic investigation of tooth renewal in the purple sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus). J Exp Zool. 1965; 158:275-281.
    154. Holland N, Phillips JH, Giese AC.An autoradiographic investigation of coelomocyte production in the purple sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus). Biol Bull. 1965; 129:259-270.
    155. Holland N, Giese AC.An autoradiographic investigation of the gonads of the purple sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus). Biol Bull. 1965; 128:241-258.
    156. Holland N, Nimitz SA.An autoradiotraphic and histochemical investigation of the gut mucopolysaccharides of the purple sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus). Biol Bull. 1964; 127:280-293.
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