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George Somero

TitleEmeritus Professor
InstitutionUniversity of California San Diego
DepartmentScripps Institution of Oceanography Department
Address9500 Gilman Drive #0202
La Jolla CA 92093
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Somero GN. RNA thermosensors: how might animals exploit their regulatory potential? J Exp Biol. 2018 Feb 22; 221(Pt 4). PMID: 29472490.
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    2. Dong YW, Liao ML, Meng XL, Somero GN. Structural flexibility and protein adaptation to temperature: Molecular dynamics analysis of malate dehydrogenases of marine molluscs. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Feb 06; 115(6):1274-1279. PMID: 29358381.
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    3. Gleason LU, Miller LP, Winnikoff JR, Somero GN, Yancey PH, Bratz D, Dowd WW. Thermal history and gape of individual Mytilus californianus correlate with oxidative damage and thermoprotective osmolytes. J Exp Biol. 2017 Nov 15; 220(Pt 22):4292-4304. PMID: 29141883.
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    4. Liao ML, Zhang S, Zhang GY, Chu YM, Somero GN, Dong YW. Heat-resistant cytosolic malate dehydrogenases (cMDHs) of thermophilic intertidal snails (genus Echinolittorina): protein underpinnings of tolerance to body temperatures reaching 55°C. J Exp Biol. 2017 Jun 01; 220(Pt 11):2066-2075. PMID: 28566358.
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    5. Dong YW, Li XX, Choi FMP, Williams GA, Somero GN, Helmuth B. Untangling the roles of microclimate, behaviour and physiological polymorphism in governing vulnerability of intertidal snails to heat stress. Proc Biol Sci. 2017 May 17; 284(1854). PMID: 28469014.
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    6. Fields PA, Dong Y, Meng X, Somero GN. Adaptations of protein structure and function to temperature: there is more than one way to 'skin a cat'. J Exp Biol. 2015 Jun; 218(Pt 12):1801-11. PMID: 26085658.
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    7. Jayasundara N, Tomanek L, Dowd WW, Somero GN. Proteomic analysis of cardiac response to thermal acclimation in the eurythermal goby fish Gillichthys mirabilis. J Exp Biol. 2015 May; 218(Pt 9):1359-72. PMID: 25954043.
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    8. Somero G. Temporal patterning of thermal acclimation: from behavior to membrane biophysics. J Exp Biol. 2015 Feb 01; 218(Pt 3):500. PMID: 25653424.
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    9. Somero G. Temporal patterning of thermal acclimation: from behavior to membrane biophysics. J Exp Biol. 2015 Jan 15; 218(Pt 2):167-9. PMID: 25609779.
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    10. Tepolt CK, Somero GN. Master of all trades: thermal acclimation and adaptation of cardiac function in a broadly distributed marine invasive species, the European green crab, Carcinus maenas. J Exp Biol. 2014 Apr 01; 217(Pt 7):1129-38. PMID: 24671964.
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    11. Jayasundara N, Somero GN. Physiological plasticity of cardiorespiratory function in a eurythermal marine teleost, the longjaw mudsucker, Gillichthys mirabilis. J Exp Biol. 2013 Jun 01; 216(Pt 11):2111-21. PMID: 23678101.
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    12. Somero GN. A 1950s classic of thermal adaptation to cold. J Exp Biol. 2013 May 15; 216(Pt 10):1759-61. PMID: 23785104.
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    13. Yao CL, Somero GN. Thermal stress and cellular signaling processes in hemocytes of native (Mytilus californianus) and invasive (M. galloprovincialis) mussels: cell cycle regulation and DNA repair. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2013 Jun; 165(2):159-68. PMID: 23454628.
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    14. Dowd WW, Somero GN. Behavior and survival of Mytilus congeners following episodes of elevated body temperature in air and seawater. J Exp Biol. 2013 Feb 01; 216(Pt 3):502-14. PMID: 23038732.
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    15. Yao CL, Somero GN. The impact of acute temperature stress on hemocytes of invasive and native mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis and Mytilus californianus): DNA damage, membrane integrity, apoptosis and signaling pathways. J Exp Biol. 2012 Dec 15; 215(Pt 24):4267-77. PMID: 22972891.
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    16. Lockwood BL, Somero GN. Functional determinants of temperature adaptation in enzymes of cold- versus warm-adapted mussels (Genus Mytilus). Mol Biol Evol. 2012 Oct; 29(10):3061-70. PMID: 22491035.
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    17. Somero GN. The physiology of global change: linking patterns to mechanisms. Ann Rev Mar Sci. 2012; 4:39-61. PMID: 22457968.
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    18. Driedzic WR, Shick JM, Somero GN. Bruce D. Sidell (20 March 1948-8 February 2011). Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2011 Nov; 154(4):437-9. PMID: 22010291.
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    19. Driedzic WR, Shick JM, Somero GN. Bruce D. Sidell (20 March 1948-8 February 2011). Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2011 Nov; 160(3):440-2. PMID: 21980604.
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    20. Driedzic WR, Shick JM, Somero GN. Bruce D. Sidell (20 March 1948-8 February 2011). Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2011 Oct; 160(2-3):119-21. PMID: 21984995.
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    21. Driedzic W, Shick JM, Somero GN. Bruce D. Sidell. 20 March 1948 - 8 February 2011. J Exp Biol. 2011 Aug 01; 214(Pt 15):2453-4. PMID: 21877336.
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    22. Somero GN. Comparative physiology: a "crystal ball" for predicting consequences of global change. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2011 Jul; 301(1):R1-14. PMID: 21430078.
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    23. Logan CA, Somero GN. Effects of thermal acclimation on transcriptional responses to acute heat stress in the eurythermal fish Gillichthys mirabilis (Cooper). Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2011 Jun; 300(6):R1373-83. PMID: 21411771.
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    24. Lockwood BL, Somero GN. Transcriptomic responses to salinity stress in invasive and native blue mussels (genus Mytilus). Mol Ecol. 2011 Feb; 20(3):517-29. PMID: 21199031.
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    25. Lockwood BL, Sanders JG, Somero GN. Transcriptomic responses to heat stress in invasive and native blue mussels (genus Mytilus): molecular correlates of invasive success. J Exp Biol. 2010 Oct 15; 213(Pt 20):3548-58. PMID: 20889835.
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    26. Evans TG, Somero GN. Phosphorylation events catalyzed by major cell signaling proteins differ in response to thermal and osmotic stress among native (Mytilus californianus and Mytilus trossulus) and invasive (Mytilus galloprovincialis) species of mussels. Physiol Biochem Zool. 2010 Nov-Dec; 83(6):984-96. PMID: 20946068.
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    27. Logan CA, Somero GN. Transcriptional responses to thermal acclimation in the eurythermal fish Gillichthys mirabilis (Cooper 1864). Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2010 Sep; 299(3):R843-52. PMID: 20610827.
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    28. Castilho PC, Buckley BA, Somero G, Block BA. Heterologous hybridization to a complementary DNA microarray reveals the effect of thermal acclimation in the endothermic bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis). Mol Ecol. 2009 May; 18(10):2092-102. PMID: 19389180.
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    29. Dong Y, Somero GN. Temperature adaptation of cytosolic malate dehydrogenases of limpets (genus Lottia): differences in stability and function due to minor changes in sequence correlate with biogeographic and vertical distributions. J Exp Biol. 2009 Jan; 212(Pt 2):169-77. PMID: 19112135.
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    30. Evans TG, Somero GN. Protein-protein interactions enable rapid adaptive response to osmotic stress in fish gills. Commun Integr Biol. 2009; 2(2):94-6. PMID: 19704899; PMCID: PMC2686354.
    31. Evans TG, Somero GN. A microarray-based transcriptomic time-course of hyper- and hypo-osmotic stress signaling events in the euryhaline fish Gillichthys mirabilis: osmosensors to effectors. J Exp Biol. 2008 Nov; 211(Pt 22):3636-49. PMID: 18978229.
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    32. Gracey AY, Chaney ML, Boomhower JP, Tyburczy WR, Connor K, Somero GN. Rhythms of gene expression in a fluctuating intertidal environment. Curr Biol. 2008 Oct 14; 18(19):1501-7. PMID: 18848447.
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    33. Dong Y, Miller LP, Sanders JG, Somero GN. Heat-shock protein 70 (Hsp70) expression in four limpets of the genus Lottia: interspecific variation in constitutive and inducible synthesis correlates with in situ exposure to heat stress. Biol Bull. 2008 Oct; 215(2):173-81. PMID: 18840778.
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    34. Pörtner HO, Peck L, Somero G. Thermal limits and adaptation in marine Antarctic ectotherms: an integrative view. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2007 Dec 29; 362(1488):2233-58. PMID: 17553776; PMCID: PMC2443174.
    35. Podrabsky JE, Lopez JP, Fan TW, Higashi R, Somero GN. Extreme anoxia tolerance in embryos of the annual killifish Austrofundulus limnaeus: insights from a metabolomics analysis. J Exp Biol. 2007 Jul; 210(Pt 13):2253-66. PMID: 17575031.
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    36. Cossins A, Somero G. Guest editors' introduction. J Exp Biol. 2007 May; 210(Pt 9):1491. PMID: 17449813.
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    37. Podrabsky JE, Somero GN. An inducible 70 kDa-class heat shock protein is constitutively expressed during early development and diapause in the annual killifish Austrofundulus limnaeus. Cell Stress Chaperones. 2007; 12(3):199-204. PMID: 17915551; PMCID: PMC1971235.
    38. Petricorena ZL, Somero GN. Biochemical adaptations of notothenioid fishes: comparisons between cold temperate South American and New Zealand species and Antarctic species. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2007 Jul; 147(3):799-807. PMID: 17293146.
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    39. Buckley BA, Gracey AY, Somero GN. The cellular response to heat stress in the goby Gillichthys mirabilis: a cDNA microarray and protein-level analysis. J Exp Biol. 2006 Jul; 209(Pt 14):2660-77. PMID: 16809457.
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    40. Braby CE, Somero GN. Following the heart: temperature and salinity effects on heart rate in native and invasive species of blue mussels (genus Mytilus). J Exp Biol. 2006 Jul; 209(Pt 13):2554-66. PMID: 16788038.
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    41. Fields PA, Rudomin EL, Somero GN. Temperature sensitivities of cytosolic malate dehydrogenases from native and invasive species of marine mussels (genus Mytilus): sequence-function linkages and correlations with biogeographic distribution. J Exp Biol. 2006 Feb; 209(Pt 4):656-67. PMID: 16449560.
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    42. Stenseng E, Braby CE, Somero GN. Evolutionary and acclimation-induced variation in the thermal limits of heart function in congeneric marine snails (genus Tegula): implications for vertical zonation. Biol Bull. 2005 Apr; 208(2):138-44. PMID: 15837963.
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    43. Somero GN. Linking biogeography to physiology: Evolutionary and acclimatory adjustments of thermal limits. Front Zool. 2005 Jan 17; 2(1):1. PMID: 15679952.
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    44. Somero GN, Suarez RK. Peter Hochachka: adventures in biochemical adaptation. Annu Rev Physiol. 2005; 67:25-37. PMID: 15709951.
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    45. Somero GN. Preface to Peter Hochachka memorial volume. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2004 Nov; 139(3):311-5. PMID: 15544956.
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    46. Somero GN. Adaptation of enzymes to temperature: searching for basic "strategies". Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2004 Nov; 139(3):321-33. PMID: 15544958.
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    47. Podrabsky JE, Somero GN. Changes in gene expression associated with acclimation to constant temperatures and fluctuating daily temperatures in an annual killifish Austrofundulus limnaeus. J Exp Biol. 2004 Jun; 207(Pt 13):2237-54. PMID: 15159429.
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    48. Johns GC, Somero GN. Evolutionary convergence in adaptation of proteins to temperature: A4-lactate dehydrogenases of Pacific damselfishes (Chromis spp.). Mol Biol Evol. 2004 Feb; 21(2):314-20. PMID: 14660697.
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    49. Somero GN. Protein adaptations to temperature and pressure: complementary roles of adaptive changes in amino acid sequence and internal milieu. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2003 Dec; 136(4):577-91. PMID: 14662287.
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    50. Ream RA, Theriot JA, Somero GN. Influences of thermal acclimation and acute temperature change on the motility of epithelial wound-healing cells (keratocytes) of tropical, temperate and Antarctic fish. J Exp Biol. 2003 Dec; 206(Pt 24):4539-51. PMID: 14610038.
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    51. Sanford E, Roth MS, Johns GC, Wares JP, Somero GN. Local selection and latitudinal variation in a marine predator-prey interaction. Science. 2003 May 16; 300(5622):1135-7. PMID: 12750518.
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    52. Ream RA, Johns GC, Somero GN. Base compositions of genes encoding alpha-actin and lactate dehydrogenase-A from differently adapted vertebrates show no temperature-adaptive variation in G + C content. Mol Biol Evol. 2003 Jan; 20(1):105-10. PMID: 12519912.
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    53. Somero GN. Obituary: Peter W. Hochachka (1937-2002). Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2002 Dec; 133(4):471-3. PMID: 12841218.
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    54. Somero GN. Thermal physiology and vertical zonation of intertidal animals: optima, limits, and costs of living. Integr Comp Biol. 2002 Aug; 42(4):780-9. PMID: 21708776.
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    55. Fields PA, Kim YS, Carpenter JF, Somero GN. Temperature adaptation in Gillichthys (Teleost: Gobiidae) A(4)-lactate dehydrogenases: identical primary structures produce subtly different conformations. J Exp Biol. 2002 May; 205(Pt 9):1293-303. PMID: 11948206.
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    56. Tomanek L, Somero GN. Interspecific- and acclimation-induced variation in levels of heat-shock proteins 70 (hsp70) and 90 (hsp90) and heat-shock transcription factor-1 (HSF1) in congeneric marine snails (genus Tegula): implications for regulation of hsp gene expression. J Exp Biol. 2002 Mar; 205(Pt 5):677-85. PMID: 11907057.
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    57. Lin JJ, Yang TH, Wahlstrand BD, Fields PA, Somero GN. Phylogenetic relationships and biochemical properties of the duplicated cytosolic and mitochondrial isoforms of malate dehydrogenase from a teleost fish, Sphyraena idiastes. J Mol Evol. 2002 Jan; 54(1):107-17. PMID: 11734904.
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    58. Graves JE, Rosenblatt RH, Somero GN. KINETIC AND ELECTROPHORETIC DIFFERENTIATION OF LACTATE DEHYDROGENASES OF TELEOST SPECIES-PAIRS FROM THE ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC COASTS OF PANAMA. Evolution. 1983 Jan; 37(1):30-37. PMID: 28568030.
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    59. Graves JE, Somero GN. ELECTROPHORETIC AND FUNCTIONAL ENZYMIC EVOLUTION IN FOUR SPECIES OF EASTERN PACIFIC BARRACUDAS FROM DIFFERENT THERMAL ENVIRONMENTS. Evolution. 1982 Jan; 36(1):97-106. PMID: 28581099.
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