Richard Gallo

Title(s)Professor, Dermatology
SchoolVc-health Sciences-schools
Address9500 Gilman Drive #
La Jolla CA 92093
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of Chicago, Chicago, ILAB06/1980Biology
    University of Rochester, Rochester, NYMD,PhD06/1986Medicine, Biophysics, Toxicology
    Harvard, Boston, MA06/1991Dermatology
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    AMA1990Young Investigator Award
    Society Investigative Dermatology2006Montagna Award
    ASCI2003Elected Fellow
    European Society Investigative Derm2007CERIS
    ESDR2011Rene Tourane
    AAP2010Elected Fellow
    American Academy of Dermatology2012Sulzberger
    Japanese Derm Association2014Dohi
    American Association Microbiology2014Elected Fellow
    Harvard2015Haynes
    Manchester Derm Society2017Lifetime Achievment Award
    AAAAS2017Elected Fellow
    Society Investigative Dermatology2022Rothman Award

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Our laboratory discovered that antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are produced by mammalian skin and we continue in the discovery of mechanisms and functions of the human skin immune system and microbiome. The information from these basic investigations has been applied to uncovering previously unknown aspects of the pathophysiology of human diseases such as atopic dermatitis, rosacea, acne and psoriasis. Our investigations of the microbiome on human skin have also included some of the first successful human trials of bacteriotherapy for atopic dermatitis. In related work, we study how glycans influence innate immunity and microbial function.
    Collapse Websites

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Inflammatory cross-talk between skin and gut
    NIH R01DK128787Mar 1, 2021 - Feb 28, 2025
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Quorum sensing, diversity and skin inflammation
    NIH R01AI153185Jun 12, 2020 - May 31, 2025
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Microbiome Function in Atopic Dermatitis
    NIH U01AI152038May 1, 2020 - Apr 30, 2027
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Conflict and Cooperation between AMP Species on the skin
    NIH R01AR076082Jul 1, 2019 - Apr 30, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The skin microbiome in acne
    NIH R01AR074302Aug 13, 2018 - May 31, 2023
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Skin Defense by Dermal Adipocytes
    NIH R01AR069653Apr 1, 2016 - Jan 31, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Establishing a Skin Microbiome Transplant
    NIH R21AR067547Aug 1, 2015 - May 31, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Skin barrier function and the microbiome
    NIH R01AI116576Jul 1, 2015 - Dec 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Overall Atopic Dermatitis Research Network
    NIH U19AI117673Apr 1, 2015 - Mar 31, 2020
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Skin Barrier and the Microbiome
    NIH R01AR064781Sep 18, 2014 - Aug 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    UCSD Dermatologist Investigator Training Program
    NIH T32AR062496May 1, 2012 - Apr 30, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Glycan Modulation of Inflammatory Responses
    NIH P01HL107150Jul 1, 2011 - May 31, 2018
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Skin Microbiome in epidermal immune defense
    NIH R01AI083358Dec 8, 2009 - Nov 30, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Skin Microbiome in epidermal immune defense
    NIH R56AI083358Aug 15, 2009 - Dec 7, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Skin Defense by Antimicrobial Peptides
    NIH I01BX000358Apr 1, 2009 - Jun 30, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    2007 Antimicrobial Peptides Gordon Conference
    NIH R13AI074086Apr 1, 2007 - Mar 31, 2008
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Proteolysis and Skin Antimicrobials
    NIH R01AR052728Jul 1, 2005 - Jan 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cathelicidin in Skin Immunity
    NIH R37AI052453Sep 15, 2002 - Feb 29, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cathelicidin in Skin Immunity
    NIH R01AI052453Sep 15, 2002 - Mar 31, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PROTEOGLYCANS WOUND REPAIR AND INFLAMMATION
    NIH R01AR045676Sep 1, 2001 - May 31, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    CATHELICIDINS--A MOLECULAR BACTERIOLOGIC APPROACH
    NIH R21AI048176Sep 1, 2000 - Aug 31, 2002
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Genetic Modulation of Blood and Vascular Glycosylation
    NIH P01HL057345Sep 30, 1997 - Dec 31, 2013
    Role: Co-Investigator
    SYNDECANS AND SYNDUCIN IN HUMAN SKIN
    NIH R01AR044379Sep 30, 1996 - Aug 31, 2001
    Role: Principal Investigator
    SYNDECANS AND SYNDUCIN IN HUMAN SKIN
    NIH R29AR044379Sep 30, 1996 - Aug 31, 2001
    Role: Principal Investigator
    STRUCTURE/FUNCTION ANALYSIS OF SYNDECAN
    NIH K08AR001874Feb 4, 1992 - Jan 31, 1997
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Featured Publications

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. CXCL12+ dermal fibroblasts promote neutrophil recruitment and host defense by recognition of IL-17. J Exp Med. 2024 Apr 01; 221(4). Cavagnero KJ, Li F, Dokoshi T, Nakatsuji T, O'Neill AM, Aguilera C, Liu E, Shia M, Osuoji O, Hata T, Gallo RL. PMID: 38393304; PMCID: PMC10890925.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    2. Viral afterlife: SARS-CoV-2 as a reservoir of immunomimetic peptides that reassemble into proinflammatory supramolecular complexes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2024 Feb 06; 121(6):e2300644120. Zhang Y, Bharathi V, Dokoshi T, de Anda J, Ursery LT, Kulkarni NN, Nakamura Y, Chen J, Luo EWC, Wang L, Xu H, Coady A, Zurich R, Lee MW, Matsui T, Lee H, Chan LC, Schepmoes AA, Lipton MS, Zhao R, Adkins JN, Clair GC, Thurlow LR, Schisler JC, Wolfgang MC, Hagan RS, Yeaman MR, Weiss TM, Chen X, Li MMH, Nizet V, Antoniak S, Mackman N, Gallo RL, Wong GCL. PMID: 38306481.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    3. Increased LL37 in psoriasis and other inflammatory disorders promotes low-density lipoprotein uptake and atherosclerosis. J Clin Invest. 2024 Jan 09. Nakamura Y, Kulkarni NN, Takahashi T, Alimohamadi H, Dokoshi T, Liu EL, Shia M, Numata T, Luo EW, Gombart AF, Yang X, Secrest P, Gordts PL, Tsimikas S, Wong GC, Gallo RL. PMID: 38194294.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    4. S. aureus drives itch and scratch-induced skin damage through a V8 protease-PAR1 axis. Cell. 2023 11 22; 186(24):5375-5393.e25. Deng L, Costa F, Blake KJ, Choi S, Chandrabalan A, Yousuf MS, Shiers S, Dubreuil D, Vega-Mendoza D, Rolland C, Deraison C, Voisin T, Bagood MD, Wesemann L, Frey AM, Palumbo JS, Wainger BJ, Gallo RL, Leyva-Castillo JM, Vergnolle N, Price TJ, Ramachandran R, Horswill AR, Chiu IM. PMID: 37995657; PMCID: PMC10669764.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    5. Staphylococcus epidermidis activates keratinocyte cytokine expression and promotes skin inflammation through the production of phenol-soluble modulins. Cell Rep. 2023 09 26; 42(9):113024. Williams MR, Bagood MD, Enroth TJ, Bunch ZL, Jiang N, Liu E, Almoughrabie S, Khalil S, Li F, Brinton S, Cech NB, Horswill AR, Gallo RL. PMID: 37610872; PMCID: PMC10586132.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    6. Commensal Cutibacterium acnes induce epidermal lipid synthesis important for skin barrier function. Sci Adv. 2023 08 18; 9(33):eadg6262. Almoughrabie S, Cau L, Cavagnero K, O'Neill AM, Li F, Roso-Mares A, Mainzer C, Closs B, Kolar MJ, Williams KJ, Bensinger SJ, Gallo RL. PMID: 37595033; PMCID: PMC10438445.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    7. Regulation of Epidermal Ferritin Expression Influences Systemic Iron Homeostasis. J Invest Dermatol. 2024 Jan; 144(1):84-95.e3. Khalil S, Cavagnero KJ, Williams MR, O'Neill A, Nakatsuji T, Gallo RL. PMID: 37544587.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    8. Genetic and Functional Analyses of Cutibacterium Acnes Isolates Reveal the Association of a Linear Plasmid with Skin Inflammation. J Invest Dermatol. 2024 Jan; 144(1):116-124.e4. O'Neill AM, Cavagnero KJ, Seidman JS, Zaramela L, Chen Y, Li F, Nakatsuji T, Cheng JY, Tong YL, Do TH, Brinton SL, Hata TR, Modlin RL, Gallo RL. PMID: 37478901.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    9. Dynamic interplay between IL-1 and WNT pathways in regulating dermal adipocyte lineage cells during skin development and wound regeneration. Cell Rep. 2023 06 27; 42(6):112647. Sun L, Zhang X, Wu S, Liu Y, Guerrero-Juarez CF, Liu W, Huang J, Yao Q, Yin M, Li J, Ramos R, Liao Y, Wu R, Xia T, Zhang X, Yang Y, Li F, Heng S, Zhang W, Yang M, Tzeng CM, Ji C, Plikus MV, Gallo RL, Zhang LJ. PMID: 37330908; PMCID: PMC10765379.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    10. Reduction of Erythema in Moderate-Severe Rosacea by a Low Molecular Weight Heparan Sulfate Analog (HSA). J Drugs Dermatol. 2023 Jun 01; 22(6):546-553. George R, Gallo RL, Cohen JL, Brown M, Okeke CAV, Byrd AS. PMID: 37276169.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Crosstalk between skin microbiota and immune system in health and disease. Nat Immunol. 2023 06; 24(6):895-898. Liu Q, Ranallo R, Rios C, Grice EA, Moon K, Gallo RL. PMID: 37081151; PMCID: PMC10247537.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    
    12. Competition between skin antimicrobial peptides and commensal bacteria in type 2 inflammation enables survival of S. aureus. Cell Rep. 2023 05 30; 42(5):112494. Nakatsuji T, Brinton SL, Cavagnero KJ, O'Neill AM, Chen Y, Dokoshi T, Butcher AM, Osuoji OC, Shafiq F, Espinoza JL, Dupont CL, Hata TR, Gallo RL. PMID: 37167061; PMCID: PMC10303920.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    13. Evolving approaches to profiling the microbiome in skin disease. Front Immunol. 2023; 14:1151527. Chen Y, Knight R, Gallo RL. PMID: 37081873; PMCID: PMC10110978.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    14. Essential immune functions of fibroblasts in innate host defense. Front Immunol. 2022; 13:1058862. Cavagnero KJ, Gallo RL. PMID: 36591258; PMCID: PMC9797514.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    15. Host-microbiome interactions in the holobiome of atopic dermatitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2023 05; 151(5):1236-1238. Burger E, Gallo RL. PMID: 36509150.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    16. Interdependence of Sebaceous Lipids and the Microbiome in Atopic Dermatitis. J Invest Dermatol. 2022 Nov; 142(11):2845-2847. Almoughrabie S, Gallo RL. PMID: 35985890.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. TREM2 macrophages induced by human lipids drive inflammation in acne lesions. Sci Immunol. 2022 07 22; 7(73):eabo2787. Do TH, Ma F, Andrade PR, Teles R, de Andrade Silva BJ, Hu C, Espinoza A, Hsu JE, Cho CS, Kim M, Xi J, Xing X, Plazyo O, Tsoi LC, Cheng C, Kim J, Bryson BD, O'Neill AM, Colonna M, Gudjonsson JE, Klechevsky E, Lee JH, Gallo RL, Bloom BR, Pellegrini M, Modlin RL. PMID: 35867799; PMCID: PMC9400695.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    18. The Ubiquitous Human Skin Commensal Staphylococcus hominis Protects against Opportunistic Pathogens. mBio. 2022 06 28; 13(3):e0093022. Severn MM, Williams MR, Shahbandi A, Bunch ZL, Lyon LM, Nguyen A, Zaramela LS, Todd DA, Zengler K, Cech NB, Gallo RL, Horswill AR. PMID: 35608301; PMCID: PMC9239047.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    19. Obesity alters pathology and treatment response in inflammatory disease. Nature. 2022 04; 604(7905):337-342. Bapat SP, Whitty C, Mowery CT, Liang Y, Yoo A, Jiang Z, Peters MC, Zhang LJ, Vogel I, Zhou C, Nguyen VQ, Li Z, Chang C, Zhu WS, Hastie AT, He H, Ren X, Qiu W, Gayer SG, Liu C, Choi EJ, Fassett M, Cohen JN, Sturgill JL, Crotty Alexander LE, Suh JM, Liddle C, Atkins AR, Yu RT, Downes M, Liu S, Nikolajczyk BS, Lee IK, Guttman-Yassky E, Ansel KM, Woodruff PG, Fahy JV, Sheppard D, Gallo RL, Ye CJ, Evans RM, Zheng Y, Marson A. PMID: 35355021; PMCID: PMC9165753.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 41     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    20. Antimicrobial production by perifollicular dermal preadipocytes is essential to the pathophysiology of acne. Sci Transl Med. 2022 02 16; 14(632):eabh1478. O'Neill AM, Liggins MC, Seidman JS, Do TH, Li F, Cavagnero KJ, Dokoshi T, Cheng JY, Shafiq F, Hata TR, Gudjonsson JE, Modlin RL, Gallo RL. PMID: 35171653; PMCID: PMC9885891.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    21. Advocacy for a shared physician/patient approach for the management of acne, rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis and photodamage. Eur J Dermatol. 2022 01 01; 32(1):138-139. Dréno B, Gallo RL, Berardesca E, Griffiths CEM. PMID: 35653084; PMCID: PMC9170546.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Skin inflammation activates intestinal stromal fibroblasts and promotes colitis. J Clin Invest. 2021 11 01; 131(21). Dokoshi T, Seidman JS, Cavagnero KJ, Li F, Liggins MC, Taylor BC, Olvera J, Knight R, Chang JT, Salzman NH, Gallo RL. PMID: 34720087; PMCID: PMC8553570.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    23. Antimicrobials from a feline commensal bacterium inhibit skin infection by drug-resistant S. pseudintermedius. Elife. 2021 10 19; 10. O'Neill AM, Worthing KA, Kulkarni N, Li F, Nakatsuji T, McGrosso D, Mills RH, Kalla G, Cheng JY, Norris JM, Pogliano K, Pogliano J, Gonzalez DJ, Gallo RL. PMID: 34664551; PMCID: PMC8592530.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    24. Mechanisms for control of skin immune function by the microbiome. Curr Opin Immunol. 2021 10; 72:324-330. Nakatsuji T, Cheng JY, Gallo RL. PMID: 34537476.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    25. Multiethnic genome-wide and HLA association study of total serum IgE level. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2021 12; 148(6):1589-1595. Daya M, Cox C, Acevedo N, Boorgula MP, Campbell M, Chavan S, Cho MH, David GL, Kachroo P, Lasky-Su J, Li X, McHugh CP, Qiao D, Rafaels N, Beck LA, Bleecker ER, Caraballo L, Cupples AL, Figueiredo CA, Gallo RL, Hanifin J, Hansel NN, Hata TR, Hersh CP, Knight-Madden J, Leung DYM, Guttman-Yassky E, Meyers DA, O'Connor G, Ober C, Ong PY, Ortega VE, Paller AS, Putcha N, Reed RM, Schneider LC, Silverman EK, Slifka MK, Spergel JM, Vasan RS, Viaud-Martinez KA, Watson H, Weiss ST, NHLBI Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) Consortium, Ruczinski I, Beaty TH, Mathias RA, Barnes KC. PMID: 34536413; PMCID: PMC8665111.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Update on Facial Erythema in Rosacea. J Drugs Dermatol. 2021 Aug 01; 20(8):861-864. Gallo RL, Baldwin H, Gold LS, Harper J. PMID: 34397189.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Use of Autologous Bacteriotherapy to Treat Staphylococcus aureus in Patients With Atopic Dermatitis: A Randomized Double-blind Clinical Trial. JAMA Dermatol. 2021 Jun 16. Nakatsuji T, Gallo RL, Shafiq F, Tong Y, Chun K, Butcher AM, Cheng JY, Hata TR. PMID: 34132739; PMCID: PMC8209585.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    
    28. Polygenic prediction of atopic dermatitis improves with atopic training and filaggrin factors. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2022 01; 149(1):145-155. Arehart CH, Daya M, Campbell M, Boorgula MP, Rafaels N, Chavan S, David G, Hanifin J, Slifka MK, Gallo RL, Hata T, Schneider LC, Paller AS, Ong PY, Spergel JM, Guttman-Yassky E, Leung DYM, Beck LA, Gignoux CR, Mathias RA, Barnes KC. PMID: 34111454; PMCID: PMC8973457.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Sequence determinants in the cathelicidin LL-37 that promote inflammation via presentation of RNA to scavenger receptors. J Biol Chem. 2021 07; 297(1):100828. Kulkarni NN, O'Neill AM, Dokoshi T, Luo EWC, Wong GCL, Gallo RL. PMID: 34048712; PMCID: PMC8214221.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    30. Cutaneous innate immune tolerance is mediated by epigenetic control of MAP2K3 by HDAC8/9. Sci Immunol. 2021 05 21; 6(59). Sawada Y, Nakatsuji T, Dokoshi T, Kulkarni NN, Liggins MC, Sen G, Gallo RL. PMID: 34021025; PMCID: PMC8363943.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    31. Whole genome sequencing identifies novel genetic mutations in patients with eczema herpeticum. Allergy. 2021 08; 76(8):2510-2523. Bin L, Malley C, Taylor P, Preethi Boorgula M, Chavan S, Daya M, Mathias M, Shankar G, Rafaels N, Vergara C, Potee J, Campbell M, Hanifin JM, Simpson E, Schneider LC, Gallo RL, Hata T, Paller AS, De Benedetto A, Beck LA, Ong PY, Guttman-Yassky E, Richers B, Baraghoshi D, Ruczinski I, Barnes KC, Leung DYM, Mathias RA. PMID: 33548076; PMCID: PMC8978872.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    32. Staphylococcus aureus Enters Hair Follicles Using Triacylglycerol Lipases Preserved through the Genus Staphylococcus. J Invest Dermatol. 2021 08; 141(8):2094-2097. Nakamura K, Williams MR, Kwiecinski JM, Horswill AR, Gallo RL. PMID: 33705795; PMCID: PMC8316282.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    33. Development of a human skin commensal microbe for bacteriotherapy of atopic dermatitis and use in a phase 1 randomized clinical trial. Nat Med. 2021 04; 27(4):700-709. Nakatsuji T, Hata TR, Tong Y, Cheng JY, Shafiq F, Butcher AM, Salem SS, Brinton SL, Rudman Spergel AK, Johnson K, Jepson B, Calatroni A, David G, Ramirez-Gama M, Taylor P, Leung DYM, Gallo RL. PMID: 33619370; PMCID: PMC8052297.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 69     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCellsCTClinical Trials
    34. Diet-induced obesity promotes infection by impairment of the innate antimicrobial defense function of dermal adipocyte progenitors. Sci Transl Med. 2021 01 20; 13(577). Zhang LJ, Guerrero-Juarez CF, Chen SX, Zhang X, Yin M, Li F, Wu S, Chen J, Li M, Liu Y, Jiang SIB, Hata T, Plikus MV, Gallo RL. PMID: 33472955; PMCID: PMC8164450.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    35. Short chain fatty acids produced by Cutibacterium acnes inhibit biofilm formation by Staphylococcus epidermidis. Sci Rep. 2020 12 04; 10(1):21237. Nakamura K, O'Neill AM, Williams MR, Cau L, Nakatsuji T, Horswill AR, Gallo RL. PMID: 33277548; PMCID: PMC7718897.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    36. Role of Epigenetics in the Regulation of Immune Functions of the Skin. J Invest Dermatol. 2021 05; 141(5):1157-1166. Sawada Y, Gallo RL. PMID: 33256976; PMCID: PMC8068568.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    37. Fifty Years of Collaboration between the SID and ESDR: Two Societies and One Journal. J Invest Dermatol. 2020 Sep; 140(9S):S171-S174. Gallo RL, Bickers DR, Minnillo R. PMID: 32800165.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    38. The role of the NMD factor UPF3B in olfactory sensory neurons. Elife. 2020 08 10; 9. Tan K, Jones SH, Lake BB, Chousal JN, Shum EY, Zhang L, Chen S, Sohni A, Pandya S, Gallo RL, Zhang K, Cook-Andersen H, Wilkinson MF. PMID: 32773035; PMCID: PMC7452722.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    39. Staphylococcus epidermidis protease EcpA can be a deleterious component of the skin microbiome in atopic dermatitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2021 03; 147(3):955-966.e16. Cau L, Williams MR, Butcher AM, Nakatsuji T, Kavanaugh JS, Cheng JY, Shafiq F, Higbee K, Hata TR, Horswill AR, Gallo RL. PMID: 32634452; PMCID: PMC8058862.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 56     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    40. A 48-week update of a multicentre real-life experience of dupilumab in adult patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis. J Dermatolog Treat. 2022 03; 33(2):1146-1149. Fargnoli MC, Esposito M, Ferrucci S, Girolomoni G, Offidani A, Patrizi A, Peris K, Costanzo A, Malara G, Pellacani G, Romanelli M, Amerio P, Cristaudo A, Flori ML, Motolese A, Betto P, Patruno C, Pigatto P, Peccianti C, Stinco G, Zalaudek I, Bianchi L, Boccaletti V, Cannavo SP, Cusano F, Lembo S, Mozzillo R, Gallo R, Potenza C, Rongioletti F, Tiberio R, Grieco T, Micali G, Persechino S, Pettinato M, Pucci S, Stingeni L, Caruso C, Argenziano G, Dupilumab Italian National Access Program (Dup-INAP Group).. PMID: 32436765.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Update on the Management of Rosacea from the American Acne & Rosacea Society (AARS). J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2020 Jun; 13(6 Suppl):S17-S24. Del Rosso JQ, Tanghetti E, Webster G, Stein Gold L, Thiboutot D, Gallo RL. PMID: 33282106; PMCID: PMC7710291.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5  
    42. A Nitric Oxide-Releasing Topical Medication as a Potential Treatment Option for Atopic Dermatitis through Antimicrobial and Anti-Inflammatory Activity. J Invest Dermatol. 2020 12; 140(12):2531-2535.e2. Guttman-Yassky E, Gallo RL, Pavel AB, Nakatsuji T, Li R, Zhang N, Messersmith E, Maeda-Chubachi T. PMID: 32428543.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    43. Host Cathelicidin Exacerbates Group B Streptococcus Urinary Tract Infection. mSphere. 2020 04 22; 5(2). Patras KA, Coady A, Babu P, Shing SR, Ha AD, Rooholfada E, Brandt SL, Geriak M, Gallo RL, Nizet V. PMID: 32321824; PMCID: PMC7178553.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    44. Interplay of Staphylococcal and Host Proteases Promotes Skin Barrier Disruption in Netherton Syndrome. Cell Rep. 2020 03 03; 30(9):2923-2933.e7. Williams MR, Cau L, Wang Y, Kaul D, Sanford JA, Zaramela LS, Khalil S, Butcher AM, Zengler K, Horswill AR, Dupont CL, Hovnanian A, Gallo RL. PMID: 32130897; PMCID: PMC7183042.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    45. Cathelicidin preserves intestinal barrier function in polymicrobial sepsis. Crit Care. 2020 02 10; 24(1):47. Ho J, Chan H, Liang Y, Liu X, Zhang L, Li Q, Zhang Y, Zeng J, Ugwu FN, Ho IHT, Hu W, Yau JCW, Wong SH, Wong WT, Ling L, Cho CH, Gallo RL, Gin T, Tse G, Yu J, Chan MTV, Leung CCH, Wu WKK. PMID: 32041659; PMCID: PMC7011568.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    46. Standard management options for rosacea: The 2019 update by the National Rosacea Society Expert Committee. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2020 Jun; 82(6):1501-1510. Thiboutot D, Anderson R, Cook-Bolden F, Draelos Z, Gallo RL, Granstein RD, Kang S, Macsai M, Gold LS, Tan J. PMID: 32035944.
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    47. Identification of a Human Skin Commensal Bacterium that Selectively Kills Cutibacterium acnes. J Invest Dermatol. 2020 08; 140(8):1619-1628.e2. O'Neill AM, Nakatsuji T, Hayachi A, Williams MR, Mills RH, Gonzalez DJ, Gallo RL. PMID: 31981578; PMCID: PMC7375939.
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    48. Hyaluronan Degradation by Cemip Regulates Host Defense against Staphylococcus aureus Skin Infection. Cell Rep. 2020 01 07; 30(1):61-68.e4. Dokoshi T, Zhang LJ, Li F, Nakatsuji T, Butcher A, Yoshida H, Shimoda M, Okada Y, Gallo RL. PMID: 31914398; PMCID: PMC7029423.
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    49. A mouse model for vitamin D-induced human cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide gene expression. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2020 04; 198:105552. Lowry MB, Guo C, Zhang Y, Fantacone ML, Logan IE, Campbell Y, Zhang W, Le M, Indra AK, Ganguli-Indra G, Xie J, Gallo RL, Koeffler HP, Gombart AF. PMID: 31783153; PMCID: PMC7089838.
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    50. Real-life experience on effectiveness and safety of dupilumab in adult patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis. J Dermatolog Treat. 2021 Aug; 32(5):507-513. Fargnoli MC, Esposito M, Ferrucci S, Girolomoni G, Offidani A, Patrizi A, Peris K, Costanzo A, Malara G, Pellacani G, Romanelli M, Amerio P, Cristaudo A, Flori ML, Motolese A, Betto P, Patruno C, Pigatto P, Sirna R, Stinco G, Zalaudek I, Bianchi L, Boccaletti V, Cannavò SP, Cusano F, Lembo S, Mozzillo R, Gallo R, Potenza C, Rongioletti F, Tiberio R, Grieco T, Micali G, Persechino S, Pettinato M, Pucci S, Savi E, Stingeni L, Romano A, Argenziano G, Dupilumab Italian National Access Program (Dup-INAP group). PMID: 31647347.
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    51. Recommendations for rosacea diagnosis, classification and management: update from the global ROSacea COnsensus 2019 panel. Br J Dermatol. 2020 05; 182(5):1269-1276. Schaller M, Almeida LMC, Bewley A, Cribier B, Del Rosso J, Dlova NC, Gallo RL, Granstein RD, Kautz G, Mannis MJ, Micali G, Oon HH, Rajagopalan M, Steinhoff M, Tanghetti E, Thiboutot D, Troielli P, Webster G, Zierhut M, van Zuuren EJ, Tan J. PMID: 31392722; PMCID: PMC7317217.
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    52. Response to Comment on "A commensal strain of Staphylococcus epidermidis protects against skin neoplasia" by Nakatsuji et al. Sci Adv. 2019 09; 5(9):eaay5611. Nakatsuji T, Fenical W, Gallo RL. PMID: 31535030; PMCID: PMC6739111.
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    53. Innate Immune Dysfunction in Rosacea Promotes Photosensitivity and Vascular Adhesion Molecule Expression. J Invest Dermatol. 2020 03; 140(3):645-655.e6. Kulkarni NN, Takahashi T, Sanford JA, Tong Y, Gombart AF, Hinds B, Cheng JY, Gallo RL. PMID: 31472105; PMCID: PMC9188685.
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    54. Replicated methylation changes associated with eczema herpeticum and allergic response. Clin Epigenetics. 2019 08 23; 11(1):122. Boorgula MP, Taub MA, Rafaels N, Daya M, Campbell M, Chavan S, Shetty A, Cheadle C, Barkataki S, Fan J, David G, Beaty TH, Ruczinski I, Hanifin J, Schneider LC, Gallo RL, Paller AS, Beck LA, Leung DY, Mathias RA, Barnes KC. PMID: 31443688; PMCID: PMC6706929.
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    55. Retinoids Enhance the Expression of Cathelicidin Antimicrobial Peptide during Reactive Dermal Adipogenesis. J Immunol. 2019 09 15; 203(6):1589-1597. Liggins MC, Li F, Zhang LJ, Dokoshi T, Gallo RL. PMID: 31420464; PMCID: PMC9233297.
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    56. Diversity is Excellence: Initiatives in the Society for Investigative Dermatology to Broaden Participation. J Invest Dermatol. 2019 10; 139(10):2217-2219. Horsley V, Glass D, Minnillo R, Gallo R, Cruz P, Ward NL. PMID: 31381893.
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    57. IL-4Rα Blockade by Dupilumab Decreases Staphylococcus aureus Colonization and Increases Microbial Diversity in Atopic Dermatitis. J Invest Dermatol. 2020 01; 140(1):191-202.e7. Callewaert C, Nakatsuji T, Knight R, Kosciolek T, Vrbanac A, Kotol P, Ardeleanu M, Hultsch T, Guttman-Yassky E, Bissonnette R, Silverberg JI, Krueger J, Menter A, Graham NMH, Pirozzi G, Hamilton JD, Gallo RL. PMID: 31252032; PMCID: PMC7163930.
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    58. Photoimmunology: how ultraviolet radiation affects the immune system. Nat Rev Immunol. 2019 11; 19(11):688-701. Bernard JJ, Gallo RL, Krutmann J. PMID: 31213673.
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    59. Update on the Management of Rosacea from the American Acne & Rosacea Society (AARS). J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2019 Jun; 12(6):17-24. Del Rosso JQ, Tanghetti E, Webster G, Stein Gold L, Thiboutot D, Gallo RL. PMID: 31360284; PMCID: PMC6624012.
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    60. Quorum sensing between bacterial species on the skin protects against epidermal injury in atopic dermatitis. Sci Transl Med. 2019 05 01; 11(490). Williams MR, Costa SK, Zaramela LS, Khalil S, Todd DA, Winter HL, Sanford JA, O'Neill AM, Liggins MC, Nakatsuji T, Cech NB, Cheung AL, Zengler K, Horswill AR, Gallo RL. PMID: 31043573; PMCID: PMC7106486.
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    61. Emerging evidence for the essential role of hyaluronan in cutaneous biology. J Dermatol Sci. 2019 Apr; 94(1):190-195. Muto J, Sayama K, Gallo RL, Kimata K. PMID: 30935779.
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    62. Dermal White Adipose Tissue: A Newly Recognized Layer of Skin Innate Defense. J Invest Dermatol. 2019 05; 139(5):1002-1009. Chen SX, Zhang LJ, Gallo RL. PMID: 30879642.
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    63. Short-Chain Fatty Acids from Cutibacterium acnes Activate Both a Canonical and Epigenetic Inflammatory Response in Human Sebocytes. J Immunol. 2019 03 15; 202(6):1767-1776. Sanford JA, O'Neill AM, Zouboulis CC, Gallo RL. PMID: 30737272; PMCID: PMC7251550.
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    64. Dilute bleach baths used for treatment of atopic dermatitis are not antimicrobial in vitro. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2019 05; 143(5):1946-1948. Sawada Y, Tong Y, Barangi M, Hata T, Williams MR, Nakatsuji T, Gallo RL. PMID: 30677478; PMCID: PMC7183041.
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    65. Age-Related Loss of Innate Immune Antimicrobial Function of Dermal Fat Is Mediated by Transforming Growth Factor Beta. Immunity. 2019 01 15; 50(1):121-136.e5. Zhang LJ, Chen SX, Guerrero-Juarez CF, Li F, Tong Y, Liang Y, Liggins M, Chen X, Chen H, Li M, Hata T, Zheng Y, Plikus MV, Gallo RL. PMID: 30594464; PMCID: PMC7191997.
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    66. The role of the skin microbiome in atopic dermatitis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2019 03; 122(3):263-269. Nakatsuji T, Gallo RL. PMID: 30550810; PMCID: PMC7147826.
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    67. The microbiome in patients with atopic dermatitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2019 01; 143(1):26-35. Paller AS, Kong HH, Seed P, Naik S, Scharschmidt TC, Gallo RL, Luger T, Irvine AD. PMID: 30476499; PMCID: PMC7163929.
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    68. Hyaluronidase inhibits reactive adipogenesis and inflammation of colon and skin. JCI Insight. 2018 11 02; 3(21). Dokoshi T, Zhang LJ, Nakatsuji T, Adase CA, Sanford JA, Paladini RD, Tanaka H, Fujiya M, Gallo RL. PMID: 30385720; PMCID: PMC6238730.
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    69. Host-microbiome interactions and recent progress into understanding the biology of acne vulgaris. Microbiome. 2018 10 02; 6(1):177. O'Neill AM, Gallo RL. PMID: 30285861; PMCID: PMC6169095.
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    70. Applying the phenotype approach for rosacea to practice and research. Br J Dermatol. 2018 09; 179(3):741-746. Tan J, Berg M, Gallo RL, Del Rosso JQ. PMID: 29799114.
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    71. 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-eluting nanofibrous dressings induce endogenous antimicrobial peptide expression. Nanomedicine (Lond). 2018 06; 13(12):1417-1432. Jiang J, Zhang Y, Indra AK, Ganguli-Indra G, Le MN, Wang H, Hollins RR, Reilly DA, Carlson MA, Gallo RL, Gombart AF, Xie J. PMID: 29972648; PMCID: PMC6219435.
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    72. The Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Propionibacterium acnes CAMP Factor-Targeted Acne Vaccines. J Invest Dermatol. 2018 11; 138(11):2355-2364. Wang Y, Hata TR, Tong YL, Kao MS, Zouboulis CC, Gallo RL, Huang CM. PMID: 29964032.
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    73. Murine models of Pneumocystis infection recapitulate human primary immune disorders. JCI Insight. 2018 06 21; 3(12). Elsegeiny W, Zheng M, Eddens T, Gallo RL, Dai G, Trevejo-Nunez G, Castillo P, Kracinovsky K, Cleveland H, Horne W, Franks J, Pociask D, Pilarski M, Alcorn JF, Chen K, Kolls JK. PMID: 29925696; PMCID: PMC6124425.
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    74. Cathelicidin promotes inflammation by enabling binding of self-RNA to cell surface scavenger receptors. Sci Rep. 2018 03 05; 8(1):4032. Takahashi T, Kulkarni NN, Lee EY, Zhang LJ, Wong GCL, Gallo RL. PMID: 29507358; PMCID: PMC5838106.
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    75. A commensal strain of Staphylococcus epidermidis protects against skin neoplasia. Sci Adv. 2018 02; 4(2):eaao4502. Nakatsuji T, Chen TH, Butcher AM, Trzoss LL, Nam SJ, Shirakawa KT, Zhou W, Oh J, Otto M, Fenical W, Gallo RL. PMID: 29507878; PMCID: PMC5834004.
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    76. Leaf-Encapsulated Vaccines: Agroinfiltration and Transient Expression of the Antigen Staphylococcal Endotoxin B in Radish Leaves. J Immunol Res. 2018; 2018:3710961. Liu PF, Wang Y, Ulrich RG, Simmons CW, VanderGheynst JS, Gallo RL, Huang CM. PMID: 29577048; PMCID: PMC5821973.
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    77. Rosacea comorbidities and future research: The 2017 update by the National Rosacea Society Expert Committee. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2018 01; 78(1):167-170. Gallo RL, Granstein RD, Kang S, Mannis M, Steinhoff M, Tan J, Thiboutot D. PMID: 29102687.
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    78. Evidence that Human Skin Microbiome Dysbiosis Promotes Atopic Dermatitis. J Invest Dermatol. 2017 12; 137(12):2460-2461. Williams MR, Gallo RL. PMID: 29169458; PMCID: PMC5814121.
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    79. Staphylococcus aureus: Master Manipulator of the Skin. Cell Host Microbe. 2017 11 08; 22(5):579-581. Williams MR, Nakatsuji T, Gallo RL. PMID: 29120738; PMCID: PMC5814126.
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    80. Standard classification and pathophysiology of rosacea: The 2017 update by the National Rosacea Society Expert Committee. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2018 Jan; 78(1):148-155. Gallo RL, Granstein RD, Kang S, Mannis M, Steinhoff M, Tan J, Thiboutot D. PMID: 29089180.
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    81. Crystallinity of Double-Stranded RNA-Antimicrobial Peptide Complexes Modulates Toll-Like Receptor 3-Mediated Inflammation. ACS Nano. 2017 12 26; 11(12):12145-12155. Lee EY, Takahashi T, Curk T, Dobnikar J, Gallo RL, Wong GCL. PMID: 29016111; PMCID: PMC5936640.
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    82. European Surveillance System on Contact Allergies (ESSCA): results with the European baseline series, 2013/14. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2017 Sep; 31(9):1516-1525. Uter W, Amario-Hita JC, Balato A, Ballmer-Weber B, Bauer A, Belloni Fortina A, Bircher A, Chowdhury MMU, Cooper SM, Czarnecka-Operacz M, Dugonik A, Gallo R, Giménez-Arnau A, Johansen JD, John SM, Kiec-Swierczynska M, Kmecl T, Krecisz B, Larese Filon F, Mahler V, Pesonen M, Rustemeyer T, Sadowska-Przytocka A, Sánchez-Pérez J, Schliemann S, Schuttelaar ML, Simon D, Spiewak R, Valiukeviciene S, Weisshaar E, White IR, Wilkinson SM. PMID: 28627111.
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    83. IL-1 Receptor-Knockout Mice Develop Epidermal Cysts and Show an Altered Innate Immune Response after Exposure to UVB Radiation. J Invest Dermatol. 2017 11; 137(11):2417-2426. Kulkarni NN, Adase CA, Zhang LJ, Borkowski AW, Li F, Sanford JA, Coleman DJ, Aguilera C, Indra AK, Gallo RL. PMID: 28754339; PMCID: PMC5800765.
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    84. Activation of Parathyroid Hormone 2 Receptor Induces Decorin Expression and Promotes Wound Repair. J Invest Dermatol. 2017 08; 137(8):1774-1783. Sato E, Zhang LJ, Dorschner RA, Adase CA, Choudhury BP, Gallo RL. PMID: 28454729; PMCID: PMC5810351.
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    85. The parathyroid hormone family member TIP39 interacts with sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ - ATPase activity by influencing calcium homoeostasis. Exp Dermatol. 2017 09; 26(9):792-797. Sato E, Williams MR, Sanford JA, Sen GL, Nakama T, Imafuku S, Gallo RL. PMID: 28094886; PMCID: PMC5513796.
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    86. Human Skin Is the Largest Epithelial Surface for Interaction with Microbes. J Invest Dermatol. 2017 06; 137(6):1213-1214. Gallo RL. PMID: 28395897; PMCID: PMC5814118.
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    87. Bacterial subversion of cAMP signalling inhibits cathelicidin expression, which is required for innate resistance to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Pathol. 2017 05; 242(1):52-61. Gupta S, Winglee K, Gallo R, Bishai WR. PMID: 28097645; PMCID: PMC5397332.
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    88. Antimicrobials from human skin commensal bacteria protect against Staphylococcus aureus and are deficient in atopic dermatitis. Sci Transl Med. 2017 02 22; 9(378). Nakatsuji T, Chen TH, Narala S, Chun KA, Two AM, Yun T, Shafiq F, Kotol PF, Bouslimani A, Melnik AV, Latif H, Kim JN, Lockhart A, Artis K, David G, Taylor P, Streib J, Dorrestein PC, Grier A, Gill SR, Zengler K, Hata TR, Leung DY, Gallo RL. PMID: 28228596; PMCID: PMC5600545.
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    89. Microbiome precision editing: Using PEG as a selective fermentation initiator against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Biotechnol J. 2017 Apr; 12(4). Kao MS, Huang S, Chang WL, Hsieh MF, Huang CJ, Gallo RL, Huang CM. PMID: 27982519; PMCID: PMC5378629.
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    90. Updating the diagnosis, classification and assessment of rosacea: recommendations from the global ROSacea COnsensus (ROSCO) panel. Br J Dermatol. 2017 Feb; 176(2):431-438. Tan J, Almeida LM, Bewley A, Cribier B, Dlova NC, Gallo R, Kautz G, Mannis M, Oon HH, Rajagopalan M, Steinhoff M, Thiboutot D, Troielli P, Webster G, Wu Y, van Zuuren EJ, Schaller M. PMID: 27718519.
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    91. The Critical and Multifunctional Roles of Antimicrobial Peptides in Dermatology. Dermatol Clin. 2017 Jan; 35(1):39-50. Takahashi T, Gallo RL. PMID: 27890236.
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    92. A Precision Microbiome Approach Using Sucrose for Selective Augmentation of Staphylococcus epidermidis Fermentation against Propionibacterium acnes. Int J Mol Sci. 2016 Nov 09; 17(11). Wang Y, Kao MS, Yu J, Huang S, Marito S, Gallo RL, Huang CM. PMID: 27834859; PMCID: PMC5133870.
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    93. Inhibition of HDAC8 and HDAC9 by microbial short-chain fatty acids breaks immune tolerance of the epidermis to TLR ligands. Sci Immunol. 2016 Oct 28; 1(4). Sanford JA, Zhang LJ, Williams MR, Gangoiti JA, Huang CM, Gallo RL. PMID: 28783689.
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    94. Calpain 12 Function Revealed through the Study of an Atypical Case of Autosomal Recessive Congenital Ichthyosis. J Invest Dermatol. 2017 02; 137(2):385-393. Bochner R, Samuelov L, Sarig O, Li Q, Adase CA, Isakov O, Malchin N, Vodo D, Shayevitch R, Peled A, Yu BD, Fainberg G, Warshauer E, Adir N, Erez N, Gat A, Gottlieb Y, Rogers T, Pavlovsky M, Goldberg I, Shomron N, Sandilands A, Campbell LE, MacCallum S, McLean WHI, Ast G, Gallo RL, Uitto J, Sprecher E. PMID: 27769845.
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    95. Staphylococcus aureus Induces Increased Serine Protease Activity in Keratinocytes. J Invest Dermatol. 2017 02; 137(2):377-384. Williams MR, Nakatsuji T, Sanford JA, Vrbanac AF, Gallo RL. PMID: 27765722; PMCID: PMC5258850.
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    96. Mutations in TSPEAR, Encoding a Regulator of Notch Signaling, Affect Tooth and Hair Follicle Morphogenesis. PLoS Genet. 2016 Oct; 12(10):e1006369. Peled A, Sarig O, Samuelov L, Bertolini M, Ziv L, Weissglas-Volkov D, Eskin-Schwartz M, Adase CA, Malchin N, Bochner R, Fainberg G, Goldberg I, Sugawara K, Baniel A, Tsuruta D, Luxenburg C, Adir N, Duverger O, Morasso M, Shalev S, Gallo RL, Shomron N, Paus R, Sprecher E. PMID: 27736875; PMCID: PMC5065119.
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    97. A Co-Drug of Butyric Acid Derived from Fermentation Metabolites of the Human Skin Microbiome Stimulates Adipogenic Differentiation of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells: Implications in Tissue Augmentation. J Invest Dermatol. 2017 01; 137(1):46-56. Wang Y, Zhang L, Yu J, Huang S, Wang Z, Chun KA, Lee TL, Chen YT, Gallo RL, Huang CM. PMID: 27498050.
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    98. Tissue damage drives co-localization of NF-κB, Smad3, and Nrf2 to direct Rev-erb sensitive wound repair in mouse macrophages. Elife. 2016 07 27; 5. Eichenfield DZ, Troutman TD, Link VM, Lam MT, Cho H, Gosselin D, Spann NJ, Lesch HP, Tao J, Muto J, Gallo RL, Evans RM, Glass CK. PMID: 27462873; PMCID: PMC4963201.
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    99. Antimicrobial Peptide LL37 and MAVS Signaling Drive Interferon-β Production by Epidermal Keratinocytes during Skin Injury. Immunity. 2016 07 19; 45(1):119-30. Zhang LJ, Sen GL, Ward NL, Johnston A, Chun K, Chen Y, Adase C, Sanford JA, Gao N, Chensee M, Sato E, Fritz Y, Baliwag J, Williams MR, Hata T, Gallo RL. PMID: 27438769; PMCID: PMC4957248.
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    100. Staphylococcus aureus Exploits Epidermal Barrier Defects in Atopic Dermatitis to Trigger Cytokine Expression. J Invest Dermatol. 2016 11; 136(11):2192-2200. Nakatsuji T, Chen TH, Two AM, Chun KA, Narala S, Geha RS, Hata TR, Gallo RL. PMID: 27381887; PMCID: PMC5103312.
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    101. The Cutaneous Microbiome and Aspects of Skin Antimicrobial Defense System Resist Acute Treatment with Topical Skin Cleansers. J Invest Dermatol. 2016 10; 136(10):1950-1954. Two AM, Nakatsuji T, Kotol PF, Arvanitidou E, Du-Thumm L, Hata TR, Gallo RL. PMID: 27377698.
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    102. The skin microbiome is different in pediatric versus adult atopic dermatitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2016 10; 138(4):1233-1236. Shi B, Bangayan NJ, Curd E, Taylor PA, Gallo RL, Leung DYM, Li H. PMID: 27474122; PMCID: PMC5235385.
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    103. The mPEG-PCL Copolymer for Selective Fermentation of Staphylococcus lugdunensis Against Candida parapsilosis in the Human Microbiome. J Microb Biochem Technol. 2016 Aug; 8(4):259-265. Kao MS, Wang Y, Marito S, Huang S, Lin WZ, Gangoiti JA, Barshop BA, Hyun C, Lee WR, Sanford JA, Gallo RL, Ran Y, Chen WT, Huang CJ, Hsieh MF, Huang CM. PMID: 28111598; PMCID: PMC5243119.
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    104. Nasal commensal Staphylococcus epidermidis counteracts influenza virus. Sci Rep. 2016 06 16; 6:27870. Chen HW, Liu PF, Liu YT, Kuo S, Zhang XQ, Schooley RT, Rohde H, Gallo RL, Huang CM. PMID: 27306590; PMCID: PMC4910069.
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    105. Status Report from the Scientific Panel on Antibiotic Use in Dermatology of the American Acne and Rosacea Society: Part 3: Current Perspectives on Skin and Soft Tissue Infections with Emphasis on Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Commonly Encountered Scenarios when Antibiotic Use May Not Be Needed, and Concluding Remarks on Rational Use of Antibiotics in Dermatology. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2016 Jun; 9(6):17-24. Del Rosso JQ, Rosen T, Thiboutot D, Webster GF, Gallo RL, Leyden JJ, Walker C, Zhanel G, Eichenfield L. PMID: 27386047; PMCID: PMC4928452.
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    106. Hepatitis C may enhance key amplifiers of psoriasis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2017 Apr; 31(4):672-678. Chun K, Afshar M, Audish D, Kabigting F, Paik A, Gallo R, Hata T. PMID: 27184185.
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    107. Cathelicidin suppresses lipid accumulation and hepatic steatosis by inhibition of the CD36 receptor. Int J Obes (Lond). 2016 09; 40(9):1424-34. Hoang-Yen Tran D, Hoang-Ngoc Tran D, Mattai SA, Sallam T, Ortiz C, Lee EC, Robbins L, Ho S, Lee JE, Fisseha E, Shieh C, Sideri A, Shih DQ, Fleshner P, McGovern DP, Vu M, Hing TC, Bakirtzi K, Cheng M, Su B, Law I, Karagiannides I, Targan SR, Gallo RL, Li Z, Koon HW. PMID: 27163748; PMCID: PMC5014693.
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    108. Microbial Skin Inhabitants: Friends Forever. Cell. 2016 May 05; 165(4):771-2. Dorrestein PC, Gallo RL, Knight R. PMID: 27153488.
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    109. Non-coding Double-stranded RNA and Antimicrobial Peptide LL-37 Induce Growth Factor Expression from Keratinocytes and Endothelial Cells. J Biol Chem. 2016 May 27; 291(22):11635-46. Adase CA, Borkowski AW, Zhang LJ, Williams MR, Sato E, Sanford JA, Gallo RL. PMID: 27048655; PMCID: PMC4882433.
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    110. Recognizing that the microbiome is part of the human immune system will advance treatment of both cancer and infections. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2016 Apr; 74(4):772-4. Gallo RL, Hultsch T, Farnaes L. PMID: 26979362; PMCID: PMC5814123.
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    111. Status Report from the Scientific Panel on Antibiotic Use in Dermatology of the American Acne and Rosacea Society: Part 1: Antibiotic Prescribing Patterns, Sources of Antibiotic Exposure, Antibiotic Consumption and Emergence of Antibiotic Resistance, Impact of Alterations in Antibiotic Prescribing, and Clinical Sequelae of Antibiotic Use. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2016 Apr; 9(4):18-24. Del Rosso JQ, Webster GF, Rosen T, Thiboutot D, Leyden JJ, Gallo R, Walker C, Zhanel G, Eichenfield L. PMID: 27462384; PMCID: PMC4898580.
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    112. The Parathyroid Hormone Second Receptor PTH2R and its Ligand Tuberoinfundibular Peptide of 39 Residues TIP39 Regulate Intracellular Calcium and Influence Keratinocyte Differentiation. J Invest Dermatol. 2016 07; 136(7):1449-1459. Sato E, Muto J, Zhang LJ, Adase CA, Sanford JA, Takahashi T, Nakatsuji T, Usdin TB, Gallo RL. PMID: 27000502; PMCID: PMC5125298.
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    113. Improved clinical outcome and biomarkers in adults with papulopustular rosacea treated with doxycycline modified-release capsules in a randomized trial. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2016 Jun; 74(6):1086-92. Di Nardo A, Holmes AD, Muto Y, Huang EY, Preston N, Winkelman WJ, Gallo RL. PMID: 26951940.
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    114. Cathelicidin regulates myeloid cell accumulation in adipose tissue and promotes insulin resistance during obesity. Thromb Haemost. 2016 06 02; 115(6):1237-9. Braster Q, Silvestre-Roig C, Hartwig H, Kusters P, Aarts S, den Toom M, Gallo RL, Weber C, Lutgens E, Soehnlein O. PMID: 26939624.
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    115. Critical Role of Antimicrobial Peptide Cathelicidin for Controlling Helicobacter pylori Survival and Infection. J Immunol. 2016 Feb 15; 196(4):1799-809. Zhang L, Wu WK, Gallo RL, Fang EF, Hu W, Ling TK, Shen J, Chan RL, Lu L, Luo XM, Li MX, Chan KM, Yu J, Wong VW, Ng SC, Wong SH, Chan FK, Sung JJ, Chan MT, Cho CH. PMID: 26800870.
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    116. Antimicrobial peptides. Curr Biol. 2016 Jan 11; 26(1):R14-9. Zhang LJ, Gallo RL. PMID: 26766224.
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    117. The role of the skin microbiome in atopic dermatitis. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2015 Nov; 15(11):65. Williams MR, Gallo RL. PMID: 26404536.
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    118. Ixodes tick saliva suppresses the keratinocyte cytokine response to TLR2/TLR3 ligands during early exposure to Lyme borreliosis. Exp Dermatol. 2016 Jan; 25(1):26-31. Bernard Q, Gallo RL, Jaulhac B, Nakatsuji T, Luft B, Yang X, Boulanger N. PMID: 26307945.
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    119. Group A Streptococcal M1 Protein Sequesters Cathelicidin to Evade Innate Immune Killing. Cell Host Microbe. 2015 Oct 14; 18(4):471-7. LaRock CN, Döhrmann S, Todd J, Corriden R, Olson J, Johannssen T, Lepenies B, Gallo RL, Ghosh P, Nizet V. PMID: 26468750; PMCID: PMC4636435.
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    120. Dermal white adipose tissue: a new component of the thermogenic response. J Lipid Res. 2015 Nov; 56(11):2061-9. Alexander CM, Kasza I, Yen CL, Reeder SB, Hernando D, Gallo RL, Jahoda CA, Horsley V, MacDougald OA. PMID: 26405076; PMCID: PMC4617393.
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    121. IL-17A Has Some Nerve! Immunity. 2015 Sep 15; 43(3):414-5. Sanford JA, Gallo RL. PMID: 26377893.
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    122. Targeted deep sequencing identifies rare loss-of-function variants in IFNGR1 for risk of atopic dermatitis complicated by eczema herpeticum. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015 Dec; 136(6):1591-1600. Gao L, Bin L, Rafaels NM, Huang L, Potee J, Ruczinski I, Beaty TH, Paller AS, Schneider LC, Gallo R, Hanifin JM, Beck LA, Geha RS, Mathias RA, Barnes KC, Leung DYM. PMID: 26343451; PMCID: PMC4679503.
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    123. Beta-Lactamase Repressor BlaI Modulates Staphylococcus aureus Cathelicidin Antimicrobial Peptide Resistance and Virulence. PLoS One. 2015; 10(8):e0136605. Pence MA, Haste NM, Meharena HS, Olson J, Gallo RL, Nizet V, Kristian SA. PMID: 26305782; PMCID: PMC4549145.
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    124. IsaB Inhibits Autophagic Flux to Promote Host Transmission of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus. J Invest Dermatol. 2015 Nov; 135(11):2714-2722. Liu PF, Cheng JS, Sy CL, Huang WC, Yang HC, Gallo RL, Huang CM, Shu CW. PMID: 26134948; PMCID: PMC4641007.
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    125. The Potential Role of Topically Applied Heparan Sulfate in the Treatment of Photodamage. J Drugs Dermatol. 2015 Jul; 14(7):669-74. Gallo RL, Bucay VW, Shamban AT, Lima-Maribona J, Lewis AB, Ditre CM, Mayoral FA, Gold MH. PMID: 26151781.
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    126. L-Rhamnosylation of Listeria monocytogenes Wall Teichoic Acids Promotes Resistance to Antimicrobial Peptides by Delaying Interaction with the Membrane. PLoS Pathog. 2015 May; 11(5):e1004919. Carvalho F, Atilano ML, Pombinho R, Covas G, Gallo RL, Filipe SR, Sousa S, Cabanes D. PMID: 26001194; PMCID: PMC4441387.
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    127. Rosacea: part I. Introduction, categorization, histology, pathogenesis, and risk factors. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2015 May; 72(5):749-58; quiz 759-60. Two AM, Wu W, Gallo RL, Hata TR. PMID: 25890455.
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    128. Rosacea: part II. Topical and systemic therapies in the treatment of rosacea. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2015 May; 72(5):761-70; quiz 771-2. Two AM, Wu W, Gallo RL, Hata TR. PMID: 25890456.
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    129. 2-O-Sulfated Domains in Syndecan-1 Heparan Sulfate Inhibit Neutrophil Cathelicidin and Promote Staphylococcus aureus Corneal Infection. J Biol Chem. 2015 Jun 26; 290(26):16157-67. Hayashida A, Amano S, Gallo RL, Linhardt RJ, Liu J, Park PW. PMID: 25931123; PMCID: PMC4481216.
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    130. Therapeutic effects of cell-permeant peptides that activate G proteins downstream of growth factors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 May 19; 112(20):E2602-10. Ma GS, Aznar N, Kalogriopoulos N, Midde KK, Lopez-Sanchez I, Sato E, Dunkel Y, Gallo RL, Ghosh P. PMID: 25926659; PMCID: PMC4443320.
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    131. Molecular cartography of the human skin surface in 3D. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Apr 28; 112(17):E2120-9. Bouslimani A, Porto C, Rath CM, Wang M, Guo Y, Gonzalez A, Berg-Lyon D, Ackermann G, Moeller Christensen GJ, Nakatsuji T, Zhang L, Borkowski AW, Meehan MJ, Dorrestein K, Gallo RL, Bandeira N, Knight R, Alexandrov T, Dorrestein PC. PMID: 25825778; PMCID: PMC4418856.
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    132. S. epidermidis influence on host immunity: more than skin deep. Cell Host Microbe. 2015 Feb 11; 17(2):143-4. Gallo RL. PMID: 25674978; PMCID: PMC5103695.
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    133. Innate immunity. Dermal adipocytes protect against invasive Staphylococcus aureus skin infection. Science. 2015 Jan 02; 347(6217):67-71. Zhang LJ, Guerrero-Juarez CF, Hata T, Bapat SP, Ramos R, Plikus MV, Gallo RL. PMID: 25554785; PMCID: PMC4318537.
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    134. Anti-fibrogenic effects of the anti-microbial peptide cathelicidin in murine colitis-associated fibrosis. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2015 Jan; 1(1):55-74.e1. Yoo JH, Ho S, Tran DH, Cheng M, Bakirtzi K, Kukota Y, Ichikawa R, Su B, Tran DH, Hing TC, Chang I, Shih DQ, Issacson RE, Gallo RL, Fiocchi C, Pothoulakis C, Koon HW. PMID: 25729764; PMCID: PMC4338438.
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    135. Endogenous intracellular cathelicidin enhances TLR9 activation in dendritic cells and macrophages. J Immunol. 2015 Feb 01; 194(3):1274-84. Nakagawa Y, Gallo RL. PMID: 25548223; PMCID: PMC4297737.
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    136. Rosacea, the face of innate immunity. Br J Dermatol. 2014 Dec; 171(6):1282-4. Dorschner RA, Williams MR, Gallo RL. PMID: 25523247.
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    137. Clinical epidemiology of hand eczema in patients accessing dermatological reference centres: results from Italy. Br J Dermatol. 2015 Jan; 172(1):187-95. Scalone L, Cortesi PA, Mantovani LG, Belisari A, Ayala F, Fortina AB, Bonamonte D, Borroni G, Cannavò SP, Guarneri F, Cristaudo A, De Pità O, Gallo R, Girolomoni G, Gola M, Lisi P, Pigatto PD, Satta R, Giannetti A, Italian Hand Eczema Study Group. PMID: 24974982.
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    138. The antimicrobial peptide LL-37 facilitates the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps. Biochem J. 2014 Nov 15; 464(1):3-11. Neumann A, Berends ET, Nerlich A, Molhoek EM, Gallo RL, Meerloo T, Nizet V, Naim HY, von Köckritz-Blickwede M. PMID: 25181554.
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    139. Inflammation triggers production of dimethylsphingosine from oligodendrocytes. Neuroscience. 2014 Oct 24; 279:113-21. Chen YJ, Hill S, Huang H, Taraboletti A, Cho K, Gallo R, Manchester M, Shriver LP, Patti GJ. PMID: 25151189.
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    140. Hyaluronan breakdown contributes to immune defense against group A Streptococcus. J Biol Chem. 2014 Sep 26; 289(39):26914-26921. Schommer NN, Muto J, Nizet V, Gallo RL. PMID: 25122767; PMCID: PMC4175332.
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    141. Toll-like receptor 3 activation is required for normal skin barrier repair following UV damage. J Invest Dermatol. 2015 Feb; 135(2):569-578. Borkowski AW, Kuo IH, Bernard JJ, Yoshida T, Williams MR, Hung NJ, Yu BD, Beck LA, Gallo RL. PMID: 25118157; PMCID: PMC4289479.
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    142. Vaccinia virus binds to the scavenger receptor MARCO on the surface of keratinocytes. J Invest Dermatol. 2015 Jan; 135(1):142-150. MacLeod DT, Nakatsuji T, Wang Z, di Nardo A, Gallo RL. PMID: 25089661; PMCID: PMC4268046.
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    143. Novel role of the antimicrobial peptide LL-37 in the protection of neutrophil extracellular traps against degradation by bacterial nucleases. J Innate Immun. 2014; 6(6):860-8. Neumann A, Völlger L, Berends ET, Molhoek EM, Stapels DA, Midon M, Friães A, Pingoud A, Rooijakkers SH, Gallo RL, Mörgelin M, Nizet V, Naim HY, von Köckritz-Blickwede M. PMID: 25012862; PMCID: PMC4201878.
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    144. Cathelicidin host defence peptide augments clearance of pulmonary Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection by its influence on neutrophil function in vivo. PLoS One. 2014; 9(6):e99029. Beaumont PE, McHugh B, Gwyer Findlay E, Mackellar A, Mackenzie KJ, Gallo RL, Govan JR, Simpson AJ, Davidson DJ. PMID: 24887410; PMCID: PMC4041793.
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    145. Innate immune sensors stimulate inflammatory and immunosuppressive responses to UVB radiation. J Invest Dermatol. 2014 Jun; 134(6):1508-1511. Gallo RL, Bernard JJ. PMID: 24825061; PMCID: PMC4271625.
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    146. Propionic acid and its esterified derivative suppress the growth of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA300. Benef Microbes. 2014 Jun 01; 5(2):161-8. Wang Y, Dai A, Huang S, Kuo S, Shu M, Tapia CP, Yu J, Two A, Zhang H, Gallo RL, Huang CM. PMID: 24686580.
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    147. Mast cells are key mediators of cathelicidin-initiated skin inflammation in rosacea. J Invest Dermatol. 2014 Nov; 134(11):2728-2736. Muto Y, Wang Z, Vanderberghe M, Two A, Gallo RL, Di Nardo A. PMID: 24844861; PMCID: PMC4199909.
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    148. UVB radiation illuminates the role of TLR3 in the epidermis. J Invest Dermatol. 2014 Sep; 134(9):2315-2320. Borkowski AW, Gallo RL. PMID: 24786223; PMCID: PMC4133277.
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    149. Hyaluronan digestion controls DC migration from the skin. J Clin Invest. 2014 Mar; 124(3):1309-19. Muto J, Morioka Y, Yamasaki K, Kim M, Garcia A, Carlin AF, Varki A, Gallo RL. PMID: 24487587; PMCID: PMC3934161.
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    150. Consensus recommendations from the American Acne & Rosacea Society on the management of rosacea, part 5: a guide on the management of rosacea. Cutis. 2014 Mar; 93(3):134-8. Del Rosso JQ, Thiboutot D, Gallo R, Webster G, Tanghetti E, Eichenfield LF, Stein-Gold L, Berson D, Zaenglein A, American Acne & Rosacea Society. PMID: 24738094.
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    151. Consensus recommendations from the American acne & rosacea society on the management of rosacea, part 4: a status report on physical modalities and devices. Cutis. 2014 Feb; 93(2):71-6. Tanghetti E, Del Rosso JQ, Thiboutot D, Gallo R, Webster G, Eichenfield LF, Stein-Gold L, Berson D, Zaenglein A, American Acne & Rosacea Society. PMID: 24605343.
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    152. Consensus recommendations from the American Acne & Rosacea Society on the management of rosacea, part 3: a status report on systemic therapies. Cutis. 2014 Jan; 93(1):18-28. Del Rosso JQ, Thiboutot D, Gallo R, Webster G, Tanghetti E, Eichenfield LF, Stein-Gold L, Berson D, Zaenglein A. PMID: 24505581.
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    153. Dermatological therapy by topical application of non-pathogenic bacteria. J Invest Dermatol. 2014 Jan; 134(1):11-14. Nakatsuji T, Gallo RL. PMID: 24352078.
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    154. Consensus recommendations from the American Acne & Rosacea Society on the management of rosacea, part 2: a status report on topical agents. Cutis. 2013 Dec; 92(6):277-84. Del Rosso JQ, Thiboutot D, Gallo R, Webster G, Tanghetti E, Eichenfield L, Stein-Gold L, Berson D, Zaenglein A. PMID: 24416742.
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    155. Staphylococcus epidermidis in the human skin microbiome mediates fermentation to inhibit the growth of Propionibacterium acnes: implications of probiotics in acne vulgaris. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2014 Jan; 98(1):411-24. Wang Y, Kuo S, Shu M, Yu J, Huang S, Dai A, Two A, Gallo RL, Huang CM. PMID: 24265031; PMCID: PMC3888247.
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    156. Functions of the skin microbiota in health and disease. Semin Immunol. 2013 Nov 30; 25(5):370-7. Sanford JA, Gallo RL. PMID: 24268438; PMCID: PMC4219649.
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    157. Structure and function of the human skin microbiome. Trends Microbiol. 2013 Dec; 21(12):660-8. Schommer NN, Gallo RL. PMID: 24238601; PMCID: PMC4744460.
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    158. Reduction in serine protease activity correlates with improved rosacea severity in a small, randomized pilot study of a topical serine protease inhibitor. J Invest Dermatol. 2014 Apr; 134(4):1143-1145. Two AM, Hata TR, Nakatsuji T, Coda AB, Kotol PF, Wu W, Shafiq F, Huang EY, Gallo RL. PMID: 24213369; PMCID: PMC3970953.
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    159. Consensus recommendations from the American Acne & Rosacea Society on the management of rosacea, part 1: a status report on the disease state, general measures, and adjunctive skin care. Cutis. 2013 Nov; 92(5):234-40. Del Rosso JQ, Thiboutot D, Gallo R, Webster G, Tanghetti E, Eichenfield L, Stein-Gold L, Berson D, Zaenglein A. PMID: 24343208.
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    160. Endogenous cathelicidin production limits inflammation and protective immunity to Mycobacterium avium in mice. Immun Inflamm Dis. 2014 Jun; 2(1):1-12. Santos JC, Silva-Gomes S, Silva JP, Gama M, Rosa G, Gallo RL, Appelberg R. PMID: 25400920; PMCID: PMC4220664.
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    161. Hyaluronic acid oligosaccharides suppress TLR3-dependent cytokine expression in a TLR4-dependent manner. PLoS One. 2013; 8(8):e72421. Kim MY, Muto J, Gallo RL. PMID: 24058413; PMCID: PMC3751928.
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    162. The birth of innate immunity. Exp Dermatol. 2013 Aug; 22(8):517. Gallo RL. PMID: 23879811.
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    163. Cathelicidin, kallikrein 5, and serine protease activity is inhibited during treatment of rosacea with azelaic acid 15% gel. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2013 Oct; 69(4):570-7. Coda AB, Hata T, Miller J, Audish D, Kotol P, Two A, Shafiq F, Yamasaki K, Harper JC, Del Rosso JQ, Gallo RL. PMID: 23871720; PMCID: PMC3910251.
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    164. In defense of skin: antimicrobial peptides have their day. Interview by Hannah Branch. Future Microbiol. 2013 Jul; 8(7):829-31. Gallo RL. PMID: 23841629.
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    165. Expression of the antimicrobial peptide cathelicidin in myeloid cells is required for lung tumor growth. Oncogene. 2014 May 22; 33(21):2709-16. Li D, Beisswenger C, Herr C, Schmid RM, Gallo RL, Han G, Zakharkina T, Bals R. PMID: 23812430.
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    166. Etanercept decreases the innate immune wounding response in psoriasis. Exp Dermatol. 2013 Sep; 22(9):599-601. Hata TR, Afshar M, Miller J, Two AM, Kotol P, Jackson M, Alexandrescu DT, Kabigting F, Gerber M, Lai Y, Gallo RL. PMID: 23802569; PMCID: PMC4195436.
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    167. Differential 1-year clinical outcomes for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction related to stent thrombosis or saphenous vein graft thrombosis. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2013 Aug 01; 82(2):193-200. Arzamendi D, Ly HQ, Tanguay JF, Armero S, Jilaihawi H, Gallo R, Ibrahim R, L'Allier P, Blondeau L, Gosselin G, Gregoire J, Doucet S. PMID: 21805615.
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    168. A randomized controlled double-blind investigation of the effects of vitamin D dietary supplementation in subjects with atopic dermatitis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2014 Jun; 28(6):781-9. Hata TR, Audish D, Kotol P, Coda A, Kabigting F, Miller J, Alexandrescu D, Boguniewicz M, Taylor P, Aertker L, Kesler K, Hanifin JM, Leung DY, Gallo RL. PMID: 23638978; PMCID: PMC3769441.
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    169. Resveratrol stimulates sphingosine-1-phosphate signaling of cathelicidin production. J Invest Dermatol. 2013 Aug; 133(8):1942-9. Park K, Elias PM, Hupe M, Borkowski AW, Gallo RL, Shin KO, Lee YM, Holleran WM, Uchida Y. PMID: 23856934; PMCID: PMC3753186.
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    170. An evaluation of potential correlations between pathophysiologic mechanisms, clinical manifestations, and management of rosacea. Cutis. 2013 Mar; 91(3 Suppl):1-8. Del Rosso JQ, Gallo RL, Tanghetti E, Webster G, Thiboutot D. PMID: 23833998.
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    171. Activation of TLR3 in keratinocytes increases expression of genes involved in formation of the epidermis, lipid accumulation, and epidermal organelles. J Invest Dermatol. 2013 Aug; 133(8):2031-40. Borkowski AW, Park K, Uchida Y, Gallo RL. PMID: 23353987; PMCID: PMC3686920.
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    172. Fermentation of Propionibacterium acnes, a commensal bacterium in the human skin microbiome, as skin probiotics against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e55380. Shu M, Wang Y, Yu J, Kuo S, Coda A, Jiang Y, Gallo RL, Huang CM. PMID: 23405142; PMCID: PMC3566139.
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    173. Innate immune defense system of the skin. Vet Dermatol. 2013 Feb; 24(1):32-8.e8-9. Afshar M, Gallo RL. PMID: 23331677.
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    174. Vitamin D in allergic disease: shedding light on a complex problem. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2013 Feb; 131(2):324-9. Muehleisen B, Gallo RL. PMID: 23374263.
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    175. Neutrophil differentiation into a unique hybrid population exhibiting dual phenotype and functionality of neutrophils and dendritic cells. Blood. 2013 Mar 07; 121(10):1677-89. Matsushima H, Geng S, Lu R, Okamoto T, Yao Y, Mayuzumi N, Kotol PF, Chojnacki BJ, Miyazaki T, Gallo RL, Takashima A. PMID: 23305731; PMCID: PMC3591793.
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    177. HSV-1 exploits the innate immune scavenger receptor MARCO to enhance epithelial adsorption and infection. Nat Commun. 2013; 4:1963. MacLeod DT, Nakatsuji T, Yamasaki K, Kobzik L, Gallo RL. PMID: 23739639; PMCID: PMC3681428.
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    178. Porphyrin metabolisms in human skin commensal Propionibacterium acnes bacteria: potential application to monitor human radiation risk. Curr Med Chem. 2013; 20(4):562-8. Shu M, Kuo S, Wang Y, Jiang Y, Liu YT, Gallo RL, Huang CM. PMID: 23231351; PMCID: PMC3878905.
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    182. Activation of epidermal toll-like receptor 2 enhances tight junction function: implications for atopic dermatitis and skin barrier repair. J Invest Dermatol. 2013 Apr; 133(4):988-98. Kuo IH, Carpenter-Mendini A, Yoshida T, McGirt LY, Ivanov AI, Barnes KC, Gallo RL, Borkowski AW, Yamasaki K, Leung DY, Georas SN, De Benedetto A, Beck LA. PMID: 23223142; PMCID: PMC3600383.
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    184. Host immune defense peptide LL-37 activates caspase-independent apoptosis and suppresses colon cancer. Cancer Res. 2012 Dec 15; 72(24):6512-23. Ren SX, Cheng AS, To KF, Tong JH, Li MS, Shen J, Shen J, Wong CC, Zhang L, Chan RL, Wang XJ, Ng SS, Chiu LC, Marquez VE, Gallo RL, Chan FK, Yu J, Sung JJ, Wu WK, Cho CH. PMID: 23100468; PMCID: PMC3910284.
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    185. A bacterial pathogen co-opts host plasmin to resist killing by cathelicidin antimicrobial peptides. J Biol Chem. 2012 Nov 30; 287(49):40891-7. Hollands A, Gonzalez D, Leire E, Donald C, Gallo RL, Sanderson-Smith M, Dorrestein PC, Nizet V. PMID: 23038245; PMCID: PMC3510793.
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    187. Sampling human indigenous saliva peptidome using a lollipop-like ultrafiltration probe: simplify and enhance peptide detection for clinical mass spectrometry. J Vis Exp. 2012 Aug 07; (66):e4108. Zhu W, Gallo RL, Huang CM. PMID: 22895356; PMCID: PMC3476758.
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    188. Distinct innate immune gene expression profiles in non-melanoma skin cancer of immunocompetent and immunosuppressed patients. PLoS One. 2012; 7(7):e40754. Muehleisen B, Jiang SB, Gladsjo JA, Gerber M, Hata T, Gallo RL. PMID: 22808251; PMCID: PMC3396607.
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    189. Ultraviolet radiation damages self noncoding RNA and is detected by TLR3. Nat Med. 2012 Aug; 18(8):1286-90. Bernard JJ, Cowing-Zitron C, Nakatsuji T, Muehleisen B, Muto J, Borkowski AW, Martinez L, Greidinger EL, Yu BD, Gallo RL. PMID: 22772463; PMCID: PMC3812946.
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    192. The antimicrobial protein REG3A regulates keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation after skin injury. Immunity. 2012 Jul 27; 37(1):74-84. Lai Y, Li D, Li C, Muehleisen B, Radek KA, Park HJ, Jiang Z, Li Z, Lei H, Quan Y, Zhang T, Wu Y, Kotol P, Morizane S, Hata TR, Iwatsuki K, Tang C, Gallo RL. PMID: 22727489; PMCID: PMC3828049.
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    194. Induction and exacerbation of psoriasis with Interferon-alpha therapy for hepatitis C: a review and analysis of 36 cases. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2013 Jun; 27(6):771-8. Afshar M, Martinez AD, Gallo RL, Hata TR. PMID: 22671985; PMCID: PMC3443510.
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    195. Cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide is required for effective lung mucosal immunity in Gram-negative bacterial pneumonia. J Immunol. 2012 Jul 01; 189(1):304-11. Kovach MA, Ballinger MN, Newstead MW, Zeng X, Bhan U, Yu FS, Moore BB, Gallo RL, Standiford TJ. PMID: 22634613; PMCID: PMC3566644.
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    198. IOM committee members respond to Endocrine Society vitamin D guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Apr; 97(4):1146-52. Rosen CJ, Abrams SA, Aloia JF, Brannon PM, Clinton SK, Durazo-Arvizu RA, Gallagher JC, Gallo RL, Jones G, Kovacs CS, Manson JE, Mayne ST, Ross AC, Shapses SA, Taylor CL. PMID: 22442278; PMCID: PMC5393439.
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    199. Lack of neutrophil-derived CRAMP reduces atherosclerosis in mice. Circ Res. 2012 Apr 13; 110(8):1052-6. Döring Y, Drechsler M, Wantha S, Kemmerich K, Lievens D, Vijayan S, Gallo RL, Weber C, Soehnlein O. PMID: 22394519.
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    201. Intrarectal administration of mCRAMP-encoding plasmid reverses exacerbated colitis in Cnlp(-/-) mice. Gene Ther. 2013 Feb; 20(2):187-93. Tai EK, Wu WK, Wang XJ, Wong HP, Yu L, Li ZJ, Lee CW, Wong CC, Yu J, Sung JJ, Gallo RL, Cho CH. PMID: 22378344.
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    202. Doxycycline indirectly inhibits proteolytic activation of tryptic kallikrein-related peptidases and activation of cathelicidin. J Invest Dermatol. 2012 May; 132(5):1435-42. Kanada KN, Nakatsuji T, Gallo RL. PMID: 22336948; PMCID: PMC4169281.
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    203. Structure, dynamics, and antimicrobial and immune modulatory activities of human LL-23 and its single-residue variants mutated on the basis of homologous primate cathelicidins. Biochemistry. 2012 Jan 17; 51(2):653-64. Wang G, Elliott M, Cogen AL, Ezell EL, Gallo RL, Hancock RE. PMID: 22185690; PMCID: PMC3302206.
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    206. The association between prior use of aspirin and/or warfarin and the in-hospital management and outcomes in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes: insights from the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE). Can J Cardiol. 2012 Jan-Feb; 28(1):48-53. Amad H, Yan AT, Yan RT, Huynh T, Gore JM, Montalescot G, DeYoung JP, Gallo R, Rose B, Steg PG, Goodman SG, Canadian Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) Investigators. PMID: 22112683.
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    207. Entamoeba histolytica induces intestinal cathelicidins but is resistant to cathelicidin-mediated killing. Infect Immun. 2012 Jan; 80(1):143-9. Cobo ER, He C, Hirata K, Hwang G, Tran U, Eckmann L, Gallo RL, Reed SL. PMID: 22083705; PMCID: PMC3255679.
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    209. Treatment of rosacea. Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2011 Nov; 138 Suppl 3:S211-4. Parodi A, Drago F, Paolino S, Cozzani E, Gallo R. PMID: 22183101.
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    210. Montagna Symposium 2010: small molecules: skin as the first line of defense. J Invest Dermatol. 2011 Nov; 131(11):2166-8. Gallo RL, Kulesz-Martin M, Bickenbach JR. PMID: 21997415; PMCID: PMC3225225.
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    211. Exogenous addition of a C-xylopyranoside derivative stimulates keratinocyte dermatan sulfate synthesis and promotes migration. PLoS One. 2011; 6(10):e25480. Muto J, Naidu NN, Yamasaki K, Pineau N, Breton L, Gallo RL. PMID: 21998662; PMCID: PMC3187761.
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    212. Neutrophil-derived cathelicidin protects from neointimal hyperplasia. Sci Transl Med. 2011 Oct 05; 3(103):103ra98. Soehnlein O, Wantha S, Simsekyilmaz S, Döring Y, Megens RT, Mause SF, Drechsler M, Smeets R, Weinandy S, Schreiber F, Gries T, Jockenhoevel S, Möller M, Vijayan S, van Zandvoort MA, Agerberth B, Pham CT, Gallo RL, Hackeng TM, Liehn EA, Zernecke A, Klee D, Weber C. PMID: 21974936; PMCID: PMC3246402.
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    215. Cathelin-related antimicrobial peptide differentially regulates T- and B-cell function. Eur J Immunol. 2011 Oct; 41(10):3006-16. Kin NW, Chen Y, Stefanov EK, Gallo RL, Kearney JF. PMID: 21773974; PMCID: PMC3234162.
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    216. Use of clopidogrel post-coronary artery bypass surgery in canadian patients with acute coronary syndromes. Can J Cardiol. 2011 Nov-Dec; 27(6):711-5. Krimly A, Yan RT, Yan AT, DeYoung JP, Gallo R, Steg G, Eikelboom J, Gore JM, Fox KA, Fitchett D, Quantz MA, Goodman SG. PMID: 21875778.
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    218. Cathelicidin is involved in the intracellular killing of mycobacteria in macrophages. Cell Microbiol. 2011 Oct; 13(10):1601-17. Sonawane A, Santos JC, Mishra BB, Jena P, Progida C, Sorensen OE, Gallo R, Appelberg R, Griffiths G. PMID: 21790937.
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    220. The signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 gene (STAT6) increases the propensity of patients with atopic dermatitis toward disseminated viral skin infections. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2011 Nov; 128(5):1006-14. Howell MD, Gao P, Kim BE, Lesley LJ, Streib JE, Taylor PA, Zaccaro DJ, Boguniewicz M, Beck LA, Hanifin JM, Schneider LC, Hata TR, Gallo RL, Kaplan MH, Barnes KC, Leung DY. PMID: 21762972; PMCID: PMC3205328.
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    225. Cytosolic DNA triggers inflammasome activation in keratinocytes in psoriatic lesions. Sci Transl Med. 2011 May 11; 3(82):82ra38. Dombrowski Y, Peric M, Koglin S, Kammerbauer C, Göss C, Anz D, Simanski M, Gläser R, Harder J, Hornung V, Gallo RL, Ruzicka T, Besch R, Schauber J. PMID: 21562230; PMCID: PMC3235683.
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    227. Reductions in claudin-1 may enhance susceptibility to herpes simplex virus 1 infections in atopic dermatitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2011 Jul; 128(1):242-246.e5. De Benedetto A, Slifka MK, Rafaels NM, Kuo IH, Georas SN, Boguniewicz M, Hata T, Schneider LC, Hanifin JM, Gallo RL, Johnson DC, Barnes KC, Leung DY, Beck LA. PMID: 21489616; PMCID: PMC3129463.
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    228. Propionibacterium acnes CAMP factor and host acid sphingomyelinase contribute to bacterial virulence: potential targets for inflammatory acne treatment. PLoS One. 2011 Apr 12; 6(4):e14797. Nakatsuji T, Tang DC, Zhang L, Gallo RL, Huang CM. PMID: 21533261; PMCID: PMC3075254.
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    231. An innate bactericidal oleic acid effective against skin infection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: a therapy concordant with evolutionary medicine. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2011 Apr; 21(4):391-9. Chen CH, Wang Y, Nakatsuji T, Liu YT, Zouboulis C, Gallo R, Zhang L, Hsieh MF, Huang CM. PMID: 21532323.
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    252. The antimicrobial peptide LL-37 modulates the inflammatory and host defense response of human neutrophils. Eur J Immunol. 2010 Apr; 40(4):1118-26. Alalwani SM, Sierigk J, Herr C, Pinkenburg O, Gallo R, Vogelmeier C, Bals R. PMID: 20140902; PMCID: PMC2908514.
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    339. What Keeps the Urinary Tract Sterile?: The Antimicrobial Peptide Cathelicidin Protects the Urinary Tract against Invasive Bacterial Infection. Nat Med 12: 636-640, 2006. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2006 Dec; 17(12):3267-3272. Chromek M, Slamova Z, Bergman P, Kovacs L, Podracka L, Ehren I, Hokfelt T, Gudmundsson G, Gallo R, Agerberth B, Brauner A. PMID: 37001006.
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    370. HB-107, a nonbacteriostatic fragment of the antimicrobial peptide cecropin B, accelerates murine wound repair. Wound Repair Regen. 2004 May-Jun; 12(3):351-8. Lee PH, Rudisill JA, Lin KH, Zhang L, Harris SM, Falla TJ, Gallo RL. PMID: 15225214.
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    383. Allergic contact dermatitis from pentylene glycol in an emollient cream, with possible co-sensitization to resveratrol. Contact Dermatitis. 2003 Mar; 48(3):176-7. Gallo R, Viglizzo G, Vecchio F, Parodi A. PMID: 12755747.
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    384. Neonatal skin in mice and humans expresses increased levels of antimicrobial peptides: innate immunity during development of the adaptive response. Pediatr Res. 2003 Apr; 53(4):566-72. Dorschner RA, Lin KH, Murakami M, Gallo RL. PMID: 12612195.
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    385. Cathelicidins and innate defense against invasive bacterial infection. Scand J Infect Dis. 2003; 35(9):670-6. Nizet V, Gallo RL. PMID: 14620153.
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    386. In vivo measurement of coronary circulation angiotensin-converting enzyme activity in humans. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2003 Jan; 284(1):H17-22. Staniloae C, Schwab AJ, Simard A, Gallo R, Dyrda I, Gosselin G, Lesperance J, Ryan JW, Dupuis J. PMID: 12485815.
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    387. Biology and clinical relevance of naturally occurring antimicrobial peptides. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2002 Dec; 110(6):823-31. Gallo RL, Murakami M, Ohtake T, Zaiou M. PMID: 12464945.
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    388. Endogenous antimicrobial peptides and skin infections in atopic dermatitis. N Engl J Med. 2002 Oct 10; 347(15):1151-60. Ong PY, Ohtake T, Brandt C, Strickland I, Boguniewicz M, Ganz T, Gallo RL, Leung DY. PMID: 12374875.
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    389. Dermatan sulfate binds and potentiates activity of keratinocyte growth factor (FGF-7). J Biol Chem. 2002 Nov 08; 277(45):42815-20. Trowbridge JM, Rudisill JA, Ron D, Gallo RL. PMID: 12215437.
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    390. Dermatan sulfate: new functions from an old glycosaminoglycan. Glycobiology. 2002 Sep; 12(9):117R-25R. Trowbridge JM, Gallo RL. PMID: 12213784.
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    391. Surviving innate immunity. Trends Microbiol. 2002 Aug; 10(8):358-9. Nizet V, Gallo RL. PMID: 12160630.
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    392. Cathelicidins, essential gene-encoded mammalian antibiotics. J Mol Med (Berl). 2002 Sep; 80(9):549-61. Zaiou M, Gallo RL. PMID: 12226737.
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    393. Phagocytosis of different particulate dermal filler substances by human macrophages and skin cells. Dermatol Surg. 2002 Jun; 28(6):484-90. Morhenn VB, Lemperle G, Gallo RL. PMID: 12081676.
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    394. Selective activation of cervical microvascular endothelial cells by human papillomavirus 16-e7 oncoprotein. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2001 Dec 19; 93(24):1843-51. D'Anna R, Le Buanec H, Alessandri G, Caruso A, Burny A, Gallo R, Zagury JF, Zagury D, D'Alessio P. PMID: 11752008.
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    395. Innate antimicrobial peptide protects the skin from invasive bacterial infection. Nature. 2001 Nov 22; 414(6862):454-7. Nizet V, Ohtake T, Lauth X, Trowbridge J, Rudisill J, Dorschner RA, Pestonjamasp V, Piraino J, Huttner K, Gallo RL. PMID: 11719807.
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    396. Cutaneous injury induces the release of cathelicidin anti-microbial peptides active against group A Streptococcus. J Invest Dermatol. 2001 Jul; 117(1):91-7. Dorschner RA, Pestonjamasp VK, Tamakuwala S, Ohtake T, Rudisill J, Nizet V, Agerberth B, Gudmundsson GH, Gallo RL. PMID: 11442754.
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    397. Anti-microbial activity and cell binding are controlled by sequence determinants in the anti-microbial peptide PR-39. J Invest Dermatol. 2001 Feb; 116(2):230-5. Chan YR, Zanetti M, Gennaro R, Gallo RL. PMID: 11179998.
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    398. Chronic endothelial dysfunction after oversized coronary balloon angioplasty in pigs: a 12-week follow-up of coronary vasoreactivity in vivo and in vitro. Atherosclerosis. 2001 Jan; 154(1):61-9. Fonseca FA, Izar MC, Fuster V, Gallo R, Padurean A, Fallon JT, Schachter EN, Chesebro JH, Badimon JJ. PMID: 11137083.
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    399. Proteoglycans and cutaneous vascular defense and repair. J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc. 2000 Dec; 5(1):55-60. Gallo RL. PMID: 11147676.
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    400. The products of YCF1 and YLL015w (BPT1) cooperate for the ATP-dependent vacuolar transport of unconjugated bilirubin in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Yeast. 2000 Apr; 16(6):561-71. Petrovic S, Pascolo L, Gallo R, Cupelli F, Ostrow JD, Goffeau A, Tiribelli C, Bruschi CV. PMID: 10790694.
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    401. In vivo dynamic real-time monitoring and quantification of platelet-thrombus formation: use of a local isotope detector. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2000 Mar; 20(3):860-5. Zaman AG, Osende JI, Chesebro JH, Fuster V, Padurean A, Gallo R, Worthley SG, Helft G, Rodriguez OX, Fallon JT, Badimon JJ. PMID: 10712414.
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    402. Dermatan sulfate activates nuclear factor-kappab and induces endothelial and circulating intercellular adhesion molecule-1. J Clin Invest. 1999 May; 103(9):1329-35. Penc SF, Pomahac B, Eriksson E, Detmar M, Gallo RL. PMID: 10225976; PMCID: PMC408352.
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    403. Inhibition of intimal thickening after balloon angioplasty in porcine coronary arteries by targeting regulators of the cell cycle. Circulation. 1999 Apr 27; 99(16):2164-70. Gallo R, Padurean A, Jayaraman T, Marx S, Roque M, Adelman S, Chesebro J, Fallon J, Fuster V, Marks A, Badimon JJ. PMID: 10217658.
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    404. Antimicrobial peptides: an emerging concept in cutaneous biology. J Invest Dermatol. 1998 Nov; 111(5):739-43. Gallo RL, Huttner KM. PMID: 9804331.
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    405. PR-39, a syndecan-inducing antimicrobial peptide, binds and affects p130(Cas). J Biol Chem. 1998 Oct 30; 273(44):28978-85. Chan YR, Gallo RL. PMID: 9786902.
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    406. Dermatan sulfate released after injury is a potent promoter of fibroblast growth factor-2 function. J Biol Chem. 1998 Oct 23; 273(43):28116-21. Penc SF, Pomahac B, Winkler T, Dorschner RA, Eriksson E, Herndon M, Gallo RL. PMID: 9774430.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 72     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    407. Cross-reactivity between latex and sweet pepper due to prohevein. Allergy. 1998 Oct; 53(10):1007-8. Gallo R, Roncarolo D, Mistrello G. PMID: 9821486.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    408. Expression and secretion of inhibin and activin in normal and neoplastic uterine tissues. High levels of serum activin A in women with endometrial and cervical carcinoma. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Apr; 83(4):1194-200. Petraglia F, Florio P, Luisi S, Gallo R, Gadducci A, Viganò P, Di Blasio AM, Genazzani AR, Vale W. PMID: 9543140.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    409. Prolonged thrombin inhibition reduces restenosis after balloon angioplasty in porcine coronary arteries. Circulation. 1998 Feb 17; 97(6):581-8. Gallo R, Padurean A, Toschi V, Bichler J, Fallon JT, Chesebro JH, Fuster V, Badimon JJ. PMID: 9494029.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    410. Prevention of restenosis after angioplasty in small coronary arteries with probucol. Circulation. 1998 Feb 10; 97(5):429-36. Rodés J, Côté G, Lespérance J, Bourassa MG, Doucet S, Bilodeau L, Bertrand OF, Harel F, Gallo R, Tardif JC. PMID: 9490236.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    411. Reduced expression of syndecan-1 in human hepatocellular carcinoma with high metastatic potential. Int J Cancer. 1997 Oct 21; 74(5):482-91. Matsumoto A, Ono M, Fujimoto Y, Gallo RL, Bernfield M, Kohgo Y. PMID: 9355969.
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    412. Regulation of the tyrosine kinase substrate Eps8 expression by growth factors, v-Src and terminal differentiation. Oncogene. 1997 Oct 16; 15(16):1929-36. Gallo R, Provenzano C, Carbone R, Di Fiore PP, Castellani L, Falcone G, Alemà S. PMID: 9365239.
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    413. Endothelial cell surface alkaline phosphatase activity is induced by IL-6 released during wound repair. J Invest Dermatol. 1997 Oct; 109(4):597-603. Gallo RL, Dorschner RA, Takashima S, Klagsbrun M, Eriksson E, Bernfield M. PMID: 9326397.
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    414. Identification of CRAMP, a cathelin-related antimicrobial peptide expressed in the embryonic and adult mouse. J Biol Chem. 1997 May 16; 272(20):13088-93. Gallo RL, Kim KJ, Bernfield M, Kozak CA, Zanetti M, Merluzzi L, Gennaro R. PMID: 9148921.
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    415. Tissue factor modulates the thrombogenicity of human atherosclerotic plaques. Circulation. 1997 Feb 04; 95(3):594-9. Toschi V, Gallo R, Lettino M, Fallon JT, Gertz SD, Fernández-Ortiz A, Chesebro JH, Badimon L, Nemerson Y, Fuster V, Badimon JJ. PMID: 9024145.
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    416. Rapamycin inhibits vascular smooth muscle cell migration. J Clin Invest. 1996 Nov 15; 98(10):2277-83. Poon M, Marx SO, Gallo R, Badimon JJ, Taubman MB, Marks AR. PMID: 8941644; PMCID: PMC507677.
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    417. Syndecans-1 and -4 are induced during wound repair of neonatal but not fetal skin. J Invest Dermatol. 1996 Nov; 107(5):676-83. Gallo R, Kim C, Kokenyesi R, Adzick NS, Bernfield M. PMID: 8875948.
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    418. Human placenta and fetal membranes express human urocortin mRNA and peptide. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1996 Oct; 81(10):3807-10. Petraglia F, Florio P, Gallo R, Simoncini T, Saviozzi M, Di Blasio AM, Vaughan J, Vale W. PMID: 8855842.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    419. Biochemistry and biology of hirudin. Coron Artery Dis. 1996 Jun; 7(6):420-8. Toschi V, Lettino M, Gallo R, Badimon JJ, Chesebro JH. PMID: 8889357.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    420. Evolving concepts in the pathogenesis and treatment of arterial thrombosis. Mt Sinai J Med. 1995 Sep; 62(4):275-86. Chesebro JH, Toschi V, Lettino M, Gallo R, Badimon JJ, Fallon JT, Fuster V. PMID: 7565850.
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    421. Structure-function relations in the inhibition of murine contact hypersensitivity by amiloride. J Invest Dermatol. 1995 Jan; 104(1):38-41. Lindgren AM, Granstein RD, Hosoi J, Gallo RL. PMID: 7798639.
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    422. Syndecans, cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans, are induced by a proline-rich antimicrobial peptide from wounds. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Nov 08; 91(23):11035-9. Gallo RL, Ono M, Povsic T, Page C, Eriksson E, Klagsbrun M, Bernfield M. PMID: 7972004; PMCID: PMC45161.
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    423. Members of the syndecan family of heparan sulfate proteoglycans are expressed in distinct cell-, tissue-, and development-specific patterns. Mol Biol Cell. 1994 Jul; 5(7):797-805. Kim CW, Goldberger OA, Gallo RL, Bernfield M. PMID: 7812048; PMCID: PMC301097.
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    424. Pemphigoid nodularis. Br J Dermatol. 1993 Dec; 129(6):744-5. Gallo R, Parodi A, Rebora A. PMID: 8286265.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    425. Deficient antigen presentation by Langerhans cells from athymic (nu/nu) mice. Restoration with thymic transplantation or administration of cytokines. J Immunol. 1993 Oct 01; 151(7):3430-9. Grabbe S, Gallo RL, Lindgren A, Granstein RD. PMID: 8376784.
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    426. The challenge of valve surgery in a developing population. J Heart Valve Dis. 1993 Mar; 2(2):194-9. Gometza B, Kumar N, Prabhakar G, Gallo R, Kandeel M, Duran CM. PMID: 8261157.
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    427. Developmental expression of the syndecans: possible function and regulation. Dev Suppl. 1993; 205-12. Bernfield M, Hinkes MT, Gallo RL. PMID: 8049475.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    428. Specific inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 replication by antisense oligonucleotides: an in vitro model for treatment. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992 Dec 01; 89(23):11209-13. Lisziewicz J, Sun D, Klotman M, Agrawal S, Zamecnik P, Gallo R. PMID: 1454800; PMCID: PMC50519.
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    429. Cyclosporin increases granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) activity and gene expression in murine keratinocytes. J Invest Dermatol. 1992 Mar; 98(3):274-8. Gallo RL, Grabbe S, Choi SS, Bleicher P, Granstein RD. PMID: 1545136.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    430. Biology of the syndecans: a family of transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycans. Annu Rev Cell Biol. 1992; 8:365-93. Bernfield M, Kokenyesi R, Kato M, Hinkes MT, Spring J, Gallo RL, Lose EJ. PMID: 1335744.
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    431. Regulation of GM-CSF and IL-3 production from the murine keratinocyte cell line PAM 212 following exposure to ultraviolet radiation. J Invest Dermatol. 1991 Aug; 97(2):203-9. Gallo RL, Staszewski R, Sauder DN, Knisely TL, Granstein RD. PMID: 1649225.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    432. Tumor antigen presentation by murine epidermal cells. J Immunol. 1991 May 15; 146(10):3656-61. Grabbe S, Bruvers S, Gallo RL, Knisely TL, Nazareno R, Granstein RD. PMID: 2026885.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
    433. A controlled trial of intralesional recombinant interferon-gamma in the treatment of keloidal scarring. Clinical and histologic findings. Arch Dermatol. 1990 Oct; 126(10):1295-302. Granstein RD, Rook A, Flotte TJ, Haas A, Gallo RL, Jaffe HS, Amento EP. PMID: 2121104.
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    434. Mechanism for 193-nm laser radiation-induced effects on mammalian cells. Radiat Res. 1990 May; 122(2):142-8. Kochevar IE, Walsh AA, Held KD, Gallo RL, Mirro J. PMID: 2336460.
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    435. Viral genomes in lymphomas of patients with Sjögren's syndrome. J Autoimmun. 1989 Aug; 2(4):449-55. Fox RI, Saito I, Chan EK, Josephs S, Salahuddin SZ, Ahlashi DV, Staal FW, Gallo R, Pei-Ping H, Le CS. PMID: 2571338.
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    436. Ultraviolet radiation induces a change in cell membrane potential in vitro: a possible signal for ultraviolet radiation induced alteration in cell activity. Photochem Photobiol. 1989 May; 49(5):655-62. Gallo RL, Kochevar IE, Granstein RD. PMID: 2474173.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Cells