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    Gregory Aarons

    SchoolUniversity of California, San Diego
    Address9500 Gilman Drive #0812
    CA La Jolla 92093
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      Dr. Aarons is clinical and organizational psychologist, is a Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), a faculty member in the UCSD/SDSU Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, Director of the Child and Adolescent Services Research Center (CASRC) and Co-Director of the Center for Organizational Research on Implementation and Leadership (CORIL). Dr. Aarons' research, funded by the National Institute of Mental Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, focuses on identifying and improving system, organizational, and individual factors that impact successful implementation and sustainment of evidence-based practices and quality of care in health care and public sector practice settings. Dr. Aarons is Principal Investigator of recently completed NIMH funded study of a statewide evidence-based practice implementation in the Oklahoma child welfare system and a CDC funded study that developed a novel implementation approach that uses a collaborative process to support appropriate adaptation of evidence-based practice and system and organizational characteristics during implementation throughout the state of California. Dr. Aarons current grants include an NIMH funded project focusing on how to effectively implement an evidence-based HIV preventive intervention among high-risk women in Mexico, using an interagency collaborative approach to scaling up evidence-based practice across an entire service system, working across two states and 87 counties to examine the interaction of policy and organizational capacity factors in long-term sustainment of evidence-based practice, developing practical measures of organization leadership and climate, and developing leadership and organizational change strategies to support evidence-based practice implementation. Dr. Aarons’ most current work focuses on improving organizational context and training managers and supervisors to become effective leaders, to create a positive implementation climate, and to successfully lead evidence-based practice implementation in their teams and organizations.

      Research Interests

      Research Focus: Dr. Aarons' current research focuses on identifying and improving leadership and organizational factors that impact quality of mental health, substance abuse, and HIV services and implementation of evidence-based practice in real-world practice settings. Dr. Aarons and colleagues have developed, and are testing, leadership and organizational development strategies to improve implementation and sustainment of evidence-based practices. He and his colleagues have also developed brief and practical measures of implementation leadership, attitudes toward adopting evidence-based practice, implementation climate, and implementation citizenship behaviors.

      Clinical and Teaching Focus

      Dr. Aarons leads the UC San Diego Implementation Science Seminar and gives numerous seminars and presentations on theory and practical application of research findings to improve implementation of evidence-based practice. His recent teaching includes master classes at Trinity College, Dublin Ireland, and Kings College, London, U.K. He was an invited speaker at the National Institutes of Health sponsored conferences on dissemination and implementation of evidence-based practice, and has provided training and lectures across the United States and in South Africa. He is core faculty of the NIMH/NIDA/VA funded Implementation Research Institute, and is faculty of the NIH supported Training Institutes in Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health. His teaching activities focus on organizational, provider, and patient factors that impact effective implementation of evidence-based practice.

      Collapse Research 
      Collapse Research Activities and Funding
      Testing the Leadership and Organizational Change for Implementation (LOCI) Intervention in Substance Abuse Treatment Programs
      NIH/NIDA R01DA038466Sep 30, 2015 - May 31, 2020
      Role: Principal Investigator
      Interagency Collaborative Teams to Scale-up Evidence Based Practice
      NIH/NIMH R01MH092950Jul 1, 2011 - Mar 31, 2016
      Role: Principal Investigator
      Implementation of an efficacious intervention for High Risk Women in Mexico
      NIH/NIMH R01MH087054Jul 1, 2010 - Apr 30, 2015
      Role: Principal Investigator
      Dynamic Adaptation to Implement an Evidence-based Child Maltreatment Intervention
      CDC/NCIPC R01CE001556Sep 30, 2009 - Sep 29, 2012
      Role: Principal Investigator
      Leadership Development for Evidence Based Practice Implementation
      NIH/NIMH R21MH082731Jan 1, 2009 - Nov 30, 2011
      Role: Principal Investigator
      Concept Mapping of Readiness for Evidence-Based Practice
      NIH/NIMH R03MH070703Sep 30, 2004 - Jul 31, 2007
      Role: Principal Investigator
      Mixed-Methods Study of EBP Sustainment in a Statewide Service System
      NIH/NIMH R01MH072961Sep 1, 2004 - Apr 30, 2017
      Role: Principal Investigator
      NIH/NIMH K01MH001695Feb 15, 2000 - Jul 31, 2005
      Role: Principal Investigator

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      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Brookman-Frazee L, Zhan C, Stadnick N, Sommerfeld D, Roesch S, Aarons G, Innes-Gomberg D, Bando L, Lau AS. Using Survival Analysis to Understand Patterns of Sustainment within a System-Driven Implementation of Multiple Evidence-Based Practices for Children's Mental Health Services. Front Public Health. 2018; 6:54. PMID: 29546038.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Stadnick NA, Lau AS, Barnett M, Regan J, Aarons G, Brookman-Frazee L. Comparing Agency Leader and Therapist Perspectives on Evidence-Based Practices: Associations with Individual and Organizational Factors in a Mental Health System-Driven Implementation Effort. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2017 Nov 03. PMID: 29101604.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Aarons G, Sklar M, Mustanski B, Benbow N, Brown CH. "Scaling-out" evidence-based interventions to new populations or new health care delivery systems. Implement Sci. 2017 Sep 06; 12(1):111. PMID: 28877746.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Williams NJ, Scott L, Aarons G. Prevalence of Serious Emotional Disturbance Among U.S. Children: A Meta-Analysis. Psychiatr Serv. 2017 Sep 01; appips201700145. PMID: 28859585.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Rich P, Aarons G, Takemoto M, Cardenas V, Crist K, Bolling K, Lewars B, Sweet CC, Natarajan L, Shi Y, Full KM, Johnson E, Rosenberg DE, Whitt-Glover M, Marcus B, Kerr J. Implementation-effectiveness trial of an ecological intervention for physical activity in ethnically diverse low income senior centers. BMC Public Health. 2017 Jul 18; 18(1):29. PMID: 28720079.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Rieckmann T, Moore L, Croy C, Aarons G, Novins DK. National Overview of Medication-Assisted Treatment for American Indians and Alaska Natives With Substance Use Disorders. Psychiatr Serv. 2017 Jul 17; appips201600397. PMID: 28712352.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Aarons G, Ehrhart MG, Farahnak LR, Sklar M, Horowitz J. Discrepancies in Leader and Follower Ratings of Transformational Leadership: Relationship with Organizational Culture in Mental Health. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2017 Jul; 44(4):480-491. PMID: 26164567.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Pitpitan EV, Chavarin CV, Semple SJ, Mendoza D, Rodriguez CM, Staines H, Aarons G, Patterson TL. Fidelity Moderates the Association Between Negative Condom Attitudes and Outcome Behavior in an Evidence-Based Sexual Risk Reduction Intervention for Female Sex Workers. Ann Behav Med. 2017 Jun; 51(3):470-476. PMID: 27924462.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Rye M, Torres EM, Friborg O, Skre I, Aarons G. The Evidence-based Practice Attitude Scale-36 (EBPAS-36): a brief and pragmatic measure of attitudes to evidence-based practice validated in US and Norwegian samples. Implement Sci. 2017 Apr 04; 12(1):44. PMID: 28372587.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Powell BJ, Beidas RS, Lewis CC, Aarons G, McMillen JC, Proctor EK, Mandell DS. Methods to Improve the Selection and Tailoring of Implementation Strategies. J Behav Health Serv Res. 2017 Apr; 44(2):177-194. PMID: 26289563.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Brown CH, Curran G, Palinkas LA, Aarons G, Wells KB, Jones L, Collins LM, Duan N, Mittman BS, Wallace A, Tabak RG, Ducharme L, Chambers DA, Neta G, Wiley T, Landsverk J, Cheung K, Cruden G. An Overview of Research and Evaluation Designs for Dissemination and Implementation. Annu Rev Public Health. 2017 Mar 20; 38:1-22. PMID: 28384085.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Aarons G, Ehrhart MG, Moullin JC, Torres EM, Green AE. Testing the leadership and organizational change for implementation (LOCI) intervention in substance abuse treatment: a cluster randomized trial study protocol. Implement Sci. 2017 Mar 03; 12(1):29. PMID: 28253900.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Cardenas V, Mausbach BT, Sommerfeld D, Jimenez D, von Känel R, Ho JS, Garcia P, Aarons G. Depression is Associated with Increased Risk for Metabolic Syndrome in Latinos with Type 2 Diabetes. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2017 Jun; 25(6):646-653. PMID: 28341138.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Torres EM, Ehrhart MG, Beidas RS, Farahnak LR, Finn NK, Aarons G. Validation of the Implementation Leadership Scale (ILS) with Supervisors' Self-Ratings. Community Ment Health J. 2017 Feb 08. PMID: 28181092.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Wilson PM, Sales A, Wensing M, Aarons G, Flottorp S, Glidewell L, Hutchinson A, Presseau J, Rogers A, Sevdalis N, Squires J, Straus S. Enhancing the reporting of implementation research. Implement Sci. 2017 Feb 08; 12(1):13. PMID: 28178987.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Wells SY, Morland LA, Torres EM, Kloezeman K, Mackintosh MA, Aarons G. The Development of a Brief Version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI-9). Assessment. 2017 Jan 01; 1073191116685401. PMID: 28092974.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Fawley-King K, Trask EV, Zhang J, Aarons G. The impact of changing neighborhoods, switching schools, and experiencing relationship disruption on children's adjustment to a new placement in foster care. Child Abuse Negl. 2017 Jan; 63:141-150. PMID: 27919001.
        View in: PubMed
      18. Beidas RS, Williams NJ, Green PD, Aarons G, Becker-Haimes EM, Evans AC, Rubin R, Adams DR, Marcus SC. Concordance Between Administrator and Clinician Ratings of Organizational Culture and Climate. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 Nov 05. PMID: 27817044.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Locke J, Beidas RS, Marcus S, Stahmer A, Aarons G, Lyon AR, Cannuscio C, Barg F, Dorsey S, Mandell DS. A mixed methods study of individual and organizational factors that affect implementation of interventions for children with autism in public schools. Implement Sci. 2016 Oct 10; 11(1):135. PMID: 27724933.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Aarons G, Ehrhart MG, Torres EM, Finn NK, Beidas RS. The Humble Leader: Association of Discrepancies in Leader and Follower Ratings of Implementation Leadership With Organizational Climate in Mental Health. Psychiatr Serv. 2017 Feb 01; 68(2):115-122. PMID: 27691380.
        View in: PubMed
      21. Green AE, Ferrand J, Aarons G. Functioning Among Youth with Comorbid Mood Disorder and Chronic Physical Illness in Public Sector Care. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2016 Oct; 37(8):637-646. PMID: 27680986.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Willging CE, Aarons G, Trott EM, Green AE, Finn N, Ehrhart MG, Hecht DB. Contracting and Procurement for Evidence-Based Interventions in Public-Sector Human Services: A Case Study. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 Sep; 43(5):675-92. PMID: 26386977; PMCID: PMC4889548 [Available on 09/01/17].
      23. Brimhall KC, Fenwick K, Farahnak LR, Hurlburt MS, Roesch SC, Aarons G. Leadership, Organizational Climate, and Perceived Burden of Evidence-Based Practice in Mental Health Services. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 Sep; 43(5):629-39. PMID: 26152770; PMCID: PMC4706502 [Available on 09/01/17].
      24. Beidas RS, Marcus S, Wolk CB, Powell B, Aarons G, Evans AC, Hurford MO, Hadley T, Adams DR, Walsh LM, Babbar S, Barg F, Mandell DS. A Prospective Examination of Clinician and Supervisor Turnover Within the Context of Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices in a Publicly-Funded Mental Health System. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 Sep; 43(5):640-9. PMID: 26179469; PMCID: PMC4715798 [Available on 09/01/17].
      25. Haine-Schlagel R, Roesch SC, Trask EV, Fawley-King K, Ganger WC, Aarons G. The Parent Participation Engagement Measure (PPEM): Reliability and Validity in Child and Adolescent Community Mental Health Services. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 Sep; 43(5):813-23. PMID: 26520104; PMCID: PMC4852156 [Available on 09/01/17].
      26. Aarons G, Sommerfeld DH, Chi BH, Ezeanolue EE, Sturke R, Guay L, Siberry GK. Concept Mapping of PMTCT Implementation Challenges and Solutions Across 6 sub-Saharan African Countries in the NIH-PEPFAR PMTCT Implementation Science Alliance. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Aug 01; 72 Suppl 2:S202-6. PMID: 27355510.
        View in: PubMed
      27. Semple SJ, Pitpitan EV, Chavarin CV, Strathdee SA, Mendoza DV, Aarons G, Patterson TL. Correlates of unprotected sex with male clients among female sex workers in 13 Mexican cities. Glob Public Health. 2016 Jul 14; 1-15. PMID: 27416059.
        View in: PubMed
      28. Green AE, Dishop CR, Aarons G. Organizational Stress as Moderator of Relationship Between Mental Health Provider Adaptability and Organizational Commitment. Psychiatr Serv. 2016 Oct 01; 67(10):1103-1108. PMID: 27301760.
        View in: PubMed
      29. Rieckmann T, Moore LA, Croy CD, Novins DK, Aarons G. A National Study of American Indian and Alaska Native Substance Abuse Treatment: Provider and Program Characteristics. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2016 Sep; 68:46-56. PMID: 27431046.
        View in: PubMed
      30. Aarons G, Ehrhart MG, Torres EM, Finn NK, Roesch SC. Validation of the Implementation Leadership Scale (ILS) in Substance use Disorder Treatment Organizations. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2016 Sep; 68:31-5. PMID: 27431044.
        View in: PubMed
      31. Guerrero EG, Padwa H, Fenwick K, Harris LM, Aarons G. Identifying and ranking implicit leadership strategies to promote evidence-based practice implementation in addiction health services. Implement Sci. 2016 May 14; 11:69. PMID: 27180231; PMCID: PMC4894378.
      32. Finn NK, Torres EM, Ehrhart MG, Roesch SC, Aarons G. Cross-Validation of the Implementation Leadership Scale (ILS) in Child Welfare Service Organizations. Child Maltreat. 2016 Aug; 21(3):250-5. PMID: 27002137.
        View in: PubMed
      33. Chaffin M, Hecht D, Aarons G, Fettes D, Hurlburt M, Ledesma K. EBT Fidelity Trajectories Across Training Cohorts Using the Interagency Collaborative Team Strategy. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 Mar; 43(2):144-56. PMID: 25586878; PMCID: PMC4501898.
      34. Guerrero EG, Aarons G, Grella CE, Garner BR, Cook B, Vega WA. Program Capacity to Eliminate Outcome Disparities in Addiction Health Services. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 Jan; 43(1):23-35. PMID: 25450596; PMCID: PMC4452456 [Available on 01/01/17].
      35. Green AE, Trott E, Willging CE, Finn NK, Ehrhart MG, Aarons G. The role of collaborations in sustaining an evidence-based intervention to reduce child neglect. Child Abuse Negl. 2016 Mar; 53:4-16. PMID: 26712422; PMCID: PMC4818183 [Available on 03/01/17].
      36. Semple SJ, Stockman JK, Pitpitan EV, Strathdee SA, Chavarin CV, Mendoza DV, Aarons G, Patterson TL. Prevalence and Correlates of Client-Perpetrated Violence against Female Sex Workers in 13 Mexican Cities. PLoS One. 2015; 10(11):e0143317. PMID: 26599083; PMCID: PMC4657898.
      37. van Sonsbeek MA, Hutschemaekers GJ, Veerman JW, Kleinjan M, Aarons G, Tiemens BG. Psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Evidence-Based Practice Attitude Scale (EBPAS). Health Res Policy Syst. 2015 Nov 16; 13:69. PMID: 26572126; PMCID: PMC4647622.
      38. Ehrhart MG, Torres EM, Wright LA, Martinez SY, Aarons G. Validating the Implementation Climate Scale (ICS) in child welfare organizations. Child Abuse Negl. 2016 Mar; 53:17-26. PMID: 26563643; PMCID: PMC4818155 [Available on 03/01/17].
      39. Semple SJ, Pitpitan EV, Chavarin CV, Strathdee SA, Zavala RI, Aarons G, Patterson TL. Prevalence and Correlates of Hazardous Drinking among Female Sex Workers in 13 Mexican Cities. Alcohol Alcohol. 2016 Jul; 51(4):450-6. PMID: 26546017; PMCID: PMC4922383 [Available on 07/01/17].
      40. Palinkas LA, Chavarin CV, Rafful CM, Um MY, Mendoza DV, Staines H, Aarons G, Patterson TL. Sustainability of Evidence-Based Practices for HIV Prevention among Female Sex Workers in Mexico. PLoS One. 2015; 10(10):e0141508. PMID: 26517265; PMCID: PMC4627751.
      41. Granholm E, Holden JL, Sommerfeld D, Rufener C, Perivoliotis D, Mueser K, Aarons G. Enhancing assertive community treatment with cognitive behavioral social skills training for schizophrenia: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2015 Sep 30; 16:438. PMID: 26424639; PMCID: PMC4590698.
      42. Willging CE, Trott EM, Fettes D, Gunderson L, Green AE, Myers R, Hurlburt MS, Aarons G. Research-Supported Intervention and Discretion Among Frontline Workers Implementing Home Visitation Services. Res Soc Work Pract. 2017 Oct; 27(6):664-675. PMID: 28947872.
        View in: PubMed
      43. Cafri G, Hedeker D, Aarons G. An introduction and integration of cross-classified, multiple membership, and dynamic group random-effects models. Psychol Methods. 2015 Dec; 20(4):407-21. PMID: 26237504; PMCID: PMC4784720 [Available on 12/01/16].
      44. Sklar M, Aarons G, O'Connell M, Davidson L, Groessl EJ. Mental Health Recovery in the Patient-Centered Medical Home. Am J Public Health. 2015 Sep; 105(9):1926-34. PMID: 26180945.
        View in: PubMed
      45. Trask EV, Fawley-King K, Garland AF, Aarons G. Do aftercare mental health services reduce risk of psychiatric rehospitalization for children? Psychol Serv. 2016 May; 13(2):127-32. PMID: 26147361.
        View in: PubMed
      46. Bhardwaj S, Carter B, Aarons G, Chi BH. Implementation Research for the Prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission in Sub-Saharan Africa: Existing Evidence, Current Gaps, and New Opportunities. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2015 Jun; 12(2):246-55. PMID: 25877252; PMCID: PMC4430362.
      47. Ehrhart MG, Aarons G, Farahnak LR. Going above and beyond for implementation: the development and validity testing of the Implementation Citizenship Behavior Scale (ICBS). Implement Sci. 2015 May 07; 10:65. PMID: 25948489; PMCID: PMC4465615.
      48. Moore LA, Aarons G, Davis JH, Novins DK. How do providers serving American Indians and Alaska Natives with substance abuse problems define evidence-based treatment? Psychol Serv. 2015 May; 12(2):92-100. PMID: 25961645; PMCID: PMC4430337.
      49. Foy R, Sales A, Wensing M, Aarons G, Flottorp S, Kent B, Michie S, O'Connor D, Rogers A, Sevdalis N, Straus S, Wilson P. Implementation science: a reappraisal of our journal mission and scope. Implement Sci. 2015 Apr 17; 10:51. PMID: 25928695; PMCID: PMC4409721.
      50. Beidas RS, Marcus S, Aarons G, Hoagwood KE, Schoenwald S, Evans AC, Hurford MO, Hadley T, Barg FK, Walsh LM, Adams DR, Mandell DS. Predictors of community therapists' use of therapy techniques in a large public mental health system. JAMA Pediatr. 2015 Apr; 169(4):374-82. PMID: 25686473; PMCID: PMC4420189.
      51. Aarons G, Ehrhart MG, Farahnak LR, Hurlburt MS. Leadership and organizational change for implementation (LOCI): a randomized mixed method pilot study of a leadership and organization development intervention for evidence-based practice implementation. Implement Sci. 2015 Jan 16; 10:11. PMID: 25592163; PMCID: PMC4310135.
      52. Aarons G, Green AE, Willging CE, Ehrhart MG, Roesch SC, Hecht DB, Chaffin MJ. Mixed-method study of a conceptual model of evidence-based intervention sustainment across multiple public-sector service settings. Implement Sci. 2014 Dec 10; 9:183. PMID: 25490886; PMCID: PMC4272775.
      53. Palinkas LA, Garcia AR, Aarons G, Finno-Velasquez M, Holloway IW, Mackie TI, Leslie LK, Chamberlain P. Measuring Use of Research Evidence: The Structured Interview for Evidence Use. Res Soc Work Pract. 2016 Sep; 26(5):550-564. PMID: 27616869.
        View in: PubMed
      54. Guerrero EG, He A, Kim A, Aarons G. Organizational implementation of evidence-based substance abuse treatment in racial and ethnic minority communities. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2014 Nov; 41(6):737-49. PMID: 24046236; PMCID: PMC4043934.
      55. Ehrhart MG, Aarons G, Farahnak LR. Assessing the organizational context for EBP implementation: the development and validity testing of the Implementation Climate Scale (ICS). Implement Sci. 2014 Oct 23; 9:157. PMID: 25338781; PMCID: PMC4210525.
      56. Willging CE, Green AE, Gunderson L, Chaffin M, Aarons G. From a "perfect storm" to "smooth sailing": policymaker perspectives on implementation and sustainment of an evidence-based practice in two states. Child Maltreat. 2015 Feb; 20(1):24-36. PMID: 25125232; PMCID: PMC4381926.
      57. Chuang E, Wells R, Aarons G. Identifying Depression in a National Sample of Caregivers Investigated in Regard to Their Child's Welfare. Psychiatr Serv. 2014 Jul; 65(7):911-7. PMID: 24686832; PMCID: PMC4182297.
      58. Yeh M, Aarons G, Ho J, Leslie LK, McCabe K, Tsai K, Hough R. Parental etiological explanations and longitudinal medication use for youths with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2014 May; 41(3):401-9. PMID: 23504264; PMCID: PMC3864543.
      59. Aarons G, Ehrhart MG, Farahnak LR. The Implementation Leadership Scale (ILS): development of a brief measure of unit level implementation leadership. Implement Sci. 2014 Apr 14; 9(1):45. PMID: 24731295; PMCID: PMC4022333.
      60. Hurlburt M, Aarons G, Fettes D, Willging C, Gunderson L, Chaffin MJ. Interagency Collaborative Team Model for Capacity Building to Scale-Up Evidence-Based Practice. Child Youth Serv Rev. 2014 Apr; 39:160-168. PMID: 27512239.
        View in: PubMed
      61. Aarons G, Fettes DL, Hurlburt MS, Palinkas LA, Gunderson L, Willging CE, Chaffin MJ. Collaboration, negotiation, and coalescence for interagency-collaborative teams to scale-up evidence-based practice. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2014; 43(6):915-28. PMID: 24611580; PMCID: PMC4294431.
      62. Bonham CA, Sommerfeld D, Willging C, Aarons G. Organizational factors influencing implementation of evidence-based practices for integrated treatment in behavioral health agencies. Psychiatry J. 2014; 2014:802983. PMID: 24772411; PMCID: PMC3989772.
      63. Willging CE, Sommerfeld DH, Aarons G, Waitzkin H. The effects of behavioral health reform on safety-net institutions: a mixed-method assessment in a rural state. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2014 Mar; 41(2):276-91. PMID: 23307162; PMCID: PMC3987948.
      64. Guerrero EG, Aarons G, Palinkas LA. Organizational capacity for service integration in community-based addiction health services. Am J Public Health. 2014 Apr; 104(4):e40-7. PMID: 24524525; PMCID: PMC4020143.
      65. Green AE, Albanese BJ, Shapiro NM, Aarons G. The roles of individual and organizational factors in burnout among community-based mental health service providers. Psychol Serv. 2014 Feb; 11(1):41-9. PMID: 24564442; PMCID: PMC4294456.
      66. Aarons G, Ehrhart MG, Farahnak LR, Sklar M. Aligning leadership across systems and organizations to develop a strategic climate for evidence-based practice implementation. Annu Rev Public Health. 2014; 35:255-74. PMID: 24641560; PMCID: PMC4348088.
      67. Sommerfeld DH, Henderson LB, Snider MA, Aarons G. Multidimensional measurement within adult protective services: design and initial testing of the tool for risk, interventions, and outcomes. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2014; 26(5):495-522. PMID: 24848994; PMCID: PMC4226422.
      68. Green AE, Albanese BJ, Cafri G, Aarons G. Leadership, organizational climate, and working alliance in a children's mental health service system. Community Ment Health J. 2014 Oct; 50(7):771-7. PMID: 24323137; PMCID: PMC4294429.
      69. Fettes DL, Aarons G, Green AE. Higher rates of adolescent substance use in child welfare versus community populations in the United States. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2013 Nov; 74(6):825-34. PMID: 24172108; PMCID: PMC3817044.
      70. Proctor EK, Landsverk J, Baumann AA, Mittman BS, Aarons G, Brownson RC, Glisson C, Chambers D. The implementation research institute: training mental health implementation researchers in the United States. Implement Sci. 2013 Sep 05; 8:105. PMID: 24007290; PMCID: PMC3844451.
      71. Sklar M, Groessl EJ, O'Connell M, Davidson L, Aarons G. Instruments for measuring mental health recovery: a systematic review. Clin Psychol Rev. 2013 Dec; 33(8):1082-95. PMID: 24080285.
        View in: PubMed
      72. Novins DK, Green AE, Legha RK, Aarons G. Dissemination and implementation of evidence-based practices for child and adolescent mental health: a systematic review. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2013 Oct; 52(10):1009-1025.e18. PMID: 24074468; PMCID: PMC3922894.
      73. Beidas RS, Aarons G, Barg F, Evans A, Hadley T, Hoagwood K, Marcus S, Schoenwald S, Walsh L, Mandell DS. Policy to implementation: evidence-based practice in community mental health--study protocol. Implement Sci. 2013 Mar 24; 8:38. PMID: 23522556; PMCID: PMC3618103.
      74. Patterson TL, Semple SJ, Chavarin CV, Mendoza DV, Santos LE, Chaffin M, Palinkas LA, Strathdee SA, Aarons G. Implementation of an efficacious intervention for high risk women in Mexico: protocol for a multi-site randomized trial with a parallel study of organizational factors. Implement Sci. 2012 Oct 29; 7:105. PMID: 23107285; PMCID: PMC3503741.
      75. Green AE, Fettes DL, Aarons G. A concept mapping approach to guide and understand dissemination and implementation. J Behav Health Serv Res. 2012 Oct; 39(4):362-73. PMID: 22892987; PMCID: PMC3841108.
      76. Drahota A, Aarons G, Stahmer AC. Developing the Autism Model of Implementation for autism spectrum disorder community providers: study protocol. Implement Sci. 2012 Sep 10; 7:85. PMID: 22963616; PMCID: PMC3502248.
      77. Aarons G, Cafri G, Lugo L, Sawitzky A. Expanding the domains of attitudes towards evidence-based practice: the evidence based practice attitude scale-50. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2012 Sep; 39(5):331-40. PMID: 20607597; PMCID: PMC3411301.
      78. Novins DK, Moore LA, Beals J, Aarons G, Rieckmann T, Kaufman CE. A framework for conducting a national study of substance abuse treatment programs serving American Indian and Alaska native communities. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2012 Sep; 38(5):518-22. PMID: 22931088; PMCID: PMC3662556.
      79. Aarons G, Glisson C, Green PD, Hoagwood K, Kelleher KJ, Landsverk JA, Weisz JR, Chorpita B, Gibbons R, Glisson C, Green EP, Hoagwood K, Jensen PS, Kelleher K, Landsverk J, Mayberg S, Miranda J, Palinkas L, Schoenwald S. The organizational social context of mental health services and clinician attitudes toward evidence-based practice: a United States national study. Implement Sci. 2012 Jun 22; 7:56. PMID: 22726759; PMCID: PMC3444886.
      80. Proctor LJ, Aarons G, Dubowitz H, English DJ, Lewis T, Thompson R, Hussey JM, Litrownik AJ, Roesch SC. Trajectories of maltreatment re-reports from ages 4 to 12:: evidence for persistent risk after early exposure. Child Maltreat. 2012 Aug; 17(3):207-17. PMID: 22723495; PMCID: PMC3740373.
      81. Lindamer LA, Liu L, Sommerfeld DH, Folsom DP, Hawthorne W, Garcia P, Aarons G, Jeste DV. Predisposing, enabling, and need factors associated with high service use in a public mental health system. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2012 May; 39(3):200-9. PMID: 21533848; PMCID: PMC3288205.
      82. Aarons G, Green AE, Palinkas LA, Self-Brown S, Whitaker DJ, Lutzker JR, Silovsky JF, Hecht DB, Chaffin MJ. Dynamic adaptation process to implement an evidence-based child maltreatment intervention. Implement Sci. 2012 Apr 18; 7:32. PMID: 22512914; PMCID: PMC3436717.
      83. Aarons G, Sommerfeld DH. Leadership, innovation climate, and attitudes toward evidence-based practice during a statewide implementation. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2012 Apr; 51(4):423-31. PMID: 22449648; PMCID: PMC3841107.
      84. Hawthorne WB, Folsom DP, Sommerfeld DH, Lanouette NM, Lewis M, Aarons G, Conklin RM, Solorzano E, Lindamer LA, Jeste DV. Incarceration among adults who are in the public mental health system: rates, risk factors, and short-term outcomes. Psychiatr Serv. 2012 Jan; 63(1):26-32. PMID: 22227756.
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      85. Aarons G, Fettes DL, Sommerfeld DH, Palinkas LA. Mixed methods for implementation research: application to evidence-based practice implementation and staff turnover in community-based organizations providing child welfare services. Child Maltreat. 2012 Feb; 17(1):67-79. PMID: 22146861; PMCID: PMC3841106.
      86. Green AE, Miller EA, Aarons G. Transformational leadership moderates the relationship between emotional exhaustion and turnover intention among community mental health providers. Community Ment Health J. 2013 Aug; 49(4):373-9. PMID: 22052429; PMCID: PMC4209723.
      87. Fettes DL, Aarons G. Smoking behavior of US youths: a comparison between child welfare system and community populations. Am J Public Health. 2011 Dec; 101(12):2342-8. PMID: 22021304; PMCID: PMC3222422.
      88. Green AE, Aarons G. A comparison of policy and direct practice stakeholder perceptions of factors affecting evidence-based practice implementation using concept mapping. Implement Sci. 2011 Sep 07; 6:104. PMID: 21899754; PMCID: PMC3178500.
      89. Miller EA, Green AE, Fettes DL, Aarons G. Prevalence of maltreatment among youths in public sectors of care. Child Maltreat. 2011 Aug; 16(3):196-204. PMID: 21803778.
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      90. Novins DK, Aarons G, Conti SG, Dahlke D, Daw R, Fickenscher A, Fleming C, Love C, Masis K, Spicer P. Use of the evidence base in substance abuse treatment programs for American Indians and Alaska Natives: pursuing quality in the crucible of practice and policy. Implement Sci. 2011 Jun 16; 6:63. PMID: 21679438; PMCID: PMC3145574.
      91. Leslie LK, Raghavan R, Hurley M, Zhang J, Landsverk J, Aarons G. Investigating geographic variation in use of psychotropic medications among youth in child welfare. Child Abuse Negl. 2011 May; 35(5):333-42. PMID: 21620160.
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      92. Proctor E, Silmere H, Raghavan R, Hovmand P, Aarons G, Bunger A, Griffey R, Hensley M. Outcomes for implementation research: conceptual distinctions, measurement challenges, and research agenda. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2011 Mar; 38(2):65-76. PMID: 20957426; PMCID: PMC3068522.
      93. Palinkas LA, Aarons G, Horwitz S, Chamberlain P, Hurlburt M, Landsverk J. Mixed method designs in implementation research. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2011 Jan; 38(1):44-53. PMID: 20967495; PMCID: PMC3025112.
      94. Green AE, Bekman NM, Miller EA, Perrott JA, Brown SA, Aarons G. Parental awareness of substance use among youths in public service sectors. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2011 Jan; 72(1):44-52. PMID: 21138710; PMCID: PMC3001680.
      95. Aarons G, Hurlburt M, Horwitz SM. Advancing a conceptual model of evidence-based practice implementation in public service sectors. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2011 Jan; 38(1):4-23. PMID: 21197565; PMCID: PMC3025110.
      96. Aarons G, Sommerfeld DH, Willging CE. The Soft Underbelly of System Change: The Role of Leadership and Organizational Climate in Turnover during Statewide Behavioral Health Reform. Psychol Serv. 2011; 8(4):269-281. PMID: 22229021.
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      97. Aarons G, Covert J, Skriner LC, Green A, Marto D, Garland AF, Landsverk J. The eye of the beholder: youths and parents differ on what matters in mental health services. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2010 Nov; 37(6):459-67. PMID: 20140489; PMCID: PMC2977056.
      98. Aarons G, Glisson C, Hoagwood K, Kelleher K, Landsverk J, Cafri G. Psychometric properties and U.S. National norms of the Evidence-Based Practice Attitude Scale (EBPAS). Psychol Assess. 2010 Jun; 22(2):356-65. PMID: 20528063; PMCID: PMC3841109.
      99. Leslie LK, Raghavan R, Zhang J, Aarons G. Rates of psychotropic medication use over time among youth in child welfare/child protective services. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2010 Apr; 20(2):135-43. PMID: 20415609; PMCID: PMC2865357.
      100. Leslie LK, James S, Monn A, Kauten MC, Zhang J, Aarons G. Health-risk behaviors in young adolescents in the child welfare system. J Adolesc Health. 2010 Jul; 47(1):26-34. PMID: 20547289; PMCID: PMC2887715.
      101. Aarons G, James S, Monn AR, Raghavan R, Wells RS, Leslie LK. Behavior problems and placement change in a national child welfare sample: a prospective study. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2010 Jan; 49(1):70-80. PMID: 20215928; PMCID: PMC4131764.
      102. Aarons G, Sommerfeld DH, Walrath-Greene CM. Evidence-based practice implementation: the impact of public versus private sector organization type on organizational support, provider attitudes, and adoption of evidence-based practice. Implement Sci. 2009 Dec 31; 4:83. PMID: 20043824; PMCID: PMC2813227.
      103. Aarons G, Wells RS, Zagursky K, Fettes DL, Palinkas LA. Implementing evidence-based practice in community mental health agencies: a multiple stakeholder analysis. Am J Public Health. 2009 Nov; 99(11):2087-95. PMID: 19762654; PMCID: PMC2759812.
      104. Aarons G, Fettes DL, Flores LE, Sommerfeld DH. Evidence-based practice implementation and staff emotional exhaustion in children's services. Behav Res Ther. 2009 Nov; 47(11):954-60. PMID: 19660738; PMCID: PMC2784174.
      105. Stahmer AC, Aarons G. Attitudes Toward Adoption of Evidence-Based Practices: A comparison of Autism Early Intervention Providers and Children's Mental Health Providers. Psychol Serv. 2009 Aug; 6(3):223-234. PMID: 21796262.
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      106. Aarons G, Sommerfeld DH, Hecht DB, Silovsky JF, Chaffin MJ. The impact of evidence-based practice implementation and fidelity monitoring on staff turnover: evidence for a protective effect. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2009 Apr; 77(2):270-80. PMID: 19309186; PMCID: PMC2742697.
      107. Proctor EK, Landsverk J, Aarons G, Chambers D, Glisson C, Mittman B. Implementation research in mental health services: an emerging science with conceptual, methodological, and training challenges. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2009 Jan; 36(1):24-34. PMID: 19104929; PMCID: PMC3808121.
      108. Raghavan R, Shi P, Aarons G, Roesch SC, McMillen JC. Health insurance discontinuities among adolescents leaving foster care. J Adolesc Health. 2009 Jan; 44(1):41-7. PMID: 19101457; PMCID: PMC2629581.
      109. Aarons G, Monn AR, Hazen AL, Connelly CD, Leslie LK, Landsverk JA, Hough RL, Brown SA. Substance involvement among youths in child welfare: the role of common and unique risk factors. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2008 Jul; 78(3):340-9. PMID: 19123753.
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      110. Aarons G, Monn AR, Leslie LK, Garland AF, Lugo L, Hough RL, Brown SA. Association between mental and physical health problems in high-risk adolescents: a longitudinal study. J Adolesc Health. 2008 Sep; 43(3):260-7. PMID: 18710681; PMCID: PMC2768339.
      111. Raghavan R, Aarons G, Roesch SC, Leslie LK. Longitudinal patterns of health insurance coverage among a national sample of children in the child welfare system. Am J Public Health. 2008 Mar; 98(3):478-84. PMID: 18235059; PMCID: PMC2253578.
      112. Lang AJ, Aarons G, Gearity J, Laffaye C, Satz L, Dresselhaus TR, Stein MB. Direct and indirect links between childhood maltreatment, posttraumatic stress disorder, and women's health. Behav Med. 2008; 33(4):125-35. PMID: 18316270; PMCID: PMC2547477.
      113. Aarons G, McDonald EJ, Connelly CD, Newton RR. Assessment of family functioning in Caucasian and Hispanic Americans: reliability, validity, and factor structure of the Family Assessment Device. Fam Process. 2007 Dec; 46(4):557-69. PMID: 18092586.
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      114. Myers MG, MacPherson L, Jones LR, Aarons G. Measuring adolescent smoking cessation strategies: instrument development and initial validation. Nicotine Tob Res. 2007 Nov; 9(11):1131-8. PMID: 17978986.
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      115. Aarons G, McDonald EJ, Sheehan AK, Walrath-Greene CM. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Evidence-Based Practice Attitude Scale in a geographically diverse sample of community mental health providers. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2007 Sep; 34(5):465-9. PMID: 17619137.
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      116. Aarons G, Palinkas LA. Implementation of evidence-based practice in child welfare: service provider perspectives. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2007 Jul; 34(4):411-9. PMID: 17410420.
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      117. Leslie LK, Aarons G, Haine RA, Hough RL. Caregiver depression and medication use by youths with ADHD who receive services in the public sector. Psychiatr Serv. 2007 Jan; 58(1):131-4. PMID: 17215424.
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      118. Dunn LB, Palmer BW, Appelbaum PS, Saks ER, Aarons G, Jeste DV. Prevalence and correlates of adequate performance on a measure of abilities related to decisional capacity: differences among three standards for the MacCAT-CR in patients with schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2007 Jan; 89(1-3):110-8. PMID: 17020803; PMCID: PMC1850805.
      119. Aarons G. Transformational and transactional leadership: association with attitudes toward evidence-based practice. Psychiatr Serv. 2006 Aug; 57(8):1162-9. PMID: 16870968; PMCID: PMC1876730.
      120. Aarons G, Sawitzky AC. Organizational climate partially mediates the effect of culture on work attitudes and staff turnover in mental health services. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2006 May; 33(3):289-301. PMID: 16544205; PMCID: PMC1564125.
      121. Aarons G, Sawitzky AC. Organizational Culture and Climate and Mental Health Provider Attitudes Toward Evidence-Based Practice. Psychol Serv. 2006 Feb; 3(1):61-72. PMID: 17183411.
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      122. Connelly CD, Newton RR, Aarons G. A psychometric examination of English and Spanish versions of the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales. J Interpers Violence. 2005 Dec; 20(12):1560-79. PMID: 16246917.
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      123. Weckerly J, Aarons G, Leslie LK, Garland AF, Landsverk J, Hough RL. Attention on inattention: the differential effect of caregiver education on endorsement of ADHD symptoms. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2005 Jun; 26(3):201-8. PMID: 15956869; PMCID: PMC2002490.
      124. Aarons G. Measuring provider attitudes toward evidence-based practice: consideration of organizational context and individual differences. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2005 Apr; 14(2):255-71, viii. PMID: 15694785; PMCID: PMC1564127.
      125. Aarons G. Mental health provider attitudes toward adoption of evidence-based practice: the Evidence-Based Practice Attitude Scale (EBPAS). Ment Health Serv Res. 2004 Jun; 6(2):61-74. PMID: 15224451; PMCID: PMC1564126.
      126. Myers MG, Aarons G, Tomlinson K, Stein MB. Social anxiety, negative affectivity, and substance use among high school students. Psychol Addict Behav. 2003 Dec; 17(4):277-83. PMID: 14640823.
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      127. Garland AF, Aarons G, Hawley KM, Hough RL. Relationship of youth satisfaction with mental health services and changes in symptoms and functioning. Psychiatr Serv. 2003 Nov; 54(11):1544-6. PMID: 14600318.
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      128. Garland AF, Kruse M, Aarons G. Clinicians and outcome measurement: what's the use? J Behav Health Serv Res. 2003 Oct-Dec; 30(4):393-405. PMID: 14593663.
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      129. Aarons G, Goldman MS, Greenbaum PE, Coovert MD. Alcohol expectancies: integrating cognitive science and psychometric approaches. Addict Behav. 2003 Jul; 28(5):947-61. PMID: 12788267.
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      130. Tapert SF, McCarthy DM, Aarons G, Schweinsburg AD, Brown SA. Influence of language abilities and alcohol expectancies on the persistence of heavy drinking in youth. J Stud Alcohol. 2003 May; 64(3):313-21. PMID: 12817819.
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      131. Garland AF, Aarons G, Brown SA, Wood PA, Hough RL. Diagnostic profiles associated with use of mental health and substance abuse services among high-risk youths. Psychiatr Serv. 2003 Apr; 54(4):562-4. PMID: 12663846.
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      132. McCarthy DM, Aarons G, Brown SA. Educational and occupational attainment and drinking behavior: an expectancy model in young adulthood. Addiction. 2002 Jun; 97(6):717-26. PMID: 12084141.
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      133. Myers MG, Stein MB, Aarons G. Cross validation of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents in a high school sample. J Anxiety Disord. 2002; 16(2):221-32. PMID: 12194546.
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      134. Aarons G, Brown SA, Hough RL, Garland AF, Wood PA. Prevalence of adolescent substance use disorders across five sectors of care. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2001 Apr; 40(4):419-26. PMID: 11314567.
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