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Eileen Pitpitan

Title(s)Associate Adjunct Professor, Medicine
SchoolHealth Sciences
Phone858-534-9591
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Estimating Mediation and Moderation Effects in HIV Incidence Prevention Trials
    NIH/NIDA R01DA042666Aug 1, 2018 - May 31, 2023
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Venue-level Risks for HIV/STI among Male Clients of FSWs in Tijuana, Mexico
    NIH/NIDA K01DA036447Jul 1, 2014 - Jun 30, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Semple SJ, Pitpitan EV, Pines HA, Harvey-Vera A, Martinez G, Rangel MG, Strathdee SA, Patterson TL. Hazardous Alcohol Consumption Moderates the Relationship Between Safer Sex Maintenance Strategies and Condomless Sex With Clients Among Female Sex Workers in Mexico. Health Educ Behav. 2019 Aug 21; 1090198119869971. PMID: 31434502.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Semple SJ, Pines HA, Vera AH, Pitpitan EV, Martinez G, Rangel MG, Strathdee SA, Patterson TL. Maternal role strain and depressive symptoms among female sex workers in Mexico: the moderating role of sex work venue. Women Health. 2019 Jun 14; 1-16. PMID: 31195898.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Pitpitan EV, Rocha-Jimenez T, Salazar M, Chavarin C, Magis-Rodriguez C. A Mixed Methods Analysis of the Venue-Related Social and Structural Context of Drug Use During Sex Among Male Clients of Female Sex Workers in Tijuana, Mexico. AIDS Behav. 2019 May 15. PMID: 31093819.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Pitpitan EV, Semple SJ, Aarons GA, Palinkas LA, Chavarin CV, Mendoza DV, Magis-Rodriguez C, Staines H, Patterson TL. Factors associated with program effectiveness in the implementation of a sexual risk reduction intervention for female sex workers across Mexico: Results from a randomized trial. PLoS One. 2018; 13(9):e0201954. PMID: 30204761.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Pitpitan EV, Semple SJ, Zians J, Strathdee SA, Patterson TL. Mood, Meth, Condom Use, and Gender: Latent Growth Curve Modeling Results from a Randomized Trial. AIDS Behav. 2018 Sep; 22(9):2815-2829. PMID: 29754267.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Fleming PJ, Patterson TL, Chavarin CV, Semple SJ, Magis-Rodriguez C, Pitpitan EV. Are men's misogynistic attitudes associated with poor mental health and substance use behaviors? An exploratory study of men in Tijuana, Mexico. Psychol Men Masc. 2018 Apr; 19(2):314-318. PMID: 29713247.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Salas-Espinoza KJ, Menchaca-Diaz R, Patterson TL, Urada LA, Smith D, Strathdee SA, Pitpitan EV. HIV Prevalence and Risk Behaviors in Male to Female (MTF) Transgender Persons in Tijuana, Mexico. AIDS Behav. 2017 Dec; 21(12):3271-3278. PMID: 29032411.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Semple SJ, Pitpitan EV, Goodman-Meza D, Strathdee SA, Chavarin CV, Rangel G, Torres K, Patterson TL. Correlates of condomless anal sex among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Tijuana, Mexico: The role of public sex venues. PLoS One. 2017; 12(10):e0186814. PMID: 29065132.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Tsuyuki K, Pitpitan EV, Levi-Minzi MA, Urada LA, Kurtz SP, Stockman JK, Surratt HL. Substance Use Disorders, Violence, Mental Health, and HIV: Differentiating a Syndemic Factor by Gender and Sexuality. AIDS Behav. 2017 Aug; 21(8):2270-2282. PMID: 28669024.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Fleming PJ, Patterson TL, Chavarin CV, Semple SJ, Magis-Rodriguez C, Pitpitan EV. Behavioral and Psychosocial Correlates of HIV Testing Among Male Clients of Female Sex Workers in Tijuana, Mexico. AIDS Behav. 2017 Aug; 21(8):2322-2331. PMID: 27566649.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Pitpitan EV, Chavarin CV, Semple SJ, Mendoza D, Rodriguez CM, Staines H, Aarons GA, Patterson TL. Fidelity Moderates the Association Between Negative Condom Attitudes and Outcome Behavior in an Evidence-Based Sexual Risk Reduction Intervention for Female Sex Workers. Ann Behav Med. 2017 Jun; 51(3):470-476. PMID: 27924462.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Semple SJ, Pitpitan EV, Chavarin CV, Strathdee SA, Mendoza DV, Aarons GA, Patterson TL. Correlates of unprotected sex with male clients among female sex workers in 13 Mexican cities. Glob Public Health. 2017 Dec; 12(12):1538-1552. PMID: 27416059.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Semple SJ, Stockman JK, Goodman-Meza D, Pitpitan EV, Strathdee SA, Chavarin CV, Rangel G, Torres K, Patterson TL. Correlates of Sexual Violence Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in Tijuana, Mexico. Arch Sex Behav. 2017 May; 46(4):1011-1023. PMID: 27178173.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Pitpitan EV, Kalichman SC, Eaton LA, Sikkema KJ, Watt MH, Skinner D, Pieterse D. Men's Behavior Predicts Women's Risks for HIV/AIDS: Multilevel Analysis of Alcohol-Serving Venues in South Africa. Prev Sci. 2016 May; 17(4):472-82. PMID: 26768432.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Pines HA, Goodman-Meza D, Pitpitan EV, Torres K, Semple SJ, Patterson TL. HIV testing among men who have sex with men in Tijuana, Mexico: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2016 Feb 04; 6(2):e010388. PMID: 26846899.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Pitpitan EV, Smith LR, Goodman-Meza D, Torres K, Semple SJ, Strathdee SA, Patterson TL. "Outness" as a Moderator of the Association Between Syndemic Conditions and HIV Risk-Taking Behavior Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Tijuana, Mexico. AIDS Behav. 2016 Feb; 20(2):431-8. PMID: 26324079.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Pitpitan EV, Kalichman SC. Reducing HIV Risks in the Places Where People Drink: Prevention Interventions in Alcohol Venues. AIDS Behav. 2016 Jan; 20 Suppl 1:S119-33. PMID: 26099244.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Semple SJ, Stockman JK, Pitpitan EV, Strathdee SA, Chavarin CV, Mendoza DV, Aarons GA, Patterson TL. Prevalence and Correlates of Client-Perpetrated Violence against Female Sex Workers in 13 Mexican Cities. PLoS One. 2015; 10(11):e0143317. PMID: 26599083.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Semple SJ, Pitpitan EV, Chavarin CV, Strathdee SA, Zavala RI, Aarons GA, Patterson TL. Prevalence and Correlates of Hazardous Drinking among Female Sex Workers in 13 Mexican Cities. Alcohol Alcohol. 2016 Jul; 51(4):450-6. PMID: 26546017.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Pitpitan EV, Patterson TL, Abramovitz D, Vera A, Martinez G, Staines H, Strathdee SA. Policing behaviors, safe injection self-efficacy, and intervening on injection risks: Moderated mediation results from a randomized trial. Health Psychol. 2016 Jan; 35(1):87-91. PMID: 26120851.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Wagner KD, Pitpitan EV, Valente TW, Strathdee SA, Rusch M, Magis-Rodriguez C, Chavarin CV, Patterson TL. Place of Residence Moderates the Relationship Between Emotional Closeness and Syringe Sharing Among Injection Drug Using Clients of Sex Workers in the US-Mexico Border Region. AIDS Behav. 2015 Jun; 19(6):987-95. PMID: 25613593.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Semple SJ, Strathdee SA, Pitpitan EV, Chavarin C, Patterson TL. Behavioral and psychosocial correlates of anal sex among male clients of female sex workers in Tijuana, Mexico. Arch Sex Behav. 2015 May; 44(4):1025-33. PMID: 25795530.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Abler L, Sikkema KJ, Watt MH, Pitpitan EV, Kalichman SC, Skinner D, Pieterse D. Traumatic stress and the mediating role of alcohol use on HIV-related sexual risk behavior: results from a longitudinal cohort of South African women who attend alcohol-serving venues. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Mar 01; 68(3):322-8. PMID: 25394191.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Pitpitan EV, Strathdee SA, Semple SJ, Chavarin CV, Magis-Rodriguez C, Patterson TL. Buffering Syndemic Effects in a Sexual Risk-Reduction Intervention for Male Clients of Female Sex Workers: Results From a Randomized Controlled Trial. Am J Public Health. 2015 Sep; 105(9):1866-71. PMID: 25713953.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Pitpitan EV, Goodman-Meza D, Burgos JL, Abramovitz D, Chavarin CV, Torres K, Strathdee SA, Patterson TL. Prevalence and correlates of HIV among men who have sex with men in Tijuana, Mexico. J Int AIDS Soc. 2015; 18:19304. PMID: 25669423.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Pitpitan EV, Strathdee SA, Semple SJ, Wagner KD, Chavarin CV, Earnshaw VA, Patterson TL. Perceived stigma of purchasing sex among Latino and non-Latino male clients of female sex workers in Tijuana, Mexico. J Immigr Minor Health. 2015 Feb; 17(1):172-80. PMID: 23979714.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Pitpitan EV, Kalichman SC, Garcia RL, Cain D, Eaton LA, Simbayi LC. Mediators of behavior change resulting from a sexual risk reduction intervention for STI patients, Cape Town, South Africa. J Behav Med. 2015 Apr; 38(2):194-203. PMID: 25179265.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Eaton LA, Cain DN, Pitpitan EV, Carey KB, Carey MP, Mehlomakulu V, Simbayi LC, Mwaba K, Kalichman SC. Exploring the relationships among food insecurity, alcohol use, and sexual risk taking among men and women living in South African townships. J Prim Prev. 2014 Aug; 35(4):255-65. PMID: 24806889.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Goodman-Meza D, Pitpitan EV, Semple SJ, Wagner KD, Chavarin CV, Strathdee SA, Patterson TL. Hazardous drinking and HIV-risk-related behavior among male clients of female sex workers in Tijuana, Mexico. Am J Addict. 2014 Sep-Oct; 23(5):502-9. PMID: 25066863.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Pitpitan EV, Kalichman SC, Eaton LA, Watt MH, Sikkema KJ, Skinner D, Pieterse D, Cain D. Men (and women) as "sellers" of sex in alcohol-serving venues in Cape Town, South Africa. Prev Sci. 2014 Jun; 15(3):296-308. PMID: 23494405.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Eaton LA, Pitpitan EV, Kalichman SC, Sikkema KJ, Skinner D, Watt MH, Pieterse D, Cain DN. Food insecurity and alcohol use among pregnant women at alcohol-serving establishments in South Africa. Prev Sci. 2014 Jun; 15(3):309-17. PMID: 23526080.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Pitpitan EV, Chavarin CV, Semple SJ, Magis-Rodriguez C, Strathdee SA, Patterson TL. Hombre Seguro (Safe Men): a sexual risk reduction intervention for male clients of female sex workers. BMC Public Health. 2014 May 20; 14:475. PMID: 24885949.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Eaton LA, Pitpitan EV, Kalichman SC, Sikkema KJ, Skinner D, Watt MH, Pieterse D, Cain DN. Beliefs about fetal alcohol spectrum disorder among men and women at alcohol serving establishments in South Africa. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2014 Mar; 40(2):87-94. PMID: 24588417.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Pitpitan EV, Wagner KD, Goodman-Meza D, Semple SJ, Chavarin C, Strathdee SA, Patterson TL. Context matters: the moderating role of bar context in the association between substance use during sex and condom use among male clients of female sex workers in Tijuana, Mexico. AIDS Behav. 2013 Oct; 17(8):2577-87. PMID: 23640653.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Cain D, Pitpitan EV, Eaton L, Carey KB, Carey MP, Mehlomakulu V, Harel O, Simbayi LC, Mwaba K, Kalichman SC. Collective efficacy and HIV prevention in South African townships. J Community Health. 2013 Oct; 38(5):885-93. PMID: 23660646.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Wagner KD, Pitpitan EV, Chavarin CV, Magis-Rodriguez C, Patterson TL. Drug-using male clients of female sex workers who report being paid for sex: HIV/sexually transmitted infection, demographic, and drug use correlates. Sex Transm Dis. 2013 Aug; 40(8):619-23. PMID: 23863514.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Pitpitan EV, Kalichman SC, Eaton LA, Cain D, Sikkema KJ, Watt MH, Skinner D, Pieterse D. Co-occurring psychosocial problems and HIV risk among women attending drinking venues in a South African township: a syndemic approach. Ann Behav Med. 2013 Apr; 45(2):153-62. PMID: 23054944.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Eaton LA, Pitpitan EV, Kalichman SC, Sikkema KJ, Skinner D, Watt MH, Pieterse D. Men who report recent male and female sex partners in Cape Town, South Africa: an understudied and underserved population. Arch Sex Behav. 2013 Oct; 42(7):1299-308. PMID: 23519592.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Pitpitan EV, Kalichman SC, Eaton LA, Strathdee SA, Patterson TL. HIV/STI risk among venue-based female sex workers across the globe: a look back and the way forward. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2013 Mar; 10(1):65-78. PMID: 23160840.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Eaton LA, Kalichman SC, Pitpitan EV, Cain DN, Watt MH, Sikkema KJ, Skinner D, Pieterse D. The relationship between attending alcohol serving venues nearby versus distant to one's residence and sexual risk taking in a South African township. J Behav Med. 2014 Jun; 37(3):381-90. PMID: 23404137.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Kalichman SC, Pitpitan E, Eaton L, Cain D, Carey KB, Carey MP, Harel O, Mehlomakhulu V, Simbayi LC, Mwaba K. Bringing it home: community survey of HIV risks to primary sex partners of men and women in alcohol-serving establishments in Cape Town, South Africa. Sex Transm Infect. 2013 May; 89(3):231-6. PMID: 23241968.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Pitpitan EV, Kalichman SC, Cain D, Eaton LA, Carey KB, Carey MP, Harel O, Simbayi LC, Mehlomakhulu V, Mwaba K. Condom negotiation, HIV testing, and HIV risks among women from alcohol serving venues in Cape Town, South Africa. PLoS One. 2012; 7(10):e45631. PMID: 23056211.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Pitpitan EV, Kalichman SC, Eaton LA, Sikkema KJ, Watt MH, Skinner D. Gender-based violence and HIV sexual risk behavior: alcohol use and mental health problems as mediators among women in drinking venues, Cape Town. Soc Sci Med. 2012 Oct; 75(8):1417-25. PMID: 22832324.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Pitpitan EV, Kalichman SC, Eaton LA, Cain D, Sikkema KJ, Skinner D, Watt MH, Pieterse D. AIDS-related stigma, HIV testing, and transmission risk among patrons of informal drinking places in Cape Town, South Africa. Ann Behav Med. 2012 Jun; 43(3):362-71. PMID: 22367752.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Pitpitan EV, Kalichman SC, Eaton LA, Cain D, Sikkema KJ, Skinner D, Watt MH, Pieterse D. Gender-based violence, alcohol use, and sexual risk among female patrons of drinking venues in Cape Town, South Africa. J Behav Med. 2013 Jun; 36(3):295-304. PMID: 22526526.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Eaton LA, Kalichman SC, Sikkema KJ, Skinner D, Watt MH, Pieterse D, Pitpitan EV. Pregnancy, alcohol intake, and intimate partner violence among men and women attending drinking establishments in a Cape Town, South Africa township. J Community Health. 2012 Feb; 37(1):208-16. PMID: 21744297.
      View in: PubMed