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Cindy Ehlers

Title(s)Adjunct Professor, Psychiatry
SchoolHealth Sciences
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    Collapse Research 
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    Neural Basis of alcohol/substance use disorders and suicide in American Indians
    NIH/NIAAA R01AA027316Feb 5, 2019 - Jan 31, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Individual and community influences on alcohol use disorders and other mental health behaviors in Mexican Americans
    NIH/NIAAA R01AA026248Jun 1, 2018 - Apr 30, 2023
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Deep sequencing studies for cannabis and stimulant dependence
    NIH/NIDA R01DA030976Sep 30, 2010 - May 31, 2015
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    4/8 NADIA UO1 Effects of Adolescent Alcohol on Drinking, Sleep and Brain Connectivity: Focus on Hypocretin
    NIH/NIAAA U01AA019969Sep 10, 2010 - Aug 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    ADOLESCENT MARIJUANA USE IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    NIH/NIDA R01DA019333Sep 30, 2004 - Jul 31, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Neurobehavioral Consequences of Adolescent Alcohol
    NIH/NIAAA R01AA014339Sep 28, 2004 - Jun 30, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Alcoholism risk and protective factors in Trinidad
    NIH/NIAAA R21AA014370Aug 15, 2004 - Jul 31, 2008
    Role: Principal Investigator
    ALCOHOLISM RISK--STUDIES IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL MODELS
    NIH/NIAAA K05AA000223Dec 1, 1996 - Nov 30, 2001
    Role: Principal Investigator
    RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    NIH/NIAAA R37AA010201Sep 26, 1994 - Jun 30, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    NIH/NIAAA R01AA010201Sep 26, 1994 - Jun 30, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator
    MEASURES OF EEG CHAOS IN ALCOHOL RESEARCH
    NIH/NIAAA R01AA009652Jun 1, 1993 - May 31, 1997
    Role: Principal Investigator
    EEG AND ERP MARKERS OF ALCOHOL INTOXICATION
    NIH/NIAAA K02AA000098Sep 29, 1986 - Sep 29, 1996
    Role: Principal Investigator
    EEG, ERP and Sleep Measure's of Alcohol's Effects
    NIH/NIAAA R01AA006059Jan 1, 1984 - May 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Crews FT, Robinson DL, Chandler LJ, Ehlers CL, Mulholland PJ, Pandey SC, Rodd ZA, Spear LP, Swartzwelder HS, Vetreno RP. Mechanisms of persistent neurobiological changes following adolescent alcohol exposure: NADIA Consortium findings. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2019 Jul 23. PMID: 31335972.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Ehlers CL, Phillips E, Kim C, Wills DN, Karriker-Jaffe KJ, Gilder DA. CR-19-0950: Event-related responses to alcohol-related stimuli in Mexican-American young adults: Relation to age, gender, comorbidity and "dark side" symptoms. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2019 Jul 06; 202:76-86. PMID: 31323376.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Sanchez-Alavez M, Benedict J, Wills DN, Ehlers CL. Effect of suvorexant on event-related oscillations and EEG sleep in rats exposed to chronic intermittent ethanol vapor and protracted withdrawal. Sleep. 2019 Apr 01; 42(4). PMID: 30715515.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Ehlers CL, Phillips E, Wills D, Benedict J, Sanchez-Alavez M. Phase locking of event-related oscillations is decreased in both young adult humans and rats with a history of adolescent alcohol exposure. Addict Biol. 2019 Mar 18. PMID: 30884076.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Peng Q, Bizon C, Gizer IR, Wilhelmsen KC, Ehlers CL. Genetic loci for alcohol-related life events and substance-induced affective symptoms: indexing the "dark side" of addiction. Transl Psychiatry. 2019 02 04; 9(1):71. PMID: 30718457.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Ehlers CL, Gilder DA, Gizer IR, Wilhelmsen KC. Indexing the 'dark side of addiction': substance-induced affective symptoms and alcohol use disorders. Addiction. 2019 Jan; 114(1):139-149. PMID: 30153346.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Sanchez-Alavez M, Nguyen W, Mori S, Wills DN, Otero D, Ehlers CL, Conti B. Time course of microglia activation and brain and blood cytokine/chemokine levels following chronic ethanol exposure and protracted withdrawal in rats. Alcohol. 2018 Jul 17; 76:37-45. PMID: 30554034.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Moore RS, Gilder DA, Grube JW, Lee JP, Geisler JA, Friese B, Calac DJ, Finan LJ, Ehlers CL. Prevention of Underage Drinking on California Indian Reservations Using Individual- and Community-Level Approaches. Am J Public Health. 2018 Aug; 108(8):1035-1041. PMID: 29927644.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Amodeo LR, Wills DN, Sanchez-Alavez M, Nguyen W, Conti B, Ehlers CL. Intermittent voluntary ethanol consumption combined with ethanol vapor exposure during adolescence increases drinking and alters other behaviors in adulthood in female and male rats. Alcohol. 2018 Dec; 73:57-66. PMID: 30293056.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Ehlers CL, Sanchez-Alavez M, Wills D. Effect of gabapentin on sleep and delta and theta EEG power in adult rats exposed to chronic intermittent ethanol vapor and protracted withdrawal during adolescence. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2018 06; 235(6):1783-1791. PMID: 29589069.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Ehlers CL, Wills D, Gilder DA. A history of binge drinking during adolescence is associated with poorer sleep quality in young adult Mexican Americans and American Indians. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2018 06; 235(6):1775-1782. PMID: 29589068.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Sanchez-Alavez M, Wills DN, Amodeo L, Ehlers CL. Effect of Gabapentin on Sleep and Event-Related Oscillations (EROs) in Rats Exposed to Chronic Intermittent Ethanol Vapor and Protracted Withdrawal. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2018 Mar; 42(3):624-633. PMID: 29286538.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Melroy-Greif WE, Gizer IR, Wilhelmsen KC, Ehlers CL. Genetic Influences on Evening Preference Overlap with Those for Bipolar Disorder in a Sample of Mexican Americans and American Indians. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2017 12; 20(6):499-510. PMID: 29192581.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Peng Q, Gizer IR, Wilhelmsen KC, Ehlers CL. Associations Between Genomic Variants in Alcohol Dehydrogenase Genes and Alcohol Symptomatology in American Indians and European Americans: Distinctions and Convergence. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2017 Oct; 41(10):1695-1704. PMID: 28815635.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Gilder DA, Geisler JR, Luna JA, Calac D, Monti PM, Spillane NS, Lee JP, Moore RS, Ehlers CL. A pilot randomized trial of Motivational Interviewing compared to Psycho-Education for reducing and preventing underage drinking in American Indian adolescents. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2017 11; 82:74-81. PMID: 29021119.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Ehlers CL, Pergadia ML, Stoker AK, Vlachou S. Contribution to Mentorship and Promoting Women in Science. Biol Psychiatry. 2018 Jun 01; 83(11):913-914. PMID: 28917609.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Amodeo LR, Wills DN, Ehlers CL. Acute low-level alcohol consumption reduces phase locking of event-related oscillations in rodents. Behav Brain Res. 2017 07 14; 330:25-29. PMID: 28495609.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Yin X, Bizon C, Tilson J, Lin Y, Gizer IR, Ehlers CL, Wilhelmsen KC. Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies a novel susceptibility signal at CACNA2D3 for nicotine dependence. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2017 Jul; 174(5):557-567. PMID: 28440896.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Peng Q, Schork NJ, Wilhelmsen KC, Ehlers CL. Whole genome sequence association and ancestry-informed polygenic profile of EEG alpha in a Native American population. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2017 Jun; 174(4):435-450. PMID: 28436151.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Gilder DA, Geisler JR, Luna JA, Calac D, Monti PM, Spillane NS, Lee JP, Moore RS, Ehlers CL. WITHDRAWN: A randomized trial of motivational interviewing for the prevention of underage drinking in American Indian adolescents. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2017 Apr 23. PMID: 28487187.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Richmond-Rakerd LS, Otto JM, Slutske WS, Ehlers CL, Wilhelmsen KC, Gizer IR. A Novel Tobacco Use Phenotype Suggests the 15q25 and 19q13 Loci May be Differentially Associated With Cigarettes per Day and Tobacco-Related Problems. Nicotine Tob Res. 2017 Apr 01; 19(4):426-434. PMID: 27663783.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Ehlers CL, Wills DN, Lau P, Gilder DA. Sleep Quality in an Adult American Indian Community Sample. J Clin Sleep Med. 2017 Mar 15; 13(3):385-391. PMID: 27998373.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Melroy-Greif WE, Wilhelmsen KC, Yehuda R, Ehlers CL. Genome-Wide Association Study of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Two High-Risk Populations. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2017 06; 20(3):197-207. PMID: 28262088.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Amodeo LR, Kneiber D, Wills DN, Ehlers CL. Alcohol drinking during adolescence increases consumptive responses to alcohol in adulthood in Wistar rats. Alcohol. 2017 03; 59:43-51. PMID: 28187948.
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    25. Gizer IR, Bizon C, Gilder DA, Ehlers CL, Wilhelmsen KC. Whole genome sequence study of cannabis dependence in two independent cohorts. Addict Biol. 2018 01; 23(1):461-473. PMID: 28111843.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Ehlers CL, Kim C, Gilder DA, Stouffer GM, Caetano R, Yehuda R. Lifetime history of traumatic events in a young adult Mexican American sample: Relation to substance dependence, affective disorder, acculturation stress, and PTSD. J Psychiatr Res. 2016 12; 83:79-85. PMID: 27569652.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Otto JM, Gizer IR, Bizon C, Wilhelmsen KC, Ehlers CL. Polygenic risk scores for cigarettes smoked per day do not generalize to a Native American population. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016 Oct 01; 167:95-102. PMID: 27530288.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Melroy-Greif WE, Wilhelmsen KC, Ehlers CL. Genetic variation in FAAH is associated with cannabis use disorders in a young adult sample of Mexican Americans. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016 Sep 01; 166:249-53. PMID: 27394933.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Ehlers CL, Gizer IR, Bizon C, Slutske W, Peng Q, Schork NJ, Wilhelmsen KC. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the REG-CTNNA2 region of chromosome 2 and NEIL3 associated with impulsivity in a Native American sample. Genes Brain Behav. 2016 07; 15(6):568-77. PMID: 27167163.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Gilder DA, Stouffer GM, Lau P, Ehlers CL. Clinical characteristics of alcohol combined with other substance use disorders in an American Indian community sample. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016 Apr 01; 161:222-9. PMID: 26896167; PMCID: PMC4792738 [Available on 04/01/17].
    31. Criado JR, Gilder DA, Kalafut MA, Ehlers CL. Cardiovascular disease risks in adult Native and Mexican Americans with a history of alcohol use disorders: association with cardiovascular autonomic control. Clin Auton Res. 2016 Apr; 26(2):87-95. PMID: 26758567; PMCID: PMC4862581 [Available on 04/01/17].
    32. Norden-Krichmar TM, Gizer IR, Phillips E, Wilhelmsen KC, Schork NJ, Ehlers CL. Variants Near CCK Receptors are Associated With Electrophysiological Responses to Pre-pulse Startle Stimuli in a Mexican American Cohort. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2015 Dec; 18(6):727-37. PMID: 26608796; PMCID: PMC4727900 [Available on 12/01/16].
    33. Ehlers CL, Stouffer GM, Corey L, Gilder DA. The clinical course of DSM-5 alcohol use disorders in young adult native and Mexican Americans. Am J Addict. 2015 Dec; 24(8):713-21. PMID: 26346282; PMCID: PMC4715470 [Available on 12/01/16].
    34. Ehlers CL, Wills DN, Phillips E, Havstad J. Low voltage alpha EEG phenotype is associated with reduced amplitudes of alpha event-related oscillations, increased cortical phase synchrony, and a low level of response to alcohol. Int J Psychophysiol. 2015 Oct; 98(1):65-75. PMID: 26151497.
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    35. Gizer IR, Ehlers CL. Genome-wide association studies of substance use: considerations regarding populations and phenotypes. Biol Psychiatry. 2015 Mar 01; 77(5):423-4. PMID: 25645273.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Sanchez-Alavez M, Ehlers CL. Event-related oscillations (ERO) during an active discrimination task: Effects of lesions of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis. Int J Psychophysiol. 2016 05; 103:53-61. PMID: 25660307; PMCID: PMC4529390 [Available on 05/01/17].
    37. Norden-Krichmar TM, Gizer IR, Wilhelmsen KC, Schork NJ, Ehlers CL. Protective variant associated with alcohol dependence in a Mexican American cohort. BMC Med Genet. 2014 Dec 21; 15:136. PMID: 25527893; PMCID: PMC4337107.
    38. Lee JP, Moore RS, Roberts J, Nelson N, Calac D, Gilder DA, Ehlers CL. Off-premise alcohol outlets on and around tribal land: risks for rural California Indian youth. J Ethn Subst Abuse. 2015; 14(1):59-78. PMID: 25529892; PMCID: PMC4344917.
    39. Peng Q, Gizer IR, Libiger O, Bizon C, Wilhelmsen KC, Schork NJ, Ehlers CL. Association and ancestry analysis of sequence variants in ADH and ALDH using alcohol-related phenotypes in a Native American community sample. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2014 Dec; 165B(8):673-83. PMID: 25270064; PMCID: PMC4364382.
    40. Montane Jaime LK, Shafe S, Liang T, Wills DN, Berg GI, Ehlers CL. Subjective response to alcohol and ADH polymorphisms in a select sample of young adult male East Indians and Africans in Trinidad and Tobago. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2014 Sep; 75(5):827-38. PMID: 25208201; PMCID: PMC4161702.
    41. Gilder DA, Gizer IR, Lau P, Ehlers CL. Stimulant dependence and stimulant-associated psychosis: clinical characteristics and age of onset in a native American community sample. J Addict Med. 2014 Jul-Aug; 8(4):241-8. PMID: 24755633; PMCID: PMC4122628.
    42. Ehlers CL, Stouffer GM, Gilder DA. Associations between a history of binge drinking during adolescence and self-reported responses to alcohol in young adult Native and Mexican Americans. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2014 Jul; 38(7):2039-47. PMID: 24961146; PMCID: PMC4125016.
    43. Ehlers CL, Wills DN, Desikan A, Phillips E, Havstad J. Decreases in energy and increases in phase locking of event-related oscillations to auditory stimuli occur during adolescence in human and rodent brain. Dev Neurosci. 2014; 36(3-4):175-95. PMID: 24819672; PMCID: PMC4125510.
    44. Desikan A, Wills DN, Ehlers CL. Ontogeny and adolescent alcohol exposure in Wistar rats: open field conflict, light/dark box and forced swim test. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2014 Jul; 122:279-85. PMID: 24785000; PMCID: PMC4105136.
    45. Criado JR, Gizer IR, Edenberg HJ, Ehlers CL. CHRNA5 and CHRNA3 variants and level of neuroticism in young adult Mexican American men and women. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2014 Apr; 17(2):80-8. PMID: 24588897.
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    46. Sanchez-Alavez M, Robledo P, Wills DN, Havstad J, Ehlers CL. Cholinergic modulation of event-related oscillations (ERO). Brain Res. 2014 Apr 22; 1559:11-25. PMID: 24594019; PMCID: PMC4090032.
    47. Norden-Krichmar TM, Gizer IR, Libiger O, Wilhelmsen KC, Ehlers CL, Schork NJ. Correlation analysis of genetic admixture and social identification with body mass index in a Native American community. Am J Hum Biol. 2014 May-Jun; 26(3):347-60. PMID: 24757035; PMCID: PMC4068510.
    48. Ehlers CL, Desikan A, Wills DN. Event-related potential responses to the acute and chronic effects of alcohol in adolescent and adult Wistar rats. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2014 Mar; 38(3):749-59. PMID: 24483322; PMCID: PMC4002286.
    49. Bizon C, Spiegel M, Chasse SA, Gizer IR, Li Y, Malc EP, Mieczkowski PA, Sailsbery JK, Wang X, Ehlers CL, Wilhelmsen KC. Variant calling in low-coverage whole genome sequencing of a Native American population sample. BMC Genomics. 2014 Jan 30; 15:85. PMID: 24479562; PMCID: PMC3914019.
    50. Gilder DA, Gizer IR, Lau P, Ehlers CL. Item response theory analyses of DSM-IV and DSM-5 stimulant use disorder criteria in an American Indian community sample. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Feb 01; 135:29-36. PMID: 24200103; PMCID: PMC3915779.
    51. Ehlers CL, Desikan A, Wills DN. Developmental differences in EEG and sleep responses to acute ethanol administration and its withdrawal (hangover) in adolescent and adult Wistar rats. Alcohol. 2013 Dec; 47(8):601-10. PMID: 24169089; PMCID: PMC3896376.
    52. Criado JR, Gilder DA, Kalafut MA, Ehlers CL. Obesity in american Indian and mexican american men and women: associations with blood pressure and cardiovascular autonomic control. Cardiovasc Psychiatry Neurol. 2013; 2013:680687. PMID: 24024026; PMCID: PMC3760286.
    53. Ehlers CL, Gizer IR, Gilder DA, Ellingson JM, Yehuda R. Measuring historical trauma in an American Indian community sample: contributions of substance dependence, affective disorder, conduct disorder and PTSD. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Nov 01; 133(1):180-7. PMID: 23791028; PMCID: PMC3810370.
    54. Ehlers CL, Oguz I, Budin F, Wills DN, Crews FT. Peri-adolescent ethanol vapor exposure produces reductions in hippocampal volume that are correlated with deficits in prepulse inhibition of the startle. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2013 Sep; 37(9):1466-75. PMID: 23578102; PMCID: PMC3715576.
    55. Ehlers CL, Liu W, Wills DN, Crews FT. Periadolescent ethanol vapor exposure persistently reduces measures of hippocampal neurogenesis that are associated with behavioral outcomes in adulthood. Neuroscience. 2013 Aug 06; 244:1-15. PMID: 23567812.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Gizer IR, Gilder DA, Lau P, Wang T, Wilhelmsen KC, Ehlers CL. Contributions of ethnicity to differential item functioning of cannabis abuse and dependence symptoms. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2013 Mar; 74(2):320-8. PMID: 23384380; PMCID: PMC3568170.
    57. Ehlers CL, Gizer IR. Evidence for a genetic component for substance dependence in Native Americans. Am J Psychiatry. 2013 Feb; 170(2):154-64. PMID: 23377636; PMCID: PMC3603686.
    58. Gilder DA, Luna JA, Roberts J, Calac D, Grube JW, Moore RS, Ehlers CL. Usefulness of a survey on underage drinking in a rural American Indian community health clinic. Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res. 2013; 20(2):1-26. PMID: 23824640; PMCID: PMC3788675.
    59. Criado JR, Ehlers CL. Effects of adolescent onset voluntary drinking followed by ethanol vapor exposure on subsequent ethanol consumption during protracted withdrawal in adult Wistar rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2013 Jan; 103(3):622-30. PMID: 23128022; PMCID: PMC3544970.
    60. Ehlers CL, Gizer IR, Gilder DA, Yehuda R. Lifetime history of traumatic events in an American Indian community sample: heritability and relation to substance dependence, affective disorder, conduct disorder and PTSD. J Psychiatr Res. 2013 Feb; 47(2):155-61. PMID: 23102628; PMCID: PMC3530021.
    61. Gizer IR, Ehlers CL, Vieten C, Feiler HS, Gilder DA, Wilhelmsen KC. Genome-wide linkage scan of antisocial behavior, depression, and impulsive substance use in the UCSF family alcoholism study. Psychiatr Genet. 2012 Oct; 22(5):235-44. PMID: 22517380; PMCID: PMC3427472.
    62. Gilder DA, Ehlers CL. Depression symptoms associated with cannabis dependence in an adolescent American Indian community sample. Am J Addict. 2012 Nov-Dec; 21(6):536-43. PMID: 23082832; PMCID: PMC3498983.
    63. Moore RS, Roberts J, McGaffigan R, Calac D, Grube JW, Gilder DA, Ehlers CL. Implementing a reward and reminder underage drinking prevention program in convenience stores near Southern California American Indian reservations. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2012 Sep; 38(5):456-60. PMID: 22931080; PMCID: PMC3445436.
    64. Ehlers CL, Liang T, Gizer IR. ADH and ALDH polymorphisms and alcohol dependence in Mexican and Native Americans. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2012 Sep; 38(5):389-94. PMID: 22931071; PMCID: PMC3498484.
    65. Ehlers CL, Wills DN, Havstad J. Ethanol reduces the phase locking of neural activity in human and rodent brain. Brain Res. 2012 Apr 23; 1450:67-79. PMID: 22410292; PMCID: PMC3503530.
    66. Criado JR, Gizer IR, Slutske WS, Phillips E, Ehlers CL. Event-related oscillations to affective stimuli: heritability, linkage and relationship to externalizing disorders. J Psychiatr Res. 2012 Feb; 46(2):256-63. PMID: 22123122; PMCID: PMC3264760.
    67. Blasius AL, Dubin AE, Petrus MJ, Lim BK, Narezkina A, Criado JR, Wills DN, Xia Y, Moresco EM, Ehlers C, Knowlton KU, Patapoutian A, Beutler B. Hypermorphic mutation of the voltage-gated sodium channel encoding gene Scn10a causes a dramatic stimulus-dependent neurobehavioral phenotype. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Nov 29; 108(48):19413-8. PMID: 22087007; PMCID: PMC3228463.
    68. Ehlers CL, Criado JR, Wills DN, Liu W, Crews FT. Periadolescent ethanol exposure reduces adult forebrain ChAT+IR neurons: correlation with behavioral pathology. Neuroscience. 2011 Dec 29; 199:333-45. PMID: 22033458.
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    69. Ehlers CL, Gizer IR, Gilder DA, Wilhelmsen KC. Linkage analyses of stimulant dependence, craving, and heavy use in American Indians. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2011 Dec; 156B(7):772-80. PMID: 21812097; PMCID: PMC3188982.
    70. Gizer IR, Edenberg HJ, Gilder DA, Wilhelmsen KC, Ehlers CL. Association of alcohol dehydrogenase genes with alcohol-related phenotypes in a Native American community sample. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2011 Nov; 35(11):2008-18. PMID: 21635275; PMCID: PMC3197765.
    71. Ehlers CL, Phillips E, Criado JR, Gilder DA. N4 component responses to pre-pulse startle stimuli in young adults: relationship to alcohol dependence. Psychiatry Res. 2011 Jul 30; 188(2):237-44. PMID: 21550123; PMCID: PMC3114177.
    72. Criado JR, Liu T, Ehlers CL, Mathé AA. Prolonged chronic ethanol exposure alters neuropeptide Y and corticotropin-releasing factor levels in the brain of adult Wistar rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2011 Jul; 99(1):104-11. PMID: 21527271; PMCID: PMC3120013.
    73. Gilder DA, Gizer IR, Ehlers CL. Item response theory analysis of binge drinking and its relationship to lifetime alcohol use disorder symptom severity in an American Indian community sample. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2011 May; 35(5):984-95. PMID: 21314696; PMCID: PMC3083452.
    74. Gizer IR, Ehlers CL, Vieten C, Seaton-Smith KL, Feiler HS, Lee JV, Segall SK, Gilder DA, Wilhelmsen KC. Linkage scan of alcohol dependence in the UCSF Family Alcoholism Study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2011 Jan 15; 113(2-3):125-32. PMID: 20817416; PMCID: PMC3008755.
    75. Gilder DA, Luna JA, Calac D, Moore RS, Monti PM, Ehlers CL. Acceptability of the use of motivational interviewing to reduce underage drinking in a Native American community. Subst Use Misuse. 2011; 46(6):836-42. PMID: 21210721; PMCID: PMC3075848.
    76. Ehlers CL, Gilder DA, Criado JR, Caetano R. Sleep quality and alcohol-use disorders in a select population of young-adult Mexican Americans. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2010 Nov; 71(6):879-84. PMID: 20946745; PMCID: PMC2965486.
    77. Ehlers CL, Gizer IR, Schuckit MA, Wilhelmsen KC. Genome-wide scan for self-rating of the effects of alcohol in American Indians. Psychiatr Genet. 2010 Oct; 20(5):221-8. PMID: 20505555; PMCID: PMC2933945.
    78. Walker BM, Drimmer DA, Walker JL, Liu T, Mathé AA, Ehlers CL. Effects of prolonged ethanol vapor exposure on forced swim behavior, and neuropeptide Y and corticotropin-releasing factor levels in rat brains. Alcohol. 2010 Sep; 44(6):487-93. PMID: 20705420; PMCID: PMC2954060.
    79. Pian JP, Criado JR, Milner R, Ehlers CL. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit expression in adult and adolescent brain following chronic ethanol exposure. Neuroscience. 2010 Oct 13; 170(2):645-54. PMID: 20603193.
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    80. Criado JR, Ehlers CL. Event-related oscillations in the parietal cortex of adult alcohol-preferring (P) and alcohol-nonpreferring rats (NP). Alcohol. 2010 Jun; 44(4):335-42. PMID: 20598842; PMCID: PMC2918714.
    81. Gizer IR, Ehlers CL, Vieten C, Seaton-Smith KL, Feiler HS, Lee JV, Segall SK, Gilder DA, Wilhelmsen KC. Linkage scan of nicotine dependence in the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Family Alcoholism Study. Psychol Med. 2011 Apr; 41(4):799-808. PMID: 20594377.
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    82. Ehlers CL, Gizer IR, Vieten C, Wilhelmsen KC. Linkage analyses of cannabis dependence, craving, and withdrawal in the San Francisco family study. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2010 Apr 05; 153B(3):802-11. PMID: 19937978; PMCID: PMC2940710.
    83. Crabbe JC, Bell RL, Ehlers CL. Human and laboratory rodent low response to alcohol: is better consilience possible? Addict Biol. 2010 Apr; 15(2):125-44. PMID: 20148776; PMCID: PMC2853481.
    84. Ehlers CL, Walter NA, Dick DM, Buck KJ, Crabbe JC. A comparison of selected quantitative trait loci associated with alcohol use phenotypes in humans and mouse models. Addict Biol. 2010 Apr; 15(2):185-99. PMID: 20148779; PMCID: PMC2848508.
    85. Ehlers CL, Gizer IR, Phillips E, Wilhelmsen KC. EEG alpha phenotypes: linkage analyses and relation to alcohol dependence in an American Indian community study. BMC Med Genet. 2010 Mar 18; 11:43. PMID: 20298578.
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    86. Ehlers CL, Gizer IR, Vieten C, Gilder A, Gilder DA, Stouffer GM, Lau P, Wilhelmsen KC. Age at regular drinking, clinical course, and heritability of alcohol dependence in the San Francisco family study: a gender analysis. Am J Addict. 2010 Mar-Apr; 19(2):101-10. PMID: 20163381; PMCID: PMC2835733.
    87. Criado JR, Ehlers CL. Effects of adolescent ethanol exposure on event-related oscillations (EROs) in the hippocampus of adult rats. Behav Brain Res. 2010 Jul 11; 210(2):164-70. PMID: 20170688; PMCID: PMC2862110.
    88. Ehlers CL, Criado JR. Adolescent ethanol exposure: does it produce long-lasting electrophysiological effects? Alcohol. 2010 Feb; 44(1):27-37. PMID: 20113872; PMCID: PMC2818286.
    89. Gizer IR, Seaton-Smith KL, Ehlers CL, Vieten C, Wilhelmsen KC. Heritability of MMPI-2 scales in the UCSF family alcoholism study. J Addict Dis. 2010 Jan; 29(1):84-97. PMID: 20390702.
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    90. Irwin MR, Olmstead R, Valladares EM, Breen EC, Ehlers CL. In response to: Etanercept for sleep in patients with Alcohol use disorder - mechanisms need to be elucidated. Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Jan 01; 67(1):e3. PMID: 20625459.
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    91. Ehlers CL, Gilder DA, Criado JR, Caetano R. Acculturation stress, anxiety disorders, and alcohol dependence in a select population of young adult Mexican Americans. J Addict Med. 2009 Dec; 3(4):227-33. PMID: 20161543.
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    92. Gilder DA, Lau P, Ehlers CL. Item response theory analysis of lifetime cannabis-use disorder symptom severity in an American Indian community sample. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2009 Nov; 70(6):839-49. PMID: 19895760; PMCID: PMC2776116.
    93. Ehlers CL, Gizer IR, Vieten C, Gilder DA, Stouffer GM, Lau P, Wilhelmsen KC. Cannabis dependence in the San Francisco Family Study: age of onset of use, DSM-IV symptoms, withdrawal, and heritability. Addict Behav. 2010 Feb; 35(2):102-10. PMID: 19818563; PMCID: PMC2805269.
    94. Ehlers CL, Phillips E, Gizer IR, Gilder DA, Wilhelmsen KC. EEG spectral phenotypes: heritability and association with marijuana and alcohol dependence in an American Indian community study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2010 Jan 15; 106(2-3):101-10. PMID: 19748744.
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    95. Pian JP, Criado JR, Walker BM, Ehlers CL. Milk consumption during adolescence decreases alcohol drinking in adulthood. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2009 Nov; 94(1):179-85. PMID: 19698741; PMCID: PMC2758077.
    96. Walker BM, Ehlers CL. Appetitive motivational experience during adolescence results in enhanced alcohol consumption during adulthood. Behav Neurosci. 2009 Aug; 123(4):926-35. PMID: 19634953; PMCID: PMC2787447.
    97. Moore SM, Liang T, Graves TJ, McCall KM, Carr LG, Ehlers CL. Identification of a novel cytosolic aldehyde dehydrogenase allele, ALDH1A1*4. Hum Genomics. 2009 Jul; 3(4):304-7. PMID: 19706361; PMCID: PMC2885287.
    98. Criado JR, Ehlers CL. Event-related oscillations as risk markers in genetic mouse models of high alcohol preference. Neuroscience. 2009 Oct 06; 163(2):506-23. PMID: 19540906.
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    99. Ehlers CL, Criado JR. Event-related oscillations in mice: effects of stimulus characteristics. J Neurosci Methods. 2009 Jun 30; 181(1):52-7. PMID: 19406149; PMCID: PMC2743542.
    100. Ehlers CL, Gilder DA, Gizer IR, Wilhelmsen KC. Heritability and a genome-wide linkage analysis of a Type II/B cluster construct for cannabis dependence in an American Indian community. Addict Biol. 2009 Jul; 14(3):338-48. PMID: 19413562; PMCID: PMC2850263.
    101. Irwin MR, Olmstead R, Valladares EM, Breen EC, Ehlers CL. Tumor necrosis factor antagonism normalizes rapid eye movement sleep in alcohol dependence. Biol Psychiatry. 2009 Jul 15; 66(2):191-5. PMID: 19185287.
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    102. Buysse DJ, Germain A, Hall ML, Moul DE, Nofzinger EA, Begley A, Ehlers CL, Thompson W, Kupfer DJ. EEG spectral analysis in primary insomnia: NREM period effects and sex differences. Sleep. 2008 Dec; 31(12):1673-82. PMID: 19090323.
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    103. Montane-Jaime LK, Shafe S, Joseph R, Moore S, Gilder DA, Crooks H, Ramcharan C, Ehlers CL. The clinical course of alcoholism in Trinidad and Tobago. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2008 Nov; 69(6):834-9. PMID: 18925341; PMCID: PMC2583374.
    104. Criado JR, Wills DN, Walker BM, Ehlers CL. Effects of adolescent ethanol exposure on sleep in adult rats. Alcohol. 2008 Dec; 42(8):631-9. PMID: 18922666; PMCID: PMC2858580.
    105. Walker BM, Ehlers CL. Age-related differences in the blood alcohol levels of Wistar rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2009 Feb; 91(4):560-5. PMID: 18940195; PMCID: PMC2766013.
    106. Pian JP, Criado JR, Ehlers CL. Differential effects of acute alcohol on prepulse inhibition and event-related potentials in adolescent and adult Wistar rats. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2008 Dec; 32(12):2062-73. PMID: 18828807; PMCID: PMC2726007.
    107. Ehlers CL, Gilder DA, Slutske WS, Lind PA, Wilhelmsen KC. Externalizing disorders in American Indians: comorbidity and a genome wide linkage analysis. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2008 Sep 05; 147B(6):690-8. PMID: 18286631; PMCID: PMC2839892.
    108. Criado JR, Wills DN, Walker BM, Ehlers CL. Electrophysiological effects of dizocilpine (MK-801) in adult rats exposed to ethanol during adolescence. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2008 Oct; 32(10):1752-62. PMID: 18652596.
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    109. Gilder DA, Lau P, Corey L, Ehlers CL. Factors associated with remission from alcohol dependence in an American Indian community group. Am J Psychiatry. 2008 Sep; 165(9):1172-8. PMID: 18519526; PMCID: PMC2835695.
    110. Hodgkinson CA, Yuan Q, Xu K, Shen PH, Heinz E, Lobos EA, Binder EB, Cubells J, Ehlers CL, Gelernter J, Mann J, Riley B, Roy A, Tabakoff B, Todd RD, Zhou Z, Goldman D. Addictions biology: haplotype-based analysis for 130 candidate genes on a single array. Alcohol Alcohol. 2008 Sep-Oct; 43(5):505-15. PMID: 18477577.
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    111. Ehlers CL, Lind PA, Wilhelmsen KC. Association between single nucleotide polymorphisms in the mu opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) and self-reported responses to alcohol in American Indians. BMC Med Genet. 2008 Apr 23; 9:35. PMID: 18433502; PMCID: PMC2386778.
    112. Walker BM, Walker JL, Ehlers CL. Dissociable effects of ethanol consumption during the light and dark phase in adolescent and adult Wistar rats. Alcohol. 2008 Mar; 42(2):83-9. PMID: 18358986; PMCID: PMC2387129.
    113. Ehlers CL, Gilder DA, Phillips E. P3 components of the event-related potential and marijuana dependence in Southwest California Indians. Addict Biol. 2008 Mar; 13(1):130-42. PMID: 18201292.
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    114. Scott DM, Williams CD, Cain GE, Kwagyan J, Kalu N, Ehlers CL, Hesselbrock V, Taylor RE. Clinical course of alcohol dependence in African Americans. J Addict Dis. 2008; 27(4):43-50. PMID: 19042590.
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    115. Pian JP, Criado JR, Walker BM, Ehlers CL. Differential effects of acute alcohol on EEG and sedative responses in adolescent and adult Wistar rats. Brain Res. 2008 Feb 15; 1194:28-36. PMID: 18191821; PMCID: PMC2275718.
    116. Ehlers CL, Slutske WS, Lind PA, Wilhelmsen KC. Association between single nucleotide polymorphisms in the cannabinoid receptor gene (CNR1) and impulsivity in southwest California Indians. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2007 Dec; 10(6):805-11. PMID: 18179391.
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    117. Criado JR, Ehlers CL. Electrophysiological responses to affective stimuli in Southwest California Indians: relationship to alcohol dependence. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2007 Nov; 68(6):813-23. PMID: 17960299.
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    118. Criado JR, Ehlers CL. Electrophysiological responses to affective stimuli in Mexican Americans: Relationship to alcohol dependence and personality traits. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2007 Dec; 88(2):148-57. PMID: 17764730; PMCID: PMC2042967.
    119. Valladares EM, Eljammal SM, Motivala S, Ehlers CL, Irwin MR. Sex differences in cardiac sympathovagal balance and vagal tone during nocturnal sleep. Sleep Med. 2008 Mar; 9(3):310-6. PMID: 17644417.
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    120. Ehlers CL, Wall TL, Corey L, Lau P, Gilder DA, Wilhelmsen K. Heritability of illicit drug use and transition to dependence in Southwest California Indians. Psychiatr Genet. 2007 Jun; 17(3):171-6. PMID: 17417061.
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    121. Moore S, Montane-Jaime K, Shafe S, Joseph R, Crooks H, Carr LG, Ehlers CL. Association of ALDH1 promoter polymorphisms with alcohol-related phenotypes in Trinidad and Tobago. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2007 Mar; 68(2):192-6. PMID: 17286337.
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    122. Ehlers CL, Wilhelmsen KC. Genomic screen for substance dependence and body mass index in southwest California Indians. Genes Brain Behav. 2007 Mar; 6(2):184-91. PMID: 16764678.
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    123. Ehlers CL, Walker BM, Pian JP, Roth JL, Slawecki CJ. Increased alcohol drinking in isolate-housed alcohol-preferring rats. Behav Neurosci. 2007 Feb; 121(1):111-9. PMID: 17324055.
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    124. Ehlers CL, Phillips E. Association of EEG alpha variants and alpha power with alcohol dependence in Mexican American young adults. Alcohol. 2007 Feb; 41(1):13-20. PMID: 17452295.
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    125. Ehlers CL, Montane-Jaime K, Moore S, Shafe S, Joseph R, Carr LG. Association of the ADHIB*3 allele with alcohol-related phenotypes in Trinidad. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2007 Feb; 31(2):216-20. PMID: 17250612.
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    126. Gilder DA, Lau P, Corey L, Ehlers CL. Factors associated with remission from cannabis dependence in southwest California Indians. J Addict Dis. 2007; 26(4):23-30. PMID: 18032229.
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    127. Gilder DA, Lau P, Gross A, Ehlers CL. A co-morbidity of alcohol dependence with other psychiatric disorders in young adult Mexican Americans. J Addict Dis. 2007; 26(4):31-40. PMID: 18032230.
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    128. Moore S, Montane-Jaime LK, Carr LG, Ehlers CL. Variations in alcohol-metabolizing enzymes in people of East Indian and African descent from Trinidad and Tobago. Alcohol Res Health. 2007; 30(1):28-30. PMID: 17718398; PMCID: PMC3860431.
    129. Ehlers CL. Variations in ADH and ALDH in Southwest California Indians. Alcohol Res Health. 2007; 30(1):14-7. PMID: 17718395; PMCID: PMC3860438.
    130. Ehlers CL, Phillips E, Finnerman G, Gilder D, Lau P, Criado J. P3 components and adolescent binge drinking in Southwest California Indians. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 2007 Jan-Feb; 29(1):153-63. PMID: 17196788.
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    131. Ehlers CL, Slutske WS, Gilder DA, Lau P, Wilhelmsen KC. Age at first intoxication and alcohol use disorders in Southwest California Indians. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2006 Nov; 30(11):1856-65. PMID: 17067349.
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    132. Venner KL, Wall TL, Lau P, Ehlers CL. Testing of an orthogonal measure of cultural identification with adult mission Indians. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol. 2006 Oct; 12(4):632-43. PMID: 17087525.
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    133. Ehlers CL, Slutske WS, Gilder DA, Lau P. Age of first marijuana use and the occurrence of marijuana use disorders in Southwest California Indians. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2007 Feb; 86(2):290-6. PMID: 16930685.
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    134. Ehlers CL, Hurst S, Phillips E, Gilder DA, Dixon M, Gross A, Lau P, Yehuda R. Electrophysiological responses to affective stimuli in American Indians experiencing trauma with and without PTSD. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Jul; 1071:125-36. PMID: 16891567.
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    135. Montane-Jaime K, Moore S, Shafe S, Joseph R, Crooks H, Carr L, Ehlers CL. ADH1C*2 allele is associated with alcohol dependence and elevated liver enzymes in Trinidad and Tobago. Alcohol. 2006 Jun; 39(2):81-6. PMID: 17134660.
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    136. Ehlers CL, Wilhelmsen KC. Genomic screen for loci associated with tobacco usage in Mission Indians. BMC Med Genet. 2006 Feb 10; 7:9. PMID: 16472381; PMCID: PMC1386651.
    137. Thorsell A, Slawecki CJ, El Khoury A, Mathe AA, Ehlers CL. The effects of social isolation on neuropeptide Y levels, exploratory and anxiety-related behaviors in rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2006 Jan; 83(1):28-34. PMID: 16458953.
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    138. Gilder DA, Lau P, Dixon M, Corey L, Phillips E, Ehlers CL. Co-morbidity of select anxiety, affective, and psychotic disorders with cannabis dependence in Southwest California Indians. J Addict Dis. 2006; 25(4):67-79. PMID: 17088227.
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    139. Irwin MR, Valladares EM, Motivala S, Thayer JF, Ehlers CL. Association between nocturnal vagal tone and sleep depth, sleep quality, and fatigue in alcohol dependence. Psychosom Med. 2006 Jan-Feb; 68(1):159-66. PMID: 16449427.
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    140. Slawecki CJ, Ehlers CL. Enhanced prepulse inhibition following adolescent ethanol exposure in Sprague-Dawley rats. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2005 Oct; 29(10):1829-36. PMID: 16269912.
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    141. Barron S, White A, Swartzwelder HS, Bell RL, Rodd ZA, Slawecki CJ, Ehlers CL, Levin ED, Rezvani AH, Spear LP. Adolescent vulnerabilities to chronic alcohol or nicotine exposure: findings from rodent models. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2005 Sep; 29(9):1720-5. PMID: 16205372.
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    142. Slawecki CJ, Thorsell AK, El Khoury A, Mathé AA, Ehlers CL. Increased CRF-like and NPY-like immunoreactivity in adult rats exposed to nicotine during adolescence: relation to anxiety-like and depressive-like behavior. Neuropeptides. 2005 Aug; 39(4):369-77. PMID: 16038974.
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    143. Slawecki CJ, Thorsell A, Ehlers CL. Antagonism of neuropeptide YY1 receptors does not inhibit ethanol's effects on cortical EEG and ERPs in Wistar rats. J Stud Alcohol. 2005 Jul; 66(4):559-66. PMID: 16240564.
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    144. Thorsell A, Slawecki CJ, Khoury A, Mathe AA, Ehlers CL. Effect of social isolation on ethanol consumption and substance P/neurokinin expression in Wistar rats. Alcohol. 2005 Jun; 36(2):91-7. PMID: 16396742.
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    145. Wilhelmsen KC, Ehlers C. Heritability of substance dependence in a native American population. Psychiatr Genet. 2005 Jun; 15(2):101-7. PMID: 15900224.
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    146. Thorsell A, Slawecki CJ, Ehlers CL. Effects of neuropeptide Y on appetitive and consummatory behaviors associated with alcohol drinking in wistar rats with a history of ethanol exposure. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2005 Apr; 29(4):584-90. PMID: 15834223.
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    147. Ehlers CL, Wilhelmsen KC. Genomic scan for alcohol craving in Mission Indians. Psychiatr Genet. 2005 Mar; 15(1):71-5. PMID: 15722961.
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    148. Cook TA, Luczak SE, Shea SH, Ehlers CL, Carr LG, Wall TL. Associations of ALDH2 and ADH1B genotypes with response to alcohol in Asian Americans. J Stud Alcohol. 2005 Mar; 66(2):196-204. PMID: 15957670.
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    149. Thorsell A, Slawecki CJ, Ehlers CL. Effects of neuropeptide Y and corticotropin-releasing factor on ethanol intake in Wistar rats: interaction with chronic ethanol exposure. Behav Brain Res. 2005 Jun 03; 161(1):133-40. PMID: 15904720.
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    150. Slawecki CJ, Jiménez-Vasquez P, Mathé AA, Ehlers CL. Effect of ethanol on brain neuropeptides in adolescent and adult rats. J Stud Alcohol. 2005 Jan; 66(1):46-52. PMID: 15830902.
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    151. Slawecki CJ, Purdy RH, Ehlers CL. Electrophysiological effects of allopregnanolone in rats with a history of ethanol exposure. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2005 Jan; 29(1):66-74. PMID: 15654293.
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    152. Gilder DA, Wall TL, Ehlers CL. Comorbidity of select anxiety and affective disorders with alcohol dependence in southwest California Indians. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2004 Dec; 28(12):1805-13. PMID: 15608596.
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    153. Ehlers CL, Spence JP, Wall TL, Gilder DA, Carr LG. Association of ALDH1 promoter polymorphisms with alcohol-related phenotypes in southwest California Indians. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2004 Oct; 28(10):1481-6. PMID: 15597079.
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    154. Slawecki CJ, Thomas JD, Riley EP, Ehlers CL. Neurophysiologic consequences of neonatal ethanol exposure in the rat. Alcohol. 2004 Oct-Nov; 34(2-3):187-96. PMID: 15902912.
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    155. Ehlers CL, Gilder DA, Wall TL, Phillips E, Feiler H, Wilhelmsen KC. Genomic screen for loci associated with alcohol dependence in Mission Indians. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2004 Aug 15; 129B(1):110-5. PMID: 15274051.
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    156. Irwin M, Rinetti G, Redwine L, Motivala S, Dang J, Ehlers C. Nocturnal proinflammatory cytokine-associated sleep disturbances in abstinent African American alcoholics. Brain Behav Immun. 2004 Jul; 18(4):349-60. PMID: 15157952.
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    157. Ehlers CL, Wall TL, Betancourt M, Gilder DA. The clinical course of alcoholism in 243 Mission Indians. Am J Psychiatry. 2004 Jul; 161(7):1204-10. PMID: 15229052.
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    158. Slawecki CJ, Thorsell A, Ehlers CL. Long-term neurobehavioral effects of alcohol or nicotine exposure in adolescent animal models. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004 Jun; 1021:448-52. PMID: 15251927.
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    159. Ehlers CL, Phillips E, Schuckit MA. EEG alpha variants and alpha power in Hispanic American and white non-Hispanic American young adults with a family history of alcohol dependence. Alcohol. 2004 Jun; 33(2):99-106. PMID: 15528007.
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    160. Ehlers CL, Phillips E, Wall TL, Wilhelmsen K, Schuckit MA. EEG alpha and level of response to alcohol in Hispanic- and non-Hispanic-American young adults with a family history of alcoholism. J Stud Alcohol. 2004 May; 65(3):301-8. PMID: 15222586.
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    161. Spence JP, Liang T, Eriksson CJ, Taylor RE, Wall TL, Ehlers CL, Carr LG. Evaluation of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 promoter polymorphisms identified in human populations. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2003 Sep; 27(9):1389-94. PMID: 14506398; PMCID: PMC4560114.
    162. Dahl RE, Williamson DE, Bertocci MA, Stolz MV, Ryan ND, Ehlers CL. Spectral analyses of sleep EEG in depressed offspring of fathers with or without a positive history of alcohol abuse or dependence: a pilot study. Alcohol. 2003 Jul; 30(3):193-200. PMID: 13679113.
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    163. Ehlers CL, Phillips E, Sweeny A, Slawecki CJ. Event-related potential responses to alcohol-related stimuli in African-American young adults: relation to family history of alcoholism and drug usage. Alcohol Alcohol. 2003 Jul-Aug; 38(4):332-8. PMID: 12814900.
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    164. Slawecki CJ, Gilder A, Roth J, Ehlers CL. Increased anxiety-like behavior in adult rats exposed to nicotine as adolescents. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2003 May; 75(2):355-61. PMID: 12873627.
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    165. Ehlers CL, Phillips E. EEG low-voltage alpha and alpha power in African American young adults: relation to family history of alcoholism. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2003 May; 27(5):765-72. PMID: 12766620.
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    166. Ehlers CL, Carr L, Betancourt M, Montane-Jaime K. Association of the ADH2*3 allele with greater alcohol expectancies in African-American young adults. J Stud Alcohol. 2003 Mar; 64(2):176-81. PMID: 12713190.
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    167. Slawecki CJ, Ehlers CL. The effects of corticotropin-releasing factor on the cortical EEG are reduced following adolescent nicotine exposure. Neuropeptides. 2003 Feb; 37(1):66-73. PMID: 12637038.
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    168. Slawecki CJ, Grahame NJ, Roth J, Katner SN, Ehlers CL. EEG and ERP profiles in the high alcohol preferring (HAP) and low alcohol preferring (LAP) mice: relationship to ethanol preference. Brain Res. 2003 Jan 31; 961(2):243-54. PMID: 12531491.
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    169. Wall TL, Carr LG, Ehlers CL. Protective association of genetic variation in alcohol dehydrogenase with alcohol dependence in Native American Mission Indians. Am J Psychiatry. 2003 Jan; 160(1):41-6. PMID: 12505800.
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    170. Ehlers CL, Somes C. Long latency event-related potentials in mice: effects of stimulus characteristics and strain. Brain Res. 2002 Dec 06; 957(1):117-28. PMID: 12443987.
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    171. Katner SN, Slawecki CJ, Ehlers CL. Neurophysiological profiles of replicate line 2 high-alcohol-drinking (HAD-2) and low-alcohol-drinking (LAD-2) rats. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2002 Nov; 26(11):1669-77. PMID: 12436055.
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    172. Slawecki CJ, Ehlers CL. Lasting effects of adolescent nicotine exposure on the electroencephalogram, event related potentials, and locomotor activity in the rat. Brain Res Dev Brain Res. 2002 Sep 20; 138(1):15-25. PMID: 12234654.
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    173. Katner SN, Slawecki CJ, Ehlers CL. Neuropeptide Y administration into the amygdala does not affect ethanol consumption. Alcohol. 2002 Aug; 28(1):29-38. PMID: 12377358.
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    174. Irwin M, Gillin JC, Dang J, Weissman J, Phillips E, Ehlers CL. Sleep deprivation as a probe of homeostatic sleep regulation in primary alcoholics. Biol Psychiatry. 2002 Apr 15; 51(8):632-41. PMID: 11955463.
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    175. Katner SN, Slawecki CJ, Ehlers CL. Neuropeptide Y administration into the third ventricle does not increase sucrose or ethanol self-administration but does affect the cortical EEG and increases food intake. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2002 Mar; 160(2):146-54. PMID: 11875632.
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    176. Gilder DA, Wall TL, Ehlers CL. Psychiatric diagnoses among Mission Indian children with and without a parental history of alcohol dependence. J Stud Alcohol. 2002 Jan; 63(1):18-23. PMID: 11925054.
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    177. Ehlers CL, Wall TL, Garcia-Andrade C, Phillips E. Visual P3 findings in Mission Indian youth: relationship to family history of alcohol dependence and behavioral problems. Psychiatry Res. 2001 Dec 15; 105(1-2):67-78. PMID: 11740976.
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    178. Ehlers CL, Gilder DA, Harris L, Carr L. Association of the ADH2*3 allele with a negative family history of alcoholism in African American young adults. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2001 Dec; 25(12):1773-7. PMID: 11781511.
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    179. Jiménez-Vasquez PA, Mathé AA, Thomas JD, Riley EP, Ehlers CL. Early maternal separation alters neuropeptide Y concentrations in selected brain regions in adult rats. Brain Res Dev Brain Res. 2001 Nov 26; 131(1-2):149-52. PMID: 11718845.
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    180. Slawecki CJ, Jimenéz-Vasquez P, Mathé AA, Ehlers CL. Substance P and neurokinin levels are decreased in the cortex and hypothalamus of alcohol-preferring (P) rats. J Stud Alcohol. 2001 Nov; 62(6):736-40. PMID: 11838908.
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    181. Ehlers CL, Wall TL, Garcia-Andrade C, Phillips E. Auditory P3 findings in mission Indian youth. J Stud Alcohol. 2001 Sep; 62(5):562-70. PMID: 11702795.
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    182. Ehlers CL, Wall TL, Garcia-Andrade C, Phillips E. EEG asymmetry: relationship to mood and risk for alcoholism in Mission Indian youth. Biol Psychiatry. 2001 Jul 15; 50(2):129-36. PMID: 11526994.
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    183. Slawecki CJ, Betancourt M, Cole M, Ehlers CL. Periadolescent alcohol exposure has lasting effects on adult neurophysiological function in rats. Brain Res Dev Brain Res. 2001 May 31; 128(1):63-72. PMID: 11356263.
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    184. Ehlers CL, Wall TL, Garcia-Andrade C, Phillips E. Effects of age and parental history of alcoholism on EEG findings in mission Indian children and adolescents. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2001 May; 25(5):672-9. PMID: 11371716.
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    185. Slawecki CJ, Betancourt M, Li TK, Ehlers CL. Neurophysiological findings and drinking levels in high-alcohol-drinking (HAD) and low-alcohol-drinking (LAD) rats. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2000 Oct; 24(10):1492-9. PMID: 11045856.
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    186. Thomas JD, Garrison ME, Slawecki CJ, Ehlers CL, Riley EP. Nicotine exposure during the neonatal brain growth spurt produces hyperactivity in preweanling rats. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 2000 Sep-Oct; 22(5):695-701. PMID: 11106862.
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    187. Slawecki CJ, Purdy RH, Li TK, Walpole T, Ehlers CL. Effects of allopregnanolone on the EEG of alcohol-preferring and alcohol-nonpreferring rats. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2000 Sep; 24(9):1369-75. PMID: 11003202.
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    188. Irwin M, Miller C, Gillin JC, Demodena A, Ehlers CL. Polysomnographic and spectral sleep EEG in primary alcoholics: an interaction between alcohol dependence and African-American ethnicity. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2000 Sep; 24(9):1376-84. PMID: 11003203.
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    189. Slawecki CJ, Betancourt M, Walpole T, Ehlers CL. Increases in sucrose consumption, but not ethanol consumption, following ICV NPY administration. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2000 Jul; 66(3):591-4. PMID: 10899375.
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    190. Slawecki CJ, Walpole T, Purdy RH, Ehlers CL. Comparison of the neurophysiological effects of allopregnanolone and ethanol in rats. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2000 May; 149(4):351-9. PMID: 10867962.
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    191. Slawecki CJ, Thomas JD, Riley EP, Ehlers CL. Neonatal nicotine exposure alters hippocampal EEG and event-related potentials (ERPs) in rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2000 Apr; 65(4):711-8. PMID: 10764927.
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    192. Ehlers CL, Slawecki CJ. Effects of chronic ethanol exposure on sleep in rats. Alcohol. 2000 Feb; 20(2):173-9. PMID: 10719796.
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    193. Slawecki CJ, Somes C, Ehlers CL. Effects of prolonged ethanol exposure on neurophysiological measures during an associative learning paradigm. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2000 Feb 01; 58(1-2):125-32. PMID: 10669063.
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    194. Wall TL, Garcia-Andrade C, Wong V, Lau P, Ehlers CL. Parental history of alcoholism and problem behaviors in Native-American children and adolescents. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2000 Jan; 24(1):30-4. PMID: 10656189.
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    195. Ehlers CL, Somes C, Li TK, Lumeng L, Hwang BH, Jimenez P, Mathé AA. Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) levels and alcohol. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 1999 Sep; 2(3):173-179. PMID: 11281986.
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    196. Hwang BH, Zhang JK, Ehlers CL, Lumeng L, Li TK. Innate differences of neuropeptide Y (NPY) in hypothalamic nuclei and central nucleus of the amygdala between selectively bred rats with high and low alcohol preference. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1999 Jun; 23(6):1023-30. PMID: 10397286.
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    197. Ehlers CL, Somes C, Lumeng L, Li TK. Electrophysiological response to neuropeptide Y (NPY): in alcohol-naive preferring and non-preferring rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1999 Jun; 63(2):291-9. PMID: 10371659.
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    198. Slawecki CJ, Walpole T, Somes C, Li TK, Ehlers CL. Differences in neurophysiological indices of associative learning in alcohol-preferring and nonpreferring rats. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1999 May; 23(5):828-34. PMID: 10371402.
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    199. Slawecki CJ, Somes C, Ehlers CL. Effects of chronic ethanol exposure on neurophysiological responses to corticotropin-releasing factor and neuropeptide Y. Alcohol Alcohol. 1999 May-Jun; 34(3):289-99. PMID: 10414603.
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    200. Orozco S, Wall TL, Ehlers CL. Influence of alcohol on electrophysiological responses to facial stimuli. Alcohol. 1999 May; 18(1):11-6. PMID: 10386659.
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    201. Ehlers CL, Garcia-Andrade C, Wall TL, Cloutier D, Phillips E. Electroencephalographic responses to alcohol challenge in Native American Mission Indians. Biol Psychiatry. 1999 Mar 15; 45(6):776-87. PMID: 10188009.
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    202. Ehlers CL, Somes C, Li TK, Lumeng L, Kinkead B, Owens MJ, Nemeroff CB. Neurontensin studies in alcohol naive, preferring and non-preferring rats. Neuroscience. 1999; 93(1):227-36. PMID: 10430486.
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    203. Slawecki CJ, Somes C, Rivier JE, Ehlers CL. Neurophysiological effects of intracerebroventricular administration of urocortin. Peptides. 1999; 20(2):211-8. PMID: 10422877.
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    204. Ehlers CL, Li TK, Lumeng L, Hwang BH, Somes C, Jimenez P, Mathé AA. Neuropeptide Y levels in ethanol-naive alcohol-preferring and nonpreferring rats and in Wistar rats after ethanol exposure. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1998 Nov; 22(8):1778-82. PMID: 9835294.
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    205. Ehlers CL, Havstad J, Prichard D, Theiler J. Low doses of ethanol reduce evidence for nonlinear structure in brain activity. J Neurosci. 1998 Sep 15; 18(18):7474-86. PMID: 9736666.
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    206. Ehlers CL, Somes C, Cloutier D. Are some of the effects of ethanol mediated through NPY? Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1998 Sep; 139(1-2):136-44. PMID: 9768551.
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    207. Orozco S, Ehlers CL. Gender differences in electrophysiological responses to facial stimuli. Biol Psychiatry. 1998 Aug 15; 44(4):281-9. PMID: 9715360.
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    208. Seifritz E, Klemfuss H, Montes JM, Britton KT, Ehlers CL. Effects of corticotropin-releasing factor on circadian locomotor rhythm in the golden hamster. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1998 Aug; 60(4):855-62. PMID: 9700969.
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    209. Schnakenberg E, Ehlers C, Feyerabend W, Werdin R, Hübotter R, Dreikorn K, Schloot W. Genotyping of the polymorphic N-acetyltransferase (NAT2) and loss of heterozygosity in bladder cancer patients. Clin Genet. 1998 May; 53(5):396-402. PMID: 9660060.
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    210. Ehlers CL, Garcia-Andrade C, Wall TL, Sobel DF, Phillips E. Determinants of P3 amplitude and response to alcohol in Native American Mission Indians. Neuropsychopharmacology. 1998 Apr; 18(4):282-92. PMID: 9509496.
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    211. Ehlers CL, Kupfer DJ, Buysse DJ, Cluss PA, Miewald JM, Bisson EF, Grochocinski VJ. The Pittsburgh study of normal sleep in young adults: focus on the relationship between waking and sleeping EEG spectral patterns. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1998 Mar; 106(3):199-205. PMID: 9743277.
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    212. Ehlers CL, Somes C, Lopez AL, Robledo P. Long latency event-related potentials in rats: response of amygdala, nucleus accumbens, dorsal hippocampus and frontal cortex to changes in reward characteristics of conditioned stimuli. Brain Res. 1998 Jan 05; 780(1):138-42. PMID: 9473634.
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    213. Ehlers CL, Somes C, Thomas J, Riley EP. Effects of neonatal exposure to nicotine on electrophysiological parameters in adult rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1997 Nov; 58(3):713-20. PMID: 9329064.
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    214. Wall TL, Peterson CM, Peterson KP, Johnson ML, Thomasson HR, Cole M, Ehlers CL. Alcohol metabolism in Asian-American men with genetic polymorphisms of aldehyde dehydrogenase. Ann Intern Med. 1997 Sep 01; 127(5):376-9. PMID: 9273829.
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    215. Ehlers CL, Kupfer DJ. Slow-wave sleep: do young adult men and women age differently? J Sleep Res. 1997 Sep; 6(3):211-5. PMID: 9358400.
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    216. Ehlers CL, Somes C, Lopez A, Kirby D, Rivier JE. Electrophysiological actions of neuropeptide Y and its analogs: new measures for anxiolytic therapy? Neuropsychopharmacology. 1997 Jul; 17(1):34-43. PMID: 9194048.
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    217. Garcia-Andrade C, Wall TL, Ehlers CL. The firewater myth and response to alcohol in Mission Indians. Am J Psychiatry. 1997 Jul; 154(7):983-8. PMID: 9210750.
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    218. Wall TL, Garcia-Andrade C, Thomasson HR, Carr LG, Ehlers CL. Alcohol dehydrogenase polymorphisms in Native Americans: identification of the ADH2*3 allele. Alcohol Alcohol. 1997 Mar-Apr; 32(2):129-32. PMID: 9105506.
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    219. Ehlers CL, Somes C, Seifritz E, Rivier JE. CRF/NPY interactions: a potential role in sleep dysregulation in depression and anxiety. Depress Anxiety. 1997; 6(1):1-9. PMID: 9394869.
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    220. Garcia-Andrade C, Wall TL, Ehlers CL. Alcohol expectancies in a Native American population. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1996 Nov; 20(8):1438-42. PMID: 8947322.
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    221. Wall TL, Garcia-Andrade C, Thomasson HR, Cole M, Ehlers CL. Alcohol elimination in Native American Mission Indians: an investigation of interindividual variation. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1996 Oct; 20(7):1159-64. PMID: 8904964.
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    222. Wall TL, Thomasson HR, Ehlers CL. Investigator-observed alcohol-induced flushing but not self-report of flushing is a valid predictor of ALDH2 genotype. J Stud Alcohol. 1996 May; 57(3):267-72. PMID: 8709585.
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    223. Ehlers CL, Phillips E, Parry BL. Electrophysiological findings during the menstrual cycle in women with and without late luteal phase dysphoric disorder: relationship to risk for alcoholism? Biol Psychiatry. 1996 Apr 15; 39(8):720-32. PMID: 8731460.
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    224. Kaneko WM, Ehlers CL, Philips EL, Riley EP. Auditory event-related potentials in fetal alcohol syndrome and Down's syndrome children. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1996 Feb; 20(1):35-42. PMID: 8651459.
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    225. Ehlers CL, Havstad JW, Kupfer DJ. Estimation of the time course of slow-wave sleep over the night in depressed patients: effects of clomipramine and clinical response. Biol Psychiatry. 1996 Feb 01; 39(3):171-81. PMID: 8837978.
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    226. Kaneko WM, Riley EP, Ehlers CL. Effects of artificial rearing on electrophysiology and behavior in adult rats. Depress Anxiety. 1996-1997; 4(6):279-88. PMID: 9166656.
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    227. Kaneko WM, Phillips EL, Riley EP, Ehlers CL. EEG findings in fetal alcohol syndrome and Down syndrome children. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1996 Jan; 98(1):20-8. PMID: 8689990.
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    228. Parry BL, Ehlers CL, Mostofi N, Phillips E. Personality traits in LLPDD and normal controls during follicular and luteal menstrual-cycle phases. Psychol Med. 1996 Jan; 26(1):197-202. PMID: 8643759.
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    229. Ehlers CL. Chaos and complexity. Can it help us to understand mood and behavior? Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1995 Nov; 52(11):960-4. PMID: 7487344.
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    230. Behrens S, Spies C, Neumann U, Ehlers C, Kraemer S, Brüggemann T, Andresen D. [Cerebral ischemia during implantation of automatic defibrillators]. Z Kardiol. 1995 Oct; 84(10):798-807. PMID: 7502566.
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    231. Ehlers CL, Havstad JW, Schuckit MA. EEG dimension in sons of alcoholics. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1995 Aug; 19(4):992-8. PMID: 7485851.
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    232. Wall TL, Ehlers CL. Acute effects of alcohol on P300 in Asians with different ALDH2 genotypes. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1995 Jun; 19(3):617-22. PMID: 7573783.
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    233. Robledo P, Kaneko WM, Ehlers CL. Effects of neurotensin on EEG and event-related potentials in the rat. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1995 Apr; 118(4):410-8. PMID: 7568627.
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    234. Kupfer DJ, Pollock BG, Perel JM, Miewald JM, Grochocinski VJ, Ehlers CL. Effect of pulse loading with clomipramine on EEG sleep. Psychiatry Res. 1994 Nov; 54(2):161-75. PMID: 7761550.
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    235. Ehlers CL, Kaneko WM, Robledo P, Lopez AL. Long-latency event-related potentials in rats: effects of task and stimulus parameters. Neuroscience. 1994 Oct; 62(3):759-69. PMID: 7870304.
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    236. Kupfer DJ, Ehlers CL, Frank E, Grochocinski VJ, McEachran AB, Buhari A. Persistent effects of antidepressants: EEG sleep studies in depressed patients during maintenance treatment. Biol Psychiatry. 1994 May 15; 35(10):781-93. PMID: 8043708.
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    237. Mattson SN, Riley EP, Jernigan TL, Garcia A, Kaneko WM, Ehlers CL, Jones KL. A decrease in the size of the basal ganglia following prenatal alcohol exposure: a preliminary report. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 1994 May-Jun; 16(3):283-9. PMID: 7935262.
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    238. Robledo P, Lumeng L, Li TK, Ehlers CL. Effects of MK 801 and diazepam on the EEG of P and NP rats. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1994 Apr; 18(2):363-8. PMID: 8048739.
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    239. Wall TL, Nemeroff CB, Ritchie JC, Ehlers CL. Cortisol responses following placebo and alcohol in Asians with different ALDH2 genotypes. J Stud Alcohol. 1994 Mar; 55(2):207-13. PMID: 8189741.
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    240. Mungas D, Ehlers CL, Wall TL. Effects of acute alcohol administration on verbal and spatial learning. Alcohol Alcohol. 1994 Mar; 29(2):163-9. PMID: 8080597.
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    241. Robledo P, Kaneko WM, Ehlers CL. The effects of acute cocaine administration on auditory event-related potentials in rats. Neurosci Lett. 1993 Sep 17; 160(1):4-8. PMID: 8247330.
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    242. Wall TL, Gallen CC, Ehlers CL. Effects of alcohol on the EEG in Asian men with genetic variations of ALDH2. Biol Psychiatry. 1993 Jul 1-15; 34(1-2):91-9. PMID: 8373942.
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    243. Ehlers CL, Kaneko WM, Owens MJ, Nemeroff CB. Effects of gender and social isolation on electroencephalogram and neuroendocrine parameters in rats. Biol Psychiatry. 1993 Mar 01; 33(5):358-66. PMID: 8471694.
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    244. Kaneko WM, Riley EP, Ehlers CL. Electrophysiological and behavioral findings in rats prenatally exposed to alcohol. Alcohol. 1993 Mar-Apr; 10(2):169-78. PMID: 8442896.
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    245. Robledo P, Lumeng L, Li TK, Ehlers CL. Effects of oral ethanol self-administration on the EEG of alcohol preferring and -nonpreferring rats. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1993; 113(1):60-6. PMID: 7862830.
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    246. Ehlers CL, Chaplin RI, Kaneko WM. Effects of chronic corticosterone treatment on electrophysiological and behavioral measures in the rat. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 1992 Nov; 17(6):691-9. PMID: 1287687.
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    247. Mattson SN, Riley EP, Jernigan TL, Ehlers CL, Delis DC, Jones KL, Stern C, Johnson KA, Hesselink JR, Bellugi U. Fetal alcohol syndrome: a case report of neuropsychological, MRI and EEG assessment of two children. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1992 Oct; 16(5):1001-3. PMID: 1443415.
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    248. Wall TL, Thomasson HR, Schuckit MA, Ehlers CL. Subjective feelings of alcohol intoxication in Asians with genetic variations of ALDH2 alleles. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1992 Oct; 16(5):991-5. PMID: 1443441.
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    249. Vargas MA, Bissette G, Owens MJ, Ehlers CL, Nemeroff CB. Effects of chronic ethanol and benzodiazepine treatment and withdrawal on corticotropin-releasing factor neural systems. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1992 Jun 28; 654:145-52. PMID: 1632579.
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    250. Ehlers CL, Kaneko WM, Wall TL, Chaplin RI. Effects of dizocilpine (MK-801) and ethanol on the EEG and event-related potentials (ERPS) in rats. Neuropharmacology. 1992 Apr; 31(4):369-78. PMID: 1522954.
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    251. Ehlers CL. Social zeitgebers, biological rhythms and depression. Clin Neuropharmacol. 1992; 15 Suppl 1 Pt A:44A-45A. PMID: 1498907.
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    252. Ehlers CL, Chaplin RI. Long latency event related potentials in rats: the effects of changes in stimulus parameters and neurochemical lesions. J Neural Transm Gen Sect. 1992; 88(1):61-75. PMID: 1575954.
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    253. Kupfer DJ, Jarrett DB, Ehlers CL. The effect of SRIF on the EEG sleep of normal men. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 1992; 17(1):37-43. PMID: 1351686.
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    254. Ehlers CL, Chaplin RI, Wall TL, Lumeng L, Li TK, Owens MJ, Nemeroff CB. Corticotropin releasing factor (CRF): studies in alcohol preferring and non-preferring rats. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1992; 106(3):359-64. PMID: 1570383.
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    255. Ehlers CL, Havstad JW, Garfinkel A, Kupfer DJ. Nonlinear analysis of EEG sleep states. Neuropsychopharmacology. 1991 Nov; 5(3):167-76. PMID: 1755932.
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    256. Kupfer DJ, Ehlers CL, Frank E, Grochocinski VJ, McEachran AB. EEG sleep profiles and recurrent depression. Biol Psychiatry. 1991 Oct 01; 30(7):641-55. PMID: 1958764.
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    257. Ehlers CL, Chaplin RI, Lumeng L, Li TK. Electrophysiological response to ethanol in P and NP rats. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1991 Aug; 15(4):739-44. PMID: 1928653.
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    258. Robledo P, Kaneko W, Ehlers CL. Combined effects of ethanol and MK 801 on locomotor activity in the rat. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1991 Jun; 39(2):513-6. PMID: 1835099.
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    259. Ehlers CL, Schuckit MA. Evaluation of EEG alpha activity in sons of alcoholics. Neuropsychopharmacology. 1991 May; 4(3):199-205. PMID: 2064719.
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    260. Ehlers CL, Wall TL, Chaplin RI. Long latency event-related potentials in rats: effects of dopaminergic and serotonergic depletions. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1991 Apr; 38(4):789-93. PMID: 1831273.
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    261. Kupfer DJ, Jarrett DB, Ehlers CL. The effect of GRF on the EEG sleep of normal males. Sleep. 1991 Feb; 14(1):87-8. PMID: 1687426.
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    262. Ehlers CL, Chaplin RI. EEG and ERP response to chronic ethanol exposure in rats. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1991; 104(1):67-74. PMID: 1882006.
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    263. Wall TL, Schuckit MA, Mungas D, Ehlers CL. EEG alpha activity and personality traits. Alcohol. 1990 Sep-Oct; 7(5):461-4. PMID: 2222849.
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    264. Ehlers CL, Chaplin RI, Koob GF. EEG effects of Ro 15-4513 and FG 7142 alone and in combination with ethanol. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1990 Jul; 36(3):607-11. PMID: 2165619.
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    265. Ehlers CL, Schuckit MA. EEG fast frequency activity in the sons of alcoholics. Biol Psychiatry. 1990 Mar 15; 27(6):631-41. PMID: 2322623.
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    266. Melia KF, Koob GF, Ehlers CL. Ethanol effects on delayed spatial matching as modeled by a negative exponential forgetting function. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1990; 102(3):391-8. PMID: 2251335.
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    267. Kupfer DJ, Ehlers CL, Pollock BG, Nathan RS, Perel JM. Clomipramine and EEG sleep in depression. Psychiatry Res. 1989 Nov; 30(2):165-80. PMID: 2694201.
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    268. Ehlers CL, Wall TL, Schuckit MA. EEG spectral characteristics following ethanol administration in young men. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1989 Sep; 73(3):179-87. PMID: 2475322.
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    269. Melia KF, Ehlers CL. Signal detection analysis of ethanol effects on a complex conditional discrimination. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1989 Jul; 33(3):581-4. PMID: 2587600.
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    270. Ehlers CL, Kupfer DJ. Effects of age on delta and REM sleep parameters. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1989 Feb; 72(2):118-25. PMID: 2464482.
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    271. Ehlers CL. EEG and ERP responses to naloxone and ethanol in monkeys. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 1989; 13(1-2):217-28. PMID: 2748862.
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    272. Kupfer DJ, Reynolds CF, Ehlers CL. Comparison of EEG sleep measures among depressive subtypes and controls in older individuals. Psychiatry Res. 1989 Jan; 27(1):13-21. PMID: 2922441.
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    273. Kupfer DJ, Frank E, Ehlers CL. EEG sleep in young depressives: first and second night effects. Biol Psychiatry. 1989 Jan; 25(1):87-97. PMID: 2912511.
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    274. Ehlers CL, Frank E, Kupfer DJ. Social zeitgebers and biological rhythms. A unified approach to understanding the etiology of depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1988 Oct; 45(10):948-52. PMID: 3048226.
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    275. Ehlers CL. ERP responses to ethanol and diazepam administration in squirrel monkeys. Alcohol. 1988 Jul-Aug; 5(4):315-20. PMID: 3228483.
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    276. Britton KT, Ehlers CL, Koob GF. Is ethanol antagonist Ro15-4513 selective for ethanol? Science. 1988 Feb 05; 239(4840):648-50. PMID: 3340849.
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    277. Ehlers CL, Schuckit MA. EEG response to ethanol in sons of alcoholics. Psychopharmacol Bull. 1988; 24(3):434-7. PMID: 3153504.
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    278. Risch SC, Ehlers C, Janowsky DS, Judd L, Gillin JC, Dana R, McAdams LA. Human growth hormone releasing factor infusion effects on plasma growth hormone in affective disorder patients and normal controls. Peptides. 1988; 9 Suppl 1:45-8. PMID: 2856651.
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    279. Ehlers CL, Chaplin RI. Chronic ethanol exposure potentiates the locomotor-activating effects of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in rats. Regul Pept. 1987 Dec; 19(5-6):345-53. PMID: 3501867.
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    280. Ehlers CL, Kupfer DJ. Hypothalamic peptide modulation of EEG sleep in depression: a further application of the S-process hypothesis. Biol Psychiatry. 1987 Apr; 22(4):513-7. PMID: 3032289.
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    281. Ehlers CL, Reed TK. Ethanol effects on EEG spectra in monkeys: comparison to morphine and diazepam. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1987 Mar; 66(3):317-21. PMID: 2434316.
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    282. Wehrenberg WB, Ehlers CL. Effects of growth hormone-releasing factor in the brain. Science. 1986 Jun 06; 232(4755):1271-3. PMID: 3085220.
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    283. Melia KF, Ehlers CL, LeBrun CJ, Koob GF. Post-learning ethanol effects on a water-finding task in rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1986 Jun; 24(6):1813-5. PMID: 3737649.
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    284. Polich J, Ehlers CL, Otis S, Mandell AJ, Bloom FE. P300 latency reflects the degree of cognitive decline in dementing illness. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1986 Feb; 63(2):138-44. PMID: 2417814.
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    285. Ehlers CL. EEG stability following corticotropin releasing factor in rats. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 1986; 11(1):121-5. PMID: 3486431.
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    286. Ehlers CL, Reed TK, Henriksen SJ. Effects of corticotropin-releasing factor and growth hormone-releasing factor on sleep and activity in rats. Neuroendocrinology. 1986; 42(6):467-74. PMID: 3084988.
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    287. Mungas D, Ehlers C, Walton N, McCutchen CB. Verbal learning differences in epileptic patients with left and right temporal lobe foci. Epilepsia. 1985 Jul-Aug; 26(4):340-5. PMID: 4006893.
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    288. Ehlers CL, Henriksen SJ, Wang M, Rivier J, Vale W, Bloom FE. Corticotropin releasing factor produces increases in brain excitability and convulsive seizures in rats. Brain Res. 1983 Nov 14; 278(1-2):332-6. PMID: 6605787.
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    289. Atkinson JH, Kremer EF, Risch SC, Morgan CD, Azad RF, Ehlers CL, Bloom FE. Plasma measures of beta-endorphin/beta-lipotropin-like immunoreactivity in chronic pain syndrome and psychiatric subjects. Psychiatry Res. 1983 Aug; 9(4):319-27. PMID: 6316390.
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    290. Ehlers CL, Killam EK. The effects of constant light on EEG and seizure activity in the epileptic baboon. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1982 Aug; 54(2):187-93. PMID: 6179743.
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    291. Ehlers CL, Mulbry LW, Killam EK. EEG and anticonvulsant effects of dipropylacetic acid and dipropylacetamide in the baboon Papio papio. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1980 Aug; 49(3-4):391-400. PMID: 6158417.
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    292. Ehlers CL, Killam EK. The influence of cortisone on EEG and seizure activity in the baboon Papio papio. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1979 Oct; 47(4):404-10. PMID: 89944.
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