Carl Ware

TitleAdjunct Professor
InstitutionUniversity of California San Diego
DepartmentMolecular Biology
Address9500 Gilman Drive #0347
La Jolla CA 92093
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Šedý JR, Balmert MO, Ware BC, Smith W, Nemcovicova I, Norris PS, Miller BR, Aivazian D, Ware C. A herpesvirus entry mediator mutein with selective agonist action for the inhibitory receptor B and T lymphocyte attenuator. J Biol Chem. 2017 Dec 22; 292(51):21060-21070. PMID: 29061848.
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    2. Fusco AJ, Mazumder A, Wang VY, Tao Z, Ware C, Ghosh G. The NF-?B subunit RelB controls p100 processing by competing with the kinases NIK and IKK1 for binding to p100. Sci Signal. 2016 09 27; 9(447):ra96. PMID: 27678221.
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    3. Qian S, Hoggatt A, Jones-Hall YL, Ware C, Herring P, Seye CI. Deletion of P2Y2 receptor reveals a role for lymphotoxin-a in fatty streak formation. Vascul Pharmacol. 2016 10; 85:11-20. PMID: 27355755.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Šedý J, Bekiaris V, Ware C. Tumor necrosis factor superfamily in innate immunity and inflammation. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2014 Dec 18; 7(4):a016279. PMID: 25524549; PMCID: PMC4382740.
    5. Tao Z, Fusco A, Huang DB, Gupta K, Young Kim D, Ware C, Van Duyne GD, Ghosh G. p100/I?Bd sequesters and inhibits NF-?B through kappaBsome formation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Nov 11; 111(45):15946-51. PMID: 25349408; PMCID: PMC4234596.
    6. Gommerman JL, Browning JL, Ware C. The Lymphotoxin Network: orchestrating a type I interferon response to optimize adaptive immunity. Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2014 Apr; 25(2):139-45. PMID: 24698108; PMCID: PMC4081445.
    7. Allen SJ, Rhode-Kurnow A, Mott KR, Jiang X, Carpenter D, Rodriguez-Barbosa JI, Jones C, Wechsler SL, Ware C, Ghiasi H. Interactions between herpesvirus entry mediator (TNFRSF14) and latency-associated transcript during herpes simplex virus 1 latency. J Virol. 2014 Feb; 88(4):1961-71. PMID: 24307582; PMCID: PMC3911542.
    8. Steinberg MW, Huang Y, Wang-Zhu Y, Ware C, Cheroutre H, Kronenberg M. BTLA interaction with HVEM expressed on CD8(+) T cells promotes survival and memory generation in response to a bacterial infection. PLoS One. 2013; 8(10):e77992. PMID: 24205057; PMCID: PMC3813523.
    9. Flynn R, Hutchinson T, Murphy KM, Ware C, Croft M, Salek-Ardakani S. CD8 T cell memory to a viral pathogen requires trans cosignaling between HVEM and BTLA. PLoS One. 2013; 8(10):e77991. PMID: 24205056; PMCID: PMC3812147.
    10. Bekiaris V, Šedy JR, Rossetti M, Spreafico R, Sharma S, Rhode-Kurnow A, Ware BC, Huang N, Macauley MG, Norris PS, Albani S, Ware C. Human CD4+CD3- innate-like T cells provide a source of TNF and lymphotoxin-aß and are elevated in rheumatoid arthritis. J Immunol. 2013 Nov 01; 191(9):4611-8. PMID: 24078690; PMCID: PMC3865291.
    11. Šedý JR, Bjordahl RL, Bekiaris V, Macauley MG, Ware BC, Norris PS, Lurain NS, Benedict CA, Ware C. CD160 activation by herpesvirus entry mediator augments inflammatory cytokine production and cytolytic function by NK cells. J Immunol. 2013 Jul 15; 191(2):828-36. PMID: 23761635; PMCID: PMC3702646.
    12. Smith W, Tomasec P, Aicheler R, Loewendorf A, Nemcovicová I, Wang EC, Stanton RJ, Macauley M, Norris P, Willen L, Ruckova E, Nomoto A, Schneider P, Hahn G, Zajonc DM, Ware C, Wilkinson GW, Benedict CA. Human cytomegalovirus glycoprotein UL141 targets the TRAIL death receptors to thwart host innate antiviral defenses. Cell Host Microbe. 2013 Mar 13; 13(3):324-35. PMID: 23498957; PMCID: PMC3601332.
    13. Hu X, Zimmerman MA, Bardhan K, Yang D, Waller JL, Liles GB, Lee JR, Pollock R, Lev D, Ware C, Garber E, Bailly V, Browning JL, Liu K. Lymphotoxin ß receptor mediates caspase-dependent tumor cell apoptosis in vitro and tumor suppression in vivo despite induction of NF-?B activation. Carcinogenesis. 2013 May; 34(5):1105-14. PMID: 23349015.
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    14. Croft M, Benedict CA, Ware C. Clinical targeting of the TNF and TNFR superfamilies. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2013 Feb; 12(2):147-68. PMID: 23334208.
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    15. Ware C. Protein therapeutics targeted at the TNF superfamily. Adv Pharmacol. 2013; 66:51-80. PMID: 23433455.
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    16. Benedict CA, Ware C. TRAIL: not just for tumors anymore? J Exp Med. 2012 Oct 22; 209(11):1903-6. PMID: 23091198.
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    17. Bénézech C, Mader E, Desanti G, Khan M, Nakamura K, White A, Ware C, Anderson G, Caamaño JH. Lymphotoxin-ß receptor signaling through NF-?B2-RelB pathway reprograms adipocyte precursors as lymph node stromal cells. Immunity. 2012 Oct 19; 37(4):721-34. PMID: 22940098; PMCID: PMC3809035.
    18. Ware C, Benedict C. Innate B cells: oxymoron or validated concept? F1000Res. 2012; 1:8. PMID: 24358807; PMCID: PMC3751138.
    19. Glatman Zaretsky A, Silver JS, Siwicki M, Durham A, Ware C, Hunter CA. Infection with Toxoplasma gondii alters lymphotoxin expression associated with changes in splenic architecture. Infect Immun. 2012 Oct; 80(10):3602-10. PMID: 22851754; PMCID: PMC3457551.
    20. del Rio ML, Jones ND, Buhler L, Norris P, Shintani Y, Ware C, Rodriguez-Barbosa JI. Selective blockade of herpesvirus entry mediator-B and T lymphocyte attenuator pathway ameliorates acute graft-versus-host reaction. J Immunol. 2012 May 15; 188(10):4885-96. PMID: 22490863; PMCID: PMC3925259.
    21. Ware C. The TNF receptor super family in immune regulation. Immunol Rev. 2011 Nov; 244(1):5-8. PMID: 22017427.
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    22. Steinberg MW, Cheung TC, Ware C. The signaling networks of the herpesvirus entry mediator (TNFRSF14) in immune regulation. Immunol Rev. 2011 Nov; 244(1):169-87. PMID: 22017438; PMCID: PMC3381650.
    23. Stanley AC, de Labastida Rivera F, Haque A, Sheel M, Zhou Y, Amante FH, Bunn PT, Randall LM, Pfeffer K, Scheu S, Hickey MJ, Saunders BM, Ware C, Hill GR, Tamada K, Kaye PM, Engwerda CR. Critical roles for LIGHT and its receptors in generating T cell-mediated immunity during Leishmania donovani infection. PLoS Pathog. 2011 Oct; 7(10):e1002279. PMID: 21998581; PMCID: PMC3188526.
    24. Ware C, Sedý JR. TNF Superfamily Networks: bidirectional and interference pathways of the herpesvirus entry mediator (TNFSF14). Curr Opin Immunol. 2011 Oct; 23(5):627-31. PMID: 21920726; PMCID: PMC3222271.
    25. Sato-Hashimoto M, Saito Y, Ohnishi H, Iwamura H, Kanazawa Y, Kaneko T, Kusakari S, Kotani T, Mori M, Murata Y, Okazawa H, Ware C, Oldenborg PA, Nojima Y, Matozaki T. Signal regulatory protein a regulates the homeostasis of T lymphocytes in the spleen. J Immunol. 2011 Jul 01; 187(1):291-7. PMID: 21632712; PMCID: PMC3492956.
    26. Doherty TA, Soroosh P, Khorram N, Fukuyama S, Rosenthal P, Cho JY, Norris PS, Choi H, Scheu S, Pfeffer K, Zuraw BL, Ware C, Broide DH, Croft M. The tumor necrosis factor family member LIGHT is a target for asthmatic airway remodeling. Nat Med. 2011 May; 17(5):596-603. PMID: 21499267; PMCID: PMC3097134.
    27. Soroosh P, Doherty TA, So T, Mehta AK, Khorram N, Norris PS, Scheu S, Pfeffer K, Ware C, Croft M. Herpesvirus entry mediator (TNFRSF14) regulates the persistence of T helper memory cell populations. J Exp Med. 2011 Apr 11; 208(4):797-809. PMID: 21402741; PMCID: PMC3135347.
    28. Ware C, Browning JL. Workshop summary: control of lymphocyte function and repertoire by the TNF superfamily. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2011; 691:351-2. PMID: 21153338.
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    29. Cheung TC, Ware C. The canonical and unconventional ligands of the herpesvirus entry mediator. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2011; 691:353-62. PMID: 21153339; PMCID: PMC3492955.
    30. Arens R, Loewendorf A, Her MJ, Schneider-Ohrum K, Shellam GR, Janssen E, Ware C, Schoenberger SP, Benedict CA. B7-mediated costimulation of CD4 T cells constrains cytomegalovirus persistence. J Virol. 2011 Jan; 85(1):390-6. PMID: 20980516; PMCID: PMC3014178.
    31. Humphreys IR, Lee SW, Jones M, Loewendorf A, Gostick E, Price DA, Benedict CA, Ware C, Croft M. Biphasic role of 4-1BB in the regulation of mouse cytomegalovirus-specific CD8(+) T cells. Eur J Immunol. 2010 Oct; 40(10):2762-8. PMID: 20722077; PMCID: PMC2967573.
    32. Cheung TC, Coppieters K, Sanjo H, Oborne LM, Norris PS, Coddington A, Granger SW, Elewaut D, Ware C. Polymorphic variants of LIGHT (TNF superfamily-14) alter receptor avidity and bioavailability. J Immunol. 2010 Aug 01; 185(3):1949-58. PMID: 20592286; PMCID: PMC2921593.
    33. Razani B, Zarnegar B, Ytterberg AJ, Shiba T, Dempsey PW, Ware C, Loo JA, Cheng G. Negative feedback in noncanonical NF-kappaB signaling modulates NIK stability through IKKalpha-mediated phosphorylation. Sci Signal. 2010 May 25; 3(123):ra41. PMID: 20501937; PMCID: PMC2913610.
    34. Sanjo H, Zajonc DM, Braden R, Norris PS, Ware C. Allosteric regulation of the ubiquitin:NIK and ubiquitin:TRAF3 E3 ligases by the lymphotoxin-beta receptor. J Biol Chem. 2010 May 28; 285(22):17148-55. PMID: 20348096; PMCID: PMC2878066.
    35. Cheung TC, Oborne LM, Steinberg MW, Macauley MG, Fukuyama S, Sanjo H, D'Souza C, Norris PS, Pfeffer K, Murphy KM, Kronenberg M, Spear PG, Ware C. T cell intrinsic heterodimeric complexes between HVEM and BTLA determine receptivity to the surrounding microenvironment. J Immunol. 2009 Dec 01; 183(11):7286-96. PMID: 19915044; PMCID: PMC2865256.
    36. Steinberg MW, Shui JW, Ware C, Kronenberg M. Regulating the mucosal immune system: the contrasting roles of LIGHT, HVEM, and their various partners. Semin Immunopathol. 2009 Jul; 31(2):207-21. PMID: 19495760; PMCID: PMC2766922.
    37. Zhao Y, De Trez C, Flynn R, Ware C, Croft M, Salek-Ardakani S. The adaptor molecule MyD88 directly promotes CD8 T cell responses to vaccinia virus. J Immunol. 2009 May 15; 182(10):6278-86. PMID: 19414781; PMCID: PMC2712123.
    38. Vondenhoff MF, Greuter M, Goverse G, Elewaut D, Dewint P, Ware C, Hoorweg K, Kraal G, Mebius RE. LTbetaR signaling induces cytokine expression and up-regulates lymphangiogenic factors in lymph node anlagen. J Immunol. 2009 May 01; 182(9):5439-45. PMID: 19380791; PMCID: PMC2703443.
    39. Cheung TC, Steinberg MW, Oborne LM, Macauley MG, Fukuyama S, Sanjo H, D'Souza C, Norris PS, Pfeffer K, Murphy KM, Kronenberg M, Spear PG, Ware C. Unconventional ligand activation of herpesvirus entry mediator signals cell survival. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Apr 14; 106(15):6244-9. PMID: 19332782; PMCID: PMC2669392.
    40. Ware C. Targeting the LIGHT-HVEM pathway. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2009; 647:146-55. PMID: 19760072.
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    41. De Trez C, Ware C. The TNF receptor and Ig superfamily members form an integrated signaling circuit controlling dendritic cell homeostasis. Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2008 Jun-Aug; 19(3-4):277-84. PMID: 18511331; PMCID: PMC2581770.
    42. Steinberg MW, Turovskaya O, Shaikh RB, Kim G, McCole DF, Pfeffer K, Murphy KM, Ware C, Kronenberg M. A crucial role for HVEM and BTLA in preventing intestinal inflammation. J Exp Med. 2008 Jun 09; 205(6):1463-76. PMID: 18519647; PMCID: PMC2413041.
    43. Ware C. Targeting lymphocyte activation through the lymphotoxin and LIGHT pathways. Immunol Rev. 2008 Jun; 223:186-201. PMID: 18613837; PMCID: PMC2613484.
    44. Dhawan P, Su Y, Thu YM, Yu Y, Baugher P, Ellis DL, Sobolik-Delmaire T, Kelley M, Cheung TC, Ware C, Richmond A. The lymphotoxin-beta receptor is an upstream activator of NF-kappaB-mediated transcription in melanoma cells. J Biol Chem. 2008 May 30; 283(22):15399-408. PMID: 18347013; PMCID: PMC2397477.
    45. Vu F, Dianzani U, Ware C, Mak T, Gommerman JL. ICOS, CD40, and lymphotoxin beta receptors signal sequentially and interdependently to initiate a germinal center reaction. J Immunol. 2008 Feb 15; 180(4):2284-93. PMID: 18250437; PMCID: PMC2735203.
    46. Schneider K, Loewendorf A, De Trez C, Fulton J, Rhode A, Shumway H, Ha S, Patterson G, Pfeffer K, Nedospasov SA, Ware C, Benedict CA. Lymphotoxin-mediated crosstalk between B cells and splenic stroma promotes the initial type I interferon response to cytomegalovirus. Cell Host Microbe. 2008 Feb 14; 3(2):67-76. PMID: 18312841; PMCID: PMC2703178.
    47. Nelson CA, Fremont MD, Sedy JR, Norris PS, Ware C, Murphy KM, Fremont DH. Structural determinants of herpesvirus entry mediator recognition by murine B and T lymphocyte attenuator. J Immunol. 2008 Jan 15; 180(2):940-7. PMID: 18178834.
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    48. De Trez C, Schneider K, Potter K, Droin N, Fulton J, Norris PS, Ha SW, Fu YX, Murphy T, Murphy KM, Pfeffer K, Benedict CA, Ware C. The inhibitory HVEM-BTLA pathway counter regulates lymphotoxin receptor signaling to achieve homeostasis of dendritic cells. J Immunol. 2008 Jan 01; 180(1):238-48. PMID: 18097025; PMCID: PMC2711003.
    49. Humphreys IR, Loewendorf A, de Trez C, Schneider K, Benedict CA, Munks MW, Ware C, Croft M. OX40 costimulation promotes persistence of cytomegalovirus-specific CD8 T Cells: A CD4-dependent mechanism. J Immunol. 2007 Aug 15; 179(4):2195-202. PMID: 17675479.
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    50. Humphreys IR, de Trez C, Kinkade A, Benedict CA, Croft M, Ware C. Cytomegalovirus exploits IL-10-mediated immune regulation in the salivary glands. J Exp Med. 2007 May 14; 204(5):1217-25. PMID: 17485516; PMCID: PMC2118568.
    51. Basak S, Kim H, Kearns JD, Tergaonkar V, O'Dea E, Werner SL, Benedict CA, Ware C, Ghosh G, Verma IM, Hoffmann A. A fourth IkappaB protein within the NF-kappaB signaling module. Cell. 2007 Jan 26; 128(2):369-81. PMID: 17254973; PMCID: PMC1831796.
    52. Norris PS, Ware C. The LT beta R signaling pathway. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2007; 597:160-72. PMID: 17633025.
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    53. Zhu M, Chin RK, Christiansen PA, Lo JC, Liu X, Ware C, Siebenlist U, Fu YX. NF-kappaB2 is required for the establishment of central tolerance through an Aire-dependent pathway. J Clin Invest. 2006 Nov; 116(11):2964-71. PMID: 17039258; PMCID: PMC1592546.
    54. Chin RK, Zhu M, Christiansen PA, Liu W, Ware C, Peltonen L, Zhang X, Guo L, Han S, Zheng B, Fu YX. Lymphotoxin pathway-directed, autoimmune regulator-independent central tolerance to arthritogenic collagen. J Immunol. 2006 Jul 01; 177(1):290-7. PMID: 16785524.
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    55. Kinkade A, Ware C. The DARC conspiracy--virus invasion tactics. Trends Immunol. 2006 Aug; 27(8):362-7. PMID: 16807107.
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    56. Benedict CA, De Trez C, Schneider K, Ha S, Patterson G, Ware C. Specific remodeling of splenic architecture by cytomegalovirus. PLoS Pathog. 2006 Mar; 2(3):e16. PMID: 16518465; PMCID: PMC1386719.
    57. Banks TA, Rickert S, Ware C. Restoring immune defenses via lymphotoxin signaling: lessons from cytomegalovirus. Immunol Res. 2006; 34(3):243-54. PMID: 16891674.
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    58. Schneider K, Benedict CA, Ware C. A TRAFfic cop for host defense. Nat Immunol. 2006 Jan; 7(1):15-6. PMID: 16357852.
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    59. Benedict CA, Ware C. Poxviruses aren't stuPYD. Immunity. 2005 Dec; 23(6):553-5. PMID: 16356854.
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    60. Iversen AC, Norris PS, Ware C, Benedict CA. Human NK cells inhibit cytomegalovirus replication through a noncytolytic mechanism involving lymphotoxin-dependent induction of IFN-beta. J Immunol. 2005 Dec 01; 175(11):7568-74. PMID: 16301666.
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    61. Benedict CA, Ware C. RIGing a virus trap. Nat Med. 2005 Sep; 11(9):929-30. PMID: 16145574.
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    62. Cheung TC, Humphreys IR, Potter KG, Norris PS, Shumway HM, Tran BR, Patterson G, Jean-Jacques R, Yoon M, Spear PG, Murphy KM, Lurain NS, Benedict CA, Ware C. Evolutionarily divergent herpesviruses modulate T cell activation by targeting the herpesvirus entry mediator cosignaling pathway. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Sep 13; 102(37):13218-23. PMID: 16131544; PMCID: PMC1201609.
    63. Nishimoto H, Lee SW, Hong H, Potter KG, Maeda-Yamamoto M, Kinoshita T, Kawakami Y, Mittler RS, Kwon BS, Ware C, Croft M, Kawakami T. Costimulation of mast cells by 4-1BB, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, with the high-affinity IgE receptor. Blood. 2005 Dec 15; 106(13):4241-8. PMID: 16123219; PMCID: PMC1416206.
    64. Banks TA, Rickert S, Benedict CA, Ma L, Ko M, Meier J, Ha W, Schneider K, Granger SW, Turovskaya O, Elewaut D, Otero D, French AR, Henry SC, Hamilton JD, Scheu S, Pfeffer K, Ware C. A lymphotoxin-IFN-beta axis essential for lymphocyte survival revealed during cytomegalovirus infection. J Immunol. 2005 Jun 01; 174(11):7217-25. PMID: 15905567.
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    65. Cohavy O, Zhou J, Ware C, Targan SR. LIGHT is constitutively expressed on T and NK cells in the human gut and can be induced by CD2-mediated signaling. J Immunol. 2005 Jan 15; 174(2):646-53. PMID: 15634882.
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    66. Ware C. Network communications: lymphotoxins, LIGHT, and TNF. Annu Rev Immunol. 2005; 23:787-819. PMID: 15771586.
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    67. Schneider K, Potter KG, Ware C. Lymphotoxin and LIGHT signaling pathways and target genes. Immunol Rev. 2004 Dec; 202:49-66. PMID: 15546385.
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    68. Sedy JR, Gavrieli M, Potter KG, Hurchla MA, Lindsley RC, Hildner K, Scheu S, Pfeffer K, Ware C, Murphy TL, Murphy KM. B and T lymphocyte attenuator regulates T cell activation through interaction with herpesvirus entry mediator. Nat Immunol. 2005 Jan; 6(1):90-8. PMID: 15568026.
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    69. Qian Y, Qin J, Cui G, Naramura M, Snow EC, Ware C, Fairchild RL, Omori SA, Rickert RC, Scott M, Kotzin BL, Li X. Act1, a negative regulator in CD40- and BAFF-mediated B cell survival. Immunity. 2004 Oct; 21(4):575-87. PMID: 15485634.
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    70. So T, Salek-Ardakani S, Nakano H, Ware C, Croft M. TNF receptor-associated factor 5 limits the induction of Th2 immune responses. J Immunol. 2004 Apr 01; 172(7):4292-7. PMID: 15034043.
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    71. Benedict CA, Angulo A, Patterson G, Ha S, Huang H, Messerle M, Ware C, Ghazal P. Neutrality of the canonical NF-kappaB-dependent pathway for human and murine cytomegalovirus transcription and replication in vitro. J Virol. 2004 Jan; 78(2):741-50. PMID: 14694106; PMCID: PMC368812.
    72. Lo JC, Chin RK, Lee Y, Kang HS, Wang Y, Weinstock JV, Banks T, Ware C, Franzoso G, Fu YX. Differential regulation of CCL21 in lymphoid/nonlymphoid tissues for effectively attracting T cells to peripheral tissues. J Clin Invest. 2003 Nov; 112(10):1495-505. PMID: 14617751; PMCID: PMC259130.
    73. Li C, Norris PS, Ni CZ, Havert ML, Chiong EM, Tran BR, Cabezas E, Reed JC, Satterthwait AC, Ware C, Ely KR. Structurally distinct recognition motifs in lymphotoxin-beta receptor and CD40 for tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor (TRAF)-mediated signaling. J Biol Chem. 2003 Dec 12; 278(50):50523-9. PMID: 14517219.
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    74. Chin RK, Lo JC, Kim O, Blink SE, Christiansen PA, Peterson P, Wang Y, Ware C, Fu YX. Lymphotoxin pathway directs thymic Aire expression. Nat Immunol. 2003 Nov; 4(11):1121-7. PMID: 14517552.
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    75. Gavin AL, Aït-Azzouzene D, Ware C, Nemazee D. DeltaBAFF, an alternate splice isoform that regulates receptor binding and biopresentation of the B cell survival cytokine, BAFF. J Biol Chem. 2003 Oct 03; 278(40):38220-8. PMID: 12867412; PMCID: PMC3792716.
    76. Elewaut D, Shaikh RB, Hammond KJ, De Winter H, Leishman AJ, Sidobre S, Turovskaya O, Prigozy TI, Ma L, Banks TA, Lo D, Ware C, Cheroutre H, Kronenberg M. NIK-dependent RelB activation defines a unique signaling pathway for the development of V alpha 14i NKT cells. J Exp Med. 2003 Jun 16; 197(12):1623-33. PMID: 12810685; PMCID: PMC2193960.
    77. Ware C. The TNF superfamily. Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2003 Jun-Aug; 14(3-4):181-4. PMID: 12787557.
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    78. Benedict CA, Banks TA, Ware C. Death and survival: viral regulation of TNF signaling pathways. Curr Opin Immunol. 2003 Feb; 15(1):59-65. PMID: 12495734.
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    79. Yoshida H, Naito A, Inoue J, Satoh M, Santee-Cooper SM, Ware C, Togawa A, Nishikawa S, Nishikawa S. Different cytokines induce surface lymphotoxin-alphabeta on IL-7 receptor-alpha cells that differentially engender lymph nodes and Peyer's patches. Immunity. 2002 Dec; 17(6):823-33. PMID: 12479827.
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    80. Benedict CA, Norris PS, Ware C. To kill or be killed: viral evasion of apoptosis. Nat Immunol. 2002 Nov; 3(11):1013-8. PMID: 12407409.
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    81. Dejardin E, Droin NM, Delhase M, Haas E, Cao Y, Makris C, Li ZW, Karin M, Ware C, Green DR. The lymphotoxin-beta receptor induces different patterns of gene expression via two NF-kappaB pathways. Immunity. 2002 Oct; 17(4):525-35. PMID: 12387745.
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    82. Delhase M, Ware C. The Cytokine Odyssey 2001, a joint meeting of the Society of Leukocyte Biology and the International Cytokine Society. 8-11 November 2001, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Expert Opin Ther Targets. 2002 Feb; 6(1):115-21. PMID: 11901477.
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