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Armin Blesch

Title(s)Acad Prog Mgmt Ofr, Neurosciences
SchoolHealth Sciences
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0003-1133-1174 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of Wurzburg, Würzburg, GermanyPhD1995Genetics, Neurology

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Sensorimotor training and cortical mechanisms of pain after spinal cord injury
    VA I01RX002840Nov 1, 2018 - Oct 31, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Toll-like receptor 4 signaling in chronic neuropathic pain after SCI
    Craig H. Neilsen Foundation 543600Jul 31, 2018 - Jul 30, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Regulatable Gene Transfer for Spinal Cord Injury
    NIH/NINDS R01NS054883Apr 1, 2007 - Aug 31, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Regulatable Gene Therapy for Axonal Regeneration
    NIH/NINDS R21NS046466Feb 15, 2004 - Jan 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Schackel T, Kumar P, Günther M, Liu S, Brunner M, Sandner B, Puttagunta R, Müller R, Weidner N, Blesch A. Peptides and Astroglia Improve the Regenerative Capacity of Alginate Gels in the Injured Spinal Cord. Tissue Eng Part A. 2019 04; 25(7-8):522-537. PMID: 30351234.
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    2. Sliwinski C, Nees TA, Puttagunta R, Weidner N, Blesch A. Sensorimotor Activity Partially Ameliorates Pain and Reduces Nociceptive Fiber Density in the Chronically Injured Spinal Cord. J Neurotrauma. 2018 09 15; 35(18):2222-2238. PMID: 29706124.
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    3. Liu S, Blesch A. Targeted tissue engineering: hydrogels with linear capillary channels for axonal regeneration after spinal cord injury. Neural Regen Res. 2018 Apr; 13(4):641-642. PMID: 29722311.
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    4. Sandner B, Puttagunta R, Motsch M, Bradke F, Ruschel J, Blesch A, Weidner N. Systemic epothilone D improves hindlimb function after spinal cord contusion injury in rats. Exp Neurol. 2018 08; 306:250-259. PMID: 29408734.
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    5. Jack AS, Hurd C, Forero J, Nataraj A, Fenrich K, Blesch A, Fouad K. Cortical electrical stimulation in female rats with a cervical spinal cord injury to promote axonal outgrowth. J Neurosci Res. 2018 05; 96(5):852-862. PMID: 29239014.
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    6. Goganau I, Sandner B, Weidner N, Fouad K, Blesch A. Depolarization and electrical stimulation enhance in vitro and in vivo sensory axon growth after spinal cord injury. Exp Neurol. 2018 02; 300:247-258. PMID: 29183676.
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    7. Xiong W, Ping X, Ripsch MS, Chavez GSC, Hannon HE, Jiang K, Bao C, Jadhav V, Chen L, Chai Z, Ma C, Wu H, Feng J, Blesch A, White FA, Jin X. Enhancing excitatory activity of somatosensory cortex alleviates neuropathic pain through regulating homeostatic plasticity. Sci Rep. 2017 10 06; 7(1):12743. PMID: 28986567.
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    8. Liu S, Sandner B, Schackel T, Nicholson L, Chtarto A, Tenenbaum L, Puttagunta R, Müller R, Weidner N, Blesch A. Regulated viral BDNF delivery in combination with Schwann cells promotes axonal regeneration through capillary alginate hydrogels after spinal cord injury. Acta Biomater. 2017 09 15; 60:167-180. PMID: 28735026.
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    9. Nees TA, Finnerup NB, Blesch A, Weidner N. Neuropathic pain after spinal cord injury: the impact of sensorimotor activity. Pain. 2017 03; 158(3):371-376. PMID: 27941498.
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    10. Blesch A. Human ESC-Derived Interneurons Improve Major Consequences of Spinal Cord Injury. Cell Stem Cell. 2016 10 06; 19(4):423-424. PMID: 27716521.
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    11. Nees TA, Tappe-Theodor A, Sliwinski C, Motsch M, Rupp R, Kuner R, Weidner N, Blesch A. Early-onset treadmill training reduces mechanical allodynia and modulates calcitonin gene-related peptide fiber density in lamina III/IV in a mouse model of spinal cord contusion injury. Pain. 2016 Mar; 157(3):687-97. PMID: 26588690.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Chandran V, Coppola G, Nawabi H, Omura T, Versano R, Huebner EA, Zhang A, Costigan M, Yekkirala A, Barrett L, Blesch A, Michaelevski I, Davis-Turak J, Gao F, Langfelder P, Horvath S, He Z, Benowitz L, Fainzilber M, Tuszynski M, Woolf CJ, Geschwind DH. A Systems-Level Analysis of the Peripheral Nerve Intrinsic Axonal Growth Program. Neuron. 2016 Mar 02; 89(5):956-70. PMID: 26898779.
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    13. Günther MI, Weidner N, Müller R, Blesch A. Cell-seeded alginate hydrogel scaffolds promote directed linear axonal regeneration in the injured rat spinal cord. Acta Biomater. 2015 Nov; 27:140-150. PMID: 26348141.
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    14. Günther MI, Günther M, Schneiders M, Rupp R, Blesch A. AngleJ: A new tool for the automated measurement of neurite growth orientation in tissue sections. J Neurosci Methods. 2015 Aug 15; 251:143-50. PMID: 26051555.
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    15. Kwon BK, Streijger F, Hill CE, Anderson AJ, Bacon M, Beattie MS, Blesch A, Bradbury EJ, Brown A, Bresnahan JC, Case CC, Colburn RW, David S, Fawcett JW, Ferguson AR, Fischer I, Floyd CL, Gensel JC, Houle JD, Jakeman LB, Jeffery ND, Jones LA, Kleitman N, Kocsis J, Lu P, Magnuson DS, Marsala M, Moore SW, Mothe AJ, Oudega M, Plant GW, Rabchevsky AS, Schwab JM, Silver J, Steward O, Xu XM, Guest JD, Tetzlaff W. Large animal and primate models of spinal cord injury for the testing of novel therapies. Exp Neurol. 2015 Jul; 269:154-68. PMID: 25902036.
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    16. Merianda TT, Coleman J, Kim HH, Kumar Sahoo P, Gomes C, Brito-Vargas P, Rauvala H, Blesch A, Yoo S, Twiss JL. Axonal amphoterin mRNA is regulated by translational control and enhances axon outgrowth. J Neurosci. 2015 Apr 08; 35(14):5693-706. PMID: 25855182.
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    17. Sandner B, Ciatipis M, Motsch M, Soljanik I, Weidner N, Blesch A. Limited Functional Effects of Subacute Syngeneic Bone Marrow Stromal Cell Transplantation After Rat Spinal Cord Contusion Injury. Cell Transplant. 2016; 25(1):125-39. PMID: 25812176.
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    18. Ruschel J, Hellal F, Flynn KC, Dupraz S, Elliott DA, Tedeschi A, Bates M, Sliwinski C, Brook G, Dobrindt K, Peitz M, Brüstle O, Norenberg MD, Blesch A, Weidner N, Bunge MB, Bixby JL, Bradke F. Axonal regeneration. Systemic administration of epothilone B promotes axon regeneration after spinal cord injury. Science. 2015 Apr 17; 348(6232):347-52. PMID: 25765066.
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    19. Hou S, Blesch A, Lu P. A radio-telemetric system to monitor cardiovascular function in rats with spinal cord transection and embryonic neural stem cell grafts. J Vis Exp. 2014 Oct 07; (92):e51914. PMID: 25350486.
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    20. Rupp R, Blesch A, Schad L, Draganski B, Weidner N. [Novel aspects of diagnostics and therapy of spinal cord diseases]. Nervenarzt. 2014 Aug; 85(8):946-54. PMID: 25001239.
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    21. Tuszynski MH, Wang Y, Graham L, McHale K, Gao M, Wu D, Brock J, Blesch A, Rosenzweig ES, Havton LA, Zheng B, Conner JM, Marsala M, Lu P. Neural stem cells in models of spinal cord injury. Exp Neurol. 2014 Nov; 261:494-500. PMID: 25079369.
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    22. Franz S, Ciatipis M, Pfeifer K, Kierdorf B, Sandner B, Bogdahn U, Blesch A, Winner B, Weidner N. Thoracic rat spinal cord contusion injury induces remote spinal gliogenesis but not neurogenesis or gliogenesis in the brain. PLoS One. 2014; 9(7):e102896. PMID: 25050623.
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    23. Tuszynski MH, Wang Y, Graham L, Gao M, Wu D, Brock J, Blesch A, Rosenzweig ES, Havton LA, Zheng B, Conner JM, Marsala M, Lu P. Neural stem cell dissemination after grafting to CNS injury sites. Cell. 2014 Jan 30; 156(3):388-9. PMID: 24485445.
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    24. Fouad K, Bennett DJ, Vavrek R, Blesch A. Long-term viral brain-derived neurotrophic factor delivery promotes spasticity in rats with a cervical spinal cord hemisection. Front Neurol. 2013; 4:187. PMID: 24312075.
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    25. Hou S, Tom VJ, Graham L, Lu P, Blesch A. Partial restoration of cardiovascular function by embryonic neural stem cell grafts after complete spinal cord transection. J Neurosci. 2013 Oct 23; 33(43):17138-49. PMID: 24155317.
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    26. Kwon BK, Soril LJ, Bacon M, Beattie MS, Blesch A, Bresnahan JC, Bunge MB, Dunlop SA, Fehlings MG, Ferguson AR, Hill CE, Karimi-Abdolrezaee S, Lu P, McDonald JW, Müller HW, Oudega M, Rosenzweig ES, Reier PJ, Silver J, Sykova E, Xu XM, Guest JD, Tetzlaff W. Demonstrating efficacy in preclinical studies of cellular therapies for spinal cord injury - how much is enough? Exp Neurol. 2013 Oct; 248:30-44. PMID: 23727091.
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    27. Sandner B, Rivera FJ, Caioni M, Nicholson L, Eckstein V, Bogdahn U, Aigner L, Blesch A, Weidner N. Bone morphogenetic proteins prevent bone marrow stromal cell-mediated oligodendroglial differentiation of transplanted adult neural progenitor cells in the injured spinal cord. Stem Cell Res. 2013 Sep; 11(2):758-71. PMID: 23770801.
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    28. Hou S, Lu P, Blesch A. Characterization of supraspinal vasomotor pathways and autonomic dysreflexia after spinal cord injury in F344 rats. Auton Neurosci. 2013 Jun; 176(1-2):54-63. PMID: 23466042.
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    29. Merianda TT, Vuppalanchi D, Yoo S, Blesch A, Twiss JL. Axonal transport of neural membrane protein 35 mRNA increases axon growth. J Cell Sci. 2013 Jan 01; 126(Pt 1):90-102. PMID: 23097042.
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    30. Hou S, Nicholson L, van Niekerk E, Motsch M, Blesch A. Dependence of regenerated sensory axons on continuous neurotrophin-3 delivery. J Neurosci. 2012 Sep 19; 32(38):13206-20. PMID: 22993437.
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    31. Lu P, Wang Y, Graham L, McHale K, Gao M, Wu D, Brock J, Blesch A, Rosenzweig ES, Havton LA, Zheng B, Conner JM, Marsala M, Tuszynski MH. Long-distance growth and connectivity of neural stem cells after severe spinal cord injury. Cell. 2012 Sep 14; 150(6):1264-73. PMID: 22980985.
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    32. Weishaupt N, Blesch A, Fouad K. BDNF: the career of a multifaceted neurotrophin in spinal cord injury. Exp Neurol. 2012 Dec; 238(2):254-64. PMID: 22982152.
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    33. Coquery N, Blesch A, Stroh A, Fernández-Klett F, Klein J, Winter C, Priller J. Intrahippocampal transplantation of mesenchymal stromal cells promotes neuroplasticity. Cytotherapy. 2012 Oct; 14(9):1041-53. PMID: 22762522.
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    34. Lu P, Blesch A, Graham L, Wang Y, Samara R, Banos K, Haringer V, Havton L, Weishaupt N, Bennett D, Fouad K, Tuszynski MH. Motor axonal regeneration after partial and complete spinal cord transection. J Neurosci. 2012 Jun 13; 32(24):8208-18. PMID: 22699902.
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    35. McCall J, Weidner N, Blesch A. Neurotrophic factors in combinatorial approaches for spinal cord regeneration. Cell Tissue Res. 2012 Jul; 349(1):27-37. PMID: 22526621.
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    36. Sandner B, Prang P, Rivera FJ, Aigner L, Blesch A, Weidner N. Neural stem cells for spinal cord repair. Cell Tissue Res. 2012 Jul; 349(1):349-62. PMID: 22388657.
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    37. McCall J, Nicholson L, Weidner N, Blesch A. Optimization of adult sensory neuron electroporation to study mechanisms of neurite growth. Front Mol Neurosci. 2012; 5:11. PMID: 22347167.
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    38. Ben-Yaakov K, Dagan SY, Segal-Ruder Y, Shalem O, Vuppalanchi D, Willis DE, Yudin D, Rishal I, Rother F, Bader M, Blesch A, Pilpel Y, Twiss JL, Fainzilber M. Axonal transcription factors signal retrogradely in lesioned peripheral nerve. EMBO J. 2012 Mar 21; 31(6):1350-63. PMID: 22246183.
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    39. Blesch A, Fischer I, Tuszynski MH. Gene therapy, neurotrophic factors and spinal cord regeneration. Handb Clin Neurol. 2012; 109:563-74. PMID: 23098737.
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    40. Blesch A, Lu P, Tsukada S, Alto LT, Roet K, Coppola G, Geschwind D, Tuszynski MH. Conditioning lesions before or after spinal cord injury recruit broad genetic mechanisms that sustain axonal regeneration: superiority to camp-mediated effects. Exp Neurol. 2012 May; 235(1):162-73. PMID: 22227059.
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    41. Franz S, Weidner N, Blesch A. Gene therapy approaches to enhancing plasticity and regeneration after spinal cord injury. Exp Neurol. 2012 May; 235(1):62-9. PMID: 21281633.
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    42. McCoy MK, Ruhn KA, Blesch A, Tansey MG. TNF: a key neuroinflammatory mediator of neurotoxicity and neurodegeneration in models of Parkinson's disease. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2011; 691:539-40. PMID: 21153359.
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    43. Schlenker B, Matiasek K, Saur D, Gratzke C, Bauer RM, Herouy Y, Arndt C, Blesch A, Hartung R, Stief CG, Weidner N, May F. Effects of cavernous nerve reconstruction on expression of nitric oxide synthase isoforms in rats. BJU Int. 2010 Dec; 106(11):1726-31. PMID: 20438559.
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    44. Harms AS, Barnum CJ, Ruhn KA, Varghese S, Treviño I, Blesch A, Tansey MG. Delayed dominant-negative TNF gene therapy halts progressive loss of nigral dopaminergic neurons in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. Mol Ther. 2011 Jan; 19(1):46-52. PMID: 20959812.
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    45. Brock JH, Rosenzweig ES, Blesch A, Moseanko R, Havton LA, Edgerton VR, Tuszynski MH. Local and remote growth factor effects after primate spinal cord injury. J Neurosci. 2010 Jul 21; 30(29):9728-37. PMID: 20660255.
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    46. Gros T, Sakamoto JS, Blesch A, Havton LA, Tuszynski MH. Regeneration of long-tract axons through sites of spinal cord injury using templated agarose scaffolds. Biomaterials. 2010 Sep; 31(26):6719-29. PMID: 20619785.
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    47. Bonner JF, Blesch A, Neuhuber B, Fischer I. Promoting directional axon growth from neural progenitors grafted into the injured spinal cord. J Neurosci Res. 2010 May 01; 88(6):1182-92. PMID: 19908250.
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    48. Vuppalanchi D, Coleman J, Yoo S, Merianda TT, Yadhati AG, Hossain J, Blesch A, Willis DE, Twiss JL. Conserved 3'-untranslated region sequences direct subcellular localization of chaperone protein mRNAs in neurons. J Biol Chem. 2010 Jun 04; 285(23):18025-38. PMID: 20308067.
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    49. Löw K, Blesch A, Herrmann J, Tuszynski MH. A dual promoter lentiviral vector for the in vivo evaluation of gene therapeutic approaches to axon regeneration after spinal cord injury. Gene Ther. 2010 May; 17(5):577-91. PMID: 20200564.
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    50. Kadoya K, Tsukada S, Lu P, Coppola G, Geschwind D, Filbin MT, Blesch A, Tuszynski MH. Combined intrinsic and extrinsic neuronal mechanisms facilitate bridging axonal regeneration one year after spinal cord injury. Neuron. 2009 Oct 29; 64(2):165-72. PMID: 19874785.
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    51. Alfa RW, Tuszynski MH, Blesch A. A novel inducible tyrosine kinase receptor to regulate signal transduction and neurite outgrowth. J Neurosci Res. 2009 Sep; 87(12):2624-31. PMID: 19405107.
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    52. Alto LT, Havton LA, Conner JM, Hollis ER, Blesch A, Tuszynski MH. Chemotropic guidance facilitates axonal regeneration and synapse formation after spinal cord injury. Nat Neurosci. 2009 Sep; 12(9):1106-13. PMID: 19648914.
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    53. Hollis ER, Jamshidi P, Löw K, Blesch A, Tuszynski MH. Induction of corticospinal regeneration by lentiviral trkB-induced Erk activation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Apr 28; 106(17):7215-20. PMID: 19359495.
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    54. McAlpine FE, Lee JK, Harms AS, Ruhn KA, Blurton-Jones M, Hong J, Das P, Golde TE, LaFerla FM, Oddo S, Blesch A, Tansey MG. Inhibition of soluble TNF signaling in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease prevents pre-plaque amyloid-associated neuropathology. Neurobiol Dis. 2009 Apr; 34(1):163-77. PMID: 19320056.
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    55. Nagahara AH, Merrill DA, Coppola G, Tsukada S, Schroeder BE, Shaked GM, Wang L, Blesch A, Kim A, Conner JM, Rockenstein E, Chao MV, Koo EH, Geschwind D, Masliah E, Chiba AA, Tuszynski MH. Neuroprotective effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in rodent and primate models of Alzheimer's disease. Nat Med. 2009 Mar; 15(3):331-7. PMID: 19198615.
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    56. Blesch A, Tuszynski MH. Spinal cord injury: plasticity, regeneration and the challenge of translational drug development. Trends Neurosci. 2009 Jan; 32(1):41-7. PMID: 18977039.
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    57. Nagahara AH, Bernot T, Moseanko R, Brignolo L, Blesch A, Conner JM, Ramirez A, Gasmi M, Tuszynski MH. Long-term reversal of cholinergic neuronal decline in aged non-human primates by lentiviral NGF gene delivery. Exp Neurol. 2009 Jan; 215(1):153-9. PMID: 19013154.
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    58. Hollis ER, Lu P, Blesch A, Tuszynski MH. IGF-I gene delivery promotes corticospinal neuronal survival but not regeneration after adult CNS injury. Exp Neurol. 2009 Jan; 215(1):53-9. PMID: 18938163.
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    59. McCoy MK, Ruhn KA, Martinez TN, McAlpine FE, Blesch A, Tansey MG. Intranigral lentiviral delivery of dominant-negative TNF attenuates neurodegeneration and behavioral deficits in hemiparkinsonian rats. Mol Ther. 2008 Sep; 16(9):1572-9. PMID: 18628756.
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    60. May F, Matiasek K, Vroemen M, Caspers C, Mrva T, Arndt C, Schlenker B, Gais P, Brill T, Buchner A, Blesch A, Hartung R, Stief C, Gansbacher B, Weidner N. GDNF-transduced Schwann cell grafts enhance regeneration of erectile nerves. Eur Urol. 2008 Nov; 54(5):1179-87. PMID: 18313832.
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    61. Alton E, Ferrari S, Griesenbach U, Aiuti A, Bachoud-Lévi AC, Blesch A, Brenner MK, Cattaneo F, Chiocca EA, Gao G, High KA, Leen AM, Lemoine NR, McNeish IA, Meneguzzi G, Peschanski M, Roncarolo MG, Strayer DS, Tuszynski MH, Waxman DJ, Wilson JM. Progress and prospects: gene therapy clinical trials (part 2). Gene Ther. 2007 Nov; 14(22):1555-63. PMID: 17984995.
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    62. Blesch A, Tuszynski MH. Transient growth factor delivery sustains regenerated axons after spinal cord injury. J Neurosci. 2007 Sep 26; 27(39):10535-45. PMID: 17898225.
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    63. Kwon BK, Liu J, Lam C, Plunet W, Oschipok LW, Hauswirth W, Di Polo A, Blesch A, Tetzlaff W. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene transfer with adeno-associated viral and lentiviral vectors prevents rubrospinal neuronal atrophy and stimulates regeneration-associated gene expression after acute cervical spinal cord injury. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 May 15; 32(11):1164-73. PMID: 17495772.
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    64. Ohab JJ, Fleming S, Blesch A, Carmichael ST. A neurovascular niche for neurogenesis after stroke. J Neurosci. 2006 Dec 13; 26(50):13007-16. PMID: 17167090.
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    65. Blesch A. Neurotrophic factors in neurodegeneration. Brain Pathol. 2006 Oct; 16(4):295-303. PMID: 17107599.
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    66. Taylor L, Jones L, Tuszynski MH, Blesch A. Neurotrophin-3 gradients established by lentiviral gene delivery promote short-distance axonal bridging beyond cellular grafts in the injured spinal cord. J Neurosci. 2006 Sep 20; 26(38):9713-21. PMID: 16988042.
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    67. Alfa RW, Blesch A. Murine and HIV-based retroviral vectors for in vitro and in vivo gene transfer. Methods Mol Med. 2006; 129:241-54. PMID: 17085815.
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    68. May F, Vroemen M, Matiasek K, Henke J, Brill T, Lehmer A, Apprich M, Erhardt W, Schoeler S, Paul R, Blesch A, Hartung R, Gansbacher B, Weidner N. Nerve replacement strategies for cavernous nerves. Eur Urol. 2005 Sep; 48(3):372-8. PMID: 15964126.
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    69. Vroemen M, Weidner N, Blesch A. Loss of gene expression in lentivirus- and retrovirus-transduced neural progenitor cells is correlated to migration and differentiation in the adult spinal cord. Exp Neurol. 2005 Sep; 195(1):127-39. PMID: 15921683.
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    70. Anderson DK, Beattie M, Blesch A, Bresnahan J, Bunge M, Dietrich D, Dietz V, Dobkin B, Fawcett J, Fehlings M, Fischer I, Grossman R, Guest J, Hagg T, Hall ED, Houle J, Kleitman N, McDonald J, Murray M, Privat A, Reier P, Steeves J, Steward O, Tetzlaff W, Tuszynski MH, Waxman SG, Whittemore S, Wolpaw J, Young W, Zheng B. Recommended guidelines for studies of human subjects with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 2005 Aug; 43(8):453-8. PMID: 15824756.
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    71. Blesch A, Conner J, Pfeifer A, Gasmi M, Ramirez A, Britton W, Alfa R, Verma I, Tuszynski MH. Regulated lentiviral NGF gene transfer controls rescue of medial septal cholinergic neurons. Mol Ther. 2005 Jun; 11(6):916-25. PMID: 15922962.
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    72. Tuszynski MH, Thal L, Pay M, Salmon DP, U HS, Bakay R, Patel P, Blesch A, Vahlsing HL, Ho G, Tong G, Potkin SG, Fallon J, Hansen L, Mufson EJ, Kordower JH, Gall C, Conner J. A phase 1 clinical trial of nerve growth factor gene therapy for Alzheimer disease. Nat Med. 2005 May; 11(5):551-5. PMID: 15852017.
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    73. Pfeifer K, Vroemen M, Blesch A, Weidner N. Adult neural progenitor cells provide a permissive guiding substrate for corticospinal axon growth following spinal cord injury. Eur J Neurosci. 2004 Oct; 20(7):1695-704. PMID: 15379990.
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    74. Blesch A, Yang H, Weidner N, Hoang A, Otero D. Axonal responses to cellularly delivered NT-4/5 after spinal cord injury. Mol Cell Neurosci. 2004 Oct; 27(2):190-201. PMID: 15485774.
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    75. May F, Weidner N, Matiasek K, Vroemen M, Mrva T, Caspers C, Henke J, Brill T, Lehmer A, Blesch A, Erhardt W, Gänsbacher B, Hartung R. [Tissue engineering of erectile nerves]. Urologe A. 2004 Oct; 43(10):1242-8. PMID: 15549162.
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    76. Lu P, Blesch A, Tuszynski MH. Induction of bone marrow stromal cells to neurons: differentiation, transdifferentiation, or artifact? J Neurosci Res. 2004 Jul 15; 77(2):174-91. PMID: 15211585.
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    77. Blesch A, Tuszynski MH. Gene therapy and cell transplantation for Alzheimer's disease and spinal cord injury. Yonsei Med J. 2004 Jun 30; 45 Suppl:28-31. PMID: 15250047.
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    78. Blesch A. Lentiviral and MLV based retroviral vectors for ex vivo and in vivo gene transfer. Methods. 2004 Jun; 33(2):164-72. PMID: 15121171.
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    79. Blesch A, Tuszynski MH. Nucleus hears axon's pain. Nat Med. 2004 Mar; 10(3):236-7. PMID: 14991043.
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    80. Tuszynski MH, Blesch A. Nerve growth factor: from animal models of cholinergic neuronal degeneration to gene therapy in Alzheimer's disease. Prog Brain Res. 2004; 146:441-9. PMID: 14699979.
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    81. Blesch A, Tuszynski MH. Cellular GDNF delivery promotes growth of motor and dorsal column sensory axons after partial and complete spinal cord transections and induces remyelination. J Comp Neurol. 2003 Dec 15; 467(3):403-17. PMID: 14608602.
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    82. Tuszynski MH, Grill R, Jones LL, Brant A, Blesch A, Löw K, Lacroix S, Lu P. NT-3 gene delivery elicits growth of chronically injured corticospinal axons and modestly improves functional deficits after chronic scar resection. Exp Neurol. 2003 May; 181(1):47-56. PMID: 12710933.
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    83. Hau P, Wise P, Bosserhoff AK, Blesch A, Jachimczak P, Tschertner I, Bogdahn U, Apfel R. Cloning and characterization of the expression pattern of a novel splice product MIA (splice) of malignant melanoma-derived growth-inhibiting activity (MIA/CD-RAP) [corrected]. J Invest Dermatol. 2002 Sep; 119(3):562-9. PMID: 12230496.
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    84. Tuszynski MH, Thal L, U HS, Pay MM, Blesch A, Conner J, Vahlsing HL. Nerve growth factor gene therapy for Alzheimer's disease. J Mol Neurosci. 2002 Aug-Oct; 19(1-2):207. PMID: 12212782.
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    85. Tuszynski MH, Grill R, Jones LL, McKay HM, Blesch A. Spontaneous and augmented growth of axons in the primate spinal cord: effects of local injury and nerve growth factor-secreting cell grafts. J Comp Neurol. 2002 Jul 15; 449(1):88-101. PMID: 12115695.
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    86. Blesch A, Lu P, Tuszynski MH. Neurotrophic factors, gene therapy, and neural stem cells for spinal cord repair. Brain Res Bull. 2002 Apr; 57(6):833-8. PMID: 12031281.
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    87. Hau P, Apfel R, Wiese P, Tschertner I, Blesch A, Bogdahn U. Melanoma-inhibiting activity (MIA/CD-RAP) is expressed in a variety of malignant tumors of mainly neuroectodermal origin. Anticancer Res. 2002 Mar-Apr; 22(2A):577-83. PMID: 12014625.
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