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Jay Giedd

Title(s)Professor, Psychiatry
SchoolHealth Sciences
Phone858-822-5214
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San DiegoDirector, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry2014Department of Psychiatry
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthProfessor (adjunct) 2010Dept. of Population, Family and Reproductive Health
    National Institutes of HealthChief, Section on Brain Imaging 2001Child Psychiatry Branch, NIMH
    National Institutes of HealthSenior Staff Clinician1997Child Psychiatry Branch, NIMH
    National Institutes of HealthClinical Staff Fellow1991Child Psychiatry Branch, NIMH
    Duke UniversityChild and Adolescent Psychiatry Fellow1991Duke University Medical Center
    Barrow Neurological InstituteResident in Psychiatry1989Menninger School of Psychiatry
    Menninger School of PsychiatryIntern / Resident in Psychiatry1988Menninger School of Psychiatry
    University of North DakotaBS1982Natural Sciences
    University of North DakotaBA1982Philosophy
    University of North DakotaBA1982Mathematics
    University of North DakotaMD1986School of Medicine
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Brain and Behavior Research Foundation2013Ruane Prize for Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Research
    American Psychiatric Association2013Blanche F. Ittleson Award for Research in Child Psychiatry
    Society for Neuroscience2012Society for Neuroscience Science Educator Award
    American College of Neuropsychopharmacology2009Joel Elkes Award for Distinguished Research
    NIMH2008NIMH Directors Award for Significant Achievement
    Society for Adolescent Medicine 2007Gallagher Lecture
    Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD) Hall of Fame2007Hall of Fame
    The American Society of Psychoanalytic Physicians2006Annual Award of The American Society of Psychoanalytic Physicians
    The New England Council of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 2006Annual Child Psychiatry Award
    American Assoc. for Klinefelter Syndrome Information and Support 2004Lifetime Achievement Award
    Collegium Internationale Neuro-Psychopharmacologicum2000Max Hamilton Memorial Prize for Outstanding Contributions to Psychopharmacology
    National Institute of Health 1997Fellows Award for Research Excellence
    American College of Neuropsychopharmacology1996Mead Johnson Travel Award
    UND School of Medicine1986Sandoz Award for Outstanding Medical Student in Psychiatry

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    My research focus is to explore the path, mechanisms, and influences on brain development in health and illness through longitudinal studies combining brain imaging, genetics, and psychological/behavioral assessments. Particular areas of current focus are: (1) Adolescent brain maturation, decision making, and the education science/neuroscience interface; (2) The impact of digital technology use on adolescent brain maturation; (3) Twin studies to discern the impact of interacting genetic and environmental factors; (4) Investigations of male/female differences by comparing typically developing youngsters, those with anomalous numbers of sex chromosomes (e.g. XO, XXX, XXY, XYY, XXYY, XXXXY, XXXX), and those with anomalous hormone profiles (e.g. Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, Familial Male Precocious Puberty, Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome); (5) Development and implementation of novel methods of image acquisition and analysis including the application of graph theory approaches to assess maturational changes in connectivity; and (6) Studies of 22 clinical psychiatric populations, most actively Autism, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, and Childhood Onset Schizophrenia.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Pediatric Brain Imaging
    NIH/NIMH Z01MH002794
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Pediatric Brain Imaging
    NIH/NIMH ZIAMH002794
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Featured Videos

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Hagler DJ, Hatton S, Cornejo MD, Makowski C, Fair DA, Dick AS, Sutherland MT, Casey BJ, Barch DM, Harms MP, Watts R, Bjork JM, Garavan HP, Hilmer L, Pung CJ, Sicat CS, Kuperman J, Bartsch H, Xue F, Heitzeg MM, Laird AR, Trinh TT, Gonzalez R, Tapert SF, Riedel MC, Squeglia LM, Hyde LW, Rosenberg MD, Earl EA, Howlett KD, Baker FC, Soules M, Diaz J, de Leon OR, Thompson WK, Neale MC, Herting M, Sowell ER, Alvarez RP, Hawes SW, Sanchez M, Bodurka J, Breslin FJ, Morris AS, Paulus MP, Simmons WK, Polimeni JR, van der Kouwe A, Nencka AS, Gray KM, Pierpaoli C, Matochik JA, Noronha A, Aklin WM, Conway K, Glantz M, Hoffman E, Little R, Lopez M, Pariyadath V, Weiss SR, Wolff-Hughes DL, DelCarmen-Wiggins R, Feldstein Ewing SW, Miranda-Dominguez O, Nagel BJ, Perrone AJ, Sturgeon DT, Goldstone A, Pfefferbaum A, Pohl KM, Prouty D, Uban K, Bookheimer SY, Dapretto M, Galvan A, Bagot K, Giedd J, Infante MA, Jacobus J, Patrick K, Shilling PD, Desikan R, Li Y, Sugrue L, Banich MT, Friedman N, Hewitt JK, Hopfer C, Sakai J, Tanabe J, Cottler LB, Nixon SJ, Chang L, Cloak C, Ernst T, Reeves G, Kennedy DN, Heeringa S, Peltier S, Schulenberg J, Sripada C, Zucker RA, Iacono WG, Luciana M, Calabro FJ, Clark DB, Lewis DA, Luna B, Schirda C, Brima T, Foxe JJ, Freedman EG, Mruzek DW, Mason MJ, Huber R, McGlade E, Prescot A, Renshaw PF, Yurgelun-Todd DA, Allgaier NA, Dumas JA, Ivanova M, Potter A, Florsheim P, Larson C, Lisdahl K, Charness ME, Fuemmeler B, Hettema JM, Maes HH, Steinberg J, Anokhin AP, Glaser P, Heath AC, Madden PA, Baskin-Sommers A, Constable RT, Grant SJ, Dowling GJ, Brown SA, Jernigan TL, Dale AM. Image processing and analysis methods for the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study. Neuroimage. 2019 Aug 12; 202:116091. PMID: 31415884.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Giedd JN. The Enigma of Neuroimaging in ADHD. Am J Psychiatry. 2019 Jul 01; 176(7):503-504. PMID: 31256625.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Schmitt JE, Neale MC, Clasen LS, Liu S, Seidlitz J, Pritikin JN, Chu A, Wallace GL, Lee NR, Giedd JN, Raznahan A. A Comprehensive Quantitative Genetic Analysis of Cerebral Surface Area in Youth. J Neurosci. 2019 Apr 17; 39(16):3028-3040. PMID: 30833512.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Schmitt JE, Raznahan A, Clasen LS, Wallace GL, Pritikin JN, Lee NR, Giedd JN, Neale MC. The Dynamic Associations Between Cortical Thickness and General Intelligence are Genetically Mediated. Cereb Cortex. 2019 Jan 31. PMID: 30715232.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Udhnani M, Maiman M, Blumenthal JD, Clasen LS, Wallace GL, Giedd JN, Raznahan A, Lee NR. Phonemic and Semantic Verbal Fluency in Sex Chromosome Aneuploidy: Contrasting the Effects of Supernumerary X versus Y Chromosomes on Performance. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2018 10; 24(9):917-927. PMID: 30375320.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Schmitt JE, Giedd JN, Raznahan A, Neale MC. The Genetic Contributions to Maturational Coupling in the Human Cerebrum: A Longitudinal Pediatric Twin Imaging Study. Cereb Cortex. 2018 09 01; 28(9):3184-3191. PMID: 28968785.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Wierenga LM, Sexton JA, Laake P, Giedd JN, Tamnes CK. A Key Characteristic of Sex Differences in the Developing Brain: Greater Variability in Brain Structure of Boys than Girls. Cereb Cortex. 2018 08 01; 28(8):2741-2751. PMID: 28981610.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Raznahan A, Parikshak NN, Chandran V, Blumenthal JD, Clasen LS, Alexander-Bloch AF, Zinn AR, Wangsa D, Wise J, Murphy DGM, Bolton PF, Ried T, Ross J, Giedd JN, Geschwind DH. Sex-chromosome dosage effects on gene expression in humans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 07 10; 115(28):7398-7403. PMID: 29946024.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Reardon PK, Seidlitz J, Vandekar S, Liu S, Patel R, Park MTM, Alexander-Bloch A, Clasen LS, Blumenthal JD, Lalonde FM, Giedd JN, Gur RC, Gur RE, Lerch JP, Chakravarty MM, Satterthwaite TD, Shinohara RT, Raznahan A. Normative brain size variation and brain shape diversity in humans. Science. 2018 06 15; 360(6394):1222-1227. PMID: 29853553.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Giedd JN. A Ripe Time for Adolescent Research. J Res Adolesc. 2018 03; 28(1):157-159. PMID: 29460353.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Fish AM, Cachia A, Fischer C, Mankiw C, Reardon PK, Clasen LS, Blumenthal JD, Greenstein D, Giedd JN, Mangin JF, Raznahan A. Influences of Brain Size, Sex, and Sex Chromosome Complement on the Architecture of Human Cortical Folding. Cereb Cortex. 2017 12 01; 27(12):5557-5567. PMID: 27799275.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Mankiw C, Park MTM, Reardon PK, Fish AM, Clasen LS, Greenstein D, Giedd JN, Blumenthal JD, Lerch JP, Chakravarty MM, Raznahan A. Allometric Analysis Detects Brain Size-Independent Effects of Sex and Sex Chromosome Complement on Human Cerebellar Organization. J Neurosci. 2017 05 24; 37(21):5221-5231. PMID: 28314818.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Wallace GL, Dudley K, Anthony L, Pugliese CE, Orionzi B, Clasen L, Lee NR, Giedd JN, Martin A, Raznahan A, Kenworthy L. Divergence of Age-Related Differences in Social-Communication: Improvements for Typically Developing Youth but Declines for Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder. J Autism Dev Disord. 2017 Feb; 47(2):472-479. PMID: 27878739.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Walhovd KB, Fjell AM, Giedd J, Dale AM, Brown TT. Through Thick and Thin: a Need to Reconcile Contradictory Results on Trajectories in Human Cortical Development. Cereb Cortex. 2017 02 01; 27(2):1472-1481. PMID: 28365755.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Smith E, Thurm A, Greenstein D, Farmer C, Swedo S, Giedd J, Raznahan A. Cortical thickness change in autism during early childhood. Hum Brain Mapp. 2016 07; 37(7):2616-29. PMID: 27061356.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Alexander-Bloch A, Clasen L, Stockman M, Ronan L, Lalonde F, Giedd J, Raznahan A. Subtle in-scanner motion biases automated measurement of brain anatomy from in vivo MRI. Hum Brain Mapp. 2016 07; 37(7):2385-97. PMID: 27004471.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Millan MJ, Andrieux A, Bartzokis G, Cadenhead K, Dazzan P, Fusar-Poli P, Gallinat J, Giedd J, Grayson DR, Heinrichs M, Kahn R, Krebs MO, Leboyer M, Lewis D, Marin O, Marin P, Meyer-Lindenberg A, McGorry P, McGuire P, Owen MJ, Patterson P, Sawa A, Spedding M, Uhlhaas P, Vaccarino F, Wahlestedt C, Weinberger D. Altering the course of schizophrenia: progress and perspectives. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2016 07; 15(7):485-515. PMID: 26939910.
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    18. Cachia A, Borst G, Tissier C, Fisher C, Plaze M, Gay O, Rivière D, Gogtay N, Giedd J, Mangin JF, Houdé O, Raznahan A. Longitudinal stability of the folding pattern of the anterior cingulate cortex during development. Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2016 06; 19:122-7. PMID: 26974743.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Reardon PK, Clasen L, Giedd JN, Blumenthal J, Lerch JP, Chakravarty MM, Raznahan A. An Allometric Analysis of Sex and Sex Chromosome Dosage Effects on Subcortical Anatomy in Humans. J Neurosci. 2016 Feb 24; 36(8):2438-48. PMID: 26911691.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Giedd JN. Adolescent neuroscience of addiction: A new era. Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2015 Dec; 16:192-193. PMID: 26705161.
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    21. Lee NR, Anand P, Will E, Adeyemi EI, Clasen LS, Blumenthal JD, Giedd JN, Daunhauer LA, Fidler DJ, Edgin JO. Everyday executive functions in Down syndrome from early childhood to young adulthood: evidence for both unique and shared characteristics compared to youth with sex chromosome trisomy (XXX and XXY). Front Behav Neurosci. 2015; 9:264. PMID: 26539087.
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    22. Lee NR, Adeyemi EI, Lin A, Clasen LS, Lalonde FM, Condon E, Driver DI, Shaw P, Gogtay N, Raznahan A, Giedd JN. Dissociations in Cortical Morphometry in Youth with Down Syndrome: Evidence for Reduced Surface Area but Increased Thickness. Cereb Cortex. 2016 07; 26(7):2982-90. PMID: 26088974.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Giedd JN. The amazing teen brain. Sci Am. 2015 Jun; 312(6):32-7. PMID: 26336683.
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    24. Jacobus J, Squeglia LM, Meruelo AD, Castro N, Brumback T, Giedd JN, Tapert SF. Cortical thickness in adolescent marijuana and alcohol users: A three-year prospective study from adolescence to young adulthood. Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2015 Dec; 16:101-109. PMID: 25953106.
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    25. Hanley AP, Blumenthal JD, Lee NR, Baker EH, Clasen LS, Giedd JN. Brain and behavior in 48, XXYY syndrome. Neuroimage Clin. 2015; 8:133-9. PMID: 26106537.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Adeyemi EI, Giedd JN, Lee NR. A case study of brain morphometry in triplets discordant for Down syndrome. Am J Med Genet A. 2015 May; 167A(5):1107-10. PMID: 25820455.
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    27. Wallace GL, Eisenberg IW, Robustelli B, Dankner N, Kenworthy L, Giedd JN, Martin A. Longitudinal cortical development during adolescence and young adulthood in autism spectrum disorder: increased cortical thinning but comparable surface area changes. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2015 Jun; 54(6):464-9. PMID: 26004661.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Lin A, Clasen L, Lee NR, Wallace GL, Lalonde F, Blumenthal J, Giedd JN, Raznahan A. Mapping the stability of human brain asymmetry across five sex-chromosome aneuploidies. J Neurosci. 2015 Jan 07; 35(1):140-5. PMID: 25568109.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Chakravarty MM, Rapoport JL, Giedd JN, Raznahan A, Shaw P, Collins DL, Lerch JP, Gogtay N. Striatal shape abnormalities as novel neurodevelopmental endophenotypes in schizophrenia: a longitudinal study. Hum Brain Mapp. 2015 Apr; 36(4):1458-69. PMID: 25504933.
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    30. Keshavan MS, Giedd J, Lau JY, Lewis DA, Paus T. Changes in the adolescent brain and the pathophysiology of psychotic disorders. Lancet Psychiatry. 2014 Dec; 1(7):549-58. PMID: 26361314.
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    31. Lee FS, Heimer H, Giedd JN, Lein ES, Šestan N, Weinberger DR, Casey BJ. Mental health. Adolescent mental health--opportunity and obligation. Science. 2014 Oct 31; 346(6209):547-9. PMID: 25359951.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Lenroot RK, Blumenthal JD, Wallace GL, Clasen LS, Lee NR, Giedd JN. A case-control study of brain structure and behavioral characteristics in 47,XXX syndrome. Genes Brain Behav. 2014 Nov; 13(8):841-9. PMID: 25287572.
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    33. Wade BS, Joshi SH, Reuter M, Blumenthal JD, Toga AW, Thompson PM, Giedd JN. Effects of sex chromosome dosage on corpus callosum morphology in supernumerary sex chromosome aneuploidies. Biol Sex Differ. 2014; 5:16. PMID: 25780557.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Davis JM, Searles VB, Anderson N, Keeney J, Raznahan A, Horwood LJ, Fergusson DM, Kennedy MA, Giedd J, Sikela JM. DUF1220 copy number is linearly associated with increased cognitive function as measured by total IQ and mathematical aptitude scores. Hum Genet. 2015 Jan; 134(1):67-75. PMID: 25287832.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Giedd JN, Raznahan A, Alexander-Bloch A, Schmitt E, Gogtay N, Rapoport JL. Child psychiatry branch of the National Institute of Mental Health longitudinal structural magnetic resonance imaging study of human brain development. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2015 Jan; 40(1):43-9. PMID: 25195638.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Raznahan A, Lue Y, Probst F, Greenstein D, Giedd J, Wang C, Lerch J, Swerdloff R. Triangulating the sexually dimorphic brain through high-resolution neuroimaging of murine sex chromosome aneuploidies. Brain Struct Funct. 2015 Nov; 220(6):3581-93. PMID: 25146308.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Raznahan A, Lee NR, Greenstein D, Wallace GL, Blumenthal JD, Clasen LS, Giedd JN. Globally Divergent but Locally Convergent X- and Y-Chromosome Influences on Cortical Development. Cereb Cortex. 2016 Jan; 26(1):70-9. PMID: 25146371.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Lee NR, Wallace GL, Raznahan A, Clasen LS, Giedd JN. Trail making test performance in youth varies as a function of anatomical coupling between the prefrontal cortex and distributed cortical regions. Front Psychol. 2014; 5:496. PMID: 25071613.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Mills KL, Goddings AL, Clasen LS, Giedd JN, Blakemore SJ. The developmental mismatch in structural brain maturation during adolescence. Dev Neurosci. 2014; 36(3-4):147-60. PMID: 24993606.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Schmitt JE, Neale MC, Fassassi B, Perez J, Lenroot RK, Wells EM, Giedd JN. The dynamic role of genetics on cortical patterning during childhood and adolescence. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 May 06; 111(18):6774-9. PMID: 24753564.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Alexander-Bloch AF, Reiss PT, Rapoport J, McAdams H, Giedd JN, Bullmore ET, Gogtay N. Abnormal cortical growth in schizophrenia targets normative modules of synchronized development. Biol Psychiatry. 2014 Sep 15; 76(6):438-46. PMID: 24690112.
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    42. Raznahan A, Shaw PW, Lerch JP, Clasen LS, Greenstein D, Berman R, Pipitone J, Chakravarty MM, Giedd JN. Longitudinal four-dimensional mapping of subcortical anatomy in human development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jan 28; 111(4):1592-7. PMID: 24474784.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Goddings AL, Mills KL, Clasen LS, Giedd JN, Viner RM, Blakemore SJ. The influence of puberty on subcortical brain development. Neuroimage. 2014 Mar; 88:242-51. PMID: 24121203.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Raznahan A, Probst F, Palmert MR, Giedd JN, Lerch JP. High resolution whole brain imaging of anatomical variation in XO, XX, and XY mice. Neuroimage. 2013 Dec; 83:962-8. PMID: 23891883.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Lee NR, Raznahan A, Wallace GL, Alexander-Bloch A, Clasen LS, Lerch JP, Giedd JN. Anatomical coupling among distributed cortical regions in youth varies as a function of individual differences in vocabulary abilities. Hum Brain Mapp. 2014 May; 35(5):1885-95. PMID: 23728856.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Wallace GL, Robustelli B, Dankner N, Kenworthy L, Giedd JN, Martin A. Increased gyrification, but comparable surface area in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Brain. 2013 Jun; 136(Pt 6):1956-67. PMID: 23715094.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Raznahan A, Wallace GL, Antezana L, Greenstein D, Lenroot R, Thurm A, Gozzi M, Spence S, Martin A, Swedo SE, Giedd JN. Compared to what? Early brain overgrowth in autism and the perils of population norms. Biol Psychiatry. 2013 Oct 15; 74(8):563-75. PMID: 23706681.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Ronan L, Voets N, Rua C, Alexander-Bloch A, Hough M, Mackay C, Crow TJ, James A, Giedd JN, Fletcher PC. Differential tangential expansion as a mechanism for cortical gyrification. Cereb Cortex. 2014 Aug; 24(8):2219-28. PMID: 23542881.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Alexander-Bloch A, Giedd JN, Bullmore E. Imaging structural co-variance between human brain regions. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2013 May; 14(5):322-36. PMID: 23531697.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Lopez KC, Lalonde F, Mattai A, Wade B, Clasen L, Rapoport J, Giedd JN. Quantitative morphology of the corpus callosum in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychiatry Res. 2013 Apr 30; 212(1):1-6. PMID: 23453697.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Alexander-Bloch A, Raznahan A, Bullmore E, Giedd J. The convergence of maturational change and structural covariance in human cortical networks. J Neurosci. 2013 Feb 13; 33(7):2889-99. PMID: 23407947.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Blumenthal JD, Baker EH, Lee NR, Wade B, Clasen LS, Lenroot RK, Giedd JN. Brain morphological abnormalities in 49,XXXXY syndrome: A pediatric magnetic resonance imaging study. Neuroimage Clin. 2013; 2:197-203. PMID: 23667827.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Wade BS, Stockman M, McLaughlin MJ, Raznahan A, Lalonde F, Giedd JN. Improved corpus callosum area measurements by analysis of adjoining parasagittal slices. Psychiatry Res. 2013 Mar 30; 211(3):221-5. PMID: 23149042.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Raznahan A, Lenroot R, Thurm A, Gozzi M, Hanley A, Spence SJ, Swedo SE, Giedd JN. Mapping cortical anatomy in preschool aged children with autism using surface-based morphometry. Neuroimage Clin. 2012; 2:111-9. PMID: 24179764.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Hedrick A, Lee Y, Wallace GL, Greenstein D, Clasen L, Giedd JN, Raznahan A. Autism risk gene MET variation and cortical thickness in typically developing children and adolescents. Autism Res. 2012 Dec; 5(6):434-9. PMID: 23097380.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Mills KL, Lalonde F, Clasen LS, Giedd JN, Blakemore SJ. Developmental changes in the structure of the social brain in late childhood and adolescence. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2014 Jan; 9(1):123-31. PMID: 23051898.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Gogtay N, Hua X, Stidd R, Boyle CP, Lee S, Weisinger B, Chavez A, Giedd JN, Clasen L, Toga AW, Rapoport JL, Thompson PM. Delayed white matter growth trajectory in young nonpsychotic siblings of patients with childhood-onset schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2012 Sep; 69(9):875-84. PMID: 22945617.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Giedd JN, Raznahan A, Mills KL, Lenroot RK. Review: magnetic resonance imaging of male/female differences in human adolescent brain anatomy. Biol Sex Differ. 2012 Aug 21; 3(1):19. PMID: 22908911.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Dumas LJ, O'Bleness MS, Davis JM, Dickens CM, Anderson N, Keeney JG, Jackson J, Sikela M, Raznahan A, Giedd J, Rapoport J, Nagamani SS, Erez A, Brunetti-Pierri N, Sugalski R, Lupski JR, Fingerlin T, Cheung SW, Sikela JM. DUF1220-domain copy number implicated in human brain-size pathology and evolution. Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Sep 07; 91(3):444-54. PMID: 22901949.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Giedd JN. The digital revolution and adolescent brain evolution. J Adolesc Health. 2012 Aug; 51(2):101-5. PMID: 22824439.
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    61. Lee NR, Wallace GL, Adeyemi EI, Lopez KC, Blumenthal JD, Clasen LS, Giedd JN. Dosage effects of X and Y chromosomes on language and social functioning in children with supernumerary sex chromosome aneuploidies: implications for idiopathic language impairment and autism spectrum disorders. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2012 Oct; 53(10):1072-81. PMID: 22827287.
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    62. Raznahan A, Greenstein D, Lee NR, Clasen LS, Giedd JN. Prenatal growth in humans and postnatal brain maturation into late adolescence. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Jul 10; 109(28):11366-71. PMID: 22689983.
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    63. Rapoport JL, Giedd JN, Gogtay N. Neurodevelopmental model of schizophrenia: update 2012. Mol Psychiatry. 2012 Dec; 17(12):1228-38. PMID: 22488257.
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    64. Wallace GL, Shaw P, Lee NR, Clasen LS, Raznahan A, Lenroot RK, Martin A, Giedd JN. Distinct cortical correlates of autistic versus antisocial traits in a longitudinal sample of typically developing youth. J Neurosci. 2012 Apr 04; 32(14):4856-60. PMID: 22492041.
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    65. Vértes PE, Alexander-Bloch AF, Gogtay N, Giedd JN, Rapoport JL, Bullmore ET. Simple models of human brain functional networks. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Apr 10; 109(15):5868-73. PMID: 22467830.
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    66. Gozzi M, Nielson DM, Lenroot RK, Ostuni JL, Luckenbaugh DA, Thurm AE, Giedd JN, Swedo SE. A magnetization transfer imaging study of corpus callosum myelination in young children with autism. Biol Psychiatry. 2012 Aug 01; 72(3):215-20. PMID: 22386453.
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    67. Raznahan A, Lee Y, Vaituzis C, Tran L, Mackie S, Tiemeier H, Clasen L, Lalonde F, Greenstein D, Pierson R, Giedd JN. Allelic variation within the putative autism spectrum disorder risk gene homeobox A1 and cerebellar maturation in typically developing children and adolescents. Autism Res. 2012 Apr; 5(2):93-100. PMID: 22359339.
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    68. Alexander-Bloch AF, Vértes PE, Stidd R, Lalonde F, Clasen L, Rapoport J, Giedd J, Bullmore ET, Gogtay N. The anatomical distance of functional connections predicts brain network topology in health and schizophrenia. Cereb Cortex. 2013 Jan; 23(1):127-38. PMID: 22275481.
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    69. Raznahan A, Lerch JP, Lee N, Greenstein D, Wallace GL, Stockman M, Clasen L, Shaw PW, Giedd JN. Patterns of coordinated anatomical change in human cortical development: a longitudinal neuroimaging study of maturational coupling. Neuron. 2011 Dec 08; 72(5):873-84. PMID: 22153381.
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    70. Alexander-Bloch A, Lambiotte R, Roberts B, Giedd J, Gogtay N, Bullmore E. The discovery of population differences in network community structure: new methods and applications to brain functional networks in schizophrenia. Neuroimage. 2012 Feb 15; 59(4):3889-900. PMID: 22119652.
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    71. Shaw P, Gilliam M, Malek M, Rodriguez N, Greenstein D, Clasen L, Evans A, Rapoport J, Giedd J. Parental age effects on cortical morphology in offspring. Cereb Cortex. 2012 Jun; 22(6):1256-62. PMID: 21817090.
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    72. Raznahan A, Greenstein D, Lee Y, Long R, Clasen L, Gochman P, Addington A, Giedd JN, Rapoport JL, Gogtay N. Catechol-o-methyl transferase (COMT) val158met polymorphism and adolescent cortical development in patients with childhood-onset schizophrenia, their non-psychotic siblings, and healthy controls. Neuroimage. 2011 Aug 15; 57(4):1517-23. PMID: 21620981.
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    73. Raznahan A, Shaw P, Lalonde F, Stockman M, Wallace GL, Greenstein D, Clasen L, Gogtay N, Giedd JN. How does your cortex grow? J Neurosci. 2011 May 11; 31(19):7174-7. PMID: 21562281.
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    175. Nopoulos PC, Giedd JN, Andreasen NC, Rapoport JL. Frequency and severity of enlarged cavum septi pellucidi in childhood-onset schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 1998 Aug; 155(8):1074-9. PMID: 9699696.
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    176. Jacobsen LK, Giedd JN, Castellanos FX, Vaituzis AC, Hamburger SD, Kumra S, Lenane MC, Rapoport JL. Progressive reduction of temporal lobe structures in childhood-onset schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 1998 May; 155(5):678-85. PMID: 9585721.
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    179. Rumsey JM, Donohue BC, Brady DR, Nace K, Giedd JN, Andreason P. A magnetic resonance imaging study of planum temporale asymmetry in men with developmental dyslexia. Arch Neurol. 1997 Dec; 54(12):1481-9. PMID: 9400357.
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    180. Giedd JN, Castellanos FX, Rajapakse JC, Vaituzis AC, Rapoport JL. Sexual dimorphism of the developing human brain. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 1997 Nov; 21(8):1185-201. PMID: 9460086.
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    183. Jacobsen LK, Giedd JN, Tanrikut C, Brady DR, Donohue BC, Hamburger SD, Kumra S, Alaghband-Rad J, Rumsey JM, Rapoport JL. Three-dimensional cortical morphometry of the planum temporale in childhood-onset schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 1997 May; 154(5):685-7. PMID: 9137128.
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    184. Castellanos FX, Giedd JN, Elia J, Marsh WL, Ritchie GF, Hamburger SD, Rapoport JL. Controlled stimulant treatment of ADHD and comorbid Tourette's syndrome: effects of stimulant and dose. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1997 May; 36(5):589-96. PMID: 9136492.
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    185. Rajapakse JC, Giedd JN, Rapoport JL. Statistical approach to segmentation of single-channel cerebral MR images. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 1997 Apr; 16(2):176-86. PMID: 9101327.
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    186. Lange N, Giedd JN, Castellanos FX, Vaituzis AC, Rapoport JL. Variability of human brain structure size: ages 4-20 years. Psychiatry Res. 1997 Mar 14; 74(1):1-12. PMID: 10710158.
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    187. Casey BJ, Castellanos FX, Giedd JN, Marsh WL, Hamburger SD, Schubert AB, Vauss YC, Vaituzis AC, Dickstein DP, Sarfatti SE, Rapoport JL. Implication of right frontostriatal circuitry in response inhibition and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1997 Mar; 36(3):374-83. PMID: 9055518.
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    189. Swayze VW, Johnson VP, Hanson JW, Piven J, Sato Y, Giedd JN, Mosnik D, Andreasen NC. Magnetic resonance imaging of brain anomalies in fetal alcohol syndrome. Pediatrics. 1997 Feb; 99(2):232-40. PMID: 9024452.
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    190. Casey BJ, Trainor R, Giedd J, Vauss Y, Vaituzis CK, Hamburger S, Kozuch P, Rapoport JL. The role of the anterior cingulate in automatic and controlled processes: a developmental neuroanatomical study. Dev Psychobiol. 1997 Jan; 30(1):61-9. PMID: 8989533.
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    191. Giedd JN, Smith KG. Online access to journal abstracts and articles. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 1997; 7(3):201-10. PMID: 9466236.
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    209. Casey BJ, Cohen JD, Jezzard P, Turner R, Noll DC, Trainor RJ, Giedd J, Kaysen D, Hertz-Pannier L, Rapoport JL. Activation of prefrontal cortex in children during a nonspatial working memory task with functional MRI. Neuroimage. 1995 Sep; 2(3):221-9. PMID: 9343606.
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    210. Vymazal J, Hajek M, Patronas N, Giedd JN, Bulte JW, Baumgarner C, Tran V, Brooks RA. The quantitative relation between T1-weighted and T2-weighted MRI of normal gray matter and iron concentration. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1995 Sep-Oct; 5(5):554-60. PMID: 8574041.
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    212. Castellanos FX, Giedd JN, Eckburg P, Marsh WL, Vaituzis AC, Kaysen D, Hamburger SD, Rapoport JL. Quantitative morphology of the caudate nucleus in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1994 Dec; 151(12):1791-6. PMID: 7977887.
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