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    Shane Crotty

    TitleAdjunct Professor
    SchoolUniversity of California, San Diego
    Address9500 Gilman Drive #9111F
    CA La Jolla 92093
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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Wing JB, Kitagawa Y, Locci M, Hume H, Tay C, Morita T, Kidani Y, Matsuda K, Inoue T, Kurosaki T, Crotty S, Coban C, Ohkura N, Sakaguchi S. A distinct subpopulation of CD25- T-follicular regulatory cells localizes in the germinal centers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 Aug 01; 114(31):E6400-E6409. PMID: 28698369.
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      2. Pauthner M, Havenar-Daughton C, Sok D, Nkolola JP, Bastidas R, Boopathy AV, Carnathan DG, Chandrashekar A, Cirelli KM, Cottrell CA, Eroshkin AM, Guenaga J, Kaushik K, Kulp DW, Liu J, McCoy LE, Oom AL, Ozorowski G, Post KW, Sharma SK, Steichen JM, de Taeye SW, Tokatlian T, Torrents de la Peña A, Butera ST, LaBranche CC, Montefiori DC, Silvestri G, Wilson IA, Irvine DJ, Sanders RW, Schief WR, Ward AB, Wyatt RT, Barouch DH, Crotty S, Burton DR. Elicitation of Robust Tier 2 Neutralizing Antibody Responses in Nonhuman Primates by HIV Envelope Trimer Immunization Using Optimized Approaches. Immunity. 2017 Jun 20; 46(6):1073-1088.e6. PMID: 28636956.
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      3. Zaitseva M, Thomas A, Meseda CA, Cheung CYK, Diaz CG, Xiang Y, Crotty S, Golding H. Development of an animal model of progressive vaccinia in nu/nu mice and the use of bioluminescence imaging for assessment of the efficacy of monoclonal antibodies against vaccinial B5 and L1 proteins. Antiviral Res. 2017 Aug; 144:8-20. PMID: 28495463.
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      4. Crotty S. Do Memory CD4 T Cells Keep Their Cell-Type Programming: Plasticity versus Fate Commitment? Complexities of Interpretation due to the Heterogeneity of Memory CD4 T Cells, Including T Follicular Helper Cells. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2017 Apr 21. PMID: 28432129.
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      5. Polonskaya Z, Deng S, Sarkar A, Kain L, Comellas-Aragones M, McKay CS, Kaczanowska K, Holt M, McBride R, Palomo V, Self KM, Taylor S, Irimia A, Mehta SR, Dan JM, Brigger M, Crotty S, Schoenberger SP, Paulson JC, Wilson IA, Savage PB, Finn MG, Teyton L. T cells control the generation of nanomolar-affinity anti-glycan antibodies. J Clin Invest. 2017 Apr 03; 127(4):1491-1504. PMID: 28287405.
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      6. Kasturi SP, Kozlowski PA, Nakaya HI, Burger MC, Russo P, Pham M, Kovalenkov Y, Silveira EL, Havenar-Daughton C, Burton SL, Kilgore KM, Johnson MJ, Nabi R, Legere T, Sher ZJ, Chen X, Amara RR, Hunter E, Bosinger SE, Spearman P, Crotty S, Villinger F, Derdeyn CA, Wrammert J, Pulendran B. Adjuvanting a Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Vaccine with Toll-Like Receptor Ligands Encapsulated in Nanoparticles Induces Persistent Antibody Responses and Enhanced Protection in TRIM5a Restrictive Macaques. J Virol. 2017 Feb 15; 91(4). PMID: 27928002.
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      7. da Silva Antunes R, Paul S, Sidney J, Weiskopf D, Dan JM, Phillips E, Mallal S, Crotty S, Sette A, Lindestam Arlehamn CS. Definition of Human Epitopes Recognized in Tetanus Toxoid and Development of an Assay Strategy to Detect Ex Vivo Tetanus CD4+ T Cell Responses. PLoS One. 2017; 12(1):e0169086. PMID: 28081174.
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      8. Havenar-Daughton C, Lee JH, Crotty S. Tfh cells and HIV bnAbs, an immunodominance model of the HIV neutralizing antibody generation problem. Immunol Rev. 2017 Jan; 275(1):49-61. PMID: 28133798.
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      9. Havenar-Daughton C, Carnathan DG, Torrents de la Peña A, Pauthner M, Briney B, Reiss SM, Wood JS, Kaushik K, van Gils MJ, Rosales SL, van der Woude P, Locci M, Le KM, de Taeye SW, Sok D, Mohammed AUR, Huang J, Gumber S, Garcia A, Kasturi SP, Pulendran B, Moore JP, Ahmed R, Seumois G, Burton DR, Sanders RW, Silvestri G, Crotty S. Direct Probing of Germinal Center Responses Reveals Immunological Features and Bottlenecks for Neutralizing Antibody Responses to HIV Env Trimer. Cell Rep. 2016 Nov 22; 17(9):2195-2209. PMID: 27880897.
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      10. Tam HH, Melo MB, Kang M, Pelet JM, Ruda VM, Foley MH, Hu JK, Kumari S, Crampton J, Baldeon AD, Sanders RW, Moore JP, Crotty S, Langer R, Anderson DG, Chakraborty AK, Irvine DJ. Sustained antigen availability during germinal center initiation enhances antibody responses to vaccination. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Oct 25; 113(43):E6639-E6648. PMID: 27702895.
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      11. Locci M, Wu JE, Arumemi F, Mikulski Z, Dahlberg C, Miller AT, Crotty S. Erratum: Activin A programs the differentiation of human TFH cells. Nat Immunol. 2016 Sep 20; 17(10):1235. PMID: 27648551.
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      12. Bélanger S, Crotty S. Dances with cytokines, featuring TFH cells, IL-21, IL-4 and B cells. Nat Immunol. 2016 Sep 20; 17(10):1135-6. PMID: 27648538.
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      13. Pedros C, Zhang Y, Hu JK, Choi YS, Canonigo-Balancio AJ, Yates JR, Altman A, Crotty S, Kong KF. Erratum: A TRAF-like motif of the inducible costimulator ICOS controls development of germinal center TFH cells via the kinase TBK1. Nat Immunol. 2016 Jul 19; 17(8):1005. PMID: 27434013.
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      14. Locci M, Wu JE, Arumemi F, Mikulski Z, Dahlberg C, Miller AT, Crotty S. Activin A programs the differentiation of human TFH cells. Nat Immunol. 2016 Aug; 17(8):976-84. PMID: 27376469; PMCID: PMC4955732 [Available on 01/04/17].
      15. Dan JM, Lindestam Arlehamn CS, Weiskopf D, da Silva Antunes R, Havenar-Daughton C, Reiss SM, Brigger M, Bothwell M, Sette A, Crotty S. A Cytokine-Independent Approach To Identify Antigen-Specific Human Germinal Center T Follicular Helper Cells and Rare Antigen-Specific CD4+ T Cells in Blood. J Immunol. 2016 Aug 01; 197(3):983-93. PMID: 27342848; PMCID: PMC4955771 [Available on 08/01/17].
      16. Havenar-Daughton C, Reiss SM, Carnathan DG, Wu JE, Kendric K, Torrents de la Peña A, Kasturi SP, Dan JM, Bothwell M, Sanders RW, Pulendran B, Silvestri G, Crotty S. Cytokine-Independent Detection of Antigen-Specific Germinal Center T Follicular Helper Cells in Immunized Nonhuman Primates Using a Live Cell Activation-Induced Marker Technique. J Immunol. 2016 Aug 01; 197(3):994-1002. PMID: 27335502; PMCID: PMC4955744 [Available on 08/01/17].
      17. Hu JK, Crampton JC, Locci M, Crotty S. CRISPR-Mediated Slamf1?/? Slamf5?/? Slamf6?/? Triple Gene Disruption Reveals NKT Cell Defects but Not T Follicular Helper Cell Defects. PLoS One. 2016; 11(5):e0156074. PMID: 27223891; PMCID: PMC4880187.
      18. Shaw LA, Bélanger S, Omilusik KD, Cho S, Scott-Browne JP, Nance JP, Goulding J, Lasorella A, Lu LF, Crotty S, Goldrath AW. Id2 reinforces TH1 differentiation and inhibits E2A to repress TFH differentiation. Nat Immunol. 2016 Jul; 17(7):834-43. PMID: 27213691; PMCID: PMC4915968 [Available on 11/23/16].
      19. Bancroft T, Dillon MB, da Silva Antunes R, Paul S, Peters B, Crotty S, Lindestam Arlehamn CS, Sette A. Th1 versus Th2 T cell polarization by whole-cell and acellular childhood pertussis vaccines persists upon re-immunization in adolescence and adulthood. Cell Immunol. 2016 Jun-Jul; 304-305:35-43. PMID: 27212461; PMCID: PMC4899275 [Available on 06/01/17].
      20. Pedros C, Zhang Y, Hu JK, Choi YS, Canonigo-Balancio AJ, Yates JR, Altman A, Crotty S, Kong KF. A TRAF-like motif of the inducible costimulator ICOS controls development of germinal center TFH cells via the kinase TBK1. Nat Immunol. 2016 Jul; 17(7):825-33. PMID: 27135603; PMCID: PMC4915981 [Available on 11/02/16].
      21. Kaever T, Matho MH, Meng X, Crickard L, Schlossman A, Xiang Y, Crotty S, Peters B, Zajonc DM. Linear Epitopes in Vaccinia Virus A27 Are Targets of Protective Antibodies Induced by Vaccination against Smallpox. J Virol. 2016 May; 90(9):4334-45. PMID: 26889021; PMCID: PMC4836320 [Available on 10/14/16].
      22. Jardine JG, Kulp DW, Havenar-Daughton C, Sarkar A, Briney B, Sok D, Sesterhenn F, Ereño-Orbea J, Kalyuzhniy O, Deresa I, Hu X, Spencer S, Jones M, Georgeson E, Adachi Y, Kubitz M, deCamp AC, Julien JP, Wilson IA, Burton DR, Crotty S, Schief WR. HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibody precursor B cells revealed by germline-targeting immunogen. Science. 2016 Mar 25; 351(6280):1458-63. PMID: 27013733; PMCID: PMC4872700.
      23. Havenar-Daughton C, Lindqvist M, Heit A, Wu JE, Reiss SM, Kendric K, Bélanger S, Kasturi SP, Landais E, Akondy RS, McGuire HM, Bothwell M, Vagefi PA, Scully E, Tomaras GD, Davis MM, Poignard P, Ahmed R, Walker BD, Pulendran B, McElrath MJ, Kaufmann DE, Crotty S. CXCL13 is a plasma biomarker of germinal center activity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Mar 08; 113(10):2702-7. PMID: 26908875; PMCID: PMC4790995.
      24. Martinez GJ, Hu JK, Pereira RM, Crampton JS, Togher S, Bild N, Crotty S, Rao A. Cutting Edge: NFAT Transcription Factors Promote the Generation of Follicular Helper T Cells in Response to Acute Viral Infection. J Immunol. 2016 Mar 01; 196(5):2015-9. PMID: 26851216; PMCID: PMC4761453 [Available on 03/01/17].
      25. Landais E, Huang X, Havenar-Daughton C, Murrell B, Price MA, Wickramasinghe L, Ramos A, Bian CB, Simek M, Allen S, Karita E, Kilembe W, Lakhi S, Inambao M, Kamali A, Sanders EJ, Anzala O, Edward V, Bekker LG, Tang J, Gilmour J, Kosakovsky-Pond SL, Phung P, Wrin T, Crotty S, Godzik A, Poignard P. Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Responses in a Large Longitudinal Sub-Saharan HIV Primary Infection Cohort. PLoS Pathog. 2016 Jan; 12(1):e1005369. PMID: 26766578; PMCID: PMC4713061.
      26. de Taeye SW, Ozorowski G, Torrents de la Peña A, Guttman M, Julien JP, van den Kerkhof TL, Burger JA, Pritchard LK, Pugach P, Yasmeen A, Crampton J, Hu J, Bontjer I, Torres JL, Arendt H, DeStefano J, Koff WC, Schuitemaker H, Eggink D, Berkhout B, Dean H, LaBranche C, Crotty S, Crispin M, Montefiori DC, Klasse PJ, Lee KK, Moore JP, Wilson IA, Ward AB, Sanders RW. Immunogenicity of Stabilized HIV-1 Envelope Trimers with Reduced Exposure of Non-neutralizing Epitopes. Cell. 2015 Dec 17; 163(7):1702-15. PMID: 26687358; PMCID: PMC4732737.
      27. Cubas R, van Grevenynghe J, Wills S, Kardava L, Santich BH, Buckner CM, Muir R, Tardif V, Nichols C, Procopio F, He Z, Metcalf T, Ghneim K, Locci M, Ancuta P, Routy JP, Trautmann L, Li Y, McDermott AB, Koup RA, Petrovas C, Migueles SA, Connors M, Tomaras GD, Moir S, Crotty S, Haddad EK. Reversible Reprogramming of Circulating Memory T Follicular Helper Cell Function during Chronic HIV Infection. J Immunol. 2015 Dec 15; 195(12):5625-36. PMID: 26546609; PMCID: PMC4670798.
      28. Nance JP, Bélanger S, Johnston RJ, Hu JK, Takemori T, Crotty S. Bcl6 middle domain repressor function is required for T follicular helper cell differentiation and utilizes the corepressor MTA3. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Oct 27; 112(43):13324-9. PMID: 26460037; PMCID: PMC4629362.
      29. Matho MH, Schlossman A, Meng X, Benhnia MR, Kaever T, Buller M, Doronin K, Parker S, Peters B, Crotty S, Xiang Y, Zajonc DM. Structural and Functional Characterization of Anti-A33 Antibodies Reveal a Potent Cross-Species Orthopoxviruses Neutralizer. PLoS Pathog. 2015 Sep; 11(9):e1005148. PMID: 26325270; PMCID: PMC4556652.
      30. Hu JK, Crampton JC, Cupo A, Ketas T, van Gils MJ, Sliepen K, de Taeye SW, Sok D, Ozorowski G, Deresa I, Stanfield R, Ward AB, Burton DR, Klasse PJ, Sanders RW, Moore JP, Crotty S. Murine Antibody Responses to Cleaved Soluble HIV-1 Envelope Trimers Are Highly Restricted in Specificity. J Virol. 2015 Oct; 89(20):10383-98. PMID: 26246566; PMCID: PMC4580201.
      31. Choi YS, Gullicksrud JA, Xing S, Zeng Z, Shan Q, Li F, Love PE, Peng W, Xue HH, Crotty S. LEF-1 and TCF-1 orchestrate T(FH) differentiation by regulating differentiation circuits upstream of the transcriptional repressor Bcl6. Nat Immunol. 2015 Sep; 16(9):980-90. PMID: 26214741; PMCID: PMC4545301.
      32. Weiskopf D, Bangs DJ, Sidney J, Kolla RV, De Silva AD, de Silva AM, Crotty S, Peters B, Sette A. Dengue virus infection elicits highly polarized CX3CR1+ cytotoxic CD4+ T cells associated with protective immunity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Aug 04; 112(31):E4256-63. PMID: 26195744; PMCID: PMC4534238.
      33. Nance JP, Bélanger S, Johnston RJ, Takemori T, Crotty S. Cutting edge: T follicular helper cell differentiation is defective in the absence of Bcl6 BTB repressor domain function. J Immunol. 2015 Jun 15; 194(12):5599-603. PMID: 25957170; PMCID: PMC4456636.
      34. Crotty S, Pipkin ME. In vivo RNAi screens: concepts and applications. Trends Immunol. 2015 May; 36(5):315-22. PMID: 25937561; PMCID: PMC4810674.
      35. Hatzi K, Nance JP, Kroenke MA, Bothwell M, Haddad EK, Melnick A, Crotty S. BCL6 orchestrates Tfh cell differentiation via multiple distinct mechanisms. J Exp Med. 2015 Apr 06; 212(4):539-53. PMID: 25824819; PMCID: PMC4387288.
      36. Crotty S. A brief history of T cell help to B cells. Nat Rev Immunol. 2015 Mar; 15(3):185-9. PMID: 25677493; PMCID: PMC4414089.
      37. Martinez GJ, Pereira RM, Äijö T, Kim EY, Marangoni F, Pipkin ME, Togher S, Heissmeyer V, Zhang YC, Crotty S, Lamperti ED, Ansel KM, Mempel TR, Lähdesmäki H, Hogan PG, Rao A. The transcription factor NFAT promotes exhaustion of activated CD8? T cells. Immunity. 2015 Feb 17; 42(2):265-278. PMID: 25680272; PMCID: PMC4346317.
      38. Choi YS, Crotty S. Retroviral vector expression in TCR transgenic CD4? T cells. Methods Mol Biol. 2015; 1291:49-61. PMID: 25836301.
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      39. Matho MH, de Val N, Miller GM, Brown J, Schlossman A, Meng X, Crotty S, Peters B, Xiang Y, Hsieh-Wilson LC, Ward AB, Zajonc DM. Murine anti-vaccinia virus D8 antibodies target different epitopes and differ in their ability to block D8 binding to CS-E. PLoS Pathog. 2014 Dec; 10(12):e1004495. PMID: 25474621; PMCID: PMC4256255.
      40. Crotty S. T follicular helper cell differentiation, function, and roles in disease. Immunity. 2014 Oct 16; 41(4):529-42. PMID: 25367570; PMCID: PMC4223692.
      41. Chen R, Bélanger S, Frederick MA, Li B, Johnston RJ, Xiao N, Liu YC, Sharma S, Peters B, Rao A, Crotty S, Pipkin ME. In vivo RNA interference screens identify regulators of antiviral CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell differentiation. Immunity. 2014 Aug 21; 41(2):325-38. PMID: 25148027; PMCID: PMC4160313.
      42. Kaever T, Meng X, Matho MH, Schlossman A, Li S, Sela-Culang I, Ofran Y, Buller M, Crump RW, Parker S, Frazier A, Crotty S, Zajonc DM, Peters B, Xiang Y. Potent neutralization of vaccinia virus by divergent murine antibodies targeting a common site of vulnerability in L1 protein. J Virol. 2014 Oct; 88(19):11339-55. PMID: 25031354; PMCID: PMC4178804.
      43. Hong JJ, Amancha PK, Rogers KA, Courtney CL, Havenar-Daughton C, Crotty S, Ansari AA, Villinger F. Early lymphoid responses and germinal center formation correlate with lower viral load set points and better prognosis of simian immunodeficiency virus infection. J Immunol. 2014 Jul 15; 193(2):797-806. PMID: 24907346; PMCID: PMC4084862.
      44. Wang H, Geng J, Wen X, Bi E, Kossenkov AV, Wolf AI, Tas J, Choi YS, Takata H, Day TJ, Chang LY, Sprout SL, Becker EK, Willen J, Tian L, Wang X, Xiao C, Jiang P, Crotty S, Victora GD, Showe LC, Tucker HO, Erikson J, Hu H. The transcription factor Foxp1 is a critical negative regulator of the differentiation of follicular helper T cells. Nat Immunol. 2014 Jul; 15(7):667-75. PMID: 24859450; PMCID: PMC4142638.
      45. Xiao N, Eto D, Elly C, Peng G, Crotty S, Liu YC. The E3 ubiquitin ligase Itch is required for the differentiation of follicular helper T cells. Nat Immunol. 2014 Jul; 15(7):657-66. PMID: 24859451; PMCID: PMC4289613.
      46. Sela-Culang I, Benhnia MR, Matho MH, Kaever T, Maybeno M, Schlossman A, Nimrod G, Li S, Xiang Y, Zajonc D, Crotty S, Ofran Y, Peters B. Using a combined computational-experimental approach to predict antibody-specific B cell epitopes. Structure. 2014 Apr 08; 22(4):646-57. PMID: 24631463.
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      47. Boettler T, Choi YS, Salek-Ardakani S, Cheng Y, Moeckel F, Croft M, Crotty S, von Herrath M. Exogenous OX40 stimulation during lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection impairs follicular Th cell differentiation and diverts CD4 T cells into the effector lineage by upregulating Blimp-1. J Immunol. 2013 Nov 15; 191(10):5026-35. PMID: 24101548; PMCID: PMC3915873.
      48. Locci M, Havenar-Daughton C, Landais E, Wu J, Kroenke MA, Arlehamn CL, Su LF, Cubas R, Davis MM, Sette A, Haddad EK, Poignard P, Crotty S. Human circulating PD-1+CXCR3-CXCR5+ memory Tfh cells are highly functional and correlate with broadly neutralizing HIV antibody responses. Immunity. 2013 Oct 17; 39(4):758-69. PMID: 24035365; PMCID: PMC3996844.
      49. Hu J, Havenar-Daughton C, Crotty S. Modulation of SAP dependent T:B cell interactions as a strategy to improve vaccination. Curr Opin Virol. 2013 Jun; 3(3):363-70. PMID: 23743125; PMCID: PMC3763741.
      50. Choi YS, Yang JA, Crotty S. Dynamic regulation of Bcl6 in follicular helper CD4 T (Tfh) cells. Curr Opin Immunol. 2013 Jun; 25(3):366-72. PMID: 23688737; PMCID: PMC3763739.
      51. Choi YS, Yang JA, Yusuf I, Johnston RJ, Greenbaum J, Peters B, Crotty S. Bcl6 expressing follicular helper CD4 T cells are fate committed early and have the capacity to form memory. J Immunol. 2013 Apr 15; 190(8):4014-26. PMID: 23487426; PMCID: PMC3626566.
      52. Cubas RA, Mudd JC, Savoye AL, Perreau M, van Grevenynghe J, Metcalf T, Connick E, Meditz A, Freeman GJ, Abesada-Terk G, Jacobson JM, Brooks AD, Crotty S, Estes JD, Pantaleo G, Lederman MM, Haddad EK. Inadequate T follicular cell help impairs B cell immunity during HIV infection. Nat Med. 2013 Apr; 19(4):494-9. PMID: 23475201; PMCID: PMC3843317.
      53. Choi YS, Eto D, Yang JA, Lao C, Crotty S. Cutting edge: STAT1 is required for IL-6-mediated Bcl6 induction for early follicular helper cell differentiation. J Immunol. 2013 Apr 01; 190(7):3049-53. PMID: 23447690; PMCID: PMC3626564.
      54. Streeck H, D'Souza MP, Littman DR, Crotty S. Harnessing CD4? T cell responses in HIV vaccine development. Nat Med. 2013 Feb; 19(2):143-9. PMID: 23389614; PMCID: PMC3626561.
      55. Benhnia MR, Maybeno M, Blum D, Aguilar-Sino R, Matho M, Meng X, Head S, Felgner PL, Zajonc DM, Koriazova L, Kato S, Burton DR, Xiang Y, Crowe JE, Peters B, Crotty S. Unusual features of vaccinia virus extracellular virion form neutralization resistance revealed in human antibody responses to the smallpox vaccine. J Virol. 2013 Feb; 87(3):1569-85. PMID: 23152530; PMCID: PMC3554146.
      56. Crickard L, Babas T, Seth S, Silvera P, Koriazova L, Crotty S. Protection of rabbits and immunodeficient mice against lethal poxvirus infections by human monoclonal antibodies. PLoS One. 2012; 7(11):e48706. PMID: 23133652; PMCID: PMC3487784.
      57. Burton DR, Ahmed R, Barouch DH, Butera ST, Crotty S, Godzik A, Kaufmann DE, McElrath MJ, Nussenzweig MC, Pulendran B, Scanlan CN, Schief WR, Silvestri G, Streeck H, Walker BD, Walker LM, Ward AB, Wilson IA, Wyatt R. A Blueprint for HIV Vaccine Discovery. Cell Host Microbe. 2012 Oct 18; 12(4):396-407. PMID: 23084910; PMCID: PMC3513329.
      58. Boettler T, Moeckel F, Cheng Y, Heeg M, Salek-Ardakani S, Crotty S, Croft M, von Herrath MG. OX40 facilitates control of a persistent virus infection. PLoS Pathog. 2012 Sep; 8(9):e1002913. PMID: 22969431; PMCID: PMC3435255.
      59. Kageyama R, Cannons JL, Zhao F, Yusuf I, Lao C, Locci M, Schwartzberg PL, Crotty S. The receptor Ly108 functions as a SAP adaptor-dependent on-off switch for T cell help to B cells and NKT cell development. Immunity. 2012 Jun 29; 36(6):986-1002. PMID: 22683125; PMCID: PMC3389310.
      60. Matho MH, Maybeno M, Benhnia MR, Becker D, Meng X, Xiang Y, Crotty S, Peters B, Zajonc DM. Structural and biochemical characterization of the vaccinia virus envelope protein D8 and its recognition by the antibody LA5. J Virol. 2012 Aug; 86(15):8050-8. PMID: 22623786; PMCID: PMC3421696.
      61. Crotty S. The 1-1-1 fallacy. Immunol Rev. 2012 May; 247(1):133-42. PMID: 22500837.
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      62. Kroenke MA, Eto D, Locci M, Cho M, Davidson T, Haddad EK, Crotty S. Bcl6 and Maf cooperate to instruct human follicular helper CD4 T cell differentiation. J Immunol. 2012 Apr 15; 188(8):3734-44. PMID: 22427637; PMCID: PMC3324673.
      63. Johnston RJ, Choi YS, Diamond JA, Yang JA, Crotty S. STAT5 is a potent negative regulator of TFH cell differentiation. J Exp Med. 2012 Feb 13; 209(2):243-50. PMID: 22271576; PMCID: PMC3281266.
      64. Xu C, Meng X, Yan B, Crotty S, Deng J, Xiang Y. An epitope conserved in orthopoxvirus A13 envelope protein is the target of neutralizing and protective antibodies. Virology. 2011 Sep 15; 418(1):67-73. PMID: 21810533; PMCID: PMC3163717.
      65. Choi YS, Kageyama R, Eto D, Escobar TC, Johnston RJ, Monticelli L, Lao C, Crotty S. ICOS receptor instructs T follicular helper cell versus effector cell differentiation via induction of the transcriptional repressor Bcl6. Immunity. 2011 Jun 24; 34(6):932-46. PMID: 21636296; PMCID: PMC3124577.
      66. Salek-Ardakani S, Choi YS, Rafii-El-Idrissi Benhnia M, Flynn R, Arens R, Shoenberger S, Crotty S, Croft M, Salek-Ardakani S. B cell-specific expression of B7-2 is required for follicular Th cell function in response to vaccinia virus. J Immunol. 2011 May 01; 186(9):5294-303. PMID: 21441451; PMCID: PMC3089765.
      67. Eto D, Lao C, DiToro D, Barnett B, Escobar TC, Kageyama R, Yusuf I, Crotty S. IL-21 and IL-6 are critical for different aspects of B cell immunity and redundantly induce optimal follicular helper CD4 T cell (Tfh) differentiation. PLoS One. 2011 Mar 14; 6(3):e17739. PMID: 21423809; PMCID: PMC3056724.
      68. Tomimori Y, Kawakami Y, McCausland MM, Ando T, Koriazova L, Kato S, Kawakami T, Crotty S. Protective murine and human monoclonal antibodies against eczema vaccinatum. Antivir Ther. 2011; 16(1):67-75. PMID: 21311110; PMCID: PMC3046123.
      69. Crotty S. Follicular helper CD4 T cells (TFH). Annu Rev Immunol. 2011; 29:621-63. PMID: 21314428.
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      70. Yusuf I, Kageyama R, Monticelli L, Johnston RJ, Ditoro D, Hansen K, Barnett B, Crotty S. Germinal center T follicular helper cell IL-4 production is dependent on signaling lymphocytic activation molecule receptor (CD150). J Immunol. 2010 Jul 01; 185(1):190-202. PMID: 20525889; PMCID: PMC2913439.
      71. Poholek AC, Hansen K, Hernandez SG, Eto D, Chandele A, Weinstein JS, Dong X, Odegard JM, Kaech SM, Dent AL, Crotty S, Craft J. In vivo regulation of Bcl6 and T follicular helper cell development. J Immunol. 2010 Jul 01; 185(1):313-26. PMID: 20519643; PMCID: PMC2891136.
      72. Kotturi MF, Botten J, Maybeno M, Sidney J, Glenn J, Bui HH, Oseroff C, Crotty S, Peters B, Grey H, Altmann DM, Buchmeier MJ, Sette A. Polyfunctional CD4+ T cell responses to a set of pathogenic arenaviruses provide broad population coverage. Immunome Res. 2010 May 17; 6:4. PMID: 20478058; PMCID: PMC2880318.
      73. Moutaftsi M, Tscharke DC, Vaughan K, Koelle DM, Stern L, Calvo-Calle M, Ennis F, Terajima M, Sutter G, Crotty S, Drexler I, Franchini G, Yewdell JW, Head SR, Blum J, Peters B, Sette A. Uncovering the interplay between CD8, CD4 and antibody responses to complex pathogens. Future Microbiol. 2010 Feb; 5(2):221-39. PMID: 20143946; PMCID: PMC3363998.
      74. Crotty S, Johnston RJ, Schoenberger SP. Effectors and memories: Bcl-6 and Blimp-1 in T and B lymphocyte differentiation. Nat Immunol. 2010 Feb; 11(2):114-20. PMID: 20084069; PMCID: PMC2864556.
      75. McCausland MM, Benhnia MR, Crickard L, Laudenslager J, Granger SW, Tahara T, Kubo R, Koriazova L, Kato S, Crotty S. Combination therapy of vaccinia virus infection with human anti-H3 and anti-B5 monoclonal antibodies in a small animal model. Antivir Ther. 2010; 15(4):661-75. PMID: 20587859; PMCID: PMC2898516.
      76. Sette A, Grey H, Oseroff C, Peters B, Moutaftsi M, Crotty S, Assarsson E, Greenbaum J, Kim Y, Kolla R, Tscharke D, Koelle D, Johnson RP, Blum J, Head S, Sidney J. Definition of epitopes and antigens recognized by vaccinia specific immune responses: their conservation in variola virus sequences, and use as a model system to study complex pathogens. Vaccine. 2009 Dec 30; 27 Suppl 6:G21-6. PMID: 20006135; PMCID: PMC2928716.
      77. Moyron-Quiroz JE, McCausland MM, Kageyama R, Sette A, Crotty S. The smallpox vaccine induces an early neutralizing IgM response. Vaccine. 2009 Dec 10; 28(1):140-7. PMID: 19822230; PMCID: PMC2788018.
      78. Benhnia MR, McCausland MM, Laudenslager J, Granger SW, Rickert S, Koriazova L, Tahara T, Kubo RT, Kato S, Crotty S. Heavily isotype-dependent protective activities of human antibodies against vaccinia virus extracellular virion antigen B5. J Virol. 2009 Dec; 83(23):12355-67. PMID: 19793826; PMCID: PMC2786738.
      79. Johnston RJ, Poholek AC, DiToro D, Yusuf I, Eto D, Barnett B, Dent AL, Craft J, Crotty S. Bcl6 and Blimp-1 are reciprocal and antagonistic regulators of T follicular helper cell differentiation. Science. 2009 Aug 21; 325(5943):1006-10. PMID: 19608860; PMCID: PMC2766560.
      80. Kawakami Y, Tomimori Y, Yumoto K, Hasegawa S, Ando T, Tagaya Y, Crotty S, Kawakami T. Inhibition of NK cell activity by IL-17 allows vaccinia virus to induce severe skin lesions in a mouse model of eczema vaccinatum. J Exp Med. 2009 Jun 08; 206(6):1219-25. PMID: 19468065; PMCID: PMC2715052.
      81. Crotty S. Shane Crotty: exploring immune memory. Interview by Kira Heller. J Exp Med. 2009 May 11; 206(5):974-5. PMID: 19433621; PMCID: PMC2715035.
      82. Tupin E, Benhnia MR, Kinjo Y, Patsey R, Lena CJ, Haller MC, Caimano MJ, Imamura M, Wong CH, Crotty S, Radolf JD, Sellati TJ, Kronenberg M. NKT cells prevent chronic joint inflammation after infection with Borrelia burgdorferi. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Dec 16; 105(50):19863-8. PMID: 19060201; PMCID: PMC2604993.
      83. Salek-Ardakani S, Moutaftsi M, Crotty S, Sette A, Croft M. OX40 drives protective vaccinia virus-specific CD8 T cells. J Immunol. 2008 Dec 01; 181(11):7969-76. PMID: 19017988; PMCID: PMC2729132.
      84. Benhnia MR, McCausland MM, Moyron J, Laudenslager J, Granger S, Rickert S, Koriazova L, Kubo R, Kato S, Crotty S. Vaccinia virus extracellular enveloped virion neutralization in vitro and protection in vivo depend on complement. J Virol. 2009 Feb; 83(3):1201-15. PMID: 19019965; PMCID: PMC2620895.
      85. Sette A, Moutaftsi M, Moyron-Quiroz J, McCausland MM, Davies DH, Johnston RJ, Peters B, Rafii-El-Idrissi Benhnia M, Hoffmann J, Su HP, Singh K, Garboczi DN, Head S, Grey H, Felgner PL, Crotty S. Selective CD4+ T cell help for antibody responses to a large viral pathogen: deterministic linkage of specificities. Immunity. 2008 Jun; 28(6):847-58. PMID: 18549802; PMCID: PMC2504733.
      86. Benhnia MR, McCausland MM, Su HP, Singh K, Hoffmann J, Davies DH, Felgner PL, Head S, Sette A, Garboczi DN, Crotty S. Redundancy and plasticity of neutralizing antibody responses are cornerstone attributes of the human immune response to the smallpox vaccine. J Virol. 2008 Apr; 82(7):3751-68. PMID: 18234801; PMCID: PMC2268460.
      87. McCausland MM, Crotty S. Quantitative PCR technique for detecting lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus in vivo. J Virol Methods. 2008 Jan; 147(1):167-76. PMID: 17920702; PMCID: PMC2330273.
      88. Karem KL, Reynolds M, Hughes C, Braden Z, Nigam P, Crotty S, Glidewell J, Ahmed R, Amara R, Damon IK. Monkeypox-induced immunity and failure of childhood smallpox vaccination to provide complete protection. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2007 Oct; 14(10):1318-27. PMID: 17715329; PMCID: PMC2168110.
      89. Mothé BR, Stewart BS, Oseroff C, Bui HH, Stogiera S, Garcia Z, Dow C, Rodriguez-Carreno MP, Kotturi M, Pasquetto V, Botten J, Crotty S, Janssen E, Buchmeier MJ, Sette A. Chronic lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection actively down-regulates CD4+ T cell responses directed against a broad range of epitopes. J Immunol. 2007 Jul 15; 179(2):1058-67. PMID: 17617598.
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      90. Moutaftsi M, Bui HH, Peters B, Sidney J, Salek-Ardakani S, Oseroff C, Pasquetto V, Crotty S, Croft M, Lefkowitz EJ, Grey H, Sette A. Vaccinia virus-specific CD4+ T cell responses target a set of antigens largely distinct from those targeted by CD8+ T cell responses. J Immunol. 2007 Jun 01; 178(11):6814-20. PMID: 17513729.
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      91. Davies DH, Molina DM, Wrammert J, Miller J, Hirst S, Mu Y, Pablo J, Unal B, Nakajima-Sasaki R, Liang X, Crotty S, Karem KL, Damon IK, Ahmed R, Villarreal L, Felgner PL. Proteome-wide analysis of the serological response to vaccinia and smallpox. Proteomics. 2007 May; 7(10):1678-86. PMID: 17443847.
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      92. McCausland MM, Yusuf I, Tran H, Ono N, Yanagi Y, Crotty S. SAP regulation of follicular helper CD4 T cell development and humoral immunity is independent of SLAM and Fyn kinase. J Immunol. 2007 Jan 15; 178(2):817-28. PMID: 17202343.
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      93. Ejrnaes M, Filippi CM, Martinic MM, Ling EM, Togher LM, Crotty S, von Herrath MG. Resolution of a chronic viral infection after interleukin-10 receptor blockade. J Exp Med. 2006 Oct 30; 203(11):2461-72. PMID: 17030951; PMCID: PMC2118120.
      94. Crotty S, McCausland MM, Aubert RD, Wherry EJ, Ahmed R. Hypogammaglobulinemia and exacerbated CD8 T-cell-mediated immunopathology in SAP-deficient mice with chronic LCMV infection mimics human XLP disease. Blood. 2006 Nov 01; 108(9):3085-93. PMID: 16788096.
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      95. Cannons JL, Yu LJ, Jankovic D, Crotty S, Horai R, Kirby M, Anderson S, Cheever AW, Sher A, Schwartzberg PL. SAP regulates T cell-mediated help for humoral immunity by a mechanism distinct from cytokine regulation. J Exp Med. 2006 Jun 12; 203(6):1551-65. PMID: 16754717; PMCID: PMC2118305.
      96. Amanna IJ, Slifka MK, Crotty S. Immunity and immunological memory following smallpox vaccination. Immunol Rev. 2006 Jun; 211:320-37. PMID: 16824139.
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      97. Graham DB, Bell MP, McCausland MM, Huntoon CJ, van Deursen J, Faubion WA, Crotty S, McKean DJ. Ly9 (CD229)-deficient mice exhibit T cell defects yet do not share several phenotypic characteristics associated with SLAM- and SAP-deficient mice. J Immunol. 2006 Jan 01; 176(1):291-300. PMID: 16365421.
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      98. Davies DH, McCausland MM, Valdez C, Huynh D, Hernandez JE, Mu Y, Hirst S, Villarreal L, Felgner PL, Crotty S. Vaccinia virus H3L envelope protein is a major target of neutralizing antibodies in humans and elicits protection against lethal challenge in mice. J Virol. 2005 Sep; 79(18):11724-33. PMID: 16140750; PMCID: PMC1212608.
      99. Regoes RR, Crotty S, Antia R, Tanaka MM. Optimal replication of poliovirus within cells. Am Nat. 2005 Mar; 165(3):364-73. PMID: 15729666.
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      100. Davies DH, Liang X, Hernandez JE, Randall A, Hirst S, Mu Y, Romero KM, Nguyen TT, Kalantari-Dehaghi M, Crotty S, Baldi P, Villarreal LP, Felgner PL. Profiling the humoral immune response to infection by using proteome microarrays: high-throughput vaccine and diagnostic antigen discovery. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Jan 18; 102(3):547-52. PMID: 15647345; PMCID: PMC545576.
      101. Quinn CP, Dull PM, Semenova V, Li H, Crotty S, Taylor TH, Steward-Clark E, Stamey KL, Schmidt DS, Stinson KW, Freeman AE, Elie CM, Martin SK, Greene C, Aubert RD, Glidewell J, Perkins BA, Ahmed R, Stephens DS. Immune responses to Bacillus anthracis protective antigen in patients with bioterrorism-related cutaneous or inhalation anthrax. J Infect Dis. 2004 Oct 01; 190(7):1228-36. PMID: 15346332.
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      102. Crotty S, Ahmed R. Immunological memory in humans. Semin Immunol. 2004 Jun; 16(3):197-203. PMID: 15130504.
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      103. Crotty S, Andino R. Poliovirus vaccine strains as mucosal vaccine vectors and their potential use to develop an AIDS vaccine. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2004 Apr 19; 56(6):835-52. PMID: 15063593.
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      104. Crotty S, Saleh MC, Gitlin L, Beske O, Andino R. The poliovirus replication machinery can escape inhibition by an antiviral drug that targets a host cell protein. J Virol. 2004 Apr; 78(7):3378-86. PMID: 15016860; PMCID: PMC371039.
      105. Crotty S, Aubert RD, Glidewell J, Ahmed R. Tracking human antigen-specific memory B cells: a sensitive and generalized ELISPOT system. J Immunol Methods. 2004 Mar; 286(1-2):111-22. PMID: 15087226.
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      106. Crotty S, Felgner P, Davies H, Glidewell J, Villarreal L, Ahmed R. Cutting edge: long-term B cell memory in humans after smallpox vaccination. J Immunol. 2003 Nov 15; 171(10):4969-73. PMID: 14607890.
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      107. Crotty S, Gohara D, Gilligan DK, Karelsky S, Cameron CE, Andino R. Manganese-dependent polioviruses caused by mutations within the viral polymerase. J Virol. 2003 May; 77(9):5378-88. PMID: 12692240; PMCID: PMC153957.
      108. Crotty S, Kersh EN, Cannons J, Schwartzberg PL, Ahmed R. SAP is required for generating long-term humoral immunity. Nature. 2003 Jan 16; 421(6920):282-7. PMID: 12529646.
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      109. Crotty S, Andino R. Implications of high RNA virus mutation rates: lethal mutagenesis and the antiviral drug ribavirin. Microbes Infect. 2002 Nov; 4(13):1301-7. PMID: 12443894.
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      110. Crotty S, Hix L, Sigal LJ, Andino R. Poliovirus pathogenesis in a new poliovirus receptor transgenic mouse model: age-dependent paralysis and a mucosal route of infection. J Gen Virol. 2002 Jul; 83(Pt 7):1707-20. PMID: 12075090.
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      111. Crotty S, Cameron C, Andino R. Ribavirin's antiviral mechanism of action: lethal mutagenesis? J Mol Med (Berl). 2002 Feb; 80(2):86-95. PMID: 11907645.
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      112. Crotty S, Miller CJ, Lohman BL, Neagu MR, Compton L, Lu D, Lü FX, Fritts L, Lifson JD, Andino R. Protection against simian immunodeficiency virus vaginal challenge by using Sabin poliovirus vectors. J Virol. 2001 Aug; 75(16):7435-52. PMID: 11462016; PMCID: PMC114979.
      113. Crotty S, Cameron CE, Andino R. RNA virus error catastrophe: direct molecular test by using ribavirin. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Jun 05; 98(12):6895-900. PMID: 11371613; PMCID: PMC34449.
      114. Crotty S, Maag D, Arnold JJ, Zhong W, Lau JY, Hong Z, Andino R, Cameron CE. The broad-spectrum antiviral ribonucleoside ribavirin is an RNA virus mutagen. Nat Med. 2000 Dec; 6(12):1375-9. PMID: 11100123.
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      115. Gohara DW, Crotty S, Arnold JJ, Yoder JD, Andino R, Cameron CE. Poliovirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (3Dpol): structural, biochemical, and biological analysis of conserved structural motifs A and B. J Biol Chem. 2000 Aug 18; 275(33):25523-32. PMID: 10827187.
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      116. Crotty S, Lohman BL, Lü FX, Tang S, Miller CJ, Andino R. Mucosal immunization of cynomolgus macaques with two serotypes of live poliovirus vectors expressing simian immunodeficiency virus antigens: stimulation of humoral, mucosal, and cellular immunity. J Virol. 1999 Nov; 73(11):9485-95. PMID: 10516057; PMCID: PMC112983.
      117. Sigal LJ, Crotty S, Andino R, Rock KL. Cytotoxic T-cell immunity to virus-infected non-haematopoietic cells requires presentation of exogenous antigen. Nature. 1999 Mar 04; 398(6722):77-80. PMID: 10078533.
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      118. Smith CA, Crotty S, Harada Y, Frankel AD. Altering the context of an RNA bulge switches the binding specificities of two viral Tat proteins. Biochemistry. 1998 Jul 28; 37(30):10808-14. PMID: 9692971.
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