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    Pamela Sample

    TitleEmeritus Professor
    SchoolUniversity of California, San Diego
    DepartmentOphthalmology
    Address9500 Gilman Drive #0946
    CA La Jolla 92093
    vCardDownload vCard

      Collapse Research 
      Collapse Research Activities and Funding
      African Descent And Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES)
      NIH/NEI U10EY014267Sep 30, 2002 - Aug 31, 2013
      Role: Co-Principal Investigator
      Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study: Visual Function
      NIH/NEI R01EY008208Apr 1, 1990 - Oct 30, 2011
      Role: Co-Principal Investigator

      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
      List All   |   Timeline
      1. Skaat A, De Moraes CG, Bowd C, Sample P, Girkin CA, Medeiros FA, Ritch R, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM, Liebmann JM. African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES): Racial Differences in Optic Disc Hemorrhage and Beta-Zone Parapapillary Atrophy. Ophthalmology. 2016 Jul; 123(7):1476-83. PMID: 27117781; PMCID: PMC4921256 [Available on 07/01/17].
      2. Khachatryan N, Medeiros FA, Sharpsten L, Bowd C, Sample P, Liebmann JM, Girkin CA, Weinreb RN, Miki A, Hammel N, Zangwill LM. The African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES): predictors of visual field damage in glaucoma suspects. Am J Ophthalmol. 2015 Apr; 159(4):777-87. PMID: 25597839; PMCID: PMC4361282.
      3. Balasubramanian M, Arias-Castro E, Medeiros FA, Kriegman DJ, Bowd C, Weinreb RN, Holst M, Sample P, Zangwill LM. Detecting glaucoma progression from localized rates of retinal changes in parametric and nonparametric statistical framework with type I error control. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Mar 19; 55(3):1684-95. PMID: 24519427; PMCID: PMC4586965.
      4. Miki A, Medeiros FA, Weinreb RN, Jain S, He F, Sharpsten L, Khachatryan N, Hammel N, Liebmann JM, Girkin CA, Sample P, Zangwill LM. Rates of retinal nerve fiber layer thinning in glaucoma suspect eyes. Ophthalmology. 2014 Jul; 121(7):1350-8. PMID: 24629619; PMCID: PMC4310561.
      5. Moore GH, Bowd C, Medeiros FA, Sample P, Liebmann JM, Girkin CA, Leite MT, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM. African descent and glaucoma evaluation study: asymmetry of structural measures in normal participants. J Glaucoma. 2013 Feb; 22(2):65-72. PMID: 21986568; PMCID: PMC3540138.
      6. Ng M, Sample P, Pascual JP, Zangwill LM, Girkin CA, Liebmann JM, Weinreb RN, Racette L. Comparison of visual field severity classification systems for glaucoma. J Glaucoma. 2012 Oct-Nov; 21(8):551-61. PMID: 21878817; PMCID: PMC3246042.
      7. Goldbaum MH, Lee I, Jang G, Balasubramanian M, Sample P, Weinreb RN, Liebmann JM, Girkin CA, Anderson DR, Zangwill LM, Fredette MJ, Jung TP, Medeiros FA, Bowd C. Progression of patterns (POP): a machine classifier algorithm to identify glaucoma progression in visual fields. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Sep 25; 53(10):6557-67. PMID: 22786913; PMCID: PMC3460386.
      8. Balasubramanian M, Kriegman DJ, Bowd C, Holst M, Weinreb RN, Sample P, Zangwill LM. Localized glaucomatous change detection within the proper orthogonal decomposition framework. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Jun 14; 53(7):3615-28. PMID: 22491406; PMCID: PMC3406887.
      9. Duncan RO, Sample P, Bowd C, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM. Arterial spin labeling fMRI measurements of decreased blood flow in primary visual cortex correlates with decreased visual function in human glaucoma. Vision Res. 2012 May 01; 60:51-60. PMID: 22465941; PMCID: PMC3340501.
      10. Rao HL, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Leite MT, Sample P, Medeiros FA. Structure-function relationship in glaucoma using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Arch Ophthalmol. 2011 Jul; 129(7):864-71. PMID: 21746976; PMCID: PMC3855237.
      11. Rao HL, Leite MT, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM, Alencar LM, Sample P, Medeiros FA. Effect of disease severity and optic disc size on diagnostic accuracy of RTVue spectral domain optical coherence tomograph in glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Mar; 52(3):1290-6. PMID: 20811060; PMCID: PMC3101678.
      12. Bowd C, Tafreshi A, Zangwill LM, Medeiros FA, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Pattern electroretinogram association with spectral domain-OCT structural measurements in glaucoma. Eye (Lond). 2011 Feb; 25(2):224-32. PMID: 21183943; PMCID: PMC3169218.
      13. Leite MT, Rao HL, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Sample P, Tafreshi A, Medeiros FA. Agreement among spectral-domain optical coherence tomography instruments for assessing retinal nerve fiber layer thickness. Am J Ophthalmol. 2011 Jan; 151(1):85-92.e1. PMID: 20970108.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Goldbaum MH, Kozak I, Hao J, Sample P, Lee T, Grant I, Freeman WR. Pattern recognition can detect subtle field defects in eyes of HIV individuals without retinitis under HAART. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2011 Apr; 249(4):491-8. PMID: 20865422; PMCID: PMC3070878.
      15. Vizzeri G, Bowd C, Weinreb RN, Balasubramanian M, Medeiros FA, Sample P, Zangwill LM. Determinants of agreement between the confocal scanning laser tomograph and standardized assessment of glaucomatous progression. Ophthalmology. 2010 Oct; 117(10):1953-9. PMID: 20557941; PMCID: PMC2941775.
      16. Leite MT, Alencar LM, Gore C, Weinreb RN, Sample P, Zangwill LM, Medeiros FA. Comparison of corneal biomechanical properties between healthy blacks and whites using the Ocular Response Analyzer. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 Aug; 150(2):163-168.e1. PMID: 20538248; PMCID: PMC2912963.
      17. Medeiros FA, Alencar LM, Sample P, Zangwill LM, Susanna R, Weinreb RN. The relationship between intraocular pressure reduction and rates of progressive visual field loss in eyes with optic disc hemorrhage. Ophthalmology. 2010 Nov; 117(11):2061-6. PMID: 20541265.
        View in: PubMed
      18. Rao HL, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Sample P, Alencar LM, Medeiros FA. Comparison of different spectral domain optical coherence tomography scanning areas for glaucoma diagnosis. Ophthalmology. 2010 Sep; 117(9):1692-9, 1699.e1. PMID: 20493529.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Girkin CA, Sample P, Liebmann JM, Jain S, Bowd C, Becerra LM, Medeiros FA, Racette L, Dirkes KA, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM. African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES): II. Ancestry differences in optic disc, retinal nerve fiber layer, and macular structure in healthy subjects. Arch Ophthalmol. 2010 May; 128(5):541-50. PMID: 20457974; PMCID: PMC2910255.
      20. Racette L, Liebmann JM, Girkin CA, Zangwill LM, Jain S, Becerra LM, Medeiros FA, Bowd C, Weinreb RN, Boden C, Sample P. African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES): III. Ancestry differences in visual function in healthy eyes. Arch Ophthalmol. 2010 May; 128(5):551-9. PMID: 20457975; PMCID: PMC2907156.
      21. Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Alencar LM, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Rates of progressive retinal nerve fiber layer loss in glaucoma measured by scanning laser polarimetry. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 Jun; 149(6):908-15. PMID: 20378095.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Leite MT, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Rao HL, Alencar LM, Sample P, Medeiros FA. Effect of disease severity on the performance of Cirrus spectral-domain OCT for glaucoma diagnosis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Aug; 51(8):4104-9. PMID: 20335619; PMCID: PMC2910643.
      23. Alencar LM, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Bowd C, Sample P, Girkin CA, Liebmann JM, Medeiros FA. A comparison of rates of change in neuroretinal rim area and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in progressive glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Jul; 51(7):3531-9. PMID: 20207973; PMCID: PMC2904008.
      24. Tafreshi A, Racette L, Weinreb RN, Sample P, Zangwill LM, Medeiros FA, Bowd C. Pattern electroretinogram and psychophysical tests of visual function for discriminating between healthy and glaucoma eyes. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 Mar; 149(3):488-95. PMID: 20172073; PMCID: PMC2827352.
      25. Racette L, Chiou CY, Hao J, Bowd C, Goldbaum MH, Zangwill LM, Lee TW, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Combining functional and structural tests improves the diagnostic accuracy of relevance vector machine classifiers. J Glaucoma. 2010 Mar; 19(3):167-75. PMID: 19528827; PMCID: PMC2891254.
      26. Alencar LM, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Bowd C, Vizzeri G, Sample P, Susanna R, Medeiros FA. Agreement for detecting glaucoma progression with the GDx guided progression analysis, automated perimetry, and optic disc photography. Ophthalmology. 2010 Mar; 117(3):462-70. PMID: 20036010; PMCID: PMC2830299.
      27. Goldbaum MH, Jang GJ, Bowd C, Hao J, Zangwill LM, Liebmann J, Girkin C, Jung TP, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Patterns of glaucomatous visual field loss in sita fields automatically identified using independent component analysis. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 2009 Dec; 107:136-44. PMID: 20126490; PMCID: PMC2814563.
      28. Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Alencar LM, Bowd C, Sample P, Susanna R, Weinreb RN. Detection of glaucoma progression with stratus OCT retinal nerve fiber layer, optic nerve head, and macular thickness measurements. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Dec; 50(12):5741-8. PMID: 19815731; PMCID: PMC2832105.
      29. Medeiros FA, Alencar LM, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Prediction of functional loss in glaucoma from progressive optic disc damage. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Oct; 127(10):1250-6. PMID: 19822839; PMCID: PMC2828324.
      30. Sample P, Girkin CA, Zangwill LM, Jain S, Racette L, Becerra LM, Weinreb RN, Medeiros FA, Wilson MR, De León-Ortega J, Tello C, Bowd C, Liebmann JM. The African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES): design and baseline data. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Sep; 127(9):1136-45. PMID: 19752422; PMCID: PMC2761830.
      31. Balasubramanian M, Bowd C, Weinreb RN, Vizzeri G, Alencar LM, Sample P, O'Leary N, Zangwill LM. Clinical evaluation of the proper orthogonal decomposition framework for detecting glaucomatous changes in human subjects. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Jan; 51(1):264-71. PMID: 19661228; PMCID: PMC2848164.
      32. Bowd C, Tafreshi A, Vizzeri G, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Repeatability of pattern electroretinogram measurements using a new paradigm optimized for glaucoma detection. J Glaucoma. 2009 Aug; 18(6):437-42. PMID: 19680050; PMCID: PMC2727663.
      33. Jansonius NM, Nevalainen J, Selig B, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Budde WM, Jonas JB, Lagrèze WA, Airaksinen PJ, Vonthein R, Levin LA, Paetzold J, Schiefer U. A mathematical description of nerve fiber bundle trajectories and their variability in the human retina. Vision Res. 2009 Aug; 49(17):2157-63. PMID: 19539641; PMCID: PMC2848177.
      34. Medeiros FA, Alencar LM, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Weinreb RN. The Relationship between intraocular pressure and progressive retinal nerve fiber layer loss in glaucoma. Ophthalmology. 2009 Jun; 116(6):1125-33.e1-3. PMID: 19376584; PMCID: PMC2848169.
      35. Medeiros FA, Alencar LM, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Susanna R, Weinreb RN. Impact of atypical retardation patterns on detection of glaucoma progression using the GDx with variable corneal compensation. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009 Jul; 148(1):155-63.e1. PMID: 19375062; PMCID: PMC2848161.
      36. Vizzeri G, Weinreb RN, Gonzalez-Garcia AO, Bowd C, Medeiros FA, Sample P, Zangwill LM. Agreement between spectral-domain and time-domain OCT for measuring RNFL thickness. Br J Ophthalmol. 2009 Jun; 93(6):775-81. PMID: 19304586; PMCID: PMC3465953.
      37. Bowd C, Vizzeri G, Tafreshi A, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Diagnostic accuracy of pattern electroretinogram optimized for glaucoma detection. Ophthalmology. 2009 Mar; 116(3):437-43. PMID: 19167080; PMCID: PMC2664315.
      38. Ng M, Racette L, Pascual JP, Liebmann JM, Girkin CA, Lovell SL, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Comparing the full-threshold and Swedish interactive thresholding algorithms for short-wavelength automated perimetry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Apr; 50(4):1726-33. PMID: 19074800; PMCID: PMC2716113.
      39. Medeiros FA, Alencar LM, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Vizzeri G, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Detection of progressive retinal nerve fiber layer loss in glaucoma using scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Apr; 50(4):1675-81. PMID: 19029038; PMCID: PMC2848159.
      40. Vizzeri G, Weinreb RN, Martinez de la Casa JM, Alencar LM, Bowd C, Balasubramanian M, Medeiros FA, Sample P, Zangwill LM. Clinicians agreement in establishing glaucomatous progression using the Heidelberg retina tomograph. Ophthalmology. 2009 Jan; 116(1):14-24. PMID: 19010552; PMCID: PMC3465965.
      41. Sharma P, Sample P, Zangwill LM, Schuman JS. Diagnostic tools for glaucoma detection and management. Surv Ophthalmol. 2008 Nov; 53 Suppl1:S17-32. PMID: 19038620; PMCID: PMC2643302.
      42. Tafreshi A, Sample P, Liebmann JM, Girkin CA, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Lalezary M, Racette L. Visual function-specific perimetry to identify glaucomatous visual loss using three different definitions of visual field abnormality. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Mar; 50(3):1234-40. PMID: 18978349; PMCID: PMC2848160.
      43. Bowd C, Balasubramanian M, Weinreb RN, Vizzeri G, Alencar LM, O'Leary N, Sample P, Zangwill LM. Performance of confocal scanning laser tomograph Topographic Change Analysis (TCA) for assessing glaucomatous progression. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Feb; 50(2):691-701. PMID: 18836168; PMCID: PMC2778474.
      44. Alencar LM, Bowd C, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Medeiros FA. Comparison of HRT-3 glaucoma probability score and subjective stereophotograph assessment for prediction of progression in glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 May; 49(5):1898-906. PMID: 18436823; PMCID: PMC2848163.
      45. Bowd C, Hao J, Tavares IM, Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Lee TW, Sample P, Weinreb RN, Goldbaum MH. Bayesian machine learning classifiers for combining structural and functional measurements to classify healthy and glaucomatous eyes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Mar; 49(3):945-53. PMID: 18326717.
        View in: PubMed
      46. Racette L, Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Ng D, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Diagnostic accuracy of the Matrix 24-2 and original N-30 frequency-doubling technology tests compared with standard automated perimetry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Mar; 49(3):954-60. PMID: 18326718; PMCID: PMC2367320.
      47. Medeiros FA, Vizzeri G, Zangwill LM, Alencar LM, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Comparison of retinal nerve fiber layer and optic disc imaging for diagnosing glaucoma in patients suspected of having the disease. Ophthalmology. 2008 Aug; 115(8):1340-6. PMID: 18207246; PMCID: PMC2832850.
      48. Freeman WR, Van Natta ML, Jabs D, Sample P, Sadun AA, Thorne J, Shah KH, Holland GN. Vision function in HIV-infected individuals without retinitis: report of the Studies of Ocular Complications of AIDS Research Group. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 Mar; 145(3):453-462. PMID: 18191094; PMCID: PMC2359724.
      49. Boden C, Chan K, Sample P, Hao J, Lee TW, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Goldbaum MH. Assessing visual field clustering schemes using machine learning classifiers in standard perimetry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Dec; 48(12):5582-90. PMID: 18055807; PMCID: PMC2647327.
      50. Racette L, Medeiros FA, Bowd C, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Sample P. The impact of the perimetric measurement scale, sample composition, and statistical method on the structure-function relationship in glaucoma. J Glaucoma. 2007 Dec; 16(8):676-84. PMID: 18091454.
        View in: PubMed
      51. Bourne RR, Jahanbakhsh K, Boden C, Zangwill LM, Hoffmann EM, Medeiros FA, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Reproducibility of visual field end point criteria for standard automated perimetry, full-threshold, and Swedish interactive thresholding algorithm strategies: diagnostic innovations in glaucoma study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 Dec; 144(6):908-913. PMID: 17919445; PMCID: PMC2150745.
      52. Medeiros FA, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM, Alencar LM, Sample P, Vasile C, Bowd C. Long-term intraocular pressure fluctuations and risk of conversion from ocular hypertension to glaucoma. Ophthalmology. 2008 Jun; 115(6):934-40. PMID: 17936908; PMCID: PMC2848165.
      53. Leung CK, Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Bowd C, Ng D, Cheung CY, Lam DS, Weinreb RN. American Chinese glaucoma imaging study: a comparison of the optic disc and retinal nerve fiber layer in detecting glaucomatous damage. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Jun; 48(6):2644-52. PMID: 17525195.
        View in: PubMed
      54. Zangwill LM, Jain S, Racette L, Ernstrom KB, Bowd C, Medeiros FA, Sample P, Weinreb RN. The effect of disc size and severity of disease on the diagnostic accuracy of the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph Glaucoma Probability Score. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Jun; 48(6):2653-60. PMID: 17525196.
        View in: PubMed
      55. Pascual JP, Schiefer U, Paetzold J, Zangwill LM, Tavares IM, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Spatial characteristics of visual field progression determined by Monte Carlo simulation: diagnostic innovations in glaucoma study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Apr; 48(4):1642-50. PMID: 17389495.
        View in: PubMed
      56. Hoffmann EM, Boden C, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Medeiros FA, Crowston JG, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Intereye spatial relationship of abnormal neuroretinal rim locations in glaucoma patients from the diagnostic innovations in glaucoma study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 May; 143(5):781-7. PMID: 17379176.
        View in: PubMed
      57. Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Vasile C, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Agreement between stereophotographic and confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy measurements of cup/disc ratio: effect on a predictive model for glaucoma development. J Glaucoma. 2007 Mar; 16(2):209-14. PMID: 17473732.
        View in: PubMed
      58. Bowd C, Tavares IM, Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and visual sensitivity using scanning laser polarimetry with variable and enhanced corneal compensation. Ophthalmology. 2007 Jul; 114(7):1259-65. PMID: 17289147.
        View in: PubMed
      59. Duncan RO, Sample P, Weinreb RN, Bowd C, Zangwill LM. Retinotopic organization of primary visual cortex in glaucoma: a method for comparing cortical function with damage to the optic disk. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Feb; 48(2):733-44. PMID: 17251472.
        View in: PubMed
      60. Kim TW, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Sample P, Shah N, Weinreb RN. Retinal nerve fiber layer damage as assessed by optical coherence tomography in eyes with a visual field defect detected by frequency doubling technology perimetry but not by standard automated perimetry. Ophthalmology. 2007 Jun; 114(6):1053-7. PMID: 17239441.
        View in: PubMed
      61. Kozak I, Sample P, Hao J, Freeman WR, Weinreb RN, Lee TW, Goldbaum MH. Machine learning classifiers detect subtle field defects in eyes of HIV individuals. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 2007; 105:111-8; discussion 119-20. PMID: 18427600; PMCID: PMC2258123.
      62. Medeiros FA, Ng D, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Bowd C, Weinreb RN. The effects of study design and spectrum bias on the evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy in glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Jan; 48(1):214-22. PMID: 17197535.
        View in: PubMed
      63. Medeiros FA, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Comparison of dynamic contour tonometry and goldmann applanation tonometry in African American subjects. Ophthalmology. 2007 Apr; 114(4):658-65. PMID: 17141320.
        View in: PubMed
      64. Duncan RO, Sample P, Weinreb RN, Bowd C, Zangwill LM. Retinotopic organization of primary visual cortex in glaucoma: Comparing fMRI measurements of cortical function with visual field loss. Prog Retin Eye Res. 2007 Jan; 26(1):38-56. PMID: 17126063; PMCID: PMC1940234.
      65. Lalezary M, Medeiros FA, Weinreb RN, Bowd C, Sample P, Tavares IM, Tafreshi A, Zangwill LM. Baseline optical coherence tomography predicts the development of glaucomatous change in glaucoma suspects. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Oct; 142(4):576-82. PMID: 17011848.
        View in: PubMed
      66. Ng D, Zangwill LM, Racette L, Bowd C, Pascual JP, Bourne RR, Boden C, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Agreement and repeatability for standard automated perimetry and confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy in the diagnostic innovations in glaucoma study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Sep; 142(3):381-6. PMID: 16935580.
        View in: PubMed
      67. Shah NN, Bowd C, Medeiros FA, Weinreb RN, Sample P, Hoffmann EM, Zangwill LM. Combining structural and functional testing for detection of glaucoma. Ophthalmology. 2006 Sep; 113(9):1593-602. PMID: 16949444.
        View in: PubMed
      68. Sample P, Medeiros FA, Racette L, Pascual JP, Boden C, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Weinreb RN. Identifying glaucomatous vision loss with visual-function-specific perimetry in the diagnostic innovations in glaucoma study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Aug; 47(8):3381-9. PMID: 16877406.
        View in: PubMed
      69. Bowd C, Zangwill LM, Medeiros FA, Tavares IM, Hoffmann EM, Bourne RR, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Structure-function relationships using confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy, optical coherence tomography, and scanning laser polarimetry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Jul; 47(7):2889-95. PMID: 16799030.
        View in: PubMed
      70. Medeiros FA, Sample P, Zangwill LM, Liebmann JM, Girkin CA, Weinreb RN. A statistical approach to the evaluation of covariate effects on the receiver operating characteristic curves of diagnostic tests in glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Jun; 47(6):2520-7. PMID: 16723465.
        View in: PubMed
      71. Boden C, Hoffmann EM, Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Intereye concordance in locations of visual field defects in primary open-angle glaucoma: diagnostic innovations in glaucoma study. Ophthalmology. 2006 Jun; 113(6):918-23. PMID: 16647132.
        View in: PubMed
      72. Hoffmann EM, Boden C, Zangwill LM, Bourne RR, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Inter-eye comparison of patterns of visual field loss in patients with glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Apr; 141(4):703-8. PMID: 16564806.
        View in: PubMed
      73. Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Influence of disease severity and optic disc size on the diagnostic performance of imaging instruments in glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Mar; 47(3):1008-15. PMID: 16505035.
        View in: PubMed
      74. Hoffmann EM, Medeiros FA, Sample P, Boden C, Bowd C, Bourne RR, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN. Relationship between patterns of visual field loss and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Mar; 141(3):463-471. PMID: 16490491.
        View in: PubMed
      75. Racette L, Boden C, Kleinhandler SL, Girkin CA, Liebmann JM, Zangwill LM, Medeiros FA, Bowd C, Weinreb RN, Wilson MR, Sample P. Differences in visual function and optic nerve structure between healthy eyes of blacks and whites. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 Nov; 123(11):1547-53. PMID: 16286617.
        View in: PubMed
      76. Goldbaum MH, Sample P, Zhang Z, Chan K, Hao J, Lee TW, Boden C, Bowd C, Bourne R, Zangwill L, Sejnowski T, Spinak D, Weinreb RN. Using unsupervised learning with independent component analysis to identify patterns of glaucomatous visual field defects. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Oct; 46(10):3676-83. PMID: 16186349; PMCID: PMC1866286.
      77. Sample P, Boden C, Zhang Z, Pascual J, Lee TW, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Crowston JG, Hoffmann EM, Medeiros FA, Sejnowski T, Goldbaum M. Unsupervised machine learning with independent component analysis to identify areas of progression in glaucomatous visual fields. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Oct; 46(10):3684-92. PMID: 16186350; PMCID: PMC1832121.
      78. Medeiros FA, Weinreb RN, Sample P, Gomi CF, Bowd C, Crowston JG, Zangwill LM. Validation of a predictive model to estimate the risk of conversion from ocular hypertension to glaucoma. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 Oct; 123(10):1351-60. PMID: 16219726.
        View in: PubMed
      79. Boden C, Pascual J, Medeiros FA, Aihara M, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Relationship of SITA and full-threshold standard perimetry to frequency-doubling technology perimetry in glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Jul; 46(7):2433-9. PMID: 15980232.
        View in: PubMed
      80. Medeiros FA, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Use of progressive glaucomatous optic disk change as the reference standard for evaluation of diagnostic tests in glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 2005 Jun; 139(6):1010-8. PMID: 15953430.
        View in: PubMed
      81. Boden C, Blumenthal EZ, Pascual J, McEwan G, Weinreb RN, Medeiros F, Sample P. Patterns of glaucomatous visual field progression identified by three progression criteria. Am J Ophthalmol. 2004 Dec; 138(6):1029-36. PMID: 15629296.
        View in: PubMed
      82. Sánchez-Galeana CA, Bowd C, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Short-wavelength automated perimetry results are correlated with optical coherence tomography retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements in glaucomatous eyes. Ophthalmology. 2004 Oct; 111(10):1866-72. PMID: 15465548.
        View in: PubMed
      83. Mohammadi K, Bowd C, Weinreb RN, Medeiros FA, Sample P, Zangwill LM. Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements with scanning laser polarimetry predict glaucomatous visual field loss. Am J Ophthalmol. 2004 Oct; 138(4):592-601. PMID: 15488786.
        View in: PubMed
      84. Sample P, Chan K, Boden C, Lee TW, Blumenthal EZ, Weinreb RN, Bernd A, Pascual J, Hao J, Sejnowski T, Goldbaum MH. Using unsupervised learning with variational bayesian mixture of factor analysis to identify patterns of glaucomatous visual field defects. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Aug; 45(8):2596-605. PMID: 15277482; PMCID: PMC2927843.
      85. Bowd C, Zangwill LM, Medeiros FA, Hao J, Chan K, Lee TW, Sejnowski TJ, Goldbaum MH, Sample P, Crowston JG, Weinreb RN. Confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy classifiers and stereophotograph evaluation for prediction of visual field abnormalities in glaucoma-suspect eyes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Jul; 45(7):2255-62. PMID: 15223803; PMCID: PMC2928388.
      86. Medeiros FA, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Frequency doubling technology perimetry abnormalities as predictors of glaucomatous visual field loss. Am J Ophthalmol. 2004 May; 137(5):863-71. PMID: 15126151.
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      87. Medeiros FA, Sample P, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Aihara M, Weinreb RN. Corneal thickness as a risk factor for visual field loss in patients with preperimetric glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Am J Ophthalmol. 2003 Nov; 136(5):805-13. PMID: 14597030.
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      88. Mansberger SL, Zangwill LM, Sample P, Choi D, Weinreb RN. Relationship of optic disk topography and visual function in patients with large cup-to-disk ratios. Am J Ophthalmol. 2003 Nov; 136(5):888-94. PMID: 14597041.
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      89. El Beltagi TA, Bowd C, Boden C, Amini P, Sample P, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN. Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measured with optical coherence tomography is related to visual function in glaucomatous eyes. Ophthalmology. 2003 Nov; 110(11):2185-91. PMID: 14597528.
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      90. Blumenthal EZ, Sample P, Berry CC, Lee AC, Girkin CA, Zangwill L, Caprioli J, Weinreb RN. Evaluating several sources of variability for standard and SWAP visual fields in glaucoma patients, suspects, and normals. Ophthalmology. 2003 Oct; 110(10):1895-902. PMID: 14522760.
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      91. Medeiros FA, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Corneal thickness measurements and frequency doubling technology perimetry abnormalities in ocular hypertensive eyes. Ophthalmology. 2003 Oct; 110(10):1903-8. PMID: 14522761.
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      92. Racette L, Wilson MR, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Sample P. Primary open-angle glaucoma in blacks: a review. Surv Ophthalmol. 2003 May-Jun; 48(3):295-313. PMID: 12745004.
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      93. Medeiros FA, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Corneal thickness measurements and visual function abnormalities in ocular hypertensive patients. Am J Ophthalmol. 2003 Feb; 135(2):131-7. PMID: 12566014.
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      94. Johnson CA, Sample P, Zangwill LM, Vasile CG, Cioffi GA, Liebmann JR, Weinreb RN. Structure and function evaluation (SAFE): II. Comparison of optic disk and visual field characteristics. Am J Ophthalmol. 2003 Feb; 135(2):148-54. PMID: 12566017.
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      95. Chan K, Lee TW, Sample P, Goldbaum MH, Weinreb RN, Sejnowski TJ. Comparison of machine learning and traditional classifiers in glaucoma diagnosis. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2002 Sep; 49(9):963-74. PMID: 12214886.
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      96. Johnson CA, Sample P, Cioffi GA, Liebmann JR, Weinreb RN. Structure and function evaluation (SAFE): I. criteria for glaucomatous visual field loss using standard automated perimetry (SAP) and short wavelength automated perimetry (SWAP). Am J Ophthalmol. 2002 Aug; 134(2):177-85. PMID: 12140023.
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      97. Sample P, Goldbaum MH, Chan K, Boden C, Lee TW, Vasile C, Boehm AG, Sejnowski T, Johnson CA, Weinreb RN. Using machine learning classifiers to identify glaucomatous change earlier in standard visual fields. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Aug; 43(8):2660-5. PMID: 12147600.
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      98. Boden C, Sample P, Boehm AG, Vasile C, Akinepalli R, Weinreb RN. The structure-function relationship in eyes with glaucomatous visual field loss that crosses the horizontal meridian. Arch Ophthalmol. 2002 Jul; 120(7):907-12. PMID: 12096961.
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      99. Lee AC, Sample P, Blumenthal EZ, Berry C, Zangwill L, Weinreb RN. Infrequent confirmation of visual field progression. Ophthalmology. 2002 Jun; 109(6):1059-65. PMID: 12045044.
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      100. Goldbaum MH, Sample P, Chan K, Williams J, Lee TW, Blumenthal E, Girkin CA, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Sejnowski T, Weinreb RN. Comparing machine learning classifiers for diagnosing glaucoma from standard automated perimetry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Jan; 43(1):162-9. PMID: 11773027.
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      101. Tannenbaum DP, Zangwill LM, Bowd C, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Relationship between visual field testing and scanning laser polarimetry in patients with a large cup-to-disk ratio. Am J Ophthalmol. 2001 Oct; 132(4):501-6. PMID: 11589870.
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      102. Bowd C, Zangwill LM, Berry CC, Blumenthal EZ, Vasile C, Sanchez-Galeana C, Bosworth CF, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Detecting early glaucoma by assessment of retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and visual function. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2001 Aug; 42(9):1993-2003. PMID: 11481263.
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      103. Sample P, Bosworth CF, Weinreb RN. The loss of visual function in glaucoma. Semin Ophthalmol. 2000 Dec; 15(4):182-93. PMID: 17585433.
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      104. Johnson CA, Cioffi GA, Liebmann JR, Sample P, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN. The relationship between structural and functional alterations in glaucoma: a review. Semin Ophthalmol. 2000 Dec; 15(4):221-33. PMID: 17585436.
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      105. Kono Y, Sample P, Emdadi A, Weinreb RN. Comparative study between pointwise and ranked threshold distribution analyses of change in serial fields for short-wavelength automated perimetry. J Glaucoma. 2000 Dec; 9(6):419-27. PMID: 11131747.
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      106. Bosworth CF, Sample P, Johnson CA, Weinreb RN. Current practice with standard automated perimetry. Semin Ophthalmol. 2000 Dec; 15(4):172-81. PMID: 17585432.
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      107. Girkin CA, Emdadi A, Sample P, Blumenthal EZ, Lee AC, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN. Short-wavelength automated perimetry and standard perimetry in the detection of progressive optic disc cupping. Arch Ophthalmol. 2000 Sep; 118(9):1231-6. PMID: 10980768.
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      108. Sample P, Bosworth CF, Blumenthal EZ, Girkin C, Weinreb RN. Visual function-specific perimetry for indirect comparison of different ganglion cell populations in glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000 Jun; 41(7):1783-90. PMID: 10845599.
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      109. Blumenthal EZ, Sample P, Zangwill L, Lee AC, Kono Y, Weinreb RN. Comparison of long-term variability for standard and short-wavelength automated perimetry in stable glaucoma patients. Am J Ophthalmol. 2000 Mar; 129(3):309-13. PMID: 10704545.
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      110. Mansberger SL, Sample P, Zangwill L, Weinreb RN. Achromatic and short-wavelength automated perimetry in patients with glaucomatous large cups. Arch Ophthalmol. 1999 Nov; 117(11):1473-7. PMID: 10565515.
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      111. Emdadi A, Kono Y, Sample P, Maskaleris G, Weinreb RN. Parapapillary atrophy in patients with focal visual field loss. Am J Ophthalmol. 1999 Nov; 128(5):595-600. PMID: 10577527.
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      112. Bosworth CF, Sample P, Williams JM, Zangwill L, Lee B, Weinreb RN. Spatial relationship of motion automated perimetry and optic disc topography in patients with glaucomatous optic neuropathy. J Glaucoma. 1999 Oct; 8(5):281-9. PMID: 10529926.
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      113. Sample P, Plummer DJ, Mueller AJ, Matsubara KI, Sadun A, Grant I, Freeman WR. Pattern of early visual field loss in HIV-infected patients. Arch Ophthalmol. 1999 Jun; 117(6):755-60. PMID: 10369585.
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      114. Kono Y, Zangwill L, Sample P, Jonas JB, Emdadi A, Gupta N, Weinreb RN. Relationship between parapapillary atrophy and visual field abnormality in primary open-angle glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 1999 Jun; 127(6):674-80. PMID: 10372877.
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      115. Plummer DJ, Marcotte TD, Sample P, Wolfson T, Heaton RK, Grant I, Freeman WR. Neuropsychological impairment-associated visual field deficits in HIV infection. HNRC Group. HIV Neurobehavioral Research Center. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1999 Feb; 40(2):435-42. PMID: 9950603.
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      116. Plummer DJ, Banker A, Taskintuna I, Azen SP, Sample P, LaBree L, Freeman WR. The utility of entoptic perimetry as a screening test for cytomegalovirus retinitis. Arch Ophthalmol. 1999 Feb; 117(2):202-7. PMID: 10037565.
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      117. Emdadi A, Zangwill L, Sample P, Kono Y, Anton A, Weinreb RN. Patterns of optic disk damage in patients with early focal visual field loss. Am J Ophthalmol. 1998 Dec; 126(6):763-71. PMID: 9859999.
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      118. Weinreb RN, Zangwill L, Berry CC, Bathija R, Sample P. Detection of glaucoma with scanning laser polarimetry. Arch Ophthalmol. 1998 Dec; 116(12):1583-9. PMID: 9869785.
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      119. Bosworth CF, Sample P, Gupta N, Bathija R, Weinreb RN. Motion automated perimetry identifies early glaucomatous field defects. Arch Ophthalmol. 1998 Sep; 116(9):1153-8. PMID: 9747672.
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      120. Bathija R, Zangwill L, Berry CC, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Detection of early glaucomatous structural damage with confocal scanning laser tomography. J Glaucoma. 1998 Apr; 7(2):121-7. PMID: 9559499.
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      121. Anton A, Yamagishi N, Zangwill L, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Mapping structural to functional damage in glaucoma with standard automated perimetry and confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy. Am J Ophthalmol. 1998 Apr; 125(4):436-46. PMID: 9559728.
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      122. Plummer DJ, Sample P, Freeman WR. Visual dysfunction in HIV-positive patients without infectious retinopathy. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 1998 Mar; 12(3):171-9. PMID: 11361931.
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      123. Sample P, Bosworth CF, Weinreb RN. Short-wavelength automated perimetry and motion automated perimetry in patients with glaucoma. Arch Ophthalmol. 1997 Sep; 115(9):1129-33. PMID: 9298053.
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      124. Mueller AJ, Plummer DJ, Dua R, Taskintuna I, Sample P, Grant I, Freeman WR. Analysis of visual dysfunctions in HIV-positive patients without retinitis. Am J Ophthalmol. 1997 Aug; 124(2):158-67. PMID: 9262539.
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      125. Bosworth CF, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Perimetric motion thresholds are elevated in glaucoma suspects and glaucoma patients. Vision Res. 1997 Jul; 37(14):1989-97. PMID: 9274783.
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      126. Yamagishi N, Anton A, Sample P, Zangwill L, Lopez A, Weinreb RN. Mapping structural damage of the optic disk to visual field defect in glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 1997 May; 123(5):667-76. PMID: 9152072.
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      127. Bosworth CF, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Motion perception thresholds in areas of glaucomatous visual field loss. Vision Res. 1997 Feb; 37(3):355-64. PMID: 9135868.
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      128. Iragui VJ, Kalmijn J, Plummer DJ, Sample P, Trick GL, Freeman WR. Pattern electroretinograms and visual evoked potentials in HIV infection: evidence of asymptomatic retinal and postretinal impairment in the absence of infectious retinopathy. Neurology. 1996 Dec; 47(6):1452-6. PMID: 8960726.
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      129. Zangwill LM, van Horn S, de Souza Lima M, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Optic nerve head topography in ocular hypertensive eyes using confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy. Am J Ophthalmol. 1996 Oct; 122(4):520-5. PMID: 8862049.
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      131. Plummer DJ, Arevalo JF, Fram N, Quiceno JI, Sample P, Freeman WR. Effectiveness of entoptic perimetry for locating peripheral scotomas caused by cytomegalovirus retinitis. Arch Ophthalmol. 1996 Jul; 114(7):828-31. PMID: 8660166.
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      132. Weinreb RN, Shakiba S, Sample P, Shahrokni S, van Horn S, Garden VS, Asawaphureekorn S, Zangwill L. Association between quantitative nerve fiber layer measurement and visual field loss in glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 1995 Dec; 120(6):732-8. PMID: 8540546.
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      133. Tsai CS, Zangwill L, Sample P, Garden V, Bartsch DU, Weinreb RN. Correlation of peripapillary retinal height and visual field in glaucoma and normal subjects. J Glaucoma. 1995 Apr; 4(2):110-6. PMID: 19920655.
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      134. Martinez GA, Sample P, Weinreb RN. Comparison of high-pass resolution perimetry and standard automated perimetry in glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 1995 Feb; 119(2):195-201. PMID: 7832226.
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      135. Sample P, Martinez GA, Weinreb RN. Short-wavelength automated perimetry without lens density testing. Am J Ophthalmol. 1994 Nov 15; 118(5):632-41. PMID: 7977576.
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      136. Goldbaum MH, Sample P, White H, Côlt B, Raphaelian P, Fechtner RD, Weinreb RN. Interpretation of automated perimetry for glaucoma by neural network. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1994 Aug; 35(9):3362-73. PMID: 8056511.
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      137. Weinreb RN, Lindsey JD, Sample P. Lateral geniculate nucleus in glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 1994 Jul 15; 118(1):126-9. PMID: 8023870.
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      138. Sample P, Madrid ME, Weinreb RN. Evidence for a variety of functional defects in glaucoma-suspect eyes. J Glaucoma. 1994; 3 Suppl 1:S5-18. PMID: 19920588.
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      142. Sample P, Ahn DS, Lee PC, Weinreb RN. High-pass resolution perimetry in eyes with ocular hypertension and primary open-angle glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 1992 Mar 15; 113(3):309-16. PMID: 1543225.
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      143. Sample P, Juang PS, Weinreb RN. Isolating the effects of primary open-angle glaucoma on the contrast sensitivity function. Am J Ophthalmol. 1991 Sep 15; 112(3):308-16. PMID: 1882941.
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      145. Sample P, Weinreb RN. Color perimetry for assessment of primary open-angle glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1990 Sep; 31(9):1869-75. PMID: 2211033.
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      147. Sample P, Boynton RM, Weinreb RN. Isolating the color vision loss in primary open-angle glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 1988 Dec 15; 106(6):686-91. PMID: 3264115.
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      148. Sample P, Esterson FD, Weinreb RN, Boynton RM. The aging lens: in vivo assessment of light absorption in 84 human eyes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1988 Aug; 29(8):1306-11. PMID: 3417414.
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      149. Sample P, Weinreb RN, Boynton RM. Acquired dyschromatopsia in glaucoma. Surv Ophthalmol. 1986 Jul-Aug; 31(1):54-64. PMID: 3529468.
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