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    Jay Giedd

    TitleProfessor
    SchoolUniversity of California, San Diego
    DepartmentPsychiatry
    Address9500 Gilman Drive #0949
    CA La Jolla 92093
    Phone858-822-5214
    vCardDownload vCard

      Collapse Biography 
      Collapse Education and Training
      University of North DakotaBSNatural Sciences1982
      University of North DakotaBAPhilosophy1982
      University of North DakotaBAMathematics1982
      University of North DakotaMDSchool of Medicine1986
      Collapse Awards and Honors
      Society for Neuroscience2012Society for Neuroscience Science Educator Award
      American Psychiatric Association2013Blanche F. Ittleson Award for Research in Child Psychiatry
      Brain and Behavior Research Foundation2013Ruane Prize for Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Research

      Collapse Overview 
      Collapse Overview

      Biography

      Dr. Giedd completed his undergraduate medical education at the University of North Dakota Medical School in 1986, and entered the Residency Program at the Menninger School of Psychiatry in 1986. He transferred to the Barrow Neurological Institute in 1988, and completed his residency in Psychiatry in 1989. He was a postgraduate fellow in the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Program at Duke University School of Medicine from 1989 to 1991, and then accepted a position as Clinical Staff Fellow at the Child Psychiatry Branch of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). He was promoted to Senior Staff Clinician at the NIMH in 1997, and he was named the Chief of the Brain Imaging Section in 2001; in 2010 he was appointed Adjunct Professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Dr. Giedd is board certified in General Psychiatry by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (1992), with added qualifications in Geriatric Psychiatry (1994), and by the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

      Research Interests

      Dr. Giedd’s recent work has focused on how new insights from pediatric neuroscience can be used to optimize the environment for healthy brain development, particularly regarding education and the use of digital technologies that have transformed the way youth learn, play, and interact with each other. Over the past 23 years he has combined brain imaging, genetics, and behavioral analysis to explore the path and influences of brain development in health and illness. As one of the most highly cited neuroscientists of his generation, his over 200 scientific publications have had a transformative impact on medicine, psychology, education, judicial, and public policy. In addition to his numerous academic awards Dr. Giedd’s work has been prominently featured in the general media with cover stories in Time, National Geographic, and national newspapers as well as over 30 television documentaries. For his outreach to students of all ages and frequent talks to parents, teachers, mental health workers, legislators, and the general public, Dr. Giedd was honored as co-recipient of the 2012 Society for Neuroscience’s Science Educator Award.


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      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Wallace GL, Dudley K, Anthony L, Pugliese CE, Orionzi B, Clasen L, Lee NR, Giedd JN, Martin A, Raznahan A, Kenworthy L. Divergence of Age-Related Differences in Social-Communication: Improvements for Typically Developing Youth but Declines for Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder. J Autism Dev Disord. 2016 Nov 23. PMID: 27878739.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Fish AM, Cachia A, Fischer C, Mankiw C, Reardon PK, Clasen LS, Blumenthal JD, Greenstein D, Giedd JN, Mangin JF, Raznahan A. Influences of Brain Size, Sex, and Sex Chromosome Complement on the Architecture of Human Cortical Folding. Cereb Cortex. 2016 Oct 31. PMID: 27799275.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Smith E, Thurm A, Greenstein D, Farmer C, Swedo S, Giedd J, Raznahan A. Cortical thickness change in autism during early childhood. Hum Brain Mapp. 2016 Jul; 37(7):2616-29. PMID: 27061356.
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      4. Millan MJ, Andrieux A, Bartzokis G, Cadenhead K, Dazzan P, Fusar-Poli P, Gallinat J, Giedd J, Grayson DR, Heinrichs M, Kahn R, Krebs MO, Leboyer M, Lewis D, Marin O, Marin P, Meyer-Lindenberg A, McGorry P, McGuire P, Owen MJ, Patterson P, Sawa A, Spedding M, Uhlhaas P, Vaccarino F, Wahlestedt C, Weinberger D. Altering the course of schizophrenia: progress and perspectives. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2016 Jul; 15(7):485-515. PMID: 26939910.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Cachia A, Borst G, Tissier C, Fisher C, Plaze M, Gay O, Rivière D, Gogtay N, Giedd J, Mangin JF, Houdé O, Raznahan A. Longitudinal stability of the folding pattern of the anterior cingulate cortex during development. Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2016 Jun; 19:122-7. PMID: 26974743.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Reardon PK, Clasen L, Giedd JN, Blumenthal J, Lerch JP, Chakravarty MM, Raznahan A. An Allometric Analysis of Sex and Sex Chromosome Dosage Effects on Subcortical Anatomy in Humans. J Neurosci. 2016 Feb 24; 36(8):2438-48. PMID: 26911691.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Giedd JN. Adolescent neuroscience of addiction: A new era. Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2015 Dec; 16:192-3. PMID: 26705161.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Lee NR, Anand P, Will E, Adeyemi EI, Clasen LS, Blumenthal JD, Giedd JN, Daunhauer LA, Fidler DJ, Edgin JO. Everyday executive functions in Down syndrome from early childhood to young adulthood: evidence for both unique and shared characteristics compared to youth with sex chromosome trisomy (XXX and XXY). Front Behav Neurosci. 2015; 9:264. PMID: 26539087.
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      9. Lee NR, Adeyemi EI, Lin A, Clasen LS, Lalonde FM, Condon E, Driver DI, Shaw P, Gogtay N, Raznahan A, Giedd JN. Dissociations in Cortical Morphometry in Youth with Down Syndrome: Evidence for Reduced Surface Area but Increased Thickness. Cereb Cortex. 2016 Jul; 26(7):2982-90. PMID: 26088974.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Giedd JN. The amazing teen brain. Sci Am. 2015 Jun; 312(6):32-7. PMID: 26336683.
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      11. Jacobus J, Squeglia LM, Meruelo AD, Castro N, Brumback T, Giedd JN, Tapert SF. Cortical thickness in adolescent marijuana and alcohol users: A three-year prospective study from adolescence to young adulthood. Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2015 Dec; 16:101-9. PMID: 25953106.
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      12. Hanley AP, Blumenthal JD, Raitano Lee N, Baker EH, Clasen LS, Giedd JN. Brain and behavior in 48, XXYY syndrome. Neuroimage Clin. 2015; 8:133-9. PMID: 26106537.
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      13. Adeyemi EI, Giedd JN, Lee NR. A case study of brain morphometry in triplets discordant for Down syndrome. Am J Med Genet A. 2015 May; 167(5):1107-10. PMID: 25820455.
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      14. Wallace GL, Eisenberg IW, Robustelli B, Dankner N, Kenworthy L, Giedd JN, Martin A. Longitudinal cortical development during adolescence and young adulthood in autism spectrum disorder: increased cortical thinning but comparable surface area changes. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2015 Jun; 54(6):464-9. PMID: 26004661.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Lin A, Clasen L, Lee NR, Wallace GL, Lalonde F, Blumenthal J, Giedd JN, Raznahan A. Mapping the Stability of Human Brain Asymmetry across Five Sex-Chromosome Aneuploidies. J Neurosci. 2015 Jan 7; 35(1):140-5. PMID: 25568109.
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      16. Chakravarty MM, Rapoport JL, Giedd JN, Raznahan A, Shaw P, Collins DL, Lerch JP, Gogtay N. Striatal shape abnormalities as novel neurodevelopmental endophenotypes in schizophrenia: A longitudinal study. Hum Brain Mapp. 2015 Apr; 36(4):1458-69. PMID: 25504933.
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      17. Keshavan MS, Giedd J, Lau JY, Lewis DA, Paus T. Changes in the adolescent brain and the pathophysiology of psychotic disorders. Lancet Psychiatry. 2014 Dec; 1(7):549-58. PMID: 26361314.
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      18. Lee FS, Heimer H, Giedd JN, Lein ES, Šestan N, Weinberger DR, Casey BJ. Mental health. Adolescent mental health--opportunity and obligation. Science. 2014 Oct 31; 346(6209):547-9. PMID: 25359951.
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      19. Lenroot RK, Blumenthal JD, Wallace GL, Clasen LS, Lee NR, Giedd JN. A case-control study of brain structure and behavioral characteristics in 47,XXX syndrome. Genes Brain Behav. 2014 Nov; 13(8):841-9. PMID: 25287572.
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      20. Davis JM, Searles VB, Anderson N, Keeney J, Raznahan A, Horwood LJ, Fergusson DM, Kennedy MA, Giedd J, Sikela JM. DUF1220 copy number is linearly associated with increased cognitive function as measured by total IQ and mathematical aptitude scores. Hum Genet. 2015 Jan; 134(1):67-75. PMID: 25287832.
        View in: PubMed
      21. Giedd JN, Raznahan A, Alexander-Bloch A, Schmitt E, Gogtay N, Rapoport JL. Child psychiatry branch of the national institute of mental health longitudinal structural magnetic resonance imaging study of human brain development. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2015 Jan; 40(1):43-9. PMID: 25195638.
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      22. Raznahan A, Lue Y, Probst F, Greenstein D, Giedd J, Wang C, Lerch J, Swerdloff R. Triangulating the sexually dimorphic brain through high-resolution neuroimaging of murine sex chromosome aneuploidies. Brain Struct Funct. 2015 Nov; 220(6):3581-93. PMID: 25146308.
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      23. Raznahan A, Lee NR, Greenstein D, Wallace GL, Blumenthal JD, Clasen LS, Giedd JN. Globally Divergent but Locally Convergent X- and Y-Chromosome Influences on Cortical Development. Cereb Cortex. 2016 Jan; 26(1):70-9. PMID: 25146371.
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      24. Lee NR, Wallace GL, Raznahan A, Clasen LS, Giedd JN. Trail making test performance in youth varies as a function of anatomical coupling between the prefrontal cortex and distributed cortical regions. Front Psychol. 2014; 5:496. PMID: 25071613.
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      25. Mills KL, Goddings AL, Clasen LS, Giedd JN, Blakemore SJ. The Developmental Mismatch in Structural Brain Maturation during Adolescence. Dev Neurosci. 2014; 36(3-4):147-60. PMID: 24993606.
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      26. Schmitt JE, Neale MC, Fassassi B, Perez J, Lenroot RK, Wells EM, Giedd JN. The dynamic role of genetics on cortical patterning during childhood and adolescence. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 May 6; 111(18):6774-9. PMID: 24753564.
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      27. Alexander-Bloch AF, Reiss PT, Rapoport J, McAdams H, Giedd JN, Bullmore ET, Gogtay N. Abnormal cortical growth in schizophrenia targets normative modules of synchronized development. Biol Psychiatry. 2014 Sep 15; 76(6):438-46. PMID: 24690112.
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      28. Raznahan A, Shaw PW, Lerch JP, Clasen LS, Greenstein D, Berman R, Pipitone J, Chakravarty MM, Giedd JN. Longitudinal four-dimensional mapping of subcortical anatomy in human development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jan 28; 111(4):1592-7. PMID: 24474784.
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      29. Goddings AL, Mills KL, Clasen LS, Giedd JN, Viner RM, Blakemore SJ. The influence of puberty on subcortical brain development. Neuroimage. 2014 Mar; 88:242-51. PMID: 24121203.
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      30. Raznahan A, Probst F, Palmert MR, Giedd JN, Lerch JP. High resolution whole brain imaging of anatomical variation in XO, XX, and XY mice. Neuroimage. 2013 Dec; 83:962-8. PMID: 23891883.
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      31. Lee NR, Raznahan A, Wallace GL, Alexander-Bloch A, Clasen LS, Lerch JP, Giedd JN. Anatomical coupling among distributed cortical regions in youth varies as a function of individual differences in vocabulary abilities. Hum Brain Mapp. 2014 May; 35(5):1885-95. PMID: 23728856.
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      32. Wallace GL, Robustelli B, Dankner N, Kenworthy L, Giedd JN, Martin A. Increased gyrification, but comparable surface area in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Brain. 2013 Jun; 136(Pt 6):1956-67. PMID: 23715094.
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      33. Raznahan A, Wallace GL, Antezana L, Greenstein D, Lenroot R, Thurm A, Gozzi M, Spence S, Martin A, Swedo SE, Giedd JN. Compared to what? Early brain overgrowth in autism and the perils of population norms. Biol Psychiatry. 2013 Oct 15; 74(8):563-75. PMID: 23706681.
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      34. Ronan L, Voets N, Rua C, Alexander-Bloch A, Hough M, Mackay C, Crow TJ, James A, Giedd JN, Fletcher PC. Differential tangential expansion as a mechanism for cortical gyrification. Cereb Cortex. 2014 Aug; 24(8):2219-28. PMID: 23542881.
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      35. Alexander-Bloch A, Giedd JN, Bullmore E. Imaging structural co-variance between human brain regions. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2013 May; 14(5):322-36. PMID: 23531697.
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      36. Lopez KC, Lalonde F, Mattai A, Wade B, Clasen L, Rapoport J, Giedd JN. Quantitative morphology of the corpus callosum in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychiatry Res. 2013 Apr 30; 212(1):1-6. PMID: 23453697.
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      37. Alexander-Bloch A, Raznahan A, Bullmore E, Giedd J. The convergence of maturational change and structural covariance in human cortical networks. J Neurosci. 2013 Feb 13; 33(7):2889-99. PMID: 23407947.
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      38. Blumenthal JD, Baker EH, Lee NR, Wade B, Clasen LS, Lenroot RK, Giedd JN. Brain morphological abnormalities in 49,XXXXY syndrome: A pediatric magnetic resonance imaging study. Neuroimage Clin. 2013; 2:197-203. PMID: 23667827.
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      39. Wade BS, Stockman M, McLaughlin MJ, Raznahan A, Lalonde F, Giedd JN. Improved corpus callosum area measurements by analysis of adjoining parasagittal slices. Psychiatry Res. 2013 Mar 30; 211(3):221-5. PMID: 23149042.
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      40. Raznahan A, Lenroot R, Thurm A, Gozzi M, Hanley A, Spence SJ, Swedo SE, Giedd JN. Mapping cortical anatomy in preschool aged children with autism using surface-based morphometry. Neuroimage Clin. 2012; 2:111-9. PMID: 24179764.
        View in: PubMed
      41. Hedrick A, Lee Y, Wallace GL, Greenstein D, Clasen L, Giedd JN, Raznahan A. Autism risk gene MET variation and cortical thickness in typically developing children and adolescents. Autism Res. 2012 Dec; 5(6):434-9. PMID: 23097380.
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      42. Mills KL, Lalonde F, Clasen LS, Giedd JN, Blakemore SJ. Developmental changes in the structure of the social brain in late childhood and adolescence. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2014 Jan; 9(1):123-31. PMID: 23051898.
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      43. Gogtay N, Hua X, Stidd R, Boyle CP, Lee S, Weisinger B, Chavez A, Giedd JN, Clasen L, Toga AW, Rapoport JL, Thompson PM. Delayed white matter growth trajectory in young nonpsychotic siblings of patients with childhood-onset schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2012 Sep; 69(9):875-84. PMID: 22945617.
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      44. Giedd JN, Raznahan A, Mills KL, Lenroot RK. Review: magnetic resonance imaging of male/female differences in human adolescent brain anatomy. Biol Sex Differ. 2012; 3(1):19. PMID: 22908911.
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      45. Dumas LJ, O'Bleness MS, Davis JM, Dickens CM, Anderson N, Keeney JG, Jackson J, Sikela M, Raznahan A, Giedd J, Rapoport J, Nagamani SS, Erez A, Brunetti-Pierri N, Sugalski R, Lupski JR, Fingerlin T, Cheung SW, Sikela JM. DUF1220-domain copy number implicated in human brain-size pathology and evolution. Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Sep 7; 91(3):444-54. PMID: 22901949.
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      46. Bal E, Yerys BE, Sokoloff JL, Celano MJ, Kenworthy L, Giedd JN, Wallace GL. Do Social Attribution Skills Improve with Age in Children with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders? Res Autism Spectr Disord. 2013; 7(1):9-16. PMID: 23130085.
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      47. Giedd JN. The digital revolution and adolescent brain evolution. J Adolesc Health. 2012 Aug; 51(2):101-5. PMID: 22824439.
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      48. Lee NR, Wallace GL, Adeyemi EI, Lopez KC, Blumenthal JD, Clasen LS, Giedd JN. Dosage effects of X and Y chromosomes on language and social functioning in children with supernumerary sex chromosome aneuploidies: implications for idiopathic language impairment and autism spectrum disorders. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2012 Oct; 53(10):1072-81. PMID: 22827287.
        View in: PubMed
      49. Raznahan A, Greenstein D, Lee NR, Clasen LS, Giedd JN. Prenatal growth in humans and postnatal brain maturation into late adolescence. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Jul 10; 109(28):11366-71. PMID: 22689983.
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      50. Rapoport JL, Giedd JN, Gogtay N. Neurodevelopmental model of schizophrenia: update 2012. Mol Psychiatry. 2012 Dec; 17(12):1228-38. PMID: 22488257.
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      51. Wallace GL, Shaw P, Lee NR, Clasen LS, Raznahan A, Lenroot RK, Martin A, Giedd JN. Distinct cortical correlates of autistic versus antisocial traits in a longitudinal sample of typically developing youth. J Neurosci. 2012 Apr 4; 32(14):4856-60. PMID: 22492041.
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      52. Vértes PE, Alexander-Bloch AF, Gogtay N, Giedd JN, Rapoport JL, Bullmore ET. Simple models of human brain functional networks. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Apr 10; 109(15):5868-73. PMID: 22467830.
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      53. Gozzi M, Nielson DM, Lenroot RK, Ostuni JL, Luckenbaugh DA, Thurm AE, Giedd JN, Swedo SE. A magnetization transfer imaging study of corpus callosum myelination in young children with autism. Biol Psychiatry. 2012 Aug 1; 72(3):215-20. PMID: 22386453.
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      54. Raznahan A, Lee Y, Vaituzis C, Tran L, Mackie S, Tiemeier H, Clasen L, Lalonde F, Greenstein D, Pierson R, Giedd JN. Allelic variation within the putative autism spectrum disorder risk gene homeobox A1 and cerebellar maturation in typically developing children and adolescents. Autism Res. 2012 Apr; 5(2):93-100. PMID: 22359339.
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      55. Alexander-Bloch AF, Vértes PE, Stidd R, Lalonde F, Clasen L, Rapoport J, Giedd J, Bullmore ET, Gogtay N. The anatomical distance of functional connections predicts brain network topology in health and schizophrenia. Cereb Cortex. 2013 Jan; 23(1):127-38. PMID: 22275481.
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      56. Raznahan A, Lerch JP, Lee N, Greenstein D, Wallace GL, Stockman M, Clasen L, Shaw PW, Giedd JN. Patterns of coordinated anatomical change in human cortical development: a longitudinal neuroimaging study of maturational coupling. Neuron. 2011 Dec 8; 72(5):873-84. PMID: 22153381.
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      57. Alexander-Bloch A, Lambiotte R, Roberts B, Giedd J, Gogtay N, Bullmore E. The discovery of population differences in network community structure: new methods and applications to brain functional networks in schizophrenia. Neuroimage. 2012 Feb 15; 59(4):3889-900. PMID: 22119652.
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      58. Shaw P, Gilliam M, Malek M, Rodriguez N, Greenstein D, Clasen L, Evans A, Rapoport J, Giedd J. Parental age effects on cortical morphology in offspring. Cereb Cortex. 2012 Jun; 22(6):1256-62. PMID: 21817090.
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      59. Raznahan A, Greenstein D, Lee Y, Long R, Clasen L, Gochman P, Addington A, Giedd JN, Rapoport JL, Gogtay N. Catechol-o-methyl transferase (COMT) val158met polymorphism and adolescent cortical development in patients with childhood-onset schizophrenia, their non-psychotic siblings, and healthy controls. Neuroimage. 2011 Aug 15; 57(4):1517-23. PMID: 21620981.
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      60. Raznahan A, Shaw P, Lalonde F, Stockman M, Wallace GL, Greenstein D, Clasen L, Gogtay N, Giedd JN. How does your cortex grow? J Neurosci. 2011 May 11; 31(19):7174-7. PMID: 21562281.
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      61. Lee NR, Wallace GL, Clasen LS, Lenroot RK, Blumenthal JD, White SL, Celano MJ, Giedd JN. Executive Function in Young Males with Klinefelter (XXY) Syndrome with and without Comorbid Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2011 May; 17(3):522-30. PMID: 21418719.
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      62. Estes A, Shaw DW, Sparks BF, Friedman S, Giedd JN, Dawson G, Bryan M, Dager SR. Basal ganglia morphometry and repetitive behavior in young children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism Res. 2011 Jun; 4(3):212-20. PMID: 21480545.
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      63. Lenroot RK, Giedd JN. Annual Research Review: Developmental considerations of gene by environment interactions. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2011 Apr; 52(4):429-41. PMID: 21391998.
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      64. Gilliam M, Stockman M, Malek M, Sharp W, Greenstein D, Lalonde F, Clasen L, Giedd J, Rapoport J, Shaw P. Developmental trajectories of the corpus callosum in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 2011 May 1; 69(9):839-46. PMID: 21247556.
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      65. Shaw P, Gilliam M, Liverpool M, Weddle C, Malek M, Sharp W, Greenstein D, Evans A, Rapoport J, Giedd J. Cortical development in typically developing children with symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity: support for a dimensional view of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 2011 Feb; 168(2):143-51. PMID: 21159727.
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      66. Giedd JN, Stockman M, Weddle C, Liverpool M, Alexander-Bloch A, Wallace GL, Lee NR, Lalonde F, Lenroot RK. Anatomic magnetic resonance imaging of the developing child and adolescent brain and effects of genetic variation. Neuropsychol Rev. 2010 Dec; 20(4):349-61. PMID: 21069466.
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      67. Alexander-Bloch AF, Gogtay N, Meunier D, Birn R, Clasen L, Lalonde F, Lenroot R, Giedd J, Bullmore ET. Disrupted modularity and local connectivity of brain functional networks in childhood-onset schizophrenia. Front Syst Neurosci. 2010; 4:147. PMID: 21031030.
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      68. Wallace GL, Dankner N, Kenworthy L, Giedd JN, Martin A. Age-related temporal and parietal cortical thinning in autism spectrum disorders. Brain. 2010 Dec; 133(Pt 12):3745-54. PMID: 20926367.
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      69. Raznahan A, Lee Y, Stidd R, Long R, Greenstein D, Clasen L, Addington A, Gogtay N, Rapoport JL, Giedd JN. Longitudinally mapping the influence of sex and androgen signaling on the dynamics of human cortical maturation in adolescence. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Sep 28; 107(39):16988-93. PMID: 20841422.
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      70. Giedd JN, Rapoport JL. Structural MRI of pediatric brain development: what have we learned and where are we going? Neuron. 2010 Sep 9; 67(5):728-34. PMID: 20826305.
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      71. Raznahan A, Lee Y, Long R, Greenstein D, Clasen L, Addington A, Rapoport JL, Giedd JN. Common functional polymorphisms of DISC1 and cortical maturation in typically developing children and adolescents. Mol Psychiatry. 2011 Sep; 16(9):917-26. PMID: 20628343.
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      72. Casanova MF, El-Baz A, Elnakib A, Giedd J, Rumsey JM, Williams EL, Switala AE. Corpus Callosum Shape Analysis with Application to Dyslexia. Transl Neurosci. 2010 Jun; 1(2):124-130. PMID: 22545196.
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      73. Wallace GL, Lee NR, Prom-Wormley EC, Medland SE, Lenroot RK, Clasen LS, Schmitt JE, Neale MC, Giedd JN. A bivariate twin study of regional brain volumes and verbal and nonverbal intellectual skills during childhood and adolescence. Behav Genet. 2010 Mar; 40(2):125-34. PMID: 20112131.
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      74. Schmitt JE, Wallace GL, Lenroot RK, Ordaz SE, Greenstein D, Clasen L, Kendler KS, Neale MC, Giedd JN. A twin study of intracerebral volumetric relationships. Behav Genet. 2010 Mar; 40(2):114-24. PMID: 20112130.
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      75. Correia S, Hubbard E, Hassenstab J, Yip A, Vymazal J, Herynek V, Giedd J, Murphy DL, Greenberg BD. Basal ganglia MR relaxometry in obsessive-compulsive disorder: T2 depends upon age of symptom onset. Brain Imaging Behav. 2010 Mar; 4(1):35-45. PMID: 20503112.
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      76. Raznahan A, Cutter W, Lalonde F, Robertson D, Daly E, Conway GS, Skuse DH, Ross J, Lerch JP, Giedd JN, Murphy DD. Cortical anatomy in human X monosomy. Neuroimage. 2010 Feb 15; 49(4):2915-23. PMID: 19948228.
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      77. Ordaz SJ, Lenroot RK, Wallace GL, Clasen LS, Blumenthal JD, Schmitt JE, Giedd JN. Are there differences in brain morphometry between twins and unrelated singletons? A pediatric MRI study. Genes Brain Behav. 2010 Apr; 9(3):288-95. PMID: 20100212.
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      78. Lenroot RK, Giedd JN. Sex differences in the adolescent brain. Brain Cogn. 2010 Feb; 72(1):46-55. PMID: 19913969.
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      79. Giedd JN. Linking adolescent sleep, brain maturation, and behavior. J Adolesc Health. 2009 Oct; 45(4):319-20. PMID: 19766933.
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      80. Johnson SB, Blum RW, Giedd JN. Adolescent maturity and the brain: the promise and pitfalls of neuroscience research in adolescent health policy. J Adolesc Health. 2009 Sep; 45(3):216-21. PMID: 19699416.
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      81. Yerys BE, Wallace GL, Harrison B, Celano MJ, Giedd JN, Kenworthy LE. Set-shifting in children with autism spectrum disorders: reversal shifting deficits on the Intradimensional/Extradimensional Shift Test correlate with repetitive behaviors. Autism. 2009 Sep; 13(5):523-38. PMID: 19759065.
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      82. Tiemeier H, Lenroot RK, Greenstein DK, Tran L, Pierson R, Giedd JN. Cerebellum development during childhood and adolescence: a longitudinal morphometric MRI study. Neuroimage. 2010 Jan 1; 49(1):63-70. PMID: 19683586.
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      83. Shaw P, Lalonde F, Lepage C, Rabin C, Eckstrand K, Sharp W, Greenstein D, Evans A, Giedd JN, Rapoport J. Development of cortical asymmetry in typically developing children and its disruption in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2009 Aug; 66(8):888-96. PMID: 19652128.
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      84. Casanova MF, El-Baz AS, Giedd J, Rumsey JM, Switala AE. Increased white matter gyral depth in dyslexia: implications for corticocortical connectivity. J Autism Dev Disord. 2010 Jan; 40(1):21-9. PMID: 19609661.
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      176. Giedd JN, Blumenthal J, Jeffries NO, Rajapakse JC, Vaituzis AC, Liu H, Berry YC, Tobin M, Nelson J, Castellanos FX. Development of the human corpus callosum during childhood and adolescence: a longitudinal MRI study. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 1999 May; 23(4):571-88. PMID: 10390717.
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      177. Paus T, Zijdenbos A, Worsley K, Collins DL, Blumenthal J, Giedd JN, Rapoport JL, Evans AC. Structural maturation of neural pathways in children and adolescents: in vivo study. Science. 1999 Mar 19; 283(5409):1908-11. PMID: 10082463.
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      179. Perlmutter SJ, Garvey MA, Castellanos X, Mittleman BB, Giedd J, Rapoport JL, Swedo SE. A case of pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections. Am J Psychiatry. 1998 Nov; 155(11):1592-8. PMID: 9812123.
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      180. Garvey MA, Giedd J, Swedo SE. PANDAS: the search for environmental triggers of pediatric neuropsychiatric disorders. Lessons from rheumatic fever. J Child Neurol. 1998 Sep; 13(9):413-23. PMID: 9733286.
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      181. Castellanos FX, Lau E, Tayebi N, Lee P, Long RE, Giedd JN, Sharp W, Marsh WL, Walter JM, Hamburger SD, Ginns EI, Rapoport JL, Sidransky E. Lack of an association between a dopamine-4 receptor polymorphism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: genetic and brain morphometric analyses. Mol Psychiatry. 1998 Sep; 3(5):431-4. PMID: 9774777.
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      182. Herndon RC, Lancaster JL, Giedd JN, Fox PT. Quantification of white matter and gray matter volumes from three-dimensional magnetic resonance volume studies using fuzzy classifiers. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1998 Sep-Oct; 8(5):1097-105. PMID: 9786148.
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      183. Nopoulos PC, Giedd JN, Andreasen NC, Rapoport JL. Frequency and severity of enlarged cavum septi pellucidi in childhood-onset schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 1998 Aug; 155(8):1074-9. PMID: 9699696.
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      184. Jacobsen LK, Giedd JN, Castellanos FX, Vaituzis AC, Hamburger SD, Kumra S, Lenane MC, Rapoport JL. Progressive reduction of temporal lobe structures in childhood-onset schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 1998 May; 155(5):678-85. PMID: 9585721.
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      185. Berquin PC, Giedd JN, Jacobsen LK, Hamburger SD, Krain AL, Rapoport JL, Castellanos FX. Cerebellum in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a morphometric MRI study. Neurology. 1998 Apr; 50(4):1087-93. PMID: 9566399.
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      186. Giedd JN, Swedo SE, Lowe CH, Rosenthal NE. Case series: pediatric seasonal affective disorder. A follow-up report. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1998 Feb; 37(2):218-20. PMID: 9473919.
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      187. Jacobsen LK, Giedd JN, Berquin PC, Krain AL, Hamburger SD, Kumra S, Rapoport JL. Quantitative morphology of the cerebellum and fourth ventricle in childhood-onset schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 1997 Dec; 154(12):1663-9. PMID: 9396943.
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      188. Rumsey JM, Donohue BC, Brady DR, Nace K, Giedd JN, Andreason P. A magnetic resonance imaging study of planum temporale asymmetry in men with developmental dyslexia. Arch Neurol. 1997 Dec; 54(12):1481-9. PMID: 9400357.
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      189. Casey BJ, Trainor RJ, Orendi JL, Schubert AB, Nystrom LE, Giedd JN, Castellanos FX, Haxby JV, Noll DC, Cohen JD, Forman SD, Dahl RE, Rapoport JL. A Developmental Functional MRI Study of Prefrontal Activation during Performance of a Go-No-Go Task. J Cogn Neurosci. 1997 Nov; 9(6):835-47. PMID: 23964603.
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      190. Giedd JN, Castellanos FX, Rajapakse JC, Vaituzis AC, Rapoport JL. Sexual dimorphism of the developing human brain. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 1997 Nov; 21(8):1185-201. PMID: 9460086.
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      191. Rapoport JL, Giedd J, Kumra S, Jacobsen L, Smith A, Lee P, Nelson J, Hamburger S. Childhood-onset schizophrenia. Progressive ventricular change during adolescence. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1997 Oct; 54(10):897-903. PMID: 9337768.
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      192. Castellanos FX, Giedd JN, Elia J, Marsh WL, Ritchie GF, Hamburger SD, Rapoport JL. Controlled stimulant treatment of ADHD and comorbid Tourette's syndrome: effects of stimulant and dose. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1997 May; 36(5):589-96. PMID: 9136492.
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      193. Jacobsen LK, Giedd JN, Tanrikut C, Brady DR, Donohue BC, Hamburger SD, Kumra S, Alaghband-Rad J, Rumsey JM, Rapoport JL. Three-dimensional cortical morphometry of the planum temporale in childhood-onset schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 1997 May; 154(5):685-7. PMID: 9137128.
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      194. Rajapakse JC, Giedd JN, Rapoport JL. Statistical approach to segmentation of single-channel cerebral MR images. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 1997 Apr; 16(2):176-86. PMID: 9101327.
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      195. Lange N, Giedd JN, Castellanos FX, Vaituzis AC, Rapoport JL. Variability of human brain structure size: ages 4-20 years. Psychiatry Res. 1997 Mar 14; 74(1):1-12. PMID: 10710158.
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      196. Casey BJ, Castellanos FX, Giedd JN, Marsh WL, Hamburger SD, Schubert AB, Vauss YC, Vaituzis AC, Dickstein DP, Sarfatti SE, Rapoport JL. Implication of right frontostriatal circuitry in response inhibition and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1997 Mar; 36(3):374-83. PMID: 9055518.
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      197. Jacobsen LK, Giedd JN, Rajapakse JC, Hamburger SD, Vaituzis AC, Frazier JA, Lenane MC, Rapoport JL. Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging of the corpus callosum in childhood onset schizophrenia. Psychiatry Res. 1997 Feb 7; 68(2-3):77-86. PMID: 9104755.
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      198. Swayze VW, Johnson VP, Hanson JW, Piven J, Sato Y, Giedd JN, Mosnik D, Andreasen NC. Magnetic resonance imaging of brain anomalies in fetal alcohol syndrome. Pediatrics. 1997 Feb; 99(2):232-40. PMID: 9024452.
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      199. Alaghband-Rad J, Hamburger SD, Giedd JN, Frazier JA, Rapoport JL. Childhood-onset schizophrenia: biological markers in relation to clinical characteristics. Am J Psychiatry. 1997 Jan; 154(1):64-8. PMID: 8988960.
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      200. Casey BJ, Trainor R, Giedd J, Vauss Y, Vaituzis CK, Hamburger S, Kozuch P, Rapoport JL. The role of the anterior cingulate in automatic and controlled processes: a developmental neuroanatomical study. Dev Psychobiol. 1997 Jan; 30(1):61-9. PMID: 8989533.
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      201. Giedd JN, Smith KG. Online access to journal abstracts and articles. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 1997; 7(3):201-10. PMID: 9466236.
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      202. Jacobsen LK, Hommer DW, Hong WL, Castellanos FX, Frazier JA, Giedd JN, Rapoport JL. Blink rate in childhood-onset schizophrenia: comparison with normal and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder controls. Biol Psychiatry. 1996 Dec 15; 40(12):1222-9. PMID: 8959287.
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      203. Castellanos FX, Giedd JN, Hamburger SD, Marsh WL, Rapoport JL. Brain morphometry in Tourette's syndrome: the influence of comorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Neurology. 1996 Dec; 47(6):1581-3. PMID: 8960751.
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      204. Jacobsen LK, Hong WL, Hommer DW, Hamburger SD, Castellanos FX, Frazier JA, Giedd JN, Gordon CT, Karp BI, McKenna K, Rapoport JL. Smooth pursuit eye movements in childhood-onset schizophrenia: comparison with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and normal controls. Biol Psychiatry. 1996 Dec 1; 40(11):1144-54. PMID: 8931918.
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      205. Rajapakse JC, Giedd JN, Rumsey JM, Vaituzis AC, Hamburger SD, Rapoport JL. Regional MRI measurements of the corpus callosum: a methodological and developmental study. Brain Dev. 1996 Sep-Oct; 18(5):379-88. PMID: 8891233.
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      206. Giedd JN, Rapoport JL, Leonard HL, Richter D, Swedo SE. Case study: acute basal ganglia enlargement and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in an adolescent boy. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1996 Jul; 35(7):913-5. PMID: 8768351.
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      207. Castellanos FX, Giedd JN, Marsh WL, Hamburger SD, Vaituzis AC, Dickstein DP, Sarfatti SE, Vauss YC, Snell JW, Lange N, Kaysen D, Krain AL, Ritchie GF, Rajapakse JC, Rapoport JL. Quantitative brain magnetic resonance imaging in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1996 Jul; 53(7):607-16. PMID: 8660127.
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      209. Frazier JA, Giedd JN, Hamburger SD, Albus KE, Kaysen D, Vaituzis AC, Rajapakse JC, Lenane MC, McKenna K, Jacobsen LK, Gordon CT, Breier A, Rapoport JL. Brain anatomic magnetic resonance imaging in childhood-onset schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1996 Jul; 53(7):617-24. PMID: 8660128.
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      210. Frazier JA, Giedd JN, Kaysen D, Albus K, Hamburger S, Alaghband-Rad J, Lenane MC, McKenna K, Breier A, Rapoport JL. Childhood-onset schizophrenia: brain MRI rescan after 2 years of clozapine maintenance treatment. Am J Psychiatry. 1996 Apr; 153(4):564-6. PMID: 8599409.
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      211. Giedd JN, Vaituzis AC, Hamburger SD, Lange N, Rajapakse JC, Kaysen D, Vauss YC, Rapoport JL. Quantitative MRI of the temporal lobe, amygdala, and hippocampus in normal human development: ages 4-18 years. J Comp Neurol. 1996 Mar 4; 366(2):223-30. PMID: 8698883.
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      212. Jacobsen LK, Giedd JN, Vaituzis AC, Hamburger SD, Rajapakse JC, Frazier JA, Kaysen D, Lenane MC, McKenna K, Gordon CT, Rapoport JL. Temporal lobe morphology in childhood-onset schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 1996 Mar; 153(3):355-61. PMID: 8610822.
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      213. Rajapakse JC, DeCarli C, McLaughlin A, Giedd JN, Krain AL, Hamburger SD, Rapoport JL. Cerebral magnetic resonance image segmentation using data fusion. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1996 Mar-Apr; 20(2):206-18. PMID: 8606224.
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      214. Giedd JN, Rumsey JM, Castellanos FX, Rajapakse JC, Kaysen D, Vaituzis AC, Vauss YC, Hamburger SD, Rapoport JL. A quantitative MRI study of the corpus callosum in children and adolescents. Brain Res Dev Brain Res. 1996 Feb 26; 91(2):274-80. PMID: 8852379.
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      215. Giedd JN, Allen AJ, Behr R. Opportunities on the Internet for child and adolescent psychopharmacologists: net access and mailing lists. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 1996; 6(2):147-50. PMID: 9231307.
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      216. Rajapakse JC, Giedd JN, DeCarli C, Snell JW, McLaughlin A, Vauss YC, Krain AL, Hamburger S, Rapoport JL. A technique for single-channel MR brain tissue segmentation: application to a pediatric sample. Magn Reson Imaging. 1996; 14(9):1053-65. PMID: 9070996.
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      217. Giedd JN, Rapoport JL, Kruesi MJ, Parker C, Schapiro MB, Allen AJ, Leonard HL, Kaysen D, Dickstein DP, Marsh WL, et al. Sydenham's chorea: magnetic resonance imaging of the basal ganglia. Neurology. 1995 Dec; 45(12):2199-202. PMID: 8848193.
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      218. Casey BJ, Cohen JD, Jezzard P, Turner R, Noll DC, Trainor RJ, Giedd J, Kaysen D, Hertz-Pannier L, Rapoport JL. Activation of prefrontal cortex in children during a nonspatial working memory task with functional MRI. Neuroimage. 1995 Sep; 2(3):221-9. PMID: 9343606.
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      219. Vymazal J, Hajek M, Patronas N, Giedd JN, Bulte JW, Baumgarner C, Tran V, Brooks RA. The quantitative relation between T1-weighted and T2-weighted MRI of normal gray matter and iron concentration. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1995 Sep-Oct; 5(5):554-60. PMID: 8574041.
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      220. Giedd JN, Kozuch P, Kaysen D, Vaituzis AC, Hamburger SD, Bartko JJ, Rapoport JL. Reliability of cerebral measures in repeated examinations with magnetic resonance imaging. Psychiatry Res. 1995 Aug 8; 61(2):113-9. PMID: 7480388.
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      221. Castellanos FX, Giedd JN, Eckburg P, Marsh WL, Vaituzis AC, Kaysen D, Hamburger SD, Rapoport JL. Quantitative morphology of the caudate nucleus in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1994 Dec; 151(12):1791-6. PMID: 7977887.
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      222. Giedd JN, Castellanos FX, Casey BJ, Kozuch P, King AC, Hamburger SD, Rapoport JL. Quantitative morphology of the corpus callosum in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1994 May; 151(5):665-9. PMID: 8166306.
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      223. Gordon CT, Frazier JA, McKenna K, Giedd J, Zametkin A, Zahn T, Hommer D, Hong W, Kaysen D, Albus KE, et al. Childhood-onset schizophrenia: an NIMH study in progress. Schizophr Bull. 1994; 20(4):697-712. PMID: 7701277.
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